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Extraverted Ethics

Extraverted ethics is the leading function of ESE and EIE

A common definition of emotive ethics (extraverted ethics) is "emotions." This is an oversimplification. Not all ESEs and EIEs are very emotional in the common understanding of the word. In addition, all people experience emotions regardless of type. A better description of extraverted ethics might be "external emotional expression" or "external self-expression."

extraverted ethics types pay close attention to the way people say things, the way they talk, their facial expressions, their choice of words, their gestures, and all other external manifestations of one's internal emotional state. You may think your happiness or discouragement is well concealed and invisible to those around you, but it is all in plain view to extraverted ethics types, who directly observe your external self-expression and draw conclusions from it about what's happening inside of you, what you are experiencing, how well you fit into the emotional context of the situation, whether you like or dislike what is going on, and what you may feel like doing next, etc. However, if they are absorbed in their own self-expression, they probably won't pay much attention to you.

Each of us constantly sends out information of a extraverted ethics nature. Each unusual intonation or gesture, each hint of irritation in our voice, each awkward pause, each chuckle or sudden change of expression sends a extraverted ethics signal to other people. Some types — particularly ILI and SLI (with emotive ethics as their fourth function) consciously try to send as few signals of this kind as possible — and are usually successful. This makes ESEs and EIEs (with emotive ethics as their first function) mistrustful and unsure of themselves, since they have too little information to go by in their interaction with such people.

Four types — ESE and EIE, and also SEI and IEI — have extraverted ethics in their ego block and can be said to be highly aware of (have control over) their external self-expression. They are able to consciously stick out in the way they say things or express their internal state and feel confident drawing attention to their extraverted ethics, whether or not it matches the sentiments of the group at the moment. They are comfortable being more animated than others in a situation or displaying emotions that don't fit in with those of other people. They use their own expressiveness to guide other people's internal experiences and help them experience a wider range of passions and more intense feelings. The types that respond to this best have emotive ethics in their Super-id block (ILE, LII, LSI, and SLE).

extraverted ethics types are people of passion. Their feelings of love and admiration, and of disgust and hatred, are "full-blown." extraverted ethics types like to discuss these passions and to analyze and discuss their own and others' feelings — not necessarily to change them, but more to bring them out in the open and understand them in order to base one's actions on one's true passions. extraverted ethics types strive for extraverted ethics integrity, just as every type strives to make his base function the conscious foundation of his existence. extraverted ethics types like to help others talk about and come to terms with their passions (strong inner sentiments) and especially enjoy it when introverted logic types help structure their feelings and their causes and draw logical conclusions from them. This "structuring" does not at all have to involve a sort of "psychoanalysis session," but usually occurs spontaneously as the introverted logic type responds to the extraverted ethics type's sentiments by putting them into categories and treating them as subjects worthy of logical analysis.

Why is extraverted ethics considered a rational element? Because the forms of emotional expressions described above are all discrete — an intonation here, a gesture there, a cough here, a sudden frown there. EIEs and ESEs often seem abrupt because they constantly send out these discrete signals, without smooth transitions between them.

Dominant extraverted ethics at the group level is related to collective emotional experiences and serves to bind and unite people. When extraverted ethics is at the forefront, the group is in emotional sync. People actively and externally express the group sentiments and emotional state of the moment — for example, by sharing thoughts, experiences, and stories with uncommon animation or artisticism or by mirroring group emotions (whether positive or negative) on their faces and in their body language. In this state, the collective focus is on the external mode of expression of thoughts and feelings — not on their content, sensibility, or usefulness.

08/03/2006 George
Great article, Rick.  I loved the Extraverted Intuition one as well.  I'd love to see your take on the Introverted variations of these functions, as well as any others you feel comfortable dictating.  I feel more comfortable applying these descriptions to "real life" than any others I have seen.
08/03/2006 Joy
Thanks Rick, that was a great article. I agree with George in that it's easier to apply your descriptions to real life situations than the more abstract descriptions I've read. It also makes it easier to describe exactly why I am not a member of a quadra that has extraverted ethics in their quadra values.
10/06/2008 Justin Marsh
First, as someone with Fe in my ego block, thank you for this article--it makes a lot of sense to me.

I have one question... You write, "just as every type strives to make his base function the conscious foundation of his existence."

How does one make Ni--perhaps the most difficult element to explain--the basis of his existence..? That is to say, how will it manifest?

Thank you again for this extraordinary site. Yours, -Justin (JuJu on