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Logic / Ethics

: logical types have logic ( or ) as their first or second function, while ethical types have ethics ( or ).

Be sure to read the discussion below the chart as well.

  • focus primarily on demands of material, nonhuman world, or world of “things” in one's environment
  • perceive things mainly in terms of correct vs. incorrect, logical vs. illogical (i.e. how objectively true words and deeds are)
  • in communication focus on and study what is done and said, content of speech
  • focus primarily on demands of subjective human world, or world of people and relationships
  • perceive things mainly in terms of right vs. wrong, ethical vs. unethical (i.e. how words and deeds will affect people and their relationships)
  • in communication focus on and study people's feelings and emotional state based on nonverbal signals and how things are said
  • less expressive face and body language
  • more expressive face and body language
  • less outward emotional range
  • have more stable and long-term feelings for others
  • nearly emotionless when communicating with other logical types but able to mirror emotions of ethical types
  • more emotional range and range of facial expression
  • more confident of and able to consciously control their feelings and emotions
  • adapt their emotional expression to those they interact with
intellectual qualities
  • task-oriented
  • focused on not misleading a person and giving them correct information
  • convincing others using facts and arguments
  • people-oriented
  • focused on enhancing relationships; modifying content and form of speech to match or contradict what others expect to hear
  • use emotions and feelings to persuade
  • dealing with objective (nonhuman) world
  • countering others' flawed logic, actions, and procedures and explaining correct logic and procedures
  • making independent decisions in logical sphere
  • evaluating others' honesty and deeds
  • working with subjective (human) world
  • persuasion
  • adding an emotional, subjective dimension to social interaction
  • making independent decisions in human sphere
  • evaluating others' good will and positive or negative attitude
  • pleasing others and arousing emotions
typical talents
  • working with inanimate objects and resources
  • technology, equipment, working with mechanisms
  • creating and understanding procedures and instructions
  • creating a good impression on the right people; public relations
  • helping others release emotional tension in individual interaction and social settings
  • being “the life of the party”
norms or "rules of thumb"
  • try to strictly follow others' ethical norms and rules of thumb for demonstrating emotions and feelings
  • try to use formal logic in discussions and read up on scientific and/or technical literature to increase their self-confidence
  • ethics
  • often feel helpless when forced to deal with others' feelings, emotional reactions, and subjective factors
  • more subject to emotional manipulation and not recognizing others' true feelings and attitudes in time
  • evaluating how much work has been done and how much remains to do
  • opinions more easily influenced by others' logic and arguments
  • more subject to manipulation through dishonest, incorrect, or inconsistent information and deeds
typical doubts
  • often are unsure of their right to have feelings for others and display emotions
  • often unsure that their partner really has feelings for them
  • often unsure of their ability to work and get things done or whether they have done enough work
behavior in relationships
  • manage and diversify structure of relationship
  • show their feelings for partner by doing things for them
  • manage and diversify emotional aspects of relationship
  • show their feelings for partner directly through emotions