Dead Confederates, A Civil War Era Blog

General Order No. 3

Posted in Memory by Andy Hall on June 19, 2015

Juneteenth doc. A66.67.447 Small

Through the generosity of the folks at the Dallas Historical Society, here is an original handbill including Major General Gordon Granger’s General Order No. 3, the directive that is the origin of Juneteenth. As far as I know, this is the only copy in existence of the order in this form, which would have been posted at various locations and distributed throughout the state. It was also published in local newspapers, and announced in settlements and on farms and plantations in the days and weeks following June 19.

In my previous post I speculated that if General Order No. 3 was formally read out to the civilian populace at Galveston on June 19 — and there’s no direct evidence that it was — then it may have been done by Lieutenant Colonel Rankin G. Laughlin of the 94th Illinois Infantry, who was serving as Granger’s Provost Marshal, the point man in military/civilian relations and what might be termed the principal law enforcement officer under military occupation. That still seems right, but it might also have been Major Frederic William Emery [not Emory] (1836-1913) , Granger’s Assistant Adjutant General, who signed and issued the order on Granger’s behalf. Emery’s father Daniel was a founder of Emery, Waterhouse & Co., a hardware and building supply company that still exists today, and Frederic worked as clerk there before the war. He mustered out of the Army in August 1865 and was later employed in manufacturing in Boston. He died in 1913 and was buried in his hometown of Portland, Maine.


Image courtesy Dallas Historical Society. Used by permission.


2 Responses

Subscribe to comments with RSS.

  1. Leo said, on June 19, 2015 at 4:17 pm

    Galvaston has some very cool history.

  2. Patrick Young said, on June 21, 2015 at 11:15 am

    Thanks for posting this Andy. I was so happy last Sunday to go to a church Juneteenth picnic, but by Friday the joy of the day had dulled into uncomprehending and fathomless sadness.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 434 other followers

%d bloggers like this: