African Lore, Gods, Demigods, Heroes, Symbols, and Other Famous Mythological Characters

Abantubomlambo

River spirits in the Transkei. They take devotees under the surface of the water for many days and teach them the arts of the medicine man. In some references, known as Abantubomlambo.

Abassi

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abatawa

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abayifo

Experts in witchcraft. In some lore, occasionally known as abayifo.

Aberewa

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abiku

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Abommubuwafre

A name of Nyame as 'he who consoles'. Sometimes identified as Abommubuwafre, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Abonsam

An evil spirit. This spirit could be driven off by making a great noise. In some lore, occasionally known as Abonsam.

Abosum

The gods of the Ashanti. In some lore, occasionally identified as Abosum, Abasum, Abasum, Abosom or Abosom.

Abuk

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Achimi

Bull-god of the Kabyle. He was the son of Itherther and Thamautz who drove off his father, mating with his mother and sister. Occasionally referred to as Achimi.

Adama

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Adamastor

A hideous spirit of the Cape of Good Hope. Also known as Adamastor.

Ado

The supreme god of the Lugbara. Identified as Ado.

Adro

An aspect of Adroa as bad. He is depicted as half-bodied with one leg, arm, etc and is said to live mainly in rivers. Sometimes known as Adro, Adroa or Adroa.

Adroa

Creator-god and sky-god of the Lugbara. Occasionally identified as Adroa, Adro or Adro.

Adroanzi

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Adu Ogyinae

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Afifi

A mythical tribe of pygmies. On occassion, known as Afifi.

Afiti

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Afrikete

A sea goddess of the Fon. Daughter of Agbe and Naete. She was seen as a trickster and gossip. Referred to as Afrikete.

afriti

An evil demon. Also known as afriti, ifiriti, ifiriti, afrit, ifreet, ifreet, ifrit, ifrit, afiriti, afiriti, Arab afrit or Arab afrit.

Agadzagodza

In Nigerian lore, the worm that brought a message from the god Hyel. In some accounts, called Agadzagodza.

Agamma

The Fon messenger of the gods. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Agamma.

Aganju

A god of the Yoruba. Son of Oduduwa. Brother and consort of Yemoja. Father of Ogun, Oko, Olokun, Orunjan, Shango, Shankpanna and others. Also commonly identified as Aganju.

Agassou

A panther god of the Fon. On occassion, referred to as Agassou.

Agbe

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Agbon

The palm tree. In the lore of the Yoruba, this was the first living thing to be created by Olorun. Occasionally referred to as Agbon.

Age

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Agothyathik

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Agwatana

A supreme god in Nigeria; the sun. Also called Agwatana.

Aigamuxa

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Aiwel

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aiza

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Ajala

In the lore of the Yoruba, a man who works in heaven making faces from clay. On occassion, referred to as Ajala.

Ajalamo

A Yoruba god of unborn children. Also commonly called Ajalamo.

Aje

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aje

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Ajok

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Ajokit

In the lore of Uganda, the spirit of a sick person that talks to the medicine man. Also commonly called Ajokit, Ajy-Khoton, Ajy-Khoton, Ajysyt, Ijaksit, Ijaksit, Ajysit, Kubai(-Khotun) or Kubai(-Khotun).

Akaf

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Akonadi

A West African goddess of justice. Guardian of women. In some accounts, called Akonadi.

akonda

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Akongo

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akpou

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akra

The soul in the lore of the Ashanti. Also commonly referred to as akra, kla, kla, akra, kra, kra, simurgh, simurgh, Saena Meregha, samru, simorg, simurg, sinurgh, Arab anqa, roc, Russian sinam(ru), phoenix, saena, senmerv or simarghu.

akuko

Sacred leaves in Dahomey. These leaves are used in the charms (nguneme) used to protect property. In some lore, occasionally identified as akuko.

Ala

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Alaaye

A name of Olodumare as 'he who lives'. In some lore, occasionally known as Alaaye, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Eledaa, Elemii or Olojo Oni.

Alajeru

Wife of Oroko. Mother of Ifa. Sometimes identified as Alajeru.

alake

A dead king. His successor is given his predecessor's head and is required to eat some part of the corpse such as the tongue. At times, known as alake.

Alatanagana

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Alfatin

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alimagba

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aljan

A Hausa name for a jinnee. Occasionally called aljan, pluraljannu or pluraljannu.

Alose

A god: a group of minor deities of the Ibo. In some references, known as Alose, Ashanti Obosum, Ashanti Obosum, Nkisi, Orisha, Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Nkisi, Obosum, Yoruban Orisha or Yoruban Orisha.

Amadi-Oha

An Igbo storm-god. Occasionally referred to as Amadi-Oha.

amadlozis

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amanani

Monsters of the Abaluyia. Sometimes called amanani.

Amangundu

In the lore of the Ovandonga, the first man. Father of Kanzi and Nangombe. Sometimes identified as Amangundu.

Amaomee

A name of Nyame as 'he who gives sufficiency'. Sometimes known as Amaomee, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Amesemi

A Sudanese goddess. Also commonly referred to as Amesemi.

Amirini

An early Yoruba goddess. On occassion, known as Amirini.

Amma

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Amma-Serou

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Amosu

A name of Nyame as 'rain-giver'. Sometimes identified as Amosu, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Amowia

A name of Nyame as 'light-giver'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Amowia, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Anansesem

Spider stories that Anansi bought from the sky-gods. Also referred to as Anansesem, South American Anansi-toro or South American Anansi-toro.

Anansi

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Anansi Kokroko

A name of Nyame as 'wise spider', a name of Onyankopon. Sometimes referred to as Anansi Kokroko, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Andandara

A mythical animal of the Zande. It is said that these animals mate with women to produce kittens. Called Andandara.

Andriamahilala

The first woman in Madagascar. She later became the moon. In some accounts, called Andriamahilala.

Andriamanitra

A goddess in Madagascar. Wife of Zanahary. In some accounts Andriamanitra is another name for Zanahary. Sometimes known as Andriamanitra, Zanahary, Zanahary or Railanitra.

Andriambahomanana

The first man in Madagascar. He later became a banana plant. In some lore, occasionally identified as Andriambahomanana.

Annalia tu-Bari

A princess of Ghana. Wife of Samba. Identified as Annalia tu-Bari.

Anochi

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Anyi-mawu-wo

Earth-gods of the Hua people. Occasionally known as Anyi-mawu-wo.

Anyigba

An earth-god of the Ewe people. One of the trowo. Identified as Anyigba.

Aondo

The creator god of Nigeria. In some accounts, called Aondo.

Apap

A creator-god of the Teso. In some accounts, referred to as Apap, Akuj, Akuj, Apap, Good Creator, Good Creator or Apap.

arase

A name for the unicorn in the Kordofan area of the Sudan. Referred to as arase.

Arawa

A moon-goddess of East Africa. Daughter of Tororut and Seta. Sometimes known as Arawa.

Arebati

A creator-god of the Bambuti. At times, identified as Arebati.

Arishi

A canopy. In the lore of the Swahili, God built this canopy to shelter his throne, Kurusi. At times, known as Arishi.

arucharis

The unicorn of Ethiopia. Identified as arucharis.

Asa

Supreme god of the Akamba. In some accounts, called Asa, Odin, Odin, Alrida, Asa, Father of Battle, Fothin, God of the Hanged, High One, The, Oder, Odhinn, Odnir, Othin, Othinn, Othinus, Othr, Othur, Ouvin, sacred birds, Thekkr, Thror, Throv, Thrud, Thrudr, Uggerus, Voden, Wish God, Wotan, Wuotan, Alfader, Alfadir, Alfodr, All-father, All-seer, Atridr, Balegyr, Bilegyr, Bileya, Breit-Hut, Farma-Tyr, Feng, Fiollnir, Fimbultyr, Fiolsvidr, Fiornir, Fjdnir, Fjolsvidr, Fjorner, Furor, Gagavaldur, Galgagramr, Gander, Gangrad, Geignudr, Glapsvidir, Grimmr, Grimnir, Hacke(l)berg, Hackelberend, Hakol-berend, Hanga-Tyr, Hangagud, Har(bard), Harr, Helblindi, Her-Tyr, Herfadir, Herfather, Herian, Herjan, Hnikar, HoodedOne, Hrafna(-god), Hropt, Iafn-Har, Irmin, Jafenhar, Janfar, Karlafbuge, King of Lidskialf, Ofrir, Omi, One-eyed, Oski, Othin(n), Rosterus, Sidfod(i)r, Sidhottr, Sigfadir, Sigtyr, Skidskegg, Svafnir, Sygtyr, (The) High One, Thekkr, Thror, Thrud(r), Thunderer, Vafud, Vak, Valfadir, Valfather, Valfodr, Valkjosandi, Vax, Vech(a), Vegtam, Veratyr, Viator-indefessus, Vidforull, Wanderer, Wayfarer, Wild Huntsman, Yggdrasil, Ygg(r), German Grim, Votan, Wodan, W(u)otan, Saxon Irmin, Woden, Rafnagud or Porun.

Asa-ase

An Ashanti earth deity. Identified as Asa-ase, Dahomey Saghata, Dahomey Saghata, South America Gros Mama, South America Gros Mama, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Sagbata, Asase Efua, Asase Efua, Asa'ase, Ashanti Asase Yaa, Asase Yaa, Asase Yaa, Earth Thursday or Fanti Asase Efua.

Asamanfo

The Akan spirits of the dead. In some accounts, identified as Asamanfo, Osaman, Osaman, singOsaman or singOsaman.

Asamang

The Akan land of the dead. Also commonly referred to as Asamang.

Asase Efua

A fertility-goddess of the Fanti. Goddess of the dead. Sometimes called Asase Efua, Asa-ase, Asa-ase, Dahomey Saghata, South America Gros Mama, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Asase Yaa, Asa'ase, Asa'ase, Ashanti Asase Yaa or Ashanti Asase Yaa.

Asase Yaa

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Ashiakle

Goddess of wealth of the Gan tribe. Daughter of Nai. Also called Ashiakle.

Ashila

A supreme god of the Kambari people of Nigeria. Also known as Ashila, Ishila or Ishila.

Asia

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Asis

A sun-god of the Pokot. Brother of Tororut. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Asis.

Asisia

A supreme god of the Dorobo people of Kenya. Occasionally known as Asisia.

asogwe

A rattle used by the chief priests of Dahomey to call up the gods. Occasionally called asogwe.

Astar

A sky-god or sky-goddesss of Ethiopia. In some lore, occasionally known as Astar.

Ataa Naa Nyongmo

A creator-god of the Gan. Occasionally called Ataa Naa Nyongmo, Nyongmo or Nyongmo.

Atai

A goddess of the Efik. Wife of Abassi. Sometimes referred to as Atai, 'fate' or 'fate'.

Atalanga

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Ataokoloinona

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Atete

A fertility-goddess of Ethiopia. Also identified as Atete.

Avrikiti

The god of fishermen of the Fon. On occassion, referred to as Avrikiti.

Ayaba

Goddess of the hearth among the Fon. Sister of Loko. In some references, known as Ayaba.

Ayagba

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ayana

Guardian spirits in Ethiopia. Occasionally identified as ayana, awulia or awulia.

Ayida

Wife of Dan Hwedo. Sometimes called Ayida, Aida-Wédo, Aida-Wédo, Aida, Aida or Gro Mama.

azima

A Swahili charm or incantation. In some accounts, known as azima.

Azimu

King of Ethiopia. Brother of Hakim. Occasionally called Azimu.

azizan

Benevolent forest spirits in Dahomey. In some lore, occasionally known as azizan, Ashanti mmoatia, Ashanti mmoatia, apuku, ijimere, Brazilian saco, Brazilian saco, Nigerian ijimere, Nigerian ijimere, saci, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku or mmoatia.

Ba-Maguje

A Hausa spirit which causes thirst. Leading to drunkenness. At times, referred to as Ba-Maguje.

Ba-Toye

A Hausa spirit causing destructive fires. Also commonly known as Ba-Toye.

Baatsi

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babalorisha

A diviner or a priest of the Yoruba. God Vorunmila. Also commonly identified as babalorisha, babalawo, babalawo, femaleiyalorisha, femaleiyalorisha, Brazilian pai de santo, Brazilian pai de santo, Dahomey bokonon or Dahomey bokonon.

Babinga

King of the Mandwa tribe. Second husband of Nyavirezi. Father of Ryangombe. Sometimes identified as Babinga.

Badimo

In the lore of the Tswana, the only. Ones able to communicate with the god Modimo. Also commonly called Badimo.

Bagba

A spirit controlling rain and winds. Occasionally identified as Bagba.

baloi

Sorcerers in Zambia. At times, identified as baloi, night witches, night witches, baboi or balai.

balubaale

Nature spirits of the Baganda. In some lore, occasionally known as balubaale, balubare or balubare.

Balungwana

Sky-people to the Baronga. These are said to be tiny people, who are attendant upon the supreme god, Mulungu or Tilo. In some accounts, known as Balungwana.

Banga

A water-god of the Ngbandi. He is said to have created the white races. In some accounts, known as Banga.

bao

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bapfumu

Diviners of the Banyarwanda. Also called bapfumu.

barozi

Sorcerers of the Banyarwanda. At times, known as barozi.

Bawai

The supreme god of the Chawai people of Nigeria. At times, called Bawai.

bazimu

Spirits of the dead of the Banyarwanda. Also commonly referred to as bazimu.

Bedimo

Spirits of the Cameroon ancestors who own all the wild animals. On occassion, referred to as Bedimo.

Behanzin

A fish-god of the Fon. On occassion, called Behanzin.

Beher

An Ethiopian or South Arabian. Earth-god. Also commonly referred to as Beher, Behr, Behr, Medr or Medr.

Bia

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Bida

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Bidda

A Hausa spirit causing stiffness. Known as Bidda.

Biel

An Ethiopian spirit. In some lore, occasionally called Biel.

Bierlam

A word for god in Cameroon. Sometimes called Bierlam.

Bigirimana

A name of Imana as 'he who owns. All things'. On occassion, identified as Bigirimana, Imana, Imana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Biloko

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Bincigi

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Binego

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Binou Serou

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Bintu

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binza

A Zande witch doctor. Called binza, ira avure or ira avure.

bitabok

In the Sudan, a name for a bat, a witch or a spirit. At times, identified as bitabok.

Blemmyes

A headless race of Ethiopia. Their 'facial' features (eyes, nose, etc.) appeared on their chests. Also called Blemmyes, Blemmyae or Blemmyae.

Blue Jay

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Bo

A guardian-god of the Ewe people. At times, identified as Bo.

Boale

Wife of Likinda. Mother of Nsongo. Nsongo was her husband's mother. On the day she was born, Boale's baby was born. She was Nsongo reborn. Also identified as Boale.

Bokali

A spirit which led Ilankaka into Lonkundo's trap. Sometimes known as Bokali.

Bokero

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bokonon

Priests of the Ifa cult in Dahomey. Sometimes referred to as bokonon, boko, boko, Yoruba babalawo or Yoruba babalawo.

Bomazi

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Bonchor

A creator-god of the Berbers of Tunisia. Also known as Bonchor.

Borebore

A name of Nyame as 'creator'. A name of Onyankopon. Also identified as Borebore, Bore Bore, Bore Bore, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Borenticha

A god in Ethiopia. In some references, identified as Borenticha.

Bori

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Bousetta

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Brekyirihunuade

A name of Nyame as 'all knowing'. Sometimes referred to as Brekyirihunuade, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Buadza

A wind-god of West Africa. In some lore, occasionally called Buadza, Olila or Olila.

Buge

Son of Mbega. On occassion, identified as Buge.

Bugimamua

In the lore of Uganda, a place where heaven and earth meet. In some accounts, referred to as Bugimamua.

Buk

A river-goddess of the Sudanese. In some accounts, Buk is a god of fishing. Also commonly known as Buk, Daughter of Fireflies, Daughter of Fireflies, Leopard of the Night or Leopard of the Night.

Bulanda

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bumba

An amulet of the Bushmen. In some lore, occasionally called bumba, Ma Bumba, Ma Bumba, Bumba, Nzambi or Bumba.

Bundu

A Mende ancestral mask used in initiation rites. In some lore, occasionally known as Bundu.

Burju Alamasi

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bush soul

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bwete

A spirit said to cause a specific disease. Also commonly referred to as bwete.

Cactus Tree Worship

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callitrice

An Ethiopian bearded man-goat. Identified as callitrice.

Cannibals

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Castle of Light

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Catoplebas

An Abyssinian monster. Any person who looks into the eyes of this sluggish beast falls dead on the spot. Referred to as Catoplebas.

Cedar of the End

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Ceres Africana

A goddess of agriculture in North Africa. In some accounts, called Ceres Africana, Ceres Punica or Ceres Punica.

Cghene

A creator-god of the Isoko tribe of West Africa. In some references, referred to as Cghene.

Chameleon

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Chi-wara

A fertility-god of the Bambara. This deity is envisaged as an antelope. Sometimes referred to as Chi-wara.

Chibinda Ilunga

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Chichinguane

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chigbe

Magic power in the lore of the Nupe. In some references, known as chigbe.

Chikanga

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Chikara

A sky-god of the Korekore tribe. Father of Nosenga. In some lore, occasionally identified as Chikara.

Chilube

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Chinawezi

A primaeval serpent. Wife of Nkuba. Mother of Konde and Nawezi. She ruled the land and sea while her husband ruled the sky. Occasionally called Chinawezi, Chinaweji or Chinaweji.

Chineke

A name of Chuku as 'creator'. Known as Chineke, Chuku, Chuku, Chukuru or Chukwu.

Chipfalamfula

In Mozambique, a huge fish said to have stopped the flow of a river. At times, known as Chipfalamfula, Chichinguane or Chichinguane.

Chitimukul

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Chiuke

A creator-god and sky-god of the Ibo. Occasionally called Chiuke.

Chiuta

The supreme-god and rain-god of the Tumbuka. In some references, known as Chiuta, Mulengi, Mulengi, Mwenco, Mwenco, Wamtatakuya or Wamtatakuya.

Chuku

The supreme god of the Ibo. Father or husband of Ale. In some lore, occasionally identified as Chuku, Chukuru, Chukuru, Chukwu, Chukwu, Chineke or Chineke.

Cogaz

Son of Kaang and Coti, in Bushman lore. He descended to earth and taught mankind how to dig for roots. Identified as Cogaz.

Col

A Sudanese rain-god. Occasionally called Col.

Copper City

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Coti

Wife of Kaang. Mother of Cogaz and Gewi. Known as Coti.

Cunnie Rabbit

A trickster deity of the Temne. This deity is envisaged as a chevrotain rather than a rabbit. Also commonly referred to as Cunnie Rabbit.

Dache

Tree spirits of Ethiopia. On occassion, referred to as Dache.

Dada Zodji

A deity in Dahomey, ruler of the earth. Twin brother of Nyauhwe Ananu. Father of Suvinenge. Occasionally known as Dada Zodji.

Daibu

Father of Dama Hgile. Also commonly identified as Daibu.

Dama Ngile

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Dan Ayido Hwedo

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Dangbe

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Danh

A snake god of Benin. At times, referred to as Danh.

Dasse

Wife of Mantis. Occasionally known as Dasse.

Dausi

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Deng

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Di Amomo

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Diang

A cow goddess of the Shilluk people. Consort of the first man, Omara. Mother of Okwa. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Diang.

Dibobia

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didi

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Dinga

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Dji

The rainbow-serpent in Dahomey. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Dji, Rainbow Snake, Rainbow Snake, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Great Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur, Mbumba Luangu, rainbow, Rainbow Serpent, snake, Yurlungur or Great Father.

djok

An ancestor spirit of the Alur. This spirit is said to appear in the form of a snake, a stone, etc. Occasionally known as djok.

Do

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Doche

An ancient Ethiopian god. On occassion, identified as Doche.

dodo

A Bushman demon or witch. Also known as dodo.

Dogir

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Dongo

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Dorobo

A pygmy. The first man, in the lore of the Masai. On occassion, referred to as Dorobo.

Dragon of the Lake

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Drink-all

A frog that can empty a lake by drinking its waters. Sometimes known as Drink-all.

Dubiaku

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Dume

A Mali devil who controls. The wokulos. Identified as Dume.

Dungu

A god of the chase among the Buganda. Referred to as Dungu.

Dxui

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Dyinyinga

The spirits of natural objects, in the lore of the Mende. Sometimes called Dyinyinga.

Dyq

In the lore of the Bambara, a primaeval creative force which, with Gla, emerged from the empty void, Fu. Also referred to as Dyq.

dzi-mawu

Sky gods of the Hua people. Sometimes known as dzi-mawu.

Dzivaguru

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eale

An Ethiopian monster with swivelling horns, precursor of the yale. On occassion, known as eale.

ebo

Herbalists of the Edo who brew potions. Used in divination and witchcraft. Occasionally called ebo.

echudan

A sorcerer in Uganda. In some accounts, identified as echudan.

Eda Male

Idols of the Yoruba. These images, of male and female twins, are used in initiation ceremonies. Also identified as Eda Male.

Edeke

A destructive god of the Teso people. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Edeke.

Efé

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Efflon Obassi

A god of the Ekoi people. In some references, called Efflon Obassi.

egbere

In the lore of the Yoruba, small beings. Said to live in the forests. On occassion, known as egbere.

Egungun

Among the Yoruba, carved images of ancestors and gods used in ceremonies: a cult of the dead. Occasionally identified as Egungun.

ehi

An Edo spirit controlling an individual's destiny. He determines the individual's future in consultation with Osanobua before the person is born. Also referred to as ehi.

Ehlose

A guardian spirit which warns the individual of danger. In some lore, occasionally known as Ehlose.

Eight Ancestors

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Eji Ogbe

King of the gods of the Yoruba. In some lore, occasionally identified as Eji Ogbe.

Ekera

The Ethiopian afterworld. Occasionally referred to as Ekera.

Ekko

In Ethiopia, a spirit of the dead which can take possession of a mortal. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ekko.

Ekpe

An Igbo secret society practising. Fertility rites. Sometimes referred to as Ekpe, Egbo or Egbo.

Eledaa

A name of Olodumare as 'creator'. Also identified as Eledaa, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Elemii or Olojo Oni.

elefo

A magic bell used by Itonde to predict. The future and foretell death. The sound of the bell is capable of killing humans. At times, identified as elefo.

Elemii

A name of Olodumare as 'he who owns life'. Sometimes referred to as Elemii, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Eledaa or Olojo Oni.

emadloti

Swazi ancestors who can influence. Their descendants. Also commonly called emadloti.

emandwa

Tribal spirits of the Ankore. Called emandwa.

Emayian

A name of En-kai as 'he who blesses'. Also referred to as Emayian, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Kamba Engai, Ngai or Parsai.

Emeli Hin

A creator god of the Tuareg. Occasionally identified as Emeli Hin.

emi

In the lore of the Yoruba, one of the 3. Spirits in each individual - the vital. Force of breath. Occasionally referred to as emi.

emizimu

Family spirits of the Ankore. Occasionally identified as emizimu.

emuron

A medicine-man in Uganda. Also identified as emuron.

En-kai

Supreme god and rain-god of the Masai. Also referred to as En-kai, Ngai, Ngai, En-Kai, Emayian, Emayian, Kamba Engai, Kamba Engai, Parsai or Parsai.

Enekpe

A Nigerian heroine. Daughter of Ayagba. She allowed herself to be buried alive to save her people who were being defeated in battle. Occasionally referred to as Enekpe.

Engai

The supreme god of the Kamba. Referred to as Engai, Masai En-kai or Masai En-kai.

Enundu

A plague-god of Uganda. Also identified as Enundu.

eqqo

Ethiopian spirits living in streams and rivers. They can be induced to enter human beings and can predict the future. Also known as eqqo.

eré

In Yoruba lore, childlike beings which take over persons. Undergoing initiation. Called eré.

Erosi

Igbo spirits invoked to promote. Fertility and prosperity. Also commonly known as Erosi.

Eshu

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Evua

A sun-god in Guinea. Also known as Evua.

Fa

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Far-li-mas

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Fara Maka

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Faran Maka

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Faro

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Fatouma

A princess. She was saved by Hammadi as she was about to be devoured by the Dragon of the Lake and married her rescuer. On occassion, called Fatouma.

Fe

A god of the Ivory Coast. This deity is envisaged in the form of a mask. In some lore, occasionally identified as Fe.

Fenda Maria

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Fidi Mukullu

A creator-god in Zaire. In some references, referred to as Fidi Mukullu.

fingo

A fetish, usually in the form of a calabash or a small pot, in which the individual's spirit is housed. In some accounts, called fingo.

Fu

In the lore of the Bambara, the primordial void which produced the 2 forces, Dya and Gla. Called Fu, Dya, Dya or Gla.

Fumu

A monkey. Woto, a king of the Bushongo, discovered palm wine when he saw Fumu licking it. Occasionally known as Fumu.

Ga-gorib

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Gabunga

In the lore of the Baganda, the official who escorted the king to meet the god Mukasa at the blood-drinking ceremony. Sometimes known as Gabunga.

Garakhe

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Garamas

The first man, in the lore of a nomadic. Tribe of the Sahara, the Garamantes. Sometimes called Garamas, Amphithemis, Amphithemis or Garamas.

Garang

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Garden of Delight

The Swahili paradise. On occassion, identified as Garden of Delight.

Gassire

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Gauna

The leader of the spirits of the dead in the Bushman culture. At times, identified as Gauna, Gawa, Gawa, Gawama, Gawama, Gawa(ma) or Gawa(ma).

Gaunab

The Hottentot god of darkness. He wounded Tsunigoab in a fight for supremacy but lost the struggle and was banished. Identified as Gaunab, Ga-gorib, Ga-gorib, Gama or Goub.

Gbadé

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Gbeni

The supreme spirit of the Mende. In some accounts, referred to as Gbeni.

gbo

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Gborogboro

An ancestor of the Lugbara. Also commonly identified as Gborogboro.

Gewi

Son of Kaang and Coti. He who descended to earth and taught the Bushmen how to dry roots. Sometimes known as Gewi.

Gguluddene

A name of Katonda as 'gigantic'. Occasionally called Gguluddene, Katonda, Katonda, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Gibini

A plague-god of Uganda. Also commonly called Gibini.

Gihanga

King of Rwanda. Son of Kigwa. He is said to have invented the art of metal-working. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Gihanga.

Gikuyu

An ancestor of Kikuyu people. Son of Murungu. Husband of Moombi. He and his wife had nine daughters who founded the nine clans. Also identified as Gikuyu, Kikuyu or Kikuyu.

Gindr

The supreme god of the Lendu people of Zaire. Sometimes identified as Gindr.

Giyorgis

An archangel in Ethiopia. Also called Giyorgis.

Gizo

A trickster-hero of the Housa in the form of a spider. Consort of Koki. Also known as Gizo, Yoruba Anansi, Yoruba Anansi or Kwaku Ananse.

Gla

In the lore of the Bambara, a primaeval creative force which, with Dya, emerged from the empty void, Fu. Known as Gla, Dya, Dya or Fu.

Gleaming Mountain

The hill on which the palace Burju. Alamasi was said to stand. Sometimes known as Gleaming Mountain.

Gleti

A moon-goddess of the Fon. Consort of Lisa. Referred to as Gleti.

Gletivi

The offspring of Lisa and Gleti in the form of stars. Sometimes known as Gletivi, Moon-children or Moon-children.

God's Messengers

In the Sudan, fishes sent to the earth in thunderstorms are used by god as his messengers. In some lore, occasionally called God's Messengers.

Godi

A dragon attendant on Hara Ke. Sometimes identified as Godi.

gola

In the lore of the Liuanda, a snakespirit that can take possession of people. Occasionally known as gola.

Gongola

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Gonzuole

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Gorgon

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Goru

A dragon attendant on Hara Ke. Occasionally identified as Goru.

Great One

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griffin

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grisgris

A charm: an amulet: a spell. Also referred to as grisgris, greegree, greegree, grigri or grigri.

Gu

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Guli

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Gulu

The creator-god of the Buganda. Father of Kaizuki, Nimba and Walumbe. Sometimes called Gulu, Kulu, Kulu or Kidilli.

Gum Girl

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Gunuko

A deity of the Nupe of Nigeria and in Brazil. Sometimes called Gunuko.

Gurikhaisib

The primaeval ancestor of the Hottentots. At times, called Gurikhaisib.

Guzil

A god in Tripolitania. This deity, having been fathered on a cow, appeared in the form of a bull. Identified as Guzil.

Gwalu

A rain-god of the Yoruba. Sometimes referred to as Gwalu, C'balu, C'balu, Gbalu or Gbalu.

Habbat-ar-Rumani

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Habyarimana

A name of Imana as 'he who gives children'. Sometimes known as Habyarimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Hashakimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Hai-uri

A half-bodied monster in the lore of the Hottentot. In some references, called Hai-uri.

Haiuri

A Hottentot demon. This being, resembling half a man sliced vertically, collected victims and took them down to the underworld. Also called Haiuri.

hakata

Carved wooden sticks, plates or tablets. Used in divination. In some references, referred to as hakata.

Hakim

Brother of Azimu. When he threw a spear at Khadu, god deflected it so that it struck Hakim. Sometimes called Hakim.

hale

Magic employed by the Mende. In some references, called hale.

Ham

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Hammadi

A prince. He saved the princess Fatouma who was about to be devoured by the Dragon of the Lake and married her. In some accounts, called Hammadi.

Hammon

A Libyan sun-god. Also called Hammon, Amen, Amen, Aman, Amoun, Amun, Aman, Amem, Amom, Ammon, Am(o)un, Min, Greek Zeus, Libyan Hammon, Jupiter- Ammon, Roman Jupiter, Egyptian Amen, Egyptian Amen, Amon, Amon or Aymon.

Hao

An Ethiopian creator-god. He is depicted as a crocodile. In some lore, occasionally identified as Hao.

Hara Ke

A Nigerian water-goddess and raingoddess. She is assisted in her duties by two dragons, Godi and Goru. Also referred to as Hara Ke, Harake, Harake, Mistress of Water, Mistress of Water or Hara-Ke.

Harun

A Moroccan water-spirit said to appear in the form of a snake. In some references, known as Harun, Haruna or Haruna.

Hashakimana

A name of Imana as 'planner'. Occasionally called Hashakimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hategekimana or Ndagijimana.

Hategekimana

A name of Imana as 'ruler'. In some accounts, referred to as Hategekimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana or Ndagijimana.

Hawa

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Heise

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Heitsi-eibib

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Henten Karube

Daughter of Bincigi. Sister of Marain Jagu. She helped her brother avenge her father's death at the hands of the tyrant king, Garakhe. In some accounts, identified as Henten Karube.

Herlind

A handmaiden of Oda. Also referred to as Herlind.

Heyvoso

The sky-god of the Fon. Son of Mawu-Lisa. Also known as Heyvoso.

Hinegba

The supreme god of the Igbira people of Nigeria. In some accounts, identified as Hinegba, Ihinegba or Ihinegba.

Hira

A huge monster of the Shilluk. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Hira.

hirizi

A Swahili amulet. Also commonly identified as hirizi.

Hlakanyana

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Hochigan

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Hole

Songhai spirits of the air. These were the children of Adama and Hawa retained by god. Also known as Hole.

Hono

A name of Were as 'miracle-worker'. Also referred to as Hono, Were, Were, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Honsi

Twin brother of Honsu. He and his brother Honsu are the heroes of magical exploits in the lore of Dahomey. Also referred to as Honsi.

Honsu

Twin brother of Honsi. He and his brother Honsi are the heroes of magical exploits in the lore of Dahomey. Sometimes referred to as Honsu.

Hore

An oracle of the god Nosenga. Sometimes called Hore.

Horei

An evil spirit in West Africa. Known as Horei.

hunsi

A devotee of any Fon god. Sometimes identified as hunsi.

Huntin

A Xhosa tree-spirit. Also referred to as Huntin.

Huveane

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Huvi

A god of hunting of the Ovimbundu people. Also identified as Huvi.

Hwegbaja

A 17th C. King of Dahomey. He is revered as a mythical culturehero who instituted the practice of burying the dead. Also commonly identified as Hwegbaja.

Hyel

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hyena-men

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I Kaggen

The Bushman god, Kaang, as the spirit of the praying mantis. In some references, called I Kaggen, Cagn, Cagn, Kaang, Kaggen or Kaggen.

Iampelamananoro

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Ibe Dji

An idol of the Yoruba. Also identified as Ibe Dji.

Ibilisi

A Swahili devil. Referred to as Ibilisi, Moslem Eblis or Moslem Eblis.

Ibini Okrabi

A powerful spirit of the Igbo. In some references, referred to as Ibini Okrabi.

Ibissa Shayto

An Ethiopian fire-spirit. Referred to as Ibissa Shayto.

Ibo-Osun

An annual feast in honour of the Yoruba goddess Osun when the priestesses of this cult are chosen. In some references, referred to as Ibo-Osun.

Iboniamasiboniamanoro

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idlozi

The guardian spirit of a Zulu ancestor. In some accounts, referred to as idlozi.

Ifa

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igbodu

Groves sacred to the Yoruba. God, Orunmila. Also commonly identified as igbodu.

igqira

A witch-doctor in the Transkei. Also known as igqira.

ijimere

Forest spirits of Nigeria. Also called ijimere, Ashanti mmoatia, Ashanti mmoatia, apuku, azizan, Brazil saci, Brazil saci, mmoatia, Dahomey aziazan, Dahomey aziazan, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku or saci.

Ijuru

A realm in the sky in the lore of the Banyarwanda. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ijuru.

Ikenga

A god of fortune of the Ibo people. Called Ikenga.

Ikonitra

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Iku

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Ikuzimu

The land under the earth in the lore of the Banyarwanda. Referred to as Ikuzimu.

Ilaansi

The supreme god of the Fipa people. Sometimes called Ilaansi, Indaaka, Indaaka, Indeesa or Indeesa.

Ilankaka

Wife of King Konkundo. Mother of Honde. Known as Ilankaka.

Ilat

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Ile

A Yoruba earth-goddess. Also identified as Ile.

Ilé-Ifé

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Ilele-a-Ngonda

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Iloibonok

Medicine men of the Masai. Also called Iloibonok.

Ilombo

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Imagheghan

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Imana

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imandwa

Ghosts of the Banyarwanda. In some accounts, called imandwa.

Imilozi

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Impundulu

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Inabizoza

Wife of Mutaga. Mother of Mwambudza. Sometimes identified as Inabizoza.

Inaruchaba

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Incwala

A Swazi festival invoking tribal. Ancestors. Also commonly called Incwala.

Indaji

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Indwano

Chief diviner of the court of Ruhaga. In some references, referred to as Indwano.

Ingumbane

An incubus in the form of a snake. At times, known as Ingumbane.

Inkanyamba

A Zulu storm-god or goddess. Also commonly identified as Inkanyamba.

Inkoto

The sword of Kanyarundi. At times, called Inkoto.

Intare

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Intulo

The lizard in the Zulu story of creation. At times, identified as Intulo.

inyana

A Zulu sorcerer. These men are said to be able to communicate with the ancestral spirits of the tribe, known as the Itongo. In some accounts, known as inyana.

Irke

A god of the Songhai people. Identified as Irke, Kutiumo, Kutiumo, Zambanta or Zambanta.

Iro

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Iruva

The supreme god and sun-god of many tribes, including the Chaga or Meru. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Iruva, Iruwa, Iruwa, Iyuva, Iyuva, Izuwa, Izuwa, Loba, Loba, Luba, Luba, Lyuba, Lyuba, L(y)uba, L(y)uba, 'sun', 'sun', Surya, Suryaa or Wi.

Isa

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Isa Bere

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isanusi

A Zulu witch-doctor. He can smell out the witches that cause illness. In some lore, occasionally called isanusi.

Isaywa

A name of Wele as 'he who is worshipped'. Sometimes identified as Isaywa, Isaiwa, Isaiwa or Wele.

itan

The myths and histories of the Yoruba. Also known as itan.

Itherther

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Itoli

A humming-bird that gave Itonde a bell that granted all his wishes. In some references, called Itoli.

Itonde

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Itongo

Ancestral spirits of the Zulu. These spirits are said to teach magic to the inyana, the diviners, with whom they communicate. In some lore, occasionally known as Itongo.

itta

A Zulu sorceress and healer. Occasionally called itta.

Ivonya-Ngia

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iyalorisha

A Yoruban priestess. Occasionally identified as iyalorisha, malebabalorisha, malebabalorisha, Brazil mae de santo or Brazil mae de santo.

Iyogera

A yellow stone in Burundi. When the king Itare struck the stone with his hammer, a river flowed out, forming the source of the Nile. In some accounts, called Iyogera.

Ja Mrima

A name of Were as 'the one who has a temper'. Called Ja Mrima, Were, Were, Hono, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jabal Lamma

The rock where Copper City was said to have been built by Solomon. Also called Jabal Lamma.

Jabal Saa

The rock where Copper City was said to have been built by Japhet. Sometimes identified as Jabal Saa.

Jackal

A trickster-hero of the Hottentots. In some accounts, it was he who overcame the monster Ga-gorib. At times, referred to as Jackal.

Jahera

A name of Were as 'merciful'. At times, called Jahera, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jakuta

A Yoruba thunder-god. At times, known as Jakuta.

Jaliya

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Jalweny

A name of Were as 'mighty warrior'. Also commonly known as Jalweny, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jan'gwono

A name of Were as 'kind'. In some accounts, referred to as Jan'gwono, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Janen

A name of Were as 'wise one'. Referred to as Janen, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Jata

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Jefa

The name for the sun in Zaire. Also referred to as Jefa.

jigo

A Hausa spirit causing fevers. On occassion, referred to as jigo, jihu or jihu.

Jinde Sirinde

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Jok

The creator-god and rain-god of the Alur. Occasionally known as Jok, Juok, Juok, Jo-Uk, Joagh, Joghi, jok, Joogi, Jouk, Ju-Ok, Jwok or jok.

jok

A name for god in various parts of Africa: celestial beings: spirits. In some references, referred to as jok, Juok, Juok, Jo-Uk, Joagh, Joghi, jok, Joogi, Jouk, Ju-Ok or Jwok.

Jokinam

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Jokrut

The Alur god of twins. Called Jokrut.

Jolima

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juju

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juju house

The building in which the juju priests. Carried on their work, sometimes. Involving human sacrifice. Identified as juju house.

juju man

A priest of black magic: a witch-doctor. It is said that these men can change into birds. In some accounts, referred to as juju man, witch-doctor, witch-doctor, medicineman or shaman.

Juko

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Juok

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Juru

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Ka Tyeleo

A creator-god of the Ivory Coast in West Africa. Sometimes identified as Ka Tyeleo.

Kaang

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Kaba

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Kaba dye

The second of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of souls of the dead. Also commonly identified as Kaba dye.

Kaba fii

The third of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of spirits. In some accounts, identified as Kaba fii.

Kaba noro

The first of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, home of Faro. In some references, called Kaba noro.

Kabundungulu

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Kagenda

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Kagingo

A name of Katonda as 'lord of life'. Sometimes called Kagingo, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Kaikara

A harvest-goddess of the Banyoro. Also known as Kaikara.

Kaiwan

In Ethiopia, an earth-goddess, goddess of plenty. Also identified as Kaiwan.

Kaizuki

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Kajati

A name of Tilo as 'self-created'. In some references, referred to as Kajati, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Kaka-Guia

A bull-headed god in Guinea. He is the conductor of the souls of the dead. Also referred to as Kaka-Guia.

Kalala Ilunga

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Kalamu

A Swahili recording angel. This being records every event in the Luah. Also commonly identified as Kalamu, Pen or Pen.

Kaliloze

A magic rifle which fires invisible. Bullets, used by the sorcerers of Zambia. Also commonly identified as Kaliloze.

Kalisia

A creator-god of the Pygmies, god of hunters. Occasionally referred to as Kalisia.

Kalumba

The creator-god of the Luba in Zaire. In some references, known as Kalumba.

Kalunga

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Kamba

An ancestral hero, founder of the Kamba people. Son of Murungu. Occasionally identified as Kamba.

Kamonga

Second wife of Chibinda Ilunga. Sometimes called Kamonga.

Kamonu

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Kandundu

An ancestral spirit of the Ovimbundu. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kandundu.

Kangalogba

A primaeval female spirit of the tribes of Uganda. Mother of Toro. She is envisaged as a dragonfly. Also commonly called Kangalogba.

Kanisimbo

A Swahili ancestor. Brother of Simboumba. The eldest of the eight people who came down from heaven in a ship with Faro. Occasionally referred to as Kanisimbo.

Kanyarundi

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Kanzi

Son of the first man, Amangundu. Brother of Nangombe. Father of Mshindi. Also called Kanzi.

kapiangu

In Zaire, a charm which causes the death of a thief. Occasionally known as kapiangu.

Kapirimtiya

The site of the holes from which the ancestors of some of the people of Malawi emerged. In some references, known as Kapirimtiya.

Karadigi

A hunter. He owned 120 huge black dogs which he set on to kill the monster hippo, Mali. Also commonly identified as Karadigi.

Karandala

An Ethiopian evil spirit. At times, referred to as Karandala.

Katari

A water-demon in the lore of the Nyamuezi tribe. Also identified as Katari.

Katonda

The creator-god of the Baga. Also commonly called Katonda, Gguluddene, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lissoddene, Lugab, Lugab, Namugereka, Namugereka, Namuginga, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu, Ssebinitu, Ssewannaku or Ssewannaku.

Katwa

A child of the first man, Kihanga. Ancestor of the pygmies. At times, known as Katwa.

Kayura

A Tanzanian storm-god. Also referred to as Kayura, Zulu Kayurankuba or Zulu Kayurankuba.

Kayurankuba

A Zulu storm-god. At times, referred to as Kayurankuba, Tanzanian Kayura or Tanzanian Kayura.

Kazikamuntu

The first man, according to the lore of the Banyarwanda. On occassion, referred to as Kazikamuntu.

kazila

Something forbidden or taboo. In some cases, royalty may not eat pig. Women are banned from eating fish by decree of Nzambi. Referred to as kazila.

Kazooba

A creator-god of the Ankore people of Uganda. A name of Rugaba as sun-god. Sometimes identified as Kazooba, Nyamwezi, Nyamwezi, Rugaba, Rugaba, Mukameiguru, Tanzanian Kazyoba or Tanzanian Kazyoba.

Kazyoba

Creator-god and sun-god of the Nyamwezi people of Tanzania. In some lore, occasionally known as Kazyoba, Ugandan Kazooba or Ugandan Kazooba.

Kenimbleni

A Subagi. He stole magic powders which made him immortal and enabled him to fly and to talk the language of the birds. Also commonly known as Kenimbleni.

Ketua

A god of fortune in Zaire. At times, called Ketua.

Khakaba

A name of Wele as 'the sharer'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Khakaba, Wele, Wele, 'high one', Isaiwa or Isaywa.

Khambageu

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Kholumulumo

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Khonvum

The supreme god of the Pygmies. He made the first pygmies in the sky and lowered them down to earth on ropes. In some lore, occasionally identified as Khonvum.

Khudjana

A creator-god in the Transvaal. Son of Ribimbi. He is said to have created the earth. In some references, referred to as Khudjana.

Khuzwane

A creator-god of the Luvedu tribe. In some accounts, known as Khuzwane, Khuswane or Khuswane.

Kianda

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kibaba

A Swahili charm used against thieves. Sometimes identified as kibaba.

Kibuka

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Kibunwasi

A trickster-deity in Zanzibar. Sometimes known as Kibunwasi.

Kibwebanduka

A tribal-hero in Tanzania. He led his people to their present homeland. Sometimes identified as Kibwebanduka.

Kiet

In the lore of the Nandi, the world. Order created by Asis. Also known as Kiet.

Kigare

A cattle-god of the Banyoro. Identified as Kigare.

Kigwa

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Kihanga

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Kiir

A Nuer god, guardian of the Nile. Occasionally identified as Kiir.

Kikore

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Kilembe

A magical tree. This tree arrived on earth carried by the hero Sudika-mbambi when he was born. In some references, known as Kilembe, Tree of Life, Tree of Life or Grand Bois.

Kilima

A type of spirit which takes possession of humans, causing illness. In some lore, occasionally called Kilima, Kinyamkera or Kinyamkera.

kimbanda

A sorcerer in Angola. Occasionally identified as kimbanda.

Kimbugwe

A guardian of the afterbirth of a king, among the Buganda. In some lore, occasionally identified as Kimbugwe.

Kimbuji

In the lore of Angola, a huge fish or crocodile. This underworld inhabitant swallowed Sudika-mbambi but was killed by his brother Kabundungulu. Sometimes known as Kimbuji, Kimiji or Kimiji.

Kimera

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kimpasi

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kindoki

The secret lore of the sorcerers. Also commonly called kindoki.

Kindoki

An evil spirit of the Bakongo. In some accounts, called Kindoki.

Kintu

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Kinyamkera

A type of evil spirit which takes. Possession of humans, causing illness. They are described as having one eye, one arm and one leg. Also known as Kinyamkera, Kilima or Kilima.

Kinyarwanda

A child of the first man, Kihanga. Brother of Kanyarundi and Katwa. Occasionally identified as Kinyarwanda.

Kinyoka

A serpent in the underworld. This five-headed monster was killed by Sudika-mbambi when he went down to the underworld. Also identified as Kinyoka.

kiolu

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Kipalende

The 4 servants of Sudika-Mbamba. In some lore, occasionally known as Kipalende.

Kirabira

A war-god of the Baganda. Son of Mukasa. Brother of Nende and Mirimu. Occasionally called Kirabira.

kirimu

A spirit or soul of the Nande. Occasionally known as kirimu.

kishi

A Kimbundu evil spirit. This being has a two-faced head, one human, one hyena. On occassion, known as kishi.

kisimbi

A Bakongo spirit which causes illness. These beings cannot be seen because they are made of water. Sometimes called kisimbi, bisimbi, bisimbi, Water Girl, Water Girl, Water Nymph, Water Nymph, plurbisimbi or plurbisimbi.

kisirani

In the lore of the Swahili, one who brings bad luck. Sometimes called kisirani.

Kitamba

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Koito

An Ethiopian feast to propitiate the spirit of lightning. In some lore, occasionally called Koito.

Koki

In the lore of the Hausa, a praying mantis. Wife of Gizo. Wife of Spider, some say. At times, known as Koki.

Koko

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Kola

Son of the Sacred White Cow. His grandson, Ukwa, is regarded as the ancestor of the Shilluk people of the Sudan. Also known as Kola.

Kolelo

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Koleo

A Tanzanian snake-god. Sometimes known as Koleo.

Kolio

A Ewe war-god. Sometimes known as Kolio.

kollo

Ethiopian spirits of the mountains, trees and springs. These spirits appear in the form of four-horned cockerels or as tall, onelegged beings. In some references, referred to as kollo, qollo or qollo.

Kom

A stool or throne. In the lore of the Alur this is one of the four attributes of the king. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Kom.

koma

Swahili spirits which live on after death. In some references, known as koma, nkoma, nkoma or Swahili koma.

Konde

Son of Nkuba and Chinawezi. Brother and husband of Nawezi. Referred to as Konde.

Korongo

A Mali sorcerer from whom Kenimbleni. Stole magic powders. Sometimes identified as Korongo.

Kube

A name of Mulungu as 'all-embracing'. Occasionally identified as Kube, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Likubala, Lima, Limi or Murungu.

kuchi

In the lore of the Nupe, a spiritual. Force. Also referred to as kuchi.

Kunde

A hunter-god of the Ewe in Ghana. At times, identified as Kunde.

Kungwa

The supreme god of the Kannuku of Nigeria. Occasionally referred to as Kungwa.

Kunu

A supreme god in Sierra Leone. Sometimes identified as Kunu.

Kuri

A Housa spirit which causes paralysis. Sometimes called Kuri, Yandu, Yandu, Yerro or Yerro.

Kurumasaba

A supreme god in Sierra Leone. Also referred to as Kurumasaba.

kurusi

In the lore of the Swahili, the throne of the creator-god shielded by the canopy, Arishi. In some references, called kurusi.

kuti

In the lore of the Nupe, a spiritual. Force. In some accounts, called kuti.

Kuzimu

The Swahili underworld. It is said that the movements of ghosts in this realm cause earthquakes. In some references, referred to as Kuzimu.

Kwaku Ananse

The spider-god of the Ashanti. Known as Kwaku Ananse, Yoruba Anansi, Yoruba Anansi or Gizo.

Kwammang-a

A rainbow deity. Also commonly referred to as Kwammang-a.

Kworrom

A Housa spirit who trips up those who pass his home under the roots of a tree. On occassion, referred to as Kworrom.

Kwoth

The creator-god of the Nuer people of the Sudan. Occasionally known as Kwoth, Tutgar or Tutgar.

Kyala

A supreme god of the Ngonde people. Also identified as Kyala.

Kyumbe

A creator god of the Zaramo people of Tanzania. At times, identified as Kyumbe.

Labama

Daughter of Nchienge. Sister and wife of Woto. In some references, identified as Labama.

Ladhaa

In the lore of the Swahili, the second. Floor of hell reserved for misers who are forced to drink the blood of their victims. In some references, known as Ladhaa.

Lagarre

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Lamurudu

A king of Mecca. Father of Oduduwa. In some accounts, called Lamurudu.

latedo

A priest of the Acholi. Occasionally referred to as latedo.

latedo koot

A priest of the Acholi who ensures. Rain. Sometimes referred to as latedo koot.

latedo tiim

A priest of the Acholi who ensures. Good hunting. Sometimes known as latedo tiim.

Le-eyo

An ancestor of the Masai. Also called Le-eyo.

Lebe Serou

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Legba

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Lenga

Sister of Lunga. Wife of Nsassi. In some references, identified as Lenga, Nsassi, Nsassi or Lunga.

Leve

A name of Ngewo as 'the one high up'. At times, identified as Leve, Ngewo, Ngewo or Ngewowa.

Leza

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Li

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Lianja

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Libanza

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Likinda

Son of Lianja and Ntsongo. Husband of Boale. His daughter was Ntsongo reborn. Also known as Likinda.

Likubala

A name of Mulungu as 'the counter of steps'. Occasionally called Likubala, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Lima, Limi or Murungu.

Likundu

The Bangala god of evil; The devil. In some accounts, referred to as Likundu, Ekundu, Ekundu, Ikundu, Ikundu, Ndoki or Ndoki.

Limi

A name of Mulungu as the sun. Occasionally called Limi, Lima, Lima, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Likubala or Murungu.

Linkalankala

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Liongo

A Swahili hero. Son of Mbwasho. He was a poet, a giant who could not be wounded. In some lore, occasionally identified as Liongo.

Lisa

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Lissoddene

A name of Katonda as 'big-eye'. Also commonly known as Lissoddene, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Loba

A sun-god of the Duala tribe. Occasionally referred to as Loba, Iruva, Iruva, Iruwa, Iyuva, Izuwa, Luba, Lyuba, L(y)uba or 'sun'.

Loko

The Fon god of trees. Brother of Ayaba. Occasionally called Loko.

Loma

A supreme god of the Bongo. People of the Sudan. At times, called Loma.

Lomo

A Ngbandi goddess of peace. In some references, called Lomo.

Long Juju

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Longar

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Lonkundo

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Lontsingo

In the lore of Zaire, a fly who flew to heaven with the sunbird Nkombe to bring back the sun. Occasionally called Lontsingo.

Lord of the Sky

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Lova

A supreme god in Cameroon. Also commonly identified as Lova, Love or Love.

Lowe

A cave. This cave, in the centre of Botswana, was the home of Tauetona, the first man. In some references, called Lowe.

Luah

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Lubanga

A god of good health of the Bunyoro. People. Also commonly identified as Lubanga.

Lubangala

A rainbow-god of the Bakongo people. Occasionally identified as Lubangala, Rainbow, Rainbow, Ix Chel, Rainbow Monster, Rainbow Monster, Rainbow (Monster) or Rainbow (Monster).

Lube

A god of Sao Tome. Occasionally known as Lube.

Luchyele

A name adopted by Leza when he came down to earth. At times, referred to as Luchyele, Leza, Leza, Lesa, Lumumba, Reza, Rezha, Rez(h)a or Fon Lisa.

Lueji

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Lufu

A god of death. He owns herds of cattle which are tended by the dead. In some lore, occasionally called Lufu, Lirifu or Lirifu.

Lugaba

A name of Katonda as 'he who gives'. Also commonly known as Lugaba.

Lumbu

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Lunga

Sister of Lenga. Wife of Nsassi. On occassion, referred to as Lunga, Nsassi, Nsassi or Lenga.

Lyambilo

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Lyangombe

A principal god in the Congo. Sometimes referred to as Lyangombe.

Ma Kiela

A goddess of the Bakongo, a deified mortal. She is regarded as the queen of those women who have been killed with a knife. In some references, identified as Ma Kiela.

Macardit

A Dinka deity of ill-fortune. Also called Macardit.

Madlebe

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magba

Priests of Shango. Sometimes identified as magba.

Maghegh

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Magombe

The realm of the dead in the lore of some Ugandan tribes. On occassion, called Magombe.

Mahalbiya

A Hausa spirit which causes sores. Also referred to as Mahalbiya.

Mahrem

A war-god in Ethiopia. Occasionally called Mahrem.

Mahungu

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Mai-Gangaddi

A Hausa spirit which causes. Sleeping sickness. Also called Mai-Gangaddi.

Mai-ja-Chikki

A Hausa spirit which causes the evil eye. In some lore, occasionally called Mai-ja-Chikki, Dakaki, Dakaki or Mai-ja-chikki.

Maina

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maiya

A Hausa warlock. Also commonly called maiya.

Majibu

A sorcerer to King Nkogolo. He was given the boy Kalala Ilunga to raise and taught him to be a fine runner and dancer. Sometimes identified as Majibu.

Majok

Among the Dinka, a sacred ox. In some lore, occasionally identified as Majok.

Maka

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Makeri

A Hausa spirit causing occupational. Ailments in smiths. In some references, identified as Makeri.

Makishi

Man-eating monsters in Angola. Sometimes referred to as Makishi.

Maklandjalu

A supreme god of the south-eastern. Coastal regions. Occasionally referred to as Maklandjalu.

Malaika

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Malandela

A Zulu hero. Father of Ntombela. He led his people to their present homeland. Sometimes identified as Malandela.

Malava

A legendary ancestor of the Vugusu of Kenya. Also commonly called Malava, Umngoma or Umngoma.

Mali

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Malika Habashiya

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Malombo

Sacred snakes in Mozambique which are said to act as oracles. In some accounts, called Malombo.

Maluth

An Ethiopian spirit. At times, referred to as Maluth.

Mamadi

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Mamlambo

A Zulu river-goddess, goddess of beer-makers. Sometimes called Mamlambo.

Mandwa

A Baganda spirit substituting for Mukasa in the blood-drinking. Ceremony. Sometimes called Mandwa.

Manema Mairwa

Husband of Nambubi. Father of Mukasa. Occasionally identified as Manema Mairwa, Wanema, Wanema or Musisi.

mangabala bana

In the lore of the Congo, these flying. Spirits have only one leg each. In some lore, occasionally known as mangabala bana.

mangu

Zande witchcraft. Sometimes identified as mangu.

Manikongo

The supreme god of the Teke people of the Congo. Known as Manikongo, Bakongo or Bakongo.

Mantis

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Maori

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Mapico

A ceremonial mask used in Mozambique to expel devils. Also commonly called Mapico.

Marain Jagu

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Marwe

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masabo

A ghost-house. Sometimes referred to as masabo.

Masai

Founder of the Masai people. Son of Murungu. Sometimes called Masai.

Masaki

A Hausa spirit causing occupational. Ailments in weavers. Also known as Masaki.

Mashira

A Burundi sage who advised. Kanyarundi to have a sword made and to kill the serpent living in a cave. Occasionally known as Mashira.

Mashongavudzu

First wife of Mwari. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mashongavudzu.

Masilo

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Masilonyane

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Massassi

The first woman in the lore of the Makoni. The morning star. She was created by Maori and mated with Mwuetsi to produce vegetation. Occasionally referred to as Massassi.

Massin Biambe

A creator-god of the Mundang. This deity created the primaeval beings, Mebeli and Phebele, progenitors of mankind. Also called Massin Biambe.

Mateba

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Matong

A boy whose only possession was a bull. This animal protected Matong and even fought lions for him. At times, identified as Matong.

Matu

Mother of Efé. Occasionally identified as Matu.

Mauli

The supreme spirit of the Shona. People. Also commonly identified as Mauli.

Maweja

A supreme god in the Congo. Sometimes identified as Maweja.

Mawu

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Mawu-Lisa

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maye

A Hausa sorcerer. In some references, called maye.

Mbale

A fertility-deity of the Baganda. Sometimes called Mbale, Mebeli or Mebeli.

mbari

A temple of Ala. Also commonly called mbari.

Mbasi

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Mbatsav

Spirits of the Tiv ancestors. These spirits are said to travel on birds and sometimes appear as birds or animals. In some references, known as Mbatsav.

Mbega

A hero of the Shambala. Father of Buge. On occassion, called Mbega.

Mbere

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Mbidi Kiluwe

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mbidla

A diviner in Cameroon. On occassion, referred to as mbidla.

mbolom

Cameroon mountain spirits. On occassion, identified as mbolom.

Mbomba

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Mbombe

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Mbongo

A river-god in Zaire. He is regarded as the creator of all the black tribes. In some accounts, referred to as Mbongo.

Mbori

Supreme god of the Azande people of Zaire. At times, known as Mbori.

Mbotombo

An ape-headed creator-god in the Ivory. Coast area. Also called Mbotombo, Mbotumbo or Mbotumbo.

Mbulu-Mbembe

A water-monster. In some references, called Mbulu-Mbembe.

Mbumba Luangu

The rainbow. In the Congo, the rainbow is said to be a reflection of this snake as it rises from the water. At times, known as Mbumba Luangu, Rainbow Snake, Rainbow Snake, Dan Ayido Hwedo, Great Rainbow Snake, Kunmanggur, rainbow, Rainbow Serpent, snake, Yurlungur, Great Father or Dji.

Mbuya

A name for the female aspect of Mwari. Also commonly referred to as Mbuya, Grandmother, Grandmother, Ma-tsu-p'o, Toci, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Musikavanhu, Mutangakugara or Nyadenga.

Mbwasho

Mother of Liongo. Occasionally known as Mbwasho.

mchawi

An East African sorcerer. Also identified as mchawi.

Mebege

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Mebeli

The primaeval female created by Massim Biambe. She mated with the primaeval male, Phebele, to produce the human race. Also commonly referred to as Mebeli, Mbale or Mbale.

Meder

An Ethiopian earth-deity. Sometimes known as Meder.

Membe

An ancestor of the Lugbara people. Sometimes known as Membe.

Mengi

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Mezzoramia

A mythical oasis, site of perfect. Happiness. Also called Mezzoramia.

mfumu-kutu

The soul, in the lore of the Bakongo. Also identified as mfumu-kutu.

Mfuzi

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mganga

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mgonzi

A Tanzanian magician. At times, identified as mgonzi, Bakongo ndoki, Bakongo ndoki, mganga, nganga, Bantu nganga, Bantu nganga, ndoki, Swahili mganga, Swahili mganga or nganga.

mhondoro

A god or spirit communicating. Through a medium. In some references, called mhondoro.

Minepa

A god of evil in Zambia. In some accounts, known as Minepa.

mingehe

Spirits of the Lele which live in the forest. Occasionally called mingehe.

Minia

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Minona

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Mirimu

A war-god of the Buganda. Son of Musaka. Brother of Kirabura and Nende. Sometimes known as Mirimu.

Miseke

A maiden who married the thundergod of the Banyarwanda. On occassion, called Miseke.

Mitsotsozini

In Potono lore, the first man. In other versions, Vere was the first man and he was shown how to make fire by Mitsotsozini. Also called Mitsotsozini.

mizimu

Ancestral spirits of the Swahili. In some references, called mizimu.

Mkana Nyifwa

A name of Tilo as 'eternal'. At times, called Mkana Nyifwa.

Mkulumncande

A creator-god of the Swazi people. In some lore, occasionally identified as Mkulumncande, Great First One or Great First One.

Mlangeri

The family of the Swazi king who is a descendant of the sun. Sometimes called Mlangeri, People of the Sun or People of the Sun.

Mlengavuwa

A name of Tilo as 'maker of rain'. In some references, identified as Mlengavuwa, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Mlentengamunye

A messenger god of the Swazi people. In some lore, occasionally called Mlentengamunye.

Mlezi

A name of Tilo as 'giver of food'. Sometimes referred to as Mlezi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Msungi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

mlungu

In Tanzania, a high god. Occasionally known as mlungu, chohile or chohile.

mmoatia

Dwarf sorcerers or forest spirits of the Ashanti. In some references, referred to as mmoatia, Brazil saci, Brazil saci, apuku, ijimere, Dahomey azizan, Dahomey azizan, saci, Surinam apuku, Surinam apuku, azizan, Yoruba ijimere or Yoruba ijimere.

Modimo

A creator-god of the Tswana. People. Sometimes identified as Modimo.

Moelo

Founder of the Bushongo. Son of Bomazi. Twin of Woto. Occasionally referred to as Moelo.

Mokele

The first man in the lore of Zaire. Son of Wai. Father of Lonkundo. Sometimes referred to as Mokele.

Mokele-Mbembe

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Molimo

The supreme god of the Basuto. At times, identified as Molimo, Morimo or Morimo.

moloki

A sorcerer among the Bangala. In some accounts, called moloki.

Mombo Wa Ndhlopfu

An ancestral god in Mozambique. He sometimes appears as a snake. Also identified as Mombo Wa Ndhlopfu.

Mondoro

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Moombi

A creator-goddess of the Kikuyu. Wife of Pikuyu. She bore the nine daughters who became the founders of the nine clans. In some accounts, referred to as Moombi, Mumbi or Mumbi.

Moon-chief

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Morongo

The evening star of the Makoni. She was a woman, created by Maori, who mated with Mwetsi to produce animals and human beings. Sometimes called Morongo.

Moshanyana

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Motlaba Basetsana

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Motu

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Mount Kenya

The home of Murungu. Sometimes called Mount Kenya, Kere Nyaga or Kere Nyaga.

Moyna

A hero of the Dogon. He is said to have invented the bullroarer. Sometimes identified as Moyna.

moyo

The spirit of the individual, in the lore of the Bakongo. Occasionally referred to as moyo.

Mpumuti Muchuni

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Mshindi

Son of Kanzi. Occasionally known as Mshindi.

Msungi

A name of Tilo as 'he who sustains'. Occasionally identified as Msungi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Mtaski, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Mtaski

A name of Tilo as 'saviour'. Occasionally identified as Mtaski, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Nyangoi or Wanthazizose.

Muali

A celestial deity of the Shona people. Occasionally called Muali.

Mugasa

A sky-god of the Pygmies. Also identified as Mugasa, Mugu or Mugu.

Mugizi

A Bunyoro god of Lake Albert. Also known as Mugizi, Muguzi or Muguzi.

Muhingo

A war-god of the Bunyoro people. Also known as Muhingo.

Muhongo

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Mujaji

A rain-goddess in the Transvaal. She lived in the Drakensberg Mountains and protected her people, the Lovedu, from the Zulus. On occassion, identified as Mujaji, Modjadji, Modjadji, Rain Queen or Rain Queen.

Mukakagenda

A female drum which, together with the male drum Kagenda, was given. As a wedding present to Kanyarundi. By his father Kihanga. Occasionally called Mukakagenda.

Mukameiguru

A name of Rugaba as 'ruler of the sky'. Also known as Mukameiguru, Rugaba, Rugaba or Kazooba.

Mukasa

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mukulu

A Bakongo spirit of an ancestor living. Under water. Sometimes referred to as mukulu, bakula, bakula, plurbakulu or plurbakulu.

Mukulu Ijulu

A Swahili name for god. At times, identified as Mukulu Ijulu.

Mukunga M'bura

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Mukuru

The sky-god of the Herero. Occasionally referred to as Mukuru.

Mulengi

A name of Chiuta as 'creator'. Also identified as Mulengi, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mwenco or Wamtatakuya.

Mulindwa

A tribal guardian goddess of the Bunyoro royal family. In some references, identified as Mulindwa.

mulogo

A warlock among the Ganda. Called mulogo.

Mulopo

A name for a god in the Congo. Sometimes known as Mulopo.

muloyi

A Nande sorcerer. Sometimes identified as muloyi, muloi or muloi.

Muluku

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Mulungu

Creator-god and sky-god of the Nyamwezi. Occasionally identified as Mulungu, Asa, Asa, Mumbi, Mwatuangi, Murungu, Murungu, Mulungu, Mulungu or Muluku.

Mumbi

A name of Asa as 'shaper'. Sometimes known as Mumbi, Asa, Asa, Mulungu, Mwatuangi, Moombi, Moombi or Mumbi.

Muntu Walunga

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Munume

A weather-god of the Bunyoro. People. On occassion, known as Munume.

Mupe

A legendary ancestor of the Bambuti. Husband of Uti. Also commonly identified as Mupe.

Murile

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murozi

A Burundi sorcerer. Also commonly identified as murozi.

Murungu

A supreme god of many Kikuyu tribes. Father of Gikuyu, Kamba and Masai. Occasionally identified as Murungu, Mulungu, Mulungu, Mtanga, Mumbere, Mungu, Kube, Likubala, Lima, Limi, Mulungu, Mulungu, Muluku or Muluku.

Musa

A spirit of the hunt in the lore of the Songhay people. Occasionally known as Musa.

Musa Nyame

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musendabuzimu

A root-drink used to wash out the mouth after dreams of boreboding. Sometimes identified as musendabuzimu.

Musikavanhu

A supreme god in Tanzania. A name of Mwari as creator. On occassion, referred to as Musikavanhu, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Mutangakugara or Nyadenga.

Musisi

A god of earthquakes and messengergod of the Ndonga people. Son of Kalunga. In some accounts, referred to as Musisi, Wanema, Wanema or Manema Mairwa.

Musoke

A rainbow-god of the Bambara. Also identified as Musoke.

Musso-koroni

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Mutaga

Son of Mwezi. Husband of Inabizoza. Father of Mwambudza. Identified as Mutaga.

mutameli

One appointed as a guardian of a graveyard among the Tsonga. In some accounts, referred to as mutameli.

Mutangakugara

A name for Mwari as 'eternal'. Sometimes referred to as Mutangakugara, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Musikavanhu or Nyadenga.

Muti Mpungu

In the lore of the Bakongo, the tree which split the androgynous being. Mahungu into man, Lumbu, and woman, Muzita. At times, known as Muti Mpungu.

Muy

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Muzita

In the lore of the Bakongo, the tree. Muti Mpungu split the androgynous. Being Mahungu into man, Lumbu, and woman, Muzita. Also referred to as Muzita.

mwaguzi

A Swahili diviner. Occasionally known as mwaguzi.

Mwambu

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Mwambudza

Son of Mutaga and Inabizoza. Father of Intare. In some accounts, called Mwambudza.

Mwari

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Mwatuangi

A name of Asa as 'distributor'. Also referred to as Mwatuangi, Asa, Asa, Mulungu or Mumbi.

Mweel

Daughter of Mbomba. Sister and wife of Woot. Mother of Nyimi Lele. Also called Mweel.

Mwenco

A name of Chiuta as 'owner of all things'. Known as Mwenco, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mulengi or Wamtatakuya.

Mwenembago

In the lore of Tanzania, a man deified. As lord of the forest. Also commonly known as Mwenembago.

Mwesi

Son of Intare and Inaruchaba. Father of Mutaga. Sometimes known as Mwesi.

Mwuetsi

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Na Ngutu

A Bakongo god of the dead. Occasionally referred to as Na Ngutu.

Nabende

A supreme god in Uganda. On occassion, called Nabende.

Naete

A sea-deity of the Fon. Twin sister of Agbe. Mother of Afrikete. Sometimes identified as Naete.

Nagadya

A goddess of the Baganda. Mother of Kibuku, some say. Also commonly called Nagadya.

Nagawonyi

A hunger-goddess of the Baganda. In some accounts, referred to as Nagawonyi.

Nai

An ocean-god of the Gan people. Father of Ashiakle. Occasionally referred to as Nai.

Nailele

Wife of Nyame. Also commonly referred to as Nailele.

Nakwube

A supreme god in Kenya. In some lore, occasionally called Nakwube.

Nambalisita

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Nambi

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Nambubi

Wife of Manema Mairwa. Mother of Mukasa. Sometimes known as Nambubi.

Namugereka

A name of Katonda as 'apportioner'. In some references, referred to as Namugereka, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Namuginga

A name of Katonda as 'shaper'. In some references, referred to as Namuginga, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Nnyiniggulu, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Nana

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Nana Buluku

The creator in the lore of the Fon. This deity was an androgynous being who begot Mawu-Lisa. Also referred to as Nana Buluku, Nana Buruku or Nana Buruku.

Nana Mirian

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Nana Nyankopon

A name of Nyame as 'the great one'. Occasionally called Nana Nyankopon.

Nandi Bear

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Nangombe

Son of Amangundu the first man. Brother of Kanzi. In some accounts, identified as Nangombe.

Nawezi

Daughter of Nkuba and Chinawezi. Sister and wife of Konde. In some accounts, referred to as Nawezi.

Nchienge

In the lore of the Bakuba, the first woman. Mother of Labama and Woto. Occasionally called Nchienge, Woman of the Waters or Woman of the Waters.

Ndagijimana

A name of Imana as 'protector'. Sometimes called Ndagijimana, Imana, Imana, Bigirimana, Habyarimana, Hashakimana or Hategekimana.

Ndaula

Son of Simbu and Nyina Mweru. He accidentally killed the king, his grandfather. Occasionally identified as Ndaula.

Ndema

In the lore of the Igbo, evil spirits of ancestors. Also identified as Ndema.

Ndjambi

A sky-god of the Herero people. Sometimes referred to as Ndjambi.

ndogbojusui

Evil spirits of the Mende, appearing. As old men. In some references, identified as ndogbojusui.

ndoki

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Ndorombwike

A supreme god of the Ngonde. Also commonly referred to as Ndorombwike.

Ndosimau

In one version of the Bakongo creation. Story, the first man, made by Nzambi. Also referred to as Ndosimau, Mahungu or Mahungu.

ndozi

A Shaba sorcerer. Occasionally called ndozi.

Ndriananahary

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Nduli Mtwaa-roho

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Ndundu

An old woman in charge of the Kimpasi ritual. In some accounts, called Ndundu, Ngwa or Ngwa.

Ndwanga

A python-woman. Wife of Mukasa. Occasionally known as Ndwanga.

nechombo

A priest of Korekore. Occasionally identified as nechombo.

nelago

A woman used as an intermediary. By Kalunga. On occassion, referred to as nelago.

Nenaunu

A Masai storm-demon. Called Nenaunu.

Nende

A war-god of the Baganda. Son of Mukasa. Brother of Kirabira and Mirimu. In some lore, occasionally identified as Nende.

Nesshoue

A river-god in Benin. On occassion, called Nesshoue.

Nesu

A god of the Fon. His function is to uphold royalty and protect tribal chieftains. Also referred to as Nesu.

Nesu-we

A temple dedicated to Nesu. In some accounts, identified as Nesu-we.

Ngaan

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Ngai

A supreme deity of the Masai. In some lore, occasionally identified as Ngai, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Emayian, Kamba Engai or Parsai.

Ngala

The Bambara name for Pemba. At times, called Ngala, Pemba, Pemba, Femba, Great Thing, Faro[sup]1, 2[/sup], 'god', 'god' or Abassi.

ngama

A witch-doctor in the Congo. In some lore, occasionally known as ngama.

Ngamu

A mask used in the rites of secret societies. Also commonly referred to as Ngamu, Loo Seng or Loo Seng.

Nganamba

King of Jerra. Father of Gassire. At times, called Nganamba.

nganga

Bantu witch-doctors who can capture night-flying spirits. Sometimes referred to as nganga.

Ngeketo

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Ngewo

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Ngi

The gorilla. Son of Zamba. Brother of Nkokn, Otkut and Wo. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Ngi made the strong. In some references, referred to as Ngi.

Ngo

A caterpillar, a form of the Bushman. God, Kaang. Occasionally called Ngo, Kaang, Kaang, Cagn, Cang, I Kaggen, Kaggen, Kang, Kho, Kho Thora, Thora, (I) Kaggen or Kho (Thora).

Ngolimeno

In the lore of the Ewe, a spirit. This is the spirit to which unborn children must pay a visit to determine their fortune. In some references, referred to as Ngolimeno.

Ngoma

In the lore of the Kikuyu, the spirit of the individual which becomes a ghost when that person dies. Also commonly known as Ngoma.

Ngulaki

Spirits of the Kakwa people of Sudan. Also called Ngulaki, Ngunloki, Ngunloki, Nguloki or Nguloki.

Nguleso

A supreme god of the Kakwa people of Sudan. Referred to as Nguleso.

nguneme

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ngunuwo

Protective gods of the Hua people. Also identified as ngunuwo, nguno-wo or nguno-wo.

Ngunzu

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Ngworekara

A god of death. At times, called Ngworekara.

Nhialio

A supreme god of the Dinka. In some lore, occasionally called Nhialio.

Niamye

A creator-god of the Ivory Coast. Also identified as Niamye.

night witches

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Nimba

An earth-goddess in Guinea. Sometimes identified as Nimba.

Ninimina

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Njambi

The creator-god of the Lele. Also commonly called Njambi, Jambe, Jambe, Jambi, Jambi, Akan Nyame, Akan Nyame, Nzambi, Bakongo Nzambi, Bakongo Nzambi or Nyame.

Njinyi

The creator-god of the Bamum. Sometimes called Njinyi, Njinji, Njinji, Njinya, Njinya, Nrui, Nrui, Nruwi, Nruwi, Nru(w)i or Nru(w)i.

Njuzu

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Nkisi

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nkisi

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nkita

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Nkokn

A mantis. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Otkut and Wo. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Nkokn made the wise. Occasionally referred to as Nkokn, Nkokon or Nkokon.

nkoma

Among the Meru, spirits living on after death. In some references, referred to as nkoma, koma, koma, Swahili koma or Swahili koma.

Nkombe

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Nkondi

In the lore of the Kikongo, a charm which causes stolen property to be returned to its owner: a fetish. Also known as Nkondi.

Nkongolo

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Nkuba

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Nkulu

A fertility-deity of the Baganda. Also identified as Nkulu.

Nkulunkulu

A creator-god of the Ndebele. Also referred to as Nkulunkulu, Zulu Unkulunkulu or Zulu Unkulunkulu.

Nnyiniggulu

A name of Katonda as 'lord of heaven'. In some references, called Nnyiniggulu, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Ssebinitu or Ssewannaku.

Nosenga

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nsamanfo

Ancestral spirits of the Ashanti. At times, referred to as nsamanfo.

Nsassi

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Ntangaire

A Tanzanian giant. He was swallowed by Ryangombe but managed to escape by cutting open Ryangombe's stomach, killing him in the process. On occassion, known as Ntangaire, Ntubugezi or Ntubugezi.

Ntikuma

An Ashanti trickster. Son of Anansi. In the New World, this character is known as Tacuma. Also commonly identified as Ntikuma.

Ntombela

Founder of the Zulus. Son of Malandela. Occasionally identified as Ntombela.

ntoro

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Ntsongo

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Ntsongo and Lianja

The epic story of these twins. Also commonly called Ntsongo and Lianja.

Ntubugezi

A Tanzanian giant. To satisfy his voracious appetite, Ryangombe coerced Ntubugezi into giving him eleven oxen which he sat down and ate immediately. Also commonly called Ntubugezi, Ntangaire or Ntangaire.

nudida

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Nummo

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Nundu

A man-eating monster of the Bantu. This monster is said to be invisible but is described as some form of dragon or huge lion. Sometimes known as Nundu.

Nyaamanekose

A name of Nyame as 'he who comforts'. Also known as Nyaamanekose, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Nyadenga

A name for Mwari as a sky-god. Known as Nyadenga, Mwari, Mwari, Mwali, Dzivaguru, Mbuya, Musikavanhu or Mutangakugara.

Nyakalaga

A name of Were as 'ancient'. Known as Nyakalaga, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Nyakang

A fertility-god of the Shilluk. All kings of this Sudanese tribe are said to be reincarnations of Nyakang. Occasionally identified as Nyakang.

Nyakaya

A crocodile-goddess in the Sudan. Wife of Okwa. Mother of Nyikang. Occasionally identified as Nyakaya.

Nyakhaleng

Sister of Sunjata. She is said to have discovered the secret of Sumanguru's magic powers enabling her brother to kill the tyrant. At times, identified as Nyakhaleng.

Nyali

A creator-god of the Banyai. Occasionally identified as Nyali, Nwali, Nwali, Ashanti Nyame or Ashanti Nyame.

Nyambe

A name for god in many parts of Africa. In some references, known as Nyambe, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali, Lele Njambi, Nzambi, Nzambi, Bambi, Bumba, Nyam, Nyama, Nyambe, Nzambe, Yambe, Zambi, Bumba, Chemba, Nyam(a), Nzam(b)e, Akan Nyame, Ghana Ataa Naa Nyongmo or Ma Bumba.

Nyame

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Nyamia

A supreme god in Guinea. Also commonly known as Nyamia.

Nyangoi

A name of Tilo as 'the everlasting one'. Occasionally referred to as Nyangoi, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski or Wanthazizose.

Nyauhwe Ananu

A deity in Dahomey, ruler of the earth. Twin sister of Dad Zodji. Mother of Suvinenge. Also identified as Nyauhwe Ananu.

Nyavirezi

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Nyavirungu

Daughter of Vigara and Nyavirezi. In some references, known as Nyavirungu.

Nyengebule

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Nyikang

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Nyimi Lele

An ancestral hero of the Lele people. Son of Woot and Mweel. On occassion, referred to as Nyimi Lele.

Nyina Mweru

A Banyoro princess. A stranger, Simbu, made her pregnant and then disappeared. Her son, Nduala, accidentally killed the king, his grandfather. Also identified as Nyina Mweru.

Nyiragongo

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Nymo

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nymphs

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Nzambi

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Nzapa

A creator-god of the Ngbandi. His four sons are said to be palm-trees. Occasionally known as Nzapa.

Nze

A moon-god and fertility-god of the Ngbandi people. Son of Ketua and Lomo. At times, identified as Nze.

Nzuadia

A hero of the Mbundu. Father of Kabundungulu and Sudika-Mbambe. He married the daughter of the skygod and fathered twins. Also known as Nzuadia, Nzua Dia Kimanaweze or Nzua Dia Kimanaweze.

Oba Do

Mother of Osun. Sometimes referred to as Oba Do.

Oba Jumu

Father of Osun. Also commonly identified as Oba Jumu.

Obang

A supreme god in Cameroon. Also identified as Obang.

Obassi

A supreme deity of some tribes of Nigeria. On occassion, identified as Obassi.

Obatala

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obe

The familiar of Basuto witches in the form of a huge animal. At times, called obe, Obeah, Obeah, obi or obeah.

Obe Ohe

A king of the Yoruba. A devotee of Olokun. On occassion, called Obe Ohe.

Obeah

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obi

A sorcerer. In some references, identified as obi, Obeah, Obeah, obe or obeah.

Obosum

An Ashanti god. A name for a group of lesser gods. In some lore, occasionally called Obosum, Obosom, Obosom, plurAbasum, plurAbasum, Dahomey Vodun, Dahomey Vodun, Alose, Nkisi, Ibo Alose, Ibo Alose, Nkisi, Orisha, Vodun, Congo Nkisi, Congo Nkisi, Vodun, Yoruba Orisha, Yoruba Orisha, Nkisi or Vodun.

ociband

An Ovimbundu witch-doctor or diviner. In some lore, occasionally referred to as ociband.

ocililomba

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ocilulu

A ghost. The Ovimbundu say that the soul leaves the body at death and becomes an ocilulu. Sometimes identified as ocilulu.

Oda

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Oduduwa

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ody andoha

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from headaches. In some lore, occasionally referred to as ody andoha.

ody basy

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from bullets. Referred to as ody basy.

ody tandroka

In Malagasy, a charm which protects. The wearer from bulls. Known as ody tandroka.

Ofoe

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Ogbu-ghu

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Ogo

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Ogun

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Oguwu

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Ohe

A supreme god of the Egede in Nigeria. At times, known as Ohe.

Oi

An East African god of sickness. Occasionally known as Oi.

oiik

Ancestral spirits of the Nandi people; Demons causing sickness. Also commonly identified as oiik.

ojiji

In the lore of the Yoruba, a spirit. Each person is said to have three spirits; the ojiji follows the owner like a shadow. In some references, known as ojiji.

Oko

A Yoruba god of agriculture. Son of Aganju and Yemoja. In some accounts, referred to as Oko.

okpomfo

A priest in the Gold Coast. Sometimes known as okpomfo, komfo, komfo or okomfo.

okra

The soul, in the lore of the Ashanti. In some references, identified as okra, South American 'kra or South American 'kra.

Okwa

Son of Omara and Diang. Husband of Nyakaya. Father of Nyikang. In some lore, occasionally known as Okwa.

Olodumare

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Olofin-Orun

A name of Olorun as 'lord of heaven'. Sometimes identified as Olofin-Orun, Olorun, Olorun, Ol-orun, Olodumare, Alaaye, Eledaa, Elemii, Olojo Oni, Orishanla or 'owner'.

Olojo Oni

A name of Oldumare or Olorun as 'he who owns the day'. Occasionally called Olojo Oni, Olodumare, Olodumare, Olorun, Alaaye, Eledaa or Elemii.

Olokun

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Olorun

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Omara

The first man in the lore of the Shilluk. People of the Sudan. Consort of Diang. Sometimes known as Omara.

Omolu

A Yoruban earth-deity. Son of Obaluwaye and Nana. This deity is worshipped under the same name in the New World. At times, known as Omolu, Omulu or Omulu.

omuli

A female Nande sorcerer. Sometimes known as omuli, avali, avali, pluravali or pluravali.

Omumborombonga

A tree from which, in the lore of the Damara people, all men and animals arose. On occassion, called Omumborombonga.

Ondele

An ancestor spirit of the Ovimbundu. On occassion, known as Ondele.

Onyankopon

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Opete

The vulture. The Ashanti say that this bird carries sacrifices made by the tribe to the home of the gods. Also called Opete.

Opo

An ocean-god of the Akan people. Son of Nyame. Sometimes known as Opo.

opunne

The divine loaves of the Shilluk which formed the universe. Also known as opunne.

Oranmiyan

A king of the Edo. He stole from Olokun the coral beads which form part of the royal costume. Sometimes referred to as Oranmiyan.

Oranyan

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Oreluere

The first man in the lore of the Yoruba, made by Olodumare. Also referred to as Oreluere.

Ori

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ori

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Orisha

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Orishako

A Yoruba god of agriculture. Consort of Oduduwa. Called Orishako.

Orishanla

The first name of the Yoruba god later. Known as Obatala. In some accounts, identified as Orishanla, Olorun, Olorun, Ol-orun, Olodumare, Alaaye, Eledaa, Elemii, Olofin-Orun, Olojo Oni, 'owner', Orisanla, Orisanla, Orisha Nla or Orisha Nla.

orkoiyot

Powerful witch-doctors. Sometimes identified as orkoiyot.

Oro

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Oroko

Consort of Alajeru. Father of Ifa. Sometimes identified as Oroko.

Orun

A Yoruba sun-god. At times, identified as Orun.

Orun Buburu

The Yoruba heaven for the wicked. Sometimes identified as Orun Buburu.

Orun Rere

The Yoruba heaven for the good. Occasionally identified as Orun Rere.

Orunmila

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Osai Tutu

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Osain

A Yoruba vegetation-god. Occasionally identified as Osain, Haiti Ossange or Haiti Ossange.

Osande

An ancestral god of the Ovimbundu. People. Occasionally called Osande.

Osanobua

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Osawa

A sky-god of the Ekoi people. Sometimes called Osawa.

Ose-Shango

An amulet worn by Shango. Called Ose-Shango.

Oshossi

A Yoruban god of woods and hunting. He is also worshipped in the West Indies. At times, called Oshossi.

Oshowa

A supreme god in Nigeria. Identified as Oshowa, Ebutokpabi or Ebutokpabi.

Oshun

A river-goddess. Consort of Shango. She is also worshipped in the West Indies. Called Oshun.

Oshunmare

A serpent-deity of the Yoruba. He is also worshipped in the West Indies. In some accounts, referred to as Oshunmare, Dahomey Dan Ayido Hwedo Haitian Damballah Wedo or Dahomey Dan Ayido Hwedo Haitian Damballah Wedo.

Osun

A river-goddess and goddess of healing. Among the Yoruba people. Daughter of Oba Jumu and Oba Do. Consort of Shango. On occassion, identified as Osun.

Otkut

The lizard. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Nkoku and Wo. Otkut allowed his four sons to make human beings and Otkut made the foolish. At times, known as Otkut, Otukut or Otukut.

Otomankoma

A name of Nyame as 'eternal'. On occassion, referred to as Otomankoma, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Totrobonso, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Otumfoo

A name of Onyankopon as 'the. Powerful one'. Sometimes referred to as Otumfoo, Onyankopon, Onyankopon, Nyame, Nyankompong, Nyankopon, Anansi Kokroko, Anansi-toro, Borebore or Nyankopan.

Otutu

In the lore of the Fon, the songbird that raised the alarm when Sogbo set the world on fire. In some lore, occasionally identified as Otutu.

Ovakuru

Ancestral spirits of the Ashanti. Also called Ovakuru.

Owo

A supreme god of the Idoma people of Nigeria. In some references, known as Owo.

Oya

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Oyise

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Palatyi

A monster of the Bantu. Also commonly called Palatyi.

Pale Fox

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Pamba

A creator-god of the Ovambo. At times, identified as Pamba.

Pan

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Parsai

A name of En-kai as 'he who is worshipped'. In some accounts, referred to as Parsai, En-kai, En-kai, Ngai, Emayian, Kamba Engai or Ngai.

Pemba

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Penelophon

Wife of Cophetua. Also identified as Penelophon.

Phebele

A primaeval male, created by Massim Biambe. He mated with the primaeval female, Mebeli, to produce the human race. Occasionally identified as Phebele.

Pluviators

Rain-making magicians of the Burundi. Also known as Pluviators.

Polo

A name of Were as the sky-god. At times, referred to as Polo, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Poro

A Mende secret society for men. In some lore, occasionally called Poro, Sande, Sande or Sane.

Praying mantis

A god of the Bushman and Hottentot. Sometimes known as Praying mantis.

Psille

A race of people who, by mere touch, could cure victims of snakebite. Sometimes identified as Psille, Psilli, Psilli, Greek Ophiogenes or Greek Ophiogenes.

Pukqili

The supreme god of the Zulu. Also referred to as Pukqili.

pygmy

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Qamate

A supreme of the Kaffirs. Also known as Qamate.

Qamatha

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Qandisa

A water-demon in northern Morocco. This female being seduces men and then drives them mad. Also commonly referred to as Qandisa.

Quamate

The supreme god of the Kaffir. Occasionally known as Quamate.

Quamta

The supreme god of the Xhosa people. Sometimes called Quamta.

Queen of Ethiopia

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Queen's Arch

The Zulu name for the rainbow. Also commonly known as Queen's Arch.

Railanitra

A name of Zanahary as 'father of heaven'. In some accounts, identified as Railanitra, Zanahary, Zanahary or Andriamanitra.

Rain Goddess

The second wife of Mwari. Occasionally known as Rain Goddess.

Rain Queen

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Rainbow Monster

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Raivato

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Rako

A Hausa spirit which causes the infirmities of old age. In some lore, occasionally identified as Rako.

Raluvimbha

A creator-god of the Baventa people of the Transvaal. Sometimes called Raluvimbha.

Ranakombe

A seer. He helped Rasoabemanana when she wanted a child and later set that child, Iboniamasiboniamanoro, several nearimpossible tasks before he was allowed to marry. At times, known as Ranakombe.

Rang

A Sudanese god of the hunt. In some lore, occasionally called Rang, Garang or Garang.

Rasoabemana

Mother of Iboniamasiboniamanoro. In some references, identified as Rasoabemana.

Ratego

A name of Were as 'the almighty one'. In some references, referred to as Ratego, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Ratovoantany

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Red Heaven

The fifth of the 7 heavens of the Bambara. This is where Faro keeps his records. At times, referred to as Red Heaven.

Ribimbi

A sky-god in the Transvaal. Father of Kudjana. Ribimbi is also referred to as the first man. Also identified as Ribimbi.

River King

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River Woman

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Rock Sene

A god of the Serer people of Gambia. Also commonly called Rock Sene.

roho

The soul or spirit in the lore of the Swahili. Sometimes known as roho, ruhu or ruhu.

Rubanga

A creator-god of the Alur people. Sometimes identified as Rubanga.

Rugaba

Supreme god of the Ankore. Known as Rugaba, Kazooba, Kazooba, Nyamwezi, Tanzanian Kazyoba, Mukameiguru or Mukameiguru.

Ruganzu

Son of Binego. He fought the evil spirit Inzira before inheriting his father's kingdom. Also commonly called Ruganzu.

Ruhaga

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Ruhanga

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Rutenderi

The bull with the herd found by Inaruchaba. Sometimes referred to as Rutenderi.

Ruwa

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Ryangombe

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Sa

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Sacred White Cow

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Sagbata

A smallpox god in Dahomey. Son of Lisa and Mawu. Brother of Sogbo. Also identified as Sagbata, Ashanti Asa-ase, Ashanti Asa-ase, Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye, Yoruba Obaluwaye or Asa-ase.

Sajara

A rainbow god of the Songhai people. He took the form of a multicoloured serpent. On occassion, referred to as Sajara.

Sakarabru

A god of darkness of the Agni people. On occassion, referred to as Sakarabru.

Sakari

The fifth stage of the Swahili hell, reserved for women who have committed adultery and for sorcerers. Occasionally called Sakari.

Sakpata

The earth-god of the Fon. In some references, known as Sakpata.

Sakumo

A war-god and guardian of the Gan people. On occassion, known as Sakumo.

Sali

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salthane

A Zulu evil spirit or demon. Occasionally known as salthane.

Samba

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Sande

A Mende secret society for women. In some references, called Sande, Poro, Poro, Sane or Sane.

Sangoma

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Sangu

A Ngbandi hippo-goddess, guardian of women in childbirth. On occassion, referred to as Sangu, Mbomba, Mbomba, Mboom or Sangu.

Santeria

A god of the Yoruba. Also referred to as Santeria.

Sarikin Bakka

The Hausa 'lord of animals'. He is said to be able to induce madness in humans. Sometimes known as Sarikin Bakka.

Sasabonsam

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Sawoye

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Sechobochobo

In Zambia, a one-eyed, one-legged. Forest monster. Occasionally known as Sechobochobo.

Sela

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Selekana

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Selwanga

A python-god of the Baganda. Occasionally known as Selwanga.

Semagunga

A high priest of Mukasa. Occasionally identified as Semagunga, Semagumba, Semagumba, Semagunba or Semagunba.

Semutega

In the lore of the Baganda, an umbilical cord dedicated to Kibuka. Identified as Semutega.

Sese

An earth-god(dess) of the Ngbandi. People. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Sese.

Seta

A fertility-goddess of East Africa. Consort of Tororut. Mother of Arawa, Ilat and Topoh. In some accounts, known as Seta.

Shamba

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Shango

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Shankpana

Son of Shango. A plague-god of the Yoruba. Sometimes known as Shankpana, Sankpana, Sankpana, Shankpanna or Shankpanna.

shaytan

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Sheeree

A female demon of the Berbers. In some references, identified as Sheeree.

Sheshu

A supreme god of some Nigerian tribes. In some references, identified as Sheshu.

shihabu

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Shopona

A Yoruba small-pox god. Occasionally known as Shopona.

Si

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Sikandari

The Swahili name for Alexander. The Great. Sometimes referred to as Sikandari.

Simboumba

A Swahili ancestor. Brother of Kanisimbo. He was one of the people who descended from heaven in a ship with Faro. Also commonly called Simboumba.

Simbu

Father of Nduala. In the lore of the Banyoro, he appeared as a stranger to the princess Nyina Mweru and disappeared again, leaving her pregnant. Occasionally referred to as Simbu.

siposo

A mythical missile wielded by a sorcerer in Zambia. Occasionally known as siposo.

Sirene, La

Consort of Agwé. Identified as Sirene, La.

sitondo

A rain-maker in Zambia. Sometimes known as sitondo, basitondo, basitondo, Shepherd of the Clouds, Shepherd of the Clouds, Sitondo, plurbasitondo or plurbasitondo.

Sleep Heaven

The sixth of the 7 heavens of the Bambara, used as a store for secrets. Occasionally identified as Sleep Heaven.

Sno-Nysoa

The creator-god of Liberia. Sometimes referred to as Sno-Nysoa.

So

A weather-god of the Ewe. People. He is regarded as an aspect of Sodza and Sogben in combination. On occassion, called So, Xewioso, Xewioso, Khebieso, Xevioso or Khebioso.

Sodza

A sky-god of the Hua. With Sogblen, he is regarded as So. In some lore, occasionally known as Sodza.

Sogblen

A messenger-god of the Hua. Acting with Sodza, he is regarded as So. Occasionally identified as Sogblen.

Sogbo

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Soko

A creator-god of the Nupe. People. Sometimes identified as Soko, Tsoche, Tsoche or Soko.

Sokogba

A Nupe god of anger. Also commonly called Sokogba.

Sopona

The small-pox god of the Yoruba. In some references, referred to as Sopona.

Sore-Gus

A sky-god and sun-god of the Hottentot. He is envisaged as a golden-fleeced ram. Called Sore-Gus, Sun-ram or Sun-ram.

soroka

Oracles of the Zande. In some references, called soroka.

Soului

A god of vegetation and wealth of the Hua people. At times, referred to as Soului.

Sourakata

The first bard among the Mande. People, said to have descended. From heaven. In some references, referred to as Sourakata.

Spearmasters

Priests of the Dinka people. Also called Spearmasters.

Spider

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Srahman

A Xhosa nymph of the silk-cotton tree. Wife of Sasabonsum. She instructed travellers in the lore of the forests. On occassion, referred to as Srahman.

Srahmandazi

The Xhosa paradise. Also referred to as Srahmandazi.

Ssebinitu

A name of Katonda as 'lord of all'. In some accounts, identified as Ssebinitu, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu or Ssewannaku.

Ssewannaku

A name of Katonda as 'eternal one'. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Ssewannaku, Katonda, Katonda, Gguluddene, Kagingo, Lissoddene, Lugab, Namugereka, Namuginga, Nnyiniggulu or Ssebinitu.

Story-tree

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Subaga

In the lore of the people of Mali, these. Are people who can leave their own. Bodies and enter those of others. In some references, known as Subaga.

Sudika-Mbambi

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Suku

A creator-god of the Ovimbundu people. Occasionally identified as Suku.

suman

Among the Ashanti, a talisman. Against evil. Sometimes referred to as suman, asuman, asuman, plurasuman or plurasuman.

Sumangurur

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Sunjata

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Sunset Serpent

A huge serpent caught in a trap and killed by Itonde. Occasionally identified as Sunset Serpent, Copper Dragon, Copper Dragon, Indombe or Indombe.

Sunsum

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Suvinange

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svikiro

A medium used as an oracle by the gods and spirits of the Korekore. Identified as svikiro.

Swem

A rock from which the Tiv people. Originated and which radiates the vital energy, Tsav. Identified as Swem.

Tabele

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Tachi

A mischievous deity. He is said to be visible only to those married women with whom he consorts. The children of such unions are deformed. Also referred to as Tachi.

Tacuma

The name for the Ashanti character. Ntikuma in the Americas and the West Indies. Sometimes referred to as Tacuma.

tahu

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Taiki

A Hausa spirit said to cause. Stomach illness. Occasionally identified as Taiki.

Tamukujen

A supreme god of the Didinga people. Also called Tamukujen.

Tanala

In the lore of the Baganda, a harp. Dedicated to Kibuka. Also referred to as Tanala.

tandritanitani

A curse. In some tribes, such a curse is accepted by the victim as fatal and he inevitably wastes away and dies. On occassion, identified as tandritanitani.

Tangalimlibo

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tangoma

Swazi diviners. Sometimes identified as tangoma.

Tano

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Tar

A Nigerian earth-god. In some lore, occasionally referred to as Tar.

Tarafe

A bard who sang the praises of Samba. On occassion, identified as Tarafe.

Tari

A Swahili spirit who takes possession of humans. Sometimes known as Tari.

Tauetona

The first man, in the lore of Botswana. He lived in the cave known as Lowe in the centre of the country. At times, identified as Tauetona.

Tchue

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tebo

An evil spirit of the Bakongo. This spirit appears in the form of an ugly, wrinkled dwarf. Sometimes referred to as tebo, matebo, matebo, plurmatebo or plurmatebo.

tego

A Swahili amulet worn to prevent a wife's adultery. In some lore, occasionally referred to as tego.

Teliko

A wind-god of the Bambara people. He was killed by Faro who smashed him against the side of a mountain. In some references, referred to as Teliko.

telkpenu

A sand-diviner of Liberia. In some lore, occasionally identified as telkpenu.

Tembo

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Thamuatz

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Thiga wa wairumbi

A Kikuyu prophet who relayed. Messages from En-kai to the Kikuyu people. In some references, referred to as Thiga wa wairumbi.

Thong Tilo

A detiy, the king above. In some lore, occasionally called Thong Tilo.

Tikdoshe

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Tikoloshe

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Tilo

The sky-god of the Tonga. Known as Tilo, Mlengi, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Nyifwa, Kajati, Kajati, Lesa, Lesa, Leza, Mkana, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Mlezi, Msungi, Msungi, Mtaski, Mtaski, Nyangoi, Nyangoi, Wanthazizose or Wanthazizose.

tingoi

Good spirits of the Mende appearing as beautiful women. Also commonly referred to as tingoi.

Tiwara

A Bambara spirit of the wind. In some lore, occasionally called Tiwara.

Tixe

A supreme god of the Zulu. Sometimes known as Tixe.

Tlam

In the lore of the Kabyle, the place below the earth from which the primaeval buffalo and calf emerged. Also identified as Tlam.

Tohwiyo

Divine founders of the Fon. Occasionally referred to as Tohwiyo.

Tola

A chief priestess of Osun among the Yoruba. Also called Tola.

tong

One of the 4 attributes of a king of the Alur, the shining spear. Also called tong.

Tonjo

In the lore of Senegal, the drum which Marain Jagu took from the jinn. In some references, identified as Tonjo.

Topoh

A sky-god of the Pokot, the evening star. Son of Tororut and Seta. Sometimes called Topoh.

Tore

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Toro

A creator-god of the Ngbandi. People. Son of Kanglogba, the dragon-fly. In some references, called Toro.

Tororut

A creator-god of the Pokot. Brother of Asis. Husband of Seta. Father of Arawa, Ilat and Topoh. Sometimes known as Tororut.

Totonge

In Zaire, a huge mythical animal. Sometimes called Totonge.

Totrobonso

A name of Nyame as 'rain-giver'. At times, called Totrobonso, Nyame, Nyame, Nyambe, Nyambi, Nzame, Onyame, Abommubuwafre, Amaomee, Amosu, Amowia, Anansi Kokroko, Borebore, Brekyirihunuade, Nana, Nyaamanekose, Nyambe, Nyankopon, Odomankoma, Onyankopon, Otomankoma, Bakongo Nzambi, Banyai Nyali or Lele Njambi.

Tovodu

A guardian spirit or ancestral. Deity in Dahomey. Sometimes known as Tovodu.

trano masino

In Madagascar, a house built as the home for the spirit of a dead. King. Occasionally called trano masino.

trowo

The gods of the Ewe people. Also identified as trowo, tro, tro, singtro or singtro.

Trumpet of the Last Day

A horn which the Swahili say will announce the end of the world and the day of judgment. Occasionally referred to as Trumpet of the Last Day.

tsav

Vital energy given off by swem, the rock which was the origin of the Tiv. Also referred to as tsav.

Tsetse Bumba

The Bushango spirit which brings. Fire. On occassion, called Tsetse Bumba.

Tsoede

A founder-hero of the Nupe. In some references, called Tsoede, Tsoedi or Tsoedi.

Tsunigoab

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Tule

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tusin

A priest of the Suk. Occasionally referred to as tusin.

Tutgar

A name of Kwoth as 'strong'. At times, known as Tutgar, Kwoth or Kwoth.

tuyebela

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Twe

A lake-god of Ghana. He fathered a son, Twe Adodo, on an old leper woman. Occasionally known as Twe.

Twe Adodo

Son of Twe. Occasionally identified as Twe Adodo.

Uchak

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uDumakade

A name of Unkulunkulu as the controller of lightning. In some references, called uDumakade.

Ugatya

An incubus in the form of a snake. Sometimes referred to as Ugatya.

uGobungquongqo

A name of Unkulunkulu as overthrower of kings. Also identified as uGobungquongqo.

uGuqubadele

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'the. Irresistible one'. Occasionally identified as uGuqubadele.

Uh Panga Lwe Zizwe

The reed from which, in the lore of the Zulus, the human race emerged. Identified as Uh Panga Lwe Zizwe.

Uhlathu Yesizibi

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Ukaho

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uKqili

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'wise'. Sometimes known as uKqili, Unkulunkulu, Unkulunkulu, uDumukade, uGobungqongqo, uGuqabedele, uZivelele or Ndebele Nkulunkulu.

ukubuyisa

A Zulu rite said to bring back the spirit of a venerated ancestor. Also commonly known as ukubuyisa.

Ukwa

An ancestral hero of the Shilluk. Grandson of Kola. Occasionally identified as Ukwa.

umkovu

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Umngoma

A legendary ancestor of the Vugusu people. At times, known as Umngoma, Malava or Malava.

Umubumbi

A supreme god in parts of Uganda. In some lore, occasionally called Umubumbi.

Umvelinkwangi

A Zulu creator-god. Father of Unkulunkulu. Also identified as Umvelinkwangi, Umvelinqangi or Umvelinqangi.

ungwin

In Ghana, the soul. In some accounts, known as ungwin.

Unkulunkulu

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Untombinde

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Unwaba

The chameleon in the Zulu story of creation. In some references, called Unwaba.

Upkong

The Efik name for a bush soul. Occasionally called Upkong, bush soul, bush soul or upkong.

Usiququmadevu

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Uti

A legendary ancestor of the Bambuti. Wife of Mupe. In some lore, occasionally identified as Uti.

Utingo Lwenkosikasi

The Zulu rainbow. Also commonly identified as Utingo Lwenkosikasi, Arch of the Queen, Arch of the Queen or Utingo.

Utixo

The sky-god of the Hottentots. Sometimes known as Utixo.

Utompe

The Liberian chieftain who captured the first woman, Gonzuole. Called Utompe.

Uumbwar

A supreme god of the Konkomba. People. Sometimes known as Uumbwar.

Uwen

A god of the Edo. Also called Uwen.

Uzimu

In the lore of Tanzania, the land of the dead. Occasionally known as Uzimu, Swahili Kuzimu or Swahili Kuzimu.

uZivele

A name of Unkulunkulu as 'he himself', all that there is. Also identified as uZivele.

varoyi

Warlocks in Zimbabwe. Also known as varoyi.

Velo men

In the lore of Madagascar, a race of men created when god breathed life. Into small clay figures. At times, identified as Velo men.

Vere

In Pokono lore, the first man. In some accounts Mitsotsozini was the first man and he taught Vere how to make fire. Sometimes known as Vere, Were or Were.

Vidiji Milanda

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Vigara

First husband of Nyavirezi. Also commonly known as Vigara.

Vodun

A deity of the Fon: a group of minor. Deities. Occasionally referred to as Vodun, hun, hun, vodun, vodou, vodou, voodoo, vodu or vodu.

vodunsi

a worshipper of the gods of Dahomey Also commonly called vodunsi, yawo or yawo.

Vorunmila

A Yoruba god. Sometimes known as Vorunmila.

Wagadoo

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Waganga

Medicine men of the Makoni. On occassion, called Waganga.

Wai

A sun-god in Zaire. Father of Mokele. At times, referred to as Wai, Vayu, Vayu, Vata, Vaya, 'breath', Gandhavaha, Mahadeva, Maruta, Pavana, Pushpadanta, Sadagata, Vata or Greek Aeolus.

Waka

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Wakonyingo

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walawatu

Ogres of the Swahili. Also referred to as walawatu, mazimwi or mazimwi.

walozi

Swahili warlocks. At times, called walozi.

Walumbe

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Wamala

A fertility-god of the Bunyoro people. Brother of Mukasa. Occasionally referred to as Wamala.

Wamtatakuya

A name of Chiuta as 'the eternal one'. In some references, known as Wamtatakuya, Chiuta, Chiuta, Mulengi or Mwenco.

Wanga

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wanganga

Medicine-men of the Makoni. Occasionally called wanganga.

Wango

A child of Faran Maka. Also commonly known as Wango.

Wanthazizose

A name of Tilo as 'the almighty one'. Also called Wanthazizose, Tilo, Tilo, Mlengi, Nyifwa, Kajati, Lesa, Mkana, Mlengavuwa, Mlezi, Msungi, Mtaski or Nyangoi.

watege

In the lore of the Swahili, those possessed by spirits. Sometimes identified as watege.

Water of Life

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Water People

A mythical race living in the rivers of Liberia. These people were said to have the body of a fish. Also known as Water People.

Waterlord

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wazimi

In Tanzania, spirits of the dead. Sometimes called wazimi.

A supreme god of the Ashanti. Also identified as .

Weikare

A child of Faran Maka. Occasionally called Weikare.

Wele

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Wele Gumali

An Ethiopian god of evil. The "black version of Wele." Also commonly identified as Wele Gumali, Gumali or Gumali.

Wele Omuwanga

The 'white version of Wele, the benevolent aspect.' Also referred to as Wele Omuwanga, Omuwanga or Omuwanga.

Well of Life

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Were

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Weri Kumbamba

A creator-god in Uganda. Sometimes identified as Weri Kumbamba, Mweri or Mweri.

witch-doctor

One who smells out witches and casts or counteracts magic spells. Known as witch-doctor, juju man, juju man, medicineman, medicineman, shaman, shaman, chaman or femaleshamanka.

Wiu

A Sudanese war-god and god of storms. In some references, identified as Wiu.

Wo

The chimpanzee. Son of Zamba. Brother of Ngi, Nkoko and Otkut. Zamba allowed his four sons to make human beings and Wo made the inquisitive ones. In some references, called Wo.

Wokulos

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Woot

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Woto

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Woyengi

A creator-goddess. She came down to earth and created humans from mud, breathing life into them and giving them the choice of sex and occupation. In some accounts, known as Woyengi.

Wu

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Wu-no

A chief priest of the god Wu. Called Wu-no.

Wulbari

A sky-god of the Akan. Mate of Asase Yao. Also called Wulbari.

Wuon Oru

A name of Were as 'controller of the future'. Referred to as Wuon Oru, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuonji or Wuonwa.

Wuonwa

A name of Were as 'father'. At times, called Wuonwa, Were, Were, Hono, Ja Mrima, Jahera, Jalweny, Janen, Jan'gwono, Nyakalaga, Piny k'nyal, Polo, Ratego, Wuon Kwere, Wuon Lowo, Wuon Ogendi, Wuon Oru or Wuonji.

Xewioso

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Yakomba

A god of morals. Identified as Yakomba, Nzakomba or Nzakomba.

Yansan

A Yoruba wind-god. Called Yansan, Shango, Shango, Sango, Cuban Santa Barbara or Egyptian Amon-Ra.

Yaro

A creator-god in Ethiopia. Sometimes referred to as Yaro, Yero or Yero.

Yaruba

A supreme god of the Tangale people. Sometimes identified as Yaruba.

Yasigi

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Yayu

A sky-god of the Ngbandi people. At times, known as Yayu.

yegbogba

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Yegwe Zogbanu

A forest monster. This monster is said to have thirty horns. In some references, identified as Yegwe Zogbanu, Yehwe Zogbanu, Yehwe Zogbanu, Ashanti Sasabonsam or Ashanti Sasabonsam.

Yemay

A Yoruba sea-god. Occasionally referred to as Yemay.

Yemekonji

A creator-god in Zaire. It is said that he gave Nkombe three parcels; one of them, opened by Nkombe, released the light of the sun. On occassion, known as Yemekonji.

Yemoja

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Yiyi

A man who became an oracular spider. On occassion, known as Yiyi.

Yo

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Yuguru

The name for Ogo after he was maimed by one of the Nommo. Sometimes known as Yuguru.

Zamba

A supreme god of the Yuande. Father of Ngi, Nkokn, Otkut and Wo. In some lore, occasionally called Zamba.

Zanahary

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Zar

An early Ethiopian sky-god. Sometimes identified as Zar.

Zeli

In Dahomey, a drum used in funeral rites. Money is thrown into this drum to provide the fare for the dead person's journey to the afterworld. At times, called Zeli.

Zimbabwe

A sun-god of the Shona. Also commonly known as Zimbabwe.

Zimwi

A demon or devil. At times, identified as Zimwi.

Zin

A Songhay water-spirit. Known as Zin, Zin-Kibaru or Zin-Kibaru.

Zin-Kibaru

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Zinsi

A magician in the lore of Dahomey. Twin brother of Zinsu. In some references, referred to as Zinsi.

Zinsu

A magician in the lore of Dahomey. Twin brother of Zinsi. Also referred to as Zinsu.

Zoa

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zombie

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Zwisi

Days which the Shona regard as sacred to Mwari. Sometimes known as Zwisi.
African Mythology