Public Opinion Pros Public Opinion Pros
Home page About us page Contact page

Home
Past Issues
Features
Departments
From the Editor
Op-Ed
Columns
Resources
Bibliography
Glossary
Links



 
 
Bibliography at Public Opinion Pros

This is a cumulative bibliography of books and articles cited in Public Opinion Pros articles, to be supplemented in the future with other works of interest. Please submit information on other publications you would like to see added to this list, not including articles from Public Perspective magazine, whose searchable index and full text can be accessed through Public Perspective Online.

 


Public Opinion Top 50

 

For a list of fifty books that significantly shaped public opinion research recommended by the American Association for Public Opinion Research, visit the AAPOR website at
http://www.aapor.org/default.asp?page=survey_methods/recommended_reading

Abortion

Franklin, Charles, and Liane Kosaki. 1989. Republican schoolmaster: The U.S. Supreme Court, public opinion and abortion. American Political Science Review 83:751-71.

Acculturation

Burnam, A. M., R. L. Hough, M. Karno, C. A. Telles, and J. I. Escobar. 1987. Measurement of acculturation in a community population of Mexican Americans. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 9:105-30.

Clark, Lauren, and Lisa Hofsess. 1998. Acculturation. In Handbook of immigrant health, ed. Sana Loue, 37-59. New York: Plenum Press.

Cuéllar, Arnold, and R. Maldonado. 1995. Acculturation rating scale for Mexican Americans II: A revision of the original ARSMA scale. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 17:275-304.

Cuéllar, Israel, Bill Nyberg, Roberto Maldonado, and Robert Roberts. 1997. Ethnic identity and acculturation in a young adult Mexican-origin population. Journal of Community Psychology 25:535-49.

Dawson, Edwin J., William D. Crano, and Michael Burgoon. 1996. Refining the meaning and measurement of acculturation: Revisiting a novel methodological approach. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 20:97-114.

Deyo, R. A., A. K. Diehl, H. Hazuda, and M. P. Stern. 1985. A simple language-based acculturation scale for Mexican Americans: Validation and application to health care research. American Journal of Public Health 75:51-55.

 

Confidence in institutions

Ackerman, Georgia, Bobbie Anderson, Scott Jensen, Randy Ludwig, Darrel Montero, Nicole Plante, and Vince Yanez. 2001. Crime rates and confidence in the police: America’s changing attitudes toward crime and politics, 1972-1999. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 28, no.1: 43-54.

Alford, John. 2001. We’re all in this together: The decline of trust in government. In What is it about government that Americans dislike, ed. John H. Hibbing and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brooks, Clemson, and Simon Cheng. 2001. Declining government confidence and policy preference in the U.S.: Devolution, regime effects, or symbolic change. Social Forces 79, no. 4: 1343-75.

Caldeira, Gregory A. 1986. Neither the purse nor the sword: Dynamics of public confidence in the Supreme Court. American Political Science Review 80 (4): 1209-26.

Cook, Timothy E., and Paul Gronke. 2005. The skeptical American: Revisiting the meanings of trust in government and confidence in institutions. Journal of Politics. 67 (3): 784-803.

Cooper, Joseph, ed. 1999. Congress and the decline of public trust. Boulder: Westview Press.

Gaines, Brian J. 2002. Where’s the rally? Approval and trust of the president, cabinet, Congress, and government since September 11. PS, September, 531-36.

Gunther, Albert C. 1988. Attitude extremity and trust in media. Journalism Quarterly 65:279-87.

Hibbings, John R. and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. 1995. Congress as public enemy: Public attitudes toward American political institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hoffman, John. 1998. Confidence in religious institutions and secularization: Trends and implications. Review of Religious Research 39, no. 4: 321-43.

Independent Sector. 2002. Keeping the trust: Confidence in charitable organizations in an age of scrutiny. August. http://www.independentsector.org/PDFs/trust.pdf (accessed February 22, 2006).

Kiouses, Spiro. 2001. Public trust or mistrust? Perceptions of media credibility in the information age. Mass Communication and Society 4 (4): 381-403.

Levi, Margaret, and Laura Stoker. 2000. Political trust and trustworthiness. Annual Review of Political Science 3:475-507.

Lipset, Seymour Martin, and William Schneider. 1987. The confidence gap: Business, labor, and government in the public mind. Revised edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Miller, Joanne M., and Jon A. Krosnick. 2000. News media impact on the ingredients of presidential evaluations: Politically knowledgeable citizens are guided by a trusted source. American Journal of Political Science 44:301-15.

Nye, Joseph S. Jr., Philip D. Zelikow, and David C. King. 1997. Why people don’t trust government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pescosolido, Bernice A., Steven A. Tuch, and Jack K. Martin. 2001. The profession of medicine and the public: Examining Americans’ changing confidence in physician authority from the beginning of the “health care crisis” to the era of health care reform. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 42:1-16.

Peterson, Bruce L. 1985. Confidence: Categories and confusion. GSS Technical Report No. 50. General Social Survey, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, September.

Rottman, David B., and Alan J. Tompkins. 1999. Trust and confidence in the courts: What public opinion surveys mean to judges. Court Review. Fall, 24-31.

Smith, Tom W.. 1981. Can we have confidence in confidence? Revisited. In Measurement of subjective phenomena, ed. Denis F. Johnston. Washington, DC: GPO.

Streeter, William W. 1994. Do banks have an image problem? ABA Banking Journal 86, no. 3.

Wenzel, James P., Shaun Bowler, and David J. Lanoue. 2003. The sources of public confidence in state courts: Experience and institutions. American Politics Research 31, no. 2:191-211.

 

Congress

Hibbings, John R. and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. 1995. Congress as public enemy: Public attitudes toward American political institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

Crime and capital punishment

Ackerman, Georgia, Bobbie Anderson, Scott Jensen, Randy Ludwig, Darrel Montero, Nicole Plante, and Vince Yanez. 2001. Crime rates and confidence in the police: America’s changing attitudes toward crime and politics, 1972-1999. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 28, no.1: 43-54.

Ellsworth, P. C., and S. R. Gross. 1994. Hardening of the attitudes: American’s views on the death penalty. Journal of Social Issues 50:19-52.

Holbert, Lance, Dhavan V. Shah, and Nojin Kwak. 2004. Fear, authority, and justice: Crime-related TV viewing and endorsements of capital punishment and gun ownership. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 81 (2): 343-63.

Neitzel, M., and R. Dillehay. 1983. Psychologists as consultants for changes of venue: The use of public opinion surveys. Law and Human Behavior 7:309-35.

Soss, J., L. Langvein, and A. R. Metelko. 2003. Why do white Americans support the death penalty? Journal of Politics 65 (2): 397-421.

 

Deliberative discussion

Fishkin, James S. 1991. Democracy and deliberation: New directions for democratic reform. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

 

Disasters and tragedies, public response to

 

Bazerman, Max, and Michael D. Watkins. 2004. Predictable surprises: The disasters you should have seen coming and how to prevent them. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Berrebi, C., and E. Klor. 2007. The impact of terrorism on voters' preferences. RAND Working Paper WR-477. February.

Davis, Darren W., and Brian D. Silver. 2004. Civil liberties vs. security: Public opinion in the context of the terrorist attacks on America. American Journal of Political Science 48 (1): 28-46.

Hearne, Shelley A., Laura M. Segal, Michael J. Earls, Chrissie. Juliano, and Tim. Stephens. 2005. Ready or not: Protecting the public's health from diseases, disasters, and bioterrorism. Washington DC: Trust for America's Health.

Huddy, Leonie, Stanley Feldman, Theresa Capelos, and Colin Provost. 2002. The consequences of terrorism: Disentangling the effects of personal and national threat. Political Psychology 23 (3): 485-507.

Huddy, Leonie, Stanley Feldman, Gallya Lahav, and Charles Taber. 2003. Fear and terrorism: Psychological reactions to 9/11. In Framing terrorism: The news media, the government, and the public, ed. Pippa Norris, Montague Kern, and Marion Just. New York: Routledge, 255-78.

Huddy, Leonie, Stanley Feldman, Charles Taber, and Gallya Lahav. 2005. Threat, anxiety, and support of antiterrorism policies. American Journal of Political Science 49 (3):593-608.

Rasinski, Kenneth A., Jennifer Berktold, Tom W. Smith, and Bethany Albertson. 2002. America recovers: A follow up to a national study of public response to the September 11th terrorist attacks. Chicago, IL: NORC, at The University of Chicago.

Smith, Tom W., and Kenneth A. Rasinski. 2002. Assassination and terror: Two American tragedies compared. Public Perspective 13 (no. 5): 34-38.

Smith, Tom W., Kenneth A. Rasinski, and Marianna Toce. 2001. America rebounds: A national study of public response to the September 11th terrorist attacks. Chicago, IL: NORC, at The University of Chicago.

 

Economic inequality

Berinsky, A. J. 2002. Silent voices: Social welfare policy opinions and political equality in America. American Journal of Political Science 46:276-87.

Bowley, Arthur L and A. R. Burnett-Hurst. 1915. Livelihood and poverty: A study in the economic conditions of working-class households in Northampton, Warrington, Stanley and Reading. London: G. Bell and Sons.


Elections and election polling

Abramowitz, Alan. 2004. Terrorism, gay marriage, and incumbency: Explaining the Republican victory in the 2004 presidential election. The Forum 2, no. 4: Article 3.

Belli, Robert F., Michael W. Traugott, Margaret Young. 1999. Reducing vote overreporting in surveys: Social desirability, memory failure, and source monitoring. Public Opinion Quarterly, 63:90-108.

Berrebi, C., and E. Klor. 2007. The impact of terrorism on voters' preferences. RAND Working Paper WR-477. February.

Blumenthal, Mark. 2004. Incumbent rule redux. Mystery Pollster. August 14.

Bolstein, Richard. 1991. Comparison of the likelihood to vote among preelection poll respondents and nonrespondents. Public Opinion Quarterly 55:648-50.

Bowers, Chris. 2004. Incumbent rule research update. MyDD Direct Democracy. September 3.

Brader, T. 2006. Campaigning for hearts and minds: How emotional appeals in political ads work. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Buchanan, William. 1986. Election predictions: an empirical assessment. Public Opinion Quarterly 50:222-27.

Burden, Barry C. 2004. An alternative account of the 2004 presidential election. The Forum 2, no. 4: Article 2.

Converse, Philip E. 2000. Assessing the capacity of mass electorates. Annual Review of Political Science 3: 331-53.

Converse, Philip E. 1975. Public opinion and voting behavior. In Handbook of Political Science, ed. Fred I Greenstein and Nelson W. Polsby, vol. 4. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 75-169.

Crespi, Irving. 1988. Pre-election polling: Sources of accuracy & error. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Erikson, Robert S., Costas Panagopoulos, and Christopher Wlezien. 2004. Likely (and unlikely) voters and the assessment of campaign dynamics. Public Opinion Quarterly 68:588-602.

Fenwick, Ian, Frederick Wiseman, John F. Becker, and James R. Heiman. 1982. Classifying undecided voters in pre-election polls. Public Opinion Quarterly 46.

Freedman, Paul, and Ken Goldstein. 1996. Building a probable electorate from preelection polls: A two-stage approach. Public Opinion Quarterly 60:574-87.

Hillygus, D. Sunshine, and Todd G. Shields. 2005. Moral issues and voter decision making in the 2004 presidential election. PS: Political Science & Politics 38, no. 2: 201-9.

Kelley, Stanley Jr. 1989. Pre-election polling: Sources of accuracy and error. Public Opinion Quarterly 53:613-15.

Kessel, John H. 1972. Comment: The issues in issue voting. American Political Science Review 66 (June): 459-65.

Kramer, Gerald. 1983. The ecological fallacy revisited: Aggregate vs. individual-level findings on economics and elections, and sociotropic voting. American Political Science Review 77: 92-111.

Lau, Richard R. 1994. An analysis of the accuracy of “trial heat” polls during the 1992 presidential election. Public Opinion Quarterly 58:2-20.

Lavrakas, Paul, and Michael W. Traugott. 2000. Election polls, the new media and democracy New York: Chatham House.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F., Bernard Berelson, and Hazel Gaudet. [1944]. 1948, 1968. The people's choice. How the voter makes up his mind in a presidential campaign. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lewis, Gregory B. 2005. Same-sex marriage and the 2004 presidential election. PS: Political Science & Politics 38, no. 2: 195-99. 

Mitofsky, W. 1981. The 1980 pre-election polls: A review of disparate methods and results. Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods, American Statistical Association, 47-52.

Panagakis, Nick. 1989. Incumbent races: Closer than they appear. Polling Report. February 27.

Patterson, Thomas E. 2002. The vanishing voter: Public involvement in an age of uncertainty. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Perry, Paul. 1979. Certain problems in election survey methodology. Public Opinion Quarterly 43:312-25.

Petrocik, John R. 1991. An algorithm for estimating turnout as a guide to predicting elections Public Opinion Quarterly 55:643-47.

Plissner, Martin. The control room: How television calls the shots in presidential elections. Touchstone, 2000.

Popkin, S. 1991. The Reasoning Voter. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Shaiko, Ronald G., Diana Dwyre, Mark O’Gorman, Jeffrey M. Stenecash, and James Vike. 1991. Pre-election political polling and the non-response bias issue. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 3:86-100.

Sigelman, Lee. 1984. Forecasting presidential elections. Public Opinion Quarterly 48:834-35.

Traugott, Michael W. 2001. Trends: Assessing poll performance in the 2000 campaign. Public Opinion Quarterly 65:389-419.

Martin Wattenberg. 2002. Where have all the voters gone? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.

 

Elite opinion

Berinsky, A. 2007. Assuming the costs of war: Events, elites, and American public support for military conflict. Journal of Politics 69 (4).

Brody, Richard. A. 1991. Assessing the president: The media, elite opinion, and public support. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Druckman, James N., and Kjersten R. Nelson. 2003. Framing and deliberation: How citizens’ conversations limit elite influence. American Journal of Political Science 47 (4): 729-45.

Gilens, Martin, and Naomi Murakawa. 2002. Elite cues and political decision-making. In Research in micropolitics. volume 6: Political decision-making, deliberation and participation, ed. Michael X. Delli Carpini, Leonie Huddy, and Robert Y. Shapiro. New York: JAI./Elsevier Science.

Katz, Elihu, and Paul F. Lazarsfeld. 1955. Personal influence. New York: The Free Press.

Noelle-Neumann, Elisabeth. 1985. Identifying opinion leaders. Proceedings of the 1985 ESOMER Conference. Wiesbaden.

Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1984 Presidents as opinion leaders: Some new evidence. Policy Studies Journal 12 (June): 649-61.

Weimann, Gabriel. 1994. The influentials: People who influence people. Albany: State University of New York Press.


End of life issues

Benson, John M., and Melissa J. Herrmann. 1999. Right to die or right to life? The public on assisted suicide. Public Perspective 10(4): 15-19.

 

Environmental issues, global warming

Baldassare, Mark and Cheryl Katz. 1992. The personal threat of environmental problems as predictor of environmental practices. Environment and Behavior 24:602-16.

Blocker, T. Jean, and Douglas Lee Eckberg. 1989. Environmental issues as women’s issues—general concerns and local hazards. Social Science Quarterly 70:586-93.

Bord, Richard J., Ann Fisher, and Robert E. O’Connor. 1998. Public perceptions of global warming: United States and international perspectives. Climate Research 11:75-84.

Bord, Richard J., and Robert E. O'Connor. 1997. The gender gap in environmental attitudes: The case of perceived vulnerability to risk. Social Science Quarterly 78:830-40.

Brechin, Steven R. 2003. Comparative public opinion and knowledge on global climatic change and the Kyoto Protocol: The U.S. versus the world? International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 23:106-134.

Brechin, Steven R., and Willett Kempton. 1994. Global environmentalism: A challenge to the postmaterialism thesis? Social Science Quarterly 75:245-69.

Dunlap, Riley E. 1998. Lay perceptions of global risk—Public views of global warming in cross-national context. International Sociology 13:473-98.

Dunlap, Riley E., and Rik Scarce. 1991. Poll trends: Environmental problems and protection. Public Opinion Quarterly 55: 651-72.

Elliott, Euel, James L. Regens, and Barry J. Seldon. 1995. Exploring variation in public support for environmental protection. Social Science Quarterly 76:41-52.

Greenberg, Michael. R. 2004. Is public support for environmental protection decreasing? An analysis of U.S. and New Jersey data. Environmental Health Perspectives 112:121-25.

Hershey, Marjorie. R., and David B. Hill. 1978. Is pollution a “white thing”? Racial differences in preadults’ attitudes. Public Opinion Quarterly 41:439-58.

Inglehart, Ronald. 1971. The silent revolution in Europe: Intergenerational change in post-industrial societies. American Political Science Review 65:991-1017.

Jones, Robert Emmet. 1998. Black concern for the environment: Myth versus reality. Society & Natural Resources 11:209-28.

Jones, Robert Emmet and Lewis F. Carter. 1994. Concern for the environment among black Americans: An assessment of common assumptions. Social Science Quarterly 75:560-79.

Kempton, Willet. 1991. Lay perspectives on global climate change. Global Environmental Change 1:183-208.

———. 1993. Will public environmental concern lead to action on global warming? Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 18:217-45.

———. 1997. How the public views climate change. Environment 39:12-21.

Krosnick, Jon A., Allyson L. Holbrook, Laura Lowe, and Penny S. Visser. 2006. The origins and consequences of democratic citizens’ policy agendas: A study of popular concern about global warming. Climatic Change 77: 7-43.

Leiserowitz, Anthony. 2006. Climate change risk perception and policy preferences: The role of affect, imagery, and values. Climatic Change 77:45-72.

Lorenzoni, Irene, and Nick F. Pidgeon. 2006. Public views on climate change: European and USA perspectives. Climatic Change 77:73-95.

Mohai, Paul, and Bunyan Bryant. 1998. Is there a “race” effect on concern for environmental quality? Public Opinion Quarterly 62:475-505.

O'Connor, Robert E., Richard J. Bord, and Ann Fisher. 1998. Rating threat mitigators: Faith in experts, governments, and individuals themselves to create a safer world. Risk Analysis 18:547-56.

———. 1999. Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change. Risk Analysis 19:461-71.

O’Connor, Robert E., Richard J. Bord, Brent Yarnal, and Nancy Wiefek. 2002. Who wants to reduce greenhouse gas emissions? Social Science Quarterly 83:1-17.

Shapiro, Robert Y., and Harpreet Mahajan. 1986. Gender differences in policy preferences: A summary of trends from the 1960s to the 1980s. Public Opinion Quarterly 50:42-61.

Somma, Mark, and Sue Tolleson-Rinehart. 1997. Tracking the elusive green woman: Sex, environmentalism, and feminism in the United States and Europe. Political Research Quarterly 50:153-69.

Sterman, John D., and Linda Booth Sweeney. 2007. Understanding public complacency about climate change: Adults’ mental models of climate change violate conservation of matter. Climatic Change 80:213-38.

Tarrant, Michael A., and H. Ken Cordell. 1997. The effect of respondent characteristics on general environmental attitude-behavior correspondence. Environment and Behavior 29:618-38.

Uyeki, Eugene S., and Lani J. Holland. 2000. Diffusion of Pro-Environment Attitudes? American Behavioral Scientist 43:646-62.

Van Liere, Kent D., and Riley E. Dunlap. 1980. The social bases of environmental concern: A review of hypotheses, explanations and empirical evidence. Public Opinion Quarterly 44:181-97.

Whittaker, Matthew, Gary M. Segura, and Shaun Bowler. 2005. Racial/ethnic group attitudes toward environmental protection in California: Is “environmentalism’” still a white phenomenon? Political Research Quarterly 58:435-47.

Zahran, Sammy, Samuel D. Brody, Himanshu Grover, and Arnold Vedlitz. 2006. Climate change vulnerability and policy support. Society & Natural Resources 19:771-89.

 

Exit polling

Please see our January 2006 issue for an extensive bibliography on exit polling.


False consensus effect

Koestner, Richard, Gaëtan F. Losier, Nicolay M. Worren, Lisa Baker, and Robert J. Vallerand. 1995. False consensus effects for the 1992 Canadian referendum. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 27 (2): 214-25.

Marks, Gary and Norman Miller. 1987. Ten years of research on the false-consensus effect: An empirical and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin 102 (1): 72-90.

Whitley, Bernard Jr. 1998. False consensus on sexual behavior among college women. Journal of Sex Research 35 (2): 206-14.

 

Foreign relations, crossnational, and international opinion (see also multicultural surveys)

Almond, Gabriel A. 1950. The American people and foreign policy. New York: Harcourt, Brace, & Co.

Baum, M. 2003. Soft news goes to war: Public opinion and American foreign policy in the new media age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Berinsky, A. 2007. Assuming the costs of war: Events, elites, and American public support for military conflict. Journal of Politics 69 (4).

Cook, Timothy E. 1994. Domesticating a crisis: Washington news beats and network news after the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait. In Taken by storm: The media, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy in the Gulf War, ed. W. Lance Bennett and David L. Paletz. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Dorman, William A., and Steven Livingston. 1994. News and historical content: The establishment phase of the Persian Gulf War debate. In Taken by storm: The media, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy in the Gulf War, ed. W. Lance Bennett and David L. Paletz. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Entman, Robert M. 2000. Declaration of independence: The growth of media power after the Cold War. In Decisionmaking in a glass house: Mass media, public opinion, and American and European foreign policy in the 21st century, ed. Brigitte L. Nacos, Robert Y. Shapiro, and Pierangelo Isernia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 11-26.

Entman, Robert M. 2004. Projections of power: Framing news, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Holsti, Ole R. 2004. Public opinion and American foreign policy. Rev. ed. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. The clash of civilizations? Foreign Affairs 72, no. 3 (Summer): 22-49.

Huntington, Samuel P. 1996. The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Inglehart, Ronald et al. 2004. Human values and beliefs: A cross-cultural sourcebook. Siglo XXI Editores.

Kennan, George. 1951. American diplomacy, 1900-1950. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Kern, Montague. 1981. The invasion of Afghanistan: Domestic vs. foreign stories. In Television coverage of the Middle East, ed. William C. Adams. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing, 106-127.

Kull, Steven J., Clay Ramsay, and Evan Lewis. 2003-2004. Misperceptions, the media and the war in Iraq. Political Science Quarterly 118 (4): 569-98.

Richman, Alvin, David Nolle, and Eloise Malone. 1999. Attitudes of American elites and the public toward foreign affairs. International Studies Notes 24 (3): 25-29.

Richman, Alvin, Eloise Malone, and David Nolle. 1997. Testing foreign policy belief structures in the post-Cold War period: Cross validations from two national surveys. Political Research Quarterly 50 (4): 939-55.

Rusciano, Frank Louis. 1998. World opinion and the emerging international order. Westport: Praeger.

Sauders, Harold H., and Kenneth A. Brown. 2004. Public thinking about America’s role in the world: What Americans have to say about our role and why it matters. Dayton: The Kettering Foundation, 2004.

Shapiro, Robert Y., and Lawrence R. Jacobs. 2000. Who leads and who follows? U.S. presidents, public opinion, and foreign policy. In Decisionmaking in a glass house: Mass media, public opinion and American and European foreign policy in the 21st century, ed. Brigitte L. Nacos, Robert Y. Shapiro, and Pierangelo Isernia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 223-45.

Tessler, Mark, Mansoor Moaddel, and Ronald Inglehart. 2006. What do Iraqis want? Journal of Democracy 17 (January): 39-50.

Zaller, John, and Dennis Chiu. 2002. Government’s little helper: U.S. press coverage of foreign policy crises. In Decisionmaking in a glass house: Mass media, public opinion and American and European foreign policy in the 21st century, ed. Brigitte L. Nacos, Robert Y. Shapiro, and Pierangelo Isernia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

Health, health care, and medicine

Blendon, R. J., J. M. Benson, C. M. DesRoches, E. Raleigh, and K. Taylor-Clark. 2004. The public's response to severe acute respiratory syndrome in Toronto and the United States. Clinical Infectious Disease 38 (7): 925-31.

Hearne, Shelley A., Laura M. Segal, Michael J. Earls, Chrissie. Juliano, and Tim. Stephens. 2005. Ready or not: Protecting the public's health from diseases, disasters, and bioterrorism. Washington DC: Trust for America's Health.

Pescosolido, Bernice A., Steven A. Tuch, and Jack K. Martin. 2001. The profession of medicine and the public: Examining Americans’ changing confidence in physician authority from the beginning of the “health care crisis” to the era of health care reform. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 42:1-16.

 

Holocaust, The

Smith, Tom W. 1995. The Holocaust denial controversy. Public Opinion Quarterly 59 (Summer): 269-95.

Smith, Tom W. 1995. World War II and the lessons of history. The Public Perspective 6 (August/September): 51-53.

TNS Sofres. 2005. Memory of the Holocaust. Report prepared for the American Jewish Committee.


Ideology

Conover, Pamela J., and Stanley Feldman. 1980. The origins and meaning of liberal-conservative self identifications. American Journal of Political Science 25:617-45.

Converse, P. E. 1964. The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In Ideology and discontent, ed. D. E. Apter, 206-61. New York: The Free Press.

Feldman, Stanley, and John Zaller. 1992. The political culture of ambivalence: Ideological responses to the welfare state. American Journal of Political Science 36:268-307.

Jacoby, William G. 1986. Levels of conceptualization and reliance on the liberal-conservative continuum. Journal of Politics 48:423-432.

———. 1991. Ideological identification and issue attitudes. American Journal of Political Science 35:178-205.

———.1995. The structure of ideological thinking in the American electorate. American Journal of Political Science 39:314-35.

Kristol, Irving. 1995. Neoconservatism: The autobiography of an idea. New York: Free Press.

Putney, S., and R. Middleton. 1961. Dimensions and correlates of religious ideologies. Social Forces 39: 285-90.

Schiffer, Adam J. 2000. I’m not that liberal: Explaining conservative democratic identification. Political Behavior 22:293-310.


Internet surveys

Bargh, J. A., and K. Y. A. McKenna. 2004. The internet and social life. Annual Review of Psychology 55:573-90.

Birnbaum, Michael H. 2004 Human research and data collection via the internet. Annual Review of Psychology 55:803-32.

Bosnjak, M., T. L. Tuten, and W. Bandilla. 2001. Participation in web surveys: A typology. ZUMA Nachrichten 48 (May): 7-17.

Couper, Mick P. 2001. Web surveys: A review of issues and approaches. Public Opinion Quarterly 64: 464-94.

Couper, Mick P., Michael W. Traugott, and Mark J. Lamias. 2001. Web survey design. Public Opinion Quarterly 65 (Summer): 230-53.

DeRouvray, Cristel, and Mick P. Couper. 2002. Designing a strategy for reducing “No Opinion” responses in web-based surveys. Social Science Computing Review 20 (Spring): 3-9.

Dillman, Don A. 2000. Mail and internet surveys: The tailed design method. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Taylor, H. 2000. Does internet research "work"? Comparing on-line survey results with telephone surveys. International Journal of Market Research 42:51-63.

Taylor, H., Bremer, J., Overmeyer, C., Siegel, J. W., and Terhanian, G. 2001. The record of internet-based opinion polls in predicting the results of 72 races in the November 2000 US elections. International Journal of Market Research 43:127-36.

Terhanian, George, and John Bremer. 2000 Confronting the selection-bias and learning effects problems associated with internet research. Harris Interactive white paper, August 16.

Terhanian, George, John Bremer, Renee Smith, and Randy Thomas. 2000. Correcting data from online surveys for the effects of nonrandom selection and nonrandom assignment. Harris Interactive white paper.

Terhanian, G., Smith, R., Bremer, J., and Thomas, R. K. 2001. Exploiting analytical advances: Minimizing the biases associated with internet-based surveys of non-random samples. ARF/ESOMAR: Worldwide Online Measurement 248:247-72.

 

Media, communications, and political advertising

Ansolabehere, Steven, and Shanto Iyengar. 1995. Going negative: How political advertisements shrink and polarize the electorate. New York: The Free Press.

Ansolabehere, S., S. Iyengar, A. Simon, and N. Valentino. 1994. Does attack advertising demobilize the electorate? American Political Science Review 88: 829-38.

Baum, M. 2003. Soft news goes to war: Public opinion and American foreign policy in the new media age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1998. Young Americans’ indifference to media coverage of public affairs. PS: Political Science & Politics 31 (September): 535-41.

Bennett, W. Lance. 1996. An introduction to journalism norms and representations of politics. Political Communication 13 (4).

Bennett, W. Lance. 1996. News: The politics of illusion, 3d ed. White Plains, NY: Longman.

Bennett, W. Lance. 1990. Toward a theory of press-state relations in the United States. Journal of Communication 40 (2): 103-125.

Bishop, Ronald. 2006. The whole world is watching, but so what? A frame analysis of newspaper coverage of antiwar protest. In Leading to the Iraq War: The global media debate, ed., Alexander G. Nikolaev and Ernest A. Hakanen. New York: Palgrave.

Bok, Sissela. 1998. Mayhem: Violence as public entertainment. Reading, MA: Perseus Books.

Brody, Richard. A. 1991. Assessing the president: The media, elite opinion, and public support. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Clark, Martire, and Bartolomeo Inc. 1984. Relating to readers in the 80’s. Charlotte, NC: American Society of Newspaper Editors.

Converse, P. E. 1990. Popular representation and the distribution of information. In Information and Democratic Processes, ed. J. Ferejohn and J. Kulkinski. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Cook, Timothy E. 1994. Domesticating a crisis: Washington news beats and network news after the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait. In Taken by storm: The media, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy in the Gulf War, ed. W. Lance Bennett and David L. Paletz. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Davison, W. P. 1983. The third-person effect in communication. Pubic Opinion Quarterly 47:1-15.

Dorman, William A., and Steven Livingston. 1994. News and historical content: The establishment phase of the Persian Gulf War debate. In Taken by storm: The media, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy in the Gulf War, ed. W. Lance Bennett and David L. Paletz. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Entman, Robert M. 2000. Declaration of independence: The growth of media power after the Cold War. In Decisionmaking in a glass house: Mass media, public opinion, and American and European foreign policy in the 21st century, ed. Brigitte L. Nacos, Robert Y. Shapiro, and Pierangelo Isernia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 11-26.

Entman, Robert M. 2004. Projections of power: Framing news, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Entman, Robert M. 1996. Reporting environmental policy debate: The real media bias. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics 1(3): 77-92.

Gunther, Albert C. 1988. Attitude extremity and trust in media. Journalism Quarterly 65:279-87.

Gunther, Albert C. 1992. Biased press or biased public?: Attitudes toward media coverage of social groups. Public Opinion Quarterly 56 (2): 147-67.

Huddy, L., S. Feldman, G. Lahav, and C. Taber. 2003. Fear and terrorism: Psychological reactions to 9/11. In Framing terrorism: The news media, the government, and the public, ed. P. Norris, M. Kern,  and M. Just. New York: Routledge.

Holbert, Lance, Dhavan V. Shah, and Nojin Kwak. 2004. Fear, authority, and justice: Crime-related TV viewing and endorsements of capital punishment and gun ownership. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 81 (2): 343-63.

Huddy, Leonie, Stanley Feldman, Gallya Lahav, and Charles Taber. 2003. Fear and terrorism: Psychological reactions to 9/11. In Framing terrorism: The news media, the government, and the public, ed. Pippa Norris, Montague Kern, and Marion Just. New York: Routledge, 255-78.

Hyman, Herbert H., and Paul B. Sheatsley. 1947. Some reasons why information campaigns fail. Public Opinion Quarterly 11 (3): 412-23.

Iyengar, Shanto. 1991. Is anyone responsible?: How television frames political issues. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Iyengar, Shanto, and Donald R. Kinder. 1987. News that matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1996. Toward the integrated study of political communications, public opinion, and the policy-making process. Political Science and Politics 29 (1): 10-13.

Kern, Montague. 1981. The invasion of Afghanistan: Domestic vs. foreign stories. In Television coverage of the Middle East, ed. William C. Adams. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing, 106-127.

Kern, Mongague, Marion Just, and Pippa Norris. 2003. The Lessons of Framing Terrorism. In Framing terrorism: The news media, the government, and the public, ed. Pippa Norris, Montague Kern, and Marion Just. New York: Routledge, 281-302.

Kiouses, Spiro. 2001. Public trust or mistrust? Perceptions of media credibility in the information age. Mass Communication and Society 4 (4): 381-403.

Lavrakas, Paul, and Michael W. Traugott. 2000. Election polls, the new media and democracy New York: Chatham House.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F., and Patricia Kendall. 1948. Radio listening in America. The people look at radio—again. New York: Prentice Hall.

Lichter, S. Robert, and Linda S. Lichter, eds. 2004. Media monitor. Washington, D.C.: Center for Media and Public Affairs.

Miller, Joanne M., and Jon A. Krosnick. 2000. News media impact on the ingredients of presidential evaluations: Politically knowledgeable citizens are guided by a trusted source. American Journal of Political Science 44:301-15.

Miller, Steven D., and David O. Sears. 1985. Stability and change in social tolerance: A test of the persistence hypothesis. American Journal of Political Science 214-30.

Mondak, Jeffrey J., and Mitchell S. Sanders. 2003. Tolerance and intolerance, 1976-1998. American Journal of Political Science 47 (3): 492-502

Nacos, Brigitte L. 2002. Mass-mediated terrorism: The centrality of the media in terrorism and counterterrorism. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Nacos, Brigitte L. 1990. The press, presidents and crises. New York: Columbia University Press.

Nacos, Brigitte L. 1996. Terrorism and the media: From the Iran hostage crisis to the Oklahoma City bombing. New York: Columbia University Press.

Nelson, Thomas E., Rosalee A. Clawson, and Zoe M. Oxley. 1997. Media framing of a civil liberties conflict and its effect on tolerance. American Political Science Review 91 (3): 567-83.

Neuman, Russel W., Marion Just, and Ann N. Crigler. 1992. Common knowledge: News and the construction of political meaning. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Norris, Pippa. 1997. Women, media, and politics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Roberts, Donald F., and Aimee Dorr Leifer. 1975. Actions speak louder than words—sometimes. Human Communication Research 1:257-64.

Romer, Daniel, Kathleen Jamieson-Hall, and Sean Aday. 2003. Television news and the cultivation of fear of crime. Journal of Communication 55 (1): 88-104.

Rubin, Alan, et al. 2003. Television exposure not predictive of terrorism fear. Newspaper Research Journal 24 (1): 128-45.

Ryan, Michael. 2004. Framing the war against terrorism: US newspaper editorials and military action in Afghanistan. Gazette: The International Journal For Communication Studies 66 (5): 366.

Schatz, Roland, ed. 2004. Media tenor. Bonn.: The Research Institute of INNOVATIO Verlags AG.

Schmid, Alex, and Janny de Graaf. 1982. Violence and communication: Insurgent terrorism and the Western news media. London: Sage.

Shanahan, James, and Michael Morgan. 1999. Television and its viewers: Cultivation theory and research. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Shapiro, Robert Y., and Lawrence R. Jacobs. 2000. Who leads and who follows? U.S. presidents, public opinion, and foreign policy. In Decisionmaking in a glass house: Mass media, public opinion and American and European foreign policy in the 21st century, ed. Brigitte L. Nacos, Robert Y. Shapiro, and Pierangelo Isernia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 223-45.

Shapiro, Robert Y., John Young, Kelly D. Patterson, Jill Blumenfeld, Douglas Cifu, Sara. Offenhartz, and Theodore Tsekerides. 1991. Media influences on support for presidential candidates in primary elections: Theory, method, and evidence. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 3: 340-65.

Shaw, Greg M. 2001. Navigating Slanted Arguments: Framing, Political Knowledge and the Impact of Biased Messages. Illinois Political Science Review 7 (Fall): 41-59.

Shenk, David. 1997. Data smog: Surviving the information glut. New York: HarperCollins.

Stone, Vernon A., and Thomas L. Beell. 1975. To kill a messenger: A case of congruity. Journalism Quarterly 52:111-14.

Troldahl, Verling C., and Robert Van Dam. 1965. Face-to-face communication about major topics in the news. Public Opinion Quarterly 29:626-43.

Zaller, John, and Dennis Chiu. 2002. Government’s little helper: U.S. press coverage of foreign policy crises. In Decisionmaking in a glass house: Mass media, public opinion and American and European foreign policy in the 21st century, ed. Brigitte L. Nacos, Robert Y. Shapiro, and Pierangelo Isernia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Zaller, John. 1996. The myth of massive media impact revived: New support for a discredited idea. In Political persuasion and attitude change, ed. Diane C. Mutz, Paul M. Sniderman, and Richard A. Brody. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press.

Zukin, Cliff. 1997. Generation X and the news: Road closed? Washington, DC: Radio and Television News Directors Foundation.


Methodology (see also multicultural surveys)

Bishop, George F. 2003. Order Effects. In The Sage encyclopedia of social science research methods, ed. Michael Lewis-Beck, Alan Bryman, and Tim Futing Liao. Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage Publications.

Bishop, George F. 2005. Question order and context effects. In Polling America: An encyclopedia of public opinion, ed. Samuel Best and Benjamin Radcliff. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Bishop, George F., and Andrew Smith. 1991. The Gallup split-ballot experiments. Public Perspective 2:25-27.

Bishop, George F., and Andrew Smith. 2001. Response-order effects and the early Gallup split ballots. Public Opinion Quarterly 65:479-505.

Blankenship, A. B. 1977. Listed versus unlisted numbers in telephone-survey samples. Journal of Advertising Research 17:39-42.

Borgers, N., and J. Hox. 2001. Item non-response in questionnaire research with children. Journal of Official Statistics 17:321-35.

Bradburn, Norman. 2004. Understanding the question-answer process. Survey Methodology 30 (1): 5-15.

Bradburn, Norman, Seymour Sudman, and Brian Wansink. 2004. Asking questions. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

Bradburn, N. M., S. Sudman, and associates. 1981. Improving interview method and questionnaire design. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bradburn, Norman M., and Seymour Sudman. Polls and surveys: Understanding what they tell us. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1988.

Brick, J. Michael, Joseph Waksberg, Dale Kulp, and Amy Starer. 1995. Bias in list-assisted telephone sample. Public Opinion Quarterly 59:218-35.

Christian, Leah Melani, and Don A. Dillman. 2004. The influence of graphical and symbolic language manipulations on responses to self-administered questions. Public Opinion Quarterly 68 (1): 57-80.

Conniffe, Denis, Vanessa Gash, and Philip J. O'Connell. 2000. Evaluating state programmes: "Natural experiments" and propensity scores. The Economic and Social Review 31, no. 4 (October): 283-308.

Couper, Mick. 1997. Survey introductions and data quality. Public Opinion Quarterly 61:317-38.

Couper, Mick, Roger Tourangeau, and Kristin Kenyon. 2004. Picture this! Exploring visual effects in web surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 68:255-66.

Converse, J. M. 1976. Predicting no opinion in the polls. Public Opinion Quarterly 40:515-30.

Coombs, C. H., and L. C. Coombs. 1975. “Don’t Know”: Item ambiguity or respondent uncertainty? Public Opinion Quarterly 40:497-514.

Currivan, Douglas, Amy Nyman, Charles Turner, and Lois Biener. 2004. Does telephone audio computer-assisted self-interviewing improve the accuracy of prevalence estimates of youth smoking? Public Opinion Quarterly 68:541-64.

Danielsson, Stig. n.d. The propensity score and estimation in nonrandom surveys: An overview. Report no 18 from the project, "Modern statistical survey methods." Sweden: University of Linköping, Department of Statistics.

Dillman, Don. 2000. Mail and internet surveys: The tailored design method. New York: John Wiley. 

Dillman, Don A. 1978. Mail and telephone surveys: The total design method. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Ehrlich, H. J. 1964. Instrument error and the study of prejudice. Social Forces 43:197-206.

Faulkenberry, G. D., and R. Mason. 1978. Characteristics of nonopinion and no opinion response groups. Public Opinion Quarterly 42:533-43.

Feick, L. F. 1989. Latent class analysis of survey questions that include don’t know responses. Public Opinion Quarterly 53:525-47.

Fine, Terri S. 1992. The impact of issue framing on public opinion toward affirmative action programs. Social Science Journal 29:323–34.

Fowler, Floyd J. Jr. 1995. Improving survey questions: Design and evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Fox, Richard J., Melvin R. Crask, and Jonghoon Kim. 1988. Mail survey response rate: A meta-analysis of selected techniques for inducing responses. Public Opinion Quarterly 52:467-91.

Gibson, Diane M., and Wendy Aitkenhead. 1983. The elderly respondent: Experiences from a large-scale survey of the aged. Research on Aging 5 (2): 283-96.

Gilljam, M., and D. Granberg. 1993. Should we take “Don’t Know” for an answer? Public Opinion Quarterly 57:348-57.

Grossman, Randolph, and Douglas Weiland. 1978. The use of telephone directories as a sample frame: Patterns of bias revisited. Journal of Advertising 7:31-36.

Groves, Robert M., Paul P. Biemer, Lars E. Lyberg, James T. Massey, William L. Nicholls, and Joseph Waksberg (eds). 1988. Telephone survey methodology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Groves. Robert M., and R. Kahn. 1979. Surveys by telephone: A national comparison with personal interviews. New York: Academic Press.

Guo, Shenyang, Richard Barth, and Claire Gibbons. 2004. Introduction to propensity score matching: A new device for program evaluation. PowerPoint presentation from a workshop presented at the annual conference of the Society for Social Work Research, New Orleans.

Hawkins, D., and K. Coney. 1981. Uninformed response error in survey research. Journal of Marketing Research 18 (3): 370-74.

Hill, P. C., and R. Hood. 1999. Measures of religiosity. Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.

Himmelfarb, Harold S., R. Michael Loar, and Susan H. Mott. 1983. Sampling by ethnic surnames: The case of American Jews. Public Opinion Quarterly 47:247-60.

Hippler, Hans J., and Norbert Schwarz. 1986. Not forbidding isn't allowing: The cognitive basis of the forbid-allow asymmetry. Public Opinion Quarterly 50:87-96.

Holbrook, Allyson, Melanie C. Green, and Jon A. Krosnick. 2003. Telephone versus face-to-face interviewing of national probability samples with long questionnaires: Comparisons of respondent satisficing and social desirability response bias. Public Opinion Quarterly 67:79-125.

Imai, Kosuke, and David A. Van Dyk. 2004. Causal inference with general treatment regimes: Generalizing the propensity score. Journal of the American Statistical Association 99, no. 467 (September): 854-66.

Kalton, Graham, Daniel Kasprzyk, and David B. McMillen. 1998. Nonsampling errors in panel surveys. In Panel Survey, ed. Daniel Kasprzyk, Greg Duncan, Graham Kalton, and M. P. Singh. New York: Wiley, 249-69.

Kalton, Graham, and Howard Schuman. 1982. The effect of the question on survey responses: A review. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (General) 145 (1): 42-73.

King, Gary, Christopher Murray, Joshua Salomon, and Ajay Tandon. 2003. Enhancing the validity and cross-cultural comparability of measurement in survey research. American Political Science Review 97:567-83.

King, Gary, Michael Tomz, and Jason Wittenberg. 2000. Making the most of statistical analyses: Improving interpretation and presentation. American Journal of Political Science 44, no. 2 (April): 341-55.

Kish, Leslie. Survey sampling. New York: Wiley, 1965.

Klopfer, F. J., and T. M. Madden. 1980. The middlemost choice on attitude items: Ambivalence, neutrality or uncertainty? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 6:91–101.

Klose, Allen, and A. Dwayne Ball. 1995. Using optical mark read surveys: An analysis of response rate and quality. Journal of the Market Research Society 37:269-86.

Knauper, B. 1998. The impact of age and education on response order effects in attitude measurement. Public Opinion Quarterly 63:347-70.

Krosnick, Jon A. 1991. Response strategies for coping with the cognitive demands of attitude measures in surveys. Applied Cognitive Psychology 5:213-36.

Krosnick, J. A., and R. P. Abelson. 1992. The case for measuring attitude strength in surveys. In Questions about questions: Inquiries into the cognitive bases of surveys, ed. J. Tanur. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation, 177-203

Krosnick, J. A., and D. Alwin. 1987. An evaluation of a cognitive theory of response-order effects in survey measurement. Public Opinion Quarterly 51:201-19.

Krosnick, Jon A., and L. R. Fabrigar. 1997. Designing rating scales for effective measurement in surveys. In Survey measurement and process quality, ed. Lars Lyberg, et al. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Krosnick, J. A., and L. R. Fabrigar. Forthcoming. Questionnaire design for attitude measurement in social and psychological research. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Krosnick, Jon A., and Howard Schuman. 1988. Attitude intensity, importance, and certainty and susceptibility to response effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54:940-52.

Krosnick, Jon A. et al. 2002. The impact of “No Opinion” response options on data quality. Public Opinion Quarterly 66:371-403.

Long, J. Scott. 1997. Regression models for categorical and limited dependent variables (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage).

Long, J. Scott, and Jeremy Freese. 2003. Regression models for categorical dependent variables using Stata (College Station, TX: Stata Press).

Magee, Christy G., Ronald L. Straight, and Lawrence Schwartz. 2001. Conducting web-based surveys: Keys to success. The Public Manager 30 (Summer): 47-50.

Martin, Leonard L., and Abraham L. Tesser. 1992. The construction of social judgments. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Maynard, D., H. Houtkoop-Steenstra, N. C. Schaeffer, and J. van der Zouwen (eds.). 2001. Standardization and tacit knowledge: Interaction and practice in the survey interview. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

McClendon, McKee J. 1994. Multiple regression and causal analysis. Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock Publishers.

McClendon, M. J. 1986. Unanticipated effects of no opinion filters on attitudes and attitude strength. Sociological Perspectives 29:379-95.

McClendon, M. J., and D. F. Alwin. 1993. No-opinion filters and attitude measurement reliability. Sociological Methods and Research 21:438-64.

Mitofsky, W. 1981. The 1980 pre-election polls: A review of disparate methods and results. Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods, American Statistical Association, 47-52.

Moore, David W. 1995. Order of presentation can affect public’s responses. Gallup Poll Monthly (January): 18–23.

Narayan, S., and J. Krosnick. 1996. Education moderates some response effects in attitude measurement. Public Opinion Quarterly 60:58-88.

Pan, Y. 2003. The role of sociolinguistics in the development and conduct of federal surveys. Paper presented at the Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology, Arlington, VA.

Perry, Paul. 1979. Certain problems in election survey methodology. Public Opinion Quarterly 43:312-25.

Petrocik, John R. 1991. An algorithm for estimating turnout as a guide to predicting elections. Public Opinion Quarterly 55:643-47.

Petty, R. E., and J. Krosnick. 1995. Attitude strength: Antecedents and consequences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Pickery, J., and G. Loosveldt. 1998. The impact of respondent and interviewer characteristics on the number of “no opinion” answers. Quality and Quantity 32:31-45.

Presser, Stanley, and Howard Schuman. 1980. The measurement of a middle position in attitude surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 44:70-85.

Quigley, Denise D. 2003. Using multivariate matched sampling that incorporates the propensity score to establish a comparison group. CSE technical report no. 596. Center for the Study of Evaluation. University of California, Los Angeles.

Rasinski, Kenneth A. 1989. The effect of question wording on public support for government spending. Public Opinion Quarterly 53:388-96.

Ready, R. C., Whitehead, J. C., and G. C. Blomquist. 1995. Contingent valuation when respondents are ambivalent. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 21:181-96.

Rosenbaum, P. R. and Rubin, D. B. 1983. The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects. Biometrika 70:41-55.

Rossi, Peter, James Wright, and Andy Anderson (eds). 1983. Handbook of survey research. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Rugg, Donald, and Hadley Cantril. 1944. The wording of questions. In Gauging public opinion , ed. Hadley Cantril. Princteon, NJ: Princeton University Press, 23-50.

Sanchez, Maria. 1992. Effects of questionnaire design on the quality of survey data. Public Opinion Quarterly 56 (2): 206-17.

Schober, M. F. 2005. Conceptual alignment in conversation. In Other minds: How humans bridge the divide between self and others, ed. B. F. Malle and S. D. Hodges. New York: Guilford Press, 239-52.

Schober, M. F. 1999. Making sense of questions: An interactional approach. In Cognition and survey research, ed. M. G. Sirken, D. J. Hermann, S. Schechter, N. Schwarz, J. M. Tanur, and R. Tourangeau. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 77-93.

Schober, M. F., and F. G. Conrad. 2002. A collaborative view of standardized survey interviews. In Standardization and tacit knowledge: Interaction and practice in the survey interview, ed. D. Maynard, H. Houtkoop-Steenstra, N. C. Schaeffer, and J. van der Zouwen. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 67-94.

Schuman, Howard. 1983. Survey research and the fundamental attribution error. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 9, 103-4.

Schuman, Howard, and Graham Kalton. 1985. Survey methods. In The handbook of social psychology, ed. Gardner Lindzey and Elliot Aronson. 3d ed. NY: Random House 1:635-98.

Schuman, Howard, and Stanley Presser. 1996. Questions & answers in attitude surveys: Experiments on question form, wording, and context. Reprint edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Schuman, Howard, and Jacqueline Scott. 1987. Problems in the use of survey questions to measure public opinion. Science 236:957-59.

Schwarz, Norbert. 1996. Cognition and communication. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Schwarz, Norbert. 2003. Self-reports across cohorts and cultures. Journal of Consumer Research 29:588-94.

Schwarz, N., and H. Bless. 1992. Constructing reality and its alternatives: Assimilation and contrasts effects in social judgment. In The Construction of Social Judgments, ed. L. L. Martin and A. Tesser. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 217-45.

Schwarz, N., and H. Bless. 1992. Scandals and public trust in politicians: Assimilation and contrast effects. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 18:574-79.  

Schwarz, N., H. Hippler, and E. Noelle-Neumann. 1991. A cognitive model of response-order effects in survey measurement. In Context effects in social and psychological research, ed. N. Schwarz and S. Sudman. New York: Springer-Verlag, 187-201. 

Schwarz, Norbert, Fritz Strack, and Hans-Peter Mai. 1991. Assimilation and Contrast Effects in Part-Whole Question Sequences: A Conversational Logic Analysis. Public Opinion Quarterly 55 (Spring): 3-23.

Shaiko, Ronald G., Diana Dwyre, Mark O’Gorman, Jeffrey M. Stenecash, and James Vike. 1991. Pre-election political polling and the non-response bias issue. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 3:86-100.

Shettle, Carolyn, and Geraldine Mooney. 1999. Monetary incentives in U.S. government surveys. Journal of Official Statistics 15:231-50.

Shoemaker, Pamela J., Martin Eichholz, and Elizabeth A. Skewes. 2002. Item nonresponse: Distinguishing between don’t know and refuse. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 14 (Summer): 193-201.

Singer E., M. R. Frankel, and M. B. Glassman. 1983. The effect of interviewer characteristics and expectations on response. Public Opinion Quarterly 47:84-95.

Smith, Tom W. 1982. Educated don't knows: An analysis of the relationship between education and item nonresponse. Political Methodology 8:47-58.

Smith, Tom W. 2003. An experimental comparison of Knowledge Networks and the GSS. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 15 (2003), 167-179.

Smith, Tom W. 1982. House effects and the reproducibility of survey measurements: A comparison of the 1980 GSS and the 1980 American National Election Study. Public Opinion Quarterly 46:54-68.

Smith, Tom W. 1993. Little things matter: A sampler of how differences in questionnaire format can affect survey response. GSS Methodological Report No. 78.

Smith, Tom W. 1984. Non-attitudes: A review and evaluation. In Surveying subjective phenomena, ed. C. F. Turner and E. Martin. New York: Russell Sage, 2:215-55.

Smith, Tom W. 1987. That which we call welfare by any other name would smell sweeter. Public Opinion Quarterly 51:75-83.

Strack, F., N. Schwarz, and M. Wänke. 1991. Semantic and pragmatic aspects of context effects in social and psychological research. Social Cognition 9:111-25.

Sudman, Seymour, Norman M. Bradburn, and Norbert Schwarz. 1996. Thinking about Answers: The Application of Cognitive Processes to Survey Methodology, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Tourangeau, R. 1999. Context effects on answers to attitude questions. In Cognition and Survey Research, ed. M. G. Sirken, D. J. Herrmann, S. Schechter, N. Schwarz, J. Tanur, and R. Tourangeau. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 111-31.

Tourangeau, Roger, Mick P. Couper, and Frederick Conrad. 2004. Spacing, position, and order: Interpretive heuristics for visual features of survey questions. Public Opinion Quarterly 68 (3): 368-93.

Tourangeau, R., and K. Rasinski. 1988. Cognitive processes underlying context effects in attitude measurement. Psychological Bulletin 103:299 314.

Tourangeau, R., K. A. Rasinski, N. Bradburn and R. D'Andrade. 1989. Belief accessibility and context effects in attitude measurement. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 25 (5): 401-21

Tourangeau, R., L. Rips, and K. Rasinski. 2000. The Psychology of Survey Response. Cambridge University Press, chapter 6.

Tourangeau, Roger, Eleanor Singer, and Stanley Presser. 2003. Context effects in attitude surveys: Effects of remote items and impact on predictive validity. Sociological Methods & Research 31 (May): 486-513.

Tourangeau, Roger, and Tom W. Smith. 1996. Asking sensitive questions: The impact of data collection mode, question format, and question content. Public Opinion Quarterly 60:275-304.

Trussell, Norm, and Paul J. Lavrakas. 2004. The influence of incremental increases in token cash incentives on mail survey response: Is there an optimal amount? Public Opinion Quarterly 68:349-67.

Tukey, John W. 1977. Exploratory data analysis. Reading: Addison Wesley.

Turner, Charles F. 1984. Why do surveys disagree? Some preliminary hypotheses and some disagreeable examples. In Surveying Subjective Phenomenon, ed. Charles F. Turner and Elizabeth Martin. Vol. 2. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Turner, Charles F., and Elissa Krauss. 1978. Fallible indicators of the subjective state of the nation. American Psychologist 33:456-470.

Velleman, Paul F. and David C. Hoaglin. 1981. Applications, basics, and computing of exploratory data analysis. Boston: Duxbury Press.

Visser, P. S., J. A., Krosnick, J. Marquette, and M. Curtin. 2000. Improving election forecasting: Allocation of undecided respondents, identification of likely voters, and response order effects. In Election Polls, the News Media, and Democracy, ed. P. Lavrakas and M. Traugott. New York, NY: Chatham House.

Willis, Gordon B. 2005. Cognitive interviewing: A tool for improving questionnaire design.Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage Publications.

Wilson, T. D., and S. Hodges. 1992. Attitudes as temporary constructions. In The Construction of Social Judgments, ed. L. Martin and A. Tesser. New York: Springer Verlag, 37-66.

Wyer, Robert S., and D. E. Carlston. 1979. Social cognition, inference, and attribution. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Zeisel, Hans. 1947. Say it with figures. New York: Harper & Brothers.


Minorities and intergroup relations

Abraham, Nabee. 1994. Anti-Arab racism and violence in the United States. In The development of Arab-American identity, ed. Ernest McCarus. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Akram, Susan M. 2002. The aftermath of September 11, 2001: The targeting of Arabs and Muslims in America. Arab Studies Quarterly 24 (2): 61-119.

Anker, Elisabeth. 2005. Villains, victims and heroes: Melodrama, media, and September 11. Journal of Communication 55 (1): 22-37.

Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee. 2003. ADC fact sheet: The condition of Arab-Americans post-9-11. Washington, DC: ADC.

Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee. 1996. 1995 report on anti-Arab racism: Hate crimes, discrimination, and defamation of Arab Americans. Washington, DC: ADC.

Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee. 1997. 1996-97 report on hate crimes and discrimination against Arab Americans. Washington, DC: ADC.

Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee. 2003. Report on hate crimes & discrimination against Arab Americans: The post-11 September backlash. Washington, DC: ADC.

Dutwin, David J., Mollyann Brodie, Melissa J. Herrmann, and Rebecca Levin. 2004. Standing at the crossroads of identity and identification: Latinos and party identification. Phoenix, AZ: Presented at the 2004 annual conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Ehrlich, H. J. 1964. Instrument error and the study of prejudice. Social Forces 43:197-206.

Fine, Terri S. 1992. The impact of issue framing on public opinion toward affirmative action programs. Social Science Journal 29:323–34.

Hershey, Marjorie. R., and David B. Hill. 1978. Is pollution a “white thing”? Racial differences in preadults’ attitudes. Public Opinion Quarterly 41:439-58.

Himmelfarb, Harold S., R. Michael Loar, and Susan H. Mott. 1983. Sampling by ethnic surnames: The case of American Jews. Public Opinion Quarterly 47:247-60.

Jones, Robert Emmet. 1998. Black concern for the environment: Myth versus reality. Society & Natural Resources 11:209-28.

Jones, Robert Emmet and Lewis F. Carter. 1994. Concern for the environment among black Americans: An assessment of common assumptions. Social Science Quarterly 75:560-79.

Keefe, Susan E., and Amado M. Padilla. 1987. Chicano identity. Albuquerque, MN: University of New Mexico Press.

Kuklinski, James, Michael Cobb, and Martin Gillens. 1997. Racial attitudes and the "New South." The Journal of Politics 59 (2): 323-49.

Lewis, Gregory B. 2005. Same-sex marriage and the 2004 presidential election. PS: Political Science & Politics 38, no. 2: 195-99. 

Mohai, Paul, and Bunyan Bryant. 1998. Is there a “race” effect on concern for environmental quality? Public Opinion Quarterly 62:475-505.

Nisbet, Eric C., and James Shanahan. 2005. Restrictions on civil liberties, views of Islam & Muslim Americans. Media and Society Group, Cornell University, December 2004.

Padilla, A. M., and K. J. Lindholm. 1995. Quantitative educational research with ethnic minorities. In Handbook of research on multicultural education, ed. J. A. Banks and C. A. McGee Banks. New York: Macmillan, 97-113.

Shaheen, Jack. 2001. Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People. New York: Olive Branch Press.

Smith, Tom W. 2006. Intergroup relations in contemporary America. New York: National Conference for Community and Justice (forthcoming).

Smith, Tom W. 2001. Intergroup relations in a diverse America: Data from the 2000. General Social Survey. New York: American Jewish Committee.

Smith, Tom W. 1994. Trends in anti-Semitism in contemporary America. Working Papers on Contemporary Anti-Semitism. New York: American Jewish Committee.

Soss, J., L. Langvein, and A. R. Metelko. 2003. Why do white Americans support the death penalty? Journal of Politics 65 (2): 397-421.

Steeh, Charlotte, and Maria Krysan. 1996. Affirmative action and the public. Public Opinion Quarterly  60:128–58.

Stockton, Ronald. 1994. Ethnic archetypes and the Arab image. In The development of Arab-American identity, ed. Ernest McCarus. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Whittaker, Matthew, Gary M. Segura, and Shaun Bowler. 2005. Racial/ethnic group attitudes toward environmental protection in California: Is “environmentalism’” still a white phenomenon? Political Research Quarterly 58:435-47.

 

Multicultural surveys

Blair, Johnny, and Linda Piccinino. 2005. The development and testing of instruments for cross-cultural and multi-cultural surveys. Methodological aspects in cross-national research, ed. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and J. Harkness. ZUMA Nachrichten special edition, no. 11. Mannheim, Germany: ZUMA.

Grosh, M., and Glewwe, P., eds. 2000. Designing household survey questionnaires for developing countries. Lessons from 15 years of the Living Standards Measurement Study. Vol. 1. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Harkness, J. 2003. Questionnaire translation. In Cross-cultural survey methods, ed. J. Harkness, F. J. R. van de Vijver, and P. P. Mohler. Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley, 35-56.

Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik, J., and J. Harkness, eds. 2005. Methodological aspects in cross-national research, ed. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and J. Harkness. ZUMA Nachrichten special edition, no. 11. Mannheim, Germany: ZUMA.

Johnson, T. P. 1998. Approaches to equivalence in cross-cultural and cross-national survey research. In Cross-cultural survey equivalence, ed. J. Harkness. News Special, vol. 3. Mannheim, Germany: ZUMA.

Johnson, T., D. O’Rourke, N. Chavez, S. Sudman, R. Warneke, and L. Lacey. 1997. Social cognition and responses to survey questions among culturally diverse populations. In Cross-cultural survey methods, ed. J. Harkness, F. J. R. van de Vijver, and P..P. Mohler. Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley, 87-113.

Johnson, T. P., and F. J. R. Van De Vijver. 2003. Social desirability in cross-cultural research. In Cross-cultural survey methods, ed. J. Harkness, F. J. R. van de Vijver, and P. P. Mohler. Hoboken, NJ: J. Wiley, 195-204.

Miller, K., G. Willis, C. Eason, L. Moses, and B. Canfield. 2005. Interpreting the Results of Cross-Cultural Cognitive Interviews. 2005. Methodological aspects in cross-national research, ed. Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik and J. Harkness. ZUMA Nachrichten special edition, no. 11. Mannheim, Germany: ZUMA, 79-92.


Party identification

Dutwin, David J., Mollyann Brodie, Melissa J. Herrmann, and Rebecca Levin. 2004. Standing at the crossroads of identity and identification: Latinos and party identification. Phoenix, AZ: Presented at the 2004 annual conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research.


Party politics

Abramowitz, Alan. 2004. Terrorism, gay marriage, and incumbency: Explaining the Republican victory in the 2004 presidential election. The Forum 2, no. 4: Article 3.

Dalton, Russell. 2005. Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2005.

Dalton, Russell. 2004. Democratic challenges, democratic choices: The erosion of political support in advanced industrial democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dalton, Russell, and Martin Wattenberg (eds.). 2000. Parties without partisans: Political change in advanced industrial democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Dionne, E. J. Jr. 2004. Stand up and fight back: Republican toughs, Democratic wimps, and the politics of revenge. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Reichley, A. James. 1992. The life of the parties. New York: Free Press.

 

Political knowledge and interest

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1996. “Know-nothings” revisited again. Political Behavior 18 (September): 219-33.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1997. Why young Americans hate politics and what we should do about it. PS: Political Science & Politics 30 (March): 47-53.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1998. Young Americans’ indifference to media coverage of public affairs. PS: Political Science & Politics 31 (September): 535-41.

Delli Carpini, Michael X., and Scott Keeter. 1996. What Americans know about politics and why it matters. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Hyman, Herbert H., and Paul B. Sheatsley. 1947. Some reasons why information campaigns fail. Public Opinion Quarterly 11 (Autumn): 412-423.

Lupia, Arthur, and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1998. The democratic dilemma: Can citizens learn what they need to know? New York: Cambridge University Press.

Morris-Jones, W. H. 1954. In defence of political apathy. Political Studies 2 (March): 25-37.

Patterson, Thomas E. 2002. The vanishing voter: Public involvement in an age of uncertainty. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Shaw, Greg M. 2001. Navigating Slanted Arguments: Framing, Political Knowledge and the Impact of Biased Messages. Illinois Political Science Review 7 (Fall): 41-59.

 

Politics, general

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 2001. Were the halcyon days really golden? An analysis of American’s attitudes about the political process, 1945-1965. In What is it about government that Americans dislike, ed. John H. Hibbing and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dahl, Robert A. 1961. Who governs? Democracy and power in an American city. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Donovan, Todd, and Shaun Bowler. 2004. Reforming the republic: Democratic institutions for the new America. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Downs, Anthony. 1957. An economic theory of democracy. New York: Harper.

Erikson, Robert S., Michael B. MacKuen, and James A. Stimson. 2002. The macro polity. New York: Cambridge.

Friedman, Barry. 2003. Mediated popular constitutionalism. Michigan Law Review 101: 2596-2636.

Gamson, William A. 1992. Talking politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Herbst, Susan. 1998. Reading public opinion: How political actors view the democratic process. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Huddy, Leonie, Stanley Feldman, Charles Taber, and Gallya Lahav. 2005. Threat, anxiety, and support of antiterrorism politics. American Journal of Political Science 49 (3): 593-608.

Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1996. Toward the integrated study of political communications, public opinion, and the policy-making process. Political Science and Politics 29 (1): 10-13.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. 1960. Political man: The social bases of politics. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Schier, Steven E. 2000. By invitation only: The rise of exclusive politics in the United States. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Sniderman, Paul M., Richard A. Brody, and Philip E. Tetlock. 1991. Reasoning and choice: Explorations in political psychology. New York: Cambridge Universsity Press.

Sullivan, John L., James Piereson, and George E. Marcus. 1979. An alternative conceptualization of political tolerance: Illusory increases 1950s-1970s. American Political Science Review 73:781-94

Sullivan, John L., James Piereson, and George E. Marcus. 1982. Political tolerance and American democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Sullivan, John L., and J. E. Transue. 1999. The psychological underpinnings of democracy: A selective review of research on political tolerance, interpersonal trust, and social capital. Annual Review of Psychology 50 (1): 625-51.


Polling profession

American Association for Public Opinion Research. 1986, 2005. Code of professional ethics and practices. Ann Arbor, MI: AAPOR.

American Association for Public Opinion Research. 2000. Standard definitions: Final dispositions of case codes and outcome rates for surveys. Ann Arbor, MI: AAPOR.

American Association for Public Opinion Research. 2002. Best practices for survey and public opinion research. Ann Arbor, MI: AAPOR.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F. 1950. The Obligation of the 1950 pollster to the 1984 historian. Public Opinion Quarterly 14:617-38.


Presidential approval

Brody, Richard. A. 1991. Assessing the president: The media, elite opinion, and public support. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Edwards, George C. III, with Alec M. Gallup. 1990. Presidential approval: A sourcebook. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Moore, David W. 2001. Top ten Gallup presidential approval ratings. Gallup press release, September 24.

 

Presidential politics

Edwards, George C., III. 2003. On deaf ears: The limits of the bully pulpit. New Haven: Yale University Press.

MacKuen, Michael B., and Charles F. Turner. 1984. The popularity of presidents: 1963-1980. In Surveying subjective phenomenon, ed. Charles F. Turner and Elizabeth Martin. Vol. 2. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Mondak, Jeffery J., Christopher J. Lewis, Jason C. Sides, Joohyun Kang, and J. Olyn Long. 2004. Presidential source cues and policy appraisals, 1981-2000. American Politics Research 32 (March): 219-35.

Page, Benjamin I., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1984 Presidents as opinion leaders: Some new evidence. Policy Studies Journal 12 (June): 649-61.

Shapiro, Robert Y., and Lawrence R. Jacobs. 2000. Who leads and who follows? U.S. presidents, public opinion, and foreign policy. In Decisionmaking in a glass house: Mass media, public opinion and American and European foreign policy in the 21st century, ed. Brigitte L. Nacos, Robert Y. Shapiro, and Pierangelo Isernia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 223-45.


Public opinion, general

Abelson, R. P. 1999. Conviction. American Psychologist

Berelson, Bernard R. 1952. Democratic theory and public opinion. Public Opinion Quarterly 16 (Autumn): 313-30.

Berinsky, Adam J. 2004. Silent voices: Public opinion and political participation in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Berinsky, A. J. 1999. The two faces of public opinion. American Journal of Political Science 43:1209-30.

Bishop, George F. 2005. The illusion of public opinion: Fact and artifact in American public opinion polls. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Bishop, G. F., R. W. Oldendick, A. J. Tuchfarber, and S. E. Bennett. 1980. Pseudo-opinions on public affairs. Public Opinion Quarterly 44:198-209.

Bishop, G. F., A. J. Tuchfarber, and R. W. Oldendick. 1986. Opinions on fictitious issues: The pressure to answer survey questions. Public Opinion Quarterly 50:240-50.

Converse, Philip E. 1964. The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In David E. Apter, Ideology and Discontent. New York: Free Press.

Eagly, Alice, and Shelly Chaiken. 1993. The psychology of attitudes. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Free, Lloyd A., and Hadley Cantril. 1967. The political beliefs of Americans: A study of public opinion. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

———. 2000. Issue framing and public opinion on government spending. American Journal of Political Science 44:750-67.

Ginsberg, Benjamin. 1986. The captive public: How mass opinion promotes state power. New York: Basic Books.

Glynn, C. J., and E. Park. 1997. Reference groups, opinion intensity, and public opinion expression. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 9:213-32.

Herbst, Susan. 1998. Reading public opinion: How political actors view the democratic process. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Jacobs, Lawrence R. and Robert Y. Shapiro. Politicians don't pander: Political manipulation and the loss of democratic responsiveness. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 1996. Toward the integrated study of political communications, public opinion, and the policy-making process. Political Science and Politics 29 (1): 10-13.

Key, V. O. 1961. Public opinion and American democracy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Lippmann, Walter [1925] 1993. The phantom public. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

Lippmann, W. 1922. Public Opinion. New York, NY: Free Press Paperbacks.

Newport, Frank. 2004. Polling matters: Why leaders must listen to the wisdom of the people. New York: Warner Books.

Noelle-Neumann, Elisabeth. 1994. The spiral of silence: Public opinion—our social skin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Page, Benjamin I. and Robert Y. Shapiro. The rational public: Fifty years of trends in Americans' policy preferences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Page, Benjamin I., Robert Y. Shapiro, and Glenn R. Dempsey. 1987. What moves public opinion. American Political Science Review 81 (March): 23-43.

Petty, Richard E., and John T. Cacioppo. 1981. Attitudes and persuasion—Classic and contemporary approaches. Dubuque, Iowa: W. C. Brown Co. Publishers.

Pratkanis, Anthony, and Elliott Aronson. 1991. Age of propaganda: Everyday use and abuse of persuasion. New York: W. H. Freeman.

Schwarz, Norbert, and Seymour Sudman (eds.). 1996. Answering questions. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Smith, Tom W. 1985. Nonattitudes: A review and evaluation. In Surveying subjective phenomena, ed. Charles F. Turner and Elizabeth Martin. New York: Russell Sage.

Stimson, James. 1999. Public opinion in America. 2d ed. Boulder, Co: Westview Press.

———. Tides of consent: How public opinion shapes American politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Wegner, Daniel M. 2002. The Illusion of Conscious Will. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Zaller, John R. 1992. The nature and origins of mass opinion. New York: Cambridge University Press.


Religion

Benson, John M., Tina M. Reigel, and Melissa J. Herrmann. 2002. Gambling, governments and God. Public Perspective 13(1): 34-37.

Benson, John M., and Lois Timms-Ferrara. 2003. Death and life: Religiousness and capital punishment. Public Perspective 14(1): 33-36.

Bishop, George. 1998. The religious worldview and American beliefs about human origins. Public Perspective 9 (5): 39-44.

———. 1999. Trends: Americans' belief in God. Public Opinion Quarterly 63:421-34.

Bolzendahl, C. and C. Brooks. 2005. Polarization, secularization, or differences as usual? The denominational cleavage in U.S. social attitudes since the 1970s. Sociological Quarterly 46:47-78.

Dayton, D. W. 1991. Some doubts about the usefulness of the category "evangelical." In The variety of American evangelicalism, ed. D. W. Dayton and R. K. Johnston. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press.

Domke, D. 2004. God willing? Political fundamentalism in the White House, the "War on Terror," and the echoing press. Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press.

Dubin, B. 1999. Religious faith in Russia of the 90s. The Russian Public Opinion Monitor, No. 1:31-39.

Durkheim, Emile. 1955. The elementary forms of religious life. New York: Free Press.

Gallagher, S. K. 2004. Where are the antifeminist evangelicals?  Evangelical identity, subcultural location, and attitudes toward feminism. Gender and Society 18:451-72.

Gautier, Mary L. 1997. Church attendance and religious belief in postcommunist societies. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 36 (June): 289-96.

Glenn, Norval D. 1987. The trend in "no religion": Respondents to U.S. national surveys, late 1950s to early 1980s. Public Opinion Quarterly 51:293-314.

Greeley, Andrew M. 1994. A religious revival in Russia. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 33:253-72.

Groeneman, Sid, and Gary Tobin. 2004. The decline of religious identity in the United States. San Francisco: Institute for Jewish & Community Research.

Hendershot, H. 2004. Shaking the world for Jesus: Media and conservative Evangelical culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hoffman, John. 1998. Confidence in religious institutions and secularization: Trends and implications. Review of Religious Research 39, no. 4: 321-43.

Hout, Michael and Claude S. Fischer. 2002. Why more Americans have no religious preference. American Sociological Review 67 (April): 165-90.

Kelley, Jonathan and De Graaf, Nan Dirk. 1997. National context, parental socialization, and religious belief: Results from 15 nations. American Sociological Review 62 (August): 639-59.

Kellstedt, Lyman A., and David C. Leege (eds). 1993. Rediscovering the religious factor in American politics. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.

Keysar, Ariela, Egon Mayer, and Barry A. Kosmin. 2003. No religion: A profile of America's unchurched. Public Perspective 14(1): 28-32.

Keysar, Ariela, and Barry A. Kosmin. 2005. Religion and political party preference: New findings from the American Religious Identification Survey. Ithaca , NY: Paramount Market Publishing.

Keysar, Ariela, Barry A. Kosmin, and Egon Mayer. 2002. Religious identification among Hispanics in the United States. New York: Office for Research in Religion in Society and Culture (RISC), Brooklyn College.

Kohut, Andrew, John C. Green, Scott Keeter, and Robert C. Toth. 2000. The diminishing divide: Religion's changing role in American politics. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Kohut, A., J. C. Green, S. Keeter, and R. Toth. 2000. The diminishing divide: Religion's changing role in American politics. Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Kosmin, Barry A., and Ariela Keysar. 2005. Religion in a free market. Ithaca, NY: Paramount Market Publishing, forthcoming.

Kosmin, Barry A., and Seymour P. Lachman. 1993. One nation under God. New York: Harmony Books.

Kosmin, Barry A., Egon Mayer, and Ariela Keysar. 2001. American Religious Identity Survey 2001. New York: Graduate Center of the City University of New York.

Layman, Geoffrey. 2001. The great divide: Religious and cultural conflict in American party politics. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lozny, Dusan and Marcratilova, Julana. 2001. Religion and secularization in the Czech Republic. Czech Sociological Review 9 (Spring): 85-98.

MacArthur, J. 2002. Can God bless America? Nashville, TN: W Publishing Group.

Marty, M. E. 1981. The revival of evangelicalism and Southern religion. In Varieties of Southern evangelicalism, ed. D. E. Harrell. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.

McConkey, D. 2001. Whither Hunter’s culture war? Shifts in evangelical morality, 1988-1998. Sociology of Religion, 62 (2): 149-74.

Meulemann, Heiner. 2000. Beyond unbelief: Religious uncertainty and religious indifference in countries with self induced and enforced secularization. European Societies 2:167-94.

Murphy, C. 1988. Protestantism and the Evangelicals. Wilson Quarterly 5:105-16.

Pfeifer, S., and U. Waelty. 1995. Psychopathology and religious commitment: A controlled study. Psychopathology 28: 70-77.

Putney, S., and R. Middleton. 1961. Dimensions and correlates of religious ideologies. Social Forces 39: 285-90.

Roof, Wade Clark. 1999. The spiritual marketplace. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Scott, Eugenie C. 2004. Evolution vs. creationism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Seith, S., and M. E. P. Seligman. 1994. The hope of fundamentalists. Psychological Science 5: 58.

Smith, Tom W. 2003. Altruism in contemporary America: A report from the National Altruism Study. Unpublished report prepared for the Fetzer Institute, July.

Weber, T. P. 1991. Premillenialism and the branches of evangelicalism. In The variety of American evangelicalism, ed. D. W. Dayton and R. K. Johnston. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press.

Witham, Larry A. 2002. Where Darwin meets the Bible. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Science and technology

Pion, Georgian M., and Mark Lipsey. 1981. Public attitudes toward science and technology: What have the surveys told us? Public Opinion Quarterly 45:303-16.

 

Sex and sexuality

Treas, J. 2002. How cohorts, education, and ideology shaped a new sexual revolution on American attitudes toward nonmarital sex, 1972-1998. Sociological Perspectives, 45:267-83.


Social capital and civic participation

Almond, Gabriel A., and Sidney Verba. 1963. The civic culture: Political attitudes and democracy in five nations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bennett, William, and Sam Nunn. 1997. A nation of spectators. Washington, DC: National Commission on Civic Renewal.

Damon, William. 2001. To not fade away: Restoring civil identity among the young. In Making good citizens: Education and civil society, ed. Diane Ravitch and Joseph Viteritti. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Galston, William A. 2001. Political knowledge, political engagement, and civic education. Annual Review of Political Science 4: 217-34.

Macedo, Stephen and Yvette M. Alex-Assensoh, eds. 2005. Democracy at risk: Toward a political science of citizenship. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Putnam, Robert D. 2000. Bowling alone. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Schudson, Michael. 1998. The good citizen: A history of American civic life. New York: The Free Press.

Verba, Sidney, Kay Schlozman, and Henry Brady. 1995. Voice and equality: Civic voluntarism in American politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Zaller, J. 1992. The nature and origin of public opinion. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Zukin, Cliff, Scott Keeter, Moly Andolina, Krista Jenkins, and Michael X. Delli Carpini. 2006. A new engagement? Political participation, civic life, and the changing American citizen. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Society

Tocqueville, Alexis de. 1966. Democracy in America. New York: Knopf.

 

Supreme Court, judicial

Caldeira, Gregory A. 1986. Neither the purse nor the sword: Dynamics of public confidence in the Supreme Court. American Political Science Review 80 (4): 1209-26.

Gibson, James L., Gregory A. Caldeira, and Lester Kenyatta Spence. 2003. Measuring attitudes toward the United States Supreme Court. American Journal of Political Science 47, no. 2: 354-367.

Marshall, Thomas R. 1989. Public opinion and the Supreme Court. Boston: Unwin Hyman.

Mondak, Jeffery J. 1993. Institutional legitimacy and procedural justice: Reexamining the question of causality. Law and Society Review 27: 599-608.

Mondak, Jeffery J., and Shannon Ishiyama Smithey. 1997. The dynamics of public support for the Supreme Court. Journal of Politics 59:1140-42.

Perry, Barbara A. 1995. The priestly tribe—The Supreme Court’s image in the American mind. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Rottman, David B., and Alan J. Tompkins. 1999. Trust and confidence in the courts: What public opinion surveys mean to judges. Court Review. Fall, 24-31.

Wenzel, James P., Shaun Bowler, and David J. Lanoue. 2003. The sources of public confidence in state courts: Experience and institutions. American Politics Research 31, no. 2:191-211.


Survey and social research, general

Abrams, Mark. 1951. Social surveys and social action. London: Heinemann.

Converse, Jean M. 1986. Survey research in the United States. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Converse, Jean. 1987. Survey research in the United States. Roots and emergence 1890-1960. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Krosnick, Jon A. 1999. Survey research. Annual Review of Psychology 50:537-67.

Oberschall, Anthony. 1965. Empirical social research in Germany 1848-1914. Paris: Mouton.

Martin, Elizabeth. 1983. Surveys as social indicators: Problems in monitoring trends. In Handbook of survey research, ed. Peter Rossi, James Wright, and Andy Anderson. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 677-743.

Seligson, Mitchell. 2005. Improving the quality of survey research in democratizing countries. Political Science & Politics: PS 38 (1): 51-56 .

Smith, T. M. F. 1978. Principles and problems in the analysis of repeated surveys. In Survey sampling and measurement, ed. N. Krishnan Namboodiri. New York: Academic Press.

Tourangeau, Roger, Lance Rips, and Kenneth A. Rasinski. 2000. The psychology of survey response. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Weisberg, Herbert F., Jon A. Krosnick, and Bruce D. Bowen. 1996. An introduction to survey research, polling, and data analysis. 3d ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

 

Trust in government

Alford, John. 2001. We’re all in this together: The decline of trust in government. In What is it about government that Americans dislike, ed. John H. Hibbing and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cooper, Joseph, ed. 1999. Congress and the decline of public trust. Boulder: Westview Press.

Gaines, Brian J. 2002. Where’s the rally? Approval and trust of the president, cabinet, Congress, and government since September 11. PS, September, 531-36.

Levi, Margaret, and Laura Stoker. 2000. Political trust and trustworthiness. Annual Review of Political Science 3:475-507.

Nye, Joseph S. Jr., Philip D. Zelikow, and David C. King. 1997. Why people don’t trust government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Values

Brodie, Mollyann, Claudia Deane, Nina Kjellson, Richard Morin, Robert Blendon, and John Benson. 1999. Value conflicts, party divisions, and policy consequences: The Washington Post/Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard University Survey on American Values. Presented at the 1999 annual conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg, FL.

Hillygus, D. Sunshine, and Todd G. Shields. 2005. Moral issues and voter decision making in the 2004 presidential election. PS: Political Science & Politics 38, no. 2: 201-9.

 

Women, gender issues

Andreoni, James, and Lise Vesterlund. 2001. Which is the fair sex? Gender differences in altruism. Quarterly Journal of Economics.

Bergh, Johannes. 2007. Gender attitudes and modernization processes. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 19 (1): 5-24.

Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., Suzanna De Boef, and Tse-Min Lin. 2004. The dynamics of the partisan gender gap. American Political Science Review 3:515-28.

Chaney, C. K., R. M. Alvarez, and J. Nagler. 1998. Explaining the gender gap in U.S. presidential elections, 1980-1992. Political Research Quarterly 51 (2) : 311-39.

Conover, P. J. 1988. Feminists and the gender gap. Journal of Politics 50 (4): 985-1010.

Conover, P. J., and V. Sapiro. 1993. Gender, feminist consciousness, and war. American Journal of Political Science 37 (4): 1079-99.

Dawson, Michael C. 1994. Behind the mule: Race and class in African-American politics. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Gilens, Martin. 1988. Gender and support for Reagan: A comprehensive model of presidential approval. American Journal of Political Science 36 (1): 19-49.

Harris-Lacewell, Melissa V. 2003. The heart of the politics of race: Centering black people in the study of white racial attitudes. Journal of Black Studies 34 (2).

Howell, Susan E., and Christine L. Day. 2000. Complexities of the gender gap. Journal of Politics 62 (3).

Hutchings, V. L., N. A. Valentino, T. S. Philpot, and I. K. White. 2004. The compassion strategy—race and the gender gap in campaign 2000. Public Opinion Quarterly 68 (4): 512-41.

Inglehart, R., and P. Norris. 2000. The developmental theory of the gender gap: Women's and men's voting behavior in global perspective. International Political Science Review 21 (4): 441-63.

Kaufmann, Karen M. 2002. Culture wars, secular realignments, and the gender gap in party identification. Political Behavior 24 (3): 283-307.

———. 2006. The gender gap. PS: Political Science and Politics 39: 447-53.

Kaufmann, Karen M., and John R. Petrocik. 1999. The changing politics of American men: Understanding the sources of the gender gap. American Journal of Political Science 43: 864-87.

Lien, Pei-Te. 1998. Does the gender gap in politics attitudes and behavior vary across racial groups? Political Research Quarterly 51 (4).

Manza, Jeff, and Clem Brooks. 1998. The gender gap in U.S. presidential elections: When? Why? Implications? American Journal of Sociology 103:1235-66.

Norrander, Barbara. 1999. Evolution of the gender gap. Public Opinion Quarterly 63:464-76.

Norris, Pippa. 1997. Women, media, and politics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Pratto, F., L. M. Stallworth, and J. Sidanius. 1997. The gender gap: Differences in political attitudes and social dominance orientation. British Journal of Social Psychology 36: 49-68.

Schlesinger, Mark, and Caroline Heldman. 2001. Gender gap or gender gaps? New perspectives on support for government action and policies. Journal of Politics 63 (1): 59-92.

Shapiro, Robert Y., and Harpreet Mahajan. 1986. Gender differences in policy preferences: A summary of trends from the 1960s to the 1980s. Public Opinion Quarterly 50:42-61.

Somma, Mark, and Sue Tolleson-Rinehart. 1997. Tracking the elusive green woman: Sex, environmentalism, and feminism in the United States and Europe. Political Research Quarterly 50:153-69.

Togeby, L. 1994. The gender-gap in foreign-policy attitudes. Journal of Peace Research 31 (4): 375-92.

Welch, S., and J. Hibbing. 1992. Financial conditions, gender, and voting in American national elections. Journal of Politics 54 (1): 197-213.

Wirls, Daniel. 1986. Reinterpreting the gender gap. Public Opinion Quarterly 50:316-30.

 

Youth

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1997. Why young Americans hate politics and what we should do about it. PS: Political Science & Politics 30 (March): 47-53.

Bennett, Stephen Earl. 1998. Young Americans’ indifference to media coverage of public affairs. PS: Political Science & Politics 31 (September): 535-41.

 

Top

 
 

home | past issues | departments | resources |

Public Opinion Pros is an online magazine published
at www.publicopinionpros.norc.org. Copyright © 2007 by LFP Editorial
Enterprises, LLC. All rights reserved.

 



Past Issues of Public Opinion Pros



Public Perspective magazine online


OF INTEREST

American Association
for Public Opinion
Research (AAPOR)

World Association
for Public Opinion
Research

National Council
on
Public Polls

American National
Election Studies

National Opinion
Research Center
(NORC)

The Roper Center
for Public
Opinion Research

MORE