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  Technology and Military Policy in Medieval England, c. 1250-1350
         



APPENDIX I: Average Prices of Arms, 1294-1339


Price averages have been rounded to nearest pence. 'Price' denotes either value of purchase or cost of manufacture as the exact nature of acquisition is not always evident. 'Sample size' denotes number of price entries per item. Price averages have not been weighted to reflect volumes of purchases, eg, if 20 basinets were purchased in one transaction for 5s each then only one entry is made in the price index as 5s. Otherwise in many samples a few large purchases/transactions of royal agents would have comprised the great majority of price entries, lowering averages disproportionately as officials often obtained very cheap prices in their acquisitions (see above, Chapter Five). The lowest and highest prices included in an average have been provided when considerable range occurs in price data and an arbitrary price ceiling has been set to exclude sumptuous arms from these averages.

Item Average Price (pence) Lowest Highest Sample Size
Aketon: 67d 12d (a)160d (b)60
Arrows: 5 per 1d   13
Aventail:32d   04
Basinet: 43d 12d (c) 120d (d) 47
Baldric: 8d  08
Bow 9d    14
Braces, pair: 35d    02
Chapel de fer: 28d   03
Coat/pair of plates: 167d 27d (e) 320d (f) 12
Crossbow
   one-foot: 25d    19
   two-feet: 50d    11
   a tour: 79d   12
   cord for crossbow: 1d   04
   winch for crossbow: 14d   05
Cuisses, pair: 56d  04
Gambeson:28d    06
Gauntlets, pair: 44d 12d (g) 120d (h)10
Gorget: 40d  06
Hauberk: 138d60d (i)264d (j)14
Jambs, pair: 39d   04
Knife: 1d  02
Lance: 8d  09
Polearm: 6d  04
Poleyns, pair:57d   02
Quarrels
    for crossbow
        one-foot: 56 per 12d    14
        two-feet: 25 per 12d   02
        a tour: 14 per 12d  03
        for springald:9.7per 12d  12
Quiver: 3d   01
Sabatons/iron boots, pair:53d  01
Shield/target
    small:6d  04
    great:16d   03
Springald: 657d (54s9d)  08
Sword: 41d2d (k) 120d (l) 15



NOTES

a. Riley, Memorials of London, p. 200.

b. Rogers, History of Agriculture and Prices in England, ii, p. 559.

c. PRO, London E 101/15/10, Inquisitions for supplies for war in Scotland, 9 & 11 Edward II.

d. Calendar of Miscellaneous Inquisitions,1307-1349, no. 797.

e. Riley, Memorials of London, p. 109.

f. Calendar of Miscellaneous Inquisitions, 1307-1349, no. 1472.

g. PRO, London E 101/20/37, Account of Thomas Melcheburn for the galley 'La Phillipe' 11 & 13 Edward III.

h. CDS, ii, no. 1413.

i. Calendar of Miscellaneous Inquisitions, 1307-1349, no. 527.

j. Rogers, History of Agriculture and Prices in England, ii, p. 559.

k. Wills and Inventories Illustrative of the ....Northern Counties, pp. 16-7.

l. Wills and Inventories Illustrative of the ....Northern Counties, pp. 16-7.