India’s Muslim population is growing slower than it had in the previous decades, and its growth rate has slowed more sharply than that of the Hindu population, new Census data show. The Registrar-General and Census Commissioner released the data on Population by Religious Communities of Census 2011.

The decadal Muslim rate of growth is the lowest it has been in India's history:

Here are the percentages of Hindus, Muslims, Christians and Sikhs in Indian States as per the 2011 Census data:

States Hindus Muslims Christians Sikhs
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 69.45 8.52 21.28 0.34
Andhra Pradesh 88.46 9.56 1.34 0.05
Arunachal Pradesh 29.04 1.95 30.26 0.24
Assam 61.47 34.22 3.74 0.07
Bihar 82.69 16.87 0.12 0.02
Chandigarh 80.78 4.87 0.83 13.11
Chhattisgarh 93.25 2.02 1.92 0.27
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 93.93 3.76 1.49 0.06
Daman & Diu 90.50 7.92 1.16 0.07
Goa 66.08% 8.33 25.10 0.10
Gujarat 88.57 9.67 0.52 0.10
Haryana 87.46 7.03 0.20 4.91
Himachal Pradesh 95.17 2.18 0.18 1.16
Jammu & Kashmir 28.44 68.31 0.28 1.87
Jharkhand 67.83 14.53 4.30 0.22
Karnataka 84.00 12.92 1.87 0.05
Kerala 54.73 26.56 18.38 0.01
Lakshadweep 2.77 96.58 0.49 0.01
Madhya Pradesh 90.89 6.57 0.29 0.21
Maharashtra 79.83 11.54 0.96 0.20
Manipur 41.39 8.40 41.29 0.05
Meghalaya 11.53 4.40 74.59 0.10
Mizoram 2.75 1.35 87.16 0.03
Nagaland 8.75 2.47 87.93 0.10
Nct Of Delhi 81.68 12.86 0.87 3.40
Odisha 93.63 2.17 2.77 0.05
Puducherry 87.30 6.05 6.29 0.02
Punjab 38.49 1.93 1.26 57.69
Rajasthan 88.49 9.07 0.14 1.27
Sikkim 57.76 1.62 9.91 0.31
Tamil Nadu 87.58 5.86 6.12 0.02
Tripura 83.40 8.60 4.35 0.03
Uttar Pradesh 79.73 19.26 0.18 0.32
Uttarakhand 82.97 13.95 0.37 2.34
West Bengal 70.54 27.01 0.72 0.07
India 79.80 14.23 2.30 1.72

India now has 966.3 million Hindus, who make up 79.8 per cent of its population, and 172.2 million Muslims, who make up 14.23 per cent. Among the other minorities, Christians make up 2.3 per cent of the population and Sikhs 2.16 per cent.

A look at the decadal growth rate of the Hindus and Muslims and the rate of change:

Hindus Muslims
Year Population (millions) Decadal growth rate Change in decadal growth rate Population (millions) Decadal growth rate Change in decadal growth rate
2011 966.3 16.76% -3.17% 172.2 24.60% -4.92%
2001 827.6 19.92% -2.78% 138.2 29.52% -3.35%
1991 690.1 22.71% -1.36% 106.7 32.88% 2.09%
1981 562.4 24.07% 0.38% 80.3 30.78% -0.14%
1971 453.3 23.68% 2.93% 61.4 30.92% -1.57%
1961 366.5 20.76% 20.76% 46.9 32.49% 32.49%
1951 303.5 35.4

Source: Compiled by The Hindu from Census and other sources

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