Sec. 300.8 Child with a disability.
Visual impairment including blindness means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.
What this Simply Means
Vision impairment is defined as a limitation of one or more functions of the eye (or visual system). If your child’s visual impairment affects his/her educational performance EVEN WITH CORRECTION he/she may qualify as a student that is VI or Visually Impaired. “Even with correction” means having had surgery or wearing glasses/contacts and vision is still impaired.
Identifying students who are blind or visually impaired and establishing eligibility is the first step in meeting a student’s need. This is followed by a thorough assessment to determine the students unique visual needs and what factors assist a student’s use of vision and what factors negatively impact the student. If you think your child may qualify as a student with a Visual Impairment then contact the campus assessment specialist to start the referral process. See the attached link for a step by step referral and testing process: http://www.teachingvisuallyimpaired.com/eligibility.html
The most common vision problems are refractive errors, more commonly known as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Refractive errors occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on the retina.
What are the Common Accommodations/Modifications used in the Classroom?
- Large Print Materials i.e.: text, calculator, keyboards
- Preferential Seating i.e.: near the speaker or board, near natural light
- Supplemental Aids i.e.: magnifier, lined paper, slant board, colored overlay, lamp
- Pass to leave class early during transitions from class to class
- Use of elevator
- Buddy to help student transition around the school
- Additional desk space
- Mobility tools i.e.: cane
- Talking Dictionary
- Extended Time
- Nearsightedness= (myopia) is a common vision condition in which you can see objects near to you clearly, but objects farther away are blurry. Nearsightedness may develop gradually or rapidly, often worsening during childhood and adolescence.
- Farsightedness= (hyperopia) is a common vision condition in which you can see distant objects clearly, but objects nearby may be blurry. The degree of your farsightedness influences your focusing ability.
- Astigmatism= a defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature, which results in distorted images, as light rays are prevented from meeting at a common focus.
- Presbyopia= farsightedness caused by loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye, occurring typically in middle and old age.