Lives of the English Saints - St. Gilbert, Prior of Sempringham.

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92 BRITAIN IN 429, A. D.
V
for solitude.1 He tells us that by the mouths of the
Thames and the Severn, the riches of foreign countries
were brought into Britain, and thence spread through the
land by many minor streams ; that Britain was adorned
with twenty-eight large cities, besides other fortified
places ; in all which there was a vast display of strong
walls, gates, towers, edifices some of which were
equally remarkable for their magnitude and their so-
lidity. Another author tells us the names of these
twenty-eight cities, and as there are many which the
reader may like to recognize, it will not be out of
place to give them in the original, as well as the
present idiom. It will be remarked the word Cair is
applied to all. In the British tongue it signified City ;
and as in the Roman lists of towns the word Civitas
was prefixed, so it happened with the British word
Cair.
10 Cair Guorthigern (a town in Monmouthshire.)
2° Cair Guiuntguic, Norwich in Norfolk, or Winwick in
Lancashire.8
3° Cair Mincip, Verulam, where the Church of St. AlbaiTs
was built, and which was a Roman municipal city, according to
Tacitus.
4° Cair Ligualid, Lugubalia, in Latin, Carlisle in Cumber-
land.
5° Cair Meguaid (in Montgomeryshire) called by the
Romans Mediolanum, or Milan.
6° Cair Colun, Colchester, called by the Romans Colonia.
7° Cair Ebrauc, this is the famous town of York, which in
Latin was Eboracum.
8° Cair Custoient, that is the town of Constantius.3 “ Here,
1 Gildas, p. 11 ct p. 15. Vid. etiam Ranulph. Higden. Hist.
Brit. ed. Gale. p. 197.
8 Nennius, p. 62, ed. 1838, Stevenson. Usher. Primord. p.
59, ed. 40. Vid. et Antonin. Itinerariam.
3 Nennius, p. 20.

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