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Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Bukhari (R.A)

Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Surkh-Posh Bukhari (R.A) also called Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Surkh-Posh Bukhari (R.A) as well as Shah Mir Surkh-Posh of Bukhara, Madina (c. 1192-1291 AD) and also Pir Jalaluddin Qutub-al-Aqtab Makhdoom-e-Jahanian Jahan Gusht was a prominent "Suhrawardiyya" Sufi Saint and revered missionary. Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Bukhari was called Surkh-posh ("Red-clad") on account of the red mantle he often wore. His name was Hassan Jalal-ud-din, while Jalal Azam and Mir Surkh (Surkh-Posh) Bukhari were his titles. He was also known as Jalal Ganj.

He was born on Friday, 5th Zilhaj 595 Hijri in Bukhara, present-day Uzbekistan. He was the son of Syed Ali Al-Moeed and grandson of Syed Ja'far Hussain. He got his early education in Bukhara under the supervision and guidance of his father. He completed his education in his seventh year and is known to have performed several miracles even in childhood. 1,500 learned men had accepted him as their spiritual leader before he had actually reached manhood.

He spent his whole life in traveling and several tribes, such as the Talpur, Bhutto, Zardari, Rajpoot, Awan, Bhatti, Mahar, Khokhar, Laghari, Durrani, Langha, Khosa, Baloch, Soomro, Samma, Chadhar, Sial, Dahir, Mazari and Warren etc. embraced Islam owing to his efforts. He married Syeda Fatima, daughter of Syed Qasim in Bukhara. She was blessed with two sons, Syed Ali and Syed Ja'far. After the death of his first wife, Syeda Fatima in Bukhara, he along with his two sons -Syed Ali and Syed Ja'far migrated at the age of forty years from Bukhara to Bhakkar via Afghanistan, Punjab in 635 Hijri. City Jalalabad in Afghanistan is also known with the name Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Bukhari (R.A). However, as per the book "Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht" written by Muhammad Ayub Qadri, both the brothers went back to Bukhara after some time. Syed Jalal-ud-din Hassan Mir Surkh Bukhari died in the age of 95 years on 19th Jamadiul Awwal 690 Hijri (20th May 1294) in Uch Sharif, Punjab.

He is also known as Syed Jalal or Sher Shah Syed Jalal. His history and pedigree are given in extend in such works as the Mazher-i-Jalali, the Akber-ul-Akhyar, the Rauzat-ul-Ahbab, Maraij-ul-Walayat, Manaqabi Qutbi, the Siyar-ul-Aqtar, the Siyar-ul-Arifeen, the Manaqib-ul-Asifya etc. These books only exist in manuscript and are generally found in the possession of Bukhari Syeds. Syed Jalal's life is given in brief below: He also met Chengiz Khan, the mongol, and endeavored to convert him to Islam, but Chengiz Khan ordered him to be burnt alive. The fire however turned into a bush of roses and on seeing this miracle Chengiz Khan became inclined to be more sympathetic towards Islam and Muslims. Chengiz offered to give his daughter in marriage to Hazrat Jalaludin. He at first refused to take Chengiz's daughter as his wife but then he heard a divine voice say that his descendants would spread far and wide and were destined to be Qutubs "saints" of the world, he consented to the marriage.

This proved to be true as his descendants are quite numerous and many Syed families in the Punjab, Sindh, the United Provinces (Uttar Pradesh), Kutch and Hyderabad Deccan, claim descent from him, and trace their origins to Uch Sharif. His two male issues from his second wife, Fatima, the daughter of Sayyid Qasim Hussein Bukhari, Syed Ali and Syed Jaffar, are buried in tombs at Bukhara. He brought his son Syed Baha-ul-Halim with him to Sindh and he settled in Uch in 1244 AD.

Syed Jalal-ud-din afterwards married Zohra, the daughter of Syed Badar-u-Din Bukhari, of whom was born Syed Mohammad Ghaus. On Zohra's death he married the second daughter of Syed Badar-u-Din, who gives birth to Syed Ahmed Kabir, the father of Makhdoom Jahania. In 642 Hijri when Nassir-u-Din Mahmud, son's of Shams-u-Din Altamash, was Sultan (ruler) of the kingdom of Delhi, Syed Jalal reached Uch, which was then called Deogarh, and its people began through him, to embrace Islam. The Raja Deo Singh, its ruler, was greatly incensed at this, and spared no effort to cause him trouble, but being overawed by the Syed's miracles he fled to Marwar. Innumerable miracles are attributed to him. The reverence which he enjoyed may be judged from the fact that rulers used to wait upon him at Uch, for example in 642 H. Nassir-u-Din Mahmud, the eldest son of Shams-u-Din Altamash, paid him visit at Uch.

He died in 690 H. in the reign of Ghayas-u-Din Balban, and was buried at Sonak Bela 3 miles of Uch, but the river Ghaggar reaching quite close to his grave; his descendants removed his remains to Uch and buried them at the place where the shirne Hazrat Sadar-u-Din Rajan Qattal is now situated. Again in 1027 H. the then Sajjada Nashin Makhdoom Hamid son of Muhammad Nassir-u-Din, removed the remains, buried them in the present spot and erected a building over them. In 1261 H. Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan III made some additions to it and built a tank and well, called the khan sir, in compound of the shrine. In 1300 H. Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV had it repaired and made some additions. Hindus, Sikhs, Christians and Muslims in and outside the state have a firm faith in this Khanqah and all kinds of vows are made there.

His Mission: He spread Islam to Sindh and Southern Punjab and is responsible for conversion of Talpur, Bhutto, Zardari, Rajpoot, Awan, Bhatti, Mahar, Khokhar, Laghari, Durrani, Langha, Khosa, Baloch, Soomro, Samma, Chadhar, Sial, Dahir, Mazari and Warren tribes among others to Islam. He also laid the foundations of a religious school in Uch (also spelled Uch) known as "Jamia Ferozia". He moved back to Bukhara once and later returned to finally settle in Uch in 1244 C.E.

He was founder of the "Jalali" Section of the Suhrawardi ("Suhrawardiyya") Sufi Order. "Jalali" being named after him. Some of his successors and descendents in the line went to Gujrat and became very famous there in every place of sub-continent. This includes Jalal b. Ahmad Kabir, popularly known as Makhdum-e-Jahaniyan (d. 1384 AD), who made thirty-six visits to Mecca; Abu Muhammad Abdullah, popularly known as Burhanuddin Qutb-e-Alam (d. 1453 AD) and Syed Muhammad Shah Alam (d. 1475 AD). It is narrated that Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Surkh-Posh Bukhari (R.A) had urged Chengiz Khan to spare the innocent people and embrace Islam. Enraged by this bold act of Jalal-ud-din, Chengiz Khan ordered that he might be thrown in fire. But to the utter surprise of Chengiz Khan and his courtiers the fire did not hurt Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Surkh-Posh Bukhari (R.A)

The great pioneers of the 13th century Sufi movement in South Asia were four friends known as "Chaar Yaar". Baba Farid Shakar Ganj of Pakpattan [1174-1266]; Jalaluddin Bukhari of Uch [c. 1192-1294]; Baha-ud-din Zakariya of Multan [1170-1267] and Lal Shahbaz Qalandar of Sehwan [1177-1274 ] . It is said that 17 leading tribes of Punjab accepted Islam at the hands of Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Bukhari (R.A). Some of these tribes were Kharals, Dhudhyan, Tobian and also Wattoo, a Rajput tribe. Hazrat Jalaluddin Bukhari converted the Soomro and Samma tribes of Sindh as stated earlier, the Sial, Chadhar, Dahir and Warren tribes of Southern Punjab and Sindh, and the Mazaris and several other Baluch tribes while Shahbaz Qalandar had a great following in Multan and Northern Sindh.

A beautiful view of Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Bukhari's shrine
Hazrat Syed Jalal-ud-din Surkh-Posh Bukhari (R.A)

Hazrat Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht (R.A)

A beautiful view of Hazrat Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht (R.A)'s shrine
Hazrat Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht (R.A)

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