Prevent household fires

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This article was last updated on 2/26/2009.
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Preventing household fires is one way to prevent injury or death from burns.

General fire precautions

  • Teach children that only grown-ups use fire. Keep lighters and matches out of reach of children.
  • Use smoke alarms on every level of your home. Test all smoke alarms monthly and change the batteries twice a year. It may help to schedule a regular date, such as the first day of each month, to check alarms and to change batteries on the first day of fall and the first day of spring every year (or when daylight savings time begins and ends, if you live in a state where this applies). Replace smoke alarms every 10 years.
  • If you live in an apartment building or group living facility such as a dorm, make sure you know the number of doors between your room to the nearest emergency exit.
  • Keep the multipurpose type of fire extinguishers in your kitchen, garage, and other areas where hazardous materials may be stored or used. These extinguishers are labeled with "ABC"—"A" is for wood, paper, and trash fires; "B" is for grease fires and flammable liquids; "C" is for electrical fires.
  • Sleep with bedroom doors closed.
  • Check and clean appliances regularly. Replace cords when needed.
  • Ensure that space heaters, wood stoves, and furnaces are regularly inspected and properly installed. Do not use space heaters while you are asleep or when you are not in the room. Keep all heating elements at least 3 feet away from items that can easily catch fire, such as curtains or rugs. Only use electric space heaters that turn off automatically if they tip over. Do not use an oven to heat a room.
  • Have your fireplace and chimney inspected yearly and cleaned as needed.
  • Be careful with lit candles. Always monitor their use, and keep them out of children's rooms. Use flashlights rather than candles if there is a power outage.
  • Do not smoke or allow smoking in your home.

Fire survival skills

In addition, teach your children about how to survive in a fire. Some very young children will not understand these concepts. However, start discussing the issues early and repeat frequently.

  • Plan and periodically practice escape routes. Make sure there are at least two escape routes from each area of your home, including upper stories and the basement.
  • Firefighters in full gear frighten some children. Explain to your child why firefighters need equipment and show them pictures. Tell children not to hide from firefighters.
  • Show your child how to stop, drop, and roll if any part of his or her body or clothing catches on fire.
Author: Debby Golonka, MPHLast Updated: February 26, 2009
Medical Review: Michael J. Sexton, MD - Pediatrics
Thomas Emmett Francoeur, MDCM, CSPQ, FRCPC - Pediatrics

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