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** planten, groenwieren en hoger
**	Algemeen
**		P = Parker1982 Synopsis & classification of the living world RUULEESZAAL
**		X = Benton1993 The Fossil Record 2
**	Chlorophycota
**		S = http://...seaweed.ie
**		p = protista http://
**	Botany
**		N = Names in Current Use (ncu)1992 ftp://huh.harvard.edu, ....au
**		I = Index Nominum Generorum1999 http://
**	Bryophyta
**		C = Crosby1978 ANNA
**		S = Schofield1985 IntrodBryol RDAMOPENB
**		M = MissouriBotGarden199? http://...mobot.org (#=number of names, valid or not?)
**	Tracheophyta
**		m = Mabberley1987 The Plant-book
**		M = Mabberley1997 The Plant-book
**		H = Holmes1991 Plant Fossil Record http://
**		i = International Plant Name Index2001 http://www.ipni.org/
**		B = Brummitt2001 http://...kew.../
**	Magnoliophyta
**		C = Crosby1992 BotRev58 ANNA
**		F = FloraOnline28(1992) //huh.harvard.edu
**
* PLANTAE
*  CHLOROPHYCOTA<>
*   CHLOROPHYTA

$Pascher1914 {/groenwieren} * Chlorophyceae $Kuetzing1833 * ?: \(~Prasinophyceae~Volvocida) * Dunaliellales {"CW-group1} \(=Dunaliellina) ************************* DUNALIELLACEAE $??? #P3/ *X:Rec =POLYBLEPHARIDACEAE $??? =DUNALIELLIDAE Amphoraemonas $Szabados1948 #NI \TS:A. scherffelii$< Apiochloris $Pascher1930 #NIp \TS:??? Aulacomonas $Skuja1939 #NI \TS:A. submarina$< Chloronephris $Pascher&Jahoda1928; #NIpv \TS:C. pigra$< Chlorovitta $Schiller1926(|1925) #NIv \TS:C. mutabilis$< Collodictyon $Carter1865 #NIpv \TS:C. triciliatum$< Dunaliella $Teodoresco1905(|1904,?1905) #P~5,NIpv \TS:Haematococcus salinus$Dunal1??? Hyaliella $Pascher1931 #NIp \TS:H. polytomoides$< Hyalocardium $Ettl1965 #NIpv \TS(+R Cardiomonas$Schiller1954) ==Cardiomonas $Schiller1954 #(I)v \(+P$Korshikov1916(Prasinophyceae/Nephroselmidaceae)) \TS:C. printzii$< ==Pseudocardiomonas $Bourrelly1966 #(I) \TS(+UR Cardiomonas$Schiller1954) Jolyella $Ruinen1938 #NIpv \(?:) \TS:J. indica$< Korschikoffia $Pascher1927 #NIp \TS(+NYD) Medusochloris $Pascher1917 #NIv \TS:M. phiale$< Papenfussiomonas $Desikachary1972 #NIpv \(?Pappenfussiomonas$Desikachary1???) \TS:Dunaliella cordata$Pascher&Jahoda1;??? Phyllocardium $Korshikov1927(=Korschikoff) #NIp,f1 \TS:P. complanatum$Korshikov1??? Platella $ProshkinaLavrenko1945 #NIp \(?:) \TS:P. mirabilis$< Polyblepharides $Dangeard1888 #PNIpv \TS:P. singularis$< Polytomella $Aragao1910 #P~10,NIp \TS:P. agilis$< Printziella $Skvortzov1958(=Skvortzow) #NIv \TS:P. biflagellata$< Pseudostephanoptera $ProshkinaLavrenko1945 #NI \TS:P. propeller$< Quadrichloris $Fott1959(?1960) #NIp \TS(+R Tetrachloris$Pascher&Jahoda1928;) ==Tetrachloris $Pascher&Jahoda1928; #(I)pv \(?:) \(+P$Pascher1925(!Bacteria/?:)) \TS:T. carterioides$< ==Tetrachloridium $HuberPestalozzi1961 #(I) \TS(+R Tetrachloris$Pascher&Jahoda1928;|?) Selenochloris $Pascher1927 #NIpv \(~Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:Chloroceras lobatum$Schiller1??? Silvamonas $Skvortzov1967 #NIp \TS:S. lobata$< Spermatozopsis $Korshikov1913 #NIp,n1 \TS:S. exsultans$< Sycamina $Tieghem1880(=VanTieghem) #NIv \TS:S. nigrescens$< Tetrapteromonas $Ruinen1938 #NI \TS:T. cornelii$< Triptera $ProshkinaLavrenko1945 #NI \TS:T. salina$< Ulochloris $Pascher1916 #NIp \(?:) \TS:U. oscillans$< . =Tetraptera $Rasumov1923 #(I) \(+P$Philippi1870(Magnoliopsida/Malvaceae)) \TS:??? ? Conradimonas $Kufferath1954 #NI \TS:C. minusculus$< Isomita $Diesing1866 #NI \TS:Monas dunalii$Joly1??? Oltmannsia $Schiller1925 #NIv \TS:O. viridis$< ASTEROMONADACEAE $??? *X:Rec Asteromonas $Artari1913 #NXIp \(?^Polyblepharidaceae~Pyramimonadaceae) \TS:A. gracilis$< DANGEARDINELLACEAE $??? *X:Rec \(~Dunaliellaceae) Dangeardinella $Pascher1930 #NIp \TS:D. saltatrix$< RACIBORSKIELLACEAE Raciborskiella $Wislouch1924 #N(I)p \(+P$VonHoehnel1909(Pyrenomycetes/Microthyriaceae)) \TS:??? ************************* * Volvophycidae \(=Volvocida$France1894) * Chlamydomonadales {"CW-group1} \(=Chlamydomonadina) ************************* CHLAMYDOMONADACEAE $??? #P~24/700,30/ *X:OTert-Rec%[F] |[0.005-0.03] {/waterbloei} Chlamydomonas $Ehrenberg1834(?1833) #TPIp,n12 *N:Eoc,Rec \(+incorOrigSp:Chlamidomonas$<#(I)) \TS:Monas pulvisculus$Mueller1??? ==Diselmis $Dujardin1837 #(I)v \TS:Monas pulvisculus$Mueller1??? ==Phacelomonas $Ehrenberg1837 #(I) \TS:Monas pulvisculus$Mueller1??? =Allodorina $Fromentel1874 #(I)v \TS:A. irregularis$< =Dangeardinia $Tempere1901 #(I) \(<=$Bougon1???) \TS(+R Dangeardia$Bougon1901) ==Dangeardia $Bougon1901 #(I) \(+P$Schroeder1898(Chytridiomycetes/Phlyctidiaceae)) \TS:??? =Glenomorum $Schmarda1854 #(I) \(+P$Ehrenberg1838(Chlorophyceae/Chlamydomonadaceae)) \TS:??? =Isococcus $Fritsch1914 #(I) \TS:I. sphagnicolus$< =Microglena $Ehrenberg1831 #(I) \TS:M. monadina$< =Polyselmis $Dujardin1841 #(I)v \TS:P. viridis$< =Protococcus $Agardh1824(?Rabenhorst1???) #(I),S0,f2,n4 \(+NomRej vs Chlamydomonas) \TS:Uredo nivalis$Bauer1??? =Sphaerella $Sommerfelt1824 #(I)v \^^Uredo \(+NomRej vs Chlamydomonas) \TS:??? ==Chlorococcum $Fries1825 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Meneghini1842(Chlorophyceae/Chlorococcaceae)) \TS:Uredo nivalis$Bauer1??? Chloromonas $Gobi1899-1900 #PIp,n2 \(+NomCons) \TS:Chlamidomonas reticulata$Goroschankin1??? Provasoliella $Loeblich1967 #PIp \TS(+R Tetramastix$Korshikov1925) ==Tetramastix $Korshikov1925(=Korschikov) #(I)v \(+P$Alexeieff1916(Proteromonada/Proteromonadidae)) \(~Carteria$Diesing1866) \TS:Carteria ovata$Jacobsen1??? . Agloe $Pascher1912 #(I)v \TS:A. biciliata$< Akiyamaea $Skvortzov&Noda1981; #I \(missp:Akiyamae) \TS:A. quinquelobata$< Brachiomonas $Bohlin1897 #NI,S0,pv \TS(+NYD) Chloroceras $Schiller1927 #NIv \TS:C. corniferum$< Chlorogonium $Ehrenberg1837(?1830) #PNIp,n2 \(~Haematococcaceae) \TS:Astasia euchlora$Ehrenberg1??? =Cercidium $Dangeard1888 #(I)v \(+P$Tulasne1844(Magnoliopsida/Caesalpiniaceae)) \TS:C. elongatum$< =Dyas $Ehrenberg1853 #(I) \TS:D. viridis$< =Glenomorum $Ehrenberg1838 #(I)v \TS:Monas tingens$Ehrenberg1??? Chlorotriangulum $Kufferath1914 #NI \TS:C. minutum$< Cornumonas $Schiller1926(|1925) #NIv \TS:C. tricornis$< Costatochloris $Ettl&Ettl1959; #Ip \TS:Carteria quadricostata$Pascher1??? Cylindromonas $Hansgirg1888(?Hensgirg) #NIv \TS:C. fontinalis$< Diplostauron $Korshikov1925 #NIp,n1 \TS:D. angulosa$< Furcilla $Stokes1890 #Ipv \(?:) \(?Furcilia$Stokes1890#p) \TS:F. lobosa$< Gametamoeba $Pascher1918 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Gigantochloris $Pascher1927 #NIp \TS:G. permaxima$< Gloeomonas $Klebs1886(?1888) #NIp \TS:G. ovalis$< Heterochlamydomonas $Cox&Deason1969; #Ip \TS:H. inaequalis$< Hiroseia $Skvortzov1972 #I \TS:H. quinquelobata$< Hyalobrachion $Swindell1939 #NIp \TS:H. omphalotus$< Hyalogonium $Pascher1927 #PNIp \(~Haematococcaceae) \TS(+NYD) Lobomonas $Dangeard1899(?1898) #NIp \TS:L. francei$< Parapolytoma $Jameson1914 #NIv \TS:P. satura$< Peterfiella $Gerloff1940 #Ip \^^Chlamidomonas \TS:P. alata$< Phyllariochloris $Pascher&Jahoda1928; #NIpv \TS(+R Phyllomonas$Korshikov1925) ==Phyllomonas $Korshikov1925(=Korschikow) #(I)v \(+P$Klebs1892(Chrysophyceae/?:)) \TS:P. torta$< ==Phyllariomonas $Pascher1938 #(I) \TS(+UR Phyllomonas$Korshikov1925) Platychloris $Pascher1927 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Chloromonas$Gobi1899-1900) \TS:P. minima$Pascher1???=Chlamidomonas minima$Pascher1???(+P$Dangeard1???) Polytoma $Ehrenberg1832("")(|1831,?1838) #PNIpv \TS:P. uvella$< ==Hydromorum $Ehrenberg1848 #(I) \TS:??? =Glenopolytoma $Diesing1866 #(I)v \TS:Polytoma ocellatum$Perty1??? Schilleriomonas $Desikachary1976 #I \TS:Cymbomonas adriatica$Schiller1??? Smithsonimonas $Kol1942 #I \TS:S. abbotii$< Sphenochloris $Pascher1922 #NIpv \TS(+NYD) Spirogonium $Pascher1927 #NIp \TS:Carteria chlorogonioides$Pascher1??? Tetrablepharis $Wille1909 #Ip \(<=$Senn1???) \TS($Senn1???>Wille):Tetramitus globulus$Zacharias1??? Tetradonta $Korshikov1925 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Chloromonas$Gobi1899-1900) \TS:T. variabilis$< Tsumuraia $Skvortzov1972 #I \TS:T. numerosa$< Tussetia $Pascher1927 #NIp \TS:T. polytomoides$< Vitreochlamys $Batko1970 #Ip \TS(+R Sphaerellopsis$Korshikov1926) ==Sphaerellopsis $Korshikov1925 #(I)p,n1 \(+P$Cooke1883(mitosporicPyrenomycetes/Phaeosphaeriaceae)) \TS:S. crassicauda$< . Pseudofurcilla $Jane1944 #(I) \TS:P. lobosa$< . \("Prasinovolvocales) Prasinocarteria $Chadefaud1954 #NI \TS:Carteria semiglobosa$Pascher1??? Prasinochlamydomonas $Chadefaud1954 #NI \TS:Chlamidomonas impressa$Pascher1??? ^ Chlamydomonopsis $Edhorn1973 #(I)v *I:MPreCm@Onta \TS:P.... primordialis$Edhorn1??? ? Cryodactylon $Chodat1922 #N(I) \TS:C. glacile$< Dimystax $Tieghem1880(=VanTieghem) #NIv \(+missp:Dimyxtas) \(?:) \TS:D. perrieri$< Oltmannsiella $Zimmermann1930 #NIp,n1 \TS:O. lineata$< Tetratoma $Buetschli1884 #NIpv \(+P$Fabricius1790(???/????);+P$Gistl1848(???/????);+P$Signoret1851(???/????)) \TS:T. archerii$Wille1??? Scintilla $Playfair1921 #NIv \TS(+NYD) CARTERIACEAE $??? \(~Chlamydomonadaceae) Carteria $Diesing1866 #PNIp,n11 \(+missp:Charteria$Schmidle1903#v) \TS:C. cordiformis$< =Corbiera $Dangeard1888 #(I) \(?Corbierea$Dangeard1888#(p)) \TS:C. vulgaris$< =Hafniomonas $Ettl&Moestrup1980; #NI(p)v \(?^Dunaliellaceae^Volvocida) \TS:Pyramimonas reticulata$Korshikov1??? =Pithiscus $Dangeard1888 #(Ip)v \(+P$Kuetzing1849(Zygophyceae/Desmidiaceae)) \TS:P. klebsii$< (Carteriopsis) $Pascher1927 #(n) \TS:??? (Pseudaglo) $Meyer1952 #(n) \(=$Pascher1927(+^A)) \TS:??? Chlainomonas $Christen1959 #Ipv \TS:C. ovalis$< Pseudocarteria $Ettl1958 #Ip,n1 \^^Carteria \TS:P. pallida$< ACTINOCHLORIDACEAE $??? \(~Chlorococcales~Nautococcaceae) =HYPNOMONADACEAE $??? Actinochloris $Korshikov1953 #PNI(p) \(~Radiosphaera) \TS:A. sphaerica$< Deasonia $Ettl&Komarek1982; #Ip \TS:Neospongiococcum proliferum$Deason1??? Pseudodictyochloris $Vinatzer1975 #Ip \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \TS:P. dissecta$< Radiosphaera $Snow1918 #Ip \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \TS(+NYD) =Macrochloris $Korshikov1926 #I(p) \TS:M. dissecta$< Urnella $Playfair1918 #PNIp *Rec@Aus %Ts \(?^Protosiphonaceae/?:) \TS:U. terrestris$< PHACOTACEAE $??? #P~21/106 *X:Rec *OTert-Rec Amphitropis $Gicklhorn1920 #(I)v \(+P$Rabenhorst1868(Bacillariophyceae/Entomoneidaceae)) \TS:A. aequiciliata$< Cephalomonas $Higinbotham1942 #NIp \TS:C. granulata$< Chlamydoblepharis $Franze1894 #NIp \TS:C. brunnea$< Coccomonas $Stein1878(=VonStein) #NIp \TS:C. orbicularis$< Dysmorphococcus $Takeda1916 #PNIp,n1 \TS:D. variabilis$< Kleiniella $Franze1894 #NI \TS:K. stagnalis$< Pedinopera $Pascher1925 #NIpv \TS(+NYD) Phacotus $Perty1852 #TNIp,n2,v *N:BMioc,Rec \TS($Stein1???):Cryptomonas lenticularis$Ehrenberg1??? Chlorothoracus $Ettl1958 #N(I) \TS:Dysmorphococcus coccifer$Korshikov1??? Delphinomonas $Iyengar1976 #NIp \(?:) \TS:D. hemisphaerica$< Fortiella $Pascher1927 #NIp \(~Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:F. brunnea$< Fortiellopsis $Iyengar1976 #NIp \(?:) \TS:F. madraspatensis$< Gordejeviella $Skvortzov1958 #NIp \TS:Carteria nigra$Skvortzov1??? Granulochloris $Pascher&Johoda1928; #NIp \(?^Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:G. seriata$Pascher&Jahoda1;??? Hemitoma $Skuja1939 #NIp \TS:H. maeandrocystis$< Iyengariomonas $Desikachary1965 #NIp \TS:Pteromonas loligo$Conrad1??? Melomonas $Iyengar1976 #NIp \(?:) \TS:M. hemisphaerica$< Pedinoperopsis $Korshikov1938 #NIp \TS:P. gracilis$< Pteromonas $Seligo1887 #NIp,n1 \(?^Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:Chlamidomonas alata$Cohn1??? Pyramidococcus $Iyengar1976 #NIp \(?:) \TS:P. indicus$< Troitskiella $Skvortzov1968 #NI \TS:T. triangulata$< Thoracomonas $Korshikov1925(=Korschikoff) #NIp,n1 \TS:T. irregularis$Korshikov1??? Tingitanella $Bourrelly&Gayral1950; #NIp \TS:T. pasqualinii$< Wislouchiella $Skvortzow1926(|1925) #NIpv \TS:W. planctonica$< HAEMATOCOCCACEAE $??? #P2-3/5-7 *Rec@wide *X:Jura-Rec%F(regenplas) |[~0.03] {/bloedregen} \(~Chlamydomonadaceae~Volvocaceae) =STEPHANOSPHAERACEAE $??? Haematococcus $VonFlotow1844 #P4-5,NI,n2 *Rec@wide \(+NomCons) \(+^P Haematococcus$Agardh1828(+NomRej,Cyanophyceae/Chroococcaceae)) \TS:??? =Baltica $Droop1956 #(p) \TS:??? =Chlamydococcus $Braun1851 #(I) \(+missp:Chlamidococcus) \TS:Haematococcus pluvialis$Flotow1??? =Disceraea $Morren&Morren1841; #(I) \(+NomRej vs Haematococcus) \TS:D. purpurea$< Balticola $Droop1956 #N(I) \(~Haematococcus) \TS(+NYD) Stephanosphaera $Cohn1852 #P1,NIpv *Rec@USA,Enge,Eur \(~Volvocaceae) \TS:S. pluvialis$< =Stephanoma $Werneck1841(?Ehrenberg) #(I)v \(+P$Wallroth1833(mitosporicFungi/{Hyphomycetes})) \(+missp:Stephonoma$Cohn1852#v) \TS(+NYD) =Trochogonium $Ehrenberg1846 #(I)v \TS:T. rotula$< BASICHLAMYDACEAE $??? #1/1 *Rec@Eur,USA *X:Rec \(~Haematococcaceae~Volvocaceae) Basichlamys $Skuja1956 #1,NIp *Rec@Eur,USA \TS:Gonium sacculiferum$Scherffel1??? ************************* * Volvocales {"CW-group1} \(=Volvocina) ************************* VOLVOCACEAE $??? #P9/~48,11/ *Rec@wide *X:Rec%F |[~0.06-0.08] {/kogelwiertje} Pandorina $BoryDeStVincent1824(=Bory) #3-4,NIp,n3 *Rec@wide \TS:Volvox morum$Mueller1??? =Botryocystis $Kuetzing1843 #(I)v \TS:B. morum$< =Diplodorina $Fromentel1874 #(I)v \TS:D. massoni$< =Gyges $BoryDeStVincent1827(|1824) #NIv \TS($Ehrenberg1???):Volvox granulum$Mueller1??? Eudorina $Ehrenberg1832(?1831) #[5],NIp,n1 *Rec@wide \TS:E. elegans$< Pleodorina $Shaw1894 #2?,NIp,n3,v *Rec@wide \TS:P. californica$< Volvox $Linnaeus1758|(Linnaeus)Ehrenberg1830 #~20,NIp,n7 *Rec@wide \TS:V. globator$< =Besseyosphaera $Shaw1916 #(I) \TS:B. powersii("Powersi")$Shaw1??? =Campbellosphaera $Shaw1920 #(I) \TS:C. obversa$< =Copelandosphaera $Shaw1922 #(I) \TS:C. dissipatrix$< =Janetosphaera $Shaw1922 #(I) \TS:Volvox aureus$Ehrenberg1??? =Merrillosphaera $Shaw1922 #(I)v \TS($Shaw1??? var. manilana$Shaw1???):Volvox carteri$Stein1??? =Sphaerosira $Ehrenberg1832("") #(I)v \TS:S. volvox$< Platydorina $Kofoid1899 #1,NIpv *Rec@USA \TS:P. caudata$< Volvulina $Playfair1915 #3,NIp,n1 *Rec@wide \TS:V. steinii$< Lundiella $Sarma&Shyam1974; #1,NIpv *Rec@India \(?:) \TS:L. indica$< Stephanoon $Schewiakoff1893(|1892) #2,NIv *Rec@Aus,Eur,Afr,USA \TS:S. askenasii$< Mastigosphaera $Schewiakoff1893(|1892) #1,NIv *Rec@NZ,UK \TS:M. gobii$< . Eudorinella $Lemmermann1900 #NI \TS:Eudorina wallichii$Turner1??? Yamagishiella $Nozaki1992(?1981) #p,n1 \TS:??? ^ Eovolvox $Kazmierczak1975 #N(I)v *NI:Dev/Frs@Z-Polen \TS:E. silesiensis$< TETRABAENACEAE $Nozaki&Itoh1994; \(~Volvocaceae/?:) Tetrabaena $Fromentel1874 #NIp,n2 \(=$Dujardin1841(+^A)) \(=$Dujardin1841#v) \^^Cryptomonas/ \TS:Cryptomonas socialis$Dujardin1??? PLATYMONADACEAE $??? *X:Rec \(~Chlorodendrales~Prasinocladaceae"Prasinocladales) Aulacochlamys $Margalef1946 #N(I) \TS:Platymonas roscoffensis$Dangeard1??? Chlamydonephris $Ettl&Ettl1959; #NIp \(~Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:Chlamidomonas pomiformis$Pascher1??? Platymonas $West1916 #X(Ip) \(!Tetraselmis~Volvocaceae) \TS:P. tetrathele$< Pyramichlamys $Ettl&Ettl1959; #NIp \(~Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:Carteria quadrangulata$Pascher1??? ASTREPHOMENACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@ZAfr,Aus,USA %Fio *X:Rec \(~Volvocaceae) =GONIACEAE $??? Astrephomene $Pocock1954 #P1,NIp *Rec@ZAfr,Aus,USA %Fio \TS:A. gubernaculifera$< Gonium $Mueller1773 #8,NI,f1,S0,p,n6 *Rec@wide \TS:G. pectorale$< ==Gonomus $Rafinesque1815 #v \TS(+E Gonium$Mueller1773) =Glenogonium $Diesing1866 #(I)v \TS:Gonium helveticum$Perty1??? =Pectoralina $BoryDeStVincent1827(|1824) #(I)v \TS:P. hebraica$< =Tetragonium $West&West1896; #(I) \TS:T. lacustre$< SPONDYLOMORACEAE $??? #P3/~12 %Fp *X:Rec Spondylomorum $Ehrenberg1848 #P,2-3,NIpv *Rec@Eur,USA \TS:S. quaternarium$< =Synaphia $Perty1849 #(I)v \(+P$Nees&Nees1;???>Reichenbach1841(Fungi/?:)) \TS:S. dujardinii$< =Uva $Playfair1914 #(I) \(+P$Kuntze1891(Magnoliopsida/Annonaceae)) \TS:??? Pascherina $Silva1959 #P,1,NIp \TS(+R Pascheriella$Korshikov1928) ==Pascheriella $Korshikov1928 #(I)v \(+P Pascherella$Conrad1926(Chrysophyceae/Chrysocapsales?)) \(?Pascherinella) \TS:P. tetras$< Pyrobotrys $Arnoldi1916 #P,9,NIp,n4 *Rec@wide \("PYROBOTRYACEAE$Melkonian1990) \TS:P. incurva$< =Chlamydobotrys $Korshikov1924 #(I),n1 \(+missp:Chlamydobotris) \TS(+NYD) =Chlamydosphaera $Schkorbatow1923 #(I) \TS:C. korschikowi$< =Chlorobrachis $Korshikov1925(=Korschikoff) #NIp \(?Chlorobrachys) \(~Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:C. gracillima$Korshikov1??? CHLORCORONACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@Tsje *X:Rec \(~Spondylomoraceae~Volvocaceae) =CORONACEAE $??? Chlorcorona $Fott1967(?1949) #P1,NIp *P:Rec@Tsje \TS(+R Corone$Fott1949) ==Corone $Fott1949 #(I) \(+P$(Hoffmannsegg>Reichenbach)Fourreau1868(Magnoliopsida/Caryophyllaceae)) \TS:C. bohemica$< ? Cumulosphaera $Edhorn1973 #(I) *I:MPreCm@Onta \TS:C. lamellosa$< ************************* * Tetrasporales {"DO-group} ************************* GLOEOCOCCACEAE $Fott1972 #P1/8 *X:Rec \(~Palmellopsidaceae) Gloeococcus $Braun1851 #P8,NIp \(+NomCons) \(?^Palmellaceae) \TS(+TypCons):G. minor$Braun1??? =Gloiococcus $Shuttleworth1840 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Gloeococcus) \TS:Haematococcus grevillei$Agardh1??? COLLINSIELLACEAE $??? #P2/ %M *X:Rec \("Chlorosarcinales~Ulotrichales) Collinsiella $Setchell&Gardner1903; #PNI,S3 \(?^Palmellaceae) \TS:C. tuberculata$< Collinsiellopsis $Chihara1967 #PI,S1,p \TS:C. expansa$< PALMELLOPSIDACEAE $??? #P7/~13 *X:Rec =ASTEROCOCCACEAE $Fott1972 =GLOEOCYSTACEAE $??? Asterococcus $Scherffel1908(?1909) #NIp \(?^Palmellaceae) \(ASTEROCOCCACEAE) \TS:Pleurococcus superbus$Cienkowski1??? Chlamydocapsa $Fott1972 #Ip \(ASTEROCOCCACEAE) \TS:Gloeocapsa ampla$Kuetzing1??? Gloeocystis $Naegeli1849 #NI,n1 \(GLOEOCYSTACEAE) \(?^Palmellaceae~Coccomyxaceae) \TS:G. vesiculosa$< Nautocapsa $Ettl&Ettl1959; #PNIp \(NAUTOCOCCACEAE) \TS:Carteria neustophila$Czosnowski1??? Palmellopsis $Korshikov1953 #NIp \TS:P. gelatinosa$< Palmoclathrus $Womersley1971 #NI,S1,p \(~Palmellaceae) \TS:P. stipitatus$< Palmophyllum $Kuetzing1847("1845") #NI,S4,p,n1 \(^Palmellaceae) \TS:??? Ploeotila $MrozinskaWebb1973(?1972) #NIp \TS:P. ramosa$< Pseudosphaerocystis $Woronichin1931 #NIp \TS:P. planctonica$< =Gemellicystis $Teiling1946 #(Ip) \(?^Tetrasporaceae) \TS:G. neglecta$< =Planktogloea $Skuja1948 #(p) \TS:??? Sphaerellocystis $Ettl1960 #NIp \(?^Nautococcaceae) \TS:S. ellipsoidea$< Tetrasporidium $Moebius1893 #NIp \(?^Palmellaceae) \TS:T. javanicum$< =Schizodictyon $Thompson1951 #NI(p) \(+P$Kuetzing1843(Cyanophyceae/Oscillatoriaceae)) \TS:??? Verdigellas $Ballantine&Norris1994; #S3,p,n3 \TS:??? CHARACIOCHLORIDACEAE $??? #P14/~48 *X:Rec =CHLORANGIELLACEAE $??? =CHLORANGIOPSIDACEAE $??? =CHLOROPHYSEMACEAE $??? CHARACIOCHLORIDOIDEAE" Characiochloris $Pascher1927 #Ip,n1 \TS:C. characioides$< Chlamydocystis $Iyengar1975 #I \TS:C. indica$< Chlamydopodium $Ettl&Komarek1982; #Ip,n1 \TS:Characium pluricoccum$Korshikov1??? Stylosphaeridiella $Iyengar1975 #I \TS:S. crucigeniae$< CHLORANGIELLOIDEAE" Cecidochloris $Skuja1948 #NIp \^^Chlorophysema \(CHLOROPHYSEMACEAE) \TS:C. stichogloeae$< Chlamydomonadopsis $Fott1972 #Ip \TS:Chlorangiopsis elliptica$Korshikov1??? Chlorangiella $Toni1889(=DeToni) #Ip \TS(+R Chlorangium$VonStein1878) ==Chlorangium $Stein1878 #(Ip)v \(+P$Link1849(Lecanoromycetes/Hymeneliaceae)) \TS:Stentor pygmaeus$Ehrenberg1??? =Chlorangiochloris $Korshikov1932 #(I) \TS:C. pyriformis$< Chlorangiogloea $Korshikov1953 #I \(~Chlorangiella) \TS(+R Gloeochloris$Korschikov1932) ==Gloeochloris $Korshikov1932 #I(p) \(+P$Pascher1932(Xanthophyceae/Heterogloeaceae)) \TS:G. consociata$< Chlorangiopsis $Korshikov1932 #NIp \(CHLORANGIOPSIDACEAE) \TS:Characiochloris epizootica$Pascher1??? Chloremys $Pascher1940 #NIp \(CHLOROPHYSEMACEAE) \TS:C. sessilis$< Chlorophysema $Pascher1927 #Ip \(CHLOROPHYSEMACEAE,CHLORANGIOPSIDACEAE) \TS:Chlamidomonas apiocystiformis$Artari1??? Metapolytoma $Skuja1958 #Ip \TS:M. bacteriferum$< Pseudochlorangium $Bourrelly1966 #p \TS:??? ? Malleochloris $Pascher1927 #NIp \TS:M. sessilis$< ==Mellochloris $Pascher1927 #N(I) \TS:??? Physocytium $Borzi1883 #NIp \TS:P. confervicola$< Stylosphaeridium $Geitler&Gimesi1925; #NIp \(?^Prasinocladaceae/?:) \TS:Chlamidomonas stipitatum$Bachmann1??? . Swarchewskiella $Yasnitskii1931 #I \TS:S. rotans$< CHAETOCHLORIDACEAE $??? #P4/~9 *X:Rec \(~Tetrasporaceae) =CHLORANGIACEAE $??? Polychaetochloris $Pascher1940 #PNIp \TS:P. aggregata$< Chlorangiochaete $Korshikov1953 #PNIp \(?Chlorangiochaeta) \TS:C. epiphytica$< Chaetochloris $Pascher&Korshikov1932; #PNIp \(?^Chlorangiellaceae) \TS:C. consociata$< TETRASPORACEAE $??? #P8/~16 *X:Rec Apiocystis $Naegeli1849 #NIp \TS:A. brauniana$< Fottiella $Ettl1955 #NIp \TS:F. quadricellularis$< Octosporiella $Kugrens1984 #NIp \TS:O. coloradoensis$< Paulschulzia $Skuja1948 #NIp \TS(+R Schulziella$Teiling1942) ==Schulziella $Teiling1942 #(I) \(+P$Hanna&Forti1933;(Bacillariophyceae/?:)) \TS:Tetraspora pseudovolvox$Schulz1??? Stapfia $Chodat1897 #NI \TS:S. cylindrica$< ==Chodatia $Hansgirg1903 #(I) \TS:??? Tachygonium $Naegeli1860 #NI \TS:T. naegelii$Rabenhorst1??? Tetraspora $Desvaux1818 #NIp,n2 \(<=$Link1809) \TS($Desvaux1???):Ulva gelatinosa$Vaucher1??? ==Tetrasporella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS(+R Tetraspora$Link1???>Desvaux1818) ^ Palmophylloites $Straus1952 #N(I) *NI:Plioc@Duit \TS:P. europaea$< ? Bulbococcus $Korshikov1953 #(I) \TS:B. quadrisetus$< Pagerogala $Wood1872 #(I) \(?Animalia) \TS:P. stellio$< NAUTOCOCCACEAE $??? #P11/~19 *X:Rec Signiosphaera $Broady1977 #PNI \TS:S. multinucleata$< CHAETOPELTIDACEAE $??? \(~Chaetophorineae) Chaetopeltis $Berthold1878 #NI,S1,p \(~Volvocaceae~Tetrasporaceae) \TS:C. orbicularis$< ==Bertholdia $Lagerheim1889 #(I) \TS:??? ==Bertholdiella $Klebahn1892 #(I) \TS:??? =Myxochaeta $Bohlin1890 #(I) \TS:M. barbata$< Dicranochaete $Hieronymus1890(?1887) #PNIp \(DICRANOCHAETACEAE#P1/*X:Rec) \(?^Chaetosphaeridiaceae) \TS:D. reniformis$< Hormotilopsis $Trainor&Bold1954;(?1953) #NIp \(?^Palmellaceae) \TS:H. gelatinosa$< Porochloris $Pascher1929 #PIp \(~Chaetochloridaceae) \TS:P. tetragona$< Schizochlamys $Kuetzing1849 #NIp \(<=$Braun1848) \(~Tetrasporaceae) \TS:S. gelatinosa$Kuetzing1???(<=Braun) =Tetracoccus $Tereg1923 #(I) \(+P$Engelmann1???>Parry1885(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS:T. cartilagineus$< ^ Tetrasporites $Fliche1886 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Oligoc@Fran \TS:T. alsaticus$< ************************* * . {Volvocida} ************************* \\Lobochlamys $Proeschold&Marin;&Schloesser;&Melkonian2001; #zzv ~(Prot/Volvocida) \\Megaclonophycus $Xue&Tang;&Yu;&Zhou1995; #zzv ~(Prot/Volvocida) \\Oogamochlamys $Proeschold&Marin;&Schloesser;&Melkonian2001; #zzv ~(Prot/Volvocida) \\Parapandorina $Xue&Tang;&Yu;&Zhou1995; #zzv ~(Prot/Volvocida) \\Praviglobus $Xue&Tang;&Yu;&Zhou1995; #zzv ~(Prot/Volvocida) \\Spiralicellula $Xue&Tang;&Yu;&Zhou1995; #zzv ~(Prot/Volvocida) \\Yamagishiella $Nozaki1992 #zzv ~(Prot/Volvocida) ************************* * Protococcophycidae {"CW-group2} * Chlorococcales $Marchand1985(?)>Pascher1915 *Rif-Rec %F,M \(=Protococcales) ************************* CHARACIACEAE $??? ACTIDESMIOIDEAE $??? Actidesmium $Reinsch1875(?1891) #NIp \TS:A. hookeri$< Marthea $Pascher1918 #NIp \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS:M. tetras$< CHARACIOIDEAE $??? Bicuspidella $Pascher1932 #Ip \(?^Characiochloridaceae) \TS:B. incus$< Characiellopsis $Iyengar1975 #Ip \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \TS:Characium anophelesi$Iyengar&Iyengar1;??? Characium $Braun1849 #I,S1,p,n11 \TS:C. sieboldi$< =Ascidium $Braun1851 #(I) \(+P$Fee1824(Discomycetes/Thelotremataceae)) \TS:A. acuminatum$< =Hydrocytium $Braun1855 #(I) \TS:Characium acuminatum$Braun1??? Deuterocharacium $PetryHesse1968(?Petry1969) #Ip \TS:D. polyplastidicum$Petry1??? Hyalocharacium $Pascher1929 #p \TS:??? Hydrianum $Rabenhorst1868 #Ip \TS:H. ovale$< Pseudocharacium $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #Ip \TS:P. acuminatum$Korshikov1??? Pseudochlorothecium $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #Ip \TS:P. mucigenum$Korshikov1??? FERNANDINELLOIDEAE $??? Chloroplana $Hollerbach1936 #Ip \(?^Borodinellaceae) \TS:C. terricola$< Coleochlamys $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #Ip,n3 \TS:C. apoda$Korshikov1??? Fernandinella $Chodat1922 #NIp \(?^Hydrodictyaceae) \TS:F. alpina$< Rhopalosolen $Fott1957 #Ip \TS(+R Filarszkia$Korshikov1953) ==Filarszkia $Korshikov1953 #(I) \(+P Filarszkya$Forti1907(Cyanophyceae/Oscillatoriaceae)) \TS:Characium cylindricum$Lambert1??? Sykidion $Wright1881 #NI,S2,p \(~Characeae~Clorococcaceae) \TS:S. dyeri$< SCHROEDERIOIDEAE $??? Ankyra $Fott1957 #NIp,n2 \TS:A. ancora$(Smith1???)<=Schroederia setigera var ancora$Smith1??? Korshikoviella $Silva1959 #Ip \TS(+R Lambertia$Korshikov1953) ==Lambertia $Korshikov1953 #(I) \(+P$Smith1798(Magnoliopsida/Proteaceae)) \TS:Characium gracilipes$Lambert1??? Paradoxia $Svirenko1928 #NIp,n1 \(?^Hydrodictyaceae/?:) \TS:P. multiseta$< Schroederia $Lemmermann1898 #NIp \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:Reinschiella setigera$Schroeder1??? . Acrochasma $Korshikov1953 #I \TS:A. uncum$< Bicuspidellopsis $Korshikov1953 #I \TS(+NYD) Characiella $Schmidle1902 #NI \TS:C. rukwae$< Craniocystis $Korshikov1924 #(I) \TS:C. bipes$< Lanceola $Hindak1988 #I \TS:Lambertia spatulifera$Korshikov1??? Pseudoschroederia $Hegewald&Schnepf1986; #I,n1 \TS:Schroederia robusta$Korshikov1??? Pulvinococcus $Tschermak1943 #I \TS:P. praecipitans$< Tetraciella $Pascher&Petrova1930; #NI \TS:T. adhaerens$< ? Rhodoessa $Perty1852 #(I)v \TS:R. grimselina$< COCCOMYXACEAE $??? #P~12/51 *X:Rec Coccomyxa $Schmidle1901 #NI,S3,p,n2 \(~Chlorococcaceae) \TS:C. dispar$< Diogenes $Pennington1941 #I \TS:D. rotundus$< Lusitania $GonzalezGuerrero1949 #I \TS:L. henriquesii$< Nannochloris $Naumann1921 #NIp \TS(+NYD) Nannokloster $Pascher1915 #NI \TS:Stichococcus belonophorus$Pascher1??? Ouracoccus $Lindley1846 #I \(=$Hassall1845(+^A)) \^^Haematococcus/ \TS:Haematococcus allmanii$Hassall1??? ==Hassallia $Trevisan1848 #(I) \TS:??? Peniococcus $Woloszynska1914 #I \TS:P. nyanzae$< RADIOCOCCACEAE $??? \(~Coccomyxaceae) =CHAETOPEDIACEAE $??? \(~Tetrasporales) DICTYOCHLORELLOIDEAE $??? Dictyastrum $BeckVonMannagetta1926(=BeckMannagetta) #NIp \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS:D. mirabile$BeckVonMannagetta1??? Dictyochlorella $Silva1959 #Ip \TS(+R Dictyochloris$Korshikov1953) ==Dictyochloris $Korshikov1953 #(I) \(+P$Vischer1945(Chlorophyceae/Chlorococcaceae)) \TS:D. globosa$< Palmellosphaerium $Iyengar1971(?1970) #NIp \(?^Palmellaceae) \TS:P. planktonicum$< Pectodictyon $Taft1945 #NIp \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS:P. cubicum$< Sphaerodictyon $Jao1978 #(I)p \(+P$Geitler1925(Cyanophyceae/Chroococcaceae)) \TS:??? Tomaculum $Whitford1943 #NIp \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS:T. catenatum$< DISPOROIDEAE $??? Crucigloea $Soeder1978 #NIp \TS(+R Chaetopedia$Skuja1948) ==Chaetopedia $Skuja1948 #(I) \(+P$Pascher1939(Xanthophyceae/Heteropediaceae)) \TS:C. crassiseta$< ==Chaetoplaca $Skuja1969 #(I) \(+P$Sydow&Sydow1917;(Pyrenomycetes/Schizothyriaceae)) \TS(+R Chaetopedia$Skuja1948) Dispora $Printz1914 #Ip \(?^Coccomyxaceae) \TS:D. crucigenioides$< Phacomyxa $Skuja1956 #NIp,n1 \(?^Tetrasporaceae) \TS:P. sphagnophila$< Pseudotetraspora $Wille1906 #NI,S1,p \(~Palmellopsidaceae) \(?^Tetrasporaceae) \TS:P. marina$< Sporotetras $Butcher1932 #NIp \TS:S. pyriformis$< PLAMODICTYOIDEAE $??? \(PALMODICTYACEAE) \(~Palmellaceae) Catenococcus $Hindak1977 #NIp \TS:C. tortuosus$< Dactylothece $Lagerheim1883 #NIp \(?^Ulotrichaceae/?:) \TS:D. braunii$< Palmodictyon $Kuetzing1845 #NIp \TS:P. viride$< =Palmodactylon $Naegeli1849 #(I) \TS:P. varium$< RADIOCOCCOIDEAE $??? Coenochloris $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp,n3 \TS:C. pyrenoidosa$< Coenocystis $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp,n2 \TS:C. planctonica$< Eutetramonas $Walton1918 #p \TS:??? Gloeocysta $Naegeli1849 #p \TS:??? Mycacanthococcus $Hansgirg1890 #NIp \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:M. cellaris$< Myurococcus $Wille1909 #NIp \(<=$Hansgirg1890) \TS:Leucocystis urococcus$Hansgirg1??? Radiococcus $Schmidle1902 #NIp \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:Pleurococcus nimbatus$DeWildeman1??? Schizochlamydella $Korshikov1953 #NIp,n2 \(?^Stichogloeaceae) \TS:Schizochlamys delicatula$West1??? Thorakochloris $Pascher1932 #NIp,n3 \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:T. tetras$< . Coenococcus $Korshikov1953 #I,n1 \TS:C. planctonicus$< Neocystis $Hindak1988 #NI \TS:Coenochloris ovalis$Korshikov1??? Neosphaerochloris $Hindak1990 #NI,n1 \TS(+R Sphaerochloris$Hindak1988) ==Sphaerochloris $Hindak1988 #(I) \(+P$Dangeard1966(Xanthophyceae/?:)) \TS:Coenochloris asymmetrica$Hindak1??? Garhundacystis $Kostikov&Hoffman2000; #p \TS:??? CHLOROCOCCACEAE $??? #P47/260 *X:Rec CHLOROCOCCOIDEAE $??? Apodochloris $Komarek1959 #Ip,n1 \(?^Characiaceae) \TS:Characium simplicissimum$Korshikov1??? Chalarodora $Pascher1929 #PN,B1,Ip \(~Cyanophorophyceae/Gloeochaetaceae,?^Palmellaceae) \(NAUTOCOCCACEAE) \TS:C. azurea$< Chlorococcum $Meneghini1842 #Ip,S1,n7 \(+NomCons) \^^Lepra \TS:??? =Cystococcus $Naegeli1849 #(I) \TS:C. humicola$< =Stenoplana $Tereg1923 #(I) \TS:S. bertholdi$< Cystomonas $Ettl&Gaertner1987; #Ip \TS($Ettl&Gartner1;???):Chlamydomonas actinosphaerii$Skuja1??? Hypnomonas $Korshikov1926 #PNIp,n1 \(?^Chlamydomonadaceae) \(NAUTOCOCCACEAE) \TS(+NYD) Nautococcopsis $Geitler1943 #PNIp \(NAUTOCOCCACEAE) \TS:Nautococcus constrictus$Korshikov1??? Nautococcus $Korshikov1926 #PNIp,n2 \(NAUTOCOCCACEAE) \TS(+NYD) Neospongiococcum $Deason1971 #Ip \TS:Spongiococcum alabamense$Deason1??? Pseudoplanophila $Ettl&Gaertner1987; #Ip \TS:Planophila sphagnothermalis$Pascher1??? SPONGIOCOCCOIDEAE $??? =TETRACYSTACEAE $??? \(?TETRACYSTIDACEAE) \("Chlorosarcinales) Axilosphaera $Cox&Deason1968; #Ip \(?Axiloshaera) \TS:A. vegetata$< Borodinellopsis $Dykstra1971 #Ip \TS:B. texensis$< Desmotetra $Deason&Floyd1987; #NI,n1 \TS:Chlorosarcina stigmatica$Deason1??? Fasciculochloris $McLean&Trainor1965; #Ip \TS:F. boldii$< Heterotetracystis $Cox&Deason1968; #Ip \TS:H. akinetos$< Spongiococcum $Deason1959 #Ip \TS:S. tetrasporum$< Tetracystis $Brown&Bold1964; #Ip,n1 \TS:T. aeria$< . Asterochloris $TschermakWoess1980 #I,n1 \TS:A. phycobiontica$< Bernardinella $Chodat1921 #(I) \TS:B. bipyramidata$< Chlorellopsis $Kol&Chodat1934; #(I) \(+P$Reis1923(fossilAlgae/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Chlorohippotes $Thompson&Timpano1984; #I,n1 \(<=$Thompson1???) \TS:C. tenax$< Chlorozebra $Reisigl1969 #(I) \TS:C. multinucleatum$< Cryococcus $Kol&Chodat1934; #(I) \TS:C. helveticus$< Dictyochloropsis $Geitler1966 #Ip,n1 \TS:D. splendida$< Embryosphaera $Trevisan1848 #(I) \TS:Protococcus meneghinii$Kuetzing1??? Emergococcus $Miller1921 #NI \TS:E. lucens$< Eremotyle $Geitler1952 #(I) \TS:E. affixa$< Ferricystis $Hindak1988 #I \TS:F. mucicola$< Myrmecia $Printz1921(?Prinjtz) #NIp,n4 \(+P$Schreber1789(Magnoliopsida/Gentianaceae)) \("MYRMECIACEAE$Ettl&Gartner1995;) \TS:M. globosa$Printz1??? Phaseolaria $Printz1921 #NI,n1 \TS:P. obliqua$< Poloidion $Pascher1944 #NI \TS:P. didymos$< Pulchrasphaera $Deason1967 #I,n1 \TS:P. macronucleata$< Telmatoskene $Fott1957 #NI \TS:T. mucosa$< Valkanoviella $Bourrelly1965 #I \TS:V. vaucheriae$< ^ Plaesiodictyon $Wille1970 #N(I) *NI:MTr/OKeuper@Luxe \TS:P. mosellanum$< RHODOCHYTRIACEAE $??? #P1/1 *X:Rec =ENDOSPHAERACEAE $??? =CHLOROCHYTRIACEAE Botryokoryne $Reisigl1964 #Ip \(?^Chlorosphaeraceae) \TS:B. simplex$< Burkillia $West&West1908;(1907) #NIp \TS:??? Chlorochytrium $Cohn1872 #NI,S7,p,n2 \TS:C. lemnae$< =Stomatochytrium $Cunningham1888 #(I) \TS:S. limnanthemi$< =Scotinosphaera $Klebs1881 #(I) \TS:S. paradoxa$< Ecballocystella $Iyengar1975 #Ip \TS:E. planctonica$< Ectogeron $Dangeard1947 #Ip \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \TS:E. elodeae$< Endosphaera $Klebs1881 #(I) \(+^P$Engelmann1876(Zoology/Ciliata)) \TS:E. biennis$< Kentrosphaera $Borzi1883 #Ip,S0,n3 \(?^Characiaceae) \TS:K. facciolae$< Phyllobium $Klebs1881 #NI \(?Phylobium$Klebs1881#p) \TS:P. dimorphium$< Rhodochytrium $Lagerheim1893 #PNIp,f1 \TS:R. spilanthidis$< MICRACTINIACEAE $??? #P~6/17 *X:Rec MICRACTINIOIDEAE" Micractinium $Fresenius1858 #PNIp,n3 \TS:M. pusillum$< =Archerina $Lankester1885 #(I)v \TS:A. boltoni$< =Richteriella $Lemmermann1897 #(I) \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:R. globosa$< Golenkiniopsis $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #PNIp,n1 \(+missp:Golenkeniopsis$Korshikov1953#(I)) \TS:Golenkinia longispina$Korshikov1??? Errerella $Conrad1913 #PNI \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:E. bornhemiensis$< . Dicellula $Swirenko1926 #NIp \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS:D. planctonica$< Echinosphaeridium $Lemmermann1904 #NIp \TS:E. nordstedti$< Palmellochaete $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp \TS:P. tenerrima$Korshikov1??? Siderocystopsis $Swale1964(?1954) #NIp \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS(+R Siderocystis$Korshikov1953) ==Siderocystis $Korshikov1953 #(I) \(+P$Naumann1922(^Plantae,!Bacteria/Siderocapsaceae)) \TS:S. fusca$< GOLENKINIOIDEAE" \(GOLENKINIACEAE) Acanthosphaera $Lemmermann1899(?1898) #PNIp \TS:A. zachariasi$< Golenkinia $Chodat1894 #PNIpv \(~Pleurastrales) \TS:G. radiata$< : Phythelios $Frenzel1891 #PNI \(+missp:Phythelius$Schaudinn1896#v;Phytelios$Poche1913#v) \TS:P. viridis$< HYDRODICTYACEAE $??? #P4/~40 *Rec@wide *X:Rec \(?HYDRODICTYONACEAE) Euastropsis $Lagerheim1895(?1894) #PNIp \TS:Euastrum richteri$Schmidle1??? Sorastrum $Kuetzing1845 #PNI \(?Soroastrum$Kuetzing1845#p) \TS:Sphaerastrum echinatum$Meneghini1??? =Sphaerastrum $Meyen1829 #(I) \TS:S. pictum$< Hydrodictyon $Roth1797 #PNIp \(+NomCons) \(>Microsporaceae) \TS:Conferva reticulata$Linnaeus1??? ==Capillaria $Roussel1806 #(I) \TS:??? ==Reticula $Adanson1763 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Hydrodictyon) \TS:Conferva reticulata$Linnaeus1???("Raj.") ==Hydrodyctionella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS:??? Pediastrum $Meyen1829 #PNIp,n9 *P:Rec@wide \TS:P. duplex$< =Asterodictyon $Ehrenberg1845 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Helierella $BoryDeStVincent1825 #(I) \TS:H. lyngbyi$< =Oplaria $Losana1829 #(I) \TS(+NYD) . Monactinus $Corda1839 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Tetrasoma $Corda1839 #(I) \TS(+NYD) ^ Hydrodictyopsis $Massalongo1859 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Ital \TS(+NYD) Pediastrites $Zalessky1926 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Volg|Carb@USSR \TS:P. kidstoni$Zalesskij1??? PROTOSIPHONACEAE $??? #P1-2/1-? %[Ts] *X:Rec Protosiphon $Klebs1896 #PNI \TS:Protococcus botryoides$Kuetzing1??? CHARACIOSIPHONACEAE $??? #P1/ *X:Rec Characiosiphon $Iyengar1936 #PI,p1 \TS:C. rivularis$< Lobocharacium $Kugrens&Clay;&Aguiar2000; #p1 \TS:??? PALMELLACEAE $??? \({HORMOTILACEAE+PALMODICTYACEAE}#P8/~20*Rec) \(~Tetrasporales) CHLOROSARCINOIDEAE $??? \(CHLOROSARCINACEAE) =BORODINELLACEAE $??? #P18/47 \("Chlorosarcinales{DO-group}) =CHLOROSPHAERACEAE $??? Apatococcus $Brand1925 #NIp,n1 \(~Pleurastrum) \(~Trentepohliaceae) \TS:A. vulgaris$< Borodinella $Miller1927 #Ip \TS:B. polytetras$< Chlorosarcina $Gerneck1907 #NIp,n5 \(CHLOROSARCINACEAE) \TS:C. elegans$< Chlorosarcinopsis $Herndon1958 #Ip,n10 \TS:Chlorosarcina minor$Gerneck1??? Chlorosphaera $Henfrey1859 #(I)p \(~Eremosphaera;?Oocystaceae) \TS:C. oliveri$< Chlorosphaeropsis $Vischer1933 #NIp,n1 \TS(+NYD) Ignatius $Bold&MacEntee1974; #I \(?Ignatia#p) \TS:I. tetrasporus$< Pseudotetracystis $Arneson1973 #Ip \TS:P. terrestris$< . Neochlorosarcina $Watanabe1983 #I,n8 \TS:Chlorosarcinopsis minuta$Groover&Bold1;??? Planophila $Gerneck1907 #NI,S1,p \(?^Tetracystaceae) \TS:P. laetevirens$< =Chlorotetras $Gerneck1907 #(I) \TS:C. asymmetrica$< Polysphaera $Reisigl1964 #I \(+P Polysphaeria$Hooker1873(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:P. composita$< Possonia $Hindak1982 #I \TS:P. sestonica$< Pseudotrebouxia $Archibald1975 #(I)p \(CHLOROSARCINACEAE) \TS:P. aggregata$< Smaragdina $Bessey1905 #(I) \TS(+R Chlorosphaera$Klebs1883) ==Chlorosphaera $Klebs1883 #(I) \(+P$Henfrey1859(Chlorophyceae/Eremosphaeraceae)) \TS:Protococcus angulosus$Corda1??? Symbiococcum $Rahat&Reich1989; #I,n1 \TS:S. hydrae$< ? Entophysa $Moebius1889 #I \TS:E. charae$< HORMOTILOIDEAE $??? \(HORMOTILACEAE) Heleococcus $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #PNIp \(HELEOCHLORIDACEAE) \TS:H. mucicola$Korshikov1??? Hormotila $Borzi1883 #NIp \TS:H. mucigena$< =Phyllogloea $Silva1959 #NI(p) \(?^Palmellopsidaceae) \(~Hormotilopsis) \TS(+R Gloeophyllum$Korshikov1953) ==Gloeophyllum $Korshikov1955 #(Ip) \(+P$Karsten1882(Hymenomycetes/Coriolaceae)) \TS:G. fimbriatum$< Parallela $Flint1974 #Ip \TS:P. novae-zelandiae$Flint1??? Planochloris $Komarek1979 #Ip \TS(+R Disporopsis$Korshikov1953) ==Disporopsis $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #(Ip) \(+P$Hance1883(Liliopsida/Convallariaceae)) \TS:D. pyrenoidifera$Korshikov1??? NEOCHLORIDOIDEAE $??? \(~Chlorococcaceae) Ascochloris $Bold&MacEntee1974; #Ip,n2 \TS:A. multinucleata$< Bracteacoccus $Tereg1922 #NIp \TS:B. aggregatus$< Chlorotetraedron $MacEntee&Bold;&Archibald1978; #Ip \TS(+R Pseudotetraedron$MacEntee&Bold;&Archibald1977;) ==Pseudotetraedron $MacEntee&Bold;&Archibald1977; #(I) \(+P$Pascher1912(Xanthophyceae/Centritractaceae)) \TS:P. polymorphum$< Dictyochloris $Vischer1945 #NIp,n1 \TS:??? Dictyococcus $Gerneck1907 #NIp,n3 \TS:D. varians$< Emergosphaera $Miller1921 #NIp \TS:E. superficialis$< Friedmannia $Chantanachat&Bold1962; #PIp,n1 \(~Ulotrichaceae~Pleurastrales) \(?^Chlorosarcinaceae) \TS:F. israeliensis$< Lobococcus $Reisigl1964 #p,n4 \TS:??? Neochloris $Starr1955 #NIp,n9 \(~Sphaeropleineae) \TS:N. aquatica$< Oophila $Wille1909 #Ip \(<=$Lambert1905) \(?^Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:O. amblystomatis$Wille1???(<=Lambert) Phasiolaria $Printz1921 #p \TS:??? Ploidion $Pascher1944 #p \TS:??? Pseudotrochiscia $Vinatzer1975 #Ip \TS:P. areolata$< Spongiochloris $Starr1955 #NIp \TS:S. spongiosa$< Trochisciopsis $Vinatzer1975 #Ip,n1 \(+P Trochisciaopsis$Kufferath1950(Algae/?:)) \TS:T. tetraspora$< PALMELLOIDEAE $??? Chloranomala $Mitra1950 #NI \(?Chloronomala$Mitra1950#p) \TS:C. palmelloides$< Follicularia $Miller1924 #NIp,n5 \(~Planktosphaeria) \TS:F. paradoxalis$< Gyroffyana $Kol&Chodat1934; #p \TS:??? Heleochloris $Korschikoff1953 #P(I)p \(HELEOCHLORIDACEAE#P2/~5) \(~Dictyosphaeriaceae~Hormotilaceae) \TS:H. pallida$Korshikov1??? Inoderma $Kuetzing1833(?1845,?1844) #NIp \(+P$(Acharius1???)Gray1821(Lecanoromycetes/Thrombiaceae)) \TS:??? Korschpalmella $Fott1974 #NIp,n2 \(PALMOGLOEACEAE) \(?^Coccomyxaceae) \TS:Palmella microscopica$Korshikov1??? Oncosaccus $Jao1947 #NIp \TS:O. tetrasporoides$< Palmella $Lyngbye1819 #NI,f5,S0,p,n1 \TS:P. hyalina$< Planctococcus $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp \TS:P. sphaerocystiformis$Korshikov1??? Planktosphaeria $Smith1918 #I,n3 \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \(?Planktosphaera$Smith1918#p) \TS:P. gelatinosa$< Sphaerocystis $Chodat1897 #NIp,n1,v \(~Gloeococcus) \TS:S. schroeteri$< . Brachtia $Trevisan1848 #(I) \^^Palmella \(+suppr vs$Reichenbach1850(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:??? Bromicolla $Eichwald1843 #NI \TS:B. aleutica$< Capsulococcus $Bennett1888 #NI \TS:C. crateriformis$< Hauckia $Borzi1880 #NI \TS:H. insularis$< Palmellocystis $Korshikov1953 #NI \TS:P. planctonica$< Palmogloea $Kuetzing1843 #NI,S1,n4 \(~Coccomyxaceae) \(PALMOGLOEACEAE) \TS:Ulva protuberans$Smith&Sowerby1;??? Rhodoplax $Schmidle&Wellheim1901;(=Schmidle&Willheim;) #NI \TS:Porphyridium schinzii$Schmidle1??? ? Chlorodiscus $Petersen&Hansen1960; #I \TS:C. natans$< OOCYSTACEAE $??? #P~60/260 *X:Rec EREMOSPHAEROIDEAE $??? %F(b,io) *X:Rec \(EREMOSPHAERACEAE#P2/6) \(~Trebouxiophyceae) Eremosphaera $Bary1858(=DeBary) #PNIp,n2 %zuurWater(SphagnumBogs) \(?Eremosphaeria) \TS:E. viridis$< Excentrosphaera $Moore1901 #NIp \TS:E. viridis$< Glaucocystopsis $Bourelly1961 #p \(?~Cyanophorophyceae/Glaucocystaceae) \TS:??? Oocystaenium $Gonzalves&Mehra1959; #PNIp *Rec@India %regenplas \TS:O. elegans$< LAGERHEIMIOIDEAE $??? Trochiscia $Kuetzing1845 #NIp \(+P$Kuetzing1834(Bacillariophyceae/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Chodatellopsis $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp \TS:C. elliptica$Korshikov1??? Cryocystis $Komarek&Fott1983; #NIp \(<=$Kol1968(+^A)) \TS($Kol1???>Komarek&Fott;):Chodatella brevispina$Fritsch1??? Dendrocystis $Iyengar1962 #NIp \(HORMOTILACEAE) \TS:D. raoi$< Diacanthos $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp \TS:D. belenophorus$Korshikov1??? Franceia $Lemmermann1898 #NIp \TS:Phythelios ovalis$France1??? =Bohlinia $Lemmermann1899 #(I) \TS:Ooecystis echidna$Bohlin1??? Lagerheimiella $Boedijn1940 #NI \TS(+R Lagerheimia$(DeToni1???)Chodat1895) ==Lagerheimia $Chodat1895 #(I)p,n3 \(=$DeToni1???(+^A)) \(+!Chodatella$Lemmermann1898) \(+P Lagerheima$Saccardo1892(Discomycetes/Leotiaceae)) \TS($Chodat1???):Tetraceras genevensis$Chodat1??? =Bernardia $Playfair1917 #(I) \(+P$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Micracantha $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp \TS:M. minutissima$Korshikov1??? Mycotetraedron $Hansgirg1890 #NIp \TS:M. cellare$< Pilidiocystis $Bohlin1897 #NIp,n1 \TS:P. endophytica$< Pseudobohlinia $Bourrelly1968 #p \TS:??? OOCYSTOIDEAE $??? Amphikrikos $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp,n2 \(?^Chlorellaceae) \TS:A. minutissimus$Korshikov1??? Chondrosphaera $Skuja1964 #NIp \TS:C. lapponica$< Ecdysichlamys $West1912 #NIp \TS:E. obliqua$< Echinocoleum $Jao&Lee1947; #NI \(?Echinocoelium$Jao&Lee1947;#p) \TS:E. elegans$< Fotterella $Buck1978 #NIp \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS:F. tetrachlorelloides$< Fusola $Snow1902 #(I)p \(~Elakatotrix) \TS:F. viridis$< Gloeotaenium $Hansgirg1890 #NIp \TS:G. loitlesbergerianum$< Granulocystis $Hindak1977 #NIp \TS:Oocystis verrucosa$Roll1??? Granulocystopsis $Hindak1977 #NIp \TS:Oocystis pseudocoronata$Korshikov1??? Juranyiella $Hortobagyi1962 #NIp \TS:Kirchneriella javorkae$Hortobagyi1??? Neglectella $Vodenicarov&Benderliev1972;(?1971) #NIp,n5 \(?^Eremosphaeraceae/?:) \TS:N. eremosphaerophila$< Nephrochlamys $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp,n1 \TS:Kirchneriella subsolitaria$West1??? Nephrocytium $Naegeli1849 #NI \(?Nephocytium$Naegeli1849#p) \TS:N. agardhianum$< =Gloeocystopsis $Smith1916 #NI \TS:G. limneticus$< =Hydrocystis $Turner1892 #(I) \TS:H. hydrophila$< ==Chloromirus $Hortobagyi1982("1981") #N(I) \TS(+R Hydrocystis$Turner1892) Oocystidium $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp \TS:O. ovale$Korshikov1??? Oocystis $Braun1855 #Np,n6 \(<=$Naegeli1???) \(=Ooecystis$Naegeli1855#I) \TS:O. naegelii$< =Conradia $Kufferath1914 #NI \(+P$Rafinesque1825(Liliopsida/Liliaceae)) \TS:C. incrustans$< =Ooecystella $Lemmermann1903 #I \TS:O. natans$< Oonephris $Fott1964 #NIp \TS:Nephrocytium obesum$W.&West; Rhombocystis $Komarek1983 #NIp \TS:R. complanata$< Sestosoma $Hortobagyi1947 #NIp \TS:S. villosum$< Tetrastrum $Chodat1895 #NIp,n2 \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS:Staurogenia heteracantha$Nordstedt1??? . Catenocystis $Hindak1988 #NI \TS:Oocystis cohaerens$Skuja1??? Cerasterias $Reinsch1867 #N(A)I \(+?NomDub:?Fungi) \TS:C. raphidioides$< Chionaster $Wille1903 #N(A)I,f1 \(+NumDub:?Fungi) \alg zonder chlorofyl \TS:Cerasterias nivalis$Bohlin1??? Chloroidium $Nadson1906 #(I),n1 \TS(+R Chlorothecium$Krueger1894) ==Chlorothecium $Krueger1894 #(I) \(+P$Borzi1885(Xanthophyceae/Ophiocytaceae)) \TS:C. saccharophilum$< ==Kruegera $Heering1906 #(I) \(+P Kruegeria$Scopoli1777(Magnoliopsida/Caesalpiniaceae)) \TS(+R Chlorothecium$Krueger1894) Chloropteridella $Silva1970 #NI \TS(+R Chloropteris$Pascher1932) ==Chloropteris $Pascher1932 #(I) \(+P$Montagne1850(Chlorophyceae/Cladophoraceae)) \TS:C. tetragona$< Chodatella $Lemmermann1898 #NI,n3 \TS:Lagerheimia subsalsa$Lemmermann1??? Closteriospira $Reverdin1917 #NI \TS:C. lemanensis$< Conococcus $Carter1869 #NI \TS:C. elongatus$< Dactylococcus $Naegeli1849 #NI,n1 \TS:D. infusionum$< Danasphaera $Nielsen1931 #NI \TS:D. indica$< Discocytis $Skuja1959 #(I) \TS:D. corticola$< Ettliella $Hindak1988 #NI \TS:E. tetraspora$< Glochiococcus $Toni1888(=DeToni) #NI,n1 \TS(+R Acanthococcus$Lagerheim1883) ==Acanthococcus $Lagerheim1883 #(I) \(+P$Hooker&Harvey1845;(Rhodophyceae/Rhodophyllidaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Gloeoactinium $Smith1926 #NI \TS:G. limneticum$< Gloxidium $Korshikov1931 #NI \TS:G. rotatoriae$< Halochlorella $Dangeard1966 #NI \TS:H. rubescens$< Hemichloris $TschermakWoess&Friedmann1984; #NI \TS:H. antarctica$< Jaagia $Vischer1950 #(I) \TS:J. aquatica$< Jaagichlorella $Reisigl1964 #(I) \TS:J. geometrica$< Kirchneriellosaccus $Islam1969 #NI,n1 \TS:K. lunatus$< Palmellococcus $Chodat1894 #NI,n3 \TS:Pleurococcus miniatus$Kuetzing1??? Prototheca $Krueger1894 #NI,f16,p \TS:P. zopfii$< Pseudobohlina $Bourrelly1948 #NI \TS:P. americana$< Pseudochlorococcum $Archibald1970 #NI \TS:P. typicum$< Raphidium $Schroeder1903 #(I) \(+P$Rabenhorst1863(???/???)) \TS(+NYD) Rhaphidium $Kuetzing1845 #(I) \TS:R. fasciculatum$< Rhopalocystis $Schussnig1955 #NI,n1 \(+P$Grove1911(mitosporicPlectomycetes/Trichocomaceae)) \TS:??? Scotiellocystis $Fott1976 #(I) \(+missp:Scotiellopsis$Fott1976#(I)) \TS:Scotiella levicostata$Hollerbach1??? Selenococcus $Schmidle&Zacharias1903; #NI \TS:S. farcinalis$< Trigonidiella $Silva1970 #NI \TS(+R Trigonidium$Pascher1932) ==Trigonidium $Pascher1932 #(I) \(+P$Lindley1837(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:T. galea$< Zoocystis $Sokoloff1933 #NI \TS:Z. vorticellae$< ^ Caryosphaeroides $Schopf1968 #N(I) *NI:BPreCm@NTer \TS:C. pristina$< ? Nanochlorum $Wilhelm&Eisenbeis;&Wild;&Zahn1982; #NIp \TS:N. eucaryotum$Wilhelm&&1??? Pseudoraciborskia $Kufferath1954 #NI \TS(+NYD) MYUROCOCCACEAE $??? Eomyces $Ludwig1894 #NAI,f1 \(?~Fungi) \(?+NomDub) \TS:E. crieanus$< TREUBARIACEAE $??? #P~8/23 *X:Rec \(~Oocystaceae) Desmatractum $West&West1902; #NIp \TS:D. plicatum$W.&West; =Calyptobactron $Geitler1924 #(I) \TS:C. indutum$< Echinosphaerella $Smith1920 #NIp \TS:E. limnetica$< Octogoniella $Pascher1930 #NIp \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \TS:O. sphagnicola$< Pachycladella $Silva1970 #NIp \TS(+R Pachycladon$Smith1924) ==Pachycladon $Smith1924 #(I) \(+P$Hooker1864(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:P. umbrinus$< Saturnella $Mattauch&Pascher1936; #NIp \TS:S. elegans$< =Discocystis $Skuja1959 #(p) \TS:??? Treubaria $Barnard1908 #NIp,n3 \TS:T. triappendiculata$Bernard1??? =Borgea $Smith1922 #(I) \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \TS:B. planctonica$< Trugonidella $Silva1970 #p \TS:??? SCENEDESMACEAE $??? #P~27/>230 *X:Rec CORONASTROIDEAE $??? Coronastrum $Thompson1938 #NIp \(~Sphaeropleineae) \TS:C. aestivale$< Lauterborniella $Schmidle1900 #NIp \TS:L. elegantissima$< CRUCIGENIOIDEAE $??? Crucigenia $Morren1830 #NIp,n1 \(?Crucigena) \TS:C. quadrata$< ==Crucigeniella $Gaillon1833 #(I),n1 \TS(+R Crucigenia$Morren1830) ==Staurogenia $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \TS:Crucigenia quadrata$Morren1??? =Staurogeniella $Schmidle1901 #NI \TS(+R Crucigeniella$Lemmermann1900) ==Crucigeniella $Lemmermann1900 #(I) \(+P$Gaillon1833(Chlorophyceae/Scenedesmaceae)) \(?Crucigenella$Lemmermann1900#p) \TS:C. lunaris$< =Cohniella $Schroeder1897 #(I)p \(+P$Pfitzer1889(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:??? Didymogenes $Schmidle1905 #NIp \TS:D. palatina$< Gilbertsmithia $Iyengar1975 #NIp \(?^Dictyosphaeriaceae) \TS:G. grandis$< Makinoella $Okada1949 #NIp \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:M. tosaensis$< Suxenella $Srivastava&Nizam1969; #p \TS:??? Tetrachlorella $Korsikov1939(=Korschikoff) #NIp \(+missp:Tetrachloris) \TS:Crucigenia alternans$Smith1??? Westella $Wildeman1897(=DeWildeman) #NIp \(?^Botryococcaceae) \TS(+R Tetracoccus$West1892) ==Tetracoccus $West1892 #(I) \(+P$Engelmann1???>Parry1885(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS:T. botryoides$< Willea $Schmidle1900 #NIp \TS:Crucigenia irregularis$Wille1??? DANUBIOIDEAE $??? Danubia $Hindak1977 #NIp,n1 \TS:D. ansa$< Komarekia $Fott1981 #NIp \TS(+R Hofmania$Chodat1900) ==Hofmania $Chodat1900 #NI,n1 \(+P Hofmannia$Heister1???>Fabricius1759(Magnoliopsida/Lamiaceae);+P Hoffmannia$Swartz1788(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:H. appendiculata$< Pseudotetrastrum $Hindak1977 #NIp \TS:P. punctatum$(Schmidle1???)<=Staurogenia multiseta$Schmidle1??? var. punctata$Schmidle1??? Tetranephris $Leite&Bicudo1977; #NIp \TS:T. brasiliensis$< DIMORPHOCOCCOIDEAE $??? Dimorphococcus $Braun1855 #NIp \(?^Dictyosphaeriaceae) \TS:D. lunati$< SCENEDESMIOIDEAE $??? Dicloster $Jao&Wei;&Hu1976; #NIp \TS:D. acuatus$< Didymocystis $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp,n4 \TS:D. tuberculata$Korshikov1??? Enallax $Pascher1943 #NIp,n1 \TS:E. alpinus$< Neodesmus $Hindak1976 #NIp \TS:N. danubialis$< Pseudotetradesmus $Hirose&Akiyama1963; #NIp \TS:P. quaternarius$< Scenedesmus $Meyen1829 #NI,f0,p,n65 \TS:S. obtusus$< ==Arthrodesmus $Ehrenberg1836 #(I) \TS(+R Scenedesmus$Meyen1829) =Victoriella $Woloszynska1914 #NI \TS:V. ostenfeldi$< Scotiellopsis $Vinatzer1975 #NIp \(?^Chlorellaceae) \TS:S. rubescens$< Tetradesmus $Smith1913 #NIp \TS:T. wisconsinensis$< Westellopsis $Jao1959 #p \TS:??? TETRALLANTOIDEAE $??? Rayssiella $Edelstein&Prescott1964; #NIp \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:R. hemisphaerica$< Schmidlea $Woloszynska1914 #p \TS:??? Schroederiella $Woloszynska1914 #NIp \TS:S. africana$< Tetrallantos $Teiling1916 #NIp,n1 \TS:T. lagerheimii$< =Menzbierella $Miller1921 #(I) \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \TS:M. paragraphon$< . Closteriococcus $Schmidle1905 #NI \TS:C. virnheimensis$< Lemmermannia $Chodat1900 #NI \TS:Tetrapedia emarginata$Schroeder1??? Bilgramia $Yadava1990 #N(I),n1 \(+P$Panwar&Purohit;&Chouhan1974;(mitosporicFungi/{Hyphomycetes})) \TS:B. indica$< Crucigeniopsis $Hindak1984 #NI \TS:Crucigenia divergens$Smith1??? Pseudodidymocystis $Hegewald&Deason1989; #NI,n4 \TS:Didymocystis planctonica$Korshikov1??? Schmidledesmus $Silva1970 #NI \TS(+R Schmidleia$Woloszynska1914) ==Schmidleia $Woloszynska1914 #(I) \(+P Schmidlea$Lauterborn1913(!Bacteria/?)) \TS:S. elegans$< Selenastrum $Reinsch1867 #NI \(SELENASTRACEAE) \TS(+NYD) Steinedesmus $Kofoid1911 #NI \TS(+R Steiniella$Bernard1908) ==Steiniella $Bernard1908 #(I),n2 \(+P$Schuett1895(Dinophyceae/Gonyaulacaceae)) \(DICTYOSPHAERIACEAE) \TS:S. graevenitzii$< Tetradictyon $Romanov1964 #NI \TS:T. theodorus$< COELASTRACEAE $??? Actinastrum $Lagerheim1882 #NIp,n1 \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS:A. hantzschi$< =Astrocladium $Tschourina1909 #(I),n1 \TS:A. cerastioides$< Asterarcys $ComasGonzales1981 #Ip,n1 \TS:A. cubensis$< Asterosphaerium $Reinsch1876 #NI \TS:A. elegans$< Coelastropsis $Fott&Kalina1979; #Ip \TS:Coelastrum costatum$Korshikov1??? Coelastrum $Naegeli1849 #NIp,n11 \TS:C. sphaericum$< =Hariotina $Dangeard1889 #NI \TS:H. reticulata$< Eutetramorus $Walton1918 #NI \TS:E. globosus$< Selenosphaerium $Cohn1879 #(I) \TS:S. hathoris$< Soropediastrum $Wille1924 #NIp,n2 \TS(+NYD) ^ Lageniastrum $Renault1896 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Culm@Fran \TS:L. macrosporae$< CHLORELLACEAE $??? \(~Oocystaceae) ANKISTRODESMIOIDEAE $??? #p Ankistrodesmus $Corda1838 #NI,f0,p,n6 \TS:A. fusiformis$< ==Ancistrodesmus $Agassiz1846 #v \TS(+E Ankistrodesmus$Corda1838) Chlorolobion $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp \TS:C. obtusum$Korshikov1??? Closteriopsis $Lemmermann1899 #NIp,n1 \TS:C. longissima$Lemmermann1???=Closterium pronum var longissimum$Lemmermann1??? Coenolamellus $ProshkinaLavrenko1966(=ProukinaLavrenko) #NIp \TS:C. botryoideus$ProshkinaLavrenko1??? Diplochloris $Korsikov1939(=Korschikoff) #NIp \(?^Botryococcaceae) \TS:D. decussata$Korsikov1??? Hyaloraphidium $Pascher&Korahikov1931;(=Pacher&Korschikoff;) #NIp \TS:H. contortum$Pascher&Korshikov1;??? Keratococcus $Pascher1915 #Ip,n1 \TS(+R Ourococcus$Grobety1909) ==Ourococcus $Grobety1909 #NI,n1 \(+P Ouracoccus$(Hassall1???)Lindley1846(Chlorophyceae/Coccomyxaceae)) \TS:Dactylococcus bicaudatus$Braun1??? Kirchneriella $Schmidle1893 #NIp,n12 \TS:Rhaphidium convolutum var lunare$Kirchner1??? Monoraphidium $KomarkovaLegnerova1969 #NIp,n4 \TS:Closterium griffithii$Berkeley1??? Podohedra $Dueringer1958 #NIp,n1 \TS:P. longipes$< Pseudococcomyxa $Korshikov1953(=Korschikoff) #NIp \TS:P. adhaerens$Korshikov1??? Pseudoquadrigula $LacosteDeDiaz1973 #NIp \TS:P. lagoensis$< Quadrigula $Printz1916(?1915) #NIp \TS:Nephrocytium closterioides$Bohlin1??? Raphidocelis $Hindak1977 #NIp,n8 \TS:R. sigmoidea$< Selenoderma $Bohlin1897 #NIp \TS:S. malmeanum$< CHLORELLOIDEAE $??? Hyalochlorella $Poyton1970 #NAIp \(?+NomDub:?Fungi) \TS:H. marina$< Keriochlamys $Pascher1943 #NIp \TS:K. styriaca$< Lobosphaera $Reisigl1964 #NIp,n1 \TS:L. tirolensis$< Lobosphaeropsis $Reisigl1969 #NIp,n1 \TS:L. pyrenoidosa$< Muriella $Petersen1932(=BoyePetersen) #NIp,n1 \TS:M. terrestris$Petersen1??? Muriellopsis $Reisigl1964 #NIp \TS:M. pyrenigera$< Mychonastes $Simpson&VanValkenburg1978; #NIp,n3 \TS:M. ruminatus$< Placosphaera $Dangeard1889 #(I)p \(~Schizochlamys) \TS:P. opaca$< Planktosphaerella $Reisigl1964 #NIp \TS:P. terrestris$< Pseudochlorella $Lund1955 #NIp,n2 \TS(+R Chlorellopsis$Zeitler1954) ==Chlorellopsis $Zeitler1954 #(I) \(+P$Reis1923(fossilAlgae/?:)) \TS:C. pyrenoidosa$< Pseudospongiococcum $Gromov&Mamkaeva1974; #Ip \(?^Chlorococcaceae) \TS:P. protococcoides$< Zoochlorella $Brandt1881 #NI \TS(+NYD) ==Chlorella $Beijerinck1890 #N(I),f0,p,n17 \TS:??? =Aerosphaera $Gerneck1907 #NIp \TS:A. faginea$< =Trichocystis $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \(endozoic in a ciliate) \TS:Palmogloea gigantea$Kuetzing1??? (Auxenochlorella) $Kalina&Puncocharova1987; #I,n1 \(=$Shihira&Krauss1965;(+^A)) \^^Chlorella/ \TS($Kalina&Puncocharova1;???):Chlorella protothecoides$Krueger1??? SCOTIELLOIDEAE $??? Chloropteridelkla $Silva1970 #p \TS:??? =Chloropeltis $Pascher1932 #(p) \TS:??? Coelastrella $Chodat1922 #NIp,n2 \(~Chlorococcales) \(?^Tetrasporaceae) \TS:C. striolata$< Scotelliopsis $Vinatzer1975 #p \TS:??? Scotiella $Fritsch1912 #NIp,n4 \TS(+NYD) SIDEROCELIDOIDEAE $??? Siderocelis $Fott1934 #NIp \TS:Oocystis ornata$Fott1??? TETRAEDRONOIDEAE $??? Tetraedron $Kuetzing1845 #NIp,n4 \(?Tetraedon) \(?^Hydrodictyaceae) \TS:T. regulare$< =Closteridium $Reinsch1888 #(I),n1 \TS(+NYD) =Polyedriopsis $Schmidle1899 #NIp \TS:P. spinulosa$< =Reinschiella $Toni1889(=DeToni) #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Staurophanum $Turner1892 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Tetrapedia $Reinsch1866 #(I) \TS:T. gothica$< Thelesphaera $Pascher1943 #NIp \TS:T. alpina$< . Apodococcus $Hindak1984 #I \TS:A. characioides$< Choricystis $Fott1976 #NIp,n2 \(=$Skuja1948(+^A)) \^^Coccomyxa/ \TS($Fott1???):Coccomyxa minor$Skuja1??? Cylindrocelis $Hindak1988 #I \TS:Keratococcus cylindricus$Hindak1??? Graesiella $Kalina&Puncocharova1987; #I,n1 \TS:G. vacuolata$(Shihira&Krauss1;???)<=Chlorella fusca var vacuolata$Shihira&Krauss1;??? Kermatia $Kalina&Puncocharova1987; #I,n1 \TS:K. pupukensis$< Podohedriella $Hindak1988 #I,n2 \TS:Podohedra falcata$Dueringer1??? Pseudokirchneriella $Hindak1990 #I,n20 \TS(+R Kirchneria$Hindak1988) ==Kirchneria $Hindak1988 #(I) \(+P$Braun1854(fossilPolypodiopsida/?:)) \TS:Kirchneriella subcapitata$Korshikov1??? Siderocelopsis $Hindak1988 #I \TS:Chlorella kolkwitzii$Naumann1??? BOTRYOCOCCACEAE $??? \(~Oocystaceae) BOTRYOCOCCOIDEAE $??? Botryococcus $Kuetzing1849 #Ip,n7 \TS:B. braunii$< Botryosphaerella $Silva1970 #Ip \TS(+R Botryosphaera$Chodat1916) ==Botryosphaera $Chodat1916(?Lemmermann1896) #(Ip) \(+P Botryosphaeria$Cesati&DeNotaris1863;(Pyrenomycetes/Botryosphaeriaceae)) \TS:Botryococcus sudeticus$Lemmermann1??? DICTYOSPHAERIOIDEAE $??? \(DICTYOSPHAERIACEAE#P~11/30) \(~Siphonocladales) Dactylosphaerium $Steinecke1916 #Ip \(+P$Hertwig&Lesser1874;(Rhizopoda/Vexilliferidae)) \TS:D. sociale$< Dichotomococcus $Korshikov1928(=Korschikoff) #NIp \(?^Scenedesmaceae;~Botrychloridaceae) \TS:D. capitatus$Korshikov1??? Dictyosphaerium $Naegeli1849 #NIp,n3 \(~Dictyosphaeria) \(?^Botryococcaceae) \TS:D. ehrenbergianum$< =Brachionococcus $Naumann1919 #(I) \TS:B. chlorelloides$< Dimorphococcopsis $Jao1959 #p \TS:??? Lobocystis $Thompson1952 #Ip,n2 \TS:L. dichotoma$< Quadricoccus $Fott1948 #NIp,n1 \(?^Scenedesmaceae) \TS(+NYD) . Dictyocystis $Lagerheim1890 #NI \TS:Dictyosphaerium hitchcockii$Wolle1??? Ineffigiata $West&West1897; #(I),n1 \TS:I. neglecta$W.&West; Pseudodictyosphaerium $Hindak1978 #NI \(?^Botryococcaceae) \TS(+R Dictyosphaeriopsis$Hindak1978) ==Dictyosphaeriopsis $Hindak1978 #(I) \(+P$Schmidle1903(Xanthophyceae/Chlorosaccaceae)) \(?^Botryococcaceae) \TS:D. fluviatilis$< ECBALLOCYSTOIDEAE $??? Ecballocystis $Bohlin1897 #NIp,S1 \(?^Tetrasporaceae) \TS:E. pulvinata$< Ecballocystopsis $Iyengar1933 #NIp \(?^Prasinocladaceae) \TS:E. indica$< Ecballodictyon $Komarek1979(?1970) #NIp \(?^Palmodictyaceae) \TS(+R Reticularia$Iyengar1975) ==Reticularia $Iyengar1975 #(I) \(+P$Baumgarten1790(Lecanoromycetes/Lobariaceae)) \TS:R. planctonica$< ==Hydrodictyopsis $Desikachary1978 #(I) \(<=$Iyengar1???) \(+P$Massalongo1859(Chlorophyceae/Hydrodictyaceae)) \TS(+R Reticularia$Iyengar1975) Sphaerobotrys $Butcher1932 #Ip \TS:S. fluviatilis$< Tetracladus $Swirenko1927 #NIp \(?^Characiochloridaceae) \TS:T. mirabilis$< . Botryomonas $Schmidle1899 #I \TS:B. natans$< Tetratomococcus $Korshikov1953 #(I) \TS:T. ornatus$< Thallodesmium $Turner1893 #I \TS:T. wallichianum$< . DICHRANOCHAETACEAE Dichranochaete $Hieronymus1887 #p \TS:??? ? Capsochloris $Dangeard1966 #I \TS:C. conradii$< Chloracervus $Dangeard1966 #I \TS:C. irregularis$< Chlorolunula $Dangeard1966 #I \TS:C. arcassonensis$< Elliptochloris $TschermakWoess1980 #I,n3 \TS:E. bilobata$< Halochloris $Dangeard1965 #I \(+P$Unger1843(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:H. marinum$< Neglectellopsis $Vodenicarov1989 #I,n1 \TS:N. skujae$< Skujaster $Vodenicarov1989 #I,n1 \TS:Neglectella asterifera$Fott1??? Symbiosphaera $Moewus1950 #I \TS:S. marina$< Ulotrichella $Iyengar1975 #I \TS:??? Viridiella $Albertano&Pollio;&Taddei1991; #(I),n1 \TS:V. fridericiana$< ^ Deflandrastrum $Combaz1962 #(I) *I:Sil@Libie \TS:D. millepiedi$< Pastillus $Zalessky1928 #N(I) *NI:^@Sibe \("Protococcales) \TS:P. cellulosus$Zalesskij1??? Tetraletes $Cramer1966 #N(I) *NI:Sil|Dev@Span \^^sporomorph \TS:T. granulatus$< ? Globophycus $Schopf1968 #N(I) *NI:BPreCm@NTer \TS:G. rugosum$< ************************* * Ulotrichophycidae * Oedogoniales $West1904 {DO-group} \(<=$Blackman1???) \("Oedogoniophyceae$Sarma1964) ************************* OEDOGONIACEAE $(Thuret1???)DeBary1900 #P3/many %M,F,T *X:Eif-Rec Oedogonium $Hirn1900|(Link1820)Hirn1900 #P100',NIp,n9 %F \TS:O. grande$(Kuetzing1???)< =Androgynia $Wood1872 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Cymatonema $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \TS:Conferva undulata$Brebisson1??? =Pringsheimia $Wood1872 #(I),n1 \(+P$SchulzerVMueggenburg1866(Pyrenomycetes/Dothioraceae)) \TS:Oedogonium inequale$Wood1??? Bulbochaete $Agardh1817 #P~125,NIp,n2 \TS:Conferva setigera$Roth1??? ==Bulbochaetella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS:??? Oedocladium $Stahl1891 #P13,NIp *Rec@warm:Am,India,Aus %M,F,T \TS:O. protonema$< ^ Paleooedogonium $Baschnagel1966 #NX(I) *NI:MDev/Onondaga Limestone@NwYo \(?Paleoeodogonium) \TS:P. micrum$< ************************* * Chaetophorales $West1904 %F,M *Rif-Rec \(~Ulophyceae) \(=Protococcales) * Coleochaetineae" \("Coleochaetales~Charophyceae) ************************* COLEOCHAETACEAE $??? #P1/12 *X:Rec \(~Orthotrichaceae/Macromitroideae) Coleochaete $DeBrebisson1844 #P12,Ip,n13 \(+NomCons) \TS:C. scutata$Brebisson1??? =Phyllactidium $Kuetzing1843 #(I),S0 \(+NomRej vs Coleochaete) \TS:P. pulchellum$< CHAETOSPHAERIDIACEAE $??? #P2-3/~5 *X:Rec \("CHAETOSPHAERIDIOPHYTA"Chaetosphaeridiales$Marin&Melkonian1999;) Conochaete $Klebahn1893 #PIp \TS(+NYD) Chaetosphaeridium $Klebahn1892 #PNIp \(?+Dicoleon) \TS:C. pringsheimii$< . Chaetosporidium $??? #p \TS:??? Chaetotheke $Dueringer1958 #I \TS:C. reptans$< Dicoleon $Klebahn1893 #NI \TS:D. nordstedtii$< Diplochaete $Collins1901 #(I) \(+P$Nees1834(Liliopsida/Cyperaceae)) \TS:D. solitaria$< Oligochaetophora $West1911 #NI \TS:Polychaetophora simplex$West1??? Polychaetophora $West&West1903; #NI \TS:P. lamellosa$W.&West; ************************* * Chaetophorineae" ************************* JAOACEAE $??? #P1/2 *X:Rec \(^Chaetophoraceae~Ctenocladales) =COELODISCACEAE $??? Jaoa $Fan1964 #P2,I *P:Rec@China \TS(+R Coelodiscus$Jao1941) ==Coelodiscus $Jao1941 #(I) \(+P$Baillon1858(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS:C. prasinus$< ==Jaosaccion $DenHoek1966(=VanDenHoek) #(I) \TS(+R Coelodiscus$Jao1941) CHAETOPHORACEAE $??? #P16/70 *X:Rec Uronema $Lagerheim1887(?Dupe1???) #P,14,NIp,n3 %F,M \(?^Ulotrichaceae) \TS:U. confervicolum$< Stigeoclonium $Kuetzing1843 #P,29?,NI,S0,p,n5 %F \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Stygeoclonium$< corr$Kuetzing1849#(I)) \TS:Draparnaldia tenuis$Agardh1??? ==Myxothrix $Trevisan1844 #(I) \(<=$Fries1???) \TS:Draparnaldia tenuis$Agardh1??? =Myxonema $Fries1825 #(I) \^^Conferva \(+NomRej vs Stigeoclonium) \TS:??? Chaetophora $Schrank1783 #P,12,I,S0,p,n2 %F \^^Conferva \TS:??? ==Chaetophorella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS(+R Chaetophora$Schrank1783) Draparnaldia $BoryDeStVincent1808 #P,11,NIp,n3 %F \TS($BoryDeSt.-Vincent):Conferva mutabilis$Roth1??? ==Drapania $Desvaux1818 #(I) \TS(+R Draparnaldia$BoryDeStVincent1808) ==Draparnaldiella $Gaillon1833 #9,(I) *Rec@Baik %F \TS:??? Draparnaldiopsis $Smith&Klyver1929; #P,4,NIp %F \TS:D. alpinis$< Fritschiella $Iyengar1932 #P,1,NIp %aerial \TS:F. tuberosa$< . Arthrochaete $Rosenvinge1899 #NI,S1,p \TS:A. penetrans$< Awadhiella $Prasad&Asthana1979; #I \TS:A. indica$< Bolbocoleon $Pringsheim1863 #NI,S2,p,n1 \(~Ulvineae/?:) \TS:B. piliferum$< Caespitella $Vischer1933 #NI \TS:C. pascheri$< Cedercreutziella $Vischer1960 #1,I %subAerial \(=$Vischer1959(+^A)) \TS:C. savoniensis$< Chaetonemopsis $GauthierLievre1954 #I \TS:C. pseudobulbochaete$< Chamaetrichon $Tupa1974 #I \TS:C. capsulatum$< Chlorofilum $Dangeard1966 #I,S1,p \TS:C. ephemerum$< Cloniophora $Tiffany1936 #3,NI,S1,p,n2 %F \TS:C. willei$< Crenacantha $Kuetzing1843 #1,NI *Rec@ZW-Az %F \(?:) \TS:C. orientalis$< Dermatophyton $Peter1886 \TS:??? =Epiclemmydia $Potter1886 #(I) \TS:E. lusitanica$< Desmococcus $Brand1925 #Ip \TS:Pleurococcus naegelii$Chodat1??? Diaphragma $Geitler1942 #I \TS:D. radiosum$< Didymosporangium $Lambert1912 #NI,S1,p \TS:D. repens$< Dilabifilum $TschermakWoess1971 #I,S1,p,n1 \TS:Pseudopleurococcus arthopyreniae$Vischer&Klement1;??? Diplosphaera $Bialosuknia1909 #I \TS:D. chodatii$< Ectochaete $Wille1909 #I,S0,n2 \(=$Huber1893(+^A)) \^^Endoderma/ \TS(+NYD) Entocladia $Reinke1879 #NI,S23,p,n6 \(~Ulvellaceae) \TS:E. viridis$< ==Endoderma $Lagerheim1883 #(I),S1 \TS:??? =Epicladia $Reinke1889 #NIp,n1 \(~Ulvineae) \TS:E. flustrae$< Endoclonium $Szymanski1878 #3,NI,S1,p %F,epiPhytic,endoPhytic \TS:E. chroolepiforme$< Entodictyon $??? #S1,p \TS:??? Eucladia $Schmidt1943 #I \(+NoIncludedSpecies) \TS(+NYD) Gongrosira $Kuetzing1843 #I,S1,p,n1 \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons)($DeToni1???):Stereococcus viridis$Kuetzing1??? ==Stereococcus $Kuetzing1833 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Gongrosira) \TS:S. viridis$< Gongrosirella $Dangeard1970 #I,S1,p \TS:G. vermiformis$< Hazenia $Bold1958 #I \TS:H. mirabilis$< Helicodictyon $Whitford&Schumacher1966; #I \TS(+R Heterodictyon$Whitford1956) ==Heterodictyon $Whitford1956 #(I) \(+P$Greville1863(Bacillariophyceae/?:)) \TS:H. planctonicum$< Internoretia $Setchell&Gardner1920; #NI,S1,p \(?^Ulotrichaceae) \TS:I. fryeana$< Ireksokonia $Meyer1927 #1,I *Rec@Baik %F \TS:I. formosa$< Iwanoffia $Pascher1905 #1,I %T(subAerial) \TS:Stigeoclonium terrestre$Iwanoff1??? Jaagiella $Vischer1960 #I \TS:J. alpicola$< Klebahniella $Lemmermann1895 #1,I _ENostoc \TS:K. elegans$< Kymatotrichon $Schussnig1928 #I \TS:K. armatum$< Leptosiropsis $Jao1940 #I \TS:L. torulosa$< Lochmiopsis $Woronichin&Popova1929; #I \TS:L. sibirica$< Myxonemopsis $Meyer1930 #1,NI %F \TS:M. crassimembranacea$< Nayalia $Silva1959 #I \TS(+R Oliveria$Nayal1935) ==Oliveria $Nayal1935 #(I) \(+P$Ventenat1801(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS:O. terrestris$< Ochlochaete $Thwaites1849 #Ip,n2 \(~Ulvellaceae) \TS:O. hystrix$< Periplegmatium $Kuetzing1843 #I,S1,p \(+missp:Periphlegmatium$???#S0,p) \TS:P. ceramii$< Piliniella $Hollenberg1971 #I,S1 \TS:P. californica$< Pirulus $Snow1911 #I \TS:P. gemmata$< ==Pirula $Snow1912 #(I),S1 \(~Ulotrichaceae) \TS:??? Pleurastridium $Vischer1954 #I \(+NoIncludedSpecies) \TS(+NYD) Pleurastropsis $Vischer1950 #I \(+NoIncludedSpecies) \TS(+NYD) Pringsheimiella $Hoehnel1920(=VonHoehnel) #NI,S6,p \(?^Chaetophoraceae) \(~Ulvellaceae) \TS(+R Pringsheimia$Reinke1888) ==Pringsheimia $Reinke1888 #(I),S0,p \(+P$SchulzerVMueggenburg1866(Pyrenomycetes/Dothioraceae)) \TS:P. scutata$< Protoderma $Kuetzing1843 #NIp \(~Ulvineae) \TS:P. viride$< Pseudendoclonium $Wille1901 #NI,S4,p,n5 \(?^Ulotrichaceae) \(?Pseudodendoclonium) \TS:P. submarinum$< Pseudochaete $West&West1903; #2,I %F \TS:P. crassiseta$(W.&West;)W.&West;=Herposteiron crassisetum$W.&West; Pseudulvella $Wille1909 #N(I),S1,p,n2 \(~Ulvella) \TS:Ulvella americana$Snow1??? Rhexinema $Geitler1943 #Iv \TS:Pleurastrum paucicellulare$Vischer1??? Rivularia $Roth1797 #(I),n15 \TS:R. cornu-damae$Roth1??? Skvortzoviothrix $Bourrelly1973(?1972) #1,I %subAerial \TS(+R Chlorodendron$Skvortzov1959) ==Chlorodendron $Skvortzov1959 #(I)p \(+P$Senn1900(Prasinophyceae/Prasinocladaceae)) \TS:C. terrestris$< Syncoryne $Nielsen&Pedersen1977; #I,S1,p \TS:S. reinkei$< Thamniochloris $Dangeard1966 #I,S3,p \TS:T. variabilis$< Trichodiscus $Welsford1912 #1,NI %F _EAzolla \TS:??? Trichophilus $WeberVanBosse1887 #I \TS:T. welckeri$< Tumulofilum $Beger1941 #I \TS:T. terrestre$< Zoddaea $Borzi1906 #I \TS:Z. viridis$< ^ Chaetophorites $Fliche1886 #(I) *I:Oligoc@Fran \TS:C. tertiarius$< ? Choreoclonium $Reinsch1876 #NI \TS:C. procumbens$< Elaterodiscus $Dangeard1967 #I,S1,p \TS:E. appendiculatus$< Pleurangium $Skuja1937 #NI \TS:P. amphibium$< Streptochlora $Petersen&Hansen1960; #I \TS:S. moniliformis$< Stromatella $Kornmann&Sahling1985; #I,S2,p \(=$Kornmann&Sahling1983;(+^A)) \TS:Ulvella monostromatica$Dangeard1??? Tellamia $Batters1895 #NI,S2,p \(~Ulvineae) \TS:T. contorta$< Zygomitus $Bornet&Flahault1889; #NI,S1,p \TS:Z. reticulatus$< ^ Heterotrichella $Schaefer&SenowbariDaryan1983; #(I) *I:BTr@Grie \(+P$Reisigl1964(Xanthophyceae/Tribonemataceae)) \TS:??? APHANOCHAETACEAE $??? #P11/~30 *X:Rec \(~Chaetophoraceae) Aphanochaete $Braun1851 #P,7,I,S1,p %F,epiPhyt \(+NomCons) \TS:A. repens$< =Herposteiron $Naegeli1849 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Aphanochaete) \TS:H. confervicola$< Thamniochaete $Gay1893 #P,1-?3,NIp %F,epiPhyt \TS:T. huberi$< Chaetonema $Nowakowski1876 #P,2,NIp %F \TS:C. irregulare$< ? Chaetobolus $Rosenvinge1893 #1-2,NI %F,M \(~Ochlochaete) \TS:C. gibbus$<=Ochlochaete hystrix$Thwaites1???>Harvey1849 Chaetomnion $Skuja1937 #2,NI %F,epiPhyt \TS:C. pyriferum$< Friedaea $Schmidle1905 #1,NI %F \(~Trentepohliaceae) \TS:F. torrenticola$< Gonatoblaste $Huber1892 #1,NI _EAphanochaete \TS:G. rostrata$< Micropoa $Moewus1950 #1,I %F _ELemna \TS:M. leptochaete$< Nordstedtia $Borzi1892 #1,NI %F,neustonic \(~Chaetosphaeridiaceae) \TS:Herposteiron globosum$Nordstedt1??? ************************* * Ctenocladineae" \("Ctenocladales$Silva1982"Ulvophyceae/2:) ************************* CTENOCLADACEAE $??? #P~32/62 *X:Rec Ctenocladus $Borzi1883 #NIp \(~Trentepohliaceae~Chaetophoraceae~Ulvineae) \(!Gongrosira$Kuetzing1843) \TS:C. circinnatus$< ULVELLACEAE $??? #P12/86 *X:Rec Trichothyra $Nielsen&McLachlan1986; #NIp \TS:T. irregularis$< Ulvella $Crouan&Crouan1859; #NI,S9,p,n2 \(~Chaetophoraceae,?^Chaetophoraceae) \TS:U. lens$L.&Crouan; . Acrochaete $Pringsheim1863 #NIp,n7 \(?^Chaetophoraceae) \(~Ulvineae) \TS:A. repens$< Endophyton $Gardner1909 #NI,S3,p \(~Trentepohliaceae~Ulvineae) \TS:E. ramosum$< Pilinella $??? #p \TS:??? Pseudopringsheimia $Wille1909 #NI,S3,p \(~Chaetophoraceae~Ulvineae) \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Trentepohliales \(~Chaetophorales;?~Ulvophyceae) ************************* TRENTEPOHLIACEAE $??? #P4/~60 *X:Rec =CHROOLEPIDACEAE $??? Cephaleuros $Fries1832|Kunze1832 #PN,13,AIp _ETracheophyta \(<=$Kunze1827) \TS(+NYD) =Phylloplax $Schmidle1899 #(I) \TS:Cephaleuros candelabrum$Lagerheim&Schmidle1;??? =Mycoidea $Cunningham1879 #(I) \TS:M. parasitica$< Chroolepus $Agardh1824 #(AI),f1,n1 \(!mitosporicFungi/Cystocoleus) \(CHROOLEPIDACEAE) \TS:Byssus jolithus$Linnaeus1??? ==Chroolepusella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS:??? Phycopeltis $Millardet1870 #P,12,NIp \TS:P. epiphyton$< =Hansgirgia $Toni1888(=DeToni) #(I) \TS:H. flabelligera$< Stomatochroon $Palm1934 #P,3,NIp \TS:S. lagerheimii$< Trentepohlia $Martius1817 #P,36,NI,S1,p,n11 \(+NomCons) \TS:Byssus aurea$Linnaeus1??? ==Byssus $Linnaeus1753 #(AI),f33,S0 \(+NomRejProp) \TS:B. cryptarum$< ==Tophora $Fries1825 #(I) \TS:Byssus cryptarum$Linnaeus1??? . =Phyllactidium $Moebius1888 #(I) \(+P$Kuetzing1843(Charophyceae/Coleochaetaceae)) \TS:??? Acroblaste $Reinsch1879 #(I) \TS:A. reinschii$Wille1890_Engler&Prantl; Bulbotrichia $Kuetzing1849 #I \TS:B. peruana$< Chloroclonium $Borzi1895 #NI \TS(+NYD) Chlorotylium $Kuetzing1843 #NI \TS:C. cataractarum$< Chromopeltis $Reinsch1875 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Chrooderma $Fritsch1942 #NI \TS:C. endophytica$< Epibolium $Printz1916 #NI \TS:E. dermaticola$< Gloeoplax $Schmidle1899 #NI \TS:G. weberi$< Leptosira $Borzi1883 #NIp \TS:L. mediciana$< Lochmium $Printz1916 #NI \TS:L. piluliferum$< Nylandera $Hariot1890 #(I) \TS:N. tentaculata$< Physolinum $Printz1921 #NI \TS:Trentepohlia monilia$DeWildeman1??? Pleurothamnion $Borzi1892 #NI \TS:P. papuasicum$< Printzina $Thompson&Wujek1992; #p,n11 \TS:??? Pseudodictyon $Gardner1909 #(I),S1,p,n1 \(~Chaetophoraceae) \TS:P. geniculatum$< Pseudoleptosira $Nayal1935 #NI \TS:P. calcarea$< Pseudopleurococcus $Snow1899 #NI,S0,n1 \TS(+NYD) Spongioplastidium $Vischer1933 #NI \TS:S. proliferum$< Sporocladopsis $Nasr1944 #NI,S0,p \(CHROOLEPIDACEAE;~Chaetophoraceae) \TS:S. erythraea$< Sporocladus $Kuckuck1897 #NI,S1,p \TS:S. fragilis$< Veralucia $Reynolds&Dunn1982; #NI,f1 \TS:V. brasiliensis$< Weneda $Raciborski1900 #(I) \TS:V.... purpurea$Raciborski1??? ? Heterogonium $Dangeard1911 #(I),S0 \(+P$Presl1851(Polypodiopsida/Dryopteridaceae)) \(!Pirula$Snow1911,Chaetophoraceae) \(~Ulotrichaceae) \TS:H. salinum$< Pseudendocloniopsis $Vischer1933 #NIp \(~Ulvineae) \TS:P. botryoides$< Rhizothallus $Dangeard1931 #NI \TS:R. islandicus$< ************************* * Oltmannsiellopsidales $Nakayama&Watanabe;&Inouye1996; \("Ulvophyceae/2:) ************************* OLTMANNSIELLOPSIDACEAE $Nakayama&Watanabe;&Inouye1996; Oltmannsiellopsis $Chihara&Inouye1986; #NIp,n3,v \(?:) \(?^Dunaliellaceae) \TS:Oltmannsiella viridis$Hargraves&Steele1;??? ************************* * Ulotrichales $Borzi1895 *?Pra-Rec \("Ulvophyceae) * Ulotrichineae \("Ulvophyceae/2:) ************************* ULOTRICHACEAE $Haulk1883 #P~16/30 %F *X:Rec \(<=$Kuetzing1???) Ulothrix $Kuetzing1833 #PNI,S18,p,n8 \TS:U. tenuissim$< =Hediniella $Wille1922 #(I) \TS:H. pamirica$< . Pseudulothrix $Pascher1907 #(I) \(=Hormidium$Klebs1896) \TS(+NYD) Catena $Chodat1900 #NI \TS:C. viridis$< Geminella $Turpin1828 #NI,S1,p \(?~Bacillariophyceae) \TS:??? ==Losanaea $Trevisan1848 #(I) \TS(+R Geminella$Turpin1828) =Interfilum $Chodat1922 #NI \(?^Chaetophoraceae/?:) \TS:I. paradoxum$Chodat&Topali1;??? Gloeotilopsis $Iyengar&Philipose1956; #NI \TS:G. planctonica$< Bachmanniella $Chodat1933 #NI \TS:B. planctonica$< Chlorospira $Korsikov1939 #NI \TS(+NYD) Dactylococcopsis $Hansgirg1888 #NI,n3,b \(?~Cyanophyceae/Chroococcales) \TS:D. rupestris$< Eugomontia $Kornmann1960 #I,S1,p \(?^Chaetophoraceae) \TS:E. sacculata$< Fottea $Hindak1968 #NI \TS:F. cylindrica$< Geminellopsis $Korsikov1939 #NI \TS:G. fragilis$< Gloeotila $Kuetzing1833(?1843) #NI,f1,p,n1 \("GLOEOTILACEAE$Ettl&Gartner1995;"Gloeotilales$Ettl&Gartner1995;) \TS:G. oscillarina$< Heterothrichopsis $Iyengar&Kanthamma1941; #NI \TS(+R Ulothrichopsis$Iyengar&Kanthamma1940;) ==Ulothrichopsis $Iyengar&Kanthamma1940; #(I) \(+P Ulotrichopsis$Wichmann1937(Chlorophyceae/Ulotrichaceae)) \TS:U. viridis$< Hormidiospora $Vinatzer1975 #NI \TS:H. verrucosa$< Hormospora $Brebisson1839 #(I),S0 \TS:H. ovoidea$< Pearsoniella $Fritsch&Rich1924; #(I) \TS:P. variabilis$< Planctonema $Schmidle1903 #NI \TS:P. lauterbornii$< Psephonema $Skuja1937 #(I) \TS:P. aenigmaticum$< Pseudoschizomeris $Deason&Bold1960; #NI,n1 \TS:P. caudata$< Raphidonemopsis $Deason1969 #NI \TS:R. sessilis$< Trichosarcina $Nichols&Bold1965; #Ip,n2 \(?^Chaetophoraceae) \TS:T. polymorpha$< Ulotrichopsis $Wichmann1937 #NI \TS:U. cylindrica$< ^ Mackiella $Edwards&Lyon1983; #X(I) *I:Dev/Siegen@Scho \TS:M. rotundata$< Rhynchertia $Edwards&Lyon1983; #X(I) *I:Dev/Siegen@Scho \TS:R. punctata$< Palaeogeminella $Fairchild&Schopf1973; #NX(I) *NI:BDev?@Texas \TS:P. folkii$< Archaeoellipsoides $??? #X \TS:??? ? Hormidiopsis $Heering1914 #NI,n1 \TS:Hormidium crenulatum$Kuetzing1??? Psephotaxus $West&West1897; #NI \TS:P. lamellosus$W.&West; MICROSPORACEAE $??? #P1/~16 %F(s,l) *X:Rec {DO- and CW-group s.l.} \(~Sphaeropleales) \("Microsporales) Microspora $Thuret1850 #P~16,NI,S2,p,n1 %F(s,l) \(+NomCons) \TS:Prolifera floccosa$Vaucher1??? ==Dictyothele $Borzi1895 #(I) \TS:Prolifera floccosa$Vaucher1??? Ulothricopsis $??? #p \TS:??? ? Psichohormium $Kuetzing1843 #(I) \TS(+NYD) GLOEODENDRACEAE \("Gloeodendrales$Ettl&Gaertner1987;) Apiococcus $Korshikov1926 #PNIpv \(~Borodinellaceae;~Nautococcaceae;?^Chlorosphaeraceae) \TS:A. consociatus$< ==Apiococcella $Strand1928 #(I)v \(?^Chlorosarcinaceae) \TS(+R Apiococcus$Korshikov1926) Chlorepithema $Pascher1940 #Ip \(?^Characiochloridaceae) \TS:Chlorophysema hemisphaerica$Meyer1??? Gloeodendron $Korshikov1916(=Korschikoff) #NIp \(~Palmodictyon) \(?^Tetrasporaceae) \TS:G. ramosa$Korshikov1??? Kremastochloris $Pascher1942 #PNIp \(~Nautococcaceae) \TS:K. conus$< CYLINDROCAPSACEAE $??? #P2/8 *X:Rec \(>Chaetophorales~Sphaeropleaceae"Cylindrocapsales) Cylindrocapsa $Reinsch1867 #P,5,Ip \(~Sphaeropleaceae) \TS:C. involuta$< Cylindrocapsopsis $Iyengar1957 #P1,NI \(CYLINDROCAPSOPSIDACEAE) \TS:C. indica$< . Urospora $Areschoug1866(?$Dupe1???) #NI,S11,p,n2 \(+NomCons) \(?^Cladophoraceae,~Acrosiphoniaceae) \TS:U. mirabilis$<=penicilliformis$(Roth1???) ==Magnusina $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:??? CHLOROCYSTIDACEAE $??? \(~Ulotrichaceae) Chlorocystis $Reinhard1885 #(I)p,S0 \^^Chlorochytrium \(?^Oocystaceae) \TS:??? Halochlorococcum $Dangeard1965 #I,S5,p,n1 \(?^Chlorococcales) \(?Halochlorococum) \TS:H. marinum$< ? RADIOFILACEAE $??? %[P2/] *X:Rec =MARVANIACEAE $Hindak1976 \(~Microsporaceae) Radiofilum $Schmidle1894 #PNIp,n1 \(~Ulotrichaceae~Microsporaceae) \TS:R. conjunctivum$< Marvania $Hindak1976 #PI,n1 \TS:M. geminata$< ************************* * Ulvineae \("Ulvales"Ulvophyceae$Mattox&Stewart1984;/2:) \("ULVOPHYTA$Round1984) ************************* CAPSOSIPHONACEAE $??? #P1/2-3 *X:Rec \(~Ulotrichineae) Capsosiphon $Gobi1879 #P2-3,NI,S3,p,n4 \TS:Ulva aureola$Agardh1???=fulvescens$(Agardh1???) =Ilea $Agardh1883 #(I) \(+P$Fries1825(Chlorophyceae/Ulvaceae)) \TS:Ulva fulvescens$Agardh1??? ==Hydrosolen $Martius1833 #(I),n2 \TS:??? PERCUSARIACEAE $??? #P1/1 *X:Rec Percursaria $BoryDeStVincent1823 #P1,NI,S2,p,n5 \(?Percussaria,?Percusaria) \(~Ulvaceae) \TS:Conferva percursa$Agardh1??? ==Zignoa $Trevisan1842 #(I),n13 \TS:Conferva percursa$Agardh1??? ==Tetranema $Areschoug1850 #(I),n1 \(+P$Bentham1843(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:Conferva percursa$Agardh1??? ==Diplonema $Kjellman1883 #(I),n2 \(+P$Don1837(Magnoliopsida/Ebenaceae)) \TS:??? ULVACEAE $??? #P6/~86 *X:Rec {/zeesla} Enteromorpha $Link1820 #PNI,S85,p,n458 {/darmwier} \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons)($Nees1???):Ulva intestinalis$Linnaeus1??? ==Fistularia $Greville1824 #(I),n4 \(+P$Stackhouse1816(Phaeophyceae/Fucaceae)) \TS:??? ==Splachnon $Adanson1763 #(I) \(+suppr vs Enteromorpha) \TS:Tremella marina tubulosa, intestinorum figura$Dillenius1???=Ulva intestinalis$Linnaeus1??? ==Tubularia $Roussel1806 #(I) \(+suppr vs Enteromorpha) \TS:Ulva intestinales$Linneaus1??? =Ilea $Fries1825 #(I),n9 \TS(+R Solenia$Agardh1824) ==Solenia $Agardh1824 #(I),S1,n19 \(+P$Persoon1???>Fries1821(Hymenomycetes/Schizophyllaceae);+P Solena$Loureiro1790(Magnoliopsida/Cucurbitaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Chloropelta $Tanner1980 #PNI,S1,p,n1 \(?Chloropeltis) \TS:C. caespitosa$< Ulva $Linnaeus1753 #PNI,S69,f2,p,n138 \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):U. lactuca$Linnaeus1??? ==Phyllona $Wiggers1780 #(I) \(+P$Hill1773(Rhodophyceae/Bangiaceae)) \TS:??? ==Ramularia $Roussel1806 #(I) \TS:Ulva lactuca$Linnaeus1??? . Feldmannodora $Chadefaud1957 #NI,S0,n1 \TS:Enteromorpha chadefaudii$Feldmann1??? Gemina $Chapman1952 #NI,S4,p \TS:G. enteromorphoidea$< Kallonema $Dickie1871 #(I),n1 \TS:Enteromorpha ralfsii$Harvey1??? Letterstedtia $Areschoug1850 #NI,S3,p \TS:L. insignis$< Lobata $Chapman1952 #(I),S1,p \(+^A) \TS:??? Phycoseris $Kuetzing1843 #(I),S0,n15 \TS:Ulva rigida$Agardh1??? Phascon $Adanson1763 #NI \TS(+NYD) Rhizenteron $Dangeard1952 #NI,n2 \TS:Enteromorpha tuberculosa$Dangeard1??? GAYRALIACEAE $??? \(~Ulvaceae) Gayralia $Vinogradova1969 #PNI,S0,p,n1 \TS:Ulva oxysperma$Kuetzing1??? Protomonostroma $Vinogradova1969 #PNI,S2,p,n1 \(~Monostromataceae) \TS:Monostroma undulatum$Wittrock1??? MONOSTROMATACEAE $??? #P3/~12 *X:Rec \(~Ulvaceae~Ulotrichales) Monostroma $Thuret1854 #PNI,S33,p,n8 \TS:Ulva bullosa$Roth1??? Ulvaria $Ruprecht1850 #PNI,S4,p \TS:Ulva fusca$Postels&Ruprecht1;??? Ulvopsis $Gayral1964 #NI,S0,p,n1 \TS:Enteromorpha grevillei$Thuret1??? KORNMANNIACEAE $??? \(~Monostromataceae) Kornmannia $Bliding1969 #PNI,S1,p \TS:Monostroma leptodermum$Kjellman1??? GOMONTIACEAE $??? #P1/>1 *X:Rec \(~Ulotrichaceae) Gomontia $Bornet&Flahault1888; #PNI,S4,p \(?Gomentia) \(~Endosphaeraceae) \TS:Codiolum polyrhizum$Lagerheim1??? =Foreliella $Chodat1898 #NI \TS:F. perforans$< SCHIZOMERIDACEAE $??? #P1/2 *Rec@wide %F *X:Rec \("Schizomeridales) Schizomeris $Kuetzing1843 #P2,NIp *Rec@wide %F \TS:S. leibleinii$< . Blidingia $Kylin1947 #PNI,S7,p,n15 \(~Monostromataceae~Ulvaceae) \TS:Enteromorpha minima$Kuetzing1???(<=Naegeli) Pseudoclonium $??? #p \TS:??? Smithsoniella $Sears&Brawley1982; #I,S1,p \TS:Pilinia earleae$Gallagher&Humm1;??? ************************* * Schizogoniineae \(=Prasiolales~Ulvales;?~Trebouxiophyceae"Ulvophyceae/1:) ************************* PRASIOLACEAE $??? #P3-5/~40 *X:Rec =SCHIZOGONIACEAE $??? Prasiola $Meneghini1838 #PNI,S15,p,n3 \(+NomCons) \(=$Agardh1823(+^A)) \^^Ulva/ \TS($Kuetzing1???):Ulva crispa$Lightfoot1??? =Filoprotococcus $Kufferath1914 #(I),n1 \TS:F. enteromorphoides$< =Rosenvingiella $Silva1957 #NI,S2,p \TS(+R Gayella$Rosenvinge1893) ==Gayella $Rosenvinge1893 #(I),S0 \(+P$Pierre1890(Magnoliopsida/Sapotaceae)) \TS:G. polyrhiza$< =Humida $Gray1821 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Prasiola) \TS:Conferva muralis$Dillwyn1??? Prasiococcus $Vischer1953 #PNIp \TS:Pleurococcus calcarius$BoyePetersen1??? Prasiolopsis $Vischer1953 #PNI,S1,p \TS:P. ramosa$< . Hormidium $Kuetzing1843 #(I),S2,n5 \(+P$(Lindley1???)Heynhold1841(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:H. velutinum$< ==Chlorhormidium $Fott1960 #(I),S1,p \(~Ulotrichaceae) \TS(+R Hormidium$Kuetzing1843) Mastodea $??? #S0 \TS:??? Schizogonium $Kuetzing1843 #NI,n4 \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Sphaeropleineae {DO-group} \("Sphaeropleales) ************************* SPHAEROPLEACEAE $??? #P1/ *X:Rec \(?~Cladophoraceae) Sphaeroplea $Agardh1824 #PNIp,n1 \TS:Conferva annulina$Roth1??? ==Sphaerogona $Link1826 #(I) \TS(+R Sphaeroplea$Agardh1824) . Sphaeroplethia $Duby1830 #(I) \TS:S. soleirolii$< ? Atractomorpha $Hoffman1983 #NIp \TS:A. echinata$< Binuclearia $Wittrock1886 #NI,n1 \(?^Ulotrichaceae) \TS:B. tatrana$< ************************* * Phaeophilales $Chappell&OKelly;&Wilcox;&Floyd1990; \("Ulvophyceae/2:) ************************* PHAEOPHILACEAE $Chappell&OKelly;&Wilcox;&Floyd1990; "Phaeophilales Phaeophila $Hauck1876 #NI,S10,p,n2 \(?^Chaetophoraceae) \TS:P. floridearum$<=dendroides$(Crouan&Crouan1;???) ************************* * Siphonophycidae $Meyer1962 \("SIPHONOPHYTA$Margulis1974) * 1: * Acrosiphonales \(~Ulotrichales;"Ulvophyceae/2:) ************************* CODIOLACEAE $??? #P1-2/~16 *X:Rec Codiolum $Braun1855 #PNI,S2,p,n1 \(?:) \(?^Cladophoraceae,~Endosphaeraceae) \TS:C. gregarium$< ACROSIPHONACEAE $??? #P2/~30 %L _EAlgae *X:Rec Spongomorpha $Kuetzing1843 #PNI,S20,p \(?^Cladophoraceae~Ulotrichaceae) \TS:Conferva congregata$Agardh1???=aeruginosa$(Linnaeus1???) =Spongosiphonia $Areschoug1866 #(I) \(~Cladophora) \TS:Conferva arcta$Dillwyn1??? Acrosiphonia $Agardh1846 #PI,S11,p,n3 \(?^Cladophoraceae) \(+missp:Acroliphonia$Agardh1846 corr$Agardh1846) \(~Spongomorpha) \TS(+NYD) Chlorothrix $BergerPerrot1982 #NI,S20,p \(~Ulotrichaceae) \TS(+R Ulotrichella$BergerPerrot1981) ==Ulotrichella $BergerPerrot1981 #(I) \(+P$Iyengar1975(Chlorophyceae/Chlorococcales/?:)) \TS:Urospora kornmannii$BergerPerrot1??? Pseudoneochloris $Watanabe&&2000 #p \TS:??? ************************* * Cladophorales $West1904 \(~Siphonocladales"Ulvophyceae/3:) ************************* CLADOPHORACEAE $??? #P~14/>300 *X:Rec 1: Cladophora $Kuetzing1843 #I,S170,p,n12 \(+NomCons) \TS:Conferva oligoclona$Kuetzing1??? =Aegagropila $Kuetzing1843 #(I),S0,n1 \TS:A. linnaei$Kuetzing1???=Conferva aegagropila$Linnaeus1??? =Annulina $Link1820 #(I),S0 \(+NomRej vs Cladophora) \TS:Conferva glomerata$Linnaeus1??? =Microspora $Hassall1843 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Thuret1850(Chlorophyceae/Microsporaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Prolifera $Vaucher1803 #(I),S0 \^^Conferva \TS:??? 2: Rhizoclonium $Kuetzing1843 #NI,S18,p,n2 \TS:Conferva juergensii$Mertens1???=tortuosum$(Dillwyn1???) Chaetomorpha $Kuetzing1845 #I,C59,p,n15 \(+NomCons) \TS:Conferva melagonium$Weber&Mohr1;??? =Chloronitum $Gaillon1828 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Chaetomorpha) \TS:Conferva aerea$Dillwyn1??? ==Aplonema $Hassall1845 #(I) \TS:Conferva aerea$Dillwyn1??? =Spongopsis $Kuetzing1843 #(I),S0 \(+NomRej vs Chaetomorpha) \TS:S. mediterranea$< . Acrocladus $Naegeli1847 #(I) \TS:A. mediterraneus$< Anadema $Agardh1846 #(I),S0,n1 \(~Acrosiphoniaceae) \TS:A. orientalis$< Chaetocladiella $Meyer&Skabistschevsky1968; #I \TS(+R Cladochaete$Meyer&Skabitschevsky1965;) ==Cladochaete $Meyer&Skabitschevsky1965; #(I) \(+P$Saccardo1912(Pyrenomycetes/Chaetomiaceae);+P Cladochaeta$DeCandolle1838(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Chaetomorpha microscopica$Meyer1??? Chaetomorphopsis $Lyon1901 #(I) \TS:C. pacifica$< Chaetonella $Schmidle1901 #I \TS:C. goetzei$< Chloropteris $Montagne1850 #(I) \TS:Cladophora leprieurii$Kuetzing1??? Cladogonium $Hirose&Akiyama1971; #I \TS:C. ogishimae$< Cladophorella $Fritsch1944 #NI,S1 \TS:C. calcicola$< Cystothrix $Gray1864 #(I) \TS:Conferva rudolphiana$Agardh1??? Cytophora $Gray1864 #(I) \TS:Conferva litorea$Harvey1??? Draparnaldioides $Meyer&Skabitschevsky1976; #I \TS(+R Draparnaldiella$Meyer&Skabitschevsky1970;) ==Draparnaldiella $Meyer&Skabitschevsky1970; #(I) \(+P$Gaillon1833(Chlorophyceae/Chaetophoraceae)) \TS:Draparnaldia baicalensis$Meyer1??? Hormiscia $Fries1835 #(I),S0,n1 \(+NomRej vs Urospora$Areschoug1866) \TS:Conferva penicilliformis$Roth1??? ==Hormotrichum $Kuetzing1845 #(I),S1 \TS:??? Leptocystea $Gray1864 #(I) \TS:Conferva pellucida$Hudson1??? Lola $Hamel&Hamel1929; #NI,S0 \TS($A.&Hamel;):Rhizoclonium lubricum$Setchell&Gardner1;??? Lychaete $Agardh1846 #I,S0 \TS(+NYD) Pithophora $Wittrock1877 #NIp \TS(+NYD) Rama $Chapman1952 #I,S1 \TS:R. novae-zelandiae$(Agardh1???)Chapman=Lychaete novae-zelandiae$Agardh1??? Vagabundia $Gray1864 #(I) \TS:Conferva fracta$Mueller1??? WITTROCKIELLACEAE $??? #P1/1 *X:Rec \(~Cladophoraceae) \(?:) Wittrockiella $Wille1909 #P1,NI,S3,p \TS:W. paradoxa$< ARNOLDIELLACEAE $??? Arnoldiella $Miller1928 #NI \TS:A. conchophila$< Basicladia $Hoffmann&Tilden1930; #NIp,n2 \(?^Cladophoraceae) \TS:B. crassa$< ? Cladostroma $Skuja1937 #NI \TS:C. setschwanense$< ANADYOMENACEAE $??? #P~6/36 *X:Rec \(~Cladophoraceae) Anadyomene $Lamouroux1812 #PNI,S14,p,n10,v \(+origSp:Anadyomena#v corr$Gistl1848)(+NomOrthCons) \(^Coelenterata) \TS:A. flabellata$< =Cystodictyon $Gray1866 #NI,S0,n1 \TS:Anadyomene leclancherii$Decaisne1??? =Grayemma $Gray1866 #(I),S0 \TS:Anadyomene menziesii$Harvey1??? =Calomena $Gray1866 #(I),S0,n1 \TS:C. brownii$< Microdictyon $Decaisne1841 #PNI,S17,p \TS:M. agardhianum$< =Macrodictyon $Gray1866 #(I),S1 \(~Anadyomene) \TS:M. clathratum$< Willeella $Boergesen1930 #PN(I),S1,p \TS:W. ordinata$< . Rhipidiphyllon $Heydrich1894 #NI,S1,n1 \TS:Anadyomene reticulata$Askenasy1??? Valoniopsis $Boergesen1934 #NI,S1,p \TS:Bryopsis pachynema$Martens1??? ? Talarodictyon $Endlicher1843 #(I),S0 \TS:T. tilesii$< Dictilema $Rafinesque1814 #(I) \(+missp:Dictylema$Endlicher1843) \(~Microdictyon) \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Siphonocladales %M,F *Kar-Rec \("Ulvophyceae/3:) ************************* SIPHONOCLADACEAE #P8/~48 *REC Apjohnia $Harvey1855 #(P),NI,S1,p,n1 \(~Valoniaceae) \TS:A. laetevirens$< Boergesenia $Feldmann1938 #NI,S1,p \TS:Valonia forbesii$Harvey1??? ==Pseudovalonia $Iyengar1938 #(I),S0 \TS:Valonia forbesii$Harvey1??? Chamaedoris $Montagne1842 #NI,S4,p \(+missp:Chaemaedoris$???#S0) \(~Valoniaceae) \TS:Penicillus annulatus$Lamarck1??? ==Scopularia $Chauvin1842 #(I) \(+P$Lindley1834(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:Penicillus annulatus$Lamarck1??? Cladophoropsis $Boergesen1905 #NI,S19,p,n1 \(+NomCons) \(~Boodleaceae~Valoniaceae) \TS:Conferva membranacea$Agardh1??? =Spongocladia $Areschoug1853 #(I),S1,p \(+NomRej vs Cladophoropsis) \TS:S. vaucheriaeformis$< Nereodictyon $Gerloff1960 #NI,S1,p \TS:N. imitans$< Siphonocladus $Schmitz1879 #NI,S9,p \TS:S. wilbergi$<=Valonia pusilla$Kuetzing1??? Struveopsis $Rhyne&Robinson1968; #NI,S4,p,n2 \TS:S. chagoensis$< . =Pseudostruvea $Egerod1975 #(I),S0,n2 \TS:P. siamensis$< =Spongodendron $Zanardini1878 #(I),S0 \TS(+NYD) VALONIACEAE $??? #P4/~35 *REC \(?~Siphonocladaceae) Valonia $Agardh1823 #PNI,S10,p,n3 \TS:V. aegagropila$< =Physidrum $Rafinesque1810 #(I),n4,v \(?:) \TS(+NYD) Ernodesmis $Borgesen1912 #PNI,S1,p \TS($Boergesen1???):Valonia verticillata$Kuetzing1??? Valonopsis $??? #P \TS:??? . Dictyosphaeria $Endlicher1843 #PNI,S9,p,n1 \(<=$Decaisne1???) \TS($Decaisne1???>Endlicher):Valonia favulosa$Agardh1??? Petrosiphon $Howe1905 #NI,S1,p \(~Valoniaceae) \TS:P. adhaerens$< Ventricaria $Olsen&West1988; #NI,S1,p,n1 \(~Valoniaceae) \TS:Valonia ventricosa$Agardh1??? ^ Verticillodesmis $Dragastan&Misik1975; #N(I) *NI:BJura/(Kim-MTth)@TsSl \TS:V. clavaeformis$< BOODLEACEAE $??? \(~Siphonocladaceae) Boodlea $Murray&DeToni1889; #NI,S8,p \(=$Dickie1???(+^A)) \TS($Murray&DeToni1;???):Cladophora coacta$Dickie1??? Struvea $Sonder1845 #NI,S10,p,n8 \(+NomCons) \TS:S. plumosa$< Phyllodictyon $Gray1866 #(I),S4,p,n7 \TS:P. pulcherrimum$< . =Pterodictyon $Gray1866 #(I),S0 \(+P$Unger1856(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:Cladophora anastomosans$Harvey1??? ************************* * . {Siphonophycidae/1:} ************************* Calathella $Florin1929 #N(I) *NI:BPerm/BZec@WDuit \(?:) \TS:C. kraeuselii$< CHAETOSIPHONACEAE $??? #P2/2 *X:Rec \(>Cylindrocapsales>Chaetophorales) Chaetosiphon $Huber1893 #P1,I,S1,p \TS:C. moniliformis$< Blastophysa $Reinke1889 #P1,I,S2,p \TS:B. rhizopus$< ? Bryobesia $WeberVanBosse1911 #NI,S1,p \(~Derbesiaceae) \TS:B. johannae$< ************************* * 2: \("Ulvophyceae/3:) * Chlorosiphonales \(=Codiales=Caulerpales$Setchell1929=Siphonales=Bryopsidales) \("Bryopsidophyceae$Round1971) * Bryopsidineae $HillisColinvaux1984 \(=Eusiphonineae) ************************* BRYOPSIDACEAE $??? #P6/~60 *Rec@cosm *X:Rec Bryopsis $Lamouroux1809 #PNI,S60,p,n8 \TS:B. pennata$< ==Bryonopsis $Rafinesque1814 #(I) \TS(+R Bryopsis$Lamouroux1809) Lambia $Delepine1967 #I,S1,p \(~Codiaceae) \TS:Derbesia antarctica$Skottsberg1??? Pseudobryopsis $Berthold1904 #P(I),S2,p,n3 \(~Trichosolen) \TS:Bryopsis myura$Agardh1??? Pseudoderbesia $Calderon&Schnetter1;??? #S1,p \TS:??? Trichosolen $Montagne1860 #PNI,S12,p,n4 \(~Bryopsis~Pseudobryopsis) \TS:T. antillarum$< Bryopsidella $Rietema1??? #PI,S2,p \(<=$Feldmann1975) \TS:Derbesia neglecta$Berthold1??? CODIACEAE $??? #P1-2/~100 *X:Rec Codium $Stackhouse1797 #P~100,I,S97,p,n9 \TS:C. tomentosum$< ==Agardhia $Cabrera1823 #(I) \(+P$Gray1821(Zygophyceae/Zygnemataceae)) \TS(+R Codium$Stackhouse1797) Callipsygma $Agardh1887 #NI,S1,p \(~Halimedaceae) \TS:C. wilsonis$< Flabellia $Reichenbach1841 #NI,S1,p \(~Halimedaceae) \TS(+R Flabellaria$Lamouroux1813) ==Flabellaria $Lamouroux1813 #(I) \(+P$Cavanilles1790(Magnoliopsida/Malpighiaceae)) \TS:Conferva flabelliformis$Desfontaines1??? Geppella $Borgesen1940 #(I),S2,p,n2 \(~Rhipiliopsis) \TS:G. mortensenii$< ^ Acanthocodium $Suringar1867 #(I),S0 \TS:A. fragile$< Spongodium $Lamouroux1816(|1813) #(I)v \(^Coelenterata) \TS(+R Lamarckia$Olivi1792) ==Lamarckia $Olivi1792 #(I),S0,n1 \(+suppr vs$Moench1794(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:??? Collarecodium $Brandner&Resch1980; #(I) *I:Tr/Cordevol@Oost \TS:C. oenipontanum$< Consinocodium $Endo1961 #(I) *I:BJura@Japan \TS:C. japonicum$Endo^ Dimorphosiphon $Hoeg1927 #(I) *I:MOrd@Noor \TS:D. rectangularis$< Dimorphosiphonoides $Guilbault&Mamet1976; #(I) *I:MOrd@Queb \TS:D. lesperancei$< Diversoporella $Gnilovskaya1972 #(I) *I:MOrd/OCrd@O-Kaza \TS:D. cognata$< Lithocodium $Elliott1956 #(I) *I:OKr@Irak \TS:L. aggregatum$< Lowvillia $Guilbault&Mamet1976; #(I) *I:MOrd@Queb \TS:L. raripora$< Neoanchicodium $Endo1954 #(I) *I:OPerm@Japan \TS:N. catenoides$Endo^ Paragarwoodia $Poncet1974 #(I) *I:Dev/Siegen@Fran \TS:P. balbinia$< Pseudohedstroemia $Mamet&Roux1978; #(I) *I:Carb/MVis@Tenn \TS:P. polyfurcata$< Tubulites $Bein1932 #(I) *I:Perm/Zec@Duit \TS:T. articulatus$< Botryophora $Bompard1867 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Hooker1888(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Rhipidodesmis $Gepp&Gepp1911; #NI \TS($A.&Gepp;):Chlorodesmis caespitosa$Agardh1??? ? Bevosolen $Pia1940 #(I) *I:BCarb-OPerm@Texas \TS:B. huecensis$< Malakhovella $Mamet&Roux1977; #(I) *I:Carb/OVis@Oeral \(?Malakhoxxx$Mamet&Roux1977;#(I)) \TS:M. malakhovae$< Pieninia $Borza&Misik1976; #(I) *I:Kr/(Brm-Apt)@TsSl \TS:P. oblonga$< Winnipegia $Fry1983 #(I) *I:BOrd@Mani \TS:Chondrites cuneatus$Whiteaves1??? ^ Anchicodium $Johnson1946 #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Kans \TS:A. funile$< Aphroditicodium $Elliott1970 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Irak \TS:A. aurantium$< Arabicodium $Elliott1957 #N(I),n2 *NI:OKr@Oman \TS:A. aegagrapiloides$< Bevocastria $Garwood1931 #N(I),n2 *NI:OCarb/Tuedian@Enge \TS:B. conglobata$< Boueina $Toula1884 #N(I),n1 *N:MJura/Oolite@Bulg *I:OKr/BNeo@Joeg \TS:B. hochstetteri$< Calcifolium $Svecov&Birina1935; #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Rusl \{thallus} \TS:C. okense$< Dolioporella $Gnilovskaya1972 #N(I) *NI:BOrd/BCrd@O-Kaza \TS:D. binata$< Eugonophyllum $Konishi&Wray1961; #N(I) *NI:BCarb/BPenn@NMex \TS:E. johnsonii$< Garwoodia $Wood1941 #N(I),n2 *NI:OCarb@Scho \TS:Mitcheldeania gregaria$Nicholson1??? Hedstroemia $Rothpletz1913 #N(I),n1 *NI:BSil@Zwed/Gotl \TS:H. halimedoidea$< Hikorocodium $Endo1951 #N(I) *NI:OCarb,OPerm@Japan \TS:H. elegantae$< Ivanovia $Khvorova1946 #N(I) *NI:MCarb@USSR \TS:I. tenuissima$< Kitakamiania $Ishijima1944("1943") #N(I) *NI:Kr@Japan \TS:K. eguchii$< Lancicula $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Sibe/Kuznetsk \TS:L. alta$< Litanaia $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:ODev@USSR/Kuznetzk \TS:L. mira$< Maslovina $Obrhel1968 #N(I) *NI:Sil@Bohe \TS:M. meyenii$< Microcodium $Glueck1912 #N(I) *NI:MMioc@WDuit \TS:M. elegans$< Mizziella $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:?Carb@USSR \TS:M. canaliculosa$< Ortonella $Garwood1914 #N(I),n1 *NI:OCarb@Enge \TS:O. furcata$< Ovulites $Lamouroux1821 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \(<=$DeLamarck1???) \TS:O. margaritula$< Palaeocodium $Chiarugi1947 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Egyp \TS:P. saharianum$< Penicilloides $Paul1938 #N(I) *NI:OCarb/MVis@Enge \(+missp:Pencilloides) \TS:P. deanensis$< Platylithophycus $Johnson&Howell1948; #N(I) *N:BKr@Kans *I:BKr/NiobraraFm@Kans \TS:P. cretaceum$< Polymorphocodium $Derville1931 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \TS:??? Sinuatoporella $Gnilovskaya1972 #N(I) *NI:BOrd/BCrd@O-Kaza \TS:S. bucera$< Stylocodium $Derville1931 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \TS:??? Succodium $Konishi1954 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@Japan \TS:S. multipilularum$< Tauridium $Guevenc1966 #N(I) *N:^ *I:BPerm@Turk \TS:T. cuvillieri$< Uva $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Sibe/Kuznetsk \(+P$Kuntze1891(Magnoliopsida/Annonaceae)) \TS:U. suspecta$< ? Abacella $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Sibe/Kuznetsk \TS:A. pertusa$< Baccanella $Pantic1971 #N(I) *NI:MTr/Ladin@Joeg \TS:B. floriformis$< Cummingsella $Mamet&Roux1980; #(I) *I:Carb/Namur@Scho \(Codiaceae|Dasycladaceae) \TS:C. lyoncrossi$< DERBESIACEAE $??? \(~Bryopsidaceae) =HALICYSTIDACEAE Derbesia $Solier1846 #PNI,S20,p,n1 \TS:Vaucheria marina$Lyngbye1??? =Halicystis $Areschoug1850 #N(I),S1,n1 \TS:Gastridium ovale$Lyngbye1??? Pedobesia $MacRaild&Womersley1974; #PI,S4,p \TS:Bryopsis clavaeformis$Agardh1??? . OSTREOBIACEAE $Silva1982 #P1/6 *X:Rec \("Ostreobiales$HillisColinvaux1980,~Vaucheriales/Phyllosiphonaceae) Ostreobium $Borner&Flahault1889; #PNI,S3,p \(~Codiaceae) \TS:O. quekettii$Bornet&Flahault1;??? ************************* * Caulerpineae \("Caulerpales) ************************* CAULERPACEAE $??? #P1/>75 *Rec@trop,subtrop--Zgem *X:Rec \(!Halimedaceae) Caulerpa $Lamouroux1809 #P>75,I,S188,p,n11 *Rec@trop,subtrop--Zgem \TS:Fucus proliferus$Forsskal1??? =Caulerpella $PrudhommeVanReine&Lokhorst1992; #S0,p,n1 \TS:??? . Ahnfeldtia $Trevisan1849 #(I),S0 \(+P Ahnfeltia$Fries1835(Rhodophyceae/Phyllophoraceae)) \TS(+NYD) Chauvinia $BoryDeStVincent1829 #(I),S0 \TS(+NYD) Chemnitzia $Montagne1847 #(I) \(=$Endlicher1843(+^A)) \^^Caulerpa/ \TS(+NYD) Corradoria $Trevisan1849 #(I),S0 \(+P Carradoria$Martius1833(Rhodophyceae/Rhodomelaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Herpochaeta $Montagne1843 #(I),S0 \TS:Caulerpa fastigiata$Montagne1??? Himandactylius $Trevisan1849 #(I),S0 \TS:Amphibolis filiformis$Suhr1??? Phyllerpa $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Stephanocoelium $Kuetzing1847 #(I),S0 \TS:S. pusillum$< Tricladia $Decaisne1842 #(I) \TS:T. australis$< ^ Caulerpides $Schimper1869 #N(I) *^ \(?~Cyanophyta) \TS(+NYD) Lithocaulon $Meneghini1857 #BN(I) *N:Tert@Ital *B:Kr *I:Tert@Sard \(~Rhodophyceae/Solenoporaceae) \TS:??? UDOTEACEAE $??? =HALIMEDACEAE $HillisColinvaux1984 #P~13/87 %M,F *X:Eoc/Rup-Rec HALIMEDOIDEAE $??? Halimeda $Lamouroux1812 #I,S47,p,n1 \(?^Codiaceae) \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Halimedea$< corr$Lamouroux1816) \TS(+TypCons):Corallina tuna$Ellis&Solander1;??? =Sertularia $Boehmer1760 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Halimeda) \(+missp:Sertolara) \TS:S. imperato ==Ormus $Hill1773 #(I) \TS:??? ==Opuntiodes $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:??? ==Sertolara $Nardo1834 #(I) \TS:S. typus$<(+NomIlleg) Tydemania $WeberVanBosse1901 #NI,S1,p \(?^Codiaceae) \TS:T. expeditionis$< =Rudicularia $Heydrich1903 #(I) \(^~Apjohnia$Harvey1855) \TS:R. penicillata$< Penicillus $DeLamarck1813|Lamouroux1??? #NI,S13,p \TS:P. capitatus$Lamarck1???=Corallina penicillus$Linnaeus1??? =Nesaea $Lamouroux1812 #(I),S0 \(+suppr vs$Commerson1???>Kunth1823(Magnoliopsida/Lythraceae);+?P$Commerson1???>Jussieu1789) \TS:Corallina penicillus$Linnaeus1??? ==Coralliodendron $Kuetzing1841 #(I)v \(+P Corallodendron$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \(^Coelenterata) \TS(+R Nesaea$Lamouroux1812) ==Corallocephalus $Kuetzing1843 #(I) \TS(+R Coralliodendron$Kuetzing1841) Rhipocephalus $Kuetzing1843 #NI,S4,p \TS:Corallina phoenix$Ellis&Solander1;??? Udotea $Lamouroux1812 #NI,S37,p,n16 \(~Codiaceae) \TS($Howe1904):Corallina flabellum$Ellis&Solander1;??? . UDOTEOIDEAE" AVRAINVILLEAE $??? \("AVRAINVILLEACEAE$Dragastan&Richter;&Kube;&Popa;&Sarbu;&Ciugulea1997;) Avrainvillea $Decaisne1842 #NI,S30,p,n15 \TS:A. nigricans$< Cladocephalus $Howe1905 #NI,S2,p \TS:C. scoparius$< RHIPILEAE $??? \(?^Codiaceae) Chlorodesmis $Harvey&Bailey1851; #I,S7,p,n1 \TS:C. comosa$< =Rhytisiphon $Brand1911 #(I) \TS:R. tahitense$< Rhipiliopsis $Gepp&Gepp1911; #I,S9,p,n9 \TS($A.&Gepp;):Udotea peltata$Agardh1??? Pseudochlorodesmis $Borgesen1925 #NI,S4,p \TS:Bryopsis furcellata$Zanardini1??? Boodleopsis $Gepp&Gepp1911; #NI,S3,p,n1 \TS:B. siphonacea$A.&Gepp; Rhipilia $Kuetzing1858 #NI,S14,p,n4 \("RHIPILIACEAE$Dragastan&Richter;&Kube;&Popa;&Sarbu;&Ciugulea1997;) \TS:R. tomentosa$< ? Johnsonsealinkia $Eiseman&Earle1983; #(I),S0,n1 \(?Johnson-sea-linkia) \(?^Codiaceae) \TS:J. profunda$< Flabellaria $Lamarck1816(|1813) #(I),S1,v \(+P$Cavanilles1790(Magnoliopsida/Malpighiaceae)) \(^Coelenterata) \TS(+NYD) . Botrys $Schirschova1985 #(I) *I:MDev@USSR \(+P$Nieuwland1914(Magnoliopsida/Chenopodiaceae)) \TS:B. compacta$< Chloroplegma $Zanardini1858 #NI \TS:C. sordidum$< Circella $Schirschova1985 #(I) *I:MDev@USSR \(+P$Ljuber1???>Maljavkina1953(fossilSpores/?:)) \TS:??? Clibeca $Poncet1975 #(I) *I:Dev/MSiegen@Fran \TS:C. devoniana$< Espera $Decaisne1842 #(I),S0,p \(+P$Willdenow1801(Magnoliopsida/Tiliaceae)) \TS:E. mediterranea$< Fradelia $Chauvin1842 #(I) \TS:F. fuliginosa$< Opuntia $Naccari1828 #(I) \^^Corallina \(+P$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Cactaceae)) \TS:??? Photophobe $Montagne1847 #(I) \(=$Endlicher1843(+^A)) \^^Caulerpa/ \TS:Fucus vitifolius$Bonpland1??? ==Olafsenia $Trevisan1849 #(I) \TS:Fucus vitifolius$Bonpland1??? Poropsis $Kuetzing1856 #(I) \TS:P. subunalis$< Pseudocodium $WeberVanBosse1896 #P3,NI,S3,p,n1 \("PSEUDOCODIACEAE$HillisColinvaux1984) \(~Codiaceae) \("Pseudocodiineae$HillisColinvaux1984) \TS:P. devriesii$WebervanBosse1??? Rhipidosiphon $Montagne1842 #NI,S2,p,n1 \TS:R. javensis$< Rhipiliella $Kraft1986 #NI,S1,p,n1 \TS:R. verticillata$< Rhipozonium $Kuetzing1841 #(I)v \(^Coelenterata) \TS(+NYD) Siphonoclathrus $Earle&Young1972; #(I),S0 \TS:S. stri$< ^ Palaeoporella $Stolley1893 #NX(I) *NI:Sil@Duit \TS:P. variabilis$< ? Courvoisiella $Niklas1976 #(I) *I:BDev@WVir \(+missp:Courovisiella$Niklas1976#(I)) \("Eusiphonales) \TS:C. ctenomorpha$< Kamaenella $Mamet&Roux1975;("1974") #N(I) *NI:OCarb/BVis@Wales \TS:K. denbighi$< Octaviona $Sommer1954 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Braz \TS(+R Orvillea$Barbosa1949) ==Orvillea $Barbosa1949 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Braz \(+P$Lang1945(fossilProtosalviniopsida/Foerstiales/?:)) \TS:O. petrii$< Parakamaena $Mamet&Roux1975;("1974") #N(I) *NI:OCarb/Vis@Albe \TS:Kamaena tenuisepta$Mamet&Rudloff1;??? Sphaeroporella $Antropov1967 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Tou@USSR \TS:S. aksubaica$< ? Globulinea $Ulke1938 #N(I) *NI:Miss \(+P Globulina$Link1820(Zygophyceae/Zygnemataceae)) \TS:G. giganteus$< Munieria $Hantken1883(=VonHantken) #N(I) *NI:Kr@Hong \TS:M. baconica$< ************************* * Dichotomosiphonales \(~Bryopsidineae) ************************* DICHOTOMOSIPHONACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@wide *X:Rec Dichotomosiphon $Ernst1902 #P1,NI,S2,p *P:Rec@wide \TS:Vaucheria tuberosa$Braun1??? ************************* * 3: \(=Squamuliferida) * Dasycladales *X:*Std,Crd-Rec $Pascher1931 \("Bryopsidophyceae"Ulvophyceae/3:) \(=Siphonales) ************************* SKELETONELLACEAE $??? \(?SELETONELLACEAE) =CYCLOCRINITACEAE Aciculella $Pia1927 #N(I)p *NI:MTr/Ladin@TsSl \TS:A. bacillum$< Amgaella $Korde1957 #N(I)p *NI:MCm@USSR \TS:A. amganensis$< Anthracoporella $Pia1920 #N(I)p *NI:BCarb@Oost \TS:A. spectabilis$< Apidium $Stolley1896 #N(I)p *NI:OSil@Duit \TS(+NYD) Atractyliopsis $Pia1937(=VonPia) #(I)p *I:BPerm@N-Ital \TS:A. lastensis$Accordi1955 Callisphenus $Hoeg1937(?1938) #N(I)p *NI:MSil/Wen@Noor \TS:C. gracilis$< Callithamniopsis $Whitfield1894 #p \TS:??? Cambroporella $Korde1950 #N(I)p *NI:OCm@USSR/Tuva \TS:C. tuvensis$< Coelosporella $Wood1940(=AlanWood) #(I)p *I:OCarb@Enge \TS:C. wetheredii$AlanWood1??? Dasyporella $Stolley1893 #p \TS:??? Eogoniolina $Endo1953 #N(I)p *NI:BPerm@Japan \TS:E. johnsonii$Endo^ Griphoporella $Pia1915 #N(I)p *NI:Tr \TS(+NYD) Gyroporella $Guembel1874(|1872,?1874) #N(I)pv *NI:BTr/Nor@Ital \TS:G. vesiculifera$< Holosporella $Pia1930 #N(I)p *NI:BTr@Thai \TS:H. siamensis$< Intermurella $Elliott1972 #N(I)p *NI:BOrd/Crd@Scho \TS:I. scotica$< Lopsiella $Shuysky1987 #(I)p *I:Dev/Giv@NO-Oeral \(?^Acetabulariaceae) \TS:L. mansica$< Lulipora $Shuysky1986(?1973) #(I)p *I:ODev@O-Oeral \(?^Acetabulariaceae) \TS:L. schatrovii$< Macroporella $Pia1912(=VonPia) #N(I)p *NI:MTr/Muschelkalk@Joeg/Dalmatia \TS:M. dinarica$< Maksimovia $Korde1980 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Frs@M-Oeral \TS:M. moniliformis$< Mastopora $Eichwald1840(=VonEichwald) #N(I)p *NI:Sil@Estl \TS:??? Megaporella $Deloffre&Beun1986; #p \TS:??? Mejerella $Korde1950 #N(I)p *NI:BCm@N-Kaza \TS:M. ramosa$< Mellporella $Racz1964(?1965) #N(I)p *NI:Carb/BBashkir@Span \TS:M. anthracoporellaformis$< Papillomembrana $Spjeldnaes1963 #N(I) *NI:BPreCm/Esmarkian@Noor \TS:P. compta$Spjelnaes1??? Permoperplexella $Elliott1968 #p \TS:??? Primicorallina $Whitfield1894(?1895) #N(I)p *NI:MOrd@NwYo \TS:P. trentonensis$< Rhabdoporella $Stolley1893 #N(I)p *NI:Sil@WDuit \TS:R. bacillum$< Skeletonella $Korde1950 #Np *NI:BCm@N-Kaza \(?Seletonella$Korde1950#(I),n1) \TS:S. mira$< Sphinctoporella $Mamet&Rudloff1972; #N(I) *NI:OCarb/MVis@Alas \(?Spinchtoporella$Mamet&Rudl1972;#p) \TS:S. lisburnensis$< Thibia $Shuysky1973 #p \TS:??? Urdiporella $Dragastan1989 #p \TS:??? Vermiporella $Stolley1883(?1893) #N(I)p *NI:Sil@WDuit \TS:V. fragilis$< Yakutina $Korde1973 #NX(I) *NI:MCm@USSR \TS(+R Siberiella$Korde1957) ==Siberiella $Korde1957 #(I)p *I:MCm@USSR \(+P$Radcenko1955(fossilCycadopsida/?,{Peridophylla}/{Sphenopterides})) \TS:S. aciculata$< ==Jacutiella $Korde1964 #N(I) *NI:MCm@USSR \(+P$Samylina1956(fossilCycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \TS(+R Siberiella$Korde1957) Zergabriella $Granier1989 #p \TS:??? DASYCLADACEAE #P11/~50,6/19 @wide %M *REC Dasycladus $Agardh1828 #3,NI,S2,p,n1 *Rec@AtlOc,ZO-Afr,Z-Aus \TS:Conferva clavaeformis$Roth1??? ==Eudasycladus $Cramer1887 #(I) \TS:??? =Myrsidrum $Rafinesque1810 #(I),S0,n6 \TS(+NYD) ==Myrsidium $Toni1889(=DeToni) #(I),S0 \TS:??? Chloroclados $Sonder1871 #1,I *Rec@Fili,N-Aus \(+missp:Chlorocladus$Sonder1871#S2,p) \TS:C. australasicus$< Batophora $Agardh1854 #2,NI,S3,p,n5 *Rec@WInd,Berm \TS:B. oerstedi$< Bornetella $MunierChalmas1877 #4,NI,S7,p *Rec@IndOc,PacOc \TS:B. nitida$< Neomeris $Lamouroux1816 #P7,NI,S8,p *Rec@wide \TS:N. dumetosa$< Cymopolia $Lamouroux1816 #P2,NI,S3,p *Rec@AtlOc,ZOAE--Japan,Solo \TS:Corallina barbata$Linnaeus1??? . Afghanopolia $Kaever1969(?1979) #N(I)p *NI:MEoc@Afga \TS:A. fragilis$< Carpenterella $Morellet&Morellet1922;|Morellet1922 #N(I)p *N:Paleog,Eoc/Lutet@Fran *I:Eoc/Lutet@Fran \(<=$MunierChalmas1???) \TS:C. jonesii$Morellet&Morellet1;???(<=MunierChalmas) Digitella $Morellet&Morellet1913;|Morellet1913 #(I)p *I:Eoc/Auvers@Fran \TS:D. dactyloporoides$< Ferganella $Maslov1955(=Maslow) #N(I)p *NI:Tert/BukharskFm@Tadz \TS:F. asiatica$Maslov1??? Indopolia $Pia1936 #N(I)p *NI:BBKr|OPaleoc@India \TS:I. satyavanti$< Jodotella $Morellet&Morellet1913;|Morellet1913 #N(I)p *N:BPaleoc|Eoc/Thanet@Fran *I:BPaleoc/Thanet@Fran \TS:J. veslensis$< Montirella $Morrelet1922 #p \TS:??? Morelletina $Maslow&Jarceva1969; #p \TS:??? Parkerella $Morellet&Morellet1922;|Morellet1922 #N(I)p *NI:Paleoc/Mont@Belg \(<=$MunierChalmas1???) \TS:P. montensis$Morellet&Morellet1;???(<=MunierChalmas) Reteporites $Lamouroux1821 #N(I)v *NI:OEoc@Fran \(^Coelenterata) \TS:R. digitalia$< ==Dactylopora $Blainville1834(=DeBlainville) #(I)p *I:OEoc@Fran \(<=$DeLamarck1816) \TS:Reteporites digitalia$Lamouroux1??? ==Dactyloporella $Guembel1872 #(I) *I:OEoc@Fran \TS(+R Dactylopora$DeLamarck1???>DeBlainville1834) Zittelina $Morellet&Morellet1913; #N(I)p *NI:Eoc/Lut@Fran \(<=$MunierChalmas1877) \TS:Z. elegans$< BERESSELLACEAE $??? \(~Dasycladaceae) Beresella $Kulik1964 #N(I)p *NI:MCarb/Moscov@USSR \(<=$Maslov&Kulik1956;|Makhaev) \(<=$Makhaev1???) \TS:B. erecta$< Donnezella $Maslow1929 #p \TS:??? DIPLOPORACEAE $??? \(~Dasycladaceae) Albertoporella $Jophnson1966 #p \TS:??? Cabrierpora $Mamet&Roux1975; #p \(ZIE OOK Cabrieropora 123 ONDER) \TS:??? Clavapora $Guevenc1979 #p \TS:??? Clavaporella $Vachard1980 #(I)p *I:MPerm@Joeg \(=$Kochansky&Herak1960;(+^A)) \TS:C. caliciformis$Kochansky&Herak1;??? Columbiapora $Mamet1975("1974") #(I)p *I:OCarb/MTou@BrCo \TS:C. johnsonii$< Diplopora $Schafhaeutl1863(?Guevenc1979) #(I)p *I:^@Alpen \TS:??? Eovelebitella $Mamet&Roux1983; #N(I)p *NI:OCarb/BVis@Fran \(=$Vachard1974(+^A)) \TS:E. occitanica$Vachard1??? Japhetella $Mamet&Roux1983; #p \TS:??? Kantia $Guevenc1979 #N(I)p *NI:MTr/OMuschelkalk@Oost \(=$VonPia1912(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) ==Kantioporella $Janchen1912 #N(I) *NI:Tr/OMuschelkalk@Oost \TS(+R Kantia$VonPia1912) Pekiskopora $Mamet1975(?1974) #N(I)p *N:^ *I:OCarb/MTou@BrCo \TS:P. macqueenii$< Poncetella $Guevenc1979 #p \TS:??? Pseudovelebitella $Mamet&Roux1978; #p \TS:??? Queenslandiella $Mamet&Roux1983; #p \TS:??? Velebitella $KochanskyDevide1964 #N(I)p *NI:BPerm@Joeg \TS:V. triplicata$< TRIPLOPORELLACEAE $??? \(~Dasycladaceae) Acroporella $Praturlon1964 #N(I)p *NI:Jura-Kr@Ital \TS:A. radoiciciae$< Anatolipora $Konishi1956 #N(I)p *NI:OCarb@Japan/M-Hons \TS:A. carbonica$< Angioporella $Masse&Conrad;&Radoicic1973; #N(I)p *NI:OKr/OBrm@Fran \TS:A. fouryae$< Apinella $Granier&Michaud;&Fourcade1986; #(I)p *I:Jura/Kim@Mexi/Chiapas \(+P$Necker1???>Rafinesque1840(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS:A. jaffrezoi$< Balkhanella $Srivastava1973 #N(I) *NI:OKr/Hau@Turs \(?Baikhanella$Srivastava1973#p) \TS:B. hurkae$< Belzungia $Morellet1908 #N(I)p *NI:BPaleoc/Thanet@Fran \TS:B. bornetii$< Broeckella $Morellet&Morellet1922;|Morellet1922 #N(I)p *NI:MPaleoc/Mont@Belg \(<=$MunierChalmas1???) \TS:B. belgica$Morellet&Morellet1;???(<=MunierChalmas) Campbelliella $Radoicic1959 #pv \(~Tintinnidae) \TS:??? Coniporella $Fischer&Thierry1972;(?DArchiac1843) #(I)p *I:MJura/Bth@Fran \TS:Conipora clavaeformis$DArchiac1??? Connexia $KochanskyDevide1970 #(I)p *I:MCarb/Moscov@Joeg \TS:C. fragilis$< Conodictyon $Goldfuss1833 #p \TS:??? Cylindroporella $Johnson1955(?1954) #(I)p *I:Kr@Texas \TS:C. barnesii$< Deloffrella $Granier1987 #p \TS:??? Dinarella $Sokac&Nikler1970;("1969") #(I)p *I:Jura/OLias@Joeg \TS:D. kochii$< Dissocladella $Bassoullet&&1978 #(I)p *I:BBKr|OOPaleoc@India \(=$Pia1936(+^A)) \TS:D. savitriae$Pia1??? Dobunniella $Elliott1975(?Pia1936) #N(I)p *NI:MJura/Bth@Enge \TS:D. coriniensis$< Draconisella $Granier&Michaud1989; #p \TS:??? Dutroella $Mamet&Roux1978; #(I)p *I:Carb/BVis@Tenn \TS:D. scotti$< Fanesella $Cros&Lemoine1966;|Lemoine1966 #N(I)p *NI:OJura/OLias@Ital \TS:F. dolomitica$< Goniolina $Orbigny1850(=DOrbigny) #N(I)pv *NI:BJura@Fran \TS:G. hexagona$D. d'Orbigny Helioporella $Sokac&Nikler1973; #N(I)p *NI:OKr/(Brm-Apt)@Joeg \TS:H. cylindrica$< Heteroporella $Praturlon1967 #N(I)p *NI:BKr/(BCen-OTur)@Ital \(<=$Cros&Lemoice1966;(+^A)) \TS:H. lepina$< Johnsonia $Korde1965 #N(I)p *NI:BPerm/Guadelupian@USSR \(+P$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Verbenaceae);+suppr vs$Brown1810(Liliopsida/Liliaceae)) \TS:J. spinosa$< Linoporella $Steinmann1899 #N(I)p *NI:BJura@Ital \TS:Triploporella capriotica$Oppenheim1??? Mizzia $Schubert1909(?1907) #N(I)p *NI:BCarb@Joeg/Dalmatie \(=$Rezak1959) \TS:M. velebitana$< Nanopora $Andrews1970 #N(I)p *NI:OCarb@Enge \(<=$Wood1964(=AlanWood)(+^A)) \TS:N. anglica$< Neomizzia $Levy1966 #N(I)p *NI:OJura/MLias@Maro \TS:N. elongata$< Neoteutloporella $Bassoullet&&1978 #(I)p *I:BJura@Ital \TS:Teutloporella socialis$Praturlon1??? Oligoporella $Pia1912(=VonPia) #N(I)p *NI:MTr/Muschelkalk@Joeg/Dalmatie \TS:O. pilosa$< Orthriosiphonoides $Petryk1972 #N(I) *NI:OCarb/MVis@Albe \(?Orthriosiphonoidis$Petryn1972#p) \TS:O. salterensis$< Pentaporella $SenowbariDaryan1978 #p \TS:??? Petrascula $Bernier1979 #N(I)p *NI:BJura@Fran \(=$Guemble1873(+^A)) \TS($Guembel1???):Conodictyum bursiforme$Etallon1??? Physoporella $Steinmann1903 #N(I)p *N:Tr/Keuper@Oost *I:Tr@M-Eur \TS(+NYD) Placklesia $Bilguetay1968 #N(I)p *NI:BTr/Rht@Oost \TS:P. multipora$< Poikiloporella $Endo1968 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Oost \(<=$Pia1943) \(=$Pia1941(+NomNud)) \(?Poikiliporella$Pia1943#p) \TS:Oligoporella duplicata$Pia1??? Praturlonella $Barattolo1978 #p \TS:??? Pseudotrinocladus $Dragastan1989 #p \TS:??? Salpingoporella $VonPia1917(?1918) #N(I)p *NI:OKr@Zwit \(=$Conrad&&1973) \TS($VonPia1???):Diplopora muehlbergii$Lorenz1??? Sarfatiella $Conrad&Peybernes1974;(?1973) #N(I)p,n1 *NI:MJura/Baj@Fran \TS:S. dubarii$< Sarosiella $Segonzac1973(?1972) #N(I)p *NI:OEoc/Sparnac@Fran \TS:S. feremollis$< Sestrosphaera $Pia1920 #N(I)p *NI:Jura/Lias@Ital \TS:S. liasina$< Sinoporella $Yabe1949 #p \TS:??? Stichoporella $Pia1922 #N(I)p *NI:MJura/MBth@Fran \TS:Goniolina cylindrica$Lignier1??? Suppiluliumaella $Elliott1968 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Turk \(?Supiluliumaella$Elliott1968#p) \TS:S. polyreme$< Thyrsoporella $Guembel1872 #N(I)p *N:^ *I:Mioc@Fran \TS:T. cancellata$< Trinocladus $Raineri1922 #N(I)p *NI:BKr/Cen@Libie \TS:T. tripolitanus$< Triploporella $Barattolo1981 #N(I)p *NI:BKr/Tur@Liba \(=$Steinmann1880(+^A)) \TS:T. fraasii$Steinmann1??? Uglasiella $Segonzac1979 #p \TS:??? Unella $Poncet1974 #N(I)p *NI:ODev@Fran \TS:U. roquellensis$< Uragiella $Pia1924(?1925) #N(I)p *N:BJura/BKim@WDuit,Fran *I:BJura/BKim@WDuit \TS:Gyroporella suprajurassica$Guembel1??? Uteria $Michelin1845 #N(I)p *N:Eoc,Paleoc,BKr@Fran *I:Paleoc-Eoc@Fran \TS:U. encrinella$< ACETABULARIACEAE $??? #5/19 *Rec@wide %M *X:Rec \(~Dasycladaceae) =POLYPHYSACEAE $??? Acetabularia $Lamouroux1812 #8,I,S19,p,n2,v *Rec@wide \(+NomCons) \^^Tubularia \^^Madrepora \(^Coelenterata) \TS:??? ==Acetabulum $Boehmer1760 #(I),n2 \(+suppr vs Acetabularia) \TS:'A. marinum, procerius$Tournefort'=Madrepora acetabulum$Linnaeus1??? ==Olivia $Bertoloni1810 #(I) \^^Corallina \TS:Madrepora acetabulum$Linnaeus1??? Acicularia $Archiac1843(=DArchiac) #N,1,(I),S1,pv *NI:Eoc@Fran *Rec@WInd,Berm \(^Coelenterata) \TS:A. pavantina$DArchiac1??? Polyphysa $Lamarck1816(=DeLamarck) #7,I,S1,p,n5,v *Rec@wide \(+missp:Polyphisa$Berthold1827) \TS:P. australis$Lamarck1??? Chalmasia $SolmsLaubach1895 #1,(I),S1,p,n1 *Rec@WInd \(~Acetabularia) \TS:C. antillana$< Halicoryne $Harvey1859 #2,NIp,S2 *Rec@Riuk,Fili,Flor,NCal \(?Halycoryne) \TS:H. wrightii$< . Actinoporella $Guembel1882(|Alth1882) #N(I)pv *NI:BJura/Oekr \TS($VonAlth1???):Gyroporella podolica$VonAlth1??? Clypeina $Bassoullet&&1978 #(I)p *I:Eoc@Fran \(=$Michelin1845(+^A)) \TS:C. marginiporella$Michelin1??? Coptocampylodon $Elliott1963 #p \TS:??? Eoclypeina $Emberger1985 #p \TS:??? Hamulusella $Elliott1978 #N(I)p *NI:Paleoc-OEoc@Irak|W-Iran *I:Paleoc-OEoc/KoloshFm@Irak \TS:H. sedalanensis$< Humiella $Masse&&1984 #p \TS:??? Lagenoporella $Ott&Flaviani1983; #p \TS:??? Orioporella $Morellet&Morellet1922; #N(I)p *NI:Paleoc/Mont@Belg \(<=$MunierChalmas1877) \TS:O. briardii$Morellet&Morellet1;???(<=MunierChalmas) Pseudoclypeina $Radoicic1970(?1969) #(I)p *I:Jura/BKim@Joeg/Bosnie \TS:P. cirici$< Rostroporella $Segonzac1972(?1971) #N(I)p *NI:Tert@Fran \TS:R. oviformis$Segonzac1???(+NomInval) Sandalia $Dieni&&1985 #p \TS:??? . Anfractuosoporella $Chuvashov1974 #p \TS:??? Anisoporella $Botteron1961 #N(I)p *NI:MTr/Ani@Zwit \TS:A. occidentalis$< Archaeocladus $Endo1956 #N(I)p *NI:Perm@Japan \TS:A. seriatus$Endo^ Chinianella $Ott1967(?1994) #(I)p *I:OJura/Lotharing@Fran \TS:Cylindroporella ellenbergeri$Lebouche&Lemoine1;??? Dvinella $Khvorova1949 #N(I)p *NI:MCarb@USSR \TS:D. comata$< Endoina $Korde1965 #N(I)p *NI:BPerm/Guadelupian@USSR \TS:E. stellata$< Epimastopora $Roux1979 #N(I)p,n1 *NI:^@Ital \(=$VonPia1937>Korde1951(+^A)) \TS:E. beta$Elliott1??? Epimastoporella $Roux1979 #p \TS:??? Goniolinopsis $Milanovic1966 #N(I)p *NI:M-BPerm@Joeg/Croa \TS:G. hexagona$< Imperiella $Elliott&Suessli1975;|Elliott1995 #N(I)p *NI:BPerm@Iran \TS:I. iranica$< Kochanskyella $Milanovic1974 #(I)p *I:Perm@Joeg \TS:K. tulipa$< Kungurella $Chuvashov&Anfimov1988; #p \TS:??? Likanella $Milanovic1966(?1995) #N(I)p *NI:Perm@Joeg/Croa \TS:L. spinosa$< Nanjinoporella $Mu&Elliott1982; #p \TS:??? Neodasyporella $Endo1969 #N(I)p *NI:Perm@Thai \(?^Rhodophyceae/Corallinaceae) \TS:N. innerannulata$< Paraepimastopora $Roux1979 #p \TS:??? Permopora $Elias1947 #N(I)p *NI:BPerm@Texas \TS:P. keeniae$< Salopekiella $Milanovic1965 #N(I) *NI:M-,BPerm@Joeg/Dalmatie \(?Salopkiella$Milanovic1995#p) \TS:S. velebitana$< Sphenoporella $Chuvashov1988 #p \TS:??? Spinaporella $Fluegel1984 #p \TS:??? Terquemella $Morellet&Morellet1913; #p \(<=$MunierChalmas1???) \TS:??? Teutloporella $Bassoullet&&1978 #(I)p *I:MTr/Lad@Ital \(=$VonPia1912(+^A)) \TS($VonPia1???):Gastrochaena herculea$Stoppani1??? Thailandoporella $Endo1969 #N(I)p *NI:Perm@Thai \TS:T. phlongphrabensis$< Uragiellopsis $Vachard1981(?1980) #(I)p *I:Perm/Murghab@Joeg/Croa \TS:Salopekiella breziki$Milanovic1??? Uraloporella $Korde1950 #N(I)p *NI:MCarb@N-Oeral \TS:U. variabilis$< Xainzanella $Mu1984 #p,n1 \TS:??? Zaporella $Racz1964 #N(I)p *NI:Carb/OMoskov@Span \TS:Z. cantabriensis$< . Ajakmalajsoria $Korde1957 #N(I) *NI:?Ord@Kaza \TS:A. rotunda$< Albertaporella $Johnson1966 #N(I) *NI:OCarb/OMiss@Albe \TS:A. involuta$< Amicus $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:ODev@USSR/Kuznetsk \TS:A. fortunatus$< Andrusoporella $Bystricky1962(?Konishi1956) #N(I) *NI:MTr/Ladin@TsSl \TS:A. fusanae$< Anthracoporellopsis $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:MCarb@USSR \TS:A. machaevii$< Aphroporella $Gnilovskaya1972 #N(I) *NI:BOrd/BCrd@O-Kaza \TS:A. gracilis$< Buzgulella $Korde1951 #N(I) *N:MCarb@N-Oeral *I:BCarb@N-Oeral \TS:B. serrata$< Cabrieropora $Mamet&Roux1975; #N(I) *NI:OCarb/BVis@Fran \(ZIE OOK Cabrierpora 123 BOVEN) \TS:C. pokornyi$< Carpathoporella $Dragastan1967 #N(I) *N:BJura-OKr/Brm@Roem *I:OKr/Brm@Roem \TS:C. occidentalis$< Catellaria $Maslov1955 #N(I) *N:Tert@Tadz *I:Tert/BukharskFm@Tadz \TS:C. ambia$< Cateniphycus $Maslov1963 #N(I) *NI:ODev@USSR/Kuznetsk \TS(+R Catena$Maslov1956) ==Catena $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:ODev@USSR/Kuznetsk \(+P$Chodat1900(Chlorophyceae/Ulotrichaceae)) \TS:C. friata$< Clavaphysoporella $Endo1958 #(I) *I:MTr@Ital \TS:Gyroporella minutula$Guembel1??? Coccocladus $Cramer1887 #(I) \TS:Dasycladus occidentalis$Harvey1??? ==Botryophora $Agardh1887 #(I) \(+P$Bompard1867(Chlorophyceae/Codiaceae);+suppr vs$Hooker1888(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS:B. dichotoma$Bompard1??? Coelosphaeridium $Roemer1885 #(I)v *I:OSil@Polen \(^Porifera?) \TS:C. cyclocrinophilum$< Coelotrochium $Schlueter1879 #(I)v *I:MDev@WDuit \TS:C. dechenii$< Conodictyum $Goldfuss1829 #(I)v *I:Jura/Oxf@Duit \(<=$GrafZuMuenster1???) \^^Animalia \(^Bryozoa) \TS:C. striatum$< ==Conipora $Blainville1833(=DeBlainville) #(I) *I:Jura/Oxf@Duit \TS:Conodictyum striatum$Goldfuss1??? Coscinoconus $Leupold&Bigler1935;(|Leupold1936)("1935") #(I),M2,v *I:BJura-OKr@Zwit *M:Tth-OKr \(^Foraminifera) \TS:C. alpinus$< Crinella $Sokac&Nikler1973; #(I) *I:OKr/(Brm-Apt)@Joeg \TS:C. carsica$< Cyclocrinus $Eichwald1860(=VonEichwald) #(I) *I:Ord@Balt \TS(+NYD) Diploporundus $Bock1961 #(I) *I:BTr@Penn \TS:D. rugosus$< Edelsteinia $Vologdin1940 #N(I) *NI:OCm@W-Mong \{thallus} \TS:E. mongolica$< Embergerella $Guevenc1972 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Turk \(+P$Grambast1969(Charophyceae/Clavatoraceae)) \TS:??? Eodasycladus $Cros&MarcelLemoine1966; #N(I) *NI:Jura/OLias \TS:E. ogilviae$< Eomizzia $Endo&Horiguchi1957; #N(I) *NI:Carb@Japan \TS:E. igoi$Endo^&Horiguchi; Euspondyloporella $Sokac&Nikler1973; #N(I) *NI:OKr/(Brm-Apt)@Joeg \TS:E. duplicata$< Exvotarisella $Elliott1970 #N(I) *NI:OCarb/Vis@Enge \TS:E. maponii$< Favoporella $Sokac1968 #N(I) *NI:MTr@Joeg/W-Croa \TS:F. annulata$< Frederica $BartaCalmus1967("1966") #N(I) *NI:Eoc/BLut@Fran \TS:E.... villiersi$BartaCalmus1??? Furcoporella $Pia1918(=VonPia) #N(I) *NI:Eoc/Lut@Oost \TS:F. diplopora$< Goksuella $Guevenc1966 #N(I) *NI:MCarb@Turk \TS:G. maslovii$< Goniolinites $Maslov1964 #N(I) *NI:Kwart@USSR/Altai \TS:G. hemisphaerica$< Haploporella $Guembel1871(|1872) #N(I)v *NI:Tert?@O-IndOc,trop \TS:H. eruca$(Parker&Jones1;???)<=Dactylopora bambusa var eruca$Parker&Jones1;??? Harlanjohnsonella $Elliott1968 #N(I) *NI:BKr/?Cen@Joeg/Servie \TS:H. annulata$< Herakella $KochanskyDevide1970 #N(I) *N:^ *I:MCarb/Moscov@Joeg \TS:H. paradoxa$< Herouvalina $Andrews1955 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \(=$MunierChalmas1???>Steinmann1899(+^A)) \^^Neomeris/ \TS:H. herouvalensis$(MunierChalmas>Steinmann)Andrews&Jr.;=Neomeris herouvalensis$MunierChalmas1???>Steinmann Kamaena $Antropov1967 #N(I) *N:Dev,OCarb/Tou@USSR/Tatar *I:OCarb/Tou@USSR \TS:K. delicata$< Karreria $VonPia1927 #N(I) *NI:Eoc/Auversian@Fran \(=$MunierChalmas1???>Morellet&Morellet1913;(+^A)) \^^Cymopolia/ \TS($VonPia1???):Cymopolia zitteli$Morellet&Morellet1;??? Kazakhstanelia $Korde1957 #N(I) *NI:?Ord@Kaza \TS:K. multiformis$< Koninckopora $Lee1912 #N(I) *NI:OCarb/Vis@Belg \(???~Bryozoa/Stenoporidae) \TS:Calamopora inflata$DeKoninck1??? Koninckoporoides $Rich1974 #N(I) *NI:Carb/BMiss@Tenn \TS:K. monteaglensis$< Kopetdagaria $Maslov1960 #N(I) *NI:OKr/OBrm@Turs \TS:K. sphaerica$< Larvaria $Defrance1822 #N(I) *NI:Eoc/Lut@Fran \TS:L. reticulata$< Lemoinella $Morellet&Morellet1913; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \TS:L. geometrica$< Litopora $Johnson1964 #N(I) *NI:ODev@NwZW \TS:L. spatiosa$< Maupasia $Morellet&Morellet1919; #N(I) *NI:MEoc/Auvers@Fran \(+P$Schewiakoff1892(Flagellata/?:)) \TS:M. dumasii$< Meminella $Morellet&Morellet1913; #N(I) *NI:Eoc/Lut@Fran \TS:M. larvarioides$< Montenegrella $Sokac&Nikler1973; #N(I) *NI:OKr/(Brm-Apt)@Joeg \TS:M. tuberifera$< Montiella $Morellet&Morellet1922; #N(I) *NI:Paleoc/Montian@Belg \(<=$MunierChalmas1???) \TS:M. munieri$< Morelletpora $Varma1950 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc@Paki \TS:M. nammalensis$< Myrmekioporella $Pia1924 #N(I) *I:BJura/Malm@Fran \TS:M. mosana$< Neogyroporella $Yabe&Toyama1950;("1949") #N(I) *NI:BJura@Japan \TS:N. elegans$< Neomacroporella $Crescenti1964 #N(I) *NI:Kr/BApt@Z-Ital \TS:N. cretacica$< Neomerearum $Pia1936(=VonPia) #N(I) *NI:BKr@Z-India \TS(+NYD) Nipponophysoporella $Endo1959 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Japan \TS:N. elegans$Endo^ Novantiella $Elliott1972 #N(I) *NI:BOrd/Crd@Scho \TS:N. ordoviciana$< Ollaria $Maslov1955 #N(I) *NI:Tert/BukharskFm@Tadz \TS:O. cava$< Pagodaporella $Elliott1966 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc@N-Irak \TS:P. wetzelii$< Palaeoberesella $Mamet&Roux1975;("1974") #N(I) *NI:OCarb/Vis@USSR \^Foraminifera \TS:Nodosinella lahuseni$VonMoeller1??? Palaeodasycladus $Pia1927 #N(I) *NI:OJura/MLias@Ital \TS(+R Palaeocladus$Pia1920) ==Palaeocladus $Pia1920 #N(I) *NI:OJura/MLias@Ital \(+P$VonEttingshausen1887(fossilPinopsida/Taxaceae)) \TS:P. mediterraneus$< Paradella $Maslov1956 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \TS:P. recta$< Parmiella $Schirschova1985 #(I) *I:MDev@USSR \TS:P. collucata$< Permoplexella $Elliott1968 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Irak \TS:P. attenuata$< Phragmoporella $Rezak1959 #N(I) *NI:MSil@Utah \TS:P. monilis$< Pianella $Radoicic1962 #N(I) *NI:BJura/(BKim,?OPortland)@Joeg \TS:P. grudii$< Pleiophysa $Agardh1887 #(I) \(<=$Sonder1???) \TS($Sonder1???>DeToni):Polyphysa spicata$Kuetzing1??? Polytrypes $Defrance1826 #N(I)v *NI:Eoc/Lutet@Fran \(?:) \TS:P. elongatus$< Prattia $Archiac1850(=DArchiac) #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \(???~Bryozoa/Mamilloporidae) \TS:P. glandulosa$< Pseudoactinoporella $Conrad1971 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Apt@Fran \TS:P. fragilis$< Pseudocymopolia $Elliott1970 #N(I) *N:Kr/Maa|BJura-BKr@Irak|Sara *I:BKr/Maa@Irak \TS:Cymopolia anadyomenea$Elliott1??? Pseudoepimastopora $Endo1960 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Japan \TS:P. pertunda$Endo^ Pseudogyroporella $Endo1959 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Japan \TS:P. mizziaformis$Endo^ Pseudokamaena $Mamet1972 #N(I) *NI:OCarb/Vis@Alas \TS:P. armstrongii$< Pseudonanopora $Mamet&Roux1975; #N(I) *N:Carb/MVis@Belg,Alge *I:OCarb/MVis@Belg \TS:P. stockmansii$< Pseudovermiporella $Elliott1958 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Oman \TS:P. sodalica$< Radoiciciella $Dragastan1971 #N(I) *N:Jura-Kr@Roem *I:BJura,OKr@Roem \TS:R. subtilis$< Sakkionella $Segonzac1970 #N(I) *NI:Eoc/Sparnac@Fran \{reproductive} \TS:S. avellanensis$< Samarella $Maslov&Kulik1956; #N(I) *NI:MCarb@USSR \TS:S. setosa$< Sandoella $Mamet&Roux1978; #(I) *I:Carb/BVis@Tenn \TS:S. fowleri$< Scribroporella $Spriestersbach1935 #TN(I) *T:MDev@Duit *NI:MDev@Duit \(^Porifera/Sphinctozoa) \TS:S. socialis$< Selliporella $Sartoni&Crescenti1962; #(I) *I:Jura/(Baj-Bth)@Ital \TS:S. donzellii$< Shigaporella $Endo1961 #N(I) *NI:O-,MPerm@Japan \TS:S. exortiva$Endo^ Stolleya $Schubert1907 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Joeg/Dalmatie \TS:Stolleyella velebitana$Schubert1??? ==Stolleyella $Schubert1908 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Joeg/Dalmatie \TS:S. velebitana$< Tersella $Morellet1952 #(I) *I:OJura/Lias@Fran \TS:T. incompleta$< Tetraploporella $Steinmann1903 #N(I) *N:^ *I:BJura/Tth@TsSl \TS:T. remesii$< Thaumatoporella $Pia1927 #N(I) *N:^ *I:BKr@Ital \TS:Gyroporella parvovesiculifera$Raineri1??? Timanella $Vologdin1966 #(I) *I:BProterozoic@USSR \TS:T. gigas$< Turkmeniaria $Maslov1960 #N(I) *NI:OKr/OBrm@Turs \TS:T. adducta$< Unjaella $Korde1951 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@USSR/Komi \TS:U. ovata$< Uralella $Korde1957 #N(I) *NI:Ord@M-Oeral \TS:U. ramosa$< Uterioides $Segonzac1970 #N(I) *NI:Eoc/Sparnac@O-Fran \{fructification} \TS:U. copiosus$< Vaginopora $Blainville1830(=DeBlainville) #N(I) *NI:Eoc/Lut@Fran \(<=$Defrance1???) \TS:V. fragilis$< Velomorpha $Horiguchi1961 #N(I) *NI:MPerm@Japan \TS:V. kuzuensis$< Verticillopora $Rezak1959 #N(I) *NI:MSil@Calif \TS:V. annulata$< Verticilloporella $Raviv&Lorch1970; #N(I) *NI:OKr@Alge \TS:V. dalmatica$< Windsoporella $Mamet&Rudloff1972; #N(I) *N:^ *I:BCarb/ONamur@NvSc \TS:W. radiata$< Zeapora $Penecke1894 #N(I)v *NI:MDev@Oost \(^Bryozoa) \TS:Z. gracillis$< ? Filiphycus $Vologdin1962 #N(I) *NI:OOrd@USSR/Krasnoyarsk \{stromatolite} \TS:F. longifilosus$< Piaea $Florin1929 #N(I) *NI:BPerm/BZec@WDuit \TS:P. punctata$< ?: \{Dasycladaceae|Codiaceae} Orthriosiphon $Johnson&Konishi1956; #N(I) *NI:Miss@Sask \TS:O. saskatchewanensis$< ************************* * Receptaculitales $Sushkin1962 *Tre|Arg-Perm%M \(=Receptaculida~Porifera/?:) ************************* RECEPTACULITIDAE $Eichwald1860 \(^Animalia"Dictyonina>Hexactinosa>Lychniscosa) =RECEPTACULITACEAE $??? =SOANITACEAE $??? Calethella $Rauff1894 #X \TS:??? Receptaculites $Blainville1830(=DeBlainville) #tT,n1,v *t:Dev *T:MOrd-Dev,?Carb@cosm \(?Recaptulites) \(=Receptacules$Defrance1827#v) \TS:?. neptuni$? Acanthochonia $Hinde1884 #T *T:Sil@TsSl \(+missp:Acanthoconia$Sollas1906#v) \TS:A. barrandei$< Ischadites $Murchison1839 #tTN(I) *t:Sil-Carb *T:Ord-Dev@Eur,NAm *NI:Sil/OLud@Enge \TS:I. koenigii$< =Tettragonis $Eichwald1842(=VonEichwald) #(TI)v *I:^@Rusl \(+missp:Tetragonis$Eichwald1843) \(^Archaeocyatha) \TS:T. murchisonii$Eichwald1??? =Tetragonis $Lonsd.1845 #(T) \(TETRAGONACEAE) \TS:??? Sphaerospongia $Pengelly1861 #Tv *T:Ord-Dev@Eur \(SPHAEROSPONGIACEAE) \(^Porifera?) \TS(+R Sphaeronites$Phillips1841) ==Sphaeronites $Phillips1841 #(T)v \(+P$Hisinger1828(Echinodermata/Sphaeronitidae)) \(^Porifera) \TS:S. tessellata$< =Polygonosphaerites $Roemer1880 #t(T)v *t:Sil-Carb \(^Porifera) \TS:??? Cerionites $MeekWorthen1868 #T *T:BSil@Illi \(+missp:Ceriopelta$Zittel1878#v) \(>Sphaerospongia) \TS:C. dactylioides$< Cyclocrinites $Eichwald1840(=VonEichwald) #T(I) *T:Ord@Eur *I:Sil@Estl \TS:C. sparkii$< Dictyocrinus $Hall1859 #T *T:?Ord@USA \TS:D. squamifer$< =Dictuocrinites $Hall1859 #(T)v \(=$Conrad1???(MS)) \(+altOrigSp:Dictyocrinus#(v)) \TS:??? Lepidolites $Ulrich1889 #Tv *T:Ord@USA \(^Coelenterata) \TS:L. dickhanti$< Nidulites $Salter1851 #TN(I) *T:Ord@NAm,Enge *NI:Sil@Wales,Scho \^^Mastopora \(~Dasycladales) \TS:N. favus$< Anomaloides $Ulr.1878 #T *T:Ord@NAm,Enge \TS:A. reticulatus$< ==Anomalospongia $Ulrich1895 #v \TS(+E Anomaloides$Ulrich1878) Pasceolus $Bill.1857 #T *T:Ord@NAm \TS(+SD$Hinde1884):P. halli$< Leptoterion $??? #t *t:Sil-Carb \TS:??? ************************* * Chlorokybales $Rogers&Mattox;&Stewart1980; \(~Charophyceae) ************************* CHLOROKYBACEAE $Rogers&Mattox;&Stewart1980; #P1/1 *X:Rec \(?^Chlorosarcinaceae) Chlorokybus $Geitler1942 #P1,Ip \TS:C. atmophyticus$< ************************* * Klebsormidiales \(~Charophyceae) \("Klebsormidiophyceae$VanDenHoek&Mann;&Jahns1995;) ************************* KLEBSORMIDIACEAE $??? #P2/~25 *X:Rec \(~Ulothrichaceae) Klebsormidium $Silva&Mattox;&Blackwell1972; #PNI,S1,p,n9 \TS:Ulothrix flaccida$Kuetzing1??? Stichococcus $Naegeli1849 #PNI,S2,p,n2 \(STICHOCOCCACEAE) \TS:S. bacillaris$< =Dendronema $Schmidle1897 #(I) \TS:D. confervaceum$< ? Hormidiella $Iyengar&Kanthamma1940; #NIp \(?^Ulothrichaceae) \TS:H. parvula$< Microsporopsis $Vischer1940 #NIp \(?^Microsporaceae) \TS:M. binzii$< ELAKATOTRICHACEAE $??? #P3/~30 *X:Rec \(~Klebsormidiaceea) Elakatothrix $Wille1898 #PNI \(?^Coccomyxaceae) \TS:E. gelatinosa$< =Atractinium $Zacharias1903 #(I) \TS:A. schmidlei$< Koliella $Hindak1963 #PNI,n1 \(?^Ulothrichaceae) \TS:Raphidonema spiculiforme$Vischer1??? Raphidonema $Lagerheim1892 #PNIp \TS:R. nivale$< ************************* * ? ************************* Chlamydonephrys $Ettl&Ettl1995; #p \TS:??? ************************* * Trebouxiophyceae $Friedl1995 \(=Pleurastrophyceae$Mattox&Stewart1984;=Trebouxiophytes$Friedl1995=Pleuastrophytes) * Pleurastrales $Mattox&Stewart1984; \(=Microthamniales$Melkonian1990=Trebouxiales$Friedl1995) ************************* MICROTHAMNIACEAE $??? #P1/4-5 *X:Rec \("Ctenocladales) Microthamnion $Naegeli1849 #P4-5,NI,S1,p,n4 \(?^Chaetophoraceae) \TS:??? PLEURASTRACEAE $Mattox&Stewart1984; #3/ *X:Rec \(?^Trentepohliaceae"Pterospermatales~Chlorodendrales) Pleurastrum $Chodat1894 #NIp,n1 \TS:P. insigne$< TREBOUXIACEAE $Friedl1995 \(?^Chlorococcaceae) Trebouxia $Puymaly1924 #NIp,n1 \TS:T. arboricola$< (Eleutherococcus) $TschermakWoess1989 \(=$Waren1920(+^A)) \(^Cystococcus/) \TS:??? ************************* * Pedinophyceae $Moestrup1991 \(~Prasinophyceae,?~Trebouxiophyceae) * Pedinomonadales $Moestrup1991 \(=Monomastigales) ************************* PEDINOMONADACEAE $Korshikov1938 *X:Holoc-Rec \(?^Nephroselmidaceae) =MONOMASTIGACEAE $??? #P7/~15,4/ *X:Rec Bipedinomonas $Carter1937 #PNXIv \TS(+NYD) Marsupiomonas $Jones&Leadbeater;&Green1994; #p,n1 \TS:??? Monomastix $Scherffel1912 #NBIpv \(~Cryptophyceae/Pleuromastigaceae) \TS:M. opisthostigma$< Pedinomonas $Korshikov1923 #PNXIp,n1 \TS:P. minor$< =Chlorochytridium $Vischer1945 #(p) \TS:??? Resultor $Moestrup1991 #(I)p,n1,v \TS:Pedinomonas mikron$Throndsen1??? ************************* * . {Chlorophyta} ************************* Cadmus $BoryDeStVincent1822 #(I) \TS($Lestiboudois1???):Conferva dissiliens$Dillwyn1??? Chlorolepus $Bompard1867 #(I) \TS:C. pannosum$< Didymonema $Wei&Hu1979; #(I) \(+P$Presl1829(Liliopsida/Cyperaceae)) \TS:??? Entransia $Hughes1943 #I \TS:E. fimbriata$< Fusochloris $Floyd&Watanabe1993; #p,n1 \(?~Trebouxiophyceae) \TS:??? Hortobagyiella $Hajdu1975 #I,n1 \TS:H. lacustris$< Hyalococcus $Waren1920 #I \(+P$Schroeter1889(mitosporicPyrenomycetes/Piedraiaceae)) \TS:H. dermatocarponis$< Parietochloris $Floyd&Watanabe1989;|Watanabe&Floyd1990;|Watanabe&&1996 #p,n8 \(?~Trebouxiophyceae) \TS:??? Sorodiscus $Allman1847 #(I) \TS:S. rivularis$< Sphaerodesmus $Braun1855 #(I) \(<=$Naegeli1???) \TS:S. alternans$< Watanabea $Hanagata&Karube;&Chihara;&Silva1998; #p,n1 \(?~Trebouxiophyceae) \TS:??? ^ Chlorotylites $Howe1932 #(I) *I:OEoc \TS:C. berryi$< Kinwowia $Fry1983 #(I) *I:BOrd@Mani \TS:K. articulata$< Lomentunella $Hermann1981 #N(I) *NI:BPreCm@USSR \TS:L. vaginata$< Mawsonella $Chapman1927 #N(I) *NI:?OCm@Z-Aus \TS:M. wooltanensis$< Noremia $Kedves1962 #N(I) *NI:OEoc@Hong \TS:N. major$< Pseudoissinella $Mamet&Rudloff1972; #N(I) *NI:Carb/BVis@Alas \TS:P. alaskaensis$< Yuknessia $Walcott1919 #N(I) *NI:MCm@BrCo \TS:Y. simplex$< Yukonella $Mamet&Rudloff1972; #N(I) *NI:OCarb/MVis@Yukon \TS:Y. bamberi$< ? Asphaltinella $Mamet&Roux1978; #(I),n1 *I:Carb/ONamur@Tenn \TS:A. horowitzii$< Aurantiella $Chodat1925(|1922) #Iv \TS(+R Chrysosphaera$Chodat1921) ==Chrysosphaera $Chodat1921 #(I) \(+P$Pascher1914(Chrysophyceae/Chrysosphaeraceae)) \TS:C. bernardinensis$< Gambangia $Cookson&Eisenack1979; #(I) *I:Kr/(Alb-Cen)@WAus \TS:G. tremaphora$< Heterocystinella $Cookson&Eisenack1979; #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@WAus \TS:H. bulbosa$< Jansaella $Mamet&Roux1975; #N(I) *N:BDev/Frs@Albe \TS:J. ridingii$< Lacrymorphus $Elliott1958 #N(I),n1 *NI:BTr@Irak \TS:L. perplexus$< Leucosphaera $HenrykRaabe1940 #N(I) \(+P$Gilg1897(Magnoliopsida/Amaranthaceae)) \TS:L. oxneri$< Piriurella $Cookson&Eisenack1979; #(I) *I:Kr/?Cen@WAus \^Fungi \TS:P. elongata$< Protosphaeria $Turpin1828 #(I) \TS:P. simplex$< Retephycus $Johnson&Konishi1956; #N(I) *N:Miss@Sask *I:Miss/MissionCanyonFm@Sask \(+P Retiphycus$Ulrich1904(fossilAlgae/?:)) \TS:R. globosus$< Schodackia $Ruedemann1942 #N(I) *NI:OCm@NwYo \TS:S. biserialis$< LECANIELLACEAE $Cookson&Eisenack1970; *^ \(~?Chlorophyceae|Dinophyceae) Eyrea $Cookson&Eisenack1970; #N(I) *NI:Kr@WAus \(+P$Champion1???>Bentham1851(Magnoliopsida/Staphyleaceae)) \TS:E. nebulosa$< Lecaniella $Cookson&Eisenack1962; #N(I) *N:Kr/(BAlb|Cen)@WAus \(+P$Jatta1889(Lecanoromycetes/Bacidiaceae)) \TS:??? Paralecaniella $Cookson&Eisenack1970; #N(I)p *NI:Paleoc-Mioc@Vict,Tasm \(~Acritarcha) \TS:Epicephalopyxis indentata$Deflandre&Cookson1;??? ?: \(Chlorophyceae|Xanthophyceae) Pseudostichococcus $Moewus1951 #I \TS:P. monallantoides$< Racovitziella $Wildeman1900(=DeWildeman) #NI \TS:R. antarctica$< Tiresias $BoryDeStVincent1833 #(I),S0 \TS(+NYD) ************************* * PRASINOPHYTA $Round1971 \(~Chlorophyta) * Prasinophyceae $Moestrup&Throndsen1988; \(=Pyramimonadophyceae=Prasinomonadida) * Chlorodendranae" * Pyramimonadales $Chadefaud1950 \(=Halosphaerales=Pterospermatales$Schiller1925) * Pyramimonadineae" ************************* PYRAMIMONADACEAE $??? #P2/~75,4/ %!(B,M),F *X:Holoc-Rec \("Pyramimonadales) Pyramimonas $Schmarda1849|1850 #PNXIp,n21 %!(B,M),F \TS:P. tetrarhynchus$< (Hexactis) $Hori&Moestrup;&Hoffman1995; #(n) \TS:??? (Macrura) $Hori&Moestrup;&Hoffman1995; #(n) \TS:??? (Punctatae) $McFadden1987 #(n) \TS:??? (Trichocystis) $McFadden1987 #(n) \TS:??? (Vestigiferae) $McFadden1987 #(n) \TS:??? . =Chloraster $Ehrenberg1848 #NIXv \(+P$Haworth1824(Liliopsida/Amaryllidaceae)) \(?^Polyblepharidaceae) \TS:C. gyrans$< Angulomonas $Skvortzov1968 #NIv \TS:A. triquetra$< Kuzminia $Skvortzov1958(=Skvortzow) #NIpv \TS:K. incerta$< Pocillomonas $Steinecke1926 #NIp \TS:P. flos-aquae$Steinecke1??? Protoaceromonas $Skvortzov1968 #NIv \TS:P. spinosa$< Protochroomonas $Skvortzov1968 #NIv \TS:P. granulata$< Stephanoptera $Dangeard1910 #NXIv \(?^Polyblepharidaceae) \TS:S. fabreae$< Streptomonas $Klebs1892 #NIpv \TS:Monas cordata$Perty1??? Trichloridella $Silva1970 #NIp \TS(+R Trichloris$Scherffel&Pascher1927;) ==Trichloris $Scherffel&Pascher1927; #(I) \(+P$Fournier1???>Bentham1881(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:T. paradoxa$< HALOSPHAERACEAE $??? #P1/~6,2/ %M *X:Holoc-Rec \("Pyramimonadales~Pedinomonadales) Cymbomonas $Schiller1913 #NIpv \(?^Dunaliellaceae/?:) \TS:C. tetramitiformis$< Halosphaera $Schmitz1879 #P~6,NXIp %M \TS:H. viridia$< ? Hyalophysa $Cleve1900 #NXI \TS:H. delicatula$< Sphaera $Karsten1905 #NI \TS:S. kerguelensis$< ^(?:) Halosphaeropsis $Maedler1963 #N(I) *NI:OJura/BLias@WDuit \TS:H. liassica$< LAEROSPHARIDIACEAE $Maedler1963 *X:Rif-Rec \(<=$Timofeev1956) \(~Halosphaeraceae"Pyramimonadales) Polyedrosphaeridium $Timofeev1966 #NX(I) *NI:BPreCm/Ven@USSR/Krasnoyarsk \(+P$Timofeev1962(Acritarcha/?)) \{acritarch} \(?~Cyanophyceae/Chroococcaceae) \TS:P. hidusense$< Protoleiosphaeridium $Timofeev1960(?1966) #X(I),n2 *I:MCm@USSR \(<=$Timofeev1959) \{acritarch} \TS:P. conglutinatum$Timofeev1???(<=Timofeev) ==Synsphaeridium $Timofeev1966 #N(I) *NI:MCm \{acritarch} \TS:Protoleiosphaeridium conglutinatum$Timofeev1??? Trachysphaeridium $Timofeev1966 #NX(I)p *NI:OOrd@USSR \{acritarch} \(<=$Timofeev1959(+^A)) \TS:T. attenuatum$< Zonosphaeridium $Timofeev1973(?1966) #NX(I),n3 *NI:OOrd@USSR \(<=$Timofeev1959(+^A)) \{acritarch} \TS:Z. limpatum$< ************************* * Pterospermatineae" \("Pterospermatales) ************************* PTEROSPERMATACEAE $Lohmann1904 *X:Rec \(~Chrysophyceae/Chrysosphaerales) =PTEROSPERMACEAE $Ostenfeld1901 #B4/4 *Rec Pachysphaera $Ostenfeld1899 #PNXI,n2 \TS:P. pelagica$< Pterosperma $Pouchet1893(|1894) #PN,B1,XIpv \(~Halosphaeraceae) \TS:P. rotondum$< Pterocystis $Lohmann1904(?1957) #N,B1,I \(~Dinophyceae/Dinokaryota/?:) \TS:P. vanhoeffenii$(Jorgensen1???)<=Pterosphaera vanhoeffenii$Joergensen1??? Pterosphaera $Joergensen1899 #N,B1,I \TS:P. dictyon$< . Glyphosperma $Meunier1910 #(I) \(+P$Watson1883(Liliopsida/Asphodelaceae)) \TS(+NYD) ? Sphaeropsis $Meunier1910 #X(I) \(+P$Saccardo1880(Coelomycetes/Sphaeropsidales/?)) \TS(+NYD) Hexasterias $Cleve1900 #NXI \TS:H. problematica$< ==Polyasterias $Meunier1910 #(I) \TS(+R Hexasterias$Cleve1900) ^ Muraticavea $Wicander1974 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Ohio \TS:M. enteichia$< TASMANITACEAE $Tappan1980 *X:Rif-Rec \(<=$Sommer1956) Crassosphaera $Cookson&Manum1960; #(I)p *I:Kr/Neo@O-NG \TS:C. concinna$< Granodiscus $Maedler1963 #N(I) *N:OJura/OLias@WDuit *I:OJura/BLias@WDuit \TS:G. granulatus$< Hungarodiscus $KrivanHutter1963 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Hong \TS:H. fragilis$< Leiosphaera $Eisenack1938 #t30,N(I) *t:Sil-Kr *N:O-,BSil@Balt *I:Sil@Balt \(^Dinophyceae/HYSTRICHOSPHAERACEAE) \TS:Bion solidum$Eisenack1??? Pleurozonaria $Wetzel1933 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Polen \TS:P. globulus$< Tapajonites $Sommer&VanBoekel1963; #N(I) *NI:MDev@Braz \TS:T. roxoi$< Tarsisphaeridium $Riegel1974 #N(I)v *NI:BKr/?Sen@Span \TS:T. geminiporatum$< Tasmanites $Newton1875 #N(I)p,n3 *NI:MPerm@Tasm \TS:T. punctatus$< Tytthodiscus $Norem1955 #N(I) *N:Tert@Calif *I:Eoc-Plioc@Calif \TS:T. californiensis$< ************************* * Chlorodendrales $Melkonian1990 \(=Tetraselmiales=Prasinocladales) ************************* PRASINOCLADACEAE $??? #P2/~50,1-4/ %!(B,M),F *X:Holoc-Rec \("Prasinocladales) =TETRASELMIDACEAE $??? =CHLORODENDRACEAE $??? Tetraselmis $Stein1878 #PNXIp,n1,v \(?^Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:Cryptoglena cordiformis$Carter1??? Prasinochloris $Belcher1966 #NXIpv \(?^Halosphaeraceae) \TS:P. sessilis$< Prasinocladus $Kuckuck1894 #PX(Ip) \(!Tetraselmis) \TS:P. lubricus$< =Chlorodendron $Senn1900 #(Ip) \(?^Chlorophyceae/Chlorangiellaceae) \TS(+R Euglenopsis$Davis1894) ==Euglenopsis $Davis1894 #(I) \(+P$Klebs1892(Euglenophyceae/Euglenaceae)) \TS:E. subsalsa$< Scherffelia $Pascher1911 #NIpv \(?^Chlamydomonadaceae) \TS:Cryptomonas dubia$Perty1??? ************************* * Pseudoscourfieldiales $Melkonian1990 * Nephroselmidineae" \(=Nephroselmida) ************************* NEPHROSELMIDACEAE $Pascher1913 *X:Rec \("Pterospermatales) Nephroselmis $Stein1878 #N(B)XIpv \(?~Cryptophyceae/Hemiselmis) \TS:N. olivacea$< =Heteromastix $Korshikov1923 #(Ip) \(+P$Clark1865(Flagellata/?:)) \TS:H. angulata$< . Anisomonas $Butcher1959 #NI \TS:A. longifilis$< Anticomonas $Skvortzov1971 #NI,n1 \(+missp:Anticamonas) \TS:A. coccinea$< Argillamonas $Skvortzov1971 #NI \TS:A. brasiliana$< Cardiomonas $Korshikov1916 #(I) \TS:C. caeca$< Chlorochytridion $Vischer1945 #(I) \TS:C. tuberculatum$< Dioriticamonas $Skvortzov1971 #NI \TS:D. biplastida$< Fluitomonas $Skvortzov1971 #NI \TS:F. elliptica$< Hiemalomonas $Skvortzov1971 #NI,n3 \(+missp:Hiemalemonas) \TS:H. frigida$< Klebsimastix $Skvortzov1969 #NIp \(+missp:Klebsiella$Skvortzov1968(+P$Trevisan1885(???/????))) \TS:K. ellipsoidea$< Myochloris $Belcher&Swale1961; #NIpv \TS:M. collorhynchus$< Prototractomonas $Skvortzov1971 #NI \TS:P. rotundata$< Pseudopedinomonas $Skvortzov1971 #NI,n4 \TS:P. hiemalis$< Rotundomastix $Skvortzov1968 #(I)p \TS:R. pluvialis$< Sennia $Pascher1912 #NI \TS:??? Sinamonas $Skvortzov1968 #NI \TS:S. stagnalis$< ? Allas $Sandon1927 #NIpv \TS:A. diplophysa$< ************************* * Pycnococcineae" \("Pycnococcida) ************************* PSEUDOSCOURFIELDIACEAE $Melkonian1990 \(~Nephroselmidaceae) \(?PSEUDOSCOURFELDIACEAE) Pseudoscourfieldia $Manton1975 #NXIpv \TS:Scourfieldia marina$Throndsen1??? PYCNOCOCCACEAE $Guillard1991 #1/ *X:Rec \(~Mamiellales) Prasinococcus $Miyashita&Chihara1993; #p,n1 \TS:??? Prasinoderma $Hasegawa&Chihara1996; #p,n1 \TS:??? Pycnococcus $Guillard1991 #(I)p,n2,v \TS:P. provasolii$< ************************* * ? ************************* CYMATIOSPHAERACEAE $Maedler1963 *X:Ord-?Holoc \("Pterospermatales"Acritarcha) Cymatiosphaera $Wetzel1933 #X(I)p,n3 *I:BKr@Balt \TS:C. radiata$< Orygmahapsis $Colbath1987 #(I)v *I:Sil/BLud-Pridol@Misso \TS:O. fistulosa$(Colbath1???)<=Melikeriopalla$Colbath1??? PTEROSPHAERIDIACEAE $Maedler1963 *X:Perm-Jura \("Pterospermatales) Cymatiosphaeropsis $Maedler1963 #(I) *I:BKr/San@WAus \TS:Cymatiosphaera imitata$Deflandre&Cookson1;??? Dictyotidium $Eisenack1955 #(I),n1,v *I:Sil@Balt \TS:Leiosphaera dictyota$Eisenack1??? Duvernaysphaera $Staplin1961 #N(I)pv *NI:BDev@Albe \TS:D. tenuicingulata$< Enigmasphaera $Cookson&Eisenack1971; #N(I) *NI:MKr/(Alb-Cen)@WAus \TS:E. eyrensis$< Pterosphaeridia $Maedler1963 #NX(I) *NI:OJura/Lias@WDuit \TS:Cymatiosphaera pachytheca$Eisenack1??? ? Eyreasphaera $Cookson&Eisenack1974; #N(I) *NI:Kr/(Alb-Cen)@WAus \TS:E. porifera$< Romasphaera $Cookson&Eisenack1974; #N(I) *NI:OKr@Quee \TS:R. margostriata$< PTEROSPERMELLACEAE $Eisenack1972 *X:Rif-?Holoc \("Pterospermatales~Pinophyta) Pterospermella $Eisenack1972 #NH(I)p,n1 *NI:OKr@WAus \TS:Pterospermopsis aureolata$Cookson&Eisenack1;??? ************************* * Mamiellanae" * Mamiellales $Moestrup1984 ************************* MAMIELLACEAE $??? #4/ *X:Rec Mamiella $Moestrup1984 #NIpv \TS:Nephroselmis gilva$Parke&Rayns1;??? Mantoniella $Desikachary1972 #NIp,n1 \(?^Nephroselmidaceae) \TS:Micromonas squamata$Manton&Parke1;??? Dolichomastix $Manton1977 #NI,n1 \TS:D. nummulifera$< Bathycoccus $Eikrem&Throndsen1990; #NIp,n1,v \TS:B. prasinos$< ************************* * Micromonadales \(~Mamiellales"Micromonadophyceae$Mattox&Stewart1984;,~Monomastigales) ************************* MICROMONADACEAE $Sym&Pienaar1993; #1/ *X:Rec \(<=$Melkonian1990) \(~Nephroselmidaceae) Micromonas $Manton&Parke1960; #NXIp,n2 \(+P$Borrel1902(Flagellata/?:)) \TS:Chromulina pusilla$Butcher1??? ************************* * Scourfieldianae" * Scourfieldiales $Moestrup1991 ************************* SCOURFIELDIACEAE $Moestrup1991 #1/ *X:Rec \(?^Chlamydomonadaceae) \(?SCOURFELDIACEAE) Scourfieldia $West1912 #NIpv \(?Scourfeldia$West1912) \TS:S. complanata$< ************************* * . {Prasinophyceae} ************************* Asketopalla $Loeblich&Tappan1969; #N(I)pv *NI:MOrd \{acritarch} \(?:) \TS:A. formosula$< Dasyhapsis $Loeblich&Wicander1976; #(I)v *I:ODev/Gedinn@Okla \TS:D. comata$< Fimbriaglomerella $Loeblich&Drugg1968; #N(I)p *NI:ODev/BGedinn \{acritarch} \TS:F. divisa$< Leiosphaeridia $Eisenack1958 #NX(I)p,n6,v *NI:Ord@Balt \{acritarch} \(LEIOSPHAERIDIACEAE) \TS:L. baltica$< Maranhites $Brito1965 #N(I)p,n1 *NI:Dev@Braz \TS:M. brasiliensis$< Melikeriopalla $Tappan&Loeblich1972;("1971") #N(I)p *NI:MSil/BWen@Indiana \{acritarch} \TS:M. amydra$< Murraticavea $??? #p \TS:??? Nanocyclopia $Loeblich&Wicander1976; #N(I)pv *NI:ODev/Gedinn@Okla \(?:) \TS:N. aspratilis$< Polyedryxium $Deunff1954 #N(I)p *N:Dev@Cana \{acritarch} \(POLYEDRYXIACEAE) \TS(+NYD) Ptilotoscolus $Loeblich&Wicander1976; #N(I)v *NI:Dev/Gedinn@Okla \(?:) \TS:P. erymnus$< Pterospermopsis $??? #NXIp *NI:Paleoc/Dan@Duit \{acritarch} \(+P$Arenes1949(Magnoliopsida/Sterculiaceae)) \(PTEROSPERMOPSIDACEAE) \TS:??? Quisquilites $Wilson&Urban1963; #N(I)p *N:Dev@Okla \{acritarch} \(LEIOFUSACEAE) \TS:Q. buckhornensis$< Retialetes $San&Dutta1966; #p \(ZIE OOK ONDER) \TS:??? Riculasphaera $Loeblich&Drugg1968; #N(I)p *NI:Dev/BGedinn \{acritarch} \TS:R. fissa$< Sgrossoella $Castro1969(=DeCastro) #N(I) *NI:Kr/Sen@Ital \TS:S. parthenopeia$< Tylotopalla $Loeblich1970 #N(I)p,n1 *NI:MSil@NwYo \{acritarch} \TS:T. digitifera$< \\Crustomastix $Nakayama&Kawachi;&Inouye2000; #zzv ~(Prot/Prasinomonadida) \\Hexactis $Hori&Moestrup;&Hoffman1995; #zzv \^^Pyramimonas/ ~(Prot/Prasinomonadida) \\Macrura $Hori&Moestrup;&Hoffman1995; #zzv \^^Pyramimonas/ ~(Prot/Prasinomonadida) \\Prasinoderma $Hasegawa&Chihara1996; #zzv ~(Prot/Prasinomonadida) ? KOFOIDIELLACEAE $??? *X:Rec \(?KOFOIDELLACEAE) Kofoidiella $Skvortzov1968 #NI \TS:K. uniflagellata$< ************************* * CHAROPHYTA

{/kranswieren} \(~Prasinophyta) \("Streptophyceae) * Charophyceae * Sycidiales $Maedler1952 ************************* SYCIDIACEAE $Karpinsky1934 *X:Prd-?Tou Pseudosycidium $Hacquart1932 #N(I) *NI:Sil@USSR \(<=$Karpinsky1???) \TS(+NYD) Sycidium $Sandberger1849 #NX(I),n6 *iNI:Dev/Eifel@WDuit \TS:S. reticulatum$< . Maslovella $Samoilova1986 #(I) *I:Dev/BFam@USSR \(+P$Tappan&Loeblich1966;(Haptophyceae/Coccosphaerales/?:)) \TS:Sycidium paucisulcatum$Prinada1??? ^ Praesycidium $??? #X \TS:??? CHOVANELLACEAE $Grambast1962 *X:Lok-Fam Chovanella $Rejtlinger&Jarceva1958; #X(I) *I:Dev/BFam@Polen \TS:C. kovalevii$Rejtlinger&Jarceva1;???(+NomInval) PINNOPUTAMENACEAE $Wang1980 *X:Giv Pinnoputamen $??? #X *X:Giv/XichongF@Yunn \TS:??? ************************* * Trochiliscales $Maedler1952 ************************* TROCHILISCACEAE $Wang1980 *X:Ems/Giv \(<=$Karpinsky1934) Calcisphaera $Williamson1880 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Ohio \TS:C. robusta$< Karpinskya $Grambast1963 #N(I) *NI:Miss@USA \(=$Croft1952(+^A)) \^^Trochiliscus/ \TS($Grambast1???):Trochiliscus laticostatus$Peck1??? Moellerina $Ulrich1886(?1866) #N(I) *N:MDev@Ky,Ohio *I:MDev@Ky \TS:M. greenei$< ==Trochiliscus $Karpinsky1906 #NX(I),n4 *N:Dev@Rusl \TS(+R Moellerina$Ulrich1886) MOELLERINACEAE $Feist1990|Feist&GrambastFessard1991; *X:Prd,Eif-OCarb,Zec \(~Trochiliscaceae) Primochara $??? #X \TS:??? Gemmichara $ZhenWang1984 #X,n1 \TS:??? ************************* * Mesostigmatales $CavalierSmith1998 \("Mesostigmida) ************************* MESOSTIGMATACEAE $Moestrup&Throndsen1988;|Marin&Melkonian1999; \(<=$Fott1???) Mesostigma $Lauterborn1894 #PNIpv %M \(?^Dunaliellaceae^Pyramimonadaceae) \TS:M. viride$< ************************* * Charales $Lindley1836|Wettstein1901 ************************* EOCHARACEAE $Grambast1959 *X:Eif/Giv%F Eochara $Choquette1956 #NX(I) *NI:MDev@Albe \TS:E. wickendenii$< PALEOCHARACEAE $Pia1927 *X:Bsk%F \(?PALAEOCHARACEAE) Palaeochara $Bell1922 #NX(I) *N:^ *I:Penn@NvSc \(+^P$Massalongo1851(+^A)) \(?Paleochara) \TS:P. acadica$< POROCHARACEAE $Grambast1962 *X:Mos-Dan%F Altochara $Saidakovsky1968 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Rusl \TS:A. continua$< Cuneatochara $Saidakovsky1962 #(I),n5 *I:OTr@WitR \TS:C. acuminata$< Leonardosia $Sommer1954 #N(I),n2 *NI:Perm@Braz/Parana \{oogonium} \TS:L. langei$< Maslovichara $Saidakovsky1962 #N(I) *N:OTr@Oekr,USSR/Donetz \TS:M. gracilis$< Porochara $Maedler1955 #NX(I),n11 *N:Jura/Kim@Duit *I:BJura/Kim@WDuit \TS:Aclistochara kimmeridgensis$Maedler1??? Stellatochara $HornAfRantzien1954 #(I),n1 *I:MTr@Zwed \TS:S. sellingii$< Stenochara $Grambast1963 #N(I) *NI:MTr@Zwed \TS(+R Praechara$HornAfRantzien1954) ==Praechara $HornAfRantzien1954 #N(I) *NI:MTr@Zwed \(+P$Birina1948(fossilAlgae/?:)) \TS:P. maedleri$< Stomochara $Grambast1961 #NX(I),n4 *N:Penn/Cherokee Shale@Misso *I:Penn@Misso \TS:Gyrogonites moreyi$Peck1??? ==Catillochara $Peck&Eyer1963; #N(I) *NI:Penn@Misso \TS:Gyrogonites moreyi$Peck1??? Vladimiriella $Saidakovsky1971 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Oekr \TS:Tolypella globosa$Saidakovsky1??? ==Porosphaera $Wang&Huang1978; #N(I) *N:Tr@USSR,China/Shanxi \(+P$Dumortier1822(Ascomycotina/?:)) \TS:??? CLAVATORACEAE $Pia1927 *X:Oxf-Maa%F Ascidiella $Grambast1966 #N(I) *NI:OKr/Brm@Span \TS:A. iberica$< Atopochara $Peck1938 #N(I) *N:Kr@Okla|Texas *I:OKr@Okla \{gyrogonite} \TS:A. trivolvis$< Clavator $Reid&Groves1916; #X(I) *I:BJura/Purbeck@Enge \TS:C. reidii$Groves1??? Clavatorites $HornAfRantzien1954 #(I) *I:MTr@Zwed \TS:C. hoellvicensis$< Clypeator $Grambast1963 #(I) *I:OKr/Apt@Idaho,Wyom \TS:Perimneste corrugata$Peck1??? Dictyoclavator $Grambast1966 #(I) *I:BJura/Purbeck@Fran \TS:Clavator fieri$Donze1??? Diectochara $Musacchio1971 #(I) *I:OKr/Brm@Arge \TS:D. andica$< Echinochara $Peck1957 #(I) *I:BJura/Kim@Color \TS:E. spinosa$< Embergerella $Grambast1969 #N(I) *NI:OKr/Brm@Span \TS:E. cruciata$< Flabellochara $Grambast1959 #N(I),n3 *NI:OKr/Apt@ZO-Idaho \TS:Clavator harrisii$Peck1??? Globator $Grambast1966 #N(I),n2 *NI:OKr/Brm@Span \TS:G. trochiliscoides$< Lucernella $Grambast&Lorch1968; #N(I) *NI:Kr/OApt@Liba \TS:L. ampullacea$< Nodosoclavator $Maslov1961 #N(I),n1 *NI:OKr/Apt@ZDak \TS:Clavator nodosus$Peck1??? Perimneste $Harris1939 #N(I) *NI:BJura/Purbeckian@Enge \TS:P. horrida$< Pseudoglobator $Grambast1969 #N(I) *NI:OKr/Brm@Span \TS:P. fourcadei$< Septorella $Grambast1963 #NX(I),n1 *NI:BKr/Maa@Fran \(+P$Allescher1897(mitosporicPyrenomycetes/Hypocreaceae)) \TS:??? Triclypella $Grambast1969 #N(I) *NI:OKr/Brm@Span \TS:T. calcitrapa$< RASKYELLACEAE $Grambast1957 *X:Cmp-Aqt%F Rantzieniella $Grambast1963 #NX(I) *NI:BOligoc@Fran \TS:R. nitida$< Raskyella $Grambast&Grambast1954; #NX(I) *N:Eoc/Auversian|Bartonian@Fran *I:MEoc/Auvers@Fran \TS:R. peckii$< Saportanella $Grambast1963 #NX(I) *NI:BKr/Maa@Fran \TS:S. maslovii$< CHARACEAE $Agardh1824 #P(2)6/ *X:?Toa-Rec%F CHAREAE $??? #P4/ Nitellopsis $Hy1889 #PNIp,n3 \TS:Chara stelligera$Bauer1??? ==Tolypellopsis $Migula1890 #(I) \(=$VonLeonhardi1863(+^A)) \^^Chara/ \TS($Migula1???):Chara stelligera$Bauer1??? Lamprothamnium $Groves1916 #PNI,S1,p \TS(+R Lamprothamnus$Braun1882) ==Lamprothamnus $Braun1882 #(I) \^^Chara \(+P$Hiern1877(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:Chara papulosa$Wallroth1??? =Macropogon $Migula1897 #(I) \TS:M. australicum$Migula1???=Chara macropogon$Braun1??? Lychnothamnus $Braun1857 #PNIp,n2 \(=$Ruprecht1845(+^A)) \^^Chara/ \TS($VonLeonhardi1???):Chara barbata$Meyen1??? Chara $Linnaeus1753 #PNIp,n18 \TS:C. vulgaris$< ==Characias $Rafinesque1815 #(I) \TS:??? ==Characella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS:??? NITELLEAE $??? #P2/ Nitella $Agardh1824 #PNIp,n14 \TS:Chara opaca$Agardh1??? =Acinaria $Rafinesque1819 #(I) \(+P$Donati1758(Phaeophyceae/Sargassaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Lysimoscepas $Griffith1849 #(I) \TS:L. voigtii$< Tolypella $Braun1857 #PNIp,n2 \(=$Braun1849(+^A)) \^^Nitella/ \TS($VonLeonhardi1???):Chara glomerata$Desvaux1??? . Charella $Stache1889 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Charina $Filarszky1937 #(I) \(<=$Filarszky&Allen1;???) \TS:C. verticillata$< Charopsis $Kuetzing1843 #NI \TS:Chara braunii$Gmelin1??? Cristatella $Stache1889 #(I) \(+P$Nuttall1834(Magnoliopsida/Capparaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Leiacina $Rafinesque1825 #(I) \^^Chara \TS:Nitella capitellata$Braun1??? Protochara $Womersley&Ophel1947; #(I) \TS:P. australis$< ^ Aclistochara $Peck1937 #NX(I),n28 *NI:BJura@Wyom \{gyrogonite} \("ACLISTOCHARACEAE$Zhou1983) \TS:A. bransonii$< Amblyochara $Grambast1963 #N(I),n2 *NI:BKr/Maa@Fran \TS:A. begudiana$< Amphorochara $Krasavina1978 #N(I),n1 *NI:BPleist@USSR \TS:A. grambastii$< Brevichara $HornAfRantzien1956 #N(I) *NI:BEoc@Enge \TS:B. hordlensis$< Characeites $Tuzson1914 #(I) *I:BEoc@Hong \TS:C. verrucosa$< Charaxis $Harris1939 #(I) *I:BJura/Purbeck@Enge \TS:C. durlstonense$< Charites $HornAfRantzien1959 #(I),n16 *I:BMioc/Torton@WDuit \TS:Chara molassica$Straub1??? Croftiella $HornAfRantzien1959 #(I),n1 *I:Oligoc-Mioc@WDuit \TS:Chara escheri$Unger1??? Dughiella $FeistCastel1975 #N(I) *NI:BPaleoc/Thanet@Fran \TS:D. bacillaris$< Gobichara $Karczewska&ZiembinskaTworzydlo1972; #N(I),n1 *NI:OTert@Mong \{fruit} \TS:G. deserta$< Grambastichara $HornAfRantzien1959 #N(I),n7 *NI:BEoc@Enge \TS:Chara tornata$Reid&Groves1;??? Grambastiella $Massieux&Tambareau1979; #(I) *I:Paleoc/Thanet@Fran \TS:G. acuta$< Grovesichara $HornAfRantzien1959 #N(I),n3 *NI:BEoc@Enge \TS:Chara distorta$Reid&Groves1;??? Gyrogonites $Lamarck1822(=DeLamarck) #N(I) *NI:Oligoc/Stamp@Fran \(<=$DeLamarck1???) \(+missp:Gyrogona$DeLamarck1822 corr$Pia1927#(I),n7) \TS:G. medicaginula$< ==Brachychara $Grambast&Grambast1954; #N(I) *NI:Oligoc/Stamp@Fran \TS:Gyrogonites medicaginula$DeLamarck1???(<=DeLamarck) Harrisichara $Grambast1957 #N(I),n9 *NI:BEoc@Enge \TS:Chara vasiformis$Reid&Groves1;??? Hornichara $Maslov1963 #N(I),n2 *NI:MOligoc@Kaza \TS:H. kazakstanica$< Horniella $Schaikin1966 #N(I) *INI:Penn@Misso \(+P$Traverse1955(fossilSpores/?:)) \TS($Schaikin1???):Gyrogonites robertsi$Peck1??? Kosmogyra $Stache1889 #N(I) *N:Paleoc/Liburn|Kr@Joeg/Slovenie,Ital *O:Paleoc@Joeg/Slovenie \{reproductive} \TS:K. superba$< Kosmogyrella $Stache1889 #N(I) *N:Paleoc/Liburn|Kr?@Joeg/Slovenie *I:Paleoc/Liburn@Joeg/Slovenie \{reproductive} \TS:K. carinata$< Kosmogyrina $Maedler1952 #N(I) *N:BOligoc|BJura/Kim@Hong,NW-Duit *O:BOligoc@Hong \TS:Chara andreanszkyi$Rasky1??? Krassavinella $FeistCastel1977 #(I) *I:Mioc/Torton@Duit \TS:Chara lagenalis$Straub1??? Latochara $Maedler1955 #N(I),n7 *NI:BJura@Wyom \{reproductive} \TS:Aclistochara latitruncata$Peck1??? Lychnothamnites $Maslov1966 #N(I) *NI:MPlioc@Kirg \TS:L. narynensis$< Maedleriella $Grambast1957 #N(I),n3 *NI:Eoc|Oligoc@Peru \{oogonium} \TS:M. monilifera$(Peck&Reker1;???)Grambast=Chara monolifera$Peck&Reker1;??? Maedlerisphaera $HornAfRantzien1959 #N(I),n5 *NI:BOligoc/Aqt@Duit \{fructification} \TS:Chara ulmensis$Straub1??? Mesochara $Grambast1963 #N(I),n8 *NI:Kr/Apt@ZDak \TS:Praechara symmetrica$Peck1??? Microchara $Grambast1960 #N(I),n3 *NI:OEoc@Fran \TS:M. hystrix$< Mongolichara $KjansepRomasckina1975 #N(I) *N:Kr/(Cmp-Maa),BJura@China,Mong *I:Kr/(Cmp-Maa)@Mong \TS:M. deplanata$< Nemegtichara $Karczewska&ZiembinskaTworzydlo1972; #N(I),n5 *NI:OTert@Mong \TS:N. prima$< Nitellites $HornAfRantzien1957 #N(I) *NI:M-,BJura@India \TS:N. sahnii$< Nodosochara $Maedler1955 #N(I),n2 *NI:MEoc@Fla \TS:Aclistochara clivulata$Peck&Reker1;??? Obtusochara $Maedler1952 #N(I),n7 *NI:BJura/Kim@WDuit \TS:O. prima$< Peckichara $Grambast1957 #N(I),n10 *NI:OEoc/Sparnac@Fran \TS:P. varians$< Peckisphaera $Grambast1963 #N(I),n1 *NI:BJura@Wyom \TS:Chara verticillata$Peck1??? Platychara $Grambast1963 #N(I),n2 *NI:Paleoc@Utah \TS:Aclistochara compressa$Peck&Reker1;??? Psilochara $Grambast1960 #N(I),n1 *NI:MEoc/Lut@Fran \TS:Chara archiacii var undulata$Dollfus&Fritel1;??? Raskyaechara $HornAfRantzien1959 #N(I),n6 *NI:BEoc-Oligoc@Hong \{reproductive} \TS:Aclistochara pecki$Rasky1??? Rhabdochara $Maedler1955 #N(I) *N:Oligoc@Joeg/Slovenie,?Duit,?Zwit *I:Oligoc@Joeg/Slovenie \TS:Chara langeri$VonEttingshausen1??? Sphaerochara $Maedler1952 #(I),n11 *I:BOligoc@Hong \TS:Chara hirmeri$Rasky1??? Stephanochara $Grambast1960 #N(I),n3 *NI:OOligoc/Sannois@Enge \TS:S. compta$< Tectochara $Grambast&Grambast1954; #N(I),n6 *N:^ *I:BOligoc@Zwit,WDuit \TS:Chara meriani$Unger1???(<=Braun) ? Circonitella $JoanWatson1969 #(I) *I:OKr/(Ber-Vlg) \TS:Chara knowltonii$Seward1??? ************************* * . {Charophyceae} ************************* Draffania $Cummings1957 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \TS:D. biloba$< LAGYNOPHORACEAE $??? Lagynophora $Stache1880 #N(I) *N:Paleoc/Liburn@Joeg,OostHong *I:Paleoc/Liburn@Joeg \TS:L. liburnica$< UMBELLACEAE $??? Biumbella $Mamet1970 #N(I) *NI:BDev-OCarb/OTou@Oekr \TS:B. braznikhovae$< Costatumbella $Berchenko1974 #(I) *I:BDev@Oekr \TS:C. ukrainica$< Elenia $Pojarkov1965(=Poyarkov) #N(I)v *NI:BDev/Fam@USSR \TS:Umbella famena$Bykova1??? Eoumbella $Platonov1974 #(I) *I:Dev/OFam@USSR \TS:Umbella ollaria$Bykova1??? Lagenumbella $Mamet1970 #N(I) *NI:BDev-OCarb/OTou@Arme \{seed} \TS:Umbella lageniformis$Reitlinger1??? Planoumbella $Platonov1974 #(I) *I:Dev/Frs@USSR \TS:Umbella patella$Bykova1??? Protoumbella $Mamet1970 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Fam@USSR/Rusl \TS:Umbella saccamminiformis$Bykova1??? Quasiumbella $Pojarkov1965 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Fam@Rusl \TS:Umbella rotunda$Bykova1??? Spinumbella $Platonov1974 #(I) *I:Dev/Fam@USSR \TS:S. spinifera$< Umbella $Maslov1955 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Rusl \(+P$???(zoology);+^P(botany)) \TS:U. bella$< ==Umbellina $Loeblich&Tappan1961; #(I) \TS(+R Umbella$Maslov1955) \(ZIE OOK 27400 BOVEN) ************************* * CONJUGAPHYTA

$Margulis1981 {/jukwieren} \(=ZYGOPHYTA$Wettstein1901=GAMOPHYTA$Margulis1974=ZYGOPHYTINA$Jeffrey1982) \("Streptophyceae) * Conjugophyceae $Engler1892 \(=Zygophyceae$Widder1960|Bennett1880=Zygnemaphyceae$Round1971=Zygnematophyceae$VanDenHoek&Mann;&Jahns1995;) \("ZYGNEMOPHYTA$Jeffrey1967) * Zygnematales $Borge&Pascher1931;(Round1963) \(?Zygnemales) ************************* ZYGNEMATACEAE $Kuetzing1898 \(=$Meneghini1???(+^A)) *X:Eif,Eoc,Rec Debarya $Wittrock1872 #NIp \^^Mougeotia \(+P$Schulzer1866(Pyrenomycetes/Hypocreaceae)) \TS:??? ==Mougeotia $Bary1858 #(I) \(+P$Agardh1824(Zygophyceae/Zygnemataceae)) \TS:??? Euzygogonium $Itzigsohn1854 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Ghosella $Randhawa1934 #NI \TS(+NYD) Goniothrix $Gray1864 #NI \TS:Mougeotia notabilis$Hassall1??? Hallasia $Rosenvinge1924 #NIp \TS:Zygnema reticulatum$Hallas1??? ==Zygnemopsis $Transeau1934 #NIp \(=$Skuja1930(+^A)) \^^Debarya/ \TS($Transeau1???):Zygnema reticulatum$Hallas1??? Lloydina $Ahmad&Goldstein1972; #NI \TS(+R Lloydiella$Ahmad&Goldstein1971;) ==Lloydiella $Ahmad&Goldstein1971; #(I) \(+P Lloydella$Bresadola1901(Hymenomycetes/Stereaceae);+P Lloydiella$Saccardo&Sydow1902;(???/???)) \TS:L. kankensis$< Mougeotia $Agardh1824 #NIp,n4 \(+NomCons) \(~Desmidiales) \TS:Conferva genuflexa$Roth1??? ==Serpentinaria $Gray1821 #(I) \(+suppr vs Mougeotia) \TS:Conferva genuflexa$Roth1??? ==Genuflexa $Link1833 #(I) \TS:G. vulgaris$Link1???=Conferva genuflexa$Roth1??? ==Mougeotella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS:??? =Agardhia $Gray1821 #(I) \(+missp:Agardia) \(+NomRej vs Mougeotia) \TS:Conferva caerulescens$Smith1??? =Craterospermum $Braun1855 #(I) \TS:C. laetevirens$< =Gonatonema $Wittrock1878 #NI \^^Mougeotia \TS(+NYD) =Mesocarpus $Hassall1845 #(I),n1 \TS(+R Sphaerocarpus$Hassall1843) ==Sphaerocarpus $Hassall1843 #(I),n1 \(+P$Bulliard1791(Myxomycetes/Physaraceae);+^P$Adanson1763(+missp,Hepaticopsida/Sphaerocarpaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Plagiospermum $Cleve1868 #(I) \TS:P. tenue$< =Pleurocarpus $Braun1855 #(I) \TS:P. mirabilis$< =Staurocarpus $Hassall1843 #(I) \TS(+R Staurospermum$Kuetzing1843) ==Staurospermum $Kuetzing1843 #(I) \^^Conferva \(+P$Thonning1827(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Mougeotiella $Yamagishi1963 #NI \TS:Mougeotia sphaerocarpa$Wolle1??? Mougeotiopsis $Palla1894 #NIp \(?Mougeotopsis$Palla1894) \TS:M. calospora$< =Mesogerron $Brand1899 #(I) \TS:M. fluitans$< Neozygnema $Yamagishi1963 #NI \TS:Zygnema laevisporum$Jao1??? Phycoleda $Itzigsohn1854 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Pleurodiscus $Lagerheim1895 #NIp \TS:Zygnema purpureum$Wolle1??? Rhynchonema $Kuetzing1849 #NI \TS(+NYD) Sirocladium $Randhawa1941 #NIp \TS:S. kumaoense$< Sirogonium $Kuetzing1843 #Ip,n2 \(+NomCons) \TS:Conferva stictica$Smith1??? ==Choaspis $Gray1821 #(I) \(+missp:Choaspes) \(+suppr vs Sirogonium) \TS:Conferva stictica$Smith1??? Sphaerospermum $Cleve1868 #(I) \TS:S. calcareum$< Spirochroma $Gray1864 #(I) \TS:Zygnema mirabile$Hassall1??? Spirogyra $Link1820 #XIp,n25 \(+NomCons) \TS($Cleve1???):Conferva porticalis$Mueller1??? =Conjugata $Vaucher1803 #(I),S0 \(+NomRej vs Spirogyra) \TS:C. princeps$< ==Jugalis $Schrank1814 #(I) \TS:??? =Salmacis $BoryDeStVincent1822 #(I) \TS(+NYD) ==Salmacisella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS:??? =Temnogyra $Lewis1925 #(I),n2 \TS:T. collinsii$< Temnogametum $West&West1897; #Ip \TS:T. heterosporum$W.&West; Tendaridea $BoryDeStVincent1822 #(I) \TS:Conferva stellina$Mueller1??? ==Tendaridella $Gaillon1833 #(I) \TS:??? Zygnema $Agardh1817 #NIp,n7 \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):Conjugata cruciata$Vaucher1??? =Globulina $Link1820 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Lucernaria $Roussel1806 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Zygnema) \TS:L. pellucida$< =Stellulina $Link1833 #(I) \^^Conjugata \TS(+NYD) =Thwaitesia $Montagne1845 #(I) \TS:T. duriaei$< Zygogonium $Kuetzing1843 #NIp,n1 \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):Conferva ericetorum$Roth1??? ==Leda $BoryDeStVincent1822 #(I) \(+suppr vs Zygogonium) \TS:Conferva ericetorum$Roth1??? =Pyxispora $West&West1897; #(I) \TS:P. mirabilis$W.&West; ^ Paleodidymoprium $Baschnagel1966 #NX(I) *NI:MDev@NwYo \TS:P. didymum$< Palaeospiralis $Edhorn1973 #(I) *I:MPreCm@Onta \TS:P. canadensis$< Spirogyrites $Shukla1950 #N(I) *NI:Tert@India \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Desmidiales $Round1963 * Placoderms * Desmidiineae ************************* PHYMATODOCIDAE $??? \(~Desmidiaceae) Phymatodocis $Nordstedt1877 #NIp \TS:P. alternans$< DESMIDIACEAE $Ralfs1845(1848)>Stizenbergen1860 *X:Eif-Rec \(<=$Kuetzing1833) Actinotaenium $Schellenberg1897|Teiling1954 #B4,Ip,n11 \(=$Naegeli1???(+^A)) \(?:) \TS:Dysphinctium regelianum$Naegeli1??? Allorgeia $GauthierLievre1958 #Ip \(?:) \TS:A. valiae$< Amblyactinium $Cramer1863 #(I) \(=$Naegeli1849(+^A)) \^^Phycastrum/ \TS:Staurastrum orbiculare$Ralfs1??? Amscottia $Groenblad1954 #NIp \(?:) \TS(+R Scottia$Groenblad1954) ==Scottia $Groenblad1954 #(I) \(+P$Brown1???>Aiton&Aiton1812;(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS:S. mira$< Ancylonema $Berggren1871(1872) #NI \(~Mesotaeniaceae) \TS:A. nordenskioeldii$< Arthrodesmus $Ralfs1848 #(I)p,n16 \(<=$Ehrenberg1???) \(?:) \(+P$Ehrenberg1836(Chlorophyceae/Scenedesmaceae)) \(?Arthorodesmus~Zygnematales) \TS(+NYD) Arthrorhabdium $Ehrenberg1869 #I \TS:A. moluccense$< Asteroxanthium $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Bambusina $Kuetzing1849 #Ip,n2 \(+NomCons) \(<=$Kuetzing1???) \(?:) \TS($Cleve1864):Didymoprium borreri$Ralfs1??? ==Gymnodesmus $Trevisan1848 #(I) \(+suppr vs Bambusina) \TS:??? Bourrellyodesmus $Compere1977 #I \TS:Arthrodesmus heimii$Bourrelly1??? Brachytheca $Gontcharov&Watanabe1999; #p,n1 \TS:??? Calocylindrus $Kirchner1878 #I \(=$Naegeli1849(+^A)) \^^Dysphinctium/ \TS($Kirchner1???):Dysphinctium annulatum$Naegeli1??? Cosmaridium $Gay1884 #I \TS(+NYD) ==Pleurotaeniopsis $Lagerheim1887 #(I) \(=$Lundell1871(+^A)) \^^Cosmarium/ \TS:??? Cosmoastrum $PalamarMordvintseva1976 #I,n7 \TS($Palamar'Mordvintseva):Phycastrum polytrichum$Perty1??? Cosmocladium $Brebisson1856 #NIp,n4 \(?:) \TS:C. pulchellum$< Cosmostaurastrum $Fritsch1953 #I \TS(+NYD) Cylindriastrum $PalamarMordvintseva1976 #I \(=$Turner1893(+^A)) \^^Staurastrum/ \TS:Staurastrum pileolatum$Ralfs1???(<=DeBrebisson) Desmidium $Ralfs1848 #NI \(<=$Agardh1???) \TS:D. swartzii$< Dichotomum $West&West1896; #I \TS(+NYD) Didymocladon $Ralfs1848 #(I) \TS:D. furcigerus$< Didymoprium $Ralfs1848 #I \(<=$Kuetzing1???) \TS:D. grevillei$< Docidiopsis $Raciborski1889 #I \TS:Closterium nodosum$Bailey1??? Docidium $Ralfs1848 #B3,NIp,n2 \(<=$Brebisson1???) \(?:) \TS(+NYD) Dysphinctium $Naegeli1849 #I,n1 \TS:D. meneghinianum$< Euastridium $West&West1907; #NIp \(?:) \TS:E. prainii$W.&West; Euastrum $Ralfs1848 #NIp,n23 \(<=$Ehrenberg1???) \(~Zygnematales) \TS(+NYD) Groenbladia $Teiling1952 #Ip,n4 \(?:) \TS(+NYD) Gymnozyga $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \(<=$Ehrenberg1???) \(+NomRej vs Bambusina$Kuetzing1???>Kuetzing1849) \TS:G. moniliformis$< Holacanthum $Wille1890 #I \(=$Lundell1871(+^A)) \^^Xanthidium/ \TS(+NYD) Holocystis $Wallich1860 #I \(<=$Hassall1???) \TS(+NYD) Hoplozyga $Raciborski1895 #I \(=$Nordstedt1889(+^A)) \(+missp:Haplozyga) \^^Gymnozyga/ \TS($Raciborski1???):Gymnozyga armata$Loefgren&Nordstedt1;??? Hyalotheca $Ralfs1848 #NIp,n1 \(<=$Ehrenberg1???) \(?:) \TS(+NYD) Ichthyocercus $West&West1897; #NIp \(?:) \TS:I. angolensis$W.&West; Ichthyodontum $Scott&Prescott1956; #NIp \(?:) \TS:I. sachlanii$< Mateola $Salisbury1936 #I,n2 \TS:M. acutiloba$< Micrasterias $Ralfs1848 #Ip,n8 \(<=$Agardh1827) \TS(+NYD) Nothocosmarium $Raciborski1889 #I \TS:Cosmarium obliquum$Nordstedt1??? Onychonema $Wallich1860 #NIp \(?:) \TS:O. uncinatum$< Oocardium $Naegeli1849 #NIp \(?:) \TS:O. stratum$< Phycastrum $Kuetzing1849 #(I),n1 \(<=$Kuetzing1???) \TS(+NYD) Pithiscus $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \TS:??? Pleurenterium $Lagerheim1888 #I \(=$Lundell1871(+^A)) \^^Staurastrum/ \TS(+NYD) Pleurotaenium $Naegeli1849 #B14,NIp,n21 \(~Zygnematales) \(~Docidium) \TS:Closterium trabecula$Ehrenberg1??? Polysolenia $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \(<=$Ehrenberg1???) \(+?V) \TS:P. closterium$< Prescottiella $Bicudo1976 #Ip \(?:) \TS:Micrasterias sudanensis$Groenblad&Prowse;&Scott1;??? Raphidiastrum $PalamarMordvintseva1976 #I \TS:Staurastrum brasiliense$Nordstedt1??? Schizacanthum $Wille1890 #I \(=$Lundell1871(+^A)) \^^Xanthidium/ \TS($Wille1???):Xanthidium armatum$Ralfs1??? Sphaerozosma $Ralfs1848 #NI,n3 \(+NomCons) \TS:??? =Leuronema $Wallich1860 #(I) \TS:L. nitens$< Spinoclosterium $Bernard1909 #Ip \TS:S. curvatum$< Spinocosmarium $Prescott&Scott1942; #NI \TS(+NYD) Spondylosium $Kuetzing1849 #NIp,n2 \(<=$Brebisson1???) \TS(+NYD) Staurastrum $Ralfs1848 #NIp,n99 \(<=$Meyen1???) \(~Zygnematales) \TS(+NYD) Stauroceras $Kuetzing1849 #I \(<=$Kuetzing1???) \TS(+NYD) Staurodesmus $Teiling1948 #NIp,n15 \(?:) \TS(+NYD) Stehanoxanthium $Kuetzing1849 #I \TS(+NYD) Streptonema $Wallich1860 #NIp \(?:) \TS:S. trilobatum$< Teilingia $Bourrelly1964 #Ip \(?:) \TS:Sphaerozosma excavatum$Ralfs1??? Temperea $Bougon1896 #I \TS:T. zonata$< Tessararthra $Braun1855 #I \(<=$Ehrenberg1???) \TS:Cosmarium moniliforme$Ralfs1??? Tetmemorus $Ralfs1848 #NIp,n1 \TS(+NYD) Tetrachastrum $Dixon1859 #I \TS(+NYD) Triplastrum $Iyengar&Ramanathan1942; #B1,NIp \(?:) \TS(+NYD) Triploceras $Bailey1851 #B1,Ip \TS(+NYD) Xanthidium $Ralfs1848 #NIp,n15 \(<=$Ehrenberg1???) \(?:) \(~Zygnematales) \TS(+NYD) Zygoxanthium $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \(<=$Ehrenberg1???) \TS(+NYD) . Didymidium $Reinsch1867 #(I) \(+^A) \(=Cosmarium$Ralfs1848+Euastrum$Ralfs1848+Micrasterias$Ralfs1848+Staurastrum$Ralfs1848+Xanthidium$Ralfs1848) \TS:??? ^ Paleoclosterium $Baschnagel1966 #NX(I) *NI:MDev@NwYo \TS:P. leptum$< Stenixys $Harris1938 #N(I) *NI:Perm/BRht@Enge \TS:S. cosmarioides$< ? Baccinellula $Weyland1963 #N(I) *NI:Plioc?@Ital \{thallus} \TS:B. cosmarioides$< ?: \(Desmidiaceae|Mesotaeniaceae) Schizospora $Reinsch1874-1875 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Trichodictyon $Kuetzing1849 #NI \TS:T. rupestre$< ************************* * Closteriineae $Mix1972 \(=Archidesmidiineae) ************************* GONATOZYGACEAE $West&Fritsch1927; \(=$Luetkemmueller1902(+^A)) \(?^Mesotaeniaceae~Peniaceae"Gonatozygales~Zygnematales) Gonatozygon $Bary1856(=DeBary) #PN,B5,Ip \TS(+NYD) Genicularia $Bary1858(=DeBary) #PN,B2,Ip \(+P$Roussel1806(Algae/?:)) \TS:Gonatozygon spirotaenia$DeBary1??? Cosmarium $Ralfs1848(?Corda) #NIp,n94 \(~Zygnematales~Desmidiaceae) \TS:C. margaritiferum$Ralfs1??? =Ursinella $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:U. margaritifera$< PENIACEAE $Haeckerl1894 #P4/>125 *X:Rec \(~Desmidiales) Penium $Ralfs1848 #PN,B10,Ip,n5 \(<=$Brebisson1848) \(?^Desmidiaceae) \TS(+NYD) ==Pleurosicyos $Kuntze1898 #(I) \(<=$Corda1???) \TS(+R Penium$DeBrebisson1???>Ralfs1848) . Leptocystinema $Archer1858 #(I) \TS:L. kinahanii$< CLOSTERIACEAE $Pritchard1852 \(~Peniaceae~Zygnematales) Closterium $Nitzsch1817(?Nitszsch) #P,B73,Ip,n13 \(=$>Ralfs1848) \(?^Desmidiaceae) \TS($Ralfs1???):Vibrio lunula$Mueller1??? =Echinella $Acharius1810 #(I) \(?^Desmidiaceae) \TS:E. radiosa$< ************************* * Sarcoderms ************************* MESOTAENIACEAE $Oltmans1904 *X:Rec \(?~Zygnematales) Ancyclonema $??? #p \TS:??? Cylindrocystis $DeBary1838(?1858) #NIp,n4 \(<=$Meneghini1???) \TS:Penium brebissonii$Ralfs1??? Geniculus $Prescott1967 #NI \TS:G. gatunensis$< Mesotaenium $Naegeli1849 #NIp,n3 \TS:M. endlicherianum$< Netrium $Itzigsohn&Rothe1856; #NIp,n13 \(=$Naegeli1???(+^A)) \(~Desmidiales) \TS($Itzigsohn&Rothe1;???):Penium digitus$Brebisson1???>Ralfs Roya $West&West1896; #NIp \TS($W.&West;):Closterium obtusum$Brebisson1??? Spirotaenia $Brebisson1848 #NIp \TS:S. condensata$Ralfs1???(<=Brebisson) =Entospira $Kuntze1898 #(I) \(<=$Kuetzing1847) \(<=$Brebisson1???) \TS:E. closteridia$Brebisson1???>Kuetzing|Kuntze ************************* * ? \("Chlorophyta in ruime zin) ************************* Asterocapsa $Chu1952 #NI,n5 \TS:A. gloeotheceformis$< Athroocystis $West&West1897; #NI \TS:A. ellipsoidea$W.&West; Didymogenopsis $Hortobagyi1980 #NI \TS:D. danubialis$< Gemmiphora $Skabichevskii1931 #NI \TS:G. compacta$< Hormothece $Jao1944 #N(I),n1 \(+P Hormotheca$Bonorden1864(Pyrenomycetes/Venturiaceae)) \TS:H. rupestris$< Hysginum $Perty1852 #(I)v \(+!Chlamydomonas$Ehrenberg1835+!Haematococcus$Agardh1828) \TS(+NYD) Prasadiella $Srivastava1974 #NI \TS:P. indica$< Stilocapsa $Ley1947 #NI \TS:S. sinica$< Tetraedroides $Griffiths1923 #NI \(?Bryopsida) \TS:T. spetsbergensis$< Uvella $Bory1827(|1824)(=BoryDeStVincent) #NIv \(+missp:Vvella$Ehrenberg1832("")#v) \TS:U. virescens$< ************************* * EMBRYOBIONTA<> {higher plants} \(=METAPHYTA) \("Streptophyceae>Charophyceae) * BRYOPHYTA

$Schimper1879 ************************* Hepaticaephyton $Greguss1961 #NM(I) *N:Ord@Polen \TS(+NYD) ? Costatheca $Hall1967 #(I) *I:OKr@Groe \TS(+R Chrysotheca$Miner1935) ==Chrysotheca $Miner1935 #(I) \(+P$Scherffel1927(Chrysophyceae/Stylococcaceae);+P Chrysotheka$Doflein1923(Chrysophyceae/Stylococcaceae)) \TS:Chrysotheca diskoensis$Miner1??? ************************* * Hepaticophytina * Hepaticopsida $Rothmaler1951 #S>330/~8000 {/levermossen} * Jungermanniidae * Calobryales #S2/14 *Rec * Takakiineae("Takakiales)(?~Bryopsida) ************************* TAKAKIACEAE $Hattori&Inoue1958; #P1/2,S1/2 *Rec@BrCo,Alas,M-Japan,N-Born,O-Nepal--Sikk *Rec Takakia $Hattori&Inoue1958; #P2,S2,N,M2,I *Rec@BrCo,Alas,M-Japan,N-Born,O-Nepal--Sikk \TS:T. lepidozioides$< ************************* * Calobryineae ************************* HAPLOMITRIACEAE $??? #P1/12,S1/~12 *Rec@wide,!(India,IndOz,ZO-Az) *Rec Calobryum $Nees1846 #NMI \TS:Monoclea blumii$Nees1??? Haplomitrium $Nees1833 #P12,S~12,N,7,M[3],I *Rec@NZ,Aus,Java,Suma--NG,Fili,Japan,Taiw,India,Eur,W-Groe,NO-NAm,Z-ZAm,Peru--KlAnt,[Eur:#1] {/mijtermos} \(+NomCons) \TS:Jungermannia hookeri$Smith1??? ==Scalius $Gray1821 #M[1],(I) \(+suppr vs Haplomitrium) \TS:Jungermannia hookeri$Smith1??? ==Scaliusa $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:??? ==Mniopsis $Dumortier1822 #M2,(I) \TS:??? . Rhopalanthus $Lindberg1874 #(I) \TS:R. mnioides$< Steereomitrium $Campbell1987 #M[1],(I) \TS:S. minutum$< ^ Gessella $Poulsen1974 #NM(I) *NI:Perm@Dene \TS:G. communis$< ************************* * Jungermanniales #S43/>280/~7000 %T $Halle1913 *Prb-Rec * Lepicoleineae ************************* VETAFORMACEAE $??? #P1/1,S1/1 *Rec@Z-ZAm *Rec Vetaforma $Fulford&Taylor1962; #P1,S1,NI *Rec@Z-ZAm,~NZ,Ant \TS:Lepidozia dusenii$Stephani1??? LEPICOLEACEAE $??? #P1/~10 *Rec@gem-ZAm--MAm,Afr,AusAz--Az *Rec \(^Ptilidiaceae) Lepicolea $Dumortier1835 #P~10,N,M[3],I *Rec@gem-ZAm--MAm,Afr,AusAz--Az \TS:Jungermannia scolopendra$Hooker1??? ==Leperoma $Mitten1867 #(I) \^^Jungermannia \TS:??? ************************* * Herbertineae ************************* HERBERTACEAE $??? #P3/80 *Rec@gem,!trop,!ZH *Rec \(^Ptilidiaceae) Triandrophyllum $Fulford&Hatcher1962;("1961") #P4,N,M[1],I *Rec@NZ,Tasm,Z-ZAm--Guat,Java,JFer \TS:Jungermannia subtrifida$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Grollea $Schuster1964 #P1,NI *Rec@Z-ZAm \(~Antheliaceae) \TS:G. antheliopsis$< Herbertus $Gray1821 #P~75,N,M[24],I *Rec@gem,!trop \(+missp:Herberta$Lindberg1875#(I)) \TS:Jungermannia adunca$Dickson1??? ==Schisma $Dumortier1822 #M[5],(I) \TS:??? . Herpocladium $Mitten1873 #NI \TS:H. bidens$< HERZOGIARIACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@Z-ZAm *Rec \(~Pseudolepicoleaceae) Herzogiaria $HasselDeMenendez1981 #P1,NI *Rec@Z-ZAm \(<=$Fulford1???) \(?Herzogaria) \TS($HaesselDeMenendez1???):Lepicolea teres$Stephani1??? PSEUDOLEPICOLEACEAE $??? #P9/few *Rec@N-NZ,ZO-Aus *Rec \(^Ptilidiaceae) Archeochaete $Schuster1963 #N,M[1],I \TS:A. kuehnemannii$< Archeophylla $Schuster1963 #NI \TS:Temnoma schusteri$Hodgson&Allison1;??? Blepharostoma $Dumortier1835 #N,M[5],I \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia trichophylla$Linnaeus1??? ==Chaetopsis $Mitten1864("1865") #(I) \^^Jungermannia \(+P$Greville1825(mitosporicFungi/{Dematiaceae})) \TS:??? Chaetocolea $Spruce1885 #N,M[1],I \(CHAETOCOLEACEAE) \TS:C. palmata$< Fulfordiella $HaesselDeMenendez1974 #P(I) \(?Flufordiella) \TS:F. fuegiana$< Isophyllaria $Hodgson&Allison1965; #PNI \TS:I. murrayana$< Lophochaete $Schuster1961("1960") #NI \TS:Lepicolea fryei$Persson1??? Pseudolepicolea $Fulford&Taylor1960; #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Andes \(CHAETOCOLEACEAE) \TS:Sendtnera quadrilaciniata$Sullivant1??? Temnoma $Mitten1867 #P~10,NI \(~Jungermanniaceae) \TS($Bastow1???):Jungermannia pulchella$Hooker1??? Trichotemnoma $Schuster1968 #PNI \(TRICHOTEMNOMACEAE) \(=$Schuster1964(+NomNud)) \TS:Blepharostoma corrugatum$Stephani1??? TRICHOTEMNOMACEAE $Schuster1??? \(~Pseudolepicoleaceae) CHAETOCOLEACEAE $??? #P1/1,S1/1 *Rec@Andes *Rec \(~Pseudolepicoleaceae) ************************* * Ptilidiineae ************************* MASTIGOPHORACEAE $??? #P1/4 *Rec@W-Eur,Hima,China,ZO-Az,PacOc,NCal,NZ,BrCo *Rec \(~Lepicoleaceae^Ptilidiaceae) Dendromastigophora $Schuster1987 #I \TS:Jungermannia flagellifera$Hooker1??? Mastigophora $Nees1838 #P4,N,M[2],(I) *Rec@W-Eur,Hima,China,ZO-Az,PacOc,NCal,NZ,BrCo \(+NomCons) \TS($Trevisan1???):Jungermannia reptans$Linnaeus1??? ==Sendtnera $Endlicher1840 #M[7],(I) \TS:??? PTILIDIACEAE $??? #P1/3 *Rec@Holarct,N-PacOc,Vuurl,NZ *Rec Ptilidium $Nees1833 #P3,N,M[4],I *Rec@[Eur:2] *Rec@Holarct,N-PacOc,Vuurl,NZ {/franjemos} \TS:P. ciliare$(Linneaus1???)Hampe=Jungermannia ciliaris$Linnaeus1??? ==Blepharozia $Dumortier1835 #M[2],(I) \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS:??? CHAETOPHYLLOPSACEAE $??? #P2/2,S2/ *Rec@N-NZ,ZO-Aus *Rec Chaetophyllopsis $Schuster1961("1960") #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@N-NZ,ZO-Aus \TS($Hamlin1???):Jungermannia whiteleggei$Carrington&Pearson1;??? Herzogianthus $Schuster1961("1960") #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@N-NZ \TS:Blepharostoma vaginatum$Herzog1??? ==Anoplostoma $Hodgson&Allison1962; #(I) \(?Aplostoma#M[1]) \TS:Blepharostoma vaginatum$Herzog1??? TRICHOCOLEACEAE $??? #P2/31,2/ *Rec@!(Neotrop,Zgem) *Rec \(^Ptilidiaceae) Trichocolea $Dumortier1822 #P~30,N,M[5],I *Rec@[Eur:1] *Rec@!(Neotrop,Z-gem) {/wolmos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Thricholea$<) \(+missp:Thricolea$Dumortier1831#(I)(+missp:Tricolea$Dumortier1831#(I)),Tricholea$Dumortier1835#(I)) \TS:Jungermannia tomentella$Ehrhart1??? Eotrichocolea $Schuster1963 #P1,NI *Rec@NZ,Tasm \TS($Hamlin1???):Jungermannia polyacantha$Hooker&Taylor1;??? . Leiomitra $Lindberg1875 #N,M[3],I \TS:Jungermannia tomentosa$Swartz1??? ==Basichiton $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia tomentosa$Swartz1??? ************************* * Lepidolaenineae ************************* LEPIDOLAENACEAE $??? #P3/16 *Rec@NZ,Tasm,Z-ZAm *Rec \(^Ptilidiaceae) Lepidolaena $Dumortier1835 #P8,N,M[2],I *Rec@!(NZ,Tasm),Z-ZAm \TS:Jungermannia clavigera$Hooker1??? ==Polyotus $Gottsche1845 #M[1],(I) \(+P$Nuttall1837(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae)) \TS:??? Gackstroemia $Trevisan1877 #P7,N,M[2],I *Rec@!Z-ZAm,NZ \TS:Jungermannia magellanica$Lamarck1??? Jubulopsis $Schuster1970 #P1,NI *Rec@NZ \(~Jubulaceae) \(JUBULOPSACEAE) \TS:J. novae-zelandiae$(Hodgson&Arnell1;???)Schuster=Jubula novae-zelandiae$Hodgson&Arnell1;??? NEOTRICHOCOLEACEAE $??? #P2/2 *Rec@Japan,Korea,China,Burma *Rec \(~Lepidolaenaceae^Ptilidiaceae) Trichocoleopsis $Okamura1911 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Japan,Korea,China,Burma \TS:Blepharozia sacculata$Mitten1??? Neotrichocolea $Hattori1948("1947") #P1,NI *Rec@Japan,China \TS:Mastigophora bissetii$Mitten1??? . Hariotiella $Bescherelle&Massalongo1898; #NI \(=$Bescherelle&Massalongo1;???>Schiffner1893(+^A)) \^^Lepidolaena/ \TS:Polyotus hariotianus$Bescherelle&Massalongo1;??? Lepidogyna $Schuster1980 #NI \TS:Jungermannia menziesii$Hooker1??? ************************* * Balantiopsidineae ************************* ISOTACHIDACEAE $??? #P3/37 *Rec@trop--Zgem *Rec \(~Balantiopsidaceae^Ptilidiaceae) Isotachis $Mitten1854 #P~30,N,M[7],I *Rec@trop--Zgem \TS:I. lyallii$< Eoisotachis $Schuster1964 #P1,NI *Rec@NZ \TS:Isotachis stephanii$Salmon1??? Neesioscyphus $Grolle1964 #P~6,N,M[3],I *Rec@!Neotrop,NZ \TS:Jungermannia carnea$Nees1??? BALANTIOPSACEAE $??? #P2/15 *Rec@Braz,Fili,Z-ZAm *Rec \(~Schistochilaceae) =BALANTIOPSIDACEAE $??? Balantiopsis $Mitten1867 #P14,N,M[1],I *Rec@Braz,Fili \TS:Jungermannia diplophylla$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Anisotachis $Schuster1964 #P1,NI *Rec@Z-ZAm \TS:Isotachis splendens$Stephani1??? . Austroscyphus $Schuster1985 #M[4],I \TS(+R Acroscyphus$Kitagawa1984) ==Acroscyphus $Kitagawa1984 #M[4],(I) \(+P$Leveille1846(Plectomycetes/Caliciaceae)) \TS:Acroscyphus iwatsukii$Kitagawa1??? Hypoisotachis $Schuster1979 #N \(=$Schuster1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Rhizocaulia $Hodgson1965 #(I) \TS:R. westlandica$< Ruizanthus $Schuster1978 #NI \TS:R. venezuelanus$< Steereocolea $Schuster1968 #NI \TS:Isotachis bisbifida$Stephani1??? ************************* * Perssoniellineae ************************* SCHISTOCHILACEAE $??? #P3/~139 *Rec@Z-ZAm,Afr,Mad,Mask,!Auz--Az *Rec Pleurocladopsis $Schuster1964 #P1,NI *Rec@Z-ZAm \TS:Cephalozia simulans$Massalongo1??? Schistochila $Dumortier1835 #P~120,N,M[5],I *Rec@Z-ZAm,Afrm!Aus--Az \TS:Jungermannia appendiculata$Hooker1??? Paraschistochila $Schuster1963 #P~18,N,M[1],I *Rec@Z-ZAm,!(Aus--ZOAE--Japan,Afr,Mad,Mask) \TS:Jungermannia pinnatifolia$Hooker1??? . Fulfordistria $Miller1970 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia lamellata$Hooker1??? Gottschea $Montagne1843 #N,M[2],I \(<=$Nees1???) \^^Jungermannia/Nemorosae/Aligerae$Reinwardt&Blume;&Nees1824; \TS($Nees1???):Jungermannia aligera$Nees&Blume1;??? ==Schistochilaster $Miller1970 #(I) \TS:??? Notarisia $Colla1836 #(I) \TS:N. lycopodioides$< Pachyschistochila $Schuster&Engel1982; #NI \TS:Jungermannia splachnophylla$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Tegulifolium $HaesselDeMenendez1973 #(I) \TS:Gottschea spegazziniana$Massalongo1??? PERSSONIELLACEAE $??? #P1/1,S1/1 *Rec@ZW-NCal *Rec Perssoniella $Herzog1952 #P1,S1,NI *Rec@ZW-NCal \TS:P. vitreocincta$< ************************* * Lepidoziineae ************************* LEPIDOZIACEAE $??? #P30/,(@Eur:4/) *Rec@!(Zgem,Neotrop),Afr,Orient,NH *X:Prb-Rec Bazzania $Gray1821 #N,M[56],I *Rec@[Eur:5] {/zweepmos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Bazzanius$< corr$Carrington1870) \TS:Jungermannia trilobata$Linnaeus1??? ==Mastigobryum $Nees&Lindenberg;&Gottsche1845; #M[37],(I) \^^Herpetium/ \(<=$Nees1838(+^A)) \TS:??? ==Pleuroschisma $Dumortier1831 #M[2],(I) \TS:??? ==Herpetium $Nees1833 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia trilobata$Linnaeus1??? Lepidozia $Dumortier1835 #N,M[20],I *Rec@[Eur:3] {/neptunusmos} \(+NomCons) \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Pleuroschisma/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia reptans$Linnaeus1??? ==Mastigophora $Nees1833 #I \^^Jungermannia \(+suppr vs$Nees1838(Hepaticopsida/Mastigophoraceae)) \TS:??? Microlepidozia $Jorgensen1934 #M[1],(I) \(=$Spruce1876(+^A)) \^^Lepidozia/ \TS($Fulford1???):Jungermannia capillaris$Swartz1??? Acromastigum $Evans1900 #N,M[36],I \TS:Mastigobryum integrifolium$Austin1??? Micropterygium $Lindenberg&Nees;&Gottsche1845; #N,M[5],I \TS($Reimers1???):Jungermannia carinata$Greville1??? Mytilopsis $Spruce1882 #NI \TS:M. albifrons$< Sprucella $Stephani1886 #NI \TS:??? Psiloclada $Mitten1854 #NI \TS:P. clandestina$< Mastigopelma $Mitten1873 #NI \TS:M. simplex$< Telaranea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[2],I \(<=$Spruce1885(+proposedName)) \TS($Schiffner1???):Lepidozia chaetophylla$Spruce1??? . Austrolembidium $HaesselDeMenendez1980 #M[1],(I) \TS:A. crassum$< Acrolepidozia $Schuster1963 #(I) \TS:Lepidozia longitudinalis$Herzog1??? Campanea $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:Mastigobryum borneense$DeNotaris1??? Hyalolepidozia $Grolle1964("1963") #I \(<=$Arnell1???) \TS:Lepidozia bicuspidata$Massalongo1??? Lepidoziopsis $Hodgson1962 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia glaucophylla$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Maculia $Hodgson1965 #(I) \TS:M. filosa$< Mastigopsis $Lacouture1910 #(I) \(<=$SandeLacoste1???) \TS:Mastigobryum flavescens$Stephani1???(<=SandeLacoste) Regredicaulis $Fulford1968 #(I) \TS:Cephalozia serra$Spruce1??? Arachniopsis $Spruce1882 #N,M[5],I \(~Cephaloziaceae) \TS:??? Bonneria $Fulford&Taylor1961; #NI \TS:Lepidozia granatensis$Gottsche1??? Chloranthelia $Schuster1964 #NI \TS:Lembidium denticulatum$Stephani1??? Dendrobazzania $Schuster&Schofield1982; #NI \TS:Mastigobryum griffithianum$Stephani1??? Dendrolembidium $Herzog1952 #NI \TS:Jungermannia tenax$Greville1??? Drucella $Hodgson1962 #NI \TS:Lepidozia integristipula$Stephani1??? Hygrolembidium $Schuster1963 #NI \TS:Lembidium isodictyon$Herzog1??? Isolembidium $Schuster1968 #NI \TS:Lembidium cucullatum$Hodgson1??? Kurzia $Martens1870 #N,M[4],I *Rec@[Eur:#3] {/spinragmos} \(>Lepidozia) \TS:K. crenacanthoidea$< Lembidium $Mitten1867 #N,M[1],I \(+NomCons) \(~Cephaloziaceae) \^^Jungermannia \TS:??? Megalembidium $Schuster1963 #NI \TS:Lembidium insulanum$Martin&Hodgson1;??? Micrisophylla $Fulford1962 #NI \TS:Lepidozia setiformis$DeNotaris1??? Neogrollea $Hodgson1965 #NI \TS:N. notabilis$< Neolepidozia $Fulford&Taylor1959; #NI \TS:Jungermannia capilligera$Schwaegrichen1??? Odontoseries $Fulford1968 #NI \TS:O. chimantana$< Paracromastigum $Fulford&Taylor1961; #NI \TS:Lepidozia subsimplex$Stephani1??? Pseudocephalozia $Schuster1965 #NI \TS:P. paludicola$< Pteropsiella $Spruce1876 #NI \(~Cephaloziaceae) \TS:P. frondiformis$< Zoopsidella $Schuster1965 #NI \TS:Zoopsis cynosurandra$Stephani1???(<=Spruce) Zoopsis $Gottsche&Lindenberg;&Nees1846; #NI \(=$Hooker&Taylor1845;(+^A)) \(~Cephaloziaceae) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Gottsche&Lindenberg;&Nees1;???):Jungermannia argentea$Hooker&Taylor1;??? PHYCOLEPIDOZIACEAE $??? #P1/1,S1/1 *Rec@Domi *Rec Phycolepidozia $Schuster1967("1966") #P1,S1,NI *Rec@Domi \TS:P. exigua$< CALYPOGEIACEAE $??? #P2/~94,2/ *Rec@cosm *Rec Calypogeia $Raddi1818 #P~90,N,~90,M[27],I *Rec@cosm,[Eur:#10] {/buidelmos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Calypogeja$<#(I)) \(+missp:Calypogea$Dumortier1835#(I);Calypogia$Dumortier1831#(I)) \TS:Mnium fissum$Linnaeus1??? ==Mnium $Linnaeus1753 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Hedwig1801(Bryopsida/Mniaceae)) \TS:??? ==Parentia $Leman1825 #(I) \TS:??? Metacalypogeia $Inoue1959 #P4,N,4,M[3],I *Rec@Az,NAm \(=$Hattori1957(+^A)) \^^Calypogeia/ \TS:Calypogeia sendaica$Stephani1??? Mnioloma $Herzog1930 #N,M[11],I \TS:M. rhynchophyllum$< . Kantius $Gray1821 #M[1],(I) \(?Kantia#M[13]) \TS:Mnium trichomanis$Linnaeus1??? ==Cincinnulus $Dumortier1822 #(I) \TS:Mnium trichomanis$Linnaeus1??? ************************* * Cephaloziineae ************************* ANTHELIACEAE $??? #P1/ *Rec@pol,alpien-(NH,ZH) *Rec \(^Ptilidiaceae) Anthelia $Dumortier1835 #P2,N,M[3],I *Rec@pol,alpien-(NH,ZH) \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia julacea$Linnaeus1??? CEPHALOZIACEAE $??? #P15/,~15/(@Eur:6/) *Rec@wide *Rec Schofieldia $Godfrey1976 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@koud-NH \TS:S. monticola$< Cladopodiella $Buch1927 #P2,N,2,M[2],I *Rec@gem,koud-NH--AzoE,MadE {/stompmos} \(>Cephalozia) \TS(+R Cladopus$(Spruce>Schiffner)Meylan1924) ==Cladopus $Meylan1924 #(I) \(=$Spruce1???>Schiffner1893(+^A)) \^^Eucephalozia/ \(+P$Moeller1899(Magnoliopsida/Podostemaceae)) \TS($Jorgensen1???):Jungermannia francisci$Hooker1??? Pleurocladula $Grolle1979 #NI \TS(+R Pleuroclada$Spruce1882) ==Pleuroclada $Spruce1882 #P1,N,M[1],(I) *P:Rec@koud-NH \(+P Pleurocladia$Braun1855(Phaeophyceae/Ectocarpaceae)) \(^Ptilidiaceae) \TS:Jungermannia albescens$Hooker1??? Fuscocephaloziopsis $Fulford1968 #P2,NI *Rec@Neotrop \TS:Alobiella pulvinata$Stephani1??? Trabacellula $Fulford1967 #P1,NI *Rec@Neotrop \TS:T. tumidula$< Metahygrobiella $Schuster1961 #P~7,N,M[3],I *Rec@!(Zgem,subAnt) \TS:Hygrobiella acuminata$Herzog1??? Cephalozia $Dumortier1835 #PN,~25,M[42],I *Rec@wide[Eur:#12] {/maanmos} \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \X=18,27 \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia bicuspidata$Linnaeus1??? ==Eucephalozia $Schiffner1893 #(I) \(<=$Spruce1???) \TS:??? ==Trigonanthus $Mitten1865 #(I) \(<=$Spruce1???) \TS:Jungermannia bicuspidata$Linnaeus1??? . Alobiella $Schiffner1893 #N,M[18],I \(=$Spruce1882(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia \^^Cephalozia/ \TS:A. husnotii$(Gottsche1???)Schiffner(Jungermannia husnotii$Gottsche1???) Alobiellopsis $Schuster1965 #N,M[1],I \TS:Cephalozia acroscypha$Spruce1??? Anomoclada $Spruce1876 #N,M[1],I \TS:A. mucosa$< Cladomastigum $Fulford1967 #(I) \TS:C. bifidum$< Haesselia $Grolle&Gradstein1988; #I \TS:H. roraimensis$< Hygrobiella $Spruce1882 #I \(^Ptilidiaceae) \TS:Jungermannia laxifolia$Hooker1??? Iwatsukia $Kitagawa1964 #N,M[1],I \TS:I. exigua$< Leucosarmentum $Fulford1968 #(I) \TS:Alobiella bifida$Stephani1??? Nowellia $Mitten1870 #N,10,M[7],I *Rec@!trop,[gem-NH:#1] {/krulbladmos} \TS:Jungermannia curvifolia$Dickson1??? Odontoschisma $Dumortier1835 #N,10,M[14],I *Rec@NH,trop {/dubbeltjesmos} \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Pleuroschisma/ \TS:Jungermannia sphagni$Dickson1??? ==Sphagnoecetis $Nees1845 #M[5],(I) \TS:??? Schiffneria $Stephani1894 #N,M[1],I \(~Jungermanniaceae) \TS:S. hyalina$< ADELANTHACEAE $Hodgson1972 *Rec Adelanthus $Mitten1864 #P12,N,M[18],I *Rec@!(Zgem,Neotrop)--Eur,Born \(+NomCons) \^^Jungermannia \(+P$Endlicher1840(Magnoliopsida/Icacinaceae)) \(?Andelanthus#M[1]) \TS:??? ==Adelocolia $Mitten1884 #M[1],(I) \TS(+R Adelanthus$Mitten1864) Wettsteinia $Schiffner1898 #P4,NI *Rec@Z-ZAm,JFer,Falk,NZ,ZOAE \^^Plagiochila \(~Plagiochilaceae~Cephaloziaceae) \TS:??? . Calyptrocolea $Schuster1967("1966") #(I) \TS:C. gemmipara$< Pseudomarsupidium $Herzog1953 #NI \TS:Marsupidium piliferum$Stephani1??? JACKIELLACEAE $??? #P1/10 *Rec@!(trop-,subtrop-Az),AusAz *Rec \(~Jungermanniaceae) Jackiella $Schiffner1900 #P10,N,M[2],I *Rec@!(trop-,subtrop-Az),AusAz \TS:J. javanica$< CEPHALOZIELLACEAE $??? #P7/~149 *Rec@wide,Ant,Arct,!(trop,Zgem) *X:Prb-Rec Allisoniella $Hodgson1965 #P5,NI *Rec@Zgem \TS:A. obcordata$< Amphicephalozia $Schuster1973("1971") #P1,NI *Rec@Zgem \TS:A. amplexicaulis$< Kymatocalyx $Herzog1950("1949") #P3,NI *Rec@Neotrop \TS:K. stoloniferus$< Cephaloziopsis $Schiffner1893 #P2,N,M[1],I *Rec@Neotrop \(=$Spruce1885(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/Lophozia/ \TS($Schuster1???):Jungermannia schistophila$Spruce1??? Cylindrocolea $Schuster1969 #P12,N,M[5],I *Rec@!trop \TS:Alobiella chevalieri$Stephani1??? Cephalojonesia $Grolle1971("1970") #P1,NI *Rec@Zaire \TS:C. incuba$Grolle&VandenBerghen1;??? Cephaloziella $Schiffner1893 #P~125,N,M[36],I *Rec@wide,Arct,Ant,[Eur:#17] {/draadmos} \(+NomCons) \(=$Spruce1882(+^A)) \^^Cephalozia/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia divaricata$Smith1??? =Dichiton $Montagne1856 #NI \(+NomRej vs Cephaloziella) \TS($Trevisan1???):Jungermannia calyculata$Durieu&Montagne1;??? Protocephaloziella $Douin1920 #N(I) \TS:Cephaloziella obtusa$Culmann1??? Evansia $Douin&Schiffner1913;(?Douin1914) #NI \TS:Jungermannia dentata$Raddi1??? Prionolobus $Schiffner1893 #NI \(=$Spruce1885(+^A)) \^^Cephalozia/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia turneri$Hooker1??? . Lophoziella $Douin1913 #(I) \TS:Cephalozia integerrima$Lindberg1??? Protomarsupella $Schuster1966 #(I) \TS:P. scottii$< Metacephalozia $Inoue1973 #NI \TS:M. exigua$< ************************* * Geocalycineae ************************* LOPHOCOLEACEAE $??? #P13/ *Rec@wide,!ZH *Rec \(~Geocalycaceae) GEOCALYCACEAE $??? #P4/18 *Rec@NH--Aus *Rec GEOCALYCOIDEAE $??? Harpanthus $Nees1836 #P2,N,M[3],I *Rec@NH \TS:Jungermannia flotoviana$Nees1??? Geocalyx $Nees1833 #P~5,N,M[1],I *Rec@Aus--Az,circumboreaal \TS:Jungermannia graveolens$Schrader1??? Saccogyna $Dumortier1822 #P1,NI *Rec@Eur,Macaronesie \(+NomCons) \TS:Jungermannia viticulosa$Linnaeus1??? ==Lippius $Gray1821 #(I) \(+suppr vs Saccogyna) \TS:Jungermannia viticulosa$Linnaeus1??? ==Lippiusa $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:??? ==Sykorea $Corda1829 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia viticulosa$Linnaeus1??? Saccogynidium $Grolle1961("1960") #P10,NI *Rec@!(Aus--ZOAE) \TS:Saccogyna australis$Mitten1??? LOPHOCOLEOIDEAE $??? \(LOPHOCOLEACEAE) Lophocolea $Dumortier1835 #N,Many,M[61],I *Rec@wide,[Eur:#6] {/kantmos} \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS:L. bidentata$(Linneaus1???)Dumortier=Jungermannia bidentata$Linnaeus1??? Chiloscyphus $Corda1829 #N,1,M[40],I *Rec@gem-NH {/lippenmos} \(+NomCons) \(>Lophocolea~Lophocolea) \(+incorOrigSp:Cheilocyphos$<) \(?Chiloschyphus#M[2]) \TS:Jungermannia polyanthos$Linnaeus1??? . Anomylia $Schuster1959 #N,M[1],I \TS:Jungermannia cuneifolia$Hooker1??? Anthoscyphus $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS(+R Diploscyphus$DeNotaris1874) ==Diploscyphus $Notaris1874(=DeNotaris) #(I) \(+P$Liebmann1850(Liliopsida/Cyperaceae)) \TS:D. borneensis$< Clasmatocolea $Spruce1885 #N,M[4],I \TS:C. heterostipa$< Conoscyphus $Mitten1873 #NI \TS:C. inflexifolius$< Evansianthus $Schuster&Engel1973; #NI \TS:Lophocolea georgiensis$Gottsche1??? Gamochaetium $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:Lophocolea concreta$Montagne1??? Hepatostolonophora $Engel&Schuster1979; #NI \TS(+R Stolonophora$Engel&Schuster1975;) ==Stolonophora $Engel&Schuster1975; #(I) \(+P$Nizamuddin1969(Phaeophyceae/Cystoseiraceae)) \TS:Leioscyphus abnormis$Bescherelle&Massalongo1;??? Heteroscyphus $Schiffner1910 #N,M[9],I \(+NomCons) \TS:Jungermannia aselliformis$Reinwardt&Blume;&Nees1;??? ==Gamoscyphus $Trevisan1877 #(I) \(+suppr vs Heteroscyphus) \TS:??? Leptophyllopsis $Schuster1963 #NI \TS($Hamlin1972):Chiloscyphus laxus$Mitten1??? Leptoscyphopsis $Schuster1978 #NI \TS:L. paradoxa$< Leptoscyphus $Mitten1851 #N,M[7],I \TS($Mitten1???):Jungermannia liebmaniana$Lindenberg&Gottsche1;??? ==Leioscyphus $Mitten1854 #M[4],(I) \TS:??? Pachyglossa $Herzog&Grolle1959;("1958") #NI \TS:Jungermannia tenacifolia$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Pedinophyllopsis $Schuster&Inoue1981; #N,M[1],I \TS:Plagiochila abdita$Sullivant1??? Perdusenia $HaesselDeMenendez1989 #M[1],I \TS:P. rheophila$< Pigafettoa $Massalongo1885 #NI \(^Ptilidiaceae) \TS:P. crenulata$< ==Schiffnerina $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Platycaulis $Schuster1978 #NI \TS:P. renifolia$< Pleuranthe $Taylor1846 #(I) \(+P$Salisbury1???>Knight1809(Magnoliopsida/Proteaceae)) \TS:P. olivacea$< Pseudolophocolea $Schuster&Engel1982; #NI \TS:P. denticulata$< Tetracymbaliella $Grolle1961 #NI \TS:Jungermannia cymbalifera$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Xenocephalozia $Schuster1965 #NI \TS:Lophocolea navicularis$Stephani1??? CHONECOLEACEAE $??? #P1/1,S1/1 *Rec@Fla,Braz,Arge *Rec Chonecolea $Grolle1957("1956") #P1,S1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Fla,Braz,Arge \TS:Jungermannia doellingeri$Nees1??? PLAGIOCHILACEAE $??? #P7/~1600,8/ *Rec@wide *Rec Plagiochila $Dumortier1835 #P<1600,N,M[143],I *Rec@wide,!bergen:trop,[Eur:#10] {/varentjesmos} \(+NomCons) \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Radula/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia asplenioides$Linnaeus1??? =Carpolepidum $Palisot1805(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #(I) \(+NomRej vs Plagiochila) \TS:C. dichotomum$< Xenochila $Schuster1959 #P1,NI *Rec@Hima--Japan \TS:Plagiochila paradoxa$Schiffner1??? Plagiochilidium $Herzog1931 #P1,NI *Rec@Born \TS:P. borneense$< Pedinophyllum $Lindberg1874 #P4,N,M[1],I *Rec@NZ,Java,Japan,NAm,Eur \(=$Lindberg1874(+^A)) \^^Plagiochila/ \TS($Lindberg1???):Plagiochila pyrenaica$Spruce1??? Chiastocaulon $Carl1931 #P1,NI *Rec@trop-OW \TS:Jungermannia dendroides$Nees1??? Acrochila $Schuster1963 #P2,NI *Rec@NZ,Tasm,NCal \TS:Plagiochila simpsonii$Martin&Hodgson1;??? Plagiochilion $Hattori1947 #P12,NI *Rec@trop-OW,Neotrop \TS($Hattori1???):Jungermannia opposita$Reinwardt&Blume;&Nees1;??? ==Noguchia $Hattori1954 #(I) \TS:??? . Dinckleria $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia pleurata$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Rhodoplagiochila $Schuster1978 #NI \TS:R. rosea$< Steereochila $Inoue1987 #I \TS:S. ecuadorica$< ^ Plagiochilites $Straus1952 #N(I) *NI:BPlioc@Duit \TS:P. willershausensis$< ARNELLIACEAE $??? #P4/19 *Rec@EurAz,Arct,Mexi,!(MAm,ZAm,ZAfr) *Rec Gongylanthus $Nees1836 #P~12,N,M[3],I *Rec@Eur,!(MAm,ZAm,ZAfr) \TS:Calypogeia ericetorum$Raddi1??? Southbya $Spruce1849 #P~5,NI *Rec@Eur,Macaronesie,Az,Braz \(SOUTHBYACEAE) \TS:Jungermannia tophacea$Spruce1??? Arnellia $Lindberg1887 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Arct,alpien \TS:Jungermannia fennica$Gottsche1??? Lindigina $Gottsche1864 #P1,(I) *Rec@Mexi,CRic \TS(+R Lindigia$Gottsche1863) ==Lindigia $Gottsche1863 #(I) \(+P$Hampe1861-1862(Hepaticopsida/Meteoriaceae)) \TS:Gymnanthe liebmanniana$Lindenberg&Gottsche1;???('liebmaniana') ==Lindigella $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:??? ACROBOLBACEAE $Hodgson1962 *Rec Acrobolbus $Nees1844 #N,M[23],I \^^Jungermannia \TS:A. wilsonii$< ==Gymnanthe $Lehmann1844 #M[4],(I) \(<=$Taylor1???) \TS:??? Austrolophozia $Schuster1963 #NMI \TS:A. paradoxa$< Goebelobryum $Grolle1962 #PNI \TS:Jungermannia unguiculata$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Hypogastranthus $Schiffner1909 #NI \(~Jungermanniaceae) \TS:Lophozia sumatrana$Schiffner1??? Lethocolea $Mitten1867 #N,M[2],I \(+NomCons) \^^Gymnanthe \TS($Hodgson1956):Podanthe squamata$Taylor1??? ==Podanthe $Taylor1846 #(I) \(+suppr vs Lethocolea) \TS:??? Marsupellopsis $Berggren1898 #NI \(=$Schiffner1893(+^A)) \^^Acrobolbus/ \TS($Berggren1???):Jungermannia cinerascens$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? Marsupidium $Mitten1867 #N,M[1],I \TS:M. knightii$< Neoprasanthus $Winkler1969 #(I) \TS:N. granatensis$< Symphyomitra $Spruce1885 #N,M[1],I \(~Jungermanniaceae) \TS:S. glossophylla$< Tylimanthus $Mitten1867 #N,M[2],I \(~Plagiochilaceae) \TS($Carrington&Pearson1;???):Jungermannia saccata$Hooker1??? GYROTHYRACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@Calif--BrCo *Rec \(~Jungermanniaceae) Gyrothyra $Howe1897 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Calif--BrCo \TS:G. underwoodiana$< ************************* * Jungermanniineae ************************* LOPHOZIACEAE $??? #P18/ *Rec@!(koel,koud-NH) *Rec \(~Jungermanniaceae/"LOPHOZIOIDEAE) Lophozia $Dumortier1835 #N,M[54],I *Rec@[Eur:#24] {/trapmos} \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia ventricosa$Dickson1??? =Isopaches $Buch1933 #NI \TS:Jungermannia bicrenata$Schmidel1??? (Schistochilopsis) $??? #M[8] \TS:??? Leiocolea $Buch1933 #N,~10,M[5],I *Rec@gem,koud:NH {/gladkelkje} \(=$MuellerFrib1910(+^A)) \(~Lophozia) \^^Lophozia/ \TS($Jo]rgensen):Jungermannia muelleri$Nees1??? Sphenolobus $Berggren1898 #N,M[1],I \(=$Lindberg1874(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS:Jungermannia verruculosa$Lindberg1??? Anastrophyllum $Stephani1893 #N,~25,M[101],I *Rec@[Eur:#5] *Rec@!(bergen:trop,ZH) {/kielmos} \(=$Spruce1876(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Stephani1???):Jungermannia donniana$Hooker1??? Gymnocolea $Dumortier1835 #N,1-2,M[2],I *Rec@gem-NH {/broedkelkje} \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia inflata$Hudson1??? Anastrepta $Schiffner1893 #N,M[4],I \(=$Lindberg1889(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia orcadensis$Hooker1??? Tritomaria $Loeske1909 #N,6,M[6],I *Rec@gem,koud,NH {/gootmos} \(<=$Schiffner1???) \TS:Jungermannia exsecta$Schmidel1??? Orthocaulis $Buch1933("1932") #N,M[1],I \(~Barbilophozia) \TS:Jungermannia atlantica$Kaalaas1??? Chandonanthus $Mitten1867 #N,M[4],I \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia squarrosa$Hooker1??? Saccobasis $Buch1933("1932") #NI \TS:Jungermannia polita$Nees1??? Barbilophozia $Loeske1907 #N,~10,M[11],I *Rec@gem,koud:NH {/tandmos} \(~Lophozia) \TS:Jungermannia barbata$Schreber1???(<=Schmidel) . Massula $Schljakov1972 #(I) \(<=$MuellerFrib1???) \(+P$Dulac1867(Liliopsida/Typhaceae)) \TS:Jungermannia laxa$Lindberg1??? ==Massularia $Schljakov1985 #M[1],(I) \(+P$(Schumann1???)Hoyle1937(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:??? MESOPTYCHIACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@Arct--(NAm,Sibe) *Rec \(~Jungermanniaceae) Mesoptychia $Evans1903 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Arct--(NAm,Sibe) \(=$Lindberg1889(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Evans1???):Jungermannia sahlbergii$Lindberg1??? JUNGERMANNIACEAE $??? #P15/,~18/ *Rec@wide *X:Prb-Rec MYLIOIDEAE $??? Mylia $Gray1821 #N,3,M[2],I {/hoogveenlevermos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Mylius$< corr$Lindberg1875) \TS:Jungermannia taylorii$Hooker1??? ==Coleochila $Dumortier1874 #(I) \TS:??? JUNGERMANNIOIDEAE $??? Jungermannia $Linnaeus1753 #P~120,N,M[340],I *Rec@wide,[Eur:#17] {/jungermannia's,lichtrandmos} \(+missp:Jungermahnia$Linnaeus1753) \TS:J. lanceolata$< ==Lichenastrum $Stewart1811 #(I) \(<=$Dillenius1???) \TS:??? =Aplozia $Dumortier1874 #M[1],(I) \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \(+missp:Haplozia$MuellerFrib1908#M[1],(I)) \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia pumila$Withering1??? =Eucalyx $Carrington1881 #(I) \(=$Lindberg1874(+^A)) \^^Nardia/ \TS($Carrington1???):Jungermannia obovata$Nees1??? =Solenostoma $Mitten1864("1865") #N,M[7],I \(+NomCons) \TS:Jungermannia tersa$Nees1??? =Gymnoscyphus $Corda1835 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Solenostoma) \TS:G. repens$< =Plectocolea $Mitten1873("1871") #NI \(=$Mitten1864(+^A)) \^^Solenostoma/ \TS($Mitten1???):Solenostoma radicellosa$Mitten1??? Jamesoniella $Lees1881|(Spruce)Carrington1881 #P13,N,M[9],I \(=$Spruce1876(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia colorata$Lehmann1??? Cuspidatula $Stephani1901 #NI \TS:Jungermannia contracta$Reinwardt&Blume;&Nees1;??? Nardia $Gray1821 #N,16,M[17],I *Rec@NH,bergen:trop,[Eur:#5] {/vleugelmos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Nardius$<) \TS:Jungermannia compressa$Hooker1??? ==Mesophylla $Dumortier1822 #(I) \TS:??? Alicularia $Corda1829 #M[24],(I) \(~Nardia) \TS:A. scalaris$(Gray1???)<=Nardia scalaris Notoscyphus $Mitten1873 #N,M[1],I \TS:Jungermannia lutescens$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? . \(+Lophoziaceae) Andrewsianthus $Schuster1961 #N,M[3],I \TS($Grolle1???):Jungermannia punicea$Nees1??? Anomacaulis $Grolle1971 #NI \(=$Schuster1969(+^A)) \^^Lophozia/ \TS($Grolle1???):Lophozia hamatiloba$Grolle1??? Apothomanthus $Schiffner1893 #NI \^^Nardia/Apotomanthus$Spruce1885 \TS:Jungermannia succulenta$Lehmann1???(<=Richard) Blepharostomum $Gola1907 #(I) \TS:B. cavallii$< Cephalolobus $Schuster1966 #NI \TS:Cephalozia scabrella$Massalongo1??? Conianthos $Palisot1805(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #(I) \TS(+NYD) Crossocalyx $Meylan1939 #N(I) \TS:Jungermannia helleriana$Lindenberg1???(<=Nees) Crossogyna $Schljakov1975 #NI \(=$Schuster1969(+^A)) \^^Jamesoniella/ \TS($Schljakov1???):Jungermannia autumnalis$DeCandolle1??? Cryptochila $Schuster1963 #NI \TS:Jamesoniella pseudocclusa$Hodgson1??? Cryptocolea $Schuster1953 #N,M[1],I \TS:C. imbricata$< Cryptocoleopsis $Amakawa1959 #NI \TS:C. imbricata$< Denotarisia $Grolle1971 #NI \TS:Jungermannia ovifolia$Schiffner1??? Diplocolea $Amakawa1962 #NI \TS:D. sikkimensis$< Gerhildiella $Grolle1966 #NI \TS:G. rossneriana$< Gottschelia $Grolle1968 #N,M[1],I \TS:Jungermannia schizopleura$Spruce1??? Gymnocoleopsis $Schuster1978 #N,M[2],I \(=$Schuster1967(+^A)) \^^Gymnocolea/ \TS($Schuster1???):Lophozia multiflora$Stephani1??? Hattoria $Schuster1961 #NI \^^Anastrophyllum \TS:??? Hattoriella $Inoue1961("1960") #NI \(=$Inoue1957(+^A)) \^^Lophozia/ \TS($Inoue1???):Lophozia diversiloba$Hattori1??? Horikawaella $Hattori&Amakawa1971; #NI \TS:Anastrophyllum subacutum$Herzog1??? Liochlaena $Nees1845 #NI \TS:L. lanceolata$Nees1???(+nonJungermannia lanceolata$Linnaeus1???) Lophonardia $Schuster1978 #NI \TS:L. caespitosa$< Nothostrepta $Schuster1980 #NI \TS:Plagiochila bifida$Stephani1??? Phragmatocolea $Grolle1957("1956") #NI \TS:Clasmatocolea innovata$Herzog1??? Pisanoa $HaesselDeMenendez1989 #I \TS:P. chilensis$< Protocephalozia $Goebel1893 #NI \(=$Spruce1882(+^A)) \(~Cephaloziaceae) \^^Cephalozia/ \TS($Goebel1???):Cephalozia ephemeroides$Spruce1??? ==Spruceina $Kuntze1903 #(I) \(~Lepidoziaceae) \TS:??? Protolophozia $Schljakov1979 #NI \(=$Schuster1968(+^A)) \^^Lophozia/ \TS:Lophozia crispata$Schuster1??? Protosyzygiella $Schuster1980 #NI \(=$Inoue1966(+^A)) \^^Syzygiella/ \TS($Schuster1???):Plagiochila pseudoconnexa$Herzog1??? Pseudocephaloziella $Schuster1978 #NI \TS:P. epiphytica$< Roivainenia $Persson1961 #NI \TS($Grolle1???):Jungermannia jacquinotii$Montagne1??? Ruttnerella $Schiffner1955 #(I) \TS:R. rhizocaula$< Scaphophyllum $Inoue1966 #NI \TS:Anastrophyllum speciosum$Horikawa1??? Sphenolobopsis $Schuster&Kitagawa1973;("1971") #N,M[1],I \TS:Jungermannia pearsonii$Spruce1??? Stenorrhipis $Herzog1950 #NI \TS:S. rhizomatica$< Syzygiella $Spruce1876 #P~25,N,M[4],I \(~Plagiochilaceae) \TS:Jungermannia perfoliata$Swartz1??? Tetralophozia $Schljakov1973 #N,M[1],I \(=$Schuster1961(+^A)) \^^Chandonanthus/ \TS($Schljakov1976):Jungermannia setiformis$Ehrhart1??? Vanaea $Inoue&Gradstein1989; #(I) \(=$Inoue&Gradstein1988;(+^A)) \^^Anastrophyllum/ \TS($Inoue&Gradstein1;???):Anastrophyllum plagiochiloides$Inoue&Gradstein1;??? GYMNOMITRIACEAE $??? #P8/,6/ *Rec@Arct,alpien *Rec Acrolophozia $Schuster1966 #N,M[2],I \TS:A. pectinata$< Anomomarsupella $Schuster1969 #M[1],(I) \TS:A. cephalozielloides$< Dianthelia $Schuster1949 #NI \TS:D. steerei$< Eremonotus $Pearson1900 #NI \(<=$Lindberg&Kaalaas1;???) \(~Cephaloziaceae) \TS:Jungermannia myriocarpa$Carrington1??? Gymnomitrion $Corda1829 #PN,M[15],I *Rec@NH \(+NomCons) \TS:Jungermannia concinnata$Lightfoot1??? ==Acolea $?Corda1829 #M[37],(I) \(=$Dumortier1831) \TS:??? ==Cesius $Gray1821 #M[1],(I) \(+suppr vs Gymnomitrion) \TS:Jungermannia concinnata$Lightfoot1??? ==Cesiusa $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:??? Herzogobryum $Grolle1964("1963") #PNI *Rec@ZH \TS(+R Chondrophyllum$Herzog1952) ==Chondrophyllum $Herzog1952 #(I) \(+P$Kylin1924(Rhodophyceae/Delesseriaceae)) \TS:C. culcullatum$< Marsupella $Dumortier1822 #P~42,N,M[21],I *Rec@NH,!(gem,koud:NH),bergen:trop,[Eur:#20] {/vetkelkje} \TS:Jungermannia emarginata$Ehrhart1??? ==Marsupia $Dumortier1831 #(I) \TS:??? ==Sarcocyphos $Corda1829 #M[12],(I) \TS:Jungermannia emarginata$Ehrhart1??? Nardiocalyx $Joergensen1934 #NI \(<=$Lindberg1???) \TS($Jo]rgensen):Marsupella apiculata$Schiffner1??? Poeltia $Grolle1966 #NI \TS:P. campylata$< Prasanthus $Lindberg1889 #N,M[2],I \TS:Gymnomitrion suecicum$Gottsche1??? Stephaniella $Jack1894 #N,M[1],I \(~Jungermanniaceae) \TS:S. paraphyllina$< Stephaniellidium $Grolle1983 #NI \(<=$Winkler1???) \TS:Stephaniella sleumeri$MuellerFrib1??? SCAPANIACEAE $??? #P6/,7/ *Rec@!koel-NH,bergen:trop *Rec Diplophyllum $Dumortier1835 #N,M[9],I *Rec@!(koud,gem:NH),[Eur:#4] {/zaagmos} \(+NomCons) \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia albicans$Linnaeus1??? ==Diplophylleia $Trevisan1877 #M[1],(I) \(=$Reichenbach1841(+^A)) \^^Jungermannia/ \TS:??? Douinia $Buch1928 #N,M[1],I \(=$Jensen1915(+^A)) \^^Diplophylleia/ \TS($Buch1???):Jungermannia ovata$Dickson1??? Scapania $Dumortier1835 #P~58,N,M[54],I *Rec@!(koud--gem:NH),[Eur:#38] {/schoffelmos} \(+NomCons) \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Radula/ \TS(+TypCons):S. undulata$(Linnaeus1???)Dumortier=Jungermannia undulata$Linneaus1??? Scapaniella $Buch1928 #NI \^^Scapania \TS:Jungermannia scapanioides$Massalongo1??? Blepharidophyllum $Angstroem1873 #PN,M[2],I *Rec@Zgem,subAnt \TS($Massalongo1???):Jungermannia densifolia$Hooker1??? ==Schistocalyx $Stephani1894 #(I) \(<=$Lindberg1???) \TS:??? Delavayella $Stephani1894 #NI \TS:D. serrata$< . Clandarium $Schuster1983 #I \(=$Grolle1965(+^A)) \^^Blepharidophyllum/ \TS($Schuster1???):Plagiochila clandestina$Montagne1??? Krunodiplophyllum $Grolle1965 #NI \TS:Diplophyllum squarrosum$Stephani1??? Macrodiplophyllum $Persson1949 #NI \(=$Buch1928(+^A)) \^^Diplophyllum/ \TS($Persson1???):Diplophyllum plicatum$Lindberg1??? ************************* * Radulineae ************************* RADULACEAE $Mueller1??? *X:Prb-Rec Radula $Dumortier1822 #P~250,N,M[120],I *Rec@!(trop,Zgem),[Eur:#9] {/schijfjesmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:Jungermannia complanata$Linnaeus1??? ==Martinellius $Gray1821 #M[7],(I) \(+suppr vs Radula) \TS:??? ==Candollea $Raddi1818 #(I) \(+P$Mirbel1802(Polypodiopsida/Polypodiaceae)) \TS:??? ==Patarola $Leman1825 #(I) \TS(+R Candollea$Raddi1818) ==Stephanina $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:??? . Patarola $Trevisan1877 #(I) \(+P$Leman1825(Hepaticopsida/Radulaceae)) \TS:Jungermannia uvifera$Hooker&Taylor1;??? ************************* * Pleuroziineae ************************* PLEUROZIACEAE $??? #P2/~16 *Rec@!trop--(BrCo,Eur,Japan) *Rec Pleurozia $Dumortier1835 #P~13,N,M[25],I *Rec@bergwouden:trop--(Eur,BrCo) \TS:Jungermannia sphagnoides$Schwaegrichen1??? ==Physiotium $Nees1838 #(I) \TS:??? Eopleurozia $Schuster1961 #P3,N,M[2],I *Rec@Colom,Born,Z-Japan,Taiw \TS:Physiotium paradoxum$Jack1??? ************************* * Porellineae ************************* PORELLACEAE $??? #P3/~152,3/ *Rec@wide(^Ant^subAnt) *Rec Ascidiota $Massalongo1898 #P1,N,1,M[1],I *Rec@M-China,arct-Alas \TS:A. blepharophylla$< Macvicaria $Nicholson1930 #P1,N,1,I *Rec@China,Japan,Korea \(MACVICARIACEAE) \TS:M. fossombronioides$< Porella $Linnaeus1753 #P~150,N,>100,M[35],I *Rec@wide(^Arct^subAnt),!trop,[Eur:#7] {/pelsmos} \TS:P. pinnata$< ==Opeca $Hill1773 #(I) \TS:??? . Antoiria $Raddi1818 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia platyphylla$Linnaeus1??? ==Cavendishia $Gray1821 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Lindley1835(Magnoliopsida/Ericaceae)) \TS:Jungermannia platyphylla$Linnaeus1??? ==Madotheca $Dumortier1822 #M[25],(I) \TS:??? ==Suaresia $Leman1827 #(I) \TS(+R Antoiria$Raddi1818) Bellincinia $Raddi1818 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia arboris-vitae$Withering1776 ==Pandulfia $Leman1825 #(I) \TS:??? Schulthesia $Raddi1822 #(I) \TS:S. brasiliensis$< GOEBELIELLACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@NZ,NCal *Rec Goebeliella $Stephani1911 #P1,NI *Rec@NZ,NCal \TS:Frullania cornigera$Mitten1??? JUBULACEAE $??? #P5/~828 *Rec@cosm,!trop *X:Prb-Rec JUBULOIDEAE" Neohattoria $Kamimura1962 #P1,NI *Rec@N-Japan \TS(+R Hattoria$Kamimura1961) ==Hattoria $Kamimura1961 #(I) \(+P$Schuster1961(Hepaticopsida/Jungermanniaceae)) \TS:Frullania herzogii$Hattori1??? Jubula $Dumortier1822 #P~20,N,M[2],I *Rec@gem--trop,oceanic \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):Jungermannia hutchinsiae$Hooker1??? ==Salviatus $Gray1821 #(I) \TS:??? FRULLANIOIDEAE" \(FRULLANIACEAE) Steerea $Hattori&Kamimura1971; #P1,NI *Rec@NO-Born \TS:S. mastigophoroides$< Schusterella $Hattori&&1972 #P6,NI *Rec@NZ,NCal,Fiji \TS:Frullania microscopica$Pearson1??? Frullania $Raddi1818 #P~800,N,M[115] *Rec@cosm,!trop,[Eur:#13] {/roestmos} \TS($Dumortier1835):Jungermannia tamarisci$Linnaeus1??? ==Mylia $Leman1825 #(I) \(+P$Gray1821(Hepaticopsida/Jungermanniaceae)) \TS:??? Amphijubula $Schuster1970 #NI \TS:A. spruceana$< LEJEUNEACEAE $??? #P92/~1500,<100/~750(@Eur:8/) *Rec@!trop,subtrop *X:Prb-Rec \(>Jubulaceae) Stictolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[2],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia squamata$Willdenow1???>Weber Bryopteris $Lindenberg1845 #N,M[10],I \(=$Nees1838(+^A)) \^^Frullania/ \TS($Nees1???):Jungermannia filicina$Swartz1??? ==Bryolejeunea $Lacouture1908 #(I) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS:??? Dicranolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[5],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea axillaris$Nees&Montagne1;??? ==Dicrojeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Brachiolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[11],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Phragmicoma laxifolia$Taylor1??? Frullanoides $Raddi1822 #N,M[7],I \TS:F. densifolia$< ==Ptychocoleus $Trevisan1877 #M[4],(I) \TS:??? Trocholejeunea $Schiffner1932 #NI \TS:T. levieri$Schiffner1???(<=Stephani) Ptychanthus $Nees1838 #NI \TS:Jungermannia striata$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? ==Ptycholejeunea $Stephani1895 #(I) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS:??? Thysananthus $Lindenberg1844 #N,M[2],I \TS:T. comosus$< ==Thysanolejeunea $Stephani1896 #(I) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS:??? Spruceanthus $Verdoorn1934 #N,M[1],I \^^Jungermannia \TS:??? Omphalanthus $Lindenberg&Nees1845; #N,M[5],I \TS($Nees1???):Jungermannia filiformis$Swartz1??? ==Omphalolejeunea $Lacouture1908 #(I) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Lacouture1???):Jungermannia filiformis$Swartz1??? Peltolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[1],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea ovalis$Gottsche1??? Schiffneriolejeunea $Verdoorn1933 #N,M[1],I \TS:S. omphalanthoides$< Neurolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[2],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea seminervis$Spruce1??? Mastigolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[4],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia auriculata$Wilson1??? ==Flagrijeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Lopholejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[6],I \(+NomCons) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Phragmicoma sagraeana$Montagne1??? =Lopholejeunea $Stephani1890 #(I) \(+suppr vs$(Spruce1???)Schiffner1893(Hepaticopsida/Lejeuneaceae)) \(?Lopho-lejeunea) \TS:??? Symbiezidium $Trevisan1877 #N,M[3],I \TS:Jungermannia transversalis$Swartz1??? ==Platylejeunea $Schiffner1893 #(I) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS:??? Caudalejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[1],I \(=$Stephani1890(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Evans1???):Lejeunea lehmanniana$Gottsche1??? Marchesinia $Gray1821 #N,M[6],I \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Marchesinius;Marchesinus) \TS:Jungermannia mackaii$Hooker1??? ==Homalolejeunea $Lacouture1908 #(I) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS:??? ==Phragmicoma $Dumortier1822 #M[15],(I) \TS:??? Archilejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[11],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea porelloides$Spruce1??? Leucolejeunea $Evans1907 #N,M[5],I \TS:Jungermannia clypeata$Schweinitz1??? Anoplolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[1],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea herpestica$Spruce1??? ==Anolejeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Odontolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[3],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia lunulata$Weber1??? ==Dentijeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Cyclolejeunea $Evans1904 #N,M[3],I \TS:Jungermannia convexistipa$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? Potamolejeunea $Lacouture1908 #N,M[4],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Stephani1???):Lejeunea polystachya$Spruce1??? Ceratolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[17],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Stephani1???):Lejeunea plumula$Spruce1??? ==Cornijeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Hygrolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[10],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia cerina$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? Taxilejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[21],I \(+NomCons) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Stephani1???):Lejeunea chimborazensis$Spruce1??? =Taxilejeunea $Stephani1889 #(I) \(+suppr vs$(Spruce1???)Schiffner1893(Hepaticopsida/Lejeuneaceae)) \TS:??? Macrolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[3],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea pallescens$Mitten1??? Sphaerolejeunea $Herzog1938 #NI \TS:S. umbilicata$< Euosmolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[6],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia trifaria$Nees1??? ==Osmojeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Cheilolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[29],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Evans1???):Lejeunea aneogyna$Spruce1??? Cystolejeunea $Evans1906 #NI \TS:Jungermannia lineata$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? Pycnolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #M[14],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Grolle1???):Jungermannia contigua$Nees1??? Rectolejeunea $Evans1906 #N,M[8],I \TS:R. flagelliformis$< Harpalejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[13],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea ancistrodes$Spruce1??? Leiolejeunea $Evans1908 #NI \TS:L. grandiflora$< Strepsilejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[3],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/Harpalejeunea/ \TS($Stephani1???):Lejeunea inflexa$Hampe1???>Lehmann Trachylejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[9],I \(+NomCons) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea acanthina$Spruce1??? =Trachylejeunea $Stephani1889 #(I) \(+suppr vs$(Spruce1???)Schiffner1893(Hepaticopsida/Lejeuneaceae)) \TS:??? Crossotolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[4],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea boryana$Montagne1??? ==Crossojeunea $Post&Kuntze1903; #(I) \TS:??? Prionolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[5],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Stephani1???):Lejeunea microdonta$Gottsche1??? ==Serrijeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Cladolejeunea $Zwickel1933 #N,M[1],I \TS:Ceratolejeunea aberrans$Stephani1??? Drepanolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[27],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia hamatifolia$Hooker1??? ==Falcijeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Leptolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[8],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia elliptica$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? Lejeunea $Libert1820 #N,many,M[234],I *Rec@[Eur:#7] {/tuitmos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Lejeunia$<) \TS:L. serpillifolia$< ==Eulejeunea $Schiffner1893 #M[1],(I) \(<=$Spruce1???) \TS:??? Stylolejeunea $Sim1926 #N,M[1],I \TS:S. duncanii$< Cyrtolejeunea $Evans1903 #N,M[2],I \TS:Lejeunea holostipa$Spruce1??? Otigoniolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[3],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea xiphotis$Spruce1??? ==Ectojeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Microlejeunea $Stephani1888 #>>10,M[8],I *Rec@!trop,[Eur:#1] {/klein tuitmos} \(~Lejeunea) \TS:M. africana$< Myriocolea $Spruce1884 #NI \TS:M. irrorata$< Diplasiolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[13],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia pellucida$Meissner1???>Sprengel ==Dijeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Calatholejeunea $Goebel1928 #NI \(+missp:Cyatholejeunea) \TS:Lejeunea paradoxa$Schiffner1??? Colura $Dumortier1835 #N,M[4],I \(=$Dumortier1831(+^A)) \^^Lejeunia/ \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia calyptrifolia$Hooker1??? ==Colurolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #(I) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS:??? ==Mitrojeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Cololejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,>100,M[68],I *Rec@!trop(Eur:#4) {/dwerg-tuitmos} \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea calcarea$Libert1??? Leptocolea $Evans1911 #N,M[2],I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/Cololejeunea/ \TS($Evans1???):Lejeunea micrandroecia$Spruce1??? Taeniolejeunea $Zwickel1933 #NI \TS:Jungermannia floccosa$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? Aphanolejeunea $Evans1911 #N,M[23],I \TS:Jungermannia microscopica$Taylor1??? . Acanthocoleus $Schuster1971 #N,M[3],I \TS:A. fulvus$< Acantholejeunea $Schuster1968 #NI \(=$Schuster1963(+^A)) \^^Drepanolejeunea/ \TS($Schuster1???):Drepanolejeunea spinistipula$Herzog1??? Acrolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #N,M[36],I \(+NomCons) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Jungermannia torulosa$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? =Acrolejeunea $Stephani1890 #(I) \(+suppr vs$(Spruce1???)Schiffner1893(Hepaticopsida/Lejeuneaceae)) \(?Acro-lejeunea) \TS:??? Allorgella $Tixier1980 #N,M[2],I \TS:A. hoana$< Amblyolejeunea $JovetAst1949("1948") #N,M[1],I \TS:A. fulfordiae$< Amphilejeunea $Schuster1978 #NI \TS:A. viridissima$< Anomalolejeunea $Schiffner1893 #NI \(=$Spruce1887(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Lejeunea pluriplicata$Pearson1??? ==Notholejeunea $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Aphanotropis $Herzog1952 #NI \TS:A. saxicola$< Aureolejeunea $Schuster1978 #N,M[1],I \TS:A. aurifera$< Austrolejeunea $Schuster1963 #N,M[1],I \(=$Schuster1963(+^A)) \^^Siphonolejeunea/ \TS($Schuster1???):Siphonolejeunea olgae$Schuster1??? Blepharolejeunea $Arnell1962 #N,M[6],I \TS:B. harlingii$< Boninoleptocolea $Horikawa1936 #(I) \TS:B. drepanolejeuneoides$< Byssolejeunea $Herzog1941 #NI \TS:B. abnormis$< Campylolejeunea $Hattori1947 #N,M[2],I \TS:C. shibatae$< Capillolejeunea $Arnell1965 #NI \TS:C. mascarena$< Cardiolejeunea $Schuster&Kachroo1963; #NI \TS:C. cardiantha$< Cephalantholejeunea $Schuster1980 #(I) \^^Potamolejeunea/Cephalolejeunea$Schuster&Kachroo1963; \TS:Potamolejeunea temnanthoides$Schuster1??? Cephalolejeunea $Mizutani1979 #NI \TS:C. parvilobula$< Ciliolejeunea $Arnell1953 #NI \TS:C. capensis$< Cladiantholejeunea $Herzog1954 #(I) \TS:C. micrantha$< Dactylolejeunea $Schuster1971 #NI \TS:D. acanthifolia$< Dactylophorella $Schuster1980 #NI \TS:Lejeunea muricata$Gottsche1??? Dendrolejeunea $Lacouture1908 #I \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/ \TS($Lacouture1???):Bryopteris fruticosa$Lindenberg&Gottsche1;??? Echinocolea $Schuster1963 #N,M[1],I \TS:Lejeunea asperrima$Spruce1??? Echinolejeunea $Schuster1963 #NI \TS($Hamlin1???):Lejeunea papillata$Mitten1??? Evansiolejeunea $VandenBerghen1949("1948") #NI \TS:Omphalanthus renistipulus$Stephani1??? Haplolejeunea $Grolle1975 #NI \TS:H. sticta$< Hattoriolejeunea $Mizutani1987("1986") #I \TS:H. akiyamae$< Hemilejeunea $Schiffner1942 #NI \TS:H. ruttneri$< Heterolejeunea $Schiffner1941 #(I) \TS:H. javanica$< Inflatolejeunea $Arnell1953 #NI \TS:I. capensis$< Jovetastella $Tixier1974("1973") #NI \TS:J. paniensis$< Kingiolejeunea $Robinson1967 #(I) \TS:K. ornata$< Kymatolejeunea $Grolle1984 #NI \TS:K. bartlettii$< Lepidolejeunea $Schuster1963 #N,M[4],I \TS:Hygrolejeunea falcata$Herzog1??? Leptostictolejeunea $Schuster1990 #I \(=$Schuster1984(+^A)) \^^Stictolejeunea/ \TS:Stictolejeunea iwatsukii$Mizutani1??? Lindigianthus $Kruijt&Gradstein1985; #M[1],I \TS:Lejeunea cipaconea$Gottsche1??? Luteolejeunea $Piippo1986 #I \TS:Stictolejeunea herzogii$Buchloh1??? Myriocoleopsis $Schiffner1944 #N,M[1],I \TS:M. puiggarii$< Nephelolejeunea $Grolle1973 #NI \TS:Harpalejeunea talinayi$Arnell1??? Nesolejeunea $Herzog1947 #(I) \TS:N. intercalaris$< Nipponolejeunea $Hattori1944 #NI \TS:Pycnolejeunea pilifera$Stephani1??? Ophthalmolejeunea $Schuster1980 #I \(=$Schuster1963(+^A)) \^^Harpalejeunea/ \TS:Strepsilejeunea monophthalma$Herzog1??? Oreolejeunea $Schuster1980 #NI \^^Brachiolejeunea \TS:O. securifolia$(Stephani1???)< Otolejeunea $Grolle&Tixier1980; #NI \TS:O. moniliata$Grolle1??? Pandulphinius $Gray1821 #(I) \^^Jungermannia \TS:P. serpyllifolius$< Pedinolejeunea $Chen&Wu1964; #NI \(=$Benedix1???>Mizutani1961(+^A)) \^^Cololejeunea/ \TS($Chen&Wu1;???):Cololejeunea lanciloba$Stephani1??? Perilejeunea $Robinson1967 #N,M[3],I \(=$Kachroo&Schuster1961;(+^A)) \^^Pycnolejeunea/ \TS($Robinson1???):Pycnolejeunea grandistipula$Gottsche1???>Stephani Phaeolejeunea $Mizutani1968 #NI \TS:Lejeunea latistipula$Schiffner1??? Phragmilejeunea $Schuster1954 #(I) \TS:Phragmicoma pappeana$Nees1??? Physantholejeunea $Schuster1978 #NI \TS:Lejeunea portoricensis$Hampe&Gottsche1;??? Physocolea $Stephani1916 #M[3],(I) \(=$Spruce1884(+^A)) \^^Lejeunea/Cololejeunea/ \TS(+NYD) Pictolejeunea $Grolle1977 #NI \TS:Prionolejeunea picta$Stephani1???(<=Gottsche) Placolejeunea $Herzog1948 #(I) \TS:P. subarrhyncha$< Plagiolejeunea $Mizutani1984 #NI \TS:P. zantenii$< Rhaphidolejeunea $Herzog1943 #NI \TS:Lejeunea cyclops$SandeLacoste1??? Schusteria $Kachroo1957 #(I) \TS:Taxilejeunea tonduzana$Stephani1??? Schusterolejeunea $Grolle1980 #N,M[1],I \TS(+R Cladocolea$Schuster1963) ==Cladocolea $Schuster1963 #(I) \(+P$VanTieghem1895(Magnoliopsida/Loranthaceae)) \TS:Lejeunea inundata$Spruce1??? Siphonolejeunea $Herzog1942 #NI \TS:S. nudicalycina$< Stenolejeunea $Schuster1963 #N,M[2],I \TS:Taxilejeunea thallophora$Eifrig1??? Tuyamaella $Hattori1951 #N,M[1],I \TS:Pycnolejeunea molischii$Schiffner1??? Tuzibeanthus $Hattori1947 #NI \TS:T. porelloides$< Verdoornianthus $Gradstein1978 #NI \TS:Lejeunea marsupiifolia$Spruce1??? METZGERIOPSACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@NCal,Java,N-Born,Male *Rec \(~Lejeuneaceae) Metzgeriopsis $Goebel1888 #P1,SNI *Rec@NCal,Java,N-Born,Male \TS:M. pusilla$< ************************* * ? ************************* Bassania $Gasparis1895(=DeGasparis) #NM(I) *N:Tr/Keuper@Duit \{thallus} \(+P Bazzania$Gray1821(Hepaticopsida/Lepidoziaceae)) \TS:B. keuperiana$< Cheirorhiza $Krasilov1970 #(I) *I:BJura@USSR \TS:C. brittae$< Jungermannites $Goeppert1845 #NM(I) *N:Mioc@Duit \{stem,leaf} \TS:J. neesianus$< Laticaulina $Krasilov1970 #NM(I) *N:BJura@Sibe \TS:L. papillosa$< Schizolepidella $Halle1913 #NXM(I) *N:Jura@Ant/GrahamLand \TS:S. gracilis$< ? Jungermanniopsis $Howe&Hollock1922; #NM(I) *N:Mioc@Color \TS:J. cockerellii$Howe&Hollick1;??? ************************* * Metzgeriales $Schljakov1??? #S12/28/~550,13/>30/ %T *Frs-Rec \(<=$Schuster1???) * Treubiineae ************************* TREUBIACEAE $??? #P1/7 *Rec@!(NZ,Tasm,NG)--ZOAE,Z-ZAm,Tahi,Samo,Japan,Taiw,BrCo,India *Rec Treubia $Goebel1890 #P7,N,M[2],I *Rec@!(NZ,Tasm,NG)--ZOAE,Z-ZAm,Tahi,Samo,Japan,Taiw,BrCo,India \(+NomCons) \TS:T. insignis$< . Apotreubia $Hattori&Mizutani1967;("1966") #N,M[2],I \TS:Treubia nana$Hattori&Inoue1;??? ************************* * Codoniineae ************************* CODONIACEAE $??? #P3/66,4/ *Rec@wide *Rec =FOSSOMBRONIACEAE $??? Austrofossombronia $Schuster1994 #M[3],3 \TS:??? Fossombronia $Raddi1818 #P~60,N,M[20],116,I *Rec@wide,[Eur:#10] {/goudkorrelmos} \TS:Jungermannia angulosa$Dickson1??? ==Maurocenius $Gray1821 #(I) \TS:??? ==Maurocenia $Leman1823 #(I) \(+P$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Celastraceae)) \TS(+R Fossombronia$Raddi1818) Simodon $Lindberg1889|Schiffner1893 #NI \(=$Lindberg1885(+^A)) \^^Fossombronia/ \TS($Schiffner1???):Fossombronia incurva$Lindberg1??? Petalophyllum $Lehmann1844 #P5,N,M[1],7,I *Rec@NZ,W-Aus,India,Boli,Texas,Arka,W-,ZW-Eur,Alge \(<=$Nees&Gottsche1;???) \TS:P. preissii$Lehmann1???(<=Gottsche) Sewardiella $Kashyap1915 #P1,N,1,I *Rec@W-Hima \TS:S. tuberifera$< . =Codonia $Dumortier1822 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia pusilla$Linnaeus1??? =Codonia $Dumortier1874 #I \^^Jungermannia \(+P$Dumortier1822(Hepaticopsida/Codoniaceae)) \TS:??? ************************* * Metzgeriineae ************************* BLASIACEAE $??? #P2/2,1/1 *Rec@gem-NH,Japan *Rec Blasia $Linnaeus1753 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@gem-NH,boreaal {/flesjesmos} \TS:B. pusilla$< ==Biagia $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:??? Cavicularia $Stephani1897 #P1,NI *Rec@Japan \TS:C. densa$< ALLISONIACEAE $Schljakov1975 *Rec Allisonia $Herzog1941 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@NZ \TS:A. moerckioides$< Calycularia $Mitten1861 #P~5,N,M[2],I *Rec@Hima,Japan,Taiw,Sibe,Alas,Ethi,Java \TS:C. crispula$< . Sandeothallus $Schuster1982 #NI \^^Moerckia \TS:S. radiculosa$(Schiffner1???)< MAKINOACEAE $??? #P1/1 *Rec@Japan,China,Taiw,Fili,NG *Rec \(~Pallaviciniaceae) Makinoa $Miyake1899 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Japan,China,Taiw,Fili,NG \TS:Pellia crispata$Stephani1??? VERDOORNIACEAE $??? #P1/1,S1/1 *Rec@NZ *Rec \(~Makinoaceae) Verdoornia $Schuster1963 #P1,S1,NI *Rec@NZ \TS:V. succulenta$< PELLIACEAE $??? #P2/4,2/ *Rec@N-NH,Z-ZAm--Andes,Falk *Rec Pellia $Raddi1818 #P3,N,4-5,M[5],I *Rec@gem:N-NH {/pellia's} \(+NomCons) \X=9 \TS($Corda1829):Jungermannia epiphylla$Linnaeus1??? ==Hypophyllum $Post&Kuntze1903; #(I) \TS:Agaricus rufus$Fries1??? ==Merkia $Borkhausen1792 #(I) \(+suppr vs Pellia) \TS:??? ==Papa $Gray1821 #(I) \('Pallavicinius') \TS:??? ==Scopulina $Dumortier1822 #(I) \TS:??? ==Blytia $Endlicher1840 #(I) \(+P Blyttia$Arnott1838(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae)) \TS:Jungermannia lyellii$Hooker1??? ==Diplomitrion $Corda1829 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia lyellii$Hooker1??? Noteroclada $Hooker&Wilson1844; #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Falk,Z-ZAm--Andes \(<=$Taylor1???) \TS:N. confluens$< ==Androcryphia $Nees1846 #M[3],(I) \(?Androcrypha) \TS:??? PALLAVICINIACEAE $??? #P6/~95,6/(@Eur:2/) !Zgem--trop,Japan,N-NH *Rec Pallavicinia $Gray1821 #P~33,N,12,M[1],I *Rec@!(Zgem--trop)(@Eur:1) {/elzenmos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Pallavicinius$< corr$Trevisan1874) \^^Jungermannia \TS:??? ==Dilaena $Dumortier1822 #(I) \(~Pellia) \("DILAENACEAE$Muell.Frib.1940) \TS:??? ==Diplolaena $Dumortier1831 \(+P$Brown1814(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS:??? ==Hollia $Endlicher1842 #(I) \(+P$Sieber1826(Bryopsida/Dicnemonaceae)) \TS:Jungermannia lyellii$Hooker1??? ==Steetzia $Lehmann1846 #(I) \TS(+R Hollia$Endlicher1842) ==Thedenia $Fries1842 #(I) \TS(+R Diplolaena$Dumortier1831) ==Wuestneia $Brockmueller1863 #(I) \(+P$Auerswald1???>Fuckel1863(Pyrenomycetes/Melanconidiaceae)) \TS:??? Symphyogyna $Nees&Montagne1836; #P~50,N,M[7],I *Rec@!Zgem--trop \^^Jungermannia \(~Jungermanniaceae/"Symphyogyneae$Trevisan1877,"SYMPHYOGYNACEAE$Reimers1952) \TS:S. brasiliensis$< Pallaviciniites $Schuster1966 #NX(I) *NI:BDev@NwYo \(>Pallavicinia>Symphyogyna) \TS:Hepaticites devonicus$Hueber1??? Jensenia $Lindberg1867 #P7,NI *Rec@!Zgem--trop \TS(+R Mittenia$Gottsche1864) ==Mittenia $Gottsche1864 #(I) \(+P$Lindberg1863(Bryopsida/Mitteniaceae)) \TS:M. zollingeri$< ==Makednothallus $Verdoorn1932 #(I) \TS:??? Moerckia $Gottsche1860 #P3,N,few(@Eur:2),M[3],I *Rec@gem:N-NH {/kraalmos} \TS:Jungermannia hibernica$Hooker1??? Hattorianthus $Schuster&Inoue1975; #P1,NI *Rec@Japan \TS:Pallavicinia erimona$Stephani1??? Xenothallus $Schuster1963 #P1,NI *Rec@NZ \TS:X. vulcanicola$< . =Viviania $Raddi1822 #(I) \(+missp:Viviana$Raddi1822#(I)) \(+P$Cavanilles1804(Magnoliopsida/Geraniaceae)) \TS:Jungermannia sinuata$Swartz1??? =Cordaea $Nees1833 #(I) \(+P$Sprengel1831(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS:C. flotoviana$< Amphibiophytum $Karsten1859 #M[1],(I) \TS:A. dioicum$< Hypoblyttia $Gottsche1857("1856") #(I) \TS:Jungermannia cladorrhizans$Hooker&Taylor1;??? Kormickia $Stephani1917 #(I) \TS:K. cylindrica$< Seppeltia $Grolle1986 #I \TS:S. succuba$< Solenochaetium $Trevisan1877 #(I) \(SYMPHYOGYNACEAE,DILAENACEAE) \TS:Symphyogyna pulchra$Taylor1??? Strozzia $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:Symphyogyna brongniartii$Montagne1??? Systasis $Griffith1849 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Symphyogynopsis $Grolle1986 #I \TS:Symphyogyna filicum$Nadeaud1??? ^ Greeneothallus $HaesselDeMenendez1980 #N,M[1],I *^ \TS:G. gemmiparus$< HYMENOPHYTACEAE $??? #P2/3 *Rec@NZ,Tasm,Aus,Male--NG,NCal,Fiji,JFer,Chili,Colom *Rec =HYMENOPHYTONACEAE $??? Podomitrium $Mitten1855 #P2,NI *Rec@NZ,Tasm,O-Aus,Male--NG \(~Pallaviciniaceae) \TS:Jungermannia phyllanthus$Hooker1??? Hymenophyton $Dumortier1835 #P1,NI *Rec@NZ,Tasm,Aus,NCal,Fiji,JFer,Chili,Colom \TS:Jungermannia flabellata$Labillardiere1??? ==Umbraculum $Gottsche1861 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia flabellata$Labillardiere1??? ANEURACEAE $??? #P3/ *Rec@wide *X:Tert-Rec \(RICCARDIACEAE) Riccardia $Gray1821 #P~250,N,X,M[24],I *Rec@wide,!(bergen:trop,ZH),[Eur:#5] *X:Tert {/moerasvorkje} \X=[10,20,30] \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Riccardius$< corr$Trevisan1874) \TS:Jungermannia multifida$Linnaeus1??? ==Gymnomitrion $Huebener1834 #(I) \^^Jungermannia \(+P$Corda1829(Hepaticopsida/Gymnomitriaceae)) \TS:??? ==Pseudoneura $Gottsche1863 #M[7],(I) \TS:??? ==Roemeria $Raddi1818 #(I) \(+P$Medikus1792(Magnoliopsida/Papaveraceae)) \TS:Jungermannia multifida$Linnaeus1??? Aneura $Dumortier1822 #PN,>>10(@Eur:2),M[68],I *Rec@wide,!ZH {/vetmos} \X=[10] \TS:Jungermannia pinguis$Linnaeus1??? Cryptothallus $Malmborg1933 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Eur \TS:C. mirabilis$< . Acrostolia $Dumortier1835 #M[12],(I) \TS:Jungermannia fucoidea$Swartz1??? Sarcomitrium $Corda1835 #M[1],(I) \TS:Jungermannia palmata$Hedwig1??? Trichostylium $Corda1835 #(I) \TS:T. affine$< Spinella $Schiffner1890("1889") #NI \TS:Riccardia spinulifera$Massalongo1??? METZGERIACEAE $??? #P4/~215,4/ *Rec@wide *Rec Metzgeria $Raddi1818 #P~210,N,>100(@Eur:6),M[28],I *Rec@wide,!(trop,Zgem) {/boomvorkje} \TS($Dumortier1???):Jungermannia furcata$Linnaeus1??? ==Herverus $Gray1821 #(I) \('Papa') \TS:??? ==Fasciola $Dumortier1822 #(I) \TS:Jungermannia furcata$Linnaeus1??? ==Echinogyna $Dumortier1829 #(I) \TS(+R Fasciola$Dumortier1822) ==Echinomitrion $Corda1832 #(I) \TS:??? Apometzgeria $Kuwahara1966 #P2,N,M[2],I *Rec@Z-ZAm,Arct,Belg,subAnt \TS:Jungermannia pubescens$Schrank1??? Austrometzgeria $Kuwahara1966 #P1,NI *Rec@NZ,Tasm,Aus \TS:Metzgeria saccata$Mitten1??? Steereella $Kuwahara1973 #P1,NI *Rec@WInd \TS:Jungermannia linearis$Swartz1??? . Apertithallus $Kuwahara1968 #(I) \TS:A. orientalis$< Rhyzophyllum $Palisot1805(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #(I) \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Phyllothalliineae ************************* PHYLLOTHALLIACEAE $??? #P1/2,S1/2 *Rec@Vuurl,NZ *Rec Phyllothallia $Hodgson1964 #P2,S2,NI *Rec@Vuurl,NZ \TS:P. nivicola$< ************************* * ? ************************* =Marsilea $Adanson1763 #(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Polypodiopsida/Marsileaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Metzgeriites $Steere1947 #NM(I) *NI:OJura/Lias@O-Groe \(~Jungermanniales) \TS:Hepaticites glebosus$Harris1??? BLASIITACEAE" Blasiites $Schuster1966 #NM(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \TS:Hepaticites lobatus$Walton1??? METZGERIOTHALLACEAE" Metzgeriothallus $Schuster1981 #NM(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{thallus?} \TS:Hepaticites metzgerioides$Walton1??? TREUBIITACEAE $Schuster1??? Hepaticites $Walton1925 #NM(I) *N:BCarb@Enge \TS:H. kidstonii$< ==Treubiites $Schuster1966 #NM(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \TS:Hepaticites kidstonii$Walton1??? ************************* * Marchantiidae * Sphaerocarpales #S2/3/32,2/3/ %T $Cavers1910 *Rht-Rec ************************* RIELLACEAE $??? #P1/~14,S1/19 *Rec@Z-,N-Afr %B,F *Rec Riella $Montagne1852 #P~14,S19,N,M[2],I *Rec@Z-,N-Afr|wide %B,F \TS(+R Duriaea$BoryDeStVincent&Montagne1843;) ==Duriaea $BoryDeStVincent&Montagne1843; #(I) \(+P Durieua$Merat1829(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:D. helicophylla$< ==Maisonneuvea $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:Duriaea helicophylla$BoryDeStVincent&Montagne1;??? SPHAEROCARPACEAE $??? #P2/~13,S2/13,2/ *Rec@warmgem--trop *Rec Sphaerocarpos $Boehmer1760 #P~12,S12,N,~12(@Eur:3),M[7],I *Rec@warmgem--trop:wide %!droog {/blaasjesmos} \(+missp:Sphaerocarpus$Adanson1763#(I)) \TS:S. michelii$Bellardi1??? Geothallus $Campbell1896 #P1,S1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Z-Calif \TS:G. tuberosus$< ==Geocarpus $Goebel1915 #(I) \(+P$Kinkelin1884(fossilMagnoliopsida/?:)) \TS:Geothallus tuberosus$Campbell1??? NAIADITACEAE $??? *X:^ Naiadita $Brodie1845 #SNX(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Enge \TS:N. lanceolata$< ************************* * Monocleales #S1/1/2 *Rec ************************* MONOCLEACEAE $??? #P1/2,S1/2 *Rec@Z-ZAm,JFer,Peru,Boli,Vene,N-Andes,MAm,WInd,NZ *Rec Monoclea $Hooker1820 #P2,S2,N,M[2],I *Rec@Z-ZAm,JFer,Peru,Boli,Vene,N-Andes,MAm,WInd,NZ \TS:M. forsteri$< ************************* * Marchantiales #S~12/27/~450,13-14/28/200-300 %T $Engler1892 *?Crn-Rec * Marchantiineae ************************* TARGIONIACEAE $??? #P2/16,2/ *Rec@wide *Rec TARGIONIOIDEAE" Targionia $Linnaeus1753 #P~4,N,4(@Eur:2),M[11],I *Rec@wide,!warm %droog {/wiggemos} \TS:T. hypophylla$< CYATHODIOIDEAE" \(CYATHODIACEAE) Cyathodium $Lehmann1834 #P~12,N,M[1],I *Rec@trop:Neotrop,Afr,Java--Suma,India,!Hima \(<=$Kunze1???) \TS:C. cavernarum$< Synhymenium $Griffith1849|1861 #M1,(I) \(+missp:Synymenium$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:S. aureonitens$< AYTONIACEAE $??? #P5/~144,5/ *Rec =REBOULIACEAE $??? =GRIMALDIACEAE $??? Reboulia $Raddi1818 #P1,N,1,M[1],I *Rec@subtrop,gem:NH,ZH {/schermlevermos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Rebouillia$<) \TS:Marchantia hemisphaerica$Linnaeus1??? Mannia $Opiz1829 #P6,N,M[6],I \(+NomCons) \TS(+R Grimaldia$Raddi1818) ==Grimaldia $Raddi1818 #M[3],(I) \(+P$Schrank1805(Magnoliopsida/Caesalpiniaceae)) \^^Grimaldia \TS:Marchantia androgyna$Linnaeus1??? ==Cyathophora $Gray1821 #(I) \(+suppr vs Mannia) \TS:??? Asterella $PalisotDeBeauvois1805 #P~80,N,M[24],I \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):Marchantia tenella$Linnaeus1??? ==Fimbraria $Nees1820 #M[5],(I) \(?Fimbriaria#M[12]) \(+P Fimbriaria$Stackhouse1809(Rhodophyceae/Rhodomelaceae)) \TS:??? Cryptomitrium $Underwood1884(1883) #P2,N,M[3],I \(<=$Austin1???) \TS:Marchantia tenera$Hooker1??? ==Platycoaspis $Lindberg1889 #(I) \TS:Marchantia tenera$Hooker1??? Massalongoa $Stephani1905 #(I) \TS:M. tenera$< Plagiochasma $Lehmann&Lindenberg1832; #P~55,N,M[11],I \(+NomCons) \TS:P. cordatum$< =Aytonia $Forster&Forster1775; #M[11],(I) \(+NomRej vs Plagiochasma) \TS:A. rupestris$R.&Forster; ==Ruppina $LinnaeusF1783 #(I) \(+missp:Rupinia$Corda1829#(I)) \TS:??? . Antrocephalus $Lehmann1838 #M[1],(I) \TS:A. nepalensis$< Arnelliella $Massalongo1914 #NI \TS:Grimaldia pilosa var sibirica$MuellerFrib1??? Hypenantron $Corda1829 #(I) \TS:H. ciliatum$< Mindal $Kashyap1916 #(I) \TS:M. pangiensis$< Neesiella $Schiffner1893 #(I) \TS(+R Duvalia$Nees1818) ==Duvalia $Nees1818 #(I) \(+P$Haworth1812(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae)) \TS:D. rupestris$< ==Neesia $Leman1825 #(I) \(+P$Sprengel1818(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae);+suppr vs$Blume1835(Magnoliopsida/Bombacaceae)) \TS:??? ==Duvaliella $Borbas1893 #(I) \(+P$Heim1892(Magnoliopsida/Dipterocarpaceae)) \TS(+R Duvalia$Nees1818) Octokepos $Griffith1849 #(I) \TS:O. khasyanum$< Otiona $Corda1829 #(I) \TS:Marchantia crinita$Michaux1??? Rhakiocarpon $Corda1829 #(I) \TS:R. conspersum$< Sindonisce $Corda1829 #(I) \TS:Marchantia fragrans$Balbis1??? Rhacotheca $Bischoff1844 #NI \TS:R. azorica$< CONOCEPHALACEAE $??? #P1/2,1/2 *Rec@!Ngem,trop-NH *Rec \(~Marchantiaceae) Conocephalum $Hill1773 #P2,N,2,M[2],I *Rec@!Ngem,trop-NH,China,Japan {/kegelmos} \(?Conacephalus) \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Conicephala$< corr$Wiggers1780) \(+missp:Conocephalus$Necker1???>Dumortier1822#(I)) \TS:Marchantia conica$Linnaeus1??? ==Anthoconum $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #(I) \TS:Marchantia conica$Linnaeus1??? ==Fegatella $Raddi1818 #(I) \TS:Marchantia conica$Linnaeus1??? ==Hepatica $Adanson1763 #(I) \(+P$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Ranunculaceae)) \TS:??? ==Hepaticella $Leman1821 #(I) \TS:??? ==Strozzius $Gray1821 #(I) \TS:??? . Nemoursia $Merat1840 #(I) \TS:N. tuberculata$< Sandea $Lindberg1884 #N,M[1],I \TS:Lichen japonicus$Thunberg1??? LUNULARIACEAE $??? #P1/1,1/1 *Rec@!NH,Andes *Rec Lunularia $Adanson1763 #P1,N,1,M[2],I *Rec@subtrop,warmgem:NH,ZH {/halvemaantjesmos} \TS($Dumortier1???):Marchantia cruciata$Linnaeus1??? ==Selenia $Hill1773 #(I) \TS:??? ==Staurophora $Willdenow1809 #(I) \TS:Marchantia cruciata$Linnaeus1??? ==Dichominum $Trevisan1877 #(I) \(<=$Necker1???) \TS:??? ==Marsilia $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:??? . Sedgwickia $Bowdich1825 #(I) \TS:S. hemispherica$< CLEVEACEAE $??? #P3/23 *Rec =SAUTERIACEAE $??? Athalamia $Falconer1848(1851) #P~14,N,M[3],I *Rec@!NH,Andes \(~Marchantiaceae) \TS:A. pinguis$< Sauteria $Nees1838 #P~7,N,M[4],I *Rec@!Hima--Japan,NH,Chili,Arge \TS:Lunularia alpina$Nees1??? Peltolepis $Lindberg1876 #P2,N,M[1],I \TS:Sauteria grandis$Lindberg1??? . Clevea $Lindberg1868 #M[1],(I) \TS:Marchantia hyalina$Sommerfeldt1??? Gollaniella $Stephani1905 #NI \TS:G. pusilla$< Sauchia $Kashyap1916 #(I) \TS:S. spongiosa$< Spathysia $Trevisan1877 #(I) \(<=$Nees1???) \TS:Marchantia spathysii$Lindenberg1??? MONOSOLENIACEAE $??? *Rec@India,China,Taiw,Japan #P1/1 *Rec \(>Marchantiaceae) Dumortieropsis $Horikawa1934 #(I) \TS:D. liukiuensis$< Monosolenium $Griffith1849 #P1,NI *Rec@India,China,Taiw,Japan \TS:M. tenerum$< MARCHANTIACEAE $??? #P7/53 *Rec@wide,TCun,Hawai {/paraplumos} *Rec MARCHANTIOIDEAE" Marchantia $Linnaeus1753 #P~45,N,X,M[23],I *Rec@wide(Eur:#2) *X:Paleoc/FortUnionF@USA {/parapluutjesmos} \TS:M. polymorpha$< Marchantiopsis $Douin&Douin1918; #P2,NI *Rec@Java \TS:Marchantia geminata$Reinwardt&Blume;&Nees1;??? Preissia $Corda1829 #P1,N,1,M[1],I *Rec@gem,boraal:Holarct,!bergen {/vierkantsmos} \TS:P. italica$< Bucegia $Radian1903 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Eur,Albe,BrCo \TS:B. romanica$< ==Radiania $Gyoerffy1927 #(I) \(<=$Schiffner1???) \TS:??? Neohodgsonia $Persson1954 #P1,NI *Rec@NZ,TCun \TS(+R Hodgsonia$Persson1953) ==Hodgsonia $Persson1953 #(I) \(+P$Hooker&Thomson1854;(Magnoliopsida/Cucurbitaceae)) \TS:H. mirablis$< . =Marchantiopsis $Gao&Chang1982; #(I) \(+P$Douin&Douin1918;(Hepaticopsida/Marchantiaceae)) \TS:??? Chomiocarpon $Corda1829 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Marchasta $Campbell1954 #(I) \(+missp:Marchastra$Campbell1954#(I)) \TS:M. areolata$< Achiton $Corda1829 #M[1],(I) \TS:Marchantia quadrata$Scopoli1??? Chlamidium $Corda1828 #NI \TS:C. indicum$< WIESNERELLOIDEAE" \("WIESNERELLACEAE$Inoue1???) Wiesnerella $Schiffner1896 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@India,Japan,Java,Suma,Hawai \TS:W. javanica$< Dumortiera $Nees1824 #P2,N,M[2],I *Rec@!trop \TS:Marchantia hirsuta$Swartz1??? . =Hygrophila $Taylor1836 #M[1],(I) \^^Marchantia \(+missp:Hygrophyla$Taylor1836) \(+P$Brown1810(Magnoliopsida/Acanthaceae)) \TS:??? Askepos $Griffith1849 #(I) \TS:A. brevipes$< ^ Marchantiolites $Lundblad1954 #N(I) {Thallus} *NI:Lias@Zwed \TS:M. porosus$< WIESNERELLACEAE $Inoue1??? \(~Marchantiaceae) EXORMOTHECACEAE $??? #P1/7 *Rec@SriL,Hima,MidZ,ZAfr,Braz,Arge *Rec \(~Marchantiaceae) Exormotheca $Mitten1870 #P7,N,M[1],I *Rec@SriL,Hima,MidZ,ZAfr,Braz,Arge \TS:E. pustulosa$< . Corbierella $Douin&Trabut1919; #NI \TS:C. algeriensis$< Myriorrhynchus $Lindberg1884 #N,M[1],I \TS:Riccia fimbriata$Nees1??? Stephensoniella $Kashyap1914 #NI \TS:S. brevipedunculata$< CORSINIACEAE $??? #P2-3/>2 *Rec@Eur,N-Afr,AtlOc,Texas,Loui,Arge,Braz,Colom *Rec Corsinia $Raddi1818 #P1,N,M[1],I *Rec@Eur,N-Afr(!MidZ),AtlOc,Arge,Texas,Loui \TS($Lindberg1877):Riccia coriandrina$Sprengel1??? ==Guentheria $Leman1821 #(I) \(<=$Treviranus1???) \TS:??? ==Tessellina $Dumortier1822 #(I) \TS:??? ==Brissocarpus $Lindenberg1829 #(I) \(<=$Bischoff1???) \TS:Riccia coriandrina$Sprengel1??? Cronisia $Berkeley1857 #P1,N,M[2],I *Rec@Holarct \^^Riccia \TS:C. paradoxa$< ==Carringtonia $Lindberg1868 #(I) \TS:??? =Funicularia $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS(+R Boschia$Montagne1856) ==Boschia $Montagne1856 #(I) \(+P$Korthals1844(Magnoliopsida/Bombacaceae)) \TS:B. weddellii$< ? Aitchisoniella $Kashyap1914 #PN,M[1],I \(~Targioniaceae) \TS:A. himalayensis$< CARRPACEAE $??? #P1/1,S1/ *Rec@Vict,W-Aus,ZAfr %Tz *Rec =MONOCARPACEAE $??? Monocarpus $Carr1956 #I \(+^P$Post&Kuntze1903;(+missp,Magnoliopsida/Annonaceae)) \TS:M. sphaerocarpus$< ==Carrpos $Proskauer1961 #P1,N(I) *Rec@Vict,W-Aus,ZAfr %zoutwoestijn \TS:??? ************************* * Ricciineae ************************* OXYMITRACEAE $??? #P1/2 *Rec@Eur,CanE,Texas,Braz,Para,Arge,KpPr *Rec Oxymitra $Lindenberg1829 #P2,N,M[2],I *Rec@Eur,CanE,Texas,Braz,Para,Arge,KpPr \(<=$Bischoff1???) \TS:O. paleacea$< ==Pycnoscenus $Lindberg1863 #(I) \TS(+UR) ==Tessellina $Dumortier1874 #I \(+P$Dumortier1822(Hepaticopsida/Corsiniaceae)) \TS:??? RICCIACEAE $??? #P2/many,2/+/^ *Rec@wide %^T,T *Rec Ricciocarpos $Corda1829 #PN,1,M[2],I *Rec@wide %^T {/kroosmos} \TS:Riccia natans$Linnaeus1??? ==Hemiseuma $VonKlinggraeff1858 #(I) \(=$Bischoff1835(+^A)) \^^Riccia/ \TS:??? ==Hemiseumata $Lindley1847 #(I) \(<=$Bischoff1835) \TS:??? Riccia $Linnaeus1753 #Pmany,S<225,N,M[89],I *Rec@wide,[Eur:#40] %T {/riccia's,landvorkjes,watervorkjes} \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):R. glauca$Linnaeus1??? ==Euriccia $Lacouture1905 #(I) \(<=$Lindberg1???) \TS:??? =Ricciella $Braun1821 #NI \TS:Riccia fluitans$Linnaeus1??? . =Lichenoides $Lindley1847 #(I) \(=$Bischoff1835(+^A)) \^^Riccia/ \(+P$Hoffmann1789(Lecanorales/Physciaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Lemna $Rafinesque1817 #(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Liliopsida/Lemnaceae)) \TS:??? Fysonia $Kashyap1923 #(I) \TS:F. tenera$< Riccinia $Trabut1916 #(I) \TS:Riccia perennis$Stephani1??? Thallocarpus $Lindberg1874 #(I) \TS(+R Cryptocarpus$Austin1869) ==Cryptocarpus $Austin1869 #M[1],(I) \(+P$Kunth1817(Magnoliopsida/Nyctaginaceae)) \TS:C. curtisii$< ==Angiocarpus $Trevisan1877 #(I) \TS:Cryptocarpus curtisii$Austin1??? ^ Ricciisporites $Lundblad1954 #NM(I) *^ \TS:R. tuberculatus$< Ricciopsis $Lundblad1954 #NM(I) *NI:Lias@Zwed \TS:R. florinii$< ************************* * ? ************************* Eomarchantites $??? #X *N:BTr/MoltenoF@Natal \TS:??? Aporothallus $Krassilov1973 #NM(I) *N:BJura/(Clv-Oxf)@USSR \{thallus} \TS:A. ladyzhenskajae$< Marchantites $Brongniart1849 #NXM(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \TS:M. sesannensis$< Preissites $Knowlton1894 #NM(I) *NI:Eoc@Mont \"Preissia \{thallus} \TS:P. wardii$< Ricciellopsis $Istchenko&Schljakov1979; #NM(I) *NI:MDev@Rusl \TS:R. vistraensis$< Striatothallus $Krassilov1973 #NM(I) *NI:Kr/(Brm-Apt)@USSR \{thallus} \TS:S. adnicanicus$< Sciadophytopsis $Istchenko1968 #NM(I) *NI:ODev@Oekr \TS:S. tirassicum$< ************************* * . {Hepaticopsida} ************************* Discites $Harris1931 #(I) *I:Rht@O-Groe \{liverwort?} \TS:D. minutus$< Paleohepatica $Raciborski1889 #NM(I) *N:Jura@Polen \TS:P. rostafinskii$< Thallites $Walton1925 #NM(I) *^ \(<=$Kidston1???) \(~Marchantiales) \TS:Fucoides erectus$Leckenby1??? BREVIANTHACEAE $??? Brevianthus $Engel&Schuster1981; #NMI \TS:Jackiella flava$Grolle1??? MIZUTANIACEAE $??? Mizutania $Furuki&Iwatsuki1989; #M[1],I \TS:M. riccardioides$< VANDIEMENIACEAE $Hewson1??? Vandiemenia $Hewson1982 #NMI \TS:V. ratkowskiana$< ************************* * Anthocerotopsida #S4-6/~360 $Rothmaler1951 \(~Hepaticopsida"Anthocerotophytina"ANTHOCEROPHYTA$Jeffrey1967) * Anthocerotales #2-3/~7/~150 %T $Muller1940 *Maa-Rec ************************* ANTHOCEROTACEAE $??? #P6/ *Rec@wide {/(((Hauwmossen)))} *Rec ANTHOCEROTOIDEAE $??? Anthoceros $Linnaeus1753 #P,S~250,N,(@Eur:4),M[34],I {/hauwmos} \TS:A. punctatus$< ==Carpoceros $Dumortier1822 #(I) \TS:??? Sphaerosporoceros $HaesselDeMenendez1988 #M[2],I \TS:Anthoceros adscendens$Lehmann&Lindenberg1;??? Leiosporoceros $HaesselDeMenendez1986 #I \TS:Anthoceros dussii$Stephani1??? Folioceros $Bharadwaj1971 #(S~19),N,M[1],I *Rec@trop,subtrop \(~Anthoceros) \TS:F. assamicus$< Mesoceros $??? \TS:??? Phaeoceros $Proskauer1951 #P,(S~30),N,(@Eur:2),M[8],I *Rec@trop--gem *X:FrenchmanF@Alab;SelmaGroup@Alab {/geel hauwmos} \(~Anthoceros) \TS:Anthoceros laevis$Linnaeus1??? Aspiromitus $Stephani1916 #PN(I) \TS:Anthoceros husnotii$Stephani1??? DENDROCEROTOIDEAE $??? Megaceros $Campbell1907 #P,S~46,N,M[3],I *Rec@trop,subtrop \TS:M. tjibodensis$< Dendroceros $Nees1846 #P,S~51,N,M[2],I *Rec@trop,subtrop \(DENDROCEROTACEAE) \TS:Monoclea crispata$Hooker1??? NOTOTHYLADACEAE $??? \(~Anthocerotaceae"Notothylales) Notothylas $Gray1846 #P,S~13,N,M[3],I *Rec@trop--gem \(<=$Sullivant1???) \TS(+R Carpobolus$Schweinitz1822) ==Carpobolus $Schweinitz1822 #(I) \(+P$Adanson1763(???/???)) \TS:Targionia orbicularis$Schweinitz1??? ==Carpolipum $Nees1846 #(I) \TS:Targionia orbicularis$Schweinitz1??? . Chamaeceros $Milde1856 #(I) \TS:C. fertile$< ? Capsulites $Saksena1948 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@India \TS:C. gondwanensis$< Notothylacites $Nemejc&Pacltova1974; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Sen@TsSl/Bohe \{thallus} \TS:N. filiformis$< Shuklanites $Singhai1964 #N(I) *NI:Kr@India \{sporangium} \TS:S. deccanii$< ************************* * . {Hepaticophytina} ************************* Acroscyphella $Kitagawa&Grolle1985; #M[4] \TS:??? Arctoscyphus $HaesselDeMenendez1990 #M[1] \TS:??? Bromeliophila $??? #M[1] \TS:??? Cephalomitrion $??? #M[1] \TS:??? Cesia $??? #M[5] \TS:??? Cryptogynolejeunea $??? #M[2] \TS:??? Dicladolejeunea $??? #M[2] \TS:??? Eocalypogeia $??? #M[2] \TS:??? Fulfordianthus $??? #M[1] \TS:??? Hepaticoides $Jussieu1821 #(I) \(<=$Vaillant1???) \TS(+NYD) Macrocolura $??? #M[3] \TS:??? Metalejeunea $??? #M[1] \TS:??? Pluvianthus $??? #M[1] \TS:??? Prionocolea $??? #M[1] \TS:??? Stolonivector $??? #M[1] \TS:??? Szweykowskia $??? #M[1] \TS:??? Vitalianthus $??? #M[1] \TS:??? ************************* * Bryophytina #S<700/~10000 * Sphagnopsida \(~Bryopsida/"Sphagnidae$Engler1954) * Protosphagnales *Kun-Tat %T \(~Bryales~Sphagnales) ************************* Junjagia $Nejburg1960|Neuberg1960 #NX,M1,(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \(?Juniagia) \TS:J. glottophylla$< Protosphagnum $Nejburg1958|Neuberg1960 #NX,M1,(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR/Kuznetsk \TS:P. nervatum$< Vorcutannularia $Neuberg1960(=Neuburg) #NX,M3,(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \(<=$Pogorevitsch1???) \TS:V. plicata$Neuburg1??? Palaeosphagnum $Ignatov1990 #X,M1 \TS:??? ************************* * Sphagnales("Sphagnopsida~Bryopsida) %T *OJura,Tert-Rec ************************* SPHAGNACEAE $Dumortier1829|Bridel #P1/100-120 *Rec@!boreaal {/veenmossen} *Rec Sphagnum $Linnaeus1753 #P100-120,S~150,N,M700,I *Rec@wide,!boreaal(=koelgem-NH) {/veenmos} \TS:S. palustre$< =Isocladus $Lindberg1962(1863) #M1,(I) \TS:Sphagnum macrophyllum$Bridel1???(<=Bernhardi) ^ Cryptothecium $Huebener1851 #M1,(I) *N:Oligoc@Duit \TS:C. antediluvianum$< Sphagnophyllites $Pant&Basu1976; #N,M1,(I) *N:^ *I:Tr@India \{leaves} \TS:S. triassicus$< ************************* * ? ************************* Kosjunia $Fefilova1973 #N,M2,(I) *NI:Perm/Kazan@N-Rusl \TS:K. polyedra$< Musciphyton $Greguss1961 #N,M1,(I) *N:Ord@Polen \TS:M. ramosum$< Palaeothecium $Saporta1888 #N,M2,(I) *N:Eoc@Fran \(<=$Philibert1???) \TS(+NYD) Plagiopodopsis $Britton&Hollick1915; #NM(I) *N:Mioc@Color *I:Mioc \TS:P. scudderi$< Syrjagia $Fefilova1973 #N,M2,(I) *N:Perm/Kazan@N-Rusl \TS:S. lituata$< Tinca $Plamada&Givulescu1979; #N,M1,(I) *NI:Mioc/Pannon@Roem \TS:T. denticulata$< Tricostium $Krasilov1973 #N,M1,(I) *NI:BJura@USSR \{leaf,shoot} \TS:T. papillosum$Krassilov1??? Uskatia $Neuberg1960 #N,M3,(I) *N:^@USSR \TS:U. conferta$Neuburg1??? Yorekiella $Krasilov1973(=Krassilov) #N,M1,(I) *NI:Kr/Apt@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Y. pusilla$Krassilov1??? ? Buthelezia $Lacey&VanDijk;&GordonGray1975; #N,M1,(I) *N:BPerm@Natal \(?Buthulezia) \{stem Leaf,leafy shoots} \TS:B. mooiensis$< ************************* * Andreaeopsida(~Bryopsida/"Andreaeidae$Engler1954) %T *Pleist-Rec * Andreaeales ************************* ANDREAEACEAE $Dumortier1829|Dumeril #P1/~115,S2/ *Rec@wide,!(Arct,Ant,koudgem) *X:Pleist-Rec Andreaea $Hedwig1801 #P~115,S~100,N,X,M175,I *Rec@wide,!(Arct,Ant,koudgem) *X:Pleist-Rec {/hunebedmos} \TS:A. rupestris$< Neuroloma $Cardot1911 #1,M1,(I) *Rec@Vuurl \(+P$Andrzeiovski1???>DeCandolle1824(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae);+P Nevroloma$Rafinesque1819(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:N. fuegianum$< . Acroschisma $Lindley1846 #N,M3,I \(=$Hooker&Wilson1844;(+^A)) \^^Andreaea/ \TS($Jaeger1???):Andreaea wilsonii$Hooker1??? ANDREAEOBRYACEAE $Steere1976 #P1/1 *Rec@NW-NAm *Rec \(~Andreaeaceae) Andreaeobryum $Steere&Murray1976; #P1,S1,N,M1,I *Rec@NW-NAm \TS:A. macrosporum$< ************************* * Bryopsida $Rothmaler1951 * Polytrichidae $Engler1954 *Prb-Rec%T * Polytrichales #S>19/~370 ************************* POLYTRICHACEAE $Schwaegrichen1830 #P~20/ {/haarmossen} *Rec Atrichum $PalisotDeBeauvois1804 #NX,M77,I *X:Prb-Rec {/rimpelmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:Polytrichum undulatum$Hedwig1??? ==Callibryon $Zenker&Dietrich1822; #M1,(I) \TS:??? ==Catharinea $Weber&Mohr1803; #M115,(I) \(<=$Ehrhart1???) \(+suppr vs Atrichum) \TS:??? Atrichopsis $Cardot1912 #N,M2,I \TS:A. magellanica$< Pseudoracelopus $Brotherus1910 #N,M11,I \TS:P. philippinensis$< Racelopodopsis $Theriot1907 #N,M6,I \(?Rhacelopodopsis) \TS:R. camusii$< Oligotrichum $Candolle1805(=DeCandolle) #N,M78,I {/Noors mos} \(~Dicranaceae) \TS(+NYD) Psilopilum $Bridel1827 #N,M26,I \TS:P. arcticum$< Bartramiopsis $Kindberg1894 #N,M2,I \TS:Atrichum lescurii$James1??? Lyellia $Brown1819 #N,M7,I \TS:L. crispa$< =Philocrya $Hagen&Jensen1898; #M1,(I) \TS:P. aspera$< Alophosia $Cardot1905 #N,M1,I \TS:Lyellia azorica$Renauld&Cardot1;??? Pogonatum $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #NX,M281,I *X:Prb-Rec {/viltmuts} \TS(+NYD) =Catharinella $Kindberg1894 #M4,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1848(+^A)) \^^Polytricum/ \TS(+NYD) Polytrichum $Hedwig1801 #NX,M392,I *X:Prb-Rec {/haarmos} \TS:P. commune$< Polytrichadelphus $Mitten1859 #N,M47,I \(=$MuellerHal1848(+^A)) \^^Catharinea/ \TS(+NYD) Dendroligotrichum $Brotherus1905 #N,M3,I \(=$MuellerHal1848(+^A)) \^^Catharinea/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Polytrichum dendroides$Hedwig1??? . Cephalotrichum $Bruch&Schimper1844; #(I) \(+P$Link1???>Fries1832(mitosporicFungi/{Moniliaceae})) \TS(+NYD) Itatiella $Smith1971 #N,M1,I \TS:Psilopilum ulei$MuellerHal1??? Microdendron $Brotherus1929 #N,M1,I \TS:M. sinense$< Neopogonatum $Xu&Xiong1984; #M3 \TS:??? Notoligotrichum $Smith1971 #N,M10,I \TS:Polytrichum australe$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Plagioracelopus $Merill1987 #M2 \TS:??? Polytrichastrum $Smith1971 #N,M17,I \TS:Polytrichum alpinum$Hedwig1???(<=Linnaeus) Pseudatrichum $Reimers1941 #N,M2,I \TS:P. spinosissimum$< Racelopus $Dozy&Molkenboer1855; #N,M5,I \TS:R. pilifer$< Steereobryon $Smith1971 #N,M2,I \TS:Atrichum subulirostrum$Bescherelle1???(<=Schimper) ^ Polytrichites $Britton1926 #N,M2,(I) *N:Mioc@Wash *BTert@ZO-Az \TS:P. spokanensis$< DAWSONIACEAE $Brotherus1905 \(~Polytrichaceae"Dawsoniales"Dawsoniineae) Dawsonia $Brown1811 #P~20,N,M24,I *Rec@NG,Aus \TS:D. polytrichoides$< ==Triplocoma $BachelotDeLaPylaie1814 #M1,(I) \TS:Dawsonia polytrichoides$Brown1??? ************************* * Tetraphidae * Tetraphidales ************************* TETRAPHIDACEAE $Schimper1855 #P2/few,S2/ *Rec@!Holarct *Rec \(^Aulocomniaceae) =GEORGIACEAE $??? Tetrodontium $Schwaegrichen1824 #P,S3,N,M3,I *Rec@NH,NZ \TS(+NYD) Tetraphis $Hedwig1801 #P,S2,N,M9,I *Rec@gem-NH {/viertandmos} \TS:T. pellucida$< ==Georgia $MuellerHal1848 #M6,(I) \(<=$Ehrhart1???) \(+P$Sprengel1818(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:??? CALOMNIACEAE $Kindberg1899 #P1/3,S1/ *Rec@NZ *Rec \(~Calomniales^Bryales/Rhizogoniineae) Calomnion $Hooker&Wilson1854; #P3,S3,N,M10,I *Rec@NZ \TS($Lindberg1???):Gymnostomum complanatum$Hooker&Wilson1;??? ==Nadeaudia $Bescherelle1898 #M1,(I) \TS:N. schistostegiella$< ************************* * Bryidae #S~11/~90/>650/>9000 %T $Engler1954 *?OCarb|Tat-Rec * Archidiales \("Archidiidae) ************************* ARCHIDIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P1/26,S1/26 *Rec@wide(^boreaal^Arct) *Rec Archidium $Bridel1827 #P26,S26,N,M59,I *Rec@cosm(^boraal^Arct),!gem {/oermos} \TS($VanDerWijk&Margadant1947;):Phascum globiferum$Bruch1??? =Archidiella $Irmscher1926 #M1,I \TS:A. dinteri$< ************************* * Funariales *Tat-Rec * Funariineae ************************* FUNARIACEAE $Schwaegrichen1830 #P~10/ *Rec@cosm {/krulmossen} *Rec Physcomitrella $Bruch&Schimper1849; #N,M7,I {/slibmos} \TS:Phascum patens$Hedwig1??? ==Genthia $Bayrhoffer1849 #M1,(I) \TS:Phascum patens$Hedwig1??? Physcomitrellopsis $Dixon1922 #N,M2,I \(<=$Brotherus&Wager1;???) \TS:P. africana$< Aphanorrhegma $Sullivant1848 #N,M7 \(?Aphanorhegma) \TS:??? Micropoma $Lindberg1870(?1871) #N,M2 \TS(+R Microstegium$Lindberg1865) ==Microstegium $Lindberg1865 #M1,(I) \(+P$Nees1836(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:Gymnostomum niloticum$Delile1??? Physcomitrium $Bridel1827("1826") #P~70,N,M147,I {/knikkertjesmos} \(=$Bridel1826(+^A)) \^^Gymnostomum/ \TS($Hampe1???):Gymnostomum sphaericum$Ludwig1??? Costesia $Theriot1917 #N,M1,I \TS:C. spongiosa$< Goniomitrium $Wilson1846 #N,M5,I \TS(+NYD) =Rehmanniella $MuellerHal1881 #M1,(I) \TS:R. africana$< Pyramidula $Bridel1818("1819") #N,M2,I \TS:Gymnostomum tetragonum$Bridel1??? ==Pyramidium $Bridel1826 #(I),M2 \TS:Gymnostomum tetragonum$Bridel1??? ==Pyramitrium $Mitten1883 #M2,(I) \(<=$Hampe1???) \^^Gymnostomum/Pyramitria$Wallroth1831 \(?^Encalyptaceae) \TS:??? Funaria $Hedwig1801 #P~70,N,M274,I {/krulmos} \TS:F. hygrometrica$< ==Koehlreutera $Grindel1803 #(I),M1 \TS:Funaria hygrometrica$Hedwig1??? . =X Funariophyscomitrella $Wettstein1924 #(I) \Funaria$Hedwig1801 x Physcomitrella$Bruch&Schimper1849; Aphanorhegma $Sullivant1848 #I \TS:Schistidium serratum$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Bergia $Fuernrohr1829 #(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1771(Magnoliopsida/Elatinaceae)) \TS:Weissia bergiana$Hornschuch1??? Brachymeniopsis $Brotherus1929 #N,M1,I \TS:B. gymnostoma$< Bryobeckettia $Fife1985 #M1 \TS:??? Cygnicollum $Fife&Magill1982; #N,M1,I \TS:C. immersum$< Entosthodon $Schwaegrichen1823 #P>100,N,M171,I {/lentemos} \TS:Funaria templetoni$Smith1??? =Amphoritheca $Hampe1865 #M29,(I) \TS(+NYD) Funariella $Sergio1988 #M1 \TS:??? Funariophyscomitrella $Wettstein1924 #N,M5 \TS:??? Jonesiobryum $Bizot&Pocs1974; #M3,(I) \(=$>Allen&Pursell1991;) \TS(+R Jonesia$Bizot&Pierrot;&Pocs1974;) ==Jonesia $Bizot&Pierrot;&Pocs1974; #(I) \(+P$Roxburgh1795(Magnoliopsida/Caesalpiniaceae)) \TS:J. sphaerocarpa$Bizot1??? Loiseaubryum $Bizot1976 #N,M2,I \TS:L. ephemeroides$< Neosharpiella $Robinson&Delgadillo1973; #N,M2,I \TS:N. aztecorum$< Steppomitra $Vondracek&Hadac1965; #N,M2,I \TS:S. hadacii$Vondracek1??? PSEUDODITRICHACEAE $Steere&Iwatsuki1975; #P1/1 *Rec@NW-Cana *Rec \(~Bryales) Pseudoditrichum $Steere&Iwatsuki1974; #P1,N,M1,I *Rec@NW-Cana \TS:P. mirabile$< DISCELIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P1/1 *Rec@Ngem *Rec Discelium $Bridel1826 #P1,N,M1,I *Rec@Holarct \TS:Bryum nudum$Dickson1??? GIGASPERMACEAE $Lindberg1865 #P4/~10 *Rec@ZH *Rec Lorentziella $MuellerHal1879 #PN,M6,I \TS(+NYD) Oedipodiella $Dixon1922 #PN,M1,I \TS:Oedipodium australe$Wager&Dixon1;??? Chamaebryum $Theriot&Dixon1922; #PN,M1,I \TS:C. pottioides$< Gigaspermum $Lindberg1865 #PN,M6,I \TS:Anictangium repens$Hooker1??? EPHEMERACEAE $Schimper1855 Ephemerella $MuellerHal1848 #N,M8,I \(+NomCons) \TS:Phascum pachycarpum$Schwaegrichen1??? Ephemerum $Hampe1837 #N,M57,I {/eendagsmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:Phascum serratum$Hedwig1??? ==Euephemerum $Hillier1954 #M1,(I) \(<=$Limpricht1???) \TS:??? =Ephemeridium $Kindberg1895 #M2,(I) \TS(+NYD) Nanomitriella $Bartram1954 #N,M1,I \TS:N. ciliata$< Physcomitridium $Roth1911 #N,M1,I \(=$MuellerHal1902(+^A)) \^^Ephemerella/ \TS:Ephemerella readeri$MuellerHal1??? ^ Ephemerisporites $Nagy1968 #M1,(I) *OPannon@Hong *I:Neog@Hong \TS:E. borsodensis$< ************************* * Splachnineae("Splachnales) ************************* SPLACHNACEAE $Greville&Arnott1824; #P7/ *Rec SPLACHNOBRYOIDEAE $??? \(~Pottiaceae) Splachnobryum $MuellerHal1869 #N,M52,I \TS:Weissia obtusa$Bridel1??? VOITIOIDEAE $??? Voitia $Hornschuch1818 #N,M4,I \TS:V. nivalis$< TAYLORIOIDEAE $??? Moseniella $Brotherus1918 #N,M2,I \TS:M. brasiliensis$< Tayloria $Hooker1816 #N,M83,I \TS(+R Hookeria$Schwaegrichen1816) ==Hookeria $Schwaegrichen1816 #(I) \(+P$Smith1808(Bryopsida/Hookeriaceae)) \TS:H. splachnoides$< =Bryomnium $Cardot1909(?Cordot) #M1,I \(~Mniaceae) \TS:B. solitarium$Cardot1??? =Dissodon $Greville&Arnott1826; #M25,(I) \TS:Grimmia splachnoides$Smith1??? =Hymenocleiston $Duby1875 #M1,(I) \TS:H. magellanicum$< =Orthodon $Brown1819 #M8,(I) \^^Octoblepharum^^Bryum \^^Octoblepharum \TS:Bryum orthodontum$PalisotDeBeauvois1??? =Raineria $Notaris1838(=DeNotaris) #M1 \TS:??? =Systylium $Hornschuch1818 #M1,(I) \TS:S. splachnoides$< SPLACHNOIDEAE $??? Tetraplodon $Bruch&Schimper1844; #N,M23,I {/braakbalmos} \TS(+NYD) ==Pycnapophyscium $MuellerHal1844 #(I) \(<=$Reichenbach1???) \TS:??? =Krauseella $MuellerHal1883 #(I) \TS:K. tschutschica$< Aplodon $Brown1823 #N,M1,I \TS:Splachnum wormskioldii$Hornemann1??? ==Haplodon $Hagen1899 #M1,(I) \TS:??? ==Eremodon $Bridel1826 #M10,(I) \(~Tayloria) \TS:??? Splachnum $Hedwig1801 #N,M59,I {/kruikmos} \TS:S. vasculosum$< =Apodanthus $BachelotDeLaPylaie1814 #M1,(I) \TS:A. aphyllus$< . Amblyphyllum $Lindberg1872 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Brachymitrion $Taylor1846 #N,M6,I \TS:B. jamesonii$< Cyrtodon $Hooker1833 #(I) \(=$Brown1823(+^A)) \^^Splachnum/ \TS:Weissia splachnoides$Schwaegrichen1811(<=Thunberg)(+P$Bridel1806) Rainera $Notaris1838(=DeNotaris) #(I) \TS:R. splachnoides$< OEDIPODIACEAE $Schimper1876 #P1/1 *Rec@alpien-NH *Rec \(~Funariineae) Oedipodium $Schwaegrichen1823 #P1,N,M3,I *P:Rec@alpien-NH \TS:Bryum griffithianum$Dickson1??? ************************* * Orthotrichales \(~Leucodontales/"Orthotrichineae) ************************* ORTHOTRICHACEAE $Arnott1825 #P(4)14/~550 *Rec ZYGODONTOIDEAE $??? Zygodon $Hooker&Taylor1818; #N,M214,I {/Iepemos} \TS:Bryum conoideum$Dickson1??? =Codonoblepharon $Schwaegrichen1824(?1823) #M14,(I) \TS:C. menziesii$< =Codonoblepharum $Dozy&Molkenboer1846;|Bridel #M3,(I) \(+P Codonoblepharon$Schwaegrichen1823-1824(Bryopsida/Orthotrichaceae)) \TS:C. undulatum$< ==Euzygodon $Juratzka1882 #M2,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Gagea $Raddi1819 #M1,(I) \(+P$Salisbury1806(Liliopsida/Liliaceae)) \TS:G. compacta$< ORTHOTRICHOIDEAE $??? Orthotrichum $Hedwig1801 #N,M494,I {/haarmuts} \TS:O. anomalum$< ==Dorcadion $Lindberg1878 #M37,(I) \(<=$Adanson1???) \(=$Reichenbach1???(+^A)) \TS:??? ==Bryomyces $Miquel1839 #(I) \TS:??? =Brachytrichum $Roehling1813(?1812) #M3,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Nyholmiella $Holmen&Warncke1969; #M2,(I) \TS(+R Stroemia$Hagen1908) ==Stroemia $Hagen1908 #M2,(I) \(+P$Vahl1790(Magnoliopsida/Capparaceae)) \TS:Orthotrichum obtusifolium$Bridel1??? Muelleriella $Dusen1905 #N,M5,I \(+NomCons) \TS:Orthotrichum crassifolium$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Pleurorthotrichum $Brotherus1905 #N,M3,I \TS:P. chilense$< Ulota $Bridel1819 #N,M105,I {/kroesmos} \(<=$Mohr1???) \TS:Orthotrichum crispum$Hedwig1??? MACROMITRIOIDEAE $??? Drummondia $Hooker1828 #N,M16,I \(+NomCons) \TS:??? =Anodontium $Bridel1806 #M1,(I) \(+NomRej vs Drummondia) \TS:Gymnostomum prorepens$Hedwig1??? =Leiotheca $Bridel1826 #M18,(I) \(+NomRej vs Drummondia) \TS:Orthotrichum prorepens$Hooker1??? Leratia $Brotherus&Paris1909; #N,M1,I \TS:L. neocaledonica$< =Leratiella $Sydow1910 #M1,(I) \(<=$Brotherus&Sydow1;???) \(+^A) \TS:??? Macromitrium $Bridel1818("1819") #N,M679,I \TS:Schlotheimia acicularis$Bridel1??? =Leiostoma $Paris1897 #(I) \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Macromitrium/ \TS(+NYD) =Teichodontium $MuellerHal1897 #M1,(I) \TS:Macromitrium rusbyanum$Britton1??? =Dasymitrium $Lindberg1864 #M8,I \TS:D. incurvum$< Micromitrium $Austin1870 #N,M38,I \(~Ephemeraceae) \^^Ephemerum \TS:M. austinii$< ==Nanomitrium $Lindberg1874 #N,M16,(I) \(~Ephemeraceae) \TS:??? ==Sympoma $Austin1874 #(I) \(~Ephemeraceae) \TS:??? =Aporella $Podpera1922 #M1,(I) \(~Ephemeraceae) \TS:A. moravica$< Schlotheimia $Bridel1812 #N,M190,I \TS:Hypnum torquatum$Hedwig1??? ==Schizodon $Swartz1829 #M1,(I) \TS:??? ==Ptychodes $Weber1814("1813") #(I) \TS:Hypnum torquatum$Hedwig1??? PSEUDOMACROMITRIOIDEAE $??? Desmotheca $Lindberg1873 #N,M7,I \TS(+R Cryptocarpon$Dozy&Molkenboer1844;) ==Cryptocarpon $Dozy&Molkenboer1844; #M6,(I) \(+corrected:Cryptocarpus$Dozy&Molkenboer1844;) \(+P Cryptocarpus$Kunth1817(Magnoliopsida/Nyctaginaceae)) \TS:C. apiculatum$< . =Amphidium $Nees1819 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Schimper1856(Bryopsida/Rhabdoweisiaceae)) \TS:A. pulvinatum$< =Aulacomitrium $Mitten1891 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Weissia $Gaertner&&1803 #(I) \(<=$Ehrhart1???) \(+P$Hedwig1801(Bryopsida/Pottiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Bryodixonia $Sainsbury1945 #N,M1,I \TS:B. perichaetialis$< Cardotiella $Vitt1981 #M6 \TS:??? Florschuetziella $Vitt1979 #N,M2,I \TS:F. steerei$< Groutiella $Steere1950 #N,M22,I \TS(+R Micromitrium$Schimper1???>Bescherelle1872) ==Micromitrium $Bescherelle1872 #(I) \(<=$Schimper1???) \(+P$Austin1870(Bryopsida/Orthotrichaceae)) \TS:Micromitrium schlumbergeri$Bescherelle1???(<=Schimper) ==Craspedophyllum $(Cardot&Grout1;???)|Grout1946 #M7,(I) \(+P$(Presl1???)Copeland1938(Polypodiopsida/Hymenophyllaceae)) \TS(+R Micromitrium$Schimper1???>Bescherelle1872) Leiomitrium $Mitten1879 #N,M7,I \(+missp:Liomitrium$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:Orthotrichum plicatum$PalisotDeBeauvois1??? ==Coleochaetium $Renauld&Cardot1895; #M8,(I) \(=$Bescherelle1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Macrocoma $Grout1944 #N,M18,I \(=$Hornschuch1???>MuellerHal1845(+^A)) \^^Macromitrium/ \^^Orthotrichum \TS($Wijk&Margadant1;???):Lasia orthotrichioides$Raddi1??? Octogonella $Dixon1936 #N,M1,I \TS:O. scabrifolia$< Pentastichella $MuellerHal1897 #N,M2,I \TS(+NYD) Pleurozygodontopsis $Dixon1939 #N,M1,I \TS:P. decurrens$< Stenomitrium $Brotherus1902 #M1,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Zygodon/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Aulacomnium pentastichum$Montagne1??? Stoneobryum $Norris&Robinson1981; #N,M2,I \TS:S. bunyaense$< Trigonodictyon $Dixon&PotierDelaVarde1928; #N,M1,I \TS:T. indicum$< Uleastrum $Buck1985 #N,M4 \(^Pottiaceae) \TS:??? ERPODIACEAE $Brotherus1905 #P4/25 *Rec@wide(!gem) *Rec Erpodium $Bridel1827|(Bridel1827)Reichenbach1829 #PN,M39,I \(=$Bridel1???(+^A)) \TS($MuellerHal1???):Anoectangium domingense$Sprengel1??? =Leptangium $Montagne1856 #M5,(I) \TS:Schistidium perrottetii$Montagne1??? =Solmsiella $MuellerHal1884 #M5,I \TS:S. javanica$< Venturiella $MuellerHal1875 #PN,M2,I \TS:Erpodium sinense$Venturi1??? Aulacopilum $Wilson1848 #PN,M14,I \TS:A. glaucum$< Wildia $Brotherus1891 #PN,M1,I \(<=$MuellerHal&Brotherus1;???) \TS:W. solmsiellacea$< . Stephanostoma $Kindberg1899 #(I) \(=$Mitten1873(+^A)) \^^Erpodium/ \TS:Erpodium bellii$Mitten1??? RHACHITHECIACEAE $Robinson1964 #P2/few *Rec@SriL,India,ZAfr,ZAm,Mexi,O-Az *Rec \(~Orthotrichaceae/Zygodontoideae) Rhachithecium $LeJolis1895 #PN,M8,I \(<=$Brotherus1???) \TS(+R Decodon$Brotherus1891) ==Decodon $Brotherus1891("1893") #(I) \(<=$MuellerHal1???) \(+P$Gmelin1791(Magnoliopsida/Lythraceae)) \TS:Rhachithecium brasiliense$Brotherus1??? ==Hypnodon $MuellerHal1897 #M6,(I) \(?~Pleurozium) \TS(+R Decodon$Brotherus1891) =Kibunemuscus $Toyama1935 #M1,(I) \TS:K. nipponicus$< =Rhachitheciopsis $PotierDeLaVarde1926(=Varde) #M1,I \TS:R. tisserantii$Varde1??? Hypnodontopsis $Iwatsuki&Noguchi1957; #PN,M2,I \TS:H. apiculatus$< MICROTHECIELLACEAE $Miller&Harrington1977; #P1/ *Rec@Thai,Laos *Rec \(~Erpodiaceae) Microtheciella $Dixon1931 #PN,M1,I *P:Rec@Thai,Laos \TS:M. kerrii$< HELICOPHYLLACEAE $Brotherus1907 #P1/,S1/1 *Rec@Neotrop *Rec Helicophyllum $Bridel1827 #P1,S1,N,M7,I *Rec@trop-Am \TS:Anictangium torquatum$Hooker1??? ************************* * Schistostegales \(~Bryales) ************************* SCHISTOSTEGACEAE $Schimper1855 #P1/1 *Rec@NH *Rec \(?~Fissidentaceae) Schistostega $Mohr1803 #PN,M2,I \TS:Gymnostomum pennatum$Hedwig1??? =Catoptridium $Bridel1826 #(I) \(+missp:Catopridium) \TS:C. smaragdinum$< ************************* * Bryales \(=Eubryales) * Bryineae ************************* BRYACEAE $Schwaegrichen1830 #P~17/>1000 {/peermossen} *Rec ORTHODONTIOIDEAE $??? Orthodontium $Schwaegrichen1827 #N,M36,I {/geelsteeltje} \TS:O. lineare$< =Apalodium $Mitten1869 #M8,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Stableria $Braithwaite1878 #M5,(I) \(<=$Lindberg1???) \(+missp:Stablera$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS($Lindberg1???):Orthodontium gracile$Schwaegrichen1??? MIELICHHOFERIOIDEAE $??? Mielichhoferia $Hornschuch&Nees1831; #P100,N,M183,I \(?Mielichhofera) \TS(+R Oreas$Bridel1826|+NYD) ==Oreas $Bridel1826 #N,M5,I \(+P$Chamisso&Schlechtendal1826;(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae);+P$Bridel1826(Bryopsida/Dicranaceae)) \TS:O. involucrata$Chamisso&Schlechtendal1;??? =Leptochlaena $Montagne1845 #M3,(I) \(+P$Sprengel1830(Magnoliopsida/Sarcolaenaceae)) \TS:L. chilensis$< Haplodontium $Hampe1865 #N,M27,I \TS:Mielichhoferia jamesonii$Taylor1??? Synthetodontium $Cardot1909 #N,M2,I \TS:S. pringlei$< BRYOIDEAE $??? Weberus $Krause1920 #N,M286,(I) \(?Webera) \TS(+NYD) Pseudopohlia $Williams1917 #N,M5,I \TS:P. bulbifera$< Mniobryum $Limpricht1892 #N,M38,I \(+NomCons) \TS($Dixon1???):Bryum delicatulum$Hedwig1??? Epipterygium $Lindberg1863 #N,M23,I \TS:Mnium wrightii$Sullivant1??? Brachymenium $Schwaegrichen1824 #P120,N,M246,I \(<=$Hooker1???) \TS:B. nepalense$< =Peromnion $Schwaegrichen1828 #M7,(I) \(~Aulacomniaceae) \TS:P. radiculosum$< Acidodontium $Schwaegrichen1827 #N,M20,I \(+NomCons) \TS($Renauld&Cardot1;???):Bryum megalocarpum$Hooker1??? ==Megalangium $Bridel1827 #(I) \TS:??? Anomobryopsis $Cardot1911 #N,M1,I \TS:A. tereticaulis$< Anomobryum $Schimper1860 #N,M96,I \TS:Bryum julaceum$Bridel1??? Plagiobryum $Lindberg1863 #N,M13,I \TS(+R Zieria$Schimper1855) ==Zieria $Schimper1856 #M5,(I) \(+P$Smith1798(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS:Bryum zierii$Hedwig1??? Leptobryum $Wilson1855 #N,M12,I {/slankmos} \(=$Bruch&Schimper;&Guembel1;???(+^A)) \TS($Wilson1???):Webera pyriforme$Hedwig1??? =Wollnya $Herzog1909 #M2,(I) \TS:W. stellata$< Bryum $Hedwig1801 #P800,N,M2050,I {/knikmos} \TS:B. argenteum$< =Argyrobryum $Kindberg1882 #M5,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1848(+^A)) \^^Bryum/ \TS(+NYD) =Cladodium $Bridel1826 #M8,(I) \TS:Pohlia inclinata$Bridel1???(<=Swartz) =Hemisynapsium $Bridel1826 #M2,(I) \TS(+NYD) =X Ptychostomum $Hornschuch1822("1824") #M6,(I) Rhodobryum $Limbricht1892(|Hampe) #N,M134,I {/rozetmos} \(+NomCons) \(=$Schimper1860(+^A)) \^^Bryum/ \TS($Limpricht1???):Mnium roseum$Hedwig1??? =Rhodobryum $Hampe1874 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Limpricht1892(Bryopsida/Bryaceae)) \(?Rhodo-Bryum) \TS:R. leucocanthum$< . Pohlia $Hedwig1801 #P100,N,M276,I {/peermos} \TS:P. elongata$< =Lamprophyllum $Lindberg1??? #M7 \(+P$Miers1855(Magnoliopsida/Clusiaceae)) \TS:??? =Microphilonotis $Sakurai1951 #M3,I \(~Bartramiaceae) \TS:M. frigida$< =Trentepohlia $Roth1??? #M1 \(???$Roth1800(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \(+non$Martius1817(Chlorophyceae/Trentepohliaceae)) \TS:??? . Anisostichium $Mitten1863("1864") #N,M2,I \TS(+NYD) Apiocarpa $Huebener1833 #M1,(I) \TS:Weissia mielichhoferi$Funck1??? Macrauchenium $Bridel1827("1826") #(I) \TS(+NYD) Macrothecium $Bridel1827 #(I) \TS:M. kunthii$< Mniobryoides $Hoermann1969 #N,M1,I \TS:M. degeneriae$< Osculatia $Notaris1859(=DeNotaris) #N,M1,I \TS:O. columbica$< =Neobryum $Williams1925 #M1,I \TS:N. costatum$< Perssonia $Bizot1969 #N,M1,I \TS:P. sanguinea$< Roellia $Kindberg1897 #N,M4,I \(?^Mniaceae) \TS(+NYD) Schizymenium $Harvey1839 #N,M49,I \TS:S. bryoides$< Webera $Hedwig1801 #(I) \(+P$Schreber1791(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) ^ Bryotrichum $Yasui1926 #N,M1,(I) *N:Tert \TS:B. aichiense$< ==Polytrichites $Yasui1928 #(I) *I:BTert@Japan \(+P$Britton1926(fossilBryopsida/Polytrichaceae)) \(?>Polytrichum) \TS:??? LEPTOSTOMACEAE $Schwaegrichen1830 #P1/<10 *Rec@ZH *Rec \(~Bryaceae/"LEPTOSTOMOIDEAE) Leptostomum $Brown1811 #P<10,N,M24,I \(+NomCons) \TS:L. inclinans$< =Helmsia $Boswell1894 #M1,(I) \TS:H. collina$< MNIACEAE $Schwaegrichen1830 #P10/62 {/sterremossen} *Rec Orthomnium $Brotherus1905 #N,M14,(I) \^^Mnium/Orthomnion$Mitten1859 \(?Orthomnion$Wilson1857) \TS(+NYD) Orthomniopsis $Brotherus1907 #N,M4,I \TS:O. japonica$< Leucolepis $Lindberg1868 #N,M2,I \(+?P$Reichenbach1850(Aves/???)) \TS:Hypnum acanthoneuron$Schwaegrichen1??? Mnium $Hedwig1801 #N,M303,I {/sterremos} \(+NomCons) \TS:M. hornum$< ==Astrophyllum $Lindberg1878 #M26,(I) \(+P$Torrey1857(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS:Mnium hornum$Hedwig1??? ==Polla $Loeske1910 #M11 \(=$Bridel1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Cinclidium $Swartz1803 #N,M8,I {/koepelmos} \TS:C. stygium$< . Cyrtomnium $Holmen1957 #N,M2,I \TS:Mnium hymenophyllum$Bruch&Schimper1;??? Plagiomnium $Koponen1968 #P20,N,M35,I {/boogsterremos} \TS:Mnium cuspidatum$Hedwig1??? Pseudobryum $Koponen1968 #N,M2,I {/zwartsteel sterremos} \(=$Kindberg1897(+^A)) \^^Mnium/ \TS($Koponen1???):Mnium cinclidioides$Huebener1??? Rhizomnium $Koponen1968 #N,M15,I {/viltsterremos} \^^Mnium/Rhizomnion$Mitten1891 \TS:Mnium punctatum$Hedwig1??? Stellariomnium $Bowers1980 #N,M3,I \TS:Mnium stellare$Hedwig1???(<=Reichard) Trachycystis $Lindberg1868 #N,M9,I \TS:Mnium microphyllum$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? =Flagellomnium $Lazarenko1941 #M1,(I) \TS:Mnium flagellare$Sullivant&Lesquereux1;??? ^ Archaeomnium $Britton1926 #N,M5,(I) *N:Mioc@Wash \TS:A. patens$< ^ Bachtia $Neuberg1960(=Nejburg) #N,M1,(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \TS:B. ovata$Nejburg1??? Bajdaievia $Neuberg1960(?1958)(=Nejburg) #N,M4,(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \TS:B. linearis$Nejburg1??? Intia $Neuberg1958(=Nejburg) #N,M5,(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \TS:I. vermicularis$Nejburg1??? Polyssaievia $Neuberg1960(?1956)(=Nejburg) #N,M2,(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \TS($Nejburg1???):Walchia spinulifolia$Zalesskij1??? Salairia $Neuberg1960(=Nejburg) #N,M3,(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \TS:S. longifolia$Nejburg1??? ************************* * Rhizogoniineae ************************* MITTENIACEAE $Brotherus1903 #P1/1 *Rec@O-Aus,Tasm,NZ,Z-ZAm *Rec \(~Pallaviciniaceae) Mittenia $Lindberg1863 #P1,N,M2,I \TS(+R Mniopsis$Wilson1859) ==Mniopsis $Wilson1859 #(I) \(<=$Mitten1859) \(+P$Dumortier1822(Bryopsida/Haplomitriaceae)) \TS:M. plumula$< RHIZOGONIACEAE $Brotherus1904 #P7/ *Rec@[trop-,subtrop-ZH] *Rec HYMENODONTOIDEAE $??? Hymenodon $Hooker&Wilson1844; #N,M10,I \TS:H. piliferus$< Hymenodontopsis $Herzog1916 #N,M2,I \TS:H. stresemannii$< RHIZOGONIEAE $??? Rhizogonium $Bridel1827 #P30,N,M57,I \TS:R. novae-hollandiae$(Bridel1???)Bridel=Fissidens novae-hollandiae$Bridel1??? ==Rhizopelma $MuellerHal1847 #M1,(I) \TS:Fissidens novae-hollandiae$Bridel1??? Goniobryum $Lindberg1865 #N,M4,I \TS:Hypnum subbasilare$Hooker1??? =Photinophyllum $Mitten1868("1869") #M3,(I) \TS:??? Mesochaete $Lindberg1870 #N,M4,I \TS:M. undulata$< Bryobrothera $Theriot1921 #N,M1,I \TS:Mesochaete crenulata$Brotherus&Paris1;??? Cryptoseta $Kittel1826 #(I) \(=$Arnott1826(+^A)) \^^Bryum/ \TS:Bryum bartramioides$Hooker1??? ==Cryptopodium $Bridel1827 #N,M10,I \TS:Bryum bartramioides$Hooker1??? . Bryoacantholoma $SchultzeMotel1963 #M1,I \TS(+R Acantholoma$Herzog1926) ==Acantholoma $Herzog1926 #M1,(I) \(+P$Baillon1866(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS:A. vaginatum$< Pyrrhobryum $Mitten1868("1869") #N,M15,I \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Hypnodendrineae ************************* HYPNODENDRACEAE $Brotherus1909 #P1-2/25 *Rec@ZO-Az,AusAz *Rec Hypnodendron $Lindberg1862 #P25,N,M70,I *Rec@ZO-Az,AusAz \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) =Mniodendron $Dozy&Molkenboer1866;("1865") #M31,I \(<=$Lindberg1???) \(+missp:Mniodendrum$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS(+NYD) =Sciadocladus $Kindberg1909 #M7,I \(<=$Lindberg1???) \TS(+NYD) . Dendrohypnum $Hampe1872 #M1,(I) \(?Dendro-Hypnum) \TS:D. beccarii$< ? Braithwaitea $Lindberg1873("1872") #P1,N,M3,I \TS:Leskea sulcata$Hooker1??? ************************* * Bartramiineae ************************* AULACOMNIACEAE $Schimper1860 #P2/7-10 *Rec@circumboreaal,Zgem *Rec \(~Rhizogoniineae) Aulacomnium $Schwaegrichen1827 #N,M15,I *Rec@circumboreaal {/knopjesmos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Aulacomnion$<) \TS:Bryum androgynum$Hedwig1??? ==Fusiconia $Palisot1822(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #M1,(I) \TS:??? ==Gymnocephalus $Schwaegrichen1816 #M4,(I) \(+suppr vs Aulacomnium) \TS:??? ==Gymnocybe $Fries1825(?Jensen1923) #(I) \TS:??? ==Sphaerocephalus $Lindberg1878 #M4,(I) \(<=$Necker1???) \(+P$Lagasca1???>DeCandolle1812(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:??? =Arrhenopterum $Hedwig1801 #M3,(I) \(+NomRej vs Aulacomnium) \TS:A. heterostichum$< =Limnobryum $Rabenhorst1863 #M1,(I) \TS:Mnium palustre$Hedwig1??? =Orthopixis $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #M15,(I) \(+NomRej vs Aulacomnium;+NomRej vs Leptostomum$Brown1811) \(+missp:Orthopyxis$PalisotDeBeauvois1804#(I)) \TS(+NYD) Leptotheca $Schwaegrichen1826 #N,M9,I *Rec@Zgem \(>Mesochaete) \TS:L. gaudichaudii$< MEESIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P3/~10 *Rec@!NH *Rec \(~Rhizogoniineae) Paludella $Bridel1817 #P1,N,M1,I {/harlekijnmos} \TS:Bryum squarrosum$Hedwig1??? Amblyodon $PalisotDeBeauvois1804 #P1,N,M1,(I) {/stomptandmos} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Amblyodum$<#M4) \TS(+TypCons):Meesia dealbata$Hedwig1??? Meesia $Hedwig1801 #P~8-10,N,M33,I *Rec@NH,ZH,?ZAm {/langsteelmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:??? ==Diplocomium $Weber&Mohr1803; #M2,(I) \TS:Meesia longiseta$Hedwig1??? . Neomeesia $Deguchi1983 #N,M1,I \TS:Dichodontium paludella$Bescherelle1??? CATOSCOPIACEAE $Brotherus1904 #P1/1 *Rec@circumboreaal *Rec \(<=$Boulay1???) \(~Rhizogoniineae) Catoscopium $Bridel1826 #P1,N,M2,I *Rec@circumboreaal {/pijpekopmos} \TS:Weissia nigrita$Hedwig1??? BARTRAMIACEAE $Schwaegrichen1830 #P~9/350-400 *Rec@cosm *Rec Plagiopus $Bridel1826 #N,M9,I {/driekantmos} \TS:P. serratus$< Anacolia $Schimper1876 #N,M16,I \(+NomCons) \TS:Glyphocarpa webbii$Montagne1??? Leiomela $Brotherus1904 #N,M18,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Bartramia/ \(+missp:Liomela$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS(+NYD) Bartramia $Hedwig1801 #P>100,N,M443,I {/appelmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:B. halleriana$< ==Cephaloxis $Palisot1805(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #(I) \TS:??? =Glyphocarpa $Brown1819 #M13,(I) \(+NomRej vs Bartramidula$Bruch&Schimper1846;+NomRej vs Anacolia$Schimper1876) \TS:G. capensis$< =Glyphocarpus $??? #M35 \TS:??? Conostomum $Weber&Mohr1804; #N,M26,I \(<=$Swartz1???) \TS($Lindberg1863):Mnium tetragonum$Hedwig1??? Bartramidula $Bruch&Schimper1846; #N,M32,I \(+NomCons) \TS($Lindberg1???):Glyphocarpa cernua$Wilson1??? Philonotis $Bridel1827 #P>100,N,M355,I {/staartjesmos} \TS:Mnium fontanum$Hedwig1??? =Philonotula $Hampe1877 #M17,(I) \TS:P. curta$< Breutelia $Schimper1856 #P>100,N,M157,I \TS:Bartramia arcuata$Swartz1??? . Exodokidium $Cardot1908 #M2,I \TS:Bartramia subsymmetrica$Cardot1??? Fleischerobryum $Loeske1910 #N,M4,I \TS(+NYD) Flowersia $Griffin&Buck1989; #M4 \TS:??? Quathlamba $Magill1987 #M1 *Rec@[Leso] \TS:??? SPIRIDENTACEAE $Kindberg1898 #P2/~10,S2/11 *Rec@trop-Z-Az,NG,Z-PacOc *Rec Spiridens $Nees1823 #P,S10,N,M14,I *Rec@trop-OW \TS:S. reinwardtii$< Franciella $Theriot1910 #P,S1,N,M1,I *Rec@NCal \TS:??? ************************* * Timmiineae ************************* TIMMIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P1/5-6 *Rec@!Holarct *Rec Timmia $Hedwig1801 #P5-6,N,M19,I *Rec@circumboreaal \(+NomCons) \TS:T. megapolitana$< ************************* * Hypnobryales *Tat-Rec \(=Hypnales) * {}(Leskeineae) ************************* THUIDIACEAE $Schimper1860 #P?8/ *Rec@[NAm,Afr,Az] *Rec \("Thuidiales) HETEROCLADIOIDEAE $??? Leptopterigynandrum $MuellerHal1897 #N,M10,I \TS:L. austro-alpinum$< Heterocladium $Schimper1852|Bruch&Schimper1852; #N,M28,I \TS(+NYD) ANOMODONTOIDEAE $??? Herpetineuron $Cardot1905 #N,M6,I \(=$MuellerHal1890(+^A)) \^^Anomodon/ \(+missp:Herpetineurum$Brotherus1925#(I)) \TS($Cardot1???):Anomodon toccae$Sullivant&Lesquereux1;??? Claopodium $Renauld&Cardot1893; #PN,M37,I \(=$Lesquereaux&James1884;(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Renauld&Cardot1;???):Hypnum whippleanum$Sullivant1??? Haplocladium $MuellerHal1896|Mueller1899 #N,M77,I,n1 \(=$MuellerHal1879(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Hypnum laterculi$MuellerHal1??? ==Bryohaplocladium $Watanabe&Iwatsuki1981; #N,M14,(I) \TS:??? ?:(~Leskeaceae) Miyabea $Brotherus1907(?1905) #N,M4,I \TS:Lasia fruticella$Mitten1??? Haplohymenium $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #N,M35,I \(+NomCons) \TS:Leptohymenium sieboldii$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Anomodon $Hooker&Taylor1818; #PN,M97,I {/touwtjesmos} \("ANOMODONTACEAE$Kindberg1897) \TS:Neckera viticulosa$Hedwig1??? Bryonorrisia $Start&Buck1986; #M2 \TS:??? EUTHUIDOIDEAE $??? Boulaya $Cardot1912 #N,M2,I *N:Carb/Wph@Fran,Nede,Enge \("Pteridospermales) \{microsporangium} \TS:Thuidium mittenii$Brotherus1??? Rauiella $Reimers1937 #PN,M14,I \TS(+R Rauia$Austin1880) ==Rauia $Austin1880 #M14,(I) \(+P$Nees&Martius1823;(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS:Hypnum scitum$PalisotDeBeauvois1??? Pelekium $Mitten1868("1869") #PN,M8,I \(+NomCons) \(+missp:Pelecium$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:P. velatum$< =Lorentzia $Hampe1867 #M5,I \(+NomRej vs Pelekium) \TS:L. longirostris$< Thuidiopsis $Fleischer1923 #N,M22,I \(=$Brotherus1908(+^A)) \^^Thuidium/ \TS($Fleischer1???):Hypnum furfurosum$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Thuidium $Schimper1852|Bruch&Schimper1852; #PN,M377,I {/thujamos} \TS:Hypnum minutulum$Hedwig1???=Hypnum tamariscinum$Hedwig1??? =Cyrtohypnum $Hampe&Lorentz1869; #M51,I \(?Cyrto-Hypnum) \TS:C. brachythecium$< =Microthuidium $Warnstorf1905 #M1,(I) \(=$Limpricht1895(+^A)) \^^Thuidium/ \TS($Warnstorf1???):Hypnum minutulum$Hedwig1??? ==Tamariscella $MuellerHal1891|Mueller1896 #M7,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) Abietinella $MuellerHal1896 #N,M4,I \TS:A. giraldii$< HELODOIDEAE $??? Hylocomiopsis $Cardot1913 #N,M2,I \(~Leskeaceae) \TS:Anomodon ovicarpus$Bescherelle1??? Helodium $Warnstorf1905 #N,M5,I {/schansmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:Hypnum blandowii$Weber&Mohr1;??? ==Elodium $Austin1870 #M3,(I) \(=$Sullivant1856(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Austin1???):Hypnum paludosum$Sullivant1??? Actinothuidium $Brotherus1908 #N,M2,I \(=$Bescherelle1???(+^A)) \TS($Brotherus1???):Leskea hookeri$Mitten1??? . Bryochenea $Gao&Chang1982; #N,M2,I \TS:B. ciliata$< Bryonoguchia $Iwatsuki&Inoue1970; #N,M2,I \TS(+R Tetracladium$(Mitten1???)Brotherus1925) ==Tetrastichium $Fleischer1923 #I \(=$Mitten1???>Brotherus1908(+^A)) \^^Thuidium/ \(+P$(Mitten1???)Cardot1908(Bryopsida/Hookeriaceae)) \TS:Thuidium molkenboeri$SandeLacoste1??? ==Tetracladium $Brotherus1925 #M3,(I) \(=$Mitten1891(+^A)) \^^Thuidium/ \(+P$DeWildeman1893(mitosporicFungi/{Hyphomycetes})) \TS(+R Tetrastichium$(Mitten>Brotherus)Fleischer1923) Haplohymenium $Schwaegrichen1829 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Dozy&Molkenboer1846;(Bryopsida/Thuidiaceae)) \TS:??? Leptocladium $Brotherus1929 #N,M1,I \TS:L. sinense$< Orthothuidium $Norris&Koponen1985; #M1 \TS:??? ECHINODIACEAE $Brotherus1909 #P1/7-9 *Rec@AzoE,MadE,NZ,Aus,PacOc *Rec \(~Leucobryales/Neckerineae) Echinodium $Juratzka1866 #P7-9,N,M12,I *Rec@AzoE,MadE,NZ,Aus,PacOc \TS:E. madeirense$< =Scleromnium $Juratzka1866 #M3,(I) \TS:S. knyi$< RACOPILACEAE $Kindberg1898 #P1/ *Rec@trop,ZH *Rec \(?RACOPILEACEAE?RHACOPILACEAE"Leucobryales/Racopilineae) Racopilum $PalisotDeBeauvois1805 #P1,N,M79,I *Rec@trop,ZH \TS:R. mnioides$< . =Rhacopilum $PalisotDeBeauvois1805 #(I) \TS(+NYD) ? Powellia $Mitten1868("1869") #PN,M7,I \TS:??? MYRINIACEAE $Schimper1876 #P8/few *Rec@[O-NAm,O-Az] *Rec \(~Fabroniaceae/Myrinioideae"Thuidiales) MYRINIOIDEAE $??? Clasmatodon $Hooker&Wilson1842; #N,M6,I \TS:C. pusillus$< =Anisodon $Schimper1852|Bruch&Schimper;&Guembel1852; #M3,(I) \TS:A. perpusillus$< ==Phlogostomum $Hampe1867 #(I) \TS:??? Dimerodontium $Mitten1869 #N,M14,I \TS(+NYD) Myrinia $Schimper1860 #N,M7,I {/schubmos} \(+NomCons) \^^Leskea \TS:??? . Nematocladia $Buck1982 #N,M1,I \TS:N. tesserata$< Juratzkaea $Lorentz1866 #PN,M8,I \(~Fabroniaceae/Fabronioideae) \(+missp:Juratzkaa) \TS:Leskea seminerve$Schwaegrichen1??? =Fabroniella $MuellerHal1875 #M1,(I) \(<=$Lorentz1???) \TS:F. krausei$< Juratzkaeella $Buck1977 #PN,M1,I \TS:Juratzkaea sinensis$Brotherus1??? Schwetschkeopsis $Brotherus1907 #PN,M8,I \(~Fabroniaceae/Helicodontoideae) \TS(+NYD) LEMBOPHYLLACEAE $Brotherus1906 #P10-12/few *Rec@[ZH] *Rec \(~Leucobryales/Neckerineae) Camptochaete $Reichardt1870 #PN,M28,I *Rec@ZH \TS:Hookeria arbuscula$Smith1??? ==Ptilocladus $Lindberg1873("1872") #(I) \TS:??? =Thamniella $Bescherella1873 #M6,I \TS:T. porotrichoides$Bescherelle1??? Elmeriobryum $Brotherus1925 #N,M5,I \(=$Brotherus1913(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) Porotrichodendron $Fleischer1908 #N,M12,I \(+missp:Porotrichodendrum$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:Hypnum mahahaicum$MuellerHal1??? Lembophyllum $Lindberg1873("1872") #PN,M12,I *Rec@gem:NH,ZH \TS(+NYD) Dolichomitra $Brotherus1906 #N,M3,I \(<=$Brotherus1907|Lindberg) \(=$Lindberg1???(+^A)) \TS($Brotherus1???):Isothecium cymbifolium$Lindberg1??? Dolichomitriopsis $Okamura1911 #N,M4,I \TS:D. crenulata$< =Isotheciadelphus $Dizon&Theriot1936; #M3,(I) \TS:I. sasaokae$Dixon&Theriot1;??? Tripterocladium $Jaeger1880 #N,M8,I \(=$MuellerHal1875(+^A)) \(~Hypnaceae) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) Isothecium $Bridel1827 #PN,M138,I {/palmpjesmos} \(~Brachytheciaceae) \TS:I. viviparum$Lindberg1??? =Pseudisothecium $Grout1928 #M2,(I) \TS:Isothecium myosuroides$Bridel1??? Rigodium $Schwaegrichen1845("1844") #PN,M32,I *Rec@ZH \(<=$Kunze1???) \TS:R. implexum$Schwaegrichen1???(<=Kunze) . Coelidium $Walpers1840 #IB \(<=$Vogel1???) \^^Amphithalea \(?????? ZIE OOK VER ONDER) \TS:??? Dixonia $Horikawa&Ando1964; #N,M1,I \TS:Camptochaete thamnioides$Brotherus&Dixon1;??? Isotheciopsis $Brotherus1929 #N,M5,(I) \TS:Camptochaete sinensis$Brotherus1??? Plasteurhynchium $Brotherus1925 #N,M5,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS(+NYD) Porotrichopsis $Brotherus&Herzog1916; #N,M1,I \TS:P. flacca$Herzog1??? AMBLYSTEGIACEAE $Roth1899|(Brotherus)Fleischer #P~15/many *Rec@NH,Arct *X:OTert-Rec Cratoneuron $Spruce1867 #N,M28,I {/diknerfmos} \(=$Sullivant1856(+^A)) \(CRATONEURACEAE) \^^Hypnum/ \(+missp:$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS($Spruce1???):Hypnum filicinum$Hedwig1??? ==Drepanophyllaria $MuellerHal1896 #M5,(I) \(+NomRej vs Hygroamblystegium$Loeske1903) \TS:??? Palustriella $Ochyra1989 #M3 \(CRATONEURACEAE^Hypnum^Cratoneuron) \TS:??? Callialaria $Ochyra1989 #M1 \(CRATONEURACEAE) \TS:??? Cratoneuropsis $Fleischer1923 #N,M3,I \(=$Brotherus1908(+^A)) \^^Campylium/ \TS(+NYD) Campylium $Mitten1869 #N,M67,I {/goudmos} \(=$Sullivant1856(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Lange&Jensen1;???):Hypnum stellatum$Hedwig1??? Campylophyllum $Fleischer1914 #N,M2,I \(=$Schimper1876(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:??? Leptodictyum $Warnstorf1906 #N,M28,I \(=$Schimper1860(+^A)) \^^Amblystegium/ \TS(+NYD) Hygroamblystegium $Loeske1903 #N,M45,I \(+NomCons) \TS:Hypnum irriguum$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Sciaromium $Mitten1869 #N,M45,I \(=$Mitten1864(+^A)) \(~Echinodiaceae) \(+missp:Sciaromnion) \^^Leskea/ \TS($Mitten1???):Leskea spinosa$Mitten1??? =Lomoporotrichum $MuellerHal1902 #M1,I \(~Neckeraceae) \TS:L. liliputanum$< Sciaromiopsis $Brotherus1924 #N,M3,I \TS(+NYD) Amblystegium $Schimper1853 #N,M237,I {/pluisdraadmos} \TS:Hypnum serpens$Hedwig1??? Platydictya $Berkeley1863 #N,M13,I \(~Hypnaceae) \TS:Leskea sprucei$Spruce1???(<=Bruch) ==Amblystegiella $Loeske1903 #N,M16,(I) \TS:??? ==Serpoleskea $Loeske1904 #M4,(I) \(=$Hampe1???>Limpricht1897(+^A)) \^^Amblystegium/ \TS:??? =Apterygium $Kindberg1885 #M6,(I) \TS(+NYD) Drepanocladus $Roth1899 #NX,M98,I *X:Paleog@N-Cana {/sikkelmos} \(+NomCons) \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \(+~Pseudocalliergon) \TS(+TypCons)($Warnstorf1???):Hypnum aduncum$Hedwig1??? ==Harpidium $Spruce1867 #M12,(I) \(=$Sullivant1856(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \(+P$Koerber1855(Lecanoromycetes/Lichinaceae)) \TS:??? =Drepanohypnum $Hampe1872 #M4,(I) \(?Drepano-Hypnum) \(+NomRej vs Drepanocladus) \TS:D. fontinaloides$< =Limprichtia $Loeske1907 #M6 \TS:??? =Sanionia $Loeske1907 #M6 \TS:??? Hygrohypnum $Lindberg1873("1872") #N,M73,I {/schijn-klauwtjesmos} \TS(+R Limnobium$Schimper1853) ==Limnobium $Schimper1853 #M34,(I) \(+P$Richard1814(?1811)(Liliopsida/Hydrocharitaceae)) \TS:Hypnum palustre$Bridel1??? =Platyhypnum $Loeske1911 #M6,(I) \TS:Hypnum dilatatum$Wilson1??? Platyhypnidium $Fleischer1923 #N,M29,I \TS:Hypnum rusciforme$Weiss1??? Calliergon $Kindberg1894 #PNX,M62,I *X:Paleog@N-Cana {/nerf-puntmos} \(=$Sullivant1856(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Kindberg1???):Hypnum cordifolium$Hedwig1??? =Pseudocalliergon $Loeske1907 #M6,(I) \(=$Limpricht1899(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) Calliergonella $Loeske1911 #N,M7,I {/puntmos} \TS:Hypnum cuspidatum$Hedwig1??? Scorpidium $Limpricht1899 #N,M12,I {/schorpioenmos} \(=$Schimper1850(+^A)) \(~Brachytheciaceae) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Limpricht1???):Hypnum scorpioides$Hedwig1??? . =Chrysohypnum $Roth1899 #(I) \(=$Hampe1852(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \(+P$Hampe1870(Bryopsida/Amblystegiaceae)) \(?Chryso-Hypnum) \TS(+NYD) =Drepanocladus $MuellerHal1898 #(I) \(+suppr vs$(MuellerHal1???)Roth1899(Bryopsida/Amblystegiaceae)) \TS:D. sinensi-uncinatus$< Calliergidium $Grout1931 #N,M6,I \(~Hypnaceae) \TS:Hypnum bakeri$Renauld1??? Campyliadelphus $Chopra1975 #N,M5,I \(=$Kindberg1883(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Kanda1???):Hypnum chrysophyllum$Bridel1??? Chrysohypnum $Hampe1870 #N,M30,I \(?Chryso-hypnum) \TS:C. patens$< Conardia $Robinson1976 #N,M1,I {/vlechtmos} \TS:C. compacta$(Hooker1???)<=Hypnum serpens var compactum$Hooker1??? Crassicosta $Crum&Sharp1984; #N,M1,I \TS:C. hermannii$< Donrichardsia $Crum&Anderson1979; #N,M1,I \(DONRICHARDSIACEAE) \TS:Hygroamblystegium macroneuron$Grout1??? Loeskypnum $Paul1918 #N,M2,I \TS:Hypnum badium$Hartman1??? Orthoamblystegium $Dixon&Sakurai1936; #N,M3,I \TS:O. nipponicum$< Ortholimnobium $Dixon1937 #N,M1,I \TS:O. borii$< Pictus $Townsend1982 #N,M1,I \TS:P. scoticus$< Platylomella $Andrews1950 #N,M1,I \TS(+R Platyloma$Kindberg1897) ==Platyloma $Kindberg1897 #M1,(I) \(+P$Rafinesque1833(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:Hypnum lescurii$Sullivant1??? Pseudohygrohypnum $Kanda1977("1976") #N,M2,I \TS:Limnobium eugyrium$Schimper1??? Richardsiopsis $Ochyra1986 #M1 \(DONRICHARDSIACEAE) \TS:??? Sarmentypnum $Tuomikoski&Koponen1979; #N,M1,I \TS:Hypnum sarmentosum$Wahlenberg1??? Sciaromiella $Ochyra1986 #M2 \(DONRICHARDSIACEAE) \TS:??? Sinocalliergon $Sakurai1949 #N,M1,I \TS:S. satoi$< Warnstorfia $Loeske1907 #N,M18,I \TS(+NYD) ^ Hypnites $Ettinghausen1855 #N,M10,(I) *NI:Eoc@Oost \TS:H. haeringianus$< Neocalliergon $Williams1930 #N,M1,(I) *NI:Pleist \("Calliergon"Calliergonella) \TS:N. integrifolium$< Sciaromiadelphus $Abramova&Abramov1967; #N,M1,(I) *^ \TS:S. longifolius$< ? Acrocladium $Mitten1869 #PN,M15,I \(~Lembophyllaceae) \TS:Hypnum auriculatum$Montagne1??? Hamatocaulis $Hedenaes1989 #M2 \TS:??? HYPNOBARTLETTIACEAE $Ochyra1985 Hypnobartlettia $Ochyra1985 #M1,I \TS:H. fontana$< Koponenia $Ochyra1985 #M1 \(^Sciaromium) \TS:??? . Ochyraea $Vana1986 #M1 \TS:??? BRACHYTHECIACEAE $Schimper1876 #P~10/many *Rec@!NH,!(boreaal,gem) *Rec Flabellidium $Herzog1916 #N,M1,I \TS:F. spinosum$< Scorpiurium $Schimper1876 #N,M6,I \TS:S. rivale$< Camptothecium $Schimper1853 #N,M35,I \(~Dicranaceae) \TS:Hypnum lutescens$Hedwig1??? Tomenthypnum $Loeske1911 #N,M3,I \(?Tomentypnum) \^^Camptothecium/Tomentella$Kindberg1897 \TS:Hypnum nitens$Hedwig1???(<=Schreber) Homalothecium $Schimper1851 #N,M57,I {/zijdemos} \TS:Leskea sericea$Hedwig1??? Lepyrodontopsis $Brotherus1925 #N,M1,I \TS:Hypnum trichophyllum$Hedwig1??? Sciuroleskea $Brotherus1925 #N,M3,I \(<=$Hampe1???) \TS(+NYD) Homalotheciella $Brotherus1908 #N,M4,I \(=$Cardot1899(+^A)) \^^Homalothecium/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Pterigynandrum subcapillatum$Hedwig1??? ==Burnettia $Grout1903 #M4,(I) \(+P$Lindley1840(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:Pterigynandrum subcapillatum$Hedwig1??? Brachythecium $Schimper1853 #PN,M492,I {/dikkopmos} \TS:B. rivulare$< =Chionobryum $Glowacki1913 #M1,(I) \TS:Bryum venturii$DeNotaris1??? =Sciurohypnum $Hampe1874 #M2,(I) \(?Sciuro-hypnum) \TS:S. borgenii$< =Streblopilum $Angstroem1876 #M1,(I) \TS:Brachymenium regnellii$Hampe1??? Bryhnia $Kaurin1892 #N,M37,I \TS:Hypnum scabridum$Lindberg1??? Cirriphyllum $Grout1898 #N,M34,I {/haarspitsmos} \TS:Hypnum piliferum$Hedwig1??? =Paramyurium $Warnstorf1905 #M7,(I) \(=$Limpricht1896(+^A)) \^^Eurhynchium/ \TS(+NYD) Myuroclada $Bescherelle1893 #N,M2,I \TS:Hypnum concinnum$Wilson1??? ==Achrolepis $Cardot1904 #(I) \(=$Lindberg1872(+^A)) \^^Hypnum \^^Myurella/ \TS:A. concinna$Cardot1??? Scleropodium $Schimper1853|Bruch&Schimper1853; #N,M23,I {/vossestaartmos} \^^Hypnum \TS:S. illecebrum$< Eriodon $Montagne1845 #N,M7,I \TS:E. conostomus$< Mandoniella $Herzog1916 #N,M1,I \TS:Helicodontium spicatinervium$Williams1??? Catagoniopsis $Brotherus1908|1909 #N,M1,I \TS:Hypnum berteroanum$Montagne1??? Rhynchostegium $Schimper1852|Bruch&Schimper1852; #N,M321,I {/-snavelmos} \TS:Hypnum confertum$Dickson1??? =Rhynchohypnum $Hampe1878 #M5,(I) \(=$Hampe1825(+^A)) \(?Rhyncho-hypnum) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) Rhynchostegiella $Limpricht1896 #N,M83,I {/-snavelmos} \(=$Bruch&Schimper1852;(+^A)) \^^Rhynchostegium/ \TS($Limpricht1???):Hypnum tenellum$Dickson1??? =Remyella $MuellerHal1896 #M1,(I) \TS:R. hawaiica$< Oxyrrhynchium $Warnstorf1905 #N,M57,I \(=$Bruch&Schimper1854;(+^A)) \^^Eurhynchium/ \TS(+NYD) Eurhynchium $Schimper1854|Bruch&Schimper1854; #N,M214,I {/-snavelmos} \(+missp:Eurrhynchium$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS(+NYD) =Panckowia $Moenk.1??? #M2 \(=$Lindberg1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Pancovia $Kicks1867 #M24,(I) \(<=$Necker1???) \(+P$Willdenow1799(Magnoliopsida/Sapindaceae)) \TS(+NYD) . Bryoandersonia $Robinson1963 #N,M1,I \TS:Hypnum illecebrum$Hedwig1??? Chamberlainia $Grout1928 #N,M17,I \TS:Leskea acuminata$Hedwig1??? Cratoneurella $Robinson1963 #N,M1,I \TS:Brachythecium uncinifolium$Brotherus&Paris1;??? Eurhynchiella $Fleischer1923 #N,M13,I \TS(+NYD) Kindbergia $Ochyra1982 #N,M6,I \TS(+R Stokesiella$(Kindberg1???)Robinson1967) ==Stokesiella $Robinson1967 #N,M4,(I) \(=$Kindberg1897(+^A)) \^^Eurhynchium/ \(+P$Lemmermann1908(Chrysophyceae/Dinobryaceae)) \TS($Robinson1???):Hypnum praelongum$Hedwig1??? Kurohimehypnum $Sakurai1950 #N,M1,I \TS:Rhynchostegium ctenidioides$Cardot1??? Palamocladium $MuellerHal1896 #N,M16,I \(?Palmocladium) \TS(+NYD) ==Pleuropus $Griffith1842 #M20,(I) \(+P$Persoon1???>Gray1821(Hymenomycetes/Lentinaceae)) \TS:??? =Oticodium $Kindberg1888 #M1,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1875(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:Hypnum celebesiae$MuellerHal1??? Pseudopleuropus $Takaki1955 #N,M1,I \TS:P. morrisonensis$< Schimperella $Theriot1926 #N,M4,I \TS:S. rhynchostegioides$< =Rhynchocarpidium $PotierDeLaVarde&Leroy1947; #M2,(I) \TS:R. katalense$Varde&Leroy1;??? Steerecleus $Robinson1987 #M4 \TS:??? Trachybryum $Schofield1968 #N,M1 \(=$Brotherus1???(+^A)) \TS:??? ? Henicodium $Kindberg1888 #N,M2,I \(=$MuellerHal1875(+^A)) \(~Sematophyllaceae) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:Hypnum niam-niamiae$MuellerHal1??? ************************* * Hypnineae ************************* PLAGIOTHECIACEAE $Fleischer1912 \(=$Brotherus1???(+^A)) #P5-6/ *Rec \(>Hypnaceae) STEREOPHYLLOIDEAE $??? \("STEREOPHYLLACEAE$(FLeischer1???)Buck&Ireland1985;) Stereophyllum $Mitten1859 #N,M114,I \^^Pterygophyllum \TS:??? =Complanatohypnum $Hampe1878 #M1,(I) \(?Complanato-Hypnum) \TS:C. leptostegium$< =Glossophyllum $Hampe1879 #M4,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) Pilosium $Fleischer1923 #N,M4,I \(=$MuellerHal1897(+^A)) \^^Stereophyllum/ \TS($Fleischer1???):Hypnum chlorophyllum$Hornschuch1??? Entodontopsis $Brotherus1907 #N,M18,I \TS:E. contorti-operculatum$Hypnum1??? contorti-operculatum$MuellerHal1??? Eulacophyllum $Buck&Ireland1985; #M1 \TS:??? Stenocarpidium $MuellerHal1897 #N,M3,I \TS:S. leucodon$< Stenocarpidiopsis $Brotherus1925 #N,M1,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS(+NYD) PLAGIOTHECIOIDEAE $??? Catagonium $Brotherus1908 #N,M14,I \(<=$MuellerHal1???) \(~Phyllogoniaceae) \TS:Hypnum politum$Hooker&Wilson1;??? =Acrocladiopsis $Cardot1914 #M5,(I) \(=$Brotherus1908(+^A)) \^^Catagonium/ \TS($Cardot1???):Hypnum draytonii$Sullivant1??? Plagiothecium $Bruch&Schimper1852;|Schimper1851 #PN,M229 {/platmos} \TS($Schimper1???):Hypnum denticulatum$Hedwig1??? =Ligulina $MuellerHal1901 #M4,(I) \(?^Sematophyllaceae) \TS(+NYD) =Philoscia $Berkeley1863 #M1,(I) \TS:Leskea latebricola$Wilson1??? ==Plagiotheciella $Brotherus1925 #M3,(I) \(<=$Fleischer1???) \(^Hypnaceae) \TS($Fleischer1???):Leskea latebricola$Wilson1??? =Pilaisaea $Desvaux1814 #M1,(I) \(+missp:Pylaisaea$BachelotDeLaPylaie1???) \TS:P. radicans$BachelotDeLaPylaie1??? =Saviczia $Abramova&Abramov1966; #M1,(I) \TS:Plagiothecium obtusissimum$Brotherus1??? Isopterygiopsis $Iwatsuki1970 #N,M3,I \TS:Plagiothecium muellerianum$Schimper1??? . =Calliergonella $Cardot&Brotherus1923; #(I) \(=$Cardot1908(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \(+P$Loeske1911(Bryopsida/Amblystegiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Isocladiella $Dixon1931 #N,M3,I \TS:I. phyllogonioides$< Pseudotaxiphyllum $Iwatsuki1987 #M11 \TS:??? HYPNACEAE $Schimper1855 #P31|15/ *Rec@[!gem] {/Slaapmossen} *Rec =HYPNOBRYACEAE $??? PYLAISIOIDEAE $??? Bryosedgwickia $Cardot&Dixon1912; #N,M10,I \TS:B. kirtikarii$< Giraldiella $MuellerHal1898 #N,M1,I \(?Girardiella) \TS:G. levieri$< Platygyriella $Cardot1910 #N,M9,I \TS:P. helicodontioides$< Platygyrium $Schimper1851 #N,M23,I {/kwastjesmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:Pterigynandrum repens$Bridel1??? Pylaisiella $Grout1896 #N,M22,I {/boommos} \(<=$Kindberg1???) \TS(+R Pylaisaea$Schimper1851) ==Pylaisaea $Schimper1851 #(I) \(+P Pilaisaea$Desvaux1814(Bryopsida/Plagiotheciaceae)) \TS:Leskea polyantha$Hedwig1??? =Pylaisia $??? #N,M60 \TS:??? =Thedenia $Schimper1852 #M1,(I) \(+P$Fries1842(Bryopsida/Pallaviciniaceae)) \TS:T. suecica$< Homomallium $Loeske1907 #N,M23,I {/pluchemos} \(=$Schimper1860(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) HYPNOIDEAE $??? Stereodontopsis $Williams1917 #N,M4,I \TS:S. flagellifera$< Hypnum $Hedwig1801 #P48,N,M1940,I *Rec@!gem {/klauwtjesmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:H. cupressiforme$< ==Stereodon $Reichenbach1829 #N,M368,(I) \(=$Bridel1827(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:??? =Breidleria $Loeke1910 #M11,I \TS(+NYD) =Cupressina $Sakurai1950 #M55 \(+^Calohypnum) \TS:??? =Drepanium $Jensen1887 #M29,(I) \(=$Schimper1860(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) Pseudostereodon $Fleischer1923 #N,M1,I \(=$Brotherus1908(+^A)) \^^Ctenidium/ \TS($Fleischer1???>Brotherus):Hypnum procerrimum$DeNotaris1??? Ectropothecium $Mitten1868("1869") #PN,M410,I \TS(+NYD) Trachythecium $Fleischer1923 #N,M9,I \TS(+NYD) Ectropotheciella $Fleischer1923 #N,M2,I \TS(+NYD) Ectropotheciopsis $Fleischer1923 #N,M1,I \(=$Brotherus1908(+^A)) \^^Trichosteleum/ \TS:E. novo-guineensis$(Geheeb1???)Fleischer=Hypnum novo-guineense$Geheeb1??? Isopterygium $Mitten1869 #N,M364,I {/gewoon pronkmos} \(~Plagiotheciaceae) \TS:I. planissimum$< =Taxicaulis $MuellerHal1896 #M64,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) Taxiphyllum $Fleischer1923 #N,M71,I {/komkommermos} \(~Plagiotheciaceae) \TS(+NYD) Vesicularia $MuellerHal1896 #N,M167,I \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \(+P$Micheli1???>TargioniTozzetti1826(Algae/?:)) \TS($Brotherus1???):Hypnum vesiculare$Schwaegrichen1??? ==Acosta $MuellerHal1848 #M2,(I) \(+P$Adanson1763(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \(~Hypnaceae|Leucomiaceae) \TS(+NYD) Herzogiella $Brotherus1925 #N,M9,I {/geklauwd pronkmos} \(~Plagiotheciaceae) \TS($Fleischer1???):Plagiothecium bolivianum$Brotherus1??? =Dolichotheca $Lindberg1874 #M5,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Sharpiella $Iwatsuki1965 #M5 \TS:??? CTENIDIOIDEAE $??? Microctenidium $Fleischer1923 #N,M3,I \(+missp:Microtenidium$Fleischer1923#(I)) \TS:Hypnum leveilleanum$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Ctenidiadelphus $Fleischer1923 #N,M3,I \TS:Hypnum plumularium$MuellerHal1??? Ctenidium $Mitten1869 #N,M56,I {/kammos} \(=$Schimper1860(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Mitten1???):Hypnum molluscum$Hedwig1??? Ptilium $DeNotaris1867 #N,M2,I {/struisveermos} \(=$Sullivant1856(+^A)) \(~Hylocomiaceae) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:P. crista-castrensis$(Hedwig1???)DeNotaris=Hypnum crista-castrensis$Hedwig1??? ==Ctenium $Jensen1923 #M1,(I) \(+P$Panzer1813(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:??? Hyocomium $Bruch&Schimper1852;|Schimper1852 #N,M15,I \TS($Schimper1???):Hypnum flagellare$Withering1??? Rhizohypnella $Fleischer1923 #N,M2,I \TS:R. sundaensis$< Acanthocladiella $Fleischer1923 #N,M7,I \(?^Sematophyllaceae) \TS:Microthamnium flexile$Renauld&Cardot1;??? Rhacopilopsis $Renauld&Cardot1900; #N,M8,I \TS:Cyathophorum dupuisii$Renauld&Cardot1;??? ==Dimorphella $Renauld&Cardot1905; #M4,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1886(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:??? Puiggariella $Brotherus1908 #N,M3,I \(+P$Spegazzini1881(Pyrenomycetes/Strigulaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Mittenothamnium $Hennings1902 #N,M121,I \(+NomCons) \TS(+R Microthamnium$Mitten1869) ==Microthamnium $Mitten1869 #N,M145,(I) \(+P Microthamnion$Naegeli1849(Chlorophyceae/Microthamniaceae)) \TS(+TypCons):Hypnum reptans$Hedwig1??? ==Rhizohypnum $Herzog1916 #M27,(I) \(=$Hampe1879(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:??? ==Stereohypnum $Fleischer1908|Fleischer1908 #M45,(I) \(=$Hampe1???(+^A)) \TS:??? . =Bruchia $Hornschuch1825 #(I) \(+P$Schwaegrichen1824(Bryopsida/Dicranaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Andoa $Ochyra1982 #N,M1,I \TS(+R Allorgea$Ando1974) ==Allorgea $Ando1974 #N,M1,(I) \(+P Allorgeia$GauthierLievre1958(Zygophyceae/Desmidiaceae)) \TS:Hypnum berthelotianum$Montagne1??? Bryocrumia $Anderson1980 #N,M2,I \TS:Glossadelphus andersonii$Bartram1??? Caribaeohypnum $Ando&Higuchi1984; #N,M1,I \TS:Ectropothecium polypterum$Mitten1??? Crepidophyllum $Herzog1926 #N,M1,I \TS:C. modestum$< Eurohypnum $Ando1966 #N,M1,I \TS:Cupressina leptothalla$MuellerHal1??? Hampeohypnum $Buck1987 #M1 \TS:??? Hondaella $Dixon&Sakurai1938; #N,M4,I \(~Hookeriaceae) \TS:H. aulacophylla$< =Tutigaea $Ando1958 #M1,(I) \TS:Stereodon brachytheciella$Brotherus&Paris1;??? Irelandia $Buck1984 #N,M1,I \TS:Isopterygium robusticaule$Bartram1??? Leiodontium $Brotherus1929 #N,M4,I \TS(+NYD) Podperaea $Iwatsuki&Glime1984; #N,M1,I \^^Chryso-hypnum \TS:P. krylovii$(Podpera1???)<=Chryso-hypnum krylovii$Podpera1??? Taxiphyllopsis $Higuchi&Deguchi1987; #M1 \TS:??? ? Callicladium $Crum1971 #N,M1,I {/vals klauwtjesmos} \(~Sematophyllaceae) \TS:Hypnum haldanianum$Greville1??? Ptychophyllum $Brotherus1928 #M1,(I) \(+P$Presl1843(Polypodiopsida/Hymenophyllaceae)) \(?+NomIlleg) \(~Sematophyllaceae) \TS:P. borneense$< Ptychophyllum $Dixon&Herzog1928; #(I) \(+P$Presl1843(Polypodiopsida/Hymenophyllaceae)) \(~Sematophyllaceae) \TS:P. aureum$< HYLOCOMIACEAE $Fleischer1914 \(=$Brotherus1???(+^A)) #P7/ {/etagemossen} *Rec \(~Hypnaceae) Macrothamniella $Fleischer1923 #N,M3,I \TS:Stereodon pilosulus$Mitten1??? Leptocladiella $Fleischer1923 #N,M3,I \TS:Stereodon psilurus$Mitten1??? Stenotheciopsis $Fleischer1923 #N,M1,I \TS:Stereodon serrula$Mitten1??? Leptohymenium $Schwaegrichen1828 #N,M52,I \(+NomRej vs Platygyrium$Schimper1851) \(+missp:Lephthymenium$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:Neckera tenuis$Hooker1??? Macrothamnium $Fleischer1905 #N,M14,I \TS(+NYD) Hylocomiastrum $Brotherus1925 #N,M3,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS($Fleischer1???>Brotherus):Hypnum pyrenaicum$Spruce1??? Hylocomium $Bruch&Schimper1852;(|Schimper1852) #PN,M51,I {/etagemos} \TS($Schimper1???):Hypnum splendens$Hedwig1??? . Cyathothecium $Dixon1938 #N,M1,I \TS:C. distichaceum$< Miehea $Ochyra1989 #M2 @[Nepal] \TS:??? RHYTIDIACEAE $Brotherus1925 #P1/1 *Rec@gem-,boreaal-(NH,ZH) {/haakmossen} *Rec \(~Hylocomiaceae~Hypnaceae) Okamuraea $Brotherus1906 #N,M12,I \(~Leucodontaceae) \TS:O. cristata$< =Rigodiopsis $Dixon&Theriot1932; #M1,(I) \(~Brachytheciaceae) \TS:R. japonica$< Ptychodium $Schimper1860 #N,M20,I \TS:Hypnum plicatum$Schleicher1??? Rhytidium $Kindberg1882 #PN,M1,I {/buizerdmos} \(=$Sullivant1856(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Kindberg1???):Hypnum rugosum$Hedwig1??? Rhytidiopsis $Brotherus1908 #PN,M1,I \TS:Hypnum robustum$Hooker1??? Rhytidiadelphus $Warnstorf1906 #PN,M9,I {/haakmos} \(=$Limpricht1901(+^A)) \^^Hylocomium/ \TS($Warnstorf1???):Hypnum squarrosum$Hedwig1??? Gollania $Brotherus1908 #N,M42,I \(~Hypnaceae) \TS(+NYD) Loeskeobryum $Brotherus1925 #N,M3,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS(+NYD) . Hyocomiella $Kindberg1893 #(I) \(=$MuellerHal1890(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:Hypnum bartramiophilum$MuellerHal1??? Cryptoneurum $Theriot&Varde1944; #N,M1,I \TS:C. acuminatum$< Neodolichomitra $Noguchi1937 #N,M3,I \(~Hypnaceae) \TS:N. gigantea$< PLEUROZIOPSACEAE $Ireland1968 #P1/1 *Rec@W-NAm,O-Az %Tc *Rec \(~Hypnaceae|Climaciaceae) =PLEUROZIOPSIDACEAE $??? Pleuroziopsis $Britton1906 #P1,N,M1,I *Rec@W-NAm,O-Az \(<=$Kindberg1???) \TS(+R Girgensohnia$(Lindberg1???)Kindberg1896) ==Girgensohnia $Kindberg1896 #M1,(I) \(=$Lindberg1872(+^A)) \^^Climacium/ \(+P$Bunge1852(Magnoliopsida/Chenopodiaceae)) \TS:Hypnum ruthenicum$Weinmann1??? ENTODONTACEAE $Kindberg1897 #P4/ *Rec@!trop *Rec Erythrodontium $Hampe1870 #N,M40,I \TS:E. warmingii$< Pterigynandrum $Hedwig1801 #PN,M66,I \(+NomRej vs Platygyrium$Schimper1851) {/stekeltjesmos} \("PTERIGYNANDRACEAE$Schimper1876~Leskeaceae~Lembophyllaceae) \TS:P. filiforme$< ==Haptymenium $Fuernrohr1827 #M5,(I) \(<=$Arnott1???) \TS:??? ==Maschalanthus $Schultz1806 #M1,(I) \(<=$Sprengel1???) \TS:??? ==Maschalocarpus $Sprengel1804 #M22,(I) \TS:Pterigynandrum filiforme$Hedwig1??? Trachyphyllum $Gepp1901 #N,M20,I \TS(+NYD) Pylaisiobryum $Brotherus1910 #N,M2,I \TS:P. cameruniae$< Campylodontium $Schwaegrichen1827 #N,M11,I \(~Fabroniaceae) \(=Campylodontium$Dozy&Molkenboer1844;(+^A)#(I)) \TS:C. hypnoides$< Orthothecium $Schimper1851 #N,M24,I \(+NomCons) \^^Hypnum \TS:??? ==Holmgrenia $Lindberg1863 #M9,(I) \TS:??? Rozea $Bescherelle1872 #N,M14,I \(+P Rosea$Fabricius1759(Magnoliopsida/Crassulaceae)) \(~Hypnaceae) \TS(+NYD) Entodon $MuellerHal1845 #PN,M247,I {/cilindermos} \TS($Mitten1869):Neckera virens$Hooker&Wilson1;??? ==Cylindrothecium $Schimper1851(?1860) #(I) \TS:??? =Actinostoma $Reimers&Sakurai1931; #M2,(I) \TS:A. japonicum$< =Cuspidaria $MuellerHal1896 #M7,(I) \(+P$DeCandolle1838(Magnoliopsida/Bignoniaceae)) \TS:C. subcuspidata$< =Cymbifoliella $Dixon1936 #M1,(I) \TS:C. sasaokae$< =Synodontella $Dixon&Theriot1936; #M1,(I) \TS:S. japonica$< Sakuraia $Brotherus1925 #N,M2,I \(~Entodon) \TS:Entodon macrospora$Brotherus1??? Entodontella $Fleischer1923 #N,M1,I \(<=$Brotherus1???) \TS:E. cameruniae$< Levierella $MuellerHal1897 #N,M4,I \TS:L. fabroniacea$< Plagiotheciopsis $Brotherus1913 #N,M2,I \TS:P. philippinensis$< Pseudoscleropodium $Fleischer1923 #N,M3,I {/groot laddermos} \(=$Limpricht1896(+^A)) \(~Brachytheciaceae) \^^Scleropodium/ \TS($Fleischer1???):Hypnum purum$Hedwig1??? Pleurozium $Mitten1869 #N,M12,I {/bronsmos} \(+NomCons) \(~Hylocomiaceae~Brachytheciaceae~Rhytidiaceae~Hypnaceae) \TS:Hypnum schreberi$Bridel1??? =Hypnopsis $Podpera1921 #M1,(I) \(=$Kindberg1???(+^A)) \(+^A) \TS:??? . Cribrodontium $Herzog1916 #M1,I \TS:C. werneri$< Mesonodon $Hampe1865 #N,M3,I \TS:M. onustus$< Nanothecium $Dixon&Varde1930; #N,M1,I \TS:N. foreaui$< Orthotheciadelphus $Dixon1931 #M1,I \TS:O. ovicarpus$< Retidens $Dixon1936 #N,M1,I \TS:R. stewartii$< SEMATOPHYLLACEAE $Brotherus1908 #P~30/many *Rec@!trop *Rec CLASTOBRYOIDEAE $??? Aptychella $Herzog1916 #N,M27,I \(=$Brotherus1908(+^A)) \^^Rhaphidostegium/ \TS($Herzog1???):Rhaphidostegium proligerum$Brotherus1??? Clastobryum $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #N,M55,I \TS:Astrodontium indicum$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Clastobryella $Fleischer1923 #N,M22,I \TS(+NYD) Hageniella $Brotherus1910 #N,M6,I \TS:H. sikkimensis$< Clastobryophilum $Fleischer1923 #N,M6,I \TS:Hypnum bogoricum$VanDenBosch&SandeLacoste1;??? Struckia $MuellerHal1893 #N,M4,I \TS(+NYD) HETEROPHYLLOIDEAE $??? Gammiella $Brotherus1908 #N,M8,I \TS:Pleuropus pterogonioides$Griffith1??? Pylaisiopsis $Brotherus1909 #N,M1,I \(=$Brotherus1907(+^A)) \^^Pylaisaea/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Stereodon speciosum$Mitten1??? Aptychopsis $Fleischer1923 #N,M6,I \(=$Brotherus1908(+^A)) \^^Rhaphidostegium/ \TS:A. fulva$Fleischer1??? Heterophyllium $Kindberg1894 #N,M42 \(=$Schimper1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Mastopoma $Cardot1901 #N,M18,I \TS:M. raphidostegioides$< Wijkia $Crum1971 #N,M59,I \(~Hypnaceae) \TS(+?R Acanthocladium$Mitten1878):Hypnum extenuatum$Bridel1??? Trismegistia $Brotherus1908 #N,M32,I \(=$MuellerHal1874(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) SEMATOPHYLLOIDEAE $??? Pterogonidium $MuellerHal1897 #N,M6,I \TS:P. subtilissimum$< Meiothecium $Mitten1868("1869") #N,M57,I \(+missp:Miothecium$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS(+NYD) =Pterogoniella $Brotherus1897 #M49,(I) \(<=$Schimper1???) \TS:P. chloroclada$< Meiotheciopsis $Brotherus1908 #N,M8,I \TS:Aptychus lageniformis$MuellerHal1??? Allioniellopsis $Ochyra1982 #N,M1,I \TS(+R Allioniella$Brotherus1911) ==Allioniella $Brotherus1911 #M1,(I) \(+P$Rydberg1902(Magnoliopsida/Nyctaginaceae)) \TS:A. cryphaeoides$< Syringothecium $Mitten1869 #N,M3,I \(+missp:Syrigothecium) \TS:S. sprucei$< Pterogoniopsis $MuellerHal1879 #N,M1,I \TS:P. cylindrica$< Chionostomum $MuellerHal1869 #N,M6,I \TS:Neckera rostrata$Griffith1??? Pylaisiadelpha $Cardot1912 #N,M44,I \(~Hypnaceae) \TS(+NYD) Brotherella $Fleischer1914 #N,M59,I \(+^Calohypnum$Sakurai1950) \(<=$Loeske1900(+^A)) \TS($Loeske1???>Fleischer):Hypnum lorentzianum$Molendo1??? Warburgiella $Brotherus1900 #N,M38,I \(<=$MuellerHal1???) \TS:W. cupressinoides$< Schraderella $MuellerHal1879 #N,M2,I \TS:S. pungens$< Schroeterella $Herzog1916 #N,M1,I \TS:S. zygodonta$< Sematophyllum $Mitten1864("1865") #N,M432,I \TS:Hypnum demissum$Wilson1??? ==Rhaphidostegium $DeNotaris1867 #M402,(I) \(=$Schimper1852(+^A)) \^^Rhynchostegium/ \(+missp:Raphidostegium) \TS($DeNotaris1???):Hypnum demissum$Wilson1??? =Aptychus $MuellerHal1896 #M41,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) =Leptorrhynchohypnum $Hampe1876 #(I) \(?Leptorrhyncho-Hypnum) \TS:L. glauco-viride$Hampe1??? =Rhapidostegium $??? \TS:??? Rhaphidostichum $Fleischer1923 #N,M48,I \TS(+NYD) Acroporium $Mitten1868("1869") #N,M119,I \TS(+NYD) Trichosteleum $Mitten1868("1869") #N,M245,I \TS:T. fissum$< Acanthorrhynchium $Fleischer1919 #N,M11,I \TS(+R Acanthodium$Mitten1868) ==Acanthodium $Mitten1868("1869") #M5,(I) \(+P$Delile1813(Magnoliopsida/Acanthaceae)) \(?~Trismegistia) \TS(+NYD) ==Acanthocladium $Mitten1878 #N,M59,(I) \(+P$VonMueller1861(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \(~Wijkia) \TS(+R Acanthodium$Mitten1868) Potamium $Mitten1869 #N,M15,I \(?Potamnium+~Ligulina) \TS:Hypnum lonchophyllum$Montagne1??? Taxithelium $Mitten1869 #N,M181,I \(<=$Spruce1???) \TS:Hypnum planum$Bridel1??? =Sigmatella $MuellerHal1896 #M26,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \(+P$Kuetzing1833(Bacillariophyceae/Nitzschiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Glossadelphus $Fleischer1923 #N,M81,I \TS(+NYD) MACROHYMENIOIDEAE $??? Macrohymenium $MuellerHal1847 #N,M15,I \(+missp:Macrymenum$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:Leskea rufa$Reinwardt&Hornschuch1;??? . Acritodon $Robinson1964 #N,M1,I \TS:A. nephophilus$< Calohypnum $Sakurai1950 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Cephalocladium $Lazarenko1946 #N,M2 \(+P$Reichenbach1828(mitosporicDiscomycetes/Sclerotiniaceae)) \TS:??? Clastobryopsis $Fleischer1923 #N,M10,I \TS:Stereodon planulus$Mitten1??? Colobodontium $Herzog1951 #N,M2,I \TS:C. aciculare$< Foreauella $Dixon&Varde1927; #N,M2,I \TS:F. indica$< Heterophyllum $Kindberg1894 #I \(<=$MuellerHal1???) \(=$Schimper1860(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Kindberg1???):Hypnum nemorosum$Koch1???>Bridel Horridohypnum $Buck1981("1980") #N,M1,I \TS:H. mexicanum$(Theriot1???)<=Pterigynandrum filiforme var mexicanum$Theriot1??? Limnobiella $MuellerHal1901 #(I) \(=$MuellerHal1875(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS(+NYD) Mahua $Buck1983 #N,M1,I \^^Fabronia \TS:M. enervis$< Neacroporium $Iwatsuki&Noguchi1971; #N,M1,I \(+missp:Neoacroporium) \TS:Acroporium flagelliferum$Sakurai1??? Neohypnella $Bartram1928 #N,M3,I \(~Hookeriaceae~Neckeraceae) \TS:N. mucronifolia$< Palisadula $Toyama1937 #N,M3,I \(~Pterobryaceae) \TS:P. japonica$< Piloecium $Brotherus1908 #N,M2,I \(<=$MuellerHal1???) \(~Myuriaceae) \(?Sematophyllaceae) \TS:Hypnum pseudorufescens$Hampe1??? Pseudopiloecium $Bartram1943 #N,M2,I \TS:P. scabrisetum$< Pungentella $MuellerHal1897 #M7,(I) \TS:P. levieri$< =Rhaphidorrhynchium $Fleischer1923 #N,M114,I \TS:Rhaphidostegium aurescens$Jaeger1??? Schraderobryum $Fleischer1923 #M5,I \TS:Sematophyllum stenocarpum$Mitten1??? Taxitheliella $Dixon1935 #N,M1,I \TS:T. richardsii$< Tristichella $Dixon1932 #N,M3,I \TS:T. spiculifera$< Trolliella $Herzog1939 #N,M1,I \TS:T. euendostema$< Wijkiella $Bizot&Lewinsky1978; #N,M1,I \TS:W. kenyae$< ************************* * Isobryales *Tat-Rec \(=Leucodontales) * Fontinalineae ************************* FONTINALACEAE $Schimper1855 #P3/~28 *Rec@Ngem,(?-->)ZH *Rec \(?FONTINALIACEAE) FONTINALOIDEAE $??? Fontinalis $Hedwig1801 #PN,M102,I {/bronmos} \(<=$Linnaeus1???) \TS:F. antipyretica$< DICHELYMOIDEAE $??? Dichelyma $Myrin1833 #PN,M16,I \TS:Fontinalis falcata$Hedwig1??? Brachelyma $Cardot1892 #PN,M2,I \(<=$Schimper1???) \(+missp:Brachyelyma$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:Fontinalis subulata$PalisotDeBeauvois1??? ==Cryphaeadelphus $Cardot1904 #M2,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1850(+^A)) \^^Neckera/ \TS($Cardot1???):Fontinalis subulata$PalisotDeBeauvois1??? . Harissona $Leman1821 #(I) \(<=$Adanson1???) \(+suppr vs Harrisonia$Brown1???>Jussieu1825(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Sclerohypnum $Dixon1931 #N,M2,I \TS:S. riparium$< HYDROPOGONACEAE $Welch1943 #P2/2,S2/2 *Rec@trop,subtrop:N-ZAm *Rec \(~Fontinalaceae/Fontinaloideae) Hydropogonella $Cardot1895 #P1,S1,N,M1,I \TS(+R Cryptangium$MuellerHal1844) ==Cryptangium $MuellerHal1844 #M2,(I) \(+P$Schrader1???>Nees1842(Liliopsida/Cyperaceae)) \TS:Fontinalis gymnostoma$Bruch&Schimper;&Guembel1;??? Hydropogon $Bridel1827("1826") #P1,S1,N,M3,I \TS:Grimmia fontialoides$Hooker1??? WARDIACEAE $Hooker1837 #P1/1 *Rec@ZAfr *Rec \(<=$Harvey&Hooker1;???) \(?>Grimmiaceae/Scouleria~Fontinalaceae/Fontinaloideae) Wardia $Hooker1837 #P1,N,M1,I *Rec@ZAfr \(<=$Harvey&Hooker1;???) \TS:W. hygrometrica$Harvey&Hooker1;??? CLIMACIACEAE $Kindberg1897 #P1/3 *Rec@gem-,boreaal-(NH,ZH) *Rec Climacium $Weber&Mohr1804; #P3,N,M15,I *Rec@gem,boreaal:NH,ZH {/boompjesmos} \TS:Leskea dendroides$Hedwig1??? ************************* * Leskeineae \(~Hypnobryales) ************************* REGMATODONTACEAE $Brotherus1908 #P1/~10 *Rec@trop *Rec \(~Leskeaceae) Regmatodon $Bridel1827 #P~10,N,M30,I *Rec@trop:OW,Am \TS:Pterogonium declinatum$Hooker1??? =Anhymenium $Griffith1843 #M2,(I) \TS:A. polycarpon$< LESKEACEAE $Schimper1855 *Rec \(^Thuidiaceae"Thuidiales) Lindbergia $Kindberg1897 #PN,M18,I \^^Pterogonium \TS:??? =Fabroleskea $Best1898 #M1,(I) \TS:Leskea austini$Sullivant1??? Leskea $Hedwig1801 #PN,M280,I {/uiterwaardmos} \TS(+NYD) Leskeella $Loeske1903 #N,M13,I \(=$Limpricht1895(+^A)) \^^Leskea/ \TS($Loeske1???):Pterigynandrum nervosum$Bridel1??? Pseudoleskeella $Kindberg1897 #N,M21,I \(~Thuidiaceae) \TS(+NYD) Lescuraea $Bruch&Schimper1851;|Schimper1851 #N,M43,I \(~Pseudoleskea) \^^Pterogonium \TS($Hagen1???):Hypnum mutabile$Bridel1801 =Ishibaea $Bortherus&Okamura1915; #M2,I \(~Brachytheciaceae) \TS:I. japonica$Brotherus&Okamura1;??? ==Iishibaea $Iishiba1934 #(I) \TS:??? Pseudoleskea $Bruch&Schimper1852;|Schimper1852 #PN,M141,I \(~Thuidiaceae) \TS:Hypnum atrovirens$Bridel1??? Pseudoleskeopsis $Brotherus1907 #N,M26,I \TS(+NYD) . Bryobartlettia $Buck1981 #N,M1,I \TS:B. costata$< Garysmithia $Steere1977 #N,M1,I \TS:G. bifurcata$< Iwatsukiella $Buck&Crum1978; #N,M2,I \TS:Heterocladium leucotrichum$Mitten1??? Leskeadelphus $Herzog1916 #N,M3,I \TS:Pseudoleskea catenulatula$MuellerHal1??? Leskeopsis $Brotherus1931 #M1,I \TS:L. peruviana$< THELIACEAE $Fleischer1923 \(=$Brotherus1???(+^A)) \(~Leskeaceae) Thelia $Sullivant1856 #PN,M6,I \(^Thuidiaceae) \TS:Pterigynandrum hirtellum$Hedwig1??? Fauriella $Bescherelle1893 #N,M6,I \TS:F. lepidoziacea$< FABRONIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P8/[~100] *Rec \(~Leskeaceae)(+~Myriniaceae) FABRONIOIDEAE $??? Fabronia $Raddi1808 #P92,N,M136,I \TS:F. pusilla$< Rhizofabronia $Fleischer1915|(Brotherus1907)Fleischer1923 #N,M3,I \^^Fabronia/ \TS(+NYD) Fabronidium $MuellerHal1899 #N,M3,I \TS:F. bernoullianum$< Merrilliobryum $Brotherus1908 #N,M1,I \TS:M. fabronioides$< Anacamptodon $Bridel1818("1819") #N,M17,I \TS:Orthotrichum splachnoides$Bridel1??? =Ectropodon $Dixon1936 #M1,I \TS:E. urceolatus$< Ischyrodon $MuellerHal1875 #N,M5,I \TS:Fabronia seriola$MuellerHal1??? HELICODONTIOIDEAE $??? Austinia $MuellerHal1875 #N,M2,(I) \TS:Hypnum tenuinerve$Mitten1??? Helicodontium $Jaeger1878 #N,M38,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:H. tenuirostre$Schwaegrichen1??? =Dubyella $Schimper1866 #M1,(I) \TS:D. italica$< Schwetschkea $MuellerHal1875 #N,M39,I \TS:S. schweinfurthii$< HABRODONTIOIDEAE $??? Habrodon $Schimper1860 #N,M6,I {/duizendpootmos} \TS:H. notarisii$< =Harbodon $??? \TS:??? . Donnellia $Austin1880 #N,M7,I \TS:Fabronia donnellii$Austin1??? Helicodontiadelphus $Dixon1936 #N,M1,I \TS:H. australiensis$< Hypnofabronia $Dixon1929 #N,M1,I \TS:H. marginata$< Leptoischyrodon $Dixon1932 #N,M1,I \TS:L. congoanus$< Macgregorella $Bartram1939 #N,M2,I \TS:M. philippinensis$< Mamillariella $Lazarenko1934 #N,M1,I \TS:M. geniculata$< Pseudodimerodontium $Brotherus1925 #M2,I \(=$Brotherus1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Leucodontineae ************************* CRYPHAEACEAE $Schimper1855 #P8/60-70 *Rec CRYPHAEOIDEAE $??? Cryphaea $Weber1814("1813") #PN,M127,I {/vliermos} \^^Neckera \TS:??? Sphaerotheciella $Fleischer1914 #N,M3,I \TS:Neckera sphaerocarpa$Hooker1??? Cyptodon $Fleischer1914 #N,M8,I \(<=$Paris&Schimper1;???) \(=$Brotherus1905(+^A)) \^^Cryphidium/ \TS($Fleischer1???):Cryphaea parvula$Mitten1??? Dendrocryphaea $Brotherus1905 #N,M10,I \(<=$Paris&Schimper1;???) \TS:Cryphaea gorveana$Montagne1??? Dendropogonella $Britton1906 #PN,M1,I *Rec@Mexi %regenwoud,hooglanden \TS(+R Dendropogon$Schimper1843) ==Dendropogon $Schimper1843 #M10,(I) \(+P$Rafinesque1825(Liliopsida/Bromeliaceae)) \TS:D. rufescens$< Pilotrichopsis $Bescherelle1899 #N,M4,I \TS:Dendropogon dentatus$Mitten1??? ALSIOIDEAE $??? \(~Leucodontaceae) Alsia $Sullivant1855 #N,M6,I \TS:Neckera californica$Hooker&Arnott1;??? Forsstroemia $Lindberg1863 #P>15,N,M50,I \TS(+R Lasia$PalisotDeBeauvois1804) ==Lasia $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #M22,(I) \(+P$Loureiro1790(Liliopsida/Araceae)) \TS:Pterigynandrum trichomitrium$Hedwig1??? ==Dusenia $Brotherus1894 #M8,(I) \TS:??? Dendroalsia $Britton1905 #N,M2,I \(+missp:Dendralsia$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:Neckera abietina$Hooker1??? ==Groutia $Brotherus1905 #(I) \(+P$Guillemin&Perrottet1831;(Magnoliopsida/Opiliaceae)) \TS:??? Bestia $Brotherus1906 #N,M7,I \TS:Alsia longipes$Sullivant&Lesquereux1;??? . =Dusenia $Hoffm.1900 #i0 \TS:??? Cyptodontopsis $Dixon1937 #N,M2,I \TS:C. laosiensis$< Hydrocryphaea $Dixon1931 #N,M1,I \TS:H. wardii$< Schoenobryum $Dozy&Molkenboer1848; #N,M22,I \TS:Grimmia julacea$Hornschuch1??? ==Acrocryphaea $Brotherus1905 #(I),M17 \(<=$Schimper1???) \TS:??? =Moritzia $Hampe1847 #M1,(I) \(+P$DeCandolle1???>Meisner1840(Magnoliopsida/Boraginaceae)) \TS:Cryphaea caripensis$< LEUCODONTACEAE $Schimper1855 #P11/~60 *Rec@!(gem,subtrop) *Rec \(>Cryphaeaceae) LEUCODONTOIDEAE $??? Leucodon $Schwaegrichen1816 #P>15,N,M100,I {/eekhoorntjesmos} \TS:Fissidens sciuroides$Hedwig1??? =Astrodontium $Schwaegrichen1824 #M10,(I) \(=Astrodontium$Dozy&Molkenboer1844;(+^A)#(I)) \TS:Hypnum canariense$Bridel1??? =Leucodontella $Noguchi1947 #M3,I \TS:Leucodon perdependens$Okamura1??? =Macrosporiella $Dixon&Theriot1936; #M4,I \TS:M. scabriseta$< Felipponea $Brotherus1912 #N,M3,I \TS:Cladomnion montevidense$MuellerHal1??? ==Pterogoniadelphus $Fleischer1917 #M1,(I) \TS:??? ANTITRICHIOIDEAE $??? Leucodontopsis $Renauld&Cardot1894;(?1893) #N,M8,I \(?Leucodoniopsis$Renauld&Cardot1894;#I) \TS:L. plicata$< Dozya $SandeLacoste1866 #N,M3,I \TS:D. japonica$< Antitrichia $Bridel1818("1819") #N,M12,I {/weerhaakmos} \TS:Neckera curtipendula$Hedwig1??? =Macouniella $Kindberg1897 #M1 \TS:??? Pseudocryphaea $Britton1905 #N,M2,I \TS:Pilotrichum flagelliferum$Bridel1??? PTEROGONIOIDEAE $??? Pterogonium $Swartz1801 #N,M68,I \(+NomRej vs Platygyrium$Schimper1851) \TS($Smith1???):Pterigynandrum gracile$Hedwig1??? . =Fissidens $Lindberg1879 #(I) \(+P$Hedwig1801(Bryopsida/Fissidentaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Scabridens $Bartram1935 #N,M1,I \TS:S. sinensis$< ? Eoleucodon $Miller&Whittier1978; #N,M1,I \TS:Leucodon pacificus$Bescherelle1??? HEDWIGIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P6/25-35 *Rec \(~Orthotrichales) HEDWIGIOIDEAE $??? Hedwigia $PalisotDeBeauvois1804 #N,M43,I {/granietmos} \(+NomCons) \(+P$Swartz1788(Magnoliopsida/Burseraceae)) \TS:Anictangium ciliatum$Hedwig1??? ==Perisiphorus $Palisot1822(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #M1,(I) \TS:Anictangium ciliatum$Hedwig1??? Pseudobraunia $Brotherus1905 #N,M1,I \(=$Lesquereux&James1884;(+^A)) \^^Braunia/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Braunia californica$Lesquereux1??? Hedwigidium $Bruch&Schimper1846; #N,M16,I \TS:Gymnostomum imberbe$Smith1??? Braunia $Bruch&Schimper1846; #N,M51,I \(+P Braunea$Willdenow1806(Magnoliopsida/Menispermaceae)) \TS:Anoectangium sciuroides$Balsamo&DeNotaris1;??? BRYOWIJKIOIDEAE $??? \(BRYOWIJKIACEAE) Bryowijkia $Noguchi1973 #N,M2,I \TS:Pterogonium ambiguum$Hooker1??? RHACOCARPOIDEAE $??? \("RHACOCARPACEAE$Kindberg1899) Rhacocarpus $Lindberg1863 #N,M35,I \TS:Anoectangium humboldtii$Hooker1??? ==Harrisonia $Sprengel1827 #M37,(I) \(+P$Brown1???>Jussieu1825(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS(+NYD) . Metarhacocarpus $Noguchi1985 #M1 \TS:??? CYRTOPODACEAE $Fleischer1908 #P3/~5 *Rec@AusAz,NCal,Fili,Hawai *Rec Bescherellia $Duby1873 #PN,M5,I \TS:B. elegantissima$< Cyrtopus $Hooker1867 #PN,M3,I *Rec@[NZ,Tasm,Hawai] \(=$Bridel1827(+^A)) \^^Neckera/ \TS($Hooker1???):Anictangium setosum$Hedwig1??? Cyrtopodendron $Brotherus1909 #PN,M1,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS:Pterobryella vieillardii$MuellerHal1??? PRIONODONTACEAE $Brotherus1905 #P2/~30 *Rec@Afr,ZO-Az,!(ZAm,MAm) *Rec Prionodon $MuellerHal1844 #PN,M47,I \TS:Hypnum densum$Hedwig1???(<=Swartz) Neolindbergia $Fleischer1906 #PN,M15,I \(~Pterobryaceae) \TS(+NYD) . Taiwanobryum $Noguchi1936 #N,M2,I \TS:T. speciosum$< LEPYRODONTACEAE $Brotherus1906 #P1/5-7 *Rec@AusAz,ZAm *Rec Lepyrodon $Hampe1865 #P5-7,N,M17,I *Rec@AusAz,ZAm \TS:Neckera suborthosticha$MuellerHal1??? RUTENBERGIACEAE $Fleischer1908 \(=$Brotherus1???(+^A)) #P1/~5,S2/ *Rec@Mad,eiln:O-Afr *Rec Rutenbergia $Bescherelle1880 #P~5,SN,M6,I *Rec@Mad,eiln:O-Afr \(<=$Geheeb&Hampe1;???) \TS(+NYD) Neorutenbergia $Bizot&Pocs1974; #SN,M2,I *Rec@O-Afr \TS:N. armata$< TRACHYPODACEAE $Fleischer1906 #P6/ *Rec@!ZO-Az *Rec Diaphanodon $Renauld&Cardot1895; #N,M7,I \TS:D. thuidioides$< =Pseudothuidium $Herzog1916 #M1,(I) \TS:P. ceramicum$< Trachypus $Reinwardt&Hornschuch1829; #N,M53,I \TS:??? Pseudospiridentopsis $Fleischer1908 #N,M1,I \(=$Brotherus1906(+^A)) \^^Trachypodopsis/ \TS($Fleischer1???):Meteorium horridum$Mitten1???>Cardot Trachypodopsis $Fleischer1906 #N,M24,I \TS(+NYD) Duthiella $Brotherus1907(?1908) #N,M19,I \(<=$MuellerHal1???) \(~Leskeaceae) \TS($MuellerHal1???>Brotherus):Hypnum wallichii$Schwaegrichen1??? =Matsumuraea $Okamura1914 #M1,(I) \TS:M. japonica$< . Pseudotrachypus $PotierDeLaVarde&Theriot1940; #M7,I \TS:P. pinnatus$< MYURIACEAE $Fleischer1923 \(~Pterobryaceae) Myurella $Schimper1853|Bruch&Schimper1853; #PN,M10,I \(~Leskeaceae~Theliaceae~Thuidiaceae) \TS(+NYD) Myurium $Schimper1860 #N,M23,I \TS:M. hebridarum$< Oedicladium $Mitten1868("1869") #N,M18,I \TS:O. involutaceum$< Eumyurium $Noguchi1948("1947") #N,M1,I \(~Pterobryaceae|Myuriaceae) \^^Myurium/ \TS:Oedicladium sinicum$Mitten1??? ==Myuriopsis $Noguchi1950 #M1,(I) \TS(+UR) PTEROBRYACEAE $Kindberg1896 #P20-25/ *Rec@!(trop,subtrop) *Rec PTEROBRYELLOIDEAE $??? Pterobryella $Jaeger1877 #N,M9,I \(=$MuellerHal1872(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS:Pilotrichum longifrons$MuellerHal1??? TRACHYLOMOIDEAE $??? Trachyloma $Bridel1827 #N,M28,I \TS:Neckera planifolia$Hedwig1??? Penzigiella $Fleischer1906 #N,M3,I \TS:Hypnum cordatum$Harvey1??? Osterwaldiella $Brotherus1925 #N,M1,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS:Meteorium monostictum$Brotherus1??? GAROVAGLIOIDEAE $??? \("GAROVAGLIACEAE$(Fleischer1???)Buck&Vitt1986;) Endotrichella $MuellerHal1872 #N,M53,I \TS(+NYD) Garovaglia $Endlicher1836 #N,M94,I \(+missp:Carovaglia$Endlicher1836 corr. Endlicher1841#(I)) \TS(+R Esenbeckia$Bridel1827) ==Esenbeckia $Bridel1827 #M3,(I) \(+P$Kunth1825(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS:E. plicata$< =Endotrichum $Dozy&Molkenboer1844; #M31,(I) \(+P$Corda1838(mitosporicFungi/{Sphaeropsidales})) \TS(+NYD) Euptychium $Schimper1865 #N,M14,I \TS:E. neo-caledonicum$Schimper1??? PTEROBRYOIDEAE $??? Jaegerina $MuellerHal1876 #N,M14,I \TS:Pilotrichum stoloniferum$MuellerHal1??? =Jaegerinopsis $Brotherus1906 #M8,(I) \TS:J. ulei$MuellerHal1??? Spiridentopsis $Brotherus1906 #N,M1,I \TS:Hypnum longissimum$Raddi1??? Pterobryopsis $Fleischer1905 #N,M69,I \TS(+NYD) Pterobryidium $Brotherus&Watts1918; #N,M1,I \TS:P. australe$< Symphysodon $Dozy&Molkenboer1844; #N,M21,I \TS:S. neckeroides$< =Cryptotheca $Hornschuch1868 #M2,(I) \(+?A) \(+P$Blume1827(Magnoliopsida/Lythraceae)) \TS(+NYD) Symphysodontella $Fleischer1906 #N,M16,I \TS(+NYD) Renauldia $Renauld1891 #N,M18,I \(<=$MuellerHal1???) \TS:R. hildebrandtielloides$< Hildebrandtiella $MuellerHal1876 #N,M18,I \TS:H. endotrichelloides$< Orthostichidium $Dusen1895 #N,M16,I \(<=$MuellerHal1???) \TS:Hildebrandtiella perpinnata$Brotherus1??? Orthostichopsis $Brotherus1906 #N,M25,I \(~Myuriaceae) \TS(+NYD) =Porotrichella $Cardot1915 #M1,(I) \TS:Porotrichum scaberulum$Renauld&Cardot1;??? Rhabdodontium $Brotherus1906 #N,M1,I \TS:Calyptothecium buftoni$Brotherus&Geheeb1;??? Pireella $Cardot1913 #N,M24,I \TS(+R Pirea$Cardot1894) ==Pirea $Cardot1894 #M13,(I) \(+P$Durand1888(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:P. mariae$< Muellerobryum $Fleischer1905 #N,M1,I \TS:Pterobryon whiteleggei$Brotherus1??? Pterobryon $Hornschuch1840 #N,M59,I \TS:Pterogonium densum$Schwaegrichen1??? . =Neckeradelphus $Lazarenko1941 #N,M5,(I) \TS:N. varians$< Endotrichellopsis $During1977 #N,M1,I \TS:Garovaglia laevifolia$Thwaites&Mitten1;??? Limbella $Brotherus1927|(Brotherus)Bartram1933 #N,M3,I \(=$MuellerHal1890(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \(~Thamniaceae) \TS($Brotherus1???):Neckera tricostata$Sullivant1??? Micralsopsis $Buck1987 #M1 \(~Leiodontium) \TS:??? Orthorrhynchidium $Renauld&Cardot1909; #N,M1,I \TS:Garovaglia planifrons$Renauld&Paris1;??? Pseudopterobryum $Brotherus1929 #N,M2,I \TS(+NYD) Pulchrinodus $Allen1987 #M1 \TS:??? Pursellia $Lin1984 #N,M1,(I) \TS:Neckera phyllogonioides$Sullivant1??? Rigodiadelphus $Dixon1936 #N,M3,I \(~Leskeaceae) \TS:R. octoblepharis$< =Lesquereuxia $Brotherus1??? #M5 \(<=$Lindberg1???) \(^Rhytidiaceae) \TS:??? =Neolescuraea $Noguchi1972 #M2,(I) \(?^Leskeaceae) \TS:Lesquereuxia robusta$Lindberg1??? METEORIACEAE $Kindberg1897 #P~15/ *Rec \(>Pterobryaceae) PILOTRICHELLOIDEAE $??? . METEOROIDEAE $??? . . Cryphaeophilum $Fleischer1914 #N,M1,I \TS:Cryphaea mollis$Dusen1??? Squamidium $Brotherus1906 #N,M39,I \TS(+NYD) Pilotrichella $Lorentz1864 #N,M179,I \(=$MuellerHal1850(+^A)) \^^Neckera/ \TS(+NYD) =Orthostichella $MuellerHal1897 #M16,(I) \TS:O. filamentosula$< Weymouthia $Brotherus1906 #N,M5,I \TS(+NYD) ==Coelidium $Reichardt1870|(Hooker&Sil.;)Reichardt #(I),M10 \(+P$Vogel1???>Walpers1840(Bryopsida/Lembophyllaceae)) \TS:Hypnum cochlearifolium$Schwaegrichen1??? Papillaria $Lorentz1864 #N,M199,I \(+NomCons) \(=$MuellerHal1850(+^A)) \^^Neckera/ \TS(+TypCons)($Jaeger1???):Hypnum nigrescens$Swartz1???>Hedwig ==Tricholepis $Kindberg1899 #M1,(I) \(+P$DeCandolle1833(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \(~Cryphaeaceae) \TS($Grout1???):Hypnum nigrescens$Hedwig1??? Meteorium $Dozy&Molkenboer1848; #N,M252,I \(=$Bridel1827(+^A)) \^^Pilotrichum/ \TS(+NYD) =Monoschisma $Duby1868 #M1,(I) \TS:M. viride$< Aerobryopsis $Fleischer1905 #N,M48,I \TS:Neckera longissima$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? ==Eriocladium $Dusen1895 #M2,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1876(+^A)) \^^Aerobryum/ \(+P$Lindley1839(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:??? Aerobryidium $Brotherus1906 #N,M15,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS(+NYD) Lindigia $Hampe1862 #N,M14,I \TS:L. curtipes$< Barbella $Brotherus1906 #N,M62,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS:Isothecium trichophorum$Montagne1??? Floribundaria $Fleischer1905 #N,M55,I \TS(+NYD) Chrysocladium $Fleischer1907 #N,M11,I \TS:Meteorium retrorsum$Mitten1??? Meteoriella $Okamura1915 #N,M5,I \TS:Meteorium solutum$Mitten1??? Meteoriopsis $Brotherus1906 #N,M43,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \TS(+NYD) Aerobryum $Dozy&Molkenboer1851; #N,M27,I \TS:A. speciosum$< . Ancistrodes $Hampe1867 #N,M1,(I) \TS:Hookeria ancistrodes$Montagne1??? =Bryodusenia $Robinson1974 #M1,I \TS(+R Duseniella$Brotherus1906) ==Duseniella $Brotherus1906 #M1,(I) \(+P$Schumann1902(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Pilotrichum genuflexum$MuellerHal1??? Barbellopsis $Brotherus1929 #N,M1,I \TS:B. sinensis$< Meteoridium $Manuel1977 #N,M2,I \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Neckera/Pterogonium/ \TS:Leskea remotifolia$MuellerHal1??? Neobarbella $Noguchi1948 #N,M5,I \TS:N. pilifera$(Brotherus&Yasuda; )<=Barbella pilifera$Brotherus&Yasuda1;??? Neonoguchia $Lin1988 #M1 \TS:??? Pseudobarbella $Noguchi1947 #N,M22,I \TS:Meteorium assimile$Cardot1??? Zelometeorium $Manuel1987("1977") #N,M5,I \TS:Hypnum patulum$Hedwig1??? PTYCHOMNIACEAE $Fleischer1908 #P7/~15 *Rec@[AusAz] *Rec CLADOMNIOIDEAE $??? Hampeella $MuellerHal1881 #N,M4,I \TS:H. kurzii$< Dichelodontium $Brotherus1907 #N,M1,I \(<=$Hooker&Wilson1;???) \TS:Leucodon nitidus$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Tetraphidopsis $Brotherus&Dixon1912; #PN,M2,I \TS:T. novae-seelandiae$Brotherus&Dixon1;??? Glyphothecium $Hampe1860 #N,M7,I \TS:G. muellerianum$< =Glyptothecium $Hampe1860 #M5 \TS:??? Cladomniopsis $Fleischer1908 #N,M2,I \TS:C. crenato-obtusa$(Dusen1???)Fleischer=Cladomnion crenato-obtusum$Dusen1??? Cladomnion $Hooker&Wilson1854; #N,M10,I \TS:Leskea ericoides$Hooker1??? PTYCHOMNIOIDEAE $??? Ptychomnion $Mitten1869 #PN,M13,I \(=$Hooker&Wilson1854;(+^A)) \^^Hypnum/ \TS($Mitten1???):Hypnum aciculare$Bridel1??? =Achyrophyllum $Vitt&Crosby1972; #M2 \TS:??? ************************* * Neckerineae ************************* THAMNIACEAE $??? \(~Neckeraceae/"THAMNIOIDEAE) Handeliobryum $Brotherus1924(?1925) #N,M4,I \TS:H. setschwanicum$< Pinnatella $Fleischer1906 #N,M72,I \TS(+NYD) Porotrichum $Hampe1863 #N,M184,I \(=$Bridel1827(+^A)) \^^Climacium/ \TS($Mitten1???):Neckera longirostris$Hooker1??? =Dendroleskea $Hampe1869 #M1,(I) \(?Dendro-Leskea) \TS:D. krauseana$Hampe&Lorentz1;???>Hampe=Porotrichum longirostre var minus$Hampe1??? Thamnobryum $Nieuwland1917 #N,M52,I {/struikmos} \^^Hypnum \TS(+R Thamnium$Schimper1852) ==Thamnium $Schimper1852 #M171,(I) \(+P$Ventenat1799(Pyrenomycetes/Roccellaceae)) \TS:Hypnum alopecurum$Hedwig1??? ==Arbuscula $Crum&Steere;&Anderson1964; #M3,(I) \TS(+R Thamnium$Schimper1852) . Crassiphyllum $Ochyra1991 #M1,(I) \TS:Thamnobryum fernandesii$Sergio1??? NECKERACEAE $Schimper1855 #P~17/>350 *Rec@[trop,gem,!(ZH,trop)] *Rec LEPTODONTOIDEAE $??? Cryphidium $Jaeger1876 #N,M11,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Neckera/ \TS($Jaeger1???):Neckera leucocolea$Mitten1??? Leptodon $Mohr1803 #N,M27,I {/slakkehuismos} \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons)($Weber&Mohr1;???):Hypnum smithii$Hedwig1??? Cryptoleptodon $Renauld&Cardot1899; #N,M5,I \TS:Neckera flexuosa$Harvey1??? NECKEROIDEAE $??? Calyptothecium $Mitten1868("1869") #N,M72,I \(~Pterobryaceae) \TS:C. praelongum$< Neckera $Hedwig1801 #P>100,N,M562,I {/kringmos} \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):N. pennata$Hedwig1??? ==Rhystophyllum $Britton1904 #M6,(I) \(<=$Ehrhart1???) \^^Neckera \TS:??? ==Cryptopodium $Fuernrohr1827 #(I) \(=$Roehling1813(+^A)) \^^Neckera/ \(+P$Bridel1827(Bryopsida/Rhizogoniaceae)) \TS($Roehling1???):Neckera pennata$Hedwig1??? =Cryptopodia $Roehling1812("1813") #M1,(I) \TS:Neckera pennata$Hedwig1??? ==Distichia $Bridel1827 #M12,(I) \TS:??? =Eleutera $Stuntz1900 #M5,(I) \TS:??? Neckeropsis $Reichardt1870 #PN,M66,I \TS:Neckera undulata$Hedwig1??? Bissetia $Fleischer1906 #N,M1,I \(<=$Brotherus1???) \TS($Brotherus1???):Neckera lingulata$Mitten1??? Himantocladium $Fleischer1908 #N,M29,I \TS(+NYD) Baldwiniella $Fleischer1906 #N,M2,I \(<=$Brotherus1???) \TS:Neckera baldwinii$MuellerHal1??? Homaliodendron $Fleischer1906 #N,M45,I \TS(+NYD) Homalia $Schimper1850 #N,M77 {/spatelmos} \(=$Bridel1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Omalia $Schimper1850 #(I) \(=$Bridel1827(+^A)) \^^Leskea/ \TS($Schimper1???):Leskea trichomanoides$Hedwig1??? . Homaliadelphus $Dixon&PotierDelaVarde1932; #N,M5,I \TS(+R Homaliopsis$Dixon&PotierDeLaVarde1928;) ==Homaliopsis $Dixon&PotierDeLaVarde1928; #M1,(I) \(+P$Moore1920(Magnoliopsida/Myrtaceae)) \TS:Neckera targioniana$Mitten1??? Isodrepanium $Britton1914 #N,M1,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \(~Hookeriaceae) \^^Lepidopilum/ \^^Homalia \TS(+NYD) Metaneckera $Steere1967 #N,M1,I \TS(+R Neckeradelphus$Steere1941) ==Neckeradelphus $Steere1941 #(I) \^^Neckera \(+P$Lazarenko1???(Bryopsida/Pterobryaceae)) \TS:Neckera menziesii$Drummond1??? Neomacounia $Ireland1974 #N,M1,I \TS:Forsstroemia nitida$Lindberg1??? Noguchiodendron $Ninh&Pocs1981; #N,M1,I \TS:Homaliodendron sphaerocarpum$Noguchi1??? Porothamnium $Fleischer1908 #P>40,N,M62,I \TS(+NYD) Sasaokaea $Brotherus1929 #N,M2,I \(~Amblystegiaceae) \TS:S. japonica$< Touwia $Ochyra1986 #M1 @[Quee] \TS:??? ^ Thamnites $JovetAst&Huard1966; #N,M1,(I) *N:^ \(+P$Reinsch1881(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:T. marginatus$< PHYLLOGONIACEAE $Kindberg1898 #P2/~13 *Rec@(trop,subtrop)--(AusAz,Mexi) *Rec Orthorrhynchium $Reichardt1868 #P6-7,N,M11,I \TS:Phyllogonium elegans$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Phyllogonium $Bridel1827 #P6-7,N,M21,I \TS(+NYD) =Cryptogonium $Hampe1881("1880") #M2,I \(=$MuellerHal1???(+^A)) \^^Phyllogonium/ \TS:Phyllogonium cylindricum$Lindberg1??? Eucatagonium $Brotherus1925 #N,M4,(I) \(<=$Fleischer1???) \(~Plagiotheciaceae) \TS(+NYD) . Horikawaea $Noguchi1937 #N,M4,I \TS:H. nitida$< ************************* * Hookeriales * Daltoniineae \(~Leucobryales/Neckerineae) ************************* DALTONIACEAE $Schimper1860 #P12-15/ *Rec :(PILOTRICHACEAE$Kindberg1899(~Hookeriineae)) Pilotrichum $PalisotDeBeauvois1804 #P,M185,(I) \TS(+NYD) Callicosta $MuellerHal1848 #N,M22,I \(CALLICOSTACEAE) \TS(+NYD) Diploneuron $Bartram1936 #N,M1,I \TS:D. connivens$< Pilotrichidium $Bescherelle1876 #N,M6,I \TS:Hookeria callicostata$MuellerHal1??? :(~Hookeriaceae/"Daltonioideae) Daltonia $Hooker&Taylor1818; #N,M112,I \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):D. splachnoides$Hooker&Taylor1;??? ? Trachyxiphium $Buck1987 #M12 \(CALLICOSTACEAE^Hypnum^Hookeria) \TS:??? ************************* * Hookeriineae ************************* HOOKERIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P20-24/ *Rec HOOKERIOIDEAE $??? Hookeria $Smith1808 #PN,M457,I \(+NomCons) \^^Hypnum {/glansmos} \(+missp:Hookera$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:??? ==Pterigophyllum $Bridel1819(?1818) #(I) \(+missp:Pterygophyllum$Bridel1827#M73,(I)) \TS:??? Cyclodictyon $Mitten1863 #N,M124,I \^^Hookeria \TS:??? Amblytropis $Brotherus1907 #N,M6,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Hookeria setosa$Mitten1??? Callicostella $Mitten1859 #N,M147,I \(+NomCons) \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS:Hookeria papillata$Montagne1??? Hookeriopsis $Jaeger1877 #N,M147,I \(=$Bescherelle1876(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS(+NYD) Lepidopilidium $Brotherus1907 #N,M36,I \(=$MuellerHal1900(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS(+NYD) Actinodontium $Schwaegrichen1826 #N,M8,I \(~Daltoniaceae) \(+NomRej vs Lepidopilum$(Bridel1???)Bridel1827) \TS:A. ascendens$< Lepidopilum $Bridel1827 #N,M213,I \(+NomCons) \(=$Bridel1818(+^A)) \(~Daltoniaceae) \^^Pilotrichum/ \TS($Steere1???):Neckera scabriseta$Schwaegrichen1??? =Puiggaria $Duby1880 #M3,(I) \(~Daltoniaceae) \(+missp:Puigarria) \TS(+NYD) Crossomitrium $MuellerHal1874 #N,M31,I \TS(+NYD) Tetrastichium $Cardot1908 #N,M3,(I) \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Lepidopilum/ \TS($Cardot1???):Lepidopilum fontanum$Mitten1??? HYPNELLOIDEAE $??? Thamniopsis $Fleischer1908 #N,M15,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS($Fleischer1???):Hookeria pendula$Hooker1??? Hypnella $Jaeger1877 #N,M30,I \(=$MuellerHal1851(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS(+NYD) Pseudohypnella $Fleischer1921 #N,M2,I \(~Sematophyllaceae) \TS:Hypnum verrucosum$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Stenodictyon $Jaeger1877 #N,M6,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS($Jaeger1???):Hookeria nitida$Mitten1??? Helicoblepharum $Brotherus1907 #N,M5,I \(=$Spruce1???>Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Lepidopilum/ \TS(+NYD) =Callicostellopsis $Brotherus1907 #M1,I \TS:Hookeria meridensis$MuellerHal1??? Chaetomitrium $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #N,M85,I \TS:Hookeria elongata$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? =Chaetomitrella $Hampe1880 #M2 \TS:??? =Holoblepharum $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #M6,(I) \TS(+NYD) Chaetomitriopsis $Fleischer1923(?1921) #N,M2,I \TS:Hypnum glaucocarpon$Schwaegrichen1???(<=Reinwardt) Orontobryum $Fleischer1923 #N,M2,I \(<=$Mitten1???) \^^Macrothamnium/Campylophyllopsis$Brotherus1908 \TS($Fleischer1???>Brotherus):Stereodon hookeri$Mitten1??? Dimorphocladon $Dixon1922 #N,M1,I \TS:D. bornense$< Stenodesmus $Jaeger1877 #N,M2,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS($Jaeger1???):Hookeria tenuicuspis$Mitten1??? Sauloma $Mitten1859 #N,M17,I \(=$Hooker&Wilson1852;(+^A)) \^^Hookeria/ \TS:S. tenella$(Hooker&Mitten1;???)=Hookeria tenella$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Rhynchostegiopsis $MuellerHal1897 #N,M10,I \TS:R. complanata$< Philophyllum $MuellerHal1898 #N,M4,I \TS:P. bromeliae$< . Acamptodous $Duby1880 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Achrohypnella $Herzog1954 #N,M1,I \TS:A. subenervis$< Brymela $Crosby&Allen1985; #M10 \TS:??? Calyptrochaeta $Desvaux1825 #N,M26,I \TS(+R Chaetophora$Bridel1818) ==Chaetophora $Bridel1818("1819") #M6,(I) (+missp:Chaetephora) \(+P$Schrank1783(Chlorophyceae/Chaetophoraceae)) \TS:Leskea cristata$Hedwig1??? ==Eulophia $Agardh1822 #(I) \(+P$Brown1821(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS(+R Chaetophora$Bridel1818) =Mitrapoma $Duby1880 #M1,(I) \(+missp:Mitropoma$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:M. ciliatum$< Crosbya $Vitt1977 #PN,M2,I \TS(+R Bellia$Brotherus1907) ==Bellia $Brotherus1907 #M3,(I) \(+P$Bubani1899(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS:Hookeria nervosa$Hooker&Wilson1;??? Curviramea $Crum1984 #N,M1,I \TS:Pilotrichum mexicanum$Theriot1??? Dendrocyathophorum $Dixon1936 #N,M3,I \(~Hypopterygiaceae) \TS:D. assamicum$< =Eurydictyon $Horikawa&Noguchi1936; #M1,(I) \(=$Cardot1???(+^A)) \TS($Horikawa&Noguchi1;???):Hypopterygium paradoxum$Brotherus1??? Elharveya $Crum1986 #M1 *Rec@[Mexi] \TS:??? =Harveya $Crum1985 \(+P$Hooker1837(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:??? Hemiragis $Bescherelle1876 #N,M4,I \(=$Bridel1827(+^A)) \^^Leskea/ \TS($Bescherelle1???):Leskea striata$Schwaegrichen1??? ==Harpophyllum $Renauld&Cardot1908; #M2 \(<=$Spruce1???) \TS:??? Leskeodontopsis $Zanten1964(=VanZanten) #N,M1,I \TS:L. pustulata$< Metadistichophyllum $Noguchi&Iwatsuki1972; #N,M1,I \TS:Distichophyllidium rhizophorum$Fleischer1??? Phyllodon $Bruch&Schimper1851;|Schimper1851 #N,M6,I \TS:Hookeria retusa$Wilson1??? Pulvinella $Brotherus&Herzog1928; #M1,I \TS:P. albicans$< Schimperobryum $Margadant1959 #N,M1,I \TS(+R Lamprophyllum$Schimper1???>Brotherus1907) ==Lamprophyllum $Brotherus1907 #(I) \(<=$Schimper1???) \(+P$Miers1855(Magnoliopsida/Clusiaceae)) \TS:Hookeria splendidissima$Montagne1??? Schizomitrium $Bruch&Schimper1851;|Schimper1851 #N,M67,(I) \(+NomRej vs Callicostella$(MuellerHal1???)Mitten1859) \TS($Crosby1???):Hookeria martiana$Hornschuch1??? ? Campylotrichum $Sikora1836 #N,M1,(I) \TS:??? Piloseriopus $Sharp1986 #M2 \(^Eriopus) \TS:??? DISTICHOPHYLLACEAE $Miller1971 \(~Hookeriaceae/"DISCTICHOPHYLLOIDEAE) Distichophyllidium $Fleischer1908 #N,M6,I \TS(+NYD) =Archboldiella $Bartram1942 #M1,I \TS:A. pilifera$< Leskeodon $Brotherus1907 #N,M30,I \TS(+NYD) Distichophyllum $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #PN,M179,I \TS(+NYD) ==Mniadelphus $MuellerHal1848 #M80,(I) \TS:??? =Discophyllum $Mitten1868("1869") #M3,(I) \(+P$Hall1847(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Adelothecium $Mitten1869 #N,M1,I \TS:Hookeria bogotense$Hampe1??? Eriopus $??? #N,M48 \TS:??? Achrophyllum $Vitt&Crosby1972; #N,M8,I \(~Hookeria) \(+~Pterygophyllum) \TS:Hookeria quadrifaria$Smith1??? SYMPHYODONTACEAE $Fleischer1923 \(~Daltoniaceae~Leskeineae) Symphyodon $Montagne1841 #N,M26,I \TS:S. perrottetii$< LEUCOMIACEAE $Brotherus1908 \(~Leskeineae) Leucomium $Mitten1868("1869") #N,M43,I \TS:Hookeria debilis$Sullivant1??? Vesiculariopsis $Brotherus1908 #N,M1,I \TS:Ectropothecium spirifolium$Dusen1??? HYPOPTERYGIACEAE $Mitten1859 *Rec \(~Hookeriaceae) Lopidium $Hooker&Wilson1854; #PN,M21,I \TS($Wilson1???):Leskea concinna$Hooker1??? Catharomnion $Hooker&Wilson1855; #N,M1,I \(~Daltoniaceae) \TS($Wilson1???):Pterigynandrum ciliatum$Hedwig1??? Hypopterygium $Bridel1827 #PN,M129,I \TS(+NYD) . Canalohypopterygium $Frey&Schaepe1989; #M1 \("HYPOPTERYGIOIDEAE) \TS:??? CYATHOPHORACEAE $Kindberg1898 \(~Hypopterygiaceae/"CYATHOPHOROIDEAE~Daltoniaceae) Cyathophorum $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #N,M24,I \(~Hookeriaceae) \TS($MuellerHal1???):Anictangium bulbosum$Hedwig1??? Cyathophorella $Fleischer1908 #N,M25,I \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Nematacineae ************************* EPHEMEROPSACEAE $SchultzeMotel1970 #P1/2 *Rec@ZOAE-Fili,NZ,Tasm *Rec \(~Hookeriaceae) =EPHEMEROPSIDACEAE $??? =NEMATACEAE $??? Ephemeropsis $Goebel1892 #P2,N,M2,I *P:Rec@ZOAE--Fili,NZ,Tasm \TS:E. tjibodensis$< =Archephemeropsis $Renner1934 #M1,I \TS:A. trentepohlioides$< ************************* * Encalyptales \(~Pottiales/"Encalyptineae) ************************* ENCALYPTACEAE $Schimper1855 #P2/~18 *Rec@berg,toendra:!NH,!W-NAm *Rec Encalypta $Hedwig1801 #N,M83,I {/klokhoedje} \(<=$Schreber1???) \TS:E. ciliata$< =Hymenostoma $Griffith1849 #M1,(I) \TS:H. encalyptroides$< ==Leersia $Batsch1??? #M15 \(<=$Hedwig1???) \TS:??? =Pyromitrium $Hampe1873 #M1,(I) \(<=$Wallroth1???) \TS:Encalypta vulgaris$Hedwig1??? =Streptocarpus $Poech1851 #M2,(I) \(+P$Lindley1828(Magnoliopsida/Gesneriaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Encalyptaesporites $Nagy1968 #M1,(I) *BPannon@Hong *I:Neog@Hong \{spores} \TS:E. pliocenicus$< ************************* * Buxbaumiales \("Buxmaumiidae) ************************* BUXBAUMIACEAE $Schwaegrichen1930 #[4/] *Rec : Buxbaumia $Hedwig1801 #P,S14,N,M15,I *Rec@wide,!gem-NH {/kaboutermos} \TS:B. aphylla$< Diphyscium $Mohr1803 #N,S22,M34,I *Rec@gem,NH {/dwergmos} \("DIPHYSCIACEAE$Fleischer1919) \TS:Buxbaumia foliosa$Hedwig1??? ==Diphas $Rafinesque1817 #(I) \TS:??? ==Hymenopogum $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #(I) \TS:Buxbaumia foliosa$Hedwig1??? =Diphascum $Eat.1??? #M1 \TS:??? Pseudotimmiella $Bizot1980 #N,M1,I \(~Diphyscium^Pottiaceae) \(?:) \TS:P. pocsii$< : Theriotia $Cardot1904 #S2,N,M2,I *Rec@O-Az \(DIPHYSCIACEAE) \TS:T. lorifolia$< Muscoflorschuetzia $Crosby1978 #P,S1,N,M1,I *Rec@Chili \TS(+R Florschuetzia$Crosby1977) =Florschuetzia $Crosby1977 #M1,(I) \(+P$Germeraad&Hopping;&Muller1969;(Magnoliopsida/Santalaceae)) \TS:F. pilmaiquen$< ************************* * Pottiales *Tat-Rec ************************* POTTIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P~80/ *Rec@cosm *Rec TIMMIELLOIDEAE $??? \(^Trichostomoideae) Timmiella $Limpricht1888 #N,13,M24,I *Rec@NAm,ZAm,EurAz,Afr %aride,bergen \(=$DeNotaris1866(+^A)) \^^Trichostomum/ \TS($Limpricht1???):Barbula anomala$Bruch&Schimper1;??? ERYTHROPHYLLOPSOIDEAE $??? \(^Trichostomoideae) Erythrophyllopsis $Brotherus1916 #N,1,M4,I *Rec@Andes:Boli,Arge %hoog,vochtigeStenen \TS:E. boliviana$< Erythrophyllastrum $??? #1,M1 *Rec@Andes:Colom,Peru %3700-4000,vochtigeStenen \TS:??? GERTRUDIELLOIDEAE $??? \(^Trichostomoideae) Gertrudiella $Brotherus1925 #N,1,M2,I *Rec@Boli %300-3200,opStenen,vrijDroog \TS(+R Gertrudia$Herzog1916) ==Gertrudia $Herzog1916 #M2,(I) \(+P$Schumann1900(Magnoliopsida/Flacourtiaceae)) \TS:G. validinervis$< CHIONOLOMOIDEAE $??? \(^Trichostomoideae) Chionoloma $Dixon1922 #N,3,M9,I *Rec@Burma,Thai,Male,Born %kalksteen \TS:C. induratum$< Pseudosymblepharis $Brotherus1924 #N,11,M18,I *Rec@trop,warmgem %opGrond,rots,bast,!kalk \TS(+NYD) Pachyneuropsis $Miller1970 #N,1,M1,I *Rec@Luzon \TS(+R Pachyneurum$Bartram1939) ==Pachyneurum $Bartram1939 #(I) \(+P$Bunge1839(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:P. bartlettii$< TRICHOSTOMOIDEAE $??? \(TRICHOSTOMACEAE) Calymperastrum $??? #1,M1 *Rec@W-Aus \TS:??? Eucladium $Bruch&Schimper1846; #N,1,M12,I *Rec@EurAz,N-,Z-Afr,NAm,Mexi %nat,kalksteen,!waterval {/tufmos} \TS:Weissia verticillata$Bridel1??? Trichostomum $Bruch1829 #N,130,M495,I *Rec@wide(^Ant) %opGrond,rots,!kalk,organischMateriaal {/haartandmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:T. brachydontium$< =Oxystegus $Hilpert1933 #N,(2),M28,I \(=$Lindberg1???>Limpricht1888(+^A)) \^^Trichostomum/ \TS($Hilpert1???):Weissia cylindrica$Bruch1???>Bridel Tuerckheimia $Brotherus1910 #N,4,M9,I *Rec@ZO-USA,Alas,Mexi,MAm,O-Az %vochtig,kalk \TS:T. guatemalensis$< Streptocalypta $MuellerHal1879 #N,3,M4,I *Rec@Mexi,Boli,Arge,Natal %opGrond,rots,bergachtig \TS:S. lorentziana$< Pleurochaete $Lindberg1864 #N,4,M5,I *Rec@NAm,MAm,ZAm,Eur,N-,M-Afr,MidO,Az %droog,opGrond,rots,!kalk,boomwortels {/hakig kronkelbladmos} \(+NomRej vs Tortella$(Lindberg1???)Limpricht1888) \TS:Barbula squarrosa$Bridel1??? Calyptopogon $Brotherus1902 #N,1,M6,I *Rec@Z-ZAm,NZ,Tasm \(=$Mitten1879(+^A)) \(^Pottioideae) \^^Streptopogon/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Barbula mnioides$Schwaegrichen1??? Tortella $Limpricht1888|(MuellerHal1849)Limpricht1888 #N,53,M107,I *Rec@wide %opGrond,rots,organischSubstraat {/kronkelbladmos} \(+NomCons) \(=$Lindberg1???(+^A)) \^^Barbula/ \TS($Limpricht1???):Barbula caespitosa$Schwaegrichen1??? . =Melophyllum $Herzog1939 #I \TS:??? MERCEYOIDEAE $??? TETRACOSCINODONTIEAE $??? Tetracoscinodon $BrownTer1897 #1,M2 *Rec@NZ %nat,kalksteen \TS:??? =Tetracocinodon $Brown1895 #(I) \TS:T. hectori$< BRYOERYTHROPHYLLEAE $??? \(^Trichostomoideae) Dialytrichia $Limpricht1888 #N,1,M5,I *Rec@Eur,N-Afr,O-,Z-Az %nat,kalksteen {/riviermos} \(=$Schimper1864(+^A)) \^^Barbula/ \TS($Brotherus1902):Barbula mucronata$Bridel1??? Rhexophyllum $Herzog1916 #N,1,M2,I *Rec@ZW-USA,Mexi,Andes:(Boli,Peru) %bergen,opGrond,rotsen,bomen \TS:R. laciniatum$< =Neocardotia $Theriot&Bartram1931; #M1,I \(?^Trichostomaceae) \TS:Tortula subnigra$Mitten1??? Morinia $Cardot1910 #N,3,M7,(I) *Rec@Mexi,NAm,N-Andes:(Vene,Ecua,Colom) %hoog,opGrond,rots,bast \(?Mironia) \^^Barbula \(+P$Berlese&Bresadola1889;(mitosporicFungi/{Melanconiales});+P Morina$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Morinaceae)) \TS:??? Bryoerythrophyllum $Chen1941 #N,27,M43,I *Rec@cosm {/oranjesteeltje} \TS(+R Erythrophyllum$(Lindberg>Braithwaite)Loeske1908) ==Erythrophyllum $Loeske1908 #M24,(I) \(=$Lindberg1???>Braithwaite1887(+^A)) \^^Barbula/ \(+P$Agardh1872(Rhodophyceae/Crossocarpaceae)) \TS:Weissia recurvirostra$Hedwig1??? ==Erythrobarbula $Steere1951 #M12,(I) \TS:Weissia recurvirostra$Hedwig1??? Pseudocrossidium $Williams1915 #N,16,M19,I *Rec@Am,Eur,MidO,Afr,AusAz %bergen,opGrond,rots \TS:P. chilense$< LEPTODONTIEAE $??? \(^Trichostomoideae) Triquetrella $MuellerHal1897 #N,9,M22,I *Rec@Span,ZAfr,Calif,Z-ZAm,Aus,Tasm,NZ %droog,mediterraan,opGrond,rots \TS(+NYD) Reimersia $Chen1941 #N,1,M1,I *Rec@India,Nepal,China,Fili %nat,2000-3000,opGrond,kalksteen \TS:Gymnostomum inconspicuum$Griffith1??? Hymenostylium $Bridel1827 #N,18,M56,I *Rec@Am,Eur,Az,Afr,Aus,Az %!kalksteen,bomen,langsRivier,beek,waterval \TS:Gymnostomum xanthocarpum$Hooker1??? Trachyodontium $Steere1986 #1,M1 *Rec@Ecua %~2650,gras,boomstronken \TS:??? Streptotrichum $Herzog1916 #N,1,M1,I *Rec@Boli %3400,bamboe \TS:S. ramicolum$< Leptodontiella $Zander&Hegewald1976; #N,1,M1,I %600-4236,rots,boom,struik \TS:Leptodontium apiculatum$Zander1??? Leptodontium $Lindberg1864(?1865) #N,39,M156,I *Rec@trop %bergen,mistwouden,opGrond,zureRots,bomen,struiken {/rietdakmos} \(<=$Hampe1???) \(=$MuellerHal1849(+^A)) \^^Trichostomum/ \TS($Hampe1???>Lindberg):Didymodon squarrosum$Hooker1??? =Williamsiella $Britton1909 #M1,I \TS(+R Williamsia$Brotherus1909) ==Williamsia $Brotherus1909 #M1,(I) \(+P$Merrill1908(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:Syrrhopodon tricolor$Williams1??? BARBULEAE $??? Anoectangium $Schwaegrichen1811 #N,47,M155,I *Rec@trop,Arct %bergen \(+NomCons) \(^Pleuroweisioideae) \TS:A. compactum$< =Anictangium $Hedwig1801 #M26,(I) \(+NomRej vs Anoectangium) \TS(+NYD) =Pleurozygodon $Lindberg1878 #M2,(I) \TS(+NYD) Gyroweisia $Schimper1876 #N,6,M27,I *Rec@NAm,Eur,MidO,Afr,China %dunneGrondOpKalksteen {/voegenmos} \(+NomCons) \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:Gymnostomum tenue$Hedwig1??? =Weisiodon $Schimper1856 #M1,(I) \(+NomRej vs Gyroweisia) \TS:Weissia reflexa$Bridel1??? Bellibarbula $Chen1941 #N,2,M3,I *Rec@Hima:Yunn,India,Appa,Mexi \TS(+NYD) Streptopogon $Mitten1851 #N,14,M30,I *Rec@Mexi--ZAm,M-,Z-Afr,Mad,Hawai %rots,boomtakken,stronken \(<=$Wilson1???) \(^Pottoideae) \TS($Wilson1???):Barbula erythrodonta$Taylor1??? Barbula $Hedwig1801 #N,205,M912,I *Rec@cosm %!opGrond,zureRots,kalksteen {/smaragdsteeltje} \(+NomCons) \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:B. unguiculata$< =Mollia $Lindberg1878 #M56,(I) \(<=$Schrank1???) \(+P$Martius1826(Magnoliopsida/Tiliaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Hydrogonium $Jaeger1880 #N,(8),M45,I \(=$MuellerHal1876(+^A)) \^^Trichostomum/ \TS(+NYD) =Semibarbula $Hilpert1933 #N,(1),M9,I \(<=$Herzog1???) \(~Trichostomaceae) \TS:Barbula indica$Bridel1??? =Streblotrichum $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #N,(3),M19,I \TS:Barbula convoluta$Hedwig1??? Gymnostomum $Nees&Hornschuch1823; #N,24,M217,I *Rec@wide %koelVochtig,opRots,!kalksteen,zureRots \(+NomCons) \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:G. calcareum$< Scopelophila $Lindberg1873("1872") #N,3,M10,I *Rec@Am,Eur,M-Afr,Az,Hawai %bergen,opGrond {/ertsmos} \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \(^Trichostomoideae) \^^Weissia/ \TS($Spruce1???):Encalypta ligulata$Spruce1??? ==Merceya $Schimper1876 #N,(1),M24,I \(^"MERCEYOIDEAE) \TS:Encalypta ligulata$Spruce1??? Gymnostomiella $Fleischer1904 #N,6,M8,I *Rec@Z-,O-Az,Aus,N-,M-Afr,subtrop-,trop-NAm,MAm,WInd,Braz %kalksteen _ECyanobacteria \(^Splachnaceae/Splachnobryoideae) \TS:Gymnostomum vernicosum$Hooker1??? =Gymnomitriella $Sakurai1??? #M1 \TS:??? Didymodon $Hedwig1801 #N,M393,I {/dubbeltandmos} \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:D. rigidulus$< =Dactylhymenium $Cardot1909 #M1,(I) \(+missp:Dactylymenium$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:D. pringlei$< =Didymodum $PalisotDeBeauvois1??? #M4 \TS:??? =Limneria $Stirton1915 #M1,(I) \TS:L. viridula$< =Husnotiella $Cardot1909 #N,(1),M9,I \TS:H. revoluta$< =Trichostomopsis $Cardot1909 #N,(1),M10,I \TS:T. crispifolia$< =Asteriscium $Hilpert1933 #M14,(I) \(=$Mueller1???(+^A)) \(+P$Chamisso&Schlechtendal1826;(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS($Hilpert1???):Barbula fuscula$MuellerHal1??? . Vittia $Ochyra1987 #M1 \(VITTIACEAE^Gymnostomum) \TS:??? POTTIOIDEAE $??? HYOPHILEAE $??? \(^Trichostomoideae) Hypnodontium $??? #2 *Rec@Z-Afr %opGrond,rots,boomstronk \TS:??? Hymenostyliella $Bartram1939 #N,3,M5,I *Rec@Fili,India,Braz %nat,rots \TS:Hymenostylium involutum$Cardot&Theriot1;??? Molendoa $Lindberg1878 #N,15,M28,I *Rec@bergen:wide(^Aus^Ant),Arct %!opGrond,rots,!kalk,nat,vochtig \(^"PLEUROWEISIOIDEAE) \TS($Lindberg1???>Limpricht):Hedwigia hornschuchiana$Hooker1??? Pleuroweisia $Schliephacke1885 #N,M1,I \(<=$Limpricht1???) \(~Molendoa^"PLEUROWEISIOIDEAE) \TS:P. schliephackei$< Hyophila $Bridel1827 #N,88,M195,I *Rec@trop,gem %vochtig,nat,opGrond \TS(+R Rottleria$Bridel1826) ==Rottleria $Bridel1826 #M1,(I) \(+P Rottlera$Willdenow1797(Magnoliopsida/Burseraceae)) \TS:Gymnostomum javanicum$Nees&Blume1;??? =Macroglossum $Hilpert1933 #M2,(I) \(+P$Copeland1909(Polypodiopsida/Marattiaceae)) \(^TRICHOSTOMACEAE) \TS:??? Plaubelia $Bridel1826 #3,M3,(I) *Rec@ZW-,ZO-USA,Mexi,MAm,WInd,Vene,Braz,ZAfr,Burma %opRots,grond,!kalk \(+NomRej vs Trichostomum$Bruch1829) \TS:P. tortuosa$< Teniolophora $Reese1962 #N,1,M1,I *Rec@PRic,Haiti %vochtig,rots \(?~Calymperaceae) \(=Teniola$Reese1960(+^A)) \TS:Calymperes fluviatile$Williams1??? Weissia $Hedwig1801 #N,92,M352,I *Rec@wide(^Ant) %opGrond {/paarlmos} \TS:W. controversa$< ==Simophyllum $Lindberg1871 #M2,(I) \TS:??? =Rechingerella $Froehlich1963 #M1,(I) \(+P Rechingeriella$Petrak1940(Pyrenomycetes/Zopfiaceae)) \TS:R. macedonica$< =Astomum $Hampe1837 #N,(11),M77,I \TS(+NYD) ==Systegium $Schimper1860 #M28,(I) \TS:??? =Hymenostomum $Brown1819 #N,(16),M96,I {/vliesjesmos} \TS:Gymnostomum microstomum$Hedwig1??? Viridivella $??? \(?~Weissia) \TS:??? Weissiodicranum $Reese1991 #1,M1 *Rec@PRic,Jama,GalE %hoog-middelhoog,opGrond \TS:??? Quaesticula $Zander1993 #1,M1 *Rec@Mexi,WInd %!opRots,palmboom,stronk,bijBergstroom,waterval \TS:??? Ganguleea $Zander1989 #1 *Rec@Hima:(India,Nepal),O-Braz %bergen,opGrond,rots \TS:??? Weisiopsis $Brotherus1921 #N,7,M18,I *Rec@Z-,O-Az,Mexi,MAm,Braz,M-,Z-Afr,Mad %opRots,grond \TS(+NYD) Luisierella $Theriot&Varde1936; #N,1,M3,I *Rec@ZO-Az,Mexi,MAm,WInd,Braz,Japan,Java %kalksteen \(^Pottioideae) \TS:L. pusilla$< Stegonia $Venturi1883 #N,3,M6,I *Rec@Eur,N-Afr,W-NAm,Mexi %opGrond \(^Pottioideae) \TS:Weissia latifolia$Schwaegrichen1??? ==Hyalophyllum $Warnstorf1913 #M1,(I) \TS:??? Crossidium $Juratzka1882 #N,13,M24,I *Rec@wide %aride,opRots,grond \(+NomCons) \(^Pottioideae) \TS:Barbula squamigera$Viviani1??? =Chloronotus $Venturi1868 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Crossidium) \TS(+NYD) Pterygoneurum $Juratzka1882 #N,12,M19,I *Rec@wide %droog,opRots,!grond {/plaatjesmos} \(^Pottioideae) \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Pterigoneurum$<) \TS:Gymnostomum ovatum$Hedwig1??? =Pharomitrium $Schimper1860 #M2,(I) \(+NomRej vs Pterygoneurum) \TS:Gymnostomum subsessile$Bridel1??? ==Fiedleria $Rabenhorst1848 #M2,(I) \(+missp:Fiedlera$Hagen1910#(I)) \(+P$Reichenbach1844(Magnoliopsida/Caryophyllaceae)) \TS:Gymnostomum subsessile$Bridel1??? Globulinella $Steere1946 #N,2,M3,I *Rec@ZW-USA--(Mexi,MAm)--Ecua %bergen,droog,opGrond \TS(+R Globulina$(MuellerHal1???)Brotherus1902) ==Globulina $Brotherus1902 #M2,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1900(+^A)) \^^Seligeria/ \(+P$Link1820(Zygophyceae/Zygnemataceae)) \TS($Brotherus1???):Seligeria globifera$Hampe1??? Aloina $Kindberg1882 #N,12,M24,I *Rec@Am,EurAz,N-,Z-Afr,Aus,NZ %opRots,!grond {/aloemos} \(+NomCons) \(^Pottioideae) \(=$MuellerHal1???) \TS:Trichostomum aloides$Schultz1???(<=Koch) =Aloidella $DeVenturi1868 #(I) \(=$DeNotaris1862(+^A)) \(+NomRej vs Aloina) \^^Tortula/ \TS(+NYD) Aloinella $Cardot1909 #N,7,M9,I *Rec@ZAm,Mexi %hoog,opGrond \(^Pottioideae) \TS:??? ? Erpodiopsis $MuellerHal1890 #N,M1,I \(~Bryum~Stegonia~Phascum) \TS:E. kilimandscharica$Mueller1??? POTTIEAE $??? Leptobarbula $Schimper1875 #N,1,M3,I *Rec@MidZ:(Eur,MidO,N-Afr) \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS(+NYD) Tetrapterum $Hampe1848("1849") #N,8,M11,(I) *Rec@ZAm,Aus,Tasm,Z-Afr %droog,opGrond \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS(+NYD) Trachycarpidium $Brotherus1901 #N,5,M6,I *Rec@Braz,M-Afr,Aus,NCal,NG %opGrond \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:Ephemerella verrucosa$Bescherelle1??? Aschisma $Lindberg1878 #N,2,M6,I *Rec@MidZ--M-NAm %droog,!opGrond,onderDoorschijnendeStenen \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS(+NYD) Bryoceuthospora $Crum&Anderson1959; #N,2,M2,I *Rec@Mexi,Ango %opGrond \(^Trichostomoideae) \(~Ephemeraceae) \TS(+R Ceuthospora$Crum&Anderson1958;) ==Ceuthospora $Crum&Anderson1958; #M1,(I) \(+P$Greville1826(mitosporicPyrenomycetes/?:)) \(~Ephemeraceae) \TS:Ephemerum mexicanum$Bartram1??? Uleobryum $Brotherus1906 #N,3,M3,I *Rec@WInd,Mexi,Peru,Braz,Aus %opGrond \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:U. peruvianum$< Tortula $Hedwig1801 #P>100,N,163,M659,I *Rec@wide %!opGrond {/sterretje} \(+NomCons vs +P$Willdenow1800(???/????)) \(+~Mollia) \TS(+TypCons):T. subulata$Hedwig1??? =Neobarbula $Dusen1905 #M1,(I) \TS:N. magellanica$< =Pachyneurum $Amann1912 #M5,(I) \(+P$Bunge1839(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Desmatodon $Bridel1818 #N,M108,I {/krijt-kleimos} \(~Tortula) \TS:Dicranum latifolium$Hedwig1??? =Zygotrichia $Bridel1826 #M2,(I) \TS:Barbula leucostoma$Brown1??? Phascum $Hedwig1801 #N,(10),M129,I {/knopmos} \(<=$Linnaeus1???) \(~Tortula) \TS:P. cuspidatum$< =Cycnea $Berkeley1863 #M1,(I) \(+P Cycnia$Griffith1854(Magnoliopsida/Rosaceae)) \TS:Phascum curvicollum$Hedwig1??? =Lydiaea $Lazarenko1959 #M1 \TS:??? =Pottiella $Gams1948 #M2,(I) \(=$Limpricht1885(+^A)) \^^Phascum/ \TS(+NYD) Pottia $Fuernrohr1829 #P>100,N,(30),M210,I {/kleimos} \(=$Ehrhart1???>Reichenbach1828(+^A)) \(~Tortula) \^^Gymnostomum/ \TS($Bruch&Schimper1;???):Gymnostomum truncatum$Hedwig1??? =Anacalypta $Leman1816 #N,M26,(I) \(<=$Roehling1???) \TS($Nees&Hornschuch1;???):Encalypta lanceolata$Hedwig1??? =Beccaria $MuellerHal1872 #M2,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Beckettia $MuellerHal1898 #M1,(I) \TS:B. bruchioides$< =Bryella $Berkeley1963 #M1,(I) \TS:Phascum rectum$Withering1??? =Dendia $Brown1898 #M1,(I) \TS:D. maritima$< =Dermatodon $Huebener1833 #M7,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Hennediella $Paris1896 #20,M24,(I) *Rec@~wide,!gem-ZH %opGrond,rots,!nat \TS(+R Hennedia$Brown1893) ==Hennedia $Brown1893 #M3,(I) \(+P Hennedya$Harvey1855(Rhodophyceae/Acrotylaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Mildeella $Limpricht1885 #N,M1,(I) \TS:Phascum bryoides$Dickson1??? ==Mildea $Warnstorf1904 #M1,(I) \(+P$Grisebach1866(Magnoliopsida/Piperaceae)) \TS:Phascum bryoides$Dickson1??? =Physedium $Bridel1826 #M2,(I) \(~Funariaceae) \(+NomRej vs Ephemerella$MuellerHal1848) \TS:Phascum splachnoides$Hornschuch1??? Willia $MuellerHal1890 #N,3,M6,I *Rec@ZH %!kust,!rots,boomstronk \TS:W. grimmioides$< Saitoella $Menzel1992 #1,M1 *Rec@Peru,Ecua,Mexi %hoog,opGrond,vulkanischGesteente \TS:??? Microbryum $Schimper1860 #13,M14,(I) *Rec@gem:wide %!aride,!opGrond \TS:Phascum floerkeanum$Weber&Mohr1;??? Crumia $Schofield1966 #N,1,M1,I *Rec@ZW-Cana,W-USA %opRots,grond,!kalk,!nat \TS:Merceya latifolia$Kindberg1??? Dolotortula $Zander1989 #1,M1 *Rec@Mexi,WInd,MAm,Andes %middelhoog,opGrond,!kalk \TS:??? Phascopsis $Stone1980 #N,1,M1,I *Rec@Z-,W-Aus,NZ %aride,opKlei,kalk,zand,grond \TS:P. rubicunda$< Stonea $Zander1989 #1,M1 *Rec@Z-Aus %droog,opGrond,kalk \TS:??? Acaulon $MuellerHal1847 #N,15,M36,I *Rec@gem:wide %droog,opGrond {/bol knopmos} \TS:Phascum muticum$Hedwig1??? ==Sphaerangium $Schimper1860 #M16,(I) \(~Weissia) \TS:??? Sarconeurum $Bryhn1902 #N,1,M2,I *Rec@!Ant,ZZ-ZAm %opZand,lava \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS($Cardot&Bryhn1;???):Leptotrichum glaciale$MuellerHal1??? Chenia $Zander1989 #3,M4 *Rec@NAm,ZAm,Eur,O-Az,Aus %0-<3000 \TS:??? Syntrichia $Bridel1800,1801 #N,82,M116,I *Rec@wide,!(gem,droog) %opRots,grond,bast \TS($Weber&Mohr1;???):Barbula ruralis$Hedwig1??? Hilpertia $Zander1989 #2,M2 *Rec@NWTe,OM-Eur %opGrond \TS:??? Sagenotortula $Zander1989 #1,M1 *Rec@Mexi,Andes %vrijHoog \TS:??? . Merceyopsis $Brotherus&Dixon1910; #N,M18,I \(^"MERCEYOIDEAE) \TS(+NYD) Phasconica $MuellerHal1882 #N,M3,I \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:P. lorentzi$< Leptodontiopsis $Brotherus1916 #N,M4,I \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:L. fragilifolia$< Chrysoblastella $Williams1903 #N,M5,I \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:C. boliviana$< Hyophilopsis $Cardot&Dixon1911; #N,M5,I \(^Pottoideae) \TS:H. entosthodontacea$< Bryobrittonia $Williams1901 #PN,M2,I \(~Encalyptaceae^Pottoideae) \TS:B. pellucida$< CINCLIDOTOIDEAE $??? \("CINCLIDOTACEAE$Schimper1860) Cicclidotus $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #N,M15,(I) {/kribbenmos} \(?Cinclidotus) \TS:Trichostomum fontinaloides$Hedwig1??? ==Sekra $Lindberg1878 #M1,(I) \(<=$Adanson1???) \TS:Cicclidotus minor$Lindberg1??? . =Gymnostomum $Hedwig1801 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Nees&Hornschuch1823;(Bryopsida/Pottiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Tetrapterum $Jaeger1869 #I \(<=$Hampe1???) \(+P$Hampe1848(Bryopsida/Pottiaceae)) \TS:T. australe$Hampe1??? =Cavanillea $Borkhausen1809 #(I) \(+P$Medikus1787(Magnoliopsida/Malvaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Barnesia $Cardot1910 #M1,I \TS:B. tortelloides$< Geheebia $Schimper1876 #N,M2,I \TS($Boulay1???):Barbula gigantea$Funck1??? Neohyophila $Crum1966 #N,M4,I \TS(+R Hyophilopsis$Crum1965) ==Hyophilopsis $Crum1965 #(I) \(+P$Cardot&Dixon1911;(Bryopsida/Pottiaceae)) \TS:Barbula sprengelii$Schwaegrichen1??? Paraleptodontium $Long1982 #N,M1,I \TS:Bryum recurvifolium$Taylor1??? Prionidium $Hilpert1933 #N,M2,I \TS:Leptodontium setschwanicum$Brotherus1??? Pseudaloina $Delgadillo1983("1982") #N,M1,I \TS:P. woodii$< Saitoa $Zander1989 #M2 \TS:??? Spruceella $MuellerHal1900 #M1,(I) \(+NomIlleg) \(+P Sprucella$Stephani1886(Hepaticopsida/Lepidoziaceae)) \TS:Pottia octoblepharis$Jaeger1??? Stephanodictyon $Dixon1935 #N,M3,I \TS:S. borneense$< Ulea $MuellerHal1897 #M6,(I) \(+NomIlleg) \(+P$Schroeter1892(Teliomycetes/Uredinales/?:)) \TS:U. palmicola$< ? Kleioweisiopsis $Dixon1920 #N,M1,I \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:K. denticulata$< Entosthymenium $Bridel1827("1826") #N,M2,I \(~Desmatodon~Pottia) \TS:E. tristichum$< Rhamphidium $Mitten1869 #N,M23,I \(!Ditrichaceae^Trichostomoideae) \TS:Trichostomum macrostegium$Sullivant1??? Sebillea $Bizot1974 #NI \(!Dicranaceae/?Rhabdoweisia) \TS:S. brasiliensis$< Serpotortella $Dixon1942 #N,2,M4,I *Rec@Mad \("SERPOTORTELLACEAE$Reese&Zander1987;) \TS(+NYD) Tridontium $Hooker1840 #N,1,M2,I *Rec@NZ,Tasm,Auck,Macq %nat,kalk \(^Trichostomoideae) \TS:T. tasmanicum$< Tisserantiella $PotierDelaVarde1941 #N,M3,I \(!Rhachitheciaceae) \TS:T. spathulata$< Uleopsis $Theriot1936 #N,M1,I \TS:U. mamillosa$< ^ Arvildia $??? #N,M2 *N:Perm *^ \(~Trichostomaceae) \TS:??? CALYMPERACEAE $Kindberg1897 #P~10/ *Rec \(^Leucobryaceae"Syrrhopodontineae) LEUCOPHANOIDEAE $??? \(^Leucobryaceae) Leucophanes $Bridel1827 #PN,M65,I \TS:L. octoblepharioides$< OCTOBLEPHAROIDEAE $??? \(^Leucobryaceae) Octoblepharum $Hedwig1801 #PN,M46,I \TS:O. albidum$< ARTHROCORMOIDEAE $??? \(^Leucobryaceae) Arthrocormus $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #PN,M8,I \TS:Mielichhoferia schimperi$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Exodictyon $Cardot1899 #PN,M18,I \TS(+NYD) CALYMPEROIDEAE" Syrrhopodon $Schwaegrichen1824 #P>100,N,M435,I \TS:Calymperes gardneri$Hooker1??? ==Cleistostoma $Bridel1826 #M6,(I) \(^Hedwigiaceae/Cleistostomoideae) \TS:??? ==Kashyapia $Chopra1975 #(I) \TS(+R Cleistostoma$Bridel1826) =Heliconema $Ellis&Eddy1989; #M3 \(=$Mitten1???(+^A)) \(+P$Schopf1968(Cyanophyceae/Oscillatoriaceae)) \TS:??? =Orthotheca $Bridel1827("1826") #M3,(I) \TS:Bryum lycopodioides$Bridel1??? =Trachymitrium $Bridel1826 #M3,I \TS:Weissia ciliata$Hooker1??? Calymperopsis $Fleischer1913 #N,M24,I \(=$MuellerHal1900(+^A)) \^^Syrrhopodon/ \TS(+NYD) Hypodontium $MuellerHal1899 #N,M3,I \TS(+NYD) Mitthyridium $Robinson1975 #PN,M39,I \TS(+R Thyridium$Mitten1868) ==Thyridium $Mitten1868("1869") #M45,(I) \(+P$Nitschke1867(Pyrenomycetes/Thyridiaceae)) \TS:Syrrhopodon fasciculatus$Hooker&Greville1;??? Calymperes $Weber1814("1813") #P>100,N,M360,I \(<=$Swartz1???) \TS:C. lonchophyllum$Schwaegrichen1??? ==Cryphium $Leman1819 #(I) \(<=$PalisotDeBeauvois1???) \TS:??? . =Orthotheca $Pichon1946 #i1 \TS:??? Calymperidium $Dozy&Molkenboer1856; #N,M9,I \(~Syrrhopodon) \TS:C. muelleri$< Carinafolium $Williams1931 #M1,I \(^Leucobryaceae) \TS:C. tatei$< Exostratum $Ellis1985 #M4 \TS:??? Leucophanella $Cardot1915 #N,M11,I \(<=$Fleischer1???) \(=$Bescherelle1898(+^A)) \^^Syrrhopodon/ \TS(+NYD) BRYOBARTRAMIACEAE $Sainsbury1948 #P1/1 *Rec@Aus,ZAfr *Rec \(^Pottiaceae~Encalyptaceae) Bryobartramia $Sainsbury1948 #P1,SN,M2,I *Rec@Aus,ZAfr \TS:B. robbinsii$< ************************* * Dicranales *Tat-Rec * Dicranineae ************************* DICRANACEAE $Schimper1855 #P~45/ *Rec@NH,ZH,trop {/gaffeltandmossen} *Rec TREMATODONTOIDEAE $??? Bruchia $Schwaegrichen1824 #N,M48,I \("BRUCHIACEAE$Schimper1855~Dictrichaceae) \TS:B. vogesiaca$< ==Saproma $Bridel1826 #M1,(I) \TS:Bruchia vogesiaca$Schwaegrichen1??? Wilsoniella $MuellerHal1881 #N,M11,I \TS:W. pellucida$< =Teretidens $Williams1903 #M1,(I) \TS:T. flaccidus$< Trematodon $Michaux1803 #N,M127,I {/langhalsmos} \(~Ditrichaceae) \TS:T. longicollis$< =Stirtonia $Brown1900 #M1,(I) \TS:S. mackayi$< . Eobruchia $Buck1979 #N,M2,I \(BRUCHIACEAE) \TS:Brachyodus bruchioides$Mueller1??? Cladophascum $Dixon1926 #N,M1,I \(^Pottiaceae) \TS:Angstroemia gymnomitrioides$Dixon1??? ANISOTHECOIDEAE $??? Pseudephemerum $Hagen1910 #N,M4,I {/vals kortsteeltje} \(=$Lindberg1865(+^A)) \(~Ditrichaceae) \^^Pleuridium/ \TS($Hagen1???):Phascum axillare$Smith1??? =Nanomitriopsis $Brotherus1909 #M2,(I) \(<=$Cardot1???) \(^Ephemeraceae) \TS:N. longifolia$Cardot1??? Anisothecium $Mitten1869 #N,M58,I {/greppelmos} \TS(+NYD) Polymerodon $Herzog1910 #N,M1,I \TS:P. andinus$< Aongstroemiopsis $Fleischer1904 #N,M1,I \TS:Pottia julacea$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? CAMPYLOPODIOIDEAE $??? Microdus $Bescherelle1872 #N,M86,I \(<=$Schimper1???) \TS(+NYD) =Leptotrichella $Lindberg1865 #M1,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1848(+^A)) \^^Seligeria/ \TS($Lindberg1???>Brotherus):Weissia miqueliana$Montagne1??? =Leptotrichum $Mueller1847|Hampe1847 #M103,(I) \(<=$Hampe1???) \(+P$Corda1842(mitosporicFungi/{Hyphomycetes})) \(?^Ditrichaceae) \TS(+NYD) Dicranum $Hedwig1801 #PN,M882,I *Rec@NH {/gaffeltandmos} \TS:D. scoparium$< =Cecalyphum $Palisot1804(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #M20,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Dicranodon $Behere1827 #M8,(I) \(^~{Dicranaceae|Fissidentaceae}) \TS(+NYD) Campylopodium $Bescherelle1873 #N,M27,I \(=$MuellerHal1848(+^A)) \^^Angstroemia/ \TS:Angstroemia euphoroclada$MuellerHal1??? Microcampylopus $Fleischer1904 #N,M13,I \(=$MuellerHal1899(+^A)) \^^Campylopus/ \TS:Dicranum subnanum$MuellerHal1??? Campylopodiella $Cardot1908 #N,M8,(I) \TS:C. tenella$< Campylopus $Bridel1818 #PN,M876,I *Rec@trop {/kronkelsteeltje} \TS:Dicranum flexuosum$Hedwig1??? =Carpoecia $Venturi1881 #M1,(I) \TS:Campylopus polytrichoides$DeNotaris1??? =Orthopus $Wulfsberg1876 #M1,(I) \TS:Campylopus brevifolius$Schimper1??? =Thysanomitrion $Schwaegrichen1823 #M73 \(?Thysanomitrium) \TS($Schwaegrichen1???):Campylopus richardi$Bridel1??? =Thysanomitriopsis $MuellerHal1897 #M1,I \TS:T. pilopogon$< Pilopogon $Bridel1826 #N,M49,I \TS:Didymodon gracilis$Hooker1??? Dicranodontium $Bruch&Schimper1847; #N,M72,I {/priembladmos} \TS($Bruch&Schimper1;???):Didymodon longirostrus$Weber&Mohr1;??? PARALEUCOBRYOIDEAE $??? Paraleucobryum $Loeske1907 #N,M9,I \(=$Lindberg1???>Limpricht1886(+^A)) \^^Dicranum/ \TS($Loeske1???):Dicranum longifolium$Hedwig1??? Brothera $MuellerHal1901(?1900) #N,M4,I \TS:B. ankerkronae$< DICRANOIDEAE $??? Cnestrum $Hagen1915 #N,M3,I \TS:Weissia schisti$Wahlenberg1??? Oreas $Lindberg1878 #N,M5,(I) \(<=$Bridel1???) \(+P$Chamisso&Schlechtendal1826;(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:O. mielichhoferi$Bridel1??? Cynodontium $Bruch&Schimper1856; #N,M63,(I) \(+NomCons) \^^Fissidens \TS(+NYD) =Cynodontiella $Bryhn1892 #M2,(I) \(=$Limpricht1886(+^A)) \^^Cynodontium/ \TS($Bryhn1???):Dicranum alpestris$Wahlenberg1??? =Diobelon $Hampe1871 #M8,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Gongronia $Hagen1915 #M1,(I) \TS:Fissidens strumifera$Hedwig1??? Oreoweisia $Notaris1869 #N,M27,I \(=$Bruch&Schimper1846;(+^A)) \(~Pottiaceae/Uleopsis) \^^Weissia/ \TS($DeNotaris1???):Weissia serrulata$Funck1???>Bridel =Cynodontium $Bruch&Schimper1846; #M17,I \^^Dicranum \(+P$Bridel1806(Bryopsida/Ditrichaceae);+suppr vs$Bruch&Schimper1856;(Bryopsida/Dicranaceae)) \TS($Schimper1???):Fissidens polycarpus$Hedwig1??? Dichodontium $Schimper1856 #N,M39,I {/beeksterretje} \(^"Diobelon) \^^Dicranum/ \TS:Dicranum pellucidum$Hedwig1??? Dicranoweisia $Milde1869 #N,M51,I {/sikkelsterretje} \(<=$Lindberg1???) \(^Seligeriaceae) \TS:Weissia cirrata$Hedwig1??? ==Pseudoweissia $Krause1920 #(I) \TS:??? =Hymenoloma $Dusen1905 #M5,(I) \(?^Seligeraceae) \TS:H. nordenskjoeldii$< Pseudohyophila $Hilpert1933 #N,1,M1,I \(>Dicranoweisia^Grimmiaceae^Pottiaceae) \TS:Hyophila peruviana$Williams1??? Holodontium $Brotherus1924 #N,M7,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Dicranum/ \TS(+NYD) Camptodontium $Dusen1905 #N,M4,I \TS:C. brotheri$< =Bryoporteria $Theriot1933 #M1,(I) \TS:B. chilensis$< Oncophorus $Bridel1826 #N,M53,I \(=$Bridel1819(+^A)) \^^Dicranum/ \TS($Bridel1???):Dicranum virens$Hedwig1??? =Austinella $Williams1911 #M1,I \TS:Syrrhopodon rauei$Austin1??? Symblepharis $Montagne1837 #N,M32,I \TS:S. helicophylla$< =Gyrophyllum $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #M1,(I) \TS:Dicranum reinwardtii$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Holomitrium $Bridel1826 #N,M93,I \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Olomitrium$< corr$Endlicher1836) \TS(+TypCons):Trichostomum perichaetiale$Hooker1??? ==Sprucea $Wilson&Hooker1845; #M1,(I) \TS:??? Eucamptodontopsis $Brotherus1924 #N3,I \TS:Eucamptodon piliferus$Mitten1??? Arctoa $Bruch&Schimper1846; #N,M8,I \TS:Bryum fulvellum$Dickson1??? Kiaeria $Hagen1915 #N,M8,I \^^Dicranum/Falcata$Bruch&Schimper1847; \TS(+NYD) Orthodicranum $Loeske1910 #N,M13,I \(=$Bruch&Schimper1851;(+^A)) \^^Dicranum/ \TS(+NYD) ==Scytalina $Hagen1915 #M2,(I) \TS:??? Platyneuron $Brotherus1924 #N,M1 \(=$Cardot1???(+^A)) \(?Platyneurum) \TS:??? Chorisodontium $Brotherus1924 #N,M25,I \(=$Mitten1869(+^A)) \^^Dicranum/ \TS(+NYD) Dicranella $Schimper1856 #N,M322,I {/pluisjesmos} \(=$MuellerHal1848(+^A)) \^^Aongstroemia/ \TS:D. grevilleana$(Bridel1???)Schimper=Dicranum schreberi var grevilleanum$Bridel1??? =Bartleya $Robinson1966 #M1,(I) \TS:B. ohioensis$< =Campylochaetium $Bescherelle1872 #M1,(I) \TS:C. mexicanum$< Hygrodicranum $Cardot1911 #N,M3,I \TS:H. falklandicum$< Schliephackea $MuellerHal1875 #N,M2,I \TS:S. prostrata$< Dicranoloma $Renauld1898("1897") #PN,M180,I *Rec@ZH \^^Leucoloma/ \(=$Renauls1901) \TS($Paris1???):Dicranum platyloma$Bescherelle1??? Leucoloma $Bridel1827(|1829) #PN,M249,I *Rec@trop \(+NomCons) \TS:Hypnum bifidum$Bridel1??? ==Macrodon $Arnott1826 #(I) \(+suppr vs Leucoloma) \TS:??? =Poecilophyllum $Mitten1869 #M12,(I) \TS(+NYD) Dicnemoloma $Renauld1898("1897") #N,M13,I \(?~Sclerodontium) \^^Leucoloma/ \(=$Renauld1901) \TS(+NYD) Braunfelsia $Paris1894 #N,M14,I \TS(+R Solmsia$Hampe1872(Magnoliopsida/Thymelaeaceae)) ==Solmsia $Hampe1872 #M2,(I) \(+P$Baillon1871(Magnoliopsida/Thymelaeaceae)) \TS:Holomitrium enerve$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Brotherobryum $Fleischer1914 #N,M4,I \TS:B. dekockii$< Parisia $Brotherus1906 #N,M3,I \TS:P. neocaledonica$< Sclerodontium $Schwaegrichen1824 #N,M6,I \(+NomRej vs Leucoloma$Bridel1827) \TS:Leucodon pallidus$Hooker1??? . =Walkeria $Hornschuch1825 #(I) \(+P$Miller1???>Ehret1764(Magnoliopsida/Nolanaceae)) \TS:Trichostomum leucoloma$Bridel1??? =Angstroemia $Bruch&Schimper1846; #(I) \TS:Weissia longipes$Sommerfelt1??? =Bizotia $Pierrot1974 #(I) \TS:Paraleucobryum densifolium$Theriot1??? =Platyneurum $Brotherus1924 #I \(=$Cardot1908(+^A)) \^^Dicranum/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Dicranum laticostatum$Cardot1??? =Thysanomitrion $Schwaegrichen1823 #I \^^Campylopus \TS:??? Aongstroemia $Bruch&Schimper1846; #N,M186 \TS:??? =Illecebraria $Hampe1865 #M1,I \TS:Gymnostomum julaceum$Hooker1??? Atractylocarpus $Mitten1869 #N,M22,I \(+NomCons) \TS:A. mexicanus$< =Metzleria $Milde1869 #M11,I \(<=$Schimper1???) \(+NomRej vs Atractylocarpus) \(+missp:Metzlera$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:M. alpina$< ==Metzlerella $Hagen1915 #M11,(I) \TS:Metzleria alpina$Milde1???(<=Schimper) Breedlovea $Crum1986 #M1 *Rec@[Mexi] \TS:??? Bryohumbertia $Varde&Theriot1940; #N,M5,I \TS:B. metzlerelloides$< Bryotestua $Theriot&Varde1938; #N,M2,I \TS(+NYD) Cryptodicranum $Bartram1938 #N,M2,I \TS:C. setosum$< Holomitriopsis $Robinson1965 #N,M1,I \TS:Leucobryum laevifolium$Brotherus1??? Kingiobryum $Robinson1967 #N,M1,I \TS:K. paramicola$< Macrodictyum $Hegewald1979("1978") #N,M2,I \(=$Brotherus1924(+^A)) \^^Holomitrium/ \TS($Hegewald1???):Holomitrium wrightii$Sullivant1??? Maireola $Theriot&Trabut1927; #M1,I \TS:M. atlantica$< Megalostylium $Dozy&Molkenboer1848; #N,M1,I \^^Dicranum \TS:M. brevisetum$< Mitrobryum $Robinson1968 #N,M1,I \TS:M. koelzii$< Monocranum $MuellerHal1900 #M2,I \TS:M. dicranoides$< Muscoherzogia $Ochyra1982 #N,M1,I \TS(+R Valdiviella$Theriot&Herzog1928;) ==Valdiviella $Theriot&Herzog1928; #M1,(I) \(+P$Schimper1907(Bacillariophyceae/?:)) \TS:V. paupercula$< Pilopogonella $Bartram1934 #M1,I \TS:Campylopus laevis$Taylor1??? Sphaerothecium $Hampe1865 #N,M3,I \TS($Hampe1???):Thysanomitrion phascoides$Hampe1??? Steyermarkiella $Robinson1965 #N,M1,I \TS:S. anomalodictya$< Thiemea $MuellerHal1881 #N,M1,I \TS:T. hampeana$< =Beddomiella $Dixon1922 #M1,(I) \(?^Pottiaceae) \TS:B. funarioides$< ^ Dicranites $Klebs1907 #M5,(I) *^ *I:Tert@Balt \{leaves} \TS(+NYD) RHABDOWEISIACEAE $Limpricht1886 #P3/ *Rec \(^Orthotrichales~Dicranaceae/"RHABDOWEISIOIDEAE) Rhabdoweisia $Bruch&Schimper1846; #PN,M21,I \TS:Weissia fugax$Hedwig1??? Rhabdoweisiella $Williams1917 #PN,M1,I \TS:R. papillosa$< Amphidium $Schimper1856 #PN,M18,I \(+NomCons vs$Nees1819(???/????)) \(^Orthotrichaceae) \TS:??? ==Hymenostylium $Garovaglio1840 #(I) \(<=$Hampe1???) \(+P$Bridel1827(Bryopsida/Pottiaceae)) \TS:??? ==Amphoridium $Schimper1860 #M20,(I) \(+P$Massalongo1852(Pyrenomycetes/Verrucariaceae)) \(?Amorphidium) \TS:Anictangium lapponicum$Hedwig1??? ==Cylicocarpus $Lindberg1863 #M2,(I) \(?^Dicranaceae) \TS(+R Amphoridium$Schimper1860) NANOBRYACEAE $SchultzeMotel1969 #P1/1,S1/ *Rec@M-,Z-Afr *Rec \(~Dicranaceae) Nanobryum $Dixon1922 #P1,SN,M3,I *Rec@M-,Z-Afr \(?>Aongstroemia>Dicranella) \TS:N. dummeri$< DITRICHACEAE $Limpricht1887 #P~17/ *Rec@cosm--Ant *Rec {/smaltandmossen} DITRICHOIDEAE $??? Pleuridium $Rabenhorst1848 #N,M58,I {/kortsteeltje} \(+NomCons) \TS:Phascum subulatum$Hedwig1??? Sporledera $Hampe1837 #M15,(I) \(?~Bruchia) \TS:S. beyrichiana$< Cladastomum $MuellerHal1898 #N,M3,I \TS:C. ulei$< Garckea $MuellerHal1845 #N,M9,I \TS:G. phascoides$< Eccremidium $Hooker&Wilson1846; #N,M7,I \TS(+NYD) Astomiopsis $MuellerHal1882 #N,M8,I \TS(+NYD) =Melophyllum $Herzog1939 #M1 \(^Pottiaceae) \TS:M. radiculosum$< Trichodon $Schimper1856 #N,M6,I \TS:Trichostomum cylindricum$Hedwig1??? Ditrichum $Hampe1867 #P~60,N,M155,I {/smaltandmos} \(+NomCons) \^^Didymodon \TS:??? ==Diaphanophyllum $Lindberg1863 #M11,(I) \(+suppr vs Ditrichum) \TS:??? =Aschistodon $Montagne1845 #M2,(I) \(+NomRej vs Ditrichum) \TS:A. conicus$< =Lophiodon $Hooker&Wilson1844; #M4,(I) \(+NomRej vs Ditrichum) \TS:L. strictus$< Philibertiella $Cardot1914 #N,M2,I \TS:P. ditrichoidea$< ==Austrophilibertiella $Ochyra1996 #(I) \TS:??? . =X Pleuriditrichum $Andrews&Hermann1959; #(I) \Pleuridium$Bridel1818-1819 x Ditrichum$Hampe1867 ? Pringleella $Cardot1909 #N,M3,I \(~Dicranaceae) \TS:??? CERATODONTOIDEAE $??? \(~Dicranaceae) Saelania $Lindberg1878 #N,M4,I \TS($Brotherus1???):Trichostomum glaucescens$Hedwig1??? Ceratodon $Bridel1826 #PN,M55,I *Rec@cosm--Ant {/purpersteeltje} \TS:Dicranum purpureum$Hedwig1??? Cheilothela $Brotherus1901 #PN,M9,I \(<=$Lindberg1???) \TS(+NYD) DISTICHIOIDEAE $??? Tristichium $MuellerHal1879 #N,M4,I \TS:T. lorentzii$< =Tristichiopsis $MuellerHal1882 #M1,(I) \TS:T. mirabilis$< Distichium $Bruch&Schimper1846; #PN,M22,I {/visgraatjesmos} \(+NomCons) \TS:Cynontodium capillaceum$Hedwig1??? =Cynodon $Bridel1819 #M6,(I) \(+P$Richard1805(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \(~{Ditrichaceae|Pottiaceae}) \TS(+NYD) =Swartzia $Bridel1801 #M8,(I) \(+P$Schreber1791(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Cynontodium $Hedwig1801 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Distichium) \TS(+NYD) Pseudodistichium $Cardot1905 #N,M6,I \TS:P. austro-georgicum$Cardot1??? Skottsbergia $Cardot1905 #N,M1,I \TS:S. paradoxa$< . =Cleistocarpidium $Ochyra&BednarekOchyra1996; #(I) \TS:Phascum palustre$Bruch&Schimper1;??? =Cynodontium $Bridel1806 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Bruch&Schimper1856;(Bryopsida/Dicranaceae)) \TS($Bruch&Schimper1;???):Dicranum bruntoni$Smith1??? =Pleuridium $Bridel1819 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Rabenhorst1848(Bryopsida/Ditrichaceae)) \TS:P. globiferum$< =Pringleella $Brotherus1924 #(I) \(+P$Cardot1909(Bryopsida/Ditrichaceae)) \TS:Cladastomum subulatum$MuellerHal1??? Bryomanginia $Theriot1931 #N,M2,I \TS:B. saint-pierrei$Theriot1??? Cygniella $Crum1986 #M1 *Rec@[Mexi] \TS:??? Ditrichopsis $Brotherus1924 #N,M2,I \TS:D. gymnostoma$< Pleuridiella $Robinson1963 #N,M1,I \TS:P. colei$< Pleuriditrichum $Andrews&Hermann1959; #N,M1 \TS:??? Strombulidens $Buck1981 #N,M1,I \TS:Cheilothela longirostre$Fleischer1??? ? Ditrichites $Kuc1974 #M1,(I) *I:MEoc@BrCo \TS:D. fylesii$< VIRIDIVELLERACEAE $Stone1976 #P1/1 *Rec@Quee *Rec Viridivellus $Stone1976 #P1,N,M1,I *Rec@Quee \TS:V. pulchellum$< BRYOXIPHIACEAE $Bescherelle1892 #P1/1 *Rec Bryoxiphium $Mitten1869 #P1,N,M5,I *Rec@Holarct \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Bryoziphium$< corr$Lindberg1878) \TS:Phyllogonium norvegicum$Bridel1??? =Eustichium $Bruch&Schimper1849; #M1,(I) \(+NomRej vs Bryoxiphium) \TS:Phyllogonium norvegicum$Bridel1??? EUSTICHIACEAE $Brotherus1924 #P1/few *Rec@O-,Z-Afr,ZAm,MAm--Mexi *Rec =DIPLOSTICHACEAE $??? Diplostichum $Montagne1845 #M10,(I) \TS:Pterigynandrum longirostrum$Bridel1??? ==Eustichia $MuellerHal1848|Mitten1869 #Pfew,N,M12,I *Rec@O-,Z-Afr,ZAm,MAm--Mexi \(=$Bridel1827(+^A)) \^^Phyllogonium/ \TS:??? =Cymbaria $Taylor1848 #M1,(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:??? SORAPILLACEAE $Fleischer1908 #P1/2 *Rec@W-ZAm,NG *Rec Sorapilla $Spruce&Mitten1869; #P2,N,M2,I *Rec@W-ZAm,NG \TS:S. sprucei$Mitten1??? PHYLLODREPANIACEAE $Crosby1970 #P2/few *Rec@trop *Rec \(?~Drepanophyllaceae) =DREPANOPHYLLACEAE $??? Phyllodrepanium $Crosby1970 #PN,M1,I *Rec@trop:Am \TS(+R Drepanophyllum$Schwaegrichen1823) ==Drepanophyllum $Schwaegrichen1823 #M6,(I) \(+P$Wibel1799(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS:Fissidens falcifolius$Swaegrichen1??? Mniomalia $MuellerHal1874 #PN,M5,I *Rec@trop:OW,Am \TS:Drepanophyllum semilimbatum$Mitten1??? . =Drepanophyllum $Hooker1819 #(I) \(+P$Wibel1799(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS:D. fulvum$< DICNEMONACEAE $Brotherus1924 #P3/~15 *Rec@AusAz,NCal,Z-ZAm *Rec Mesotus $Mitten1867 #PN,M2,I \TS:M. celatus$< Dicnemon $Schwaegrichen1824(?1826) #PN,M24,I \(?>Dicranum) \TS:Leucodon calycinus$Hooker1??? =Dicnemos $??? \TS:??? =Hollia $Sieber1826 #M1,(I) \TS:??? Synodontia $Brotherus1901 #PN,M12,I \(=$Duby1???>Bescherelle1873(+^A)) \^^Dicnemon/ \TS($Brotherus1???):Dicnemon spathoideus$Bescherelle1??? . Werneriobryum $Herzog1909 #N,M1,I \(?Wernerobryum)(WERNERIOBRYACEAE$Herzog1909) \TS:W. geluense$< ? Eucamptodon $Montagne1845 #PN,M14,I \TS:Weissia perichaetialis$Montagne1??? ************************* * Pleurophascineae ************************* PLEUROPHASCACEAE $Brotherus1906 #P1/1 *Rec@Tasm,NZ *Rec \("Pleurophascineae) Pleurophascum $Lindberg1875 #P1,SN,M2,I *Rec@Tasm,NZ \TS:P. grandiglobum$< ************************* * Leucobryineae ************************* LEUCOBRYACEAE $Schimper1855 #P4/~100 *Rec@!(trop,subtrop,Zgem)--O-Cana {/witmossen} *Rec \(~Dicranaceae) Ochrobryum $Mitten1869 #PN,M28,I \TS($Lindberg1???):Leucophanes gardneri$MuellerHal1844 Schistomitrium $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #PN,M15,I \TS:Syrrhopodon apiculatus$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Cladopodanthus $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #PN,M6,I \TS:C. pilifer$< =Spirula $Dozy&Molkenboer1846; #M1,(I) \TS:Syrrhopodon speciosus$Dozy&Molkenboer1;??? Leucobryum $Hampe1839 #PN,M191,I {/kussentjesmos} \TS($Schimper1???):Dicranum glaucum$Hedwig1??? =Cardotia $Cardot1899 #M2,(I) \(<=$Bescherelle1???) \TS($Bescherelle1???>Cardot):Leucobryum heterodictyon$Bescherelle1??? =Glaucodipsis $Schimper1837 #M1,(I) \TS:G. frigida$< ************************* * Fissidentales ************************* FISSIDENTACEAE $Schimper1855 #P4-5/~800 *Rec@[~cosm] *Rec Fissidens $Hedwig1801 #P~800,N,M1289,I *Rec@~cosm {/vedermos} \(^"Dicranodon) \TS:F. bryoides$< ==Schistophyllum $Lindberg1878 #M24,(I) \TS:??? ==Skitophyllum $BachelotDeLaPylaie1814(?Wijk&Margadant;&Florschuetz;) #M20,(I) \(?Skisophyllum) \TS:??? =Heterodon $Rafinesque1808 #M1,(I) \TS:H. bryoides$< =Fissidentella $Cardot1909 #M1,I \TS:F. perpusilla$< =Pachyfissidens $MuellerHal1848("1849") #M1,I \^^Fissidens/ \(=$Limpricht1887) \TS($Limpricht1???):Fissidens grandifrons$Bridel1??? =Polypodiopsis $Jager1876 #M1,(I) \(=$MuellerHal1875(+^A)) \^^Conomitrium/ \(+P$Carriere1867(Magnoliopsida/Proteaceae)) \TS($Jaeger1???):Conomitrium metzgeria$MuellerHal1??? =Simplicidens $Herzog1910 #M2,(I) \TS:S. andicola$< Moenkemeyera $MuellerHal1886 #N,M24,I \TS:M. mirabilis$< Octodiceras $Bridel1806 #N,M15,I {/ondergedoken vedermos} \TS:Cecalyphum semi-completum$PalisotDeBeauvois1??? ==Conomitrium $Montagne1837 #M118,(I) \(~Fissidens) \TS:??? Sainsburia $Dixon1941 #N,M1,I \TS:S. novae-zealandiae$Dixon1??? . =Osmundula $Rabenhorst1863 #(I) \TS:Fissidens osmundoides$Hedwig1??? ************************* * Seligeriales ************************* SELIGERIACEAE $Schimper1855 #P5-6/40-60 *Rec@NH,ZH *Rec \(?SELIGERACEAE) Blindia $Bruch&Schimper1846; #P20-40,N,M80,I *Rec@ZH \TS:Weissia acuta$Hedwig1??? =Blindiopsis $Bartram&Dixon1937; #M1,I \TS:B. immersa$< Brachydontium $Fuernrohr1827 #N,M7,I \("BRACHYODONTACEAE$Schimper1860) \TS:Gymnostomum trichodes$Weber1??? ==Brachyodon $Fuernrohr1827 #M3,(I) \TS:??? ==Brachyodus $Nees&Hornschuch;&Sturm1831; #M1,(I) \TS:??? Trochobryum $Breidler&Beck1885; #N,M1,I \TS:T. carniolicum$< Verrucidens $Cardot1908 #N,M5,I \TS:Blindia turpis$Cardot1??? Hymenolomopsis $Theriot1931 #N,M1,I \TS:H. tolucensis$< Seligeria $Bruch&Schimper1846; #P17,N,M50,I *Rec@!NH {/penseelmos} \TS:Weissia pusilla$Hedwig1??? =Anodus $Bruch&Schimper1846; #(I) \TS:Gymnostomum donianus$Smith1??? Stylostegium $Bruch&Schimper1846; #N,M1,I \TS:Gymnostomum caespiticium$Weber&Mohr1;??? ************************* * Grimmiales ************************* PTYCHOMITRIACEAE $Schimper1860 #P1/~50 *Rec@!trop,gem *Rec \(^Orthotrichales) Campylostelium $Bruch&Schimper1846; #N,M4,I \TS:Dicranum saxicola$Weber&Mohr1;??? Ptychomitrium $Fuernrohr1829 #P~50,N,M103,I *Rec@!trop,gem {/plooimuts} \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Pthychomitrium$< corr$Bruch&Schimper1837;) \TS($Bruch&Schimper1;???):Dicranum polyphyllum$Swartz1??? =Brachysteleum $Reichenbach1828 #M45,(I) \(+NomRej vs Ptychomitrium) \TS(+R Brachypodium$Bridel1826) ==Brachypodium $Bridel1826 #M2,(I) \(+P$PalisotDeBeauvois1812(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:Encalypta crispata$Hedwig1??? =Henoniella $Duby1877 #M1,(I) \(?^Dicranaceae) \TS:H. japonica$< =Notarisia $Hampe1837|Colla&Luigi1936;(=Colla&LuigiAloysius;) #M3,(I) \(+P$Colla1835(Bryopsida/Schistochilaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Glyphomitrium $Bridel1819 #N,M81,I \(~Orthotrichaceae) \TS:Bryum daviesii$Withering1??? =Aulacomitrium $MuellerHal1900("1901") #M8,(I) \(<=$Brotherus1???) \(+P$Mitten1891(Bryopsida/Orthotrichaceae)) \TS:A. warburgii$Brotherus1??? . Ptychomitriopsis $Dixon1931 #N,M1,I \TS:P. africana$< GRIMMIACEAE $Arnott1825 #P2/many *Rec SCOULERIOIDEAE $??? Scouleria $Hooker1829("1830") #N,M7,I \(+missp:Scoulera$Hagen1910#(I)) \TS:S. aquatica$< GRIMMIOIDEAE $??? Coscinodon $Sprengel1804 #N,M26,I \TS:C. pulvinatus$< Indusiella $Brotherus&MuellerHal1898; #N,M3,I \TS:I. thian-schanica$< Aligrimmia $Williams1903 #N,M1,I \TS:A. peruviana$< Grimmia $Hedwig1801 #Pmany,N,M658,I {/muisjesmos} \TS:G. plagiopoda$< =Apocarpum $Palisot1822(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #M1,(I) \TS(+NYD) =Gasterogrimmia $Sebille1901 #M5,(I) \(=$Schimper1856(+^A)) \^^Grimmia/ \TS(+NYD) =Guembelia $Hampe1846 #M27,(I) \TS:Grimmia elliptica$Funck1??? =Usmania $Lazarenko1970 #M1,(I) \TS:U. campylopodia$< . =Campylopus $Wahlenberg1826 #(I) \(+P$Bridel1818(Bryopsida/Dicranaceae)) \TS:??? =Hedwigia $Grindel1803 #(I) \(+P$Swartz1788(Magnoliopsida/Burseraceae);+suppr vs$PalisotDeBeauvois1804(Bryopsida/Hedwigiaceae)) \TS:Grimmia apocarpa$Hedwig1??? Racomitrium $Bridel1818("1819") #Pmany,N,M199,I {/bisschopsmuts} \(?Rhacomitrium) \TS:R. canescens$(Hedwig1???)<=Trichostomum canescens =Bucklandiella $Roivainen1972 #M1,I \TS(+R Bucklandia$Roivainen1955) ==Bucklandia $Roivainen1955 #M1,(I) \(+P$GrafVonSternberg1825(fossilCycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \TS:B. bartramii$< =Codriophorus $PalisotDeBeauvois1823 #M2,(I) \TS(+NYD) Schistidium $Bruch&Schimper1845; #N,M94,I {/achterlichtmos} \(+NomCons) \^^Grimmia \TS:??? =Schistidium $Bridel1818 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Bruch&Schimper1845;(Bryopsida/Grimmiaceae)) \TS:Gymnostomum pulvinatum$Hedwig1??? ==Anodon $Rabenhorst1848 #M2,(I) \TS:Gymnostomum pulvinatum$Hedwig1??? Coscinodontella $Williams1927 #N,M1,I \TS:C. bryanii$< Dryptodon $Bridel1826 #N,M41,I \TS(+NYD) Hydrogrimmia $Loeske1910 #N,M1,I \TS:Grimmia mollis$Bruch&Schimper;&Guembel1;??? Jaffueliobryum $Theriot1928 #N,M5,I \TS(+NYD) Leucoperichaetium $Magill1982("1981") #N,M1,I \TS:L. eremophilum$< ?: \(Grimmiaceae|Ditrichaceae) Trichostomum $Hedwig1801 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Bruch1829(Bryopsida/Pottiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) ************************* * . {Bryopsida} ************************* Muscites $Brongniart1828 #NX,M47,(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \(?>Grimmia) \TS:M. tournalii$< {(Pleurocarpae)} Hygrohypnidium $Kirchheimer1936 #N,M1,(I) *NI:BMioc@Duit \TS:Hypnum carbonarium$Ludwig1??? Palaeohypnum $Lindberg1872|Steere1946 #N,M8,(I) *N:Mioc@Oreg \TS:P. arnoldianum$Steere1??? COCHLEARIDIACEAE $??? Cochlearidium $Ochyra&Mahu1990; #M1,I \TS:C. aymaranum$< ************************* * ? {Bryopsida} ************************* Physodictyon $Kuetzing1849 #(I) \^^Algae \TS:P. graniforme$< Liopilus $Weber1814("1813") #(I) \(<=$Mohr1???) \TS(+NYD) Trachynotus $Cardot1904 #(I) \(=$MuellerHal1874(+^A)) \^^Leucophanes/ \TS($Cardot1???):Octoblepharum hispidulum$Mitten1??? Grevilleanum $Beck&Emmons1826; #M1,(I) \(+missp:Grevillea$Beck&Emmons1826;) \TS:G. serratum$< Pocsiella $Bizot1980 #N,M1,I \TS:P. hydrogonioides$< ^ Merceria $Smoot&Taylor1986; #M1,(I) *OPerm/BeaconSer/BuckleyFm@Ant *I:BPerm@Ant \TS:M. augustica$< Rhizinigerites $Gomankov&Mejen1986; #M1 *^ \TS:??? ************************* * ? {Bryophytina} ************************* Aerolindigia $Menzel1991 #M1 \TS:??? Aristovia $Ignatov1990 #M2 \TS:??? Bardunovia $Ignatov&Ochyra1995; #M1 \TS:??? Beeveria $Fife1992 #M1 \TS:??? Bryokhutuliinia $Ignatov1992 #M2 \TS:??? Bryolawtonia $Norris&Enroth1990; #M1 \TS:??? Bryostreimannia $Ochyra1991 #M1 \TS:??? Byssophora $??? #M1 \TS:??? Caduciella $Enroth1991 #M2 \TS:??? Ceuthotheca $Lewinsky1994 #M1 \TS:??? Chameleion $Ellis&Eddy1990; #M3 \TS:??? Chileobryon $Enroth1992 #M1 \TS:??? Chiuzbaia $Plamada&Givulescu1979; #M1,(I) *^@Roem *I:Mioc/Pannon@Roem \TS:C. tenella$< Corynotheca $Ochyra1990 #M1 \TS:??? Crumuscus $Buck&Snider1992; #M1 \TS:??? Cryptopapillaria $Menzel1992 #M5 \TS:??? Curvicladium $Enroth1993 #M1 \TS:??? Dicladiella $Buck1994 #M3 \TS:??? Diettertia $Brown&Robison1974; #M1,(I) *OKr@Mont *I:OKr@Mont \TS:D. montanensis$< Fallaciella $Crum1991 #M1 \TS:??? Fifea $Crum1991 #M1 \TS:??? Gomankovia $Ignatov1990 #M1 \TS:??? Gradsteinia $Ochyra1990 #M1 \TS:??? Hemitheca $Lindberg1880 #M2 \TS:??? Hyophiladelphus $Zander1995 #M1 \(=$Mueller1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Ignatievia $Ignatov1990 #M1 \TS:??? Inouethuidium $Watanabe1991 #M1 \TS:??? Maguireella $Buck1990 #M1 \TS:??? Meiotrichum $Merrill1992 #M1 \(=$Smith1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Microcrossidium $Guerra&Cano1993; #M1 \TS:??? Mironia $Zander1993 #M3 \TS:??? Neodicladiella $Buck1994 #M1 \(=$Noguchi1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Nobregaea $Hedenas1992 #M1 \TS:??? Orthodontopsis $Ignatov&Tan1992; #M1 \TS:??? Orthomitrium $LewinskyHaapasaari&Crosby1996; #M1 \TS:??? Ozobryum $Merrill1992 #M1 \TS:??? Papillidiopsis $Buck&Tan1989; #M9 \(=$Brotherus1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Paranapiacabaea $Buck&Vital1992; #M1 \TS:??? Pararhacocarpus $Frahm1996 #M1 \TS:??? Parathamnium $Ochyra1991 #M2 \(=$Fleischer1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Pendulothecium $Enroth&He1991; #M3 \TS:??? Philodora $??? #M1 \TS:??? Platybryopsis $Plamada&Givulescu1992; #M1 \TS:??? Protoochyraea $Ignatov1990 #M1 \TS:??? Pseudopilotrichum $Buck&Allen1994; #M3 \(=$Muller1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Puiggariopsis $Menzel1992 #M1 \TS:??? Radulina $Buck&Tan1989; #M5 \TS:??? Rhaphidorrhynchum $Fleischer1923 #M1 \(<=$Bescherelle1???) \TS:??? Servicktia $Ignatov1990 #M4 \TS:??? Sinskea $Buck1994 #M2 \TS:??? Sphagnites $Cookson1953 #M1 *^ \TS:??? Sporangites $Dawson1863 #(I) *I:Carb@NvSc \{spores,megaspores?} \TS:S. papillatus$< ==Sporites $Potonie1893 #M1,(I) *^ \{spores} \TS:??? Stanekia $Opiz1852 #M1 \TS:??? Stereisporites $Pflug1953 #M2,(I) *^ *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:Sporites stereoides$Potonie&Venitz1;??? ==Sphagnumsporites $Potonie1956 #M1,(I) *^ *I:Tert@Duit \(<=$Raatz1???) \{spores} \TS:??? Straminergon $Hedenas1993 #M1 \TS:??? Streimannia $??? #M1 \TS:??? Stylocomium $??? #M1 \TS:??? Terrestria $Peterson1994 #M1 \TS:??? Toloxis $Buck1994 #M3 \TS:??? Trachycladiella $Menzel1994 #M2 \(=$Fleischer1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Trichodontium $Fife1995 #M1 \(=$Dixon1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Triletes $Hammen1954(=VanDerHammen) #M1,(I) *^ *I:Kr-OTert@Colom \{spores} \(+P$Reinsch1881(fossilLycopsida/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Trilites $Couper1953 #M1,(I) *^ *I:Jura-Tert \(<=$Cookson1???) \{spores} \TS:T. tuberculiformis$Couper1???(+NomInval)(<=$Cookson1???) ==Trilitisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Trilites$Cookson1???>Couper1953) Viledia $Ignatov1990 #M1 \TS:??? ************************* * PROPTERIDOPHYTA

\("PSILOPHYTA"Psilopsida~Pteridophyta) * Rhyniopsida $Banks1975 %T *Gle,Ldf-Ems,Frs * Rhyniales $Banks1975 ************************* RHYNIACEAE $Kidston1920 #~10/ *X:Lok-Ems%T Ambitisporites $Hoffmeister1959 #H(I) *I:Sil \{spores} \TS:A. avitus$< Eorhynia $Istchenko1975 #(I) *I:BSil@Oekr \TS:E. primigenia$< Rhynia $Kidston&Lang1917; #N(I) *NI:Dev@Scho \TS:R. gwynne-vaughani$Kidston&Lang1;??? Uskiella $Shute&Edwards1989; #(I) *I:Dev/Siegen@Wales \TS:U. spargens$< ? Salopella $Edwards&Richardson1974; #X(I) *X:?Ldf@Vict *I:Dev/Ditton@Enge \{axis} \TS:S. allenii$< Hedeia $Cookson1935 #NX(I) *NI:Sil@Vict *X:?Ldf@Vict \{fructification} \TS:H. corymbosa$< Taeniophyton $Weyland&Berendt1968; #N(I) *NI:MDev@Duit \(+P$Felix1882(???/???)) \TS:T. inopinatum$< COOKSONIACEAE $??? \(~Rhyniaceae) Cooksonia $Lang1937 #X(I) *X':Gle/CloncannonF@Ierl *I:Dev/Downton@Enge \{axes with sporangia} \TS(+NYD) Hsuea $Li1982 #X(I) *X:Ems/XujiachongF@Yunn *I:Dev/Ems@Yunn \(?Hsua) \TS:Taeniocrada robusta$Li&Cai1;??? ? Dutoitia $Hoeg1931 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Dev@ZAfr \TS:D. pulchra$< Eogaspeciea $Daber1960 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Queb \{stem} \TS:E. gracilis$< Hicklingia $Kidston&Lang1923; #(I) *I:Dev@Scho \TS:H. edwardii$< Kaplunella $Senkevic1972 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Eifel@Kaza \TS:K. lissa$< Lepeocladus $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Oeral \{shoot} \TS:L. crassus$Zalesskij1??? Lerichea $Stockmans1968 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Belg \TS:L. krystofovitchii$< Loganella $Stolley1926 #N(I) *N:ODev@NwBr \{stem} \TS(+R Logania$Stolley1925) ==Logania $Stolley1925 #(I) *I:ODev@NwBr \{twigs} \(+P$Brown1810(Magnoliopsida/Loganiaceae)) \TS:L. canadensis$< Loganophyton $Kraeusel&Weyland1961; #N(I) *NI:ODev@NwBr \{stem,sporangium} \TS:L. dawsoni$< Lyonophyton $Remy&Remy1980; #N(I) *NI:ODev@Scho \{gametophyte?,thallus} \TS:L. rhyniensis$< Nothia $Lyon1964 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Scho \{leaf,stem,sporangium} \TS:N. aphylla$< Pertonella $??? #X \TS:??? Renalia $Gensel1976 #NX(I) *NI:ODev@Queb \TS:R. hueberi$< Retusotriletes $Naumova1953 #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \(~Zosterophyllales~Barinophytopsida~Lycopsida) \TS:R. simplex$< ==Retusisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Retusotriletes$Naumova1953) Sciadophyton $Steinmann1929 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Cana \{axes} \^^Annularia \TS:??? Sciadophyton $Kraeusel&Weyland1930; #N(I) *NI:ODev@Duit \{axes} \(+P$Steinmann1929(fossilRhyniopsida/Rhyniales/?:)) \TS:S. steinmannii$< Sporogonites $Halle1916 #N,M1,(I) *NI:Dev@Noor \{axes,?sporogonium of moss} \(~Bryopsida/Grimmiaceae) \TS:S. exuberans$< Steganotheca $Edwards1970 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Z-Wales \{reproductive,stem} \TS:S. striata$< Streelispora $Richardson&Lister1969; #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \TS:Granulatisporites newportensis$Chaloner&Streel1;??? Synorisporites $Richardson&Lister1969; #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \TS:S. downtonensis$< Taeniocrada $White1902 #NX(I) *NI:ODev@Penn *X:Frs/ChemungF@Penn \(+P$Karsten1886(???/???)) \TS:T. lesquereuxii$< Tarrantia $Fanning&Edwards;&Richardson1992; #(I) *I:Dev/OGedinn@Enge \{stem with sporangia} \TS:T. salopensis$< Yarravia $Lang&Cookson1935; #N(I) *N:Sil/OLud@Vict *I:Sil@Aus \{fructification} \TS(+NYD) ? Lepeocaulus $Zalessky1933 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Dev@NvZe \{stem} \TS:L. aphyllus$Zalesskij1??? Sartilmania $FaironDemaret1986 #(I) *I:Dev/BSiegen@Duit \(~{Rhyniopsida|Zosterophyllopsida}) \TS:Dawsonites jabachensis$Kraeusel&Weyland1;??? ************************* * Zosterophyllopsida $Banks1975 \(=Zosteropsida) * Zosterophyllales $Banks1975 #~10/30-40 ************************* ZOSTEROPHYLLACEAE $Krausel1938 *X:Lok,Pra-Eif,Frs%T Euthursophyton $Mustafa1978 #N(I) *NI:Dev/BEifel@Duit \{stem} \TS:E. hamperbachense$< Serrulacaulis $Hueber&Banks1979; #N(I) *NI:Dev/OFrs@NwYo \{axis,stem} \TS:S. furcatus$< Rebuchia $Hueber1970 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Wyom \{sporangium} \TS(+R Bucheria$Dorf1933) ==Bucheria $Dorf1933 #N(I) *N:ODev@Wyom *I:ODev \(+P$Heynhold1846(Magnoliopsida/Myrtaceae)) \TS:B. ovata$< Zosterophyllum $Penhallow1892 #NX(I) *NI:ODev@Scho \(+P$Pomel1847(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:Z. myretonianum$< Sawdonia $Hueber1971 #NX(I) *NI:Dev@Queb \{axes} \(~Asteroxylales/Asteroxylaceae) \TS:S. ornata$(Dawson1???)<=Psilophyton princeps var ornatum$Dawson1??? Anisophyton $Remy&Schultka;&Hass1986; #(I) *I:Dev/Ems@Duit \TS:A. gothanii$< Deheubarthia $Edwards&Kenrick;&Carluccio1989; #(I) *I:Dev/BGedinn@Z-Wales \TS:D. splendens$< Discalis $Hao1989 #(I) *I:Dev/BSiegen@Yunn \{fertile axis} \TS:D. longistipa$< Distichophytum $Maegdefrau1938 #(I) *I:ODev@Duit \{sporangia} \TS:D. mucronatum$< Tarella $Edwards&Kenrick1986; #(I) *I:Dev/Siegen@Wales \TS:T. trowenii$< Thrinkophyton $Kenrick&Edwards1988; #(I) *I:Dev/Breconian@Wales \TS:T. formosum$< GOSSLINGIACEAE" \(~Zosterophyllaceae) Gosslingia $Heard1927 #NX(I) *NI:ODev@Z-Wales \{aerial stem,rhizome,sporangium} \(~Psilotopsida) \TS:G. breconensis$< ? Bathurstia $Hueber1972("1971") #(I) *I:Dev/Siegen@Cana/BathurstE \{stems with sporangia} \TS:B. denticulata$< Crenaticaulis $Banks&Davis1969; #(I) *I:ODev/BEms@Queb \TS:C. verruculosus$< Oricilla $Gensel1982 #(I) *I:Dev/Ems@NwBr \TS:O. bilinearis$< ************************* * Trimerophytales $Banks1975 \("Trimeropsida$Banks1975"Trimerophytopsida) \(=Psilophytales) ************************* TRIMEROPHYTACEAE $Banks1975 *X:Pra-Ems,Eif%T =PSILOPHYTACEAE $??? Oocampsa $Andrews&Gensel;&Kasper1975; #N(I) *NI:MDev@NwBr \{sporangium} \(~{Progymnospermopsida|Trimerophytopsida}) \TS:O. catheta$< Pertica $Kasper&Andrews1972; #NX(I) *NI:Dev/?ODev@Maine \TS:P. quadrifaria$< Trimerophyton $Hopping1956 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Queb \{axes} \TS:Psilophyton robustius$Dawson1??? Barsassia $Zalessky1933 #N(I) *NI:BDev@USSR \{stem} \TS:B. ornata$< Orestovia $Ergolskaia1936 #N(I) *NI:Dev@USSR \{stem} \(~fossilAlgae) \TS(+NYD) Protosawdonia $Istchenko1975 #(I) *I:BSil@Oekr \(PSILOPHYTACEAE) \TS:P. prima$< Psilophyton $Dawson1859 #NX(I) *NI:Dev@Queb *X:Pra@Wales;OOEms@Belg,Cana;Eif@Maine \(PSILOPHYTACEAE) \TS(+NYD) ? Arthrostigma $Dawson1871 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Queb \TS:A. gracile$< Uralia $CirkovaZalesskaja1957 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Givet@Oeral \{stem,sporangia} \TS:U. bella$< Paulophyton $Dolianiti1954 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Braz \{sporangium} \TS:P. sommeri$< ? Apiculiretusispora $Streel1964 #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \TS:A. brandtii$< Tursuidea $Schweitzer1987 #(I) *I:Dev/OEms@Duit \TS:T. paniculata$< ************************* * Horneophytopsida $Nemejc1960 * Horneophytales $Nemejc1960 \("Rhyniales) ************************* HORNEOPHYTACEAE $Nemejc1960 *X:Pra%T Horneophyton $Barghoorn&Darrah1938; #NX(I) *NI:MDev@Scho *X:Pra/RhynieChert@Scho \(?~Chytridiales) \TS(+R Hornea$Kidston&Lang1920;) ==Hornea $Kidston&Lang1920; #N(I) *NI:Dev@Scho \(+P$Baker1877(Magnoliopsida/Sapindaceae)) \TS:H. lignieri$< Emphanisporites $McGregor1961 #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \TS:E. rotatus$< ************************* * ? ************************* Blasaria $Zalesskij1934 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Sibe \TS(+NYD) Cancellus $Derville1951 #(I) *I:^@Fran \TS(+NYD) ==Palaeocancellus $Derville1952 #N(I) *NI:^@Fran \TS:??? Dichophyton $Radcenko1962 #(I) *I:MDev@W-Sibe \TS:D. typicum$Petrosjan&Kovbasina1;??? Dicranophyton $Zalesskij1937 #(I) *I:Dev@Oeral \{stems} \TS:D. niayssiense$< Eohostimella $Schopf1966 #N(I) *NI:OSil@N-Maine \TS:E. heathana$< Gusichia $CirkovaZalesskaja1957 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Giv@USSR \{stem,sporangium} \TS:G. furcata$< Hoegia $Stockmans1968 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Belg \(+P$Townrow1957(fossilPteridospermophyta/?:)) \TS:H. filiformis$< Ilemorophyton $Stepanov1972 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Giv@USSR \TS:I. asiaticum$< Niayssia $Zalesskij1937 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Oeral \{stem} \TS:N. plumata$< Niayssioidea $Stockmans1968 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Belg \TS:N. belgica$< Parapsilophyton $Senkevic1972 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Eif@Kaza \TS:P. balkhashensis$< Pseudouralia $Petrosjan1962 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Givet@W-Sibe \TS:Uralia sibirica$Petrosjan1??? Psilodendrion $Hoeg1942 #(I) *I:Dev@Spit \{stems with branches} \TS:P. spinulosum$< Psilophytites $Hoeg1952 #N(I) *NI:Dev \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Reimannia $Arnold1935 #N(I) *NI:MDev@NwYo \{stem} \TS:R. aldenense$< Schuguria $CirkovaZalesskaja1957 #(I) *I:Dev@USSR \{stems with cuticle} \TS:S. ornata$< Scougouphyton $Termier&Termier1951; #(I) *I:Dev/Eif@M-Maro \TS:S. abdallahense$< Sennicaulis $Edwards1981 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Siegen@Wales \{axes,stem} \TS:S. hippocrepiformis$< Stolbergia $Fairon1966 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Couvin@Duit \TS:S. spiralis$< Thursophyton $Nathorst1915 #(I) *I:MDev@Noor,Scho \{stems} \TS(+NYD) Tirasophyton $Istchenko1974 #(I) *I:Dev/(Siegen-Ems)@USSR \{branches} \TS:Tomiphyton europaeum$Istchenko1??? Tomiphyton $Zalesskij1937 #(I) *I:Dev@USSR \{branches} \TS:T. primaevum$< Wattieza $Stockmans1968 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Belg \{stem} \TS:W. givetiana$< ? Blosenbergia $Gothan1939 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Duit \{stem?} \TS:B. gallwitziana$< Changyanophyton $Sze1952 #(I) *I:BDev@China \TS:C. hupeiense$< Himantophyton $Matthew1913 #N(I) *NI:Sil@Z-NwBr \TS:H. castorense$< Mosellophyton $Schaarschmidt1974 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Duit \{stem,twigs} \TS:M. hefteri$< Protarthrophyton $Istchenko1975 #(I) *I:BSil@Oekr \TS:P. primitivum$< Sacheocladus $Zalesskij1937 #(I) *I:Dev@Oeral \{fructification} \TS:S. ambiguus$< Zavaljella $Istchenko1975 #(I) *I:BSil@Oekr \TS:Z. verticillata$< ************************* * PTERIDOPHYTA

$Bessey1880 #M38/232/9800 * Barinophytopsida \("Psilopsida~Progymnospermopsida) * Barinophytales $Hoeg1967 ************************* BARINOPHYTACEAE $Hoeg1967 *X:Pra-Ems,Fam,Ivo%T Barinostrobus $Kraeusel&Weyland1941; #NX(I) *NI:BDev@Maine \{cone} \TS:Carpolithes spicatus$Dawson1??? Krithodeophyton $Edwards1968 #NX(I) *NI:ODev@Z-Wales \{stem,fructification} \TS:K. croftii$< Pectinophyton $Hoeg1935 #NX(I) *NI:MDev@W-Noor \{leaf,sterile and fertile branches} \TS:P. norvegicum$< Protobarinophyton $Ananev1955 #NX(I) *N:ODev@USSR *I:ODev@O-Sibe \{axes,sporangia} \(?^Zosterophyllopsida) \TS:P. obrutschevii$(Ananev1???)Ananev(+NomInval) BARRANDEINACEAE $??? \(~Barinophytaceae) Barrandeinopsis $Kristofovic1955 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Z-Sibe \{?stem} \TS:B. beliakovii$< Barrandeina $Stur1882 #N(I) *N:MDev@Bohe *I:Sil@Bohe \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Broeggeria $Nathorst1914 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Eur/Noor \TS:B. norvegica$< Cymbosporites $Allen1965 #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \TS:C. cyathus$< Duisbergia $Kraeusel&Weyland1929; #N(I) *NI:Dev@Duit \TS:D. mirabilis$< Phyllothecotriletes $Ljuber1955 #H(I) *I:Paleozoic \{spores} \TS:P. nigretellus$Ljuber&Val;'c>Ljuber ************************* * Lycopsida $Scott1909 #3/6/1230 {clubmosses} \("LYCOPODIOPHYTINA$Reveal1996,"LYCOPODIOPHYTA$Scott1909,"Lycopodiatae) \(=Lycopodiopsida$Bartl.1830) * Drepanophycales $PichiSermolli1958 \("Drepanophycopsida) ************************* ASTEROXYLACEAE $??? \("Zosterophyllopsida/Asteroxylales~Zosterophyllales~Zosterophyllaceae) Asteroxylon $Kidston&Lang1920; #N(I) *NI:Dev@Scho \TS:A. mackiei$< Kaulangiophyton $Gensel&Kasper1969; #N(I) *NI:ODev@N-Maine \{axes?,stem} \TS:K. akantha$< Polyxylon $Read&Campbell1939; #N(I) *NI:Dev@Ky \{stem} \(~Psilotopsida) \TS:P. elegans$< DREPANOPHYCACEAE $Krausel1949 *X:Lud,Lok,Pra,Giv,Frs%T Baragwanathia $Lang&Cookson1935; #NX(I) *N:Sil/OLud@Vict *I:Sil@Vict \{sporangia,stem} \TS:B. longifolia$< Drepanophycus $Goeppert1852 #NX(I) *NI:Dev@WDuit \{stem} \TS:D. spinaeformis$< Lidasimophyton $Senkevic1961 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Kaza \{stem} \TS:L. akkermensis$Senkevic1???(+NomInval) Tastaephyton $Senkevic1959 #N(I) *NI:BSil@Kaza \TS:T. bulakus$< Protolycopodites $Weyland&Berendt1968; #N(I) *NI:MDev@Duit \{leaf Sporangium} \TS:P. devonicus$< BOTHRODENDRACEAE $??? #/15 \(~Lepidodendrales~Drepanophycaceae) Arthrocladion $Sauveur1848 #N(I) *N:Carb@Belg \{stem?} \TS:A. rhodii$< Bothrodendron $Lindley&Hutton1833; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge {Stem} \TS:B. punctatum$< Bothrostrobus $Zalesskij1904 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Belg *I:Carb@Fran,USSR \(<=$Nathorst1???) \{cone} \TS:Lepidostrobus olryi$Zeiller1??? ************************* * Protolepidodendrales $PichiSermolli1958 #5/15/60 \(~Lepidodendrales"Protolepidophytales) ************************* PROTOLEPIDODENDRACEAE $Krausel1949 *X:Pra,Ems-Chd,Ksk-Ass,Sak%T Archaeosigillaria $Kidston1901 #N(I) *NI:BDev@NwYo \{stem,rhizome} \TS:Sigillaria vanuxemi$Goeppert1??? Estinnophyton $FaironDemaret1978 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Siegen@Belg \TS:E. gracile$< Leclercqia $Banks&Bonamo;&Grierson1972; #N(I) *NI:MDev@NwYo \TS:L. complexa$< Sugambrophyton $Schmidt1954 #NX(I) *N:Dev@Duit \TS:S. pilgeri$< Brasilodendron $Chaloner&Leistikow;&Hill1979; #NX(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{stem} \(~Lycopodiopsidaceae) \TS:Flemingites pedroanus$Carruthers1??? Colpodexylon $Banks1945 #(I) *I:OBDev \TS:C. deatsii$< Diplolepidodendron $LejalNicol1975 #(I) *I:ODev@Libye \{axis} \TS:D. costulatum$< SUBLEPIDODENDRACEAE $??? \(~Lepidodendrales) Precyclostigma $LejalNicol1975 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Libye \{stem} \TS:P. tadrartense$< Pseudolepidodendropsis $Schweitzer1969 #N(I) *N:BDev@BeerE \{stem} \TS:Lepidodendron carneggianum$Heer1??? ? Valmeyerodendron $Jennings1972 #N(I) *NI:Carb/MMiss@Illi \TS:V. triangularifolium$< ARCHAEOSIGILLARIACEAE $??? Gilboaphyton $Arnold1937 #N(I) *N:MDev@NwYo \Middle Devonian \TS:G. goldringiae$< ELEUTHEROPHYLLACEAE $Krausel1949 *X:Cho-Mrd%T Eleutherophyllum $Stur1877 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{stem} \TS:Equisetites mirabilis$Sternberg1??? Zimmermannia $Gothan&Zimmermann1932; #N(I) *NI:BDev@Polen \{stem} \(+P$Pax1910(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS:Z. eleutherophylloides$< ? Fodiodendron $Roy&Matten1989; #(I) *I:Carb/OMiss@Ky \{stem} \TS:F. defractus$< Linietta $Roy&Matten1989; #(I) *I:Carb/OMiss@Ky \{stem} \TS:Lepidodendron novalbaniense$Read&Campbell1;??? LEPIDOSIGILLARIACEAE $??? \(~Lepidodendrales) Lepidosigillaria $Kraeusel&Weyland1949; #N(I) *NI:BDev@NwYo \{stem} \TS:L. whitei$< Libyaria $LejalNicol1975 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Libie \{stem} \TS:L. devoniense$< ************************* * Lycopodiales $Dumortier1829|Potonie1899 \("Lycopodiidae$Knobl.1890) ************************* LYCOPODIACEAE $Mirbel1802 #P2/501,m2-5/>100,4/281,M4/380 *m:Rec@trop,gem *M:Rec@cosm *X:Eif,Hlk,Pod-Mya,Rht-Ber,Rec%T,Te {/wolfsklauwen} \(<=$Beauv.1???) \("Lycopodiineae$Rabenh.1849) \groenblijvend Lycopodium $Linnaeus1753 #m>100,N,M40,+^,IB,i408 *mM:Rec@trop,gem(Eur:#M5) {clubmosses/wolfsklauw} \("LYCOPODIEAE$Duby1828,"LYCOPODIOIDEAE$Eaton1833) \TS:L. clavatum$< ==Lepidotis $Mirbel1802 #(MIB),i7 \(<=$PalisotDeBeauvois1???) \TS($PalisotDeBeauvois1???):Lycopodium clavatum$Linnaeus1??? ==Copodium $Rafinesque1817 #(IB) \TS:??? =Acrostachys $Herter1??? #(B) \TS:??? =Austrolycopodium $Holub1991 #(B),i1 \TS:??? =Diphasiastrum $Holub1975 #(mM)I(B),i8 \TS:Lycopodium complanatum$Linnaeus1??? =Diphasium $Rothmaler1944 #(M)I(B),i13 \(<=$Presl1???) \TS:D. jussiaei$(Desvaux>Poiret)Presl>Rothmaler=Lycopodium jussiaei$Desvaux1???>Poiret =Lycopodiastrum $Holub1983 #(M)I(B) \TS:Lycopodium casuarinoides$Spring1??? =Phlegmariurus $Holub1964 #(I),i2 \(=$Herter1909(+^A)) \^^Lycopodium/Urostachys/ \TS:Lycopodium phlegmaria$Linnaeus1??? =Pseudodiphasium $Holub1983 #(M)I(B) \TS:Lycopodium volubile$Forster1??? =Pseudolycopodium $Holub1983 #(M)I(B) \^^Lepidotis \TS:P. densum$(Rothmaler1???)< Huperzia $Bernhardi1801(?1802) #(m),N,M~300,IB,i214 *M:Rec@~cosm(Eur:#M1) \(~Lycopodium,"HUPERZIACEAE$Roth.1962) \TS($Bernhardi1???>Schrank&Martius;):Lycopodium selago$Linnaeus1??? ==Plananthus $Mirbel1802 #(IB),i3 \(<=$PalisotDeBeauvois1???) \TS($PalisotDeBeauvois1???):Lycopodium selago$Linnaeus1??? ==Selago $Schur1866 #(IB) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:??? ==Urostachys $Herter1922 #(IB),i263 \TS:Lycopodium selago$Linnaeus1??? =Selago $Hill1757 #(IB) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \(~Lycopodium) \TS:"Selago erecta abietiformus$Hill"(+NomInval) Lycopodiella $Holub1964 #(m),N,M40,IB,i32 *M:Rec@gem,trop(Eur:#M2) %vochtig \(~Lycopodium) \TS:Lycopodium inundatum$Linnaeus1??? =Lateristachys $Holub1983 #(M)I(B),i0 \TS:Lycopodium laterale$Brown1??? =Palhinhaea $Franco&Vasconcellos1967; #(MIB),i6 \TS:Lycopodium cernuum$Linnaeus1??? =Pseudolycopodiella $Holub1983 #(MIB),i6 \TS:Lycopodium carolinianum$Linnaeus1??? Phylloglossum $Kunze1843 #m1,N,M2,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Aus,NZ \("PHYLLOGLOSSACEAE$Kunze1843) \TS:P. drummondii$< ^ Lycopodiacidites $Couper1953 #H(I) *I:Jura \{spores} \TS:L. bullerensis$< ==Lycopodiacidisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Lycopodiacidites$Couper1953) Lycopodites $Brongniart1822 #NX(I) *X:Eif@Duit \(?^Coniferophyta) \TS(+NYD) Lycosisporites $??? #H \TS:??? Lycopodiumsporites $Delcourt&Sprumont1955; #H(I) *I:Kr-Tert \{spores} \TS:Sporites agathoecus$Potonie1??? ==Lycopodiumisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Lycopodiumsporites$Delcourt&Sprumont1955;) Lycoxylon $Srivastava1944(?1937) #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{stem} \TS:L. indicum$< Omphalophloios $White1898 #N(I) *N:Penn@Misso *I:Penn \{stem} \TS:O. cyclostigma$< ? Psilotites $Muenster1820 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Duit \(=$Braun1???(+^A)) \TS:P. filiformis$Muenster1??? LYCOPODIOPSIDACEAE $??? Azaniadendron $Rayner1986 #(I) *I:OPerm@Trsnv \TS:A. fertile$< Lycopodiopsis $Renault1890 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{stem} \(?^Lycopodiaceae) \TS:L. derbyi$< ? Bedheimia $Schuster1933 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Duit \TS:B. ruehleidelilienstern$< Cantheliophorus $Bassler1919 #N(I) *NI:Penn \{cone Sporangium} \TS(+NYD) Caragandites $Zalesskij1933 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Kirg \{bark,stem} \TS:C. rugosus$< Gaussia $Chachlof1934 #(I) *I:BCarb@Sibe \(+P$Wendland1865(Liliopsida/Arecaceae)) \TS:G. scutellata$Nejburg1??? Grammaephloios $Harris1935 #(I) *I:Rht@O-Groe \{leafy shoot} \TS:G. icthya$< Hirsutocarpon $Maslov1957 #N(I) *NI:Dev@USSR/WitR \{fructification} \TS:H. extensum$< Kazakhiodendron $Borsuk1956 #N(I) *NI:MCarb@Kaza \{bark,stem} \TS:K. karagandense$< Lycomeia $Dobruskina1985 #(I) *I:OTr@Rusl \{strobilus} \TS:Pleuromeia rossica$Neuburg1??? Lycopodiophloios $Kraeusel1961 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{stem} \TS:L. dolianitii$< Lycostrobus $Nathorst1908 #N(I) *N:^@Zwed *I:Rhr@Zwed \{cone} \TS:Androstrobus scotti$Nathorst1??? Maroesia $Jongmans&Gothan1935; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Suma \{stem} \TS:M. rhomboidea$< Oxroadia $Alvin1965 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \TS:O. gracilis$< Phialophloios $Hoerich1916 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{stem} \TS:P. quadratus$< Pholidophloios $Zalessky1934 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \{stem,bark} \TS:P. calmiusicus$Zalesskij1??? Phytokneme $Andrews&Read;&Mamay1971; #N(I) *NI:BDev@Ky \{stem} \TS:P. rhodona$< Pleuromeya $Giebel1853 #(I) *I:OTr@Duit \(<=$Corda1???) \{stem} \TS:Sigillaria sternbergii$GrafZuMuenster1??? Prolepidodendron $Arnold1939 #N(I) *N:BDev@Penn *I:BDev \{leaf} \TS:Trochophyllum breviinternodium$Arnold1??? Protasolanus $Hoerich1920 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{stem} \TS:P. wieprechti$< Siberiodendron $Radcenko1955 #(I) *I:OCarb@USSR \{stem} \TS:S. elongatum$< Stansburya $Tidwell&Jennings1986; #(I) *I:Carb/ $Prantl1874,Potonie1899 \("Selaginellidae$Knobl1890,"Selaginellopsida$Frank1874) ************************* SELAGINELLACEAE $Willkes1861 #P1/700,m1/600,1/751,M1/700 *m:Rec@!trop,warm,gem *M:Rec@cosm *X:Fam,Hlk-Asb,Mel-Dor,Crn,Rht,Ber,Rec%T {/mosvarens} \(<=$Willkomm1854) Selaginella $PalisotDeBeauvois1805 #m600,N,+^,M~700,IB,i400 *mM:Rec@trop,warm,gem(Eur:#M4) {rose of Jericho=resurrection plant/Engels mos,mosvaren} \(+NomCons) \("SELAGINELLOIDEAE$Milde1867) \TS($Link1???):Lycopodium selaginoides$Linnaeus1??? ==Mirmau $Adanson1763 #(IB) \TS:Lycopodium selaginoides$Linnaeus1??? ==Polycocca $Hill1773 #(IB) \TS:Lycopodium selaginoides$Linnaeus1??? ==Selaginoides $Seguier1754 #(IB) \(+suppr vs Selaginella) \TS:Lycopodium selaginoides$Linnaeus1??? =Didiclis $Mirbel1802 #(IB) \(<=$PalisotDeBeauvois1???) \TS($JaumeStHilaire1???(<=PalisotDeBeauvois)):Lycopodium ornithopodioides$Linnaeus1??? =Diplostachyum $PalisotDeBeauvois1805 #(IB) \(+missp:Diplostachium) \TS:Lycopodium helveticum$Linnaeus1??? ==Heterophyllium $Boerner1912 #(IB) \(<=$Hieronymus1???) \(+P Heterophyllum$(Schimper1???)MuellerHal>Kindberg1894(Bryopsida/Sematophyllaceae)) \TS:Lycopodium helveticum$Linnaeus1??? =Gymnogynum $Palisot1805(=PalisotDeBeauvois) #(IB) \TS:G. domingense$< =Hypopterygiopsis $Sakurai1943 #1,(IB) \^^Bryopsida \TS:H. reptans$< =Lycopodiodes $Kuntze1??? #(B) \(<=Lycopodioides$Dillen1741) \TS:??? =Lycopodioides $Boehmer1760 #(IB),i172 \(+NomRej vs Selaginella) \TS($Kuntze1???):Lycopodium denticulatum$Linnaeus1??? ==Trispermium $Hill1773 #(IB) \TS(+R Lycopodioides$Boehmer1760) =Lycopodion $Adanson1??? #(B) \TS:??? =Selago $Browne1756 #(IB) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:Lycopodium serpens$Poiret1814_Lamarck&Poiret1814;(<=Desvaux) =Stachygynandrum $Mirbel1802 #(IB) \(<=$PalisotDeBeauvois1???) \(+NomRej vs Selaginella) \TS($PalisotDeBeauvois1???):Lycopodium flabellatum$Linnaeus1??? ^ Barsostrobus $FaironDemaret1977 #NXH(I) *NI:BDev/BFam@Belg \{cone} \TS:B. famennensis$< Minerisporites $Potonie1956 #NH(I) *NI:Paleog \{megaspore} \(~Isoetaceae) \TS:Selaginellites mirabilis$Miner1??? Ceratosporites $Cookson&Dettmann1958; #H(I) *I:Kr \{spore} \TS:C. equalis$< Selaginellites $Zeiller1906 #NM(I) *NI:Carb@Fran {Shoot,Reproductive} \TS:Lycopodites suissei$Zeiller1??? ************************* * Lepidocarpales $Thomas1984 \(=Lepidodendrales) ************************* CYCLOSTIGMACEAE $Krausel1949 #1/15 *X:Fam%T =CYCLOSTIGMATACEAE $??? Cyclostigma $Heer1871 #X(I) *X:Fam@Ierl *I:Dev@Ierl \(<=$Haughton1???) \{stem,bark,leaves} \(+P$Hochstetter1???>Endlicher1842(Magnoliopsida/Apocynaceae)) \TS:C. kiltorkense$< Bisporangiostrobus $Chitaley1988 #(I) *I:BDev@Penn \{cone} \TS:B. harrisii$Chitaley&McGregor1;??? FLEMINGITACEAE $Thomas1984 %T *X:Ivo,Chd-Kre,Dor%T =LEPIDODENDRACEAE $??? #3-10/ Calamophloios $Arber1916 #N(I) *N:Carb@Enge \{stem,branches} \TS:C. rugosus$< Calamariopsis $Potonie1902 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{stem} \(?~Lepidocarpaceae) \TS(+R Calamopsis$GrafZuSolmsLaubach1896) ==Calamopsis $GrafZuSolmsLaubach1896 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{stem} \(+P$Heer1859(fossilLiliopsida/Arecaceae)) \(~Equisetopsida) \TS:C. dubia$< Flemingites $Carruthers1865 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Scho \{cone} \TS:F. gracilis$< Lepidodendron $Sternberg1820 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Lepidophyllostrobus $Hartung1938 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{sporangium,fructification} \TS(+NYD) Lepidostrobophyllum $Hirmer1927 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{sporophylls,reproductive,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Skilliostrobus $Ash1979 #N(I) *NI:OTr@NwZW \{cone} \(?~Lepidocarpaceae) \TS:S. australis$< Sublepidodendron $Hirmer1927 #N(I) *N:Carb@Spit \(<=$Nathorst1???) \{stem} \(?~Lepidocarpaceae) \TS(+NYD) ? Batodendron $Hahlov1921 #(I) *I:BDev@Kaza \{bark} \(+P$Nuttall1843(Magnoliopsida/Ericaceae)) \TS(+NYD) SIGILLARIOSTROBACEAE $Thomas1984 *X:Ivo,Asb,Vrk-Dor,Kla%T =SIGILLARIACEAE $??? Asolanus $Wood1861 #N(I) *N:Penn@Penn? *I:Penn \TS(+NYD) Clathraria $Brongniart1822 #(I) *I:BCarb@Fran \{stem} \TS:C. brardii$< Diplotaxis $Wood1860 #(I) \(+P$DeCandolle1821(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Euphorbites $Martius1822 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Favularia $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Lepidostrobus $Brongniart1828 #NH(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{cone} \(?>Lepidocarpon) \TS:L. ornatus$< Mazocarpon $Benson1918 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Enge,Scho \{cone} \(=$Scott1907(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) Presigillaria $Novik1968 #N(I) *NI:OCarb/Vis@Rusl \{stem} \TS:P. jongmansii$< Rhytidolepis $Sternberg1821 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{stem} \TS:R. ocellata$< Sigillaria $Brongniart1822 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{stem} \(+P$Rafinesque1819(Liliopsida/Convallariaceae)) \TS:S. scutellata$< Sigillariopsis $Renault1879 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{leaf,stem} \TS:S. decaisnei$< Sigillariostrobus $Schimper1870|(Schimper)Geinitz1870 #NXH(I) *N:Perm@Duit *I:Carb@Duit \{leaf,sporangium} \TS:S. goldenbergii$Zeiller1???(<=Feistmantel) Signacularia $Zalessky1930(=Zalesskij) #N(I) *NI:Perm/Kazanian@Rusl \{bark} \TS:S. noinskii$Zalesskij1??? Subsigillaria $Mercenier1913 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Tanz \{stem} \TS:S. leiodermaria$< Tuberculatisporites $Ibrahim1933|?(Imgrund1960|Jain1968) #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Sporonites tuberosus$Ibrahim1??? LEPIDOCARPACEAE $Schopf1941 *X:Ivo,Vrk-Mya,?Tat%T Achlamydocarpon $SchumackerLambry1966 #NX(I) *N:Carb/Wph@Belg \{cone} \TS:A. belgicum$< Illiniocarpon $Schopf1938 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Illi \{?seed} \TS:I. cadyi$< Lycospora $Schopf&Wilson;&Bentall1944; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \(~Flemingitaceae) \TS:Cirratriradites micropapillatus$Wilson&Coe1;??? Lagenoisporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:BCarb \{spores} \TS:Sporonites rugosus$Loose1??? Lagenicula $Zerndt1934 #H(I) *I:Carb@Polen \(<=$Kidston1???) \{spores} \TS:L. horrida$< Cystosporites $Schopf1938 #H(I) *I:Carb \{megaspores} \TS:C. breretenensis$< ? Lepidocystis $Lesquereux1880 #N(I) *N:Penn@Penn *I:Penn \{cone} \TS:L. pectinatus$< Lepidocarpon $Scott1900 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{cone,strobili} \TS(+NYD) SPENCERITACEAE $Thomas1984 *X:Yea,Mel,Ksk,Mya%T Spencerites $Scott1897 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{cone} \(~Protolepidodendraceae) \TS(+NYD) DIAPHORODENDRACEAE $Michele1992(=DiMichele) *X:Yea,Vrk-Pod,Mya%T Diaphorodendron $Michele1985(=DiMichele) #X(I) *I:Carb/OWph@Enge \{trunk} \TS:Lepidodendron vasculare$Binney1??? Synchysidendron $DiMichele&Bateman1993; #(I) *I:Carb/MPenn@Illi \TS:S. resinosum$< CAUDATOCARPACEAE $Thomas1984 *X:Vrk,Ksk,Pod%T Caudatocarpus $??? #X \TS:??? PINAKODENDRACEAE $Chaloner1967 *X:Vrk,?Pnd%T Pinakodendron $Weiss1893 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{stem} \TS(+NYD) SPORANGIOSTROBACEAE $Thomas1984 *X:Ksk,Pod-Mya,Dor%T Sporangiostrobus $Bode1928 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Polen \{cone} \TS(+NYD) CYCLODENDRACEAE $Thomas1984 *X:?Art%T Cyclodendron $Kraeusel1928 #X(I) *I:Perm@Nami \{stem} \TS:Bothrodendron leslii$Seward1??? PLEUROMEIACEAE $Potonie1902 *X:?Gri,Die-Spa,Crn%T \("Pleuromeiales) Pleuromeia $Corda1853 #NXH *N:OTr/Buntsandstein@Duit \{stem} \(?Pleuromeya) \TS:??? Annalepsis $??? #X \TS:??? Aratrisporites $Leschik1956 #NH(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:A. parvispinosus$< Trileites $Potonie1956 #NH(I) *I:Kr/Weald@Nede \{spores} \TS:Triletes spurius$Dijkstra1??? Nathorstisporites $??? #H \TS:??? Lundbladispora $Balme1963 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:L. willmottii$< Horstisporites $Potonie1956 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{megaspores} \TS:Triletes reticuliferous$Dijkstra1??? Ferganodendron $Dobruskina1974 #(I) *I:Tr/Keuper@Uzbe \{trunk} \TS($Dobruskina1???):Sigillaria sauktangensis$Sixtel1??? ? Adelophyton $Renault1900 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{stem} \TS:A. jutieri$< Amadokia $Zalesskij1931 #N(I) *NI:BDev@USSR \TS:A. tchirkovae$< Belonophyllum $Zalesskij1934 #N(I) *NI:Carb@N-Kauk \{leaf} \TS:B. acriculum$< Bodeodendron $Wagner&Spinner1976; #(I) *I:Carb/Ste@Span \{stem} \TS:B. hispanicum$< Dictyophlois $Foerste1916 #(I) *I:Carb \TS:D. reticulata$< Gymnostrobus $Bureau1914 #N(I) *N:OCarb@Fran *I:OCarb \{strobili,stem} \TS(+NYD) Heleniella $Zalesskij1930 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@USSR \(=$Zalesskij1930(+^A)) \{stem} \^^Sigillaria/ \TS($Zalesskij1???):Sigillaria tchirkovaeana$Zalesskij1??? Hizemodendron $Bateman&DiMichele1991; #(I) *I:Carb/Penn@Kans \{stem} \TS:Lepidodendron serratum$Felix1??? Lepidophylloides $Snigirevskaja1958 #N(I) *NI:MCarb@USSR \{leaf} \TS(+R Lepidophyllum$Brongniart1828) ==Lepidophyllum $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{leaf} \(+P$Cassini1816(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS(+NYD) Lycopogenia $Read1936 #N(I) *N:Miss@Ky *I:Miss \{stem} \TS:L. callicyrta$< Protopinakodendron $Radcenko1967 #N(I) \{bark} *NI:OCarb@Sibe \TS:Porodendron asiaticum$Hahlov1??? Pseudosigillaria $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Sigillariophyllum $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Stigmarites $Fliche1903 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \{?rhizome} \TS:S. nicklesi$< Thaumasiodendron $Bureau1906 #N(I) *NI:^@Fran \TS:T. andegavense$< Tomiostrobus $Neuburg1937 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \{cone,strobilus} \TS:T. radiatus$< Volnovakhia $Zalesskij1931 #N(I) *NI:BDev@USSR \{stem} \TS:V. sagenarioides$< LEPIDODENDROPSIDACEAE $??? Lepidodendropsis $Lutz1933 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{stem} \TS:L. hirmeri$< Prelepidodendropsis $Senkevic1972 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Eif@Kaza \TS:P. kornilovae$< ? Ancistrophyllum $Goeppert1841 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Polen \{stem} \TS:A. stigmariaeforme$< ************************* * Miadesmiales $Chaloner1967 \(~Selaginellales) ************************* MIADESMIACEAE $Chaloner1967 *X:Mel%T Miadesmia $Bertrand1895 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Enge *X:Mel@Enge \{cone} \TS:M. membranacea$< ************************* * Isoetales $Prantl1874|Engler1924 \("Isoetidae$Reveal1996,Isoetopsida$Schaffn.1910) ************************* ISOETACEAE $Dumortier1829 #P1/75,m2/77,1/131,M1/150 *Rec@cosm(^PacOc) %TF *X:Mel,Tr,Vlr-Rec%T {quillworts/biesvarens} \(<=$Reichenbach1828) Isoetes $Linnaeus1753 #m75,N,M150,IB,i128 *Rec@cosm(^PacOc,Eur:#M11) {quillworts/biesvaren} \("ISOETEAE$Duby1828,"ISOETOIDEAE$Gray1858) \TS:I. lacustris$< ==Calamaria $Boehmer1760 #(IB),i26 \(CALAMARIACEAE) \TS:??? =Cephaloceraton $Gennari1862 #(IB) \TS:Isoetes histrix$BoryDeSt.-Vincent =Isoetella $Gennari1862 #(IB) \TS:Isoetes duriei$BoryDeSt.-Vincent =Stylites $Amstutz1957 #m2,N(M)IB *Rec@Andes:Peru \TS:S. andicola$< ^ Bothrodendrostrobus $??? #X \TS:??? Dijstraisporites $??? #H \TS:??? Isoetopsis $Saporta1888 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \{sporophyll,spores} \(+P$Turczaninow1851(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:I. subaphylla$< Nathorstianella $Glaessner&Rao1955; #N(I) *NI:OKr@ZAus \{stem} \^^Mantellia \TS:N. babbagensis$< CHALONERIACEAE $Pigg1983 *X:Mel,Vrk-Pod,Chv%T Polysporia $Newberry1873 #N(I) *NI:Penn \(+P Polyspora$Sweet1???>Don1831(Magnoliopsida/Theaceae)) \(~Lycopodiales) \TS:P. mirabilis$< Chaloneria $Pigg&Rothwell1983; #X(I) *I:Carb/BPenn@Ohio \TS:C. cormosa$< Valvisisporites $Ibrahim1933 #H(I) \TS:??? Radiizonates $Staplin&Jansonius1964; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Cirratriradites aligerens$Knox1??? Endosporites $Wilson&Coe1940; #H(I) *I:Penn@Iowa \{spores} \TS:E. ornatus$< Densosporites $Berry1937 #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:D. covensis$< Cristatisporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:BCarb \{spores} \TS:Sporonites indignaburdus$Ibrahim1??? Cormophyton $Pigg&Taylor1985; #(I) *I:Carb/MPenn@Illi \{plant base} \TS:C. mazonensis$< TAKHTAJANODOXACEAE $Thomas1984 *X:Scy%T Takhtajanodoxa $Snigirevskaya1980 #X(I) *X:OTr/?Scy@O-Sibe *I:OTr@USSR \TS:T. mirabilis$< ? Isoetodendron $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Va \{stem} \TS:I. striata$< Clevelandodendron $Chitaley&Pigg1996; #(I) *I:Dev/Fam@Ohio \TS:C. ohioensis$< ? Zoophycos $Massalongo1855 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Ital \TS:??? ************************* * ? ************************* Acanthophyllites $GrandEury1890 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Fran \TS:A. nicolai$Grand'Eury Acinosporites $Richardson1965 #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \TS:A. acanthomammillatus$< Akdalaphyton $Senkevic1963 #N(I) *NI:BOrd/Crd@Z-Kaza \{stem,bark} \TS:A. caradocki$< Amphidoxodendron $Grierson&Banks1963; #N(I) *NI:MDev@NwYo \{stem} \TS:??? Anapiculatisporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:A. isselburgensis$< Angarophloios $Meyen1972 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Namur@O-Sibe \{bark|Stem} \TS:A. leclercqianus$< Annalepis $Fliche1910 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \{cone Scale?,inflorescence} \TS:A. zeilleri$< Anulatisporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Sporonites anulatus$Loose1??? Aphyllum $Artis1825 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{stem} \(+P Aphyllon$Mitchell1769(Magnoliopsida/Orobanchaceae)) \TS:A. cristatum$< Archaeosigillariopsis $Gothan1928 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{stem} \TS:A. serotina$< Archaeozonotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Aspidiaria $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:^ \(?Lepidodendron) \TS(+NYD) Austrostrobus $Morbelli&Petriella1973; #N(I) *NI:BTr@Arge \{cone} \TS:A. ornatum$< Bacutriletes $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Rht-Lias@O-Groe \{spores} \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \TS:Triletes tylotus$Harris1??? Bentzisporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:B. bentzii$< Bergeria $Presl1838 #N(I) *N:Carb@Bohe \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Berwynia $Hicks1882 #N(I) *NI:Sil@N-Wales \{stem} \TS:B. carruthersii$< Brandenbergia $Mustafa1975 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Eif@Duit \{stem,wood,leaf} \TS:B. meinertii$< Caenodendron $Zalessky1918 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \{stem} \TS:C. primaevum$< Calamosyrinx $Petzholdt1841 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{stem} \TS:C. zwickaviensis$< Calamoxylon $Corda1838 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem?} \TS:C. cycadeum$< Carinostrobus $Baxter1971 #N(I) *NI:MPenn@Kans \{cone} \TS:C. foresmanii$< Cidarophyton $Chaloner&Turner1987; #(I) *I:OTr@Quee \{axis} \TS:C. rewanense$< Cirratriradites $Wilson&Coe1940; #H(I) *I:Penn@Iowa \{spores} \TS:C. maculatus$< Clwydia $Lacey1962 #(I) *I:OCarb@N-Wales \{leafy twigs} \TS:C. decussata$< Crassispora $Bhardwaj1957 #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Planisporites ovalis$Bhardwaj1??? Crybelosporites $??? #H \TS:??? Cyatheopteris $Schimper1869 #(I) \{tree fern stem} \(?^fossilCyatheaceae) \TS:Caulopteris tessellata$Schimper&Mougeot1;??? ==Lepidodendrites $Fliche1906 #N(I) *NI:MTr@Fran \{stem} \TS:Caulopteris tessellata$Schimper&Mougeot1;??? Cylostrobus $Helby&Martin1965; #(I) *I:OTr@NwZW \{cone with mega- and microspores} \TS:Araucarites sydneyensis$Walkom1??? Cyperites $Lindley&Hutton1832; #(I) *I:Carb@Enge \{leaf} \TS:C. bicarinata$< Demetria $Zalesskij1930 #(I) *I:OCarb@USSR \{stem} \(+P$Lagasca1816(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:D. amadoca$< Densoisporites $Weyland&Krieger1953; #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:D. velatus$< Dictyoxylon $Renault1872 #(I) *I:BCarb@Fran \(<=$Brongniart1???) \{stem} \(+P$Williamson1869(Pteridospermopsida/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Didymophyllon $Goeppert1841 #(I) *I:Dev@Polen \{?stem} \TS:D. schottini$< Diplotegium $Corda1845 #(I) *I:BCarb@Bohe \TS:D. brownianum$< Distrigophyllum $Heer1877 #(I) *I:Carb@Eur \{leaves} \TS(+NYD) Duosporites $Hoeg&Bose;&Manum1955; #H(I) *I:OGondwana@Zaire \{megaspores} \TS:D. congoensis$< Dzungarodendron $Radcenko1967 #(I) *I:Carb/Vis@ZO-Kaza \{bark} \TS:D. novikae$< Echitriletes $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Kr/Wealden@Nede \{spores} \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \TS:Triletes lanatus$Dijkstra1??? Eligodendron $Archangelsky&DeLaSota1966; #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Boli \{stem} \TS:E. branisae$< Eolepidophloios $Radcenko1967 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Vis@ZO-Kaza \{bark} \TS:E. quadratus$< Eremiodendron $Chachlov1940(=Havlov) #N(I) *NI:BDev@USSR \{stem} \TS:E. articulatum$Hahlov1??? Ficoidites $Artis1825 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{stigmarian appendage} \TS:F. verrucosus$< Foveosporites $Balme1957 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:F. canalis$< Foveotriletes $Hammen1956(=VanDerHammen) #H \TS:??? Glyptodendron $Claypole1878 #N(I) *N:BSil@Ohio *I:BSil \{stem} \TS:G. eatonense$< Halonia $Lindley&Hutton1833; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS:??? Helenia $Zalesskij1930 #(I) *I:OCarb@Oeral \{stem} \(+?PHelenia$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:H. inopinata$< ==Heleniodendron $Sze1936 #(I) \TS:??? Indotriradites $Tiwari1964("1963") #H(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:I. korbaensis$< Kaipingia $Stockmans&Mathieu1957; #(I) *I:Paleozoic@China \{stem} \TS:K. sinica$< Knorria $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Krejciella $Obrhel1968 #N(I) *NI:Ord@Bohe \{stem,leaves} \TS:K. putzkeri$< Landeyrodendron $MeyerBerthaud1984 #(I) *I:Carb/BTou@Fran \{axis} \TS:L. zeilleri$< Leiodermaria $Renault1893 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \(=$Goldenberg1???(+^A)) \{bark} \TS(+NYD) Lepidocarpus $Rothpletz1880 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Culm@Duit \{sporangium} \(+P$Adanson1763(Magnoliopsida/Proteaceae)) \TS:Trigonocarpum ellipsoideum$Goeppert1??? Lepidocladus $Vaffier1901 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Fran \{stem,leaf} \TS:L. fuisseensis$< Lepidofloyos $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem} \TS:Lepidodendron laricinum$Sternberg1??? ==Eulepidophloios $Sterzel1907 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem} \TS:??? Lepidolepis $Sternberg1823 #N(I) *NI:^ \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Leptoxylum $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@TsSl \TS:L. geminum$< Lesangeana $Mougeot1849-1850 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \{stem} \TS:??? Levicaulis $Beck1958 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{axes,stem} \TS:L. arranensis$< Limnoniobe $Krassilov1982 #(I) *I:OKr@Mong \{shoot with sporangia} \TS:L. insignis$< Limnothetis $Krassilov1982 #(I) *I:OKr@Mong \{shoot with sporangia} \TS:L. gobiensis$< Lomatofloyos $Corda1838 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem} \TS:L. crassicaule$< Lophoderma $Zalesskij1937 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{bark} \(+P$Chevallier1822(Discomycetes/Rhytismataceae)) \TS:L. sibirica$< Lychnophorites $Martius1822 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Bohe \TS(+NYD) Lycopodiolites $GrafVonSternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Lycostachys $Pant&Walton1961; #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{cone,strobilus} \TS:L. protostelicus$< Malanzania $Archangelsky&Azcuy;&Wagner1981; #(I) *I:MCarb@Arge \{stem} \TS:M. nana$< Mesostrobus $Watson1909 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{cone} \TS:M. scottii$< Microsporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \(<=$Dijkstra1???) \TS:Triletes karczewskii$Zerndt1??? Micheevia $Zalessky1930 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Oeral \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Neodendron $Chachlov1940(=Havlov) #N(I) *NI:OCarb@USSR \{stem} \TS:N. originale$Hahlov1??? Nikitinsporites $Chaloner1959 #H(I) *I:BDev#Cana/EllesmereE \{spores} \(+missp:Nikritinisporites$Chaloner1959#(I)) \TS:N. canadensis$< Pachyphloeus $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Polen \{stem} \TS:P. tetragonus$< Paikhoia $Zalessky1936 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf bases} \TS:P. tchernovii$< Paralycopodites $Morey&Morey1977; #N(I) *N:MPenn@Illi \{stem} \TS:P. minutissimum$< Paurodendron $Fry1954 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{stem} \TS:P. arranense$< Phillipsia $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:Lepidodendron harcourtii$Witham1??? Pleuromeiopsis $Sikstel1958 #N(I) *NI:BPerm|OTr@Uzbe \{leaf,stem} \TS:P. kryshtofovichii$Sikstel'(+NomInval) Poacites $Brongniart1822 #N(I) *N:Carb@Cana *I:Carb \{leaf} \TS:P. carinata$< Porodendron $Zalesskij1909 #(I) *I:OCarb@USSR \(<=$Nathorst1???) \{stem} \TS:Lepidodendron tenerrimum$Auerbach1??? Porostrobus $Nathorst1914 #N(I) *NI:Paleozoic@Spit \{cone} \TS:Lepidostrobus zeilleri$Nathorst1??? Protolepidodendropsis $Gothan&Zimmermann1937; #N(I) *NI:BDev@Polen \{stem} \TS:P. frickei$< Pseudolepidodendron $Ananev1974 #(I) *I:Carb/Tou@Sibe \{stem} \TS:Sublepidodendron igrischense$Anan'ev Pseudosyringodendron $GrandEury1890 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Ptilophyton $Dawson1878 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Chemungian@NwYo \TS:Lycopodites vanuxemii$Dawson1??? Ptychodendron $Chachlov1940(=Havlov) #N(I) *NI:BDev@USSR \{stem} \TS:P. batojense$Hahlov1??? Puertollania $Remy&Remy1975; #N(I) *NI:Carb/Stp@Span \{stem} \TS:P. sporangiostrobifera$< Rhytidodendron $Boulay1876 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{stem} \TS:R. minutifolium$< Rhytidophloyos $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:Carb@TsSl \{leaf} \TS:R. tenuis$< Rhyzodendron $Zalessky1937 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{stem} \TS:R. rossicum$< Rimnocladon $Zalesskij1930 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Oeral \{stem} \TS:R. minutum$< Sagenaria $Brongniart1822 #N(I) *NI:^ \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Scutellocladus $Lele&Walton1962; #N(I) *NI:Miss@Enge \TS:S. variabilis$< Selaginellidites $Krasnova1961 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:Cirratriradites verrucosus$Cookson1??? Selaginites $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Semapteris $Unger1870 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Sigillodendron $Weiss1889 #N(I) *N:OPerm@Polen \{stem} \TS:Lepidodendron frondosum$Goeppert1??? Spencerisporites $??? #H \TS:??? Stemmatopteris $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Stigmaria $Brongniart1822 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{root} \TS(+R Variolaria$Sternberg1820) ==Variolaria $Sternberg1820 #N(I) *NI:Carb \(+P$Persoon1794(Fungi/?:)) \TS:V. ficoides$< Stigmarioides $Lesquereux1870 #N(I) *N:Penn@Illi *I:Illi \{root} \TS(+NYD) Stigmariopsis $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \(?>Stigmaria) \TS(+NYD) Sublepidophloios $Sterzel1907 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Duit *I:Carb@Eur \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Synlycostrobus $Krassilov1978 #N(I) *NI:BJura/Tth-OKr/Ber@USSR \{fertile shoots} \TS:S. tyrmensis$< Syringodendron $Sternberg1820 #N(I) *NI:^ \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Tholisporites $Butterworth&Williams1958; #H(I) *I:Carb/Namur@Scho \{spores} \TS:T. scoticus$< Trabicaulis $MeyerBerthaud1984 #(I) *I:Carb/BTou@Fran \{stem} \TS:T. verticillatum$< Triangulatisporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:Triletes triangulatus$Zerndt1??? Triletes $Reinsch1881 #H(I) *I:Carb@Duit \(?:) \{spores} \TS(+NYD) Triplosporite $Brown1848 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{cone,strobilus} \TS(+NYD) Tunguskadendron $Thomas&Meyen1984; #(I) *I:M-BCarb@M-Sibe \TS:T. borkii$< Tyrgania $Zalesskij1944 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \TS:T. mamillaris$< Ularia $Zalesskij1937 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Oeral {Rhizome} \TS:U. ovalis$< Ulodendron $Lindley&Hutton1832; #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Ursodendron $Radcenko1960 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Vis@Z-Sibe \{stem} \TS:U. chacassicum$< Uvaesporites $Doering1965 #H(I) *I:OKr \{spores} \TS:U. glomeratus$< Vallatisporites $Leschik1956 #H \TS:??? Verrucosisporites $???(Ibranhim1933|Dybova&Jachowicz1957;) #H \TS:??? Viatcheslavia $Zalessky1936 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf Bases} \TS:V. vorcutensis$< Wexfordia $Matten1989 #(I) *I:BDev@Ierl \TS:W. hookense$< Xenophyton $Hick1892 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+R Tylophora$Hick1892) ==Tylophora $Hick1892 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{root} \(+P$Brown1810(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae)) \TS:T. radiculosa$< HASKINSIACEAE $??? Haskinsia $Grierson&Banks1983; #(I) *I:MDev@NwYo \TS:Drepanophycus colophyllus$Grierson&Banks1;??? SUAVITASACEAE $??? Suavitas $Rice&&1996 #(I) *I:Carb/BPenn@Texas \{fructification} \TS:S. imbricata$Rice&&1??? LEPTOPHLOEACEAE $??? Leptophloeum $Dawson1862 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Maine \{stem} \TS:L. rhombicum$< Sajakia $Senkevic1961 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Kaza \{bark} \TS:S. rhomboidea$< ? Haplostigma $Seward1932 #N(I) *NI:MDev@KpPr \{stem} \(+P$VonMueller1932(Liliopsida/Restionaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Lyginodendron $Gourlie1843 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Scho \{stem} \TS:L. landsburgii$< Maucheria $Broili1928 #N(I) *NI:ODev@Duit \{?stem} \TS:M. gemuendensis$< Nataliana $Baxter1978 #N(I) *NI:MPenn@Iowa \{stem with rhizomorph} \(+P$Hochstetter1841(Magnoliopsida/Melianthaceae)) \TS:N. sinuata$< Lycopodolica $Istchenko1975 #(I) *I:BSil@Oekr \TS:L. tsegelnjucki$< Oncodendron $Eichwald1852 #(I) *I:BCarb@USSR \{stem} \TS:O. mirabile$< Schizodendron $Eichwald1855 #(I) *I:Perm@Rusl \{?stem} \TS:S. tuberculatum$< Stigmatodendron $Eichwald1852 #(I) *I:Carb@Rusl \{stem} \TS:S. ledebourii$< Tomistachys $Zalesskij1934 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{fructification} \TS:T. thyrsiculus$< ************************* * Psilotopsida $Scott1909 #M1/2/12 \("PSILOTOPHYTINA$Tippo1???>Reveal1996,"PSILOTOPHYTA$Boivin1???>Reveal1996,"Psilotatae) \(>Polypodiopsida) * Psilotales $Engler1892 \("Psilotidae$Reveal1996) ************************* PSILOTACEAE $Eichler1886|Kanitz1887 #P2/9,m2/5-9,M2/12 *m:Rec@trop *M:trop--warm *X:Rec%T,!Tert \blad(spiraalschikking,~disctich);X=~50 TMESIPTERIDOIDEAE" \("TMESIPTERIDACEAE$Nakai1943) Tmesipteris $Bernhardi1801 #m3,N,M~10,IB,i10 *m:Rec@trop *M:Rec@ZO-Az--(!Aus,NZ,Tahi) %T,Te \n=102-105,204,210 \TS:Lycopodium tannense$Sprengel1??? PSILOTOIDEAE" Psilotum $Swartz1801 #m2-6,N,M2,IB,i6 *m:Rec@Aus,NZ,eiln:W-PacOc *M:Rec@trop,M-Japan,ZW-Span,Hawai,NZ %T,Te \kruid \TS($PalisotDeBeauvois1???):Lycopodium nudum$Linnaeus1??? ==Hoffmannia $Willdenow1789 #(IB) \^^Lycopodium \(+P$Swartz1788(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae);+P Hofmannia$Heister1???>Fabricius1759(Magnoliopsida/Lamiaceae)) \TS:??? ==Bernhardia $Bernhardi1801 #(IB),i2 \(<=$Willdenow1???) \TS:Lycopodium nudum$Linnaeus1??? ==Tristeca $Mirbel1802 #(IB) \(<=$PalisotDeBeauvois1???) \TS($JaumeStHilaire1???(<=PalisotDeBeauvois)):Lycopodium nudum$Linnaeus1??? ************************* * Equisetopsida $Nemejc1963 \(<=$Agardh1825|Takhtajan) #M1/1/15 {horsetails/paardestaarten} \("EQUISETOPHYTINA$Reveal1996,"EQUISETOPHYTA$Boivin1956) \(=Sphenopsida$???) * Pseudoborniales $Nathorst1902 ************************* PSEUDOBORNIACEAE $Nathorst1902 *X:Frs-Fam%T Pseudobornia $??? *X:Frs-Fam@[Arct,Alas] #X \TS:??? ************************* * Sphenophyllales $??? \(=Bowmanitales$Meyen1978) * Sphenophyllineae" ************************* SPHENOPHYLLACEAE $??? #/140 \(~Bowmanitaceae) Asterophyllites $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *N:Carb/StephanC@ODuit *I:Carb \(+NomCons) \{foliage} \TS:A. radiatus$< ==Bornia $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:^ \(+suppr vs Asterophyllites) \(^~Calamariaceae) \TS:??? =Bechera $Sternberg1825 #(I) *I:BCarb@Bohe \{roots,stem} \(+NomRej vs Asterophyllites) \(^~Calamariaceae) \TS:B. ceratophylloides$< =Brukmannia $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem,leaf} \(+NomRej vs Asterophyllites) \(^~Calamariaceae) \TS:Schlotheimia tenuifolia$Sternberg1??? Mesidiophyton $Leisman1964 #N(I) *NI:MPenn@Illi,Kans \{cone,shoot} \TS:M. paulus$< Sphenophyllum $Brongniart1828 #NXH(I) *NI:Carb \(+NomCons) \{leaf,stem} \TS:S. emarginatum$Brongniart1???=Sphenophyllites emarginatus$Brongniart1??? ==Sphenophyllites $Brongniart1822 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{leaf} \(+missp:Sphoenophyllites) \(+suppr vs Sphenophyllum) \TS:S. emarginatus$< =Rotularia $Sternberg1821 #N(I) *N:Carb@Bohe *I:Carb@Duit \{foliage} \(+NomRej vs Sphenophyllum) \TS:R. marsileifolia$< LILPOPIACEAE $??? #3/ Lilpopia $Conert&Schaarschmidt1970; #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@Polen \TS(+R Tristachya$Lilpop1938) ==Tristachya $Lilpop1938 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@Polen \(+P$Nees1829(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \{fructification,cones,foliage} \TS:T. raciborskii$< ? Climaciophyton $Steinmann1929 #(I) *I:ODev@Duit \TS:C. trifoliatum$< Koinostachys $Remy1955 #N(I) *NI:Carb/WphB@Duit \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Litostrobus $Mamay1954 #N(I) *NI:BCarb/MPenn@Iowa \{cone} \TS:L. iowensis$< Parasphenophyllum $Asama1970 #N(I) *NI:Perm@China/Shansi \{leaf} \TS:Sphenophyllum shansiense$Asama1??? Paratrizygia $Asama1970 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Korea \{leaf} \TS:Sphenophyllum koboense$Kobatake1??? Schizoneuropsis $Yabe&Shimakura1940; #(I) *I:Perm@China/Anhui \(+P$Richter1906(FossilPlant/?:)) \{stem with foliage} \TS:S. tokudai$< Sphenostrobus $Levittan&Barghoorn1948; #N(I) *NI:Penn@Iowa \{cone,strobilus} \TS:S. thompsonii$< Suvundukia $Zalessky1948 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Z-Oeral \TS:S. aciculata$Zalesskij1??? Vertebraria $McCoy1847 #N(I) {Stem} *N:Perm-Carb@India,NwZW *I^@NwZW \(<=$Royle1???) \(+P$Roussel1806(Rhodophyceae/Lemaneaceae)) \TS:??? CALAMARIACEAE $??? Asterophyllites $Brongniart1822 #(I) *I:Carb@Eur \{twigs} \(+suppr vs$Brongniart1828(fossilEquisetopsida/Sphenophyllaceae)) \TS:??? Bajera $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Zwed \(+suppr vs Baiera$Braun1843(fossilPinopsida/Ginkgoaceae)) \TS:B. scanica$< Schlotheimia $Sternberg1821 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{leaf} \(+P$Bridel1812(Bryopsida/Orthotrichaceae)) \TS:??? ************************* * Bowmanitineae" ************************* BOWMANITACEAE $Meyen1978 *X:?Frs,Ivo-Nog,?Kaz%T Bowmanites $Binney1871 #NXH(I) *N:Carb@Z-Wales *I:BCarb@Z-Wales \{cone} \TS:B. cambrensis$< ==Sphenophyllostachys $Seward1896 #N(I) *NI:^ \{cone} \TS:??? Columinisporites $Peppers1964 #H(I) *I:Penn \{spores} \TS:C. ovalis$< : EVIOSTACHYACEAE $Boureau1964 *X:Fam%T \(~Calamitales) Eviostachya $Stockmans1948 #NX(I) *N:Dev/Fam@Belg *X:Fam@Belg *I:BDev/Fam@Belg \{strobilus} \TS:E. hoegi$< CHEIROSTROBACEAE $Scott1907 #1/ *X:Asb%T Cheirostrobus $Scott1897 #X(I) *X:Asb@Scho *I:OCarb@Scho \{petrified articulate cone} \TS:C. pettycurensis$< ************************* * Calamitales \(~Equisetales) * Calamostachyineae" \("Calamostachyales) ************************* ARCHAEOCALAMITACEAE $Stur1875 *X:Ivo,Aru-Hlk,Asb%T =ASTEROCALAMITACEAE $??? Archaeocalamites $Stur1875 #NX(I) *NI:Carb/Vis@Duit,Fran \{leaf,stem} \(==Calamites$Brongniart1828) \TS:??? Protocalamostachys $Walton1949 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Scho \{cone} \(~Equisetales/Equisetaceae) \TS:P. arranensis$< CALAMOSTACHYACEAE $Meyen1987 *X:Alp,Kin-Nog,?Kaz%T Calamostachys $Schimper1880 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@WDuit \{cone} \TS:C. typica$< ? Astromyelon $Williamson1883 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Langsettian@Enge \{stem,root} \(~Marsileales) \TS(+NYD) ^ Vallatisporites $Hacquebard1957 #NH(I) *I:Miss \{spores} \(+?P$Leschik1956(???/????)) \TS:V. vallatus$< Auroraspora $Hoffmeister&Staplin;&Malloy1955; #NH(I) *I:Miss \(~Lycopsida) \TS:A. solisortus$< ? Arthroxylon $Reed1952 #(I) \TS:A. williamsonii$< Hippurites $Lindley&Hutton1834; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge {Stem} \TS:H. gigantea$< ==Equisetides $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:^ \(+P Equisetites$Sternberg1833(fossilSphenopsida/?:)) \TS:??? Mazostachys $Kosanke1955 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Illi \{cone} \TS:M. pendulata$< Pseudophyllotheca $TurutanovaKetova1968 #N(I) *NI:BTr-OJura@O-Kaza \{branch with leaves} \TS:P. torosa$< ? Radicites $Potonie1893 #(I) *I:Carb,Perm@Eur \{roots?} \TS(+R Pinnularia$Lindley&Hutton1833;|+NYD) ==Pinnularia $Lindley&Hutton1834; #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{root} \(+suppr vs$Ehrenberg1843(Bacillariophyceae/Naviculaceae)) \TS:P. capillacea$< Caudaephyllum $Achepohl1883 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{root?} \TS:C. longifolium$< ************************* * Calamitineae" ************************* CALAMITACEAE $??? \(~Equisetaceae) Arthropitys $Goeppert1864 #N(I) *N:Paleozoic@Eur \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Asterophyllostachys $Schimper1880 #(I) *I:BCarb \{cone} \TS:A. binneyana$< Asthenomyelon $Leistikow1962 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{root} \TS:A. adversale$< Calamites $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:^ \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):C. suckowii$Brongniart1??? Mesocalamites $Hirmer1927 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@wide \TS(+NYD) Paracalamostachys $Weiss1884 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \{cone,strobili} \TS(+NYD) Schimperia $Remy&Remy1975; #N(I) *N:OPenn@Ky \{cone} \(+P Schimpera$Hochstetter&Steudel1;???>Endlicher1839(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:S. binneyana$< Stachannularia $Weiss1876 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{cone,strobili} \TS(+NYD) Stephanostachys $Mejen1964 #N(I) *N:Perm@USSR *I:OPerm@USSR/Komi \(<=$Nejburg1???) \{stem,sporophyll} \(+P$(Klotzsch1???)Klotzsch>Oersted1859(Liliopsida/Arecaceae)) \TS:S. borealis$Nejburg1???>Mejen(+NomInval) Weissistachys $Rothwell&Taylor1971; #N(I) *N:BPalaeozoic@O-Ky \TS(+R Weissia$Rothwell&Taylor1971;) ==Weissia $Rothwell&Taylor1971; #N(I) *NI:Penn@Ky \{cone} \(+P$Hedwig1801(Bryopsida/Pottiaceae)) \TS:W. kentuckiensis$< Zimmermannioxylon $Leistikow1962 #N(I) *NI:BCarb/WphA@Duit \{root} \TS:Z. multangulare$< CALAMOCARPACEAE $??? Calamocarpon $Baxter1963 #N(I) *NI:MPenn@M-Iowa \{cone} \TS:C. insignis$< APOCALAMITACEAE $??? ************************* * Equisetales $Dumortier1829|Trevisan1876 \("Equisetidae$Engler&Gilg1924;) * Phyllothecineae" \("Phyllothecales) ************************* PHYLLOTHECACEAE $??? Annulina $Rasskazova1961 #N(I) *N:^ *I:OPerm@USSR \(<=$Nejburg1???) \{foliage} \(+P$Link1820(Chlorophyceae/Cladophoraceae)) \TS($Nejburg1???>Rasskazova):Annularia neuburgiana$Radcenko1??? Giridia $Pant&Nautiyal;&Misra1981; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{fructification} \TS:G. indica$< Parasorocaulus $TurutanovaKetova1968 #N(I) *NI:BTr-OJura@O-Kaza \{stem,wood,leaf} \TS:P. corticalis$< ? Angaroradix $Hahlov1964 #N(I) *N:Carb@N-Sibe *I:MCarb@N-Sibe \{stem} \TS:A. asiatica$< Borisiella $Hahlov1964 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@N-Sibe \{stem} \TS:B. bella$< ************************* * Equisetineae $Rabenh.1849 ************************* TCHERNOVIACEAE $Meyen1969 *X:?Mya,?Nog-Kaz,Tat%T Anarthrocanna $Goeppert1845 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Sibe \TS:A. deliquescens$< Equisetinostachys $Rasskazova1961 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \{cone,strobilus} \TS:E. grandis$< Koretrophyllites $Radcenko1955 #N(I) *N:M-,BCarb-Perm@USSR *I:M-,BCarb@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:K. mungaticus$< Neokoretrophyllites $??? #X \TS:??? Phyllotheca $Brongniart1828 #NX(I) *NI:^@Aus \{stem,leaf} \TS:P. australis$< Tchernovia $Zalesskij1930 #X(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{fructification} \TS:T. synensis$< Sendersonia $Meyen&Menshikova1983; #X(I) *I:BPerm@USSR \{fertile twig} \TS:S. matura$< GONDWANOSTACHYACEAE $Meyen1969 *X:Kaz%T Gondwanostachys $Meyen1969 #NX(I) *NI:Perm@NwZW \{leaf,stem,fertile shoots} \TS:G. australis$< EQUISETACEAE $DeCandolle1805 \(<=$DeCandolle1804|Richard) #P1/15,m1/29,M1/15 *m:Rec@cosm(^AusAz),!(Ngem,circumboreaal,trop-Am) *M:Rec@~cosm %marsh,wetWood,riverBank *X:?Tat,?Spa-?Lad,Rht-Rec%T {horsetails/paardestaarten} \(<=$Michaux1???) \X=108 Equisetum $Linnaeus1753 #m29,N,M15,+^,IB *m:Rec@cosm(^AusAz) *M:Rec@~cosm |-1300 {horsetails/paardestaarten,heermoes} \("EQUISETOIDEAE$Eaton1833) \bevat nicotine,thiaminase \TS:E. arvense$< =Allostelites $Borner1912 #(B) \TS:??? =Hippochaete $Milde1865 #I(B) \TS($Boerner1???):Equisetum hyemale$Linnaeus1??? =Presla $Dulac1867 \(+NomSuperfl) \TS:??? ^ Neocalamostachys $??? #X \TS:??? Equisetosporites $Daugherty1941 #HN(I) *NI:Tr \{spore} \TS:E. chinleana$< Pendulostachys $Good1975 #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{cone} \TS:P. cingulariformis$< Physagenia $Heer1855 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Zwit \TS:P. parlatorii$< Stellotheca $Surange&Prakash1962; #N(I) *N:Perm@India *I:OGondwana@India \{stem} \(+?PStellatheca$DanzeCorsin1956(fossilPolypodiopsida/Osmundaceae)) \TS:Phyllotheca robusta$Feistmantel1??? ==Lelstotheca $Maheshwari1972 #N(I) *N:OPerm@India \{leaf} \TS(+R Stellotheca$Surange&Prakash1962;) SOROCAULACEAE $??? Dzergalanella $Genkina1966 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@Kirg \TS:D. dzergalanensis$< Gamophyllites $Radcenko1962 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem} \TS:G. iljinskiensis$< Sorocaulus $Radcenko1956 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:Equisetum czekanowskii$Schmalhausen1??? ECHINOSTACHYACEAE $GrauvogelStamm1978 *X:?Smi%T Echinostachys $Brongniart1828 #NX(I),i7 *N:Tr@Fran *X:Tr/?Smi@Fran \TS(+NYD) Convallarites $Brongniart1828 #(I) \TS(+NYD) ==Schizoneura $Schimper&Mougeot1844; #X(I) *X:Tr/?Smi@Fran *I:^@Duit \{stem,foliage} \TS:??? ? Angarotheca $Hahlov1948 #N(I) *NI:MCarb@USSR \{stem,cone=Strobilus} \TS:A. originalis$< Annularites $Halle1927 #(I) *I:Perm@China \{foliage} \TS:A. ensifolius$< Calamoderma $Sadovnikov1986 #(I) *I:Tr/Nor@N-Iran \{bark} \TS:C. striata$< Corynophyllites $Zalessky1937 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{stem-bearing foliage} \TS:C. setiformis$< Manchurostachys $Konno1960 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@Mants \{cone?} \TS:M. manchuriensis$Kon'no Neocalamites $Halle1908 #NX(I) *NI:OJura@Zwed \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Paracalamites $Zalessky1932 #N(I) *N:Carb|Jura@Sibe *I:Carb@Sibe \{stem} \TS:P. sibiricus$Zalesskij1??? Paracalamitina $Zalesskij1934 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Paraschizoneura $Radcenko1956 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:Schizoneura sibirica$Nejburg1??? Pothocites $Paterson1844 #N(I) *N:?Carb@Scho \{sporangium} \(?>Typhe?>Pothos) \TS:P. grantonii$< Pseudoasterophyllites $Velenovsky1887 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen \{leaf,cone} \^^Asterophyllites \TS:P. cretaceus$Velenovsky1???(<=Feistmantel) Raniganjia $Rigby1963 #N(I) *NI:Perm@India \{leaf} \TS:Actinopteris bengalensis$Feistmantel1??? Sakoarota $Appert1977 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@ZW-Mad \{reproductive} \TS:S. polyangiata$< Umbellaphyllites $Rasskazova1961 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:U. annularioides$< ? Nematophyllites $Miller1892 #N(I) *NI:BPenn@WVir \TS(+R Nematophyllum$Fontaine&White1880;) ==Nematophyllum $Fontaine&White1880; #N(I) *NI:BPenn@WVa \(+P$VonMueller1857(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS:N. angustum$< ************************* * ? ************************* Asterocalamites $Zeiller1879 #(I) *I:Carb@Eur \(<=$Schimper1862) \{stem} \^^Calamites/ \TS($Zeiller1???):Bornia scrobiculata$Sternberg1??? Annularia $Sternberg1821 #N(I) *N:Carb@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) ==Trochophyllum $Wood1861 #N(I) *NI:^ \(+missp:Trocophyllum) \TS:??? Annulariopsis $Zeiller1902 #N(I) *N:Tr/Nor@Viet *I:Carb@Viet \{leaf} \TS:A. inopinata$< Aphyllostachys $Goeppert1865 #N(I) *NI:OJura/Lias@Duit \{cone} \TS:A. jugleriana$< Archaeophyton $Hahlov1948 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Sibe \{stem} \(+P$Britton1888(fossilAlgae/?:)) \TS:??? Arthrodendromyelon $Lignier1910 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@Fran \{stem} \TS:A. morierei$< Arthrodendron $Scott1900 #(I) *I:Carb@Enge \(=$Seward1898(+^A)) \^^Calamites/ \{stem} \TS(+R Calamopitus$Williamson1871) ==Calamopitus $Williamson1871 #(I) *I:Carb@Enge \{stem} \(+P Calamopitys$Unger1856(fossilPinopsida/Calamopityaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Aspasia $Stefani1901(=DeStefani) #N(I),i0 *NI:OPerm@Ital \{leaf} \(+P$Lindley1832(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Aspidostachys $Remy1955 #N(I) *NI:^ {Cone} \TS:A. fertilis$< Asterocalamitopsis $Gothan1949 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@ODuit \{leaf,stem} \TS(+NYD) Barakaria $Seward&Sahni1920; #N(I) *N:Perm/Artinsk|Kungur@India *I:OGondwana@India \{leaf} \TS:Cyclopitys dichotoma$Feistmantel1??? Calamariophyllum $Hirmer1927 #N(I) *N:Carb@Eur *I:BPaleozoic@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Calamitea $Cotta1832 #N(I) *N:Perm@Duit \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Calamitis $GrafVonSternberg1820 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem} \(+suppr vs Calamites$Brongniart1828(fossilSphenopsida/Calamitaceae)) \TS:C. pseudobambusia$< Calamitomyelon $Lignier1910 #N(I) *NI:Jura/MLias@Fran \{stem} \TS:C. morierei$< Calamocladus $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:^ {Stem,Wood,Leaf} \TS(+NYD) Calamodendrea $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{root} \TS:C. rhizobola$Grand'Eury Calamodendrofloyos $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{bark,stem} \TS(+NYD) Calamodendron $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Calamodendrophyllum $GrandEury1879 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{leaf} \TS:C. bifurcatum$Grand'Eury Calamodendrostachys $Renault1890 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{cone} \TS:C. dubius$< Calamodendroxylon $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{wood,stem} \TS(+NYD) Calamophyllites $Brongniart1872 #NI *NI:Carb@Fran \(<=$GrandEury1???) \{twigs} \(?Calamophyllite$GrandEury1???>Brongniart1872#(I)) \TS(+NYD) Calamorrhiza $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:^ \{root} \TS(+NYD) Calamotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Calamospora $Schopf&Wilson;&Bentall1944; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:C. hartungiana$Schopf1??? ==Calamisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #H(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Calamospora$Schopf&Wilson;&Bentall1944;) Ceratophyllites $Unger1845 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \TS:C. fuajasii$(Brongniart1???)<=Asterophyllites faujasii$Brongniart1??? Cingularia $Weiss1870 #(I) *I:Carb,Perm@Eur \TS:C. typica$< Culmites $Brongniart1822 #(I) *I:Eoc@Fran \{stem} \TS:C. nodosus$< Dictyocalamites $Arber1912 #(I) *I:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS:D. burri$< Endocalamites $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:E. approximatus$(Schlotheim>Sternberg)Grand'Eury=Calamites approximatus$Schlotheim1???>Sternberg Endoxylon $Scott1924 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{stem} \TS:Calamopitys zonata$Kidston1??? Equisetina $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem} \TS:E. magnivaginata$< Equisetites $Sternberg1833 #NH(I) *NI:BTr@Duit \{stem,leaf,cone} \TS:E. muensteri$< Eupalaeostachya $Iscenko1965 #N(I) *NI:MDev@USSR \{leaf,stem} \TS:E. devonica$< Gyrophyllites $Glocker1841 #N(I)v *N:Kr/Cen@TsSl *I:Kr@Moravia \{leaf} \TS:G. kwassizensis$< Haplocalamus $Unger1856 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Duit \{stem} \TS:H. thuringiacus$< Kallostachys $Brush&Barghoorn1955; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Iowa \{cone} \TS:K. scottii$< Lepidocalamus $Matthew1906 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Z-NwBr \{stem} \TS:Asterophyllites scutigera$Dawson1??? Lobatannularia $Kawasaki1927 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@Korea \{stem,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Macrostachya $Schimper1869 #N(I) *N:Carb@Duit *I:^@Eur \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Metacalamostachys $Hirmer1927 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Fran *I:Paleozoic@Eur \{fructification} \TS(+NYD) Mointina $Senkevic1961 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Kaza \TS:M. quadripartita$< Myriophylloides $Hick&Cash1881; #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{root} \TS:??? Neuburgia $Radcenko1969 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Kaza \{leaf} \(+P$Blume1850(Magnoliopsida/Apocynaceae)) \(~Sphenopterides) \TS:??? Neurophyllum $Konno1941 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Korea \(+P$Torrey&Gray1840;(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS:N. koreanicum$< Oncylogonatum $Koenig1829 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Scho \TS:O. carbonarium$< Palaeostachya $Weiss1876 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Prosseria $Read1953 #N(I) *NI:Dev@NwYo \TS:P. grandis$< Protocalamites $Lotsy1909 #N(I) *N:OCarb@Zwit *I:OCarb \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Prynadaia $Sikstel1956 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Uzbe \{stem} \TS:P. madygenica$Sikstel' Ramicalamus $Matthew1906 #N(I) *N:Dev@NwBr *I:Dev \{stem} \TS:R. dumosus$< Sachyogyrus $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{cone} \TS:S. multifarius$< Sarituma $Senkevic1963 #N(I) *NI:BOrd@Z-Kaza \TS:S. tatjanae$< Sphaciinodum $Osborn&Taylor1989; #(I) *I:O-MTr@Ant \{stem} \TS:S. collinsonii$< Sphenasterophyllites $Sterzel1907 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{stem} \TS:S. diersburgensis$< Sphondylophyton $Schultes&Dorf1938; #N(I) *NI:ODev@Wyom \TS:S. hyenioides$< Spondylphyton $Schultes&Dorf1938; #N(I) *NI:ODev \TS:S. hyenoides$< Sulcocladus $Stockmans1968 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Belg \TS:S. multipunctatus$< Taphrocanna $Eichwald1852 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem} \TS:T. biarmica$< Volkmannia $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem,cone} \(+P$Jacquin1798(Magnoliopsida/Verbenaceae)) \TS(+NYD) AUTOPHYLLITACEAE $??? Autophyllites $GrandEury1890 #N(I) *N:^ *:Carb@Fran \{stem,foliage} \TS:A. furcatus$Grand'Eury Dichophyllites $Borsuk1960 #(I) *I:Carb/Namur@USSR \{stem,leaves} \TS:D. karagandensis$< HONSELERIACEAE $??? Honseleria $Mustafa1978 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Giv@Duit \{stem,leaf} \TS:H. verticillata$< NOTOCALAMITACEAE $??? Notocalamites $Rigby1972 #N(I) *NI:BPalaeozoic@Braz \{fructification} \TS:N. askosus$< ? Catenaria $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{stem} \(+P$Roussel1806(Algae/?:)) \TS:??? Chlamidostachys $White1937 #(I) *I:Miss \{cone} \TS:C. chesterianus$< Graminites $Geinitz1865 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Belg \{stem} \TS:G. feistmanteli$< ?: \("{Pteridophylla}/{Sphenopterides}) Adiantopteris $Vasilevskaja1963 #N(I) *NI:BJura-OKr@ZKorea \{leaf} \TS:Adiantites sewardii$Yabe1??? Archangelskya $Herbst1964 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@Arge \{leaf} \TS:A. proto-loxsoma$(Kurtz1???)Herbst=Sphenopteridium proto-loxsoma$Kurtz1??? Isiolopteris $Zalesskij1934 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \(=$Zalesskij1930(+NomNud)) \TS:I. serrata$< Paskovia $Purkynova1970 #N(I) *NI:Carb/ONamur@TsSl \{leaf} \TS:P. ostravica$< ************************* * Polypodiopsida $Cronquist1966 #M33/223/8550 \("POLYPODIOPHYTINA$Reveal1996,"POLYPODIOPHYTA$Cronquist1966,"PTERIDOPHYTINA$Boivin1956) \(=Filicopsida$PichiSermolli1958=Pteridopsida$Ritgen1828) * Cladoxylidae * Hyeniales \(~Equisetopsida) ************************* HYENACEAE $??? \(!Cladoxylaceae) CALAMOPHYTACEAE $??? #1/3 \(!Cladoxylaceae) ************************* * Cladoxylales $Hirmer1923 \("Coenopteridopsida"Cladoxylopsida) ************************* CLADOXYLACEAE $Unger1856 *X:Eif,Giv-Has,Ivo%T Hyenia $Nathorst1914 #XN(I) *NI:Dev@Noor \(Sphenopsida/"Hyeniales) \TS:H. sphenophylloides$< Calamophyton $Kraeusel&Weyland1925; #XN(I) *NI:MDev@NW-Duit \TS:C. primaevum$< Cladoxylon $Unger1856 #X(I) \TS(+NYD) Xenocladia $Arnold1940 #N(I) *N:MDev@NwYo *I:MDev \TS:X. medullosina$< Pietzschia $Gothan1927 #(I) *I:BDev@Duit \{stem} \TS:P. schuelleri$< Protohyenia $Ananev1957 #N(XI) *NI:ODev@W-Sibe \(+^V) \(~Ibykaceae) \TS:P. janovii$Anan'ev Schizoxylon $Unger1856 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Duit \{stem} \(+P$Persoon1810|Fries1825(Discomycetes/Stictidaceae)) \TS:S. taeniatum$< PSEUDOSPOROCHNACEAE $??? #1/ \(~Psilotopsida) Pseudosporochnus $Potonie&Bernard1903; #N(I) *NI:Dev@Bohe \TS(+NYD) ? Arctopodium $Unger1856 #N(I) *N:BDev@Duit \TS(+NYD) Astralocaulis $Hueber1971 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Quee \{stem} \TS(+R Schizopodium$Harris1929) ==Schizopodium $Harris1929 #(I) *I:MDev@Quee \{stem} \(+P$Moriere1887(fossilCycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \TS:S. davidi$< Hierogramma $Unger1856 #N(I) *NI:BDev@ODuit \{stem,rachis} \TS:H. mysticum$< Syncardia $Unger1856 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Duit \{petiole,leaf} \TS:S. pusilla$< ? Rhymokalon $Scheckler1975 #N(I) *NI:BDev/Frs@NwYo \{stem} \TS:R. trichium$< ************************* * Coenopteridae * Ibykales $Skog1973 \(~Equisetopsida) \(=Iridopteridales) ************************* IRIDOPTERIDACEAE $??? \(tussen Psilophytales en Polypodiopsida) Iridopteris $Arnold1940 #N(I) *NI:MDev@NwYo \TS:I. eriensis$< IBYKACEAE $Skog1973 *X:Giv-Has%T Ibyka $Skog&Banks1973; #NX(I) *N:MDev@NwYo \TS:I. amphikoma$< Asteropteris $Dawson1881 #N(I) *N:Dev@NwYo *I:Dev \{stem} \(~Zygopteridaceae/?:) \TS:A. noveboracensis$< ==Cycadofilix $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Arachnoxylon $Read1939 #N(I) *N:Dev@NwYo *I:Dev \{stem} \(?~{Sphenopsida|Polypodiopsida}) \TS:Asteropteris kopfi$Arnold1??? ? Serripteris $Rowe&Galtier1989; #(I) *I:Carb/MTou@Fran \{axis} \TS:S. feistii$< ************************* * Zygopteridales \("Coenopteridopsida) \(=Coenopteridales$Zimmermann1930) ************************* ANACHOROPTERIDACEAE $??? Anachoropteris $Corda1845 #N(I) *N:BCarb/WphC@TsSl \{leaf Rachis} \TS(+NYD) Apotropteris $Morgan&Delevoryas1954; #N(I) *N:BPenn@Illi \{stem,leaf,root} \TS:A. minuta$< Chorionopteris $Corda1845 #(I) *I:Carb@Bohe \{pinnules with synangia} \TS:C. gleichenioides$< Selenochlaena $Corda1845 #(I) \TS(+NYD) RHACOPHYTACEAE $Barnard1975 *X:Eif,Giv,Fam-Has%T Protocephalopteris $Ananev1960(=Ananiev) #NX(I) *NI:MDev/Giv@USSR \{stem,leaf} \(~Hyeniales) \TS(+NYD) Rhacophyton $Crepin1875 #NX(I) *N:Dev/Fam@Belg *I:BDev/Fam \{leaf,stem,sporangium} \(~Noeggeratiaceae~Zygopteridaceae) \TS:Psilophyton condrusorum$Crepin1??? ZYGOPTERIDACEAE $Bertrand1909 *X:?Fam,?Chd-?Hlk,Asb,Bri%T \("Iridopterales) Ankyropteris $Bertrand1907 #N(I) *N:OPerm@Fran *I:Paleozoic@Eur \(=$Stenzel1889(+^A)) \{stem} \^^Zygopteris/ \TS(+NYD) Apiculatasporites $Ibrahim1933 #NH(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Sporonites spinulistratus$Loose1??? Apiculatisporites $Ibrahim1933 #NH \TS(+NYD) Apiculatisporis $Potonie&Kremp1956; #NH(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \(~Zosterophyllaceae) \TS:Apiculatisporites aculeatus$Ibrahim1??? Asterochlaena $Corda1845 #(I) \TS:Tubicaulis ramosus$Cotta1??? Asterochlaenopsis $Sahni1930 #N(I) *NI:?Perm@W-Sibe \{stem,leaf,root,tree fern} \(>Asterochlaena>Clepsydropsis) \TS:A. kirgisica$(Stenzel1???)< Austroclepsis $Sahni1932 #N(I) *N:Carb?@Aus/NwZW *I:Carb@Aus \{stem} \TS:Ankyropteris australis$Osborn1??? Clepsydropsis $Unger1856 #X(I) \TS(+NYD) Diplolabis $Renault1896 #X(I) \TS(+NYD) Dineuron $Renault1896 #X(I) *^@Fran \{petiole} \TS:D. pteroides$< Etapteris $Bertrand1907 #N(I) *N:OCarb/Vis@Polen \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Metaclepsydropsis $Bertrand1907 #NX(I) *N:OCarb/Vis@Scho \{leaf,stem} \TS(+NYD) Metadineuron $Galtier1964 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{petioles,leaf,stem,rachis} \TS(+NYD) Musatea $Galtier1968 #NX(I) *N:OCarb/Vis@Fran *I:OCarb@Fran \{fructification} \TS:M. globata$< Notoschizaea $Graham1934 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Illi \{sporangium} \TS:N. robusta$< Stereopteris $Scott&Jeffrey1914; #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Ky \{leaf,?petiole} \TS:S. annularis$< Tortkophyton $Jurina1969 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Fam@Kaza {Stem,Sporangium} \TS:T. globosum$< ? Cephalopteris $Nathorst1914 #N(I) *N:BDev@Fran *I:Dev@Eur \{leaf,microsporangium} \TS(+NYD) Gymnoneuropteris $Pia1924 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Oost \{leaf} \TS:G. carinthiaca$< STAUROPTERIDACEAE $Hirmer1927 *X:Fam,Ivo,Asb,Mel,Vrk%T \("Stauropteridales) Bensonites $Scott1908 #N(I) *N:OCarb/Vis@Scho *I:OCarb@Scho \{sporangium} \TS:B. fusiformis$< Gillespiea $Erwin&Rothwell1989; #X(I) *I:Dev/Fam@WVir \{axes} \(+P$Smith1936(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:G. randolphensis$< Rowleya $Long1976 #(I) *I:Carb/OWph@Enge \TS:R. trifurcata$< Stauropteris $Binney1872 #NX(I) *N:BCarb/OWph@Enge *I:BCarb@Enge \{petiole} \TS:S. oldhamia$< CORYNEPTERIDACEAE $Cleal1993 *X:?Ivo,Alp-Kre,Chv%T \(^Zygopteridaceae) Alloiopteris $Potonie1897 #NX(I) *N:BCarb/Wph@Eur \{leaf} \("Sphenopterides) \TS(+NYD) Corynepteris $Baily1860 #X(I) *I:Carb@Ierl \{fertile frond} \TS:C. stellata$Bailey1??? BISCALITHECACEAE $Cleal1993 *X:Mya,Kre-Nog,Ass%T \(^Zygopteridaceae) Biscalitheca $Mamay1957 #NX(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{leaf Sporangium} \TS:B. musata$< Nemejcopteris $Barthel1968 #NX(I) *NI:OPerm@ODuit \{leaf,rhizome} \TS:Filicites feminaeformis$Schlotheim1??? Schizostachys $GrandEury1877 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{sporangium,leaf} \^^Androstachys \TS:S. frondosus$Grand'Eury ? Botrychioxylon $Scott1907 #(I) *I:OCarb@Enge \TS:B. paradoxum$< Chacassopteris $Radcenko1960 #(I) *I:Carb/Namur@Sibe \{branch} \TS:C. concinna$< Ellesmeris $Hill&Scheckler;&Basinger1997; #(I) *I:Dev/Frs@EllesmereE \{branch} \TS:E. sphenopteroides$< Grammatopteris $Renault1891 #N(I) *N:OPerm/Autun@Fran *I:PermoCarb@Fran \{stem,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Grandeurya $Zeiller1883 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Fran *I:Carb@Fran \{fertile leaf} \TS(+NYD) Langoxylon $Stockmans1968 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Belg \{wood,stem} \TS:L. asterochlaenoideum$Stockman1??? Microzygia $Read1936 #N(I) *N:Miss@Ky *I:Miss \{leaf,rachis} \("Palaeopteridales) \TS:M. lacunosa$< Monoscalitheca $Abbott1961 #(I) *I:BCarb@Ohio \{fertile frond} \TS:M. fasciculata$< Protothamnopteris $Beck1920 #(I) *I:OPerm@O-Duit \TS:P. baldaufi$< Scleropteris $Andrews1942 #(I) *I:Penn@Illi \{stem} \(+P$Scheidweiler1839(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:S. illinoiensis$< Selenopteris $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Silesiopteris $Posthumus1924 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Polen \{leaf,stem,petiole} \TS:Gyropteris sinuosa$Goeppert1??? Zygopteris $Corda1845 #N(I) *N:Carb@Duit *I:Carb \{stem,leaf Petiole} \TS:Endogenites solenites$Sprengel1??? ? Artisophyton $Pfeffercorn1976 #(I) *I:Carb@Enge \{stem} \TS:Megaphyton approximatum$Lindley&Hutton1;??? Stelastellara $Baxter1965 #N(I) *NI:BCarb/MPenn@Kans,Iowa \{axis} \TS:S. parvula$Baxter1???(+NomInval) ************************* * Botryopteridales $Meyen1987 ************************* PSALIXOCHLAENACEAE $Holmes1981 *X:?Ivo-?Chv%T Psalixochlaena $Holden1960 #NX(I) *N:BCarb/Wph@Enge \{stem,leaf,sporangium,root} \TS:P. cylindrica$< Hymenophyllites $Goeppert1836|(Zeiller)Kidston1923 #NX(I) *N:Carb@Polen \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Norwoodia $Rothwell1976 #X(I) *I:Carb/MPenn@ZO-Kans \{fructification} \TS:N. angustum$< TELEDEACEAE $Eggert1966 *X:?Ivo,Asb-Nog,Ass%T \(~Polypodiales) Tedelea $Eggert&Taylor1966; #NX(I) *N:^ *I:MPenn@Illi \{fertile foliage} \TS:T. glabra$< Senftenbergia $Corda1845 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@TsSl \{leaf,fertile foliage} \(~Polypodiales/Schizaeaceae) \TS:S. elegans$< Tubicaulis $Cotta1832 #NX(I) *NI:Perm@Duit \{stem} \(~Marattiales/TUBICAULIDAE) \TS(+NYD) BOTRYOPTERIDACEAE $Renault1883 *X:Ivo,Asb,Mel,Pod-Chv,?Ass%T \(~Coenopteridales) Botryopteris $Renault1875 #NXH(I) *N:BCarb/OStephan@Fran *I:BCarb@Fran \{stem,leaf,root} \(+~Psalixochlaenaceae) \(+P$Presl1825(Polypodiopsida/Ophioglossaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Catenopteris $Phillips&Andrews1966; #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{stem} \TS:C. simplex$< Holmesopteris $Beckary1987 #(I) *I:MCarb@Span \{rachis} \TS:H. faironiae$< ? Rhabdoxylon $Holden1960 #N(I) *N:BCarb/OStephan@Enge *I:BCarb@Enge \{stem,leaf} \TS:R. dichotomum$< ^ Dictyotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Concolutispora $??? #H \TS:??? Camptotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? SERMAYACEAE $Eggert1967 *X:Vrk,Ksk-Dor,Kaz%T \(?SERMEYACEAE~Polypodiales) Oligocarpia $Goeppert1841 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{leaf,fertile frond} \(~Polypodiales/Gleicheniaceae) \TS:O. gutbieri$< Doneggia $Rothwell1978 #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Ohio \{leaf,fertile frond} \TS:D. complura$< Sermaya $Eggert&Delevoryas1967; #NX(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{leaf} \(?Sermeya) \TS:S. biseriata$< ************************* * ? * Urnatopteridales $Danze1956 ************************* URNATOPTERIDACEAE $Danze1956 *X:Alp,Kin-Nog,Ass%T Renaultia $Zeiller1883 #NX *N:Carb@Fran \{leaf} \(~Marattiales/Marattiaceae) \TS(+NYD) Urnatopteris $Kidston1884 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Scho,Enge \{leaf,reproductive} \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Crossothecales $Danze1956 ************************* CROSSOTHECACEAE $Danze1956 *X:Vrk,Ksk-Pod,Mya%T Crossotheca $Zeiller1883 #X(I) *I:Carb \{microsporangiate organ} \TS:C. crepini$< ************************* * \("Eusporangiatae"Eusporangiopsida) * Ophioglossales $Newman1840|Engler1902 \(~Progymnospermopsida) \("Ophioglossidae$Takhtajan1???>Reveal1996,"Ophioglossopsida$Thome1874) ************************* OPHIOGLOSSACEAE $Agardh1822 \(=$Brown1???(+^A)) #P3-6/,m4/65,3/51,3/81,M3/75 *mM:Rec@cosm %T,Te *X:Dan,Rec \kruid BOTRYCHIOIDEAE $Presl1845 \("BOTRYCHIACEAE$Horaninow1847) Botrychium $Swartz1801 #m23,N,X,M~50,IB,i64 *m:Rec@cosm *M:Rec@gem,pol,bergen:trop(Eur:#M7) {moonwort/maanvaren} \("BOTRYCHIEAE$(Presl1???)Bommer1867) \TS:Osmunda lunaria$Linnaeus1??? =Botrypus $Michaux1803 #(M)I(B) \TS:Osmunda virginiana$Linnaeus1??? ==Osmundopteris $Small1938 #(IB) \(=$Milde1867(+^A)) \^^Botrychium/ \TS($Small1???):Osmunda virginiana$Linnaeus1??? =Lunaria $Hill1757 #(IB) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Lunularia $Batsch1794 #(IB) \(+P$Adanson1763(Hepaticopsida/Lunulariaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Japanobotrychum $Masamune1931 #I(B),i2 \TS:J. arisanense$< =Sceptridium $Lyon1905 #(IB),i23 \TS:Botrychium obliquum$Willdenow1???(<=Muehlenberg) OPHIOGLOSSOIDEAE $Gray1848 Ophioglossum $Linnaeus1753 #m40,N,M25-30,+^,IB,i33 *mM:Rec@~cosm(Eur:#M3) {adder's tongue,snake tongue/addertong} \("OPHIOGLOSSEAE$Hooker1???>Duby1828) \2n=140-1440 \TS:O. vulgatum$< =Cheiroglossa $Presl1845 #(MIB) \TS:Ophioglossum palmatum$Linnaeus1??? =Ophioderma $Endlicher1836 #(MIB),i1 \(=$Blume1828(+^A)) \^^Ophioglossum/ \TS($Presl1???):Ophioglossum pendulum$Linnaeus1??? =Rhizoglossum $Presl1845 #m1,(MIB) *m:Rec@ZAfr \^^Ophioglossum \TS:??? HELMINTHOSTACHYOIDEAE $Presl1845 \("HELMINTHOSTACHYACEAE$Ching1941) Helminthostachys $Kaulfuss1824 #N,M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@SriL,Hima--(Quee,NCal) \("HELMINTHOSTACHYEAE$(Presl1???)Bommer1867) \TS($Hooker1???):Osmunda zeylanica$Linnaeus1??? ==Ophiala $Desvaux1827 #(IB) \TS:Osmunda zeylanica$Linnaeus1??? =Botryopteris $Presl1825 #(IB) \TS:B. mexicana$< ************************* * Marattiales $Prantl1874|Engler1902 *?Ivo,?Bri-Rec \("Marattiidae$Cronquist1966) ************************* ASTEROTHECACEAE $Sporne1962 *X:?Bri,Vrk-Ass,Ufi =PSARONIACEAE $??? Megaphyton $Artis1825 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{trunk,stem} \TS:M. frondosum$< Psaronius $Cotta1832 #NX(I) *NI:^@Duit \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Scolecopteris $Zenker1837 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Duit \{leaf} \(~Marattiaceae) \TS:S. elegans$< Gemellitheca $Wagner&Hill;&ElKhayal1985; #X(I) *I:BPerm@SaAr \{fertile foliage} \TS:G. saudica$Wagner&Hill;&El-Khayal; Asterotheca $Corda1845|Presl1845 #NX(I) *NI:?Carb@Duit \(<=$Presl1???) \{leaf,fertile foliage} \(~Marattiaceae) \TS($Presl1???):Asterocarpus sternbergii$Goeppert1??? ==Asterocarpus $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:?BCarb@Duit \{leaf} \(+P$Ecklon&Zeyher1834-1835;(Magnoliopsida/Celastraceae)) \TS:A. sternbergii$< Trithecopteris $Pant&Misra1977; #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@India \{leaf} \TS:T. gondwanensis$< MARATTIACEAE $Berchtold&Presl1820; #P6/~150,m7/100,M4/100 *mM:Rec@trop,warm *X:Mya,?Ass,?Ufi,Rht-Rec%T ANGIOPTERIDOIDEAE $Presl1845 \("ANGIOPTERIDACEAE$Fee1???>Bommer1867) Angiopteris $Hoffmann1796 #m1,N,M1(-200),+^,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@Mad,trop-Az--W-PacOc \(+NomCons) \^^Polypodium \TS:??? =Archangiopteris $Christ&Giesenhagen1899; #m10,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@ZW-China,Taiw \TS:A. henryi$< =Clementea $Cavanilles1803 #(IB),i1 \TS:??? =Macroglossum $Copeland1909 #m2,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Suma,Born \TS:M. alidae$< =Protangiopteris $Hayata1928 #(IB) \TS:Archangiopteris somai$Hayata1??? =Protomarattia $Hayata1919 #m1,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Viet \(~Marattioideae) \TS:P. tonkinensis$< =Psilodochea $Presl1845 #(IB) \TS:P. salicifolia$< MARATTIOIDEAE $Presl1845 Marattia $Swartz1788 #m60,N,M60,+^,IB,i14 *mM:Rec@trop,gem-ZH |-500 \("MARATTIEAE$Bory1???>Dumortier1829) \(+missp:Marrattia$Swartz1???#i0) \TS:M. alata$< ==Discostegia $Presl1845 #(IB) \TS:Marattia alata$Swartz1??? =Eupodium $Smith1841 #(IB) \(?Etiam) \TS:E. kaulfussii$(Smith>Hooker)Smith>Hooker=Marattia kaulfussii$Smith1???>Hooker =Gymnotheca $Presl1845 #(IB) \^^Marattia \(+P$Decaisne1845(Magnoliopsida/Saururaceae)) \TS:??? =Myriotheca $Jussieu1789 #(IB) \(<=$Commerson1???) \TS($Poiret1???):Marattia fraxinea$Smith1??? =Stibasia $Presl1845 #(IB) \TS:S. douglasii$< DANAEOIDEAE $Knight1858 \("DANAEACEAE$Agardh1822) Danaea $Smith1793 #m30,N,M30,IB *m:Rec@Am *M:Rec@trop,warm:Am \(+NomCons) \("DANAEEAE$Moore1862) \^^Acrostichum \TS:??? =Heterodanaea $Presl1845 #(IB) \TS:Danaea stenophylla$Kunze1??? =Danaeopsis $Presl1845 #(IB) \(+GenDub) \TS:Danaea paleacea$Raddi1??? CHRISTENSENIOIDEAE" \("CHRISTENSENIACEAE$Ching1940=KALFUSSIACEAE$???) \(?CHRISTIANSENIACEAE) Christensenia $Maxon1905 #m1,N,M2,IB,i0 *m:Rec@Assam,W-ZOAE *M:Rec@ZOAE,Assam,Z-China--Solo \TS(+R Kaulfussia$Blume1828) ==Kaulfussia $Blume1828(|Presl1???) #(IB) \(+P$Nees1820(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Aspidium aesculifolium$Blume1??? =Macrostoma $Griffith1836 \TS:??? ^ Acitheca $Schimper1879 #N(I) *NI:BCarb \{leaf} \^^Pecopteris \TS:??? Angiotheca $Schimper1879 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Boreopteris $Moguceva1973 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Sibe \{leaf} \TS:B. evenkensis$< Concolutispora $??? #H \TS:??? Cyclotheca $Kidston1888 #(I) *I:BCarb@Scho \{sporangia} \(+P$MoquinTandon1849(Magnoliopsida/Gyrostemonaceae)) \TS:C. biseriata$< Eoangiopteris $Mamay1950 #N(I) *NI:Penn \{sporangia} \TS:E. andrewsii$< Grandeurya $Stur1883 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{fertile foliage} \(+P$Zeiller1883(fossilPolypodiopsida/Zygopteridales/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Kankakeea $Pfefferkorn1973 #N(I) *N:Penn@Illi \{leaf} \TS:K. grundyi$< Macrotaenia $Frenguelli1943 #N(I) *N:Tr@Arge *I:Tr \{leaf} \TS:M. fertilis$< Marattiopsis $Schimper1870 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Taeniopteris dentata$Sternberg1??? Marattiotheca $Schimper1879 #N(I) *N:^ *I:BCarb@Fran \{fertile frond} \TS(+NYD) Marattisporites $Couper1958 #H(I) *I:Jura-Kr \{spores} \TS:M. scabratus$< Phthinophyllum $Stur1877 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Bohe *I:Carb@M-Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Polytheca $Potonie1900 #N(I) *N:BCarb \{sporangium} \TS(+R Myriotheca$Zeiller1883) ==Myriotheca $Zeiller1883 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{leaf} \(+P$Commerson1???>Jussieu1789(Polypodiopsida/Marattiaceae)) \TS:??? Prynadaeopteris $Radcenko1955 #N(I) *N:BPerm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:P. karpovii$< Radstockia $Kidston1923 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{leaf,reproductive?} \(~Zygopteridales/?:) \TS:Schizostachys sphenopteroides$Kidston1??? Rajahia $Konno1970 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@Male \{leaf} \TS:??? Renaultia $Zeiller1883 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{fertile foliage} \TS:??? Renaultia $Stur1883 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{fertile foliage} \(+P$Zeiller1883(fossilPolypodiopsida/Marattiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Rhinipteris $Harris1931 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Pecopteris concinna$Presl1??? Tuberculatosporites $Imgrund1960 #H(I) *I:PermoCarb \{spores} \TS:T. anicystoides$< ? Angiopteridium $Schimper1869 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Duit,Hong *I:Mesozoic \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Danaeites $Goeppert1836 #X(I) *I:Carb@Silesia \{fertile foliage} \TS:D. asplenioides$< ==Danaeides $Schimper1869 #(I) \TS:??? Octotheca $Guthoerl1953 #N(I) *NI:Carb@ZW-Duit \{leaf} \(+P$Viguier1906(Magnoliopsida/Araliaceae)) \TS:O. bertrandii$< Unatheca $Kidston1891 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{fertile foliage} \TS:Ptychocarpus oblongus$Kidston1??? KNORRIPTERIDIAECAE $??? Knorripteris $Potonie1897 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Polen \{stem} \TS:K. mariana$< ^ Acaulangium $Millay1977 #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{leaf} \TS:Cyathotrachus bulbaceus$Graham1??? Araiangium $Millay1982 #(I) *I:Carb/BPenn@Illi \{synangia} \TS:Telangium pygmaeum$Graham1??? Auriculophora $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Va \{leaf} \TS:A. acrostichoides$< Burnitheca $MeyerBerthaud&Galtier1986; #X(I) *I:Carb/Tou@Scho \{fructification} \TS:B. pusilla$< Cyathocarpus $Weiss1869 #(I) *I:Carb@M-Eur \{fertile foliage} \TS:Pecopteris arborescens$Brongniart1???=Pecopteris arborea$Sternberg1??? Geperapteris $Meyen1982 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Sphenopteris imitans$Neuburg1??? Millaya $Mapes&Schabilion1979; #N(I) *NI:OPerm/Wolfcamp@NMex \{leaf} \TS:M. tularosana$< Orthotheca $Corsin1951 #N(I) *N:Carb/WphD@Duit *I:Carb@Eur \{leaf} \(+P$Bridel1826(Bryopsida/Calymperaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Psaroniocaulon $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *N:Carb@Fran \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Psaronites $Williamson1875 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{root} \^^Psaronius \TS:P. renaultii$< Stewartiopteris $Morgan&Delevoryas1952; #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:S. singularis$< Stipitopteris $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *N:Carb@Fran \{rachis} \TS(+NYD) Torispora $Balme1952 #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:T. securis$< Tubiculites $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Fran \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Xylopsaronius $Pohlig1910 #N(I) *NI:Perm \{leaf} \TS:Psaronius cottai$Corda1??? ? Andrewopteris $Baxter1975 #N(I) *NI:MPenn@Kans \{leaf} \TS:A. revoluta$< ************************* * Polypodiidae $Cronquist1966 \("Leptosporangiatae) * Osmundales $Bromhead1838|Zimmermann1959 \("Protoleptosporangiopsida) ************************* GUAIREACEAE $??? Guairea $Herbst1981 #(I) *I:BPerm@Para \{stem} \TS:G. milleri$< OSMUNDACEAE $Berchtold&Presl1820; #P3/21,m3/19,3/21,M3/22 *mM:Rec@trop,gem *X:Kaz,?Smi,Crn-Rec%T \("Osmundineae$Bessey1880) Osmunda $Linnaeus1753 #m10,N,M~10,+^,IB,i42 *Rec@gem(Eur:#M1),trop-O-Az {royal ferns,cinnamon fern=fiddleheads/koningsvaren} \("OSMUNDEAE$Hooker1???>Duby1828,"OSMUNDOIDEAE$Brown1???>Sweet1826) \bevat thiaminase \TS:O. regalis$< ==Aphyllocalpa $Lagasca&Garcia;&Clemente1802; #(IB) \TS:Osmunda regalis$Linnaeus1??? ==Struthopteris $Bernhardi1801 #(IB) \(+P Struthiopteris$Scopoli1754(Polypodiopsida/Blechnaceae)) \TS:Osmunda regalis$Linnaeus1??? =Osmundastrum $Presl1847 #(M)I(B) \TS:Osmunda cinnamomea$Linnaeus1??? =Plenasium $Presl1836 #(M)I(B) \TS:Nephrodium banksiaefolium$Presl1??? Todea $Bernhardi1801 #m2,N,M6,IB,i6 *m:Rec@Z-gem-OW *M:Rec@NG(#M1),Aus,NZ,Z-Afr,Z-gem-OW {crape fern} \(<=$Willdenow1???) \TS($Moore1???):Acrostichum barbarum$Linnaeus1??? Leptopteris $Presl1845 #m7,N,M6,IB *m:Rec@NG,Poly,NZ *M:Rec@NG,Aus,NCal,Poly,NZ \TS:Todea hymenophylloides$Richard1??? ^ Anomorrhoea $Eichwald1844 #NX(I) *NI:Perm/Zec@Rusl \{stem} \TS:A. fischeri$< Aurealcaulis $Tidwell&Parker1987; #(I) *I:Paleoc@ZW-Wyom \{trunk} \TS:A. crossii$< Bathypteris $Eichwald1852 #NX(I) *N:BCarb@Rusl \{stem} \TS:Tubicaulis rhomboidalis$Kuturga1??? Cacumen $Cantrill&Webb1987; #(I) *I:Kr/Alb@Vict \{fructification} \TS:C. expansa$< Chasmatopteris $Zalesskij1931 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{petiole} \TS:C. principalis$< Chinlea $Daugherty1941 #(I) *I:Tr/ChinleFm \{stem} \TS:C. campii$< Iegosigopteris $Zalessky1935(=Zalesskij) #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem} \TS:I. javorskii$Zalesskij1??? Itopsidema $Daugherty1960 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Ariz \{stem} \TS:I. vancleavei$< Kidstonia $Zeiller1897 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Az *I:BCarb@KlAz \{leaf} \TS:K. heracleensis$< Millerocaulis $Tidwell1986 #(I) *I:Jura@NZ \(<=$Erasmus1???) \{rhizome} \TS:Osmundites dunlopii$Kidston&GwynneVaughan1;??? Osmundacaulis $Miller1967 #N(I) *N:^ *I:OCarb@BrCo \{root,rhizome,stem,leaf base} \TS:Osmundites skidegatensis$Penhallow1??? Osmundacidites $Couper1953 #H(I) *I:Jura-Kr \{spores} \TS:O. wellmanii$< ==Osmundacidisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Osmundacidites$Couper1953) Osmundites $Unger1854 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Hong \{rhizome} \^^Asterochlaena \(+P$Jaeger1827(Cycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \TS:??? Osmundopsis $Harris1931 #NH(I) *NI:Jura@Polen \{leaf,fertile foliage} \(~Polypodiales) \TS(+NYD) Palaeosmunda $Gould1970 #NX(I) *NI:BPerm@Quee \{stem} \TS:P. williamsii$< Petcheropteris $Zalessky1931(=Zalesskij) #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf,petiole,stem} \TS:P. splendida$Zalesskij1??? Stellatheca $Danze1956 #N(I) *NI:Carb@N-Fran \{fertile frond} \TS:S. latiloba$< Thamnopteris $Brongniart1849 #NX(I) *N:^ *I:^@Rusl \{stem} \TS:Anomopteris schlechtendalii$Eichwald1??? Todeopsis $Renault1896 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Fran \{sporangia} \TS:T. primaeva$< Todisporites $Couper1958 #H(I) *I:Jura \{spores} \TS:T. major$< Todites $Seward1900 #NH(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{reproductive,leaf} \(~Marattiales) \TS:Pecopteris williamsonis$Brongniart1??? Tuarella $Burakova1961 #N(I) *NI:MJura@Turs \{leaf} \TS:T. lobifolia$< Zalesskya $Kidston&GwynneVaughan1908; #NX(I) *NI:BPerm@Rusl \{stem} \TS(+NYD) . Cladotheca $Halle1911 #(I) *I:Jura@Enge \{fertile fern frond} \TS:Pecopteris undans$Lindley&Hutton1;???(<=Williamson) ************************* * Polypodiales $Frank1877 \(<=$Mett.) \("Filicidae$Hooker&Arnott1850;"Leptosporangiopsida"FILICOPHYTA) \(=Filicales$Engler1902) * Plagiogyriineae" \("Plagiogyriales$Pic.Serm.>Reveal1993) ************************* PLAGIOGYRIACEAE $Bower1926 #P1/~35,m1/37,M1/~30 %T *mM:Rec@O-Az,Am *X:Rec Plagiogyria $Mettenius1858 #m37,N,M~30,IB,i13 *m:Rec@O-Az,Am *M:Rec@O-Az--NG,Am(#M6) \(=$Kunze1850(+^A)) \^^Lomaria/ \TS($Mettenius1???):Lomaria euphlebia$Kunze1??? ************************* * Polypodiineae" $Bessey1880 ************************* SCHIZAEACEAE $Kaulfuss1817 #P4/~200,m4/150i,M4/180 %T *m:Rec@!(trop,warm),Zgem,Am *M:~cosm,!(warm,trop) *X:Baj,Bth-Rec SCHIZAEOIDEAE" Schizaea $Smith1793 #mM30,N,+^,IB,i21 *mM:Rec@trop,Z-gem,NAm \(+NomCons) \TS:Acrostichum dichotomum$Linnaeus1??? =Actinostachys $Wallich1829 #(M)I(B),i4 \TS($Wallich1??? ):Acrostichum digitatum$Linnaeus1??? =Lophidium $Richard1792 #(IB) \(+NomRej vs Schizaea$Smith1793) \TS:L. latifolium$< =Microschizaea $Reed1948 #(IB),i4 \TS:Schizaea fistulosa$Labillardiere1??? =Ripidium $Bernhardi1801 #(IB) \(+P Rhipidium$Cornu1871(Oomycetes/Rhipidiaceae)) \TS:Osmunda dichotoma$Sprengel1??? ^ Pelletieria $Seward1913 #NH(I) *NI:Kr/Wealden@Enge \{leaf} \(+P Pelletiera$StHilaire1822(Magnoliopsida/Primulaceae)) \TS:P. valdensis$< ==Pelletixia $Watson&Hill1982; #(I) *I:Kr/Weald@Enge \{fertile frond} \TS:??? Schizaeangium $Bohra&Sharma1979; #(I) *I:Jura@India \{sporangia} \TS:S. jurassica$< ? Monotheca $Gothan1941 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Wph@WDuit \{fertile foliage} \(+P$DeCandolle1844(Magnoliopsida/Sapotaceae)) \TS:M. prussiae-rhenanae$Gothan1??? LYGODIOIDEAE" \("LYGODIACEAE$Roemer1840) Lygodium $Swartz1801 #m35,N,M40,+^,IB,i22 *mM:Rec@trop,warm(O-USA:#M1) \(+NomCons) \("LYGODIEAE$LaMaout&Decaisne1868;) \TS:Ophioglossum scandens$Linnaeus1??? ==Odontopteris $Bernhardi1800 #(IB) \TS:Ophioglossum scandens$Linnaeus1??? ==Vallifilix $DuPetitThouars1806 #(IB) \TS:Ophioglossum scandens$Linnaeus1??? =Cteisium $Michaux1803 #(IB) \TS:C. paniculatum$< =Gisopteris $Bernhardi1801 #(IB) \TS:G. palmata$< =Hydroglossum $Willdenow1802 #(IB),i2 \TS:H. longifolium$< =Lygodictyon $Hooker1842 #(IB) \(<=$Smith1???) \TS:L. forsteri$Smith1??? =Ramondia $Mirbel1801 #(IB) \(+suppr vs Ramonda$Richard1805(Magnoliopsida/Gesneriaceae)) \TS:Ophioglossum flexuosum$Linnaeus1??? ==Ugena $Cavanilles1801 #(IB) \(+NomRej vs Lygodium) \TS:Ophioglossum flexuosum$Linnaeus1??? ==Hugona $Roemer1801 #(IB) \(<=$Cavanilles1???) \TS:??? ANEMIOIDEAE $Rafinesque1815|Presl1845 \("ANEMIACEAE$Link1833) Anemia $Swartz1806 #m~75,N,M>100,+^,IB *mM:Rec@trop,warm(!Am) {flowering fern} \(+NomCons) \("ANEMIEAE$(Presl1???)Bommer1867) \^^Osmunda \TS:??? ==Anemidictyon $Hooker1841 #(I) \(<=$Smith1???) \(?Anemidictyum$Smith1???>Hooker1???#(B)) \(ZIE OOK VER ONDER) \TS:??? =Aneimiaebotrys $Fee1869 #(IB) \TS:A. aspera$< =Coptophyllum $Gardner1842 #(IB) \(+suppr vs$Korthals1851(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:C. buniifolium$< =Cryptophyllum $Schlechtendahl1??? #(B) \TS:??? =Hemianemia $Reed1948("1947") #(IB),i30 \(=$Prantl1881(+^A)) \^^Anemia/ \TS($Reed1???):Osmunda tomentosa$Savigny1??? =Ornithopteris $Bernhardi1805 #(IB) \^^Osmunda \(+NomRej vs Anemia) \TS:??? ==Anemirhiza $Smith1855 #(IB) \TS:Osmunda adiantifolia$Linnaeus1??? =Spathepteris $Presl1846 #(I) \(?^Osmundaceae) \TS:Osmunda verticillata$Linnaeus1??? =Trochopteris $Gardner1842 #(IB) \TS:T. elegans$< Mohria $Swartz1806 #m3,N,M7,IB *mM:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr {frankincense fern} \("MOHRIEAE$(Presl1???)Bommer1867,"MOHRIOIDEAE$Presl1845,"MOHRIACEAE$(Presl1???)Reed1948) \TS:Polypodium caffrorum$Linnaeus1???=Mohria caffrorum$(Linnaeus1???)Desvaux ==Colina $Greene1893 #(IB) \TS:Polypodium caffrorum$Linnaeus1??? ^ Appendicisporites $Weyland&Krieger1953; #H(I) \TS:A. tricuspidatus$< Cicatricosisporites $Potonie&Gelletich1933;(?1932) #H(I) *I:Eoc@Hong \{spores} \TS:C. dorogensis$< ==Mohrioidites $Thiergart1950 #(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:Cicatricosisporites dorogensis$Potonie&Gelletich1;??? Cicatricososporites $Pflug&Thomson1953; #H(I) *I:Eoc@Duit \{spores} \^^Sporites \TS($Jansonius&Hills1;???):Schizaea eocenica$Selling1??? ==Schizaeoisporites $Delcourt&Sprumont1955; #(I) *I:Eoc@Duit \(<=$Potonie1???) \^^Schizaea \{spores} \TS:Sporites pseudodorogensis$Thiergart1???(+^A)=Schizaea eocenica$Selling1965 ==Schizaeosporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #H(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Schizaeoisporites$Potonie1???>Delcourt&Sprumont1955;) Corrugatisporites $Thomson&Pflug1953; #(I) *I:Eoc@Duit \(+missp:Corrugalisporites$Thomson&Pflug1953;#(I)) \{spores} \TS:Sporites solidus$Potonie1??? ==Lygodioisporites $Delcourt&Sprumont1955; #H(I) \(<=$Potonie1???) \{spores} \TS:Sporites solidus$Potonie1??? Ischyosporites $Balme1957 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:I. craterius$< Klukia $Raciborski1891 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Polen,Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Klukisporites $Couper1958 #H(I) *I:Jura \{spores} \TS:K. variegatus$< Lygodiumsporites $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:Punctatisporites adriennis$Potonie&Gelletich1;??? Mintopteris $Radforth&Walton1960; #N(I) *NI:Penn@NwBr \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:M. hirsuta$< Mohriopsis $Appert1973 #N(I) *NI:BJura@ZW-Mad \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:M. plastica$< Naktongia $Oishi1939 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Korea \{leaf} \TS:N. yabei$< Norimbergia $Gothan1914(?1913) #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Protornithopteris $Reed1947 #N(I) *N:BKr@Wyom \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Schizaeopsis $Berry1911 #N(I) *NI:OKr \TS:Baieropsis expansa$Fontaine1??? Schizaeopteris $Stopes&Fujii1910; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{sporangium} \TS:S. mesozoica$< Schizosporis $Cookson&Dettmann1959; #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:S. reticulatus$< Sellingia $Lorch1968 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Isra \{leaf} \TS:S. microloba$< Stachypteris $Pomel1849 #NX(I) *NI:^ \(~Loxsomataceae) \TS(+NYD) ? Ruffordia $Seward1894 #N(I) *N:Kr/Weald@Enge \{reproductive,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Schvedopteris $Moguceva&Radcenko1973; #N(I) *NI:OTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:S. lobata$< PTERIDACEAE $Reichenbach1837|Kirchn.1831 #M35/825 *M:Rec@cosm,!trop %TF =ADIANTACEAE $Ching1840(?Newman1840) #P~50/1000,m(3)56/1150 *m:Rec@cosm *X:Rec \(=$Presl1???(+^A)) \(~Polypodiaceae) \(+NomCons) PLATYZOMATOIDEAE $??? #P1/1,m1/1 *Rec@NO-Aus *X:Rec \("PLATYZOMATACEAE$Nakai1950,Platyzomatales$Pic.Serm.>Reveal1993) Platyzoma $Brown1810 #m1,N,M1,IB,i5 *m:Rec@NO-Aus *M:Rec@N-,NO-Aus %T \TS:P. microphyllum$< CERATOPTERIDOIDEAE $??? #P1/4,m1/4 *Rec@trop,warm %F *X:Rec \("PARKERIACEAE$Hooker1826) Ceratopteris $Brongniart1822 #m4,N,M4,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@trop,warm %F,drijvend \TS:Acrostichum thalictroides$Linnaeus1??? ==Furcaria $Desvaux1827 #(IB) \TS:??? ==Ellobocarpus $Kaulfuss1824 #(IB) \TS:??? ==Teleozoma $Brown1823 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum thalictroides$Linnaeus1??? =Parkeria $Hooker1825 #(IB) \TS:P. pteridoides$< ^ Parkerioidea $Renault1901 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{leaf} \TS:P. stephanensis$< ? Endoa $Kimura1959 #N(I) *NI:Mesozoic@Japan \{leaf} \TS:E. ceratopteroides$< TAENITOIDEAE $Link1841 1: \(~HEMIONITIDACEAE,GYMNOGRAMMACEAE) PITYROGRAMMEAE" Anogramma $Link1841 #m7,N,M5,IB,i8 *m:Rec@gem *M:Rec@Azor,ZW-Eur(}#M1),trop-OW--NZ,trop-Am \TS:Polypodium leptophyllum$Linnaeus1??? ==Adenogramme $Engler1908 #(IB) \(<=$Link1???) \(+P Adenogramma$Reichenbach1828(Magnoliopsida/Molluginaceae)) \TS($Link1???>Engler):Polypodium leptophyllum$Linnaeus1??? Pityrogramma $Link1833 #m14,N,M16,IB,i58 *m:Rec@trop-Am,trop-Afr *M:Rec@trop-Am(Andes:#M10),ZW-,W-USA(#M1),Afr,Mad(}M4-5)-->trop %T \TS:Acrostichum chrysophyllum$Swartz1??? ==Ceropteris $Link1841 #(IB) \TS:??? =Calomelanos $Lindley1846 #(IB) \(=$Presl1836(+^A)) \^^Gymnogramma/ \TS(+NYD) =Nesoris $Rafinesque1838 #(IB) \TS:N. bicolor$< =Trismeria $Fee1852 #m1,N(M)I(B) *Rec@trop-Am \TS($Diels1???):Acrostichum trifoliatum$Linnaeus1??? =X Pityromeria $Gomez1979 #(IB) \Pityrogramma$Link1833 x Trismeria$Fee1852 Pentagramma $Yatskievych&Windham;&Wollenweber1990; #M2,B *M:Rec@NAm \(~Pityrogramma) \TS:??? ? Pleurosoriopsis $Fomin1930 #m1,N,M1,I *mM:Rec@China,Japan \("PLEUROSORIOPSIDACEAE$Ching1978~Aspleniaceae/Asplenioideae?~Grammitidaceae) \TS:Gymnogramma makinoi$Makino1???(<=Maximowicz) ERIOSOREAE" Pterozonium $Fee1850 #m4,N,M13,IB *m:Rec@trop-ZAm *M:Rec@Z-Vene--Suri,Colom,N-Peru \TS:Gymnogramma reniformis$Martius1??? ==Trichiogramme $Kuhn1882 #(IB) \TS:??? =Syngrammatopsis $Alston1952 #m3,(M)I(B),i6 *Rec@ZAm \TS:Gymnogramma elaphoglossoides$Baker1??? Jamesonia $Hooker&Greville1830; #m17,N,M19,IB *m:Rec@trop-ZAm *M:Rec@MAm,N-Andes,ZO-Braz \TS:J. pulchra$< Eriosorus $Fee1852 #m25,N,M25,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am(Andes) \^^Gymnogramma \TS:E. scandens$< ==Psilogramme $Kuhn1882 #(IB) \TS:??? Nephopteris $Lellinger1966 #m1,N,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Colom *M:Rec@M-Colom%3000 \TS:N. maxonii$< . =X Eriosonia $PichiSermolli1977 #(I)B,i2 \Eriosorus$Fee1852 x Jamesonia$Hooker&Greville1830; SYNGRAMMINAE" Syngramma $Smith1845 #m20,N,M15,IB *m:Rec@ZOAE--Fiji *M:Rec@ZOAE(Born:#M7)--Caro \TS:S. alismifolia$< =Callogramme $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:C. caeciliae$< =Craspedodictyum $Copeland1911 #(IB) \TS:C. grande$< =Toxopteris $Trevisan1877 #(IB) \TS:Gymnogramma borneensis$Hooker1??? Austrogramme $Fournier1873 #m5,N,M5,IB *Rec@O-ZOAE--NCal \(>Cerosoreae) \TS:Gymnogramma marginata$Mettenius1??? =Aspleniopsis $Kuhn1882 #(M)I(B) \(<=$Mettenius1???) \TS($Mettenius1???>Kuhn):Gymnogramma decipiens$Mettenius1??? CONIOGRAMMEAE" Coniogramme $Fee1852 #m20,N,M20,IB,i3 *m:Rec@trop-OW--Hawai,Mexi *M:Rec@trop-OW--Hawai \(+NomCons) \TS:Gymnogramma javanica$Blume1??? =Dictyogramme $Fee1850 #(IB) \(+NomRej vs Coniogramme) \TS:Hemionitis japonica$Thunberg1??? ==Dyctiogramme $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Hemionitis japonica$Thunberg1??? ==Notogramme $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Hemionitis japonica$Thunberg1??? =X Coniodictyogramme $Nakai1949 #(IB) \Coniogramme$Fee1852 x Dictyogramme$Fee1850 CEROSOREAE" Cerosora $Domin1929 #m2,N,M3,IB *m:Rec@Suma,Born *M:Rec@Hima,Suma,Born \(=$Baker1887(+^A)) \^^Gymnogramma/ \TS($Domin1???):Gymnogramma chrysosora$Baker1??? 2: \("TAENITIDACEAE$(Presl1???)PichiSermolli1975,~Adiantoideae) TAENITIDEAE $Presl1836 Taenitis $Schkuhr1805 #m15,N,M15,IB,i8 *m:Rec@ZOAE--trop-Aus *M:Rec@ZOAE--trop-Aus,Fiji \(<=$Willdenow1???) \("TAENITIDINAE$Payer1850) \TS:Pteris blechnoides$Willdenow1??? =Schizolepton $Fee1850 #(M)I(B) \TS:Schizoloma cordatum$GaudichaudBeaupre1??? =Platytaenia $Kuhn1882 #m2,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@ZOAE \TS:Acrostichum requinianum$GaudichaudBeaupre1??? =Holttumiella $Copeland1941 #m1,(M)I(B) *Rec@Born \TS(+R Holttumia$Copeland1941) ==Holttumia $Copeland1941 #(IB) \(+P$Lloyd1924(Pyrenomycetes/Xylariaceae)) \TS:Polypodium flabellivenium$Baker1??? 3: \("ACTINIOPTERIDACEAE$PichiSermolli1962~Cheilantheae) ACTINIOPTERIDEAE" Actiniopteris $Link1841 #m3,N,M5,IB *m:Rec@trop-OW *M:Rec@!Afr--SriL %xeric \TS:Asplenium radiatum$Swartz1??? 4: \(~Cheilantheae,CRYPTOGRAMMATACEAE) ONYCHIEAE" Onychium $Kaulfuss1820 #m7,N,M8,IB *m:Rec@trop-,warm-OW *M:Rec@NO-Afr,Iran--NG,!China \TS:O. capense$< =Leptostegia $Don1825 #(IB) \TS:L. lucida$< CHEILANTHOIDEAE $??? \(~Adiantoideae) 1: \("CRYPTOGRAMMACEAE$PichiSermolli1962|1963(?CRYPTOGRAMMATACEAE)) Cryptogramma $Brown1823 #m5,N,M2,IB *Rec@alpien,boreaal,Eur {parsley fern} \TS:C. acrostichoides$< =Phorolobus $Desvaux1827 #(IB) \TS:Osmunda crispa$Linnaeus1??? Llavea $Lagasca1816 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:L. cordifolia$< =Botryogramme $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:Allosorus karwinskii$Kunze1??? =Ceratodactylis $Smith1839 #(IB) \TS:C. osmundioides$< 2: \("SINOPTERIDACEAE$Koidzumi1934(+NomRej)) CHEILANTHEAE $Todaro1866 \(<=$Fee1???) \("CHEILANTHACEAE$Nayar1970) Cheilanthes $Swartz1806 #m~180,N,M150,IB,i196 *mM:Rec@cosm(Eur:#M7,Aus:#M15,!(Andes,Mexi,Z-Afr)) %!droog \(+NomCons) \("CHEILANTHINAE$Fee1???>Pfeiff.1872) \TS:C. micropteris$< =Aleuritopteris $Fee1852 #m15,(M)I(B),i4 *m:Rec@trop,N-gem \TS:Pteris farinosa$Forsskal1??? =Allosorus $Bernhardi1805 #(IB),i48 \(+NomRej vs Cheilanthes) \TS:Adiantum pusillum$Bernhardi1???(<=Willdenow) =Argyrochosma $Windham1987 #(MB) *Rec@trop:Am,Z-USA \(=$Smith1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Aspidotis $Copeland1947 #m3,N(M)IB *m:Rec@NAm,Afr \(=$Nuttall1???>Hooker1852(+^A)) \^^Hypolepis/ \TS($Nuttall1???>Copeland):Hypolepis californica$Hooker1??? =Cheiloplecton $Fee1857 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Mexi \(+missp:Cheilopecton) \TS:Pteris rigida$Swartz1??? =Chrysochosma $Kuemmerle1914 #(M)I(B),i5 \(=$Smith1875(+^A)) \^^Notholaena/ \TS($Kuemmerle1???):Pteris sulfurea$Cavanilles1??? =Cosentinia $Todaro1866 #(M)I(B) \TS:Acrostichum velleum$Aiton1??? =Leptolepidium $Hsing&Wu1979; #m5,(MIB) *m:Rec@O-Az \TS:Cheilanthes dalhousiae$Hooker1??? =Mildella $Trevisan1877 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@MAm \TS:Pteris inframarginalis$Link1???(<=Kaulfuss) =Myriopteris $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:M. marsupianthes$< =Negripteris $PichiSermolli1946 #m1,N(M)IB *Rec@Ethi \("NEGRIPTERIDACEAE$PichiSermolli1946,Negipteridales$PichiSermolli1???>Reveal1993) \TS:Mohria scioana$Chiovenda1??? =Neurosoria $Kuhn1869 #m1,N(M)I(B),i1 *Rec@trop-Aus \(<=$Mettenius1???) \("NEUROSORIEAE) \TS($Mettenius1???>Kuhn):Acrostichum pteroides$Brown1??? =Oeosporangium $Visiani1867(=DeVisiani) #(IB) \TS:Cheilanthes szovitsii$Fischer&Meyer1;??? =Pomataphytum $Jones1930 #(IB),i1 \TS:P. pocillatum$< =Sinopteris $Christensen&Ching1933; #m2,N(M)IB *Rec@China \TS:Cheilanthes grevilleoides$Christ1??? Adiantopsis $Fee1852 #N,M7,IB,i10 *M:Rec@trop:Am \(~Cheilanthes) \TS:Adiantum radiatum$Linnaeus1??? Notholaena $Brown1810 #m60,M25,I(B),i91 *mM:Rec@warm-Am(!(ZW-USA--Mexi))--trop-Am %!xerofyt {cloak ferns} \(~Cheilanthes) \("NOTHOLAENEAE$Gaudichaud1828,"NOTHOLAENOIDEAE$Link1841) \TS($Desvaux1???):Acrostichum marantae$Linnaeus1??? ==Cincinalis $Desvaux1811 #(IB) \(<=$Gleditsch1???) \(+P$Gleditsch1764(Polypodiopsida/Dennstaedtiaceae)) \TS:??? Astrolepis $Benham&Windham1992;(|Benham1992) #i6 {star-scaled cloak fern} \(~Dennstaedtiaceae) \TS:??? PELLAEEAE" \(~Cheilantheae) Pellaea $Link1841 #m80,N,M35,IB,i86 *m:Rec@trop,warm *M:Rec@trop,warm(Eur:#M1)--Cana,!ZW-NAm {cliff brake} \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):Pteris atropurpurea$Linnaeus1??? =Cheilosoria $Trevisan1877 #(M)I(B) \TS:Cheilanthes allosuroides$Mettenius1??? =Choristosoria $Kuhn1879 #(IB) \(<=$Mettenius1???) \TS($Mettenius1???>Kuhn):Adiantum pteroides$Linnaeus1??? =Ormopteris $Smith1875 #m1,(MIB) *Rec@Braz \TS:Cassebeera gleichenioides$Gardner1??? =Pellaeopsis $Smith1875 #(IB) \TS:Pteris articulata$Sprengel1???(<=Kaulfuss) =Platyloma $Smith1841 #(IB),i6 \^^Adiantum \(+P$Rafinesque1833(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Pteridella $Kuhn1879 #(IB) \(<=$Mettenius1???) \TS($Mettenius1???>Kuhn):Pellaea doniana$Hooker1??? =Synochlamys $Fee1857 #(IB) \TS:S. ambigua$< Doryopteris $Smith1841 #m35,N,M25,IB,i58 *m:Rec@trop,warm *M:Rec@trop,warm,!ZO-Braz \(+NomCons) \TS:Pteris palmata$Willdenow1??? =Cassebeera $Kaulfuss1824 #N(M)IB \(+NomRej vs Doryopteris) \TS:Adiantum triphyllum$Lamarck1??? ==Bakeropteris $Kuntze1891 #(IB) \TS(+R Cassebeera$Kaulfuss1824) =Tryonella $PichiSermolli1975("1974") #m2,(MIB) *Rec@Braz \TS(+R Heteropteris$Fee1869) ==Heteropteris $Fee1869 #(MIB) \(+P Heteropterys$Kunth1822(Magnoliopsida/Malpighiaceae)) \(~Neurodium) \TS:H. doryopteris$< 3: \("HEMIONITIDACEAE$PichiSermolli1966,GYMNOGRAMMACEAE) TRACHYPTERIDEAE" \(~Cheilantheae) Trachypteris $Christ1899 #m2,N,M3,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@ZAm,GalE,Mad \(<=$Andre1???) \TS:T. aureo-nitens$(Hooker1???)Andre>Christ=Acrostichum aureo-nitens$Hooker1??? =Saffordia $Maxon1913 #(mM)NIB,i1 \TS:S. induta$< HEMIONITIDEAE" \(~Cheilantheae) Hemionitis $Linnaeus1753 #m6,N,M7,IB *m:Rec@trop-Az,trop-Am *M:Rec@trop:Am \TS:H. palmata$< =Gymnopteris $Bernhardi1799 #m5,N(M)IB *m:Rec@warm-Az,Aus \TS($Underwood1???):Acrostichum ruffum$Linnaeus1763(+P$Linnaeus1759)=Pteris ruffa$Linnaeus1??? ==Gymnogramma $Desvaux1811 #(IB),i132 \TS:??? ==Neurogramma $Link1841 #(IB),i10 \TS:??? =Schizogramma $Link1841 #(IB) \^^Gymnogramma \TS:'Gymnogramma palmata$Klfss.' Bommeria $Fournier1877 #m4,N,M4,IB *mM:Rec@ZW-NAm,MAm \TS($Underwood1???):Gymnogramma ehrenbergiana$Klotzsch1??? Paraceterach $Copeland1947 #m1,M7,I(B),i2 *m:Rec@Quee *M:Rec@Z-Eur,Macaronesie--Quee \(=$Mueller1???(+^A)) \(~Gymnopteris) \TS($Copeland1???):Gymnogramma muelleri$Hooker1??? . Parahemionitis $Panigrahi1993 #M1 *M:Rec@India--M-Male \(~Hemionitis) \TS:??? . =X Hemionanthes $Mickel1992 #i1 \Cheilanthes$Swartz1806 x Hemionitis$Linnaeus1753 ADIANTOIDEAE $??? #m43/ ADIANTEAE $Gaudich1829 Adiantum $Linnaeus1753 #m200,N,M150,+^,IB,i185 *Rec@cosm(Eur:#M1),!trop-Am {maidenhair ferns/venushaar} \("ADIANTINAE$Fee1871) \TS:A. capillus-veneris$Linnaeus1??? =Hewardia $Smith1841 #(MIB) \TS:H. adiantoides$< PTERIDOIDEAE $Link1841 #4/ PTERIDEAE $Sm.1841 Pteris $Linnaeus1753 #m280,N,M250,+^,IB,i196 *mM:Rec@cosm(Eur:#M3) %T {/vleugelvaren,lintvaren} \("PTERIDINAE$Payer1850) \TS:P. longifolia$< ==Thelypteris $Adanson1763 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Schmidel1763(Polypodiopsida/Thelypteridaceae)) \(?Thelipteris$Adanson1???#(B)) \TS:??? ==Pteridium $Rafinesque1814 #(IB) \(+P$Scopoli1760(Polypodiopsida/Dennstaedtiaceae)) \TS:??? ==Peripteris $Rafinesque1815 #(IB) \TS:??? ==Lemapteris $Rafinesque1819 #(IB) \TS:??? ==Phyllitis $Rafinesque1819 #(IB) \(+P$Hill1757(Polypodiopsida/Aspleniaceae)) \TS:??? ==Pterilis $Rafinesque1830 #(IB) \(+P$Rafinesque1819(Polypodiopsida/Dryopteridaceae)) \TS:Osmunda struthiopteris$Linnaeus1??? =Campteria $Presl1836 #(IB),i1 \^^Pteris \TS:C. pectinata$< =Copelandiopteris $Stone1973 #(MIB) \TS:Schizostege calocarpa$Copeland1??? =Hemipteris $Rosenstock1908 #(IB) \TS:H. werneri$< =Heterophlebium $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:Pteris grandifolia$Linnaeus1??? =Lathyropteris $Christ1907 #(IB) \TS:L. madagascariensis$< =Litobrochia $Presl1836 #(IB),i17 \TS:Pteris denticulata$Swartz1??? =Monogonia $Presl1836 #(IB) \(~Cyclosorus) \TS:Pteris palustris$Poiret1??? =Pycnodoria $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:P. opaca$< =Schizostege $Hillebrand1888 #(IB) \TS:Cheilanthes lidgatii$Baker1??? =Schizostegeopsis $Copeland1958 #(MB) \(?Schizostegopsis) \TS:??? =Idiopteris $Walker1958 #m1,N(M)I(B) *Rec@SriL \TS:Pteris hookeriana$Agardh1??? Nevrocallis $Fee1845 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:N. praestantissima$< =Neurocallis $auctt #(M) \TS:??? Acrostichum $Linnaeus1753 #m3,N,M3,IB,i193 *mM:Rec@trop:mangrove {marsh ferns} \("ACROSTICHINAE$Payer1850,"ACROSTICHEAE$Presl1836,"ACROSTICHOIDEAE$Link1841,"ACROSTICHACEAE$Mett.1877>Frank1???(+NomRej)) \TS:A. aureum$< =Chrysodium $Fee1845 #(IB),i8 \TS:C. vulgare$< (Elaphoglossum) $Baker1??? #(i) \TS:??? (Gymnopteris) $Baker1??? #(i) \(=$Presl1???(+^A)) \TS:??? (Hymenolepis) $Baker1??? #(i) \TS:??? (Stenochlaena) $Baker1??? #(i) \TS:??? ^ Diplothmema $Stur1877 #(I) *I:Carb/Culm@M-Eur \{fertile foliage} \("Acrostichaceae) \TS(+NYD) AFROPTERIDEAE $??? \(~Adiantoideae) Afropteris $Alston1956 #m2,N,M2,IB *mM:Rec@W-Afr,Seyc \(>Pteris~Taenitoideae) \(+missp:Aropteris$Alston1956 corr$Alston1959#(IB)) \TS:Pteris repens$Christensen1??? Ochropteris $Smith1841 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@Mad,Mask \(>Pteris) \TS:Adiantum pallens$Swartz1??? Anopteris $Diels1899 #m1,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@trop-Am *M:Rec@Berm,GrAnt \(<=$Prantl1???) \TS($Prantl1???>Diels):Pteris heterophylla$Linnaeus1??? ^ Tchucotopteris $Vassilevskaja1977 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Kr/Alb@USSR \{fertile foliage} \TS:T. ustinovii$< ? Kolymella $Samylina&Filippova1970; #N(I) *NI:Kr@NO-USSR \{leaf,reproductive} \TS:K. raevskii$< . =Eriochasma $Hereman1868 #i2 \(=$Smith1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Nothochlaena $Kaulf.1824 #i0 \TS:??? ^ Arctopteris $Samylina1964 #N(I) *N:OKr@USSR *I:OKr/(Apt-Alb)@USSR \{leaf} \("Pecopterides) \TS:A. kolymensis$< VITTARIACEAE $Ching1940 \(=$Presl1???(+^A)) #m9/,M6/130 *M:Rec@trop(^NZ)--Japan,Arge,ZO-USA %Te \(~Adiantaceae) VITTARIOIDEAE $Link1841 Antrophyum $Kaulfuss1824 #m30,N,M50,IB,i26 *m:Rec@trop *M:Rec@trop,!ZOAE \(+missp:Anthrophyum) \("ANTROPHYEAE$(Fee1???)Pfeiff.1872,"ANTROPHYOIDEAE$Link1841,"ANTROPHYACEAE$(Link1???)Ching1978) \TS:Hemionitis plantaginea$Cavanilles1??? =Polytaenium $Desvaux1827 #m10,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@trop-Am \(+missp:Polyaetnium) \TS:Vittaria lanceolata$Swartz1??? =Scoliosorus $Moore1857 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@MAm \TS:Antrophyum ensiforme$Hooker1??? Anetium $Splitgerber1840 #m1,N,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Acrostichum citrifolium$Linnaeus1??? ==Pteridanetium $Copeland1947 #(IB) \TS(+R Anetium$Splitgerber1840) Radiovittaria $Crane1998 #i7 \(=$Benedict1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Hecistopteris $Smith1842 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Gymnogramma pumila$Sprengel1??? Vittaria $Smith1793 #m80,N,M50-80,IB,i30 *mM:Rec@trop,warm \("VITTARIEAE$Preal1836) \TS:Pteris lineata$Linnaeus1??? ==Oetosis $Greene1900 #(IB) \(<=$Necker1???) \(+P$Necker1???>Kuntze1891(Polypodiopsida/Polypodiaceae)) \TS:??? ==Taeniopsis $Smith1841 #(IB) \TS:Pteris lineata$Linnaeus1??? =Ananthocorus $Maxon1908 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@trop-Am \(<=$Underwood&Maxon1;???) \(?Ananthacorus$Underwood&Maxon1;???#i1) \TS($Underwood&Maxon1;???>Maxon):Pteris angustifolia$Swartz1??? =Haplopteris $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:Pteris scolopendrina$BoryDeSt.-Vincent =Taeniopteris $Hooker1841 #(IB) \(+P$Brongniart1828(fossilCycadopsida/Pentoxylaceae)) \TS:T. forbesii$< Monogramma $Schkuhr1808 #m2,N,M7,IB,i9 *m:Rec@Mask,MaleS *M:Rec@Mad--ZOAE %Te \(<=$Commerson1???) \(=Monogramme$auctt) \TS:Pteris graminea$Poiret1??? =Diclidopteris $Brackenridge1854 #(IB),i1 \(~Vaginularia) \TS:D. angustissima$< =Pleurofossa $Ito1936 #(IB) \(<=$Nakai1???) \(~Pleurogramme) \TS($Nakai1???>Ito^):Monogramma dareaecarpa$Hooker1??? =Vaginopteris $Nakai1943 #(IB) \(~Vaginularia) \TS:Monogramma subfalcata$Hooker1??? =Vaginularia $Fee1852 #m6,N(M)IB,i1 *Rec@SriL--PacOc \TS:V. trichoidea$< ? Rheopteris $Alston1956 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@NG \(~Cerosorinae) \TS:R. cheesmaniae$< LOXSOMATACEAE $Presl1847|1848(1875) #P2/4,m2/4,M2/5 *Rec@NZ,trop-Am %T *X:?Ber,Rec \("Loxsomatales$PichiSermolli1???>Reveal1993) \(?LOXSOMACEAE) Loxsoma $Cunningham1837 #m1,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@NZ *M:Rec@N-NZ \(<=$Brown1???) \(+missp:Loxoma$Brown1???>Cunningham1837#(I)) \TS:L. cunninghamii$< Loxsomopsis $Christ1904 #m3,N,M1-4,IB *m:Rec@trop-Am *M:Rec@CRic,Colom--Boli \TS:L. costaricensis$< ^ Loxsomopteris $Skog1976 #NX(I) *NI:OKr/?Apt@Mary \{rhizome} \TS:L. anasilla$< HYMENOPHYLLACEAE $Link1833 #7-28/650,m33/460,M10/600 *Rec@trop,gem *X:Rec {filmy ferns} \("Hymenophyllineae$Bessey1880,Hymenophyllales$Frank1877) CARDIOMANOIDEAE $??? #M1/ Cardiomanes $Presl1843 #m1,M1,IB *mM:Rec@NZ \TS:Trichomanes reniforme$Forster1??? HYMENOPHYLLOIDEAE $Burnett1835 . Hymenoglossum $Presl1843 #m1,M1,IB *mM:Rec@Chili,JFer \TS:Hymenophyllum cruentum$Cavanilles1??? Serpyllopsis $DenBosch1861(=VanDenBosch) #m1,M1,IB *m:Rec@gem-ZAm *M:Rec@Z-ZAm,JFer,Falk \TS($Christensen1???):Hymenophyllum caespitosum$GaudichaudBeaupre1??? {Hymenophyllum-gr} Hymenophyllum $Smith1793 #m25,N,M~250,IB,i227 *mM:Rec@trop,Z-gem,gem-Eur(#M2),Japan \("HYMENOPHYLLINAE$Fr.1845,"HYMENOPHYLLEAE$Bory1???>Gaudichaud1828) \TS:Trichomanes tunbrigense$Linnaeus1??? ==Ptychomanes $Hedwig1800 #(IB) \TS(+R Hymenophyllum$Smith1793) =Buesia $Copeland1938 #(M)I(B) \(=$Morton1932(+^A)) \^^Hymenophyllum/ \TS($Copeland1???):Hymenophyllum mirificum$Morton1??? =Diplooephyllum $DenBosch1861(=VanDenBosch) #(I) \(~Mecodium) \(?Diploophyllum$VanDenBosch1???#(B)) \TS:Trichomanes dilatatum$Forster1??? =Leptocionium $Presl1843 #(M)I(B) \TS:L. dicranotrichum$< =Myrmecostylum $Presl1843 #(IB) \(~Meringium) \TS:Hymenophyllum tortuosum$Hooker&Greville1;??? =Ptychophyllum $Presl1843 #(IB) \(~Meringium) \TS:Hymenophyllum plicatum$Kaulfuss1??? =Rosenstockia $Copeland1947 #m1,(M)IB *m:Rec@NCal \TS:R. rolandi-principis$(Rosenstock1???)Copeland=Hymenophyllum rolandi-principis$Rosenstock1??? =Meringium $Presl1843 #m60,(M)I(B),i8 *m:Rec@trop,Aus \TS:M. meyenianum$< =Myriodon $Copeland1938 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@NG \(=$Copeland1937(+^A)) \^^Hymenophyllum/ \TS($Copeland1???):Hymenophyllum odontophyllum$Copeland1??? =Craspedophyllum $Copeland1938 #m29,(MB),i1 *m:Rec@ZO-Aus,NZ \(=$Presl1843(+^A)) \^^Hymenophyllum/ \TS(+R Pachyloma$VanDenBosch1861) ==Pachyloma $DenBosch1861(=VanDenBosch) #(IB),i0 \(+P$DeCandolle1828(Magnoliopsida/Melastomataceae)) \TS:Hymenophyllum marginatum$Hooker&Greville1;??? =Hemicyatheon $Copeland1938 #m2,(M)I(B),i1 *m:Rec@Quee,NCal \(=$Domin1913(+^A)) \^^Hymenophyllum/ \TS($Copeland1???):Hymenophyllum baileyanum$Domin1??? =Mecodium $Copeland1938 #m100,(M)I(B),i42 *m:Rec@trop,Z-gem \(<=$Copeland1???|Presl) \(=$Copeland1???(+^A)) \TS($Presl1???>Copeland):Trichomanes sanguinolentum$Forster1??? =Amphipterum $Copeland1938 #m4,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Male \(<=$Presl1???) \(=$Copeland1937(+^A)) \(~Mecodium) \^^Hymenophyllum/ \TS($Copeland1???):Trichomanes fuscum$Blume1??? Sphaerocionium $Presl1843 #m70,M~80,IB,i55 *mM:Rec@trop \(~Hymenophyllum) \TS:Trichomanes hirsutum$Linnaeus1??? =Apteropteris $Copeland1938 #(M)I(B),i2 \(=$Copeland1937(+^A)) \^^Hymenophyllum/ \TS($Copeland1???):Trichomanes malingii$Hooker1??? =Dermatophlebium $Presl1849 #(B) \TS:??? {Trichomanes-gr} Trichomanes $Linnaeus1753 #m25,M~80,IB,i216 *m:Rec@trop-,warm-Am *M:Rec@!(trop-,warm-Am),OW {bristle ferns,kidney ferns} \("TRICHOMANEAE$Dumortier1829,"TRICHOMANOIDEAE$Presl1843,"TRICHOMANACEAE$Burmeister1837) \TS:T. crispum$< =Hemiphlebium $Presl1843 #(IB),i2 \(~Didymoglossum) \TS:Trichomanes pusillum$Swartz1??? =Homoeotes $Presl1847 #I(B) \(~Feea) \TS:Trichomanes heterophyllum$Willdenow1???(<=Humboldt&Bonpland;) =Hymenostachys $BoryDeStVincent1824 #(M)I(B) \TS:H. diversifrons$BoryDeSt.-Vincent =Lacostea $VanDenBosch1861 #(M)I(B) \TS($Prantl1???):Trichomanes brachypus$Kunze1??? =Maschalosorus $DenBosch1861(=VanDenBosch) #(IB) \TS:Trichomanes mougeotii$VanDenBosch1??? =Neuromanes $Trevisan1851 #(M)I(B) \TS(+R Neurophyllum$Presl1843) ==Neurophyllum $Presl1843 #(IB) \(+P$Torrey&Gray1840;(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS:Trichomanes pinnatum$Hedwig1??? =Odontomanes $Presl1851 #I(B) \TS:Neurophyllum hostmannianum$Klotzsch1??? =Pyxidaria $Gleditsch1764 #(IB) \TS(+NYD) =Ragatelus $Presl1843 #(IB) \TS:Trichomanes crinitum$Swartz1??? ==Ptilophyllum $DenBosch1861(=VanDenBosch) #(IB) \(+P$Morris1840(fossilCycadopsida/?:)) \TS:Trichomanes crinitum$Swartz1??? =Lecanolepis $PichiSermolli1973 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS(+R Lecanium$Presl1843) ==Lecanium $Presl1843 #(MIB) \(+P$Reinwardt1825(Polypodiopsida/Polypodiaceae)) \TS:Trichomanes membranaceum$Linnaeus1??? =Didymoglossum $Desvaux1827 #m>20,(M)I(B),i23 *m:Rec@trop-Am,trop-Afr--SriL \("DIDYMOGLOSSEAE$Presl1843) \TS:Trichomanes muscoides$Swartz1??? =Microgonium $Presl1843 #m12,(M)I(B),i7 *m:Rec@trop-OW \TS:Trichomanes cuspidatum$Willdenow1??? =Feea $BoryDeStVincent1824 #m5,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS:F. polypodina$BoryDeSt.-Vincent Crepidomanes $Presl1851 #m12,M120,IB,i5 *m:Rec@Mad--(Japan,Tahi) *M:Rec@!(Mad--(Japan,Tahi)),Am \(=$Presl1???(+^A)) \(~Trichomanes) \TS($Presl1???):Trichomanes intramarginale$Hooker&Greville1;??? =Craspedoneuron $DenBosch1861(=VanDenBosch) #(IB) \(~Pleuromanes) \TS:Trichomanes album$Blume1??? =Crepidium $Presl1843 #(B) \TS:??? =Lacosteopsis $Nakaike1975 #(MIB) \(=$Prantl1875(+^A)) \^^Trichomanes/ \TS:Trichomanes luschnatianum$Presl1??? =Leucomanes $Presl1??? #(B) \TS:??? =Taschneria $Presl1849 #(B) \TS:??? =Vandenboschia $Copeland1938 #m25,(M)I(B),i15 *m:Rec@cosm \TS:Trichomanes radicans$Swartz1??? =Reediella $PichiSermolli1970 #m5,(M)I(B),i4 *m:Rec@Male--(Poly,NZ) \TS(+R Crepidopteris$Copeland1938) ==Crepidopteris $Copeland1938 #(MIB),i2 \(^^Didymoglossum/Crepidium$Presl1843) \(+P$Presl1838(fossil/Trigonocarpaceae,{Pteridophylla}/{Alethopterides})) \TS:Trichomanes humile$Forster1??? ==Crepidophyllum $Reed1948 #(IB),i2 \(+P$Herzog1926(Bryopsida/Hypnaceae)) \TS(+R Crepidopteris$Copeland1938) =Abrodictyum $Presl1843 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@O-Male \(~Trichomanes) \TS:A. cumingii$< =Pleuromanes $Presl1851 #m3,(M)I(B),i1 *m:Rec@SriL--Tahi \(<=$Presl1???) \TS:Trichomanes acutum$Presl1??? =Gonocormus $DenBosch1861(=VanDenBosch) #m>7,(M)I(B),i4 *m:Rec@warm-,trop-OW \TS($Prantl1???):Trichomanes proliferum$Blume1??? =Mortoniopteris $PichiSermolli1977 #m1,(M)I(B),i1 *m:Rec@N-gem \TS:Trichomanes scandens$Linnaeus1??? =Pteromanes $PichiSermolli1977 #m2,(M)I(B),i2 *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Trichomanes martiusii$Presl1??? =Microtrichomanes $Copeland1938 #m14,(M)I(B),i3 *m:Rec@Mad--NZ \(=$Mettenius1864(+^A)) \(>Hymenophyllum>Trichomanes) \^^Trichomanes/Micro-trichomanes \TS($Copeland1???):Trichomanes digitatum$Swartz1??? Polyphlebium $Copeland1938 #m1,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Aus,NZ \TS(+R Phlebiophyllum$Bosch1861) ==Phlebiophyllum $VanDenBosch1861 #(IB) \(+P Phlebophyllum$Nees1832(Magnoliopsida/Acanthaceae)) \TS:Trichomanes venosum$Brown1??? Cephalomanes $Presl1843 #m10,M60,IB,i1 *m:Rec@ZOAE,PacOc *M:Rec@!OW \TS:C. atrovirens$< =Macroglena $Copeland1938 #(M)I(B),i2 \(=$Presl1847(+^A)) \^^Trichomanes/ \(~Trichomanes) \TS($Copeland1???):Trichomanes meifolium$BoryDeStVincent1???>Willdenow =Selenodesmium $Copeland1938 #m10,(M)I(B),i5 *m:Rec@trop,ZH \(=$Prantl1875(+^A)) \^^Trichomanes/ \TS($Copeland1???):Trichomanes rigidum$Swartz1??? =Davalliopsis $DenBosch1861(=VanDenBosch) #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Trichomanes prieurii$Kunze1??? =Callistopteris $Copeland1938 #m5,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Male--W-PacOc \TS:Trichomanes apiifolium$Presl1??? =Nesopteris $Copeland1938 #m4,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Male--Samoa \TS:Trichomanes grande$Copeland1??? Trigonophyllum $PichiSermolli1977 #m2,M2,I(B) *mM:Rec@trop-Am \(=$Prantl1875(+^A)) \(~Trichomanes) \^^Ptilophyllum/ \TS:Trichomanes bancroftii$Hooker&Greville1;??? HYMENOPHYLLOPSIDACEAE $PichiSermolli1970 #m1/2,M1/8 *m:Rec@Guya *M:Rec@NO-ZAm *X:Rec %!T \("Hymenophyllopsidales$PichiSermolli1???>Reveal1993) Hymenophyllopsis $Goebel1929 #m2,N,M8,IB,i7 *m:Rec@Guya *M:Rec@Roraima--W-Vene \TS:Hymenophyllum dejectum$Baker1??? STROMATOPTERIDACEAE $Bierhorst1968 \(=$Nakai1???(+^A)) #P1/1,m1/1,(M) *Rec@NCal *X:Rec \(!Gleicheniaceae/"STROMATOPTERIDOIDEAE) GLEICHENIACEAE $Presl1825|1826 \(=$Brown1???(+^A)) #P2/130,m4/140,M5/125 *mM:Rec@trop,warm,Z-gem *X:?Art,?Ufi,Plb,Baj,Ber-Rec %T \("Gleicheniinae$Bessey1880,"Gleicheniales$Frank1877) GLEICHENIOIDEAE $(Brown1???)Sweet1826 Gleichenia $Smith1793 #m10,N,M10,+^,IB,i95 *mM:Rec@Z-Afr,Mask,Male--NZ \(+NomCons) \("GLEICHENIEAE$Gaudichaud1828,"GLEICHENIOIDEAE$(Brown1???)Sweet1826) \TS:Onoclea polypodioides$Linnaeus1??? =Calymella $Presl1836 #(IB),i7 \TS:Gleichenia alpina$Brown1??? =Gleicheniastrum $Presl1847 #(IB),i4 \TS:Gleichenia microphylla$Brown1??? Diplopterygium $Nakai1950 #m21,N,M25,IB,i4 *m:Rec@trop-,warm-Az--W-PacOc,trop-Am *M:Rec@!(trop-,warm-Az--Hawai),trop-Am \(=$Diels1900(+^A)) \^^Gleichenia/Mertensia/ \TS($Nakai1???):Polypodium glaucum$Thunberg1???>Houttuyn Sticherus $Presl1836 #m100,N,M~80,IB,i75 *mM:Rec@trop-,Z-gem \TS:Mertensia laevigata$Willdenow1??? Dicranopteris $Bernhardi1805("1806") #m10,N,M12,IB,i66 *m:Rec@trop *M:Rec@trop,!ZOAE,Z-gem \("DICRANOPTERIDACEAE$Ching1954) \TS(+R Mertensia$Willdenow1804) ==Mertensia $Willdenow1804 #(IB),i0 \^^Polypodium \(+P$Roth1797(Magnoliopsida/Boraginaceae)) \TS:Polypodium dichotomum$Murray1???(<=Thunberg) ==Mesosorus $Hasskarl1856 #(IB) \TS(+R Mertensia$Willdenow1804) =Gleichenella $Ching1940 #(IB),i1 \TS:Mertensia pectinata$Willdenow1??? ==Acropterygium $Nakai1950 #(IB),i2 \(=$Diels1900(+^A)) \^^Gleichenia/Mertensia/ \TS($Nakai1???):Mertensia pectinata$Willdenow1??? =Hicriopteris $Presl1851 #(M)I(B) \TS:H. speciosa$< STROMATOPTERIDOIDEAE $??? \(STROMATOPTERIDACEAE,Stromatopteridales$PichiSermolli1???>Reveal1993) Stromatopteris $Mettenius1861 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@NCal \TS:S. moniliformis$< ^ Boodlepteris $Gandolfo1997 #(I) *I:Kr/BTur@NwJe \TS:B. turoniana$< Chansitheca $Rege1921 #X(I) *I:Carb \{fertile foliage} \TS:C. palaeosilvana$< Didymosorus $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #(I) \TS(+NYD) Gleicheniidites $Ross1955 #H \TS:G. senonicus$< ==Gleicheniisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Gleicheniidites$Ross1949) Gleicheniopsis $Tutin1932 #N(I) *NI:OKr@W-Groe \{fertile and barren fronds} \TS(+NYD) Gleicheniorachis $Sharma1973 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{leaf,stem,rachis} \TS:G. jurassica$< Gleichenoides $Konno1968 #N(I) *NI:BMesozoic@Male \(=$Konno1967(+^A)) \{fertile foliage} \^^Gleichenites/ \TS:G. gagauensis$(Kon'no )Kon'no=Gleichenites gagauensis$Kon'no Gleichotheca $Pant&Srivastava1977; #N(I) *NI:Kr|Jura@India \{sporangium} \TS:G. jabalpurensis$< Palaeogleichenia $Leuthardt1902(?1901) #N(I) *N:^@Fran \{fertile foliage} \TS:Pecopteris gracilis$Heer1??? Selenocarpus $Schenk1866 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Duit \{sterile and fertile foliage} \TS:Taxodites muensterianus$Presl1??? Szea $Yao&Taylor1988; #(I) *I:OPerm@China \{fertile frond} \TS:S. sinensis$< Triquitrites $Wilson&Coe1940; #H(I) *I:Penn@Iowa \{spores} \TS:T. arculatus$< ==Triquisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) *I:Carb@Iowa \{spores} \TS:Triquitrites arculatus$Wilson&Coe1;??? Wingatea $Ash1969 #NX(I) *NI:BTr@NMex \{fertile foliage} \TS:Coniopteris plumosa$Daugherty1??? ? Gleichenites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *N:Kr@Groe \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) CYNEPTERIDACEAE $Ash1969 %T *X:Crn Cynepteris $Ash1969 #X(I) *X:Crn/ChinleF@NMex,Ariz *I:BTr@NMex \{fertile foliage} \TS:C. lasiophora$< MATONIACEAE $Presl1847 #P2/2,m2/4,M2/4 *m:Rec@Male,Born,NG *M:Rec@ZOAE %T *X:Crn,Rht-Rec \("Matoniales$PichiSermolli1???>Reveal1993) Matonia $Wallich1829 #m2,N,M2,+^,IB *mM:Rec@ZOAE \(<=$Brown1???) \("MATONIEAE$Moore1857) \TS:M. pectinata$< Phanerosorus $Copeland1909 #m2,N,M2,IB *m:Rec@Born,NG *M:Rec@Sara,Z-Molu,eiln<--W-NG \TS:Matonia sarmentosa$Baker1??? ^ Alstaettia $Remy&Remy1969; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Brm@Duit \{stem} \TS:A. andersoni$< Barrealia $Frenguelli1942 #N(I) *N:Tr@Arge *I:Tr \{leaf} \TS:B. dichotoma$< Kohlmannopteris $Richter1899 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Neo@Duit \{leaf} \TS:K. insignis$< Laccopteris $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:BTr/Keuper@Duit \{fertile fern pinnules} \TS:Asterocarpus lanceolatus$Goeppert1???(<=Sternberg) Matoniella $Hirmer&Hoerhammer1936; #N(I) *NI:Kr@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Matonia wiesneri$Krasser1??? Matoniopteris $Snigirevskaya1977 #N(I) *NI:OJura@O-Sibe \{rhizome} \TS:M. sibirica$< Matonisporites $Couper1958 #H(I) *I:Jura-Kr \{spores} \TS:M. phlebopteroides$< Phlebopteris $Brongniart1837 #NXH(I) *N:Jura@Enge \TS(+NYD) Piazopteris $Lorch1968 #N(I) *NI:Jura-Kr@Braz \{fertile foliage} \TS:Phlebopteris branneri$White1??? Toroisporis $Krutzsch1959 #H(I) *I:Paleoc@Eur \{spores} \TS:T. torus$< ==Toroisporites $Nakoman1966 #H(I) \{spores} \TS:Toroisporis torus$Krutzsch1??? ? Knowltonella $Berry1911 #N(I) *N:OKr@Mary *I:OKr \{leaf} \TS:K. maxoni$< Phlebomeris $Saporta1893 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@Port \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) CHEIROPLEURIACEAE $Nakai1928 #P1/1,m1/1,M1/1 *mM:Rec@O-Az *X:Rec %T \(?>Dipteris) Cheiropleuria $Presl1851 #m1,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@O-Az *M:Rec@ZO-Az,Hons--O-ZOAE \TS:Polypodium bicuspe$Blume1??? DIPTERIDACEAE $Seward&Dale1901; \(=$Diels1???(+^A)) #P1/8,m1/8,M1/8 *m:Rec@Az--Poly *M:Rec@ZOAE--PacOc %T *X:Crn,Nor-Rec Dipteris $Reinwardt1825("1828") #m8,N,M8,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Az--Poly \TS:D. conjugata$< ==Phymatodes $Presl1836 #(MIB),i15 \TS:Dipteris conjugata$Reinwardt1??? ^ Apachea $Daugherty1941 #NX(I) *N:BTr@Ariz *I:BTr \{leaf} \TS:A. arizonica$< Bongamia $NhatMai1985 #(I) *I:BTr@NO-Viet \{frond} \TS:B. vietnamica$< Goeppertella $Oishi&Yamasita1936; #N(I) *NI:RhaetoLias@Duit \TS(+NYD) Thaumatopteris $Goeppert1841 #N(I) *NI:BTr/Rht@Duit \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:T. muensteri$< Dictyophyllidites $Couper1958 #H(I) *I:Jura \{spores} \TS:D. harrisii$< Hausmannia $Dunker1846 #HM(I) *Jura@cosm *I:Weald@Duit \TS:H. dichotoma$< Dictyophyllum $Lindley&Hutton1834; #HM(I) *Jura@cosm *I:Jura@Enge \{fern leaf} \TS:D. rugosum$< Converrucosisporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) \{spores} \TS:Verrucosisporites triquetrus$Ibrahim1??? ==Converrucitriletes $Dybova&Jachowicz1957; #(I) \{spores} \TS:Verrucosisporites triquetrus$Ibrahim1??? Clathropteris $Brongniart1828 #XH(I) *I:OJura@Zwed \{fern foliage} \TS:C. meniscioides$Brongniart1???=Filicites meniscioides$Brongniart1??? POLYPODIACEAE $Brown1810|Berchtold&Presl1820; #P~40/600,m(5)52/550,M33/700 *mM:Rec@cosm,!trop %T,Te *X:?Crn,Ber-Rec {/naaktvarens} PLATYCERIOIDEAE $??? \("PLATYCERIACEAE$(Nayar1???)Ching1978) PLATYCERIEAE" Platycerium $Desvaux1827 #m17,N,M17,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@trop,!OW(Afr,Mad}#M6,Az#M9,Andes:(Peru,Boli)#M1) %T,Te {elk's horn fern,stag's horn fern/hertshoornvaren} \^^Acrostichum \TS:P. alcicorne$< ==Alcicornium $Underwood1899 #(IB),i5 \(<=$GaudichaudBeaupre1???) \TS:??? ==Nevroplatyceros $Fee1845 #(IB) \(?Neuroplatyceros$Fee1???) \TS:??? ==Stemaria $Schott1829 #(I),i1 \^^Acrostichum \TS:S. alcicornis$< PYRROSIEAE" Pyrrosia $Mirbel1802 #m100,N,M100,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@trop-OW--(NO-Aus,NZ) %Te \TS:P. chinensis$< =Apalophlebia $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Niphobolus venosus$Blume1??? =Candollea $Mirbel1802 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum longifolium$Burman1??? =Cyclophorus $Desvaux1811 #(IB),i10 \TS(+R Candollea$Mirbel1802) =Drymoglossum $Presl1836 #(M)I(B) \(+NomCons) \TS:Pteris piloselloides$Linnaeus1??? ==Oetosis $Kuntze1891 #(IB) \(<=$Necker1???) \TS($Greene1???):Pteris lineata$Linnaeus1??? =Galeoglossa $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum nummularifolium$Swartz1??? =Gyrosorium $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Niphobolus africanus$Kunze1??? =Neoniphopsis $Nakai1928 #(IB) \TS:Niphobolus linearifolius$Hooker1??? =Niphobolus $Kaulfuss1824 #(IB),i8 \TS:Polypodium adnascens$Swartz1??? =Niphopsis $Smith1857 #(IB) \TS:Polypodium angustatum$Swartz1??? =Polycampium $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum lingua$Thunberg1??? =Pteropsis $Desvaux1827 #(IB),i4 \(+NomRej vs Drymoglossum$Presl1836) \(~Drymoglossum) \TS:Acrostichum heterophyllum$Linnaeus1??? =Scytopteris $Presl1851 #(IB),i1 \TS:S. acrostichoides$< =Sphaerostichum $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:S. acrostichoides$< =Saxiglossum $Ching1933 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@China \^^Cyclophorus \TS:S. taeniodes$(Christensen1???)< POLYPODIOIDEAE $(Brown1???)Sweet1826 DRYNARIEAE $??? \("DRYNARIOIDEAE,"DRYNARIACEAE$Ching1978) Drynaria $Smith1841 #m~20,N,M15,IB,i9 *m:Rec@trop-OW *M:Rec@trop-OW,!China %Te \(+NomCons) \(=$BoryDeStVincent1825(+^A)) \^^Polypodium/ \TS(+TypCons)($Smith1???):Polypodium quercifolium$Linnaeus1??? Aglaomorpha $Schott1836 #m10,N,M32,IB *m:Rec@trop-Az *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE %Te \TS:A. meyeniana$< =Dryostachium $Smith1841 #I(B) \TS:D. splendens$Hooker1???(<=Smith) =Hemistachyum $Ching1940 #(IB) \(=$Copeland1911(+^A)) \^^Aglaomorpha/ \TS($Ching1???):Aglaomorpha brooksii$Copeland1??? =Psygmium $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:P. elegans$< =Photinopteris $Smith1841 #m1,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Male \TS:P. horsfieldii$Hooker1???(<=Smith) =Merinthosorus $Copeland1911 #m1,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Male \TS:Acrostichum drynarioides$Hooker1??? =Holostachyum $Ching1940 #m1,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@NG \(=$Copeland1914(+^A)) \^^Aglaomorpha/ \TS($Ching1???):Aglaomorpha buchananii$Copeland1??? =Drynariopsis $Ching1940 #m1,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Male--Solo \(=$Copeland1929(+^A)) \^^Aglaomorpha/ \TS($Ching1???):Polypodium heracleum$Kunze1??? =Pseudodrynaria $Ching1941 #m1,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@NO-India--Taiw \(<=$Christensen1???) \TS:Polypodium coronans$Mettenius1???(<=Wallich) =Thayeria $Copeland1906 #m1,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Fili \TS:T. cornucopia$< SELLIGUEAE $??? \(~"MICROSOROIDEAE) Christopteris $Copeland1905 #m2,N,M2,IB *m:Rec@ZO-Az,NCal *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE \(?:~Microsoreae) \(=Christiopteris$Copeland1???) \TS:Polypodium sagitta$Christ1??? Selliguea $BoryDeStVincent1824 #m5,N,M~50,IB,i3 *m:Rec@Male--Poly *M:India--Japan,!NG,Aus(#M1),PacOc,ZAfr(#M1),Mad(#M1) \TS:S. feei$BoryDeSt.-Vincent =Crypsinopsis $PichiSermolli1977 #(M)I(B) \(~Crypsinus) \TS:Polypodium triquetrum$Blume1??? =Microterus $Presl1851 #(I) \(~Crypsinus) \(?Microferus$Presl1???#(B)) \TS:Polypodium neglectum$Blume1??? =Phymatopteris $PichiSermolli1973 #NIB,i1 \TS(+R Phymatopsis$Smith1875) ==Phymatopsis $Smith1875 #(IB) \(+P$Tulasne1???>Trevisan1857(Ascomycetes/?:)) \TS:Polypodium palmatum$Blume1??? =Pycnoloma $Christensen1929 #m3,N(M)IB *m:Rec@MaleS,Born \TS:Drymoglossum rigidum$Hooker1??? =Grammatopteridium $AlderwereltVanRosenburgh1924(=VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh) #m2,N(M)IB *m:Rec@ZOAE \TS(+R Grammatopteris$VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh1922) ==Grammatopteris $AlderwereltVanRosenburgh1922(=VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh) #(IB) \(+P$Renault1891(fossilPolypodiopsida/Coenopteridales/?:)) \TS:Drymoglossum brooksii$VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh1??? =Oleandropsis $Copeland1942 #m1,N,(M)IB *m:Rec@NG \TS:Polypodium ferreum$Brause1??? =Holcosorus $Moore1857 #m3,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Born,NG \TS:Grammitis bisulcata$Hooker1??? =Crypsinus $Presl1851 #m40,N(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@ZOAE,Japan \TS:Polypodium pyrolifolium$Goldmann1???=Crypsinus pyrolifolius$(Goldmann1???)Copeland Arthromeris $Smith1875 #m9,N,M9,IB *m:Rec@N-India--Z-China *M:Rec@N-India--Z-China,?Born \(=$Moore1857(+^A)) \^^Pleopeltis/ \TS($Ching1???):Polypodium juglandifolium$Don1825(+P$Humboldt&Willdenow1810;)==Polypodium wallichianum$Sprengel1??? LEPISOREAE $??? \("PLEOPELTOIDEAE) Lemmaphyllum $Presl1851 #m4,N,M6,IB,i0 *m:Rec@NO-India--(ZOAE,Japan) *M:Rec@ZOAE %Te \TS:L. spatulatum$< =Weatherbya $Copeland1947 #I(B) \TS:Polypodium accedens$Blume1??? Drymotaenium $Makino1901 #m2,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@India,Japan,Taiw \TS:Taenitis miyoshiana$Makino1??? Lepisorus $Ching1933 #N,M~40,IB *M:Rec@trop,warm:OW \(=$Smith1846(+^A)) \^^Drynaria/ \TS($Ching1???):Pleopeltis nuda$Hooker1??? =Paragramma $Moore1857 #m2,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Male \(=$Blume1828(+^A)) \^^Grammitis/ \TS($Moore1???):Grammitis longifolia$Blume1??? Belvisia $Mirbel1802 #m25,N,M8,IB *mM:Rec@trop-OW %Te \^^Acrostichum \TS:??? ==Hymenolepis $Kaulfuss1824 #(IB),i16 \(+P$Cassini1817(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS($Presl1???):Acrostichum spicatum$LinnaeusF1??? ==Hyalolepis $Kunze1850 #(IB) \(+P$DeCandolle1838(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS(+R Hymenolepis$Kaulfuss1824) =Macroplethus $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Hymenolepis platyrhynchos$Kunze1??? MICROSOREAE $??? 1: \("PLEOPELTOIDEAE) Neocheiropteris $Christ1905 #m3,N,M5-10,IB *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE--Japan \TS(+R Cheiropteris$Christ1898) ==Cheiropteris $Christ1898 #(IB) \(+P Chiropteris$Kurr1858|Kurr>Bronn1858(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:C. henryi$<|Polypodium palmatopedatum$Baker1??? =Neolepisorus $Ching1940 #m13,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@trop-OW--O-Az,!(China--Japan,ZOAE,Mad) \TS:Polypodium ensatum$Thunberg1??? =Platygyria $Ching&Wu1980; #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Tibet \(?Platygeria) \TS:Neocheiropteris waltonii$Ching1??? =Tricholepidium $Ching1978 #m10,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@trop-Az,trop-China \TS:Polypodium normale$Don1??? 2: \("MICROSOROIDEAE) Microsorum $Link1833 #m60,N,M60,IB,i10 *m:Rec@trop-OW *M:Rec@trop-OW--NZ %Te \(~Polypodium) \(?Microsorium) \TS:M. irregulare$< =Campylogramma $AlderwereltVanRosenburgh1916(=VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh) #(IB) \TS:C. lancifolia$< =Kaulinia $Nayar1964 #(IB) \TS:Polypodium pteropus$Blume1??? =Lepidomicrosorium $Ching&Shing1983; #(B) \TS:??? =Dendroconche $Copeland1911 #m2,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@NG \TS:Polypodium annabellae$Forbes1??? =Podosorus $Holttum1966 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Fili \TS:P. angustatus$< =Diblemma $Smith1841 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Fili \TS:D. samarensis$< Phymatosorus $PichiSermolli1973 #m12,M12,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@trop-,warm-OW {kangaroo fern} \(~Microsorum) \(^^Phymatodes/Euphymatodes$Ching1933(+^A)) \TS:Polypodium scolopendria$Burmann1??? Lecanopteris $Reinwardt1825 #m3,N,M13,IB *mM:Rec@ZOAE %Te \(~Microsorum) \TS(+R Onychium$Reinwardt1825) ==Onychium $Reinwardt1825("1828") #(IB) \(+P$Kaulfuss1820(Polypodiopsida/Pteridaceae)) \TS:O. carnosum$< ==Lecanium $Reinwardt1825 #(IB) \TS(+R Onychium$Reinwardt1825) =Myrmecopteris $PichiSermolli1977 #(M)I(B) \TS(+R Myrmecophila$Christ1???>Nakai1929) ==Myrmecophila $Nakai1929 #(MIB) \(<=$Christ1???) \(+missp:Myrmechophila) \(+P$Rolfe1917(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:Polypodium sinuosum$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) Colysis $Presl1851 #m30,N,M30,IB,i2 *m:Rec@trop-OW *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE \(~Microsorum) \TS:C. hemionitidea$< =Myuropteris $Christensen1929 #N(M)IB \TS:Drymoglossum cordatum$Christ1??? Leptochilus $Kaulfuss1824 #m1,N,M3,IB,i27 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE \TS:Acrostichum axillare$Cavanilles1??? ==Gymnopteris $Presl1836 #(IB),i22 \(+P$Bernhardi1799(Polypodiopsida/Pteridaceae)) \TS:Acrostichum axillare$Cavanilles1??? =Dendroglossa $Presl1851 #(M)I(B) \TS:Leptochilus minor$Fee1???=Dendroglossa minor$(Fee1???)Copeland =Nistarika $Nayar&Madhusoodanan;&Molly1985; #(B) \TS:??? =Paraleptochilus $Copeland1947 #m2,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@ZOAE \TS:Leptochilus decurrens$Blume1??? 3: \(~Polypodieae) Dictymia $Smith1846 #m4,N,M2-3,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@(Aus,NG)--Fiji \TS($Copeland1???):Polypodium attenuatum$Brown1810(+P$Willdenow1810)==Polypodium brownii$Wikstrom1??? POLYPODIEAE $Duby1828 \(<=$Hooker&Lindley1;???) 1: \("PLEOPELTOIDEAE) Pleopeltis $Willdenow1810 #m40,N,M10,IB,i26 *m:Rec@trop *M:Rec@!trop-Am--India \(<=$Humboldt&Bonpland1;???) \(~Polypodium) \TS:P. angusta$< =Lepidogrammitis $Ching1940 #(M)I(B) \^^Lemmaphyllum/Pseudolepisorus$Ching1933 \(~Lemmaphyllum) \TS:Polypodium drymoglossoides$Baker1??? =Marginariopsis $Christensen1929 #m1,N(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Drymoglossum wiesbaurii$Sodiro1??? =Microphlebodium $Gomez1976 #(B) *Rec@Z-Mexi,MAm \TS:??? Microgramma $Presl1836 #m20,N,M16,IB *m:Rec@trop-Am *M:Rec@!trop-Am,Afr,Mad,Mask(}#M1) %Te \(~Pleopeltis~Polypodium) \TS:Polypodium persicariaefolium$Schrader1??? ==Mecosorus $Klotzsch1847 #(IB) \("MECOSOREAE$Klotzsch1847) \(~Grammitidaceae) \TS:Polypodium persicariaefolium$Schrader1??? =Anapeltis $Smith1857 #I(B) \TS:Polypodium lycopodioides$Linnaeus1??? =Craspedaria $Link1841 #I(B) \TS:Polypodium vacciniifolium$Willdenow1??? =Lopholepis $Smith1842 #(IB) \(=$Smith1841(+^A)) \^^Polypodium \^^Goniophlebium/ \(+P$Decaisne1839(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:??? =Pleurogonium $Lindley1846 #(IB) \(=$Presl1836(+^A)) \^^Marginaria/ \TS(+NYD) Solanopteris $Copeland1951 #m1,N,M3-4,IB *m:Rec@W-trop-ZAm *M:Rec@CRic--Peru {potato fern} \(~Microgramma) \(+missp:Solenopteris) \TS:Polypodium bifrons$Hooker1??? Nevrodium $Fee1850 #M1,I *M:Rec@MAm \(?Neurodium$Fee1???#B) \TS:Pteris lanceolata$Linnaeus1??? ==Cheilogramme $Underwood1899 #(IB) \(=$Blume1829(+^A)) \(+missp:Cheilogramma) \^^Antrophyum/ \TS:Pteris lanceolata$Linnaeus1??? =Paltonium $Presl1851 #m1,(MIB) *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Pteris lanceolata$Linnaeus1??? Dicranoglossum $Smith1854 #m6,N,M6,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS(+R Cuspidaria$Fee1850) ==Cuspidaria $Fee1850 #(IB) \(+P$(DeCandolle1???)Besser1822(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae);+suppr vs$DeCandolle1838(Magnoliopsida/Bignoniaceae)) \TS:Pteris furcata$Linnaeus1??? ==Eschatogramme $Christensen1905 #(IB) \(<=$Trevisan1???) \TS(+R Cuspidaria$Fee1850) Pecluma $Price1983 #N,M25,IB,i34 *M:Rec@warm:Am \TS:Polypodium pectiatum$Linnaeus1??? 2: \("MICROSOROIDEAE) Polypodiopteris $Reed1948 #m3,N,M3,IB *mM:Rec@Born \TS(+R Polypodiopsis$Copeland1947) ==Polypodiopsis $Copeland1947 #(IB) \(+P$Carriere1867(Magnoliopsida/Proteaceae)) \TS:Polypodium proavitum$Copeland1??? 3: Niphidium $Smith1875 #m1,N,M10,IB *m:Rec@Ecua *M:Rec@trop:Am \TS:Polypodium americanum$Hooker1??? =Pessopteris $Underwood&Maxon1908; #m1,(M)I(B),i9 *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS(+R Anaxetum$Schott1834) ==Anaxetum $Schott1834 #(IB) \(+P Anaxeton$Gaertner1791(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Polypodium crassifolium$Linnaeus1??? ==Pleuridium $Fee1852 #(IB) \(=$Presl1836) \^^Phymatodes/ \(+NomCons vs$Rabenhorst1848(Bryopsida/Ditrichaceae)) \TS($Fee1???):Polypodium crassifolium$Linnaeus1??? Campyloneurum $Presl1836 #m25,N,M20,IB,i52 *m:Rec@trop-Am *M:Rec@trop-,warm-Am,!Andes \(~Polypodium) \TS:Polypodium repens$Aublet1??? ==Cyrtophlebium $Smith1841 #(IB) \(=$Brown1838(+^A)) \^^Polypodium/ \TS($Smith1???):Polypodium repens$Aublet1??? =Hyalotrichopteris $Wagner1979("1978") #N(M)IB \TS(+R Hyalotricha$Copeland1953) ==Hyalotricha $Copeland1953 #(MIB),i1 \(+P$Dennis1949(Discomycetes/Hyaloscyphaceae)) \TS:Polypodium anetioides$Christ1??? Polypodium $Linnaeus1753 #m75,N,M~150,+^,IB,i950 *m:Rec@cosm *M:Rec@cosm,!trop-Am,(Eur:#M1-4) {/eikvaren} \("POLYPODIINAE$Dumortier1829) \TS:P. vulgare$< ==Ctenopteris $Newman1851 #(IB) \(+P$Blume1???>Kunze1846(Polypodiopsida/Grammitidaceae)) \TS:Polypodium vulgare$Linnaeus1??? =Lepicystis $Smith1842 #(IB) \(=$Smith1841(+^A)) \^^Goniophlebium/ \TS($Smith1???):Polypodium incanum$Swartz1??? =Marginaria $BoryDeStVincent1824 #(M)I(B) \TS($Tidestrom1???):Acrostichum polypodioides$Linnaeus1??? =Micropteris $Smith1875 #(IB) \^^Polypodium \(+P$Desvaux1827(Polypodiopsida/Grammitidaceae)) \TS:??? =Pseudocolysis $Gomez1977 #(M)I(B) \(?Pseudoclysis$Gomez1???) \TS:Polypodium bradeorum$Rosenstock1??? =Phlebodium $Smith1841 #m10,N(M)IB,i9 *m:Rec@trop-Am \(=$Brown1838(+^A)) \^^Polypodium/ \TS($Smith1???):Polypodium aureum$Linnaeus1??? ==Chrysopteris $Link1841 #(IB) \TS:Polypodium aureum$Linnaeus1??? =Rhizophyllum $Newman1857 #(IB) \(~Phlebodium) \TS(+NYD) =Synammia $Presl1836|Smith1??? #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Chili \TS($Copeland1???):Polypodium trilobum$Cavanilles1802(+P$Houttuyn1783)==Polypodium feuillei$Bertero1??? Goniophlebium $Presl1836 #m20,N,M5-10,IB,i35 *m:Rec@trop-Az--Fiji *M:Rec@trop-Az--Fiji,?Am \^^Polypodium \(~Polypodium) \TS:G. articulatum$< =Schellolepis $Smith1866 #(M)I(B),i2 \TS:Marginaria verrucosa$Hooker1??? =Polypodiastrum $Ching1978 #m7,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@O-Az \(~Polypodium) \TS:Polypodium argutum$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) =Polypodiodes $Ching1978 #m16,(M)I *m:Rec@warm-Az \(~Polypodium) \(?Polypodioides$Ching1???#(B)) \TS:Polypodium amoenum$Mettenius1???(<=Wallich) =Metapolypodium $Ching1978 #m2,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@China \(~Polypodium) \TS:Polypodium manmeiense$Christ1??? Thylacopteris $Smith1875 #m2,N,M2,IB *mM:Rec@ZOAE \(<=$Kunze1???) \(~Polypodium) \TS:Polypodium papillosum$Blume1??? . =X Pleopodium $Schelpe&Anthony1985; #B \Pleopeltis x Polypodium LOXOGRAMMEAE $??? \(~Grammitidaceae/"LOXOGRAMMOIDEAE,"LOXOGRAMMACEAE$Ching1???>PichiSermolli1975) Loxogramme $Presl1836 #m35,N,M33,IB *m:Rec@trop-OW,Mexi *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE,PacOc(#M1),Afr(#M4),MAm(#M1) \(=$Blume1829(+^A)) \^^Antrophyum/ \TS($Presl1???):Grammitis lanceolata$Swartz1??? Anarthropteris $Copeland1947 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@NZ \TS:A. dicyopteris$(Mettenius1???)<=Polypodium dictyopteris$Mettenius1??? . =Epidryopteris $Rojas1918 #(I),i1 \TS:E. lycopodiomus$< ^ Acrostichites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *N:Mesozoic@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Antrophyopteris $Kirstofovic1956 #N(I) *N:Oligoc@USSR *I:Tert@Alas \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Antrophytes $Andreanszky1954 #N(I) *NI:OOligoc@Hong \{leaf} \TS:A. egedensis$< Astralopteris $Reveal&Tidwell;&Rushforth1968; #N(I) *NI:Kr@Color \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Belemnopteris $Feistmantel1877 #N(I) *NI:?Tr@India \{leaf} \TS:B. wood-masoniana$Feistmantel1??? Benizia $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #N(I) *NI:BKr@ODuit \{fertile leaf} \TS:B. calopteris$< Ceratopteridites $Varga1956 #N(I) *NI:OOligoc@Hong \{leaf} \TS:C. budensis$< Comptoniopteris $Marion1890 #(I) \(<=$Saporta1???) \TS(+NYD) Dennstaedtiopsis $Arnold&Daugherty1964; #(I) *I:BEoc@Oreg \{rhizomes,petioles} \TS:D. aerenchymata$< Dryopterites $Berry1911 #N(I) *NI:OKr \TS(+NYD) Hemionitites $Saporta1865 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Fran \{leaf,fern pinnule} \TS:H. scolopendrioides$< Karstenia $Goeppert1836 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Fries1885(Discomycetes/Rhytismatales/?:)) \TS:K. faginea$Britzelmayr1??? Leptochilites $Andreanszky1959 #N(I) *NI:Mioc/Sarmat@Hong \{leaf} \TS:L. sarmaticus$< Meniphylloides $Berry1916 #N(I) *N:OEoc@Missi *I:OEoc \{leaf} \TS:M. ettingshauseni$< Microtaenia $Knowlton1918 #N(I) *N:BKr@Wyom *I:BKr \{fertile Leaf} \TS:M. variabilis$< Odontosorites $Kobayashi&Yosida1944;(?) #N(I) *N:Jura@Mants *I:Jura@O-Az \{leaf} \TS:Adiantites heerianus$Yokoyama1??? Palaeovittaria $Feistmantel1877 #N(I) *N:?Tr@India \{leaf} \TS:P. kurzi$< Phanerophlebites $Knowlton1922 #N(I) *N:BKr@Color *I:BKr \{leaf} \TS:P. pealei$< Podoloma $Ettingshausen1879(=VonEttingshausen) #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Polypodiopteris $Krasilov&Fedotov1970; #N(I) *NI:Paleog@USSR \{fertile leaf} \(+P$Reed1948(Polypodiopsida/Polypodiaceae)) \TS:P. kivdensis$Fedotov1??? Polypodites $Goeppert1836 #NXH(I) *N:OKr@Enge \{fertile foliage} \TS(+NYD) Praedeparia $Krasser1921 #N(I) *NI:Jura/OLias@Hong \(<=$Stur1???) \{fertile leaf} \TS:P. banatica$< Protodrynaria $Vikulin&Bobrov1987; #(I) *I:BEoc-OOligoc@USSR \{fertile foliage} \TS:P. takhtajanii$< . \(+Adiantaceae) Polypodiisporonites $Potonie1931 #H \TS:??? Polypodiisporites $Hlonova1961 #H(I) *I:BKr@W-Sibe \{spores} \TS:P. flexus$< Polypodiaceoisporites $Pontonie1956 #H(I) *I:Eoc@Duit \{spores} \TS($Potonie1???):Sporites speciosus$Potonie1??? Polypodiaceaesporites $Potonie1956(|Potonie1956) #H(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \(<=$Thiergart1???) \{spores} \TS:Sporites haardtii$Potonie&Venitz1;??? Laevigatosporites $Ibrahim1933 #NH \TS:Sporonites vulgaris$Ibrahim1??? Laevigatisporites $???(Ibrahim1933|Dybova&Jachowicz1957;) #NH \TS:??? GRAMMITIDACEAE $Newman1840 #P13/600,m(2)11/500,M4/450 *mM:Rec@trop,Aus *X:Rec %Te \(?GRAMMITACEAE^Polypodiaceae) GRAMMITIDOIDEAE $Link1841 Grammitis $Swartz1801 #m150,N,M~400,IB,i273 *m:Rec@trop,Aus *M:Rec@trop,(NG:#M64,!Az,!Am),warm,Z-gem \("GRAMMITIDINAE$Payer1850,"GRAMMITIDEAE$Presl1836) \TS:G. marginella$(Swartz1???)=Polypodium marginellum$Swartz1??? =Chilopteris $Lindley1846 #(IB) \(=$Presl1836(+^A)) \^^Grammitis/ \TS(+NYD) =Cochlidium $Kaulfuss1820 #N(M)IB \TS:Acrostichum graminoides$Swartz1??? =Lomaphlebia $Smith1875 #(IB) \^^Grammitis \TS:L. linearis$(Swartz1???)Smith(+NomIlleg) =Oreogrammitis $Copeland1917 #(MIB) \TS:O. clemensiae$< =Pleurogramme $Presl1836 #(IB) \(=$Blume1829(+^A)) \^^Antrophyum/ \(~Vittariaceae/Monogramma~Cochlidium) \TS($Presl1???):Taenitis linearis$Kaulfuss1??? ==Pleurogramma $Smith1841 #(I) \TS:??? =Stenofilix $Nakai1943 #(IB) \(~Cochlidium) \TS:Monogramma rostrata$Hooker1??? =Xiphopteris $Kaulfuss1820 #m50,N(M)IB,i60 *m:Rec@trop \TS:Acrostichum serrulatum$Swartz1??? ==Micropteris $Desvaux1827 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum serrulatum$Swartz1??? =Ctenopteris $Kuntze1846 #m200,N(M)IB,i143 *m:Rec@trop \(<=$Blume1???) \TS($Blume1???>Kunze):Polypodium venulosum$Blume1??? =Adenophorus $GaudichaudBeaupre1824 #m8,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Hawai \TS:A. tripinnatifidus$< ==Amphoradenium $Desvaux1827 #(MIB) \TS:Adenophorus tripinnatifidus$GaudichaudBeaupre1??? =Prosaptia $Presl1836 #m20,N(M)IB *m:Rec@trop-Az,W-PacOc \(>Ctenopteris) \TS:Trichomanes contiguum$Forster1??? Terpsichore $Smith1993 #M50,i48 *M:Rec@trop-Am,Afr(#M1) \(~Grammitis) \TS:??? Zygophlebia $Bishop1989 #N,M7,IB *M:Rec@trop-Am(#M6),Afr \(?Zygadenia) \TS:Polypodium sectifrons$Mettenius1???(<=Kunze) Enterosora $Baker1886 #M9,(IB),i11 *M:trop-Am,Afr(#M1) \TS:E. campbellii$< =Glyphotaenium $Smith1875|(Smith)Smith1875 #4,NIB *Rec@trop-Am \TS:Ctenopteris crispata$Smith1??? Lellingeria $Smith&Moran1991; #M60,B,i48 *M:Rec@trop-Afr,Mad,trop-Am,Hawai \TS:??? Melpomene $Smith&Moran1992; #M20,i21 *M:Rec@trop:Afr,Am \(~Grammitis) \TS:??? =Cryptosorus $Fee1852 #(IB) \(~Ctenopteris~Grammitis) \TS:Polypodium obliquatum$Blume1??? Ceradenia $Bishop1988 #N,M57,IB *M:Rec@trop:Am \TS:Polypodium curvatum$Swartz1??? Micropolypodium $Hayata1928 #M30,(IB) *M:Rec@trop-Am,ZOAE \(~Xiphopteris~Grammitis) \TS:Polypodium pseudotrichomanoides$Hayata1??? Calymmodon $Presl1836 #m25,N,M30,IB,i1 *m:Rec@ZOAE,PacOc *M:Rec@SriL--!Born--(Aus,Poly) \TS:Polypodium cucullatum$Nees&Blume1;??? =Plectopteris $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:P. gracilis$< Acrosorus $Copeland1906 #m5,N,M7,IB *mM:Rec@ZOAE--Samoa \TS:Davallia exaltata$Copeland1??? Scleroglossum $AlderwereltVanRosenburgh1912(=VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh) #m6,N,M8,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@(ZO-Az,ZOAE)--(Aus,W-PacOc) \(~Grammitis) \TS:Vittaria pusilla$Blume1??? =Nematopteris $AlderwereltVanRosenburgh1918(=VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh) #m1,(MIB) *m:Rec@Born \TS:Scleroglossum pyxidatum$VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh1??? METAXYACEAE $PichiSermolli1970 #P1/1,m1/1,M1/1 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm *X:Rec \(>Lophosoria) Metaxya $Presl1836 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:Polypodium rostratum$Willdenow1810(<=Humboldt&Bonpland;)(+P$Burman1768)=Aspidium rostratum$Humboldt&Bonpland;&Kunth1;??? ==Amphidesmium $Kunze1848 #(IB) \(<=$Schott1???) \TS:Aspidium rostratum$Humboldt&Bonpland;&Kunth1;??? LOPHOSORIACEAE $PichiSermolli1970 #P1/1,m1/1,M1/1 %T *mM:Rec@trop-Am *X:?Apt,Rec %T \boomvaren \(>Cyatheaceae>Dicksoniaceae) Lophosoria $Presl1847 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Polypodium pruinatum$Swartz1??? ==Trichosorus $Liebmann1849 #(IB) \TS:Polypodium pruinatum$Swartz1??? ^ Lophosoriorhachis $Nishida1982 #X(I) *X:Apt@Japan *I:Kr/Apt@Japan \{rachis} \(~Cyatheaceae) \TS:L. japonica$< DICKSONIACEAE $Schomb.1848|(Presl)Bower1908 \(=$Gaud.(+^A)) #P5/45,m2/26,M6/20 *m:Rec@trop-Am,SHel,Male,Aus,NCal,NZ *M:trop-Am,ZOAE,ZW-PacOc,SHel *X:Rht,Het-Ber,Cmp-Rec %T \(~Cyatheaceae,Dicksoniales$PichiSermolli1???>Reveal1993) \boomvarens DICKSONIOIDEAE $Link1841 Dicksonia $LHeritier1789 #m25,N,M20-25,+^,IB,i45 *mM:Rec@trop-Am,SHel,(bergen:ZOAE,!NG),Aus,NCal,NZ |[-1500] \("DICKSONIINAE$Hooker1844,"DICKSONIEAE$Gaudichaud1829) \TS:D. arborescens$< =Balantium $Kaulfuss1824 #(IB) \TS:??? Cystodium $Smith1841 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@ZOAE \(+NomCons) \(+P$Fee1837(Lecanoromycetes/Physciaceae)) \("CYSTODIACEAE$Croft1???) \TS:Dicksonia sorbifolia$Smith1??? ==Cystodiopteris $Rauschert1982 #(MIB) \TS(+R Cystodium$Smith1841) ^ Coniopteridium $Kirickova&Pavlov1965; #(I) *I:Kr/Alb@USSR \{fertile foliage} \TS:C. sibiricum$< Culcitites $Appert1973 #(I) *I:BJura@ZW-Mad \{barren and fertile fronds} \TS:C. madagascariensis$< Dicksoniites $Sterzel1881 #(I) *I:Carb@Duit \{fertile foliage} \TS(+NYD) Dicksoniopteris $Nathorst1890 #(I) *I:Mesozoic@Japan \{fertile frond} \TS:D. naumanni$< Disorus $Vahrameev1961 #(I) *I:BJura,OKr@O-Sibe \{fertile foliage} \TS:D. nimakanensis$< THYRSOPTERIDOIDEAE" THYRSOPTERIDEAE $Pfeiff.1874 \(<=$Fee1???) Thyrsopteris $Kunze1835 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@JFer;^@wide %400-700 \TS:T. elegans$< =Panicularia $Colla1836 #(IB) \(+P$Heister1???>Fabricius1759(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:P. berteri$< CULCITEAE" \("CULCITACEAE$PichiSermolli1970) Culcita $Presl1836 #m7,N,M2,IB,i3 *m:Rec@trop-Am,Azor,ZOAE,Aus *M:Rec@trop-Am,Azor--Iber(#M1),ZOAE,Aus,NCal \TS:C. macrocarpa$B. presl=Dicksonia culcita$L'Heritier Calochlaena $White&Turner1988; #M5,IB,i1 *M:Rec@(Fili,Java)--Aus \(=$Maxon1922(+^A)) \(~Culcita) \^^Culcita/ \TS($Turner&White1;???):Davallia dubia$Brown1??? CYBOTIEAE" $Pfeiff.1872 \(=$Fee1???(+^A)) \(~Cyatheaceae) Cibotium $Kaulfuss1820 #m12,N,M11,+^,IB,i1 *m:Rec@trop-Az,Am,Poly *M:Rec@trop-Az--ZOAE(}#M3),Aus(#M2),Hawai(#M6) {scythian lamb,pulu fibre} \TS:C. chamissoi$< =Pinonia $GaudichaudBeaupre1824 #(IB) \TS:P. splendens$< ^ Birisia $Samylina1972 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Sibe \{fertile leaf} \TS:Cladophlebidium alatum$Prinada1??? Coniopteris $Brongniart1849 #XH(I) *I:Jura@Enge \{fernlike foliage} \TS(+NYD) Concavissimisporites $Delcourt&Sprumont1955; #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:C. verrucosus$< Cibotiumspora $Chang1965 #H(I) *I:Jura \{spores} \TS:Tripartina paradoxa$Malyavkina1??? Kylikipteris $Harris1961 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \TS:Neuropteris arguta$Lindley&Hutton1;??? ? Onychiopsis $Yokoyama1890 #NXH(I) *NI:Jura@Japan \{fertile leaf} \(^Polypodiaceae"TANYDORACEAE$Skog1986(~Lycopodiales)) \TS:Thyrsopteris elongata$Geyler1??? Tchaunia $Samylina&Filippova1970; #N(I) *NI:Kr@NO-USSR \{fertile leaf} \TS:T. tchaunensis$< CYATHEACEAE $Kaulfuss1827 #P6/650,m2/625,M1/620 *mM:Rec@trop--warm %T *X:Hau,Brm-Apt,Tur-San,Dan,Rec |-2400 \("CYATHEINAE$Bessey1880,"Cyatheales$Frank1877) \boomvarens Cyathea $Smith1793 #m~600,N,+^,M~620,IB,i415 *mM:Rec@trop--warm(Afr:#M14) \("CYATHEINAE$Dumortier1829,"CYATHEEAE$Gaudichaud1829,"CYATHEOIDEAE$Endlicher1836) \TS:Polypodium arboreum$Linnaeus1??? ==Cormophyllum $Newman1857 #(IB) \TS:Polypodium arboreum$Linnaeus1??? ==Disphenia $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:??? =Acanthea $Lindig1861 #(I),i1 \TS(+NYD) =Actinophlebia $Presl1847(?1848) #(IB) \(~Cnemidaria) \TS:Polypodium horridum$Linnaeus1??? =Amphicosmia $Gardner1842 #(IB),i1 \TS:Cyathea riparia$Willdenow1??? =Chnoophora $Kaulfuss1824 #(IB) \TS:Cyathea villosa$Humboldt&Bonpland1;???>Willdenow=Chnoophora villosa$(Humboldt&Bonpland;>Willdenow)Link =Dichorexia $Presl1847 #(IB) \TS:Alsophila latebrosa$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) =Dicranophlebia $Lindley1846 #(IB) \(=$Martius1834(+^A)) \^^Alsophila/ \TS(+NYD) =Eatoniopteris $Bommer1875 #(IB) \TS:Cyathea insignis$Eaton1??? =Fourniera $Fournier1873 #(IB) \(<=$Bommer1???) \TS:F. novae-caledoniae$(Mettenius1???)Bommer>Fournier=Alsophila novae-caledoniae$Mettenius1??? =Gymnopremnon $Lindig1861 #(IB) \TS(+NYD) =Gymnosphaera $Blume1828 #(MIB) \TS:G. glabra$< =Haplophlebia $Lindley1846 #(IB) \(=$Martius1834(+^A)) \^^Alsophila/ \TS(+NYD) =Hemistegia $Presl1847 #(IB) \(+P$Rafinesque1837(Magnoliopsida/Lamiaceae)) \(~Cnemidaria) \TS:Hemitelia obtusa$Kaulfuss1??? =Hemitelia $Brown1810 #(IB),i94 \("HEMITELIINAE$Fee1???>Pfeiff.1874) \TS($Brown1???>Sprengel):Cyathea multiflora$Smith1??? =Microstegnus $Presl1847 #(IB) \TS:Cyathea grandifolia$Willdenow1??? =Nephelea $Tryon1970 #(M)I(B),i28 \TS:Alsophila polystichoides$Christ1??? =Thysanobotrya $AlderwereltVanRosenburgh1918(=VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh) #(IB) \TS:Polybotrya arfakensis$Gepp1??? =Trachypremnon $Lindig1861 #(IB) \TS(+NYD) =Trichipteris $Presl1822 #(M)I(B) \TS:T. excelsa$< =Cnemidaria $Presl1836 #m23,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS:C. speciosa$< =Schizocaena $Hooker1838 #m25,(MIB) *m:Rec@ZOAE \(<=$Smith1???) \TS:S. brunonis$< (Alsophila) $Brown1810 #(mM)I(B),i247 \("ALSOPHILINAE$(Fee1???)Pfeiff.1872,"ALSOPHILACEAE$Presl1847) \TS:A. australis$< (Gymnosphaera) $Blume1??? \(=$Tindale1???) \TS:??? (Sphaeropteris) $Holttum1??? #(mM)I(B),i31 \(=$Bernhardi1801(+^A)) \(?Spaeropteris) \TS($Bernhardi1???):Polypodium medullare$Forster1??? ^ Alsophilidites $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Tert@Kerg \(<=$Cookson1???) \{spores} \TS:A. kerguelensis$< Alsophilites $Bolkhovitina1959 #N(I) *N:Kr@Polen *I:Kr \{spore} \TS:A. delectus$< Alsophilocaulis $Menendez1961 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Arge \{stem} \TS:A. calveloi$< Calymmotheca $Stur1877 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Culm@M-Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Cibotiocaulis $Ogura1927 #X(I) *I:Jura@Korea \{tree fern stem} \(?Cibitiocaulis) \TS:C. tateiwae$< Cibotiidites $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Kr/Sen@Zwed \(<=$Ross1???) \{spores} \TS:C. zonatus$< ==Cibotiidisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Cibotiidites$Potonie1956) Cyatheacidites $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Tert@Kerg \(<=$Cookson1???) \{spores} \TS:C. annulata$< Cyathidites $Couper1953 #H(I) *I:Jura-Kr \{spores} \TS:C. australis$< Cyathocaulis $Ogura1927 #X(I) *I:BJura@Korea \{tree fern stem} \TS:C. naktongensis$< Cyathodendron $Arnold1945 #(I) *I:?OBEoc \TS:C. texanum$< Cyathoides $Berry1922 #(I) *I:Tert \{fern frond} \(+P Cyathodes$Labillardiere1805(Magnoliopsida/Epacridaceae)) \TS:C. thyrosopteroides$< Cyathorachis $Ogura1927 #(I) *I:BKr@Japan \{tree fern petioles} \(+P$Nees1???>Steudel1854(???/???)) \TS:C. fujiiana$< Dendropteridium $Bancroft1932 #(I) *I:BTert@Ugan \{petrified stem} \TS:D. cyatheoides$< Dicksoniopsis $Berry1911 #(I) *I:OKr \TS:Scleropteris vernonensis$Ward1??? Guttbiera $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Duit \(<=$Presl1???) \{leaf} \(+missp:Gutbieria) \TS:G. angustiloba$< Haydenia $Seward1912 #N(I) *NI:Jura@N-Afga \{fertile leaf} \TS:H. thyrsopteroides$< Oncopteris $Dormitzer1853 #N(I) *N:Kr/Cen@Bohe *I:^@TsSl \TS:??? Protocyathea $Feistmantel1877 #N(I) *N:Kr/Cen@India *I:Kr@India,Aus \{stem} \TS(+NYD) ? Fasciostelopteris $Stopes&Fujii1910; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{stem} \TS:F. tansleii$< Protopteris $Presl1838 #N(I) *N:OKr@Bohe \(<=$Sternberg1???) \TS(+NYD) Rhizodendron $Goeppert1865 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Polen \{stem?,tree fern} \TS:R. oppoliense$< Yezopteris $Ogura1930 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{leaf,petiole} \TS:Y. polycycloides$< THYRSOPTERIDACEAE $Presl1847 #m3/20,(M) *Rec@JFer,Am,Azor,trop-Az,Aus,Poly *X:Rec \(!Dicksoniaceae) DENNSTAEDTIACEAE $Lotsy1909 #P16/~500,m(4)24/410,M(3)16/370 *mM:Rec@cosm *X:Rec 1: \(Dennstaedtioideae s.l.) SACCOLOMATOIDEAE $??? Saccoloma $Kaulfuss1820 #m1,N,M12,IB *m:Rec@trop-Am *M:Rec@trop(^Afr,Am:#M3,Mad:#M1) \TS:S. elegans$< =Ithycaulon $Copeland1929 #(IB),i4 \(~Orthiopteris) \TS:Davallia moluccana$Blume1??? =Neuropteris $Desvaux1827(?Gaud.1???) #(IB) \(+P$Sternberg1825(fossilCycadopsida/?:)) \TS:N. elegans$< =Orthiopteris $Copeland1929 #m9,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Male--Fili,trop-Am \TS:Davallia ferulacea$Moore1??? =Parasaccoloma $Keyserling1873 \TS:??? DENNSTAEDTIOIDEAE $??? Dennstaedtia $Bernhardi1801 #m~70,N,M45,IB *m:Rec@trop,NAm,ZAm,Japan,Aus,NZ *M:Rec@trop--warmgem \TS:Trichomanes flaccidum$Forster1??? =Adectum $Link1841 #(IB) \TS:Dicksonia pilosiuscula$Willdenow1??? =Costaricia $Christ1909 #(MIB),i1 \TS:C. werckleana$< =Litolobium $Newman1854 #(B) \(+NomSuperfl) \TS:??? =Paradennstaedtia $Tagawa1952 #(IB) \TS:Dicksonia glabrata$Cesati1??? =Patania $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:Dicksonia obtusifolia$Willdenow1??? =Sitobolium $Desvaux1827 #(IB),i2 \(+missp:Sitolobium$Desvaux1827 corr$Smith1841) \TS:Nephrodium punctilobulum$Michaux1??? =Coptidipteris $Nakai&Mormose1937; #m1,(MIB) *m:Rec@China,Japan \(~?Lindsaea~Lindsaeoideae) \TS($Nakai&Momose1;???):Microlepia wilfordii$Moore1??? =Emodiopteris $Ching&Wu1978; #m2,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Hima \TS:Dicksonia appendiculata$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) Microlepia $Presl1836 #m45,N,M45,IB,i9 *m:Rec@trop-OW(Afr:#M1)--(Japan,NZ) \(>Dennstaedtia) \("MICROLEPIEAE$Kuhn1882) \TS:Dicksonia polypodioides$Swartz1??? =Fuziifilix $Nakai&Momose1937; #(IB) \TS:Davallia pilosella$Hooker1??? =Scyphofilix $DuPetitThouars1806 #(IB) \TS(+NYD) ==Scyphopteris $Rafinesque1814 #(IB) \TS:??? =Scypholepia $Smith1875 #(IB) \TS:Davallia hookeriana$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) Leptolepia $Prantl1892 #m2,N,M1,IB,i3 *m:Rec@NG,Aus,NZ *M:Rec@NZ,(Aus,NG) \(~Microlpia) \TS:L. novae-zelandiae$(Colenso1???)Mettenius>Diels1899=Davallia novae-zelandiae$Colenso1??? Oenotrichia $Copeland1929 #m4,N,M2,IB,i1 *m:Rec@NG,trop-Aus,NCal *M:Rec@NCal \(~Microlepia) \TS:Leucostegia maxima$Fournier1??? HYPOLEPIDOIDEAE $??? \("HYPOLEPIDACEAE$PichiSermolli1970~Monachosoraceae) Hypolepis $Bernhardi1805 #m45,N,M~40,IB,i43 *mM:Rec@trop,warm \("HYPOLEPIDINAE$Fee1???>Pfeiff.1872) \TS($Bernhardi1???>Presl,):Lonchitis tenuifolia$Forster1??? Paesia $JaumeStHilaire1833 #m12,N,M12,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@ZOAE--Poly,NZ,trop-Am \TS:P. viscosa$< Pteridium $Scopoli1760 #m1,N,M1,+^,B,i10 *mM:Rec@cosm {bracken,eagle fern,brake/adelaarsvaren} \(+NomCons) \(<=$Gleditsch1???) \("PTERIDIACEAE$Ching1975) \TS($Kuhn1???):Pteris aquilina$Linnaeus1??? ==Filix $Ludwig1757 #(IB) \(+P$Seguier1754(Polypodiopsida/Dryopteridaceae)) \TS($Woynar1???):Pteris aquilina$Linnaeus1??? ==Cincinalis $Gleditsch1764 #I(B) \TS:??? ==Eupteris $Newman1845 #(IB) \TS:Pteris aquilina$Linnaeus1??? ==Filixfoemina $Farwell1931 #(IB),i1 \(<=$Hill1???) \(?Filix-foemina) \TS:Pteris aquilina$Linnaeus1??? ==Ornithopteris $Smith1875 #(IB) \(=$Agardh1839(+^A)) \^^Pteris/ \(+P$Bernhardi1805(Polypodiopsida/Schizaeaceae)) \TS($Smith1???):Pteris aquilina$Linnaeus1??? Histiopteris $Smith1875 #m7,N,M8,IB *mM:Rec@trop %T \(=$Agardh1839(+^A)) \^^Pteris/ \TS($Smith1???):Pteris vespertilionis$Labillardiere1??? =Lepidocaulon $Copeland1942 #(IB) \TS:L. caudatum$< Lonchitis $Linnaeus1753 #m2,N,M2,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am,Afr,Mad \("LONCHITIDINAE$Fee1???>Pfeiff.1874,"LONCHITIDEAE$Kuhn1882) \TS:L. hirsuta$< =Anisosorus $Maxon1926 #(IB) \(<=$Trevisan1???) \TS($Underwood&Maxon1;???>Maxon):Lonchitis hirsuta$Linnaeus1??? Blotiella $Tryon1962 #m15,N,M12,IB *m:Rec@trop-Am(#M1),!Afr--Mask \TS:Lonchitis glabra$BoryDeStVincent =Lonchitis $?Kuemmerle1915 \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Polypodiopsida/Dennstaedtiaceae)) \TS:??? 2: LINDSAEOIDEAE $??? \("LINDSAEACEAE$Presl1???>Schomb.1848|PichiSermolli1970) Lindsaea $Smith1793 #m150,N,M150,IB,i103 *m:Rec@trop--(Aus,Japan)(NCal:#M10) \(<=$Dryander1???) \("LINDSAEINAE$Payer1850,"LINDSAEEAE$Hook1846) \TS($Dryander1???):Adiantum guianense$Aublet1??? =Guerinia $Smith1875 #(IB) \(~Isoloma) \TS:G. articulata$Smith1???=Schizoloma guerinianum$GaudichaudBeaupre1??? =Lindsaenium $Fee1850 #(IB) \(?Lindsaynium) \TS:Lindsaea rigida$Smith1??? =Lindsaya $Kaulf.1824 #i0 \TS:??? =Linsaea $Sw.1802 #i0 \TS:??? =Odontoloma $Smith1841 #(IB) \(+P$Kunth1818(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Davallia boryana$Presl1??? =Schizoloma $GaudichaudBeaupre1824 #(MIB),i8 \TS:Lindsaea lanceolata$Labillardiere1??? =Humblotiella $Tardieu1956 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Mad \TS:Davallia odontolabia$Baker1??? =Sambirania $Tardieu1956 #m2,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Mad \TS:Lindsaea plicata$Baker1??? =Schizolegnia $Alston1956 #(IB),i3 \TS:Lindsaea ensifolia$Swartz1??? =Synaphlebium $Smith1841 #(IB) \TS:S. recurvatum$Hooker1841(<=Blume) =Isoloma $Smith1841 #m8,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@SriL,Male \TS:I. divergens$(Hooker>Greville)<=Lindsaea divergens$Hooker&Greville1;??? Ormoloma $Maxon1933 #m2,N,M1-2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Saccoloma imrayanum$Kunze1???(<=Hooker) Odontosoria $Fee1852 #m12,N,M22,IB,i17 *m:Rec@trop-Am,trop-Afr *M:Rec@trop--(Korea,Fla) \TS:Davallia uncinella$Kunze1??? =Lindsaeopsis $Kuhn1882 #(B) \(?Lindsayopsis) \TS:??? =Sphenomeris $Maxon1913 #m11,N(M)IB,i5 *m:Rec@warm,trop(^Aus) \(+NomCons) \(?Sphenomeria) \TS:Adiantum clavatum$Linnaeus1??? ==Stenoloma $Fee1852 #(MIB),i8 \(+suppr vs Sphenomeris) \TS:Adiantum clavatum$Linnaeus1??? Tapeinidium $Christensen1906 #m17,N,M17,IB *mM:Rec@ZO-Az--Samoa \(=$Presl1851(+^A)) \^^Microlepia/ \TS($Christensen1???):Davallia pinnata$Cavanilles1??? =Protolindsaya $Copeland1910 #(IB) \TS:P. brooksii$< =Wibelia $Fee1850 #(B) \TS:??? Xyropteris $Kramer1958 #m1,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@Born *M:Rec@Suma,Born \TS:Schizoloma stortii$VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh1??? =Xyropterix $AiryShaw1??? #(M) \TS:??? MONACHOSORACEAE $Ching1978 #M1/3 *M:Rec@Hima--ZOAE %T \(~Dennstaedtiaceae/Dennstaedtioideae~Adiantaceae) \n=56 Monachosorum $Kunze1848 #m5,N,M~3,IB *m:Rec@O-warm-Az *M:Rec@Hima--Z-China,ZOAE \TS:M. davallioides$< =Ptilopteris $Hance1884 #N(M)IB \TS:Polypodium maximowiczii$Baker1??? ==Monachosorella $Hayata1927 #(IB) \TS:Polypodium maximowiczii$Baker1??? THELYPTERIDACEAE $PichiSermolli1970 #m30/900,M6/~900 *mM:Rec@~cosm *X:Rec %T \(<=$Ching1???) \(>Cyatheaceae) \X=27,29-36 Thelypteris $Schmidel1763 #m2,N,M~280,IB,i477 *m:Rec@~gem *M:Rec@trop,gem \(+NomCons) \TS:Acrostichum thelypteris$Linnaeus1???=T. palustris$Schott1??? ==Hemesteum $Newman1851 #(I) \(+suppr vs Thelypteris) \(?Hemestheum$Newman1???#(B)) \TS:Acrostichum thelypteris$Linnaeus1??? =Oochlamys $Fee1852 #(IB) \(~Amauropelta) \TS:O. rivoirei$< =Amauropelta $Kunze1842 #m~200,N(M)IB *m:Rec@trop(!Am,!Afr),SriL \TS:A. breutelii$< =Parathelypteris $Ching1963 #m15,N(M)IB *m:Rec@trop-,warm-Az,Male,NAm \(=$Ito1939(+^A)) \^^Thelypteris/ \TS($Ching1???):Aspidium glanduligerum$Kunze1??? =Wagneriopteris $Loeve&Loeve1977; #(I),i1 \(~Parathelypteris) \TS:Aspidium simulatum$Davenport1??? =Coryphopteris $Holttum1971 #m48,N(M)IB *m:Rec@ZOAE,Japan,W-PacOc \TS:Nephrodium viscosum$Baker1??? =Oreopteris $Holub1969 #m3,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Eur,Sikk,O-Az,W-NAm \TS:Polypodium limbospermum$Allioni1??? ==Lastrea $BoryDeStVincent1824 #(MIB),i115 \TS:??? =Metathelypteris $Ching1963 #m~12,N(M)IB *m:Rec@STom,Mad,ZOAE \(=$Ito1939(+^A)) \^^Thelypteris/ \TS($Ching1???):Aspidium gracilescens$Blume1??? =Macrothelypteris $Ching1963 #i2 \(=$Ito1???(+^A)) \TS($Ching1???):Nephrodium oligophlebium$Baker1??? Phegopteris $Fee1852 #m3,N,M3,IB,i65 *m:Rec@N-gem(#M1),O-NAm(#M1),ZOAE(#M1) {beech fern} \(=$Presl1836(+^A)) \(~Thelypteris) \^^Polypodium/ \TS:P. polypodioides$Fee1???=Polypodium phegopteris$Linnaeus1??? =Lastrella $Nakai1949 #(IB) \(=$Ito1939(+^A)) \^^Phegopteris/ \TS:Polypodium decursive-pinnatum$Hall1??? Craspedosorus $Ching&Chen1978; #m1,M1,I *mM:Rec@Yunn \TS:C. sinensis$Ching&Chu1;??? Pseudophegopteris $Ching1963 #m20,N,M20,IB *mM:Rec@trop-OW \TS:Polypodium pyrrhorhachis$Kunze1??? =Toppingia $Degener&Degener1968; #(IB) \(<=$Degener&Degener;&Smith1;???) \TS($Degener&Degener;&Smith1;???>O.&Degener;):Polypodium keraudrenianum$GaudichaudBeaupre1??? Macrothelypteris $Ching1963 #m10,N,M10,IB *mM:Rec@(Natal,Mask)--Hawai \(=$Ito1939(+^A)) \^^Nephrodium \^^Thelypteris/ \TS:??? Cyclosorus $Link1833 #m3,N,M~600,IB,i49 *mM:Rec@trop \TS:Aspidium goggilodus$Schkuhr1??? =Abacopteris $Fee1852 #(IB),i2 \(~Pronephrium) \TS:A. philippinarum$< =Dimorphopteris $Iwatsuki1961 #(IB) \(<=$Tagawa&Iwatsuki1;???) \(~Pronephrium) \TS:D. moniliformis$< =Cyclogramma $Tagawa1938 #m8,N(M)IB *m:Rec@ZOAE,O-Az \TS:Thelypteris simulans$Ching1??? =Trigonospora $Holttum1971 #m8,N(M)IB *m:Rec@ZOAE \TS:Aspidium ciliatum$Bentham1??? =Pronephrium $Presl1851 #m68,N(M)IB,i2 *m:Rec@ZOAE--Fiji \TS:Aspidium lineatum$Blume1??? =Mesophlebion $Holttum1971 #m17,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Male \TS(+R Mesoneuron$Ching1963) ==Mesoneuron $Ching1963 #(IB) \(+P$Potonie1900(???/???);+P Mesonevron$Unger1856(fossilPlantae/?:);+P Mezonevron$Desfontaines1818(Magnoliopsida/Caesalpiniaceae)) \TS:Aspidium crassifolium$Blume1??? =Plesioneuron $Holttum1975 #m~50,N(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@Male,PacOc \(=$Holttum1971(+^A)) \(~Thelypteris) \^^Mesophlebion/ \TS($Holttum1???):Nephrodium tuberculatum$Cesati1??? =Glaphyropteridopsis $Ching1963 #m4,N(M)IB *m:Rec@NO-India,China \TS:Polypodium erubescens$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) =Chingia $Holttum1971 #m18,N(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@Male--Tahi \TS:Aspidium ferox$Blume1??? =Nannothelypteris $Holttum1971 #m5,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Fili \TS:Polypodium aoristisorum$Harrington1??? =Stegnogramma $Blume1828 #m12,N(M)IB *m:Rec@(Span,Macaronesie,trop-,Z-Afr)--Male \TS:S. aspidioides$< =Leptogramma $Smith1841 #(M)I(B) \("LEPTOGRAMMEAE$Fee1???>Todaro1866) \TS:Gymnogramma totta$Schlechtendal1??? =Dictyocline $Moore1855 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Assam--Japan \(~Stegnogramma) \TS:D. griffithii$< =Sphaerostephanos $Smith1839 #m180,N(M)IB,i2 *m:Rec@Mad--Tahi \TS:S. asplenioides$< ==Mesochlaena $Smith1840 #(IB) \(=$Brown1838(+^A)) \^^Polypodium/ \TS:??? =Proferea $Presl1851 #(MIB) \(~Sphaerostephanos) \TS:Aspidium excellens$Blume1??? =Ampelopteris $Kunze1848 #m1,N(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@trop-OW \TS:A. elegans$< =Goniopteris $Presl1836 #m70,N(M)IB,i66 *m:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Polypodium crenatum$Swartz1??? =Meniscium $Schreber1791 #m12,N(M)IB,i30 *m:Rec@trop-Am \("MENISCIINAE$Payer1850,"MENISCIEAE$Fee1???>Pfeiff.1874) \TS($Swartz1???):Polypodium reticulatum$Linnaeus1??? =Pneumatopteris $Nakai1933 #m80,N(M)IB,i3 *m:Rec@trop-OW \TS:Aspidium callosum$Blume1??? =Pseudocyclosorus $Ching1963 #m12,N(M)IB *m:Rec@trop-OW \(~Pneumatopteris) \(=Pseudocylosorus$AiryShaw1???) \TS:Aspidium tylodes$Kunze1??? =Mesopteris $Ching1978 #m1,(MIB) *m:Rec@ZO-China,Viet \(~Amphineuron~Pseudocyclosorus) \TS:Dryopteris tonkinensis$Christensen1??? =Christella $Leveille1915 #m51,N(M)IB,i12 *m:Rec@trop-OW \TS:Polypodium parasitium$Linnaeus1??? =Amphineuron $Holttum1971 #m13,N(M)IB,i4 *m:Rec@trop-OW \TS:Aspidium opulentum$Kaulfuss1??? =Glaphyropteris $Fee1873 #N(M)IB \(<=$Presl1???) \(=$Fee1866(+^A)) \^^Phegopteris/ \TS($Fee1???):Polypodium decussatum$Linnaeus1??? =Haplodictyum $Presl1851 #N(M)I(B) \(~Pronephrium) \TS:H. heterophyllum$< =Menisorus $Alston1956 #N(M)IB \TS:Meniscium pauciflorum$Hooker1??? =Steiropteris $PichiSermolli1973 #N(M)IB \(=$Christensen1911(+^A)) \^^Dryopteris/ \TS:Polypodium deltoideum$Swartz1??? =X Chrismatopteris $Quansah&Edwards1986; #B \Christella$Leveille1915 x Pneumatopteris$Nakai1933 ASPLENIACEAE $Newman1840 #P85/4000,m(6)78/2700,M1/~720 *mM:Rec@cosm *X:Rec \("Aspleniales$PichiSermolli1996) \klimplant,epifyt;blad(enkelvoudig--meervoudig veervormig samengesteld) ASPLENIOIDEAE $Link1841 #11/ Asplenium $Linnaeus1753 #m650,N,M~720,IB,i510 *m:Rec@cosm *M:Rec@~cosm(Eur:#M31,Mad:#M40) {rusty-back,spleenworts,bird's nest fern,wall-rue,hart's-tongue fern/tongvaren,schubvaren,streepvaren,broedvaren,nestvaren} \("ASPLENIINAE$Dumortier1829,"ASPLENIEAE$Gaudichaud1828) \TS:A. marinum$< ==Ceterac $Adanson1763 #(IB) \(+suppr vs h$Willdenow1804(Polypodiopsida/Aspleniaceae)) \TS:??? =Acropteris $Link1833 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum septentrionale$Linnaeus1??? ==Amesium $Newman1844 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum septentrionale$Linnaeus1??? =Asplenidictyum $Smith1875 #(IB) \TS:Asplenium finlaysonianum$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) =Biropteris $Kuemmerle1922 #(IB) \TS:B. antri-jovis$Kuemmerle1??? =Boniniella $Hayata1927 #(IB) \TS:Scolopendrium ikenoi$Makino1??? =Caenopteris $Bergius1786 #(IB),i3 \TS:C. rutaefolia$< =Ceterach $Willdenow1804 #N(M)IB \(+NomCons) \(=Ceterach$DeCandolle1805#(I)) \TS:C. officinarum$< =Chamaefilix $Farwell1931 #(IB),i37 \(<=$Hill1???) \TS:C. maritima$< =Darea $Jussieu1789(=DeJussieu) #(IB),i3 \TS(+NYD) =Eremopodium $Trevisan1877 #(IB) \TS:Asplenium sundense$Blume1??? =Hymenasplenium $Hayata1927 #(IB) \TS:Asplenium unilaterale$Lamarck1??? =Micropodium $Mettenius1866 #(IB) \(+P$Saporta1861(fossilMagnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \(~Diplora) \TS:Scolopendrium longifolium$Presl1??? =Neottopteris $Smith1841 #(IB),i2 \TS($Hooker1???):Asplenium nidus$Linnaeus1??? ==Thamnopteris $Presl1851 #(IB) \(=$Presl1836(+^A)) \^^Asplenium/ \(+P$Brongniart1849(Polypodiopsida/Osmundaceae)) \TS($Presl1???):Asplenium nidus$Linnaeus1??? =Notolepeum $Newman1844 #(IB) \(~Ceterach) \TS:Asplenium ceterach$Linnaeus1??? =Phyllitis $Hill1757 #8,N(M)I(B) *Rec@trop,subtrop \TS($Newman1???):Asplenium scolopendrium$Linnaeus1??? ==Glossopteris $Rafinesque1815 #(IB) \(+suppr vs$Brongniart1828(Polypodiopsida/Glossopteridaceae)) \TS:Asplenium scolopendrium$Linnaeus1??? ==Scolopendrium $Adanson1763 #(IB) \(+missp:Scolopendrion) \TS:S. vulgare$Smith1???=Asplenium scolopendrium$Linnaeus1??? =Phyllitis $Moench1794 #(IB) \(+P$Hill1757(Polypodiopsida/Aspleniaceae)) \TS:P. ruta-muraria$(Linnaeus1???)Moench=Asplenium ruta-muraria$Linnaeus1??? =Phyllitopsis $Reichstein1981 #(M)I(B) \TS:Scolopendrium hybridum$Milde1??? =Rutamuraria $Ortega1773 #(IB) \TS(+NYD) =Stormesia $KickxF1835 #(IB) \TS:Asplenium bifurcum$Opiz1??? =Tarachia $Presl1851 #(IB),i4 \TS:Asplenium furcatum$Thunberg1??? =Thamnopteris $Presl1851 #i2 \(=$Presl1???(+^A)) \(+P$Brongniart1849(???/????)) \(~Dryopteridaceae) \TS:??? =Trichomanes $Hill1757(?Scopoli1???) #(IB) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Polypodiopsida/Hymenophyllaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Triphlebia $Baker1886 #(I) \(~Diplora) \(?Triphlebium$Baker1???#(B)) \TS:Scolopendrium pinnatum$Kunze1???(<=Smith) =Camptosorus $Link1833 #m2,N(M)IB *m:Rec@NAm,Az \TS:Asplenium rhizophylla$Linnaeus1??? =Ceterachopsis $Ching1940 #m2,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@O-Hima--W-China \(=$Smith1875(+^A)) \^^Asplenium/ \(~Ceterach) \TS:Asplenium alternans$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) =Pleurosorus $Fee1852 #m3,N(M)IB,i3 *m:Rec@Span,N-Afr,Aus,Chili \TS:Gymnogramma papaverifolia$Kunze1??? =Loxoscaphe $Moore1853 #m4,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@trop \TS:Davallia concinna$Schrader1??? =Diellia $Brackenridge1854 #m5,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Hawai \TS:D. erecta$< =Holodictyum $Maxon1908 #m2,N(M)IB,i2 *m:Rec@Mexi \TS:Asplenium ghiesbreghtii$Fournier1??? =Antigramma $Presl1836 #m2,N(M)IB *m:Rec@ZAm \TS:Scolopendrium repandum$Presl1??? =Diplora $Baker1873 #m4,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Male--Mela \TS:D. integrifolia$< =Schaffneria $Moore1857 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Mexi \(<=$Fee1???) \TS:S. nigripes$< =Sinephropteris $Mickel1976 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@ZO-Az \(^Schaffneria) \(?:) \TS:Scolopendrium delavayi$Franchet1??? =X Asplenoceterach $Meyer1957 #(I)B \Asplenium$Linnaeus1753 x Ceterach$Willdenow1804 =X Asplenophyllitis $Alston1940 #(IB) \Asplenium$Linnaeus1753 x Phyllitis$Hill1757 =X Asplenosorus $Wherry1937 #(I)B \Asplenium$Linnaeus1753 x Camptosorus$Link1833 =X Ceterophyllitis $PichiSermolli1979 #(IB) \Ceterach$Willdenow1804 x Phyllitis$Hill1757 ^ Asplenites $Colla1829 #N(I) *^ \TS:A. trichomanes$< DRYOPTERIDACEAE $Herter1949 #M47/1700 *M:Rec@cosm,!(gem,bergen) \(^Aspleniaceae) DRYOPTERIDOIDEAE $Link1841 \("ASPIDIACEAE$Burnett1???,"TECTARIACEAE$Panigrahi1986) \petiole met >3 vaatbundels;sporen zonder chlorofyl RUMOHREAE $??? Rumohra $Raddi1819 #m6,N,M7,IB,i12 *m:Rec@trop--gem,Mad *M:Rec@ZH--Berm,NG,!Mad \(~Aspidiaceae~Davalliaceae) \(+missp:Rumhora$Raddi1819) \TS:R. aspidioides$< DRYOPTERIDEAE $??? #m16/ PERANEMATEAE $Presl1836 \("PERANEMATACEAE$(Presl1???)Ching1940=PERANEMACEAE) PERANEMATINAE $Trevisan1875 Peranema $Don1825 #m2,N,M3-4,IB *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE \TS:P. cyathoides$< ==Sphaeropteris $Wallich1830 #(IB) \(<=$Brown1???) \(+P$Bernhardi1801(Polypodiopsida/Cyatheaceae)) \TS:S. barbata$< =Diacalpe $Blume1828 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@trop-Az \TS:D. aspidioides$< ACROPHORINAE" Acrophorus $Presl1836 #m2,N,M2,IB *mM:Rec@ZO-Az--Fiji \^^Aspidium \TS:A. nodosus$< Stenolepia $AlderwereltVanRosenburgh1909(=VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh) #m1,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@ZOAE *M:Rec@M-,O-ZOAE \TS:Aspidium triste$Blume1??? DRYOPTERIDEAE $??? POLYSTICHINAE" \("POLYSTICHEAE$Todaro1866) Polystichum $Roth1799 #m200,N,M200,IB,i124 *mM:Rec@cosm(Eur:#M4) %T {/naaldvaren} \(+NomCons) \TS:Polypodium lonchitis$Linnaeus1??? =Acropelta $Nakai1953 #N(M)IB \TS:Polystichum omeiense$Christensen1??? =Aetopteron $House1920 #(IB),i8 \(<=$Ehrhart1???) \TS:Polypodium aculeatum$Linnaeus1??? =Amblia $Presl1836 #(IB) \(~Phanerophlebia~Cyrtomium) \TS:Polypodium juglandifolium$Willdenow1???(<=Humboldt&Bonpland;) =Cyrtogonellum $Ching1938 #I(B) \(~Phanerophlebia~Cyrtomium) \TS:Aspidium fraxinellum$Christ1??? =Cyrtomium $Presl1836 #N(M)IB,i10 \TS:Polypodium falcatum$LinnaeusF1??? =Hemesteum $Leveille1915 #(IB) \(+P$Newman1851(Polypodiopsida/Thelypteridaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Hypopeltis $Michaux1803 #(IB) \(+NomRej vs Polystichum$Roth1799) \TS:H. lobulata$BoryDeSt.-Vincent =Papuapteris $Christensen1937 #N(M)IB \TS:P. linearis$< =Plecosorus $Fee1852 #N(M)IB \TS($Moore1???):Cheilanthes speciosissima$Kunze1???(<=Braun) =Sorolepidium $Christ1911 #(M)I(B) \TS:Polystichum glaciale$Christ1??? =Cyrtomidictyum $Ching1940 #m4,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@O-Az \(~Cyrtomium) \TS:Aspidium lepidocaulon$Hooker1??? =Phanerophlebia $Presl1836 #m20,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Z-Afr,trop-Az,Hawai,trop-Am {/ijzervaren} \(~Cyrtomidictyum,>Cyrtomidictyum) \(ZIE OOK VER ONDER) \TS:Aspidium nobile$Schlechtendal&Chamisso1;??? Cyclodium $Presl1836 #m2,N,M10,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Aspidium meniscioides$Willdenow1??? Arachniodes $Blume1828 #m20,N,M~60,IB,i10 *m:Rec@trop *M:Rec@trop,warm,!(Az,Am),(Afr:#M1,MadE:#M1) \(~Dryopteris) \TS:A. aspidioides$< =Acrorumohra $Ito1939 #(M)I(B) \(=$Ito1935(+^A)) \^^Rumohra/ \TS($Ito^):Nephrodium diffractum$Baker1??? =Byrsopteris $Morton1960 #(IB),i4 \TS:Polypodium aristatum$Forster1??? =Phanerophlebiopsis $Ching1965 #N(M)IB \TS:P. tsiangiana$< =Polystichopsis $Holttum1947 #m4,N(M)IB *m:Rec@trop-Am \(=$Smith1875(+^A)) \^^Lastrea/ \TS($Morton1???):Polypodium pubescens$Linnaeus1??? Lithostegia $Ching1933 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@O-Hima--ZW-China \TS:Aspidium foeniculaceum$Hooker1??? POLYBOTRYINAE" Polybotrya $Willdenow1810 #m25,N,M35,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am,!Andes \(<=$Humboldt&Bonpland1;???) \TS:P. osmundacea$< =Soromanes $Fee1845 #(M)I(B) \TS:S. serratifolium$< Olfersia $Raddi1819 #N,M1,IB *M:Rec@trop-Am \(~Polybotrya) \TS:O. corcovadensis$< =Dorcapteris $Presl1851 #(IB) \(~Polybotrya) \TS:Osmunda cervina$Linnaeus1??? Maxonia $Christensen1916 #m1,N,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@WInd,ZAm \TS:Dicksonia apiifolia$Swartz1??? DRYOPTERIDINAE" Dryopteris $Adanson1763 #m~150,N,M~225,+^,IB,i770 *m:Rec@cosm *M:Rec@~cosm(Eur:#M19,Aus:#M1,^NZ) {shield ferns,buckler ferns,florists' fern,male fern/niervaren} \(+NomCons) \(+missp:Druopteris) \TS:D. filix-mas$(Linnaeus1???)Schott=Polypodium filix-mas$Linnaeus1??? ==Filix $Seguier1754 #(IB) \(+suppr vs Dryopteris) \TS:??? ==Pteris $Scopoli1760 #(IB) \(<=$Gleditsch1???) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Polypodiopsida/Pteridaceae)) \TS:??? ==Filixmas $Farwell1931 #(IB),i23 \(<=$Hill1???) \(?Filix-mas$Hill1???) \TS:F. vulgaris$Hill1???>Farwell=Polypodium filix-mas$Linnaeus1??? =Dichasium $Fee1852 #(IB) \(=$Braun1841(+^A)) \^^Aspidium/ \TS:D. patentissimum$Fee1???(+NomIlleg) =Diclisodon $Moore1857 #(IB) \TS:D. deparioides$< =Arthrobotrys $Lindley1846 #(IB) \(=$Presl1836(+^A)) \^^Lastrea/ \(+P$Corda1839(mitosporicFungi/{Moniliaceae})) \TS(+NYD) =Leptorumohra $Ito1939 #N(M)IB \(=$Ito1925(+^A)) \^^Rumohra/ \TS:L. miqueliana$(Maximowicz>Franchet&Savigny;)Ito^=Aspidium miquelianum$Maximowicz1???>Franchet&Savigny; =Lophodium $Newman1851 #(IB) \TS:L. spinosum$(Roth1???)<=Polystichum spinosum$W&Roth1;??? =Nephrodium $Michaux1803 #(MIB),i249 \("NEPHRODIINAE$Payer1850) \TS(+NYD) =Pycnopteris $Moore1855 #(IB) \TS:P. sieboldii$< Nothoperanema $Ching1966 #m5,N,M2-3,IB *mM:Rec@trop-OW \(=$Tagawa1938(+^A)) \(~Peranemeae) \^^Dryopteris/ \TS($Ching1???):Nephrodium squamisetum$Hooker1??? Stigmatopteris $Christensen1909 #m26,N,M20-25,IB,i36 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \^^Aspidium \TS:Polypodium flavopunctatum$Kaulfuss1??? . =X Dryostichum $Wagner1992 #i1 \Dryopteris x Polystichum =X Leptoarachniodes $Nakaike1992 \Arachiodes$Blume1828 x Leptorumohra$Ito1939 Coveniella $Tindale1986 #N,M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@NO-Quee \TS:Polypodium poecilophlebium$Hooker1??? Revwattsia $Jones1998 #1 *Rec@NO-Quee \TS:??? DIDYMOCHLAENINAE" \(~Tectarieae) Didymochlaena $Desvaux1811 #m2-4,N,M1-2,IB *mM:Rec@trop \TS:D. sinuosa$< ==Monochlaena $GaudichaudBeaupre1828 #(IB) \(+P$Cassini1827(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:??? =Tegularia $Reinwardt1825("1828") #(IB) \TS:T. adianthifolia$< TECTARIEAE $??? #24/ \(~Dryopteridoideae/Dryopterideae) CTENITIDINAE" Trichoneuron $Ching1965 #m1,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@ZW-China *M:Rec@ZW-China \(~Athyrioideae~Physematieae) \TS:T. microlepioides$< Ctenitis $Christensen1938 #m~150,N,M~150,IB,i88 *m:Rec@trop *M:Rec@trop,warm(^Aus) \(=$Christensen1911(+^A)) \^^Dryopteris/ \TS($Ching1???):Polypodium submarginale$Langsdorff&Fischer1;??? =Atalopteris $Maxon&Christensen1922; #m3,N(M)IB,i3 *m:Rec@WInd \TS:Polybotrya aspidioides$Grisebach1??? =Ataxipteris $Holttum1984 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@O-Az \(~Tectaria) \TS:Tectaria sinii$Ching1??? Dryopsis $Holttum&Edwards1986; #N,M26,IB *M:Rec@bergen:ZO-Az,ZOAE \(~Ctenitis) \TS:Aspidium apiciflorum$Mettenius1???(<=Wallich) Lastreopsis $Ching1938 #m30,N,M~40,IB,i24 *m:Rec@?(!Aus) *M:Rec@trop,Z-gem(Am:#M6),!Aus \TS:Lastrea recedens$Moore1???(<=Smith) =Parapolystichum $Ching1940 #(IB),i3 \(=$Keyserling1873(+^A)) \^^Polystichum/ \TS($Ching1???):Polypodium effusum$Swartz1??? Psomiocarpa $Presl1851 #m1,N,M1,B *mM:Rec@Fili \TS:??? Pleocnemia $Presl1836 #m19,N,M19,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@(Burma,ZOAE)--Fiji \TS:Polypodium leuzeanum$GaudichaudDeBeaupre1??? =Arcypteris $Underwood1903 #(MIB) \^^Aspidium \TS(+R Dictyopteris$Presl1836) ==Dictyopteris $Presl1836 #(IB),i1 \^^Polypodium \(+P$Lamouroux1809(Phaeophyceae/Dictyotaceae)) \TS:Aspidium difforme$Blume1??? ==Sagenopteris $Trevisan1851 #(IB) \(+P$Presl1838(fossilClealopsida/Caytoniaceae)) \TS(+R Dictyopteris$Presl1836) Pteridrys $Christensen&Ching1934; #m8,N,M8,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Az,ZOAE \TS:Aspidium syrmaticum$Willdenow1??? Dryopolystichum $Copeland1947 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@NG \TS:Aspidium phaeostigma$Cesati1??? . Megalastrum $Holttum1986 #N,M30,IB *M:Rec@trop-Am,Afr(#M1)--Mask \(~Ctenitis) \TS:M. villosum$(Linnaeus1???)<=Polypodium villosum$Linneaus1??? Triplophyllum $Holttum1986 #N,M15,IB *M:trop-Afr,Mad,trop-ZAm \(~Ctenitis) \TS:Aspidium protensum$Swartz1??? TECTARIINAE" Tectaria $Cavanilles1799 #m~200,N,M~150,IB,i71 *mM:Rec@trop(Afr:#M12,Am:#M40) %M \TS:Polypodium trifoliatum$Linnaeus1??? ==Aspidium $Swartz1801 #(IB),i370 \TS:??? ==Bathmium $Link1841 #(IB) \(<=$Presl1???) \TS:Polypodium trifoliatum$Linnaeus1??? =Dryomenis $Smith1855 #(IB) \(<=$Fee1???) \TS($Moore1???):Drynaria menisciicarpon$Smith1??? =Grammatosorus $Regel1867 #(IB) \TS:G. blumeanus$< =Hemigramma $Christ1907 #N(M)I(B) \TS:Hemionitis zollingeri$Kurz1??? =Lenda $Koidzumi1936 #(IB) \TS:Polypodium subtriphyllum$Hooker&Arnott1;??? =Microbrochis $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS($Presl1???):Aspidium apifolium$Schkuhr1??? =Phlebiogonium $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:P. impressum$< =Pleuroderris $Maxon1934 #N(M)IB,i1 \TS:Lindsaea michleriana$Eaton1??? =Podopeltis $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:Aspidium singaporianum$Hooker&Greville1;???(<=Wallich) =Polydictyum $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Aspidium menyanthidis$Presl1??? ==Cardiochlaena $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:Aspidium menyanthidis$Presl1??? =Quercifilix $Copeland1928 #N(M)I(B) \TS:Ophioglossum zeylanicum$Houttuyn1??? =Sagenia $Presl1836 #(IB),i7 \^^Polypodium \TS:S. lobata$< =Fadyenia $Hooker1840 #m1,(M)IB *m:Rec@WInd \^^Aspidium \TS:??? =Luerssenia $Luerssen1882 #m1,(M)I(B),i1 *m:Rec@Suma \(<=$Kuhn1???) \TS:L. kehdingiana$< =Cionidium $Moore1852 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@NCal \TS:Deparia moorii$Hooker1??? ==Trichiocarpa $Smith1856 #(IB) \(=$Hooker1852(+^A)) \^^Deparia/ \TS($Smith1???):Deparia moorii$Hooker1??? =Tectaridium $Copeland1926 #m2,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Fili \TS:T. macleanii$< =Amphiblestra $Presl1836 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Vene \TS:Pteris latifolia$Willdenow1???(<=Humboldt&Bonpland;) =Dictyoxiphium $Hooker1840 #m1,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@MAm \TS:D. panamense$< =Camptodium $Fee1852 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@WInd \TS:Aspidium pedatum$Desvaux1??? =Stenosemia $Presl1836 #m2,N(M)I(B) *m:Rec@Male--Solo \TS:Acrostichum auritum$Swartz1??? Aenigmopteris $Holttum1984 #m4,N,M5,IB *mM:Rec@ZOAE \(~Tectaria) \TS:Dryopteris dubia$Copeland1??? Pseudotectaria $TardieuBlot1955 #m2,N,M6,IB *m:Rec@Mad *M:Rec@Mad \(?~Polypodiaceae~Tectaria) \TS:Aspidium decaryanum$Christensen1??? Hypoderris $Hooker1838 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \(<=$Brown1???) \("HYPODERRIDINAE$Hooker1844) \TS:H. brownii$Hooker1???(<=Smith) Heterogonium $Presl1851 #m20,N,M20,IB *mM:Rec@Maur,ZO-Az,ZOAE \(~Tectaria) \TS:H. aspidioides$< =Ctenitopsis $Tardieu&Christensen1938; #(IB),i1 \(<=$Ching1???) \(~Tectaria) \TS($Ching1???):Aspidium sagenioides$Mettenius1??? Cyclopeltis $Smith1846 #m6,N,M6,IB *m:Rec@trop-O-Az,trop-Am *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE(}#M5),trop-Am(#M1) \^^Polypodium \TS:??? ==Hemicardion $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:??? Chlamydogramme $Holttum1986 #N,M2,IB *M:Rec@NG \(~Tectaria) \TS:Gymnopteris hollrungii$Kuhn1??? ^ Aspidites $Colla1829 #NX(I) *NI:^ \TS:A. filix-mas$Colla1??? ATHYRIOIDEAE $??? #20/ \("ATHYRIACEAE$Alston1956,"WOODSIACEAE$(Diels|Gray)Herter1949) \petiole met 2 vaatbundels;sporen soms met chlorofyl PHYSEMATIEAE $??? =WOODSIEAE $Gray1856 ATHYRIINAE $Milde1870 Athyrium $Roth1799 #m~180,N,M180,IB,i44 *mM:Rec@cosm(Eur:#M2),!(O-,ZO-Az) {lady fern/wijfjesvaren} \(>Diplazium) \TS:A. filix-femina$(Linnaeus1???)Roth=Polypodium filix-femina$Linnaeus1??? =Pseudathyrium $Newman1851 #(IB) \TS:Aspidium alpestre$Hoppe1??? =Pseudocystopteris $Ching1964 #(IB) \TS:Cystopteris spinulosa$Maximowicz1??? =Kuniwatsukia $PichiSermolli1973 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@SriL,NO-India,Z-China \(~Hypodematiinae") \TS(+R Microchlaena$Ching1938) ==Microchlaena $Ching1938 #(MIB) \(+^P$Sprengel1830(+missp v ???$???(???/???))) \TS:Lastrea cuspidata$Beddome1??? =Anisocampium $Presl1851 #m2,N(M)IB *m:Rec@trop-Az--Male \(~Diplaziinae) \TS:A. cumingianum$< =Cystoathyrium $Ching1966 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@ZW-China \(~Cystopteris) \TS:C. chinense$< Cornopteris $Nakai1930 #m9,M9,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Az \TS:C. decurrenti-alata$(Hooker1???)Nakai=Gymnogramma decurrenti-alata$Hooker1??? =Neoathyrium $Ching&Wang1982; #(MIB) \TS:Athyrium crenulatoserrulatum$Makino1??? DIPLAZIINAE $Payer1850 \("DIPLAZIEAE$Fee1???>Pfeiff.1873) Diplazium $Swartz1801 #m~350,N,M~400,IB,i228 *mM:Rec@trop,N-gem(Eur:#M2) \(~Athyrium) \TS:Asplenium plantagineum$Linnaeus1??? =Allantodia $Brown1810 #(IB),i3 \TS($Kaulfuss1???):Polypodium umbrosum$Aiton1??? =Anisogonium $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:Diplazium fraxinifolium$Presl1??? =Brachysorus $Presl1851 #(IB) \(~Athyrium) \TS:B. woodwardioides$< =Digrammaria $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:Asplenium ambiguum$Swartz1??? =Hypochlamys $Fee1852 #(IB) \(~Athyrium) \TS:H. pectinata$< =Lotzea $Klotzsch1847|Klotzsch&Karsten1;??? #(IB) \(<=$Klotzsch&Karsten1;???) \TS:L. diplazioides$Klotzsch1???(<=Klotzsch&Karsten;) =Microstegia $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Hemionitis esculenta$Retzius1??? =Monomelangium $Hayata1928 #(IB) \TS:Asplenium hancockii$Maximowicz1??? =Ochlogramma $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:O. cumingii$< =Oxygonium $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:O. ovatum$< ==Pteriglyphis $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:??? =Rhachidosorus $Ching1964 #(IB) \(~Athyrium) \TS:Asplenium mesosorum$Makino1??? =Callipteris $BoryDeStVincent1804 #m3,(M)I(B),i15 *m:Rec@Afr--PacOc \TS:Asplenium proliferum$Lamarck1??? =Triblemma $Ching1978 #m2,(MIB) *m:Rec@trop-Az \(=$Smith1???(+^A)) \(+P$Brown1???>Sprengel1831(Magnoliopsida/Melastomataceae)) \TS($Ching1???):Asplenium lanceum$Thunberg1??? Diplaziopsis $Christensen1906 #m4,N,M3-4,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@O-Az,Poly \(~Diplazium) \TS(+R Allantodia$Smith1841) ==Allantodia $Smith1841 #(I) \(<=$Wallich1???) \(+P$Brown1810(Polypodiopsida/Dryopteridaceae)) \TS:A. brunoniana$Wallich1??? =Homalosorus $PichiSermolli1977 #(M)I(B),i2 \(<=$Small1???) \TS:Asplenium pycnocarpon$Sprengel1??? Dictyodroma $Ching1964 #m5,M2-3,I(B) *mM:Rec@O-,ZO-Az \(~Diplazium) \TS:Asplenium heterophlebium$Baker1???(<=Mettenius) Hemidictyum $Presl1836 #m1,N,M1,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Asplenium marginatum$Linnaeus1??? CYSTOPTERIDINAE $Payer1850 Gymnocarpium $Newman1851 #m6,N,M6,IB,i7 *m:Rec@N-gem,OW *M:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M3),ZO-Az,ZOAE(}#M1),Taiw(#M1) {oak fern} \TS:Polypodium dryopteris$Linnaeus1??? ==Carpogymnia $Loeve&Loeve1966; #(IB) \(=$Fuchs1???>Janchen1960(+^A)) \^^Thelypteris/ \TS($A.&Loeve;):Polypodium dryopteris$Linnaeus1??? =Currania $Copeland1909 #I(B),i2 \TS:C. gracilipes$< Acystopteris $Nakai1933 #N,M2,IB *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE--Japan \(~Cystopteris) \TS:Cystopteris japonica$Luerssen1??? Cystopteris $Bernhardi1805 #m~18,N,M~12,IB,i15 *m:Rec@gem,warm *M:Rec@gem,warm,!N-gem(Eur:#M6,Enge:#M3),bergen:trop {bladder fern/blaasvaren} \(+NomCons) \TS:Polypodium fragile$Linnaeus1??? ==Filicula $Seguier1754 #(IB) \TS:F. filix-fragilis$(Linnaeus1???)Farwell=Polypodium fragile$Linnaeus1??? ==Cyclopteris $Gray1821 #(I) \(<=$Schrader1???) \TS:??? ==Cystea $Smith1828 #(IB) \TS:??? ==Cyste $Dulac1867 #(IB) \TS:??? =Filix $Adanson1763 #(IB) \^^Polypodium \(+P$Seguier1754(Polypodiopsida/Dryopteridaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Rhizomatopteris $Khokhrjakov1985 #(IB) \(?^Polypodiaceae) \TS:Polypodium montanum$Lamarck1??? =X Asplenicystopteris $Fournier1934 #(IB) \Asplenium$Linnaeus1753 x Cystopteris$Bernhardi1805 WOODSIINAE $Hooker1844 =DEPARIINAE" Woodsia $Brown1810 #m21,N,M25,IB,i27 *m:Rec@gem,koelgem *M:Rec@gem(^Aus),koelgem(Eur:#M3) \(PERANEMACEAE) \(+missp:Woodia$Brown1???) \TS:Acrostichum ilvense$Linnaeus1??? =Hymenocystis $Meyer1831 #(IB) \TS:H. caucasica$< =Physematium $Kaulfuss1829 #(IB) \TS:P. molle$< =Protowoodsia $Ching1945 #(M)I(B) \TS:Woodsia manchuriensis$Hooker1??? =Trichocyclus $Dulac1867 #(IB) \^^Acrostichum \TS:??? =Cheilanthopsis $Hieronymus1920 #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@NO-Hima,W-China \(PERANEMACEAE) \TS($Hieronymus1???>Copeland):Cheilanthes straminea$Brause1??? Deparia $Hooker&Greville1830; #m34,M34,I(B),i5 *m:Rec@trop-OW--(NZ,Kamt),O-NAm *M:Rec@trop-OW(Afr:#M1)--Hawai,NAm(#M1) \(~Athyrium) \TS:D. macraei$< =Athyriopsis $Ching1964 #(IB) \(~Lunathyrium) \TS:Asplenium japonicum$Thunberg1??? =Dryoathyrium $Ching1941 #(M)I(B) \(~Lunathyrium) \TS:Aspidium boryanum$Willdenow1??? ==Parathyrium $Holttum1959 #(MIB) \TS:Aspidium boryanum$Willdenow1??? =Lunathyrium $Koidzumi1932 #N(M)IB,i1 \TS:Athyrium pycnosorum$Christ1??? Adenoderris $Smith1875 #m2,N,M2,IB,i2 *m:Rec@WInd *M:Rec@Cuba,Jama \(?:~Dryopteridoideae) \TS($Maxon1???):Aspidium glandulosum$Hooker&Greville1829;(+P$Blume1828)==Aspidium viscidulum$Mettenius1??? HYPODEMATIINAE" \("HYPODEMATIACEAE$Ching1975) Hypodematium $Kunze1833 #m3,N,M4,IB *mM:Rec@warm-OW %!kalksteen \TS:H. onustum$< ONOCLEEAE $Todaro1866 \(~Tectarioideae) \("ONOCLEACEAE$PichiSermolli1970) Onocleopsis $Ballard1945 #m1,N,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Mexi,MAm \TS:O. hintonii$< Matteuccia $Todaro1866 #m3,N,M2,IB *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M1) {ostrich fern/struisvaren} \(+NomCons) \TS:Osmunda struthiopteris$Linnaeus1??? ==Struthiopteris $Willdenow1809 #(IB) \^^Osmunda \(+P$Scopoli1754(Polypodiopsida/Blechnaceae)) \TS:??? ==Pteretis $Rafinesque1818 #(IB) \(+suppr vs Matteuccia) \TS:??? ==Pterilis $Rafinesque1819 #(IB) \TS:??? =Pentarhizidium $Hayata1927 #(IB) \TS:P. japonicum$< Onoclea $Linnaeus1753 #m1,N,M2,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@N-gem {/bolletjesvaren} \TS:O. sensibilis$< ==Angiopteris $Adanson1763 #(IB) \(+suppr vs$Hoffmann1796(Polypodiopsida/Marattiaceae)) \TS($Nieuwland1???):Onoclea sensibilis$Linnaeus1??? ==Calypterium $Bernhardi1802 #(IB) \TS:Onoclea sensibilis$Linnaeus1??? ==Pterinodes $Kuntze1891 #(IB),i2 \(<=$Siegesbeck1???) \(~Matteuccia) \TS:Onoclea sensibilis$Linnaeus1??? ==Riedlea $Mirbel1802 #(I) \(?Riediea$Mirbel1???#(B)(~Matteuccia)) \TS:Onoclea sensibilis$Linnaeus1??? =Ragiopteris $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:R. onocleoides$< ^ Meniphyllum $Ettingshausen1879(=VonEttingshausen) #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{leaf} \TS:M. elegans$VonEttingshausen&Gardner1;??? ? Aspidistes $Harris1961 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{fertile leaf} \TS:A. thomasi$< LOMARIOPSIDACEAE $Alston1956 #(m)6/,M6/525 *M:!trop,warm \(^Aspleniaceae>Dryopteridaceae) LOMARIOPSIDOIDEAE $??? Bolbitis $Schott1835 #m47,N,M44,IB,i34 *m:Rec@trop *M:Rec@trop,warm,!ZO-Az \("BOLBITIEAE,"BOLBITIDACEAE$(PichiSermolli1978)Ching???) \TS:Acrostichum serratifolium$Kaulfuss1???(<=Mertens) ==Heteronevron $Fee1845 #(I) \TS:??? ==Poecilopteris $Presl1836 #(IB),i4 \TS:Acrostichum serratifolium$Kaulfuss1???(<=Mertens) =Anapausia $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum alienum$Swartz1??? =Campium $Presl1936 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum virens$Hooker&Greville1;???(<=Wallich) =Cyrtogonium $Smith1842 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum serratifolium$Kaulfuss1???(<=Mertens) =Edanyoa $Copeland1952 #N(M)I(B) \TS:E. difformis$< =Egenolfia $Schott1836 #(MIB) \^^Acrostichum \TS:E. hamiltoniana$< =Heteroneurum $Presl1851(?Fee1???) #(IB) \(+P Heteronevron$Fee1845(Polypodiopsida/Lomariopsidaceae)) \TS:Heteronevron argutum$Fee1??? =Jenkinsia $Hooker1841 #(IB) \TS:J. undulata$< Thysanosoria $Gepp1917 #m2,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@NG *M:Rec@NW-NG \(~Lomariopsis) \TS:T. dimorphophylla$< Teratophyllum $Kuhn1870 #m12,N,M12,IB,i1 *m:Rec@ZOAE,NCal *M:Rec@Z-Burma--(Quee,O-Poly) \(<=$Mettenius1???) \TS($Mettenius1???>Kuhn):Lomaria aculeata$Blume1??? =Arthrobotrya $Smith1875 #m3,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@O-Male,trop-Aus,Solo \TS:Polybotrya articulata$Fee1???(<=Smith) Lomagramma $Smith1841 #m18,N,M~20,IB *m:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE--PacOc,?Am *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE--PacOc(^Aus) \TS:L. pteroides$< =Cheilolepton $Fee1845 #(IB) \TS:C. blumeanum$< Lomariopsis $Fee1845 #m45,N,M45,IB,i18 *mM:Rec@trop(Aus:#M1) \TS:Acrostichum sorbifolium$Linnaeus1??? ELAPHOGLOSSOIDEAE $??? #m1/ \("ELAPHOGLOSSACEAE$PichiSermolli1968) Elaphoglossum $Smith1841 #m~400,N,M~400,IB,i526 *m:Rec@trop,warm(!Am) *M:Rec@trop,warm(Azor,MadE:#M1,Aus:#M1,^NZ)--Japan,!Am(Vene:#M98) %Te \(+NomCons) \(<=$Schott1???) \TS(+TypCons):Acrostichum conforme$Swartz1??? =Aconiopteris $Presl1836 #(IB) \(+NomRej vs Elaphoglossum) \TS:Acrostichum subdiaphanum$Hooker&Greville1;??? =Hymenodium $Fee1845 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum crinitum$Linnaeus1??? ==Dictyoglossum $Smith1846 #(IB) \TS:Acrostichum crinitum$Linnaeus1??? =Microstaphyla $Presl1851 #(M)I(B) \TS:Osmunda bifurcata$Jacquin1??? =Peltapteris $Link1841 #N(M)IB \TS($Morton1???):Osmunda peltata$Swartz1??? ==Rhipidopteris $Fee1845 #(IB) \(<=$Schott1???) \TS:Osmunda peltata$Swartz1??? DAVALLIACEAE $Frank1877 \(<=$Schomb.1848|Mettenius) \(=$Gaud.(+^A)) #P14/~120,m(3)13/220,M4/44 *m:Rec@trop,warm *M:Rec@trop,warm:OW %!Te *X:Rec DAVALLIOIDEAE $Hook.1845 \(~Aspleniaceae/Dryopterideae) Davallia $Smith1793 #m~35,N,M34,IB,i38 *m:Rec@trop-,warm-OW *M:Rec@W-MidZ(#M1),Hima,N-Japan--Aus,Tahi,Afr,Mad(#M2) %Te {hare's-foot fern} \("DAVALLIINAE$Payer1850,"DAVALLIEAE$Gaudichaud1829) \TS:Trichomanes canariensis$Linnaeus1??? =Pachypleuria $Presl1851 #(M)I(B),i2 \(=$Presl1836(+^A)) \^^Davallia/ \(~Humata) \TS($Presl1???):Davallia pedata$Smith1??? =Paradavallodes $Ching1966 #(MIB) \(~Araoiostegia) \TS:Davallia multidentata$Baker1???(<=Hooker) =Parestia $Presl1851 #(IB),i1 \TS(+R Wibelia$Bernhardi1802) ==Wibelia $Bernhardi1801 #(IB) \(+P$Gaertner&Meyer;&Scherbius1801;(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Trichomanes elatum$Forster1??? =Pteronevron $Fee1852 #(I) \(+P$Sprengel1831(???/???)) \(~Humata) \(?Pteroneura$Fee1???#(B)) \TS:Nephrodium gaimardianum$GaudichaudDeBeaupre1??? =Stenochlamys $Griffith1849 #(MI) \(?:fam?) \TS:S. edgeworthii$< =Stenolobus $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:Trichomanes solidum$Forster1??? =Humata $Cavanilles1802 #m50,N(M)IB,i4 *m:Rec@Mad--PacOc \TS:H. ophioglossa$< =Trogostolon $Copeland1927 #m2,N(M)IB *m:Rec@W-China,Fili \TS:Davallia falcinella$Presl1??? =Scyphularia $Fee1852 #m8,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Male \TS:Davallia pentaphylla$Blume1??? =Parasorus $AlderwereltVanRosenburgh1922(=VanAlderwereltVanRosenburgh) #m1,N(M)IB *m:Rec@Molu/Ternate \TS:P. undulatus$< =Araiostegia $Copeland1927 #m12,N(M)IB *m:Rec@NO-India--Z-China,Male \(+NomCons) \TS:Aspidium hymenophylloides$Blume1??? Davallodes $Copeland1908 #m9,N,M7,IB *mM:Rec@ZOAE \(=$Copeland1905(+^A)) \^^Microlepia/ \TS:Microlepia hirsuta$Presl1???=Davallia ciliata$Hooker1???(+non$Presl1???) Gymnogrammitis $Griffith1849 #N,M1,IB *M:Rec@O-Hima,Z-China--ZO-Az %Te \("GYMNOGRAMMITIDACEAE$Ching1966~Davallia) \(+NomRej vs Araiostegia$Copeland1927) \TS:G. dareiformis$(Hooker1???)Ching>Tardieu&Christensen;=Polypodium dareaeforme$Hooker1??? Leucostegia $Presl1836 #m2,N,M2,IB *m:Rec@ZOAE--NHeb *M:Rec@Hima,Z-China,Z-India--Poly %T,Te \TS:Davallia immersa$Hooker1???(<=Wallich) OLEANDRACEAE $PichiSermolli1965 \(<=$Ching1???) \(=$Smith1???(+^A)) #M3/55 *M:Rec@trop,warm %T,Te \(~Davalliaceae) \n=40,41 OLEANDROIDEAE $??? Oleandra $Cavanilles1799 #m40,N,M40,IB,i20 *mM:Rec@trop \TS:O. neriformis$< =Neuronia $Don1825 #(IB) \TS:Aspidium wallichii$Hooker1??? =Ophiopteris $Reinwardt1825("1828") #(IB) \TS:O. verticillata$< 2: \(~Nephrolepidoideae) Arthropteris $Smith1854 #m20,N,M12-15,IB,i6 *m:Rec@trop-OW--NZ *M:Rec@trop-OW(!Mad,!NG)--NZ,JFer(#M1) \TS:Polypodium tenellum$Forster1??? Psammiosorus $Christensen1932 #m1,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@Mad *M:Rec@NW-Mad \^^Dryopteris \TS:P. paucivenius$(Christensen1???)< NEPHROLEPIDACEAE $PichiSermolli1975 #(m3/),M1/30 *M:Rec@trop,warm \(~Davalliaceae) \n=41 NEPHROLEPIDOIDEAE $??? Nephrolepis $Schott1834 #m30,N,M30,IB,i29 *mM:Rec@trop,warm {sword ferns,Boston fern/krulvaren,zwaardvaren} \("NEPHROLEPIDEAE$Fee1???>Pfeiff.1874) \TS:Polypodium exaltatum$Linnaeus1??? =Lepidonevron $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:Aspidium biserratum$Swartz1??? =Leptopleuria $Presl1836 #(IB) \TS:Dicksonia abrupta$BoryDeSt.-Vincent =Lindsayoides $Nakai1943 #(IB) \TS:Lindsaea acutifolia$Desvaux1??? BLECHNACEAE $Copeland1947 \(=$Presl1???(+^A)) #P8/250,m10/260,M9/200 *Rec@cosm *X:Rec %T \("Blechnales$PichiSermolle1???>Reveal1993) \!grondvaren,boomvaren,klimmend;blad !veervormig samengesteld,pinnatifid;sori op nerf evenwijdig middennerf;!indusia openend naar middennerf BLECHNOIDEAE $??? \schub niet peltate;petiole vaatbundel U-vormige doorsnede Blechnum $Linnaeus1753 #m220,N,M150-200,IB,i182 *mM:Rec@cosm(Eur:#M1),!ZH {hard fern/dubbelloof} \("BLECHNINAE$Coss.&Germ.1876;,"BLECHNEAE$Presl1851) \TS:B. occidentale$< =Blechnidium $Moore1860 #(IB) \TS:Blechnum melanopus$Hooker1??? =Blechnopsis $Presl1851 #(IB),i2 \TS:Blechnum orientale$Linnaeus1??? =Diploblechnum $Hayata1927 #(IB) \TS:Blechnum integripinnulum$Hayata1??? =Distaxia $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Blechnum fraxineum$Willdenow1??? =Homophyllum $Merino1898 #(IB) \TS:H. blechniforme$< =Lomaria $Willdenow1809 #(IB),i93 \("LOMARIEAE$Hance1865,"LOMARIOIDEAE$Hooker1859) \TS:Onoclea nuda$Labillardiere1??? ==Stegania $Brown1810 #(IB),i8 \TS:Onoclea nuda$Labillardiere1??? =Lomaridium $Presl1851 #(IB) \(~Lomaria) \TS:Lomaria plumieri$Desvaux1??? =Mesothema $Presl1851 #(IB) \TS:Blechnum australe$Linnaeus1??? =Orthogramma $Presl1851 #(IB),i1 \TS:Lomaria gilliesii$Hooker&Greville1;??? =Parablechnum $Presl1851 #(IB),i2 \TS:Osmunda procera$Forster1??? =Spicanta $Presl1851 #(IB),i30 \TS:Osmunda borealis$Salisbury1??? =Spicantopsis $Nakai1933 #(IB) \(~Spicanta) \TS:Lomaria niponica$Kunze1??? =Struthiopteris $Scopoli1754 #(IB) \TS($Weis1???):Osmunda spicant$Linnaeus1??? ==Lonchitisaspera $Farwell1931 #(IB),i10 \(<=$Hill1???) \(?Lonchitis-aspera$Hill1???>Farwell1???) \TS:Osmunda spicant$Linnaeus1??? Salpichlaena $Smith1841|Hooker1??? #m1,M1-2,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \(~Blechnum) \TS:Blechnum volubile$Kaulfuss1??? Doodia $Brown1810 #m11,N,M~12,IB,i14 *mM:Rec@SriL--Aus,-->NAm \("DOODIEAE$Gaudichaud1829) \TS:D. aspera$< Brainea $Smith1856 #m1,N,M1,IB *m:Rec@O-Az *M:Rec@NO-India--W-ZOAE \indusia acrostichoid \TS:Bowringia insignis$Hooker1??? ==Bowringia $Hooker1853 #(IB) \(+P$Champion1???>Bentham1852(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS:??? Sadleria $Kaulfuss1824 #m6,N,M4,IB *mM:Rec@Hawai \(Blechnaceae?,~Blechnum) \TS:S. cyatheoides$< Woodwardia $Smith1793 #m10,N,M13,IB,i14 *m:Rec@Z-Eur--Japan,W-NAm *M:Rec@NH(Z-Eur:#M1,!O-Az)--(CRic,ZOAE) \TS:Blechnum radicans$Linnaeus1??? =Anchistea $Presl1851 #(M)I(B) \TS:Blechnum virginicum$Linnaeus1??? =Chieniopteris $Ching1964 #(IB) \(?Chienopteris) \TS:Woodwardia harlandii$Hooker1??? =Lorinseria $Presl1851 #m1,(M)I(B) *m:Rec@gem-NAm \TS:Acrostichum areolatum$Linnaeus1??? Pteridoblechnum $Hennipman1966 #m2,N,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@N-Quee \TS:Acrostichum neglectum$Bailey1??? Steenisioblechnum $Hennipman1984 #m1,M1,B,i1 *mM:Rec@Quee \TS:??? STENOCHLAENOIDEAE $??? \("STENOCHLAENACEAE$Ching1978) \schub peltate;petiole vaatbundel in 2 cirkels Stenochlaena $Smith1841 #m5,N,M6,IB,i15 *mM:Rec@trop-OW(Afr:#M2) \^^Onoclea \TS($Beddome1???):Polypodium palustre$Burman1??? =Lomariobotrys $Fee1852 #(IB) \TS:Lomaria tenuifolia$Desvaux1??? ? TEMPSKYACEAE $Read1937 *X:Ber,Apt-Alb,Cen,San%T Tempskya $Corda1845 #NX(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) ************************* * ? ************************* Adiantites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf?} \TS(+NYD) Asansolia $Pant&Misra1976; #N(I) *NI:Perm@India \{leaf} \TS:Alethopteris phegopteroides$Feistmantel1??? Carolopteris $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #N(I) *N:BKr@Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Feronia $Carpentier1927 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@Fran \{leaf} \(+P$Correa1800(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS:F. sewardi$< Flicheia $Pelourde1908 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Culm@Fran \{leaf,stem,petiole} \TS:F. esnostensis$< Gyropteris $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{leaf,petiole} \TS:G. crassa$< Saaria $Remy1953 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \TS:Hymenophyllum weissi$Schimper1??? Schizopteris $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:Carb {Leaf} \TS:S. anomala$< ==Lepidoxylon $Lesquereux1878 #N(I) *N:Penn@Misso *I:Penn \{stem,leaf} \(~Cordaitales) \TS:Schizopteris anomala$Brongniart1??? ? Biarmella $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:B. triloba$< ^ Lophotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? ************************* * \("Hydropteriatae) \(~Leptosporangiatae) * Marsileales $Schaffn.1910|Zimmermann1959 \("Marsileopsida$Trevis.1877) ************************* MARSILEACEAE $Mirbel1802 #P3/67,m3/72,M3/55-75 *m:Rec@trop,gem *X:Tur,Maa-Rec %F {/pilvarens} MARSILEOIDEAE $Eaton1833 Marsilea $Linnaeus1753 #m~65,N,X,M50-70,IB,i39 *mM:Rec@trop(!Afr),gem(Eur:#M4) {/klavertje vier} \(+NomCons) \("MARSILEEAE$Duby1828) \TS:M. quadrifolia$< ==Lemma $Adanson1763 #(IB) \TS($Desrousseaux1???):Marsilea quadrifolia$Linnaeus1??? ==Spheroidia $Dulac1867 #(I) \(>Spheroidea$Dulac1???#(B)) \TS:Marsilea quadrifoliata$Linnaeus1??? ==Zaluzianskia $Necker1775 #(IB),i14 \(+suppr vs Zaluzianskya$Schmidt1793(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:Marsilea quadrifolia$Linnaeus1??? Regnellidium $Lindman1904 #m1,N,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Z-Braz *M:Rec@ZO-Braz,<--Arge \TS:R. diphyllum$< PILULARIOIDEAE" \("PILULARIACEAE$Mirbel1???>DeCandolle1804,Pilulariales$Dumortier1829) Pilularia $Linnaeus1753 #m6,N,M3-6,IB,i4 *m:Rec@Eur,NAm,Aus,NZ *M:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M2),Aus,NZ,bergen:Ethi,W-ZAm {pillwort/pilvaren} \TS:P. globulifera$< ==Calamistrum $Kuntze1891 #(IB),i4 \(<=$Linnaeus1???) \TS:C. globuliferum$(Linnaeus1???)<=Pilularia globulifera$Linneaus1??? ^ Arcellites $Miner1935 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:A. disciformis$< Crybelosporites $??? #H \TS:??? Pyrobolospora $Hughes1955 #H(I) *I:OKr/Weald@Z-Enge \{spores} \TS:P. vectis$< Rhizomites $Paradkar1971 #N(I) *NI:?Paleoc@India {Axes} \TS:R. dakshini$< Rodeites $Sahni1943 #N(I) *NI:OTert@India \{sporocarps} \TS:R. dakshini$< ? Rhizocarpites $Heer1878 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Sibe \{leaf,sporocarp} \TS:R. singularis$< Trizygia $Royle1834 #(I) *I:^@India \TS:T. speciosa$< ************************* * Salviniales $Britt.1901|Zimmermann1959 \("Salviniidae$PichiSermolli1???>Reveal1996) ************************* SALVINIACEAE $Lestib.1826|Dumortier1829 #P1/12,m1/12,M1/10 *m:Rec@trop,warmgem *M:Rec@trop,warm *X:Maa,Dan-Rec%F {/vlotvarens} Salvinia $Seguier1754 #m12,N,X,M10,+^,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@trop,warmgem(Eur:#M1,^(ZO-Az--Aus)) {kariba weed/vlotvaren} \("SALVINIEAE$Brongniart1???>Duby1828,"SALVINIOIDEAE$Mirbel1???>Meisn.1843) \TS($Allioni1???):Marsilea natans$Linnaeus1??? =Marsilaea $Necker1775 #(IB) \(+P Marsilea$Linnaeus1753(Polypodiopsida/Marsileaceae)) \TS:M. salvinioides$< ^ Parazolla $Hall1969 #N(I) *NI:BKr/Cmp@Mont \{spores} \TS:P. heterotricha$< ? Ariadnaesporites $Potonie1956 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:Selaginellites ariadnae$Miner1??? Hydropterangium $Halle1910 #N(I) *N:ORht,Tert@Zwed *I:ORht@Zwed \{sporocarps?} \TS:H. marsilioides$< AZOLLACEAE $Wettstein1903 #P1/6,m1/6,M1/6 *mM:Rec@trop,warm,-->Eur *X:Maa,Dan-Rec %F {/kroosvarens} \(~Salviniaceae) Azolla $Lamarck1783 #m6,N,X,M6,+^,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@trop,warm,-->Eur {/kroosvaren} \("AZOLLEAE$Schenk1846,"AZOLLOIDEAE$Griff.1844) \TS:A. filiculoides$< =Rhizosperma $Meyen1834 #(IB) \TS(+NYD) ^ Azollophyllum $Penhallow1891 #N(I) *N:Mioc@BrCo *I:Mioc \TS:A. primaevum$< ^ Azinia $Balueva1964 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc/Dan@USSR \{reproductive} \TS:A. paradoxa$< Azollopsis $Hall1968 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Mont \{reproductive,spores} \TS:A. coccoides$< ************************* * Hydropteridales $??? ************************* HYDROPTERIDACEAE $??? Hydropteris $Rothwell&Stockey1994; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Albe \{fertile frond} \TS:H. pinnata$< ? Dorfiella $Weber1976 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Wyom \{leaf} \TS:Filicites knowltonii$Dorf1??? Pseudosalvinia $Piton1940 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \{leaf} \(?Pseudo-salvinia) \TS:P. dubia$< ************************* * ? ************************* Acanthotriletes $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:Paleozoic \(<=$Naumova1???) \{spores} \TS:Spinososporites ciliatus$Knox1??? ==Acanthisporites $Danze&LevetCarette;&Laboziak1964; #(I) *I:Paleozoic \{spores} \TS:Spinososporites ciliatus$Knox1??? Acrocarpus $Schenk1867 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Duit \{fertile foliage} \(+P$Wight1???>Arnott1838(Magnoliopsida/Caesalpiniaceae)) \TS:A. cuneatus$< Acrostichopteris $Fontaine1880 #N(I) *N:OKr@Mary *I:OKr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Aculea $Douglas1973 #(I) *I:OKr@Vict \{leaf} \TS:A. bifida$< Agasopteris $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:A. condomana$< Alamatus $Douglas1973 #(I) *I:OKr@Vict \{fertile leaf} \TS:A. bifarius$< Amanda $Douglas1973 #(I) *I:OKr@Vict \{blad met vruchtbare aar} \TS:A. floribunda$< Amdrupiopsis $Sze&Lee1952; #(I) *I:Jura@China \{foliage} \TS:A. sphenopteroides$< Anastomopteris $Wagner1958 #N(I) *NI:Carb/BWph@Turk \{leaf} \TS:A. azdavayi$< Andriania $Braun1843 #(I) *I:OLias@Duit \TS:A. baruthina$< Anemiidites $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Kr/Sen@Zwed \(<=$Ross1???) \{spores} \TS:A. echinatus$< ==Anemiidisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Anemiidites$Ross1949) Angariella $Hahlov1939 #N(I) *NI:Carb-Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:A. minima$< Anomalofilicites $Hollick1916 #N(I) *N:Eoc@NAm? *I:Eoc \{leaf} \TS:A. monstrosus$< Aphlebiocarpus $Stur1877 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Polen \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:A. schuetzei$< Aphlebiopteris $Gothan&Zimmermann1932; #N(I) *NI:BDev@Polen \TS:A. boegendorfiana$< Aspidites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:?Carb@Bohe \(+P$Colla1829(Polypodiopsida/Dryopteridaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Asplenites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:^@Polen \{fertile leaf} \(+P$Colla1829(Polypodiopsida/Aspleniaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Aulacopteris $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Baqueroties $Herbst1967 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Arge \{leaf} \TS:B. padulae$< Bardia $Zalesskij1933 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Oeral \{leaf} \TS:B. maueri$< Beinertia $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Polen \{leaf} \TS:B. gymnogrammoides$< Blechnoxylon $Etheridge1899 #N(I) *NI:PermioCarb@NwZW {Stem,Wood,Leaf} \TS:B. talbragarense$< Bockschia $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{leaf} \TS:B. flabellata$< Boiophyton $Obrhel1959 #(I) *I:Ord@Bohe \TS:B. pragense$< Bonaventurea $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Duit \{leaf,spore} \TS:B. cardinalis$< Boweria $Kidston1911 #N(I) *N:Carb/Wph@Belg *I:Wph@Polen \{leaf,sporangium} \TS:Hapalopteris schatzlarensis$Stur1??? Calopteris $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{leaf,petiole} \(+missp:Kalopteris) \(+P$BachelotDeLaPylaie1830(Rhodophyceae/Ceramiaceae)) \TS:C. dubia$< Camptopteris $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Caulopteris $Lindley&Hutton1832; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS:C. primaeva$< Cheilanthites $Goeppert1836 #(I) \{fertile foliage} \TS(+NYD) Cheiloleptites $Saporta1861 #(I) *I:Tert \TS:??? Chelepteris $Corda1845 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Chrysodiopteris $Saporta1891 #(I) *I:Jura@Port \{foliage} \TS:C. marchantiaeformis$< Copiapaea $GrafZuSolmsLaubach1899 #(I) *I:Rht@Chili \{leaf} \TS:C. plicatella$< Crassosporites $Alpern1958 #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:C. triletoides$< Cryptogrammites $Andreanszky1951 #(I) *I:Oligoc@Hong \{fertile foliage} \(+missp:Crytogrammites,Crystogrammites) \TS:C. hungarica$< Cyclobaculisporites $Bhardwaj1956("1955") #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:C. grandiverrucosus$(Kosanke1???)<=Punctatisporites grandiverrucosus$M&Kosanke1;??? Cyclogranisporites $??? #H \TS:??? Dalejophyton $Obrhel1957 #(I) *I:MDev@TsSl \TS:D. nemejci$< Delgadoa $Heer1881 #(I) *I:Jura@Port \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Deltoidospora $Miner1935 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:D. hallii$< ==Deltoidisporites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #H(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Deltoidospora$Miner1935) Dendraena $Nemejc1934 #(I) *I:BCarb/WphC@M-Bohe \{sphenotpterid foliage-bearing sporangia} \TS:D. pinnatilobata$< Dibolisporites $Richardson1965 #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \TS:Triletes echinaceus$Eisenack1??? Dichoneuron $Saporta1878 #(I) *I:Perm@Rusl \{foliage} \TS:D. hookeri$< Dichopteris $Zigno1864 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Dichotomopteris $Maithy1974 #(I) *I:Perm@India \{fertile and barren fronds} \TS:Merianopteris major$Feistmantel1??? Dicropteris $Pomel1849 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Dictyotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Diplasterotheca $Hirmer1927 #(I) *I:Perm@Fran \{fertile foliage} \TS:D. exigua$Renault1??? Diplazites $Goeppert1836 #(I) \{fertile foliage} \TS(+NYD) ==Desmophlebis $Brongniart1849 #(I) \{foliage} \TS:??? Diplodictyum $Braun1843 #(I) *I:Jura@Duit \TS:D. obtusilobum$< Diplotheca $Kidston1903 #(I) *I:Carb@Scho \{fertile foliage} \(+P$Hochstetter1846(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS:D. stellata$< Dipteriphyllum $Krasser1896 #(I) *I:Kr@Bohe \{leaves} \TS:Platycerium cretaceum$Velenovsky1??? Dizeugotheca $Archangelsky&DeLaSota1961; #(I) *I:Perm@Arge \{fertile foliage} \TS(+NYD) Dyotheca $Hartung1938 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{fructification} \TS(+NYD) Eboracia $??? #H \TS:??? Eleganopteris $Moguceva1969 #N(I) *NI:OTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:E. tripinnata$Moguceva&Il;'ina Eskdalia $Kidston1903 #N(I) *N:^@Enge *I:Carb@Enge \{stem} \TS:Caulopteris minuta$Kidston1??? Forbesia $Johnson1912 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Ierl \{stem?} \TS:F. cancellata$< Fortisia $Visiani1858("1857") #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Ital \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Fortopteris $Boersma1969 #N(I) *N:Carb/Wph@Fran \{leaf} \TS:Mariopteris latifolia$Zeiller1??? Glossochlamys $Ettingshausen&Gardner1879; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{leaf} \TS:G. transmutans$< Goeppertia $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{leaf} \(+P$Nees1831(Liliopsida/Marantaceae)) \TS:??? Grandispora $Hoffmeister&Staplin;&Malloy1955; #H(I) *I:Miss \{spores} \TS:G. spinosa$< Grumosisporites $Smith&Butterworth1967; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Camptotriletes verrucosus$Butterworth&Williams1;??? Guptiorachis $Sharma1971 #N(I) *NI:MJura@India \{stem (Rachis)} \TS:G. amarjolense$< Hagiophyton $Corsin1948 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Hapalopteris $Stur1883("1884") #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{leaf} \(+P Haplopteris$Presl1836(Polypodiopsida/Vittariaceae)) \TS:H. typica$< Haplotheca $Gothan1949 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Duit \(<=$Gothan&Hartung1;???) \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Hawlea $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{leaf,sporangium} \TS:H. pulcherrima$< Heterofilicites $Berry1905 #N(I) *NI:Kr@NwJe {Reproductive,Leaf} \TS:??? Heterosporites $Renault1901 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:??? Horriditriletes $Bharadwaj&Salujha1964; #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:H. curvibaculosus$< Hymenophyllea $Weiss1869 #N(I) *NI:Carb,Perm@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Hymenophyllum $??? #H \TS:??? Hymenophyllumsporites $Rouse1957 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:H. deltoida$< Hymenopteris $GrafVonSternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Wealden@Enge \(<=$Brown1???) \{leaf} \TS:H. psilotoides$< Jacutopteris $Vasilevskaja1960 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:J. lenaensis$< Kenderlykia $TurutanovaKetova1962 #N(I) *NI:Jura/OLias@Kaza \{leaf} \TS:K. gracilis$< Kirchneria $Braun1854 #N(I) *N:Tr@Duit \TS(+NYD) Laskovskia $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \(?>Callipteris) \TS:L. flabellata$< Leiotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Leschikisporis $Potonie1958 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:Punctatosporites aduncus$Leschik1??? Loxopteris $Pomel1846 #N(I) *N:Jura/Lias@Fran \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Manebachia $Remy&Remy1958; #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Duit \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:M. polysporangiata$< Maokheopteris $Srebrodolskaja1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Viet \{leaf} \TS:M. vietnamica$Srebrodol'skaja Marattites $Marion&Laurent1898; #N(I) *NI:Kr@Roem \{leaf} \TS:??? Marginopteris $Gothan1941 #N(I) *NI:Carb/WphA@WDuit \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:M. bipartita$< Marzaria $DeZigno1867(?1865) #N(I) *N:Jura/Oolite@Ital *I:Jura \{reproductive,leaf} \(+P$Rafinesque1840(Magnoliopsida/Papaveraceae)) \TS(+NYD) Matonidium $Schenk1871 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Wealden@Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Merianopteris $Heer1877 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Zwit \{leaf} \TS:Pecopteris augusta$Heer1??? Mesoneuraster $Sandberger1866 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Eur \{leaf,sporangia} \TS(+NYD) Microdictyon $Saporta1872 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Fran \{leaf} \(+P$Decaisne1841(Chlorophyceae/Anadyomenaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Microphyllopteris $Arber1917 #N(I) *N:Kr/Neo@NZ *I:Mesozoic \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Microreticulatisporites $Knox1950 #H(I) \{spores} \TS:Reticulatisporites lacunosus$Ibrahim1??? Mittagia $Lignier1913 #N(I) *NI:Carb/OWph@Polen \{macrosporangia} \TS:M. seminiformis$< Mokrawia $Knopp1933 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Polen \{leaf} \TS:M. alberti$< Monheimia $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #N(I) *N:BKr@Duit \{fern} \TS(+NYD) Monocarpia $Jongmans&Gothan1935; #N(I) *N:PermoCarb@Suma \{leaf,fertile foliage} \(+P$Miquel1865(Magnoliopsida/Annonaceae)) \TS:M. posthumi$< Moriconia $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Duit \{leaf} \TS:M. cyclotoxon$< Nathorstia $Heer1880 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Urgon@Groe \{fertile foliage} \TS(+NYD) Nephropteris $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \TS(+NYD) Neriopteris $Newberry1873 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Ohio \{leaf} \TS:N. lanceolata$< Noeopteris $Janssen1940 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Illi \{stem} \TS:N. asymmetrica$< Ochotopteris $Lebedev1974 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@USSR \{leaf} \TS:O. ochotensis$< Osmundophyllum $Velenovsky1889 #N(I) *N:Kr/Cen@Bohe *I:Kr/Cen \{leaf} \TS:O. cretaceum$< Otidophyton $White1905 #N(I) *N:BDev@Maine *I:BDev \{leaf} \TS:O. hymenophylloides$< Ovopteridium $Behrend1909 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Polen \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Padgettia $Mamay1962 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Texas \{leaf Seed?} \TS:P. ready$< Palaeopteris $Geinitz1855 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{stem} \TS:P. schnorriana$< Palmatopteris $Potonie1893 #N(I) *NI:Carb \TS(+NYD) Peremopteris $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:P. sylvaeana$< Phialopteris $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:BTr/Keuper@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Asterocarpus heterophyllus$Goeppert1???(<=Sternberg) Plumatopteris $Kidston1894 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{leaf} \TS:P. elegans$< Protopteridophyton $Li&Hsue1987; #(I) *I:Dev@Z-China \{branches} \TS:P. devonicum$< Psammopteris $Eichwald1861 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:P. knorriaeformis$< Pseudodanaeopsis $Fontaine1883 #N(I) *N:Tr@Va *I:Tr \{leaf} \TS:P. reticulata$< Pteridites $Tuzson1913 #N(I) *N:Oligoc@Hong *I:Oligoc \{leaf} \TS:P. staubii$< Pteridoleimma $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #N(I) *N:BKr@Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Pteridorachis $Nathorst1902 #N(I) *N:BDev@BeerE \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Pteridotheca $Scott1907 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{sporangium} \TS:P. williamsonii$< Ptilorhachis $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@TsSl \{leaf,stem,rachis} \TS:P. dubia$< Ptychocarpus $Weiss1869 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Duit \TS:??? Punctatosporites $Ibrahim1933 #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:P. minutus$< ==Granulatosporites $Dybova&Jachowicz1957; #(I) \{spores} \TS:Punctatosporites minutus$Ibrahim1??? Raistrickia $Schopf&Wilson;&Bentall1944; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:R. grovensis$Schopf1??? Raphaelia $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Duit \{leaf} \TS:R. neuropteroides$< Reticulatisporites $Ibrahim1933 #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Sporonites reticulatus$Ibrahim1??? Rhizomopsis $Gothan&Sze1933; #N(I) *N:OPerm,Carb@China *I:OPerm@China \{rhizome} \TS:R. gemmifera$< Rhizomopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *N:Carb@Duit \{rhizome} \TS(+NYD) Rhodea $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:^ \(+P$Endlicher1837(Liliopsida/Liliaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Rienitsia $Walkom1932 #N(I) *NI:Mesozoic@Aus \{leaf} \TS:R. spathulata$< Saarotheca $Remy1953 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \TS:S. sphenopteroides$< Saccopteris $Stur1883("1884") #N(I) *NI:^ \{sporangia} \TS:Sphenopteris essinghii$Andrae1??? Sacheria $Ettingshausen1852 #N(I) *NI:^@TsSl \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:S. asplenioides$< Santhalea $Maithy1977 #N(I) *N:Carb|Perm@India *I:OGondwana@India \{leaf} \TS:S. bansloiensis$< Sarcopteris $Renault1883 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{leaf} \TS:S. bertrandii$< Saropteris $Tchirkova1937 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \{leaf} \TS:S. rossica$< Scaphidopteris $Renault1883 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{leaf} \TS:S. gilliotti$< Sciadipteris $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@TsSl \(<=$Sternberg1???) \{leaf} \TS:S. radnicensis$< Scolopendrites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \{leaf} \TS:Filicites scolopendroides$Brongniart1??? Shirakia $Kawasaki1934 #N(I) *NI:OMesozoic@ZKorea \{leaf} \TS:??? Siberiopteris $Chachlov1939(=Havlov) #N(I) *NI:Carb-Perm@USSR \TS($Hahlov1???):Neuropteris dichotoma$Nejburg1??? Solenostelopteris $Kershaw1910 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{rhizome} \TS:S. japonica$< Speciososporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS(+NYD) Sphegopteris $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:S. rugosa$< Sphyropteris $Stur1883 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Belg \{leaf,reproductive} \TS:S. crepini$< Staphylopteris $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \{leaf} \TS:Filicites polybotrya$Brongniart1??? Steffensia $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Polen \{leaf} \TS:S. davallioides$< Stephanida $Unger1856 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Duit \{rachis} \TS(+NYD) ==Stephanofilix $Post&Kuntze1903; #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+R Stephanida$Unger1856) Stichopteris $Geinitz1858 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Duit \{leaf,reproductive} \TS(+NYD) Straelenipteris $Stockmans1936 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Belg \{rhizome} \TS:S. eocenica$< Strephopteris $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{leaf} \TS:S. ambigua$< Sturia $Nemejc1934 #N(I) *N:BCarb/WphA@TsSl \{leaf} \TS:Hapalopteris amoena$Stur1??? Sylvia $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \(+P Silvia$Vellozo1825(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:S. striata$< Sylvopteris $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:S. conspicua$< Taenitites $Fritel1909 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc@Fran \{leaf,sterile fern frond} \TS(+NYD) Teilhardia $Seward1913 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Wealden@Enge \{leaf} \TS:T. valdensis$< Tetrameridium $Gothan1913 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Polen \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:T. caducum$< Tetraptilon $Frenguelli1950 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Arge \{leaf} \TS:T. heteromerum$< Tetratmema $Corsin1951 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Thainguyenopteris $Srebrodolskaja1969 #(I) *I:BTr@Viet \{leaf} \TS:T. parvipinnulata$Srebrodol'skaja Tietea $GrafZuSolmsLaubach1913 #N(I) *NI:^@Braz \{stem} \TS:T. singularis$< Tinpaharia $Jacob1943 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \TS:T. sinuosa$< Tomiella $Chachlov1939(=Havlov) #N(I) *NI:Carb-Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:T. prostrata$Hahlov1??? Trichomanites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:^ \{reproductive,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Tumniella $Lebedeva1940 #N(I) *NI:Jura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:T. originalis$< Ungeria $Salfeld1908 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Duit \{leaf} \(+P$Schott&Endlicher1832;(Magnoliopsida/Sterculiaceae)) \TS:U. solnhofensis$< Verrucosisporites $Ibrahim1933 #H(I) \TS:Sporonites verrucosus$Ibrahim1??? Verrucosisporites $Dybova&Jachowicz1957; #H \TS:V. adenotalus$< Waldenburgia $Gothan1950 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Polen \{reproductive,leaf} \TS:W. corynepteroides$< Weichselia $Stiehler1857 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Duit \TS:W. ludovicae$< Woodwardites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:^@Polen \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Zalesskyella $Tschirkova1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Z. bifurcata$< Zamiopsis $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Va *I:OKr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Zonopteris $Debey&Ettingshausen1859; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Z. goepperti$< {Palaeophyllales} Ginkgophyllum $Saporta1875 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Fran \{leaf} \TS:G. grasseti$< Ginkgophytopsis $Hoeg1967 #N(I) *N:^@Enge *I:BCarb@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+R Ginkgophyton$Zalesskij1919) ==Ginkgophyton $Zalesskij1919 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf} \(+P$Matthew1910(fossilPinopsida/Ginkgoales?)) \TS:Noeggerathia flabellata$Lindley&Hutton1;??? Gondwanophyton $Maithy1974 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@India \{leaf} \TS:G. indicum$< DAMUDOPTERIDACEAE Damudosorus $Pant&Misra1977; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{fertile foliage} \TS:D. searsolensis$< ? Actinostelopteris $Sharma&Bohra1976; #(I) *I:Jura@India \{stem,branches} \TS:A. pakurense$< Archaeoxylon $Kraeusel1924 #(I) *I:?PreCm@TsSl \{stem} \TS:A. krasseri$< Aspidioides $Jaeger1827 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Duit \{leaf} \("{Pteridophylla}) \TS:A. stuttgardiensis$< Doleropteris $GrandEury1877 #N(I) *N:Carb@Fran \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Gellera $Hollick1931 #N(I) *NI:Tr@NwYo \{stem,root} \TS:G. paradoxa$< Gymnocaulus $Emmons1856 #N(I) *NI:Perm@NCar \{leaf,frond} \(?"{Pteridophylla}) \TS:G. alternatus$< Onocleites $Jaeger1827 #N(I) *N:Tr/Keuper@Duit *I:Tr@Duit \{leaf} \TS:O. lanceolatus$< Permopteridium $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm/Bardian@Oeral \{leaf} \TS:P. densinervium$Zalesskij1??? Peruviophyllum $Steinmann1929 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Neo@Peru \{leaf} \TS:P. minutifolium$< Phillipopteris $Hamer&Rothwell1983; #(I) *I:Carb/BPenn@Ohio \{fructification} \TS:P. globiformis$< Pseudopecopteris $Lesquereux1880 #N(I) *N:Penn@Illi *I:Penn \{leaf} \TS:P. mazoniana$< Remia $Knight1985 #(I) *I:OPer@Duit \{fructification} \(?~{Filicophyta|Gymnospermae}) \TS:Neuropteris pinnatifida$VonGutbier1??? Ricciopsis $Radcenko1956 #(I) *I:OPerm@USSR \{thallus} \^^Barakaria \(+P$Lundblad1954(fossilHepaticopsida/Ricciaceae)) \TS:??? Thinnfeldiella $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Oekr \{leaf} \("{Pteridophylla}) \TS:T. reticulata$< Tuzhykoviella $Vladimirovic1972 #N(I) *NI:MTr@Oeral \{leaf} \TS:T. elegans$< ************************* * Progymnospermopsida $Beck1960 \(=Aneurophytopsida) * Protopteridiales $??? \(=Aneurophytales$Krausel1941) * Protopteridiineae $??? ************************* ANEUROPHYTACEAE $Krausel1941 *X:Eif,Giv,Frs%T Protopteridium $Krejci1880 #NX(I) *N:MDev|BSil?@Bohe *I:MDev@TsSl \{stem,fructification} \TS:P. hostinense$< Aneurophyton $Kraeusel&Weyland1923; #NX(I) *NI:BDev@Duit \TS:A. germanicum$< Tetraxylopteris $Beck1957 #NX(I) *NI:BDev@NwYo \{stem} \TS:T. schmidtii$< PROTOKALONACEAE $Barnard1975 *X:Frs%T \(~Aneurophytaceae) Protokalon $Scheckler&Banks1971; #NX {Stem} *N:Dev/Frasnian@NwYo *X:Frs/OneontaF@NwYo \(?Proteokalon) \TS:??? ************************* * Protopityineae \("Protopityales) ************************* PROTOPITYACEAE $Banks1968 *X:Aru-?Asb%T Protopitys $Goeppert1850 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Polen \{wood,stem,fructification} \TS:P. buchiana$< Remysporites $Butterworth&Williams1958; #NH(I) *I:Carb/Namur@M-Eur \{spores} \(~Pteridospermopsida/?:) \TS:Endosporites magnificus$Horst1??? ************************* * ? ************************* Cathaiopteridium $Obrhel1966 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Stephan@China \{stem,sporangium} \TS:Protopteridium minutum$Halle1??? Cairoa $Matten1973 #N(I) *NI:Dev/Givet@NwYo \{leaf Stem} \TS:C. lamanekii$< Hostinella $Stur1882 #N(I) *N:MDev,Sil@Bohe *I:MDev@TsSl \(<=$Barrande1???) \TS:Fucoides hostinensis$Barrande1??? Proteokalon $Scheckler&Banks1971; #(I) *I:Dev/Frs@NwYo \{branches} \TS:P. petryi$< Rellimia $Leclercq&Bonamo1973; #N(I) *NI:MDev@Scho \{stem,fructification} \TS(+R Milleria$Lang1926) ==Milleria $Lang1926 #(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Ptilophyton thomsonii("thomsoni")$Dawson1??? Sphenoxylon $Read1937 #N(I) *NI:BDev@NwYo \{stem} \TS:Calamopitys eupunctata$Thomas1??? Stauroxylon $Galtier1970 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Fran \{wood} \TS:S. beckii$< Triloboxylon $Matten&Banks1966; #N(I) *NI:BDev/Frasn@NwYo \{stem,fructification} \TS:T. ashlandicum$< ? Arctophyton $Schweitzer1968 #N(I) *NI:Dev@NW-Spit \TS:A. gracile$< Eospermatopteris $Goldring1924 #N(I) *NI:BDev@NwYo \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Gothanophyton $Remy&Hass1986; #(I) *I:Dev/BEms@Duit \TS:G. zimmermannii$< ************************* * Archaeopteridales $Zimmermann1930 ************************* ARCHAEOPTERIDACEAE $Zimmermann1930 *X:Giv,Frs-Fam%T Svalbardia $Hoeg1942 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Spit \{plants with sporangia} \(~Psilotopsida) \TS:S. polymorpha$< Siderella $Read1936 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Ky \{stem} \(tussen Zygopterid ferns and Sphenophyllales?) \TS:S. scottii$< Biharisporites $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:Triletes spinosus$Singh1??? Archaeozonotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Archaeopteris $Dawson1882 #XH(I) *I:BDev@Eur,Am \{fertile and barren leaves} \TS(+R Palaeopteris$Schimper1869) ==Palaeopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf} \(+P$Geinitz1855(fossilPolypodiopsida/?:)) \TS(+NYD) ? Federkurtzia $Archangelsky1981 #X \TS:??? Botrychiopsis $Kurtz1894 #NX(I) *N:PermoCarb@Arge *I:PermoCarb \{leaf} \TS:B. weissiana$< ? Actinoxylon $Matten1968 #N(I) *NI:MDev/Giv@NwYo \{stem,leaf,wood} \TS:A. banksii$< Adiantopteridium $Purkynova1970 #N(I) *N:Carb/ONamur@Polen \{leaf} \TS:Adiantites oblongifolius$Goeppert1??? Callixylon $Zalessky1911 #N(I) *NI:Dev \{stem,wood} \TS:C. trifilievi$< Eddya $Beck1967 #N(I) *NI:BDev@NwYo \(+P$Torrey&Gray1857;(Magnoliopsida/Boraginaceae)) \TS:E. sullivanensis$< Pterispermotheca $Carpentier1919 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Fran \{microsporangia} \(?>Archaeopteris) \TS(+NYD) Tanaitis $Krassilov&Raskatova;&Istchenko1987; #(I) *I:Dev/OFrs@USSR \{branches} \TS:T. furcihasta$< Weylandia $Schweitzer1974 #(I) *I:Dev/MEif@Duit \TS:W. rhenana$< ? Karagandella $Jurina1965 #N(I) *NI:MDev@M-Kaza \TS:K. kabanovii$< ************************* * Noeggerathiales $Darah1939 \(~Equisetopsida"Noeggerathiopsida) ************************* DISCINITACEAE $??? \(~Noeggerathiaceae"Discinitiales) Discinites $Feistmantel1880("1879") #X(I) *I:Carb@Bohe \{shoot,?fructification} \(DISCINITACEAE) \TS:D. bohemicus$< Palaeopteridium $Kidston1923 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Wph@Bohe \{leaf} \TS:Asplenites reussi$VonEttingshausen1??? ? Saarodiscites $Hirmer1940 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Wph@Duit \{leaf,sporophylls} \TS:S. guthoerli$< Saaropteris $Hirmer1940 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Wph@Duit,Bohe \{leaf} \TS:Saarodiscites guthoerli$Hirmer1??? NOEGGERATHIACEAE $Darrah1939 *X:Vrk,Ksk-Pod,Kla-Nog,Ass%T Noeggerathia $Sternberg1821 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{fern or cycad frond} \TS:N. foliosa$< ==Noeggerathiaestrobus $Feistmantel1871 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \{cone} \TS:??? Plagiozamites $Zeiller1894 #N(I) *N:Perm@Fran *I:Carb,Perm@Fran \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Russellites $Mamay1968 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Texas \{leaf} \TS:Tingia taeniata$Darrah1??? TINGIOSTACHYACEAE $Gao1987 *X:?Kin,Rot,?Tat%T \("Tingiales) Tingia $Halle1925 #NX(I) *N:Perm@China \{leaf} \TS:Pterophyllum carbonicum$Schenk1??? Tingiostachya $Konno1929 #NX(I) *N:^ *I:OPer,PermoTrias@NKorea \{fertile shoots} \TS:Tingia dichotoma$Kon'no ? Archaeonoeggerathia $Remy&Remy1986; #(I) *I:Carb/Nam@Duit \{sporophyll} \TS:A. gothanii$< Koilosphenus $Bohlin1971 #N(I) *NI:BPalaeozoic@China/Kansu \{shoot} \TS:??? Lacoea $Read1946 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Penn \{?pteridosperm microsporangiate organ} \(?>Dolerotheca?>Potoniea) \TS:L. seriata$< ************************* * Cecropsidales $Stubblefield1969 ************************* CECROPSIDACEAE $Stubblefield1969 *X:Dor%T Cecropsis $Stubblefield&Rothwell1989; #X(I) *X:Dor@Ohio *I:Carb/BPenn@Ohio \{shoot} \TS:C. luculentum$< ************************* * ? ************************* PITYAECAE \("Pityales) Aneurospora $Streel1964 #NH(I) *I:Dev \(~Lycopsida) \{spores} \TS:A. goensis$< Caracuboxylon $Zalesskij&Cirkova1930; #N(I) *NI:BDev@USSR \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Cyclogranisporites $??? #H \TS:??? Rhabdosporites $Richardson1960 #H(I) *I:Dev \{spores} \TS:Triletes langii$Eisenack1??? ? Archaeosperma $Pettitt&Beck1968; #N(I) *NI:BDev@Penn \{cupule,seed} \(?Gymnospermae) \TS:A. arnoldii$< ? Archaeopteridium $Kidston1923 #N(I) *NI:OCarb/Vis@Scho \{leaf} \(?"{Pteridophylla}/{Sphenopterides}) \(?>Archaeopteris) \TS($Kidston1???):Aneimia tschermaki$Ettingshausen1??? ************************* * ? ************************* Accinctisporites $Leschik1956 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:A. ligatus$< Alsophilina $Dormitzer1853 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{stem} \TS:A. kauniciana$< Arctodendron $Nathorst1919 #(I) *I:Paleozoic@Spit \{stem} \TS(+R Dictyodendron$Nathorst1914) ==Dictyodendron $Nathorst1914 #(I) *I:Paleozoic@Spit \{stem} \(+P$Landsborough1844(fossilPteridophyta/?:)) \TS:D. kidstonii$< Borovuchkia $Parfenova1965 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:B. kemeroviana$< Crematopteris $Schimper&Mougeot1844; #(I) *I:Tr@Fran \TS(+R Reussia$Presl1838) ==Reussia $Presl1838 #N(I) *^ \(+P$Endlicher1836(Liliopsida/Pontederiaceae)) \TS:Filicites scolopendrioides$Brongniart1??? Cymoglossa $Schimper1869 #(I) *I:^@USSR \(?>Pecopterides) \TS:Callipteris goepperti$Morris1??? Cyphopteris $Presl1838 #(I) *I:Carb \{foliage} \(?~Alethopteridales) \TS:Pecopteris punctulata$Brongniart1??? Dactylopteris $Goeppert1852 #(I) *I:Dev@Duit \{foliage} \TS:D. stiehleriana$< Dandotiaspora $Sah&Kar;&Singh1971; #H(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:Psilatriletes dilatus$Mathur1??? Danea $??? #H \TS:??? Davallites $Dawson1883 #(I) *I:BKr \{fertile foliage} \TS:D. richardsoni$< Dentatispora $Tiwari1964("1963") #H(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:D. indica$< Diatomozonotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Dicrospora $Winslow1962 #H(I) *I:Dev-Miss \{spores} \TS:D. porcata$< Dictyodendron $Landsborough1844 #(I) *I:Carb@Enge \{stem} \TS:D. patricii$< Dictyotosporites $Cookson&Dettmann1958; #H(I) *I:Jura-Kr \{spores} \TS:D. speciosus$< Didecitriletes $Venkatachala&Kar1965;("1964") #H(I) *I:Perm@India \{spores} \TS:D. horridus$< Diplophacelus $Corda1845 #(I) *I:BCarb@Bohe \{petiole} \TS:D. arboreus$< Discernisporites $Neves1958 #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:D. irregularis$< Discisporites $Leschik1956 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:D. niger$< Discopteris $Stur1883 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Distalanulisporites $??? #H \TS:??? Distaltriangulisporites $Singh1971 #H(I) *I:OKr@NW-Albe \{spores} \TS:Appendicisporites perplexus$Singh1??? Divisisporites $Pflug1953 #H(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:D. divisus$< Dulhuntyispora $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:D. dulhuntyi$< Duplexisporites $Deak1962 #H(I) *I:Kr/Apt@Hong \{spores} \TS:D. generalis$< Duplicisporites $Leschik1956 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:D. granulatus$< Duplosporis $Pflug1953 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:D. stipator$< Echinatisporis $Krutzsch1959 #H(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:E. longechinus$< ==Echinatisporites $Nakoman1966 #H(I) \{spores} \TS:Echinatisporis longechinus$Krutzsch1??? Echinosporis $Krutzsch1967 #NH(I) *NI:Tert \{spores} \TS:E. echinatus$< Echitriporites $HoekenKlinkenberg1964(=VanHoekenKlinkenberg) #NH(I) *NI:Kr@Nige \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \{spores} \TS:E. trianguliformis$< Elaterocolpites $Jardine&Magloire1965; #NH(I) *NI:Kr@Sene \{pollen,spores} \TS:E. castelainii$< Elaterosporites $Jardine1967 #NH(I) *NI:O-MKr \{spores} \TS:Galeacornea verrucatus$Jardine&Magloire1;??? Ellipsovelatisporites $Klaus1960 #NH(I) *NI:Tr \{spores} \TS:E. plicatus$< Enigmophyton $Hoeg1942 #(I) *I:Dev@Spit \{stems,branches,leaves} \TS:E. superbum$< Eupunctisporites $Bharadwaj1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:E. poniatiensis$< Euryzonotriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Extrapunctatosporis $Krutzsch1959 #NH(I) *NI:Eoc \{spores} \TS:E. extrapunctoides$< ==Extrapunctatosporites $Nakoman1966 #(I) \{spores} \TS:Extrapunctatosporis extrapunctoides$Krutzsch1??? Filicites $Brongniart1822 #N(I) *NI:^ \(<=$Schlotheim1???) \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Filicitriletes $??? #H \TS:??? Foraminisporis $Krutzsch1959 #H(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:F. foraminis$< Foveasporis $Krutzsch1959 #H(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:F. fovearis$< Foveolatisporites $Bhardwaj1956("1955") #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Punctatisporites fenestratus$Kosanke&Brokaw1;??? Fusiformisporites $Rouse1962 #H,A8,(I) *A:Tert@India,NAm *I:Kr \{spores} \(?~Fungi) \TS:F. crabbii$< Gabonisporis $Boltenhagen1967 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:G. vigourxii$< Galeacornea $Stover1963 #NH(I) *NI:Kr \{spores} \TS:G. clavis$< Gardenasporites $Klaus1963 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:G. heisselii$< Hyphopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:H. radiata$< Ibrahimispores $Artuez1957 #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:I. microhorridus$< Impardecispora $Venkatachala&Kar;&Raza1969; #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:Trilobosporites apiverrucata$Couper1??? Indospora $Bharadwaj1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:I. clara$< Indusiisporites $Leschik1956 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:I. velatus$< Intrapunctisporis $Krutzsch1959 #H(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:I. intrapunctis$< Januasporites $Pocock1962 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:J. reticularis$< Kaloxylon $Williamson1875 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{root} \(?>Lyginopteris) \TS:K. hookeri$< Knoxisporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:K. hagenii$< Kosankeisporites $Bhardwaj1956("1955") #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Illinites elegans$Kosanke1??? Kraeuselisporites $Leschik1956 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:K. dentatus$< Kryshtofovichia $Nikitin1934 #(I) *I:Dev@USSR \{sporangia} \TS:K. africani$< Kuylisporites $Potonie1956 #H(I) *I:Paleog \{spores} \TS:K. waterbolkii$< Kyrtomisporis $Maedler1964 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:K. laevigatus$< ==Kyrtomisporites $Agrali&Akyol1967; #(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS(+R Kyrtomisporis$Maedler1964) Labiadensites $Hacquebard&Barss1957; #H(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:L. attenuatus$< Labiisporites $Leschik1956 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:L. granulatus$< Lacinitriletes $Venkatachala&Kar1965; #H(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:L. badamensis$< Lahirites $Bharadwaj1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:L. raniganjensis$< Lescuropteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Penn \{leaf} \(^Gigantonomiales^"{Pteridophylla}) \TS:Neuropteris moorii$Lesquereux1??? Mecsekisporites $Nagy1968 #(I) *I:Mesozoic@Hong \{spores} \TS:M. miocaenicus$< Mertensides $Fontaine1883 #N(I) *N:Tr@Va *I:Tr \{leaf} \TS:Pecopteris bullata$Bunbury1??? Parapecopteris $GrandEury1890 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Pterygopteris $Johansson1922 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{fertile Leaf} \(?>Laccopteris) \TS:Polypodites angelini$Nathorst1??? Semigleicheniidites $Nagy1968 #(I) *I:Mesozoic@Hong \{spores} \TS:S. duplex$< Sooisporites $Nagy1968 #(I) *I:Mesozoic@Hong \{spores} \TS:S. elegans$< Surangea $Chitaley&Sheikh1972; #N(I) *NI:Paleoc@India \{sporangium} \TS:S. mohgaoense$< Winchellina $Herzer1893 #(I) *I:BCarb \{trunk} \(?>Psaronius) \TS:W. fascina$< ************************* * ?: {PTERIDOPHYLLA} * {Callipterides} ************************* Arnhardtia $Haubold&Kerp1988; #(I) *I:OPerm@Fran \{sterile foliage} \TS:Sphenopteris mouretii$Zeiller1??? Rhachiphyllum $Kerp1988 #(I) *I:OPerm@Duit \{sterile foliage} \TS:Sphenopteris lyratifolia$Goeppert1??? Sphenocallipteris $Haubold&Kerp1988; #(I) *I:OPerm@Fran \{sterile foliage} \(+P$Kryshtofovich&Novik1947;(fossilPlantae/{Pteridophylla})) \TS:Callipteris bergeronii$Zeiller1??? CALLIPTERIDACEAE $??? \(?~Aspleniaceae"Pteridospermophyta) Callipteris $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:Carb@M-Eur \{leaf,foliage} \(+P$BoryDeStVincent1804(Polypodiopsida/Dryopteridaceae)) \TS:Neuropteris conferta$GrafVonSternberg1??? Tinsleya $Mamay1966 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Texas \{leaf,seed} \TS:T. texana$< ************************* * {Pecopterides} \(~Polypodiopsida) ************************* Anomopteris $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \{leaf} \TS:A. mougeotii$< ==Sphalmopteris $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:??? Bernoullia $Heer1877 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Zwit \{fertile leaf} \(+P$Oliver1873(Magnoliopsida/Bombacaceae)) \TS:B. helvetica$< Cladophlebidium $Sze1931 #(I) *I:Jura/Lias@China \{foliage} \TS:C. wongii$< Cladophlebis $Brongniart1849 #(I) *I:?Weald@Duit \{foliage} \(^^Pecopteris/Nevropteroides$Brongniart1834) \TS(+NYD) Crossopteris $Tidwell1968 #(I) *I:OPenn@Utah \{foliage} \TS:C. utahensis$< Cyatheites $Goeppert1836 #(I) *I:Carb@M-Eur \{leaf} \TS:Pecopteris schlotheimii$Sternberg1??? Dactylotheca $Zeiller1883 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran|Suit \{sterile foliage} \TS:Pecopteris dentata$Brongniart1??? Dahurites $Prinada1962 #(I) *I:BJura@O-Transbaik \{frond} \TS:D. inopinata$< Eupecopteris $Kidston1925 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Hemitelites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *N:Carb@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Pecopteris hemitelioides$Brongniart1??? ==Partschia $Presl1838 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Pecopteris hemitelioides$Brongniart1??? Jarenga $Vahrameev1968 #N(I) *NI:MJura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:J. rosanovii$< Jidopteris $Koidzumi1936 #(I) *I:OPerm@Mants \{leaf} \TS(+R Pecopteridium$Kawasaki1934) ==Pecopteridium $Kawasaki1934 #N(I) *N:OPerm|Carb@NKorea,Mants *I:OPerm@Mants \{leaf} \(+P$Picquenard1922(fossilPlantae/{Pteridophylla})) \TS:P. manchuricum$< Johnstonia $Walkom1925 #N(I) *NI:Mesozoic@Tasm \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Katasiopteris $Radcenko1967 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Sibe \{leaf} \TS:K. lebedevii$< Korvuntschania $Prinada1970 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Sibe \{leaf} \TS:K. dentata$< Lageniopteris $Renault1883 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Fran *I:Carb@Fran \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Lobatopteris $Wagner1959 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{leaf} \TS:L. vestita$(Lesquereux1???)Wagner(+NomInval) Lobifolia $Rasskazova&Lebedev1968; #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Cladophlebis novopokrovskii$Prinada1??? Madygenia $Sikstel1956 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Uzbe \{leaf} \TS:M. asiatica$Sikstel' Madygenopteris $Sikstel1956 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@Uzbe \{leaf} \TS:M. irregularis$Sikstel' Mesenteriophyllum $Sikstel1961 #N(I) *N:BPerm,OTr@USSR *I:BPerm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:M. kotschnevii$Sikstel' Palibiniopteris $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:P. inaequipinnata$< Pecopteris $Sternberg1825 #NH(I) *NI:Carb \(=$Brongniart1822(+^A)) \^^Filicites/ \TS($Sternberg1???):Filicites pennaeformis$Brongniart1??? Persicopteris $Boureau&Fakhr1975; #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht-Jura/Lias@Iran \{leaf} \TS:P. pachypterioides$< Radforthia $Mosbrugger&Vogellehner1986; #(I) *I:Carb/Stephan@Fran \{leaf} \(+P$Winslow1962(fossilSpores/?:)) \TS:Pecopteris elaverica$Zeiller1??? ==Dactylotheca $Barthel1975 #(I) *I:Carb/Stephan@Fran \{leaf} \(+P$Zeiller1883(fossilPlantae/{Pteridophylla}/{Pecopterides})) \TS(+NYD) Shirakiopteris $Konno1950 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf} \TS:??? Stormbergia $Seward1911 #N(I) *NI:^@ZAfr \{sterile foliage} \TS:S. gardneri$< Tungussopteris $Vladimirovic&&1967 #N(I) *NI:OTr@M-Sibe \{leaf} \TS:T. sphenopteroides$Vladimirovic1??? Ussuriopteris $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:BJura-OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:U. rossica$< Vargolopteris $Prinada1945 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:V. rossica$< ************************* * {Sphenopterides} \("Sphenopteridales) \{Cycadopsida?|Polypodiopsida?|Sphenopsida?} ************************* Aneimidium $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@N-Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Angaridium $Zalessky1933 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:A. bardense$< Anisopteris $Hirmer1940 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \(=$ObersteBrink1915(+^A)) \{fertile and sterile foliage} \^^Rhacopteris/ \TS(+NYD) Aranetzia $Zalesskij1934 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{frond} \TS:A. splendens$< Arnoldia $Ash&Tidwell1986; #(I) *I:OPerm@NMex \{leaf,rhizome} \(+P$Cassini1824(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:A. kuesii$< Dicranopteris $Zalessky1937 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{foliage} \(+P$Bernhardi1805(Polypodiopsida/Gleicheniaceae)) \TS:??? Dicroidiopsis $Frenguelli1943 #(I) *I:Keuper,Rht@ZH \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Dicroidium $Gothan1912 #(I) *I:Rht@ZAfr \{?pteridosperm} \TS(+NYD) Diplopteridium $Walton1931 #(I) *I:OCarb@Wales \{barren foliage} \TS:Sphenopteris teiliana$Kidston1??? Eremopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{leaf} \TS:Sphaenopteris artemisiaefolia$Sternberg1??? Fedekurtzia $Archangelsky1981 #(I) *I:MCarb@Arge \{sterile frond} \TS:F. argentina$Archangelsky1???(<=Kurtz) Grambastia $Brousmiche1978 #(I) *Carb@Duit \{sterile foliage} \TS:Sphenopteris goldenbergii$Andrae1??? Mesosingeria $Archangelsky1963 #N(I) *N:Jura-Kr@Arge *I:BJura-OKr@Arge \{leaf} \TS:M. coriacea$< Pseudadiantites $Gothan1929 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Adiantites sessilis$Potonie1??? Pseudobaiera $Matthew1906 #N(I) *NI:Dev@NwBr \{leaf} \TS:P. mcintoshi$< Rhacopteridium $Hirmer1940 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Wph@Bohe \{leaf} \TS:Rhacopteris speciosa$VonEttingshausen1??? Rhacopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:Carb@TsSl \{leaf} \TS:Asplenites elegans$VonEttingshausen1??? Rhodeites $Nemejc1937 #N(I) *N:^ *I:BCarb/SphC@Bohe \{leaf} \TS:Sphenopteris gutbieri$Ettingshausen1??? Ruflorinia $Archangelsky1963 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Arge {Leaf,Stem} \TS:R. sierra$< Sachalinia $Vahrameev1968 #N(I) *N:Kr/Sen@USSR *I:BKr/Sen@Sakh \{leaf} \TS:S. sachalinensis$< Scleropteris $Saporta1872 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Eur \{leaf} \(+P$Scheidweiler1839(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Siberiella $Radcenko1955 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@USSR \{leaf} \(~Cycadopsida) \TS:??? Sphenocyclopteridium $Stockmans1948 #N(I) *N:Dev/Fam@Belg *I:Fam \{leaf,twig} \TS:S. belgicum$< Sphenopteridium $Schimper1874 #N(I) *N:Carb@Polen *I:Paleozoic@M-Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Sphenopteris $GrafVonSternberg1825 #N(I) *N:Carb@Polen \(=$Brongniart1822(+^A)) \{leaf,foliage} \^^Filicites/ \(+missp:Sphaenopteris$GrafVonSternberg1825#(I)) \TS:Filicites elegans$Brongniart1??? Synia $Zalessky1934 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:S. perelegans$Zalesskij1??? Ticoa $Archangelsky1963 #N(I) *NI:BJura-OKr@Arge \{leaf} \TS:T. harrisii$< Triphyllopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Eur,NAm \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Xylopteris $Frenguelli1943 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Quee,Tasm,Natal *I:Tr,Rht@ZH \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) ************************* * ? ************************* Acthephyllum $Duan&Chen1984;("1983") #(I) *I:BTr@China \{leaf} \TS:A. kaixianensis$< Adenopteris $Salmenova1980 #(I) *I:OPerm@Kaza \{foliage} \TS(+R Marginopteris$Salmenova1978) ==Marginopteris $Salmenova1978 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Kaza \{leaf} \(+P$Gothan1941(fossilPolypodiopsida/?:)) \TS:M. kasachstanica$< Aipteris $Zalessky1939 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{foliage} \TS:A. speciosa$< Aphlebia $Presl1838 #N(I) *N:Paleozoic@Duit *I:Carb@Duit \{leaf?} \TS(+NYD) Arcyopteris $Zalessky1936 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \{leaf} \TS:A. asiatica$< Asplenioides $Koenig1825 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf} \TS:??? Aspleniopteris $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Bohe \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Aspleniopteris $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Va *I:OKr \{foliage} \(+P$Sternberg1825(fossilPlantae/{Pteridophylla})) \TS:A. pinnatifida$< Aspleniphyllum $Hartung1940 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Bulg \TS:??? Balantites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Polen \{sterile foliage} \TS:B. martii$< Bergiopteris $Kurtz1921 #(I) *I:BCarb@Arge \{foliage} \TS:B. insignis$Archangelsky1???(<=Kurtz) Charliea $Mamay1990 #(I) *I:Carb/BPenn@NMex \{leaf} \TS:C. manzanitana$< Clathrophyllum $Heer1865 #(I) *I:Tr/Keuper@Zwit \{foliage} \TS:C. meriani$< Coreanophyllum $Kimura&Kim1982; #(I) *I:BTr@Korea \{leaf} \TS:C. variisegmentum$< Crassinervia $Nejburg1934 #(I) *I:Carb@USSR \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Cyclopteris $Brongniart1828 #(I) *I:Carb \{pinnule} \(+P$Schrader1???>Gray1821(Polypodiopsida/Dryopteridaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Daubreeia $Zeiller1888 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{foliage} \TS:Aphlebia pateraeformis$Germar1??? Desmopteris $Stur1883 #(I) *I:Carb@Bohe \TS:Asplenites alethopteroides$Ettingshausen1??? Dictyocallipteridium $Jongmans&Gothan1935; #(I) *I:BCarb@Suma \{foliage} \TS:D. sundaicum$< Diplasiophyllum $Frenguelli1943 #(I) *I:Tr,Rht@ZH \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Eusphenopteris $Kidston1882 #(I) *I:OCarb@Scho \{sterile foliage} \^^Sphenopteris \TS:??? Filiciphyllum $Velenovsky&Viniklar1931; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{leaf} \TS:F. dentatum$Velenovsky&Vinilklar1;??? Flabellofolium $Stone1973 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Maine \{leaf} \TS(+R Platyphyllum$Dawson1888) ==Platyphyllum $Dawson1888 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Maine \{leaf} \(+P$Ventenat1799(Lecanoromycetes/Parmeliaceae)) \TS:Cyclopteris browniana$Dawson1??? Floropteris $Achepohl1882 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Foliopteris $Achepohl1882 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Fryopsis $Wolfe1962 #N(I) *N:Carb *I:OCarb \{leaf} \TS(+R Cardiopteris$Schimper1869) ==Cardiopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *N:OCarb *I:OOCarb \{foliage} \(+P$Wallich1???>Blume1849(Magnoliopsida/Cardiopteridaceae)) \TS:Cyclopteris polymorpha$Goeppert1??? Gigantopteridium $Koidzumi1934 #N(I) *N:OPerm@USA *I:OPerm \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Gleicheniaceaephyllum $Crabtree1988 #(I) *I:Kr/BAlb@ZW-Mont \{frond} \TS:G. falcatum$< Glockeria $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Polen \{foliage} \TS:G. marattioides$< Gothanopteris $Koidzumi1936 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Stephan@Suma \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Katadromopteris $Hartung1940 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Bulg \{leaf} \TS:??? Kurtziana $Frenguelli1942 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Arge \{leaf} \TS:K. cacheutensis$< Leckenbya $Seward1894 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+R Nathorstia$Seward1894) ==Nathorstia $Seward1894 #N(I) *N:Kr/Weald@Enge *I:Weald@Enge \{leaf} \(+P$Heer1880(fossilPolypodiopsida/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Lepidopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:BTr/Keuper@Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Listrophyllum $Zalessky1934 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:L. uscatense$Zalesskij1??? Macrosphenopteris $Kidston1888 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Mariopteris $Zeiller1879 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Fran *I:Carb@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Mengrammia $Zimina1982 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:M. mirabilis$< Mesolonchopteris $Koidzumi1936 #N(I) *NI:^@Penn \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Mundapteris $Teixeira1948 #N(I) *NI:Kr/BCen@Port \{leaf} \TS:M. delicata$< Neomariopteris $Maithy1974 #N(I) *NI:Perm-Carb@India \{leaf} \TS:Sphenopteris polymorpha$Feistmantel1??? ==Damudopteris $Pant&Khare1974; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{sterile foliage} \TS:??? Neurocardiopteris $Lutz1933 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{sterile foliage} \TS:N. broilii$< Neurodontopteris $Potonie1893 #N(I) *NI:BCarb,OPerm@Eur,NAm \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Neurogangamopteris $Zalessky1919 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) ==Angaropteridium $Zalesskij1930 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \TS:??? Neuropteridium $Weiss1869 #N(I) *NI:Carb-Tr@Eur \(=$Schimper1869(+^A)) \{sterile leaf} \^^Neuropteris/ \TS(+NYD) Nothorhacopteris $Archangelsky1983 #(I) *I:MCarb@Arge \{sterile foliage} \TS:Otopteris argentinica$Geinitz1??? Pachyphyllum $Lesquereux1854 #N(I) *N:Penn@Penn *I:Penn \{foliage} \(+P$Kunth1816(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Palaeogoniopteris $Koidzumi1936 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Stephan@Suma \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Pantopteris $Chandra&Rigby1983;("1982") #(I) *I:BTr@India \{sterile frond} \TS:Danaeopsis gracilis$Lele1??? Paragondwanidium $Meyen1969 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@USSR \{sterile leaf} \TS($Meyen1???(+NomInval)):Neuropteridium sibiricum$Petunnikov1??? Pecopteridium $Picquenard1922 #N(I) *NI:^@Eur \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Polystichites $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \TS:Pecopteris murrayana$Brongniart1??? Pteridopsis $Howse1888 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{leaf} \TS:P. plumosa$< Quasimia $Hill&Wagner;&ElKhayal1985; #(I) *I:BPerm@SaAr \{foliage} \TS($Hill&Wagner;&El-Khayal;):Neuropteridium schyfsmae$Lemoigne1??? Scapanophyllum $Zalessky1929 #N(I) *N:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:S. sitzense$Zalesskij1??? Sclerophyllina $Heer1865 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Zwit \{leaf} \TS:S. furcata$< Scytophyllum $Bornemann1856 #N(I) *N:Tert,Keuper?@Duit *I:?Keuper@Duit \{leaf} \(+P$Ecklon&Zeyher1834-1835;(Magnoliopsida/Celastraceae)) \TS(+NYD) Selleyopteris $VanKonijnenburgVanCittert&VanDerBurgh1989; #(I) *I:Jura/Kim@Scho \{leaf} \TS:S. morayensis$< Sichotaealinopteris $Ablajev1974 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc/Dan@USSR \{leaf} \TS:S. acuminatus$< Sphenocallipteris $Kryshtofovich&Novik1947; #N(I) *NI:MCarb@USSR \{sterile Foliage} \^^Callipteris \TS:??? Sphenoneuropteris $Scegolev1979 #N(I) *N:BCarb@N-Kauk \{leaf} \TS:S. elegans$< Spiropteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf} \TS($Schimper1???):Pecopteris miltoni$Brongniart1??? Supaia $White1929 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Ariz \{leaf} \(?>Danaeopsis?>Protoblechnum) \TS:S. thinnfeldioides$< Taeniaphyllum $Salmenova1982 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:T. buragoae$< Thinnfeldia $Ettingshausen1852(=VonEttingshausen) #N(I) *NI:OJura/Lias@Hong \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Thomasleslia $LeRoux1975 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Trnsv \{leaf} \TS:T. vereenigensis$< Trichopteris $Hall1845 #N(I) *NI:BKr \{leaf,frond} \(+P$Sprengel1827(???/???)) \TS(+NYD) Uralopteris $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:U. valida$< Validopteris $Bertrand1932 #N(I) *N:Carb@Fran *I:Carb@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Zeilleropteris $Koidzumi1936 #(I) *I:Paleozoic@China \{frond} \TS:Z. yunnanensis$< ************************* * PINOPHYTA

$Reveal1996 #M17/86/840 \(<=$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???) \("PHANEROGAMAE=SPERMOPHYTA=SPERMATOPHYTA) \(=GYMNOSPERMOPHYTA=GYMNOSPERMOPHYTOPSIDA) * Lagenostomopsida $Cleal1993 \(~Cycadopsida) * Lagenostomales $Seward1917 \("Pteridospermopsida) ************************* ELKINSIACEAE $Rothwell1989 *X:Fam,Has-Aru,?Asb%T Elkinsia $Rothwell&Scheckler;&Gillespie1989; #X(I) *I:BDev@WVa \{cupulate ovule} \TS:E. polymorpha$< Megatheca $Andrews1940 #NX(I) *N:OCarb@Scho \{cupule,seed} \(>~Calathospermum) \TS:M. thomasii$< Calathospermum $Walton1940 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{cupule} \TS:C. scoticum$< Hydrasperma $Long1961 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \TS:H. tenuis$< Stamnostoma $Long1960 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed,cupule} \(~Lagenostomaceae) \TS:S. huttonense$< Salpingostoma $Gordon1941 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \TS:S. dasu$< GENOMOSPERMACEAE $Long1975 *X:Ivo%T \(>Elkinsiaceae) Genomosperma $Long1959 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \TS:Calymmatotheca kidstoni$Calder1??? ? Geminitheca $Gordon1941|Smith1959 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{cupule,microsporangium} \TS:G. scotica$Smith1??? EOSPERMACEAE $Long1975 *X:Ivo%T Eosperma $Barnard1959 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \TS:E. oxroadense$< Deltasperma $Long1961 #X(I) *I:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \TS:D. fouldenense$< Eccroustosperma $Long1961 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \(+missp:Eccroutosperma$Long1961#(I)) \TS:E. langtonense$< Camptosperma $Long1961 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \TS:C. berniciense$< LAGENOSTOMACEAE $Seward1917 *X:?Ivo,Bri-Kre,?Dor,?Kla%T Sphaerostoma $Benson1914 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Scho \{seed} \TS:Conostoma ovale$Williamson1??? Eusphenopteris $SimsonScharold1934 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \(<=$Gothan1???) \{sterile foliage} \(+P$Kidston1882(fossilPlantae/{Pteridophylla})) \("{Pteridophylla}/{Sphenopterides}) \(~Equisetopsida) \TS($Novik1952):Sphenopteris obtusiloba$Brongniart1??? Pseudomariopteris $DanzeCorsin1953 #NX(I) *NI:Carb/Stephan@Fran \{leaf} \(~Marattiales) \TS(+NYD) Gnetopsis $Renault&Zeiller1884; #NX *N:BCarb@Fran \{seed} \(~Cycadopsida) \TS:??? Conostoma $Williamson1876 #X \TS:??? Lagenostoma $Williamson1875(?1876) #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{seed} \TS:L. oviformis$< PHYSOSTOMACEAE $Long1975 *X:?Asb-Pod%T Physostoma $Williamson1875 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Enge \{seed} \TS:P. elegans$< ? Coronostoma $Neely1951 #(I) *I:Penn@Illi \{seed} \TS:C. quadrivasatum$< ************************* * Cycadopsida $Brongniart1843|Barnard1975 \("CYCADOPHYTINA$Cronquist1996,"CYCADOPHYTA$Bessey1907,"Cycadatae) * Cycadidae $Reveal1996 #M4/11/145 \2huizig * Trigonocarpales $Seward1917 \("Pterospermopsida) ************************* TRIGONOCARPACEAE $Seward1917 *X:?Bri,Arn-Nog,?Sak-?Kun,Ass%T =MEDULLOSACEAE $??? Holcospermum $Nathorst1914 #NX(I) \TS(+NYD) Myeloxylon $Brongniart1849 #NX(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{stem} \TS:Medullosa elegans$Cotta1??? ==Stenzelia $Goeppert1864 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Duit \{petiole Leaf} \TS:Medullosa elegans$Cotta1??? Neurocallipteris $Sterzel1895 #NX(I) *NI:OPerm@Duit \{leaf} \("{Pteridophylla}) \TS(+NYD) Quaestoria $??? #X \TS:??? Rhynchosperma $Taylor&Eggert1967; #NX(I) *NI:BMiss@Arka \{seeds} \(~Lagenostomaceae) \TS:R. quinnii$< Schopfipollenites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #NH(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Sporonites ellipsoides$Ibrahim1??? Trigonocarpolithus $Arnold1948 #N(I) *N:Penn@Mich *I:OPenn \{seed,cuticle} \TS:T. typicus$< : \("Medullosales) \("Pteridospermales~Polypodiopsida) Andanophyllum $Svedov1957 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@O-Sibe \{leaf} \TS:A. elongatum$< Angiospermophyton $Hoskins1923 #N(I) *N:^ *I:^@Penn \{petiole} \TS:A. americanum$< Hermanophyton $Arnold1962 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Utah \{stem} \("Rhexoxylales) \TS:H. kirkbyorum$< Medullosa $Cotta1832 #NX(I) *NI:Perm@Duit \{stem} \TS:M. stellata$< Myelopithys $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem} \TS:M. medullosa$< Myelopteris $Renault1874 #N(I) *NI:?Perm@Fran \{leaf petiole} \TS(+NYD) Neuropterocarpus $Seward1917 #N(I) *NI:^ \(<=$GrandEury1904) \{seed} \(=Nevropterocarpus$GrandEury1904(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) Parasporotheca $Dennis&Eggert1978; #N(I) *NI:BPenn@ZO-Illi \{sporangium,leaf} \TS:P. leismanii$< Porosus $Cotta1832 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Duit \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Quaestora $Mapes&Rothwell1980; #N(I) *NI:Carb/BMiss@Arka \{stem} \TS:Q. amplecta$< Rhexoxylon $Bancroft1913 #N(I) *NI:?BPalaeozoic@ZAfr \{stem polystelic} \("Rhexoxylales) \TS:R. africanum$< Steloxylon $GrafZuSolmsLaubach1897 #N(I) *NI:^ {Stem} \TS(+NYD) Stewartiotheca $Eggert&Rothwell1979; #N(I) *NI:BPenn@USA \{sporangium,synangium} \TS:S. warrenae$< Sullitheca $Stidd&Leisman;&Phillips1977; #N(I) *NI:BCarb/MPenn@Indiana \{microsporangium,pollen organ} \TS:S. dactylifera$< : \("{Pteridophylla}/{Neuropterides}"Neuropteridales) Actinopteris $Schenk1865 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Duit \(?:) \TS:Cyclopteris peltata$Goeppert1??? Imparipteris $Gothan1941 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Linopteridium $Egemen1958 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Wph@Turk \{leaf} \TS:L. densenervosa$< Neuralethopteris $Cremer1893 #N(I) *NI:Carb@M-Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Neuropteris $Sternberg1825 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Belg \(^^Filicites/Nevropteris$Brongniart1822) \TS:??? Parilinopteris $Hirmer1940 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \(?Pari-Linopteris) \TS(+NYD) Parineuropteris $Hirmer1940 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Eur \(?Pari-Neuropteris) \TS(+NYD) Reticulopteris $Kirickova1960 #(I) *I:Mesozoic@O-Oeral \{foliage} \(+P$Gothan1941(fossilPteridospermophyta/?:)) \TS:R. coriacea$< : \("{Pteridophylla}/{Odontopterides}"Odontopteridales) Margaritopteris $Gothan1913 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Polen \{sterile leaf} \TS(+NYD) Odontopteris $Sternberg1825 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \(=$Brongniart1822(+^A)) \{leaf} \^^Filicites/ \(+P$Bernhardi1801(Polypodiopsida/Schizaeaceae)) \TS($Sternberg1???):Filicites brardii$Brongniart1??? : \("{Pteridophylla}/{Alethopterides}"Alethopteridales) Alethopteris $Sternberg1825 #NX(I) *N:Carb@Duit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Compsopteris $Zalesskij1934 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Crepidopteris $Presl1838 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Glenopteris $Sellards1900 #N(I) *N:Perm@Kans *I:Perm \{leaf} \(?>Protoblechnum) \TS:G. splendens$< Langcamia $Srebrodolskaja1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Viet \{leaf} \TS:L. zeilleri$Srebrodol'skaja Lonchopteris $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:^ \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Lopinopteris $Sze1958 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Wph@China \{leaf} \TS:L. intercalata$< Macralethopteris $Jongmans&Gothan1935; #N(I) *N:^ *I:PermoCarb \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Megalopteris $Andrews1875 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Penn \(+NomCons) \(=$Dawson1???(+^A)) \{foliage} \TS($Andrews1???):Neuropteris dawsonii$Hartt1??? =Cannophyllites $Brongniart1828 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Megalopteris) \{leaves} \TS:C. virletii$< ==Phyllocannites $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Palaeoweichselia $Potonie&Gothan1909; #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{sterile foliage} \TS(+NYD) Protoblechnum $Lesquereux1880 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Ohio \{leaf} \TS:Alethopteris holdeni$Andrews1??? Psygmophyllum $Schimper1870 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) POTONIEACEAE $Halle1933 *X:?Pnd,Cho-Kre,?Kla-?Nog,?Ass%T Hexagonocarpus $Renault1896 #X \TS:??? Hexapterospermum $Brongniart1874 #NX(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Potoniea $Zeiller1899 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@KlAz \{microsporangiate Cone} \TS:P. adiantiformis$< : \("Medullosales) Sutcliffia $Scott1906 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS:S. insignis$< : \("{Pteridophylla}/{Neuropterides}"Neuropteridales) Paripteris $Gothan1941 #NX(I) *N:BCarb@TsSl *I:Carb@Eur \{sterile foliage} \TS(+NYD) Linopteris $Presl1838 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{leaf,pinnules} \TS(+R Dictyopteris$Gutbier1835) ==Dictyopteris $Gutbier1835 #(I) *I:BCarb@Duit \(+P$Lamouroux1809(Phaeophyceae/Dictyotaceae)) \TS:D. brongniartii$< ************************* * Cycadales $Dumortier1829|Engler1892 *BOPerm-Rec {cycads/palmvarens,cycaspalmen} ************************* CYCADOCARPIDIACEAE $??? \(!Voltziaceae) Borysthenia $Stanislawski1976 #N(I) *NI:BTr/MKeuper@Oekr \{branch,leaves,strobili} \TS:B. fasciculata$< PODOZAMITACEAE $??? Ferganiella $Prinada1936 #N(I) *NI:Jura@USSR/Tuva \{leaf} \TS:F. urjanchaica$Nejburg1??? Lindleycladus $Harris1979 #N(I) *NI:Jura/ODeltaic@Enge \{shoot,stem,leaf} \TS:Zamia lanceolata$Lindley&Hutton1;??? Podozamites $Braun1843 #NH(I) *N:Jura/OLias@Duit \TS:Zamites distans$Presl1??? CYCADACEAE $Persoon1807 #P(3)10/~100,m1/20,F1/,M1/17 *mM:Rec@O-Afr--(Japan,Aus) *X:?Kin,Ass,Crn,Rht-Rec %T |-1500 {cycad family} \(+NomCons) \2huizig Cycas $Linnaeus1753 #m20,NF,M17,+^,IB,i139 *mM:Rec@O-Afr--(Japan,Aus) |[200-300(-500)] {fern palm/ananasboom,soegoeboom,grote foengoepalm} \("CYCADEAE$(Pers.)Colla1836,"CYCADOIDEAE$Eaton1836) \bevat gif cycasine,methylazomethanol;Sago \TS:C. circinalis$< ==Toddapana $Adanson1763 #(I),i0 \(?Todda-Pana,?Todda-pana$Adanson1???) \TS:Cycas circinalis$Linnaeus1??? =Dyerocycas $Nakai1943 #(I),i1 \TS:Cycas micholitzii$Dyer1??? . =Arthrozamia $Reichenbach1828 #i0 \TS:??? =Dion $Lindley1843 #i6 \TS:??? =Dipsacozamia $Lehm.1847 #i1 \TS:??? =Encephallartes $Endlicher1842 #i0 \TS:??? =Epicycas $Laubenfels1998(=DeLaubenfels) #i7 \TS:??? =Eriozamia $Schuster1932 #i1 \(<=$hort1???) \TS:??? =Katakidozamia $Regel1876 #i0 \(<=$Haage&Schmidt1;???) \TS:??? ^ Ceratozamites $Meschinelli1889 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Ital \{leaf} \TS:C. vicetinus$< Crossozamia $Pomel1849 #X(I) *I:Jura@Fran \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Ctenozamites $Nathorst1886 #(I) *I:Rht@Zwed \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Eostangeria $Barthel1976 #N(I) *NI:BEoc@ODuit \{leaf} \TS:E. saxonica$< Eurycycadolepis $Seward1917 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald \(=$Seward1895(+^A)) \{scales} \^^Cycadolepis/ \(?Eury-Cycadolepis) \TS(+NYD) Fascisvarioxylon $Jain1964 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{wood} \(+missp:Fascivarioxylon$Jain1964#(I)) \TS:F. mehtae$< Fittonites $Kuntze1903 #N(I) *^ \TS(+R Fittonia$Carruthers1868) ==Fittonia $Carruthers1870 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@Enge \{stem} \(+P$Coemans1865(Magnoliopsida/Acanthaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Leprospermum $Heer1877 #N(I) *N:Jura@Zwit *I:Jura \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Leptocycas $Delevoryas&Hope1971; #N(I) *NI:BTr@NCar \TS:L. gracilis$< Menucoa $Petriella1970 #N(I) *NI:OTert@Arge \{stem} \TS:M. cazaui$< Noeggerathiopsis $Feistmantel1879 #N(I) *NI:Carb-Perm/OGondwana@India \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Tianbaolinia $??? #X \TS:??? Yuania $??? #X \TS:??? Zamioidea $Schuster1931 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@Ital \{macrosporophyll} \TS:Cycadocarpidium macrozamioides$Schuster1??? ? Lesleya $Lesquereux1880 #NX(I) *N:Carb/BMiss|Penn@Penn *I:BMiss \{glossopteris-like foliage} \TS:L. grandis$< Archaeocycas $Mamay1973 #NX(I) *NI:OPerm@Texas \{megasporophyll} \TS:A. whitei$< Cycadopites $Wodehouse1933 #H(I) \{spores} \TS:C. follicularis$Wilson&Webster1;??? ==Cycadopollenites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Cycadopites$Wilson&Webster1946;) Phasmatocycas $Mamay1973 #NX(I) *NI:OPerm@Kans \{fertile axis} \TS:P. kansana$< Sobernheimia $Kerp1983 #X(I) *I:Perm/Autun@Duit \{?fructification} \(?Cycadophyta|Pteridospermophyta) \TS:S. jonkeri$< STANGERIACEAE $Johnson1959 \(=$Pilger1???(+^A)) #m1/1,F1/,M1/1 *mM:Rec@Z-Afr *X:Rec \(~Cycadaceae) \2huizig Stangeria $Moore1853 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@Z-Afr \("STANGERIINAE$(Miq.)DeCandolle1868,"STANGERIEAE$Miq.1861) \(^^Lomaria) \(+missp:Stanggeria$Stevens1854#i0) \TS:S. paradoxa$< BOWENIACEAE $Stevenson1981 #M1/2 *M:NO-Aus \(~Zamiaceae~Stangeriaceae) \stam ondergronds;blad ~bipinnate;rachis vertakt BOWENIOIDEAE $??? Bowenia $Hooker1863 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *m:Rec@trop-Aus *M:Rec@NO-Aus \(<=$Hooker1863) \symbiose met Cyanobacteria/Anabaena \TS:B. spectabilis$< ZAMIACEAE $Horaninow1834 #m(3)8/100,F9/,M8/125 *m:Rec@trop-,warm-(Afr,Aus,Am) *X:Rec \(~Cycadaceae"Zamiales$Burnett1835,Zamiopsida$Endlicher1836) \2huizig DIOOIDEAE $??? DIOEAE $??? Dioon $Lindley1843 #m4-5,NF,M10,IB,i17 *mM:Rec@Mexi,MAm {/Mexicaanse palmvaren} \(+NomCons) \sago \(+incorOrigSp:Dion$<#(I)) \TS:D. edule$< =Platyzamia $Zuccarini1845 #(I),i1 \TS:P. rigida$< ZAMIOIDEAE $??? ENCEPHALARTEAE $Miq.1861 Encephalartos $Lehmann1834 #m35,NF,M46,IB,i117 *mM:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr |[-500] {bread plant/broodboompalm} \("ENCEPHALARTINAE$(Miq.)DeCandolle1868) \bestoven door Coleoptera/Curculionidae,Sago \TS:Cycas caffra$Thunberg1??? Lepidozamia $Regel1857 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i5 *m:Rec@O-Aus *M:Rec@NO-Aus |-2000 \("Cycadeae~Encephalartos) \TS:L. peroffskyana$< =Catakidozamia $Hill1865 #(I),i2 \TS:C. hopei$< Macrozamia $Miquel1842 #m14,NF,M15,IB,i70 *mM:Rec@Aus(O-Aus:#M13,M-Aus:#M1,ZW-Aus:#M1) \("Cycadeae) \2huizig;zaad verspreid door possums \TS:Zamia spiralis$Salisbury1??? ZAMIEAE $Miq.1861 Zamia $Linnaeus1763 #m40,NF,M40,IB,i177 *mM:Rec@trop-,warm-Am %[Te] {Florida arrowroot} \(+NomCons) \("ZAMIINAE$Bentham&Hooker1880;) \bestoven door Coleoptera/Rhopalotria \TS:Z. pumila$< ==Palmafilix $Adanson1763 #(I),i0 \(?Palma-Filix) \(+suppr vs Zamia) \TS:??? ==Palmifolium $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:Zamia pumila$Linnaeus1??? =Aulacophyllum $Regel1876 #(MI),i6 \TS:Zamia skinneri$Warszewicz1??? Chigua $Stevenson1990 #NF,M2,IB,i2 *M:Rec@Colom \TS:C. restrepoi$< Ceratozamia $Brongniart1846 #m2,NF,M10,IB,i39 *m:Rec@Mexi *M:Rec@Mexi--Beli \("Cycadeae) \TS:C. mexicana$< Microcycas $DeCandolle1868 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Cuba *M:Rec@W-Cuba \(=$Miquel1852(+^A)) \("MICROCYCADACEAE$Tarbaeva1991,"MICROCYCADOIDEAE$???(Tarbaeva1996)) \(~"Cycadeae) \^^Zamia/ \TS($DeCandolle1???):Zamia calocoma$Miquel1??? ^ Pterostoma $Hill1980 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Vict \{leaf} \TS:P. zamioides$< NILSSONIACEAE $??? *X:BTr-BKr \("Nillsoniales~Cycadaceae) Nilssoniocladus $Kimura&Sekido1975; #N(I) *NI:OKr@M-Hons \{stem,leaf,shoot} \TS:Nilssonia nipponensis$Yokoyama1??? ? Aldania $Samylina1956 #N(I) *NI:Mesozoic@USSR \{leaf} \TS:A. vachrameevii$< Almargemia $Florin1933 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Apt@Port \{leaf} \TS(+R Ctenidium$Heer1881) ==Ctenidium $Heer1881 #(I) *I:Kr@Port \{foliage} \(+P$(Schimper1???)Mitten1869(Bryopsida/Hypnaceae)) \TS:C. dentatum$< Amuriella $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:BJura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:A. extra$< Androstrobus $Schimper1870 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Bth@Fran \{cone} \(?>Dioon,?>Zamia) \TS:A. zamioides$Saporta1??? Anomozamites $Schimper1870 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@WDuit *I:Mesozoic \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Antarcticycas $Smoot&Taylor;&Delevoryas1985; #(I) *I:O-MTr@Ant \{stem} \TS:A. schopfii$< Antherangiopsis $Nathorst1902 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf,microsporophyll} \TS:A. rediviva$< Anthrophyopsis $Nathorst1878 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Apoldia $Wesley1958 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Ital \{leaf} \TS($Wesley1???(+NomInval)):Sphenozamites tener$Compter1??? Baierella $Potonie1933 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Iran \{leaf} \TS:B. boehnei$< Beania $Carruthers1869 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \TS:B. gracilis$< Behuninia $Chandler1966 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Utah \{seed} \TS:B. joannei$< Bennettitacearum $Gothan1914 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Duit \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Bjuvia $Florin1933 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf} \TS:B. simplex$< Blastolepis $Zigno1885(=DeZigno) #N(I) *N:MJura/OOolite@Ital *I:Jura@Ital \{scales} \TS(+NYD) Bolbopodium $Saporta1874 #N(I) *N:Jura/Oxf@Fran *I:Jura@Fran \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Bucklandia $GrafVonSternberg1825 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Wealden@Enge \{stem,wood} \TS(+NYD) Bucklandiopsis $Roselt1960 #N(I) *NI:Tr/OKeuper@Duit \{stem} \TS:B. ovalis$< Butefia $Dobruskina1964 #N(I) *N:MJura@USSR *I:Jura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:B. ensiformis$(Heer1???)< Clathropodium $Saporta1874 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Colymbetes $Stopes1915 #(I) *I:Kr \{trunk} \TS:C. edwardsii$< Ctenis $Lindley&Hutton1834; #(I) *I:Jura@Enge \(<=$Williamson1???) \{leaf} \TS:Cycadites sulcicaulis$Phillips1??? Ctenophyllum $Schimper1870(1869-1874) #(I) *I:Rht@Polen \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Ctenopteris $Saporta1873 #(I) *I:Jura@Eur \(<=$Brongniart1???) \{foliage} \(+P$Blume1???>Kunze1846(Polypodiopsida/Grammitidaceae)) \TS(+R Cycadopteris$Schimper1869) ==Cycadopteris $Schimper1869 #(I) *I:Jura \{foliage} \(+P$DeZigno1867(fossilCycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \("{Pteridophylla}/{Sphenopterides}) \TS(+NYD) Cycadangium $Ogura1932 #(I) *I:Kr@Hokk \{sporangia on sporophyll} \TS:C. compactum$< Cycadella $Ward1900 #(I) *I:Jura \{trunk} \TS:C. reedii$< Cycadenia $Bock1969 #(I) *I:BTr@Penn \{stem} \TS:C. elongata$< Cycadeocarpus $Dawson1873 #(I) *I:OKr|Jura \{seed} \TS:C. columbianus$< Cycadeoidea $Lindley&Hutton1833; #(I) *I:Jura@Enge \{stem} \(<=$Buckland1829(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) Cycadeoidella $Ogura1930 #(I) *I:BKr@Hokk \{shoot} \TS:C. japonica$< Cycadeomyelon $Saporta1875 #(I) *I:Jura@Fran \{stem} \^^Clathraria^^Cylindropodium \TS:C. hettangense$< Cycadeorachis $Stopes1915 #(I) *I:Kr@Enge \{rachis} \TS(+NYD) Cycadeospermum $Saporta1874 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Cycadinocarpus $Schimper1870 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Cycadinorachis $Sharma1973 #(I) *I:Jura@India \{rachis} \TS:C. omegoides$< Cycadites $Sternberg1825 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Cycadites $Buckland1837 #(I) *I:^@Enge \{trunk} \(+P$Sternberg1825(fossilCycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \TS:C. megalophyllus$< Cycadium $Guillard1839 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \TS:C. cyprinopholis$< Cycadocaulum $Frentzen1932 #(I) *I:Rht@Duit \{foliage} \TS:C. rhaeticum$< Cycadocephalus $Nathorst1902 #(I) *I:Rht@Zwed \{cone} \TS:C. sewardii$< Cycadolepis $Saporta1873 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Cycadophyllum $Bornemann1856 #(I) *I:BTr@Duit \{leaf} \TS:C. elegans$< Cycadopteris $DeZigno1867(?1853) #(I) *I:Jura@Ital \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) ==Lomatopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Duit *I:^@Eur \{leaf} \("{Pteridophylla}/{Sphenopterides}) \TS:??? Cycadorachis $Saporta1873 #(I) *I:Jura@Fran \{rachis} \TS(+NYD) Cycadospadix $Schimper1870(1869-1874) #(I) *I:OJura@Fran \{megasporophyll} \(?>Cycas) \TS(+NYD) Cyclozamia $Pomel1849 #(I) *I:Jura@Fran \{leaf} \TS:C. insignis$< Cylindropodium $Saporta1874 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Deltolepis $Harris1942 #(I) *I:Jura/Baj@Enge \{scale-leaves} \TS:D. crepidota$< Dioonites $Miquel1851 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Dioonitocarpidium $RuehleVonLilienstern1928 #(I) *I:Tr@Duit \{fertile foliage} \TS:Dioonites pennaeformis$Schenk1??? Dioonopsis $Horiuchi&Kimura1987; #(I) *I:OPaleog@Japan \{leaf} \TS:D. nipponica$< Diplodendron $Eichwald1846(=VonEichwald) #(I) *I:BPaleozoic@Rusl \{stem} \TS:??? Echinostipes $Pomel1849 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Encephalartites $Vahrameev1962 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:E. leipzigii$< Enygmatostrobus $Kristofovic1915 #N(I) *N:Jura@Sibe \{cone,strobilus} \TS:E. dokturowskyi$< Feistmantelia $Ward1899 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Wyom \{seed} \(+P$Crie1889(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Fricia $Velenovsky1855 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Turon@TsSl \{male cone} \TS:F. nobilis$< Glossozamites $Schimper1870 #N(I) *N:OJura/Lias@Duit \{leaf} \TS:Podozamites obovatus$Schenk1??? Hastystrobus $KonijnenburgVanCittert1971(=VanKonijnenburgVanCittert) #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{male fructification} \TS:H. muirii$< Hauffia $Endlicher1842 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@Enge \{leaf} \^^Cycadites \TS(+R Hisingera$Miquel1842) ==Hisingera $Miquel1842 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@Enge \{leaf} \^^Cycadites \(+P$Hellenius1792(Magnoliopsida/Flacourtiaceae)) \TS:Cycadites brongniartii$Mantell1??? Heilungia $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Pseudoctenis amurensis$Novopokrovskij1??? Jacutiella $Samylina1956 #N(I) *N:BJura-OKr@USSR *I:Mesozoic@USSR \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Jeanpaulia $Unger1845 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Keraiaphyllum $Frentzen1932 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Duit \{leaf} \TS:K. suevicum$< Laconiella $Krasser1920 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Dogger@Sard \TS:L. sardinica$< Leptopterophyllum $Thomas1930 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Lunzia $Krasser1916 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Oost \{leaf,sporangium,microsporophyll} \TS:L. austriaca$< Macropterygium $Schimper1870(1869-1874) #N(I) *NI:^@Oost \{leaf} \TS:Pterophyllum bronnii$Schenk1??? Michelilloa $Archangelsky&Brett1963; #N(I) *NI:Tr@Arge {Wood,Stem} \TS:M. waltonii$< Microzamia $Reuss1846 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Bohe \{cone} \TS:??? Morrisia $Bose1959 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{leaf} \TS:Strangerites("Stangerites") mcclellandii$Oldham&Morris1;??? Neozamites $Vahrameev1962 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:N. verchojanensis$< Neuropteromedullosa $Lotsy1909 #N(I) *NI:^ {Stem} \TS(+NYD) Nilsonia $Brongniart1825 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Nilssoniopteris $Nathorst1909 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \TS:Nilssonia tenuinervis$Nathorst1??? Novoguineoxylon $Boureau&Jongmans1955; #N(I) *NI:?Jura@W-NG \{wood} \TS:N. lacunosum$< Osmundites $Jaeger1827 #N(I) *NI:^ \{foliage} \TS:O. pectinatus$< Otopteris $Lindley&Hutton1834; #N(I) *N:OJura/Lias@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Otozamites $Braun1843 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Palaeocycas $Florin1933 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht \{megasporophyll} \TS:Cycadospadix integer$Nathorst1??? Paracycas $Harris1964 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \TS:Cycadites cteis$Harris1??? Pecopteromedullosa $Lotsy1909 #N(I) *NI:^ {Stem} \TS(+NYD) Phyllopteroides $Medwell1954 #N(I) *N:OJura@Vict *I:OJura@Aus \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Plagiozamiopsis $Sze1943 #N(I) *NI:Perm \{leaf} \TS:??? Platylepis $Saporta1874 #(I) *I:Jura/Lias@Fran \{trunk} \(+P$Richard1828(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Pleiotrichium $Weyland&Greifeld1953; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Duit \{leaf} \TS:P. commelinoides$< Plicarizamites $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Va \{leaf} \TS:P. lanceolatus$< Primocycas $Zhu&Du1981; #(I) *I:OPerm@China \{macrosporophyl} \TS:P. chinensis$< Pseudoctenis $Seward1911 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Kim@Scho \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Pseudocycadeoidea $Aiyengar&Jacob1953; #N(I) *N:BKr/(BTur|OSen)@Z-India *I:BKr@Z-India \{stem,trunk} \TS:P. indica$< Pseudocycas $Nathorst1907 #N(I) *NI:OJura@Zwed \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Pseudopterophyllum $Florin1933 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf} \TS:Pterophyllum cteniforme$Nathorst1??? Pseudoptilophyllum $Krasser1918 #N(I) *NI:BTr/Keuper@Oost \{leaf} \TS:P. titzei$< Ptilophyllum $Morris1840 #N(I) *NI:^@India \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Ptilozamites $Nathorst1878 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf} \TS:??? Ptychoxylon $Renault1889 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{stem} \TS:P. levyi$< Raumeria $Goeppert1853 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Polen \TS(+NYD) Scalaroxylon $Vogellehner1967 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Duit \{wood} \TS:S. multiradiatum$< Schafferia $Fucini1938 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Wealden@Ital \{leaf} \TS:S. verrucana$< Schizopodium $Moriere1887 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@Fran \{stem} \TS:??? Sewardia $Zeiller1900 #N(I) *N:Jura-Kr/Wealden@Enge *I:Jura,Weald@Fran,Enge \{leaf} \TS(+R Withamia$Seward1895|+NYD) ==Withamia $Seward1895 #N(I) *NI:Jura,Kr/Weald@Enge,Fran \{leaf} \(+P$Unger1842(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:Cycadorachis armata$Saporta1??? Sewardioxylon $Gupta1971 #N(I) *NI:MJura@India \{wood} \TS:S. sahnii$< Sinoctenis $Sze1931 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@China \{leaf} \TS:S. grabauiana$< Sphaereda $Lindley&Hutton1835; #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \TS:S. paradoxa$< Sphenozamites $Miquel1851 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \(=$Brongniart1849(+^A)) \{leaf} \^^Otozamites/ \TS($Miquel1???):Cyclopteris beanii$Lindley&Hutton1;??? Sueria $Menendez1965 #N(I) *N:OKr@Arge *I:Kr@Arge \{leaf} \TS:S. rectinervis$< Taeniophyllum $Pomel1849 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Fran \{leaf} \(+P$Blume1825(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Tessellaria $VonEichwald1852 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \(=$Schimper&Mougeot1844;(+^A)) \{stem} \^^Caulopteris/ \TS(+NYD) Yatesia $Carruthers1870 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Enge \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Yavorskyia $Radcenko1936 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \(?Yavorskia) \TS:Y. mungatica$< Zamiophyllum $Nathorst1890 #N(I) *NI:Mesozoic@Japan,Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Zamiphyllum $Caspary&Klebs1907; #N(I) *NI:Tert@Balt \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Zamites $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *N:Jura@Enge *I:Jura@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) ? Acozamites $Zalesskij1936 #N(I) *NI:Tr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:A. elegans$< Beaniopsis $Ganju1944 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{fructification} \TS:B. rajmahalensis$< Bernettia $Gothan1914 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@WDuit \{cone} \TS:B. inopinata$< Bureja $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:BJura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:B. rigida$< Campylophyllum $Gothan1914 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Duit \{leaf} \(+P$(Schimper1???)Fleischer1914(Bryopsida/Amblystegiaceae)) \TS:C. hoermanni$< Carpolithus $Corda1841 #N(I) *NI:^@Bohe \TS:??? Cloughtonia $Halle1911 #(I) *I:Jura@Enge \{leaflets} \TS:C. rugosa$< Cycadinocarpus $Renault1896 #(I) *I:Carb|Perm@Fran \{seed} \(+P$Schimper1870(fossilCycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \TS:Cordaicarpus augustodunensis$Brongniart1??? Endogenites $Brongniart1822 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Guramsania $Vachrameev&Lebedev;&Sodov1986; #(I) *I:BPerm@Z-Mong \{leaf} \TS:G. hosbajari$< Guilliera $Crie1885 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Oolite@Fran \TS:G. sarthacensis$< Gymnovulites $Shukla1948 #N(I) *NI:Tert@India \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Harringtonia $Frenguelli1942 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@NZ,Arge \{leaf} \TS:H. argentinica$< Jensensispermum $Chandler1966 #N(I) *NI:?BJura@Utah \{seed} \TS:J. redmondi$< Macrotorellia $Kristofovic1927 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Nidia $Bose&Srivastava1973; #N(I) *NI:OTr@India \{female cone} \TS:N. ovalis$< Nikania $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:N. pectinata$< Poecilitocaulon $Fliche1910 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \{stem} \TS:P. dubium$< Pteronilssonia $Pant&Mehra1963; #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@India \{leaf} \TS:P. gopalii$< Sardoa $Krasser1920 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Dogger@Sard \{stem} \TS:S. robitschekii$< Sarmatiella $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:OJura@Oekr \{foliage} \TS:S. brevifolia$< Tetoria $Kimura&Sekido1974; #N(I) *N:^ *I:OKr@Japan \{foliage} \TS:T. endoi$< Triadostrobus $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Va \{inflorescence} \TS:T. fenestraeformis$< ************************* * ? ************************* Praecolpatites $Bharadwaj&Srivastava1969; #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:P. nidpurensis$< Spheripollenites $Couper1958 #H(I) *I:Jura-Kr \{spores} \TS:S. scabratus$< Ovalipollis $Krutzsch1955 #H(I) *I:Jura \{spores} \TS:O. ovalis$< Exesipollenites $Balme1957 #H(I) *I:Jura \{spores} \TS:E. tumulus$< Eucommiidites $Potonie1958 #H(I) *I:Jura@NW-Zwed \(<=$Erdtman1???) \{spores} \TS:E. troedssonii$< Entylissa $??? #H \TS:??? Cycadales $??? #H \TS:??? Chasmatosporites $Nilsson1958 #H(I) *I:Tr-Jura \{spores} \TS:C. major$< Wilsonites $Kosanke1959 #NH(I) *NI:Penn \{spores} \(?~Clealopsida) \TS(+R Wilsonia$Kosanke1950) ==Wilsonia $Kosanke1950 #(NI) *I:Penn \{spores} \(+P$Brown1810(Magnoliopsida/Convolvulaceae)) \TS:W. vesicatus$< ************************* * Gnetidae $Reveal1996 #M3/4/95 \(<=$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???) \("Gnetopsida$Thome1886|Engler1954,"GNETOPHYTINA$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???>Reveal1996,"GNETOPHYTA$Bessey1907) \(=Chlamydospermopsida) \bomen,struiken,lianen * Bennettitales $Engler1892 *BTr-BOKr \(=Cycadeoidales) ************************* WILLIAMSONIACEAE $??? Lyssoxylon $Daugherty1941 #N(I) *N:BTr@Ariz *I:BTr \{trunk,stem} \TS:L. grigsbyi$< Bennettitanthus $TurutanovaKetova1930 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Kaza \{strobilus} \TS:B. masculinus$< ? Ischnophyton $Delevoryas&Hope1976; #N(I) *NI:BTr@M-NCar \{stem,leaf} \TS:I. iconicum$< WIELANDIELLACEAE $??? BENNETTITACEAE $Engler1892 *X:Crn,Rht-Alb,?Maa%T =CYCADEOIDEACEAE $??? Bennetticarpus $Harris1932 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht-Jura/Lias@O-Groe \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Bennettites $Carruthers1870 #NH(I) *N:Kr,Jura@Enge *I:Kr,Jura@Eur \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Bennettiteaepollenites $Potonie1958 #NH(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:B. lucifer$< Haitingeria $Krasser1916 #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Oost \{macrosporophyll} \(?^Cycadales) \TS:Cycadospadix krasseri$Schuster1??? Leguminanthus $Kraeusel&Schaarschmidt1966; #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Zwit \{microsporophyll} \TS:L. siliquosus$(Leuthardt1???)<=Taeniopteris angustifolia var siliquosa$Leuthardt1??? Leuthardtia $Kraeusel&Schaarschmidt1966; #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Zwit \{microsporophyll} \TS:L. ovalis$< Monanthesia $??? #X \TS:??? Paradoxoxylon $Kraeusel1955 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Zwit \{wood} \TS:P. leuthardti$< Pterophyllum $Brongniart1825 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf} \(?^Cycadales) \TS(+NYD) Sahnioxylon $Bose&Sah1955;("1954") #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{wood} \TS(+R Homoxylon$Sahni1932) ==Homoxylon $Sahni1932 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{wood} \(+P$Hartig1848(fossilPinopsida/?:)) \TS:H. rajmahalense$< Sturianthus $??? #X \TS:??? Westersheimia $Krasser1916 #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Oost \{stem,leaf,macrosporophylls} \(?^Cycadales) \TS:W. pramelreuthensis$< ? Amphibennetites $Fliche1896 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@Fran \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Bennettistemon $Harris1932 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht-Jura/Lias@O-Groe \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Bennettitolepis $Florin1933 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht-Jura/Lias@O-Groe \{megasporophyll} \TS:Cycadospadix dactylota$Harris1??? Ctenopsis $Berry1911 #(I) *I:OKr \^^Ctenophyllum \(+P$DeNotaris1847(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Cycadea $Capellini&GrafZuSolmsLaubach1892; #(I) *I:Kr@Ital \TS:C. imolensis$< Hildesheimia $Florin1936 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Brm@NW-Duit \{bract} \TS:Baiera salfeldi$Lipps1??? Lerouxia $Plumstead1961 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@Z-Trnsv \{flower?,cone} \(+P$Merat1812(Magnoliopsida/Primulaceae)) \TS:??? Ontheanthus $Ganju1944 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{fructifications} \TS:O. polyandra$< Rajmahalia $Sahni&Rao1934; #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \TS:R. paradoxa$< Sturiella $Kraeusel1948 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Oost \{inflorescence} \TS:S. langeri$< Taeniozamites $Harris1932 #N(I) *NI:Tr/?Rht@O-Groe \{leaf,foliage} \TS(+NYD) Tyrmia $Sikstel1952 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Tadz \(<=$Brik1???) \{leaf} \TS:T. angustiloba$< Tyrmia $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf,foliage fragment} \(+P$Brik1???>Sikstel1952(fossilCycadopsida/Bennetitales/?:)) \TS:T. tyrmensis$< Tysonia $Fontaine1889 #(I) *I:OKr \TS:T. marylandica$< Vardekloeftia $Harris1932 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Groe \{female Cone=Gynaecium} \TS:V. sulcata$< Vitimia $Vachrameev1977 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:V. doludenkoi$< Wielandiella $Nathorst1910 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Zwed \TS(+R Wielandia$Nathorst1909) ==Wielandia $Nathorst1909 #N(I) *N:Jura/Rht@Zwed *I:Jura@Zwed {Cone,Foliage} \(+P$Baillon1858(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS:??? Williamsonia $Carruthers1870 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Williamsonianthus $Kraeusel&Schaarschmidt1966; #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Zwit {Stem,Male flowers} \TS:W. keuperianus$< Williamsoniella $Thomas1915 #N(I) *NI:MJura@Enge \{fertile shoots,strobilus,stem,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Wonnacottia $Harris1942 #N(I) *NI:MJura@Enge \{leaf,microsporophyll} \TS(+NYD) ? Bysmatospermum $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{seed} \TS:B. macrotrachelum$< Moltenia $DuToit1927 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Natal \{leaf} \TS:M. dentata$< Plumsteadiella $LeRoux1966 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@Trnsv \{fructification} \TS:P. elegans$< Tomia $Srebrodolskaja1960 #N(I) *NI:OTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:T. radczenkoi$Srebrodol'skaja Ontheostrobus $Ganju1944 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{fructifications} \TS:O. sessilis$< Palaeanthus $Newberry1895 #N(I) *N:BKr@NwJe *I:BKr \{fructification} \TS:P. problematicus$< ************************* * Pentoxylales $Piler1954 *OJura \("Calamopytiopsida"Ginkgoopsida) ************************* PENTOXYLACEAE $Pilger1954 *Rec@Gondwanaland *X:Toa,Tth,Hau,Vlg,Alb%T Carnoconites $Srivastava1944(?1935) #NX(I) *I:Jura@India \{strobili} \TS(+NYD) Nipaniophyllum $Sahni1948 #NX(I) *NI:Jura \{taeniopteris-like leaves borne on Pentoxylon} \TS:N. raoi$< Nipanioxylon $Srivastava1944(?1937) #X(I) *I:Jura@India \{stems} \TS:N. guptai$< Pentoxylon $Srivastava1944(?1937) #NX(I) *NI:Jura@India \{stems} \TS(+NYD) Sahnia $VishnuMittre1953 #NX(I) *NI:Jura@India \{microsporangiate organ} \TS:S. nipaniensis$< Taeniopteris $Brongniart1828 #NX(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \(+~Cycadales"Taeniopteridales"{Pteridophylla}/{Taeniopterides}) \TS(+NYD) ? Glandulataenia $Pant1990 #(I) *I:OTr@India \{leaf} \("{Pteridophylla}/{Taeniopterides}) \TS:Taeniopteris glandulata$Srivastava1??? Guptioxylon $Sharma1969 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{wood} \TS:G. amarjolense$< ************************* * Welwitschiales $Reveal1993 \(<=$Skottsb.) \("Welwitschiidae$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???>Reveal1996,Welwitschiopsida$Boivin1956) ************************* WELWITSCHIACEAE $Markgraf1926 #P1/1,m1/1,F1/,M1/1 *mM:Rec@Z-Ango,ZW-Afr %T *X:Rec \(+NomCons) \2huizig,overblijvend Welwitschia $Hooker1862 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@Z-Ango,ZW-Afr %!woestijn \(+NomCons) \TS:W. mirabilis$< ==Tumboa $Welwitsch1861 #(I),i2 \("TUMBOACEAE$Wettst.1903,Tumboales$Nakai1943) \(+suppr vs Welwitschia) \TS:??? ************************* * Gnetales $Luerss.1879|Engler1892 ************************* GNETACEAE $Lindley1834 #P1/~30,m1/28,F1/,M2/29 *m:Rec@trop:NO-ZAm,trop-W-Afr,India--(China,NG) *M:trop %T *X:?Crn,Apt,Rec \(+NomCons) \!lianen,bomen,struiken,groenblijvend;bloei(2huizig,2slachtig;kransstandig ~aar);2,3intugementen P0,1 Gnetum $Linnaeus1767 #m28,NF,M28,B,i83 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE,Amaz(#M7),trop-W-Afr(#M2) {melindjo,fructus beretinus,eru} \("GNETEAE$(Lindley1???)LeMaout&Decaisne1868;,"GNETOIDEAE$(Lindley1???)Tchich.1860) \TS:??? =Abutua $Loureiro1790 #(I),i2 \(?:) \TS:A. indica$< =Thoa $Aublet1775 #(I),i4 \TS:T. urens$< Vinkiella $Johns.1??? #M1 *M:W-NG \TS:??? . =Arthostema $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Chaetocladus $Senilis1866 #i4 \TS:??? =Gnemon $Kuntze1891 #i18 \(<=$Rumpf1741) \TS:??? =Toumboa $Naud.1862 #i0 \TS:??? ^ Drewria $Crane&Upchurch1987; #X(MI) *M:Kr/?Apt@Va \{twig with reproductive structure} \TS:D. potomacensis$< Gnetaceaepollenites $??? \TS:??? Patzea $Caspary1872 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{inflorescence} \TS:P. gnetoides$< ? Dechellyia $Ash1972 #X(I) *I:BTr@Ariz \{leafy shoot} \TS:D. gormanii$< Masculostrobus $Seward1911 #NX(I) *NI:Jura/Kim@Scho \{cone,inflorescence,strobili} \TS:M. zeilleri$< ? Glossopteridium $Bochenski1957 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Polen \{leaf} \("Glossopteridales) \TS:G. czarnockii$Bochenski1??? ************************* * ? ************************* Aegianthus $Krassilov1988 #(I) *I:MJura@O-Sibe \{pollen cone} \TS:Kaidacarpum sibiricum$Heer1??? Angarolepis $Krassilov&Bugdaeva1988; #(I) *I:MJura@O-Sibe \{bract} \TS:A. odorata$< Cadmisega $Krassilov&Bugdaeva1988; #(I) *I:MJura@O-Sibe \{scale} \TS:C. ephedroides$< Eoantha $Krassilov1986 #(I) *I:OKr@Baik \{floral structure} \TS:E. zherikhinii$< Heerala $Krassilov1988 #(I) *I:MJura@O-Sibe \{seed} \TS:Ephedrites antiquus$Heer1??? Welwithschiapites $Bolkhovitina1958 #H \TS:??? ************************* * ? * Ephedrales $Dumortier1829 \("Ephedridae$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???>Reveal1996,"Ephedropsida$Benson1???>Reveal1996) ************************* EPHEDRACEAE $Dumortier1829 #P1/35-40,m1/40,F1/,M1/65 *m:Rec@W-NAm--Andes,MidZ--China *M:Rec@NH,ZAm *X:Rec \struiken,klimplanten,bomen;blad(tegenoverstaand,!3,4kransschikking;schubbig);bloei(!2huizig;2-8paren,kransen bracts;1-3);2zaadlobbig;2n=14,28 Ephedra $Linnaeus1753 #m40,NF,M~67,+^,IB,i140 *m:Rec@warm-Am,MidZ--China *M:MidZ(Eur:#M4)--China(}#M40),W-USA,Mexi(}#M14),Andes(#M13) {mormon tea/zeedruif} \("EPHEDREAE$Reichenbach1831,"EPHEDROIDEAE$Kostel.1833) \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1737#i0) \TS:E. distachya$< ==Chaetocladus $Nelson1866 #(I) \TS($Nelson1???):Ephedra distachya$Linnaeus1??? ^ Ephedrites $Goeppert&Berendt1845; #N(I) *N:Mioc *I:Mioc@Duit \{shoot} \TS:E. johnianus$< Ephedripites $Potonie1958 #N(I) *NI:Kr \(<=$Bolkhovitina1???) \{spores} \TS:E. mediolobatus$< . Amphiephedra $Miki1964 #N(I) {Stem,Shoots} *NI:Mesozoic@China/Z-Mants \TS:??? ************************* * ? ************************* Aricycas $Ash1991 #(I) *I:Tr/BCrn@Ariz \{leaf} \TS:A. paulae$< Chilinia $Li&Ye1980; #(I) *I:Kr/(Brm-?Apt)@NO-China \{frond} \TS:C. ctenioides$< Jirusia $Bayer1914 #N(I) *NI:Kr/OCen@Bohe \{leaf} \TS:J. bohemica$< Kutiella $Srebrodolskaja1984("1983") #(I) *I:OKr@USSR \{seed} \TS:K. transbaicalica$< Lepidanthium $Schimper1870 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Duit \{male Cone} \TS(+NYD) Macrotaeniopteris $Schimper1869 #N(I) *N:Jura@Enge *I:Jura \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Megalozamia $Hosius&Marck1880; #N(I) *NI:OKr@Duit \{leaf,petiole} \TS:M. falciformis$< Naiadea $Buckman1844 #N(I) *NI:Tr/BRht@Enge \TS(+NYD) Navajoia $Wieland1928 #N(I) *NI:Mesozoic@NAm \TS(+NYD) Pteridozamites $Corsin1928 #N(I) *N:Carb/Wph@Fran *I:Carb/Wph@Fran,Enge \{leaf,seed} \(?"Pteridospermophyta) \TS(+NYD) Quervainia $Harris1932 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{leaf} \TS:Q. spectabilis$< ? Doratophyllum $Harris1932 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{leaf} \TS:D. astartensis$< Nageiopsis $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *NI:OKr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Scoresbya $Harris1932 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Groe \{leaf} \(>Sagenopteris) \(?Polypodiopsida) \TS:S. dentata$< ************************* * Clealopsida \(~Pinopsida/Calamopytiidae") \("Pteridospermopsida) * Callistophytales $Rothwell1981 ************************* LYGINOPTERIDACEAE $??? \("Lyginopteridales) Bensoniotheca $Mickle&Rothwell1979; #(I) *I:OCarb@Scho \{microsporangiate organ} \TS(+R Heterotheca$Benson1922) ==Heterotheca $Benson1922 #(I) *I:OCarb@Scho \{microsporangiate organ} \(+P$Cassini1817(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:H. grievii$< Feraxotheca $Millay&Taylor1977; #N(I) *N:O-OMPenn@Ky *I:Penn@Ky \{sporangium,synangia} \TS:F. culcitaus$< Lyginopteris $Potonie1897 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Microspermopteris $Baxter1949 #(I) *I:Penn \{stem} \TS:M. aphyllum$< Sagenopteridium $Stanislawski1976 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Oekr {Leaflet} \TS:S. inaequale$< Schopfiangium $Stidd&Rischbieter;&Phillips1985; #(I) *I:Carb@Ky \{pollen organ} \TS:S. varijugatus$< ? Melissiotheca $MeyerBerthaud1986 #(I) *I:Carb/BVis@Scho \{synangium} \TS:M. longiana$< Phacelotheca $MeyerBerthaud&Galtier1986; #(I) *I:Carb/BVis@Scho \{fructification} \TS:P. pilosa$< Dichotangium $Rowe1988 #(I) *I:OCarb@Enge \{synangiate organ} \TS:D. quadrothecum$< Kerryoxylon $Matten&Tanner;&Lacey1984; #(I) *I:BDev@Ierl \{stem} \TS:K. hexalobatum$< CALLISTOPHYTACEAE $Rothwell1981 *X:?Mel,Pod-Dor,?Nog,?Ass%T =CALLAMOSPERMACEAE $Long1975 \(^Lagenostomales) Callistophyton $Delevoryas&Morgan1954; #NX(I) *N:BPenn@Illi \{stem} \TS:C. poroxyloides$< Dicksonites $??? #X \TS:??? Vesicaspora $Schemel1951 #H(I) *I:Penn \{spores} \TS:V. wilsonii$< ==Vesicapollenites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Vesicaspora$Schemel1951) Guthorlisporites $Bhardwaj1955 #NH \(?Guthoerlisporites) \TS:??? ?: \(~Lyginopteridaceae) Idanothekion $Millay&Eggert1970; #NX(I) *NI:MPenn@Illi \{sporangium,synangia} \TS:I. glandulosum$< ************************* * Peltaspermales $Nemejc1968 \("Glossopteridales) ************************* PELTASPERMACEAE $Harris1937 *X:Kla,Nog-Nor,Rht%T \(<=$Thomas1???) Autunia $Krasser1921 #NX(I) *NI:Perm@Fran \{macrosporophyll} \(~Cycadales) \TS:Cycadospadix milleryensis$Renault1??? Falcisporites $Leschik1956 #NH(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:Pityosporites zapfei$Potonie&Klaus1;??? Lodevia $Haubold&Kerp1988; #X(I) *I:OPerm@Fran \{sterile foliage} \(?Callipterides) \TS:Callipteris nicklesii$Zeiller1??? Maria $Dobruskina1980 #N(I) *NI:M-BTrias@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Glossophyllum synense$Neuburg1??? Peltaspermum $Harris1937 #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{peltate seed-bearing organ} \TS:P. rotula$< Stiphorus $Meyen1983 #(I) *I:Perm/Tat@USSR \{fertile foliage} \TS:S. biseriatus$< Vitreisporites $Leschik1955 #NH(I) *I:Tr/Keuper@Zwit \(~Caytoniaceae) \{spores} \TS:V. signatus$< ==Vitreipollenites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS:Vitreisporites signatus$Leschik1??? Vittaephyllum $Dobruskina1975 #(I) *I:Tr/Keuper@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Aipteris hirsuta$Sixtel1??? CARDIOLEPIDACEAE $Meyen1977 *X:?Kun,Kaz,Tat%T Phylladoderma $Zalesskij1914 #NX(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \{leaf,cuticle} \(~Calamopityales/?:) \TS:P. arberi$< Nucicarpus $Nejburg1965 #NX(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \{seed} \TS:N. piniformis$< Cardiolepis $Nejburg1965 #NX(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \{seed} \(+P$Wallroth1822(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:C. piniformis$< Doliostomia $??? #X \TS:??? ? UMKOMASIACEAE $Meyen1984 *X:Kaz,Smi-Het,Aal,Bth,Kim-Hau,Apt%T =CORYSTOSPERMACEAE $??? Rhaphidopteris $Barale1972 #NX(I) *N:Tert,Rht@O-Groe *I:Rht@O-Groe \{barren frond=Leaf} \(?Sphenopterides) \TS:Stenopteris astartensis$Harris1??? Pachypteris $Brongniart1828 #NX(I) *N:Jura/OOolite@Enge *I:Jura@Enge \{frond} \(?Sphenopterides) \TS(+NYD) Alisporites $Daugherty1941 #NX(I) *N:Tr@Ariz \(Clealopsida|Pinopsida) \TS:A. opii$< ==Alipollenites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Alisporites$Daugherty1941) Pteroma $Harris1964 #NX(I) *NI:Jura/ODeltaic@Enge \{microsporophylls} \TS:P. thomasi$< Ruflorina $??? #X \(??? Rufloria ZIE ONDER) \TS:??? Spermatocodon $Thomas1933 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Natal \{inflorescence} \TS:S. sewardii$< Ktalenia $Archangelsky1963 #X(I) *I:PKr@Arge \{fruit with epidermal structure} \TS:K. circularis$< Pilophorosperma $Thomas1933 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Natal \{inflorescence with seeds enclosed in cupules} \TS:??? Pteruchus $Thomas1933 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Natal \{male inflorescence} \TS:P. africanus$< Umkomasia $Thomas1931 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Natal \{female inflorescence} \TS:U. macleanii$< ? Feruglioa $Frenguelli1944 #N(I) *N:Tr@Arge *I:Tr \{seed} \TS:F. samaroides$< Tudovakia $Schorochova&Krassilov1970; #N(I) *NI:BTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:T. papillosa$< ************************* * Arberiales $Meyen1984 ************************* ARBERIACEAE $Meyen1984 *X:?Kla,Nog-Kaz,?Die%T \("Glossopteridales~Pinopsida/"Glossopteridopsidae) =GLOSSOPTERIDACEAE $??? Arberia $White1908 #X \TS:A. minasica$< Estcourtia $??? #X \TS:??? Glossopteris $Brongniart1828 #NX(I) \(+NomCons) \{leaf} \TS(+TypCons):G. browniana$Brongniart1831 Glossopteris $GrafVonSternberg1825 #N(I) *N:^ \(=$Brongniart1822(+^A)) \{leaf} \^^Filicites/ \(+P$Rafinesque1815(Polypodiopsida/Aspleniaceae);+suppr vs$Brongniart1828(Polypodiopsida/Glossopteridaceae)) \TS($GrafVonSternberg1???):Filicites dubius$Brongniart1??? Lidgettonia $Thomas1958 #NX(I) *NI:Perm@Natal \{fertile foliage} \(~Gigantonomiales) \TS:L. africana$< Mexiglossa $Delevoryas&Person1975; #NX(I) *NI:MJura@Mexi \{leaf} \TS:M. varia$< Mooia $Lacey&VanDijk;&GordonGray1975; #N(I) *NI:BPerm@Natal {Female fructification} \TS:M. lidgettonioides$< Ottokaria $Zeiller1902 #NX(I) *NI:Carb-Perm/OGondwana@India \{leaf} \(~Gigantonomiales) \TS(+R Feistmantelia$Zeiller1902) ==Feistmantelia $Zeiller1902 #N(I) *N:Carb-Perm/OGondwana@India *I:OGondwana@India \{leaf} \(+P$Crie1889(FossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:F. bengalensis$< Perezlaria $Delevoryas&Gould1971; #X(I) *I:MJura@Mexi \{fructification} \TS:P. oaxacensis$< Plumsteadia $Rigby1963 #NX(I) *NI:Perm@Quee \{fructification} \(~Gigantonomiales) \TS:P. microsacca$< Rigbya $Lacey&VanDijk;&GordonGray1975; #NX(I) *NI:BPerm@Natal \{female fructification} \(?"Pteridospermophyta) \TS:R. arberioides$< Rusangea $Lacey&VanDijk;&GordonGray1975; #N(I) *NI:BPerm@Natal \{female fructification} \TS:R. elegans$< ? Austroglossa $Holmes1974 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@NwZW {Female fructification} \TS:A. walkomii$< Breytenia $Melville1983 #(I) *I:OPerm@O-Trnsv \{fructification} \TS:B. plumsteadiae$< Catervoxylon $Pant&Singh1987; #(I) *I:Perm@India \{wood} \TS:C. raniganjensis$< Cornuspermum $Banerjee1969(?1967) #(I) *I:BPerm@India \{seed} \TS:C. pennatus$< Czapcoctia $Rasskazova1960 #(I) *I:BPerm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:C. magnifolia$< Denkania $Surange&Chandra1973; #(I) *I:OGondwana@India \{fructification} \TS:D. indica$< Fetura $Benecke1976 #(I) *I:BPerm@Natal \{fructification} \TS:Plumstaedia natalensis$Lacey&&1??? Gangamopteris $McCoy1875 #N(I) *NI:Mesozoic@Vict,NwZW \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Glossotheca $Surange&Maheshwari1970; #N(I) *NI:BPerm@India \{male fructification} \TS:G. utkalensis$< Indocarpus $Surange&Chandra1974; #N(I) *N:BPerm@India *I:^@India \{seed} \TS:I. elongatus$Surange1??? Jambadostrobus $Chandra&Surange1977; #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@India \{fructification} \TS:J. pretiosus$< Kendostrobus $Surange&Chandra1974; #N(I) *N:BPerm@India *I:^@India \{male fructification,fruit,cone?} \TS:K. cylindricus$< Latosporites $Potonie&Kremp1954; #N(I) *NI:Penn \{spores} \TS:Laevigatosporites latus$Kosanke1??? Macroglossopteris $Sze1931 #(I) *I:Jura/Lias@China \{foliage} \TS:M. leeiana$< Mudgea $Melville1983 #(I) *I:BPerm@NwZW \{fructification} \TS:M. ranunculoides$< Paracatervoxylon $Pant&Singh1987; #(I) *I:Perm@India \{wood} \TS:P. raniganjensis$< Partha $Surange&Chandra1973; #N(I) *NI:Perm/OGondwana@India \{female fructification} \TS:Lidgettonia indica$Surange&Maheshwari1;??? Plumsteadiostrobus $Chandra&Surange1977; #N(I) *NI:BPerm@India \{fructification} \TS:Plumsteadia indica$Rigby1??? Rhabdotaenia $Pant1958 #N(I) *N:PermoCarb@India \{leaf} \TS:Glossopteris danaeoides$Royle1??? Scopus $Benecke1976 #(I) *I:BPerm@Natal \{fructification} \TS:S. gibbosus$< Senotheca $Banerjee1969(?1967) #N(I) *N:BPerm,OPerm@India *I:BPerm@India \{fructification} \TS:S. murulidihensis$< Squamella $White1978 #(I) *I:BPerm@Aus \{fructification} \TS:Lidgettonia australis$White1??? Striatites $Pant1955 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb \{spores} \TS:Pityosporites sewardi$ChinnaVirkki1??? Vannus $Plumstead1963 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@Trnsv \{reproductive,fructification} \TS:V. gondwanensis$< Venustostrobus $Chandra&Surange1977; #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@India \{fructification} \TS:V. diademus$< ? Elatra $Appert1977 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@ZW-Mad \{reproductive,fructification} \TS:E. bella$< CAYTONIACEAE $Thomas1925 *X:?Crn,Rht-Bth,?Oxf,?Ber,?Brm,?San,?Cmp%T \("Caytoniales) Amphorispermum $Harris1932 #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{seed} \(+~Peltaspermales/Cardiolepidaceae) \TS:A. ellipticum$< Caytonanthus $Harris1937 #NX(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{sporangium,fructification} \TS(+NYD) Caytonia $Thomas1925 #NX(I) *NI:MJura@Enge \{reproductive,infrutescence} \TS:C. sewardi$< Pityosporites $Seward1914 #NH(I) *N:Tr *I:?Tr \{spores} \(?^Pinaceae) \TS:P. antarcticus$< ==Pityospollenites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Pityosporites$Seward1914) =Pityopollenites $Reissinger1950 #NH(I) *NI:Lias \{spores} \(+^V) \TS:Pityosporites pallidus$Reissinger1??? ==Caytonipollenites $Couper1953 #H(I) *I:Jura \{spores} \TS:Pityosporites pallidus$Reissinger1??? Gristhorpia $Thomas1925 #N(I) *NI:MJura@Enge \{reproductive,infrutescence} \TS:G. nathorsti$< Phyllopteris $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Pramelreuthia $Krasser1916 #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Oost \{male cone} \(~Cycadales) \TS:P. haberfelneri$< Pseudosagenopteris $Potonie1900 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Mary \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Sagenopteris $Presl1838 #NX(I) *NI:Mesozoic@Eur \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) ? Microcheiris $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{seed,reproductive,cone?} \(?"Pteridospermophyta) \TS:M. enigma$< ************************* * ? \("Pteridospermophyta) ************************* Alatisporites $Ibrahim1933 #N *N:Carb \(ZIE OOK VER ONDER) \TS:Sporonites pustulatus$Ibrahim1??? ==Sporonites $Potonie1931 #(I) *I:Eoc@Duit \{spores} \TS:S. neddeni$< Antevsia $Harris1937 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{microsporangia} \TS:??? Anthicocladus $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{?male inflorescence} \TS:A. fimbriatus$< Aulacotheca $Halle1933 #N(I) *N:Carb@Scho \{microsporangia} \TS:Rhabdocarpus elongatus$Kidston1??? Bosea $Srivastava1975 #N(I) *NI:Tr@India \{microsporangiate fructification} \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Amaranthaceae)) \TS:??? Boulayatheca $Taylor&Kurmann1985; #(I) *I:Carb/Wph@Enge \{microsporangiate organ} \TS(+R Boulaya$Carpentier1925) ==Boulaya $Carpentier1925 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran,Duit,Nede,Enge \(+P$Cardot1912(Bryopsida/Thuidiaceae)) \{microsporangiate organ} \TS:Whittleseya fertilis$Kidston1??? Calathopteris $Long1976 #(I) *I:Carb/BTou@Scho \{axis} \TS:C. heterophylla$< Callandrium $Stidd&Hall1970; #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{sporangium,synangia} \TS:C. callistophytoides$< Callipterianthus $Roselt1962 #N(I) *NI:Perm/ORotliegendes@Duit \{microsporangium} \TS:C. arnhardtii$< Cardioneura $Zalesskij1934 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \{barren frond} \TS(+NYD) Codonotheca $Sellards1903 #(I) *I:Penn \TS:C. caduca$< Colpoxylon $Brongniart1849 #(I) *I:Perm@Fran \{stem} \TS:C. aeduense$< Dictyotesta $Gothan1941 #(I) *I:Carb@Duit \{fruit} \TS:D. lonchopteroides$< Dictyoxylon $Williamson1869 #(I) *I:Carb@Enge \{wood of stem} \TS:Dadoxylon oldhamium$Binney1??? Dimeripteris $Schmalhausen1894 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Dolerotheca $Halle1933 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \(+NomCons) \{spore-bearing cone} \TS:Dolerophyllum fertile$Renault1??? Edyndella $Moguceva1973 #N(I) *NI:OTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:E. dentata$< Eltovaria $White1929 #N(I) *NI:Perm \{seed,cupule} \TS:E. bursiformis$< Eretmonia $DuToit1932 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@Natal \{?microsporangia} \TS:E. natalensis$< Fanerotheca $Frenguelli1944 #N(I) *N:Tr@Arge *I:Tr \{microsporangium} \TS:F. exstans$< Gimmia $Remy1953 #N(I) *N:Perm@Duit \{sporangia} \TS:G. unilatera$< Girtya $Read1955 #N(I) *N:Miss@Penn \{sporangium} \TS:G. pennsylvanica$< Givesia $Stockmans&Williere1953; #N(I) *NI:Carb/Namur@Belg \{sporangium,synangia} \TS:G. namuriena$< Goldenbergia $Halle1933 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Duit \{sporangium} \TS:G. glomerata$< Gondwanidium $Gothan1927 #N(I) *N:^@Arge *I:Gondwana@Arge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Halletheca $Taylor1971 #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{pollen organ} \TS:H. reticulatus$< Heterangium $Corda1845 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Bohe \{stem} \TS:H. paradoxum$< Hyrcanopteris $Kristofovic&Prinada1933; #N(I) *NI:BTr@Arme \{leaf} \TS:H. sevanensis$< Ilfeldia $Remy1953 #N(I) *N:Carb@Duit *I:Carb \{sporangium} \TS:Taeniopteris jejunata$Grand'Eury Imania $Krassilov&Schorochova1970; #N(I) *NI:BTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:I. heterophylla$< Iniopteris $Zalessky1934 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS($Zalesskij1???):Odontopteris sibirica$Zalesskij1??? Johannophyton $Matthew1910 #N(I) *NI:Paleozoic@Cana \{leaf,fruit} \TS(+NYD) Jongmansis $Plumstead1961 #N(I) *N:^ *I:PermoCarb@Trnsv \{male fructification} \TS:J. transvaalensis$< Kachchhia $Bose&Banerji1984; #(I) *I:Jura@India \{male fertile organ} \TS:K. navicula$< Karinopteris $Boersma1972 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{leaf} \TS:Mariopteris daviesii$Kidston1??? Kirjamkenia $Prinada1970 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Sibe \{leaf} \TS:K. lobata$< Kontheria $Roselt1962 #N(I) *NI:Perm/ORotliegendes@Duit \{stem} \TS:K. striata$< Koraia $Oishi1931 #N(I) *NI:Perm@NKorea \{?cupule} \TS(+NYD) Lontzenia $Stockmans&Williere1952; #N(I) *NI:Carb/Namur@Belg \{stem,sporangium,leaf} \TS:L. diplotmematoides$< Lyginopitys $Galtier1970 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Carb/OVis@Fran \{twig} \TS:L. puechcapelensis$< Marhwaseaphyllum $Srivastava1984 #(I) *I:Tr@India \{leaf} \TS:M. hastatum$< Microspermum $Arber1914 #(I) *I:Carb@Enge,N-Fran \{seed} \(+P$Lagasca1816(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Carpolithes samaroides$Carpentier1??? Neurospermum $Arber1914 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{seed} \(+P Nevrospermum$Bertrand1913(fossilPteridospermophyta/?:)) \TS:N. kidstonii$< Nevrospermum $Bertrand1913 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge,Nede,Belg \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Nevrotheca $Bertrand1913 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{male Inflorescence} \TS(+NYD) Ootheca $Nathorst1914 #N(I) *NI:Paleozoic@Spit \{?sporangium} \TS:O. nordenskioeldii$< Pachydermophyllum $Thomas&Bose1955; #N(I) *NI:Jura/ODeltaic@Enge \{leaf} \TS:P. papillosum$< Paracalathiops $Remy1953 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Duit *I:BCarb \{microsporangium} \TS:Rhodea stachei$Stur1??? Periastron $Unger1856 #N(I) *NI:BDev@ODuit \{leaf} \TS:P. reticulatum$< Perispermum $Darrah1969 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Illi \{seed} \(+P$Degener1932(Magnoliopsida/Convolvulaceae);+P Perispermon$Heydrich1900(Rhodophyceae/Corallinaceae)) \TS:Rhabdocarpus pachytesta$Lesquereux1??? Polytheca $Pant&Nautiyal1960; #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@India \{sporangia} \(+P$Potonie1900(fossilPolypodiopsida/Marattiaceae)) \TS:P. elongata$< Psaliangium $Remy1953 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Duit \{sporangium} \TS:P. odontopteroides$< Pseudotychtopteris $TurutanovaKetova1968 #N(I) *NI:OJura@Kirg \{leaf} \TS:P. issykkulensis$< Pterispermostrobus $Stopes1914 #N(I) *NI:Penn@NwBr \{cupule} \TS:P. bifurcatus$< Rewaphyllum $Srivastava1984 #(I) *I:Tr@India \{leaf} \TS:R. nidpurensis$< Rhabdocarpos $Goeppert&Berger1848; #N(I) *N:Carb@TsSl \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Rhetinangium $Gordon1912 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{stem} \TS:R. arberi$< Rhetinotheca $Leisman&Peters1970; #N(I) *NI:Penn@Illi \{male fructification} \TS:R. tetrasolenata$< Rotaspora $Schemel1950 #H(I) *I:Miss \{spores} \TS:R. fracta$< Rotodontiospermum $Arnold&Steidtmann1937; #N(I) *NI:Penn \{seed} \TS:R. illincense$< Runcaria $Stockmans1968 #N(I) *NI:MDev@Belg \{seed} \TS:R. heinzelinii$< Schopfiastrum $Andrews1945 #N(I) *NI:Penn \TS:S. decussatum$< Schopfitheca $Delevoryas1963 #N(I) *NI:MPenn@Illi \{microsporangiate Fructification} \TS:S. boulayoides$< Schulzospora $Kosanke1950 #H(I) *I:Penn \{spores} \TS:S. rara$< Semionandra $Krassilov&Bugdaeva1988; #(I) *I:OKr@Transbaik \{pollen cone} \TS:S. laxa$< Semionogyna $Krassilov&Bugdaeva1988; #(I) *I:OKr@Transbaik \{aar} \TS:S. bracteata$< Simplotheca $Remy&Remy1955; #N(I) *NI:Carb@Polen \{sporangium} \TS:S. silesiaca$< Spermopteris $Cridland&Morris1960; #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Kans \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Staphylotheca $Smith1962 #N(I) *NI:Carb/Tou@Scho \{leaf,fertile rachides} \TS:S. kilpatrickensis$< Striatopodocarpites $Sedova1956 #N(I) *NI:Perm \{spores} \TS:S. tojmensis$< Syncrama $Holden1955 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS:S. liratum$< Taeniaesporites $Leschik1956 #N(I) *NI:BTr \(Clealopsida|Pinopsida) \{spores} \TS:T. kraeuselii$< Tanymasia $Prinada1934 #N(I) *N:^ *I:BTr@USSR \{foliage} \TS:T. pamirica$< Tatarina $Meyen1969(=Mejen) #N(I) *N:^ *I:BPerm@USSR \{foliage} \TS:T. olferievii$Mejen1??? Telangium $Benson1904 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Enge *I:Paleozoic \{microsporangia} \TS(+NYD) Tetragonocarpus $Novik1951 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Oekr \{seed} \(+P$Hasskarl1857(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae)) \TS:T. palibinii$< Tetrastichia $Gordon1938 #N(I) *N:OCarb@Scho *I:Carb@Scho \{stem} \TS:T. bupatides$< Thuringia $Remy1953 #(I) \TS:T. callipteroides$< Trambaua $Bose&Banerji1984; #(I) *I:Jura@India \{leaf} \TS:T. apiculata$< Tristichia $Long1962 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{axes} \(+P Tristicha$DuPetitThouars1806(Magnoliopsida/Podostemaceae)) \TS:T. ovensi$< Vallitheca $Mapes&Schabilion1981; #(I) *I:Carb/MPenn@Okla \{synangia} \TS:V. valentia$< Wardia $White1904 #N(I) *N:Penn@Penn,WVa *I:Penn \{seed,leaf} \(+P$Harvey&Hooker1;???>Hooker1837(Bryopsida/Wardiaceae)) \(?>Aneimites) \("Pteridospermales) \TS:W. fertilis$< Whittleseya $Newberry1853 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Ohio \{microsporangium} \TS:??? Xenotheca $Arber&Goode1915; #N(I) *NI:BDev@Enge \{fructification,?cupule} \TS:X. devonica$< Zeilleria $Kidston1884 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{leaf,reproductive Leaf} \TS(+NYD) BUTEOXYLONACEAE $??? Buteoxylon $Barnard&Long1973; #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{stem} \TS:B. gordonianum$< Triradioxylon $Barnard&Long1975; #(I) *I:Carb/BTou@Scho \{stem} \TS:T. primaevum$< SIMPLOTHECACEAE $??? Zimmermannitheca $Remy&Remy1959; #N(I) *NI:Carb/Namur@Polen \{microsporangium} \TS:Z. cupulaeformis$< ? \("Pteridospermales) Aksarina $Dobruskina1980 #N(I) *NI:M-BTr@Z-Oeral \{leaf} \TS:A. meridionalis$< Angaropteris $Hahlov&Pollak1936;(=Chachlov&Pollak;) #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \TS:??? Microspermum $Arber1914 #N *N:Carb/Wph@Enge \{seed} \(+P$Lagasca1816(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:??? Tyliosperma $Mamay1954 #N(I) *NI:Penn@Kans \{seed} \TS:T. orbiculatum$< ? Albertlongia $Taylor1967 #N(I) *NI:MPenn@Illi \{seed} \TS:A. incostata$< Bellopteris $Radforth&Walton1960; #N(I) *NI:Penn@NwBr \{leaf} \TS:B. corsini$< Calathiops $Goeppert1865 #N(I) *N:Carb?Perm?@Polen *I:Carb@Polen \{fructification} \TS(+NYD) Callospermarion $Eggert&Delevoryas1960; #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{seed} \TS:C. pusillum$< Canipa $Skog1969 #N(I) *NI:MPenn@WVa \{sporangium,fructification} \TS:C. quadrifida$< Coseleya $Kidston1914 #(I) *I:BCarb@Enge \{fertile frond fragment} \TS:C. glomerata$< Edraxylon $Williamson1872 #N(I) *N:Carb *I:Carb@Enge \{leaf,petiole} \TS:??? Gondwanotheca $Nejburg1948 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@USSR \{leaf} \TS:G. sibirica$< Gossettia $Serlin1982 #(I) *I:Kr/Alb@Texas \{frond} \TS:G. dasetos$< Hoegia $Townrow1957 #N(I) *N:OMesozoic@NwZW *I:^@NwZW \{leaf} \TS:??? Kegelidium $Dolianiti1954 #N(I) *NI:OCarb@Braz \{sporangium} \TS:K. lamegoi$< Laceya $May&Matten1983; #(I) *I:BDev@Ierl \TS:L. hibernica$< Medullosites $Bureau1914 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Megaloxylon $Seward1899 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Enge *I:Carb@Enge \{stem} \TS:M. scotti$< Nystroemia $Halle1927 #N(I) *NI:Perm@China \{reproductive} \TS:N. pectiniformis$< Pseudorhacopteris $Rigby1973 #N(I) *N:BPalaeozoic|BKr@NwZW *I:BPaleozoic@NwZW \{barren fronds} \TS:Otopteris ovata$McCoy1??? Reticulopteris $Gothan1941 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Rusl \TS(+NYD) Rhizoxylon $Matten&Tanner;&Lacey1984; #(I) *I:BDev@Ierl \{root} \TS:R. ambiguum$< Smeystersia $Fraipont1921 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@Belg \{sporangium,synangia} \TS:Conites minuta$Seward1??? Spermolithus $Johnson1917 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Ierl \{seed,microsporangium} \TS:S. devonicus$< Stenokoleos $Hoskins&Cross1951; #N(I) *NI:^ \^^Asteroxylon \TS:S. setchelli$(Read&Campbell1;???)< Stenopteris $Saporta1872 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Fran \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Tantallosperma $Barnard&Long1973; #N(I) *N:^ *I:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \TS:T. setigera$< Unguitheca $Remy1953 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@ODuit \{fertile foliage} \TS:U. pecopteroides$< Utkalia $Chandra1984("1982") #(I) *I:BPerm@India \{fructification} \TS:U. dichotoma$< Yakia $White1929 #N(I) *N:Perm@Az *I:Perm \{leaf} \(?>Ullmannia) \TS:Y. heterophylla$< Zuberia $Frenguelli1943 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Arge *I:Tr,Rht@ZH \{leaf,fructification,cupulate seeds,microsporagiate|gans} \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Pinopsida $Burnett1835|Meyen1984 #M9/70/598 \("Pinophtyinae$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???>Reveal1996,"CONIFEROPHYTA,"Coniferae,"Pinatae,"Coniferopsida) * Calamopytiidae" \("Ginkgoopsida) * Calamopityales $Taylor1981 \("Pteridospermopsida~Cordaitales) ************************* CALAMOPITYACEAE $SolmsLaubach1896 *X:Has-?Bri%T Alcicornopteris $Kidston1887 #NX(I) *NI:Carb@Enge,Scho \{fertile and barren fronds} \(~Lagenostomiales) \TS:A. convoluta$< Bilignea $Scott1923 #N(I) *N:OCarb@Scho *I:Carb@Scho \(<=$Kidston1???) \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Bostonia $Stein&Beck1978; #NX(I) *NI:OMiss/Tou@Ky \{stem} \TS:B. perplexa$< Calamopitys $Unger1856 #NX(I) *N:Tournaisian@Duit *I:BDev@Duit \{stem} \TS:C. saturni$< Calamopteris $Unger1856 #N(I) *N:BDev|OCarb/M-,BTou@Duit *I:BDev@Duit \{leaf,petiole} \TS:C. debilis$< Calamosyrinx $Unger1856 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Duit \{leaf,petiole} \(+P$Petzholdt1841(fossilLycopsida/?:)) \TS:??? Diichnia $Read1936 #X(I) *I:Miss \{stem} \(>Eucalamoptys) \TS:D. kentuckiensis$< Galtiera $Beck&Stein1987; #(I) *I:Carb/OMiss@Ky \{stem} \TS:G. bostonensis$< Kalymma $Unger1856 #N(I) *N:OCarb/M-,BTou@Duit \{petiole,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Megalorhachis $Unger1856 #N(I) *N:BDev|OCarb/M-,BTou@Duit *I:BDev@Duit \{leaf} \(~Cladoxylopsida,?>Cladoxylon) \TS:M. elliptica$< Stenomyelon $Kidston1909 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{stem} \TS:S. tweedianum$< ?: \("EURYSTOMACEAE$Long1975(^Lagenostomales)) Lyrasperma $Long1960 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \(~Lagenostomaceae) \TS:Samaropsis scotica$Calder1??? Eurystoma $Long1960 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed,axis} \TS:E. angulare$< Dolichosperma $Long1961 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Scho \{seed} \TS:D. sexangulatum$< Spathulopteris $Kidston1923 #NX(I) *NI:OCarb@Enge \{leaf} \("{Pteridophylla}/{Sphenopterides}) \TS(+NYD) ? Arnoldella $Read1936 #N(I) *NI:BDev@Ky \{leaf,petiole} \(?~Magnoliopsida) \TS:A. minuta$< Chapelia $Beck&Bailey1967; #(I) *I:BDev|OMiss@Indiana \{petiole} \TS:C. campbellii$< ************************* * Leptostrobales $Meyen1984 \(>Peltaspermales>Callistophytales) ************************* LEPTOSTROBACEAE $Meyen1984 *X:Rht,Het-Tth,?Vlg-?Alb,?Cen%T \(~Taxodiaceae^>Ginkgoaceae) =CZEKANOWSKIACEAE $??? {} Leptostrobus $Heer1876 #NX(I) *NI:Jura@Sibe \{reproductive,cone,seed} \TS(+NYD) Phoenicopsis $Heer1876 #NX(I) *N:Jura@Sibe *I:Jura@Az \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) {"Iraniales} Irania $Schweitzer1977 #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Iran \{flower} \(+P$Hadc&Chrtek1973;(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:I. hermaphroditica$< {"Czekanowskiales} Czekanowskia $Heer1876 #X(I) *I:Jura@Az \{fascicles of filiform leaves} \TS(+NYD) Sphenarion $Harris&Miller1974; #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf} \TS:Baiera paucipartita$Nathorst1??? ************************* * Gigantonomiales $Meyen1987 \(=Gigantopteridales) ************************* EMPLECTOPTERIDACEAE $Wagner1967 *X:Ass,?Sak-?Kun,Kaz%T =GIGANTOPTERIDACEAE $Li&Yao1983; \("{Pteridophylla}/{Gigantopterides}) =GIGANTONOMIALES $Meyen1987 Bicoemplectopteridium $Asama1959 #N(I) *N:Perm@NKorea \{leaf} \TS:Gigantopteris longifolius$Kodaira1??? Bicoemplectopteris $Asama1959 #N(I) *NI:Perm@China \{leaf} \TS:B. hallei$< Cardioglossum $Koidzumi1934 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@NKorea \{sterile foliage} \TS(+NYD) Cathaysiopteris $Koidzumi1934 #N(I) *N:OPerm@China *I:OPerm@Suma,China \TS(+NYD) Emplectopteridium $Kawasaki1934 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Korea \{leaf} \TS:E. alatum$< Emplectopteris $Halle1927 #NX(I) *NI:OPerm@China \{narren fronds} \TS:E. triangularis$< Evolsonia $Mamay1989 #(I) *I:OPerm@Texas \{leaf} \TS:E. texana$< Gigantonoclea $Koidzumi1936 #N(I) *N:Perm@China *I:OPerm@China \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Gigantonomia $Li&Yao1983; #X(I) *I:Perm-Mesozoic@China \{sterile leaf} \TS:Gigantopteris fukienensis$Yabe&Oishi1;??? Gigantopteris $Schenk1883 #NX(I) *N:BCarb@China \{leaf} \(+~Peltaspermales) \TS(+R Megalopteris$Schenk1883) ==Megalopteris $Schenk1883 #(I) \(+^A) \(+P$(Dawson1???)Andrews1875(fossilCycadopsida/Trigonocarpaceae)) \TS:??? Gigantotheca $Li&Yao1983; #X(I) *I:OPerm@China \{fertile leaf} \TS:G. paradoxa$< Tricoemplectopteris $Asama1959 #N(I) *NI:Perm@China \{leaf} \TS:T. taiyuanensis$< ? Delnortea $Mamay&&1986 #(I) *I:OPerm@Texas \{leaf} \TS:D. abbottii$Mamay&&1??? ************************* * Pinidae $Reveal1996 \(<=$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???) * Cordaitanthales $Meyen1984 \("Cordaitales) ************************* CORDAITANTHACEAE $Meyen1984 *X:?Ivo,Mrd-Nog,Ass%T Cordaitanthus $Feistmantel1876 #X(I) \TS(+NYD) Mitrospermum $Arber1910 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{seed} \TS:Cardiocarpon compressum$Williamson1??? RUFLORIACEAE $Meyen1982 *X:?Kin,?Mrd-?Mel,Ksk-Ufi,?Tat%T Gaussia $Nejburg1934 #NX \(+P$Wendland1865(Liliopsida/Arecaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Krylovia $??? #X \(???+P$Schischkin1949(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:??? Pukhontella $Ignatiev1988 #(I) *I:Perm@USSR \{fructification} \TS:P. decidua$< Rufloria $Meyen1963(=Mejen) #NX(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:R. typica$Mejen1??? Suchoviella $Ignatiev&Meyen1989; #(I) *I:BPerm@USSR \{female fructification met omwindsel} \TS:S. synensis$< VOJNOVSKYACEAE $Meyen1982 *X:Ass,Sak-Kaz,Tat%T \("Vojnovskyales) Kuznetskia $Gorelova&Meyen1982; #NX(I) *N:BPerm@USSR \{fructification} \TS:K. tomiensis$< Pechorostrobus $Meyen1982 #N(I) *N:BPerm@USSR \{fructification} \TS:P. bogovii$< Vojnovskaya $Nejburg1955 #NX(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \{stem,strobilus} \(?Vojnovskya) \{"Vojnovskiales} \TS:V. paradoxa$< ? Amyelon $Barnard1962 #N(I) *N:BCarb/Wph@Enge \(<=$Williamson1???) \{root} \TS($Williamson1???>Barnard):Dictyoxylon radicans$Williamson1??? Angophyllites $Gluchova1978 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Cordaites optimus$Gluchova1??? Apaloxylon $Renault1892 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{stem} \TS:A. rochei$< Archaeopitys $Scott&Jeffrey1914; #N(I) *N:Miss@Ky *I:OCarb@Ky \{stem} \TS:A. eastmanii$< Artisia $Presl1838 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS(+R Sternbergia$Artis1825) ==Sternbergia $Artis1825 #Ni(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \(+P$Waldstein&Kitaibel1804;(Liliopsida/Amaryllidaceae)) \TS:S. transversa$< Botryoconus $Goeppert1864 #N(I) *NI:BCarb \{inflorescence} \(+NomRej vs Cordaianthus$GrandEury1877) \TS:B. goldenbergii$< ==Noeggerathianthus $Weiss1871 #N(I) *NI:Carb,Perm@Eur \{inflorescence} \TS:??? Caenoxylon $Zalessky1911 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem} \TS:??? Cardiocarpon $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{fruit?} \TS(+NYD) Cardiocarpus $Brongniart1880 #N(I) *N:Carb@Enge \{fruit,seed casts} \(+NomCons vs$Reinwardt1825(Magnoliopsida/Simaroubaceae)) \TS:C. drupaceus$< Cauloxylon $Cribbs1939 #N(I) *N:Miss@Misso *I:Miss \{wood?,stem} \TS:C. ambiguum$< Cladiscus $Brongniart1872 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \(<=$GrandEury1???) \{twigs} \TS(+NYD) Cordaianthus $GrandEury1877 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \(+NomCons) \{inflorescence} \TS:C. gemmifer$Grand'Eury Cordaicarpus $Seward1917 #(I) *I:Perm@Duit \{seeds} \TS:Carpolithes cordai$Geinitz1??? Cordaicladus $GrandEury1877 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Cordaicortex $Suhov1959 #(I) *I:BPaleozoic@USSR \{bark} \TS:C. iljinskiensis$< Cordaifloyos $GrandEury1877 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Cordaispermum $Renault1881 #(I) *I:Carb@W-Eur \(<=$Brongniart1???) \{seeds} \TS(+NYD) Cordaites $Unger1850 #NX(I) *NI:BCarb@Bohe \(+NomCons) \{leaf} \TS:Flabellaria borassifolia$Sternberg1??? ==Neozamia $Pomel1846 #N(I) *NI:^ \(+suppr vs Cordaites) \TS:??? ==Pychnophyllum $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:Flabellaria borassifolia$Sternberg1??? Cordaixylon $GrandEury1877 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Cormocordaites $GrandEury1890 #(I) *I:BCarb@Fran \{stems} \TS(+NYD) Dictyocordaites $Dawson1889 #(I) *I:BDev \(?Dictyo-cordaites) \TS:D. lacoi$< Dorycordaites $Zeiller1888 #N(I) *N:Carb,Perm@Fran *I:Carb,Perm@Eur \{leaf} \(?>Cordaites$Unger1850) \TS:Noeggerathia palmaeformis$Goeppert1??? Eristophyton $Zalessky1911 #N(I) *N:Carb@Polen *I:OCarb \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Evenkiella $Radcenko1961 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:E. zamiopteroidea$Radcenko1???(+NomInval) Florinanthus $Ignatiev&Meyen1989; #(I) *I:Carb/MPenn@Kans \{male fructification} \TS:Cordaianthus concinnus$Delevoryas1??? Gothania $Hirmer1933 #N(I) *N:MBCarb@Duit *I:BCarb@Eur \{inflorescence,stem,axis} \TS(+NYD) Grandeuryconus $Ignatiev&Meyen1989; #(I) *I:Carb/Wph@Scho \{female fructification} \TS:Cordaitanthus diversiflorus$Kidston&Crookall1;??? Hapaloxylon $Renault1893 #N(I) *NI:Carb \{stem} \TS:H. rochei$< Lepeophyllum $Zalessky1933 #N(I) *NI:Perm@W-Sibe \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Lesqueranthus $Ignatiev&Meyen1989; #(I) *I:Carb/OPenn@Ky \{male fructification} \TS:Gothania lesliana$Daghlian&Taylor1;??? Marchajella $Tolstych1968 #N(I) *NI:OTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:M. kaschircewii$< Medullopitys $Kraeusel1928 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Nami \{stem} \TS:Dadoxylon scleroticum$Gothan1??? Mesoxylon $Scott&Maslen1910; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Mesoxylopsis $Scott1919 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS:M. arberae$< Metacordaites $Renault1896 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{stem} \TS:??? Palaeoxylon $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Scho \{wood} \(+P$Hartig1848(fossilPinopsida/Cupressaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Papillophyllites $Meyen1969 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \(=$Meyen1964(+^A)) \{epidermis} \^^Cordaites/ \TS:Cordaites mariae$Meyen1??? Pelourdea $Seward1917 #N(I) *N:OTr/Buntsandstein@Fran \{leaf} \("CORDAITACEAE/?:) \TS(+NYD) Pinites $Lindley&Hutton1833;(?1832) #NH(I) *NI:Carb@Enge \{wood} \(^Dadoxylon) \TS(+NYD) Pitus $Witham1833 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Scho \{stem,wood} \TS(+NYD) ==Pissadendron $Endlicher1842 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Scho \{stem} \TS:??? Poacordaites $Brongniart1872 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \(<=$GrandEury1???) \{leaf} \(?Poa-Cordaites) \TS(+NYD) Premnoxylon $Pierce&Hall1953; #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Iowa \{root} \TS:P. iowense$< Procordaiconus $Ignatiev&Meyen1989; #(I) *I:Carb/Wph@Enge \{female fructification} \TS:Cordaianthus pseudofluitans$Florin1???(<=Kidston) Pycnoxylon $Cribbs1938 #N(I) *NI:Miss \{stem} \TS:P. leptodesmon$< Renaulticonus $Ignatiev&Meyen1989; #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{female fructification} \TS:Cordaianthus zeilleri$Renault1??? Rhizocordaites $GrandEury1890 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{root} \TS(+NYD) Rothwelliconus $Ignatiev&Meyen1989; #(I) *I:Carb/BPenn@Ohio \{female fructification} \TS:Cordaianthus duquesnensis$Rothwell1??? Schuetzia $Geinitz1863 #N(I) *NI:Carb@TsSl \{reproductive,inflorescence?} \TS:S. anomala$< Scutocordaites $Renault&Zeiller1885; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{stem,leaf} \TS:S. grandeuryi$< Sparsistomites $Meyen1969 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR {Epidermis,Leaf?} \(=$Meyen1964(+^A)) \^^Cordaites/ \TS:Cordaites leismanii$Meyen1??? Squamophyllum $Radcenko1934 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@W-Sibe \{leaf} \TS:Trigonocarpus actaeonelloides$Geinitz1??? Xylophyllum $Zalesskij1927 #N(I) *NI:Jura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:??? ? Abietopitys $Kraeusel1928 #N(I) *N:Perm@Nami \{stem} \TS:Dadoxylon perforatum$Gothan1??? Acophyllum $Zalesskij1930 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:A. woelzi$< Aporoxylon $Unger1856 #N(I) *NI:BDev@ODuit \{stem} \TS:A. primigenium$< Bulbospermum $Pant&Nautiyal;&Tiwari1985; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{seed} \(+P$Blume1827(Liliopsida/Liliaceae)) \TS:B. surangei$< Collospermum $Pant&Nautiyal;&Tiwari1985; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{seed} \(+P$Skottsberg1934(Liliopsida/Asteliaceae)) \TS:C. ovalis$< Conchophyllum $Schenk1883 #(I) *I:Carb@China \{shoots} \(+P$Blume1826(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Cordaianthopsis $Fliche1910 #(I) *I:Tr@Fran \{inflorescence} \TS:C. minieri$< Cordaiopsis $Renault1893 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Dolianitia $Millan1967 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Braz \{fructification} \TS:D. opposita$< Hypsilocarpus $GrandEury1890 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Ormoxylon $Dawson1871 #N(I) *N:Dev@NwYo *I:Dev \{stem,wood} \TS:O. erianum$< Palaeocarpus $Pant&Nautiyal;&Tiwari1985; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{seed} \TS:P. birsinghpurensis$< Palispermum $Pant&Nautiyal;&Tiwari1985; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{seed} \TS:P. ovalis$< Retortistoma $Pant&Nautiyal;&Tiwari1985; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{seed} \TS:R. crystallina$< Rhabdospermum $Seward1917 #N(I) *N:Carb \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Rigbyocarpus $Tidwell1968 #N(I) *NI:OPenn@Utah \{reproductive,seed} \TS:R. ebracteatus$< Rubidgea $Tate1867 #N(I) *NI:Carb@ZAfr \{leaf} \(?>Glossopteris) \TS:R. mackayi$< Titanophyllum $Renault1890 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{leaf} \TS:T. grand'euryi$Renault1??? ************************* * Dicranophyllales $Archangelsky1990 \(<=$Nemejc1???) ************************* DICRANOPHYLLACEAE $Archangelsky1990 *X:?Alp,Ksk,Kla-Ass,Kun,Kaz,Tat%T \(<=$Nemejc1???) Dicranophyllum $GrandEury1877 #X(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{leaf} \TS:D. gallicum$Grand'Eury Mostotchkia $Hahlov1939(=Chachlov) #X(I) *I:Carb-Perm@USSR \{leaf} \(?Mostochkia) \TS:M. longifolia$Hahlov1??? Slivkovia $Meyen1969(=Mejen) #X(I) *I:BPerm@USSR \{shoot} \TS:S. petschorensis$Mejen1??? TRICHOPITYACEAE $Archangelsky1990 *X:?Dor-Kun%T \(<=$Florin1???) \(~Ginkgoales~Peltaspermales) Dichophyllum $Elias1936 #X(I) *I:BCarb@Kans \{foliage} \TS:D. moorei$< Trichopitys $Saporta1875 #NX(I) *NI:Perm@Fran \{leaf} \TS:T. heteromorpha$< Biarmopteris $Zalessky1937 #X(I) *I:Perm@USSR \TS:B. pulchra$< Mauerites $Zalessky1933 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Oeral \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) . Entsovia $Mejen1969 #(I) *I:BPerm@Rusl \{leaf} \TS:E. rarisulcata$< ************************* * Pinales $Dumortier1829|Meyen1984 *X:Vrk-Rec \(=Coniferales) ************************* EMPORIACEAE $Mapes1991 *X:?Kla%T Emporia $??? #X *X:?Kla \TS:??? Divarisaccus $Venkatachala&Kar1966; #(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:D. lelei$< BURIADIACEAE $Pant1977 *X:?Kla,Ass,Art%T \("Buriadiales) Buriadia $Seward&Sahni1920; #NX(I) *NI:Carb-Perm/OGondwana@India \{stem,leaf} \TS:B. heterophylla$< Brasiliocladus $Yoshida1982 #N(I) *NI:Perm/(Artinsk-Kungur)@Braz \{stem,wood} \TS:B. acicularis$< Genoites $Feruglio1942 #(I) *I:OPerm@Arge \{twig} \TS:G. patagonica$< Paraburiadia $Zimina1983 #(I) *I:BPerm@USSR \{shoot} \TS:P. menneri$< Walchia $Sternberg1825 #NX(I) \(WALCHIACEAE,?~Bryopsida) \TS:W. piniformis$< ==Lebachia $Florin1938 #NI *NI:OPerm@Duit \{cone,leaf} \TS:??? UTRECHTIACEAE $Mapes1991 *X:Ass,Sak-Kun,Ufi%T \("WALCHIACEAE) Utrechtia $??? #X \TS:??? Ortiseia $Florin1964 #NX(I) *N:Perm?-Tr@Ital *I:Perm-Tr@Ital \{leaf Wood} \TS:O. leonardii$< Nuskoisporites $Potonie&Klaus1954; #N(I) *NI:Perm \{spores} \TS:N. dulhuntyi$< Lebachia $Florin1938 #N(I) *N:OPerm@Duit \(LEBACHIACEAE(*BCarb-BOPerm)) \TS:??? FERUGLIOCLADACEAE $Archangelsky1987 *X:Ass%T Cannanoropollis $Potonie&Sah1960; #N(I) *N:Mioc-Plioc *I:BMioc-Plioc \{spores} \TS:C. janakii$< Ferugliocladus $Archangelsky&Cuneo1987; #X(I) *I:OPerm@Arge \{twig with cones} \TS:F. riojanum$< Ugartecladus $Archangelsky&Cuneo1987; #X(I) *I:OPerm@Arge \{twig with cones} \TS:U. genoensis$< MAJONICACEAE $ClementWesterhof1987 *X:Ufi%T \(~Voltziaceae) Majonica $ClementWesterhof1987 #X(I) *I:BPerm@Ital \{fertile twig} \TS:M. alpina$< Dolomitia $ClementWesterhof1987 #X(I) *I:BPerm@Ital \{fertile twig} \(?Dolmitia) \TS:D. cittertiae$< Pseudovoltzia $Florin1927 #NX(I) *NI:BPerm@Duit \{leaves,female cones} \TS(+NYD) Lueckisporites $Potonie&Klaus1954; #N(I) *NI:BPerm \{spores} \TS:L. virkkiae$< ULLMANNIACEAE $Zimmermann1959 *X:Ufi%T \(~Voltziaceae) Ullmannia $Goeppert1850 #NXH(I) *N:Perm/Zec@Fran,Duit *I:^@Eur \{cones,foliage} \TS(+NYD) Limitisporites $Leschik1956 #NH(I) *NI:Perm \{spores} \TS:L. rectus$< Jugasporites $Leschik1956(?1863) #NH(I) *NI:Perm \(?~Limitisporis) \{spores} \TS:Pityosporites delasaucei$Potonie&Klaus1;??? VOLTZIACEAE $Florin1951 *X:?Smi,Lad-Bth,Cen *BPerm-OTr%T \("Voltziales) Aethophyllum $Brongniart1828 #X(I) *I:Tr@Fran \TS:A. stipulare$< Dectylolepis $??? #X \TS:??? Florinostrobus $Delevoryas&Hope1987; #(I) *I:BTr@NCar \{cone} \TS:Voltzia andrewsii$Delevoryas&Hope1;??? Kraeuselcladus $Yoshida1970 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{shoot,stem} \TS:K. canoinhensis$< Moyliostrobus $Miller&Brown1973; #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Texas \{cone} \TS:M. texanum$< Protodammara $Hollick&Jeffrey1906; #N(I) *N:BKr@NwYo *I:BKr/RaritanFm \{cone Scales} \(~Araucariaceae) \TS:P. speciosa$< Rotundolepis $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Penn \{stem,leaf,sporangia} \TS:R. intermedia$< Voltzia $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *^ \TS(+NYD) Voltziaceaesporites $Klaus1964 #NH(I) *NI:OTr@Fran \{spores} \TS:V. heteromorpha$< Triadispora $Klaus1964 #NH(I) *N:Tr@Duit *I:MTr@WDuit \{spores} \TS:T. plicata$< PODOCARPACEAE $Endlicher1847 #P11/~130,m(2)12/155,F13/,M17/168 *mM:Rec@ZH--(Japan,MAm),bergen:trop-Afr *X:?Die,Nor,Baj,?Ber,Cmp-Rec%T \(+NomCons) \("Pinales,Podocarpales$Pulle1???>Reveal1992) \bomen groenblijvend;blad(spiraalschikking,kruisgewijs tegenoverstaand;linear,schubbig);bloei(!2huizig;mannelijk ~katje veelschutbladig;vrouwelijk kegel 1-veel schutbladig);1 zaadknop per schutblad;~steenvrucht;zaad !~arillate verspreid door vogels;2zaadlobbig;x=9-19 PHEROSPHAEROIDEAE $??? \("PHEROSPHAERACEAE$(Pilger1???)Nakai1938) Microstrobos $Garden&Johnson1951; #m2,NF,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@O-,ZO-Aus \!2huizig \^^Pherosphaera \TS:M. niphophilus$< PODOCARPOIDEAE $??? Microcachrys $Hooker1845 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Tasm \TS:Athrotaxis tetragona$Hooker1??? =Pherosphaera $Archer1850 #(IB),i4 \(~Microstrobos) \TS:P. hookeriana$< Saxegothaea $Lindley1851 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *m:Rec@Andes:Chili *M:Rec@Chili,Arge {prince Albert's yew} \(?Saxe-Gothaea) \("SAXEGOTHAEEAE$Gordon1858) \1huizig \TS:S. conspicua$< ==Squamataxus $Nelson1866(=Senilis) #(I) \TS:Saxe-Gothaea conspicua$Lindley1??? Dacrydium $Forster1786 #m25,NFH,M25,IB,i58 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az--NZ {rimu=red pine,sempilor/rimu hout} \(<=$Lambert1807|Solander) \("DACRYDIEAE$Gordon1858) \!2huizig \TS:D. cupressinum$Lambert1???(<=Solander) Lagarostrobos $Quinn1982 #(m)N,M2,IB,i3 *M:Rec@Tasm(#M1),NZ(#M1) {Huon pine} \(~Dacrydium) \TS:Dacrydium franklinii$Hooker1??? Lepidothamnus $Philippi1861("1860") #(m)N,M3,IB,i4 *M:Rec@NZ(#M2),Z-Chili(#M1) {mountain rimu} \TS:L. fonkii$< Halocarpus $Quinn1982 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@NZ {manoao} \(~Dacrydium) \TS:Dacrydium bidwillii$Kirk1???(<=Hooker) Acmopyle $Pilger1903 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@NCal,Fiji \(?~Taxaceae) \("ACMOPYLACEAE$(Pilger1???)Bobrov&Melikian1997;) \TS:Dacrydium pancheri$Brongniart&Gris1;??? Podocarpus $Persoon1807 #m94,NF,M94,+^,IB,i299 *mM:Rec@Z-gem--(hooglanden:trop)--(WInd,Japan) {white pine=podo=African yellowwood,totara,yacca/manio-hout,podo-hout} \(+NomCons) \(<=$LHeritier1???) \("PODOCARPEAE$Dumortier1829,"PODOCARPOIDEAE$Burmeister1837) \TS(+TypCons):P. elongatus$(Aiton1???)LHeritier>Persoon=Taxus elongata$Aiton1??? Dacrycarpus $DeLaubenfels1969 #m9,NF,M9,IB,i22 *mM:Rec@Burma--NZ {kahikatea} \(=$Endlicher1847(+^A)) \(~Podocarpus) \^^Podocarpus/ \TS($DeLaubenfels1???):Podocarpus imbricatus$Blume1??? Nageia $Gaertner1788 #NF,M5,IB,i94 *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE \(~Podocarpus) \("NAGEIACEAE$Fu1992) \(+NomRej vs Podocarpus$LHeritier1???>Persoon1807) \TS:Myrica nagi$Murray1???(<=Thunberg) ==Decussocarpus $Laubenfels1969(=DeLaubenfels) #m2,(FMIB),i13 *m:Rec@W-PacOc \(~Podocarpus) \TS:??? Afrocarpus $Page1989("1988") #N(F),M3,IB,i7 *M:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr \(=$Buchholz&Gray1948;(+^A)) \(~Nageia~Podocarpus) \^^Podocarpus/ \TS($Page1???):Taxus falcata$Thunberg1??? Retrophyllum $Page1989("1988") #N(F),M5,IB,i5 *M:Rec@NCal(#M2),Molu--Fiji(#M1),ZAm(#M2) \(~Nageia) \(^^Podocarpus/Polypodiopsis$Bertrand1874) \TS:Podocarpus vitiensis$Seemann1??? Falcatifolium $Laubenfels1969(=DeLaubenfels) #m5,NF,M5,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@ZOAE--NCal \(~Podocarpus) \TS:Podocarpus falciformis$Parlatore1??? Parasitaxus $Laubenfels1972(=DeLaubenfels) #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NCal _EFalcatifolium \(~Podocarpus) \(^^Podocarpus/Microcarpus$Pilger1903) \wortelparasiet \TS:Dacrydium ustum$Vieillard1??? Prumnopitys $Philippi1861("1860") #m10,NF,M8,IB,i12 *m:Rec@trop-Az,PacOc,ZAm *M:Rec@CRic-Vene,Z-Chili,NZ,NCal {Miro,Matai} \(~Podocarpus) \(?Prumnopytis) \TS:P. elegans$< =Stachycarpus $VanTieghem1891 #(IB),i15 \(=$Endlicher1847(+^A)) \^^Podocarpus/ \TS:Podocarpus andinus$Endlicher1???(<=Poeppig) Sundacarpus $Page1989("1988") #N(F),M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@Suma,Fili--N-Quee,NewIreland \(=$Buchholz&Gray1948;(+^A)) \(~Prumnopitys~Podocarpus) \^^Podocarpus/ \TS($Page1???):Podocarpus amara$Blume1??? . =Bracteocarpus $Bobrov&A.P.Melikyan1998; #i11 \TS:??? =Manoao $Molloy1995 #i1 \TS:??? =Margbensonia $Bobrov&A.P.Melikyan1998; #i20 \TS:??? =Metadacrydium $BaumannBodenheim1989 #i2 \TS:??? =Thalamnia $Spreng.1817 #i1 \TS:??? ^ Apterocladus $Archangelsky1966 #N(I) *N:OOKr@Arge *I:OKr@Arge \{stem,male cone} \TS:A. lanceolatus$< Circoporoxylon $Kraeusel1949 #(I) *I:Mesozoic-Tert \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Coronelia $Florin1940 #(I) *I:Eoc@Z-Chili \TS:C. molinae$< Dacrydiumites $??? #H \TS:??? Dacrycarpites $Potonie1958 #NH(I) *NI:Oligoc@Tasm \(<=$Cookson&Pike1;???) \{spores} \TS:D. australiensis$< Harrisiocarpus $Reymanowna1987 #(I) *I:MJura@Polen \{cone} \TS:H. gucikii$Reymanowna&Hope1;??? Lunatisporites $Leschik1956("1955") #NH(I) *NI:BTr \{spores} \TS:L. acutus$< ==Lunatipollenites $Agrali&Akyol1967; #(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS(+R Lunatisporites$Leschik1956) Mataia $Townrow1967 #N(I) *N:M?Jura@NZ,Quee *I:M?Jura@NZ \{shoot,cone,leaf} \TS:Palissya podocarpoides$VonEttingshausen1??? Mesibovia $Wells&Hill1989; #(I),i1 *I:Oligoc@Tasm \{foliage} \TS:M. rhomboidea$< Microcachryidites $Couper1953(|Cookson1953) #NH(I) *N:Kr,Tert \(<=$Cookson1???) \{spores} \TS:M. antarcticus$Couper1???(<=Cookson) Nothodacrium $Townrow1967 #N(I) *NI:Jura@O-Ant \{leaf,stem,cone} \TS:N. warrenii$< Paracmopyle $Krasilov1967 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \TS:P. florinii$< Phyllocladopsis $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Va *I:OKr \{leaf} \(?>Phyllocladus) \TS:P. heterophylla$< Podocarpites $Andrae1855 #NI *NI:Jura/Lias@Hong \{leaf} \TS:P. acicularis$< Podocarpium $Unger1864 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:??? Podocarpophyllum $Gomolickij1962 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Uzbe \{leaf} \TS:P. singulare$< Podosporites $Rao1943 #NH(I) *NI:Jura@India \{spores} \TS:P. tripakshi$< Podostrobus $Rao&Bose1971; #N(I) *NI:BJura@India \{male cone} \TS(+NYD) Protopodocarpitys $Mussa1976("1974") #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{wood} \TS:P. roesleri$< Protopodocarpus $??? #H \TS:??? Rissikia $Townrow1967 #NX(I) *NI:BTr@Natal \{shoot,cone} \TS:Taxites medius$TenisonWoods1??? Saxegothopsis $Dusen1899 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Chili \{leaf} \TS:S. fuegianus$< Scarburgia $Harris1979 #N(I) *NI:Jura/BDeltaic@Enge \{female cone} \TS:S. hillii$< Sitholeya $VishnuMittre1959 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{shoot,seed cone} \TS:S. rajmahalensis$< Squamastrobus $Archangelsky&DelFueyo1989; #(I) *I:Kr/(BBrm-OApt)@Arge \{twig with cone} \TS:S. tigrensis$< Stalagma $Zhou1983 #(I) *I:BTr@China \{fertile shoot} \TS:S. samara$< Trisacocladus $Archangelsky1966 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Arge \{stem,leaf,cone,pollen,cuticle} \TS:T. tigrensis$< ? Bellarinea $Florin1952 #N(I) *N:Jura@Vict *I:Jura@Aus \{leaf,stem} \TS:Zamites barklyi$McCoy1??? Nipaniostrobus $Rao1943 #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{megastrobilus} \TS:N. sahnii$< PHYLLOCLADACEAE $Bessey1907 #m1/4,M1/5 *m:Rec@Born--NG,Tasm,NZ *M:Rec@Fili,Born--NG,Tasm,NZ *X:Rec \(>~Podocarpaceae) \blad(!gelobd,getand);bloei(1,2huizig) Phyllocladus $Mirbel1825 #m4,NF,M5,+^,IB,i15 *m:Rec@Born--NG,Tasm,NZ *M:Rec@Born,N-Luzon--NG,Tasm,NZ;^@Z-ZAm,W-Ant,NZ,Z-Aus {celery pine,tanekaha,celery-top pine} \(+NomCons) \(<=$Rich.1???) \("PHYLLOCLADEAE$Dumortier1829,"PHYLLOCLADOIDEAE$Hochst.1881) \TS:Podocarpus aspleniifolia$Labillardiere1???=Phyllocladus aspleniifolius$(Labillardiere1???)Hooker ==Podocarpus $Labillardiere1806 #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs$LHeritier1???>Persoon1807(Pinopsida/Podocarpaceae)) \TS:P. aspleniifolia$< ==Thalamia $Sprengel1817 #(I),i2 \TS($Sprengel1826):Podocarpus aspleniifolia$Labillardiere1??? ==Brownetera $Trattinnick1825 #(MI),i1 \(<=$Richard1???) \TS:Podocarpus aspleniifolia$Labillardiere1??? PALISSYACEAE $Florin1958 *X:Crn,Rht-Het,Baj%T Decussatisporites $Leschik1956 #N(I) *NI:Tr \{spores} \TS:D. delinatus$< Metridiostrobus $Delevoryas&Hope1981; #(I) *I:BTr@NCar \{strobilus} \TS:M. palissyaeoides$< Palissya $Endlicher1847 #NX(I) *NI:^ \TS:??? Stachyotaxus $Nathorst1886 #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{stem,leaf} \TS:Caulerpa septentrionalis$Agardh1??? ARAUCARIACEAE $Henkel&Hochst.1865; #P2/30-40,m2/32,F2/,M3/39 *Rec@ZW-PacOc,Z-Braz--Chili *M:Rec@ZH(^Afr)--ZO-Az *X:?Crn,Rht-Rec%T \("Araucariineae$Luerss.1879,"Araucariales$Heintze1927) \1-,2huizig;groenblijvend,blad breed,naald;mannelijke kegel cilinder;vrouwelijke kegel groot,bolvormig;1zaadknop;2zaadlobben;X=13 =AGATHIDACEAE $AiryShaw1??? \(<=$Nakai1???) =DAMMARACEAE $Link1??? Agathis $Salisbury1807 #m13,NF,M20,+^,IB,i41 *m:Rec@Fili--NZ *M:Rec@Suma--NZ(#M1),Fiji(NCal:#M5) {kauri,dammar,bendang=bindang=damar minyak=Manilla copal,dakua/kauri} \(+NomCons) \!1huizig \TS:Pinus dammara$Lambert1???=Agathis dammara$(Lambert1???)Richard ==Dammara $Link1822 #(MI) \(+P$Gaertner1790(Magnoliopsida/Burseraceae)) \(<=$Lamarck1786(+^A)) \TS:D. loranthifolia$<=Pinus dammara$Lambert1??? Wollemia $Jones&Hill;&Allen1995;(?SchiltzSch.1???) #M1,i1 *M:Rec@NwZW {wollemi pine} \(~Agathis) \TS:??? Araucaria $Jussieu1789 #m19,NF,M18,+8^,IB,i50 *m:Rec@ZW-PacOc(NCal:#M13),Z-Braz--Chili(#M2) {monkeypuzzle=Chile pine,Parana pine,bunya-bunya pine,klinki pine,hoop pine,Norfolk Island pine/slangeden=apetreiter,Norfolk dennetje} \("ARAUCARIINAE$Parl.1868,"ARAUCARIEAE$Don1839,"ARAUCARIOIDEAE$Burmeist.1837) \ligule met zaadknop vastgegroeid aan carpel \TS:Pinus araucana$Molina1???=Araucaria araucana$(Molina1???)Koch ==Columbea $Salisbury1807 #(I),i7 \(+missp:Colymbea$Steud.1???#i0) \TS:Pinus araucana$Molina1??? ==Dombeya $Lamarck1786 #(I) \(+P$Cavanilles1786(Magnoliopsida/Sterculiaceae)) \TS:Pinus araucana$Molina1??? =Eutassa $Salisbury1807 #(I),i2 \TS:E. heterophylla$< ==Eutacta $Link1842("1841") #(I),i9 \(^Dombeya) \TS:Eutassa heterophylla$Salisbury1??? . =Althingia $Steudel1840 #i0 \(+missp:Altingia$Loud.1830#i0) \TS:??? ^ Araucariacites $Couper1953 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Kerg \(<=$Cookson1???) \{spores} \TS:A. australis$Potonie1???(<=Cookson) ==Granulonapites $Nilsson1958 #(I) *I:Tert@Kerg \(<=$Cookson1???) \{spores} \TS:"G. (Araucariacites) australis$Cookson" Araucarites $Presl1838 #NX(I) *N:Tert?@Oost \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Agathoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Duit \{wood} \TS:??? Araucariodendron $Krasilov1965 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{leaf,female cone,wood} \TS:A. heterophyllum$< Araucarioides $Bigwood&Hill1985; #(I) *I:OEoc@Tasm \{leaf} \TS:A. linearis$< Araucariorhiza $Daugherty1963 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Ariz \{root} \TS:A. joae$< Atactoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:A. linkii$< Belidoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *N:Mioc@Oost *I:Mioc@Oost \{wood} \TS:Peuce acerosa$Unger1??? Brachyoxylon $Hollick&Jeffrey1909; #N(I) *N:Kr@NwYo *I:Kr \{wood} \TS:B. notabile$< Colymboxylon $Hartig1848 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Dammaroxylon $SchultzeMotel1966 #(I) *I:Kr/Sen@ZAfr \{wood} \TS:D. africanum$< Gomphostrobus $Marion1890 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Fran \{leaf,stem} \TS:G. heterophylla$< Medulloxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Scho \TS(+NYD) Paracedroxylon $Sinnott1909 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Mass \{wood} \TS:P. scituatense$< Primaraucaria $Bock1954 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Va \{leaf,shoot,seed cone} \TS:P. wielandi$< Simplicioxylon $Andreanszky1949 #N(I) *NI:OKr@W-Hong \{wood} \TS:S. hungaricum$< ==Agathoxylon $Greguss1952 #N(I) *NI:BLias@W-Hong \{wood} \(+P$Hartig1848(fossilPinopsida/Araucariaceae)) \TS:Simplicioxylon hungaricum$Andreanszky1??? Walchiaraucaria $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Color \TS:W. permiensis$< Woodworthia $Jeffrey1910 #N(I) *N:Tr@Ariz *I:Tr \{wood} \TS:W. arizonica$< ?: \{"Araucariales} Mohgaostrobus $Prakash1962 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Tert/?Eoc@India \{cone} \TS:M. sahnii$< Proaraucaria $Wieland1929 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Arge \{cone} \TS:Araucarites mirabilis$Spegazzini1??? Pseudoaraucaria $Fliche1896 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@Fran \{cone} \(?Pseudo-Araucaria) \TS(+NYD) PINACEAE $Rudolphi1???|Lindley1836 #P10/~215-250,m(3)9/194,F10/,M12/220 *mM:Rec@Ngem--(MAm,WInd,Suma,Java) *X:Crn,Rht-Het,Baj-Bth,Ber-Rec%T {pine family/dennen} \(+NomCons) \(<=$Sprengel1???) \("Pinales) \!bomen,struiken,!groenblijvend;takken(!tegenoverstaand,kransschikking);blad(spiraalschikking;linear);bloei(!1huizig);meerzaadlobbig PINOIDEAE $Link1831 Pinus $Linnaeus1753 #m93,NF,M93,+^,IB,i714 *m:Rec@N-gem--(Z)--(MAm,Suma,Java) *M:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M11)--(MAm,ZAm,Suma,Java) {pines,yellow deal,Archangel redwood,Bahama pitchpine/dennen,pijnbomen} \("PININAE$(Link1???)Berg&Schmidt1858;,"PINEAE$Bluff&Fingerh.1825;) \1huizig;groenblijvend \TS:P. sylvestris$< =Apinus $Rydberg1905 #(I),i5 \(<=$Necker1???) \TS:Pinus cembra$Linnaeus1??? =Caryopitys $Small1903 #(I),i2 \TS:Pinus edulis$Engelmann1??? =Ducampopinus $Chevalier1944 #(MI),i1 \TS:Pinus krempfii$Lecomte1??? =Haploxylon $Boerner1912 #(I) \(=$Koehne1893(+^A)) \^^Pinus/ \TS(+NYD) =Pinea $Wolf1776 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Strobus $Opiz1854 #(I),i9 \(=$Sweet1???>Spach1841(+^A)) \^^Pinus/ \TS:S. weymouthiana$Opiz1???=Pinus strobus$Linnaeus1??? ==Leucopitys $Nieuwland1913 #(I),i2 \TS:??? LARICOIDEAE $??? Pseudolarix $Gordon1858 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i4 *m:Rec@O-China *M:Rec@M-,NO-China {golden larch=golden pine/goudlork=goudlariks} \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):'Herb. George$Gordon'=K 0003455 ==Laricopsis $Kent1900 #(I) \(+P$Fontaine1889(fossilPinidae/?)) \TS:??? =Chrysolarix $Moore1965 #(IB),i1 \TS:Larix amabilis$Nelson1??? Larix $Miller1754 #m9,NF,M9,+^,IB,i71 *mM:Rec@koel-NH(Eur:#M2) {larch/lork=lariks} \TS:L. decidua$Miller1???=Pinus larix$Linnaeus1??? Cedrus $Trew1757 #m4(?|2),NF,M1-4,+7^,IB *mM:Rec@bergen:(N-Afr--Az) {cedars/echte ceders} \(+NomCons) \("CEDRACEAE$Vest1818) \groenblijvend;bomen \TS:C. libani$Richard1???=Pinus cedrus$Linnaeus1??? ABIETOIDEAE $Rich.1826 \("ABIETACEAE$Bercht.&Presl1820;) ABIETEAE $Rich.1827 \("ABIETINAE$Eichler1887) Abies $Miller1754 #m39,NF,M49,+8^,IB,i282 *m:Rec@N-gem,MAm *M:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M5)--Viet,MAm {firs,whitewood,balm of Gilead,balsam firs,Canada balsem/zilverdennen,zilverspar} \TS:A. alba$Miller1???=Pinus picea$Linnaeus, nonAbies picea$Miller1??? ==Picea $Loudon1838 #(I) \(<=$Don1???) \(+P$Dietrich1824(Pinopsida/Pinaceae)) \TS:??? (Balsamea) $Murray1??? #(i) \TS:??? (Duostomata) $Murray1??? #(i) \TS:??? (Magnistrobilus) $Murray1??? #(i) \TS:??? (Pinsapo) $Murray1??? #(i) \TS:??? (Religio) $Murray1??? #(i) \TS:??? (Setistrobilus) $Murray1??? #(i) \TS:??? (Sibiria) $Murray1??? #(i) \TS:??? Keteleeria $Carriere1866 #m2,NF,M3-7,+^,IB,i16 *mM:Rec@Z-China,Taiw,ZO-Az;Tert@Eur \TS:Picea fortunei$Murray1??? Pseudotsuga $Carriere1867 #m6,NF,M6,+^,IB,i34 *mM:Rec@O-Az(#M4),W-NAm(#M2) {Douglas fir=Oregon pine/Douglasspar} \(>Picea) \(^^Abies/Peucoides$Spach1841) \TS:Pinus douglasii$Don1???(<=Sabine) ==Abietia $Kent1900 #(I),i2 \TS:??? Tsuga $Carriere1855 #m10,NF,M~14,+^,IB,i40 *m:Rec@gem-NAm,gem-O-Az *M:Rec@gem-NAm,gem-O-Az--Viet {hemlock spruce,Alaska pine/hemlockspar} \(=$Endlicher1847|Antoine(+^A)) \groenblijvend;1huizig \^^Pinus/ \TS:T. sieboldii$Carriere1???=Abies tsuga$Siebold&Zuccarini1;??? Hesperopeuce $Lemmon1890 #N,M1,IB,i2 *M:Rec@W-NAm \(=$Engelmann1880(+^A)) \(~Tsuga) \^^Tsuga/ \TS($Lemmon1???):Abies pattoniana$Jeffrey1???>Murray Nothotsuga $Page1989("1988") #N(F),M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@China \(<=$Hu1???) \(~Tsuga) \TS:Tsuga longibracteata$Cheng1??? Cathaya $Chun&Kuang1962; #(m)NF,M1,+^,IB,i2 *M:Rec@W-China;^@Duit \(~Tsuga) \(=$Chun&Kuang1958;(+^A)) \TS:C. argyrophylla$< . =X Hesperotsuga $Page1989("1988") #(I)B \Hesperopeuce$(Engelmann1???)Lemmon1890 x Tsuga$(Endlicher1???)Carriere1855 =X Tsugoketeleeria $VanCampoDuplan&Gaussen1949; #(I),i1 \(?Tsugo-Keteleeria,?Tsugo-keteleeria) \Tsuga$Carriere1855 x Keteleeria$Carriere1866 ^ Piceophyllum $Ogura1932 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Hokk \{leaf} \TS:P. simplex$< Takliostrobus $Sahni1931 #N(I) *N:BBKr@India *I:?BKr@India \{cone} \TS:T. alatus$< ? Pseudopinus $Ettingshausen1887 #NH(I) *NI:Eoc@NwZW \{leaf,shoot,cone} \TS:P. wilkinsonii$< PICEEAE $??? \("PICEOIDEAE$???) Picea $Dietrich1824 #m34,NF,M~40,+^,IB,i181 *mM:Rec@koel-NH(Eur:#M2) {spruce,Jura turpentine,Baltic whitewood/spar,fijnspar} \1huizig,groenblijvend \TS:Pinus abies$Linnaeus1???=Picea abies$(Linnaeus1???)Karsten =Veitchia $Lindley1861 #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs$Wendland1868(Liliopsida/Arecaceae)) \TS:V. japonica$< . =Pinea $Opiz1839 #(I),i3 \(+P$Wolf1776(Pinopsida/Pinaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =X Tsugopicea $VanCampoDuplan&Gaussen1949; #(I),i1 \(?Tsugo-Picea,?Tsugo-picea) \Tsuga$Carriere1855 x Picea$Dietrich1824 =X Tsugopiceopicea $VanCampoDuplan&Gaussen1949; #(I),i1 \(?Tsugo-Piceo-Picea,?Tsugo-piceo-picea) \X Tsugopicea$VanCampoDuplan&Gaussen1949; x Picea$Dietrich1824 =X Tsugopiceotsuga $VanCampoDuplan&Gaussen1949; #(I),i1 \(?Tsugo-Piceo-Tsuga,?Tsugo-piceo-tsuga) \X Tsugopicea$VanCampoDuplan&Gaussen1949; x Tsuga$Carriere1855 =Abela $Salisb.1817 #i0 \TS:??? =Abies $Don1838 #i0 \TS:??? =Abies $Linnaeus1737 #i0 \TS:??? =Callitropsis $Compton1922 #i1 \TS:??? =Cupressocyparis $Dallimore1937 #i3 \(?Cupresso-cyparis$Dallimore1938#i1) \TS:??? =Haploxylon $Komarov1927 #i1 \TS:??? =Hesperotsuga $Page1989 #i1 \TS:??? ^ Abietoxylon $Houlbert1910 #N(I) *N:Tert@Fran \{wood} \TS:A. falunense$< Archaeolarix $Teslenko1970 #N(I) *N:OKr@ZO-Sibe *I:OKr@transBaik \{cone,stem} \TS:A. argunensis$< Aulacolepis $Ettingshausen1893(=VonEttingshausen) #N(I) *NI:BKr@Quee \{cone scale} \TS:A. rhomboidalis$< Belonodendron $Marck1863 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:B. densifolium$< Colchidia $Kolakovskij&Sakryl1968; #(I) *I:Mioc/Sarmat@USSR \{needles} \TS:C. angustissima$< Compsostrobus $Delevoryas&Hope1973; #X(I) *I:BTr@M-NCar \{seed cone} \("COMPSOSTROBACEAE$Delevoryas&Hope1973;) \TS:C. neotericus$< Elatoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *^ \TS(+NYD) Krannera $Corda1866 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{cone} \TS:K. mirabilis$Corda1??? [Palaeostrobus mirabilis$Renger1866] ==Palaeostrobus $Renger1866 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{cone} \TS:Krannera mirabilis$Corda1??? Laricites $Goeppert1850 #N(I) *NI:Kwart@Enge \(=$Endlicher1847(+^A)) \^^Pinites/ \TS(+NYD) Mesolarix $Jaehnichen&Kahlert1972; #N(I) *N:Jura-Kr@Mong *I:BJura-OKr@Mong \{shoots} \TS:M. mongolica$< Millerostrobus $Taylor&Delevoryas;&Hope1987; #X(I) *I:BTr@NCar \{pollen cone} \TS:M. pekinensis$< Nansenia $Svesnikova&Budancev1967; #N(I) *NI:OKr@Arct/FranzJosephL \{needle with epidermal structure} \TS:N. arctica$< Papaninia $Fedin1943 #N(I) *NI:^@Arct/Franz Joseph Land \{cone} \TS:P. involucrata$< Phleboxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *N:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:??? Piceostrobus $Palibin1932 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@USSR \{cone} \TS:P. neustruevii$< Pinicutis $Schneider1969 #N(I) *NI:MMioc@ODuit \(+missp:Pinicitus) \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:P. hexacytica$< Pinoxylon $Knowlton1900 #N(I) *N:Jura@ZDak *I:Jura \{wood} \(?>Pinus) \TS:P. dacotense$< Pseudolaricixylon $Hudajberdyev1958 #N(I) *N:?Oligoc|BOligoc-LMioc@Japan,Z-Oeral *I:Paleog/?OOligoc@Japan \{wood} \TS:Abies firmoides$Watari1??? Schizolepis $Braun1847 #N(I) *NI:Tr \{cone scale} \(+P$Schrader1???>Nees1842(Liliopsida/Cyperaceae)) \TS:S. liaso-keuperinus$Braun1??? Trematoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:T. leunisii$< ? Amydrostrobus $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Groe \{male cone} \(?>Pinus) \TS:A. groenlandicus$< {"Pinales} Allocladus $Townrow1967 #N(I) *NI:MJura@India \{stem} \TS:Echinostrobus rajmahalense$Feistmantel1??? Anthodium $Velenovsky&Viniklar1931; #N(I) *N:Kr@Duit \{cone} \TS:A. involucratum$< Araucariopitys $Jeffrey1907 #N(I) *N:Kr@NwYo *I:Kr \{wood} \(?Araucariales) \TS:A. americana$< Athrotaxites $Unger1849 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Duit \{leaf,cone} \TS:A. lycopodioides$< Biarmodendron $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:B. foliosum$< Callipitys $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{cone} \TS:C. leptoderma$< Calloxylon $Andrae1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:C. hartigii$< Cedrites $Brown1935 #N(I) *N:OKr@Mary *I:OKr \{cone} \(?>Cedrus) \TS:C. primevus$< Cephalotaxopsis $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Va *I:OKr \{leaf,stem} \TS(+NYD) Hermitia $Kerp&ClementWesterhof1986; #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Ariz \{stem,leaf} \TS:Walchia dawsonii$White1??? Lutuginia $Prinada&Radcenko1967; #N(I) *NI:OTr@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:L. furcata$< Ontheodendron $Sahni&Rao1933; #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{stem|Cone} \(?Cycadales) \TS:O. florini$< ==Cycadophytites $Rao&Bose1959; #(I) *I:Jura@India \{stem} \("~Cycadales) \TS:??? Palaeolepis $Saporta1893 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@Port \{cone scales} \TS(+NYD) Phacolepis $Frenguelli1942 #N(I) *N:Tr@Arge *I:Tr \{cone scale} \TS:P. mendozana$< Pinostrobus $Stopes1915 #N(I) *N:Kr@Enge *I:Kr,Tert \(<=$Feistmantel1874) \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Pityanthus $Seward1919 #N(I) *N:Kr@Groe \(=$Nathorsti1900(+^A)) \{cone,male flower} \^^Pinites/ \TS(+NYD) Pityites $Seward1919 #N(I) *N:Kr/Wealden@Enge \{shoot,cone} \TS(+NYD) Pityocladus $Seward1919 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Zwed \(=$Nathorsti1897(+^A)) \{shoot,leaf} \^^Pinites/ \TS(+NYD) Pityoidolepis $Hollick&Jeffrey1909; #N(I) *N:Kr@NwYo *I:Kr \{cone scale} \TS:P. statenensis$< Pityophyllum $Seward1919 #N(I) *N:Jura@Arct \(=$Nathorst1897(+^A)) \{leaf} \^^Pinites/ \TS(+NYD) Pityospermum $Seward1919 #N(I) *N:BJura@Arct \(=$Nathorst1897(+^A)) \{seed} \^^Pinites/ \TS(+NYD) Pityostrobus $Dutt1916 #N(I) *NI:OEoc@Enge \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Prepinus $Jeffrey1908 #N(I) *NI:BKr@NwYo \{shoot,leaf} \TS:P. statenensis$< Protolarix $Saporta1884 #N(I) *NI:Jura \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Protospiroxylon $Lingelsheim1929(=VonLingelsheim) #N(I) *N:OMioc@Duit *I:Tert@ODuit \{wood} \TS:P. lusaticum$< Pseudoaraucarites $Vladimirovic&&1967 #N(I) *NI:OTr@N-Oeral \{cone scale,seed} \TS:P. gorskii$Vladimirovic1??? Pseudogeinitzia $Hollick&Jeffrey1909; #N(I) *N:Kr@NwYo *I:Kr \{cone Scales} \TS:P. sequoiiformis$< Ptenostrobus $Lesquereux1874 #N(I) *N:Kr@Nebr *I:Kr \{cone} \TS:P. nebrascensis$< Quadrocladus $Maedler1957 #N(I) *NI:Perm/Zec@Duit \{stem} \TS:Q. florini$< Stenomischus $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{male cone} \(?>Cunninghamia) \TS:S. athrous$< Storgaardia $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{leaf} \TS:S. spectabilis$< Taxodiella $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:T. recticaulis$< Taxopitys $Kraeusel1928 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Perm@Nami \{stem} \TS:T. africana$< Taxulus $Bose1955 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Jura/MDaltaic@Enge {Vegetative shoots} \TS:T. sideritica$< Telephragmoxylon $Torrey1921 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Texas \{wood} \TS:T. brachyphylloides$< Tsugites $Fliche1896 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@Fran \{cone} \TS:T. magnus$< ? Baliostichus $Sternberg1833 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Eur \{stem} \TS:B. ornatus$< Calycocarpus $Goeppert1850 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Polen \{fruit?} \(?>Thuja) \TS:C. thujoides$< Swedenborgia $Nathorst1876 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht|OJura/Lias@Zwed *I:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{cone} \("SWEDENBORGIACEAE$Zimmermann1959(!Voltziaceae)) \TS:S. cryptomerides$< Ceratoxylon $Velenovsky&Viniklar1931; #N(I) *N:Kr@Bohe \{fruit,stem} \(~?"Apetales) \TS:C. laterale$< (PROTOPINACEAE) $??? #20/ Palaeopiceoxylon $Kraeusel1949 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{wood} \TS:Piceoxylon transiens$Shimakura1??? Palaeopinuxylon $Mussa1976 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Braz \{wood} \TS:P. josuei$< Protocircoporoxylon $Vogellehner1967 #N(I) *N:Tr@Nami *I:Tr@ZAfr,Nami \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Protopolyporoxylon $Vogellehner1968 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Bth@Polen \{wood} \TS:Protopodocarpoxylon jurassicum$Eckhold1??? Prototaxodioxylon $Vogellehner1968 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Dogger@Maro \{wood} \TS:Protocupressinoxylon choubertii$Attims1??? Scotoxylon $Vogellehner1968 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Scho \{wood} \TS:Cedroxylon hornei$Seward&Bancroft1;??? Svalbardoxylon $Vogellehner1968 #N(I) *NI:MJura@Spit \{wood} \TS:Pinus johnsenii$Schroeter1??? Yorkoxylon $Vogellehner1968 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{wood} \TS:Paracupressinoxylon cedroides$Holden1??? ? Palaeospiroxylon $Prasad&Chandra1980;("1977") #N(I) *NI:BPerm@India \{wood} \TS:P. heterocellularis$< ?: \(DIRHOPALOSTACHYACEAE) $Krassilov1975 \(^Cycadales) Dirhopalostachys $Krasilov1975 #(I) *I:BJura-OKr@USSR \(<=$Prinada1???) \{fructification} \TS:D. rostrata$< ? ("WALCHIACEAE) Ernestiodendron $Florin1934 #N(I) *N:Perm@Eur *I:OPerm@M-,W-,Z-Eur \TS(+R Ernestia$Florin1927) ==Ernestia $Florin1927 #N(I) *N:OPerm@Eur *I:OPerm@M-,W-,Z-Eur \(+P$DeCandolle1828(Magnoliopsida/Melastomataceae)) \TS:Walchia filiciformis$Sternberg1???(<=Schlotheim) Walchianthus $Florin1940 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@TsSl \{polliniferous cone} \TS:W. cylindraceus$< Walchiostrobus $Florin1940 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Duit \{ovuliferous cone,leaf} \TS:W. gothanii$< ^ Monosaccites $??? #H \TS:??? Laevigatasporites $Potonie&Gelletich1933; #(H) \TS:??? ==Laricoidites $Potonie&Thomson;&Thiergart1958;(?1950) #H(I) \{spores} \TS:Sporonites magnus$Potonie1??? =Sporonites $??? #(H) \TS:??? Piceaepollenites $Potonie1931 #NH *N:Mioc \TS:P. alatus$< Cedripites $Wodehouse1933 #NH(I) *NI:Eoc \{spores} \TS:C. eocenicus$< ==Cedripollenites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Cedripites$Wodenhouse1933) Abiespollenites $Thiergart1937 #NH *N:Tert \(ZOE OOK VER ONDER) \TS:??? Pseudopicea $??? #H \TS:??? Protopicea $??? #H \TS:??? Podocarpites $Andrae1855 #NH(I) *N:Lias@Hong \(^Podocarpaceae) \TS:??? Patinasporites $Leschik1956 #NH(I) *NI:Tr \{spores} \TS:P. densus$< Pinuspollenites $Potonie1958 #NH(I) *NI:Mioc@WDuit \{spores} \(<=$Raatz1???) \(+missp:Pinuspellenites$Potonie1958#(I)) \TS:Pollenites labdacus$Potonie1??? Piceites $Goeppert1850 #NH(I) *NI:Tert \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Piceapollis $Krutzsch1971 #NH(I) *NI:Tert \{spores} \TS:P. praemarianus$< Piceapollenites $Potonie1931 #H \TS:??? =Abietineaepollenites $Delcourt&Sprumont1958; #NH(I) *NI:Kr-Tert \{spores} \TS:Piceaepollenites microalatus$Potonie1??? Podocarpidites $Couper1953 #NH(I) *NI:Jura-Tert \(<=$Cookson1???) \{spores} \(~Podocarpaceae) \TS:P. ellipticus$< ==Podocarpidipollenites $LevetCarette1964 #(I) \{spores} \TS:Podocarpidites ellipticus$Couper1???(<=Cookson) Zonalapollenites $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *N:Plioc *I:Mioc@Duit \{spores} \TS:Sporonites igniculus$Potonie1??? ==Tsugaepollenites $Potonie1958 #H(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \{spores} \(<=$Potonie&Venitz1;???) \TS:??? =Pflugipollenites $Pocock1962 #NH(I) *NI:Jura \(+^V) \{spores} \TS:Zonalapollenites dampieri$Balme1??? CHEIROLEPIDIACEAE $Takhtajan1963 *X:?Crn,Rht-Alb,?Cmp%T *MTr-OBKr \(^Cupressaceae) Pagiophyllum $Heer1881 #NX(I) *NI:Jura/Malm@Port \{wood,stem,leaf,twig} \(~Araucariaceae) \TS(+R Pachyphyllum$Saporta1873) ==Pachyphyllum $Saporta1873 #N(XI) *N:Jura@Fran \(=$Pomel1849(+^A)) \{twigs} \^^Moreauia/ \(+P$Kunth1816(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)|Humboldt&Bonpland;&Kunth1816;) \TS(+NYD) Brachyphyllum $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:Jura/OOolite@Enge \{leaf,stem} \TS:B. mamillare$< Hirmeriella $Hoerhammer1933 #NX(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Duit,Fran *I:Tr/Rht@Duit \{cone} \TS:H. rhaetoliassica$< Frenelopsis $Schenk1869 #NX(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@M-Eur \{stem} \TS(+NYD) TAXACEAE $Gray1821 #P5/19-22,m6/20,F5/,M4/16 *m:Rec@N-gem--NCal *M:Rec@N-gem--ZOAE,NCal *X:Het,Toa-Bht,Ber,Cmp-Rec %T {yew family/taxussen} \(+NomCons) \("TAXINEAE$Luerss.1879,"Taxales$Knobl.1890,"Taxidae$Ehred.>Reveal1996,"Taxopsida) \2huizig;groenblijvend;bomen,struiken;2zaadlobben Torreya $Arnott1838 #m5,NF,M7,IB,i21 *m:Rec@O-Az,NAm *M:Rec@O-Az,Z-USA(#M2);bloei(MJura-Rec {Californian nutmeg,kaya nut,stinking cedar=stinking yew} \(+NomCons) \("TORREYACEAE$Nakai1938) \1-,2huizig);bomen \TS:T. taxifolia$< ==Struvea $Reichenbach1841 #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs$Sonder1845(Chlorophyceae/Siphonocladaceae)) \TS:??? ==Tumion $Rafinesque1840 #(I),i5 \TS($Greene1???):Torreya taxifolia$Arnott1??? ==Caryotaxus $Henkel&Hochstetter1865; #(I),i4 \(<=$Zuccarini1???) \TS:Torreya taxifolia$Arnott1??? ==Foetataxus $Nelson1866(=Senilis) #(I),i4 \TS:Torreya taxifolia$Arnott1??? Taxus $Linnaeus1753 #m7,NF,M7,+^,IB,i93 *m:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M1)--(M-ZOAE,Mexi) {yew/taxus,venijnboom} \("TAXEAE$Rich.>Duby1828,"TAXOIDEAE$Rich.>Sweet1826) \2huizig;groenblijvend \TS:T. baccata$Linneaus1??? Austrotaxus $Compton1922 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NCal \("AUSTROTAXACEAE$Nakai1938) \TS:A. spicata$< . =Verataxus $Nelson1866(=Senilis) #(I) \TS:Taxus communis$Nelson1??? Pseudotaxus $Cheng1947(?1948) #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *m:Rec@China *M:Rec@OM-China \TS:Taxus chienii$Cheng1??? ==Nothotaxus $Florin1948 #(IB),i1 \TS:??? ^ Cephalotaxospermum $Berry1910 #NX(I) *N:BKr@Alab *I:BKr \{fruit} \(~Podocarpaceae) \TS:C. carolinianum$< Florinia $Sveshnikova1967 #N(I) *NI:Kr/OSen@USSR \{leaf,cuticle} \TS:F. vilujensis$< Palaeocladus $Ettingshausen1887(=VonEttingshausen) #N(I) *NI:Eoc@NwZW \{leaf,stem} \TS:P. cuneiformis$Ettingshausen1??? Palaeotaxus $Nathorst1908 #NX(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{cone,leaf} \TS:??? Phyllocladoxylon $Gothan1905 #N(I) *NI:^ \{wood} \TS(+NYD) ==Mesembrioxylon $Seward1919 #N(I) *N:Kr@Enge \{wood} \TS(+R Phyllocladoxylon$Gothan1905;+R Podocarpoxylon$Gothan1907) ==Podocarpoxylon $Gothan1907 #N(I) *NI:Pleist@Duit \{wood} \TS:P. juniperoides$< Poteridion $Harris1979 #N(I) *NI:Jura/ODeltaic@Enge \{ovuliferous shoot} \TS:P. hallei$< Taxaceoxylon $Kraeusel&Jain1964; #N(I) *NI:Pleist@Japan \{wood} \TS:Taxoxylon torreyanum$Shimakura1??? Taxoxylon $Houlbert1910 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Tert@Fran \{wood} \(+P$Kraus1870(???/???)) \TS:T. falunense$< Torellia $Heer1870 #N(I) *N:Mioc@Spit \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) ==Feildenia $Heer1878 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Arct \{leaf} \TS:??? ? Bartholinodendron $Florin1958 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Dene/Bornholm \{leaf} \TS:B. punctulatum$< Taxocladus $PrinadaVasilevskaja1959 #N(I) *NI:BJura@O-Sibe \{stem,leaf} \TS:T. tschetschumensis$Vasilevskaja1??? Vesquia $Bertrand1883 #N(I) *NI:?Kr@Fran \{seed} \TS:V. tournaisii$< ?: \("Taxales) Arskea $Florin1958 #N(I) *NI:MJura/ODeltaic@Enge \{stem} \TS:Marskea thomasiana$Florin1??? Marskea $Florin1958 #N(I) *NI:MJura/ODeltaic@Enge \{shoot,leaf} \TS:M. thomasiana$< Tomharrisia $Florin1958 #(I) *I:MJura/ODeltaic@Enge \{vegetative shoots} \TS:T. ramosa$< Torreyites $Seward1919 #N(I) *NI:MKr@NCar \{stem} \TS(+NYD) PARARAUCARIACEAE $Stockey1977 *X:?M|BJura%T \(~Araucariaceae>Pinaceae>Taxodiaceae"Araucariales) Pararaucaria $Wieland1935 #NX(I) *N:?Tr@Fran *I:?Tr \{cone} \TS:P. patagonica$< TAXODIACEAE $Warming1890 #P10/~17,m9/13,F10/,M10/16 *M:Rec@NAm,O-Az,Tasm *X:Baj,Bth-Rec%T {bald-cypress family/moerascipressen} \(+NomCons) \("Taxodiales$Heintze1927~Cupressaceae) \1huizig;groenblijvend,bladverliezend;bomen;2-15zaadlobben Sequoia $Endlicher1847 #m1,NF,M1,+^,IB,i9 *m:Rec@W-NAm *M:Rec@Oreg--Calif |-10360 {Californian redwood/redwood=kustsequoia} \(+NomCons) \("SEQUOIACEAE$Luerss.1877) \TS:Taxodium sempervirens$Don1??? Sequoiadendron $Buchholz1939 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@W-hellingen:SNev(Calif) |-10500 {wellingtonia=mammoth tree/mammoetboom} \TS(+R Wellingtonia$Lindley1853) ==Wellingtonia $Lindley1853 #(I),i4 \(+P$Meisner1840(Magnoliopsida/Sabiaceae)) \TS:W. gigantea$< Taxodium $Richard1810 #m2,NF,M2,+^,IB,i28 *mM:Rec@O-NAm,hoogland:Mexi {swamp cypress=southern cypress=bald cypress/moerascipres} \("TAXODIINAE$Parl.1868,"TAXODIEAE$Eichler1863,"TAXODIOIDEAE$Endlicher1???>Koch1873) \TS:Cupressus disticha$Linnaeus1??? ==Cuprespinnata $Nelson1866(=Senilis) #(I),i4 \TS:Cupressus disticha$Linnaeus1??? ==Schubertia $Mirbel1812 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Martius&Zuccarini1824;(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae)) \TS:Cupressus disticha$Linnaeus1??? Glyptostrobus $Endlicher1847 #m1,NF,M1,+5^,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@ZO-China \TS:Taxodium japonicum$Brongniart1??? Metasequoia $Hu&Cheng1948;|?Miki1941 #m1,NF,M1,+^,I,i3 *mM:Rec@M-China |-4500 {dawn redwood/Chinese sequoia=Chinese mammoetboom} \("METASEQUOIACEAE$Hu&Cheng1948;) \TS(+TypCons):M. glyptostroboides$Hu&Cheng1;??? Cryptomeria $Don1838 #m1,NF,M>2,+^,IB,i15 *mM:Rec@China,Japan {Japanese cedar,sugi/Japanse cipres=Japanse ceder} \("CRYPTOMERIACEAE$Hayata1932) \TS:Cupressus japonica$LinnaeusF1??? Athrotaxis $Don1838 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@Tasm {Tasmanian cedar,king William pine/Tasmaanse ceders} \(+missp:Arthrotaxis$Endl.1???#i0) \TS:A. selaginoides$< Taiwania $Hayata1906 #m1,NF,M2-3,IB,i4 *m:Rec@Yunn,Taiw *M:Rec@NO-Burma,Yunn,Taiw |[-5500] \(>Sequoiadendron) \("TAIWANIACEAE$Hayata1932) \TS:T. cryptomerioides$< =Eotaiwania $Yendo1942 #(I),i1 \(?Podocarpaceae|Pinaceae) \TS:??? Cunninghamia $Brown1826 #m2,NF,M2,+8^,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@O-Az;Tert@M-Eur \(+NomCons) \("CUNNINGHAMIEAE$Zucc.>Endlicher1842,"CUNNINGHAMIACEAE$Siebold&Zucc.1842;) \TS($Hooker1???):Pinus lanceolata$Lambert1??? ==Belis $Salisbury1807 #(I),i2 \(+suppr vs Cunninghamia) \TS($Sweet1???):Pinus lanceolata$Lambert1??? ==Jacularia $Rafinesque1832 #(I),i0 \TS:??? ==Raxopitys $Nelson1866 #(I) \TS:Pinus lanceolata$Lambert1??? . =Gigantabies $Nelson1866 #(I) \(={Sequoia+Sequoiadendron}) \TS:G. taxifolia$< ^ Athrotaxidium $Menzel1901 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Bohe {Stem,Cone} \TS:A. bilinicum$< Austrosequoia $Peters&Christophel1978; #N(I) *NI:?BKr@Quee \{cone} \TS:A. wintonensis$< Ceratostrobus $Velenovsky1885 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe {Shoots,Leaf,Cone} \TS:C. sequoiaephyllus$< Cryptomeriopsis $Stopes&Fujii1910; #(I) *I:BKr@Hokk \{coniferous Shoot} \(?>Cryptomeria) \TS:C. antiqua$< Cunninghamiostrobus $Stopes&Fujii1910; #(I) *I:BKr@Japan \{cone} \(?>Cunninghamia) \TS:C. yubariensis$< Cyparissidium $Heer1874 #(I) *I:OKr@Groe \{twigs with cones} \TS(+NYD) Diceras $Velenovsky1889 #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{shoots,cones} \TS:??? Dichandrium $Velenovsky&Viniklar1931; #(I) \TS:D. cretaceum$< Elatides $Heer1876 #NX(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Elatidopsis $Srinivasan&Friis1989; #(I) *I:Kr/(BSan-OCmp)@Zwed \{foliage shoots} \TS:E. nykvistii$< Enormicutis $Schneider1969 #N(I) *NI:BOligoc@Duit \{cuticle} \TS:E. amplicavata$< Ephedropsis $Velenovsky&Viniklar1926; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{seed Cone} \TS:E. strobilifera$< Farndalea $Bose1955 #N(I) *NI:MJura/Deltaic@Enge \{leaf} \TS:F. fragilis$< Inaperturopollenites $Pflug&Thomson1953; #NH(I) *NI:Tert \{spores} \TS:I. dubius$(Potonie&Venitz1;???)Thomson&Pflug;=Pollenites magnus f. dubius$Potonie&Venitz1;??? Kanevia $Doludenko&Kostina;&Shilkina1988; #(I) *I:Kr/BAlb@Oekr \{shoot with female cone} \TS:Cryptomeria pimenoviae$Doludenko&Shilkina1;??? Metasequoia $Miki1941 #N(I)B *NI:^ \(+suppr vs$Hu&Cheng1948;(Pinopsida/Taxodiaceae)) \TS:Sequoia disticha$Heer1??? Nephrostrobus $LaPasha&Miller1981; #(I) *I:BKr@NwJe \{seed cone} \(+P$Hahlov1940(Pinopsida/?:)) \TS:N. cliffwoodensis$< Paracryptomeria $Srinivasan&Friis1989; #(I) *I:Kr/(BSan-OCmp)@Zwed \{foliage shoots} \TS:P. elegans$< Parasciadopitys $Yao&Taylor;&Taylor1997; #(I) *I:MTr@Ant \{seed cone} \TS:P. aequata$< Perinopollenites $Couper1958 #NH(I) *I:Jura-Kr \{spores} \TS:P. elatoides$< Protosequoia $Miki1969 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Hons \{shoot,cone} \TS:Sequoiadendron primarium$Miki1??? Pseudotaxodioxylon $Greguss1973 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@ODuit \{wood} \TS:P. jaehnichenii$< Quasisequoia $Srinivasan&Friis1989; #(I) *I:Kr/(BSan-OCmp)@Zwed \{foliage shoots with seed cone} \TS:Q. florinii$< Rhombostrobus $LaPasha&Miller1981; #(I) *I:BKr@NwJe \{seed cone} \TS:R. cliffwoodensis$< Sciadopityoxylon $Schmalhausen1879 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Rusl \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Sciadopityspollenites $Potonie1958 #H(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \(<=$Raatz1???) \{spores} \TS:Pollenites serratus$Potonie&Venitz1;??? Sciadopitytes $Halle1915 #(I) *I:Mesozoic@Arct \(<=$Goeppert&Menge1;???) \{leaves} \TS(+NYD) Sequodium $Nikitin1965 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:Taxites langsdorfii$Endlicher1???(<=Brongniart) Sequoiapollenites $Thiergart1938 #NH *N:Tert \TS:S. polyformosus$< Sequoites $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Oost \{stem,cone} \TS:Cupressites taxiformis$Unger1??? Sewardiodendron $Florin1958 #N(I) *NI:MJura/MDeltaic@Enge \{vegetative shoots} \TS(+NYD) Stachyura $Velenovsky&Viniklar1927; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{inflorescence,cone} \(+P$Hasskarl1844(???/???)) \TS:S. spicata$< Steinhauera $Presl1838 #N(I),i2 *N:Mioc@Bohe \{reproductive,cone} \TS(+NYD) Striaestrobus $Velenovsky&Viniklar1926; #N(I) *N:Kr/Cen@TsSl *I:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{seedbearing cone} \(>Picea) \TS:S. bohemicus$< Taiwanioxylon $Hudajberdyev1964 #N(I) *NI:BOligoc-OMioc@Z-Oeral \{wood} \TS:T. krasheninnikovii$< Taxodiaceaepollenites $Potonie1958 #NH(I) *NI:Mioc \(<=$Kremp1???) \{spores} \TS($Kremp1???>Potonie):Pollenites hiatus$Potonie1??? Taxodiastrum $Dorofeev1979 #(I) *I:Kr/(Apt-Cen)@N-Kaza \{seed} \TS:T. cretaceum$< Taxodiophyllum $VanDerBurgh&VanKonijnenburgVanCittert1984; #(I) *I:Jura/Kim@Scho \{leaf} \TS:T. scoticum$< Tollia $Svesnikova&Budancev1969; #N(I) *NI:BKr/Turon@USSR \{shoot,leaf,male cones} \TS:T. cunninghamioides$< Tricranolepis $Roselt1958 #N(I) *NI:Tr/OKeuper@Duit \{female cone} \TS:T. monosperma$< Turkestanioxylon $Hudajberdyev1971 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Kirg \{wood} \TS:T. metasequoianum$< ? Alapaja $Dorofeev1979 #(I) *I:Kr/(Cen-Tur)@Oeral \{seed} \TS:A. uralensis$< Kozykorpeshya $Dorofeev1979 #(I) *I:Kr/(Apt-Cen)@N-Kaza \{seed} \TS:K. kokchetavica$< Margeriella $Page1973 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Calif \{stem,leaf} \TS:M. cretacea$< Seletya $Dorofeev1979 #(I) *I:Kr/(Apt-Cen)@N-Kaza \{seed} \TS:S. kryshtofovichii$< Sinara $Dorofeev1979 #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@Oeral \{seed} \TS:S. mirabilis$< ARCTOPITYACEAE $Manum1989 *X:Oxf,Kim-Alb-Tur%T \(^Sciadopityaceae~Taxodiaceae) Sciadopityoides $Sveshnikova1981 #X(I) *I:BKr/USSR \TS:S. uralensis$< SCIADOPITYACEAE $Luerssen1877(Seward1919) #m1/1,M1/1 *m:Rec@Japan *M:Rec@M-,Z-Japan *X:Oxf,Dan-Rec%T \(~Taxodiaceae/"SCIADOPITYOIDEAE,Sciadopityales$Takhtajan1???>Reveal1993) \1huizig;boom;2zaadlobben Sciadopityostrobus $Saiki1992 #(I) *I:Kr/(Cen-Con)@Hokk \{seed cone} \TS:S. kerae$< Sciadopitys $Siebold&Zuccarini1842; #m1,NF,M1,+^,XIB,i2 *m:Rec@Japan *M:Rec@M-,Z-Japan {parasol pine,umbrella fir/kransspar=Japanse parasolboom} \TS:Taxus verticillata$Thunberg1??? CEPHALOTAXACEAE $Neger1907 #m1/4,F1/,M2/10 *mM:Rec@O-Hima--Japan *M:O-,ZO-Az *X:?Baj,Bth-Rec%T {/knoptaxussen} \(+NomCons) \("Cephalotaxales$Takhtajan1???>Reveal1993,^>Torreya) \2huizig;groenblijvend;bomen,struiken;blad(linear;~decussate);2zaadlobben;X=12 Cephalotaxus $Endlicher1842 #m4,NF,M6,IB,i27 *mM:Rec@O-Hima--Japan {plum yew/knoptaxus} \(<=$Siebold&Zuccarini1;???) \TS:Taxus harringtonia$Knight1???>Forbes=Cephalotaxus harringtonia$(Knight>Forbes)Koch1873 . Amentotaxus $Pilger1916 #m4,NF,M4,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@China,ZO-Az \(~Taxaceae) \("AMENTOTAXACEAE$Kudo&Yamam.1931;) \TS:Podocarpus argotaenia$Hance1??? ^ Elatocladus $Halle1913 #N(I) *NI:^ \(+~Cephalotaxaceae) \TS(+NYD) Thomasiocladus $Florin1958 #N(I) *N:^ *I:MJura/MDeltaic@Enge \{vegetative shoots} \TS(+NYD) Torreyoxylon $Greguss1967 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Apt@Hong \{wood} \TS:T. boureaui$< CUPRESSACEAE $Bartling1830 #P18/~140,m(2)17/113,F18/,M20/125 *m:Rec@cosm *M:Rec@~cosm *X:Dan-Rec%T {cypress family/cipressen} \(<=$Rich.1???) \("Cupressales$Bromhead1838) \1-,2huizig;bomen,struiken;bloemen in oksels,aan eind;!2-6zaadlobbig;X=11 CALLITROIDEAE $??? \("CALLITRACEAE$(Mast.)Seward1919) =THUJOIDEAE $??? CALLITREAE $??? Actinostrobus $Miquel1845 #m2,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@ZW-Aus \("ACTINOSTROBINAE$Eichler1863,"ACTINOSTROBEAE$Henkel&Hochst.1865;,"ACTINOSTROBACEAE$Lotsy1911) \TS:A. pyramidalis$< Fitzroya $Lindley1851 #m1,F,M1,B,i3 *m:Rec@Chili *M:Rec@Chili,Z-Arge {alerce=Patagonian cypress/Patagonische cipres} \(<=$HookerF1???) \(?Fitz-Roya$HookerF1???>Lindley1???#I,i2) \TS:F. patagonica$Lindley1???(<=Hooker) Neocallitropsis $Florin1944 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *m:Rec@NCal *M:Rec@O-NCal {oil of araucaria} \TS(+R Callitropsis$Compton1922) ==Callitropsis $Compton1922 #(I) \(+P$Oersted1864(Pinopsida/Cupressaceae)) \TS:C. araucarioides$< Callitris $Ventenat1808 #m14,NF,M14,IB,i60 *mM:Rec@Aus {cypress pines,black cypress,Illawara pine=Oyster Bay pine=Port Jackson pine} \TS:C. rhomboidea$Richard1???(<=Brown) ==Frenela $Mirbel1825 #(I),i44 \TS:??? =Cyparissia $Hoffmannsegg1833 #(I),i1 \(?^Pinaceae) \TS:??? =Laechhardtia $Gordon1862 #(I) \(~Leichhardtia) \TS:Frenela variabilis$Carriere1??? =Leichhardtia $Shepherd1851 #(I) \(?Leichardtia) \(+P Leichardtia$Brown1849(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Octoclinis $Mueller1857(=VonMueller) #N(M)I,i5 \TS:O. macleayana$< Widdringtonia $Endlicher1842 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i17 *mM:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr {African cypress,clanwilliam cedar,mlanje cypress=sapree wood} \("WIDDRINGTONEAE$???(Jiang1997)) \TS(+R Pachylepis$Brongniart1833;+R Parolinia$Endlicher1841) ==Pachylepis $Brongniart1833 #(I),i4 \(+P$Lessing1832(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Thuja cupressoides$Linnaeus1??? ==Parolinia $Endlicher1841 #(I),i6 \(+P$Webb1840(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:??? Diselma $Hooker1857 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Tasm \("DISELMINAE$Eichler1863,"DISELMEAE$Henkel&Hochst.1865;) \TS:D. archeri$< Pilgerodendron $Florin1930 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Z-Chili *M:Rec@Z-ZAm \(~Libocedrus) \TS:Juniperus uvifera$Don1??? Libocedrus $Endlicher1847 #m8,NF,M5,+^,IB,i21 *m:Rec@O-Male,NCal,NZ,ZAm *M:Rec@NCal(#M3),NZ(#M2) {pahautea,kawaka/wierookceders,zuilcipres} \^^Thuja \TS($Sargent1???):Dacrydium plumosum$Don1??? Papuacedrus $Li1953 #(F),M1,I(B),i3 *M:Rec@Molu,NG \(~Libocedrus) \TS:Libocedrus papuana$VonMueller1??? Austrocedrus $Florin&Boutelje1954; #N,M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@Z-Chili,Arge {Chilean cedar,alerce} \(~Libocedrus) \TS:Thuja chilensis$Don1??? Calocedrus $Kurz1873 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *m:Rec@N-Burma,NO-Thai,ZW-China,Taiw,W-NAm *M:Rec@N-Burma,ZW-China,Taiw,Viet,Thai,W-NAm {incense cedar} \TS:C. macrolepis$< =Heyderia $Koch1873 #(IB),i3 \(+P$Link1833(Discomycetes/Leotiaceae)) \TS:Libocedrus decurens$Torrey1??? Tetraclinis $Masters1892 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Z-Span,Malta,N-Afr {arar,alerce,thuja,pliny,sandarach} \("TETRACLINACEAE$Hayata1932) \TS:Thuja articulata$Vahl1??? THUJEAE $??? \(~Cupressoideae) Fokienia $Henry&Thomas1911; #m1,NF,M1-2,IB,i3 *m:Rec@ZW-,ZO-China,ZO-Az *M:Rec@ZO-China,ZO-Az {pe-mou oil} \TS:Cupressus hodginsii$Dunn1??? Thujopsis $Endlicher1842 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i9 *m:Rec@Japan *M:Rec@N-Japan {hiba/hibacipres} \(<=$Siebold&Zuccarini1;???) \("THUJOPSIDINAE$Eichler1887,"THUJOPSIDEAE$Henkel&Hochst.1865;,"THUJOPSIDACEAE$Bessey1907) \TS($Siebold&Zuccarini1;???):Thuja dolabrata$LinnaeusF1??? ==Dolophyllum $Salisbury1817 #(I) \TS:Thuja dolabrata$LinnaeusF1??? Platycladus $Spach1841 #m1,F,M1,I(B),i3 *mM:Rec@China,Korea {Chinese arbor-vitae} \(~Thuja) \TS:Thuja orientalis$Linnaeus1???=Platycladus orientalis$(Linnaeus1???)Franco ==Biota $Endlicher1847 #(IB) \(=$Don1???(+^A)) \(+P Biotia$Cassini1825(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \(~Thuja) \TS($Endlicher1???):Thuja orientalis$Linnaeus1??? Thuja $Linnaeus1753 #m5,NF,M5,IB,i18 *mM:Rec@O-Az,NAm {arbor-vitae,white cedar/levensboom} \("THUJACEAE$Burnett1835) \1huizig;bevat plicatic acid \TS:T. occidentalis$< ==Thya $Adanson1763 #(I) \TS:??? Microbiota $Komarov1923 #(m)NF,M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@O-Sibe \(~Thuja) \("MICROBIOTACEAE$Nakai1938) \TS:M. decussata$< CUPRESSOIDEAE $Rich.>Sweet1826 CUPRESSEAE $Rich.>Dumortier1827 Cupressus $Linnaeus1753 #m13,NF,M13,+6^,IB,i155 *mM:Rec@NH(Eur:#M2) {cypresses/echte cipressen} \("CUPRESSINAE$Eichler1863) \1huizig \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1737#i0) \TS:C. sempervirens$< Chamaecyparis $Spach1841 #m7,NF,M8,+4^,IB,i37 *mM:Rec@O-Az,NAm {Lawson's cypress=Port Orford cedar,Nootka cypress=Sitka cypress=yellow cedar,hinoki=Japanese cypress,sawara cypress,southern white cedar,Alaska yellow cedar/schijncipres=dwergcipres} \1huizig \^^Thuia \TS:Cupressus thyoides$Linnaeus1???=Chamaecyparis thyoides$(Linnaeus1???)Britton&Sterns;&Poggenburg; =Callitropsis $Oersted1864 #(I),i0 \^^Cupressus \TS:??? =Retinispora $Siebold&Zuccarini1844; #(MI),i34 \(+missp:Retinospora) \TS:R. obtusa$< . =X Cupressocyparis $Dallimore1938 #(I)B {Leyland cypress} \Chamaecyparis$Spach1841 x Cupressus$Linnaeus1753 JUNIPEREAE $Dumortier1829 \("JUNIPEROIDEAE$Endlicher1???>Koch1873,"JUNIPERACEAE$Berchtold&Presl1820;) Juniperus $Linnaeus1753 #m50,NF,M50,+^,IB,i301 *mM:Rec@NH(Eur:#M9)--((bergen:trop-Afr),WInd) {juniper,African pencil cedar,Barbados cedar/jeneverbes} \("JUNIPERINAE$Reichenbach1831) \1-,2huizig \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735#i0) \TS:J. communis$< =Arceuthos $Antoine&Kotschy1854; #(MIB),i1 \TS:Juniperus drupacea$Labillardiere1??? =Cedrus $DuhamelDuMonceau1755 #(I),i18 \(+suppr vs$Trew1757(Pinopsida/Pinaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Sabina $Miller1754 #(MIB),i78 \TS:S. vulgaris$(Linnaeus1???)Antoine=Juniperus sabina$Linnaeus1??? =Sabinella $Nakai1938 #(I),i3 \TS:Juniperus phoenicea$Linnaeus1??? =Thuiaecarpus $Trautvetter1844 #(I),i1 \TS:Juniperus oblonga$MarschallVonBieberstein1??? ^ Amyloxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:A. huttonii$< Callitroxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:Taxites ayckei$Goeppert1??? Campoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:Peuce hoedliana$Unger1??? Cedrostrobus $Stopes1915 #N(I) *N:Kr@Enge *I:Kr \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Chamaecyparites $Endlicher1847 #(I) *I:Oligoc@Duit \TS(+NYD) Chamaecyparixylon $Hudajberdyev1958 #(I) *I:?Plioc@Polen \{wood} \TS:Cupressinoxylon polonicum$Kraeusel1??? Closteroxylon $Hartig1848 #(I) *I:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:C. lindleyanum$< Compstegas $Serlin1982 #(I) *I:Kr/Alb@Texas \{twig} \TS:G.... patula$Serlin1??? Cupressacites $Krutzsch1971 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \(<=$Bolhovitina1???) \{spores} \TS:C. russeus$< Cupressinanthus $Caspary1887 #(I) *I:Tert@Balt \{male inflorescence} \TS(+NYD) Cupressinocladus $Seward1919 #X(I) \{twigs} \TS(+NYD) Cupressoconus $Kilpper1968 #(I) *I:Tert@Duit \{cone} \TS:Cupressus thomsonii$SchloemerJaeger1???(<=Brown) Cupressospermum $Mai1960 #(I) *I:OMioc@Duit \{seed} \TS:C. saxonicum$< Cupressoxylon $Houlbert1910 #(I) *I:Tert@Fran \{wood} \(+P$Kraus1870(fossilPinopsida/?:)) \TS:C. bosseense$< Ellesmeria $Sveshnikova1975 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc-Eoc@NN-Cana/EllesmereE \{stem,leaf} \TS:E. juniperoides$< Fokienopsis $McIver&Basinger1990; #(I) *I:Paleoc@W-Albe \{foliage} \TS:Androvettia catenulata$Bell1??? Geinitzia $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *NI:^ \^^Sedites \^^Araucarites \TS:G. cretacea$Endlicher1???(+NomIlleg) Heterocladiscos $Ettingshausen1886 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@NwZW \{leaf,stem} \TS:H. thujoides$< Heteroxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:H. seyferti$< Inolepis $Heer1874 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Groe \{cone,wood Stem} \TS:I. imbricata$< Juniperoxylon $Houlbert1910 #N(I) *N:MEoc@Fran *I:Tert@Fran \{wood} \TS:J. turonense$< Manica $Watson1974 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Va \{leaf} \TS:Frenelopsis parceramosa$Fontaine1??? Melitoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \(+missp:Melitroxylon) \TS:M. ungeri$< Mesocyparis $McIver&Basinger1987; #(I) *I:O-MEoc@Sask \{twig with foliage and cones} \TS:M. borealis$< Microconium $Golovneva1988 #(I) *I:Kr/(Maa-Dan)@NO-USSR \{twig} \TS:M. beringianum$< Ommatoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:O. germari$< Palaeocallitroxylon $Greguss1970 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Nede \{wood} \TS:P. limburgense$< Palaeocyparis $Saporta1872 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \TS(+NYD) Palaeoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:P. endlicheri$< Parasequoia $Krasilov1967 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Sibe \(~Taxodiaceae) \TS:P. cretacea$< Spiroxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *N:Tert@N-Duit *I:?Perm,Tert@N-Duit \{wood} \TS:S. ratzeburgii$< Tambovskia $Sveshnikova1980 #(I) *I:Mioc@USSR \{twigs} \TS:T. dorofeevii$< Taxodioxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:T. goeppertii$< Tetraclinoxylon $Grambast1952 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Oligoc/Chatt@Fran \{wood} \TS:T. boureaui$< Thuyoxylum $Unger1842 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Oost \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Widdringtonites $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *^ \TS(+NYD) Widdringtonoxylon $Penny1947 #N(I) *N:BKr@Eur,USA *I:Mesozoic@Am,Eur \TS(+NYD) ? =Shishindenia $Makino1938 #(I),i1 \(Cupressaceae|Pinaceae) \TS:??? ^ Cupressistrobus $Chandler1961 #(I) *I:Eoc@Enge \TS:C. gardneri$< Cupressocarpus $Brik1925 #(I) *I:Jura@Turs \{cones} \TS:C. ovatus$< Parataxodium $Arnold&Lowther1955; #N(I) *NI:Kr@N-Alas \{stem,leaf,cone} \(~Taxodiaceae) \TS:P. wigginsii$< Thujadendron $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Mass \{leaf,cone} \TS:T. pristinum$< Thujatostrobus $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Penn {Cone} \TS:T. triassicus$< ? Dordrechtites $Anderson1978 #(I) *I:Tr/Crn@ZAfr \{scale} \TS:D. elongatus$< Sphenolepis $Schenk1871 #N(I) *N:Kr/Wealden@Duit \{foliage,reproductive Cone} \TS(+NYD) ==Sphenolepidium $Heer1881 #N(I) *N:Kr@Port *I:Kr@Eur \{twigs,foliage} \TS:??? Swillingtonia $??? #X \TS:??? Telemachus $Anderson1978 #(I) *I:Tr/Crn@ZAfr \{cone} \TS:T. elongatus$< ? Hillistrobus $Chandler1966 #N(I) *N:BJura?@Utah \{cone} \(?"Taxodiales) \TS:H. axelrodi$< ************************* * Ginkgoales $Bessey1910|Engler1897 #M1/1/1 *OPerm-Rec \("Ginkgooidae$Reveal1996,Ginkgoopsida$Engler1898,"GINKGOOPHYTINA$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???>Reveal1996,"GINKGOOPHYTA$Bold1???>Reveal1996) \(~Cycadopsida~Gnetopsida) ************************* PSEUDOTORELLIACEAE $??? Burejospermum $Krasilov1972 #N(I) *NI:BJura-OKr@USSR \{seed} \TS:B. crassitestum$< Pseudotorellia $Florin1936 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Spit \TS:Feildenia nordenskoeldi$Nathorst1??? Umaltolepis $Krasilov1972 #N(I) *NI:BJura@USSR {Cone,Megastrobilus} \TS:U. vachrameevii$< GINKGOACEAE $Engler1897 #P1/1,m1/1,F1/,M1/1+>6/^ *Rec@?O-China *X:?Crn,Rht,Het,Baj-Bth,Ber,Tert-Hol,Rec%T \(+NomCons) \bladverliezend;boom;2huizig;2zaadlobbig;n=12 Ginkgo $Linnaeus1771 #m1,NF,M1,+^,IB,i2 *m:Rec@?O-China *M:Rec@O-China {maidenhair tree/Japanse notenboom} \("GINKGOEAE$Presl1846) \TS:G. biloba$< ==Salisburia $Smith1797 #(I),i5 \(+missp:Salisburiana$Wood1861#i0) \TS:Ginkgo biloba$Linnaeus1??? ==Pterophyllus $Nelson1866 #(I) \(+P$Leveille1844(Hymenomycetes/Lentinaceae)) \TS:Ginkgo biloba$Linnaeus1??? ^ Allicospermum $Harris1935 #NX(I) *NI:BTr@O-Groe \{seed} \TS:A. xystum$< Baiera $Braun1843 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Duit {Leaf,Seed} \(+NomCons) \TS($Heer1???):Sphaerococcites muensterianus$Presl1??? Ginkgoites $Seward1919 #NX(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Zwed \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Ginkgoitocladus $Krasilov1972 #N(I) *NI:OKr@USSR \{shoot,leaf} \TS:G. burejensis$< Ginkgoxylon $Andreanszky1952 #N(I) *NI:BMioc@Hong \{wood} \TS:G. bihariense$< Nehvizdya $Hlustik1977 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{leaf} \TS:Podozamites obtusus$Velenovsky1??? ^ Arctobaiera $Florin1936 #N(I) *N:Jura@N-USSR *I:Mesozoic@N-USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:A. flettii$< Baierophyllites $Jain&Delevoryas1967; #N(I) *NI:MTr@W-Arge \{leaf} \TS:B. florinii$< Baieropsis $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *NI:OKr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Baieroxylon $Greguss1961 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Hong \{wood} \TS:Dadoxylon implexum$Zimmermann1??? Bavaricutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@WDuit \{cuticle} \TS:B. angustiora$< Caucasia $Anisimova1973 #N(I) *NI:MCarb@N-Kauk \{leaves} \TS:C. ginkgophylloides$< Culgoweria $Florin1936 #(I) *I:^@N-USSR \{leaf} \TS:??? Eoginkgoites $Bock1952 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Penn \{leaf} \TS:??? Eretmoglossa $Barale1981 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Span \{leaf} \TS:E. lacasae$< Eretmophyllum $Thomas1913 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Euryspatha $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:BJura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:E. rarinervis$< Furcifolium $Kraeusel1943 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Duit \{stem} \TS:Sewardia longifolia$Seward1??? Ginkganthus $Nathorst1900 #N(I) *NI:Jura@N-USSR \{microsporangium} \TS(+NYD) Ginkgoxylon $Hudajberdyev1962 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Uzbe \{wood} \(+P$Andreanszky1952(fossilPinopsida/Ginkgoaceae)) \TS:??? Glossophyllum $Kraeusel1943 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Oost \{leaf} \(+P$(MuellerHal1???)Hampe1879(Bryopsida/Plagiotheciaceae)) \TS:G. florini$< Glossopteropsis $Zalessky1918 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf?} \TS:G. angarica$< Hartzia $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Groe \{stem,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Kalantarium $Dobruskina1980 #N(I) *NI:M-,BTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:K. kraeuselii$< Karkenia $Archangelsky1965 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Arge \{seed Cone?} \TS:K. incurva$< Kirkoria $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *N:Perm@Oeral *I:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:K. multifida$< Leptotoma $Kiritchkova&Samylina1979; #(I) *I:BJura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:L. lenaensis$< Phylladodesme $Zalesskij1930 #(I) *I:Carb/Wph \{leaf} \TS:P. zeilleri$< Pseudogingko $Velenovsky&Viniklar1926; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{leaf} \TS:P. bohemica$< Sidhiphyllites $Srivastava1984("1983") #(I) *I:Tr@India \{leaf} \TS:S. flabellatus$< Solenites $Lindley&Hutton1834; #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{leaf} \^^Flabellaria \TS:S. murrayana$< Sphenobaiera $Florin1936 #N(I) *NI:Jura@N-USSR \TS:S. spectabilis$(Nathorst1???)<=Baiera spectabilis$Nathrost1??? Staphidiophora $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Groe \{fruit,seed} \TS:S. secunda$< Stephenophyllum $Florin1936 #N(I) *NI:Jura@N-USSR \{leaf} \TS($Florin1???):Desmiophyllum solmsi$Seward1??? Toretzia $Stanislavskij1973 #(I) *I:BTr@USSR \{twig with megastrobili} \TS:T. angustifolia$< Uralobaiera $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \TS:U. biarmica$< Windwardia $Florin1936 #N(I) *NI:Jura@N-USSR \{leaf} \TS:W. crookallii$< ? Adiantophyllum $Langeron1899 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \{leaf} \TS:A. reticulatum$< Biarmobaiera $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:B. uralensis$< Desmiophyllum $Lesquereux1878 #(I) *I:Penn \TS:D. gracile$< Ginkgophyton $Matthew1910 #N(I) *N:Miss@NwBr *I:Miss \{leaf,reproductive Seed} \TS:G. leavitti$< Kandyria $Sikstel1971 #N(I) *N:MCarb/Moskov@Uzbe \{stem,leaf} \TS:K. vasilkovskyi$(Sikstel')Sikstel'=Trichopitys vasilkovskyi$Sikstel' Permophyllum $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf} \TS:P. incisum$< Phyllotenia $Salfeld1909 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Duit \{seed,leaf} \TS:P. longifolia$< Rhipidiocladus $Prinada1956 #N(I) *NI:BJura@USSR \{branches with leaves} \(?Ginkgoales|Coniferales) \TS:R. flabellata$< Rhipidopsis $Schmalhausen1879 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{leaf,fruit,bark} \TS:R. gingkoides$< Saportaea $Fontaine&White1880; #N(I) *NI:Penn \TS:S. salisburioides$< ************************* * ? ************************* Aachenia $Knobloch1972 #N(I) *N:Kr/Sen@Duit \{cone scales} \TS:A. debeyi$< Abietites $Hisinger1837 #N(I) *NI:^@Zwed \TS:Abies sternbergii$Nilsson1??? Abiocaulis $Suzuki1910 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{stem} \TS:A. yezoensis$< Actinostrobites $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Ammatopsis $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Perm \{stem,leaves} \TS:A. mira$< Androvettia $Hollick&Jeffrey1909; #N(I) *NI:Kr \{leaf} \TS:A. statenensis$< Angarocarpus $Radcenko1955 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \{seed} \TS:Samaropsis ungensis$Zalesskij1??? Anomaloxylon $Gothan1910 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Spit \{wood} \(+P$Felix1887(fossilMagnoliopsida/?:)) \TS:??? ==Arctoxylon $Kraeusel1949 #N(I) *N:OKr|Jura \{wood} \TS:Anomaloxylon magnoradiatum$Gothan1??? Apterostrobus $Gothan&Nagel1920; #N(I) *NI:Eoc \{cone} \TS:A. cedroides$< Araucariocaulon $Lignier1907 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Fran \{stem} \TS:A. breveradiatum$< Araucariophloios $Lignier1907 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Fran \{bark,wood,stem} \TS:A. breveradiatum$< Araucariopsis $Caspary1888 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:A. macractis$< Araucariostrobus $Krasser1921 #N(I) *NI:Jura@USSR \{strobilus} \TS:A. mandlii$< Araucarioxylon $Kraus1870 #N(I) *N:Carb@Enge \(+missp:Araucaroxylon) \TS(+NYD) Archaeopodocarpus $Weigelt1928 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Duit \TS:A. germanicus$< Athrotaxopsis $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Va \{leaf,cone} \(?>Athrotaxis) \TS(+NYD) Barakaroxylon $Kulkarni1962(+Maithy&Surange1971;) #N(I) *NI:OPerm@India \{wood} \(<=$Surange&Maithy1962;(+^A)) \TS($Surange&Maithy1;???>Kulkarni&&):Dadoxylon jhariense$Surange&Sah1;??? Bardella $Zalessky1937 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:B. splendida$< Benstedtia $Seward1896 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Enge \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Bilsdalea $Harris1952 #N(I) *N:Jura@Enge \{stem,leaf} \TS:B. dura$< Brasilestiloxylon $Mussa1978 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{wood} \TS:B. piracicabense$< Budingia $Krasser1943 #N(I) *NI:Perm/Zec@Duit \{stem,wood} \TS(+NYD) Burussiella $Hahlov1940 #N(I) *N:OPerm@USSR \{leaf,stem} \(+missp:Borussiella$Hahlov1940#(I)) \TS:B. minima$< Callitrites $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Fran \{leaf,cone} \TS(+NYD) Caveophyllum $Migatcheva1968 #N(I) *NI:BTr@USSR \{leaf,stem} \TS:C. guttiforme$< Cedrophloios $Fliche1896 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@Fran \{bark} \TS:C. bleicheri$< Doliostrobus $Marion1884 #N(I) *N:Tert@Fran *I:Tert@Eur \TS:D. sternbergii$< Echinostrobus $Schimper1870 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Elate $Endlicher1837 #N(I) *N:Jura-Tert *I:Jura,Tert \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Liliopsida/Arecaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Eleoxylon $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Oost \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Entomolepis $Saporta1865 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Fran \{cone} \TS:E. cynarocephala$< Eoglyptostrobus $Miki1964 #N(I) *NI:Mesozoic@Z-Mants \{shoot,stem} \TS:??? Eostrobilus $Theron1899 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{cone} \TS:E. gelisii$< Eugeinitzia $Hollick&Jeffrey1909; #N(I) *NI:Kr \TS:E. proxima$< Euryphyllum $Feistmantel1879 #N(I) *N:Carb|Perm@India *I:OGondwana@India \{leaf} \TS:E. whittianum$< Eurysacis $Schulze1887 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Sen@Duit,Bohe \{strobilus,twig} \TS:Cunninghamites squamosus$Heer1??? Fuechselia $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \{cone} \TS:Strobilites laricoides$Schimper&Mougeot1;??? Glyptolepidium $Sordelli1896 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Ital \(=$Heer1???(+^A)) \{twigs with foliage} \(+P$Heer1876(Pinidae/?)) \TS(+NYD) Glyptolepis $Schimper1870 #N(I) *N:BTr@Duit *I:BTr@M-Eur \{leaf?,shoot?} \TS(+NYD) ==Glyptolepidium $Heer1876 #(I) \{strobili} \TS:??? Glyptostrobites $Brongniart1849 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Glyptostroboxylon $Conwentz1885 #N(I) *NI:OOligoc@Arge \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Haiburnia $Harris1952 #N(I) *N:^@Enge \{leaf} \TS:Brachyphyllum setosum$Phillips1??? Haidingera $Endlicher1841 #N(I) *NI:Tr@Fran \{strobili} \TS(+R Albertia$Schimper1837) ==Albertia $Schimper1837(?) #(I) *I:Tr@Fran \(+nonAlberta$Meyer1838(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Harrisostrobus $Chitaley&Sheikh1973; #N(I) *NI:Kr@India \{cone} \TS:H. intertrappea$< Hirmerella $Jung1968 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Eur *I:Rht@M-Eur \TS(+R Cheirolepis$Schimper1870) ==Cheirolepis $Schimper1870 #(I) *I:Rht@M-Eur \(+P$Boissier1849(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Brachyphyllum muensteri$Schenk1??? ==Cheirolepidium $Tahtadzjan1956 #(I) \(+?R Cheirolepis$Schimper1870) \TS:??? Homoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *N:BKr@Duit *I:Kr@Duit \{wood} \TS:H. blasii$< Hybothya $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{strobilus} \TS:Cupressinites crassus$Bowerbank1??? Indostrobus $Sahni1931 #N(I) *NI:?BKr@India \{cone} \TS:I. bifidolepis$< Juglansoxylon $Falqui1906 #N(I) *NI:OMioc@Sard \TS:??? Juniperites $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:Thuites alienus$Sternberg1??? Kaidacarpum $Carruthers1868 #N(I) *NI:^ \{cones} \TS(+NYD) Keteleerioxylon $Silkina1960 #N(I) *NI:OKr@N-USSR \{wood} \TS:K. arcticum$< Kobalostrobus $Serlin&Delevoryas;&Weber1981; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Mexi \{cone} \TS:K. olmosensis$< Kryshtofovichiella $Sikstel1956 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Uzbe \{leaf} \TS:K. modica$Sikstel' Kusbassia $Popova1960 #N(I) *N:Carb,BPerm@USSR *I:BPerm@USSR \{branch,leaf} \TS:K. foliata$< Laricopsis $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Va *I:OKr \{twigs} \(?>Larix) \TS(+NYD) Lasiostrobus $Taylor1970 #N(I) *NI:BPenn@Illi \{male cone} \TS:L. polysacci$< Lecrosia $Florin1927 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Carb/BSte@Fran \{female cone,leaves} \TS:L. grand'euryi$Florin1??? Libocedrites $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Kroa \{leaf,shoot} \TS:Thuytes salicornioides$Unger1??? Libocedroxylon $Hudajberdyev1958 #N(I) *N:Oligoc-Mioc@Z-Oeral *I:BOligoc-OMioc@Z-Oeral \{wood} \TS:L. austrocedroides$< Machairostrobus $TurutanovaKetova1950 #N(I) *NI:MJura@Kaza \(<=$Prinada1???) \{cone,strobilus} \TS:M. kazachstanicus$< Marwaria $SukhDev&Bose1974; #N(I) *NI:OKr@India \{leaf,stem} \TS:Araucarites latifolius$Feistmantel1??? Megaporoxylon $Kraeusel1956 #N(I) *NI:Perm/BDwyka@Nami \{wood} \TS:M. kaokense$< Mesoxyloides $Maslen1930 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Enge \{stem} \TS:M. platypodium$< Metacupressinoxylon $Torrey1923 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{wood} \TS:M. cedroides$Torrey1???(<=Holden) Microlepidium $Velenovsky1889 #N(I) *N:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{cone} \(+P$VonMueller1853(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:M. striatulum$< Minetaxites $Konno1962 #N(I) *NI:Tr/MCrn@Japan \{stem,cone} \TS:Podocarpites ushioi$Naito1??? Moranocladus $Seward&Sahni1926; #(I) *I:OGondwana@India \{foliage shoots} \TS(+R Morania$Seward&Sahni1920;) ==Morania $Seward&Sahni1920; #N(I) *N:Carb-Perm@India *I:OGondwana@India \{foliage shoots} \(+P$Walcott1919(Cyanophyceae/Scytonemataceae)) \TS(+NYD) Moreauia $Pomel1849 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Nagatostrobus $Konno1962 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Crn@Japan \{male cone} \TS:N. naitoi$Kon'no Nellostrobus $Semaka1958 #N(I) *NI:OJura@Roem \{cone} \TS:N. quadraticus$< Nipanioruha $Rao1947("1946") #N(I) *NI:Jura@India \{leaf,stem} \TS:N. granthia$< Orthoporites $Schleiden1855 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Oost \TS:O. apeltianus$< Pachylepis $Kraeusel1952 #N(I) *N:Tr/Keuper@Duit *I:Tr@Duit \{cone} \(+P$Lessing1832(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Voltzia quinquies$Linck1??? Pagiophyllites $Tuzson1911 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Duit \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Palaeocedrus $Unger1842 #N(I) *NI:Tert \{cone} \TS:P. exstinctus$< Palaeopitys $MNab1870 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Scho \{wood} \TS:P. millerii$< Palaeotaxodioxylon $Frentzen1916 #N(I) *NI:Tr/BBuntsandstein@Duit \{wood} \TS:??? Paleotaxites $White1929 #N(I) *N:Perm@Ariz *I:Perm \{wood Stem} \TS:P. praecursor$< Paracupressinoxylon $Torrey1923 #N(I) *N:Jura@Enge *I:Jura@USA,Eur \(<=$Holden1???) \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Paranocladus $Florin1940 #N(I) *N:Carb|Perm@Braz *I:PermoCarb@Braz \{leaf,stem} \TS:P. dusenii$< Parapinuxylon $Huard1966 #N(I) *NI:BTert@Fran \{wood} \TS:P. hostensianum$< Passalostrobus $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{cone} \TS:Cupressinites tesselatus$Bowerbank1??? Petrophiloides $Bowerbank1840 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Enge \{cone} \TS(+NYD) Peuce $Lindley&Hutton1832; #N(I) *N:Carb-Jura@Enge *I:Carb,Jura \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Phyllocladopitys $Kraeusel1928 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Nami \{stem} \TS:P. capensis$< Phyllostrobus $Saporta1871(=DeSaporta) #N(I) *NI:Jura@Fran \{cone,leaf} \TS(+NYD) Physematopitys $Goeppert1850 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:P. salisburioides$< Piceoxylon $Gothan1905 #N(I) *N:Tert@Calif \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Pinuxylon $Gothan1905 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Pitoxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:^ \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Pityoxylon $Kraus1870 #N(I) *N:Tr/Keuper@Duit *I:Mesozoic,Tert@Eur \TS(+NYD) Planoxylon $Stopes1916 #N(I) *N:Kr@NZ \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Platypeuce $Menge1850 #N(I) *NI:Tert@ODuit \TS:P. dichotoma$< Platyspiroxylon $Greguss1961 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Hong \{wood} \TS:P. heteroparenchymatosum$< Plutonia $Velenovsky1889 #N(I) *N:Kr/Cen@Bohe *I:Kr/Cen \{leaf,cone} \TS:P. cretacea$< Poacordaixylon $Renault1885 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{wood} \(?Poa-Cordaixylon) \TS:P. stephanense$< Protobrachyoxylon $Holden1913 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Oolite@Enge \{wood} \TS:P. eboracense$< Protocedroxylon $Gothan1910 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Spit \{wood} \TS:P. araucarioides$< Protocupressinoxylon $Eckhold1921 #N(I) *NI:Jura@Enge \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Protojuniperoxylon $Eckhold1921 #N(I) *N:Kr@Enge \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Protopiceoxylon $Gothan1907 #N(I) *NI:Tert@KingKarlsLand \{wood} \TS:P. exstinctum$< Protopinuxylon $Eckhold1921 #N(I) *N:Kr/Wealden@Enge \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Protopodocarpoxylon $Eckhold1921 #N(I) *NI:OKr/Gault@Fran \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Pseudowalchia $Renault1885 #NH(I) *NI:Perm@Fran \{stem,fertile branch} \(?Pseudo-Walchia) \TS:P. frondosa$< Pytys $Endlicher1837 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Eur \{leaf,cone} \TS(+NYD) Raritania $Hollick&Jeffrey1909; #N(I) *N:Kr@NwYo *I:Kr \{leaf,stem,twig} \TS:Frenelopsis gracilis$Newberry1??? Retinodendron $Zenker1833 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:??? ==Retinoxylon $Endlicher1847 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS:??? Retinosporites $Holden1915 #N(I) *N:Tr@India *I:Tr \{stem,twig} \TS:R. indica$< Rhenania $Schweitzer1962 #N(I) *N:Perm/Zec@Duit \{stem,male cone} \TS:R. reichelti$< Rhizocedroxylon $Felix1882 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Hong \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Rhizocupressinoxylon $Conwentz1880 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Polen \{root,wood} \TS(+NYD) Rhizotaxodioxylon $Felix1882 #N(I) *NI:^@Hong \{wood,root} \TS:R. palustre$< Romeroites $Spegazzini1924 #N(I) *N:Kr@Arge *I:BKr \{cone} \TS:R. argentinensis$< Sarcostrobilus $Fliche1900 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Brm@Fran \{cone} \TS:S. paulini$< Sashinia $Meyen1978 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR \{stem} \TS:S. aristovensis$< Satpuria $SukhDev&ZebaBano1978; #N(I) *N:^ *I:BJura-OKr@India \{leaf} \TS:S. sehoraensis$< Sboromirskia $Zalessky1936 #N(I) *NI:Carb@USSR \{leaf} \TS:S. asiatica$< Schidolepium $Heer1880 #N(I) *NI:Jura@USSR \{cone} \TS:S. gracile$< Sciadopitophyllum $Christophel1973 #N(I) *NI:BKr-Paleog@Albe \{shoot,stem,leaf} \TS:S. canadense$< Sciadopitycutis $Schneider1969 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Duit \{cuticle} \TS:Sciadopitys marcodurensis$Weyland&Kilpper;&Berendt1;???(<=Ermeling) Sequoiopsis $Saporta1876-1884 #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+NYD) Sequoiopsis $Velenovsky&Viniklar1926; #N(I) *N:Kr/Cen *I:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{leafy twigs and cones} \(+missp:Sequoipsis) \(+P$Saporta1876-1884(Pinidae/?)) \TS:S. perucensis$< Sequoioxylon $Torrey1923 #N(I) *NI:Kr \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Sertostrobus $GrauvogelStamm1969 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Fran \{male cone} \TS:S. laxus$< Sphaerostrobus $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{male cone} \(?>Podozamites) \TS:S. clandestinus$< Sphenaspis $Hollick&Jeffrey1909; #N(I) *N:Kr@NwYo *I:Kr \{cone Scales} \TS:S. statenensis$< Spiropitys $Goeppert1850 #N(I) *NI:Tert@M-Eur \{wood} \TS:S. zobeliana$< Prototaxoxylon $Kraeusel&Dolianiti1958; #N(I) *NI:?Perm@ZAfr \{wood} \TS(+R Spiroxylon$Walton1925) ==Spiroxylon $Walton1925 #N(I) *NI:^@ZAfr \{wood} \(+P$Hartig1848(Pinopsida/Cupressaceae)) \TS:S. africanum$< Spondylostrobus $Mueller1870(=VonMueller) #N(I) *NI:^@Vict \{cone} \TS:S. smythii$< Squama $Renault1885 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Fran \{scale} \TS:S. taxinoides$< Stabbarpia $Florin1958 #N(I) *N:Jura/Het@Zwed *I:OLias@Z-Zwed \{leaf,shoot,stem} \TS:S. serrulata$< Stachycarpites $Ogura1932 #N(I),i1 *NI:Kr@Hokk \{seed} \TS:S. projectus$< Strobilifer $Weigelt1928 #N(I) *N:Perm@Duit *I:^@Duit \TS:S. frumentarius$< Strobilites $Lindley&Hutton1833; #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@Enge \{cone} \TS:S. elongata$< Strobilostrobus $Bayer1914 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{cone} \TS:S. velenovskyanus$< Taxeopsis $Renault1885 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Fran \{fertile branch} \TS:T. grand'euryi$Renault1??? Taxites $Brongniart1828 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Fran \TS:T. tournalii$< Taxodites $Presl1838 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@M-Eur \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Taxoxylum $Endlicher1842 #N(I) *N:Mioc@Hong \(<=$Unger1???) \{wood} \TS(+R Taxites$Goeppert1841) ==Taxites $Goeppert1841 #N(I) *NI:^@TsSl \{wood} \(+P$Brongniart1828(fossilPinopsida/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Thuites $Sternberg1825 #N(I) *N:Kr@Bohe \TS(+NYD) Thylloxylon $Gothan1910 #N(I) *NI:BJura@Spit \{wood} \TS:T. irregulare$< Tiloxylon $Hartig1848 #N(I) *NI:^ {Wood} \TS(+NYD) Tomaxellia $Archangelsky1963 #N(I) *N:^ *I:BJura-OKr@Arge \{shoots} \TS:T. degiustoi$< Trioolepis $Zeiller1903 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@Viet \{female cone} \TS:Conites lecleri$Zeiller1??? Trulla $Harris1979 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Deltaic@Enge \{female cone} \TS:T. nitens$< Tylodendron $Weiss1870 #N(I) *N:Carb-Perm@Duit *I:BCarb,Perm@Duit \{wood} \TS:T. speciosum$< Ullmannites $Tuzson1911 #N(I) *NI:Perm \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Voltziostrobus $GrauvogelStamm1969 #N(I) *NI:OTr@Fran \{male cones} \TS:V. schimperi$< Walchiopremnon $Florin1940 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@Fran \{stem} \TS(+NYD) Walkomia $Florin1940 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@NwZW \{leaf,stem} \TS:Brachyphyllum australe$Feistmantel1??? ==Walkomiella $Florin1944 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@NwZW \{leaf,stem} \TS:Brachyphyllum australe$Feistmantel1??? Xenoxylon $Gothan1905 #N(I) *NI:Jura \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Yatsenkoxylon $Silkina1963 #N(I) *N:BEoc@Sibe \{wood} \TS:Y. sibiricum$< Yezostrobus $Stopes&Fujii1910; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{cone} \TS:Y. oliveri$< Zamiostrobus $Endlicher1836 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Enge \{cone} \TS($Andrews1???):Zamia macrocephala$Henslow1??? ? Amdrupia $Harris1932 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht *I:Rht@O-Groe \{leaf} \TS:A. stenodonta$< Angrenia $Sikstel1972 #N(I) *N:Perm-OTr@M-Az \{stem,leaf,strobili} \TS:A. angustifolia$Sikstel' Carpentiera $Nemejc&Augusta1934; #N(I) *NI:Perm@TsSl \{leaf,stem} \TS:C. marocana$< Hiltonia $Stoneley1956 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@Enge \{leaf,stem} \TS:H. rivuli$< Ixostrobus $Raciborski1892 #N(I) *N:Tr/Rht@Polen \{cone,microsporangium} \TS:Taxites semiradzkii$Raciborski1??? Rhiptozamites $Schmalhausen1879 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{cordaitean leaf} \TS(+NYD) Searsolia $Pant&Bhatnagar1975; #N(I) *N:Carb|Perm@India *I:OGondwana@India \{leaf} \TS:S. oppositifolia$< Sorosaccus $Harris1935 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{cone} \TS:S. gracilis$< Spermatostrobus $Velenovsky&Viniklar1927; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{cone} \TS:S. suspectus$< Uralodendron $Zalessky1939 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{stem,leaf} \TS:U. verticillatum$< ************************* * ? ************************* Callialasporites $SukhDev1961("1959") #NH(I) *NI:Jura/Oxf@WAus \{spores} \TS:Zonalapollenites trilobatus$Balme1??? Cedroxylon $Kraus1870 #(I) \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Cephalotaxites $Heer1883 #(I) *I:BKr@Groe \{fertile shoot} \TS:C. insignis$< Cladocedroxylon $Felix1882 #(I) *I:Jura/OKim@Polen \{wood of branches} \TS:C. auerbachii$< Cladocupressinoxylon $Hoffmann1884 #(I) *I:Kr@Ital \(?>Cupressinoxylon$Goeppert1850) \TS(+NYD) Cladocupressoxylon $Felix1882 #(I) *I:Oligoc@Duit \{wood of branches} \(?>Cupressoxylon$Kraus1870) \TS(+NYD) Coniferocaulon $Fliche1900 #(I) *I:Kr/Brm@Fran \{stem} \TS:C. colymbeaeforme$< Coniferoxylon $Beck1945 #(I) *I:Tert@W-NAm \{wood} \TS:??? Cormocedroxylon $Felix1882 #(I) *I:Jura@Polen \{wood of stem} \TS:C. jurense$< Crossotolepis $Fliche1900 #(I) *I:Oligoc@Fran \{seed cone} \TS:C. perroti$< Cryptomerites $Brongniart1849 #(I) *I:^@Duit \{branches,cones} \TS:Cupressites ulmanni$Bronn1??? Cunninghamites $Presl1838 #(I) *I:Mesozoic@M-Eur \{twigs} \TS(+NYD) Cupressinites $Bowerbank1840 #(I) *I:Eoc@Enge \{cones} \TS(+NYD) Cupressinostrobus $Penny1947 #(I) *I:BKr/MagothyFm \TS:C. delawarensis$< Cupressinoxylon $Goeppert1850 #(I) *I:Tert \{wood} \TS(+NYD) ==Cormocupressinoxylon $Hoffmann1884 #(I) *I:Kr@Nede,Ital \{wood} \TS(+R Cupressinoxylon$Goeppert1850) Cupressites $Brongniart1828 #(I) \{leafy twig and cone?} \TS:C. hulmanni$< Cupressoxylon $Kraus1870 #(I) *I:Kr@Oekr \{wood} \^^Cupressinoxylon \TS:??? ==Cormocupressoxylon $Felix1882 #(I) *I:Oligoc@Duit \{stem} \TS(+R Cupressoxylon$Kraus1870) Curionia $Sordelli1896 #(I) *I:Perm@Ital \{strobili} \TS:C. triumpilina$< Cyclopitys $Schmalhausen1879 #(I) *I:Perm@Rusl \{leaves} \TS(+NYD) Dacrydites $Marik1901 #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{shoot with leaves} \TS:D. incertus$< Dactyolepis $Hollick&Jeffrey1909; #(I) *I:Kr \{cone scales} \TS:D. cryptomerioides$< Dadoxylon $Endlicher1847 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Dammarites $Presl1838 #(I) *I:Kr@Bohe \{cone} \TS:D. albens$< Dicalamophyllum $Sterzel1880 #(I) *I:Perm@Duit \TS:D. altendorfense$< Dictyodendron $Eichwald1855 #(I) *I:Carb@USSR \{wood} \(+P$Landsborough1844(fossilPteridophyta/?:)) \TS:D. leuchtenbergii$< Diplotesta $Brongniart1874 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{seeds} \TS:D. grand'euryana$Brongniart1??? Florinites $Schopf&Wilson;&Bentall1944; #NH(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:F. antiquus$Schopf1??? Lelestrobus $Srivastava1984("1983") #(I) *I:Tr@India \{microsporangiate organ} \TS:L. pennatus$< Nephrostrobus $Hahlov1940 #(I) *I:BCarb@USSR \{strobilus} \TS:N. degaliensis$< Ourostrobus $Harris1935 #N(I) *N:Rht|?OLias@O-Groe *I:OLias@O-Groe \{cone,seed} \TS:O. nathorsti$< Paleoconiferus $??? #H \TS:??? Parasaccites $Bhardwaj&Tiwari1964; #NH(I) *N:Carb-Perm *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:P. korbaensis$< Parvisaccites $Couper1958 #NH(I) *NI:Jura-Kr \{spores} \TS:P. radiatus$< ==Parvisaccipollenites $LevetCarette1964 #(I) \{spores} \TS:Parvisaccites radiatus$Couper1??? Perisaccus $Naumova1953 #NH(I) \{spores} \TS:P. verruculatus$< ==Perisaccipollenites $Agrali1965 #(I) *I:Carb \{spores} \TS:Perisaccus verruculatus$Naumova1??? Platysaccus $Potonie&Klaus1954; #NH(I) *N:Perm-Tr *I:PermoTr \{spores} \TS:P. papilionis$< ==Platysaccipollenites $DanzeCorsin&Laveine1963; #(I) \{spores} \TS(+R Platysaccus$Potonie&Klaus1954;) Protohaploxypinus $Samoilovich1953 #NH(I) *NI:Perm \{spores} \^^Pemphygaletes \TS(+NYD) Protodiploxypinus $Samoilovich1953 #NH(I) *NI:OKr \{spores} \TS:Pinojella bialinina$Malyavkina1??? Rugubivesiculites $Pierce1961 #NH(I) *NI:Kr \{spores} \TS:R. convolutus$< Tarphyderma $Archangelsky&Taylor1986; #(I) *I:Kr/OApt@Arge \{leafy shoot} \TS:T. glabra$< Torreyocladus $Li&Ye1980; #(I) *I:Kr/(Brm-?Apt)@NO-China \{branched shoots} \TS:T. spectabilis$< Trisaccites $??? #H \TS:??? Voltzioxylon $Torrey1923 #(I) \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Willsiostrobus $GrauvogelStamm&Schaarschmidt1978; #(I) *I:Tr/Keuper@Enge \{male cone} \TS:Masculostrobus willsii$Townrow1??? ? Condylites $ThiseltonDyer1872 #(I) *I:Jura@Duit \{twigs} \TS:C. squamatus$< Coniferomyelon $Fliche1908 #(I) *I:MTr@Fran \{stem} \TS:C. conchylianum$< Conites $Sternberg1823 #(I) *I:Jura/Oolite@Enge \{cone} \TS:C. bucklandii$< ==Bucklandia $Brongniart1828 #(I) *I:Jura@Enge \{stem|Cone} \(+P$GrafVonSternberg1825(fossilCycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \TS:B. squamosa$Brongniart1???=Conites bucklandii$Sternberg1??? Dactylethrophyllum $Wesley1956 #(I) *I:Jura/Lias@Ital \{leafy shoots} \TS:D. peristictum$< Darneya $Schaarschmidt&Maubeuge1969; #(I) *I:OTr@Fran \{male fructification} \TS:D. peltata$< Distichophyllites $Dusen1899 #(I) *I:Oligoc@Chili \{twig} \TS:D. microphyllus$< ************************* * ? ************************* =Pennsylvanioxylon $Vogellehner1965 #(I) *I:BPenn@Illi \{stem} \TS:Cordaites validus$Cohen&Delevoryas1;??? Angustisulcites $Freudenthal1964 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:A. klausii$< Antarcticoxylon $Seward1914 #N(I) *NI:^@Ant {Stem} \TS:A. priestleyi$< Arauspiropitys $Pant&Singh1987; #(I) *I:Perm@India \{wood} \TS:A. indicum$< Birsinghpuria $Pant&Nautiyal;&Tiwari1985; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{seed} \TS:B. indica$< Brachysaccus $Maedler1964 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:B. ovalis$< Caheniasaccites $Bose&Kar1966; #H(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:C. flavatus$< Caulophyllites $Pant&Singh1979; #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@India \{stem,leaf} \TS:C. indica$< Chankanella $Krasilov1964 #(I) *I:OKr@USSR \{foliage} \TS:C. vachrameevii$< Chapmanoxylon $Pant&Singh1987; #(I) *I:Perm@India \{wood} \TS:C. raniganjensis$< Chordasporites $Klaus1960 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:C. singulichorda$< Chitospermum $Harris1935 #(I) *I:Rht@O-Groe \{seed} \TS:C. stereococcus$< Crescentipollenites $??? #H \TS:??? Crucisaccites $Lele&Maithy1964; #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:C. latisulcatus$< Cuticulatopteris $Pant&Misra1983; #(I) *I:BPerm@India \{sterile frond,cuticula} \TS:C. polymorpha$< Cycadinoxylon $Zalewska1955 #(I) *I:Tert@Polen \{trunk} \TS:C. czeczotti$< Cycadoxylon $Renault1879 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \{stem} \TS:C. fremyi$< Densipollenites $Bharadwaj1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:C.... indicus$Bharadwaj1??? Derbyella $White1908 #(I) *I:PermoCarb \(+missp:Derbyelba) \{reproductive organ} \(?>Gangamopteris) \TS:D. aurita$< Desmoporoxylon $Lepehina&JacenkoHmelevskij1966; #(I) *I:MDev@Ohio \{wood} \TS:Dadoxylon newberryi$Dawson1??? Discostachys $GrandEury1890 #(I) *I:Carb@Fran \(+NomRej vs Dolerotheca$Halle1933) \(?>Androstachys) \TS:D. cebennensis$Grand'Eury Discostrobus $Krasser1906 #(I) *I:Jura@Sibe \{strobili,leaves} \TS:D. argunensis$< Distriatites $Bharadwaj1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:D. bilateris$< Dolerophyllum $Saporta1878 #(I) *I:Perm@Rusl,Bohe \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Eisdenia $Stockmans1946 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Sen@Belg \{wood Stem} \TS:E. aacheniana$< Europoxylon $Vogellehner1965 #N(I) *NI:Tr/MKeuper@Duit \{stem} \TS:E. tubulosum$< Faunipollenites $Bharadwaj1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:E.... varius$Bharadwaj1??? Fusacolpites $Bose&Kar1966; #H(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:F. fusus$< Gigantospermum $Jongmans&Gothan1935; #N(I) *NI:BCarb@Suma \{seed} \TS:G. posthumi$< Gondwanipollenites $Bose&Maheshwari1968; #H(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:G. congoensis$< Gondwanoxylon $Maheshwari1962 #N(I) *N:Carb-Perm *I:Gondwana \{wood} \TS:G. waltonii$Maheshwari1???(+NomInval) Granosaccus $Maedler1964 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:G. sulcatus$< Guttulapollenites $??? #H \TS:??? Hamiapollenites $Wilson1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:H. saccatus$< Haplomyeloxylon $Vogellehner1965 #(I) *I:Tr/MKeuper@Duit \{stem} \TS:H. triassicum$< Harrisiophyllum $Pant&Srivastava;&Pant1983; #(I) *I:OKr@India \{leaf,cuticula} \TS:Desmiophyllum indicum$Sahni1??? Hindipollenites $Bharadwaj1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:H. indicus$< Hissaria $Gomolitzky1969 #(I) *I:MJura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:H. brickiae$< Ignotospermum $Perovich&Taylor1989; #(I) *I:O-MTr@Ant \{ovule} \TS:I. monilii$< Indoxylon $Surange&Maithy1963; #(I) *I:OGondwana@India \{wood} \TS:I. canalosum$< Infernopollenites $Scheuring1970 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:Pollenites sulcatus$Pautsch1??? Kantia $Doludenko&Kostina1986; #(I) *I:OJura@Tadz \{fructification} \(+P$VonPia1912(fossilChlorophyceae/Dasycladaceae)) \TS:K. vachrameevii$< Kaokoxylon $Kraeusel1956 #(I) *I:ZAfr \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Kendoxylon $Pant&Singh1987; #(I) *I:Perm@India \{wood} \TS:K. fissilis$< Kerryia $Rothwell&Wight1989; #(I) *I:BDev@Ierl \{cupule} \TS:K. mattenii$< Koleoxylon $Vogellehner1965 #(I) *I:Tr@Ariz \{stem} \TS:Dadoxylon chaneyi$Daugherty1??? Kovalia $Teslenko1970 #(I) *I:MJura@USSR \{leaves} \TS:K. grandifolia$< Linguifolium $Arber1913 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht-Jura@NZ *I:RhaetoJura@NZ \{leaf} \(?>Glossopteris) \TS:L. lillieanum$< Lobatoxylon $Kraeusel1956 #N(I) *NI:?Perm@Braz \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Lorumformophyllum $Bose&Banerji1984; #(I) *I:Jura@India \{leaf} \TS:L. dentatum$< Luberisaccites $??? #H \TS:??? Marsupipollenites $Balme&Hennelly1956; #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:M. triradiatus$< Menaisperma $Pettitt&Lacey1972; #N(I) *NI:Carb/BVis@N-Wales \{seed} \TS:M. greenlyii$< Mesopitys $Zalesskij1911 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Minutosaccus $Maedler1964 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:M. acutus$< Nandorioxylon $Biradar&Bonde1981; #(I) *I:BPerm@India \{wood} \TS:N. saksenae$< Nidpuria $Pant&Basu1979; #N(I) *NI:MTr@India \{fructification} \TS:N. problematica$< Niponophyllum $Stopes&Fujii1910; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{leaf} \TS:N. cordaitiforme$< Nummulospermum $Walkom1921 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@Quee \{seed} \(?>Glossopteris) \TS:N. bowense$< Otofeistia $Pant&Nautiyal;&Tiwari1985; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{seed} \TS:Carpolithes milleri$Feistmantel1??? Paleopicea $Parker&Dawson1965; #H \(?Paleopikea) \TS:??? Palmatophyllites $Maithy1965 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb/OGondwana@India \{megasporophyll} \TS:Noeggerathiopsis lacerata$Feistmantel1??? Parajacutiella $Srebrodolskaja1968 #N(I) *NI:BTr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:P. mongugaica$Srebrodol'skaja Parapalaeospiroxylon $Pant&Singh1987; #(I) *I:Perm@India \{wood} \TS:P. burmundiaensis$< Parapalaeoxylon $Prasad1982 #(I) *I:OPerm@India \{wood} \TS:Dadoxylon gondwanense$Maithy1??? Parapitys $Zalessky1911 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Parataxopitys $Maniero1951 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{wood} \TS:P. brasiliana$< Paratordoxylon $Mussa1978 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{wood} \TS:P. camposi$< Phyllocladidites $Couper1953 #H(I) *I:Tert@Kerg \(<=$Cookson1???) \{sporomorph} \(+^A) \TS:P. mawsonii$Cookson1???>Couper(+NomInval) Platylepidium $TurutanovaKetova1963 #(I) *I:MJura@Kaza \{strobilus} \TS(+R Platylepis$TurutanovaKetova1950) ==Platylepis $TurutanovaKetova1950 #(I) *I:MJura@Kaza \{strobilus} \(+P$Richard1828(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS:P. oblanceolatus$< Plectilospermum $Taylor&Taylor1987; #(I) *I:BPerm@Ant \{seed} \TS:P. elliotii$< Plicatipollenites $Lele1964("1963") #H(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:P. indicus$< Polyloboxylon $Maheshwari1962 #(I) *I:Gondwana \{wood} \TS:P. raniganjense$Maheshwari1???(+NomInval) Polysolenoxylon $Kraeusel&Dolianiti1958; #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{stem} \TS:Dadoxylon whitei$Maniero1??? Primuspollenites $Tiwari1964("1963") #H(I) *I:OPerm@India {spores} \(+missp:Primurpollenites$Tiwari1964#(I)) \TS:P. levis$< Protoconiferus $??? #H \TS:??? Protophyllocladoxylon $Kraeusel1939 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Egyp \{wood} \TS:P. leuchsii$< Protophyllocladus $Berry1903 #N(I) *NI:Kr-Tert \TS(+NYD) Prototaxopitys $Agashe1977 #N(I) *NI:OPerm@India \{wood} \TS:Prototaxoxylon andrewsii$Agashe&Chitnis1;??? Pterospermopsis $Wetzel1952 #H(I)v \(+P$Arenes1949(Magnoliopsida/Sterculiaceae)) \TS:??? Pterospermopsimorpha $???(Timofeev1962|Timofeev1966) #H \TS:??? Pullaritheca $Rothwell&Wight1989; #(I) *I:Carb/BTou@Scho \{cupule} \TS:Hydrasperma longii$Matten&Lacey;&Lucas1;??? Ranaoxylon $Pant&Singh1987; #(I) *I:Perm@India \{wood} \TS:R. bengalensis$< Reticulopitys $MuellerStoll1960 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Lias@Duit \{stem} \TS:R. suevica$< Retinodendron $Renault1892 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Fran \{?stem} \(+P$Zenker1833(fossilPinidae/?)) \TS:R. rigolloti$< Rhynchogonium $Heer1876 #N(I) *NI:Carb@Spit \{leaf,seed} \TS(+NYD) Rotundocarpus $Maithy1965 #N(I) *NI:Carb|Perm/OGondwana@India \{seeds} \TS:R. striatus$< Samarospadix $Nejburg1948 #N(I) *NI:BCarb@USSR \{cone,strobilus} \TS:S. pencillata$< Scheuringipollenites $Tiwari1973 #H(I) *I:OGondwana@Tanz \{spores} \TS:Vesicaspora maxima$Hart1??? Schizopollis $Venkatachala&Kar1964; #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:S. wodehousei$< Sclerospiroxylon $Prasad1982 #(I) *I:BPerm@India \{wood} \TS:S. marguerierae$< Septomedullopitys $Lepehina1967 #N(I) *NI:BPerm@USSR {Wood} \TS:S. sibirica$< Shivacarpus $Pant&Nautiyal;&Tiwari1985; #(I) *I:PermoCarb@India \{seed} \TS:S. johillensis$< Skokia $Radcenko1969 #N(I) *NI:Perm@USSR \{seed} \TS:S. crassa$Radcenko&Tarasova1;???(+NomInval) Solenobrasilioxylon $Mussa1978 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{wood} \TS:S. irinei$< Solenopitys $Kraeusel&Dolianiti1958; #N(I) *NI:Perm@Braz \{stem} \TS:S. paulistana$< Solenoxylon $Kraeusel1956 #N(I) *NI:Perm@Nami \{wood} \TS:S. wissi$< Steevesipollenites $Stover1964 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:S. multilineatus$< Stellatopollis $Doyle1976("1975") #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:S. barghoornii$< Striatisaccus $Maedler1964 #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:S. goswicensis$< Striatoabieites $??? #H \TS:??? Striatodiploxypinites $Varyukhina1971(=Varjuhina) #H(I) *I:Perm@Rusl \{spores} \TS:S. striatus$Varjuhina1???(<=Ljuber) Striatolebachiites $Varjuhina1971 #H(I) *I:Perm@USSR \(<=$Varyukhina&Zauer1;???) \(+^A) \{spores} \TS:S. varius$Zauer1???>Varjuhina(+NomInval) Striatopiceites $??? #H \TS:??? Striatopinites $??? #H \TS:??? Striatopollenites $??? #H \TS:??? Striatosaccites $Jizba1962 #H(I) *I:Perm@Texas \{spores} \TS:S. perisporites$< Striomonosaccites $Bharadwaj1962 #H(I) *I:Perm \{spores} \TS:S. ovatus$< Sujfunophyllum $Krasilov1967 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Sibe \{leaf} \TS:S. dichotomum$< Taeniopitys $Kraeusel1962 #N(I) *NI:PermoCarb@Ant \{wood} \TS:T. scottii$< Tanaidia $Prinada1941 #(I) *I:BTr@USSR \{microsporophyll} \TS:T. mirabilis$< Tanaidocarpidium $Prinada1956 #(I) *I:BTr@USSR \{megasporophyll} \TS:T. triphyllum$< Tersiella $Radcenko1960 #(I) *I:OJura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:T. beloussovae$< Tordoxylon $Kraeusel1956 #N(I) *N:^ *I:Tr@ZAfr \{wood} \TS:T. steynspruitense$< Trigonomyelon $Walton1925 #N(I) *N:BCarb@Braz \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Turketia $Gomolitzky1969 #(I) *I:MJura@USSR \{leaf} \TS:T. angustifolia$< Walchiites $??? #H \TS:??? Weylandites $Bharadwaj&Srivastava1969; #H(I) *I:Tr \{spores} \TS:W. indicus$< Yezonia $Stopes&Fujii1910; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{stem} \TS:Y. vulgaris$< Zalesskioxylon $Lepehina&JacenkoHmelevskij1966; #N(I) *N:Carb-Perm@Falk,NwZW *I:Carb-Perm@Falk \{wood} \TS:Z. hallei$Lepehina1??? Zonaletes $Staplin1960 #H(I) *I:Miss \{spores} \TS:Z. hacquebardii$< MESOCARYALES $??? Conocaryon $Loubiere1957 #(I) *I:Carb/Stephan@Fran \{seed} \TS:C. renaulti$< MICROTAENIOPTERIDACEAE $??? Triassiflorites $Bock1969 #N(I) *NI:BTr@Va \{inflorescence} \TS:T. grandiflora$< PETRIELLACEAE $??? Petriellaea $Taylor&DelFueyo;&Taylor1994; #(I) *I:Tr/Ani@Ant \{cupule} \TS:P. triangulata$< ? Anabathra $Witham1833 #(I) *I:Carb@Scho \{stem} \TS:A. pulcherrima$< Angariella $Prinada1962 #(I) *I:MJura@USSR \{leaf} \^^Leptostrobus \(+P$Hahlov1939(fossilPolypodiopsida/?:)) \TS:??? Brnikia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{seed} \TS:B. ovalis$< Cladites $Scott1930 #(I) *I:BCarb@Enge \{twig} \TS:C. bracteatus$< Dinophyton $Ash1970 #(I) *I:BTr@NMex \{leafy shoot} \TS:D. spinosus$< Drepanolepis $Nathorst1897 #N(I) *NI:MJura@Spit \TS(+NYD) Psygmocarpus $Susta1932 #N(I) *NI:BCarb/WphA@TsSl \{fruit,seed} \(!Psygmophyllum) \TS:P. incertus$< Psygmocladus $Susta1932 #N(I) *NI:BCarb/WphA@TsSl {Shoot Stem Twig} \TS:P. lepidodendriformis$< Psygmostrobophyllum $Susta1932 #N(I) *NI:BCarb/WphA@TsSl \{fertile leaf} \TS:P. incertus$< Psygmostrobus $Susta1932 #N(I) *N:Carb/WphA@TsSl \{fructification} \TS:P. lepidodendriformis$< Rhabdotocaulon $Fliche1910 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Keuper@Fran \{stem} \TS:R. zeilleri$< ************************* * MAGNOLIOPHYTA

$Reveal1996 #M76/405/13185/249500 \(<=$Cronquist&Takhtajan;&Zimmermann1;???) \("Phanerogam...=Spermophyta=Spermatophyta) \(=ANGIOSPERMAE) ************************* Achaenites $Braun1851 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Zwit \(+?NomNud) \TS:??? Alnites $Hisinger1837 #N(I) *N:^@Zwed \^^Phyllites \(+?P$Goeppert1836-1837(fossilMagnoliopsida/Betulaceae)) \TS:??? Alnoxylon $Felix1884 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Hong \{wood} \TS:A. vasculosum$< Ancoraecarpon $Velenovsky&Viniklar1931; #N(I) *NI:^ \TS:A. cristatum$< Anisophyllum $Lesquereux1874 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Nebr \{leaf} \^^Quercus \(+P$Jacquin1763(Spermophyta/?:)) \TS:??? Anthocephale $Bayer1893 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Sen@Bohe \{flower} \TS:A. bohemica$< Aptiana $Stopes1912 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Apt@Enge \{wood} \TS:A. radiata$< Budvaricarpus $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Sen@TsSl \{fruit} \TS:B. serialis$< Calathiocarpus $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:C. calyciferus$< Carpinoxylon $Vater1884 #N(I) *NI:Kr/OSen@Duit \{wood} \TS:C. compactum$< Costaecarpus $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:C. trigonus$< Costicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #(I) *I:MMioc@Duit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:C. parvicellareata$< Curvospermum $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{seed} \TS:C. marketense$< Discoclethra $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:D. valvata$< Discosemen $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{seed} \TS:D. faveolatum$< Doroteoxylon $Nishida&Nishida;&Ohsawa1989; #(I) *I:BOligoc-OMioc@Chili \{wood} \TS:D. vicente-perezii$Nishida&Nishida;&Ohsawa1;??? Eislebenia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:E. naviculaeformis$< Eoachras $Berry1915 #N(I) *NI:Eoc \TS:E. eocenica$< Erenia $Krassilov1982 #(I) *I:OKr/Mong \{fruit} \TS:E. stenoptera$< Flabellicula $Reid&Chandler1926; #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:F. anglica$< Fovelita $Nikitin1976 #N(I) *N:BOligoc,MMioc@W-Sibe *I:BOligoc@Kamt \(<=$Nikitin1???) \{seed} \TS:F. rubiforme$< Furqueia $Frenguelli1954 #N(I) *NI:Dev@Arge \TS:F. angladae$< Fusicarpus $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:F. multilocularis$< Gonnaria $Mai1987 #(I) *I:OPaleoc@Duit \{fruit} \TS:G. nyssoides$< Grebenkia $Lebedev1986 #(I) *I:Kr/(Cen-Tur)@NO-USSR \{leaf fragment} \TS:G. kryshtofovichii$< Gurvanella $Krassilov1982 #(I) *I:OKr@Mong \{fruit} \TS:G. dictyoptera$< Hercynocarpus $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:H. caricoides$< Hollickia $Krassilov1979 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Alas \TS:Rulac quercifolium$Hollick1??? Involucrispermum $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/San@Duit \{seed} \TS:I. bavaricum$< Jankowskia $Mai1987 #(I) *I:OPaleoc@Duit \{fruit} \TS:J. eucalyptoides$< Kenella $Samylina1968 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@O-Sibe \{fruit} \TS:??? Lacuniderma $Krasilov1973 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Sen@N-Sakh \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:L. meyenii$< Lappacarpus $Douglas1969 #N(I) *N:Tert@Vict *I:Mesozoic@Vict \{fruit} \TS:L. aristata$< Laramisemen $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Sen@TsSl \{seed} \TS:L. microcanaliculatum$< Lecythioxylon $Milanez1935 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Braz \{wood} \TS:L. brasiliense$< Limnobiophyllum $Krasilov1973 #N(I) *N:Kr-Paleoc@NAm|USSR/Amoer *I:Kr-Paleoc@NAm \{leaf with cuticle} \TS:Lemna scutata$Dawson1??? Lusaticutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:MMioc@Duit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:L. rugosa$< Montsechia $Teixeira1954 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Portland@/Span \{shoot Leaf} \TS(+NYD) Montsechites $Teixeira1954 #N(I) *N:Jura/Portland@Span *I:Jura@Span \{leaf} \TS:M. ferreri$< Moravicarpus $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Sen-Paleoc@TsSl \{fruit} \TS:Microcarpolithes buzekii$Knobloch1??? Morophyllum $Budancev&Kirickova1967; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@USSR \{leaf} \TS:M. denticulatum$< Nigrella $Nikitin1976 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@W-Sibe \(<=$Nikitin1???) \{seed} \TS:N. spinulosa$< Normacarpus $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:N. cretaceus$< Operculispermum $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/(San-OCmp)@TsSl \{seed} \TS:O. padragkutense$< Pacltovia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:P. faveolata$< Pandanophyllum $Kryshtofovich1929 #N(I) *N:Kr@Sibe *I:Kr \{leaf} \(+P$Hasskarl1844(Liliopsida/Cyperaceae)) \TS:P. ahnertii$< Penzhinia $Herman1987 #(I) *I:Kr/Tur@NW-Kamt \TS:P. vachrameevii$< Phyllodermium $Miner1935 #N(I) *N:BKr@Groe *I:BKr \{cuticle} \TS(+NYD) Pleiacron $Mueller1877(=VonMueller) #N(I) *NI:BPlioc@NwZW \{fruit} \TS:P. elachocarpum$< Protovisnea $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:P. saxonica$< Pseudocotyledon $Saporta1893 #N(I) *N:Mioc/Aqt@Fran *I:Tert@Fran \{leaf} \(?>Cotyledon) \TS:P. inquirendum$< Quedlinburgia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/San@Duit \{fruit} \TS:Q. costata$< Quereuxia $Kryshtofovitch1953(=Kristofovic) #N(I) *NI:Kr@ZW-USA \{leaf} \TS($Kristofovic1???):Neuropteris angulata$Newberry1??? Rusavia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa-Paleoc@TsSl \{seed} \TS:Microcarpolithes clavatus$Knobloch1??? Saccospermum $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Sen@TsSl \{seed} \TS:S. trebecense$< Sogdiania $Burakova1971 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Baj@USSR \{reproductive shoot} \TS:S. abdita$< Triphyllum $Velenovsky&Viniklar1931; #N(I) *NI:Kr@TsSl \{leaf Foliage} \(+P$Medikus1789(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS:T. fechtneri$< Triplanosporites $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *NI:Tert \{spore} \(?Polypodiopsida) \TS:T. sinuosus$< Tuberisaccites $Lele&Makada1972; #N(I) *N:Perm *I:OGondwana \{spore} \TS:T. varius$< Vangerowia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Cmp@Duit \{fruit} \TS:Microcarpolithes triangularis$Vangerow1??? Viniklaria $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{fruit} \TS:V. bohemica$< Walbeckia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{fruit} \TS:W. costata$< Wietersdorfia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/OCmp@Duit \{fruit} \TS:W. aquisgranensis$< Xulinosprionites $Bowerbank1840 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Enge \{fructification,fruit} \TS(+NYD) Zlivisporis $Pacltova1961 #N(I) *N:^ \{spores} \TS:Z. blanensis$< ? Aachenosaurus $Smets1887(|1888) #N(I)v {Wood} *NI:Kr@Belg \!inorganic,versteend hout \(^^Reptilia/Dinosauria!Magnoliopsida/Nicolia) \TS:A. multidens$< Aachenoxylon $Hovelacque1889 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Belg \{wood} \(!Magnoliopsida) \TS(+NYD) Bembergia $Caspary1880 #N(I) *NI:Tert@ODuit \{flower} \TS:B. pentatrias$< Mgatschia $Krassilov1979 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Sach \TS:M. lobata$< Nicolia $Unger1842 #(I) *I:Tert@Egyp \{wood} \TS:N. aegyptiaca$< Sanmiguelia $Brown1956 #N(I) *N:M-BTr@ZW-Color \{palmlike leaves} \TS:S. lewisi$< Typhaera $Krassilov1982 #(I) *I:OKr@Mong \{fruit} \TS:T. fusiformis$< ************************* * Magnoliopsida $Brongniart1843 #M321/10534/193700 \("MAGNOLIOPHYTINA$Frohne&Jensen1;???>Reveal1996) \(=Dicotyledonae=Magnoliatae) ************************* Ivonia $Vellozo1825 #1,(I),i1 *Rec@Braz \sympetalous \TS:I. amplexi-caulis$Vellozo1??? ^ Gemmatricolpites $???{Pierce1961|VanHoekenKlinkenberg1964} #NH \TS:??? Afropollis $??? #H \TS:??? Phimopollenites $Dettmann1973 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:Tricolpites pannosus$Dettmann&Playford1;??? Persicarioipollis $Krutzsch1962 #NH(I) *I:Neog \{spores} \TS:P. meuselii$< Paleosantalaceaepites $Dutta&Sah1970; #NH(I) *I:OEoc@Assam \(<=$Biswas1???) \{spores} \TS:P. dinoflagellatus$< Ocellipollis $Khlonova1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:O. acanthaceus$< Meyeripollis $??? #H \TS:??? Meliapollis $Sah&Kar1970; #NH(I) *I:?Tert \{spores} \TS:M. ramanujamii$< Margocolporites $Ramanujam1966 #NH(I) \{spores} \TS:M. tsukadai$< Marginipollis $Clarke&Frederiksen1968; #NH(I) \{spores} \TS:M. concinnus$< Interpollis $??? #H \TS:??? Polycolpites $Couper1953 #NH(I) *I:Kr-Tert \{spores} \TS:P. clavatus$< =Polycolpopollenites $Nakoman1967 #(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS(+R Polycolpites$Couper1953) Gothanipollis $Krutzsch1959 #NH(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:G. gothanii$< Polyporites $Mchedlishvili1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \(+P$Lindley&Hutton1833;(fossilHymenomycetes/Polyporaceae)) \TS:??? Foveotricolporites $Pierce1961 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:F. rhombohedralis$< Foveotricolpites $Pierce1961 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:F. sphaeroides$< Favitricolporites $Sah1967 #NH(I) *I:BNeog@Buru \{spores} \TS:F. eminens$< Duplopollis $Krutzsch1959 #H(I) *I:MEoc \{spores} \TS:D. myrtoides$< ==Duplopollenites $Nakoman1966 #(I) \{spores} \TS:Duplopollis myrtoides$Krutzsch1??? Cupanieidites $Potonie1960 #H(I) *I:Oligoc@Vict \(<=$Cookson&Pike1;???) \{spores} \TS:C. orthoteichus$< Ctenolophonidites $HoekenKlinkenberg1966(=VanHoekenKlinkenberg) #H(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:Stephanocolpites costatus$< Conclavipollis $Pflug1953 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:C. anulopyramis$< Callistopollenites $Srivastava1969 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:Tricolporites radiatostriatus$Mchedlishvili1??? Asteropollis $Hedlund&Norris1968; #NH(I) \{spores} \TS:A. osteroides$< Anacolosidites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Eoc@Vict \(<=$Cookson&Pike1;???) \{spores} \TS:A. luteoides$Cookson&Pike1;???>Potonie(+NomInval) Hexaporotricolpites $Boltenhagen1967 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:H. emelianovii$< Rousea $Srivastava1969 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:R. subtilis$< Wodehousea $??? #H \TS:??? Verrutricolporites $VanDerHammen&Wymstra1964; #NH(I) *I:Oligoc-Mioc \{spores} \TS:V. rotundiporus$< Trilatiporites $Ramanujam1966 #NH(I) \{spores} \TS:T. erdtmanii$< Trifossapollenites $Rouse1957 #H(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:T. ellipticus$< Talisiipites $Wodehouse1933 #NH(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:T. fischeri$< Syncolporites $Hammen1954(=VanDerHammen) #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:S. lisamae$< Striatricolporites $Leidelmeyer1966 #NH(I) *I:Paleoc-Eoc@Guya \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \{spores} \TS:S. pimulis$< Striatricolpites $??? #H \TS:??? Stellapollenites $Lele1965 #NH(I) *I:OGondwana \{spores} \TS:S. talchirensis$< Scabratriporites $HoekenKlinkenberg1964(=VanHoekenKlinkenberg) #NH(I) *I:Kr@Nige \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \{spores} \TS:S. annellus$< Plicatopollis $Krutzsch1962 #NH(I) *I:Eoc@Duit \{spores} \TS:Pollenites plicatus$Potonie1??? Scabratricolpites $Potonie1970 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:S. tibialis$GonzalezGuzman1??? Wodehouseia $Stanley1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:W. spinata$< Rhooidites $??? #H \TS:??? Retitricolporites $VanDerHammen&Wymstra1964; #H(I) *I:Oligoc-Mioc@Guya \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \{spores} \TS:R. guianensis$< Retitricolpites $VanDerHammen&Wymstra1964; #H(I) *I:Oligoc-Mioc \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \{spores} \TS:R. ovalis$< Retitrescolpites $Sah1967 #NH(I) *I:Neog \{spores} \TS:R. typicus$< Retistephanocolpites $Leidelmeyer1966 #NH(I) *I:Paleog \{spores} \TS:R. angelii$< Retibrevitricolpites $HoekenKlinkenberg1966(=VanHoekenKlinkenberg) #NH(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:R. triangulatus$< Psilodiporites $Varma&Rawat1963; #NH(I) *I:Tert@India \{spores} \TS:P. hammenii$< Psilatricolporites $VanDerHammen&Wymstra1964; #H(I) *I:Oligoc-Mioc@Guya \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \{spores} \TS:P. operculatus$< Psilatricolpites $VanDerHammen&Wymstra1964; #H(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Colom \(<=$VanDerHammen1???) \{spores} \TS:Tricolpites clarisimus$VanDerHammen1??? Psilastephanocolporites $Leidelmeyer1966 #NH(I) *I:Paleog \{spores} \TS:P. fissilis$< Scabratricolporites $??? #H \TS:??? . Acaciaephyllum $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Va *I:OKr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Aceriphyllum $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Vao *I:OKr \{leaf} \TS:??? Acerites $Viviani1833 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Ital \{leaf} \TS:??? Acerites $Hisinger1837 #N(I) *NI:^@Zwed \(+P$Viviani1833(fossilMagnoliopsida/?:)) \TS:Phyllites cretaceum$Nilsson1??? Ameghinoites $Spegazzini1924 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Arge *I:Eoc \{leaf} \TS:A. desiderata$< Ampelophyllum $Lesquereux1876 #N(I) *NI:Kr \{leaf} \(+P$Massalongo1859(fossilMagnoliopsida/Vitaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Anomaloxylon $Felix1887 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Ital \{wood} \TS:A. vicentinum$< Anthites $Schimper1874 #N(I) *N:Mesozoic,Tert@Fran \(?:) \TS(+NYD) Araliphyllum $Nathorst1888 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Japan \{leaf} \TS:A. naumanni$< Aulacoxylon $CombesF1907 #N(I) *NI:Eoc/Sparnac@Fran \{wood} \TS:A. sparnacense$Combes1??? Berendtia $Goeppert1845 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Duit \{staminate flower} \TS:B. primuloides$< Braunia $Givulescu1970 #N(I) *NI:Tert/Sarmat@Duit \{leaves} \(+P$Bruch&Schimper1846;(Bryopsida/Hedwigiaceae);+P Braunea$Willdenow1806(Magnoliopsida/Menispermaceae)) \TS:Cordia tiliaefolia$Braun1??? Bresciphyllum $Velenovsky1889 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{leaf} \TS:B. cretaceum$< Cantia $Stopes1915 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Enge \{wood} \TS:C. arborescens$< Carolites $Spegazzini1924 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Pata *I:Eoc \{leaf} \TS:C. patagonica$< Cedrelospermites $Saporta1891 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Vlg@Port \{seed} \TS:C. venulosus$< Chitaleypushpam $Paradkar1973 #(I) *I:BKr@India \{flower} \TS:C. mohgaoense$< Cissites $Debey1866 #(I) *I:Kr@Nebr \{leaf} \TS:C. aceroides$< Comptonites $Hisinger1837 #(I) *I:Zwed \TS:Phyllites antiqua$Nilsson1??? Coronicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #(I) *I:OMioc@Duit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:C. hartauensis$< Corylites $Gardner1887 #(I) *I:Mioc@Scho \{leaves} \TS(+NYD) Crassulites $Laurent1899 #(I) *I:Tert@Fran \{stem,foliage} \TS(+NYD) Dalembia $Lebedev&Herman1989; #(I) *I:Kr/(Cen-OTur)@NO-USSR \{leaf} \TS:D. vachrameevii$< Debeya $Miquel1853 #(I) *I:BKr@Nede \{leaf} \TS:D. serrata$< Diclidocarya $Reid1920 #(I) *I:Plioc@Nede,Belg \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Dicotylirhizos $Rao1958 #(I) *I:Eoc@India \{root} \TS:D. sahnii$< Dicotylophyllum $Saporta1892 #(I) *I:Kr/Urgon@Port \{foliage} \TS(+NYD) Dicotylophyllum $Bandulska1923 #(I) *I:MEoc@Enge \{leaves} \(+P$Saporta1892(fossilMagnoliopsida/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Dieune $Mueller1874(=VonMueller) #(I) *I:OPlioc@Vict \{fruit} \TS:D. pluriovulata$< Diplophyllum $Velenovsky&Viniklar1929; #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{leaf} \(+P$(Dumortier1???)Dumortier1835(Hepaticopsida/Scapaniaceae)) \TS:D. cretaceum$< Dryophyllum $Saporta1865 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \(<=$Debey1???) \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Eremophyllum $Lesquereux1874 #N(I) *NI:Kr \{leaf} \TS:Ficus fimbriata$Lesquereux1??? Exogenites $Brongniart1822 #N(I) *N:Tert@Rusl \TS(+NYD) Faureoxylon $Koeniguer1970 #N(I) *N:Tert/>Eoc@Niger *I:Tert@Niger \{wood} \TS:F. princeps$< Fegonium $Vater1884 #N(I) *N:BKr/OSen@Duit,Oost *I:BKr/OSen@Duit \{wood} \(+P$Unger1845(???/???)) \TS(+NYD) Ficophyllum $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *N:OKr@Va *I:OKr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Furcula $Harris1932 #N(I) *NI:Tr/Rht@O-Groe \{leaf} \TS:F. granulifer$< Geocarpus $Kinkelin1884 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Duit \{fruit} \TS:??? Haliserites $Sternberg1833 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Duit \{leaf} \^^Algae \TS:H. reichii$< Harrisocarpon $Chitaley&Nambudiri1973;(?1968) #N(I) *N:BKr-Eoc@India *I:BKr@India \{fruit} \TS:H. sahnii$< Helictoxylon $Felix1882 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Polen,Java,Antigua \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Hesperidophyllum $Massalongo1858 #N(I) *NI:Mioc \{leaf} \TS:H. senogallensis$< Hydrocotylophyllum $Teixeira1947 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Weald@Port \{leaf} \TS:H. lusitanicum$< Intuticutis $Schneider1969 #N(I) *NI:MMioc@ODuit \{leaf cuticle} \TS:I. pulchra$< Irrawadioxylon $Gupta1936 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Burma \{wood} \TS:??? Jordania $Schenk1880 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Libie \{wood} \(+P$Boissier&Heldreich1849;(Magnoliopsida/Caryophyllaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Juglandiphyllum $Nathorst1888 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Japan \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Laurinium $Unger1845 #N(I) *NI:Plioc@Ital \{wood} \TS:L. xyloides$< ==Lauroxylon $Meschinelli&Squinabol1892; #N(I) *NI:Plioc@Ital \{wood} \TS:Laurinium xyloides$Unger1??? Lebephyllum $Wilson1913 #N(I) *N:Mioc@BrCo *I:Mioc \{leaf} \(?>Pilea?>Urtica) \TS:L. reineckei$< Liversidgea $Mueller1877(=VonMueller) #N(I) *NI:Plioc@NwZW \{fruit} \TS:L. oxyspora$< Menispermites $Lesquereux1874 #N(I) *N:Kr@Nebr *I:Kr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Mulleroxylon $Page1970 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Calif \{wood of branch} \TS:M. eupomatioides$< Ordinicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Duit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:O. orbirima$< Palackya $Crie1889 #N(I) *N:Plioc@Fili *I:Tert@Fili \{wood} \TS:P. philippinensis$< Paraphyllanthoxylon $Bailey1924 #N(I) *NI:BKr/@Ariz \{wood} \TS:P. arizonense$< Pataloxylon $Sahni1920 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Quee \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Perseoxylon $Felix1887 #N(I) *NI:?Tert \{wood} \TS:P. antiquum$< Phegonium $Unger1842 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Oost \{wood} \TS:P. vasculosum$< Phyllites $Brongniart1822 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Zwit \{leaf} \(+P Phyllitis$Hill1757(Polypodiopsida/Aspleniaceae)) \TS:P. populina$< ==Monophyllites $Kuntze1903 #(I) \TS:??? Pilicoronicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:OOligoc@ODuit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:P. velamirima$< Pilisolicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:MMioc@ODuit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:P. tenuis$< Pistillipollianthus $Stockey&Manchester1988; #(I) *I:MEoc@BrCo \{flower} \TS:P. wilsonii$< Plantaginopsis $Fontaine1905 #N(I) *N:OKr@Mary *I:OKr \{leaf} \TS:P. marylandica$< Plataninium $Unger1842 #N(I) *NI:^ \{wood} \TS:P. acerinum$< Populites $Viviani1833 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Ital \{leaf} \(+P$Goeppert1829(Magnoliopsida/Salicaceae)) \TS:??? Proteotites $Kuntze1903 #N(I) *N:^ \TS(+R Proteopsis$Velenovsky1889) ==Proteopsis $Velenovsky1889 #N(I) *N:Kr/Cen@Bohe *I:Kr/Cen \{thalamus,fruit} \(+P$Martius&Zuccarini1;???>SchultzBipontinus1863(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:P. proserpinae$< Protoacerophyllum $Romanova1960 #N(I) *N:BKr@Az *I:BKr@USSR \{leaf} \TS:P. perfoliata$< Protodaphne $Saporta1865 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \{leaf} \TS:P. delessii$< Protolemna $Saporta1891 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Port \{leaf?} \TS(+NYD) ==Choffatia $Saporta1892 #(I) *I:Kr/Urgon@Port \TS:??? Protophyllum $Lesquereux1874 #N(I) *N:Kr@Nebr *I:Kr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Prunoides $Perkins1904 #N(I) *N:Tert@Verm *I:Tert \{fruit} \(?>Prunus) \TS(+NYD) Quercinium $Unger1842 #N(I) *N:Tert@Oost \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Riboidoxylon $Page1970 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Calif \{wood of stem} \TS:R. cretacea$< Rohlfsia $Schenk1880 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Libie \{wood} \TS:R. celastroides$< Ronzocarpon $Marion1872 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \{fruit} \TS:R. hians$< Rosenkrantzia $Koch1972 #(I) *I:BDan@W-Groe \{fruits} \TS:R. picrodendroides$< Rosthornia $Unger1842 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Oost \{wood} \TS:R. carinthiaca$< Rottia $Weyland1943 #(I) *I:Tert@Duit \{leaf} \TS:R. incerta$< Sabulia $Stopes1912 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Enge \{wood} \TS:S. scottii$< Sahniocarpon $Chitaley&Patil1973; #N(I) *NI:BKr@India \{fruit} \TS:S. harrisii$< Salicites $Hisinger1837 #N(I) *NI:^@Zwed \TS:S. vahlbergii$(Nilsson1???)<=Phyllites wahlbergii$Nilsson1??? Samaravectis $Reid&Chandler1926; #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:S. ovalis$< Sassendorfites $Kuhn1955 #N(I) *NI:OJura/Lias@Duit \{leaf} \TS:??? Saxonicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:MMioc@Duit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:S. ancoriterminata$< Schafarzikia $Tuzson1913 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc \{leaf} \TS:S. oligocaenica$< Schimperites $Schleiden1855 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Hong \{wood} \TS:S. leptotichus$< Sendelia $Goeppert&Berendt1845; #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Duit \{staminate flower} \TS:S. ratzeburgiana$< Sessaoxylon $Koeniguer1971 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc@Niger \{wood} \TS:S. paleocenicum$< Sezannia $Saporta1865 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \{leaf} \(?>Credneria) \TS:S. credneriaeformis$< Silicophyllum $Weyland&Kilpper;&Berendt1967; #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Nede \{leaf} \TS:S. heerlense$< Sjoegrenia $Felix1894 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@TransKauk \{wood} \TS:S. crystallophora$< Statzia $Weyland1937 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{flower} \TS:Leptomeria divaricata$Wessel&Weber1;??? Staubia $Felix1884 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Hong \{wood} \TS:S. eriodendroides$< Stephanoxylon $Felix1882 #N(I) *NI:?Tert \{wood} \TS:S. dubium$< Suevioxylon $Kraeusel1928 #N(I) *NI:Jura/Dogger@Duit \{wood} \TS:S. zonatum$< Thuringicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:BEoc@ODuit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:T. tenuirimata$< Trematocaryon $VonMueller1874(?1871) #N(I) *N:^ *I:OPlioc@Vict \{fruit} \TS:T. mclellanii$< Trochodendromagnolia $Zander1923 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Tubericutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:BEoc@ODuit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:T. hemisphaeria$< Ulminium $Unger1842 #N(I) *N:Tert@TsSl *I:Tert@Bohe \{wood} \TS:U. diluviale$< Ulmites $Dawson1891 #N(I) *N:Tert@BrCo *I:Tert \{leaf} \(+P$Endlicher1848(fossilMagnoliopsida/Ulmaceae)) \TS:U. pusillus$< Ushia $Kolakovskij1965 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc@USSR \{leaf} \TS:Phyllites kamyschinensis$Goeppert1??? Vaccinophyllum $Dawson1891 #N(I) *N:Tert@BrCo *I:Tert \{leaf} \TS:V. quaestum$< Virgaticutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:MMioc@ODuit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:V. brevivirgata$< Virgimparicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #NI *N:MMioc@ODuit \{dispersed cuticle} \(+P$Rosel&Schneider1969;(fossilMagnoliopsida/Sapotaceae)) \TS:V. iugata$< Wardiaphyllum $Hickey1977 #(I) *I:Paleov@Mont \{leaf} \TS:Credneria daturaefolia$Ward1??? Xylocaryon $VonMueller1883(?1875) #N(I) *NI:Plioc@Vict \{fruit} \TS:X. lockii$< Yubaria $Ogura1932 #N(I) *NI:Kr@Hokk \{leaf,petiole} \TS:Y. invaginata$< ? Finiversicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:MMioc@ODuit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:F. papillosa$< Palmoidopteris $Boureau1954 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@Tune \{stem} \TS:P. lapparenti$< ************************* * Normapollidae ************************* Extratriporopollenites $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:E. fractus$< Atlantopollis $Krutzsch1967 #NH(I) \{spores} \TS:A. reticulatus$< Magnoporopollis $Krutzsch1967 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:M. praemagnoporatus$< Longanulipollis $Goczan1967 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:Extratriporopollenites longianulus$Goczan1??? Latipollis $Krutzsch1959 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:L. subtilis$< Krutzschipollis $Goczan1967 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:K. spatiosus$< Interporopollenites $Weyland&Krieger1953; #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:I. proporus$< Normapolles $??? #H \TS:??? Heidelbergipollis $Krutzsch1967 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:H. tilioides$< Nudopollis $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Kr-Paleoc \{spores} \TS:Extratriporopollenites endangulatus$Pflug1??? Expressipollis $Khlonova1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:E. ocliferius$< Emscheripollis $Krutzsch1959 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:E. inflatius$< Convexipollis $Krutzsch1967 #H(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:C. convexigerminalis$< Complexiopollis $Krutzsch1959 #H(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:C. praetumescens$< Choanopollenites $Stover1966 #H(I) *I:Paleoc \{spores} \TS:C. eximius$< Bohemiapollis $Krutzsch&Pacltova1967; #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:Oculopollis nemejci$Pacltova1??? Basopollis $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Paleoc-Eoc \{spores} \TS:Extratriporopollenites orthobasalis$Pflug1??? Hungaropollis $Goczan1964 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:H. Krutzschii$< Pseudoplicapollis $Krutzsch1967 #NH(I) *I:Paleoc \{spores} \TS:P. palaeocaenicus$< Turonipollis $Krutzsch1959 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:T. turonis$< Trudopollis $Pflug1953 #NH(I) \{spores} \TS($Potonie1???):Extratriporopollenites pertrudens$Pflug1??? Thomsonipollis $Krutzsch1960 #NH(I) *I:Paleoc \{spores} \TS:Intratriporopollenites magnificus$Thomson&Pflug1;??? Suemegipollis $Goczan1964 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:S. triangularis$< Stephanoporopollenites $Pflug&Thomson1953; #NH(I) *I:OTert \{spores} \TS:Pollenites hexaradiatus$Thiergart1??? Semioculopollis $Goczan&Krutzsch;&Pacltova1967; #H(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:S. minutus$Krutzsch&Pacltova1;??? Minorpollis $Krutzsch1959 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:M. minimus$< Pseudovacuopollis $Krutzsch&Pacltova1967; #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:P. intraconcavus$Krutzsch1??? Vacuopollis $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:V. percentus$< Pseudoculopollis $Goczan&Krutzsch;&Pacltova1967; #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:Oculopollis principalis$Weyland&Krieger1;??? Pompeckjoidaepollenites $Krutzsch1967 #NH(I) *I:Eoc@Duit \(=$Pflug1953(+^A)) \{spores} \^^Trudopollis/ \^^Trudopollis \TS:Pollenites pompeckji$Potonie1??? Plicapollis $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:P. serta$< Pemphixipollenites $Stover1963 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:P. inaequiexinius$< Pecakipollis $Krutzsch&Pacltova1967; #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:P. bohemiensis$< Papillopollis $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:P. regulus$< Oculopollis $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Kr-Paleoc \{spores} \TS:O. concentus$< Quedlinburgipollis $Krutzsch1959 #NH(I) *I:BKr \{spores} \TS:Q. altenburgensis$< ************************* * Triprojectidae ************************* Triprojectus $Mchedlishvili1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:T. dispositus$< Triprojectacites $??? #H \TS:??? Translucentipollis $Khlonova1961 #NH \(?Transluccentipollis) \TS:??? Pentapollenites $Krutzsch1958 #NH(I) *I:OTert@Duit \{spores} \TS:Periporopollenites pentangulus$Pflug1??? Parviprojectus $Mchedlishvili1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:P. reticulatus$< Orbiculapollis $Khlonova1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:O. globosus$< Mancicorpus $Mchedlishvili1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:M. anchoriforme$< Integricorpus $??? #NH \TS:??? Fibulapollis $Khlonova1961 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:F. mirificus$< Aquilapollenites $Rouse1957 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:A. quadribolus$< ************************* * Magnoliidae $Takhtajan1967 \(<=$Novak1???) ************************* Appomattoxia $Fries&Pedersen;&Crane1995; #(I) *I:Kr/Alb@Va \{fruting units} \TS:A. ancistrophora$< Archaeanthus $Dilcher&Crane1985;("1984") #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@Kans \{reproductive axis} \TS:A. linnenbergeri$< Archaepetala $Dilcher&Crane1985;("1984") #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@Kans \{petal-like structure} \TS:A. beekeri$< Clavatipollenites $Couper1958 #H(I) *H:OKr *I:Kr \pollen \(?>Austrobaileya) \{spores} \TS:C. hughesii$< Magnolipollis $Krutzsch1970 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:M. neogenicus$< Labrapollis $Krutzsch1968 #NH(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:Pollenites labraferous$Potonie1??? Kalymmanthus $Dilcher&Crane1985;("1984") #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@Kans \{scale} \TS:K. walkeri$< Kurtzipites $Anderson1960 #NH(I) *I:Kr-Tert \{spores} \TS:K. trispissatus$< Lesqueria $Crane&Dilcher1985;("1984") #(I) *I:Kr/(BAlb-MCen)@Kans \{fruiting axis} \TS:Williamsonia elocata$Lesquereux1??? ************************* * Magnolianae $Takhtajan1967 \(=Annonanae) * Magnoliales $Bromhead1838 \(=Annonales$Lindley1833) * . {Magnoliales} * . {Magnoliales s.s.} ************************* Loishoglia $Page1984 #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Calif \{axis} \TS:L. bettencourtii$< Protomonimia $Nishida&Nishida1988; #(I) *I:Kr/Tur@Hokk \{fructification} \TS:P. kasai-nakajhongii$Nishida&Nishida1;??? ? Kraeuselicutis $Schneider1969 #N(I) *NI:MMioc@Duit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:K. punctata$< ************************* * Magnoliineae ************************* DEGENERIACEAE $Bailey1942 #P1/1,m1/1,C1/2,F1/,M1/2 *mM:Rec@Fiji *X:Rec \bomenl;blad(spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig;gaaf;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;supraAxillary pedicle;bestoven door Coleoptera);radieel K3 C12-25(3-5kransen,?spiraalschikking) Aveel(spiraalschikking;pollen 1sulcate) G_1(stempel op rand vruchtblad;20-32 zaadknoppen in 1 rij op rand van G anatroop 2tegmic);vrucht ?openspringend;embryo klein;veel endosperm;!3,4zaadlobbig;2n=24 Degeneria $Bailey&Smith1942; #m1,N,C2,F,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Fiji \TS:D. vitiensis$< HIMANTANDRACEAE $Diels1917 #P1/1,m1/2-3,C1/2,F1/,M1/2-3 *mM:Rec@O-ZOAE--NO-Aus *X:Rec \grote bomen;fruit gegeten door vruchtduiven;blad(spiraalschikking,distich;enkelvoudig;klierstippen;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;okselstandig !solitair,2,3);K(2)(calyptrate) C3-23(spiraalschikking;lineair;?staminodes) A13-130(spiraalschikking;geen onderscheid helmdraad helmknop;1langsspleet;pollen 1sulcate) staminodes~13-22(spiraalschikking) G6,!(7-10)-28(zwak vergroeid;spiraalschikking;gesloten;=G stijlen;!1,2 zaadknoppen per G hangend anatroop);vrucht syncarp;zaad klein;veel endosperm;2n=24;giftige alkaloiden Galbulimima $Bailey1894 #m2-3,N,C2,F,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@O-ZOAE,NO-Aus \TS:G. baccata$< =Himantandra $Diels1912 #(IB) \(<=$VonMueller1???) \TS:Eupomatia belgraveana$VonMueller1??? EUPOMATIACEAE $Endlicher1841 #P1/2,m1/2,C1/2,F1/,M1/2 *mM:Rec@O-NG,O-Aus *X:Rec \bomen,struiken;blad(!spiraalschikking,distich;enkelvoudig;gaaf;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;1-3 oksel-,eindstandig);radieel P0 A20-100(~40-80 staminodes) G_13-70(spiraalschikking;~vergroeid aan rand;0 stijlen;stempel ~veer;2-11 zaadknoppen per vruchtblad anatroop 2tegmic);besvrucht ~globose;embryo klein;endosperm;2n=20 Eupomatia $Brown1814 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@O-NG,O-Aus \TS:E. laurina$< MAGNOLIACEAE $DeJussieu1789 #P12/~210,m(2)7/200,C(2)12/220,F7/,M7/165 *mM:Rec@trop--warmgem(!NH) *X:Kr,Paleoc,Rec {magnolia family/tulpeboomfamilie} \(+NomCons) \boom,struik bladverliezend;blad(spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig;!gaaf,gelobd;grote steunbladen);bloei(!2slachtig;!eindstandig solitair);radieel P6-18(spiraalschikking,>3kransen;!~petaloid) Aveel(spiraalschikking;centripetaal;pollen 1sulcate) G_2-!veel(conduplicate;stijlen ~vrij;stempel eindstandig;!2-veel zaadknoppen marginal anatroop 2tegmic);kokervrucht,~bes niet-openspringend,~samara;embryo klein;veel endosperm;X=19 MAGNOLIOIDEAE $(deJussieu)Arn.1832 #C11/220 \blad gaaf;kokervrucht,~bes niet-openspringend MAGNOLIEAE $Candolle1824(=DeCandolle) \sympodial;bloei(eindstandig op takken) Manglietia $Blume1823 #m25,NF,M25,IB,i59 *mM:Rec@(O-Hima,Z-China)--ZOAE \(~Magnolia) \TS:M. glauca$< =Paramanglieta $Hu&Cheng1951; #(I) \TS:??? Magnolia $Linnaeus1753 #m~125,NF,M~100,+^,IB,i323 *mM:Rec@Hima--(Japan,W-ZOAE),O-NAm--trop-Am {cucumber tree,bull bay=loblolly magnolia,yulan} \boom,struik \TS:M. virginiana$< =Alcimandra $Dandy1927 #(M)I(B),i1 \TS:Michelia cathcartii$Hooker&Thomson1;??? =Aromadendron $Blume1825 #(MIB) \TS:A. elegans$< =Blumia $Nees1825 #(I),i3 \(+suppr vs Blumea$DeCandolle1833(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \(~Talauma) \TS:Talauma candollei("candollii")$Blume1??? =Buergeria $Siebold&Zuccarini1843; #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Dugandiodendron $LozanoContreras1975 #(FIB),i14 \TS:D. mahechae$< =Lassonia $Buchoz1779 #(I),i2 \(?:) \TS(+NYD) =Lirianthe $Spach1839 #(I),i1 \TS:Magnolia pterocarpa$Roxburgh1??? =Manglietiastrum $Law1979 #(MIB),i1 \TS:M. sinicum$< =Micheliopsis $HsuanKeng1955 #(I) \^^Michelia \TS:??? =Parakmeria $Hu&Cheng1951; #(IB),i5 \TS(+NYD) =Svenhedinia $Urban1927 #(I),i2 \(~Talauma) \TS:Talauma minor$Urban1??? =Talauma $Jussieu1789 #(M)I(B),i120 \TS($DeCandolle1817('1818')):Magnolia plumierii$Swartz1??? =Tulipastrum $Spach1839 #(I),i3 \TS($Small1???):Magnolia acuminata$Linnaeus1??? =Yulania $Spach1839 #(I),i3 \TS(+NYD) Pachylarnax $Dandy1927 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Assam--W-ZOAE \TS:P. praecalva$< Kmeria $Dandy1927 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Z-China,ZO-Az \(=$Pierre1???(+^A)) \1slachtig \TS($Dandy1???):Magnolia duperreana$Pierre1??? MICHELIEAE $??? \monopodial;bloei(aan okselstandige korte scheuten) Elmerrillia $Dandy1927 #m4,NF,M4,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@ZOAE \TS:Talauma papuana$Schlechter1??? Michelia $Linnaeus1753 #m45,NF,M30,IB *mM:Rec@China,trop-Az--(Z-Japan,W-ZOAE) {champak=sapu} \TS:M. champaca$< ==Champaca $Adanson1763 #(I),i3 \TS:??? ==Sampacca $Kuntze1891 #(I) \TS:??? =Liriopsis $Spach1839 #(I) \^^Magnolia \(+P$Reichenbach1828(Liliopsida/Amaryllidaceae)) \TS:??? =Paramichelia $Hu1940 #(MIB),i3 \TS:Magnolia baillonii$Pierre1??? =Tsoongiodendron $Chun1963 #(MIB),i1 \TS:T. odorum$< LIRIODENDROIDEAE $??? #C1/2 \("LIRIODENDRACEAE$Barkey1975) \boom;blad 2-10lobbig;vrucht samara Liriodendron $Linnaeus1753 #m2,NCF,M2,+^,IB,i15 *mM:Rec@O-NAm(#M1),China(#M1) {tulip tree=tulip poplar,yellow poplar=American whitewood=canary whitewood/tulpeboom} \TS:L. tulipifera$< ==Tulipifera $Miller1754 #(I) \TS:??? . =Brimys $Scopoli1777 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Cadsura $Spreng.1827 #i0 \TS:??? =Drymis $Jussieu1789 #i0 \TS:??? =Drymys $Vell.1825 #i0 \TS:??? =Goniostoma $Elmer1913 #i1 \TS:??? =Guillimia $Reichenbach1828 #i0 \TS:??? =Gwillimia $DC.1818 #i1 \(<=$Rottl.1???) \TS:??? =Gymnanthus $Jungh.1??? #i1 \TS:??? =Kobus $Salisb.1807 #i1 \(<=$Kaempf.1???) \TS:??? =Liriodendrum $Linnaeus1737 #i0 \TS:??? =Lyriodendron $Candolle1818(=DeCandolle) #i0 \TS:??? =Magallana $Candolle1818(=DeCandolle) #i0 \(<=$Comm.1???) \TS:??? =Magellania $Lam.1786 #i0 \(<=$Comm.1???) \TS:??? =Maximovitzia $Benth.&HookerF1862; #i0 \TS:??? =Micheliopsis $Keng1955 #i1 \TS:Michelia kachirachirai$Kanehira&Yamamoto1;??? =Paramanglietia $Hu&Cheng1951; #i2 \TS:??? =Phelima $Noronha1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Pulcheria $Noronha1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Santanderia $Triana&Planch.1862; #i0 \(<=$Cespedes1???) \TS:??? =Sinomanglietia $Yu1994 #i1 \TS:??? =Spenocarpus $Wall.1831 #i0 \TS:??? =Spermabolus $Teijsm.&Binn.1866; #i1 \TS:??? =Sphaerostemma $Reichenbach1828 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Tulipifera $Miller1754 #i1 \(=$Herm.>Miller1752#i0) \TS:??? =Vintera $Humboldt&Bonpland1805; #i0 \TS:??? =Wintera $Murr.1784 #i8 \TS:??? =Woonyoungia $Law1997 #i1 \TS:??? ^ Drimysophyllum $Kirchheimer1937 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Balt \{leaf} \TS:D. succineum$< Illicites $Mueller1877(=VonMueller) #N(I) *NI:BPlioc@NwZW \{fruit} \TS:I. astrocarpa$< Kirstea $Kirchheimer1935 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Duit \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Liriodendroidea $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{seed} \TS:L. germanica$< Liriodendropsis $Newberry1895 #N(I) *NI:Kr@NwJe \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Liriodendroxylon $Prakash&&1971 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@TsSl \{wood} \TS:L. tulipiferum$Prakash&&1??? Litocarpon $Delevoryas&Mickle1995; #(I) *I:Kr/(BSan-OCmp)@BrCo \{fruit} \TS:L. beardii$< Magnoliaceoxylon $Wheeler&Scott;&Barghoorn1977; #N(I) *N:Eoc@Mont \{wood} \TS:M. wetmorei$< Magnoliaephyllum $Krasser1896 #N(I) *N:Kr@Joeg|Groe *I:Kr@Joeg \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Magnoliaespermum $Kirchheimer1935 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Magnoliaestrobus $Seward&Conway1935; #N(I) *NI:Kr@NAm/W-Groe \{fruit} \TS:M. gilmouri$< Magnolilepis $Conwentz1886 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{bud Scale?} \TS:M. prussica$< Magnolioides $Ettingshausen1885(=VonEttingshausen) #N(I) *N:Mioc@Joeg|Steinbruech *I:Tert@Joeg \{leaf} \TS:M. carniolica$< Magnolioxylon $Hofmann1952 #N(I) *NI:BOligoc@O-Alps \{wood} \TS:M. michelioides$< Magnoliphyllum $Conwentz1886 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Balt \{leaf} \TS:M. balticum$< Magnolites $Tuzson1911 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Hong \{wood} \TS:M. silvatica$< Padragkutia $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/(San-OCmp)@TsSl \{seed} \TS:P. haasii$< Symphorocarpophyllum $Dawson1886 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Cana \{leaf} \TS:S. albertum$< ************************* * Austrobaileyineae \(~Magnoliineae,Austrobaileyales$Takhtajan1992) ************************* AUSTROBAILEYACEAE $Croizat1943 \(=$Croizat1???(+^A)) #P1/1,m1/1,C1/1,F1/,M1/1 *m:Rec@Quee *X:Rec \liaan;groenblijvend;blad(tegenoverstaand,~tegenoverstaand;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(solitair oksel-,eindstandig;bestoven door (?)vliegen);P19-24(compacte spiraal;sepaloid--petaloid) A7-11(spiraal;laminar;geen onderscheid helmdraad-helmhok;pollen 1sulcate) G_10-13(~spiraal;vrijstaand;stijl 2lobbig;4-!(6-8)-13 zaadknoppen per vruchtblad in 2 rijen langs ventrale zijde anatroop 2tegmic);besvrucht;embryo klein;endosperm;2n=44 Austrobaileya $White1933 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Quee \TS:A. scandens$< ************************* * Annonineae \(!Magnoliineae) ************************* ANNONACEAE $Jussieu1789(=DeJussieu) #P~130/2300,m128/2050,C132/2300,F126/,M112/2150 *m:Rec@(!trop)--Mich *X:Maa,MPaleoc,OEoc-Rec {custard-apple family/zuurzakfamilie} \bomen,struiken,lianen;blad(distich;enkelvoudig;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(1-,!2slachtig;solitair,cymeus;bestoven door Insecta(!Coleoptera));!3tallig P!3+3+3(zelden onderaan vergroeid) Aveel(spiraal),3,6(cyclic,onderaan vergroeid;langsspleten) G_veel(1-!veel zaadknoppen !anatroop,campylotroop !2-,3tegmic);bessen,droog openspringend;zaad !arillate;veel endosperm;X=7-9 ANNONOIDEAE $Rafinesque1815 UVARIEAE $HookThomson1855 \("UVARIOIDEAE$Rafinesque1815) UVARIINAE $Baill.1868 Uvaria $Linnaeus1753 #m100,NF,M110,IB,i401 *m:Rec@trop:OW(Afr:#M69) {finger root} \!liaan \(+missp:Waria$Aubl.1???#(B)) \TS:U. zeylanica$< ==Narum $Adanson1763 #(IB),i0 \(+missp:Naruma$Rafinesque1???#(B)) \TS:??? ==Uva $Kuntze1891 #(IB),i71 \TS:??? =Armenteria $Baill.1??? #(B) \(<=$Thouars1???) \TS:??? =Marenteria $DuPetitThouars1806 #(IB),i0 \(<=$Noronha1???) \TS(+NYD) =Pyragma $Noronha1790 #(B),i0 \TS:??? =Uvariella $Ridley1922 #(IB),i2 \TS:Ellipeia leptopoda$King1??? =Balonga $LeThomas1968 #m1,NF(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@trop:W-Afr \(~Asimiinae") \TS:Uvaria buchholzii$Engler&Diels1;??? Anomianthus $Zollinger1858 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,Java \liaan,zoete vrucht \TS:Uvaria heterocarpa$Blume1??? Tetrapetalum $Miquel1865 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@Born \TS:T. volubile$< Ellipeia $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m5,NF,M5,IB,i13 *mM:Rec@W-ZOAE \TS:E. cuneifolia$< Ellipeiopsis $Fries1955 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@India--ZO-Az \TS:Uvaria ferruginea$Hooker&Thomson1;???(<=Hamilton) Stenanona $Standley1929 #m2,NF,M10,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@CRic,Pana \TS:S. panamensis$< =Reedrollinsia $Walker1971 #m1,F(M)I(B),i1 *m:Rec@Mexi \TS:R. cauliflora$< Sapranthus $Seemann1866 #m9,NF,M7,IB,i12 *mM:Rec@MAm \TS:S. nicaraguensis$< Desmopsis $Safford1916 #m15,NF,M17,IB,i20 *mM:Rec@Mexi--Cuba \TS:Unona panamensis$Robinson1??? Afroguatteria $Boutique1951 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \(^~Guatteria) \TS:Uvaria bequaertii$DeWildeman1??? Mischogyne $Exell1932 #m2,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr \TS:M. michelioides$< Toussaintia $Boutique1951 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr \TS:T. congolensis$< DUGUETUINAE" Duguetia $StHilaire1824("1825") #m70,NF,M82,IB,i116 *mM:Rec@trop:Am {Jamaica lancewood=Cuba lancewood} \(+NomCons) \TS:D. lanceolata$< =Alcmene $Urban1921 #(IB),i1 \TS:A. tobagensis$< =Geanthemum $Safford1914 #(IB),i2 \(=$Fries1900(+^A)) \^^Aberomoa/ \TS($Safford1???):Annona rhizantha$Eichler1??? Duckeanthus $Fries1934 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:ZAm \TS:D. grandiflorus$< Fusaea $Safford1914 #m3,NF,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@trop:ZAm \(=$Baillon1868(+^A)) \^^Duguetia/ \TS($Safford1???):Annona longifolia$Aublet1??? Letestudoxa $Pellegrin1920 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@W-trop-Afr \liaan \TS:L. bella$< Pachypodanthium $Engler&Diels1900; #m4,NF,M3,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@trop:W-Afr \TS:Uvaria staudtii$Engler&Diels1;??? Malmea $Fries1905 #m13,NF,M18,IB,i22 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:M. obovata$< ASIMIINAE" Cremastosperma $Fries1930 #m17,NF,M19,IB,i23 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:Aberemoa pedunculata$Diels1??? Pseudoxandra $Fries1937 #m6,NF,M10,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:Unonopsis leiophylla$Diels1??? Ruizodendron $Fries1936 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Boli,Peru \TS:Guatteria ovalis$Ruiz&Pavon1;??? Oxandra $Richard1841 #m22,NF,M30,IB,i38 *mM:Rec@trop:Am {asta=lancewood} \TS($Baillon1???):Uvaria lanceolata$Swartz1??? Ephedranthus $Moore1895 #m4,NF,M5,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@trop:ZAm \TS:E. parviflorus$< Pseudephedranthus $Aristeguieta1969 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Braz,Vene \TS:Ephedranthus fragans$Fries1??? Enicosanthum $Beccari1871 #m16,NF,M16,IB,i19 *mM:Rec@SriL--W-ZOAE \(+missp:Henicosanthum$DallaTorre&Harms1;???#(B)) \TS:E. paradoxum$< =Griffithianthus $Merrill1915 #(IB),i4 \TS(+R Griffithia$King1893) ==Griffithia $King1893 #(IB) \(<=$Maingay1???) \(+P$Wight&Arnott1834;(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:Polyalthia magnoliiflora("magnoliaeflora")$Hooker&Thomson1;???(<=Maingay) =Marcuccia $Beccari1871 #(IB),i1 \TS:M. grandiflora$< Cleistopholis $Engler1897 #m3-4,NF,M3-4,IB,i15 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr {otu} \(<=$Pierre1???) \TS($Engler&Diels1;???):Oxymitra patens$Bentham1??? Asimina $Adanson1763 #m8,NF,M8,IB,i31 *mM:Rec@O-NAm *N:Eoc@Enge {dog apple=seminole tea,papaw=pawpaw} \(+missp:Asimia$Kunth1???#(B)) \TS($Dunal1???):Annona triloba$Linnaeus1??? ==Orchidocarpum $Michaux1803 #(IB),i4 \TS:??? =Pityothamnus $Small1933 #(IB),i6 \TS(+NYD) Deeringothamnus $Small1924 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Fla \TS:D. pulchellus$< Tridimeris $Baillon1869 #m1,NF,M3,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Mexi \TS:T. hahniana$< Sageraea $Dalzell1851 #m9,NF,M9,IB,i16 *mM:Rec@(India,SriL)--Fili \TS:S. laurina$< Fitzalania $Mueller1863(=VonMueller) #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:O-Aus \(>Sageraea>Asimina) \TS:Uvaria heteropetala$VonMueller1??? Stelechocarpus $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m5,NF,M5,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE {Keppel} \2huizig \(^^Uvaria/Stelechocarpae$Blume1830) \TS:Uvaria burahol$Blume1??? Cyathostemma $Griffith1854 #m8,NF,M8,IB,i14 *mM:Rec@Burma--ZOAE \TS:C. viridiflorum$< Phoenicanthus $Alston1931 #m1,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@SriL \TS:Orophea obliqua$Hooker&Thomson1;??? HEXALOBINAE" Hexalobus $Candolle1832(=DeCandolle) #m5,NF,M4,IB,i17 *mM:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr,Mad \TS($Engler&Diels1901;):Uvaria monopetala$Richard1??? Asteranthe $Engler&Diels1901; #m2,NF,M2,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@trop:O-Afr \TS:Uvaria asterias$Moore1??? ==Asteranthopsis $Kuntze1903("1904") #(IB),i1 \TS:??? Ophrypetalum $Diels1936 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:O-Afr \TS:O. odoratum$< Lettowianthus $Diels1936 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:O-Afr \TS:L. stellatus$< Cleistochlamys $Oliver1865 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:O-Afr \TS:Popowia kirkii$Bentham1??? GUATTERIINAE" \("GUATTERIEAE$Hook.&Thomson1855;) Guatteria $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #m250,NF,M279,IB,i390 *mM:Rec@trop:Am \(+NomCons) \TS:G. eriopoda$DeCandolle1817('1818') ==Aberemoa $Aublet1775 #(MIB),i24 \(+NomRej vs Duguetia$StHilaire1824) \TS:A. guianensis$< =Cananga $Aublet1775 #(IB) \(+suppr vs$(DeCandolle1???)Hooker&Thomson1855;(Magnoliopsida/Annonaceae)) \TS:C. ouregou$< =Guatteriella $Fries1939 #m1,NF(M)IB,i2 *m:Rec@W-Braz \TS:G. tomentosa$< =Guatteriopsis $Fries1934 #m4,NF(M)IB,i6 *m:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:Annona sessiliflora$Bentham1??? Heteropetalum $Bentham1860 #m2,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Vene,Braz \TS:H. brasiliense$Bentham1???=Guatteria heteropetala$Bentham1??? ? Tetrameranthus $Fries1939 #m2,NF,M6,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@trop:ZAm \TS:T. duckei$< UNONEAE $Bentham&Hooker1862; DESMONINAE" Desmos $Loureiro1790 #m30,NF,M30,IB,i59 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE--W-PacOc \(+missp:Desmis) \TS:D. cochinchinensis$< =Dasymaschalon $DallaTorre&Harms1901; #m15,NF(M)IB,i18 *m:Rec@Z-China,ZOAE \(=$Hooker&Thomson1855;(+^A)) \(^Xylopiinae) \^^Unona/ \TS:Unona dasymaschala$Blume1??? Alphonsea $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m30,NF,M30,IB,i44 *mM:Rec@China,Male,ZOAE \TS:Uvaria ventricosa$Roxburgh1??? Monocarpia $Miquel1865 #m1,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@Thai,W-ZOAE \(+missp:Monocarpus$Post&Kuntze1903;#(I)) \TS:??? Dasoclema $Sinclair1955 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Thai,W-ZOAE \TS:Monocarpia siamensis$Craib1??? Meiocarpidium $Engler&Diels1900; #m2,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@W-trop-Afr \TS:Unona lepidota$Oliver1??? POLYALTHIINAE" Cananga $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m2,NF,M2,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Az--Aus {ylang-ylang=ilang-ilang/kenanga,ylang-ylang=cananga-olie} \(+NomCons) \(=$DeCandolle1817(+^A)) \^^Unona/ \3tegmic \(+missp:Canangium$Baill.1???#(B)) \TS($Hooker&Thomson1;???):Uvaria odorata$Lamarck1??? =Fitzgeraldia $Mueller1867(=VonMueller) #(IB) \TS:??? Polyalthia $Blume1830 #m120,NF,M100,IB,i266 *m:Rec@trop:OW,!Az,(Mad:#18,Aus:#5) {Indian willow} \TS:Unona subcordata$Blume1??? =Fenerivia $Diels1925 #m1,N(FM)I(B),i1 *m:Rec@Mad \(+missp:Feneriva$AiryShaw1???) \TS:F. heteropetala$< =Monoon $Miquel1865 #(IB),i19 \TS(+NYD) =Sphaerothalamus $Hooker1860 #(IB),i1 \TS:S. insignis$< Greenwayodendron $Verdcourt1969 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr \TS:Polyalthia suaveolens$Engler&Diels1;??? Meiogyne $Miquel1865 #m10,NF,M9,IB,i24 *mM:Rec@ZOAE--PacOc \TS:Unona virgata$Blume1??? =Ararocarpus $Scheffer1885 #(IB),i1 \TS:A. velutinus$< =Ancana $Mueller1865(=VonMueller) #NF(M)IB,i2 \TS:A. stenopetala$< =Oncodostigma $Diels1912 #m3,NF(M)IB,i6 *m:Rec@W-Male,NG,NHeb \(^Xylopiinae) \TS:O. leptoneura$< =Polyaulax $Backer1945 #m1,NF(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@Java,Z-NG \(^Xylopiinae) \TS:Mitrephora cylindrocarpa$Burck1??? =Chieniodendron $Tsiang&Li1964; #m1,NF(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@Hain \(~Oncodostigma^~Desmos~Xylopiinae) \TS:Fissistigma hainanense$Merrill1??? =Guamia $Merrill1915 #m1,NF(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@MarianenE \(~Xylopiinae) \TS:Papualthia mariannae$Safford1??? Mezzettia $Beccari1871 #m7,NF,M4,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@W-ZOAE--Molu \TS:M. umbellata$< =Lonchomera $HookerF&Thomson1872; #(IB),i1 \TS:L. leptopoda$Hooker&Thomson1;??? Dendrokingstonia $Rauschert1982 #m1,NFMIB,i1 *m:Rec@W-ZOAE \TS(+R Kingstonia$Hooker&Thomson1872;) ==Kingstonia $HookerF&Thomson1872; #(FIB) \(+P$Gray1821(Magnoliopsida/Saxifragaceae)) \TS:K. nervosa$< Woodiellantha $Rauschert1982 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Born \TS(+R Woodiella$Merrill1922) ==Woodiella $Merrill1922 #(MIB),i1 \(+P$Saccardo&Sydow1899;(Discomycetes/Leotiales/?:)) \TS:W. sympetala$< Miliusa $Candolle1832(=DeCandolle) #m40,NF,M40,IB,i55 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE--Aus \(<=$Leschenault1???) \TS:M. indica$Leschenault1???>Alph.DeCandolle =Hyalostemma $Meissner1837 #(IB),i1 \(<=$Wallich1832) \TS:Uvaria dioica$Roxburgh1??? =Saccopetalum $Bennett1840 #(MIB),i15 \TS:S. horsfieldii$< UNONOPSIDINAE" Unonopsis $Fries1900 #m27,NF,M43,IB,i45 *m:Rec@trop:Am(Amaz:#M15) \pijlgif \TS:Trigynaea angustifolia$Bentham1??? Bocageopsis $Fries1931 #m3,NF,M4,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@trop:Am \TS:Bocagea multiflora$Martius1??? Onychopetalum $Fries1931 #m4,NF,M4,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@Braz \TS:O. amazonicum$< Uvariodendron $Fries1930 #m17,NF,M12,IB,i18 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \(=$Engler&Diels1901;(+^A)) \^^Uvaria/ \TS($Fries1???):Uvaria gigantea$Engler1??? Uvariastrum $Engler1901 #m8,NF,M7,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:U. pierreanum$< Polyceratocarpus $Engler&Diels1900; #m7,NF,M7,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr,!W-trop-Afr \TS:P. scheffleri$< ==Dielsina $Kuntze1903 #(IB),i1 \TS:??? =Alphonseopsis $Baker1913 #(IB),i1 \TS:A. parviflora$< Dennettia $Baker1913 #m1,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@Nige \TS:D. tripetala$< Neouvaria $AiryShaw1939 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@W-ZOAE \(?Neo-uvaria$AiryShaw1???#i2) \TS:Popowia foetida$Hooker&Thomson1;???(<=Maingay) Dielsiothamnus $Fries1955 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:O-Afr \TS:Uvaria divaricata$Diels1??? XYLOPIINAE Baill.1868 \("XYLOPIEAE$Endl.1839,"XYLOPIOIDEAE$Rafinesque1815) =UNONINAE $Baill.1868 Xylopia $Linnaeus1759 #m~100,NF,M~160,B,i232 *m:Rec@trop(Afr:#M61,Am:#51) {Guinea pepper=negro pepper} \(+NomCons) \piperine \TS(+TypCons):X. muricata$Linnaeus1??? ==Xylopicrum $Browne1756 #(IB),i44 \(+suppr vs Xylopia) \(+missp:Xylopicron$Adans.1???#(B)) \TS:??? =Coelocline $Candolle1832(=DeCandolle) #(IB),i5 \TS:Unona acutiflora$Dunal1??? =Parartabotrys $Miquel1861("1860") #(IB),i2 \(+missp:Parabotrys$MullerHal.1???#(B)) \TS:P. sumatranus$< =Patonia $Wight1838 #(IB),i2 \TS(+NYD) =Pseudannona $Safford1913 #(MIB),i2 \(=$Baillon1864(+^A)) \^^Xylopia/ \(~Annona) \TS($Safford1???):Annona amplexicaulis$Lamarck1??? =Unona $LinnaeusF1782 #(FMIB),i196 \TS:U. discreta$< ==Habzelia $Candolle1832(=DeCandolle) #(IB),i9 \TS:??? =Xylopiastrum $Roberty1953 #(IB),i3 \(~Uvaria) \TS:Unona macrocarpa$Dunal1???(<=DeCandolle) Diclinanona $Diels1927 #m2,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@O-Peru,W-Braz \TS:D. tessmannii$< Piptostigma $Oliver1865 #m15,NF,M14,IB,i17 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr \TS:P. pilosum$< =Brieya $Wildeman1914(=DeWildeman) #(IB),i2 \TS:B. fasciculatum$< Anaxagorea $StHilaire1825 #m30,NF,M24,IB,i42 *m:Rec@(SriL--W-Male)(#M3),trop-Am(#M21) \explosievrucht schiet tot 6m ver \TS($SaintHilaire1???>Alph.DeCandolle):Xylopia prinoides$Dunal1??? =Eburopetalum $Beccari1871 #(IB),i1 \TS:E. borneense$< ==Pleuripetalum $Durand1888 #(IB) \TS:??? =Rhopalocarpus $Miquel1865 #(IB) \(<=$Teysmann&Binnendijk1;???) \(+P$Bojer1846(Magnoliopsida/Ochnaceae)) \TS:??? Fissistigma $Griffith1854 #m60,NF,M60,IB,i86 *mM:Rec@trop:OW \(=Melodorum$(Dunal1???)Hooker&Thomson1855;(+^A)#(IB)) \TS:F. scandens$< Mitrella $Miquel1865 #(m)NF,M5,IB,i8 *m:Rec@ZOAE \(~Fissistigma) \TS:M. kentii$< =Kentia $Blume1??? #(B) \TS:??? =Schnittspahnia $Reichenbach1841 #(B) \TS:??? Pyramidanthe $Miquel1865 #(m)NF,M1,IB,i2 *m:Rec@W-ZOAE \(~Fissistigma) \TS:P. rufa$< Melodorum $Loureiro1790 #m3-4,NF,M4-5,IB,i85 *m:Rec@trop-Afr(#M1),ZO-Az--W-ZOAE \TS:M. fruticosum$< =Sphaerocoryne $Ridley1917 #NF(M)IB \(=$Boerlage1899(+^A)) \^^Polyalthia/ \TS($Ridley1???):Polyalthia siamensis$Boerlage1??? =Rauwenhoffia $Scheffer1885 #m5,N(FM)I(B),i6 *m:Rec@ZO-Az--O-Aus \(^Desmoninae) \TS:R. siamensis$< ARTABOTRYINAE" Artabotrys $Brown1820 #m>100,NF,M>100,IB,i129 *m:Rec@trop:OW(Afr:#M31) \TS:Annona hexapetala$LinnaeusF1???=Artabotrys hexapetalus$(LinnaeusF1???)Bhandari =Ropalopetalum $Griffith1854 #(IB),i1 \TS:R. uniflorum$< Pseudartabotrys $Pellegrin1920 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@W-trop-Afr \liaan \TS:P. letestui$< Neostenanthera $Exell1935 #m10,NF,M5,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr,ZAm \TS(+R Stenanthera$(Oliver1???)Engler&Diels1900;) ==Stenanthera $Engler&Diels1900; #(IB) \(=$Oliver1868(+^A)) \^^Oxymitra/ \(+P$Brown1810(Magnoliopsida/Epacridaceae)) \TS:Oxymitra hamata$Bentham1??? =Boutiquea $LeThomas1966 #m1,NF(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@W-Afr \TS:Stenanthera platypetala$Engler&Diels1;??? Marsypopetalum $Scheffer1870 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@W-Male \TS($Kurz1874):Guatteria pallida$Blume1??? Cyathocalyx $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m38,NF,M15,IB,i42 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \(<=$Champion1???) \zaden tritegmisch \TS:C. zeylanicus$< =Nephrostigma $Griffith1854 #(I),i0 \(?:) \TS(+NYD) =Soala $Blanco1837 #(IB),i1 \TS:S. litoralis$< Drepananthus $HookerF&Thomson1872; #M10,I(B),i10 *M:Rec@ZOAE \(<=$Maingay1???) \(~Cyathocalyx) \TS:D. pruniferus$Hooker&Thomson1;???(<=Maingay) Annickia $VanSetten&Maas1990; #(m)10,F,M10,IB,i10 *m:Rec@trop-Afr,(O-Afr:#M1) {African whitewood} \TS(+R Enantia$Oliver1865) ==Enantia $Oliver1865 #(FIB) \(+P$Falconer1841(Magnoliopsida/Sabiaceae)) \TS:E. chlorantha$< Disepalum $Hooker1860 #m5,NF,M9,IB,i10 *m:Rec@W-ZOAE *M:Rec@ZO-Az--W-ZOAE \TS:D. anomalum$< =Enicosanthellum $Ban1975 #m2,(FMIB) *m:Rec@ZO-Az \(^~Polyalthia) \TS:Polyalthia petelotii$Merrill1??? OROPHINAE" Orophea $Blume1825 #m37,NF,M41,IB,i100 *mM:Rec@(India,Z-China)--Molu,AndE \TS:O. hexandra$< Mezzettiopsis $Ridley1912 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Born(?W-ZOAE) \(~Orophea) \TS:M. creaghii$< Platymitra $Boerlage1899 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i3 *m:Rec@ZO-Az--Java *M:Rec@W-ZOAE \TS:P. macrocarpa$< =Macania $Blanco1??? #(B) \TS:??? Petalolophus $Schumann1905 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NO-NG \TS:P. megalopus$< Oreomitra $Diels1912 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NG \TS:O. bullata$< Schefferomitra $Diels1912 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NG \TS:Mitrephora subaequalis$Scheffer1??? Goniothalamus $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m115,NF,M50-100,IB,i131 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \(=$Blume1830(+^A)) \^^Polyalthia/ \TS($Hooker&Thomson1;???):Unona macrophylla$Blume1??? =Atrutegia $Beddome1864 #(IB),i1 \TS:A. wynadensis$< =Beccariodendron $Warburg1891 #m1,(MIB),i1 *m:Rec@NG \(^~Mitreophora) \TS:B. grandiflorum$< Pseuduvaria $Miquel1858("1859") #m18,NF,M35,IB,i39 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,W-ZOAE,NG M:Rec@India--Aus \TS:Uvaria reticulata$Blume1??? Exellia $Boutique1951 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr \(~Monanthotaxis) \TS:Popowia scamnopetala$Exell1??? Mitrephora $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m25,NF,M40,IB,i79 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,W-ZOAE \(=$Blume1???(+^A)) \TS($Hooker&Thomson1;???):Uvaria obtusa$Blume1??? ==Kinginda $Kuntze1891 #(IB),i12 \TS:??? Popowia $Endlicher1839 #m50,NF,M30,IB,i131 *mM:Rec@trop-Az--Aus \TS($Endlicher1???>Walpers):Guatteria pisocarpa$Blume1??? Ambavia $LeThomas1972 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:Popowia capuronii$Cavaco&Keraudren1;??? Richella $Gray1852 #m3,NF,M1,IB,i24 *m:Rec@Born(#M1),NCal(#M1),Fiji(#M1) \TS:R. monosperma$< Friesodielsia $Steenis1948(=VanSteenis) #m55,NF,M55,IB,i57 *m:Rec@trop-W-Afr(#M7),Male,ZOAE \[liaan] \TS(+R Oxymitra$(Blume1???)Hooker&Thomson1855;) ==Oxymitra $HookerF&Thomson1855; #(IB),i75 \(=$Blume1830(+^A)) \^^Polyalthia/ \(+P$Bischoff1829(Hepaticopsida/Oxymitraceae)) \TS:Guatteria cuneiformis$Blume1??? Phaeanthus $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m20,NF,M12,IB,i28 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \TS:P. nutans$< Trivalvaria $Miquel1865 #m5,NF,M5,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@Assam--W-ZOAE \(=$Miquel1861(+^A)) \^^Guatteria/ \TS:Guatteria brevipetala$Miquel1??? ANNONINAE" Annona $Linnaeus1753 #m~100,NF,M137,IB,i155 *m:Rec@trop-Am(#M129),trop-Afr(#M8) |[500-1200] {cherimoya=custard apple,alligator apple,sugar apple=Bullock's heart,monkey apple,ilama,soursop guanabana=graviola,poshte,sweetsop/kaneelappelboom,zuurzakboom,vla-appelboom,cherimoya} \zaden met acetogenines (insecticiden) \("ANNONEAE$Endl.1839) \(=Anona$Miller1???) \TS:A. muricata$< ==Guanabanus $Miller1754 #(IB),i3 \TS:??? =Anonidium $Engler&Diels1900; #m5,NF,(M)IB,i7 *m:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:Annona mannii$Oliver1??? Raimondia $Safford1913 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@Colom--Ecua \(~Annona) \TS:R. monoica$< Rollinia $StHilaire1824 #m65,NF,M60,IB,i104 *mM:Rec@trop-Am {Biriba} \(~Annona) \TS($Fries1???):Annona dolabripetala$Raddi1??? =Rolliniopsis $Safford1916 #m5,N,(FM)I(B),i5 *m:Rec@Braz \TS:R. discreta$< TRIGYNAEINAE" Trigynaea $Schlechtendal1834("1835") #m5,NF,M5,IB,i23 *mM:Rec@N-ZAm \(+missp:Trigyneia$Rchb.1???#(B)) \TS:T. oblongifolia$< Bocagea $StHilaire1825 #m2,NF,M4,IB,i33 *mM:Rec@trop:Am \uitgestorven? \TS:B. viridis$< Hornschuchia $Nees1821 #m3,NF,M6,IB *mM:Rec@O-Braz \TS:H. bryotrophe$< =Mosenodendron $Fries1900 #(IB),i1 \TS:M. insigne$< Cardiopetalum $Schlechtendal1835(?1834) #m1,NF,M5,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@trop:ZAm \TS:C. calophyllum$< =Froesiodendron $Fries1956 #m2,NF(M)IB,i4 *m:Rec@trop:ZAm \TS:F. amazonicum$< =Stormia $Moore1895 #(IB),i1 \TS:S. brasiliensis$(SaintHilaire&Tulasne1;???)<=Hexalobus brasiliensis$StHilaire&Tulasne1;??? Cymbopetalum $Bentham1860 #m11,NF,M27,IB,i36 *mM:Rec@Mexi--trop-ZAm \bestoven door Scarabidae/Cyclocephala \TS($Bentham1???>Hutchinson1923):Uvaria brasiliensis$Vellozo1??? Porcelia $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #m5,NF,M7,IB,i18 *mM:Rec@trop:Am \bestoven dor Scarabidae,eetbare vrucht tot 29kg \TS:P. nitidifolia$< Mkilua $Verdcourt1970 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:O-Afr \TS:M. fragrans$< MONANTHOTAXINAE" Monanthotaxis $Baillon1890 #m57,NF,M56,IB,i56 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr,Mad \[liaan] \TS:M. congoensis$< =Clathrospermum $Hooker1862 #(IB),i6 \(<=$Planchon1???) \(+NomRej vs Enneastemon$Exell1932) \(~Enneastemon) \TS($Bentham1???):Uvaria vogelii$Hooker1??? =Enneastemon $Exell1932 #(M)I(B),i15 \(+NomCons) \TS:E. angolensis$< =Atopostema $Boutique1951 #m2,N(FM)I(B),i2 *m:Rec@trop-Afr \(~Orophinae) \TS:Popowia klainii$Engler1??? =Gilbertiella $Boutique1951 #m1,NF(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:G. congolana$< Monocyclanthus $Keay1953 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:W-Afr \TS:M. vignei$< Haplostichanthus $Mueller1891(=VonMueller) #m1(?2),NF,M6,IB,i8 *m:Rec@Quee *M:Rec@M-ZOAE--Quee \TS:H. johnsonii$< =Papualthia $Diels1912 #m20,NF(M)IB,i22 *m:Rec@M-,O-Male \(^Polyalthiinae) \TS:P. pilosa$< Uvariopsis $Engler1899 #m12,NF,M11,IB,i16 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:U. zenkeri$< =Tetrastemma $Diels1906(^Winkl.1???(<=Diels)) #(IB),i5 \TS:T. dioicum$< =Thonnera $Wildeman1909(=DeWildeman) #(IB),i1 \TS:T. congolana$< MONODOROIDEAE $Kostel.1836 #m2/ \("MONODOREAE$Baill.1868,"MONODORACEAE$Agardh1858) \samengesteld vruchtbeginsel Monodora $Dunal1817 #m15,NF,M15,IB,i31 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr {/calabash nutmeg} \TS:Annona myristica$Gaertner1??? Isolona $Engler1897 #m20,NF,M19,IB,i28 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr,Mad \TS:Monodora madagascariensis$Baillon1??? . =Anaxagoraea $Mart.1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Anona $Linnaeus1735 #i186 \TS:??? =Asimia $B.&K.1821; #i0 \TS:??? =Atrategia $HookerF1872 #i1 \(<=$Beddome1???) \TS:??? =Caelocline $Steud.1840 #i0 \(<=$Auct.1???) \TS:??? =Cananga $HookerF&Thomson1855; #i0 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Cananga $Aubl.1775 #i0 \TS:??? =Cananga $HookerF&Thoms.1855; #i15 \(<=$Rumph.1???) \TS:??? =Canangium $Baill.1868 #i7 \TS:??? =Catanga $Steudel1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Cleistopetalum $Okada1996 #i2 \TS:??? =Clethrosperum $Planch.1848 #i0 \TS:??? =Duquetia $Don1831 #i0 \TS:??? =Enicosanthellum $TienBan1975 #i3 \TS:??? =Hexabolus $Steudel1840 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Kingstonia $HookerF&Thoms.1872; #i0 \TS:??? =Klarobelia $Chatrou1998 #i10 \TS:??? =Krockeria $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Krokeria $Endlicher1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Melodorum $HookerF&Thoms.1855; #i0 \TS:??? =Monocarpia $Miq.1865-1866 #i5 \TS:??? =Monostichanthus $Muell.1891 #i1 \TS:??? =Mosannona $Chatrou1998 #i15 \TS:??? =Oreophea $Steud.1841 #i0 \(<=$Auct.1???) \TS:??? =Parabotrys $Muell.1868 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Pleuripetalum $Th.Dur.1838 #i0 \(+missp) \(<=$"Becc.") \TS:??? =Pseudomalmea $Chatrou1998 #i2 \TS:??? =Sanrafaelia $Verdcourt1996 #i1 \TS:??? =Sphaerocoryne $Ridley1917 #i7 \(<=$Scheff.1???) \TS:??? =Stenanthera $Engl.&Diels1900; #i0 \TS:??? =Tabraca $Noronha1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Trigyneia $Reichenbach1837 #i1 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Vvaria $Noronha1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Waria $Aubl.1775 #i2 \TS:??? =Xilopia $Jussieu1789 #i0 \TS:??? =Xylopicron $Adans.1763 #i2 \TS:??? Pelticalyx $Griffith1854 #M1,(I),i1 *M:Rec@India \(?:) \TS:P. argentea$< ^ Anonaceaephyllum $Andreanszky1963 #N(I) *NI:OOligoc@Hong \{leaf} \TS:A. budense$< Anonaspermum $Ball1931 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Texas *I:Eoc/YeguaFm@Texas \{seed} \TS:A. reidii$< Foveomorphomonocolpites $SoleDePorte1971 #X(I) *X:Maa@Colom \{pollen,spores} \TS($SoleDePorta1???):Monocolpites humbertoides$VanDerHammen1??? Jongmansia $Reid&Reid1915; #N(I) *NI:Plioc/Reuverian@Nede \{seed} \TS:J. cypreaeformis$< Mayogynophyllum $Kraeusel1929 #N(I) *NI:BMioc?@Suma \{leaf} \TS:M. paucinervium$< Monodorospermum $Warburg1897 #(I) *I:?Plioc@ZOAE/BangkaE \TS:M. bangkanum$< Polyalthioxylon $Kramer1974 #N(I) *N:BTert-OQuartair@Born *I:Tert@Born \{wood} \TS:P. platymitroides$< Xylopiaecarpum $Rasky1956 #NX(I) *NI:OEoc@Hong \{fruit} \>Xylopia \TS:X. eocaenicum$< MYRISTICACEAE $Brown1810 #P~15/300,m19/440,C17/300,F19/,M19/400 *m:Rec@trop %T!(fl) *X:Dan,M-,BEoc,MMioc,Rec {nutmeg family} \bomen;groenblijvend;blad(spiraalschikking,distich;enkelvoudig;gaaf;!klierstippen;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(1-,2huizig;okselstandig gevorkt bijscherm,tros);P(2,!3-5)(lobben valvate) A2-veel(helmdraden ~vergroeid;langsspleten) G_1(vruchtblad open;stempel !zonder stijl;1 zaadknop ~basal ~anatroop 2tegmic);vrucht !openspringend;zaad arillate;endosperm;embryo klein;X=9,21,25 \("Myristicales$Thome1877) MYRISTICEAE" Scyphocephalium $Warburg1897(?1896) #m3,NF,M4,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@trop:W-Afr \TS:??? ==Ochocoa $Pierre1896 #(IB),i1 \TS:O. gaboni$< Coelocaryon $Warburg1895 #m3,NF,M4,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr \TS:C. preussii$< Virola $Aublet1775 #m60,NF,M45,IB,i75 *mM:Rec@trop:Am {banak,baboen=dalli,caihuba=ucahuba=ucuhuba} \Baboen-hout,hallucinogenen \TS:V. sebifera$< Bicuiba $Wilde1992(=DeWilde) #F,M1,i1 *M:Rec@Braz {bicuhyba} \(?Bicniba~Virola) \TS:??? Myristica $Gronovius1755 #m~80,NF,M72,IB,i458 *m:Rec@trop-Az--Aus(Aus:#M3) |[-3000] {nutmeg/nootmuskaat=muskaatnoot} \(+NomCons) \in zaad het (vanaf 4gram) giftige myristicine,bestoven door kevers \TS:M. fragrans$Houttuyn1774 ==Comacum $Adanson1763 #(I),i0 \TS:??? ==Palala $Kuntze1891 #(I),i129 \(<=$Rumphius1???) \TS:??? =Paramyristica $DeWilde1??? #(M) \TS:??? Knema $Loureiro1790 #m83,NF,M90,IB,i122 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \TS:K. corticosa$< HORSFIELDIEAE" PYCNANTHINAE" Mauloutchia $Warburg1897 #m6,F,M6,(I),i6 *mM:Rec@O-Mad \(=$Baillon1884(+^A)) \(~Brochoneura) \^^Myristica/ \(+missp:Maloutchia$Warburg1895#(I)B) \TS($Warburg1???):Myristica chapelieri$Baillon1??? Brochoneura $Warburg1897(?1896) #m10,NF,M3,IB,i8 *m:Rec@trop-Afr,Mad *M:Rec@O-Mad \^^Myristica/Dictyoneura$DeCandolle1856 \(=Brocchoneura$Warburg1894#i2) \TS:Myristica madagascariensis$Lamarck1??? Cephalosphaera $Warburg1903 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:O-Afr %bergen {mtambara} \(~Brochoneura) \TS:Brochoneura usambarensis$Warburg1??? Haematodendron $Capuron1973 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:H. glabrum$< Pycnanthus $Warburg1895 #m8,NF,M7,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@trop:Afr {akomu=eteng=ilomba=kombo=false nutmeg/ilomba-hout} \TS(+NYD) Staudtia $Warburg1897 #m2-3,NF,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@W-Afr {niove/niove-hout} \TS:S. kamerunensis$< Endocomia $Wilde1984(=DeWilde) #m4,NF,M4,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \(~Horsfieldia) \TS:Myristica macrocoma$Miquel1??? HORSFIELDIINAE" Iryanthera $Warburg1896(?1895) #m30,NF,M24,IB,i35 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm--Pana \(=$DeCandolle1856(+^A)) \^^Myristica/ \hallucinogenen in bast \TS:I. hostmannii$(Bentham1???)Warburg(Myristica hostmannii$Bentham1???) Osteophloeum $Warburg1897 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Amaz \hallucinogenen in bast \(+missp:Osteophloem$Warburg1897#(I)) \TS:Myristica platysperma$DeCandolle1??? Gymnacranthera $Warburg1896|Warb.1??? #m17,NF,M7,IB *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \(=$DeCandolle1855(+^A)) \^^Myristica/ \oliezaden \TS($Warburg1???):Myristica paniculata$DeCandolle1??? Horsfieldia $Willdenow1806("1805") #m104,NF,M100,IB *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE--Aus \oliezaden \TS:??? ==Jryaghedi $Kuntze1898 #(I),i1 \TS:??? ==Pyrrhosa $Endlicher1839 #(I),i1 \(=$Blume1???(+^A)) \TS:??? Compsoneura $Warburg1896 #m11,NF,M14,IB,i14 *mM:Rec@trop:Am \(=$DeCandolle1856(+^A)) \^^Myristica/ \bestoven door Thysanoptera \TS($Warburg1???):Myristica sprucei$DeCandolle1??? Otoba $Karsten1882 #m9,NF,M6,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@trop:Am \(=$DeCandolle1855(+^A)) \^^Myristica/ \otoba-vet \TS:O. novogranatensis$Moldenke1???=Myristica otoba$Humboldt&Bonpland1;???>Willdenow ==Dialyanthera $Warburg1897 #(MIB),i9 \^^Myristica/ \TS:Myristica otoba$Willdenow1???(<=Humboldt&Bonpland;) . =Aruana $BurmeisterF1769 #i1 \TS:??? =Camacum $Steud.1841 #i0 \(<=$Adans.1???) \TS:??? =Gymnacranthaera $Warb.1895 #i0 \TS:??? =Horsfielda $Pers.1807 #i0 \TS:??? =Paramyristica $Wilde1994(=DeWilde) #i1 \TS:??? =Sebophora $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? ^ Myristicoxylon $Boureau1950 #N(I) {Wood} *NI:Paleoc/Dan@Soed \TS:M. princeps$< CANELLACEAE $Martius1832 #P6/~20,m5/16,C6/21,F6/,M5/13 *m:Rec@trop:Am,O-Afr *X:Rec \(~?~Illiciales?>Myristicaceae) \!bomen,struiken;blad(spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig;gaaf;!pellucid dots;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;solitair eindstandig,okselstandig tros--pluim);radieel K3(imbricate) C4,!(5-12)(!1,!2,4kransen/spiralen;imbricate) A(!(6-12)-35,40)(extrorse;pollen 1sulcate) G_(2-6)(1hokkig;stijl dik;stempel 2-6lobbig;2-6 zaadlijsten;1,2rijen van 2-veel zaadknoppen per zaadlijst parietal hemitroop 2tegmic);besvrucht;endosperm;2n=22,26,28 Pleodendron $Tieghem1899(=VanTieghem) #m2,NF,M1,IB,i2 *m:Rec@WInd *M:Rec@Hisp,PRic \(+missp:Pteleodendron$Schum.1???#i0) \TS:Cinnamodendron macranthum$Baillon1??? Cinnamodendron $Endlicher1840 #m7,NF,M5,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm,WInd \A(-35,40) \TS($Endlicher1???>Walpers):Canella axillaris$Nees&Martius1;??? =Capsicodendron $Hoehne1933 #NF(M)IB,i2 \TS:C. pimenteira$< Warburgia $Engler1895 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@O-Afr \(+NomCons) \bast bevat sesquiterpenen(bijv. warburganal) tegen army worms \TS:W. stuhlmannii$< =Chibaca $Bertoloni1853 #(I),i1 \(+NomRej vs Warburgia) \TS:C. salutaris$< Canella $Browne1756 #m1,NF,M1-2,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@Z-Fla,WInd {Bahama whitewood/witte kaneel} \(+NomCons) \C ~vergroeid \TS($Gaertner1???):Laurus winterana$Linnaeus1??? ==Winterana $Linnaeus1759 #(I),i2 \TS:W. canella$Linnaeus1???=Laurus winterana$Linnaeus1??? Cinnamosma $Baillon1867 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@Mad {taggar} \C ~vergroeid;ruminate endosperm \TS:C. fragrans$< . =Dawea $Dawe1906 #i1 \(<=$Sprague1???) \TS:??? =Winterania $Linnaeus1737 #i2 \TS:??? ************************* * ? {Magnoliales} * Lactoridineae \(~Laurales~Magnoliales~Piperales,?>Annonaceae,Lactoridales$Takhtajan1993) ************************* LACTORIDACEAE $Engler1888 #P1/1,m1/1,C1/1,F1/,M1/1 *m:Rec@JFer *X:Tur-Cmp,Rec *N:Kr@Z-Afr \(+NomCons) \struik;blad(distich;klierstippen;enkelvoudig;schede van grote steunbladen vastgegroeid aan bladsteel);bloei(polygamo2huizig;okselstandig 1-4bloemig gevorkt bijscherm);K3 C0 A3+3(pollen 1sulcate) G_3(onderaan ~vergroeid;stijl kort;4-8 zaadknoppen per vruchtblad marginal anatroop 2tegmic);kokervrucht;embryo klein;veel endosperm;2n=40? Lactoris $Philippi1865 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Masatierra,JFer \TS:L. fernandeziana$< ************************* * :("Laurales$Perleb1826,Lauranae$Takhtajan1997) * Monimiineae \("Monimiales$Dumort.1829) ************************* AMBORELLACEAE $Pichon1948 #P1/1,m1/1,C1/1,F1/,M1/1 *m:Rec@NCal *X:Rec \(^Monimiaceae~Illiciales) \struik;groenblijvend;blad(spiraalschikking,distich;enkelvoudig;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2huizig;okselstandig cymeus);P5-8(spiraal,onderaan ~vastgegroeid) A~veel(buitenste onderaan vastgegroeid aan P,~laminair,spleet openend,pollen zonder openingen) G(_-)5,6(bovenaan open;1 zaadknop marginaal anatroop);per vruchtblad een losse vrucht lijkend op steenvrucht;embryo klein;veel endosperm;2n=26 Amborella $Baillon1873(?1869) #m1,N,C1,F,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NCal \TS:A. trichopoda$< TRIMENIACEAE $Gibbs1917 \(=$Perkins&Gilg1;???(+^A)) #P2/5,m2/5,C1/5,F1/,M1/5 *m:Rec@M-ZOAE--(ZO-Aus,Marq,Samoa) *X:Rec \bomen,struiken,lianen;polygaam;2n=16 \(~Monimiaceae) Trimenia $Seemann1873("1871") #m3,N,C5,F,M5,IB,i12 *mM:Rec@M-ZOAE--(Marq,Samoa) \(+NomCons) \TS:T. weinmanniifolia$< =Piptocalyx $Bentham1870 #m2,(FMIB),i4 *m:Rec@NG,O-Aus \(<=$Oliver1???) \(+NomRej vs Trimenia) \TS:P. moorei$< ==Muellerothamnus $Engler1897 #(I) \TS:??? MONIMIACEAE $Jussieu1809(=DeJussieu) #P~30-35/450,m35/450,C(6)32/335,F34/,M(6)34/440 *m:Rec@trop,warm,!ZH *X:?Sen,MEoc,Rec \bomen,struiken,lianen;groenblijvend;blad(!tegenoverstaand;!klierstippen;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(!1slachtig;!cymeus,solitair);radieel,oblique K2+2(vlezig,decussate) C0,!(7-20)-meer Aveel(1,2reeksen;helmdraden kort;onderaan nectarklieren;langsspleten,kleppen) G(!-)1-!(paar-veel)(stijlen kort;stempels eindstandig;1 zaadknop anatroop 1,!2tegmic);vrucht hoofdje steenvruchten,noten;veel endosperm;!2,4zaadlobbig;X=18-22,39,43 HORTONIOIDEAE $??? #C1/3 \("HORTONIEAE$Baill1869) \2slachtig;binnenste P petaloid;zaadknop apical hangend 2tegmic;steenvrucht Hortonia $Arnott1838 #m2,N,C3,F,M3,IB,i4 *m:Rec@SriL \(<=$Wight1???) \TS:H. floribunda$Wight1??? ATHEROSPERMOIDEAE $Burnett1835 #C7/16 \("ATHEROSPERMACEAE$Brown1814) \1,2slachtig;P sepaloid,petaloid;zaadknop basal erect 2tegmic;pluimig nootje ATHEROSPERMEAE $Bartl.1830 \bladharen centrifixed;binnenste staminodes worden langer in vrucht Atherosperma $Labillardiere1806 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@ZO-Aus \TS:A. moschatum$< Laureliopsis $Schodde1983 #F,M1,I(B),i1 *M:Rec@Z-Arge,Z-Chili \^^Laurelia \(~Laurelia) \TS:L. philippiana$(Looser1???)< LAURELIEAE $Pax1889 \bladharen basifixed;binnenste staminodes worden niet langer Nemuaron $Baillon1873 #m2,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@NCal \TS:Doryphora vieillardii$Baillon1??? Daphnandra $Bentham1870 #m5,NF,M6,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@NG,O-Aus \alkaloiden \TS:Atherosperma micranthum$Tulasne1??? Laurelia $Jussieu1809 #m2,NF,M2(1:@NZ,1:@ZAm),IB,i6 *m:Rec@NZ,Chili,Peru {pukatea,Peruvian nutmeg=tepa} \(+NomCons) \TS(+R Pavonia$Ruiz1794) ==Pavonia $Ruiz1794 #(I) \(+P$Cavanilles1786(Magnoliopsida/Malvaceae)) \TS(+TypCons):P. sempervirens$Ruiz&Pavon1;??? ==Thiga $Molina1810 #(I),i1 \TS:??? Doryphora $Endlicher1837 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@NO-Aus \alkaloiden \TS:D. sassafras$Endlicher1837("1838") ==Learosa $Reichenbach1841 #(I),i0 \TS:??? ? Dryadodaphne $Moore1923 #m1,N,M3,IB,i3 *m:Rec@NG *M:Rec@NG,Quee \(~Lauraceae^~Levieria) \TS:D. celastroides$< =Isomerocarpa $Smith1941 #(IB),i1 \TS:Daphnandra novoguineensis$Perkins1??? SIPARUNOIDEAE $??? #C1/150 \("SIPARUNACEAE$(DeCandolle1???)Schodde1970,"SIPARUNEAE$DeCandolle1868) \1slachtig;P sepaloid;helmknoppen openen met kleppen;zaadknop basal erect 1tegmic Siparuna $Aublet1775 #m150,N,C150,F,M150,IB,i228 *mM:Rec@trop:ZAm \TS:S. guianensis$< =Citrosma $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #(I),i88 \TS(+NYD) =Conuleum $Richard1823 #(IB),i1 \(<=$Richard1???) \TS:C. guyannense$< =Bracteanthus $Ducke1930 #m1,N(FM)IB,i2 *m:Rec@O-Braz \TS:B. glycycarpus$< GLOSSOCALYCOIDEAE $??? #C1/3 \(SIPARUNACEAE) \1slachtig;P obscuur;helmdraden met filamenten;zaadknop 2tegmic;steenvrucht Glossocalyx $Bentham1880 #m4,N,C3,F,M4,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@trop:W-Afr \van ieder tweetal bladeren is 1 slechts middennerf \TS:G. longicuspis$< MOLLINEDIOIDEAE $??? #C19/145 \1slachtig;P sepaloid;helmknoppen met spleten;zaadknop 2tegmic;steenvrucht HEDYCARYEAE $??? \helmknoppen met langsspleten;receptacle splitst Decarydendron $Danguy1928 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:D. helenae$< Ephippiandra $Decaisne1858 #m6,NF,M6,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:E. myrtoidea$< =Hedycaryopsis $Danguy1928 #N(FM)IB,i4 \TS:H. madagascariensis$< Hedycarya $Forster&Forster1775; #m12,NF,M11,IB,i41 *m:Rec@W-PacOc(NCal:#M9),Aus,NZ \boom,struik,rheophyt \TS:H. arborea$R.&Forster; =Carnegieodoxa $Perkins1914 #m1,N(FM)IB,i1 *m:Rec@NCal \TS(+R Carnegiea$Perkins1911) ==Carnegiea $Perkins1911 #(IB) \(+P$Britton&Rose1908;(Magnoliopsida/Cactaceae)) \TS:C. eximia$< Kibaropsis $Jeremie1977 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NCal \(<=$Vieillard1???) \(~Hedycarya) \TS:Hedycaria caledonica$Guillaumin1??? Levieria $Beccari1877 #m7,NF,M7,IB,i13 *mM:Rec@O-ZOAE,N-Aus \TS:L. montana$< Tambourissa $Sonnerat1782 #m43,NF,M43,IB,i53 *mM:Rec@Mad,Mask \(~Monimioideae) \TS:T. quadrifida$< ==Ambora $Jussieu1789 #(I),i21 \TS:??? ==Mithridatea $Schreber1791 #(I),i4 \(<=$Commerson1???) \TS:??? =Phanerogonocarpus $Cavaco1958 #N(FM)IB,i2 \TS:P. capuronii$< =Schrameckia $Danguy1922 #N(FM)IB,i1 \TS:S. madagascariensis$< Xymalos $Warburg1893 #m3,NF,M1,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr {lemonwood} \(<=$Baillon1887(+?A)) \(~Trimeniaceae) \TS:Xylosma monospora$Harvey1??? =Paxiodendron $Engler1895 #(IB),i2 \TS:P. usambarense$< MOLLINEDIEAE $??? \helmknoppen met langsspleten;receptacle opent door afscheiding bovenste deel Macropeplus $Perkins1898 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@O-Braz \TS:Mollinedia ligustrina$Tulasne1??? Mollinedia $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #m95,NF,M90,IB,i146 *mM:Rec@trop:Am \TS:M. repanda$< =Tetratome $Poeppig&Endlicher1838; #(I),i8 \TS(+NYD) Macrotorus $Perkins1898 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@ZO-Braz \(?:ofam?) \TS:Mollinedia utriculata$Martius1??? Matthaea $Blume1856 #m6,NF,M6,IB,i13 *mM:Rec@ZOAE \TS:M. sancta$< Steganthera $Perkins1898 #m16,NF,M>17,IB,i40 *m:Rec@O-ZOAE--(Solo,trop-Aus) \TS:S. warburgii$< =Anthobembix $Perkins1898 #m8,N(FM)IB,i8 *m:Rec@NG \TS:Kibara hospitans$Beccari1??? Tetrasynandra $Perkins1898 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@NO-Aus \(?Tetrasysnandra) \TS:Kibara laxiflora$Bentham1??? Wilkiea $Mueller1858(=VonMueller) #m6,NF,M6,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@O-Aus \TS:W. calyptrocalyx$< Kibara $Endlicher1837 #m39,NF,M43,IB,i80 *mM:Rec@NicE,ZOAE--trop-Aus \TS(+R Brongniartia$Blume1825) ==Brongniartia $Blume1825 #(I),i73 \(+P$Kunth1824(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS:B. coriacea$< ==Sciadicarpus $Hasskarl1842 #(I),i1 \TS:Brongniartia coriacea$Blume1??? =Sarcodiscus $Griffith1854 #(I),i1 \TS:S. chloranthiformis$< Lauterbachia $Perkins1900 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@NG \(?:tribe?) \TS:L. novo-guineensis$Perkins1??? Austromatthaea $Smith1969 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NO-Quee \TS:A. elegans$< Faika $Philipson1985 #m1,F,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@W-NG \(?Faikea) \TS:Steganthera villosa$Kanehira&Hatusima1;??? Kairoa $Philipson1980 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@W-NG *M:Rec@O-NG \TS:K. suberosa$< Parakibara $Philipson1985 #m1,F,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Molu \TS:P. clavigera$< HENNECARTIEAE $??? #M1/ \(~Monimioideae) \helmknoppen met horizontale spleet Hennecartia $Poisson1885 #m1,NF,M3,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Z-Braz,Para,NO-Arge \pollen landen op hyperstigma \TS:H. omphalandra$< MONIMIOIDEAE $Rafinesque1815 #C3/18 \2huizig;P sepaloid;helmdraden !zonder filamenten;helmknoppen openen met spleten;zaadknop apical hangend 2tegmic;steenvrucht PALMARIEAE $??? \lianen;buitenste P sepaloid,binnenste P petaloid;helmdraden met filamenten Palmeria $Mueller1864(=VonMueller) #m15,NCF,M15,IB,i26 *m:Rec@NG(#M12),Aus(#M3) \TS:??? MONIMIEAE $Presl1846 \bomen,struiken;P sepaloid;helmdraden zonder filamenten Monimia $DuPetitThouars1804 #m3,NCF,M3,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@Maur,Reun \TS:M. rotundifolia$< PEUMIEAE $??? #M1/ \bomen;P petaloid;helmdraden zonder filamenten Peumus $Molina1782 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@Chili {boldo} \(+NomCons) \alkaloide boldine \TS(+TypCons):P. boldus$Molina1??? ==Ruizia $Pavon1794 #(I) \(+P$Cavanilles1786(Magnoliopsida/Sterculiaceae)) \TS:??? ==Boldea $Jussieu1809 #(I),i2 \(+suppr vs Peumus) \TS(+R Ruizia$Pavon1794) ==Boldus $Schultes&Schultes1829; #(I) \TS:??? =Boldu $Adanson1763 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Peumus) \TS(+NYD) . =Angelina $Tul.1885 #i1 \(<=$Pohl1???) \TS:??? =Antherosperma $Poir.1808 #i0 \TS:??? =Antherosperma $Steud.1840 #i0 \(<=$Poir.1???) \(+missp) \TS:??? =Boldu $Adans.1763 #i0 \(<=$Feuill.1???) \TS:??? =Boldus $Schult.F1829 #i2 \TS:??? =Citrosena $Steud.1840 #i0 \(<=$Bosc1???) \TS:??? =Crinonia $Tul.1855 #i0 \(<=$Banks1???) \TS:??? =Doratophora $Lem.1849 #i0 \TS:??? =Hedycaria $Murr.1784 #i0 \TS:??? =Hedycarix $Raoul1846 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Leonia $Kunth1822 #i0 \(<=$Mutis.1???) \TS:??? =Monimiopsis $Perkins1911 #i1 \(<=$Vieill.1???) \TS:??? =Paracelsia $Tul.1857 #i2 \(<=$Mart.1???) \TS:??? =Theyga $Molina1810 #i0 \TS:??? ^ Atherospermoxylon $Kraeusel1939 #N(I) *NI:OOligoc@Egyp \{wood} \TS:Acerinium aegyptiacum$Schenk1??? Hedycaryoxylon $Suess1960 #N(I) *NI:Kr/OSen@Duit \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Laurelites $Nishida&Nishida;&Nasa1988; #(I) *I:BOligoc-OMioc@Chili \{wood} \TS:L. doroteaensis$< Protoatherospermoxylon $Maedel1960 #N(I) *N:Kr/BSen@ZAfr \{wood} \TS:P. renniei$< Protohedycarya $Rueffle1965 #N(I) *N:Kr/OSen@ODuit \{leaf} \TS:Proteoides ilicoides$Heer1??? Xymaloxylon $Louvet1975 #N(I) *NI:OMioc@Libie \{wood} \TS:X. zeltenense$< GOMORTEGACEAE $Reiche1896 #P1/1,m1/1,C1/1,F1/,M1/1 *m:Rec@Z-Chili *X:Rec {queule family} \(>Monimiaceae) \("GOMORTEGEAE$Baill.1869) \bomen,groenblijvend;blad(tegenoverstaand;enkelvoudig;gaaf;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;tros);P5-!7-10(spiraalschikking--3tallige kransen) A7-13(spiraalschikking;helmhokken met kleppen;1-!3,4 staminodes tussen A en G) G^(2,!3-5)(2,3hokkig;stijl met !2,3 vertakkingen;1 zaadknop per hok hangend anatroop);steenvrucht !1zadig;embryo groot;endosperm;2n=42 Gomortega $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #m1,N,C1,F,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Z-Chili \boom;groenblijvend;bloei(2slachtig);narcoticum \TS:Lucuma keule$Molina1???=Gomortega keule$Johnston1924 ==Adenostemum $Persoon1805 #(I),i1 \(+missp:Adenostemon$Spreng.1???#i0) \TS:??? ==Keulia $Molina1810 #(I),i1 \TS:??? ^ Gomortegoxylon $Nishida&Nishida;&Ohsawa1989; #(I) *I:BOligoc-OMioc@Chili \{wood} \TS:G. patagonicum$< : CALYCANTHACEAE $Lindley1819 #P3/5,m3/9,C3/7,F2/,M4/10 *m:Rec@China,ZW-O-USA *X:BMioc,Rec {strawberry-shrub family/specerijstruikfamilie} \struik,boompje;blad(tegenoverstaand;enkelvoudig;gaaf;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;solitair eindstandig;bestoven door kevers);P15-40(~petaloid,spiraalschikking) A5-30(spiraalschikking;nectar) G1-35(spiraalschikking in beker onder P;1 zaadknop per vruchtblad anatroop 2tegmic);vrucht veel dopjes;0 endosperm;X=11,12 CALYCANTHOIDEAE $??? #(C2/6),(M3/9) Calycanthus $Linnaeus1759 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i29 *mM:Rec@ZW-,O-USA {California allspice,Carolina allspice/specerijstruik=aardbeiboom} \(+NomCons) \TS:C. floridus$< =Basteria $Miller1755 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Calycanthus) \TS(+NYD) =Beureria $Ehret1755 #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs Bourreria$Browne1756(Magnoliopsida/Boraginaceae)) \(+missp:Beverua$Collinson1821#i0) \TS(+NYD) =Butneria $DuhamelDuMonceau1755 #(I),i5 \(+suppr vs Byttneria$Loefling1758(Magnoliopsida/Sterculiaceae)) \(+missp:Buttneria$Dubam.1801#i0) \TS(+NYD) Sinocalycanthus $Cheng&Chang1964; #m1,N(F),M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@China \(=$Cheng&Chang1963;(+^A)) \(~Calycanthus) \^^Calycanthus/ \TS($Cheng&Chang1;???):Calycanthus chinensis$Cheng&Chang1;??? Chimonanthus $Lindley1819 #m6,NF,M6,IB,i14 *mM:Rec@China {wintersweet,allspice/meloenboompje=winterbloeier} \(+NomCons) \bestoven door Coleoptera \TS($Link1822):Calycanthus praecox$Linnaeus1??? ==Meratia $LoiseleurDeslongchamps1818("1819") #(I),i6 \(+suppr vs Chimonanthus) \TS:Calycanthus praecox$Linnaeus1??? IDIOSPERMOIDEAE $Thorne1974 #P1/1,m1/1,(C1/1),F1/,(M1/1) *m:Rec@Quee \(=$Blake1???(+^A)) \("IDIOSPERMACEAE$Blake1972) Idiospermum $Blake1972 #m1,N,C1,F,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Quee \boom;embryo -6.5cm \TS:Calycanthus australiensis$Diels1??? . =Pompadoura $Candolle1828(=DeCandolle) #i0 \(<=$Buchoz1???) \TS:??? ************************* * Chloranthineae \(~Monimiineae~Piperales,Chloranthales$Sm.>Leroy1983) ************************* CHLORANTHACEAE $Brown1821 #P5/~65,m4/56,C4/70,F4/,M4/75 *m:Rec@trop-Am,Mad,O-,ZO-Az--Poly,NZ *M:Rec@trop,warm *X:?San,Rec \(?>Trimeniaceae) \boom,struik,kruid,zelfs 1jarig;blad(tegenoverstaand;enkelvoudig;petioles onderaan ~vergroeid;steunblaadjes interpetiolar);bloei(1slachtig;solitair met lange spiral axis);P0 K~3fid A!(1-5)-100'(!~vergroeid) G(^,-)1(1 zaadknop orthotroop 2tegmic);bes-,steenvrucht;veel endosperm;embryo klein;X=8,14,15 Chloranthus $Swartz1787 #m15,F,M18,IB,i45 *mM:Rec@ZOAE,O-,ZO-Az \("CHLORANTHEAE$Baill1872) \TS:C. inconspicuus$< =Creodus $Loureiro1790 #(I),i1 \TS:C. odorifer$< =Nigrina $Thunberg1783 #(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1767(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:N. spicata$< =Peperidia $Reichenbach1828 #(I) \TS(+R Cryphaea$Hamilton1825) ==Cryphaea $Hamilton1825 #(I) \(+P$Weber1814(Bryopsida/Cryphaeaceae)) \TS:C. erecta$< =Saintlegeria $JacobDeCordemoy1863 #(I) \TS:S. gracilis$< =Tricercandra $Gray1856 #(I),i3 \TS:T. quadrifolia$< Sarcandra $Gardner1845 #m1,NF,M2,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@O-Az,Male,ZOAE \(^~Chloranthus) \A1 \TS:S. chloranthoides$< Ascarina $Forster&Forster1775; #m9,NF,M12,IB,i19 *m:Rec@ZOAE,Poly,NZ,Mad(#M1) \TS:A. polystachya$R.&Forster; =Ascarinopsis $Humbert&Capuron1955; #(MIB),i1 \TS:A. coursii$< Hedyosmum $Swartz1788 #m30,NF,M45,IB,i75 *m:Rec@trop-Am,ZO-Az(#M1) \A-100';pollen 1sulcate \TS:H. nutans$< =Tafalla $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #(I) \TS(+NYD) . =Aloranthus $Voigt1811 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Cryphaea $BuchananHamilton1825 #i1 \TS:??? =Hediosmum $Poir.1821 #i0 \TS:??? =Hedyosmon $Spreng.1831 #i0 \TS:??? =Saintlegeria $Cordem.1862-1863 #i1 \TS:??? =Stropha $Noronha1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Tafallaea $Kuntze1891 #i19 \TS:??? =Tavalla $Persoon1807 #i0 \TS:??? ^ Chloranthistemon $Crane&Friis;&Pedersen1989; #(I) *I:Kr/(BSan-OCmp)@Zwed \{androecium} \TS:C. endressii$< ************************* * Laurineae ************************* LAURACEAE $Jussieu1789(=DeJussieu) #P~30-50/>2000,m45/2200,C(2)31/2490,F54/,M52/2850 *m:Rec@trop,warm:!(ZO-Az,Braz) *X:Cen,BPaleoc-Rec {laurel family/laurierfamilie} \!(bomen,struiken),twiners;!groenblijvend;blad(!spiraal-,kransschikking,tegenoverstaand;enkelvoudig,gelobd;!veernervig;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(!2slachtig,polygaam--2huizig;!~thyrse,solitair);radieel !3tallig P3+3(K buis;sepaloid) A12(4 3kransen;helmhokken openen met 1,!2,!4 kleppen,gaatjes) G(!_,^)1,?(3)(1hokkig 1 zaadknop ~apical anatroop 2tegmic);!besvrucht 1zadig,droog niet-openspringend;embryo groot recht;0 endosperm;X=12 LAUROIDEAE $Burnett1835 #C30/2470 PERSEEAE $Nees1836 \("PERSEOIDEAE$Pax1889,"PERSEACEAE$Horan.1834) PERSEINAE $??? \(~Cinnamomeae) Persea $Miller1754 #m150,NF,M200,IB,i408 *mM:Rec@trop:Az,Am |[-2000] {avocado=aguacate=alligator pear=palta,coffin wood=nanmu/avocado=alligatorpeer=advocaatboom} \(+NomCons) \TS:P. americana$Miller1???=Laurus persea$Linnaeus1??? =Borbonia $Miller1754 #(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Burbonia $Fabricius1763 #(I) \TS:Laurus borbonia$Linnaeus1??? =Farnesia $Fabricius1763 #(I),i1 \TS:Laurus indica$Linnaeus1??? =Machilus $Nees1831 #(M)I(B),i160 \TS:M. odoratissimus$Nees1???=Laurus indica$Loureiro1???(+non$Linnaeus1???) =Menestrata $Vellozo1825 #(I),i1 \TS:M. racemosa$< =Tamala $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i8 \TS(+NYD) Alseodaphne $Nees1831 #m50,NF,M50,IB,i96 *mM:Rec@Yunn--W-ZOAE \(~Dehaasia) \TS:A. semecarpifolia$< =Stemmatodaphne $Gamble1910 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@W-Male \TS:S. perakensis$< Nothaphoebe $Blume1851 #m30,NF,M40,IB,i42 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \alkaloiden \(~Persea) \(=Notaphoebe$Grisebach1???) \TS:Ocotea umbelliflora$Blume1??? Caryodaphnopsis $AiryShaw1940 #m7,NF,M15,IB,i14 *m:Rec@China,Fili,Born *M:Rec@trop:Az(#M7),Am(#M8) {Ecuador mahogany} \(~Persea) \(?Cardiodaphnopsis) \TS:Nothaphoebe tonkinensis$Lecomte1??? Phoebe $Nees1836 #m70,NF,M100,IB,i226 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \(~Ocotea) \TS:P. lanceolata$< BEILSCHMIEDIINAE $??? \("APPOLONIEAE$Pax1889) Apollonias $Nees1833 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i12 *m:Rec@Macaronesie(#M1),India(#M1) \(~Phoebe) \TS:Laurus canariensis$Willdenow1??? Dehaasia $Blume1837("1835") #m35,NF,M35,IB,i52 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az--NG \TS:??? ==Haasia $Blume1836 #(I) \TS:H. microcarpa$< =Cyanodaphne $Blume1851 #(IB),i3 \TS:Cryptocarya cuneata$Blume1??? Beilschmiedia $Nees1831 #m200,NF,M250,IB,i325 *m:Rec@trop,Aus,NZ *M:Rec@trop--(Aus,NZ,Z-Chili) {bolly gums,taraire,tawa,canary ash=yellow walnut,mkweo} \TS:B. roxburghiana$< =Afrodaphne $Stapf1905 #(MI),i15 \TS(+NYD) =Bernieria $Baillon1884 #(M)I(B),i1 \(+NomCons) \(?Berniera) \TS:B. madagascariensis$< =Boldu $Nees1833 #(I) \(+P$Adanson1763(Magnoliopsida/Monimiaceae)) \TS:??? =Hufelandia $Nees1833 #(IB),i17 \TS:Laurus pendula$Swartz1??? =Lauromerrillia $Allen1942 #(IB),i1 \TS:L. appendiculata$< =Nesodaphne $Hooker1853("1855") #(IB),i3 \TS(+NYD) =Purkayasthaea $Purkayastha1938 #(I),i1 \TS:P. pseudomicropora$< =Thouvenotia $Danguy1920 #(IB),i1 \TS:T. madagascariensis$< =Tylostemon $Engler1899 #(IB),i46 \TS(+NYD) Endiandra $Brown1810 #m~80,NF,M~100,IB,i145 *m:Rec@ZOAE--(Aus(#M38),NCal(#M6)),?Assam(#M?1) {Queensland walnut=Australian walnut,walnut bean} \TS:E. glauca$< =Dictyodaphne $Blume1851(?) #(I),i7 \TS:D. rubescens$< =Triadodaphne $Kostermans1974 #m1,NF(M)IB,i3 *m:Rec@Born \TS:T. myristicoides$< Brassiodendron $Allen1942 #F,M1,I(B),i1 *M:Rec@O-ZOAE,Aus \(~Endiandra) \TS:B. fragrans$< Mezilaurus $Taubert1892 #m9,NF,M20,IB,i23 *m:Rec@trop-ZAm--CRic(#M:1) \(<=$Kuntze1???) \TS(+R Silvia$Allemao1848) ==Silvia $Allemao1848 #(IB),i15 \(+P$Vellozo1825(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:S. navalium$< ==Mezia $Kuntze1891 #(I),i16 \(+P$Schwacke1???>Niedenzu1890(Magnoliopsida/Malpighiaceae)) \TS:??? ==Neosilvia $Pax1897 #(I),i0 \TS:??? =Clinostemon $Kuhlmann&Sampaio1928; #m2,F(M)I *m:Rec@trop-Am \(^~Licaria) \TS:Acrodiclidium mahuba$Sampaio1??? Williamodendron $Kubitzki&Richter1987; #NF,M3,IB,i5 *M:Rec@trop:Am \(~Mezilaurus) \TS:W. spectabile$< Anaueria $Kostermans1938 #m1,NF,M1,I(B),i1 *mM:Rec@Braz \(~Beilschmiedia) \TS:A. brasiliensis$< Micropora $Hooker1886 #N,M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@MaleS \helmhokken openen met gaatjes \TS:??? ==Hexapora $HookerF1886 #m1,F(M)I(B) *m:Rec@MaleS \TS:H. curtisii$Hooker1??? Potameia $DuPetitThouars1806 #m21,NF,M30,IB,i29 *m:Rec@Mad(#M20),Hima,Hain,(@Az:10) \TS:P. thouarsii$Roemer&Schultes1;??? =Syndiclis $HookerF1886 #F(M)I(B),i10 \TS:S. paradoxa$Hooker1??? CINNAMOMEAE $Nees1836 \(~Perseeae) CINNAMOMINAE $??? Ocotea $Aublet1775 #m200,NF,M350,IB,i677 *m:Rec@trop-,warm-Am,Macaronesie(#M1),trop-,Z-Afr(#M7)--Mad(#M50),Mask {Orinoco sassafras,False coto bark,Louro,Inamui,Black stinkwood,Determa,Camphorwood} \Groenhart-,Wane-,Imbuia-,Stink-hout; bevat cinnamaldehyde \TS:O. guianensis$< =Balanopsis $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i4 \TS(+NYD) =Bellota $Gay1852("1849") #(IB) \(~Beilschmiedia) \TS:B. miersii$< =Camphoromoea $Nees&Martius1833; #(I),i10 \TS:C. subtriplinervia$< =Damburneya $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Laurus catesbyana$Michaux1??? =Dendrodaphne $Beurling1856 #(I),i1 \TS:D. macrophylla$< =Gymnobalanus $Nees1833 #(I),i10 \(<=$Nees&Martius1;???) \TS:G. minarum$< =Leptodaphne $Nees&Martius1833; #(I),i3 \TS:L. tenuiflora$< =Mespilodaphne $Nees1833 #(IB),i65 \(<=$Nees&Martius1;???) \TS:Laurus quixos$Lamarck1??? =Nemodaphne $Meisner1864 #(I),i1 \TS:Nectandra cuneata$Grisebach1??? =Oreodaphne $Nees1833 #(IB),i180 \(<=$Nees&Martius1;???) \TS:O. tristis$Nees&Martius1;??? =Petalanthera $Nees&Martius1833; #(I),i3 \TS:P. bracteolata$< =Strychnodaphne $Nees1833 #(I),i6 \(<=$Nees&Martius1;???) \TS:S. puberula$Nees&Martius1;??? =Teleiandra $Nees1833 #(I),i1 \(<=$Nees&Martius1;???) \TS:T. glauca$< Poveodaphne $Burger1988 #F,M1,I(B) *M:Rec@CRic \(?Povedadaphne) \(~Ocotea) \TS:??? Nectandra $Rottboll1778(=Rottboell) #m100,NF,M120,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am {Silverballi,Pichurim=Purchury bean} \(+NomCons) \(<=$Rolander1???) \(^~Ocotea) \TS(+NYD) ==Porostema $Schreber1791 #(I),i0 \TS(+R Nectandra$Rottboell1778;+R Ocotea$Aublet1775) Pleurothyrium $Nees1836 #m1,NF,M45,IB,i58 *m:Rec@Peru *M:Rec@trop-Am \(~Ocotea) \TS:??? Rhodostemonodaphne $Rohwer&Kubitzki1985; #NF,M20,IB,i18 *M:Rec@trop-ZAm \(~Ocotea) \TS(+R Synandrodaphne$Meisner1864) ==Synandrodaphne $Meisner1864 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Gilg1915(Magnoliopsida/Thymelaeaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Cinnamomum $Schaeffer1760 #m~250,NF,M~350,IB,i579 *m:Rec@O-,ZO-Az--Aus *M:Rec@O-,ZO-Az--Aus,Fiji,Samoa,trop-Am(#M60) {camphor=ho wood,cinnamon,cassia=Chinese cinnamon=bastard cinnamon,korintji cinnamon,culilawan,quills,quillings/kaneelboom,kamfer} \(+NomCons) \(+~Phoebe) \TS:C. zeylanicum$Blume1825-1826=Laurus cinnamomum$Linnaeus1??? =Camphora $Fabricius1759 #(I),i46 \(+NomRej vs Cinnamomum) \TS:C. officinarum$Nees1???=Laurus camphora$Linnaeus1??? =Cecidodaphne $Nees1831 #(I) \TS:C. glaucescens$< =Parthenoxylon $Blume1851(?) #(I),i3 \TS:Laurus porrectum$Roxburgh1??? =Sassafridium $Meisner1864 #(IB),i2 \(~Sassafras) \TS:S. veraguense$< =Temmodaphne $Kostermans1973 #m1,N(FM)IB,i1 *m:Rec@Thai \(^Beilschmiediinae) \TS:T. thailandica$< Neocinnamomum $Liou1934(=Liu) #m6,NF,M6,IB,i13 *mM:Rec@Z-China--ZO-Aus \(~Cinnamomum) \TS(+NYD) Cinnadenia $Kostermans1973 #m1,NF,M2,IB,i2 *m:Rec@Bhut,Assam,Burma *M:Rec@Bhut,Assam,Burma,MaleS \(?:) \TS:Dodecadenia paniculata$Hooker1??? Actinodaphne $Nees1831 #m60-70,NF,M100,IB,i141 *mM:Rec@ZOAE,O-,ZO-Az \zaden met olie en lauric acid \("Sassafrideae~Laureeae) \(+missp:Actinomorphe$Kuntze1891#i0) \TS:A. pruinosa$< Parasassafras $Long1984 #m1,N(F),M2,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Hima--(W-China,Burma) \(~Actinodaphne^~Litsea~Laureae) \TS($Long1???):Actinodaphne confertiflora$Meisner1??? =Sinosassafras $Li1985 #N(FM)IB,i1 \(~Lindera) \TS($Li1???):Lindera flavinervia$Allen1??? Sassafras $Trew1757|Nees&Ebermaier1831;|Nees1??? #m3,NF,M3,B *mM:Rec@O-Az(#M2),O-NAm(#M1) *Rec@China,Korea,Cana--Fla {sassafras,Chinese sassafras} \(~Laureae"Sassafrideae) \blad gelobd \TS:??? ==Evelyna $Rafinesque1838 #(I) \(+P$Poeppig&Endlicher1836;(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS(+R Euosmus$Nuttall1818) ==Euosmus $Nuttall1818 #(I) \TS:??? =Pseudosassafras $Lecomte1912 #(MIB),i2 \TS:Lindera tzumu$Hemsley1??? =Yushunia $Kamikoti1934 #(I),i1 \TS:Lindera randaiensis$Hayata1??? Umbellularia $Nuttall1842 #m2,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@W-NAm {California laurel=California olive,pepperwood/Californische laurier} \(+NomCons) \(=$Nees1836(+^A)) \(^~Litseeae) \^^Oreodaphne/ \TS($Nuttall1???):Tetranthera californica$Hooker&Arnott1;??? ==Sciadiodaphne $Reichenbach1841 #(IB) \^^Oreodaphne \(+suppr vs Umbellularia) \TS:??? =Drimophyllum $Nuttall1842 #(I),i1 \TS:Ocotea salicifolia$Kunth1??? Dicypellium $Nees&Martius1833; #m1,NF,M2,IB,i2 *m:Rec@Braz *M:Rec@O-Amaz \TS:D. caryophyllatum$< ANIBINAE $??? \("Apollonieae) Aiouea $Aublet1775 #m19,NF,M21,IB,i65 *mM:Rec@trop:Am \TS:A. guianensis$< ==Douglassia $Schreber1791 #(I),i1 \(+P$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Verbenaceae)) \TS:??? ==Ehrhardia $Scopoli1777 #(I),i0 \TS:??? =Endocarpa $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Cryptocarya dubia$Humboldt&Bonpland;&Kunth1;??? Aniba $Aublet1775 #m41,NF,M41,IB,i94 *m:Rec@trop:Am *M:Rec@Andes,Colom--Boli {Brazilian sassafras,coto bark,comino} \TS:A. guianensis$< ==Cedrota $Schreber1789 #(I),i2 \TS:??? =Aydendron $Nees&Martius1833;|Nees1833 #(IB),i44 \TS:A. firmulum$< Endlicheria $Nees1833 #m40,NF,M40,IB,i71 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):Cryptocarya hirsuta$Schott1??? ==Goeppertia $Nees1836 #(IB) \(+P$Nees1831(Liliopsida/Marantaceae)) \TS:??? ==Schauera $Nees1836 #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs Schaueria$Nees1838(Magnoliopsida/Acanthaceae)) \TS:??? =Ampelodaphne $Meisner1864 #(IB),i3 \TS(+NYD) =Huberodaphne $Ducke1925 #(IB),i1 \TS:H. longicaudata$< Licaria $Aublet1775 #m45,NF,M40,IB,i89 *mM:Rec@trop-Am {puchurin nut} \kaneelhart-hout \TS:L. guianensis$< =Clinostemon $Kuhlm.&Sampaio1928; #(B),i2 \TS:??? =Acrodiclidium $Nees&Martius1833; #(MIB),i62 \("ACRODICLIDIEAE$Nees1836) \TS:A. brasiliense$< =Chanekia $Lundell1937 #(IB),i6 \TS:Ocotea campechiana$Standley1??? =Dipliathus $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Laurus cervantesii$Humboldt&Bonpland;&Kunth1;??? =Evonymodaphne $Nees1836 #(I),i1 \TS:E. armeniaca$< =Misanteca $Schlechtendal&Chamisso1831;|Chamisso&Schlechtendal1831; #(IB),i78 \TS:M. capitata$< =Nobeliodendron $Schmidt1929 #(IB),i1 \TS:N. cubense$< =Symphysodaphne $Richard1850 #(I),i1 \TS:S. cubensis$< =Triplomeia $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Laurus triandra$Swartz1??? Urbanodendron $Mez1889 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i3 *m:Rec@O-Braz *M:Rec@O-trop-ZAm \TS:Aydendron verrucosum$Nees1??? Systemonodaphne $Mez1889 #m2,(F),M1,(I),i3 *m:Rec@trop-ZAm *M:Rec@Guia,Amaz \(~?~Kubitzkia) \TS:Laurus geminiflora$Hamilton1???(<=Desvaux) Kubitzkia $Werff1986(=VanDerWerff) #NF,M1,IB,i2 *M:Rec@NO-ZAm \(~?~Systemonodaphne) \TS:Systemonodaphne mezii$Kostermans1??? Phyllostemonodaphne $Kostermans1936 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Braz *M:Rec@ZO-Braz \TS:Acrodiclidium geminiflorum$Mez1??? LAUREAE $LeMaout&Decaisne1868; \schermen met omwindsel =LITSEEAE $Meisn.1864 LITSEINAE $??? Litsea $Lamarck1792 #m~400,NF,M~400,IB,i622 *mM:Rec@warm,trop:!Az,!Aus \(+NomCons) \boom.struik,rheophyt \TS:L. chinensis$< =Adenodaphne $Moore1921 #F(M)I,i5 \TS:A. corifolia$< =Cubeba $Rafinesque1838 #I,i34 \^^Laurus \(+non$Rafinesque1838(Magnoliopsida/Piperaceae)) \TS:C. officinalis$Rafinesque1???=Piper cubeba$LinnaeusF1??? =Cylicodaphne $Nees1831 #(I),i57 \TS:C. wightiana$< =Decapenta $Rafinesque1838 #(I) \(+P$Rafinesque1834(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:Laurus involucrata$Retzius1??? =Heckeria $Rafinesque1838 #(I) \TS:Tetranthera monopetala$Roxburgh1??? =Hexanthus $Loureiro1790 #(I),i1 \TS:H. umbellatus$< =Lepidadenia $Nees1833 #(I),i30 \TS:L. wightiana$< =Malapoenna $Adanson1763 #(I),i168 \(+NomRej vs Litsea) \TS:Darwinia quinqueflora$Dennstedt1??? =Pipalia $Stokes1812 #(I),i1 \TS:P. solitaria$< =Pseudolitsea $Yang1945 #(I),i1 \TS:P. tsaii$< =Sebifera $Loureiro1790 #(I),i2 \TS:S. glutinosa$< =Tetranthera $Jacquin1797 #(MIB),i214 \TS:T. laurifolia$< =Tomex $Thunberg1783 #(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Verbenaceae)) \TS:??? ==Fiwa $Gmelin1791 #(I),i11 \TS:??? Dodecadenia $Nees1831 #NF,M1,IB,i4 *M:Rec@Z-Hima \(~Litsea) \TS:D. grandiflora$< Neolitsea $Merrill1906 #m60,NF,M100,IB,i124 *m:Rec@ZOAE--ZO-,O-Az *M:Rec@ZOAE--ZO-,O-Az,Aus \(+NomCons) \(=$Bentham1???(+^A)) \TS(+R Tetradenia$Nees1831) ==Tetradenia $Nees1831 #(I) \(+P$Bentham1830(Magnoliopsida/Lamiaceae)) \TS(+TypCons):Litsea zeylanica$Nees&Nees1;??? =Bryantea $Rafinesque1838 #(MIB),i1 \(+NomRej vs Neolitsea) \TS:Tetranthera dealbata$Brown1??? =Hornera $Junghuhn1840(?Miquel1???) #(I),i6 \(+P$Necker1???>Jussieu1821(Magnoliopsida/Fabaceae)) \(+~Litsea) \TS(+NYD) LAURIINAE $??? Lindera $Thunberg1783 #m80,NF,M100,IB *m:Rec@trop-,gem-Az,O-NAm *M:Rec@trop-,gem-A,Aus(#M1),O-NAm(#M3) {wild allspice=fever bush,spice bush} \(+NomCons) \TS:??? =Aperula $Blume1851(?) #(I),i18 \TS:Laurus polyantha$Blume1??? =Benzoin $Schaeffer1760 #(I),i88 \(<=$Boerhaave1???) \^^Laurus \(+NomRej vs Lindera) \TS:B. odoriferum$Nees1??? ==Calosmon $Berchtold&Presl1825; #(I) \TS:??? ==Ozanthes $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:??? =Daphnidium $Nees1831 #(IB),i20 \TS:??? =Parabenzoin $Nakai1925 #(MIB),i2 \TS(+NYD) =Polyadenia $Nees1831 #(I),i18 \TS:P. reticulata$< =Sassafras $Presl1825 #I \TS:S. officinarum$Presl1???=Laurus sassafras$Linnaeus1??? Iteadaphne $Blume1851 #F,M2,I(B),i3 *M:Rec@ZO-Az--W-ZOAE \(~Lindera) \^^Laurus \TS:I. confusa$Blume1???(+NomIlleg) Laurus $Linnaeus1753 #m2,NF,M1-2,+^,IB,i315 *m:Rec@MidZ(#M1),Macaronesie(#M1) {true laurel=bay laurel=sweet bay=bay tree/laurier} \TS:L. nobilis$< CRYPTOCARYEAE $Nees1836 \(~Perseeae) EUSIDEROXYLINAE $??? \(~Cinnamomeae) \("EUSIDEROXYLEAE$Pax1889) Eusideroxylon $Teysmann&Binnendijk1863;(=Teijsmann&Binnendijk;) #m2,NF,M1,IB,i4 *m:Rec@Born *M:Rec@Suma--Born {belian=billiam=Borneo ironwood} \(+NomCons) \Oelin-hout \TS:E. zwageri$Teysmann&Binnendijk1;??? =Bihania $Meisner1864 #(I),i1 \TS:B. borneensis$< =Salgada $Blanco1845 #(I),i1 \(+NomRej vs Eusideroxylon) \TS:S. lauriflora$< Potoxylon $Kostermans1978 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Born \(~Eusideroxylon) \TS:Eusideroxylon melagangai$Symington1??? CRYPTOCARYINAE $??? Cryptocarya $Brown1810 #m~200,NF,M~200,IB,i446 *mM:Rec@trop(^M-Afr),warm {poison walnut,massoy bark,brown beech=jackwood,ntonga nut,Brazilian nutmeg,Madagascar clove=Madagascar nutmeg} \TS:C. glaucescens$< =Caryodaphne $Nees1836 #(IB),i5 \(<=$Blume1???) \TS:Cryptocarya laevigata$Blume1??? =Icosandra $Philippi1858 #(IB),i1 \TS:I. rufescens$< =Massoia $Beccari1880 #(IB),i1 \TS:M. aromatica$< =Pseudocryptocarya $Teschner1923 #(IB),i1 \TS:Cryptocarya pauciflora$Lauterbach&Schumann1;??? =Ravensara $Sonnerat1782 #m18,NF(M)IB,i35 *m:Rec@Mad \TS:R. aromatica$< ==Agathophyllum $Jussieu1789 #(I),i12 \TS:??? ==Evodia $Gaertner1790 #(I),i0 \(+missp:Euodia) \(+P Euodia$Forster&Forster1775;(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae);+P Evodia$Lamarck1788(Magnoliopsida/Rutaceae)) \TS:??? Dahlgrenodendron $VanDerMerwe&VanWyk1988; #(F),M1,I(B),i1 *M:Rec@Z-Afr \(~Cryptocarya) \TS:Beilschmiedia natalensis$Ross1??? Aspidostemon $Rohwer&Richter1987; #NF,M>15,IB,i11 *M:Rec@Mad \(~Cryptocarya) \TS:Cryptocarya perrieri$Danguy1??? HYPODAPHNIDEAE $??? \(~Cinnamomeae) Hypodaphnis $Stapf1909 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop:W-Afr \G^ \TS($Stagf1???):Ocotea zenkeri$Engler1??? CASSYTHOIDEAE $Burnett1835 #C1/20 \("CASSYTHACEAE$Bartling1833,"CASSYTHEAE$Dumortier1829) \(~Perseeae) Cassytha $Linnaeus1753 #NCF,M20,IB,i59 *M:Rec@trop-OW,!Aus {dodder laurel} \(+missp:Cassyta$Linnaeus1754#(I),i1) \parasitic twiner;blad schubbig \TS:C. filiformis$< ==Rombut $Adanson1763 #(I) \TS:??? =Calodium $Loureiro1790 #(I),i1 \TS:C. cochinchinense$< =Rumputris $Rafinesque1838("1837") #(I),i1 \TS:Cassytha zeylanica$Gaertner1??? =Volutella $Forsskal1775 #(I),i1 \TS:V. aphylla$< ==Spironema $Rafinesque1838("1836") #(I) \TS:??? . =Iozoste $Nees1831 #(I),i5 \(={Litsea+Actinodaphne}) \TS:I. rotundifolia$< =Adaphus $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Ajouea $Mez1889 #i0 \(<=$Aubl.1???) \TS:??? =Ajovea $Jussieu1789 #i1 \TS:??? =Ajuvea $Steudel1821 #i0 \TS:??? =Apella $Scopoli1777 #i0 \TS:??? =Aperiphracta $Meissn.1864 #i4 \(<=$Nees1???) \TS:??? =Bellota $Gay1849 #i4 \TS:??? =Bellota $Phil.1857-1858 #i0 \(<=$Rich.1???) \TS:??? =Benzoin $Nees1831 #i0 \TS:??? =Berrya $Willd.1800 #i0 \(<=$Klein1???) \TS:??? =Biasolettia $Presl1840 #i21 \TS:??? =Biassolettia $Endlicher1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Bielschmeidia $Pancher&Sebert1874; #i0 \TS:??? =Boldu $Nees1833 #i4 \TS:B. chilanum$< =Boldus $Kuntze1891 #i0 \TS:??? =Calosmon $Presl1823 #i3 \TS:??? =Calycodaphne $Boj.1837 #i3 \TS:??? =Camphorina $Noronha1790 #i4 \TS:??? =Cannella $Meissn.1864 #i1 \(<=$Schott1???) \TS:??? =Cassitha $Hill1765 #i0 \TS:??? =Cecicodaphne $Nees1831 #i1 \TS:??? =Ceramocarpium $Meissn.1864 #i9 \(<=$Nees1???) \TS:??? =Ceramophora $Meissn.1864 #i1 \(<=$Nees1???) \TS:??? =Cinnamomum $Linnaeus1735 #i0 \TS:??? =Cinnamomum $Spreng.1817 #i0 \TS:??? =Colomandra $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Cryptocaria $Gay1849 #i0 \TS:??? =Cryptocaria $Brown1810 #i0 \TS:??? =Darwinia $Dennst.1818 #i0 \TS:??? =Ehrardia $Benth.&HookerF1880; #i0 \TS:??? =Euosmus $Reichb.1828 #i0 \(=$Nutt.(+^A)) \TS:??? =Euosmus $Nutt.1818 #i6 \TS:??? =Euphoebe $Meissn.1864 #i7 \(<=$Blume1???) \TS:??? =Evosmus $Rafinesque1838 #i0 \TS:??? =Fiva $Steudel1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Haasia $Nees1836 #i22 \TS:??? =Hernandezia $Hoffmgg.1824 #i2 \TS:??? =Iozosmene $Lindley1836 #i0 \TS:??? =Linharea $Steud.1821 #i0 \(<=$Arruda1???) \TS:??? =Linharia $Koster.1816 #i2 \(<=$Arruda1???) \TS:??? =Litsaea $Pers.1807 #i0 \TS:??? =Mocinnodaphne $LoreaHernandez1995 #i1 \TS:??? =Mutisiopersea $Kostermans1993 #i32 \TS:??? =Notaphoebe $Pax.1889 #i8 \(<=$Blume1???) \TS:??? =Nyctandra $Prior1883-1886 #i0 \TS:??? =Nyrophylla $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Omphalodaphne $Nakai1938 #i1 \(=$Blume1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Perostema $Raeusch.1797 #i2 \TS:??? =Pleorothyrium $Endlicher1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Polameia $Reichenbach1828 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Potamica $Poir.1826 #i0 \TS:??? =Povedadaphne $Burger1988 #i1 \TS:P. quadriporata$< =Quinquedula $Noronha1790? #i0 \TS:??? =Rombut $Adans.1763 #i0 \(<=$Rumph.1???) \TS:??? =Sassafras $Linnaeus1735 #i15 \TS:??? =Senneberia $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Septina $Noronha1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Sextonia $Werff1997(=VanDerWerff) #i2 \TS:??? =Spironema $Rafinesque1836 #i6 \TS:??? =Wimmeria $Meissn.1864 #i0 \(<=$Nees1???) \TS:??? Gamanthera $VanDerWerff&Endress1991; #F,M1,i1 *M:Rec@CRic \TS:??? Paraia $Rohwer&Richter;&VanDerWerff1991; #F,M1,B,i1 *M:Rec@Amaz \TS:??? ^ Androglandula $Taylor1988 #(I) *I:MEoc@Tenn \{flower} \TS:A. tennessensis$< Cinnamomiphyllum $Nathorst1888 #(I) *I:Tert@Japan \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Cinnamomophyllum $Kraeusel&Weyland1950; #(I) *I:Tert@Duit \{leaves} \TS(+NYD) Crowella $Reid&Chandler1933; #(I) *I:Eoc@Enge \{fruits} \TS(+NYD) Cryptocaryoides $Berry1937 #(I) *I:Paleoc \{leaf} \(?>Cryptocarya,Aniba) \TS:C. maria-santisimensis$Berry1??? Cryptocaryoxylon $Leisman1986 #(I) *I:Eoc|Oligoc@Vict \{wood} \TS:C. gippslandicum$< Daphnogene $Unger1850 #(I) *I:Tert@M-Eur \{leaves} \TS(+NYD) Daphnophyllum $Heer1869 #(I) \TS(+NYD) Diemenia $Ettingshausen1887 #(I) \(+P$Korthals1855(Magnoliopsida/Chrysobalanaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Fundicutis $Kovach&Dilcher1984; #(I) *I:MEoc@Tenn \TS:F. manalis$< Laurinastrum $Unger1862 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Grie \{leaf} \TS:??? Laurinoxylon $Felix1883 #N(I) *N:Tert@TsSl,Hong *I:Tert@Bohe \{wood} \TS:??? Lauriphyllum $Nathorst1888 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Zwit,Japan \{leaf} \TS:L. gaudini$< Laurocalyx $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Laurocarpum $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Laurophyllites $Weyland&Kilpper1963; #N(I) *N:Tert/Rhineland lignite@Duit *I:Tert@Duit \{leaf,cuticle?} \TS:L. ocoteaeformis$< Laurophyllum $Goeppert1854 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Java \TS(+NYD) Litsaeophyllum $Deane1902 #N(I) *NI:Tert@NwZW \{leaf} \TS:L. wingellense$< Litseopsis $Weyland1938 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{flower} \TS:L. rottensis$< Mauldinia $Drinnan&&1990 #(I) *I:Kr/Cen@Mary \{inflorescence} \TS:M. mirabilis$Drinnan&&1??? Ocoteoxylon $Schuster1908 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Duit \{wood} \TS:??? Persites $Hickey1977 #(I) *I:Paleoc/Thanet@NDak \{leaf} \TS:P. argutus$< Piliparicutis $Roselt&Schneider1969; #N(I) *NI:Mioc@ODuit \{cuticle} \TS:Laurophyllum macrostoma$Weyland&Kilpper1;??? Protoravensara $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *N:Eoc/London Clay@Enge \{fruit} \TS:P. sheppeyensis$< Sassafrasoxylon $Brezinova&Suess1988; #(I) *I:Mioc@TsSl \{wood} \TS:S. lipnicense$< Tetrantheroidea $Langeron1899 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \{leaf} \TS:T. polita$< Trianthera $Conwentz1886 #N(I) *NI:OTert@Duit \{flower in amber} \TS:T. eusideroxyloides$< ? Chlorocardium $Rohwer&Richter;&VanDerWerff1991; #F,M2,B,i2 *M:Rec@trop-ZAm \(~Ocotea~Nectandra) \TS:??? PRISCACEAE $Retallack1981 #N *N:BKr \(>Lauraceae) Prisca $Retallack&Dilcher1981; #(I) *I:Kr/OCen@Kans \{fructification} \TS:P. reynoldsii$< HERNANDIACEAE $Blume1826 #P(2)4/~60,m4/68,C(3)4/64,F4/,M5/57 *m:Rec@trop,warm *X:BMioc,Rec \boom,struik,liaan;blad(spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig,3lobbig,handvormig samengesteld;0 steunblaadjes)bloei(!2slachtig,polygaam,1-,(2)huizig;gevorkt bijscherm);radieel P4-8,(!3,!4-6)+(!4-6)(!imbricate) A!(3-5)-7(helmdraden !met nectar;langsspleten) G^1(stijl lang;1 zaadknop hangend anatroop 2tegmic);vrucht droog niet-openspringend !gevleugeld;0 endosperm;X=15,20 HERNANDIOIDEAE $Endlicher1858 #C2/42 \("HERNANDIEAE$Horan.1847) Hernandia $Linnaeus1753 #m24,NCF,M22,IB,i32 *mM:Rec@trop,!(IndOc,PacOc) %[kust] {jack-in-the-box} \boom \(^~Lauraceae) \(=$Plum.>Linnaeus1737) \TS:H. sonora$< =Hertelia $Necker1790 #(B),i0 \TS:??? =Biasolettia $Presl1835 #(I) \TS:B. nymphaeaefolia$< =Hernandiopsis $Meisner1864 #(IB),i1 \TS:Hernandia cordigera$Vieillard1??? =Valvanthera $White1936 #(MIB),i1 \TS:V. albiflora$< Hazomalania $Capuron1966 #M1,(IB),i1 *mM:Rec@W-Mad \(~Hernandia) \TS:Hernandia voyroni$Jumelle1??? Illigera $Blume1827(?1826) #m18,NCF,M18,IB,i50 *mM:Rec@trop-OW \TS:I. appendiculata$< =Coryzadenia $Griffith1854 #(IB),i1 \(+missp:Corysadenia$Griffith1???#(B),i0) \TS:C. trifoliata$< =Gronovia $Blanco1837 #(IB),i6 \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Loasaceae)) \TS:G. ternata$< =Henschelia $Presl1835 #(IB),i1 \TS:H. luzonensis$< GYROCARPOIDEAE $Miq.1858 #C1/7 \(=$Dumortier1???(+^A)) \("GYROCARPACEAE$Dumortier1829,"GYROCARPEAE$(Dumortier1???)Meisn.1864) Gyrocarpus $Jacquin1763 #m3,NCF,M3,IB,i14 *mM:Rec@trop,warm \TS:G. americanus$< SPARATTANTHELIOIDEAE $??? #C1/15 Sparattanthelium $Martius1841 #m13,NCF,M13,IB,i20 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:S. tupiniquinorum$< ************************* * Illiciales $Hu1981 \(^Magnoliales) * Winterineae \("Winterales$Sm.>Reveal1993) ************************* WINTERACEAE $Lindley1820 #P9/~100,m5/60,C8/90,F5/,M4/60 *m:Rec@ZAm,Mad,ZOAE--NZAus *M:Rec@ZAm,Mad,NG,ZW-PacOc *X:?Brm/Apt,Maa,BOligoc,Pleist,Rec \bomen,struiken;groenblijvend;bloei(!2slachtig);X=13,43 TAKHTAJANIOIDEAE $??? \("TAKHTAJANIACEAE$(Leroy1???)Leroy1980) Takhtajania $Baranova&Leroy1978; #m1,F,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:Bubbia perrieri$Capuron1??? WINTEROIDEAE $(Brown1???)Arnott1832 EXOSPERMEAE $??? Zygogynum $Baillon1867 #m>~30,NF,M~50,IB,i40 *m:Rec@NG--(NCal,LHow) *M:Rec@M-ZOAE--(NCal,Aus) \[rheophyt],bestoven door Thysanoptera,Coleoptera,primitieve Lepidoptera \TS:Z. vieillardi$< =Sarcodrimys $BaumannBodenheim1988 #(B),i1 \(=$Baill.(+^A)) \TS:??? =Tetrathalamus $Lauterbach1905 #(FIB),i1 \(^~Drimys) \(~Clusiaceae) \TS:T. montanus$< =Belliolum $Tieghem1900(=VanTieghem) #(FIB),i8 \TS(+NYD) =Bubbia $Tieghem1900(=VanTieghem) #(FIB),i40 \TS:Drimys howeana$VonMueller1??? =Exospermum $Tieghem1900(=VanTieghem) #(FIB),i2 \TS:Zygogynum stipitatum$Baillon1??? DRIMYIDEAE $Baill.1866 \("DRIMYIDOIDEAE$Rafinesque1815,"DRIMYIDACEAE$Baill.1867) =WINTEREAE $(Brown1???)Meisn.1837 Drimys $Forster&Forster1775; #m9,NF,M11,IB,i94 *Rec@[@OW:6] *m:Rec@ZAm,Male--NZ *M:Rec@trop-Am(#M5),M-ZOAE--Tahi {Winter's bark} \(+NomCons) \bestoven door Diptera \TS(+TypCons):D. winteri$R.&Forster; ==Wintera $Murray1784 #(IB) \TS:??? =Tasmannia $Candolle1817("1818")(=DeCandolle) #F(M)I(B),i40 \(<=$Brown1???) \TS(+NYD) Pseudowintera $Dandy1933 #m2-3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@NZ \TS(+R Wintera$Forster1786) ==Wintera $Forster1786 #(IB) \(+P$Murray1784(Magnoliopsida/Winteraceae)) \TS:Drimys axillaris$R.&Forster; ************************* * Illiciineae ************************* ILLICIACEAE $Smith1947 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) #P1/~40,m1/42,C1/37,F1/,M1/42 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,ZO-USA--Hisp *X:Maa,MEoc,Rec {star-anise family} \("ILLICIOIDEAE$Rafinesque1815,"ILLICIEAE$DeCandolle1824) \boom,struik;groenblijvend;blad(spiraalschikking,~krans;enkelvoudig;gaaf;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;solitair,2,3 okselstandig,supraOkselstandig);radieel P7-!(12-30)-33(!spiraalreeksen) A4-!~50(spiraalreeksen;helmdraad kort dik;langsspleten) G_5-!(7-15)-21(spiraalschikking;1 zaadknop per vruchtblad ventral ~basal anatroop 2tegmic);vrucht hoofdje van kokervruchten 1zadig;embryo klein;veel endosperm;X=13,14 Illicium $Linnaeus1759 #m42,N,C37,F,M42,IB,i68 *mM:Rec@India--(Korea,W-Male),ZO-NAm--Hisp {star anise=Chinese anise,purple anise=tree anise,Japanese anise/steranijs} \bevat zoete stof trans-anethol,[bestoven door Coleoptera] \TS:I. anisatum$< ==Badianifera $Kuntze1891 #(I),i7 \TS:??? ==Skimmi $Adanson1763 #(I),i0 \(~Magnoliaceae) \TS:??? =Cymbostemon $Spach1839 #(I),i1 \TS:Illicium parviflorum$Michaux1??? SCHISANDRACEAE $Blume1830 #P2/~50,m2/47,C2/47,F2/,M2/47 *mM:Rec@O-Az,O-NAm *X:Maa,M-,BEoc,Rec \liaan;bloei(1-,2huizig);X=13,14 \("SCHISANDROIDEAE$Rafinesque1815,"SCHISANDREAE$DeCandolle1817) Schisandra $Michaux1803 #m25,NF,M25,IB,i20 *mM:Rec@O-Az,O-NAm(#M1) \(+NomCons) \liaan \TS:S. coccinea$< =Schizandra $Michx.1803 #i20 \TS:??? =Maximowiczia $Ruprecht1856 #(I) \TS:M. amurensis$< =Cosbaea $Lemaire1855 #(I),i1 \TS:C. coccinea$< =Sphaerostema $Blume1825 #(I),i8 \TS(+NYD) =Stellandria $Brickell1803 #(I),i1 \(+NomRej vs Schisandra) \TS:S. glabra$< Kadsura $Jussieu1810 #m22,NF,M22,IB,i47 *mM:Rec@India--Japan,W-ZOAE,Molu \(<=$Kaempf.1???) \twining shrubs \TS($Dunal1???):Uvaria japonica$Linnaeus1??? =Sarcocarpon $Blume1825 #(I),i1 \TS:S. scandens$< ************************* * Aristolochiales $Dumortier1829 \(^Magnoliales/Annonineae) * Aristolochiineae" ************************* ARISTOLOCHIACEAE $DeJussieu1789 #P~8-10/~600,m7/410,C(2)8/400,F6/,M12/475 *m:Rec@trop,warm,!Am *X:MEoc-Rec {birthwort family/pijpbloemfamilie} \(+NomCons) \lianen,scramblers,struiken,kruiden;blad(spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig,soms gelobd;0 echte steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;solitair,eindstandig|lateral tros|gevorkt bijscherm);radieel,onregelmatig K(!3)(!S-vormige buis,0-3lobbig) C0-3 A5,!(6-~40)(1,2(-4)kransen,!extrorse,soms vergroeid met stijl) G^(4-6)(4-6hokkig;veel zaadknoppen per hok 2tegmic !anatroop);!doosvrucht septicidal,kokervrucht;endocarp vlezig;embryo klein;veel endosperm;X=4-7,12,13,16,(?oorspronkelijk 7) ASAROIDEAE $Link1829 #C3/71 \("ASARACEAE$Vent.1799,Asarales$Horan1847) \kruiden,niet slingerend SARUMEAE $??? Saruma $Oliver1889 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NW-China--ZW-China \C3;kokervrucht \TS:S. henryi$< ASAREAE $(Link1???)Spach1841(Teplyakova1985) Asarum $Linnaeus1753 #m~70,NCF,M~70,IB,i176 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M1,Japan:#M30) {asarabacca,wild ginger/mansoor} \TS:A. europaeum$< =Asiasarum $Maekawa1936 #(FM)I,i5 \TS:Asarum sieboldii$Miquel1??? =Heterotropa $Morren&Decaisne1834; #(FM)I(B),i61 \TS:H. asaroides$< =Hexastylis $Rafinesque1825 #C(FM)I(B),i18 \^^Asarum \TS:??? =Japonasarum $Nakai1936 #(M)I,i1 \TS:Asarum caulescens$Maximowicz1??? ARISTOLOCHIOIDEAE $Link1829 #C5/330 \houtig,kruidig,!klimplant BRAGANTIEAE $??? =APAMEAE $Soler.1889 \(~Asaroideae) Thottea $Rottboell1783 #m26,NF,M26,IB,i33 *mM:Rec@ZOAE,ZO-Az {alpam root} \meeldraden in -4 kransen;vrucht basipetally openspringend \TS:T. grandiflora$< =Apama $Lamarck1783 #(FIB),i12 \TS:A. siliquosa$< =Bragantia $Loureiro1790 #(IB),i13 \(+P$Vandelli1771(Magnoliopsida/Amaranthaceae)) \(~Apama) \TS:B. racemosa$< =Lobbia $Planchon1847 #(IB),i1 \TS:L. dependens$< =Munnickia $Reichenbach1828 #(I),i0 \(<=$Blume1???) \(~Bragantia) \TS(+R Ceramium$Blume1827) ==Ceramium $Blume1827 #(IB),i1 \(+P$Roth1797(Rhodophyceae/Ceramiaceae)) \TS:C. tomentosum$< ==Vanhallia $Schultes&Schultes1829; #(I),i1 \(+P$Marchand1828(Pyrenomycetes/Chaetomiaceae)) \TS(+R Ceramium$Blume1827) ==Cyclodiscus $Klotzsch1859("1860") #(IB) \TS:??? =Strakaea $Presl1851 #(IB),i1 \(~Apama) \TS:S. melastomaefolia$< =Trimeriza $Lindley1832 #(IB),i1 \(~Apama) \TS:T. piperina$< Asiphonia $Griffith1845 #M1,(IB),i1 *M:Rec@W-ZOAE \(~Thottea) \TS:A. piperiformia$< ARISTOLOCHIEAE $Dumortier1841 ARISTOLOCHIINAE" Holostylis $Duchartre1854 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@M-,ZO-Braz \(+P$Reichenbach1841(???/???)) \TS:H. reniformis$< ==Duchartrella $Kuntze1891 #(I),i1 \TS:??? Aristolochia $Linnaeus1753 #m~300,NF,M120,IB,i750 *m:Rec@trop,warm,!Am *M:Rec@trop,warm:OW(Eur:#M19,O-,Z-As:#M68) {Birthwort/Pijpbloem} \giftig,met aristolochic acid;vrucht acropetaly openspringend \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:A. rotunda$< =Ambuya $Rafinesque1838("1836") #(I),i1 \TS:Aristolochia labiosa$KerGawler1??? =Diglosselis $Rafinesque1838("1836") #(I),i3 \TS(+NYD) =Endodeca $Rafinesque1828 #(I),i6 \TS($Rafinesque1???>Jackson):Aristolochia dodecandra$Rafinesque1??? =Glossula $Reichenbach1837 #(I) \(=$Rafinesque1???(+^A)) \(+P$Lindley1825(Liliopsida/Orchidaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Guaco $Liebmann1847 #(I),i1 \TS:G. mexicana$< =Hexaplectris $Rafinesque1838("1836") #(I),i2 \TS(+NYD) =Hocquartia $Dumortier1822 #(I),i5 \TS(+NYD) =Pistolochia $Rafinesque1838 #(I) \(=$Rafinesque1???(+^A)) \(+P$Bernhardi1800(Magnoliopsida/Fumariaceae)) \TS($Rafinesque1???):Aristolochia serpentaria$Linnaeus1??? =Plagistra $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Aristolochia cretica$Lamarck1??? =Pteriphis $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Aristolochia tripteris$Rafinesque1??? =Tropexa $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Aristolochia bilobata$Linnaeus1??? Einomeia $Rafinesque1828 #M36,(I),i5 *mM:Rec@Mexi--WInd \^^Aristolochia \(~Aristolochia) \TS:E. bracteata$Rafinesque1893) Endotheca $Rafinesque1836 #M2,i0 *mM:Rec@M-,O-NAm {Virginian snakeroot=serpentary} \(~Aristolochia) \TS:??? Howardia $Klotzsch1859("1860") #M150,(I),i64 *M:Rec@trop-,warm-Am {yellow pareira} \(+P$Weddell1854(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \(~Aristolichia) \TS(+NYD) Isotrema $Rafinesque1819 #(m)N,M50,IB,i15 *m:Rec@gem,trop-Az--Suma,NAm,MAm {Dutchman's pipe} \(~Aristolochia) \TS:I. sipho$(L'Heritier)Rafinesque>Jackson=Aristolochia sipho$L'Heritier ==Siphisia $Rafinesque1828 #(I),i12 \TS:??? ==Niphus $Rafinesque1832 #(I),i0 \TS(+R Siphisia$Rafinesque1828) Pararistolochia $Hutchinson&Dalziel1928;|Hutchinson&Dalziel1927; #m9,NF,M18,IB,i40 *m:Rec@trop-Afr *M:Rec@trop-OW(Afr:#M9) \(=$Hutchinson&Dalziel1927;(+^A)) \(~Aristolochia) \TS(+NYD) EUGLYPHINAE" Euglypha $Chodat&Hassler1906; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Para *M:Rec@N-Arge,Para \TS:E. rojasiana$< . =Cardiolochia $Reichb.1828 #i0 \(<=$Rafin.1???) \TS:??? =Cyclodiscus $Klotzsch1859 #i2 \TS:??? =Dictyanthes $Rafinesque1832 #i2 \TS:??? =Eimomenia $Meissn.1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Einomeria $Reichenbach1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Enomeia $Spach1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Eudodeca $Steudel1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Isiphia $Rafinesque1830 #i3 \TS:??? =Psophiza $Rafinesque1836 #i1 \TS:??? =Siphidia $Reichenbach1837 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? ^ Aristolochioxylon $Kulkarni&Patil1977; #N(I) *NI:OEoc?@India \{wood} \TS:A. prakashii$< ? Aristolochites $Heer1866 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Nebr \TS:A. dentata$< Aristolochiaephyllum $Fontaine1889 #(I) *I:OKr \{leaf} \TS:A. crassinerve$< ==Aristolochopsis $Kuntze1903("1904") #N(I) *NI:^ \TS(+R Aristolochiaephyllum$Fontaine1889) ************************* * Rafflesiineae" \("Rafflesiales$Oliv.1895,"Rafflesianae$Thorne1996,~Rosidae/Celastranae) ************************* HYDNORACEAE $Agardh1821 #P2/~10,m2/17,C2/15,F2/,M2/7 *m:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr,ZAm %droog *X:Rec \wortelparasieten;0 chlorofyl;0 bladeren;bloei(2slachtig);P(2,!3,!4,5)(onderaan vergroeid;valvate) A(=P)(tegenover P;langsspleten;~0 helmdraden) G^(!3,!4,5)(1hokkig;veel zaadknoppen laminar parietal orthrotroop 1tegmic);vrucht met houtige pericarp veelzadig;dun perisperm;veel endosperm;embryo klein Hydnora $Thunberg1775 #m15,NF,M~5,IB,i18 *m:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr,Mad *M:Rec@Arab,trop-,Z-Afr,Mad,Mask %aride,semi-aride _E(Euphorbia,Fabineae,!Mimosa) \bestoven door Coleoptera;helmknoppen vormen een ring \TS:H. africana$< ==Aphyteia $Linnaeus1776 #(I),i5 \TS:Hydnora africana$Thunberg1??? Prosopanche $Bary1868(=DeBary) #m2,NF,M2,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@Para,Arge \helmknoppen vormen een koepel;zaadlijsten in 3 groepen \TS:P. burmeisteri$Bary1??? MITRASTEMONACEAE $Makino1911 #P1/2,m1/2,(C1/2),F1/,(M) *X:Rec \(!Rafflesiaceae) =MITRASTEMMATACEAE $??? RAFFLESIACEAE $Dumortier1829 #P7/50,m8/50,C(4)8/53,F8/,M9/50 *m:Rec@!trop--gem _E(Fabineae,Vitaceae,Cistaceae,Fagaceae,...) *X:Rec \wortelparasieten;0 chlorofyl;bloei(!1slachtig);X=?6 \(>Aristolochiaceae) MITRASTEMMATOIDEAE $??? \(MITRASTEMMATACEAE) Mitrastemma $Makino1909 #m2,N,C2,F,M2,I(B),i2 *m:Rec@ZO-Az--(W-ZOAE,Japan),Mexi,MAm *M:Rec@ZO-Az--(ZOAE,Japan),Mexi,MAm _EFagaceae \TS:M. yamamotoi$< =Mitrastemon $Makino1909 #N(F)B,i6 \TS:??? : RAFFLESIOIDEAE $Schott&Endl.1852; RAFFLESIEAE $Schott&Endl.1841; #C3/15 Rafflesia $Brown1821 #m13-14,NCF,M15-16,IB,i25 *mM:Rec@W-ZOAE _EVitaceae/Tetrastigma \grootste bloem (80cm,7kg), bezocht door vliegen(Carrion flies,Bluebottles) \TS:R. arnoldii$< Sapria $Griffith1849 #m1-2,NCF,M1-3,IB,i4 *m:Rec@Assam--ZO-Az *M:Rec@trop-ZO-Az \TS:S. himalayana$< =Richthofenia $Hosseus1907 #(I),i1 \TS:R. siamensis$< Rhizanthes $Dumortier1829 #m1-2,NCF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@W-ZOAE _ETetrastigma \TS(+R Brugmansia$Blume1827) ==Brugmansia $Blume1827 #(IB),i31 \(+P$Persoon1805(Magnoliopsida/Solanaceae)) \TS:B. zippelii$< ==Zippelia $Reichenbach1837 #(I) \(+P$Blume1830(Magnoliopsida/Piperaceae)) \TS(+R Brugmansia$Blume1827) ==Mycetanthe $Reichenbach1841 #(I),i2 \TS(+R Brugmansia$Blume1827) APODANTHEAE $Brown1844 #C2/16 \("APODANTHOIDEAE$(Brown1???)Walp.1852,"APODANTHACEAE$(Brown1???)Tieghem>Takhtajan1987) Apodanthes $Poiteau1824 #m7,NCF,M1-7,IB,i15 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:A. caseariae$< Pilostyles $Guillemin1834 #m~12,NCF,M~11,IB,i22 *m:Rec@Iran,ZW-Aus,ZAm *M:Rec@Iran(#M1),ZW-Aus(#M2),trop-Afr(#M1),Z-Calif--trop-Am(}#M~7) _EFabineae \TS:P. berterii$< ==Frostia $Endlicher1836 #(I),i4 \(<=$Bertero1???) \TS:??? =Sarna $Karsten1857("1856") #(I),i2 \TS(+NYD) Berlinianche $Vattimo1955 #m2,NF,M2,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Afr _E(Berlinia,Brachystegia) \(=$Harms1???(+^A)) \(^~Pilostyles) \TS(+NYD) CYTINOIDEAE $Link1829 #C2/10 \(~Rafflesioideae/"CYTINEAE$(Brongn.)Spach1841;CYTINACEAE$(Brongniart1???)Richard1824) Cytinus $Linnaeus1764 #m6,NCF,M8,IB,i13 *m:Rec@MidZ,Afr,Mad *M:Rec@CanE--MidZ(}#M2),Z-Afr,Mad(}#M6) _ECistaceae \(+NomCons) \(+missp:Citinus$All.1???#i0) \TS:Asarum hypocistis$Linnaeus1??? ==Hypocistis $Miller1754 #(I) \(+suppr vs Cytinus) \TS:??? =Botryocytinus $Watanabe1936 #(I) \(=$Baker1???(+^A)) \^^Cytinus \TS:??? =Haematolepis $Presl1851("1849") #(I),i1 \TS(+R Phelypaea$Thunberg1784;+R Hypolepis$Persoon1807) ==Phelypaea $Thunberg1784 #(I) \(+P$Linnaeus1758(Magnoliopsida/Orobanchaceae);+P Phaelypaea$Browne1756(???/???)) \TS:P. sanguinea$< ==Hypolepis $Persoon1807 #(I) \(+P$Bernhardi1805(Polypodiopsida/Dennstaedtiaceae)) \TS(+R Phelypaea$Thunberg1784) =Thyrsine $Gleditsch1764 #(I),i1 \TS(+NYD) (Hypolepis) $??? #(M6) \TS:??? Bdallophytum $Eichler1872 #m4,NCF,M2,IB *m:Rec@Mexi *M:Rec@MAm \(?Bdallophyton$Eichler1???#i5) \TS(+NYD) =Scytanthus $Liebmann1847 #(I),i0 \(+P$Hooker1844(Magnoliopsida/Asclepiadaceae);+P Skytanthus$Meyen1834(Magnoliopsida/Apocynaceae)) \TS:S. bambusarum$< . =Hypocistis $Adans.1763 #i0 \TS:??? . =Berlinianche $HarmslDeVattimo1955 #i2 \TS:??? =Botryocytinus $Watanabe1936 #i1 \(=$Baker1???(+^A)) \TS($Watanabe1???):Cytinus baroni$Baker1??? =Hypocistis $Gerard1761 #i0 \TS:??? =Hypocistis $Miller1754 #i5 \TS:??? ************************* * Piperales $Dumortier1829 \(~Magnoliales) ************************* SAURURACEAE $Meyer1827 #P5/7,m5/7,C5/7,F4/,M4/6 *m:Rec@O-,ZW-NAm,O-Az--Java *M:Rec@O-Az,NAm *X:BKr,BEoc-Plioc,Rec {lizard-tail family} \overblijvend kruid;bloei(2slachtig);X=11,?12 Saururus $Linnaeus1753 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@O-NAm(#M1),O-Az(#M1) %bog \(=$Plum.>Linnaeus1737) \TS:S. cernuus$< =Neobiondia $Pampanini1910 #(IB),i1 \(~Phytolaccaceae) \TS:N. silvestrii$< =Spathium $Loureiro1790 #(I) \TS:S. chinense$< =Mattuschkia $Gmelin1791 #(I),i1 \(+nonMattuschkaea$Schreber1791(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:M. aquatica$< =Saururopsis $Turczaninow1848 #(I) \TS:??? Houttuynia $Thunberg1783 #m1,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@Japan--(Z)--bergen:(Nepal,Java) \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Houtuynia$<) \TS:??? ==Polypara $Loureiro1790 #(I),i2 \TS:??? Anemopsis $Hooker&Arnott1840;("1841") #m1,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@ZW-USA,Mexi {Apache beads} \(+missp:Anemonopsis$Pritz.1???#i0) \(ZIE OOK VER ONDER) \TS(+R Anemia$Nuttall1838) ==Anemia $Nuttall1838 #(I),i112 \(+P$Swartz1806(Polypodiopsida/Schizaeaceae)) \TS:A. californica$< Gymnotheca $Decaisne1845 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i3 *m:Rec@China *M:Rec@ZW-China \(^~Houttuynia) \TS:G. chinensis$< ^ Saururopsis $Stopes&Fujii1910; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{stem} \(+P$Turczaninow1848(Magnoliopsida/Saururaceae)) \TS:S. niponensis$< PIPERACEAE $Agardh1825 #P10/?2000,m14/1940,C(2)8/2000,F10/,M8/3000 *m:Rec@trop *X:Mioc,Rec {pepper family/peperfamilie} \struiken,lianen,epifyten,kruiden,boompjes;blad(!spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig;bladsteel);bloei(1-,2slachtig;schutbladokselstandig aar);P0 A2-6,!3+3(helmdraden !vrij;langsspleten);G_1,(3,4)(1hokkig;1 zaadknop ~basal erect orthotroop !2,1tegmic);besvrucht,steenvrucht 1zadig endotegmic;weinig endosperm,veel perisperm;embryo klein;2n=8-~128 PIPEROIDEAE $Arn.1832 #C4/1000 \("PIPEREAE$Miq.1840,"PIPERINAE$(Miq.)Endl.1848) Zippelia $Schultes&Schultes1830; #m1,NF,M1,B,i3 *mM:Rec@Java \(<=$Blume1830) \X=19 \(^~Piper) \TS:Z. begoniaefolia$< =Circaeocarpus $Wu1957 #m1,N(M)IB,i1 *m:Rec@ZW-China,ZO-Az \(?^Saururaceae) \TS:C. saururoides$< Macropiper $Miquel1839 #m9,N(F),M9,IB,i16 *mM:Rec@PacOc {kawa-kawa=pepper tree} |-600 \struiken,bomen \(~Piper) \TS:Piper latifolium$LinnaeusF1??? =Anderssoniopiper $Trelease1934 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@PacOc \(^~Piper) \TS:A. panamensis$< Piper $Linnaeus1753 #m>1000,NF,M~2000,IB *mM:Rec@trop {pepper,matico,cubebs,ashanti pepper,kava=kawa=yanggona/peper,kawa,sirihplant=betelpeper} \struiken,rheofyten,lianen,boompjes;helmhokken met 2 langsspleten;G_(3,4);in bladeren eugenol,in zaden piperine,piperidine,chavicine,piperittine;X=?12,13 \TS:P. nigrum$< =Amalago $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i2 \TS(+NYD) =Callianira $Miquel1844("1843") #(I),i1 \TS:Piper melastomoides$Schlechtendal&Chamisso1;??? =Carpunya $Presl1851("1849") #(I),i3 \TS(+NYD) =Chavica $Miquel1844 #(I),i77 \TS(+NYD) =Coccobryon $Miquel1844("1843") #(I),i1 \(<=$Klotzsch1???) \TS($Klotzsch1???>Miquel):Piper capense$LinnaeusF1??? =Cubeba $Rafinesque1838 #(I) \^^Piper \(+P$Rafinesque1838(Magnoliopsida/Lauraceae)) \TS:??? =Dugagelia $GaudichaudBeaupre1830("1826") #(I),i0 \(?:fam?) \TS(+NYD) =Gonistum $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Piper unguiculatum$Ruiz&Pavon1;??? ==Enckea $Kunth1840 #(I),i31 \TS:??? =Muldera $Miquel1839 #(I),i9 \TS(+NYD) =Nematanthera $Miquel1845("1844") #(I),i1 \TS:N. guianensis$< =Ottonia $Sprengel1820 #(FIB),i88 \TS:??? =Oxodium $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Piper callosum$Ruiz&Pavon1;??? ==Artanthe $Miquel1839("1840") #(I),i287 \TS:??? ==Schilleria $Kunth1840("1839") #(I),i48 \(+P Schillera$Reichenbach1828(Magnoliopsida/Sterculiaceae)) \TS:??? =Peltobryon $Miquel1844 #(I),i13 \(<=$Klotzsch1???) \TS(+NYD) =Peperidia $Kosteletzky1833 #(I),i5 \(+P$Reichenbach1828(Magnoliopsida/Chloranthaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Piperiphorum $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i0 \(<=$Necker1???) \TS(+NYD) =Quebitea $Aublet1775 #(I),i1 \TS:Q. guianensis$< =Rhyncholepis $Miquel1844 #(I),i4 \TS(+NYD) =Saururus $Miller1754 #(I),i0 \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Saururaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Schizonephos $Griffith1854 #(I),i1 \TS:S. glaucescens$< =Serronia $Guillemin1838("1837") #(I),i2 \(<=$GaudichaudBeaupre1???) \TS:Piper jaborandi$Vellozo1??? =Sphaerostachys $Miquel1844 #(I),i1 \TS:Piper piluliferum$Humboldt&Bonpland;&Kunth1;??? =Steffensia $Kunth1840("1839") #(I),i61 \(+P$Goeppert1836(fossilPolypodiopsida/?:)) \TS(+NYD) =Trigonanthera $Andre1870 #(I),i1 \TS:Peperomia resedaeflora$Linden&Andre1;??? =Troxirum $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i11 \TS(+NYD) =Discipiper $Trelease&Stehle1946; #m2,(FMIB),i2 *m:Rec@MAm,WInd \TS:Piper reticulatum$Linnaeus1??? =Pleiostachyopiper $Trelease1934 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@Amaz \(?Pleistostachyopiper) \TS:Piper nudilimbum$DeCandolle1??? =Lepianthes $Rafinesque1838 #m10,(FMIB),i6 *m:Rec@trop \(~Pothomorphe) \TS:Piper umbellatum$Linnaeus1??? ==Pothomorphe $Miquel1839 #F(M)IB,i19 \TS:Piper umbellatum$Linnaeus1??? ==Heckeria $Kunth1840 #(I),i7 \(+P$Rafinesque1838(Magnoliopsida/Lauraceae)) \TS:??? =Lindeniopiper $Trelease1929 #m2,F(M)I(B),i3 *m:Rec@Mexi \TS:Enckea lindenii$Miquel1??? Arctottonia $Trelease1930 #m3,N(F),M3,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@MAm \(~Piper) \TS:Piper muelleri$DeCandolle1??? Sarcorhachis $Trelease1927 #m6,NF,M4,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \(~Piper) \TS:Piper incurvum$Schultes1???(<=Sieber) Trianaeopiper $Trelease1928 #m18,NF,M18,IB,i21 *mM:Rec@N-Andes \(~Piper) \TS:Piper pedunculatum$DeCandolle1??? PEPEROMIOIDEAE $Miq.1859 #C4/1000 \(=$Miq.(+^A)) \("PEPEROMIACEAE$Smith1981,"PEPEROMIEAE$Miq.1843) Manekia $Trelease1927 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Hisp \(~Sarcorhachis) \TS:M. urbani$< Peperomia $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #m1000,NF,M1000,IB,i2368 *mM:Rec@trop,warm,!Am,(Afr:#M17) {rock balsam/muizestaart} \struikjes,succulent,epifyten;helmhokken met 1 langsspleet;zaadknop 1tegmic;G_1;X=?11 \TS:P. secunda$< =Acrocarpidium $Miquel1843 #(I),i20 \TS:Piper nummularifolium$Swartz1??? =Erasmia $Miquel1843 #(I),i1 \TS:E. floribunda$< =Micropiper $Miquel1839 #(I),i22 \TS(+NYD) =Mildea $Grisebach1866 #(I),i4 \(~Verhuellia) \TS(+NYD) =Phyllobryon $Miquel1844 #(I),i2 \TS:Peperomia foliiflora$Ruiz&Pavon1;??? =Rhynchophorum $Small1933 #(I),i3 \(=$Miquel1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) =Tildenia $Miquel1843 #(I),i2 \TS:??? =Verhuellia $Miquel1843 #m3,NF(M)IB,i6 *m:Rec@WInd \(+missp:Verheullia$Miquel1843-1844#(I)) \TS(+NYD) =Piperanthera $Candolle1923(=DeCandolle) #m1,F(M)I(B),i1 *m:Rec@Hisp \TS:Peperomia cupularis$Urban1??? . =Anemiopsis $Endlicher1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Ansonia $Hemsl.1884 #i0 \(<=$Bert.1???) \TS:??? =Betela $Rafinesque1838 #i1 \TS:??? =Carpupica $Rafinesque1838 #i1 \TS:??? =Caulobryon $Candolle1869(=DeCandolle) #i0 \(<=$Klotzsch1???) \TS:??? =Churumaya $Rafinesque1838 #i1 \TS:??? =Enkea $Walp.1848-1849 #i0 \TS:??? =Hekeria $Endlicher1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Hottuynia $Cram.1803 #i0 \TS:??? =Houtouynia $Pers.1797 #i0 \TS:??? =Houttouynia $Batsch1802 #i0 \TS:??? =Houtuynia $Thunb.1783 #i0 \TS:??? =Methysticum $Rafinesque1838 #i3 \TS:??? =Piperi $StLager1880 #i6 \TS:??? =Piperomia $Pritz.1855 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Piperonia $Pritz.1865 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Rhyncholepsis $Candolle1869(=DeCandolle) #i0 \TS:??? =Saururopsis $Turcz.1848 #i2 \TS:??? =Suensonia $Miq.1843 #i0 \(<=$Gaudich.1???) \TS:??? ^ Piperites $Goeppert1854 #N(I) *N:Tert@Java \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) ************************* * Ranunculanae $Takhtajan1992 \("Ranunculidae$Takhtajan1992!Magnolianae) * Nelumbonales $Willk.&Lange1861; \(^Nymphaeanae/Nymphaeales/"Nelumbonineae) ************************* NELUMBONACEAE $Dumortier1828 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) #P1/2,m1/2,C1/2,F1/,M1/2 *m:Rec@O-NAm,warm-Az--Aus *M:Rec@O-Az,O-NAm *X:OEoc-Rec {lotus-lily family} \waterkruiden;bloei(2slachtig);2n=16 \("NEULMBONOIDEAE$(DeCandolle1???)Arn.1832,"NELUMBONEAE$DeCandolle1821) \kruid;waterplant;blad(peltate,concave;steunblad);bloei(2slachtig;solitair okselstandig;0schutbladen;bestoven door kever);P~22-30(spiraalschikking) A~200-300(spiraalschikking;helmdraden slank;helmhokken introrse-latrorse;pollen 3colpate) G_12-40(2-4 kransen;!1,2 zaadknoppen per vruchtblad ventralApical anatroop 2tegmic);nootvrucht 1zadig;0 perisperm;~0 endosperm;2n=16 Nelumbo $Adanson1763 #m2,NCF,M2,+^,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@Z-,O-NAm,WInd--Colom(}#M1),Z-Rusl,Z-,ZO-Az--trop-Aus(}#M1) {Indian lotus,American lotus=Water chinquapin,Chinese arrowroot,Sacred lotus=Egyptian bean/Indische lotus} \met aporphine,quercetine \(+missp:Nelumbium$Jussieu1???#i0) \TS:N. nucifera$Gaertner1???=Nymphaea nelumbo$Linnaeus1??? ==Cyamus $Smith1805 #(I),i6 \TS:??? ************************* * Ranunculales $Dumortier1829 \(=Berberidales$Dumortier1829) * Ranunculineae" ************************* CIRCAEASTERACEAE $Hutchinson1926 #P2/2,m2/2,C1/1,F2/,M1/1 *m:Rec@NW-Hima--N-China *M:Rec@NW-Hima--NW-China *X:Rec \(~Ranunculaceae) \1jarig kruid;rosette;blad(dichotoomnervig;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;eindstandig fascicle);K2,3 C0 A1,!2,3(langsspleten) G_1,!2,3(=G zaadknoppen apical hangend orthotroop 1tegmic);dopvrucht;veel endosperm;2n=30 Circaeaster $Maximowicz1882 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NW-Hima--NW-China \(?^Chloranthaceae) \TS:C. agrestis$< RANUNCULACEAE $Jussieu1789(=DeJussieu) #P~50/2000,m58/1750,C(2)46/1900,F51/,M62/2450 *m:Rec@gem,boreaal *X:Oligoc-Rec {buttercup family/ranonkelfamilie} \lianen,struikjes,!kruiden;vaak met benzyl-isoquinoline,aporfine,...;X=6-10,13 1:(Ranunculoideae) HELLEBOROIDEAE $Beilschm.1833 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \("HELLEBORACEAE$Vest1818) HELLEBOREAE $DeCandolle1817 HELLEBORINAE $??? Helleborus $Linnaeus1753 #m20,NCF,M21,IB,i89 *mM:Rec@Eur(#M11),MidZ,Az %kalksteen {setterwort=stinkwort=bear's foot,hellebores,Christmas rose,lenten rose/nieskruid,kerstroos,wrangwortel} \kruiden \TS:H. niger$< ==Helleboraster $Moench1794 #(I) \TS:??? Eranthis $Salisbury1807 #m6-7,NF,M8,IB,i14 *mM:Rec@EurAz {winter akonite/winterakoniet} \(+NomCons) \giftig kruid \("ERANTHIDINAE) \TS:Helleborus hyemalis$Linnaeus1??? ==Cammarum $Hill1756 #(I) \(+suppr vs Eranthis) \TS:??? ==Helleboroides $Adanson1763 #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs Eranthis) \TS:Helleborus hyemalis$Linnaeus1??? ==Koellea $Biria1811 #(I),i1 \TS:??? ==Robertia $Merat1812 #(I),i0 \(+P$Scopoli1777(Magnoliopsida/Sapotaceae)) \TS:??? =Shibateranthis $Nakai1937 #I(B),i6 \TS:Eranthis keiskei$Franchet&Savatier1;??? . Beesia $Balfour&Smith1915; #m3,NF,M1,IB,i4 *m:Rec@Burma,ZW-China *M:Rec@N-Burma,W-,ZW-China \(~Cimifugeae) \TS:B. cordata$< TROLLIINAE $??? \("TROLLIEAE,"TROLLIOIDEAE$Rafinesque1815) =CALTHINAE $Bentham&Hooker1862; \("CALTHEAE$Bercht.&Presl1823;,"CALTHOIDEAE$Rafinesque1815,"CALTHACEAE$Martynov1820) Caltha $Linnaeus1753 #m10,NF,M12,IB,i105 *mM:Rec@gem(#M1) {kingcups,marsh marigold,mayblob/dotterbloem} \bevat protoanemonine,saponinen \TS:C. palustris$< ==Populago $Miller1754 #(I) \TS:??? =Psychrophila $Berchtold&Presl1823; #N(M)IB \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) =Thacla $Spach1839 #(I),i2 \TS:T. ficarioides$< Trollius $Linnaeus1753 #m31,NF,M31,IB,i96 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M2) \kruiden,bevat ranunculine \(~Anemoneae) \TS:T. europaeus$< ==Ranunculastrum $Fabricius1763 #(I) \(<=$Heister1???) \TS:??? =Hegemone $Ledebour1841("1842") #(MI),i3 \(<=$Bunge1???) \TS($Bunge1???>Ledebour):Trollius lilacinus$Bunge1??? Calathodes $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@Hima--Taiw \TS:C. palmata$< =Chrysocyathus $Falconer1839 #(I),i22 \TS(+NYD) Megaleranthis $Ohwi1935 #m1,F,M1,I(B),i1 *m:Rec@Korea *M:Rec@Z-Korea \(~Eranthis~Trollius) \TS:M. saniculifolia$< CIMICIFUGEAE $Torr.1838 \(=$Arn.(+^A)) \(~Helleboreae/Helleborinae) \("CIMICIFUGINAE$Bentham&Hooker1862;,"CIMICIFUGOIDEAE$Arn.1832,"CIMICIFUGACEAE$(Arn.)Bromhead1840) Actaea $Linnaeus1753 #m8,NF,M8,IB,i63 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M2) {baneberry,herb christopher,black cohosh/christoffelkruid} \bestoven door Coleoptera \("ACTAEEAE$Bercht.&Presl1823;,"ACTAEACEAE$Raf.1828) \TS:A. spicata$< ==Christophoriana $Miller1754 #(I) \TS:??? =Dipleina $Rafinesque1840 #(I),i1 \TS:D. umbellata$< Cimicifuga $Wernischeck1763 #m1,NF,M18,IB,i35 *m:Rec@Japan *M:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M1) {bugbane,black cohosh=black snakeroot/zilverkaars} \(^~Actaea) \TS:C. foetida$Linnaeus1???=Actaea cimicifuga$Linnaeus1??? ==Thalictrodes $Kuntze1891 #(I),i10 \TS:??? =Actinospora $Turczaninow1835 #(I),i4 \TS:??? =Megotrys $Rafinesque1818 #(I),i1 \("Macrotrys$Rafinesque1???) \TS:Cimicifuga serpentaria$Pursh1???=Actaea racemosa$Linnaeus1??? ==Botrophis $Rafinesque1828 #(I),i3 \TS:??? =Pityrosperma $Siebold&Zuccarini1843; #(I),i3 \TS(+NYD) Anemonopsis $Siebold&Zuccarini1845; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Japan *M:Rec@M-Hons \TS:A. macrophylla$< ==Xaveria $Endlicher1850 #(I),i1 \TS:??? Souliea $Franchet1898 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@China *M:Rec@ZW-China \TS:S. vaginata$< NIGELLEAE $??? \(~Helleboreae/"NIGELLINAE,"NIGELLACEAE$Agardh1858) \(Helleborinae) Nigella $Linnaeus1753 #m14,NF,M20,IB,i74 *mM:Rec@EurAz(Eur:#M14),MidZ {love-in-a-mist,fennel flower,fitches,black cumin/juffertje-in-'t-groen,nigelle} \1jarig \TS:N. arvensis$< =Erobatos $Reichenbach1837 #(I),i0 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) =Melanthium $Medikus1789 #(Ii) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Liliopsida/Melanthiaceae)) \TS:Nigella damascena$Linnaeus1??? =Nigellastrum $Fabricius1763 #(I) \^^Nigellastrum \TS:Nigella orientalis$Linnaeus1???=Nigellastrum orientale$(Linnaeus1???)Spach1839 Komaroffia $Kuntze1887 #M2,I(B),i3 *M:Rec@Iran,M-Az \(~Nigella) \TS:Nigella diversifolia$Franchet1??? Garidella $Linnaeus1753 #M2,I(B),i5 *M:Rec@!Z-Eur--M-Az \(~Nigella) \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1737) \TS:G. nigellastrum$< DELPHINIEAE $??? \("DELPHINIINAE$Bentham&Hooker1862;,"DELPHINIACEAE$Brenner1886) Aconitum $Linnaeus1753 #m~100,NF,M~300,IB,i851 *m:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M7) {aconite,monkshood,badger's bane=wolfsbane/monnikskap} \(+NomConsDes) \("ACONITEAE$Bercht.&Presl1820;,"ACONITOIDEAE$Raf.1815) \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:A. napellus$< ==Napellus $Wolf1776 #(I),i0 \TS:??? =Anthora $Fourreau1868 #(I) \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS:A. saxatilis$Fourreau1???=Aconitum anthora$Linnaeus1??? =Cammarum $Fourreau1868 #(I),i2 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \(+P$Hill1756(Magnoliopsida/Ranunculaceae)) \TS:Aconitum cammarum$Linnaeus1??? =Lycoctonum $Fourreau1868 #(I),i28 \(=$DeCandolle1817(+^A)) \^^Aconitum/ \TS:L. sylvaticum$Fourreau1???=Aconitum lycoctonum$Linnaeus1??? =Nirbisia $Don1831 #(I),i3 \TS(+NYD) Delphinium $Linnaeus1753 #m~250,NF,M~320,IB,i806 *m:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M25)--bergen:trop-Afr {stavesacre,zazil/ridderspoor} \(+NomConsDes) \overblijvende kruiden,bevat delphinine,bestoven door bijen \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:D. peregrinum$< ==Phtirium $Rafinesque1814 #(I),i0 \TS:??? ==Delphidium $Rafinesque1830 #(I),i0 \TS:??? =Aconitella $Spach1839 #(MI),i12 \TS:Delphinium aconiti$Linnaeus1??? =Aconitopsis $KemulariyaNatadze1940 #(I),i8 \(~Aconitella) \TS(+NYD) =Delphinastrum $Spach1839 #(I),i23 \(=$DeCandolle1817(+^A)) \^^Delphinium/ \TS(+NYD) ==Plectrornis $Lunell1916 #(I),i3 \(<=$Rafinesque1???) \TS:??? =Diedropetala $Galushko1976 #(FIB),i4 \(=$Huth1895(+^A)) \^^Delphinium/ \TS($Galushko1???):Delphinium puniceum$Pallas1??? =Phledinium $Spach1839 #(I),i1 \TS:Delphinium peregrinum$Linnaeus1??? =Staphisagria $Hill1756 #(I),i0 \(+missp:Staphysagria$Spach1839#(I)) \TS:Delphinium staphisagria$Linnaeus1??? =Chienia $Wang1964 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@M-China \TS:C. honanensis$< Consolida $Gray1821 #m40,NF,M43,IB,i74 *mM:Rec@MidZ(Eur:#M12)--M-Az {larkspur/wilde ridderspoor} \1jarig \(~Delphinium) \TS:C. regalis$Gray1???=Delphinium consolida$Linnaeus1??? ==Ceratosanthus $Schur1866 #(I) \(+P Ceratosanthes$Adanson1763(Magnoliopsida/Cucurbitaceae)) \TS:??? RANUNCULOIDEAE $Arn.1832 ADONIDEAE $Horan1847 \(~Ranunculeae) ADONIDINAE $Gray1848 Callianthemum $Meyer1830 #m~10,NF,M14,IB,i24 *mM:Rec@bergen:(Eur(#M3),M-Az) \TS:Ranunculus rutaefolius$Linnaeus1??? Adonis $Linnaeus1753 #m20,NF,M26,IB,i99 *mM:Rec@gem-EurAz(Eur:#M10) {pheasant's eye=red morocco/kooltje vuur} \(+NomConsDes) \(=$Dill.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:A. annua$< ==Cosmarium $Dulac1867 #(I),i3 \(+P$Ralfs1848(Zygophyceae/Desmidiaceae)) \TS:??? =Adonanthe $Spach1839 #(I),i20 \TS(+NYD) =Adoniastrum $Schur1877 #(I),i1 \TS:Adonis vernalis$Linnaeus1??? (Adonanthe) $Wang1??? #(i) \(=$Spach1???(+^A)) \TS:??? (Amudonis) $Chrtek&Slavikova1;??? #(i) \TS:??? ANEMONEAE $DeCandolle1876 ANEMONINAE $??? Anemone $Linnaeus1753 #m120,NF,M144,IB,i475 *m:Rec@~cosm,!N-gem *M:Rec@EurAz(Eur:#M17),Suma,bergen:Z-,O-Afr,NAm--Chili {anemone/anemoon} \(+NomConsDes) \bevat ranunculine(-->protoanemonine) \("ANEMONOIDEAE$Rafinesque1815,"ANEMONACEAE$Vest1818) \TS:A. coronaria$< ==Anemanthus $Fourreau1868 #(I),i2 \(^^Anemone/Anemonanthea$DeCandolle1817) \TS:??? ==Anemonanthaea $Gray1821 #(I) \(=$DeCandolle1817(+^A)) \TS:??? =Abalemis $Rafinesque1834 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Anemonastrum $Holub1973 #(FI),i24 \TS(+R Homalocarpus$Schur1866) ==Homalocarpus $Schur1866 #(I) \(^^Anemone/Omalocarpus$DeCandolle1817('1818')) \(+P$Hooker&Arnott1833;(Magnoliopsida/Apiaceae)) \TS:Anemone narcissiflora$Linnaeus1??? =Anemonidium $Holub1974|(Spach)Loeve&Loeve1982; #(FMIB),i11 \(=$Spach1839(+^A)) \^^Anemone/ \TS($Holub1???):Anemone dichotoma$Linnaeus1??? =Anemonoides $Miller1754 #(I),i54 \TS(+NYD) =Anetilla $Galushko1978 #(FB),i1 \TS:??? =Arsenjevia $Starodubtsev1898 #(FIB),i5 \TS($Starodubtzev1???):Anemone flaccida$Schmidt1??? =Eriocapitella $Nakai1941 #(IB),i3 \TS:Atragene japonica$Murray1???(<=Thunberg) =Flammara $Hill1770 #(I),i0 \TS:Atragene capensis$Linnaeus1??? =Hartiana $Rafinesque1825 #(I),i2 \TS(+NYD) =Jurtsevia $Loeve&Loeve1976; #(FIB),i1 \(^^Anemone/Rivularidium$Janczewski1892) \TS:Anemone richardsonii$Hooker1??? =Oriba $Adanson1763 #(I),i1 \TS:Anemone palmata$Linnaeus1??? =Preonanthus $Fourreau1868 #(I) \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS($Fourreau1???):Anemone alpina$Linnaeus1??? Anemoclema $Wang1964 #m1,N(F),M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@ZW-China \(=$Franchet1886(+^A)) \(~Anemone) \^^Anemone/ \TS($Wang1???):Anemone glaucifolia$Franchet1??? Miyakea $Miyabe&Tatewaki1935; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Sach \(^~Anemone) \TS:M. integrifolia$< Hepatica $Miller1754 #m10,NF,M7,IB,i20 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M2) {/leverbloempje} \Zaad verspreid door mieren \(^~Anemone) \TS:H. nobilis$Schreber1??? =Isopyrum $Adanson1763 #(I),i61 \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Ranunculaceae)) \TS:Anemone hepatica$Linnaeus1??? Barneoudia $Gay1845 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@Chili,Arge \TS:B. chilensis$< Oreithales $Schlechtendal1856("1854") #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Peru--Taiw *M:Rec@Andes:Ecua--Boli \TS:Hepatica integrifolia$DeCandolle1??? ==Capethia $Britton1891 #(IB) \TS:Hepatica integrifolia$DeCandolle1??? Knowltonia $Salisbury1796 #m8,NF,M8,IB,i18 *m:Rec@ZAfr *M:Rec@O-,!Z-Afr,(O-Afr:#M1) \(>Anemone) \TS($Huth1???):Adonis capensis$Linnaeus1??? ==Anamenia $Ventenat1803 #(I),i7 \TS:Adonis capensis$Linnaeus1??? ==Christophoriana $Kuntze1891 #(I) \(+P$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Ranunculaceae)) \TS:??? Pulsatilla $Miller1754 #m30,NF,M38,IB,i141 *m:Rec@gem-EurAz *M:Rec@gem-EurAz,O-NAm,(Eur:#M9) {pasque flower/wildemanskruid} \(~Anemone) \TS:P. vulgaris$Miller1???=Anemone pulsatilla$Linnaeus1??? Archiclematis $Tamura1968 #m1,F,M1,I *mM:Rec@Hima \(=$Tamura1???(+^A)) \TS($Tamura1???):Clematis alternata$Kitamura&Tamura1;??? . Anemonella $Spach1839 #m1,N(F),M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@O-NAm \(~Anemone~Thalictrum) \TS:Anemone thalictroides$Linnaeus1??? ==Syndesmon $Britton1891 #(IB) \(=$Hoffmannsegg1???>Endlicher1839(+^A)) \^^Thalictrum/ \TS:??? Metanemone $Wang1980 #M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@Yunn \TS:M. ranunculoides$< Peltocalathos $Tamura1992 #M1,i1 *M:Rec@Z-Afr \TS:??? CLEMATIDINAE $??? \("CLEMATIDEAE$DeCandolle1817,"CLEMATIDOIDEAE$Rafinesque1815,"CLEMATIDACEAE$Martynov1820) Clematis $Linnaeus1753 #m~230,NF,M~295,IB,i754 *mM:Rec@!M-gem,Z-gem,PacOc,bergen:trop-Afr,(Eur:#M10) {montana,old man's beard=traveller's joy/bosrank} \lianen,struiken,kruiden \(=$Dill.>Linnaeus1737) \TS:C. vitalba$< =Archiclematis $Tamura1967 #(B),i1 \(=$Tamura1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Coriflora $Weber1996 #(B),i21 \(=$Weber1982(+NomNud)) \TS:??? ==Clematitis $DuhamelDuMonceau1755 #(I),i7 \TS:??? =Atragene $Linnaeus1753 #(M)I(B),i39 \(=$Linnaeus1747) \TS:A. alpina$< =Meclatis $Spach1839 #(I),i2 \TS(+NYD) =Muralta $Adanson1763 #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs Muraltia$DeCandolle1824(Magnoliopsida/Polygalaceae)) \TS:Clematis cirrhosa$Linnaeus1??? ==Cheiropsis $Berchtold&Presl1823; #(I),i4 \(=$DeCandolle1817(+^A)) \TS:C. cirrhosa$(Linnaeus1???)Berchtold&Presl;=Clematis cirrhosa$Linneaus1??? ==Viorna $Reichenbach1837 #(IB),i37 \(=$Persoon1806(+^A)) \^^Atragene/ \TS:??? =Sieboldia $Hoffmannsegg1842 #(I),i4 \TS(+NYD) =Valvaria $Seringe1849 #(I),i4 \TS(+NYD) =Viticella $Moench1794 #(I) \(+P$Mitchell1769(Magnoliopsida/Hydrophyllaceae)) \TS:V. deltoidea$Moench1???=Clematis viticella$Linnaeus1??? =Clematopsis $Hutchinson1920 #m18,(FMIB),i26 *m:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr,Mad \(<=$Bojer1???) \TS($Bojer1???>Hutchinson):Clematis pimpinellifolia$Hooker1??? Naravelia $Adanson1763 #NF,M7,IB *M:Rec@Male,ZOAE \(~Clematis) \(+NomCons) \(+incorOrigSp:Naravel$<) \TS($DeCandolle1???):Atragene zeylanica$Linnaeus1??? ? Kingdonia $Balfour&Smith1914; #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@W-,N-China \("KINGDONIACEAE$Foster1???>AiryShaw1965~Circaeasteraceae) \TS:K. uniflora$< RANUNCULEAE $DeCandolle1817 RANUNCULINAE $??? Myosurus $Linnaeus1753 #m15,NF,M6,IB,i25 *mM:Rec@gem,!Am,(Eur:#M2) {mouse tail/muizestaart} \TS:M. minimus$< Arcteranthis $Greene1897 #m1,(F),M1,(IB),i1 *m:Rec@NAm *M:Rec@NW-NAm \(~Ranunculus^~Oxygraphis) \TS:Ranunculus cooleyae$Vasey&Rose1;??? Oxygraphis $Bunge1836 #m6,N(F),M5,IB,i20 *mM:Rec@gem-Az \(~Ranunculus) \TS:Ficaria glacialis$DeCandolle1???(<=Fischer) Paroxygraphis $Smith1913 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@O-Hima \TS:P. sikkimensis$< Ranunculus $Linnaeus1753 #m~250,NF,M~600,IB,i2499 *mM:Rec@gem,boreaal,bergen:trop,(Eur:#M133;NZ:#M43) {buttercups,crowfoot,paigle,fair maids of France=fair maids of Kent,bachelor's buttons,goldilocks,celandine=pilewort,spearwort/boterbloem,ranonkel,waterranonkel,speenkruid} \TS:R. auricomus$< =Batrachium $Gray1821 #(MIB),i103 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS($Gray1???):Ranunculus hederaceus$Linnaeus1??? =Buschia $Ovczinnikov1??? #(M) \TS:??? =Casalea $StHilaire1824 #(IB),i9 \TS(+NYD) =Cynomorbium $Opiz1804 #(I),i1 \(~Hericinia,"Pfundia$Opiz1???>Nevski) \TS:??? =Cyprianthe $Spach1839 #(I),i2 \TS($Freyn1???):Ranunculus asiaticus$Linnaeus1??? =Ficaria $Schaeffer1760 #(IB),i32 \TS:F. verna$Hudson1???=Ranunculus ficaria$Linnaeus1??? =Flammula $Fourreau1868 #(I),i2 \(=$Webb1???>Spach(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) =Gampoceras $Steven1852 #(I) \(?Gampsoceras$Steven1???#(B),i1) \TS:G. pinardii$< =Hecatonia $Loureiro1790 #(I),i9 \TS(+NYD) =Hericinia $Fourreau1868 #(MI),i1 \TS(+R Pachyloma$Spach1839) ==Pachyloma $Spach1839 #(I) \(+P$DeCandolle1828(Magnoliopsida/Melastomataceae)) \TS:Ranunculus arvensis$Linnaeus1??? =Ionosmanthus $Jordan&Fourreau1869; #(I),i3 \TS:Ranunculus bullatus$Linnaeus1??? =Sardonula $Rafinesque1834 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Stylurus $Rafinesque1817 #(I),i7 \(+P$Salisbury1???>Knight1809(Magnoliopsida/Proteaceae)) \TS:S. fistulosus$< =Thora $Hill1756 #(I) \^^Ranunculus \TS:??? =Xiphocoma $Steven1852 #(I),i5 \TS:Ranunculus orientalis$Linnaeus1??? =Beckwithia $Jepson1898 #m2,(FMIB),i5 *m:Rec@Calif \TS:B. austinae$< =Aspidophyllum $Ulbrich1922 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@Peru \(~Krapfia) \TS:A. clypeatum$< =Rhopalopodium $Ulbrich1922 #m7,(FMIB),i8 *m:Rec@N-Andes \(~Krapfia) \TS(+NYD) Ceratocephala $Moench1794 #m2,NF,M3,IB *m:Rec@M-Eur *M:Rec@M-Eur(#M2),MidZ--NW-China,NZ(}#M1),-->NAm \(~Ranunculus) \TS($Persoon1805):Ranunculus falcatus$Linnaeus1??? =Ceratocephalus $Persoon1805 #(MB),i46 \TS:??? Hamadryas $Jussieu1789 #m5,NF,M6,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@Ant-ZAm \(<=$Commerson1???) \TS:H. magellanica$Gmelin1??? Krapfia $Candolle1817("1818")(=DeCandolle) #m8,F,M8,I(B),i14 *mM:Rec@Andes \(~Ranunculus) \TS:K. ranunculina$< Laccopetalum $Ulbrich1906 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Peru \kruid \(~Ranunculus) \TS:Ranunculus giganteus$Weddell1??? . Aphanostemma $StHilaire1824 #M1,(IB),i1 *M:Rec@Z-Braz--Arge \(~Ranunculus) \TS($SaintHilaire1???):Ranunculus apiifolius$Persoon1??? Cyrtorhyncha $Nuttall1838 #M1,(IB) *M:Rec@W-NAm \(~Ranunculus) \TS:C. ranunculina$< Halerpestes $Greene1900 #N,M~10,IB,i13 *M:Rec@Az,Am \(~Ranunculus) \TS:Ranunculus cymbalaria$Pursh1??? Kumlienia $Greene1886 #F,M1,I(B),i3 *M:Rec@W-NAm \(~Ranunculus) \TS:Ranunculus hystriculus$Gray1??? TRAUTVETTERINAE $??? \(~Ranunculinae) Trautvetteria $Fischer&Meyer1835; #m~2,NF,M1,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@O-Az,W-,Z-NAm \TS:Cimicifuga palmata$Michaux1??? . =Callianthemoides $Tamura1992 #M1,i1 *M:Rec@ZAm \TS:??? =X Callianthemulus $Ciferri&Giacomini1954; #(I) \Callianthemum$Meyer1830 x Ranunculus$Linnaeus1753 2:(Isopyroideae=Thalictroideae) ISOPYROIDEAE $??? ISOPYREAE $??? ISOPYRINAE $Bentham&Hooker1862; Paraquilegia $Drummond&Hutchinson1920; #m4,NF,M5,IB,i11 *m:Rec@bergen:M-Az *M:Rec@W-Iran--(Hima,W-China) \(>Isopyrum>Semiaquilegia) \TS:Isopyrum grandiflorum$DeCandolle1???(<=Fischer) =Alexeya $Pakhomova1974(=Pachomova) #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@India \(~Isopyrum) \TS:A. vvedenskyi$Pachomova1??? Isopyrum $Linnaeus1753 #m30,NF,M4,IB *m:Rec@N-gem *M:Rec@EurAz,(Eur:#M1) \kruid \TS:??? ==Olfa $Adanson1763 #(I),i1 \TS:??? ==Fontanella $Kluk1809 #(I),i1 \TS:Isopyrum thalictroides$Linnaeus1??? =Paropyrum $Ulbrich1925 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@M-Az \TS:Isopyrum anemonoides$Karelin&Kirilov1;??? Leptopyrum $Reichenbach1832 #m1,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@W-Sibe--O-Az \TS($Reichenbach1???>Spach1839):Isopyrum fumarioides$Linnaeus1??? =Neoleptopyrum $Hutchinson1??? #(M) \TS:??? . Enemion $Rafinesque1820 #NF,M6,IB,i7 *M:Rec@NO-Az,NAm \(~Isopyrum) \TS:E. biternatum$< AQUILEGIINAE $??? \("AQUILEGIEAE$Arcang.1882,"AQUILEGIACEAE$Lilja1870) Urophysa $Ulbrich1929 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@China \TS(+NYD) Semiaquilegia $Makino1902 #m7,NF,M6,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@O-Az \(>Aquilegia) \TS:Isopyrum adoxoides$DeCandolle1??? Aquilegia $Linnaeus1753 #m~70,NF,M80,IB,i254 *mM:Rec@N-gem,(Eur:#M19) {columbine,granny-bonnet/akelei} \bestoven door bijen,kolibri \TS:A. vulgaris$< ==Aquilina $Bubani1901 #(I),i2 \TS:??? DICHOCARPEAE $??? Dichocarpum $Wang&Hsiao1964; #m16,NF,M20,IB,i22 *mM:Rec@Hima,O-Az \(~Isopyrum) \TS:Isopyrum sutchuenense$Franchet1??? COPTIDEAE $??? \(~Thalictroideae"COPTIDOIDEAE) Asteropyrum $Drummond&Hutchinson1920; #m3,NF,M2,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@China \TS:Isopyrum peltatum$Franchet1??? Coptis $Salisbury1807 #m~10,NF,M15,IB,i20 *mM:Rec@N-gem {vegetable gold=gold thread} \kruid \TS:Helleborus trifolius$Linnaeus1??? =Chrysocoptis $Nuttall1834 #(I),i2 \TS:C. occidentalis$< Xanthorhiza $Marshall1785 #m1,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@O-NAm {/geelwortel} \struikjes \TS:X. simplicissima$< =Zanthorhiza $LHeritier1788("1785") #(MI),i3 \TS:Z. apiifolia$L'Heritier THALICTROIDEAE $Rafinesque1815 \("THALICTRACEAE$Rafinesque1815) THALICTREAE $??? Thalictrum $Linnaeus1753 #m85,NF,M330,IB,i738 *m:Rec@N-gem,trop-Am,trop-,Z-Afr *M:Rec@!N-gem,NG,trop-Am,trop-,Z-Afr,(Eur:#M15) {meadow rue/ruit} \(+NomConsDes) \kruid \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1737) \TS:T. foetidum$< =Leucocoma $Nieuwland1914 #(I) \(=$Greene1???(+^A)) \TS($Nieuwland1???):Thalictrum canadense$Miller1??? =Physocarpum $Berchtold&Presl1823; #(I),i2 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) ==Sumnera $Nieuwland1914 #(I),i1 \TS:??? =Piuttia $Mattei1906 #(IB),i0 \TS(+R Stipularia$Delpino1899) ==Stipularia $Delpino1899 #(IB),i0 \(+P$PalisotDeBeauvois1810(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Tripterium $Berchtold&Presl1823; #(I),i25 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) =Schlagintweitiella $Ulbrich1929 #m2,(FMIB),i2 *m:Rec@Tibet,W-China \TS:S. fumarioides$< 3:Hydrastidoideae $Rafinesque1815 \("HYDRASTIDEAE$Torr.&Gray1843;,"HYDRASTIDACEAE$Martynov1820) Hydrastis $Ellis1759|Linnaeus1759 #m2,NF,M1,IB,i5 *m:Rec@Japan,O-NAm *M:Rec@O-,M-NAm {golden seal=yellow root=turmeric root} \TS:H. canadensis$Linnaeus1??? ==Warneria $Miller1759 #(I) \TS:W. canadensis$(Linnaeus1???)< . =Hegiella $Boerner1912 #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Abelemis $Britton1892 #i1 \(<=$Rafin.1???) \TS:??? =Aiolon $Lunell1916 #i1 \TS:??? =Anemonanthea $Gray1821 #i5 \TS:??? =Anthora $Hall.1745 #i2 \TS:??? =Atragena $Linnaeus1735 #i0 \(ZIE OOK Atragene$1753 99 BOVEN) \TS:??? =Bootrophis $Steudel1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Cakpethia $Britton1892 #i0 \TS:??? =Calcatrippa $Heist.1748 #i0 \TS:??? =Callianthemulus $Ciferri&Giacom.1954; #i0 \TS:??? =Ceratocephalus $Moench1794 #i0 \TS:??? =Ceratostanthus $Schur1853 #i4 \TS:??? =Christophoriana $Kuntze1891 #i0 \(<=$Burm.1738) \TS:??? =Christophoriana $Miller1754 #i0 \TS:??? =Christophoriana $Rupp.1745 #i11 \(<=$Tourn.1???) \TS:??? =Chrysa $Rafinesque1809 #i0 \TS:??? =Chryza $Rafinesque1808 #i1 \TS:??? =Cimicifuga $Linnaeus1750 #i0 \TS:??? =Coldenella $Ellis1821 #i0 \TS:??? =Coptidium $Tzvelev1994 #i0 \(=$Prantl1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Coptidium $Nym.1878 #i3 \TS:??? =Cryptochaete $Herrera1921 #i1 \(<=$Raimondi1???) \TS:??? =Cymicifuga $Reichenbach1826 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Cyrtorrhyncha $Torr.&Gray1838; #i2 \(<=$Nutt.1???) \TS:??? =Elleborus $Vill.1789 #i0 \TS:??? =Enemium $Steudel1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Eranthus $Don1831 #i0 \TS:??? =Erobathos $Spach1839 #i2 \TS:??? =Erybathos $Fourr.1868 #i0 \TS:??? =Fibra $Schoepf1787 #i1 \(<=$Colden1???) \(+^A) \TS:??? =Fibraurea $Colden1821 #i0 \TS:??? =Ficaria $Adans.1763 #i0 \TS:??? =Ficaria $Guett.1754 #i0 \TS:??? =Ficaria $Hall.1742 #i0 \TS:??? =Gaissenia $Rafinesque1808 #i1 \TS:??? =Garidelia $Spreng.1818 #i0 \TS:??? =Geisenia $Endlicher1839 #i0 \TS:??? =Glossophyllum $Fourr.1868 #i1 \TS:??? =Gontarella $Steud.1821 #i1 \(<=$Gilib.1???) \TS:??? =Hecatounia $Poir.1821 #i0 \TS:??? =Helleboraster $Hill.1756 #i0 \TS:??? =Helleboraster $Moench1794 #i2 \TS:??? =Hepatica $Linnaeus1735 #i0 \(<=$Dill.1???) \TS:??? =Hydrostis $Reichenbach1827 #i0 \TS:??? =Leucocoma $Nieuwland1911 #i0 \TS:??? =Leuconoe $Fourr.1868 #i4 \TS:??? =Macrotrys $Rafinesque1818 #i2 \TS:??? =Macrotys $Candolle1818(=DeCandolle) #i0 \(<=$Rafin.1???) \TS:??? =Myosuros $Adans.1763 #i0 \TS:??? =Napellus $Rupp.1745 #i0 \TS:??? =Naravel $Adans.1763 #i0 \TS:??? =Naravelia $Candolle1818(=DeCandolle) #i13 \TS:??? =Narvelia $Link1822 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Nemorosa $Nieuwland1914 #i2 \TS:??? =Nibbisia $Walp.1842 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Nigellastrum $Fabr.1763 #i0 \(<=$Heist.1???) \TS:??? =Nigellastrum $Moench1794 #i4 \TS:??? =Notophilus $Fourr.1868 #i3 \TS:??? =Pachyloma $Spach1839 #i8 \TS:??? =Pfundia $Opiz1852 #i0 \TS:??? =Pfundia $Nevski1937 #i1 \(<=$Opiz1???) \TS:??? =Poeonia $Crantz1762 #i0 \TS:??? =Polulago $Miller1754 #i0 \TS:??? =Populago $Hall.1742 #i1 \(<=$Tourn.1???) \TS:??? =Praticola $Ehrh.1789 #i0 \TS:??? =Preonanthus $Ehrh.1789 #i6 \TS:??? =Psychrophila $Bercht&Presl1823; #i9 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Psycrophila $Rafinesque1832 #i2 \TS:??? =Pulsatilla $Linnaeus1735 #i0 \TS:??? =Pulsatilloides $Starodubtzev1991 #i6 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS:??? =Ranula $Fourr.1868 #i2 \TS:??? =Ranunculastrum $Fourr.1868 #i0 \TS:??? =Ranunculastrum $Fabr.1763 #i17 \(<=$Heist.1???) \TS:??? =Scotanum $Adans.1763 #i0 \TS:??? =Staphysagria $Spach1839 #i2 \TS:??? =Syndesmon $Hoffmgg.1832 #i2 \TS:??? =Tamuria $Starodubtzev1991 #i2 \TS:??? =Thebesia $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Thora $Fourr.1868 #i0 \TS:??? =Thora $Hill1756 #i1 \TS:Ranunculus thora$Linnaeus1??? =Trigula $Noronha1790 #i1 \TS:??? =Trolius $Gilib.1782 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Viticella $Moench1794 #i0 \(<=$Dill.1???) \TS:??? =Warnera $Mill.1768 #i3 \TS:??? =Xanthoriza $Woodhouse1802 #i0 \TS:??? =Xanthorrhiza $Marsh.1785 #i0 \TS:??? =Xerodera $Fourr.1868 #i1 \TS:??? =Zantorrhiza $Steudel1841 #i0 \TS:??? ^ Helleborites $Heer1870 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Spit \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Paeoniaecarpum $Andreanszky1961 #N(I) *NI:Mioc/Sarmat@Hong \{fruit} \TS:P. hungaricum$< ? =Tetractys $Sprengel1822 #(I),i1 \TS:T. capensis$< ^ Folliculites $Zenker1833 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{fruit} \TS:F. kaltennordhemensis$< Munierina $Viguier1907 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \{flower} \TS:M. eocenica$< Ranunculaecarpus $Samylina1960 #N(I) *NI:OKr@NO-Sibe \{fruit} \TS:R. quinquecarpellatus$< HYDRASTIDACEAE $Martinov1820 #C1/1,(M) *m:Rec@Japan,O-NAm \(!Ranunculaceae) BERBERIDACEAE $Jussieu1789(=DeJussieu) #P~13/650,m15/570,C(4)16/540,F16/,M15/680 *m:Rec@wide,!N-gem *M:Rec@N-gem--bergen:trop *X:?Maa,OPaleoc-Rec {barberry family/berberisfamilie} \(?>Ranunculaceae) \bomen,struiken,overblijvende kruiden;bevat berberine;blad(!spiraalschikking;veervormig samengesteld,3bladig,enkelvoudig;klein,0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;tros,gevorkt bijscherm,solitair);radieel 2,!3,4tallig P!6,!7-9(2sepaloid(?B),2petaloid(?K),2-3!petaloid(?C) met nectarklier) A4-!6-18,!=C,=2*C(!tegenover C;helmhok opent met !2 kleppen,langsspleten) G1(?3)(1,2,!veel zaadknoppen marginal anatroop,hemitroop 2tegmic);!besvrucht,al dan niet openend;zaad !arillate;embryo klein;veel endosperm;X=6,7,8,10 NANDINOIDEAE $??? #C1/1 \("NANDINEAE$Bernh.1833,"NANDINACEAE$Horan1???) \struik;helmhok met longitudinale spleet Nandina $Thunberg1781 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@India--Japan {heavenly bamboo} \groenblijvende struik;helmhok met langsspleten \(+missp:Mardina$Murr.1784#i0) \TS:N. domestica$< BERBERIDOIDEAE $Kostel.1836 \~struik,kruid;helmhok met longitudinale klep LEONTICEAE $??? #C3/8 \("LEONTICOIDEAE$(Spach1???)Takhtadzhyan&Melikyan1972;,"LEONTICACEAE$Berchtold&Presl1820;) \1-4zaadknoppen Caulophyllum $Michaux1803 #m2,NCF,M3,IB,i5 *m:Rec@NO-Az,NAm *M:Rec@NO-Az,O-NAm(#M2) {blue cohosh=papoose root=squaw root} \TS:Leontice thalictroides$Linnaeus1??? ==Phtheirotheca $Regel1857 #(I),i1 \(<=$Maximowicz1???) \TS:??? Gymnospermium $Spach1839 #m4,NCF,M8,IB,i12 *m:Rec@Eur--M-Az *M:Rec@Eur(#M1)--O-Az \(~Leontice) \TS:Leontice altaica$Pallas1??? Leontice $Linnaeus1753 #m3-5,NCF,M3,IB,i29 *m:Rec@ZO-Eur--O-Az *M:Rec@ZO-Eur(#M1)--(N-Afr,M-Az) \TS:L. leontopetalum$< ==Leontopetalon $Miller1754 #(I),i0 \TS:??? BERBERIDEAE $Bernh.1833 \meerdere zaadknoppen BERBERIDINAE $??? #C3/520 Ranzania $Ito1888 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Japan \("RANZANIEAE$Kumaz.>Terabayashi1985) \TS:Podophyllum japonicum$Maximowicz1???(<=Ito) ==Yatabea $Yatabe1891 #(I),i1 \(<=$Maximowicz1???) \TS:Y. japonica$(Ito>Maximowicz)Maximowicz>Yatabe=Podophyllum japonicum$Ito1???>Maximowicz Berberis $Linnaeus1753 #m450,NCF,M>500,IB,i927 *mM:Rec@EurAz,N-Afr,bergen:trop-Afr,Am,(Eur:#M2;China#M~200) {barberries,alleghany,chitra/zuurbes} \(>Mahonia) \struik,bevat berberine \TS:B. vulgaris$< Mahonia $Nuttall1818 #m~70,NCF,M~100,IB,i156 *mM:Rec@Hima--(Japan,Suma),NAm,MAm {Oregon grape=Rocky Mountain grape,holly grape} \(+NomCons) \(>Berberis) \doornloze struiken,boompjes \TS(+TypCons):Berberis aquifolium$Pursh1??? ==Odostemon $Rafinesque1819 #(I),i32 \(+missp:Odostemum$Steudel1841#i0) \TS:??? =Chrysodendron $Teran&Berlandier1832; #(I) \TS:C. tinctoria$< . =X Mahoberberis $Schneider1906 #M(I),i4 \Berberis$Linnaeus1753 x Mahonia$Nuttall1818 EPIMEDIINAE $??? #C9/11 \("EPIMEDIOIDEAE,"EPIMEDIEAE$Dumortier1829,"EPIMEDIACEAE$Menge1839) Diphylleia $Michaux1803 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *m:Rec@O-NAm,Japan *M:Rec@O-NAm(#M1),M-,N-Japan(#M1),W-China(#M1) \TS:D. cymosa$< Dysosma $Woodson1928 #m3,NF,M7,IB,i17 *m:Rec@China *M:Rec@O-Az \(~Podophyllum) \TS:Podophyllum pleianthum$Hance1??? Podophyllum $Linnaeus1753 #m>2,NF,M~5,IB,i28 *mM:Rec@O-NAm(#M1),Hima--O-Az {may apple=American mandrake/voetblad} \("PODOPHYLLACEAE$DeCandolle1821) \(=Sinopodophyllum$Ying1???) \blad tegenoverstaand;helmhok met langsspleten \TS:P. peltatum$< ==Anapodophyllon $Miller1754 #(I),i0 \TS:??? ==Anapodophyllum $Moench1794 #(I),i1 \(<=$Tourn.1???) \(+P Anapodophyllon$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Berberidaceae)) \TS:??? =Sinopodophyllum $Ying1979 #(M)IB,i1 \TS:Podophyllum hexandrum$Royle1??? Achlys $Candolle1821(=DeCandolle) #m2,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@Japan,W-NAm {deerfoot=vanilla leaf} \("Podophyllaceae) \("ACHLYDEAE$Bernh.1833) \P aborts;1zaadknop basaal \TS:Leontice triphylla$Smith1??? Bongardia $Meyer1831 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@O-MidZ(Grie)--Afga \TS:Leontice chrysogonum$Linnaeus1??? Epimedium $Linnaeus1753 #m21,NF,M44,IB,i100 *mM:Rec@N-Afr,N-Ital--Kasp(#M2),W-Hima,NO-Az,Japan {barrenwort} \(>Vancouveria) \bloem 2tallig \TS:E. alpinum$< =Aceranthus $Morren&Decaisne1834; #N(MI)B,i4 \TS:Epimedium diphyllum$Loddiges1??? ==Vindicta $Rafinesque1837("1836") #(I),i1 \TS:Epimedium diphyllum$Loddiges1??? =Endoplectris $Rafinesque1837("1836") #(I),i1 \TS:Epimedium macranthum$Morren&Decaisne1;??? Vancouveria $Morren&Decaisne1834; #m3,NF,M3,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@W-NAm {inside-out flower} \(>~Epimedium) \TS:Epimedium hexandrum$Hooker1??? ==Sculeria $Rafinesque1837("1836") #(I),i1 \(+P Scouleria$Hooker1829(Bryopsida/Grimmiaceae)) \TS:Epimedium hexandrum$Hooker1??? Jeffersonia $Barton1793 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@NO-Az,O-NAm \^^Podophyllum \(PODOPHYLLACEAE) \TS:J. binata$Barton1???(+NomIlleg) =Plagiorhegma $Maximowicz1859 #NF(M)IB,i1 \TS:P. dubium$< . =Boissiera $Candolle1818(=DeCandolle) #i0 \(<=$Domb.1???) \TS:??? =Bonstedtia $Wehrh.1930 #i2 \TS:??? ^ Berberidiphyllum $Dusen1899 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Chili \{leaf} \TS:B. reflexum$< Winchellia $Lesquereux1893 #N(I) *NI:Kr@USA \{leaf} \TS:W. triphylla$< SARGENTODOXACEAE $Stapf1926 #P1/1,m1/1,C1/1,F1/,(M) *m:Rec@China,Laos,Viet *X:Oligoc,Rec \(!Lardizabalaceae) LARDIZABALACEAE $Decaisne1838 #P8/~30,m8/21,C(2)8/37,F8/,M8/45 *m:Rec@Hima--(ZO-Az,Taiw),Z-Chili *X:?Oligoc,Rec \("Lardizabales$Loconte1995) \struiken,lianen;blad(spiraalschikking;!handvormig,veervormig samengesteld,enkelvoudig;!0 steunblaadjes);bloei(1-,2huizig;tros okselstandig);radieel 3tallig K3+!3-8(!petaloid,imbricate,buitenste valvate) C3+3(!nectardragend) A3,!6-8(tegenover C;helmdraden onderaan ~vergroeid;langsspleten) G_!3,6-12(!1-5 kransen;endstandige stempel zittend;paar-!veel zaadknoppen per vruchtblad anatroop--campylotroop,orthotroop 2tegmic);hoofdje van besvruchten,kokervruchten;embryo recht kort;veel endosperm;2n=28,30,32 DECAISNEOIDEAE $??? #C1/2 \polygaam \("DECAISNEACEAE$(Takhtajan1???)Loconte1995) \blad veervormig samengesteld Decaisnea $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m2,NCF,M1,IB *m:Rec@Az *M:Rec@O-Hima--M-China {/augurkenstruik} \(+NomCons) \struik \TS(+R Slackia$Griffith1848) ==Slackia $Griffith1848 #(I) \(+P$Griffith1845(Liliopsida/Arecaceae)) \TS:S. geonomaeformis$< LARDIZABALOIDEAE $Kostel.1833 #C7/35 \lianen;blad handvormig samengesteld SINOFRANCETIEAE $??? Sinofranchetia $Hemsley1907 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@M-,W-China \(=$Diels1900(+^A)) \liaan \^^Holboellia/ \TS($Hemsley1???):Parvatia chinensis$Franchet1??? LARDIZABALEAE $DeCandolle1824 Boquila $Decaisne1837 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i3 *m:Rec@Chili *M:Rec@Chili,Arge \!2huizig,1huizig \TS:Lardizabala trifoliolata$DeCandolle1??? Akebia $Decaisne1837 #m2,NF,M5,IB,i12 *mM:Rec@gem-O-Az \1huizig,twiners;K3 \TS:Rajania quinata$Thunberg1??? Holboellia $Wallich1824 #m5,NF,M10,IB,i0 *mM:Rec@Hima,China \(~Stauntonia) \(~Berberidaceae) \1huizig,liaan \(+missp:Hollboellia$Spreng.1827#i0) \TS:??? Stauntonia $DeCandolle1817("1818") #m6,NF,M24,IB,i35 *mM:Rec@O-Az \groenblijvende liaan,1huizig \TS:S. chinensis$< =Parvatia $Decaisne1837 #m3,NF,(M)IB,i5 *m:Rec@Assam,China \TS:P. brunoniana$< Lardizabala $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #m2,NF,M1-2,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@Chili \groenblijvende liaan;1-,2huizig \TS:L. biternata$< ==Cogylia $Molina1810 #(I),i3 \TS:??? SARGENTODOXOIDEAE" \("SARGENTODOXACEAE$Stapf1926) \blad enkelvoudig Sargentodoxa $Rehder&Wilson1913; #m1,NCF,M1-2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@China,Laos,Viet \TS:Holboellia cuneata$Oliver1??? . =Archakebia $Wu&Chen;&Qin1995; #i1 \TS:??? ^ Lardizabaloxylon $Schonfeld1954 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Pata \{wood?} \TS:L. lardizabaloides$< MENISPERMACEAE $Jussieu1789(=DeJussieu) #P~70/400,m78/520,C65/350,F71/,M72/450 *m:Rec@!(trop,warm),gem *X:Cen,Maa,Paleoc-Rec {moonseed family} \(>Lardizabalaceae,Menispermales$Bromhead1838) \!(lianen,struiken),bomen,kruiden;blad(spiraalschikking;!enkelvoudig,3bladig;handnervig;zelden gelobd;!0 steunblaadjes);bloei(!2huizig;tros,pluim,cymeus hoofdje,zelden solitair);~radieel 3tallig K1-!6->12(!vrij;imbricate,valvate) C0,!6 A2-3,!6-40(!tegenover C;helmdraden soms ~vergroeid;!langsspleten,dwarsspleten;!introrse) G_1,!3,6-30(in kransen;2 zaadknoppen per vruchtblad submarginal hangend hemitroop--amfitroop 2,1tegmic);vrucht hoofdje van steenvruchten,noten !hoefijzervormig;embryo recht,krom;weinig,0 endosperm;X=11-13,19,25 PACHYGONOIDEAE $Leurss.1880 \0 endosperm TRICLISIEAE $??? ("Pachygoneae$Miers1855) =?=Tiliacoreae$Miers1851 #19/ \("TILIACORINAE$Prantl1888) Albertisia $Beccari1877 #m17,NF,M19,IB,i21 *mM:Rec@(trop,warm)-Afr(#M13),ZO-Az(#M6) \TS:A. papuana$< =Epinetrum $Hiern1896 #(M)I(B),i12 \TS:E. undulatum$< Macrococculus $Beccari1877 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@NG \(+missp:Marcrococculus$Beccari1877#(I)) \TS:M. pomiferus$< Eleutharrhena $Forman1975 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@China,Assam \TS:Pycnarrhena macrocarpa$Diels1??? Synclisia $Bentham1862 #m3,NF,M1,IB,i7 *m:Rec@trop-Afr *M:Rec@N-Afr \TS:S. scabrida$Miers1??? Ungulipetalum $Moldenke1938 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Braz \(>Sciadotenia) \TS:Cocculus filipendula$Martius1??? Syrrheonema $Miers1864 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@trop-W-Afr \(+missp:Syrrhonema$Miers1864 corr$Miers1867#(I)) \TS:S. fasciculatum$< =Zenkerophytum $Diels1910 #(B),i1 \(<=$Engl.1???) \TS:??? Sciadotenia $Miers1851 #m18,NF,M19,IB,i22 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \bevat curare \TS:S. cayennensis$Bentham1??? =Detandra $Miers1864 #(I),i5 \TS(+NYD) =Sychnosepalum $Eichler1864 #(I),i3 \TS(+NYD) =Tylopetalum $Barneby&Krukoff1970; #(MIB),i1 \TS:T. abutiforme$< Chondrodendron $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #m10,NF,M10,IB *mM:Rec@MAm(#M3),trop-ZAm(#M7) {pareira root} \(+missp:Chondodendron$Ruiz&Pavon1794; corr. Miers1871#(I)) \~lianen;bevat D-tubocurarine \TS:C. tomentosum$< =Botryopsis $Miers1851 #(I),i2 \TS($Eichler1864_Martius(<=Miers)):Cocculus platiphyllus$StHilaire1??? Anisocycla $Baillon1887 #m7,NF,M6,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr(#M3),Mad(#M3) \TS:A. grandidieri$< =Junodia $Pax1899 #(I),i1 \(?^Euphorbiaceae) \TS:J. triplinervia$< Pycnarrhena $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m9,NF,M9,IB *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE--Aus \(<=$Miers1???) \TS:P. planiflora$< =Antitaxis $Miers1851 #(I),i7 \TS:A. fasciculata$Miers1864-71 =Batania $Hatusima1966 #(MIB),i1 \TS:B. insignis$< =Gabila $Baillon1871 #(I),i1 \TS($Bailon1???):Antitaxis longifolia$Miers1??? =Pridania $Gagnepain1938 #(MI),i2 \TS:P. petelotti$< =Telotia $Pierre1888 #(I),i1 \TS:T. nodiflora$< Triclisia $Bentham1862 #m25,NF,M10,IB,i23 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr,Mad \TS(+NYD) =Pycnostylis $Pierre1898 #(MIB),i2 \TS:P. sacleuxii$< =Welwitschiina $DallaTorre&Harms1901; #(I),i1 \(<=$Engler1???) \TS(+R Welwitschiella$Engler1899) ==Welwitschiella $Engler1899 #(I),i0 \(+P$Hoffmann1894(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Chondodendron macrophyllum$Hiern1??? =Rameya $Baillon1870 #m2,(FMIB),i4 *m:Rec@Mad,Como \TS:R. capitata$< Carronia $Mueller1875(=VonMueller) #m4,NF,M3,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@NG--NwZW \TS:C. multisepalea$< =Bania $Beccari1877 #(I),i1 \TS:B. thyrsiflora$< =Husemannia $Mueller1883(=VonMueller) #(I),i2 \TS:H. protensa$< Pleogyne $Miers1851 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@trop-O-Aus \TS:P. australis$Bentham1??? ==Microclisia $Bentham1862 #(I),i1 \TS($Miers1???):Pleogyne australis$Bentham1??? Haematocarpus $Miers1864 #m3,NF,M2,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@O-Hima--Cele \TS:H. thompsonii$Miers1???=Fibraurea haematocarpa$Hooker&Thomson1;??? =Baterium $Miers1864 #(MI),i1 \TS:B. validum$< =Fibraureopsis $Yamamoto1944 #(I),i1 \TS:F. smilacifolia$< Curarea $Barneby&Krukoff1971; #m4,NF,M4,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \bevat curare \TS:Cocculus toxicoferus$Weddell1??? Beirnaertia $Troupin1949 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \(<=$Louis1???) \TS:B. yangambiensis$< Tiliacora $Colebrooke1821 #m22,NF,M22,IB,i42 *mM:Rec@trop-OW(Afr:#M19,ZO-Az:#M2,Aus:#M1) \(+NomCons) \(~Tinosporeae) \TS:T. racemosa$< =Aristega $Miers1867 #(I),i3 \TS:A. laevifolia$< =Braunea $Willdenow1806("1805") #(I),i1 \(+NomRej vs Tiliacora$Colebrooke1821) \TS:B. menispermoides$< =Glossopholis $Pierre1898 #(MIB),i4 \TS:G. macrophylla$< PENIANTHEAE $??? \("Pachygoneae) Sphenocentrum $Pierre1898 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop-W-Afr \TS:S. jollyanum$< Penianthus $Miers1864 #m4,NF,M4,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@W-,M-Afr \TS:P. longifolius$< =Heptacyclum $Engler1899 #(I),i1 \TS:H. zenkerii$< HYPERBAENEAE $??? \(~Triclisieae"Pachygoneae) Hyperbaena $Bentham1861 #m19,NF,M19,IB,i63 *mM:Rec@warm-Am \(+NomCons) \(<=$Miers1???) \TS(+TypCons):Cocculus domingensis$DeCandolle1??? =Alina $Adanson1763 #(I),i0 \^^Vimen \(+NomRej vs Hyperbaena$Miers1???>Bentham1861) \("Vimen$Brown1???) \TS:"Vimen scandens" ANOMOSPERMOIDEAE" \endosperm sterk ruminate;zaadlobben niet foliaceous appressed ANOMOSPERMEAE $Miers1851 Orthomene $Barneby&Krukoff1971; #m4,NF,M4,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:Anomospermum schomburgkii$Miers1??? Elephantomene $Barneby&Krukoff1974; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NO-ZAm:FrGu,Peru<-->Braz \TS:E. eburnea$< =Cionomene $Krukoff1979 #NF(M)IB,i1 \TS:C. javariensis$< Caryomene $Barneby&Krukoff1971; #m6,NF,M4,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:C. prumnoides$< Abuta $Aublet1775 #m31,NF,M32,IB,i63 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm {white pareira root} \bevat ecdysteroiden \TS:A. rufescens$< =Anelasma $Miers1851 #(I),i14 \TS:A. gardnerianum$< =Trichoa $Persoon1807 #(I),i5 \TS(+R Batschia$Mutis1???>Thunberg1792) ==Batschia $Thunberg1792 #(I) \(<=$Mutis1???) \(+P$Gmelin1791(Magnoliopsida/Boraginaceae);+P Batscha$Cothenius1790(Magnoliopsida/Campanulaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Anomospermum $Miers1851 #m8,NF,M6,IB *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:??? =Elissarrhena $Miers1864 #m1,(FMIB),i2 *m:Rec@Braz \TS($Diels1???):Anomospermum grandifolium$Eichler1??? Telitoxicum $Moldenke1938 #m6,NF,M6,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \bevat curare \TS:Anomospermum minutiflorum$Diels1??? TINOSPOROIDEAE" \endosperm zwak ruminate;zaadlobben foliaceous divaricate TINOSPOREAE $Hooker&Thomson1855; Calycocarpum $Spach1839(?Torrey&Gray1838;) #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@O-NAm \(=$Nuttall1838(+^A)) \^^Menispermum/ \TS($Gray1848):Menispermum lyonii$Pursh1??? Disciphania $Eichler1864 #m20,NF,M~25,IB,i35 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:D. lobata$< =Taubertia $Taub.1893 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@Braz \(<=$Schumann1893) \TS:T. peltata$< Synandropus $Smith1931 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NO-Braz \TS:S. membranaceus$< Syntriandrium $Engler1899 #m4,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@trop-W-Afr \(+missp:Syntriandrum$Engler1899#(I)) \blad 3bladig \TS:S. preussii$< Dialytheca $Exell&Mendonca1935; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@trop-Afr *M:Rec@Ango \TS:D. gossweileri$< Odontocarya $Miers1851 #m12,NF,M30,IB,i50 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \TS:O. acuparata$< =Somphoxylon $Eichler1864 #m6,(FM)I(B),i7 *m:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:S. wullschlaegelii$< Platytinospora $Diels1910 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@W-trop-Afr \(=$Engler1???(+^A)) \TS($Diels1???):Tinospora buchholzii$Engler1??? Rhigiocarya $Miers1864 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@trop-W-Afr \TS:R. racemifera$< =Miersiophyton $Engler1899 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:Chasmanthera nervosa$Miers1??? Jateorhiza $Miers1849 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr {calumba=colomba=columba} \liaan \(?Jatrorhiza) \TS(+NYD) Tinospora $Miers1851 #m32,NF,M32,IB,i73 *mM:Rec@trop-OW \(+NomCons) \TS($Hooker&Thomson1;???):Menispermum cordifolium$Willdenow1??? =Campylus $Loureiro1790 #(I),i1 \(+NomRej vs Tinospora$Miers1851) \TS:C. sinensis$Loureio1??? =Fawcettia $Mueller1877(=VonMueller) #(MIB),i3 \TS:F. tinosporoides$< =Hyalosepalum $Troupin1949 #(MIB),i9 \TS(+R Desmonema$Miers1867) ==Desmonema $Miers1867 #(IB),i13 \(+P$Rafinesque1833(Magnoliopsida/Euphorbiaceae)) \TS:D. caffra$< =Hypsipodes $Miquel1868 #(I),i1 \TS:H. subcordatus$< Sarcolophium $Troupin1960 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:Kolobopetalum suberosum$Diels1??? Dioscoreophyllum $Engler1895 #m10,NF,M3,IB,i13 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \bevat monelline \TS:D. volkensii$< ==Dioscoreopsis $Kuntze1903("1904") #(I),i0 \TS:??? =Rhopalandria $Stapf1898 #(I),i2 \TS:R. cumminsii$< Chlaenandra $Miquel1868 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NG \TS:C. ovata$< =Porotheca $Schumann1905 #(I),i1 \TS:P. petiolata$< Chasmanthera $Hochstetter1844 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:C. dependens$< Borismene $Barneby1972 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:Cocculus japurensis$Martius1??? Kolobopetalum $Engler1899 #m9,NF,M4,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:K. auriculatum$< Leptoterantha $Troupin1949 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@trop-Afr \(<=$Louis1???) \TS:Kolobopetalum mayumbense$Exell1??? Parabaena $Miers1851 #m6,NF,M6,IB,i19 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \TS:P. sagittata$Hooker&Thomson1;???(<=Miers) . Aspidocarya $Hooker&Thomson1855; #NF,M1,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@NO-India--ZW-China \(CARDIOPTERIDACEAE) \TS:A. uvifera$< ? Orthogynium $Baillon1885 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:Cocculus gomphioides$DeCandolle1??? FIBRAUROIDEAE" \endosperm niet ruminate;zaadlobben dun foliaceous divaricate COSCINIEAE $Hooker&Thomson1855; \(~Peniantheae~Tinosporeae) =ANAMIRTEAE $??? Arcangelisia $Beccari1877 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i6 *m:Rec@ZOAE *M:Rec@ZO-Az--ZOAE \(~Anomospermeae) \TS:Anamirta lemniscata$Miers1??? =Mirtana $Pierre1905 #(I),i1 \TS:Anamirta loureirii$Pierre1??? Anamirta $Colebrooke1821 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i13 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE {fish-berry=Indian berry=cocculus indicus} \(~Fibraureae) \TS:A. paniculata$< Coscinium $Colebrooke1821 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@ZOAE,ZO-Az \(~Fibraureae) \TS:Menispermum fenestratum$Gaertner1??? ==Pereiria $Lindley1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Menispermum fenestratum$Gaertner1??? FIBRAUREAE $??? \(~Tinosporeae) Tinomiscium $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i12 *mM:Rec@ZOAE--ZO-Az \(<=$Miers1???) \TS:T. petiolare$< Fibraurea $Loureiro1790 #m2,NF,M2,IB *m:Rec@Assam,ZO-Az,Fili,Born *M:Rec@Assam,ZO-Az,Fili,Born,Cele {huangteng} \TS:F. tinctoria$< Burasaia $DuPetitThouars1806 #m4,NF,M4,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@Mad \(~Anomospermeae) \TS:B. madagascariensis$DeCandolle1817('1818') =Bourasaha $Thouars1??? #(M) \TS:??? MENISPERMOIDEAE $Arn.1834 \endosperm niet ruminate;zaadlobben subcarnose appressed COCCULEAE $Hooker&Thomson1855; \("COCCULOIDEAE$Kostel.1833) =MENISPERMEAE $DeCandolle1817 STEPHANIINAE $??? \(~Cissampelinae) Stephania $Loureiro1790 #m40,NF,M35,IB,i120 *mM:Rec@trop-OW(Afr:#M5) \TS:S. rotunda$< =Clypea $Blume1825 #(I),i18 \TS(+NYD) =Homocnemia $Miers1851 #(I),i2 \TS:H. meyeriana$Harvey1???(<=Miers) =Ileocarpus $Miers1851 #(I),i1 \TS:I. schimperii$Miers1864-71 Echinostephia $Domin1926 #m1,N(F),M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@ZO-Quee \(=$Diels1910(+^A)) \(~Stephania) \^^Stephania/ \TS($Domin1???):Stephania aculeata$Bailey1??? =Perichasma $Miers1866 #m1,(FMIB),i2 *m:Rec@trop-W-Afr \(~Stephania) \TS:P. laetificata$< CISSAMPELIDINAE $Miers1864 \("CISSAMPELIDEAE$Hooker&Thomson1855;,"CISSAMPELIDOIDEAE$Leurss.1880) Cyclea $Wight1840 #m30,NF,M29,IB,i46 *m:Rec@trop-Az *M:Rec@China--Fili \(<=$Arnott1???) \TS($Hooker&Thomson1;???):Cocculus burmanni$DeCandolle1??? ==Rhaptomeris $Miers1851 #(I),i1 \TS:??? =Lophophyllum $Griffith1854 #(I),i1 \TS:L. bicristatum$< =Peraphora $Miers1866 #(I),i1 \TS:Cyclea populifolia$Hooker&Thomson1;??? Cissampelos $Linnaeus1753 #m19,NF,M20,IB,i157 *mM:Rec@trop {false pareira root} \TS:C. pareira$< ==Caapeba $Miller1754 #(I),i0 \TS:??? =Dissopetalum $Miers1866 #(I),i1 \TS:Cissampelos mauritiana$DuPetitThouars1??? =Paracyclea $Kudo&Yamamoto1932; #(I),i6 \TS(+NYD) Antizoma $Miers1851 #m3-4,NF,M2,IB,i8 *m:Rec@warm-Z-Afr *M:Rec@aride:Z-Afr \TS(+NYD) COCCULINAE $??? =MENISPERMINAE $Miers1864 Rhaptonema $Miers1867 #m6,NF,M4,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:R. cancellata$< =Gamopoda $Baker1887 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@Mad \TS:G. densiflora$< =Tripodandra $Baillon1870 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@Mad \TS:T. thouarsiana$< Sarcopetalum $Mueller1862(=VonMueller) #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@O-Aus \(+missp:Sacropetalum$VonMueller1860#(I)) \TS:S. harveyanum$< Strychnopsis $Baillon1885 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:S. thouarsii$< Legnephora $Miers1867 #m5,NF,M5,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@NG,NO-Aus \TS:Cocculus moorei$VonMueller1??? =Tristichocalyx $Mueller1863(=VonMueller) #(I),i3 \TS:Pachygone pubescens$Bentham1??? Diploclisia $Miers1851 #m5,NF,M2,IB,i8 *m:Rec@NG,NO-Aus *M:Rec@ZO-Az,ZOAE,China \TS:Cocculus macrocarpus$Wight&Arnott1;??? Cocculus $DeCandolle1817("1818") #m11,NF,M8,IB,i149 *mM:Rec@trop,warm(^ZAm^Aus) {coral-beads} \(+NomCons) \2huizig,!lianen \^^Menispermum \TS(+TypCons):Cocculus hirsutus$(Linnaeus1???)Diels=Menispermum hirsutum$Linnaeus1??? ==Holopeira $Miers1851 #(I),i9 \TS:Menispermum villosum$Lamarck1???(+NomIlleg) =Adenochetus $Baillon1858 #(I),i0 \(<=$Fenzl1???) \TS:A. phyllanthoides$< =Androphylax $Wendland1798 #(I),i1 \(+NomRej vs Cocculus$DeCandolle1817) \TS:A. scandens$< ==Wendlandia $Willdenow1799 #(I) \(+suppr vs$Bartling1???>DeCandolle1830(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:??? =Baumgartia $Moench1794 #(I),i1 \(+NomRej vs Cocculus$DeCandolle1817) \TS:B. scandens$< =Bricchettia $Pax1897 #(I),i1 \TS:B. somalensis$< =Cebatha $Forsskal1775 #(I),i21 \(+NomRej vs Cocculus$DeCandolle1817) \TS:Cocculus cebatha$DeCandolle1??? =Cocculidium $Spach1839 #(I),i1 \TS:Menispermum carolinum$Linnaeus1??? =Epibaterium $Forster&Forster1775; #(I),i5 \(+NomRej vs Cocculus$DeCandolle1817) \TS:E. pendulum$R.&Forster; =Leaeba $Forsskal1775 #(I),i1 \(+NomRej vs Cocculus$DeCandolle1817) \TS:L. dubia$Gmelin1??? =Nephroia $Loureiro1790 #(I),i5 \(+NomRej vs Cocculus$DeCandolle1817) \TS:N. sarmentosa$< =Otamplis $Rafinesque1838("1836") #(I),i1 \TS:O. vitifolia$< =Quinio $Schlechtendal1855 #(I),i1 \TS:Q. cocculoides$< =Selwynia $Mueller1864(=VonMueller) #(I),i1 \TS:S. laurina$< Pachygone $Miers1851 #m12,NF,M10,IB,i33 *mM:Rec@(China,Male,ZOAE)--PacOc \("PACHYGONEAE) \TS($Miers1867):Cocculus plukenetii$DeCandolle1??? Limaciopsis $Engler1899 #m3,NF,M1,IB,i2 *m:Rec@ZO-Az *M:Rec@trop-Afr \TS:L. loangensis$< Pericampylus $Miers1851 #m7,NF,M4-6,IB,i12 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE \(+NomCons) \TS($Hooker&Thomson1;???):Cocculus incanus$Colebrooke1??? Limacia $Loureiro1790 #m3,NF,M3,IB *m:Rec@ZO-Az *M:Rec@Burma--W-ZOAE \TS:L. scandens$< Hypserpa $Miers1851 #m20,NF,M9,IB,i31 *m:Rec@Male,ZOAE *M:Rec@Male,ZOAE--Poly {mountaineers' ropes} \^^Limacia \^^Cocculus \TS:H. cuspidata$(Hooker&Thomson1;???)< =Adeliopsis $Bentham1862 #m1,(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@NO-Aus \(?Abeliopsis) \TS:A. decumbens$< ==Adelioides $Britten1900 #(I) \(<=$Solander1???) \TS:??? Menispermum $Linnaeus1753 #m2,NF,M2-4,IB,i87 *mM:Rec@O-NAm,O-Az {moonseed=yellow parilla} \TS:M. canadense$< Sinomenium $Diels1910 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i3 *m:Rec@O-Az *M:Rec@M-China,Japan \(+missp:Sinomenia) \^^Cocculus \TS:S. diversifolium$< ? Spirospermum $DuPetitThouars1806 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Mad \TS:S. penduliflorum$DeCandolle1??? . =Pselium $Loureiro1790 #(I),i2 \(+NomRej vs Pericampylus$Miers1851) \(={Pericampylus+Stephania}) \TS:P. heterophyllum$< =Wolfia $Sprengel1824("1825") #1,(I),i2 *Rec@Braz \(+P Wolfia$Schreber1791(Magnoliopsida/Flacourtiaceae);+suppr vs Wolffia$Horkel1???>Schleiden1844(Liliopsida/Lemnaceae)) \(?:fam?) \TS:W. brasiliensis$< =Adelioides $Benth.1863 #i0 \(<=$Br.1???) \TS:??? =Adenocheton $Fenzl1844 #i1 \TS:??? =Androphilax $Steudel1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Antophylax $Poir.1816 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Apabuta $Griseb.1880 #i0 \TS:??? =Bagalatta $Reichb.1828 #i0 \(<=$Roxb.1???) \TS:??? =Bursaia $Steudel1840 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Chodondendron $Bosc1822 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Chondodendron $Bentham&HookerF1862; #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Chondodendron $Ruiz&Pavon1794; #i23 \TS:C. tomentosum$< =Chondrodendron $Spreng.1825 #i12 \TS:??? =Coccoderma $Miers1847 #i0 \TS:??? =Elisarrhena $Bentham&HookerF1867; #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Epibatherium $Raeusch.1797 #i0 \TS:??? =Epibiastrum $Scopoli1777 #i0 \TS:??? =Ferrandia $Gaudich.1826 #i1 \TS:??? =Fibraurea $Lour.1790 #i10 \TS:??? =Fierauera $Reichenbach1828 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Galloa $Hassk.1844 #i1 \TS:??? =Jatrorhiza $Planch.1848 #i1 \(<=$Miers1???) \TS:??? =Lepidocroton $Klotzsch1848 #i0 \TS:??? =Nephroica $Miers1851 #i18 \TS:??? =Pereira $HookerF&Thoms.1872; #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Pycnarrhena $HookerF&Thomson1855; #i29 \(<=$Meirs1???) \TS:??? =Pycnarrhena $Miers1851 #i0 \TS:??? =Salloa $Walp.1845 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Sciadotaenia $Benth.1861 #i0 \TS:??? =Sebicea $Diels1910 #i3 \(<=$Pierre1???) \TS:??? =Stenaphia $Rich.1847 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Styphania $Muell.1868 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Syntriandrum $Engl.1899 #i2 \TS:??? =Syrrhonema $Miers1864 #i2 \TS:??? =Trilophus $Fisch.1812 #i1 \TS:??? =Vimen $Brown1918 #i0 \TS:??? Parapachygone $Forman1??? #B \TS:??? ^ Bowerbankella $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Calkinsia $Wolfe1968 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Wash \{leaf} \(+P$Nieuwland1916(Lecanoromycetes/Placynthiaceae)) \TS:??? Canticocculus $Chandler1961 #N(I) *N:OTert@Enge \{fruit,endocarp} \TS:C. cooperi$< Chandlera $Scott1954 #(I) \TS:C. lacunosa$< Davisicarpum $Chandler1961 #(I) *I:Eoc@Enge \{endocarp} \TS:D. gibbosum$< Divisicarpum $Chandler1961 #(I) *I:OTert@Enge \{endocarp} \TS(+NYD) Entoneuron $Geyler1878(?) #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Born \{leaf} \TS:E. melastomaceum$< Eohypserpa $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:E. parsonsii("parsonsi")$< Frintonia $Chandler1961 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit,endocarp} \TS:F. ornata$< Goweria $Wolfe1968 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Wash \{leaf} \TS:Benzoin dilleri$Knowlton1??? Menispermicarpum $Chesters1957 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Kenia \{fruit,endocarp} \TS:M. crenulatum$< Menispermophyllum $Velenovsky1900 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@TsSl \{leaf} \TS:M. celakovskii$< Menispermoxylon $VozeninSerra&PriveGill1989; #(I) *I:MMioc@NW-Thai \{wood} \TS:M. circumvallatum$< Microtinomiscium $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:M. foveolatum$< Odontocaryoidea $Scott1954 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Oreg \{fruit} \TS:O. nodulosa$< Palaeococculus $Chandler1961 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{seed Endocarp} \TS:P. lakensis$< Palaeosinomenium $Chandler1961 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:P. venablesi$< Prototinomiscium $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Cmp@WDuit \{fruit} \TS:P. vangerowii$< Rhytidocaryon $VonMueller1883(?1876) #N(I) *NI:BTert@NwZW \{fruit} \TS:R. wilkinsonii$< Syntrisepalum $Chesters1957 #N(I) *NI:OMioc@Kenia \{seed,endocarp} \TS:S. auritum$< Tinomiscoidea $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Wardensheppeya $Eyde1970 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Enge \{fructification,endocarp} \TS(+R Wardenia$Chandler1961) ==Wardenia $Chandler1961 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{endocarp} \(+P$King1898(Magnoliopsida/Araliaceae)) \TS:W. davisi$< ^ Caspiocarpus $Krassilov&Vachrameev1979; #N(I) *NI:Kr/MAlb@W-Kaza \{reproductive} \TS:C. paniculiger$< Prototrochodendroides $Budancev&Kirickova1966; #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@USSR \{leaf} \TS:P. jacutica$< ************************* * Papaverineae \("Papaverales$Dumortier1829) ************************* PAPAVERACEAE $Jussieu1789(=DeJussieu) #P~25/200,m23/210,C(6)42/660,F41/,M23/230 *m:Rec@!NH *X:?BEoc,MMioc,Rec {poppy family/papaverfamilie} \kruiden,struikjes,boompjes;blad(!spiraalschikking;gaaf--!gelobd,ingesneden;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;!solitair,gevorkt bijscherm);K!2,3(soms onderaan vergroeid) C0,!=2*K,2+2,3+3-16(imbricate) A4-!~veel(centripetaal) G(!_,-)(>2)(1hokkig;~1 stijl;1-!veel zaadknoppen !parietal,axile anatroop--amfitroop,~campylotroop 2tegmic);doosvrucht;zaad soms arillate;embryo langgerekt;veel endosperm;X=5,!6,!7,8-11,19 CHELIDONIOIDEAE $??? \(~Papaveroideae/"CHELIDONIEAE$Dumortier1827,"CHELIDONIACEAE$Martynov1820) \haren meercellig;pollen 3colpate,veelporate;G(>!2);zaad !arillate Sanguinaria $Linnaeus1753 #m1,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@O-NAm {bloodroot=red puccoon/bloedwortel} \("SANGUINARIEAE$Bernh.1833) \TS:S. canadensis$< ==Belharnosia $Adanson1763 #(I),i2 \TS:??? Eomecon $Hance1884 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@O-China \TS:E. chionantha$< Stylophorum $Nuttall1818 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i14 *m:Rec@O-Az,O-NAm *M:Rec@O-Az(#M2),O-USA(#M1) \TS:Chelidonium diphyllum$Michaux1??? Hylomecon $Maximowicz1859 #m1,NF,M3,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@gem-O-Az \(~Chelidonium) \TS:H. vernalis$< Dicranostigma $Hooker&Thomson1855; #m2-3,NF,M3-5,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@Hima,W-China \kruid \TS:D. lactucoides$< Chelidonium $Linnaeus1753 #NF,M1,IB,i40 *M:Rec@gem,subarct:EurAz,-->O-USA {greater celandine=swallow wort/stinkende gouwe} \(!Fumariaceae) \(+~Glaucium) \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:C. majus$< =Coreanomecon $Nakai1935 #(MIB),i1 \(?Coreanaomecon) \TS:C. hylomeconoides$< Macleaya $Brown1826 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@gem-O-Az {plume poppy/bocconia} \(~Bocconia) \kruid \TS:Bocconia cordata$Willdenow1??? ==Marzaria $Rafinesque1840 #(I) \TS:??? Bocconia $Linnaeus1753 #m9,NF,M9,IB,i21 *mM:Rec@warm-Am {tree-celandine} \("BOCCONIINAE$Endl.1839,"BOCCONIEAE$Bernh.1833) \(>Macleaya) \(=$Plum.>Linnaeus1737) \TS:B. frutescens$< Glaucium $Miller1754 #m~25,NF,M~23,IB,i60 *mM:Rec@Eur(#M2),ZW-,M-Az {sea poppy=horned poppy/hoornpapaver} \(~Papavereae) \TS:G. flavum$Crantz1???=Chelidonium glaucium$Linnaeus1??? ==Mosenthinia $Kuntze1891 #(I),i1 \TS:??? ESCHSCHOLZIOIDEAE $Leurss.1880 #C3/12 \("ESCHSCHOLZIEAE$Baill.1871,"ESCHSCHOLZIACEAE$Ser.1847) \haren 1cellig;pollen veelcolpate;G2 Dendromecon $Bentham1835 #m2,NF,M1-2,IB,i22 *mM:Rec@ZW-NAm \groenblijvende struik \TS:D. rigidum$< Hunnemannia $Sweet1828 #m1,NF,M2,IB,i2 *m:Rec@Mexi *M:Rec@O-Mexi \("HUNNEMANNIEAE$Bernh.1833) \TS:H. fumariaefolia$< Eschscholzia $Chamisso1820 #m8-10,NF,M~12,IB,i138 *mM:Rec@W-NAm {California poppy/slaapmutsje} \G- \(+missp:Escholtzia$Dumort.1???#(B),i0,Eschholtzia$Reichb.1???#(B),Eschscholtzia$Bernh.1???#(B),i12) \TS:E. californica$< ==Omonoia $Rafinesque1837 #(I),i1 \TS:??? ==Chryseis $Lindley1837 #(I) \(+P$Cassini1817(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:??? =Petromecon $Greene1905 #(IB),i2 \TS:Eschscholzia palmeri$Rose1??? PLATYSTEMONOIDEAE $Leurss.1880 #C3/4 \("PLATYSTEMONACEAE$(Rchb.)Lilja1870) \haren veelcellig-multiseriate;pollen 3colpate;Gveel Meconella $Nuttall1838 #m3-4,NF,M3,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@W-NAm \A4-6 \TS:M. oregana$< =Platystigma $Bentham1835 #m9,NF(M)I(B),i5 *m:Rec@W-NAm \TS:P. lineare$< ==Hesperomecon $Greene1903 #N,M1,IB,i9 *M:Rec@W-NAm \TS:??? Platystemon $Bentham1835 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i61 *mM:Rec@W-NAm \("PLATYSTEMONEAE$Rchb.1838) \Gveel(in 1 krans);kokervrucht \TS:P. californicum$< PAPAVEROIDEAE $Eaton1836 #C18/115 \haren veelcellig-multiseriate;pollen !3colpate;Gveel ROMNEYEAE $Bentham1860 Romneya $Harvey1845 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Z-Calif,N-BaCa {matilija poppy/boompapaver} \bestoven door bijen \(^Eschscholtzieae) \TS:R. coulteri$< Arctomecon $Torrey&Fremont1845; #m3,NF,M3,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@ZW-USA \(^Papavereae) \TS:A. californicum$< PAPAVEREAE $Dumortier1827 Roemeria $Medikus1792 #m6,NF,M3,IB *m:Rec@MidZ(#M1,Turk:#M6)--Afga \(~Papaver) \1jarig \TS($DeCandolle1???):Chelidonium hybridum$Linnaeus1??? Meconopsis $Viguier1814 #m43,NF,M~50,IB,i91 *mM:Rec@Hima--W-China(#M~50),W-Eur(#M1) {Welsh poppy/schijnpapaver} \TS:Papaver cambricum$Linnaeus1??? =Cumminsia $Prain1906 #(B),i0 \(<=$King1???) \TS:??? ==Cerastites $Gray1821 #(I),i5 \(+missp:Ceratites$Gray1821#(I)) \TS:??? =Cathcartia $HookerF1851 #(MIB),i6 \TS:C. villosa$Hooker1??? Stylomecon $Taylor1930 #m1,NF,M1,IB *m:Rec@W-NAm *M:Rec@Calif,BaCa \1jarig \TS:Meconopsis heterophylla$Bentham1??? Argemone $Linnaeus1753 #m28,NF,M23,IB,i51 *mM:Rec@NAm,ZAm,WInd,Hawai,-->trop {Mexican poppy,prickly poppy/stekelpapaver} \("ARGEMONEAE$Endl.1839) \!1jarig,struik \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:A. mexicana$< =Echtrus $Loureiro1790 #(I),i3 \TS:E. trivialis$< =Enomegra $Nelson1902 #(I),i2 \TS:Argemone bipinnatifida$Greene1??? Papaver $Linnaeus1753 #m50,NF,M80,IB,i400 *m:Rec@Eur,Az,Z-Afr,Aus,W-NAm *M:Rec@Eur(#M26),Az,KVer(#M1),Z-Afr(#M1),W-NAm,-->Aus {poppies/klaproos,blauw maanzaad} \("PAPAVERINAE$Endl.1839) \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:P. somniferum$< =Calomecon $Spach1839 #(I),i2 \TS:Papaver orientale$Linnaeus1??? =Closterandra $Boivin1839 #(I),i1 \TS:C. minor$< Canbya $Gray1877 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@W-NAm \(<=$Parry1???) \TS:C. candida$< . =Barkhausenia $Schur1877 #i0 \TS:??? =Bicucullaria $Steud.1840 #i1 \(<=$Juss.1???) \TS:??? =Boothia $Benth.1835 #i1 \(<=$Dougl.1???) \TS:??? =Capnocystis $Jussieu1811 #i0 \TS:??? =Capnogonium $Benth.1844 #i1 \TS:??? =Cerasites $Steudel1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Cisticapnos $Adans.1768 #i0 \TS:??? =Closteranthera $Walp.1842 #i0 \TS:??? =Corydallis $Aschers.1864 #i0 \TS:??? =Cucularia $Rafinesque1808 #i2 \TS:??? =Cucullaria $Endlicher1839 #i0 \TS:??? =Cysticapnos $Linnaeus1747 #i0 \(<=$Boerh.1???) \TS:??? =Diclythra $Rafinesque1824 #i0 \TS:??? =Ehrendorferia $Fukuhara&Liden1997; #i2 \TS:??? =Eschholtzia $Reichenbach1828 #i0 \TS:??? =Eschholzia $Cham.1820 #i0 \TS:??? =Eschsholzia $DeCandolle1??? #i0 \TS:??? =Hedycapnos $Planch.1852-1853 #i1 \TS:??? =Hunemannia $Jussieu1849 #i0 \TS:??? =Hunnemania $Don1831 #i0 \TS:??? =Hypecoon $Linnaeus1735 #i0 \TS:??? =Ichtyoselmis $Liden&Fukuhara1997; #i1 \TS:??? =Mackleya $Walp.1842 #i0 \TS:??? =Maclaya $Bernh.1833 #i0 \TS:??? =Macleya $Reichenbach1828 #i0 \TS:??? =Marzaria $Rafinesque1840 #i1 \TS:Bocconia cordata$Willdenow1??? =Meconia $HookerF&Thoms.1855; #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Odoptera $Rafinesque1824 #i1 \TS:??? =Papapaver $McClatchie1894 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Platycapnos $Bernh.1833 #i6 \TS:??? =Roemeria $Medik.1792 #i0 \TS:??? =Stylomecon $Benth.1861 #i0 \TS:??? =Stylomecon $Taylor1930 #i1 \TS:??? ? Princetonia $Stockey1987 #(I) *I:MEoc@BrCo \{flower} \TS:P. allenbyensis$< : PTERIDOPHYLLACEAE $Reveal1991 \(<=$Nakai1???) \(=$Murbeck1???(+^A)) #(C1/1),M1/1 *M:Rec@Japan \(~Fumariaceae/Pteridophylloideae~Fumariaceae/Hypecoideae) \kruid;blad(veervormig samengesteld;oblanceolate);bloei(thyrse) K2(petaloid;valt vroeg af) C4(imbricate) A4(alternerend met C;spleten) G_(2)(stijl lang;!2,4 zaadknoppen anatroop--~campylotroop);doosvrucht 2zadig Pteridophyllum $Siebold&Zuccarini1843; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Japan \TS:P. racemosum$< FUMARIACEAE $Candolle1821(=DeCandolle) #P~19/400,m18/450,M17/530 *m:Rec@!NH,bergen:trop-Afr,Z-Afr *X:BMioc-Rec \(~Papaveraceae/Fumarioideae) \!herbs,scramblers;blad(spiraalschikking--~tegenoverstaand;!dissected;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;1-!enkele);!onregelmatig C2+2 A!6(2 bundels) G_(2)(1hokkig;1-veel zaadknoppen parietal anatroop--campylotroop 2tegmic);!doosvrucht,noot;zaad !arillate;embryo klein;veel endosperm;X=6->8,!8 FUMARIOIDEAE $Eaton1836 #C16/450 \bloem onregelmatig;A6 CORYDALEAE $Dumortier1829 \("CORYDALINAE$Endl.1839,"CORYDALACEAE$Vest1818) \!doosvrucht veelzadig Dicentra $Bernhardi1833 #m19,NF,M12,IB,i31 *mM:Rec@Az,NAm {squirrel-corn,bleeding hearts=dutchman's breeches/gebroken hartjes} \(+NomCons) \("DICENTRINAE$Endl.1839,"DICENTREAE$Horan.1847) \som 1zaadlob \(=$Borkhausen1???>Bernhardi1???) \TS:Fumaria cucullaria$Linnaeus1??? ==Diclytra $Borkhausen1797 #(I),i17 \("DICLYTREAE$Dumortier1829) \(+suppr vs Dicentra) \TS:??? =Bikukulla $Adanson1763 #(I),i6 \(=Bicucullata$March1733) \(+NomRej vs Dicentra) \TS:??? =Capnorchis $Miller1754 #(I) \(+NomRej vs Dicentra) \TS:??? =Corniveum $Nieuwland1914 #(I),i1 \TS:Dicentra uniflora$Kellogg1??? =Dielytra $Chamisso&Schlechtendal1826; #(M),i11 \TS:??? =Eucapnos $Bernhardi1833 #(I),i3 \TS(+NYD) =Lamprocapnos $Endlicher1850 #(I),i1 \TS(+R Capnorchis$Borckhausen1797;+R Eucapnos$Siebold&Zuccarini1843;) ==Capnorchis $Borkhausen1797 #(I),i16 \(+P$Miller1754(Magnoliopsida/Fumariaceae)) \TS:Fumaria spectabilis$Linnaeus1??? ==Eucapnos $Siebold&Zuccarini1843; #(I) \(+P$Bernhardi1833(Magnoliopsida/Fumariaceae)) \TS:Fumaria spectabilis$Linnaeus1??? Dactylicapnos $Wallich1826 #NF,M10,IB,i9 *M:Rec@Hima--ZO-Az \(~Dicentra) \(+NomRej vs Dicentra$Bernhardi1833) \(+missp:Dactyliocapnos$Spreng.1???#(B)) \TS:D. thalictrifolia$< =Macrocapnos $Lindley1836 #(I),i0 \(<=$Royle1???) \TS(+NYD) Adlumia $DeCandolle1821 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@O-NAm \(+NomCons) \(<=$Rafinesque1???) \2jarig;klimplant \TS($Britton&Sterns;&Poggenburg1;???):Fumaria fungosa$Aiton1??? ==Bicuculla $Borkhausen1797 #(I),i11 \(+P Bikukulla$Adanson1763(Magnoliopsida/Fumariaceae)) \TS:Fumaria fungosa$Aiton1??? Corydalis $DeCandolle1805|(Medikus1789)DeCandolle1805 #m~300,NF,M~400,IB,i708 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M11;China,Hima:~280),bergen:trop-Afr(#M1) {/helmbloem,holwortel} \(+NomCons) \soms 1zaadlob \TS:Fumaria bulbosa$Linnaeus1??? =Roborowskia $Batalin1893 #(B),i1 \TS:??? =Dissosperma $Sojak1986 #(B),i1 \TS:??? ==Pistolochia $Bernhardi1800 #(I),i68 \(+suppr vs Corydalis) \TS:??? =Calocapnos $Spach1839 #(I) \TS:Fumaria nobilis$Linnaeus1??? ==Capnogorium $Bernhardi1842 #(I) \TS:Fumaria nobilis$Linnaeus1??? =Capnites $Dumortier1827 #(I),i26 \(=$DeCandolle1824(+^A)) \^^Corydalis/ \TS(+NYD) ==Bulbocapnos $Bernhardi1832 #(I),i9 \TS:??? =Cryptoceras $Schott&Kotschy1854; #(I),i12 \TS(+NYD) =Pseudofumaria $Medikus1789 #IB,i10 \^^Fumaria \(+NomRej vs Corydalis) \(?Pseudo-fumaria) \TS:??? ==Borckhausenia $Gaertner&Meyer;&Scherbius1801; #(I),i6 \(+P$Roth1800(Magnoliopsida/Scrophulariaceae)) \TS:??? =Sophorocapnos $Turczaninow1848 #(I),i1 \TS(+NYD) =Roborowskia $Batalin1893 #m1,(FM)I *m:Rec@M-Az \(?Roboriwskia) \TS:R. mira$< =Cysticorydalis $Ikonn.1??? #m2,(FMIB),i3 *m:Rec@M-Az--Hima \(<=$Fedde1936) \TS(+NYD) Capnoides $Miller1754 #NF,M1,IB,i39 *M:Rec@NO-NAm,-->Noor \(~Corydalis) \(+NomRej vs Corydalis$DeCandolle1805) \TS($Borckhausen1797):Fumaria sempervirens$Linnaeus1??? ==Neckeria $Scopoli1777 #(I) \(+suppr vs Neckera$Hedwig1801(Bryopsida/Neckeraceae)) \TS:??? ==Corydalis $Ventenat1803-1804 #(I),i0 \(+P$Medikus1789(Magnoliopsida/Fumariaceae);+suppr vs$DeCandolle1805(Magnoliopsida/Fumariaceae)) \TS:??? FUMARIEAE $Dumortier1829 \noot,doosvrucht weinigzadig SARCOCAPNINAE $??? \(^Corydaleae) Sarcocapnos $Candolle1821(=DeCandolle) #m4,NF,M4,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@W-MidZ \TS(+NYD) =Aplectrocapnos $Boissier&Reuter1844; #(I),i2 \("APLECTROCAPNINAE$Boiss.1844) \TS:A. beatica$< Ceratocapnos $Durieu1844 #m2,NF,M3,IB,i5 *m:Rec@NW-Afr,MidZ,Turk *M:Rec@W-Eur(#M1),MidZ \1jarige scramblers \(+incorOrigSp:Ceratocarpus) \TS:C. heterocarpus$< =Dissosperma $Sojak1986("1985") #(FI) \TS:Fumaria claviculata$Linnaeus1??? Platycapnos $Bernhardi1833 #m3-4,NF,M3,IB,i0 *m:Rec@Macaronesie,W-MidZ,(!Span,Eur:#M3) \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) \TS($Bernhardi1???):Fumaria spicata$Linnaeus1??? FUMARIINAE $Endlicher1850 Fumariola $Korshinsky1898 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@M-Az \TS:F. turkestanica$< Fumaria $Linnaeus1753 #m55,NF,M50,IB,i236 *mM:Rec@Eur(#M39),MidZ--(M-Az,Hima(#M1)),hooglanden:trop-O-Afr(#M1) {/duivekervel} \!1jarig \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:F. officinalis$< Cryptocapnos $RechingerF1968 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Afga \TS:C. chasmophyticus$Rechinger1??? fil. Rupicapnos $Pomel1860 #m32,NF,M7,IB,i34 *m:Rec@Span,N-Afr *M:Rec@Z-Span(#M1),NW-Afr \TS(+NYD) DISCOCAPNINAE $??? Discocapnos $Chamisso&Schlechtendal1826; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@ZW-,Z-KpPr \(~Fumaria) \TS:D. mundtii$< Trigonocapnos $Schlechter1899 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Z-Afr \TS:T. curvipes$< . Pseudofumaria $Medikus1789 #NF,M2 *M:Rec@NW-Balk,Z-Alpen,-->wide \(~Corydalis) \TS($Borckhausen1797):Fumaria lutea$Linnaeus1??? ?: \(^Corydaleae) Cysticapnos $Miller1754 #m1,NF,M5,IB,i8 *mM:Rec@Z-Afr \(+NomRej vs Corydalis$DeCandolle1805) \(+missp:Cisticapnos$Adanson1763#(I)) \TS($Fedde1???):Fumaria vesicaria$Linnaeus1??? ==Corydalis $Medikus1789 #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs$DeCandolle1805(Magnoliopsida/Fumariaceae)) \TS:??? =Phacocapnos $Bernhardi1839 #m2,(FMIB),i4 *m:Rec@Z-Afr \TS(+NYD) HYPECOOIDEAE $Prantl&Kuendig1889; #C1/10 \("HYPECOACEAE$(Dumortier1???)Wilkomm&Lange1880;,"HYPECOEAE$Dumortier1827) \bloem ~regelmatig;A4 Hypecoum $Linnaeus1753 #m15,NF,M20,IB,i34 *m:Rec@MidZ--(M-Az,N-China) *M:Rec@Eur(#M6)--(M-Az,N-China) \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1737) \TS:H. procumbens$< =Chiazospermum $Bernhardi1833 #(IB),i3 \TS:C. erectum$< =Mnemosilla $Forsskal1775 #(I),i2 \TS:M. aegyptiaca$< ************************* * Nymphaeanae $Thorne1992 \(>Monocotyledonae,"Nymphaeidae$Walker1997) * Nymphaeales $Dumortier1829 ************************* NYMPHAEACEAE $Salisbury1805 #P5/~50,m6/60,C(3)6/62,F6/,M6/75 *m:Rec@cosm *X:Alb,Maa,Paleoc-Rec {water-lily family/waterleliefamilie} \waterkruiden;blad(spiraalschikking;!hartvormif;wel,0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig;solitair okselstandig,extraOkselstandig;bestoven door insecten);radieel K!(4-6)-12 C0-!(8-veel)(!vrij) A14-veel(spiraalschikking;!vrij;langsspleten;pollen !1sulcate) G(_--^)(3-!(5-35))(veel zaadknoppen scattered !anatroop,orthotroop 2tegmic);~besvrucht openspringend;zaad arillate;2zaadlobbig;weinig endosperm;veel perisperm;X=12->29 NYMPHAEOIDEAE $Arn.1832 #C3/55 \(=$DeCandolle1???(+^A)) Nuphar $Smith1809("1806")(+NomCons)|Sibth.&Smith1808; #m20,NCF,M16,+^,IB,i57 *m:Rec@N-gem,koud,(Eur:#M2) {brandy bottle=yellow waterlily/gele plomp} \("NUPHAREAE$Endlicher1839,"NUPHARACEAE$Kern.1891) \K petaloid \TS:Nymphaea lutea$Linnaeus1??? ==Nymphozanthus $Richard1808 #(I),i20 \(+missp:Nymphosanthus) \(+suppr vs Nuphar) \TS:??? ==Nenuphar $Link1822 #(I),i4 \TS:??? ==Nymphona $Bubani1901 #(I),i2 \TS:??? =Ropalon $Rafinesque1837("1836") #(I),i1 \TS:Nymphaea sagittifolia$Walter1??? Nymphaea $Linnaeus1753 #m35,NCF,M~50,+^,IB,i252 *m:Rec@cosm,(Eur:#M4) {waterlilies/waterlelie} \(+NomCons) \("NYMPHAEINAE$Planch.1853,"NYMPHAEEAE$DeCandolle1821) \TS(+TypCons):N. alba$Linnaeus1??? ==Castalia $Salisbury1805 #(I),i51 \TS:??? ==Leuconymphaea $Kuntze1891 #(I),i31 \TS:??? (Hydrocallis) $??? #(M14) \TS:??? Ondinea $DenHartog1970 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@W-Aus%F \TS:O. purpurea$< EURYALOIDEAE $??? #C2/3 \("EURYALACEAE$Agardh1858,Euryalales$Li1955) Euryale $Salisbury1805 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i7 *m:Rec@China--N-India *M:Rec@China--(N-India,Japan) \("EURYALEAE$Endlicher1839,"EURYALINAE$Planch.1853) \TS:E. ferax$< =Anneslea $Andrews1811 #(I),i14 \(<=$Roxburgh1???) \(+suppr vs$Wallich1829(Magnoliopsida/Theaceae)) \TS:A. spinosa$< Victoria $Lindley1837 #m2,NCF,M2,IB,i11 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm |-300(-400) {royal water lily,giant waterlily/koninklijke waterlelie} \("VICTORIEAE$Horan.1847) \TS:V. regia$< BARCLAYOIDEAE $??? #C1/4 \("BARCLAYACEAE$(Endlicher1???)Li1955(vaker apart),Barclayeae$Endlicher1839) Barclaya $Wallich1827 #(m)NCF,M4,IB,i7 *M:Rec@Male,ZOAE%F \(+NomCons) \(?>Ondinea) \TS:B. longifolia$< ==Hydrostemma $Wallich1827 #m2,(MIB),i3 *m:Rec@Burma--O-ZOAE \(+suppr vs Barclaya) \TS:??? . =Clairvillea $Hegetschweiler1826? #(I) \TS(+NYD) =Aneslea $Reichenbach1828 #i0 \TS:??? =Brassenia $Heynh.1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Nelumbium $Jussieu1789 #i22 \TS:??? =Nimphaea $Necker1768 #i0 \TS:??? =Nimphea $Nocca1793 #i0 \TS:??? =Nufar $Wallr.1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Nymphea $Rafinesque1808 #i0 \TS:??? =Nymphosanthus $Steudel1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Nyphar $Walp.1842 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Tamara $Steud.1841 #i3 \(<=$Roxb.1???) \TS:??? ^ Allenbya $CevallosFerriz&Stockey1989; #(I) *I:MEoc@BrCo \{fruit} \TS:A. collinsonae$< Anoectomeria $Saporta1865 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \TS(+NYD) Barclayopsis $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \{seed} \TS:B. urceolata$< Braseniopsis $Saporta1893 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Alb@Port \{leaf} \TS:B. venulosa$< Castaliites $Hollick1930 #N(I) *N:BKr@Alas *I:NKr \{leaf} \TS:C. ordinarius$< Cratopleura $Weber1892 #(I) *I:Kwart@Duit,Zwit \{seeds} \TS(+NYD) Eoeuryale $Miki1960 #N(I) *NI:Plioc@Japan \{seed} \TS:E. brasenioides$Miki1???(+NomInval) Holopleura $Caspary1856 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Duit \{seed} \TS:H. victora$< Irtyshenia $Dorofeev1972 #N(I) *NI:BMioc@USSR \{seed} \TS:Euryale tenuicostata$Dorofeev1??? Nelumbites $Berry1911 #N(I) *NI:OKr \{leaf} \TS:N. virginiensis$< Nikitinella $Dorofeev1974 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@W-Sibe \{seed} \TS:N. tavdensis$< Nymphaeocaulon $Trivedi&Ambwani1971; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@India \{stem,peduncle} \TS:N. intertrappeum$< Nymphaeopsis $Kraeusel1939 #N(I) *NI:OOligoc@Egyp \{fruit} \TS:N. bachmannii$< Palaeoeuryale $Dorofeev1972 #N(I) *NI:BMioc@USSR \{seed} \TS:Euryale sukaczevii$Dorofeev1??? Palaeonymphaea $Chandler1962 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{seed} \TS:P. eocenica$< Paleonelumbo $Knowlton1930 #N(I) *N:BKr,Eoc@Color *I:BKr,Eoc \{leaf} \TS:P. macroloba$< Paleonuphar $Hollick1930 #N(I) *N:BKr@Alas *I:BKr \{leaf} \TS:P. inopina$< Paranymphaea $Berry1935 #N(I) *NI:BBKr@Sask \{leaf} \TS:Catalpa crassifolia$Newberry1??? Protobarclaya $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:P. eocenica$< Pseudoeuryale $Dorofeev1972 #N(I) *NI:BMioc@USSR \{seed} \TS:P. dravertii$< Sabrenia $Collinson1980 #N(I) *NI:Eoc-Oligoc@Enge \{seed} \TS:S. chandlerae$< Tavdenia $Dorofeev1974 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@W-Sibe \{seed} \TS:T. sibirica$< CABOMBACEAE $Richard1828 #P2/8,m2/8,C2/8,F2/,M2/6 *mM:Rec@trop,warmgem *X:Oligoc,Rec {water-shield family} \(~Nymphaeaceae?>Ceratophyllaceae) \("CABOMBOIDEAE$Burnett1835,"CABOMBEAE$(Rich.)Gardner1844) \waterkruiden;blad(2vormig;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(solitair,aerial);K2,!3,4 C2,!3,4 A3,6,18-36(helmdraden ~plat;0 staminodes;pollen !1sulcate) G_1,!(2-18)(vruchtbladen vrij;1,!2,!3 zaadknoppen bij dorsale sutuur anatroop 2tegmic);vrucht coriaceous,!openspringende koker;weinig endosperm;embryo klein;2n=24,80,104 Cabomba $Aublet1775 #m7,NCF,M5,IB,i16 *mM:Rec@warm-Am {fanwort,fishgrass} \(+missp:Caromba$Steudel1840) \blad tegenoverstaand,kransschikking;A3,6;stijl eindstandig \TS:C. aquatica$< ==Nectris $Schreber1789 #(I),i5 \TS:??? Brasenia $Schreber1789 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@trop-Am,Afr,India,gem-O-Az,Aus \blad spiraalschikking;A18-36;stijl decurrent \TS:B. schreberii$Gmelin1??? =Barteria $Welwitsch1861 #(I) \(+P$Hooker1860(Magnoliopsida/Passifloraceae)) \TS:??? =Hydropeltis $Michaux1803 #(I),i2 \TS:H. purpurea$< ==Rondachine $Bosc1816 #(I),i0 \(?^Nymphaeaceae) \TS:??? ^ Braseniella $Dorofeev1973 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@W-Sibe \{reproductive Seed} \TS:Brasenia nymphaeoides$Dorofeev1??? Dusembaya $Dorofeev1973 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Kaza \{reproductive Seed} \TS:Brasenia turgaica$Dorofeev1??? ************************* * Ceratophyllales $Bisch.1839 \(~Nymphaeales/"Ceratophyllineae~Magnolianae^Ranunculales) ************************* CERATOPHYLLACEAE $Gray1821 #P1/~6,m1/2,C1/6,F1/,M1/2-6 *m:Rec@cosm *X:BPaleoc,Rec {hornwort family/hoornbladfamilie} \("CERATOPHYLLOIDEAE$(Gra1???)Arn.1832,"CERATOPHYLLEAE$Dumort.1827) \waterkruiden;onder water,0 wortels;blad(kransschikking;gevorkt;0 huidmondjes;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(1huizig;solitair buitenOkselstandig);P8-12(linear;onderaan vergroeid) A3-!(10-20)-27(spiraalschikking;extrorse) G_1(1 zaadknop orthotroop 1tegmic;stijl blijft op vrucht zitten);dopvrucht;X=12 Ceratophyllum $Linnaeus1753 #m2(-30),NF,M2-6(-30)IB,i40 *mM:Rec@cosm {hornworts/hoornblad} \TS:C. demersum$< ==Dichotophyllum $Moench1794 #(I),i1 \TS:??? ==Hydroceratophyllon $Seguier1754 #(I),i0 \TS:??? ==Revatophyllum $Roehling1812 #(I),i0 \TS:??? ************************* * Hamamelidae $Takhtajan1967 ************************* Triporopollenites $Pflug&Thomson1953; #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:T. coryloides$Pflug1??? Triporoletes $Mcedlisvili1960 #NH(I) *I:OKr/Alb@Sibe \{spores,pollen} \TS:T. singularis$< Triporites $Hammen1954(=VanDerHammen) #H(I) *I:Kr-OTert@Colom \{spores} \TS(+NYD) Tricolporoidites $??? #H \TS:??? Tricolporites $Hammen1954(=VanDerHammen) #NH(I) *I:Kr-OTert@Colom \{spores} \TS(+NYD) Tricolporipites $??? #H \TS:??? Cupuliferoidaepollenites $??? #H \TS:??? Tricolpites $Couper1953 #H(I) *I:Tert \(<=$Cookson1???) \{spores} \TS:T. reticulatus$Cookson1???>Couper(+NomInval) Tetracolporites $Couper1953 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:T. oamaruensis$< Tetrapollis $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Kr-Paleoc \{spores} \TS:Polyporopollenites validus$Pflug1??? Tetracolpites $Srivastava1967 #NH(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Albe \(<=$Vimal1???) \{spores} \TS:T. reticulatus$< Quercoidites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \(<=$Potonie&Thomson;&Pflug1;???) \{spores} \TS:Pollenites henrici$Potonie1??? Quercites $Goeppert1844 #NH(I) \(+P$Berger1832(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS(+NYD) Ostryoipollenites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \{spores} \TS:Triporopollenites rhenanus$Pflug&Thomson1;???(<=Thomson) Nothofagidites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:Nothofagus flemingii$Couper1??? Faguspollenites $Raatz1937 #NH \TS:F. verus$< Cupuliferoipollenites $Potonie1960 #H(I) *I:Eoc@Duit \{spores} \TS:C. pusillus$(Potonie1???)<=Pollenites quisqualis f. pusillus$Potonie1??? Tricolpopollenites $Pflug&Thomson1953; #NH(I) \{spores} \TS:Pollenites parmularis$Potonie1??? ==Cornaceoipollenites $Potonie1960 #(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:Pollenites parmularius$Potonie1??? Caryapollenites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \(<=$Raatz1???) \{spores} \TS:Pollenites simplex$Potonie1??? Myricipites $Wodehouse1933 #NH(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:M. dubius$< Triatriopollenites $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:T. rurensis$Pflug&Thomson1;??? Subtriporopollenites $Pflug&Thomson1953; #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:S. anulatus$< Polyatriopollenites $Pflug1953 #NH \(?Polyatrio-pollenites) \TS:Pollenites stellatus$Potonie1??? ==Pterocaryapollenites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \(<=$Raatz1???) \{spores} \TS($Raatz1???>Potonie):Pollenites stellatus$Potonie1??? Platycaryapollenites $Nagy1969 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Z-Hong \{spores} \TS:P. miocaenicus$< Multiporopollenites $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS($Thomson&Pflug1;???):Pollenites maculosus$Potonie1??? Juglanspollenites $Raatz1937 #NH \TS:J. verus$< Casuarinidites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Plioc-?Kwart@Quee \(<=$Cookson&Pike1;???) \{spores} \TS:C. cainozoicus$< Engelhardtioidites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \(<=$Potonie&Thomson;&Thiergart1;???) \{spores} \TS:Pollenites microcoryphaeus$Potonie1??? Paraalnipollenites $Hills&Wallace1969; #NH(I) *I:Paleoc@Kaza \{spores} \TS:Triatriopollenites confusus$Zaklinskaja1??? Periporopollenites $Pflug&Thomson1953; #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \{spores} \TS:Pollenites stigmosus$Potonie1??? ==Liquidambarpollenites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \(<=$Raatz1???) \{spores} \TS:??? Trivestibulopollenites $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:T. betuloides$< Corylopsiscarpinipites $??? #H \TS:??? Betulaepollenites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \{spores} \TS:Pollenties microexcelsus$Potonie1??? Betulaceoipollenites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc \{spores} \TS:B. bituitus$(Potonie1???)<=Pollenites bituitus$Pontonie1??? Alnipollenites $Potonie1931(?Rotonie) #NH \(ZIE OOK VER ONDER) \TS:??? ==Polyvestibulopollenites $Pflug1953 #NH(I) *I:Tert \{spores} \TS:??? Ulmipollenites $Wolff1934 #NH \TS:U. undulosus$< ==Polyporopollenites $Pflug1953 #H(I) *I:PLioc \{spores} \TS:Ulmipollenites undulosus$Wolff1??? Engelhardtioipollenites $Potonie1960 #NH(I) *I:Mioc@Duit \{spores} \TS:E. punctatus$(Potonie1???)<=Pollenites coryphaeus f. punctatus$Potonie1??? ? Republica $Wolfe&Wehr1987; #(I) *I:MEoc@NO-Wash \{leaf} \TS:R. hickeyi$< ************************* * Hamamelidanae $Takhtajan1967 \(!Rosanae/Hamamelidales) * 1 * Trochodendrales $Takhtajan1981 \("Trochodendranae$Takhtajan1996) ************************* TETRACENTRACEAE $Tieghem1900(=VanTieghem) #P1/1,m1/1,(C),F1/,(M) *m:Rec@Nepal,ZW-M-China,N-Burma *X:?BKr,OTert,Rec \(!Trochodendraceae) TROCHODENDRACEAE $Prantl1888 #P1/1,m1/1,C(2)2/2,F1/,M2/2 *m:Rec@(Korea,Japan)--Taiw *M:Rec@Hima--(Taiw,Japan) *X:?BKr,?Paleoc-Rec {yama-kurama family} \bomen;groenblijvend;bloei(andro-2huizig);2n=40 TETRACENTROIDEAE $??? \("TETRACENTRACEAE$Smith1945(+NomCons)) Tetracentron $Oliver1889 #m1,N,C1,F,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Nepal,ZW-,M-China,N-Burma \TS:T. sinense$< ^ Tetracentronites $Mathiesen1932 #N(I) *N:^ *I:OTert@O-Groe \{wood} \TS:T. hartzii$< TROCHODENDROIDEAE $Leurss.1880 \("TROCHODENDREAE$Bentham&Hooker1867;) Trochodendron $Siebold&Zuccarini1839;("1835") #m1,N,C1,F,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@(Korea,Japan)--Taiw %-+3000 _ECryptomeria |-2000 {/vogellijm} \epifyt;crypto2huizig \TS:T. aralioides$< =Gymnanthus $Junghuhn1840 #(I) \TS:G. paradoxus$< ^ Trochodendroides $Berry1922 #N(I) *N:BKr/Woodbine@Texas \{leaf} \TS:Ficus rhomboideus$Lesquereux1??? Trochodendroxylon $Hergert&Phinney1954; #N(I) *N:M-,BOligoc@Oreg \{wood} \TS:T. beckii$< ^ Trochodendrocarpus $Kryshtofovitch1958(=Kristofovic) #N(I) *NI:Paleoc@Groe \{fruit} \TS($Kristofovic1???):Nyssa arctica$Heer1??? ************************* * Cercidiphyllales $Hu1993 ************************* CERCIDIPHYLLACEAE $Engler1909 #P1/2,m1/1,C1/2,F1/,M1/2 *mM:Rec@O-Az *X:Oligoc,Rec {katsura-tree family} \bomen;bladverliezend;blad(spiraalschikking,tegenoverstaand;enkelvoudig,veervormig samengesteld;handnervig;kleine steunblaadjes);bloei(2huizig;eindstandig,mannelijk in korte tros;bestoven door wind);mannelijk P0 A16-35(latrorse;langsspleten);vrouwelijk B2-!4-8 G=K(15-30 zaadknoppen in 2 rijen anatroop 2tegmic);losse kokervruchten;zaad plat,gevleugeld;weinig endosperm;embryo groot,spatulate;2n=38 Cercidiphyllum $Siebold&Zuccarini1846; #m1,N,C2,F,M2,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@China,Japan {katsura/katsura} \Grootste bladverliezende boom in Japan \TS:C. japonicum$Hoffmann&Schultes1;???(<=Siebold&Zuccarini;) ^ Cercidiphylloxylon $Prakash&&1971 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@TsSl \{wood} \TS:C. kadanense$Prakash&&1??? Joffrea $Crane&Stockey1985; #(I) *I:Paleoc/Tiffan@Albe \{shoots with infructescences} \TS:J. speirsii$< ^ #N *N:Tert@NH ************************* * Eupteleales $Hu1993 ************************* EUPTELEACEAE $Wilhelm1910 #P1/2,m1/2,C1/2,F1/,M1/2 *mM:Rec@O-Az *X:M-,BEoc,Rec \("EUPTELEOIDEAE$Koch1872,"EUPTELEEAE$Baill.1868,>Winteraceae) \bomen;bladverliezend;blad(spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig;getand;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2slachtig,sommige mannelijk;solitair okselstandig;bestoven door wind,insecten);B6-12 P0 A6-19(1 krans) G_8-31(0 stijlen;!(1-3),4 zaadknoppen per vruchtblad marginal anatroop 2tegmic);hoofdje samaras;embryo klein;endosperm;2n=28 Euptelea $Siebold&Zuccarini1841;(?1840) #m2,N,C2,F,M2,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@Assam--ZW-,M-China(}#M1),Japan(#M1) \TS:E. polyandra$< ^ *m:Rec@Oreg ************************* * 2 * Hamamelidales $Griseb.1854 ************************* PLATANACEAE $Dumortier1829(?Lestib.1928) #P1/6-7,m1/6-7,C1/9,F1/,M1/~8 *m:Rec@NH *X:Alb,BKr,BPaleoc,BEoc,Rec {plane-tree family/plataanfamilie} \("PLATANOIDEAE$Arn.1832,"PLATANEAE$DeJussieu1828,"Platanales$Schaffn.1929) \boom;bladverliezend;blad(enkelvoudig;handlobbig;!handnervig,veernervig getand;steunblaadjes);bloei(1huizig;hangend hoofdje afgeleid van pluim;bestoven door wind);radieel K!3,!4-7(soms onderaan vergroeid) C!3,!4-7(vrouwelijk 0;alternerend met K) A=K(tegenover K;helmknop zittend;langsspleten;vrouwelijk 3,4 staminodes) G_3-!(5-8),9(2,3 kransen;mannelijk vestigial;!1,2 zaadknoppen hangend orthotroop--~hemitroop 2tegmic);dopvrucht,nootvrucht in hoofdje;zaad verspreid door wind;embryo recht,slank;weinig endosperm;X=7 Platanus $Linnaeus1753 #m6-7,N,C9,F,M~8,+^,IB,i42 *mM:Rec@NH {plane,buttonwood/plataan} \(+missp:Platanos$StLager1???#i0) \TS:P. orientalis$< ^ Arthollia $Golovneva&Herman1988; #(I) *I:Kr/Tur@NW-Kamt \{leaf} \TS:A. pacifica$Herman1??? Ioffea $Ilinskaja1961 #N(I) *N:Kr-Paleoc@USSR *I:BKr-Paleoc@USSR \{leaf} \TS:I. zaisanica$< Macginicarpa $Manchester1986 #(I) *I:MEoc@Oreg \{pistillate inflorescences} \TS:M. glabra$< Macginistemon $Manchester1986 #(I) *I:MEoc@Neva \{stamen groups} \TS:Calycites mikanoides$MacGinitie1??? Macginitiea $Wolfe&Wehr1986; #(I) *I:Tert@Mont \{lead} \TS:Liquidambar gracile$Lesquereux1??? Platananthus $Manchester1986 #(I) *I:MEoc@Oreg \{staminate inflorescences} \TS:P. synandrus$< Platanocarpus $Friis&Crane;&Pedersen1988; #(I) *I:Kr/BAlb@Mary \{inflorescence} \TS:P. marylandensis$< Platanoxylon $AndreanszkyPrakash&Brezinova;&Buzek1971; #N(I) *N:BOligoc@TsSl *I:Oligoc@TsSl \{wood} \(???=Platanoxylon$Hofmann1952(+^A)#(I)) \TS:P. bohemicum$Prakash&Brezinova;&Buzek1;??? Pseudoaspidiophyllum $Hollick1930 #N(I) *N:BKr@Alas *I:BKr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Pseudoprotophyllum $Hollick1930 #N(I) *N:BKr@Alas *I:BKr \{leaf} \TS(+NYD) Zaissania $Romanova1971 #N(I) *NI:Paleoc@Kaza \{leaf} \TS:Populus monucoica$Romanova1??? HAMAMELIDACEAE $Brown1814 #P26/>100,m(5)28/90,C(4)30/120,F30/,M30/95 *m:Rec@wide(!subtrop-OAz) *X:Cen,San/Cmp,Paleoc,Rec {witch-hazel family/toverhazelaarfamilie} \struiken,bomen;blad(!spiraalschikking,distich;enkelvoudig,!handlobbig;!steunblaadjes);bloei(1-,2slachtig;!aar,hoofdje,dicht;bestoven door wind,insecten);!radieel K0,!4,!5-7(vrij--vergroeid) C0,!4,!5 A1-!4,!5-24(alternerend met C;kleppen,langsspleten) G(~^)(!2,3)(stijlen vrij;!1,2-veel zaadknoppen per hok axile hangend !anatroop,orthotroop 2tegmic);doosvrucht houtig !septicidal,loculicidal;embryo recht;endosperm;X=8,12,15,16 HAMAMELIDOIDEAE $Burnett1835 #C22/100 \mannelijk bloeiwijze soms vergroeid;1,2 zaadknoppen per hok anatroop HAMAMELIDEAE $DeCandolle1830 HAMAMELIDINAE $Endlicher1839 Hamamelis $Linnaeus1753 #m5-6,NF,M5-6,IB,i33 *mM:Rec@O-NAm,O-Az {witch hazels/toverhazelaar} \struik \(=$Gronov.>Linnaeus1742) \(+missp:Amamelis$Lem.1849#(B),i0) \TS:H. virginiana$< ==Trilopus $Adanson1763 #(IB),i9 \TS:??? =Lomilis $Rafinesque1838 #(IB),i1 \TS:L. ciliata$< =Shaniodendron $Deng&Wei;&Wang1992; #(M),i1 \TS:??? LOROPETALINAE $???(Endress1989) Loropetalum $Reichenbach1828 #m1-2,NF,M2-3,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@Hima,China,Japan \(<=$Brown1???) \groenblijvend \TS($Oliver1???):Hamamelis chinensis$Brown1??? Tetrathyrium $Bentham1861 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@HongKong \(~Loropetalum) \TS:T. subcordatum$< Maingaya $Oliver1873 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@MaleS/(Penang,Perak) \TS:M. malayana$< Embolanthera $Merrill1909 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@ZO-Az,Fili \TS:E. spicata$< DICORYPHINAE $???(Endress1989) Dicoryphe $DuPetitThouars1804 #m15,NF,M15,IB,i15 *mM:Rec@Mad,Como \(+missp:Dicophe$Roem.1???#(B),i0,Dicorypha$Hedw.1???#(B),i0) \TS:D. stipulacea$JaumeStHilaire1??? =Diania $Tul.1857 #(B),i1 \(<=$Noronha1???) \TS:??? =Dicocca $Thouars1806 #(B),i0 \TS:??? Trichocladus $Persoon1807 #m5,NF,M4,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@trop-,Z-Afr \TS(+R Dahlia$Thunberg1792) ==Dahlia $Thunberg1792 #(I) \(+P$Cavanilles1791(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:Dahlia crinita$Thunberg1??? Ostrearia $Baillon1871 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Quee \TS:O. australiana$< Neostrearia $Smith1958 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NO-Aus \TS:N. fleckeri$< Noahdendron $Endress&Hyland;&Tracey1985; #NF,M1,IB,i1 *M:Rec@N-Quee \TS:N. nicholasii$< CORYLOPSIDEAE $??? Corylopsis $Siebold&Zuccarini1836;("1835") #m7,NF,M7,IB,i36 *mM:Rec@Bhut--Japan \TS:C. spicata$< EUSTIGMATEAE $??? Eustigma $Gardner&Champion1849; #m2,NF,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@Z-China,ZO-Az \TS:E. oblongifolium$< Fortunearia $Rehder&Wilson1913; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@M-,O-China \bladverliezende struik;1-,2slachtig \TS:F. sinensis$< Sinowilsonia $Hemsley1906 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@M-,W-China \boom \TS:S. henryi$< FOTHERGILLEAE $Candolle1830(=DeCandolle) \("FOTHERGILLACEAE$Nutt.1818,"FOTHERGILLOIDEAE$Burnett1835,"FOTHERGILLINAE$Endlicher1839) Molinadendron $Endress1969 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@Mexi,MAm \TS:Distylium guatemalense$Harms1???(<=Radlkofer) Fothergilla $Linnaeus1774 #m2,NF,M2,+^,IB *mM:Rec@O-NAm \bladverliezende struik;A centrifugaal \TS:??? Parrotiopsis $Schneider1905 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Hima \(=$Niedenzu1891(+^A)) \^^Fothergilla/ \TS($Schneider1???):Fothergilla involucrata$Falconer1???>Niedenzu Parrotia $Meyer1831 #m1,NF,M1,+^,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@ZW-Kasp {ironwood} \("PARROTIACEAE$Horan.) \(?Panotia) \2slachtig \TS:Hamamelis persica$DeCandolle1??? Sycopsis $Oliver1860 #m7,NF,M2-3,IB,i13 *m:Rec@China,Hima,M-Male,NG *M:Rec@Assam--Taiw \TS:S. griffithiana$< Distyliopsis $Endress1970 #m5-6,NF,M6,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@Burma--(ZOAE,ZO-Az,Taiw) \TS:Sycopsis dunnii$Hemsley1??? Distylium $Siebold&Zuccarini1841;("1835") #m12,NF,M12,IB,i24 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE(}#M10),MAm(#M2) \TS:D. racemosum$< =Saxifragites $Gagnepain1950 #(IB) \(+P$Ettingshausen1869(fossilMagnoliopsida/Saxifragaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Matudaea $Lundell1940 #m1,NF,M2,IB,i4 *m:Rec@Mexi *M:Rec@M-Mexi--Hond \A centripetaal \TS:M. trinervia$< . =X Sycoparrotia $Endress&Anliker1968; #(I) \Sycopsis$Oliver1860 x Parrotia$Meyer1831 EXBUCKLANDIOIDEAE $???(Chang1973) #C4/5 \steunblaadjes breed;bloei(polygamo1huizig;hoofdje);A10-14;zaadknop anatroop EXBUCKLANDIEAE" =Symongtonieae $??? \TS:??? Exbucklandia $Brown1946 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@O-Hima,Z-China,MaleS,Suma \TS(+R Bucklandia$Griffith1836) ==Bucklandia $Griffith1836 #(MIB),i4 \(<=$Brown1???) \(+P$GrafVonSternberg1825(fossilCycadopsida/Cycadales/?:)) \TS:B. populnea$< ==Symingtonia $Steenis1952(=VanSteenis) #(MIB) \TS:??? : \(~{Exbucklandieae|Disantheae}) Chunia $Chang1948 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Hain \TS:C. bucklandioides$< Mytilaria $Lecomte1924 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Z-China--ZO-Az *M:Rec@Kwangsi,Laos \("MYTILARIOIDEAE$???(Chang1973)) \TS:M. laosensis$< DISANTHEAE $??? \("DISANTHACEAE$Nakai1943"DISANTHOIDEAE) Disanthus $Maximowicz1866 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *m:Rec@Japan *M:Rec@O-China,Z-Japan \TS:D. cercidifolia$< RHODOLEIOIDEAE $??? #C1/1 \("RHODOLEIACEAE$Nakai1943) \bloei(2slachtig;hoofdje 5-10bloemig);zaadknop anatroop Rhodoleia $Hooker1850 #m1-7,N,C1,F,M1-7,IB,i12 *mM:Rec@Z-China--Suma \(<=$Champion1???) \bestoven door vogels \TS:R. championii$< ALTINGIOIDEAE $Reinsch.1889 #C3/12 \2huizig \("ALTINGIACEAE$Lindley1846(+NomCons)) \bloei(2huizig;vrouwelijk bloemen in bolle hoofdjes);mannelijk P0;vrouwelijk P veel schubbig;zaadknop orthotroop =LIQUIDAMBAROIDEAE $??? \("LIQUIDAMBARACEAE$Dumortier1829) Liquidambar $Linnaeus1753 #m4,NCF,M5,+^,IB,i22 *m:Rec@MAm,Az *M:Rec@O-MidZ,O-Az,ZO-NAm,MAm {balm of Gilead,sweet gum=American red gum,satin walnut,=bilsted/amberboom} \1huizig,bladverliezende bomen \TS:L. styraciflua$< =Cathayambar $Nakai1943 #(I),i0 \(=$Harms1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) Altingia $Noronha1790 #m7,NCF,M8,IB,i16 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE {rasamala} |<6000 \("ALTINGIEAE$Rchb,1831) \TS:A. excelsa$< =Sedgwickia $Wallich&Griffith1836;|Griffith1836 #(IB),i1 \(+P$Bowdich1825(Hepaticopsida/Lunulariaceae)) \TS:S. cerasifolia$< Semiliquidambar $Chang1962 #F,M~3,(B),i5 *M:Rec@O-China \(~Altingia~Liquidambar) \TS:??? . =Anamelis $Garden1821 #i0 \TS:??? =Foterghillia $Dum.1829 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Fothergillia $Spreng.1830 #i0 \TS:??? =Sycoparrotia $Endress&Anliker1968; #i1 \TS:??? =Symingtonia $Steenis1952(=VanSteenis) #i2 \TS:??? ^ Altingioxylon $Kramer1974 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Java \{wood} \TS:A. rhodoleioides$< Corylopsiphyllum $Koch1963 #(I) *I:Paleoc@Groe \{leaves} \TS:C. groenlandicum$< Corylopsites $Mathiesen1932 #(I) *I:OTert@O-Groe \{wood} \(?>Corylopsis) \TS:C. groenlandicus$< Eoliquidambar $Chandler1961 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Enge \{fruiting head} \TS:E. hordwellensis$< Hamamelidanthium $Conwentz1886 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit \{flower in amber} \TS:H. succineum$< Hamamelidoxylon $Lignier1907 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Fran \{wood} \TS:H. renaulti$< Hamamelites $Saporta1865 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \{leaf} \TS:H. fothergilloides$< Langeria $Wolfe&Wehr1987; #(I) *I:MEoc@NO-Wash \{leaf} \TS:L. magnifica$< Protaltingia $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruiting head} \TS:P. europaea$< ? Ambaroxylon $Houlbert1910 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Fran \{wood} \TS:A. lecointreae$< Klikovispermum $Knobloch&Mai1984; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Duit \TS:K. waltheri$< ? Carinalaspermum $Krassilov1976 #N(I) *N:Kr-Paleoc@USSR \{seed} \(Hamamelidaceae|Platanaceae) \TS:C. bureicum$< Paraprotophyllum $Herman1984 #(I) *I:Kr/(Tur-OSen)@Sakh \{leaf} \TS:Protophyllum ignatianum$Kryshtofovich&Baikovskaya1;??? ************************* * ?: \("Myrothamnales$Nakai1993,"Myrothamnanae$Takhtajan1997) ************************* MYROTHAMNACEAE $Niedenzu1891 #P1/2,m1/2,C1/2,F1/,M1/2 *m:Rec@Z-trop-Afr,Mad *X:Rec {chanasa family} \(~Rosidae/Bruniales) \struikjes;blad(tegenoverstaand;flabellate,geplooid;niet netnervig;steunblaadjes);bloei(2huizig;aar;bestoven door wind);radieel P0-4 A3-8(alternerend met P;langsspleten) G_(3,4)(3,4hokkig;stijlen krom vrij;veel zaadknoppen per hok axile anatroop 2tegmic);doosvrucht veelzadig;veel endosperm;2n=20 Myrothamnus $Welwitsch1859("1858") #m2,N,C2,F,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Kenia,Z-trop-Afr,Mad \TS:M. flabellifolia$< =Myosurandra $Baillon1870 #(I),i1 \TS:M. moschata$< ************************* * Juglandanae $Takhtajan1992 \(!Rosanae) * Juglandales $Dumortuer1829 * Juglandineae ************************* RHOIPTELEACEAE $HandelMazetti1932 #P1/1,m1/1,C1/1,F1/,M1/1 *m:Rec@ZW-China,N-Viet *X:?Maa,Rec \(+NomCons) \bomen;bestoven door wind;bladverliezend \("Rhoipteleales$Novak1992) Rhoiptelea $Diels&HandelMazzetti1932; #m1,N,C1,F,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@ZW-China,N-Viet \TS:R. chiliantha$< JUGLANDACEAE $Richard1824 #P7-8/~60,m7/59,C8/59,F8/,M8/59 *m:Rec@gem-,warm-NH--(ZAm,ZOAE) *X:OKr,Cmp,Paleoc-Rec {walnut family/walnootfamilie=okkernootfamilie} \(+NomCons) \bomen,struiken;blad(!spiraalschikking,tegenoverstaand;3bladig,veervormig samengesteld;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(1-,2huizig;!okselstandig katje,eindstandige pluim;bestoven door wind);mannelijk B K0-!4,5(~vastgegroeid aan B) C0 A3-!(5-40)->100(1->2kransen;helmdraden kort;langsspleten);vrouwelijk B() K0,4(tanden) C0 G^(!2,3)(stijlen vrij,soms onderaan vergroeid,stempels zelden zittend;!2,3hokkig+1hok apically;1 zaadknop apical orthotroop 1tegmic);nootvrucht,samara,~steenvrucht 1zadig;~0 endosperm;X=16 PLATYCARYOIDEAE $??? Platycarya $Siebold&Zuccarini1843; #m1,NF,M3,+^,IB,i6 *m:Rec@M-,O-China *M:Rec@M-,O-China,Korea,Japan,Viet \TS:P. strobilacea$< =Fortunaea $Lindley1846 #(I),i1 \TS:F. chinensis$< Cyclocarya $Iljinskaja1953 #NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@O-China \(~Pterocarya) \TS:Pterocarya paliurus$Batalin1??? JUGLANDOIDEAE $Eaton1836 JUGLANDEAE $Meisn.1837 Juglans $Linnaeus1753 #m21,NF,M21,+^,IB,i128 *mM:Rec@MidZ(Eur:#M1)--O-Az,NAm--Andes {walnut,butternut/walnoot,okkernoot,zwarte noot} \Notenhout;bevat juglone \TS:J. regia$< ==Nux $DuhamelDuMonceau1755 #(I),i2 \TS:??? =Wallia $Alefeld1861 #(I),i5 \TS(+NYD) Pterocarya $Kunth1824 #m6,NF,M6,+^,IB,i28 *mM:Rec@Kauk--O-,ZO-Az {wingnut/vleugelnoot} \TS:Juglans pterocarpa$Michaux1??? ENGELHARDIEAE $??? Engelhardtia $Blume1826(?1825) #m5,NF,M5,+^,B,i34 *mM:Rec@Hima--Male \(<=$Leschenault1???) \(=Engelhardia$Leschenault1???>Blume1826#I) \TS:E. spicata$Blume1???(<=Leschenault) =Pterilema $Reinwardt1825("1828") #(IB),i2 \TS:P. aceriflorum$< Oreomunnea $Oersted1856 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@MAm \blad tegenoverstaand \TS:O. pterocarpa$< Alfaroa $Standley1927 #m7,NF,M7,IB,i9 *mM:Rec@Mexi--Colom \blad tegenoverstaand \TS:A. costaricensis$< HICOREAE $??? Carya $Nuttall1818 #m17,NF,M14,+^,IB,i61 *mM:Rec@!(O-NAm--MAm),O-Az {hickories,pecan,pignut=hognut,mockernut/bitternoot} \(+NomCons) \vrouwelijk K0 \TS(+TypCons):Juglans tomentosa$Poiret1??? =Annamocarya $Chevalier1941 #(MI),i2 \TS:A. indochinensis$< =Hicorius $Rafinesque1817 #(MIB),i52 \(+NomRej vs Carya) \(=Hicoria$Rafinesque1???) \TS(+NYD) =Rhamphocarya $Kuang1941 #(IB),i1 \(~Annamocarya) \TS:R. integrifoliolata$< . =Alfaropsis $Iljinskaja1993 #i1 \TS:??? =Fortunea $Poit.1846 #i0 \TS:??? =Hicoria $Rafinesque1838 #i40 \TS:??? =Oreamunoa $Oersted1870 #i1 \TS:??? =Petrophiloides $Reid&Chandler1933; #i2 \TS:??? =Regia $Candolle1864(=DeCandolle) #i1 \(<=$Loud.1???) \TS:??? =Scoria $Rafinesque1808 #i8 \TS:??? =Scorias $Endl.1841 #i0 \(<=$Rafin.1???) \TS:??? ^ Antweileria $Kirchheimer1951 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Duit \{fruit} \TS:A. caryoides$< Aspidicutis $Kovach&Dilcher1984; #(I) *I:MEoc@Tenn \{cuticle} \TS:A. lunata$< Caryojuglandoxylon $MuellerStoll&Maedel1960; #N(I) *NI:Tert@Hong \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Caryojuglans $Kirchheimer1935 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Duit \{fruit} \TS:C. quadrangula$< Casholdia $Crane&Manchester1982; #(I) *I:BPaleoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:C. microptera$< Cruciptera $Manchester1991 #(I) *I:Eoc@Oreg \{fruit} \TS:Tetrapteris simsonii$Brown1??? Engelhardioxylon $Manchester1983 #(I) *I:MEoc@Oreg \{wood} \TS:E. nutbedensis$< Eoengelhardia $Crepet&Daghlian;&Zavada1980; #N(I) *NI:MEoc@Tenn \{inflorescence,catkins} \TS:E. puryearensis$< Eucaryoxylon $MuellerStoll&Maedel1960; #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Hong \{wood} \TS:E. crystallophorum$< Juglandicarya $Reid&Chandler1933; #N(I),i1 *N:Eoc@Enge \{seed} \TS(+NYD) Juglandinium $Unger1845 #N(I) *N:?Tert@Grie/LesbosE,Hong *I:?Tert@Grie/LesbosE \{wood} \TS:J. mediterraneum$< Juglandiphyllum $Fontaine1889 #N(I) *NI:OKr@Va \{leaf} \(+P$Nathorst1888(fossilMagnoliopsida/?:)) \TS:J. integrifolium$< Juglandites $Endlicher1840 #N(I) *N:Mioc@Ital *I:Tert@Eur \(<=$GrafVonSternberg1???) \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Juglandoxylon $Kraus1886 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Sici \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Juglandoxylon $Hofmann1952 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Oost \{wood} \(+P$Kraus1886(fossilMagnoliopsida/Juglandaceae)) \TS:J. schadleri$< Mirbellites $Unger1845 #N(I) *NI:?Tert@Grie/LesbosE \{wood} \TS:M. lesbius$< Momipites $Wodehouse1933 #NH(I) *I:Eoc \{spores} \TS:M. coryloides$< Oreoroa $Dilcher&Manchester1986; #(I) *I:MEoc@Ky \{leaflet} \TS:O. claibornensis$< Palaeocarya $Saporta1873 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Fran *I:Eoc@Eur \{fruit} \TS(+NYD) Paleooreomunnea $Dilcher&Potter;&Crepet1976; #N(I) *NI:MEoc@Tenn \{fruit} \TS:P. stoneana$< Paraengelhardtia $Berry1916 #N(I) *N:Eoc@Tenn *I:Eoc \{fruit} \TS:P. eocenica$< Paraoreomunnea $Dilcher&Potter;&Crepet1976; #N(I) *NI:MEoc@Tenn \{fruit} \TS:Engelhardia puryearensis$Berry1??? Polyptera $Manchester&Dilcher1982; #(I) *I:Paleoc@Wyom \{fruit} \TS:P. manningii$< Pseudoengelhardtia $Givulescu1961 #N(I) *NI:Mioc/Pannon@Roem \TS:P. dacica$< Pterocaryopsis $Chandler1961 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:P. bognorensis$< Pterocaryoxylon $MuellerStoll&Maedel1960; #N(I) *NI:OPlioc@Hong \{wood} \TS:P. pannonicum$< Rhysocaryoxylon $Duperon1988 #(I) *I:Tert@Hong \{wood} \TS:Juglandinium schenkii$Felix1??? Sphaerocarya $Dorofeev1970 #N(I) *N:Mioc@M-Oeral *I:Mioc@USSR \{fruit,endocarp} \^^Carya \(+P$Wallich1824(Magnoliopsida/Santalaceae)) \TS:Carya nikitinii$Dorofeev1???(+NomInval) Vinea $Wolfe1968 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Wash \{leaflet} \TS:V. pugetensis$< ? Eokachyra $Crepet&Dilcher;&Potter1975; #N(I) *NI:MEoc@Tenn \{inflorescence,catkins} \TS:E. aeolius$< Hooleya $Reid&Chandler1926; #N(I) *N:Oligoc@Enge *I:Tert@Eur \{fruit} \(?Juglandaceae|Betulaceae) \TS:Hiraea hermis$Unger1??? Jugloxylon $Stopes&Fujii1910; #N(I) *NI:BKr@Hokk \{wood} \(?>Juglans) \TS:J. hamaoanum$< Pugetia $Wolfe1968 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Wash \{leaflet} \(+P$Gandoger1881(Magnoliopsida/Rosaceae)) \TS:??? ************************* * Myricineae \("Myricales$Engl.1897) ************************* MYRICACEAE $Blume1829 #P3-4/~50,m3/50,C3/40,M3/55 *mM:Rec@~cosm(^MidZ^Aus) *X:San,Eoc,Rec {bayberry family/gagelfamilie} \("MYRICOIDEAE$(Kunth1???)Sweet1826,"MYRICEAE$DeCandolle1828,"MYRCIINAE$Berg1855) \bomen,struiken;blad(spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig);bloei(!1slachtig;aar,samengestelde aar;bestoven door wind);P!0;mannelijk B bracteole A2-!4,5,6-20(langsspleten);vrouwelijk B2 G(2)(1hokkig;stijlen ~vrij;1 zaadknop erect orthotroop 1tegmic);steenvrucht,nootje;embryo recht;~0 endosperm;X=8 Myrica $Linnaeus1753 #m~50,NF,M55,+^,IB *mM:Rec@~cosm,(^MidZ^Aus),(Eur:#M2) {bay berry,wax myrtle=candleberry,sweet gale=bog myrtle/gagel} \struik;2huizig \(+missp:Mirica$Nocca1???#i0) \TS:M. gale$< ==Gale $DuhamelDuMonceau1755 #(MI),i9 \TS:G. gale$L. ==Angeia $Tidestrom1910 #(I),i1 \^^Myrica \TS:M. gale$Linnaeus1??? =Cerothamnus $Tidestrom1910 #(I),i7 \TS(+NYD) =Faya $Webb&Berthelot1847;|Webb1847 #(I),i1 \TS:F. fragifera$Webb&Berthelot1;???=Myrica faya$Aiton1??? =Fayana $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \(~Faya) \TS:F. azorica$< =Gilipus $Rafinesque1838 #(MI)B,i1 \(?Rubiaceae) \TS:Cephalanthus montanus$Loureiro1??? =Morella $Loureiro1790 #(I),i20 \TS:M. rubra$< Comptonia $Gaertn.1791 #m1,F,M1,+^,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@O-NAm *Eoc@NAm,Eur {/varenberk} \(<=$Aiton1789|Banks) \(<=$LHeritier1???) \!1huizig;steunblaadjes \TS($LHeritier1???>Aiton):Liquidambar asplenifolium$Linnaeus1??? . =Cerophora $Rafinesque1838 #i4 \TS:??? ? Canacomyrica $Guillaumin1940 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@NCal %ultramafisch \P>0 A5,6 \TS:C. monticola$< ^ Carpinicarpus $Nikitin1965 #N(I) *NI:OMioc@W-Sibe \{seed,fruit} \TS:C. longistylus$Nikitin1???(+NomInval) Myriciphyllum $Conwentz1886 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Duit {Leaf in amber} \TS:M. oligocenicum$< Myricophyllum $Ettingshausen1893(=VonEttingshausen) #N *N:Kr@Quee \{leaf} \(+P$Saporta1862(fossilMagnoliopsida/Proteaceae)) \TS:??? Myricoxylon $MuellerStoll&Maedel1962; #N(I) *NI:Mioc@N-Hong \{wood} \TS:M. hungaricum$< Pelticutis $Schneider1969 #N(I) *NI:MMioc@Duit \{dispersed cuticle} \TS:P. amplirima$< ? Myricanthium $Velenovsky1889 #N(I) *NI:Kr/Cen@Bohe \{inflorescence} \TS:M. amentaceum$< ************************* * ? \("Juglandales?) ************************* Antiquocarya $Friis1983 #(I) *I:Kr/(San-Cmp)@Zwed \{flower} \TS:A. verruculosa$< Caryanthus $Friis1983 #(I) *I:Kr/(San-Cmp)@Zwed \{flower} \TS:C. knoblochii$< Manningia $Friis1983 #(I) *I:Kr/(San-Cmp)@Zwed \{flower} \TS:M. crassa$< ************************* * Faganae $Takhtajan1997 \(~Hamamelidanae!Rosanae) * Fagales $Engler1892 \(=Betulales$Bromhead1838) ************************* TICODENDRACEAE $GomezLaurito1991 #1/1,C1/1,F1/,M1/1 *M:Rec@MAm *X:Rec \groenblijvend;bloei(polygaam-2huizig);houtig;primitiefste Fagales \(?TICHODENDRACEAE) Ticodendron $GomezLaurito&GomezPiguataro1989; #1,N,C1,F,M1,B,i1 *M:Rec@Z-Mexi--M-Pana \TS:??? FAGACEAE $Dumortier1829 #P6-8/~800,m7/1050,C(2)9/700-800,F9/,M8/700 *m:Rec@cosm(^trop-Afr^Z-Afr) *X:BKr,Rec {beech family/beukenfamilie} \bomen,struiken;blad(!spiraal-,tegenoverstaand,kransschikking;enkelvoudig--diepgelobd;steunblaadjes vallen af);bloei(!1-,2huizig;!hangend,rechtop solitair,mannelijk dichasia,katjes,hoofdjes,vrouwelijk !(1-7)-15 onderaan mannelijk of apart omwindsel;bestoven door !wind,insecten);mannelijk P~0,4-!6,7-9(soms onderaan vergroeid) A4-!(6-12)-90(langsspleten);vrouwelijk A~6-12(staminodes) G^(2,!3,!6,7-12)(=G stijlen;=G hokken bovenaan verbonden;2 zaadknoppen per hok axile anatroop !2,1tegmic);!nootvrucht,samara;embryo recht,groot;0 endosperm;X=11,!12,13 =CUPULIFERAE $Rich.1??? FAGOIDEAE $Koch1873 #C5/400 FAGEAE $Reichenbach1831 Fagus $Linnaeus1753 #m10,NF,M10,+^,IB,i95 *mM:Rec@N-gem,(Eur:#M1) {beeches/beuken} \boom;bladverliezend;1huizig \TS:F. sylvatica$< QUERCEAE $Dumortier1827 \("QUERCOIDEAE$Oersted867,"QUERCACEAE$Bercht.&Presl1820;,"Quercales$Burnett1835) Quercus $Linnaeus1753 #m600,NF,M~400,+^,IB,i2019 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M20)--(Z)--(ZOAE,Colom) {oaks,quercitron,acorn,Aleppo gall/eiken} \!boom,struik;groenblijvend,bladverliezend;kurk,gallen \TS:Q. robur$< =Balanaulax $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i2 \(~Pasania) \TS:Quercus molucca$Linnaeus1??? =Cerris $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i9 \TS(+NYD) =Cyclobalanopsis $Oersted1867 #(M)I(B),i148 \(+NomCons) \TS(+TypCons):C. velutina$Oersted1???=Quercus velutina$Wallich1???(<=Lindley)(+non$Lamarck1???) =Eriodrys $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Quercus lanata$Smith1??? =Erythrobalanus $Schwarz1936 #(I),i6 \(=$Oersted1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) =Ilex $Miller1754 #(Ii) \(+P$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Aquifoliaceae)) \TS(+NYD) =Limlia $Masamune&Tomiya1947; #(I),i1 \TS:Quercus uraiana$Hayata1??? =Macrobalanus $Schwarz1936 #(I),i0 \(=$Oersted1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) =Perytis $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i4 \(+NomRej vs Cyclobalanopsis$Oersted1867) \(~Cyclobalanopsis) \TS:Quercus lamellosa$Smith1??? =Scolodrys $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i2 \TS(+NYD) =Suber $Miller1754 #(I) \TS:Quercus suber$Linnaeus1753 Trigonobalanus $Forman1962 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@W-ZOAE(#M1),Thai,Laos,China(}#M1),Colom(#M1) *N:Eoc@Eur;Rec \("TRIGONOBALANOIDEAE$Lozano&HernandezCamacho;&Henao1979;) \TS:T. verticillata$< =Colombobalanus $Nixon&Crepet1989;|Hjelmquist1??? #F(M)I(B),i1 \TS:Trigonobalanus excelsa$LozanoC.&Hernandez-Camacho;&Henas-S.; =Formanodendron $Nixon&Crepet1989; #F(M)I(B),i1 \TS($Nixon&Crepet1;???):Quercus daichangensis$Camus1??? CASTANEOIDEAE $Oersted1866 #C4/300 \("CASTANEACEAE$Adanson1763,"CASTANEEAE$Dumortier1827) Castanea $Miller1754 #m12,NF,M10,+^,IB,i85 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M1) {common chestnut=sweet chestnut=Spanish chestnut,American chestnut,Japanese chestnut,chinquapin/tamme kastanje} \bestoven door insecten \TS:C. sativa$< Castanopsis $Spach1841 #m110,NF,M110,+^,IB,i218 *m:Rec@trop-,warm-Az,ZW-NAm *M:Rec@trop-,warm-Az \(+NomCons) \(=$Don1???(+^A)) \TS($Spach1???):Quercus armata$Roxburgh1??? =Balanoplis $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i2 \(+NomRej vs Castanopsis$(Don1???)Spach1841) \TS:Quercus tribuloides$Smith1??? =Callaeocarpus $Miquel1851 #(I),i2 \TS:C. sumatrana$< =Chlamydobalanus $Koidzumi1940 #(I),i0 \(=$Endlicher1848(+^A)) \^^Quercus/ \TS:Quercus cuspidata$Thunberg1??? =Pasaniopsis $Kudo1928(?1922) #(IB),i1 \TS:Pasania sieboldii$Makino1??? Chrysolepis $Hjelmqvist1948 #NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@W-NAm {golden chestnut/goudkastanje} \(~Castanopsis) \TS:Castanea chrysophylla$Hooker1???(<=Douglas) Lithocarpus $Blume1826(?1825) #m300,NF,M>100,IB,i502 *mM:Rec@Male,ZOAE *N:^@W-NAm *X:Rec \TS:L. javensis$< =Arcaula $Rafinesque1838 #(I),i1 \TS:Quercus spicata$Smith1??? =Corylopasania $Nakai1939 #(I),i4 \(=$Hickel&Camus1921;(+^A)) \^^Pasania/ \(~Pasania) \TS($Nakai1???):Pasania tubulosa$Hickel&Camus1;??? =Cyclobalanus $Oersted1867 #(I),i31 \(=$Endlicher1848(+^A)) \^^Quercus/ \TS(+NYD) =Kuromatea $Kudo1930 #(I),i1 \^^Quercus \(~Pasania) \TS:Quercus glabra$Thunberg1??? =Pasania $Oersted1867 #(IB),i237 \(=$Miquel1???(+^A)) \TS(+NYD) =Synaedrys $Lindley1836 #(I),i159 \TS:S. ossea$< . =X Castanocasta $Ciferri&Giacomini1954; #(I),i0 \Castanea$Miller1754 x Castanopsis$(Don1???)Spach1841 NOTHOFAGOIDEAE" \("NOTHOFAGACEAE$Kuprian.1962,"NOTHOFAGEAE$BaumannBodenheim1992) \(^Fageae) Nothofagus $Blume1850 #m35,N,C35,F,M35,+^,IB,i60 *mM:Rec@NG,NCal,gem-Aus,NZ,gem-ZAm {southern beeches,nirre,coigue/zuidelijke beuk} \(+NomCons) \groenblijvend;bladverliezend;mannelijk 1-3bloemige dichasia;zaadknoppen 1tegmic \TS(+TypCons)($Oersted1???):Fagus antarctica$Forster1??? =Calucechinus $Hombron&Jacquinot1843; #(I),i3 \(+NomRej vs Nothofagus$Blume1850) \TS:C. antarctica$< =Calusparassus $Hombron&Jacquinot1843; #(I),i3 \(+NomRej vs Nothofagus$Blume1850) \TS:C. forsteri$< =Fagaster $Spach1841 #(I),i0 \(+NomRej vs Nothofagus$Blume1850) \TS:Fagus dombeyi$Mirbel1??? =Lophozonia $Turczaninow1858 #(I),i1 \TS:L. heterocarpa$< =Trisyngyne $Baillon1874 #I(B),i23 \TS(+NYD) . =Castanocastanea $Heath1992 #i0 \TS:??? =Castanophorum $Necker1790 #i0 \TS:??? =Cliffortioides $Hook.1844 #i1 \(<=$Dryand.1???) \TS:??? =Corilus $Nocca1793 #i0 \TS:??? =Distigocarpus $Sarg.1893 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Dryopsila $Rafinesque1838 #i8 \TS:??? =Myrtilloides $Hook.1844 #i1 \(<=$Banks&Soland.1;???) \TS:??? =Phegos $StLager1880 #i0 \TS:??? =Pleiosyngyne $BaumannBodenheim1992 #i1 \(+NomNud) \TS:??? =Shiia $Makino1928 #i9 \TS:??? =Synaedris $Steudel1841 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Zugilus $Rafinesque1817 #i1 \TS:??? ^ Amentogerdiopollenites $Crepet&Nixon1989; #(I) *I:Oligoc@Texas \{catkin} \TS:A. oligocenensis$< Amentoplexipollenites $Crepet&Nixon1989; #(I) *I:Oligoc@Texas \{catkin} \TS:A. catahoulaensis$< Amplobalanus $Crepet&Nixon1989; #(I) *I:Oligoc@Texas \{fruit} \TS:A. texensis$< Berryophyllum $Jones&Dilcher1988; #(I) *I:Eoc@Tenn \{leaf} \TS:B. warmanense$< Carpinites $Goeppert&Berendt1845; #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Duit \{inflorescence,pistillate} \TS:??? Castaneoidea $Crepet&Daghlian1980; #N(I) *NI:MEoc@Tenn \{inflorescence} \TS:C. puryearensis$< Castaneoides $McGinitie1974 #(I) *I:MEoc@Wyom \{leaf} \TS:C. aequalita$< Castaneophyllum $Jones&Dilcher1988; #(I) *I:OEoc@Tenn \{leaf} \TS:Dryophyllum tennesseensis$Berry1??? Castanopsoidea $Crepet&Nixon1989; #(I) *I:Paleoc|Eoc@W-Tenn \{infructescence} \TS:C. columbiana$< Castanoxylon $Navale1964 #N(I) *NI:Tert@India \{wood} \(?>Castanopsis) \TS:C. indicum$< Dryobalanus $Landgrebe1842 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@WDuit \{fruit} \TS:D. basalticus$< Fagophyllum $Nathorst1888 #N(I) *N:Mioc@Japan *I:Tert@Japan \{leaf} \TS:F. gottschei$< Fagopsis $Hollick1909 #N(I) *N:Mioc@Color *I:Mioc \{leaf} \TS:Planera longifolia$Lesquereux1??? Fagoxylon $Hofmann1944 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc@Oost \{wood} \(+P$Stopes&Fujii1910;(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:F. kraeuselii$< Nothofagoxylon $Gothan1908 #N(I) *NI:BKr@Ant {Wood} \TS:N. scalariforme$< Paleojulacea $Crepet&Nixon1989; #(I) *I:Paleoc|Eoc@W-Tenn \{catkin} \TS:P. laxa$< Parafagus $Oliver1936 #N(I) *NI:Plioc@NZ \{leaf} \TS:P. otakouia$< Parvobalanus $Crepet&Nixon1989; #(I) *I:Oligoc@Texas \{fruit} \TS:P. gracilis$< Pasianopsis $Saporta&Marion1878; #N(I) *N:OEoc@Belg *I:Eoc/Heers@Belg \{leaf} \TS:P. retinervis$< Pseudofagus $Smiley&Huggins1981; #(I) *I:Mioc@Idaho \{leaf,fruit} \TS:P. idahoensis$< Quercites $Langeron1899 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \(+P$Berger1832(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:??? Quercoxylon $Kraeusel1939 #(I) *I:OOligoc@Egyp \{wood} \(+P$Hofmann1929(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:??? Quercoxylon $Andreanszky1952 #N(I) *N:OOligoc@Egyp;BMioc@Hong *I:BMioc@Hong \{wood} \(+P$Hofmann1929(fossilPlantae/?:)) \TS:Q. avasense$< Trigobalanoidea $Crepet&Nixon1989; #(I) *I:Paleoc|Eoc@W-Tenn \{infructescence} \TS:T. americana$< ? Paraquercinium $Wheeler&Lee;&Matten1987; #(I) *I:Kr/Maa@Illi \{wood} \TS:P. cretaceum$< NOTHOFAGACEAE $Kuprianova1962 #C1/35,F1/,(M) *M:Rec@NG,NCal,gem-Aus,NZ,gem-ZAm {southern-beech family} \(!~Fagaceae) BETULACEAE $Gray1821 #P6/~120,m6/150,C(2)6/157,F6/,M6/110 *m:Rec@NH *M:Rec@N-gem,bergen:trop *X:?San,BPaleoc-Rec {berch family/berkenfamilie} \(+NomCons) \("CUPULIFERAE) \bomen,struiken;bladverliezend;blad(!spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig;!getand;steunblaadjes vallen af);bloei(1huizig;mannelijk langgerekt hangend katje;vrouwelijk kort hangend of rechtop,!houtig);K0!(1-6)(schubbig) C0 A=K,-18(tegenover K;vrij,onderaan vergroeid;pollenzakken !~los) G^(!2,3)(stijlen ~los;onderaan !2,3hokkig,bovenaan 1hokkig;1-2 zaadknoppen per hok axile hangend anatroop !1tegmic);nootvrucht,samara met 2 vleugels;dun,0 endosperm;X=8,14 BETULOIDEAE $Rich.1832 #C2/95 \mannelijke bloemen in groepjes van 3 Alnus $Miller1754 #m35,NF,M25,+^,IB,i172 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M4)--(Z)--Assam,ZO-Az,Andes {alder/els} \("ALNINAE$???(Chen1994),"ALNEAE$(Spach1???)Ledeb.1850) \pollenzakken vergroeid \TS:Betula alnus a glutinosa$Linnaeus1??? =Alnaster $Spach1841 #(I),i16 \^^Betula \(~Duschekia) \TS:A. viridis$(Chaix1???)Spach(+NomIlleg) ==Alnobetula $Schur1853 #(I),i1 \(=$Koch1844(+^A)) \^^Alnus/ \TS:??? ==Semidopsis $Zumaglini1849 #(I),i1 \TS:??? =Clethropsis $Spach1841 #(I),i2 \TS(+NYD) =Duschekia $Opiz1839 #(MI),i13 \TS:Betula ovata$Schrank1??? Betula $Linnaeus1753 #m~60,NF,M35,IB,i412 *mM:Rec@NH,+^,(Eur:#M4) {birch/berk} \bomen,struiken;bladverliezend;1huizig \(>Alnus) \("BETULEAE$Dumortier1827,"BETULINAE$DeCandolle1828) \TS:B. alba$< =Apterocaryon $Opiz1855 #(I),i1 \(=$Spach1841(+^A)) \^^Betula/ \TS($Opiz1???):Betula michauxii$Spach1??? =Betulaster $Spach1841 #(I),i4 \TS(+NYD) =Chamaebetula $Opiz1855 #(I),i8 \TS(+NYD) =Cremastogyne $Czerepanov1955 #(MI),i3 \(=$Winkler1904(+^A)) \^^Alnus/ \TS:C. longipes$Czerepanov1???=Alnus cremastogyne$Burkill1??? CORYLOIDEAE $Hooker1870 #C4/62 \("CORYLACEAE$Mirbel1815,Corylales$Dumortier1829) \mannelijke bloemen solitair;zaad in 2-3 schutbladen CORYLEAE $Dumortier1827 Corylus $Linnaeus1753 #m~10,NF,M15,+^,IB,i71 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M3) {hazel,filbert,Barcelona nut/hazelaar} \boom,struik;1huizig \TS:C. avellana$< Ostryopsis $Decaisne1873 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@O-Mong,ZW-China \struik \("OSTRYOPSINAE$???(Chen1994)) \TS:O. davidiana$< CARPINEAE $Candolle1864(=DeCandolle) \("CARPININAE$???(Chen1994),"CARPINACEAE$VonVest1818) \(~Coryleae) Carpinus $Linnaeus1753 #m35,NF,M26,+^,IB,i126 *mM:Rec@N-gem(Eur:#M2)--bergen:MAm,!O-Az {hornbeam,American hornbeam=blue beech=water beech/haagbeuk} \boom;bladverliezend;bloei(1huizig);zaadknop 2tegmic \TS:C. betulus$< ==Ostrya $Hill1757 #(I),i22 \(+suppr vs$Scopoli1760(Magnoliopsida/Betulaceae)) \TS:??? =Distegocarpus $Siebold&Zuccarini1846; #(I),i5 \TS:D. carpinus$Siebold&Zuccarini1;???=D. carpinoides Ostrya $Scopoli1760 #m10,NF,M5,+^,IB *mM:Rec@N-gem--MAm {hop-hornbeam,ironwood,leverwood/hopbeuk} \(+NomCons) \TS:O. carpinifolia$Scopoli1???=Carpinus ostrya$Linnaeus1??? . =Betulaalnus $Marshall1785 #(I) \(?Betula-Alnus$Marshall1785#i3) \TS(+NYD) =Alnus $Linnaeus1735 #i0 \TS:??? ^ Alnites $Deane1902 #N(I) *N:Tert@NwZW \{leaf} \(+P$Goeppert1836-1837(fossilMagnoliopsida/Betulaceae);+P$Hisinger1837(fossilMagnoliophyta/?:)) \TS:A. latifolia$< Alnites $Goeppert1837(?1836) #N(I) *N:Mioc@WDuit \{inflorescence,flower} \TS:A. kefersteinii$< Asterocarpinus $Manchester&Crane1987; #(I) *I:OOligoc@Color \{fruit} \TS:Buettneria perplexans$Cockerell1??? Corylocarpinus $Straus1969 #(I) *I:Plioc@Duit \{fruit} \TS:C. szaferowae$< Coryloxylon $Prakash&&1971 #(I) *I:Oligoc@TsSl \{wood} \TS:C. nemejcii$Prakash&&1??? Craspedodromophyllum $Crane1981 #(I) *I:BPaleoc@Enge \{leaf} \TS:C. acutum$< Betulites $Goeppert1836 #N(I) *NI:Mioc@Duit \{inflorescence} \TS:B. salzhausensis$< Betuloxylon $Kaiser1880 #N(I) *NI:Oligoc \{stem} \(???=Betuloxylon$Hofmann1944(+^A)#(I)) \TS:B. oligocenicum$< Eucarpinoxylon $MuellerStoll&Maedel1959; #N(I) *NI:Tert@Hong \{wood} \TS(+NYD) Fagites $Goeppert1844 #N(I) *^ \{leaf} \TS:F. gypsaceus$< Palaeocarpinus $Crane1981 #(I) *I:BPaleoc@Enge \{fruit} \TS:P. laciniata$< Paracarpinus $Manchester&Crane1987; #(I) *I:OOligoc@Oreg \{foliage} \TS:P. chaneyi$< Rhizoalnoxylon $Conwentz1880 #N(I) *NI:Tert@Polen \{wood of roots} \TS:R. inclusum$< Tubela $Dorofeev1982 #(I) *I:Oligoc@Lito \{fruits} \TS:T. baltica$< ? Betuliphyllum $Dusen1899 #N(I) *N:Oligoc@Z-Chili \{leaf} \Leaf; Oligocene; Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile \TS:B. patagonicum$< ************************* * ? * Casuarinales $Lindley1833 \(?>Betulaceae?>Myricaceae) ************************* CASUARINACEAE $Brown1814 #P1/~50,m4/70,1/51,C4/70,F4/,M4/95 *m:Rec@Male,ZOAE,!Aus,W-PacOc *X:?BTr,OPaleoc-Rec {she-oak family} \(+NomCons) \("Casuarineae$Colla1830) \bomen,struiken;groenblijvend;blad(kransschikking(<20 4-kransen);schub-achtig;~vergroeid;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(1-,2huizig;bestoven door wind);mannelijk P1-2 A1;vrouwelijk P0 G2(2hokkig waarvan 1 vruchtbaar;stijl 2takkig;!2,4 zaadknoppen orthotroop 2tegmic);kegel van 1zadige gevleugelde samara-noten;0 endosperm;embryo recht;X=8-14(?oorspr.9) Gymnostoma $Johnson1980 #m20,NF,M18,IB,i14 *mM:Rec@ZOAE--W-PacOc \(~Casuarina) \TS:Casuarina nodiflora$Thunberg1??? =Quadrangula $BaumannBodenheim1989 #(FB),i2 \TS:??? Ceuthostoma $Johnson1988 #2,NF,M2,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@(Pala,Born)--NG \(~Casuarina) \TS:C. terminale$< Casuarina $Linneaus1759 #PNF,M17,+^,IB,i118 *mM:Rec@trop-OW |[>2000] {ironwood,she-oak,swamp oak,Australian pine=beefwood=jau=whistling pine=yar,river oak/tjemara,Australisch ijzerhout=strandcasuarina} \!2huizig \TS:C. equisetifolia$Linnaeus1??? Allocasuarina $Johnson1982 #m46,NF,M58,IB,i60 *mM:Rec@Aus,!Z-Aus {-she-oaks,bull oak} \1-,2huizig \(~Casuarina) \TS:Casuarina torulosa$Aiton1??? ^ Casuaroxylon $Goeppert&Stache1855; #N(I) *NI:^ \{wood?} \TS(+NYD) ? Casuarinites $Goeppert&Stache1855; #N(I) *NI:BTr/Keuper@Duit \{reproductive,inflorescence} \TS:C. jugleri$< ************************* * Caryophyllidae $Takhtajan1967 ************************* Chenopodipollis $Krutzsch1966 #H(I) *I:Plioc@Grie \{spores} \TS:Periporopollenites multiplex$Weyland&Pflug1;??? Caryophyllidites $Couper1960 #NH(I) *I:Kr \{spores} \TS:C. polyoratus$< ************************* * Caryophyllanae $Takhtajan1967 * Caryophyllales $Perleb1826 \(=Chenopodiales$Dumortier1829=Centrospermae) * Phytolaccineae ************************* PHYTOLACCACEAE $Brown1819 #P18/125,m18/65,C(2)6/55,F19/,M18/65 *mM:Rec@trop,warm,!Am *X:?Eoc,Rec {pokeweed family} \(+NomCons) \bomen,struiken,lianen,!kruiden;blad(!spiraalschikking,tegenoverstaand;enkelvoudig;kleine,0 steunblaadjes);bloei(!slachtig;!aar--!pluim,gevorkt bijscherm,solitair);!radieel P!4,!5-10(soms onderaan vergroeid) A2-!4-veel(centrifugaal;langsspleten) G_1,!(2-17)(~vergroeid;stijlen vrij;=G hokkig;1 zaadknop per hok !basal campylotroop 2tegmic);!steenvrucht,!noot,doosvrucht;embryo krom;perisperm;0 endosperm PHYTOLACCOIDEAE $Arn.1832 #C5/50 \blad(spiraalschikking) PHYTOLACCEAE $Duby1828 \(=$Brown1???(+^A)) \P5,G3-17 Phytolacca $Linnaeus1753 #m25,NF,M25,IB,i75 *mM:Rec@trop,warm {pokeweed=pigeonberry=inkberry,bella umbra,inkweed/karmozijnbes} \boom,struik,kruid \(=$Tourn.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:P. americana$< =Pircunia $Ruschenberger1833 #(I),i8 \(<=$Bertero1???) \TS:P. drastica$< =Sarcoca $Rafinesque1837("1836") #(MI),i11 \TS(+NYD) Anisomeria $Don1832 #m2,NF,M2-3,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@Chili \TS:A. coriacea$< Ercilla $Jussieu1832 #m2,NF,M1-2,IB,i3 *mM:Rec@Chili %gem-woud \TS:E. volubilis$< ==Bridgesia $Hooker&Arnott1833; #(I) \^^Galvezia \(+P$Hooker1831(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae);+suppr vs$Bertero1???>Cambessedes1834(Magnoliopsida/Sapindaceae)) \TS:??? =Apodostachys $Turczaninow1848 #(I),i1 \TS:A. densiflora$< . Nowickea $Martinez&McDonald1989; #F,M2,IB,i2 *M:Rec@Mexi \TS:N. xolocotzii$< PETIVERIEAE $Bartlett1830 #C6/40 *m:Rec@trop-,warm-!Am,Aus,Afr,Mad,Mask *X:Rec \("PETIVERIACEAE$Agardh1824,"PETIVERIOIDEAE$(Agardh1???)Arn.1832,"Petiveriales$Lindley1833) =RIVINEAE $Dumortuer1829 \("RIVINACEAE$Agardh1824) PETIVERIINAE $??? \P!4,5 =RIVINEINAE $Agardh1872 Gallesia $Casaretto1843 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@Peru,Braz \TS:Crateva gorarema$Vellozo1??? Seguieria $Loefling1758 #m6,NF,M6,IB,i28 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \stekelige steunblaadjes;P5 \TS:S. americana$Linnaeus1??? ==Albertokuntzea $Kuntze1891 #(I),i9 \TS:??? Rivina $Linnaeus1753 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i44 *mM:Rec@Z-USA--trop-Am {bloodberry} \kruid \(<=$Plum.1???) \(=$Linnaeus1735) \(=Rivinia$Linnaeus1737#i0) \TS:R. humilis$< ==Piercea $Miller1759 #(I),i4 \TS:??? ==Tithonia $Kuntze1891 #(I) \(+P$Desfontaines1???>Jussieu1789(Magnoliopsida/Asteraceae)) \TS:??? =Solanoides $Miller1754 #(I) \(=Rivina$Plumier1703=Solanoides$Tournefort1706) \TS(+NYD) Trichostigma $Richard1845 #m3,NF,M3,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \(~Rivina) \struik \TS($Walter1909):Rivina octandra$Linnaeus1??? ==Villamilla $Bentham&Hooker1880; #(IB),i8 \(<=$Ruiz&Pavon1;???) \(=$MoquinTandon1849(=Moquin)(+?A)) \^^Rivina/ \TS:??? =Rivinia $Miller1754 #(I),i0 \(+P Rivina$Linnaeus1753(Magnoliopsida/Phytolaccaceae)) \TS(+NYD) Schindleria $Walter1906 #m6,NF,M2,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@Peru,Boli \TS(+NYD) Ledenbergia $MoquinTandon1849 #m3,N,M2,IB,i5 *m:Rec@trop-Am *M:Rec@Mexi--Vene \(<=$Klotzsch1???) \TS:L. seguierioides$< ==Flueckigera $Kuntze1891 #(FMIB) \TS:??? Hilleria $Vellozo1825 #m5(((4?))),NF,M3,IB *mM:Rec@ZAm(#M3),Afr,Mad,Mask(#M1) \("HILLERIACEAE$Nakai1942) \TS:H. elastica$< =Mancoa $Rafinesque1837("1836") #(I),i14 \(+suppr vs$Weddell1859(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \TS:Rivina secunda$Ruiz&Pavon1;??? =Mohlana $Martius1832("1829") #(IB),i5 \TS:M. nemoralis$< Petiveria $Linnaeus1753 #m1-2,NF,M1,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@trop-,warm-Am \(=$Plum.>Linnaeus1737) \TS:P. alliacea$< =Mapa $Vellozo1825 #(I),i1 \TS:M. graveolens$< MICROTEINAE $Schmidt1872 \(=$Moq.(+^A)) \("MICROTEEAE$Miq.1849,"MICROTEOIDEAE) \P!5 G(2) Monococcus $Mueller1858(=VonMueller) #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@Aus *M:Rec@O-Aus,NCal,NHeb \(~Rivineinae) \TS:M. echinophorus$< Lophiocarpus $Turczaninow1843 #m4,NCF,M4,IB *mM:Rec@Z-Afr \(~Rivineinae^Chenopodiaceae) \TS:??? ==Wallinia $MoquinTandon1849 #(I),i1 \(+missp:Vallinia) \TS:??? ? Microtea $Swartz1788 #m10,NF,M9,IB,i22 *mM:Rec@trop-Am \(~Chenopodiaceae/Chenopodioideae/?:^Stegnospermataceae) \TS:M. debilis$< ==Schollera $Rohr1792 #(I),i21 \(+P$Roth1788(Magnoliopsida/Ericaceae)) \TS:??? =Ancistrocarpus $Kunth1817|B.&K.1817; #(I),i0 \(+suppr vs$Oliver1865(Magnoliopsida/Tiliaceae)) \TS:A. maypurensis$< ==Ceratococca $Schultes1820 #(I),i1 \(<=$Willdenow1???) \TS:Ancistrocarpus maypurensis$Kunth1??? =Aphananthe $Link1821 #(I),i12 \(+suppr vs$Planchon1848(Magnoliopsida/Ulmaceae)) \TS:Galenia celosioides$Sprengel1??? =Potamophila $Schrank1821("1819") #(I) \(+P$Brown1810(Liliopsida/Poaceae)) \TS:??? AGDESTIDOIDEAE $??? \("AGDESTIDACEAE$(Heimerl1???)Nakai1942,"AGDESTIDEAE$Baill.1872,^Stegnospermoideae) \blad(spiraalschikking);P4 G3,!4 Agdestis $DeCandolle1817("1818")|Sesse&Mocino1817; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@Mexi--Hond \(<=$Mocino&Sesse1;???) \klimplant \TS:A. clematidea$< BARBEUIOIDEAE $??? \("BARBEUIACEAE$(Walter1???)Nakai,^Phytolacceae/"BARBEUINAE,"BARBEUIEAE$Baill.1872) \blad(spiraalschikking);P5 G2;doosvrucht;zaad arillate Barbeuia $DuPetitThouars1806 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Mad \liaan \TS:B. madagascariensis$Steudel1??? . =Pircunia $MoquinTandon1849 #(I) \^^Phytolacca \(+P$Bertero1???>Ruschenberger1833(Magnoliopsida/Phytolaccaceae)) \TS:??? =Chlamydosperma $Rich.1845 #i0 \TS:??? =Cyclotheca $Moq.1849 #i1 \TS:??? =Didymotheca $HookerF1847 #i0 \(?????? ZIE OOK VER ONDER ??? !!!) \TS:??? =Encilia $Reichenbach1841 #i0 \TS:??? =Ercilia $Endlicher1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Ericilla $Steudel1840 #i0 \TS:??? =Fluckigera $Kuntze1891 #i1 \TS:??? =Hymenotheca $Muell.1858-1859 #i0 \TS:??? =Phytholacca $Brot.1804 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Phytolaca $Hill1768 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Seguiera $Adanson1763 #i0 \(+missp) \TS:??? =Solanoides $Moench1794 #i3 \(<=$Tourn.1???) \TS:??? =Suriana $Don1832 #(i) \(<=$Domb.&Cav.1;???) \TS:??? =Tithona $Linnaeus1735 #i0 \TS:??? ? GISEKIOIDEAE $??? \("GISEKIACEAE$(Endlicher1???)Nakai1942,"GISEKIINAE$(Endlicher1???)Ziccardi1845,"GISEKIEAE$Endlicher1840) \(^Aizoaceae/?:) \blad tegenoverstaand Gisekia $Linnaeus1771 #m2,N,M2,IB,i18 *mM:Rec@Afr(#M1),trop-OW(#M1) \(+missp:Gisechia) \TS:G. pharnacioides$Linnaeus1??? =Koelreutera $Murray1773 #(I),i1 \(+P Koelreuteria$Laxmann1772(Magnoliopsida/Sapindaceae)) \TS:K. molluginoides$< =Miltus $Loureiro1790 #(I),i1 \TS:M. africana$< ^ Stachycarpus $Meunier1898 #N(I) *NI:Eoc@Fran \{fruit} \(+P$(Endlicher1???)VanTieghem1891(Pinopsida/Podocarpaceae)) \TS:??? AGDESTIDACEAE $Nakai1942 \(=$Heimerl1???(+^A)) #C1/1,(M) *m:Rec@Mexi--Hond *X:Rec \(!~Phytolaccaceae) BARBEUIACEAE $Nakai1942 \(=$Walter1???(+^A)) #C1/1,(M) *m:Rec@Mad *X:Rec \(!~Phytolaccaceae) ACHATOCARPACEAE $Heimerl1934 #P2/~8,m2/16,C2/10,M2/6 *m:Rec@N-Mexi--Arge *M:Rec@warm-Am *X:Rec \(~Phytolaccaceae) \bomen,struiken;blad(spiraalschikking;enkelvoudig;gaaf;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(2huizig;okstelstandige tros,ramifl.);K4-5(blijft aan vrucht zitten) P0 A10-20 G_(2)(1hokkig;1 zaadknop per hok basaal campylotr.;2 stijlen);besvrucht;exarillate,embryo krom,perisperm,0 endosperm Achatocarpus $Triana1858 #m15,NCF,M5,IB,i15 *mM:Rec@Mexi--Arge \TS:A. nigricans$< Phaulothamnus $Gray1885 #m1,NCF,M1,IB,i1 *m:Rec@N-Mexi *M:Rec@(Calif,Texas)--N-Mexi \(^~Phytolaccaceae/Rivineae) \TS:P. spinescens$< STEGNOSPERMATACEAE $Nakai1942 \(=$Richard1???(+^A)) #C1/3,M1/4 *M:Rec@BaCa--(WInd,MAm) *M:Rec@ZW-NAm,MAm *X:Rec \(~Phytolaccaceae) \boompjes,struiken;2slachtig Stegnosperma $Bentham1844 #m3,NF,M4,IB,i5 *mM:Rec@BaCa--(WInd,MAm) \TS:S. halimifolia$< NYCTAGINACEAE $Jussieu1789(=DeJussieu) #P30/300,m34/350,C30/290,F33/,M30/390 *m:Rec@trop,warm(!Am),gem *X:?Paleoc,OEoc,Mioc,Rec {four o'clock family/nachtschonefamilie} \("Nyctaginales$Dumortier1829) \bomen,struiken,kruiden,bevat betalaine;blad(!tegenoverstaand;enkelvoudig;0 steunblaadjes);bloei(!2slachtig;!gevorkt bijscherm omwindsel);P(3-!5-8)(buisvormig;lobben valvate--plicate;blijft aan vrucht zitten) A1-!(=K)-40(helmdraden soms onderaan vergroeid;langsspleten) G_1(stijl lang slank;1 zaadknop basal !campylotroop--hemitroop 1,!2tegmic);dopvrucht,noot;embryo groot krom;veel perisperm;!0 endosperm;X=10,13,17,29,>33 BOLDOEAE $??? \blad spiraalschikking;0 omwindsels;0 schutbladen;stijl filiform Boldoa $Lagasca1816 #m1,N(F),M1,IB,i6 *mM:Rec@MAm \(<=$Cavanilles1???) \(~Salpianthus) \("BOLDOINAE$Bentham&Hooker1880;) \TS(+NYD) Salpianthus $Bonpland1807 #m1-4,NF,M1,IB *mM:Rec@Mexi,MAm \TS:S. arenarius$< Cryptocarpus $Kunth1817|B.&K.1817; #m1,NF,M1,IB,i7 *mM:Rec@W-ZAm,GalE \(~Leucastereae) \TS:C. pyriformis$< LEUCASTEREAE $Bentham&Hooker1880; \blad spiraalschikking;0 omwindsel;~schutbladen;stijl dik,afwezig Andradea $Allemao1845(=FreireAllemao) #m1,NF,M2,IB,i1 *m:Rec@O-Braz *M:Rec@ZO-Braz \TS:A. floribunda$< Ramisia $Baillon1887 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i2 *mM:Rec@ZO-Braz \(<=$Glaziou1???) \TS:R. brasiliensis$Oliver1??? Leucaster $Choisy1849 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@ZO-Braz \TS:Reichenbachia caniflora$Martius1??? Reichenbachia $Sprengel1823 #m2,NF,M2,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@trop-ZAm \TS:R. hirsuta$< NYCTAGINEAE $Horan.1847 \("NYCTAGINOIDEAE$Waton1836) \blad(tegenoverstaand--kransschikking);2zaadlobbig =MIRABILIDEAE $Meisn.1841 \("MIRABILIDACEAE$Oliv.1936) COLIGNONIINAE $??? \("COLIGNONIEAE) Colignonia $Endlicher1837 #m6,NF,M6,IB,i11 *m:Rec@Andes *M:Rec@Andes:Colom--Arge \struiken,kruiden,lianen \(+missp:Colliguonia$Endlicher1???#(B)) \TS($Choisy1???):Abronia parviflora$Kunth1??? Pisoniella $Standley1911 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i4 *mM:Rec@warm-Am \(=$Heimerl1889(+^A)) \^^Pisonia/ \(~Pisonieae) \TS($Standley1???):Boerhavia arborescens$Lagasca&Rodrigues1;??? BOERHAVIINAE $Bentham&Hooker1880; \("BOERHAVIEAE$Choisy1849) Boerhavia $Linnaeus1753 #m40,NF,M~50,IB,i106 *mM:Rec@warm \TS:B. erecta$< =Anulocaulis $Standley1909 #NF(M)IB,i6 \(?Aulocaulis) \TS:Boerhavia eriosolena$Gray1??? =Axia $Loureiro1790 #(I),i1 \(+missp:Oxia$Reichenbach1841#i0) \TS:A. cochinchinensis$< =Commicarpus $Standley1909 #NF(M)IB,i43 \TS:Boerhavia scandens$Linnaeus1??? =Cyphomeris $Standley1911 #NF(M)IB,i2 \TS(+R Lindenia$Martens&Galeotti1843;) ==Lindenia $Martens&Galeotti1843; #(I) \(+P$Bentham1841(Magnoliopsida/Rubiaceae)) \TS:L. gypsophiloides$< ==Tinantia $Martens&Galeotti1844; #(I),i0 \(+P$Scheidweiler1839(Liliopsida/Commelinaceae)) \TS(+R Lindenia$Martens&Galeotti1843;) =Senckenbergia $Post&Kuntze1;??? #(B) \(~Cyphomeris) \TS:??? =Senkenbergia $Schauer1847 #(I),i6 \(+P Senckenbergia$Gaertner&Meyer;&Scherbius1800;(Magnoliopsida/Brassicaceae)) \(~Cyphomeris) \TS:S. annulata$< Caribea $Alain1960 #m1,NF,M1,IB,i1 *mM:Rec@Cuba \(?:hier?) \TS:C. litoralis$< Acleisanthes $Gray1853 #m7,NF,M7,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@ZW-NAm \("ACLEISANTHEAE$Watson1880) \TS:A. crassifolia$< =Pentacrophys $Gray1853 #(I),i1 \TS:P. wrightii$< Selinocarpus $Gray1853 #m10,NF,M10,IB,i13 *m:Rec@Z-NAm,Soma *M:Rec@trop-Am \(+missp:Schinocarpus$Schum.1???#i0) \TS:S. diffusus$< =Ammocodon $Standley1916 #NF(M)IB,i1 \TS:Selinocarpus chenopodioides$Gray1??? Okenia $Schlechtendal&Chamisso1830; #m1,NF,M1-2,IB,i4 *m:Rec@Z-NAm *M:Rec@Fla--(Mexi,Nica) \TS:O. hypogaea$< MIRABILIDINAE $??? \(~Boerhaviinae) =NYCTAGININAE $??? Mirabilis $Linnaeus1753 #m25,NF,M54,IB,i124 *m:Rec@warm-Am,!ZW-NAm *M:Rec@warm-Am,!ZW-NAM,Hima(#M1) |[60-100] {four o'clock=marvel of Peru=false jalap/nachtschone=avondbloem} \(=$Riv.>Linnaeus1735) \TS:M. jalapa$< ==Admirabilis $Nieuwland1914 #(I) \TS:??? ==Jalapa $Miller1754 #(I),i6 \TS:??? ==Nyctago $Jussieu1789 #(I),i9 \TS:??? =Allionia $Loefling1758 #(I),i90 \(+suppr vs$Linnaeus1759(Magnoliopsida/Nyctaginaceae)) \TS:??? =Calyxhymenia $Ortega1797 #(I),i10 \TS:C. glabrifolia$< =Hesperonia $Standley1909 #N(M)IB,i12 \TS:Mirabilis californica$Gray1??? =Oxybaphus $Willdenow1797 #N(M)IB,i66 \(<=$LHeritier1???) \TS($LHeritier1???>Willdenow):Mirabilis viscosa$Cavanilles1??? ==Calymenia $Persoon1805 #(I),i17 \TS:??? =Trimista $Rafinesque1840 #(I),i1 \TS:T. levigata$< =Hermidium $Watson1871 #m1(FMIB),i1 *m:Rec@ZW-USA \(~Boerhaviinae) \TS:H. alipes$< =Allioniella $Rydberg1902 #m25,N(FM)IB,i1 *m:Rec@ZAm,Hima \^^Quamoclidion \TS:??? Quamoclidion $Choisy1849 #m1,N(F),M1,IB,i10 *mM:Rec@Mexi \(~Mirabilis