The Pribilof Islands, Preserving the Legacy

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Ocean Service
Office of Response and Restoration
Seattle, WA


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August 2008
NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA ORR 17

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Carlos M. Guttierrez, Secretary

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.),
Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere

National Ocean Service
John H. Dunnigan, Assistant Administrator
for Ocean Services and Coastal Zone Management

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This entire publication may be cited as follows:

Lindsay, John A., Paula Souik, Laura K. Johnson, Karolina Pream, John S. Fox, DeAnna Morris, and Paul Hillman. The Pribilof Islands, Preserving the Legacy, 2008, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA ORR 17.

Telephone orders: 206-526-6400
Facsimile orders: 206-526-4442
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ORR Seattle, Bldg. 3, Rm. 2016
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA, 98115


U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008

In partial fulfillment of the Memorandum of Agreement Among the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Alaska State Historic Preservation Officer Regarding National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Actions Pursuant to its withdrawal from the Civil Administration of St. Paul Island, Alaska Including the Seal Islands Historic District National Historic Landmark.


John A. Lindsay - Producer
Paula Souik - Director
Laura K. Johnson and Karolina Pream - GIS and HTML Development
John S. Fox - GIS Development
DeAnna Morris - Cover Design
Paul Hillman - Video Editor
Kristina Worthington - Layout and Design


The Pribilof Islands, Preserving the Legacy digital video disc (DVD) required the patience, support, and encouragement of several wonderful persons dedicated to Pribilof Islands and Alaska history. Judith Bittner, Joan “Jo” Antonson, and Doug Gasek of the Alaska Office of History and Archaeology (OHA) recognized the educational potential of this project and urged its development, and offered critical advice to improve this work. Bernie Denno, NOAA, facilitated a formal agreement with OHA that led to the creation of this DVD project. The National Marine Mammal Laboratory (NMML) librarian, Sonja Kromann, brought attention to many files and documents that offered material for consideration and inclusion. Betty Lindsay’s research also brought to light a large volume of historical information not the least of which included many of the historical images that are included herein. Dr. Chuck Fowler and Dr. Rolf Ream with NMML offered invaluable advice on Bering Sea ecosystems and fur-seal biology. Aquilina Lestenkof, St. Paul Island Traditional Council, facilitated public review on St. Paul Island, and clarified the application of Unangam Tunuu (Aleut). Numerous members of the community offered invaluable input. Mary Swift brought consistency and standardization to the text, endnotes, and references. Karla Sclater edited the text to reflect the Chicago Manual of Style. Kristina Worthington turned the HTML document written for the DVD into a book. Gregory Gervais and Karolina Pream corrected imperfections with the DVD GIS functioning. David Stanton of the National Marine Fisheries Service and with gracious support of his supervisor Willis “Hoby” Hobart provided invaluable advice on technical aspects for this publication. Congressman Don Young and Senator Ted Stevens are gratefully acknowledged for their strong and continued support of the Pribilof Islands Aleut people. John Rayfield of the Congressional Staff spent years and tireless hours encouraging legislative support for the Pribilof Islands, and he has supported recognition of the islands’ historical value to the nation. David Kennedy and Ellen Clark, with the National Ocean Service, offered significant encouragement towards the publication of this work.

Although released by NOAA, the information in this paper does not reflect, represent, or form any part of the support of the policies of NOAA or the Department of Commerce. Further, release by NOAA does not imply that NOAA or the Department of Commerce agree with the information contained herein.