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      Biosphere Reserve Information

United States of America


  General Description   South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve comprises the last vestiges of old-growth bottomland hardwood forest in the eastern United States. The biosphere reserve is located in the gently undulating to flat floodplain of the Congaree River, representing a range of natural ecosystems which are typical of this vast coastal region. The area also hosts several endangered animal species, including red-cockaded woodpecker (Dendrocopus borealis), American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) and bald eagle (Haliaetus leucocephalus).
Water impoundment projects, upstream development activities, and potential sources of pollution in upstream watersheds pose the most serious threats to the health of the Congaree ecosystem. Parts of the biosphere reserve are used for recreational activities such as sports fishing, hunting and hiking. As part of the biosphere reserve, Congaree Swamp National Monument and Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge conduct public education activities.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   33°45' to 39°45'N; 80°45' to 80°47'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   8,222
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +100
  Year designated   1983
  Administrative authorities   Congaree Swamp National Monument National Park Service
  Brief description   Forest dynamics - regeneration, recruitment, and succession
Hydrology - influences on vegetation distribution
Atmospheric pollutants and acid deposition
Nutrient cycles - carbon and nitrogen
Global environmental change
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Acidic deposition/Acid rain, global change, hydrology, nutrients, pollution, pollutants.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, forest systems, phytosociology/succession, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Environmental change.
  Contact address   Martha C. Bogle
Congaree Swamp National Monument
200 Caroline Sims Road
29061 Hopkins, South Carolina
United States of America
  Telephone   (1.803) 776 4396
  Fax   (1.803) 783 4241
  Web site

Last updated: 11/03/2005

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