Sikh Golden Temple, based in the town of Amritsar, Punjab in the North-West part of India, is popular as Harmandir Sahib or Sri Darbar Sahib among the Sikh devotees and people from other faith groups. Originally built by Guru Arjan in 1606, the Golden Temple is the pilgrimage and the most sacred place of worship offering peace and strength to the devotees opened for everyone twenty-four hours each day. Devotees can spend hours in the peaceful temple premises. Known for its rich architecture, Golden Temple stands tall and symbolises brotherhood and equality in the society. The temple is open to everyone irrespective of caste and creed and people seeking peace and religious attainment visit the Amritsar temple round the year.
Inside the Durbar, devotees must sit on the floor and maintain peace while listening to Japji Sahib, Guru Granth Sahib or any other paath. Composed by Guru Nanak Dev Ji in the year 1507, Japji Sahib is a Sikh hymn consisting of the Mool Mantra – the beginning, followed by a set of 38 hymns and the Shloka at the end. Written in Gurmukhi language, Guru Granth Sahib was first compiled by Guru Arjan Dev Ji, in the Adi Granth in 1606.
The Golden Temple was constructed under the leadership of Fifth Guru, Guru Arjan. On several occasions, the temple was destroyed in the name of religion, but each time it was rebuilt adding to the beauty of the main temple and the surrounding area. Most of the current day look and decor of the Golden Temple was undertaken when the Emperor Ranjit Singh ruled in the 19th Century.
Built on a 67-foot square platform, the temple is 40.5 feet high and stands tall in the centre of the Sarovar (tank) fed with fresh water from River Ravi. The temple opens in all the four directions reinforcing the door-to-God is open for everyone irrespective of their religion, sex, caste and colour.
Dress code: Thousands of devotees visit the temple each day in neat and clean clothes. Visitors in Golden Temple must remove their footwear, wash their hands and cover their head with a shawl or handkerchief as a sign of respect before entering the shrine. While a dip in the holy Sarowar is allowed, swimming and using toiletries in the Sarowar is strictly prohibited.
Code of Conduct: Those visiting the temple for the first time may feel confused regarding the acceptable code of conduct inside the temple, but it is usually similar to most other temples in India. Visitors are prohibited to use the mobile phones and photographic restrictions apply inside the temple. While donations and offerings in cash are greatly appreciated, the devotees must refrain from paying the Sewadars performing their duty and helping with the day to day activities within the temple premises.
Free Meal Service: The Golden temple serves freshly cooked Langar (free communal meal) every day to promote brotherhood and equality. Volunteers actively take part in the daily chores involved in the temple and enjoy offering the community services to the mass. The preparation, cooking and cleaning in the kitchen are mostly carried out by the volunteers, called as Sewadars. During the weekends and religious festivals, the number of visitors increases above 100,000 and both men and women work hard in the kitchen to prepare and serve a fresh vegetarian meal in the temple.
Stay at the Golden Temple: For pilgrims seeking a lodging facility to extend their stay and visit to the temple frequently may consider bookings with one of the Seven inns maintained and managed by Sri Harimandir Sahib authorities.
Visiting the Golden Temple is an opportunity people must seek at least once in their lifetime to appreciate the structural beauty of the temple and for an unforgettable experience.
JAPJI SAHIB GOLDEN TEMPLE VIDEO
This AERIAL VIDEO is perfect view of The Harmandhir Sahib, the most well-known gurdwara (place of worship) and considered the holiest Sikh place. The Guru Granth Sahib, the holiest text of Sikhism, is always present inside the gurdwara. Construction of GOLDEN TEMPLE is mainly intended as a place of worship for men and women from all religions and all walks of life to come and worship God equally. Over 100,000 people are visiting the HARMANDIR SAHIB daily.
Golden temple. Roti Maker Chapatti making machine
There are common kitchens/canteens known as a langar located inside many gurdwaras. Here food is served to all visitors regardless of faith or background. To ensure that all people, even those with dietary restrictions, can eat together as equals vegetarian food is often served.
There around 40,000 visitors to Golden Temple daily and up to 100,000 on religious holidays and weekends. The langar at the Golden Temple is the largest and it feeds up all of gurdwaras visitors for free. This is made possible through donations and volunteers.