The Jack Russell Terrier is a small dog originally bred for fox hunting. It was developed to excel in its line of work and to this day, plenty of its hunting traits are still intact.
It can be easy to underestimate the Jack Russell Terrier because of its size. Well, this breed might be small but this mini fur ball is actually oozing with vigor. If you’re looking for a clever, conveniently-sized dog with a spunky attitude, then the Jack Russell Terrier might just be the right breed for you.
Jack Russell Terrier Dogs and Puppies
What is a Jack Russell Terrier?
The Jack Russell Terrier, also called JRT and Jack, is a small dog packed with energy. It has retained plenty of its traits as a hunting dog and this breed is well-known today for having a strong chasing instinct and an inclination to dig holes.
This breed is popular in a way but it is not recognized by the American Kennel Club. The breed acknowledged by the AKC is the Russell Terrier, which is closely similar to the Jack.
Where does the Jack Russell Terrier come from?
The Jack Russell Terrier was primarily developed in England during the 1800s. The breed was named after Reverend Jack Russell, the man credited for creating this distinct line of terriers. He focused on developing a working terrier line that was particularly skillful in fox hunting.
The breed’s history is not without glam. Jack Russell Terriers has appeared a number of times in film, commercials, and television series.
What does a Jack Russell Terrier look like?
Jack Russell Terriers look strong and sturdy for their size. They have a lively and energetic vibe that sometimes make small dogs bigger than they seem. They also wear a keen and intelligent expression.
JRTs have compact and proportionate bodies. They stand between 10 to 15 inches at the shoulders and weigh around 6.4 to 8.2 kg. Their build is well-balanced and distinctly rectangular when measured.
They have dark, almond-shaped eyes and black lips and noses. Their ears are small and fold down into a distinctive v-shape at the tips.
The breed has three coat varieties:
- Smooth – short and dense
- Rough – long and dense
- Broken – medium-length, can be both smooth and rough, with slightly longer hair near the eyes (eyebrows) and the muzzle (beard)
All JRTs, regardless of coat type, must be double coated—meaning they have an undercoat plus a coarser outer coat. Their hair must be more than 51 percent white, with black or tan markings.
What is the Jack Russell Terrier like?
Jack Russell Terriers can be considered happy dogs with a gusto for action. They are very active and have a seemingly insatiable thirst for adventure. They require high-level activities as they are intelligent and extremely energetic. When left alone without enough stimulation, they can be pretty destructive. They can be willful and stubborn so owners might find it difficult to train them.
JRTs also have a strong prey drive and can potentially be aggressive towards other pets and animals, even people. But this behavior can be controlled or corrected if they are given the chance to socialize starting at a young age.
Overall, Jack Russell Terriers are:
Why are Jack Russell Terriers aggressive?
The Jack Russell Terrier does have a tendency to be aggressive. JRTs can express aggression towards other JRTs, other dogs and animals, and humans.
People must understand this breed was originally developed as a hunting dog and many dogs of this breed today have retained a strong prey drive. They are also naturally fearless and tenacious. But there are many factors behind aggression. It is possible JRTs are aggressive because:
- their bad behavior was not corrected when they were young
- they experienced trauma
- they were not socialized properly
- they’re not feeling well
- they feel they are in a hostile environment
Owners must consider early socialization for their JRTs. They should not hesitate to seek advice from an expert. Obedience and training classes with a professional can be helpful as well.
How much do Jack Russell Terriers shed?
Jack Russell Terriers are not exempted from shedding. They do shed and might even shed more than other breeds. Their shedding may seem excessive to owners with dark furniture and carpets–it’s certain they would find white hair everywhere.
Shedding can’t really be stopped. It’s just part of the deal when people decide to get pets, regardless of the breed. The amount of shedding can be reduced or controlled if owners take the time to groom their pets. Owners must consider having their pets checked by a vet if they’re shedding more than the usual. Their dogs might be suffering from a disease or have poor nutrition.
Are Jack Russell Terriers easy to train?
Both yes and no. It really depends on the owner’s experience and expertise.
Training Jack Russell Terriers can generally be challenging. JRTs are very clever and are naturally inclined to be independent. This breed also has a deep hunting background and it’s wired to go after prey. This basically means JRTs can be aggressive, which can be a handful to deal with.
JRTs need consistent and assertive trainers. They do have special needs, given their personality, but it does not mean they are not trainable. When handled properly, they can actually respond well to training.
How much do Jack Russell Terrier puppies cost?
Jack Russell Terrier puppies can cost around USD $350 to more than $1,000. Puppies from reputed breeders tend to cost more. If prospect owners choose to adopt a Jack Russell Terrier, adoption fees can cost around $200.
How long can a Jack Russell Terrier live?
The Jack Russell Terrier is also known for having a relatively long lifespan. They can potentially live between 13 to 16 human years. Some JRTs even lived for more than two decades.
Are Jack Russell Terriers good family pets?
Jack Russell Terriers can honestly be a handful to first-time dog owners. But they can be good and affectionate family pets. They can even be sweet around older children.
Patience is definitely key when it comes to raising JRTs. Moreover, there are some conditions people need to meet before getting a JRT:
- Owners must be committed to giving their JRT adequate exercise, physically and mentally.
- Owners must have ample space. Apartments are not suitable.
- Owners should be innately calm and assertive.
- Owners must also have the time to socialize their JRTs beginning puppyhood.
There are plenty of things people should consider before they welcome a puppy or dog into their homes. All breeds are generally difficult to handle if people take in pets halfheartedly, without preparation.
Dogs, and especially dog owners, should be held accountable for their actions — for their deeds, not their breeds. (Cesar Millan)
Learn more Jack Russell Terrier facts in this video by Best Breed Ever:
The Jack Russell Terrier has every potential to be an awesome companion. But it is not a secret that this breed has a pretty dynamic personality, which novice owners may find difficult to handle. It is important to understand this breed was hardwired to be a working dog and it has traits that are not exactly desirable for a certain lifestyle. What a Jack needs is early socialization, proper training, and enough mental stimulation to become a household pet.
Do you think the Jack Russell is the right breed for you? Got something to share about this breed? You’re more than welcome to write a comment below. Read more posts about dogs here.
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Featured image via pixabay