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Naturalism and Its Alternatives in Scientific Methodologies: Proceedings of the 2016 Conference on Alternatives to Methodological Naturalism Hardcover – April 1, 2017
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But finally, we have a book that regards Methodological Naturalism, not as an unquestionable religious dogma, but as if it were a scientific idea, something that can be falsified! Many great authors take part in this book, and together they find that they can falsify it, lay out an idea of how to replace it, address challenges, and more! The replacement ideas start broad and then zoom in several levels. I would guess that naturalism-huggers will criticize each of those chapters by identifying what it doesn't talk about, pretending they each stood alone and had responsibility to make a complete replacement in one fell swoop.
It is intuitive to me that there are questions relevant to these matters not yet answered in this book, but it sets a great foundation to build this discussion on in the future!
This idea might have some validity if institutions of "science" actually addressed the ultimate religious questions with the expected objectivity, having allegiance only to a search for the truth. Unfortunately, institutions typically use an unmentioned doctrine called "Methodological Naturalism" (MN). The doctrine, like those of militant theistic religions, requires members of science to answer the ultimate questions with only materialistic/atheistic explanations. Excommunication results for apostates. Thus, the actual use of MN today effectively converts origins and behavioral sciences into a non-theistic religious worldview that masquerades in the guise of objective evidence-based science. Only materialistic/atheistic narratives about ultimate questions are permitted.
Naturalism and its Alternatives is a compilation of essays by a number of scientists and philosophers who thoughtfully suggest ways to apply MN as a tool to be used effectively in certain areas of physical science, and as a permissible, but not required hypothesis in subjective areas of origins, behavioral and other sciences not amenable to observation and empirical verification. It would seem that the approach suggested by Alternatives is necessary if we are to rely on science as a trusted resource rather than as an institution that seeks to establish in all of us a materialistic/atheistic religious worldview. The obvious alternative to the tunnel vision of MN would seem quite simple - open-minded objectivity - "just the facts ma'am," one of which is, as scientists, "we just don't know."