Ease of Doing Business in


Germany Download Profile (1737.8KB, pdf)
Region OECD high income
Income Category High income
Population 81,413,145
GNI Per Capita (US$) 45,790
City covered Berlin



DB 2017 Rank



DB 2017 DTF (% points)

  • local_library
  • group
Topics DB 2017 Rank DB 2016 Rank info_outline Change in Rank DB 2017 DTF (% points) info_outline DB 2016 DTF (% points) info_outline Change in DTF (% points) info_outline
Overall 17 14 down
79.87 79.88 down
Starting a Business 114 107 down
83.42 83.35 up
Dealing with Construction Permits 12 11 down
81.45 81.42 up
Getting Electricity 5 3 down
98.79 98.78 up
Registering Property 79 78 down
65.72 65.71 up
Getting Credit 32 29 down
70.00 70.00
Protecting Minority Investors 53 51 down
60.00 60.00
Paying Taxes 48 47 down
82.10 82.11 down
Trading across Borders 38 38
91.77 91.77
Enforcing Contracts 17 14 down
73.17 73.72 down
Resolving Insolvency 3 3
92.28 91.93 up

DB 2017 Rank:


DB 2016 Rank:


Change in Rank:


DB 2017 DTF (% points):


DB 2016 DTF (% points):


Change in DTF (% points):


Legal form GmbH-Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung
Paid-in minimum capital requirement EUR 12,500
City Berlin
Indicator Germany OECD high income
Procedure – Men (number) info_outline 9 4.8
Time – Men (days) info_outline 10.5 8.3
Cost – Men (% of income per capita) info_outline 1.9 3.1
Procedure – Women (number) info_outline 9 4.8
Time – Women (days) info_outline 10.5 8.3
Cost – Women (% of income per capita) info_outline 1.9 3.1
Paid-in min. capital (% of income per capita) info_outline 32.9 9.2
  • No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs

    Check company’s name at the local chamber of industry and commerce

    Agency: Chamber of Industry & Commerce

    To avoid delays with registration, entrepreneurs check availability of company name on the web-page of the Berlin Chamber of Industry and Commerce.
    In case of requesting a written consent, it costs EUR 25, oral information over the phone is free of charge.

    Less than one day (online procedure) no charge

    Notarize the Articles of Association and Memorandum of Association

    Agency: Public Notary

    The Bundestag of Germany passed the Act on Modernization of Cost Rules (2. Kostenrechtsmodernisierungsgesetz) on June 27, 2013, which came into force on August 1, 2013. This Act restructured the system of judicial and notarial fees for more transparency and adjusted the costs of notarizing the Articles of Association and Memorandum of Association to the general economic development.

    The updated fees for notaries are contained in table B of sec 34 GNotKG:

    First EUR 500= EUR 15
    Up to EUR 2,000 an increase of EUR 4 for every EUR 500
    Up to EUR 10,000 an increase of EUR 6 for every EUR 1,000
    Up to EUR 25,000 an increase of EUR 8 for every EUR 3,000
    Up to EUR 50,000 an increase of EUR 10 for every EUR 5,000
    Up to EUR 200,000 an increase of EUR 27 for every EUR 15,000
    Up to EUR 500,000 an increase of EUR 50 for every EUR 30,000
    Up to EUR 5,000,000 an increase of EUR 80 for every EUR 50,000
    Up to EUR 10,000,000 an increase of EUR 130 for every EUR 200,000

    1 day EUR 250

    Deposit minimum capital into a bank

    Agency: Bank

    In the case of a GmbH, pursuant to § 7 (2) GmbHG, at least 25 % of the initial capital must be paid-in before registration or, if higher, at least half of the minimum capital, i.e. EUR 12,500.

    1 day no charge

    File the Articles of Association through the notary public at the local Commercial Register

    Agency: Notary Public and Commercial Register

    Notary Public must submit to the Commercial Register by electronic form:
    • application to the commercial register executed by the managing director(s) with the signatures certified by a notary public
    • the notarized articles of association
    • the deed of appointment of the directors, if not included in the incorporation deed
    • a list of the company’s shareholders
    • the assurance by the managing director(s) that the statutory minimum paid-in capital has been paid in to the free disposition of the management; included in application

    Pursuant to the applicable registration laws, the Commercial Register must decide on the company’s registration without undue delay. The Commercial Register publishes the registration on a central electronic platform (www.handelsregister.de) and notifies the local Chamber of Industry and Commerce of the new company.

    3 days EUR 150 (registration fee) + EUR 250 (application for registration)

    Notify the local Office of Business and Standards of the establishment of the company

    Agency: Local Trade Department (Gewerbeamt)

    Certain businesses (e.g., restaurants and brokers) must apply for a trading permit (Gewerbeerlaubnis). However, the permit does not have to be presented at the time of the registration of the GmbH at the commercial register. If no such permit is required, start-up companies must simply notify the local Trade Office, which issues a trading license (Gewerbeschein). This notification procedure also covers registration formalities with the Central Statistical Office, the relevant Chamber of Industry and Commerce, the local Labor Office, the Social Security and Federal Health Insurance Office.

    1 day EUR 31 for the first shareholder
    EUR 13 for each additional shareholder
    * 6

    Register with the Professional Association of the relevant trade

    Agency: Professional Association (Berufsgenossenschaft)

    The professional associations are carriers of occupational accident insurance. Registration must be done within a week of the founding of the business after the notarization of the Articles of Association.

    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
    * 7

    Notify the local Labor Office of the establishment of the company

    Agency: Local Labor Office

    The notification can be in writing and/or over the phone. The Labor Office assigns an eight-digit operating number, which is needed to report to the Social Security Office.

    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
    * 8

    Register employees for health and social insurance

    Agency: Social Security Office

    The Social Security and Federal Health Insurance Office notifies the local Labor Office and the annuity insurance carrier (Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund). It also collects payment for mandatory health, unemployment, and annuity insurance.

    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge
    * 9

    Mail out the documentation to the Tax Office

    Agency: Local Tax Office

    Registration must be done within 4 weeks of the opening of the business and not later than a month after the notarization of the Articles of Association. After the Tax Office is notified of the company’s business activity by the Trade Office, the Tax Office sends the company a questionnaire requesting the company’s business data.

    1 day (simultaneous with previous procedure) no charge

    * Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure.