Licencing Information

1. What age do I need to be before I can obtain my L plates?
  To obtain your L plates in NSW, you need to be 16 or older. You then need to front up at an RTA motor registry to take the computer based Driver Knowledge Test (DKT). However before taking the test, you will need to study the Road Users Handbook and the Guide for New Drivers. Both these books can be downloaded from, where you will also find a list of DKT questions and a practice test. Then when you are ready, you can book your test online at or call the RTA on 13 22 13
2. How many lessons should I complete before I proceed to the RTA examination?
  Each person learns at a different pace. Your driving instructor will assess your driving skills and knowledge, and provide you with a driving program that will achieve your goals. As an indication, a Learner driver could take between 8 and 15 driving lessons before they progress to the examination stage.
3.  How do I obtain my P1 licence?
  To receive your P1 licence, you need to
  • Be at least 17 years of age
  • Have held your learner licence for at least 12 months ( if you are under 25 years of age
  • Have completed at least 120 hours driving practice, including 20 hours of night driving (if you are under 25 years of age)
  • Then Pass the practical driving test.
  • When you pass, you will receive your P1 licence and your red P plates.
4.  How should I prepare before the test day?
  • Check that you have the right location, date and time for your examination.
  • Check that your vehicle’s tyres, brake lights and indicators are working properly.
  • Make sure your vehicle is clean and presentable.
  • Check that your logbook has been completed correctly. Therefore all logbook hours have been calculated and the 20 task requirements have been signed by your supervising driver(s). The Declaration of Completion must also be signed by your regular supervising driver and yourself.
  • Along with your log book, take your licence.
  • It’s best not to tell anyone that you are about to attempt the examination and that way you don’t put pressure on yourself.
5.  When can I progress to my P2 licence?
  After 12 months on your P1’s you can attempt the Hazard Perception Test (HPT) – a touch screen computer test that measures your ability to deal with potentially dangerous situations, such as a pedestrian crossing the road, road workers, broken down vehicles and other vehicles stopping ahead of you.

Before sitting your test, you will need to study the Hazard Perception Handbook. You can buy one at your local motor registry or download it free at

To practice the Hazard Perception Test, go to
6.  When do I receive my full licence?
  After 2 years on your green Ps, you will need to pass a computer based test called the Driver Qualification Test (DQT). To make sure you are prepared, you will need to study the Driver Qualification Handbook, available at your local motor registry.

In summary to receive your full Driver’s licence, you will need to
  • Pass the Driver Knowledge Test (DKT) to obtain your learner licence.
  • Hold your learner licence at least 6 months, complete 50 hours minimum driving practice and record it in your log book.
  • Pass the Driving Ability Road Test (DART) and obtain your Provisional Licence (red P's).
  • Have your P1 licence for a minimum of 12 months.
  • Pass the Hazard Perception Test and obtain your Provisional P2 licence (green Ps).
  • Have your P2 licence for a minimum of 24 months.
  • Pass the Driver Qualification Test (DQT) and obtain your full licence.
Getting out of Stressful Situations
7.  A row of buses parked at a bus stop are all indicating that they’re about to move and you are almost upon them. What do you do?
  Slow down and wait for the buses to make their move. Always look ahead so these sorts of situations don’t catch you by surprise.
8.  An emergency siren takes you by surprise and there is nowhere for your to go. You don’t know what to do?
  Keep calm. Emergency vehicle drivers are highly trained and know how to deal with heavy traffic. Slow down and look for an opportunity to move out of their way. And always make sure your stereo isn’t up so loud that it’s drowning out sirens or other sounds from the streets.
9.  Its starts hailing or raining very heavily and you can’t see much. There’s no safe place to pull over and wait out the storm.
  Slow down and increase your distance from the cars in front of you, even if you can hardly see them. Put on your headlights to improve your visibility to other vehicles.
In really bad conditions, you may even need to turn on your hazard lights.
Remember, focus as far ahead as possible.
10. There’s a great parking spot but you need to parallel park, and there are lots of other vehicles waiting to get past you.
  Don’t panic. Put your indicator on so that the other cars will know you are going to park.
Stay calm and wait until the vehicles have passed before you proceed into the parking spot.
Learning the language
  Anything on or near the road that could become a danger. For example,
pedestrians, cyclists, trucks turning left from a right lane, weather conditions, and road conditions such as tight curves, oil patches or gravel, intersections with or without signs.
  Looking ahead and to either side and using rear view mirrors to be able to see hazards.
Blind spots
  In every vehicle there are areas behind and to the side of the driver that can’t be seen using only mirrors.
Head checks
  This involves constant monitoring over ones shoulder to see if there are other road users in the blind spots. For example, before commencing a three point or U-turn, signal, check mirrors and blind spots. After completing the turn, signal, check mirrors and blind spots before rejoining the traffic. Also before reversing into a parking spot, signal, check mirrors and blind spots. Reference: Road Users Handbook page 83.
© Focus Driving School 2012