Ḥunayn b. Isḥāḳ al-ʿIbādī
(2,822 words)

, the most important mediator of ancient Greek science to the Arabs. It was mainly due to his reliable and clearly written translations of Hippocrates [see buḳrāṭ , in Suppl.] and Galen [see d̲j̲ālīnūs ], that the Arab physicians of the Middle Ages became worthy successors of the Greek.

Life: Ḥunayn was born in 192/808 in al-Ḥīra [q.v.], where his father was a pharmacist. The nisba indicates that he was a descendant of the so-called ʿibād , i.e. Arab tribesmen who had once embraced Christianity and who after the rise of Islam remained faithful to the Syrian Nestorian chu…

Cite this page
Strohmaier, G., “Ḥunayn b. Isḥāḳ al-ʿIbādī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 May 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0300>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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