ancient egypt: history and culture
Ancient Egyptian deities: Tatenen
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Tatenen     As his name The Risen Land indicates, Tatenen was the earth of the beginning, the primeval hill, which had risen out of the primeval waters. And every year he emerged from the waters of the inundation ready to bear fruit and nourish mankind.
Tatenen... from whom have proceeded all things in the shape of food and viands, divine offers, all good things
C. J. Bleeker: Historia Religionum I, p.68
    He was venerated at Memphis and was considered to have brought forth endurance and stability , symbolized by the Djed. He came to be identified with Ptah who was then also known as the Noble Djed. Ramses II called Tatenen father of the gods and saw himself as his successor, as the ruler of the earth
Utterance of the divine king, Lord of the Two Lands, lord of the form of Khepri, in whose limbs is Re, who came forth from Re, whom Ptah-Tatenen begat, King Ramses II, given life; to his father, from whom he came forth, Tatenen, father of the gods
J. H. Breasted: Ancient Records of Egypt, Part Three, § 411
    Similar to the earth-god Geb, Tatenen was a source of materials for the artisans whose patron god was Ptah
Thou art gold, thine is the silver, Keb has opened for thee that which is in him, Tatenen has given to thee his things.
J. H. Breasted: Ancient Records of Egypt, Part Two, § 91
    The dead being buried under ground earth gods were intimately involved with their future. Tatenen made the deceased welcome and helped them on their way:
The arms of Tatenen are what receive me and raise me up.
Carol Andrews: The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead, spell 180
    Khnum, the creator who formed all on his potter's wheel, is identified with Tatenen in the Great Hymn of Khnum
... for the lord of the wheel is their father too, Tatenen who made all that is on their soil
M. Lichtheim: Ancient Egyptian Literature, Vol.3, p.113
    He is depicted as a seated bearded man holding a flail, wearing a headdress consisting of ram's horns and two feathers.

© October 2005
Updates: June 2010

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