Trace Element Speciation for Environment, Food and Health
L. Ebdon, Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain), L. Pitts, Philippe Quevauviller, R. Cornelis, H. Crews, O. F. X. Donard
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2001 - 391 ページ
The ongoing progress of science has shown that it is important for analytical scientists to determine not only the presence of particular elements, but also their species. There are many fields where this is applicable, and where there are a number of topics to be addressed. Developing separation and measurement systems for the many element species has tested the resourcefulness of analytical chemists over recent decades. A product of the EU sponsored Speciation 21 Network, this book presents a detailed review of the state-of-the-art of speciation issues in the occupational health, food and environment sectors, along with the main conclusions arising from discussions held during expert meetings. Topics covered include mercury and organotin compounds in the environment; factors affecting the health of workers; the importance of speciation of trace elements for health, and subsequent metabolism in the body; analytical methodologies; risk assessment; and legislation. Trace Element Speciation for Environment, Food and Health provides an insight into applied research in the speciation field and how it has become so important in all the fields represented. With its comprehensive coverage, it will be of particular interest to researchers in industry and academia, as well as government agencies and legislative bodies.
レビュー - レビューを書く
Arsenic in the Atmosphere
Rapid Tests A Convenient Tool for Sample Screening with
The Importance of Trace Element Speciation in Food Issues
Reasons for Speciation in Industry
Dietary Intake of Total Arsenic
Trace Element Speciation and International Food
Aspects of the Threshold Limit Concept
Suggestions for Dealing with TLVs
An Example of National Requirements for Food Chemical
IUPACISOAOAC Internal Quality Control IQC Guidelines
Example of Application of Criteria
Metal Speciation for Improved Environmental Management
Current Status and Future Needs
Mercury as a Global Pollutant
What is Safe?
Organotins in Industrial and Domestic Products
Increasing Awareness of Biological Effects of Organotin Compounds
Environmental Policies and Regulations
An Environmental Case History of the Platinum Group Metals
Platinum Group Metals in Man
Selenium Metabolism in Humans and Animals
Speciation of Selenium
Nickel and Respiratory Cancer
Behaviour of Chromium in the Body
Needs for Elemental Speciation in Human Studies
Risk Assessment and Trace Element Speciation
Uptake of Anions and Nonmetals
他の版 - すべて表示
acid Acta Anal Appl applied arsenic arsenic species As(III As(V assessment bioavailability biological biomonitoring calibration cancer carcinogenic certified reference materials Chem chemical forms chemistry Chim chromate chromatography chromic oxide chromium Codex complex concentration containing derivatisation detection determination developed dietary effects emission Environ environmental evaluation exposure extraction ferrochromium fish forms of selenium Fresenius Grignard Grignard reagents hexavalent chromium human hydride ICP-MS industry inorganic arsenic ions laboratories levels limit Lobinski marine matrix measurement MeHg mercury metal species methylation methylmercury monitoring Morabito nickel species O.F.X. Donard organic Organomet organotin compounds oxidation particles PGMs platinum Pollut procedure proteins Quevauviller rapid tests reaction reagent recovery redox reduced reported rhodium risk sample preparation sediments selenium selenocysteine selenomethionine soluble solution solvent speciation analysis Spectrom spectrometry standard studies techniques tion tissue total arsenic toxic trace element trace element species uptake validation values
355 ページ - K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr 4 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 Rb Sr Y Zr...
96 ページ - Commission, are: • to comply with the general criteria for testing laboratories laid down in...
98 ページ - Longer (eg n > 20) frequent runs of similar materials Again a common level of standard deviation is assumed. Insert the control material at an approximate frequency of one per ten test materials. If the run size is likely to vary from run to run it is easier to standardise on a fixed number of insertions per run and plot the mean value on a control chart of means. Otherwise plot individual values. Analyse in duplicate a minimum of five test materials selected at random. Insert one blank determination...
355 ページ - La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu...
98 ページ - ... two control materials on separate control charts. Duplicate a minimum of five test materials, and insert one procedural blank per ten test materials. Ad hoc analysis Here the concept of statistical control is not applicable. It is assumed, however, that the materials in the run are of a single type. Carry out duplicate analysis on all of the test materials. Carry out spiking or recovery tests or use a formulated control material, with an appropriate number of insertions (see above), and with...
94 ページ - For analytical laboratories in the food sector there are legislative requirements regarding analytical data which have been adopted by the European Union. In particular, methods of analysis have been prescribed by legislation for a number of foodstuffs since the UK acceded to the European Community in 1972. However, the Union now recognises that the competency of a laboratory (ie how well it can use a method) is equally as important as the 'quality' of the method used to obtain results.
95 ページ - Commission are becoming of increasing importance because of the acceptance of Codex Standards in the World Trade Organisation agreements. They may be regarded as being semilegal in status. Thus, on a world-wide level, the establishment of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the formal acceptance of the Agreements on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) have dramatically increased the status of Codex as a body. As...
13 ページ - A parameter, associated with the result of a measurement, that characterises the dispersion of the values that could reasonably be attributed to the measurand...
95 ページ - EN 45003 .6 4. The accreditation and assessment of testing laboratories referred to in this article may relate to individual tests or groups of tests. Any appropriate deviation in the way in which the standards referred to in paragraphs 1 , 2 and 3 are applied shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 8.