U.S. Relations With Egypt

Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs
Fact Sheet
July 18, 2018

More information about Egypt is available on the Egypt Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


The United States established diplomatic relations with Egypt in 1922, following its independence from protectorate status under the United Kingdom. The United States and Egypt share a strong partnership based on mutual interest in Middle East peace and stability, economic opportunity, and regional security. Promoting a stable, prosperous Egypt, where the government protects the basic rights of its citizens and fulfills the aspirations of the Egyptian people, will continue to be a core objective of U.S. policy.

U.S. Assistance to Egypt

U.S. assistance to Egypt has long played a central role in Egypt’s economic and military development, and in furthering the strategic partnership and regional stability. Since the 1979 Egypt-Israel Treaty of Peace, the United States has provided Egypt with what now totals over $40 billion in military and $30 billion in economic assistance.

Bilateral Economic Relations

Egypt has one of the most diversified economies in the Middle East. U.S. exports to Egypt include wheat and corn, mineral fuel and oil, machinery, aircraft, and iron and steel products. U.S. imports from Egypt include apparel, natural gas and oil, fertilizers, textile coverings, and agricultural products. Under the Qualifying Industrial Zone agreement, the United States waives duties on imports from Egypt if the value includes 10.5% Israeli content; this program is meant to promote stronger ties between the region's peace partners. Total two-way trade in goods between the United States and Egypt was $5.0 billion in 2016. Egypt and the United States signed a Bilateral Investment Treaty in 1982 to promote and facilitate investment between our countries. Egypt and the United States have signed a trade and investment framework agreement, a step toward creating freer trade and increasing investment flows. In 2016, the IMF approved a $12 billion three-year loan for Egypt under its Extended Fund Facility program in support of Egypt’s reform program. In June 2018 the IMF concluded a positive review and the Board disbursed $2 billion, bringing the total disbursement to 8.1 billion.

Egypt's Membership in International Organizations

Egypt and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Egypt also is a Partner for Cooperation with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, an observer to the Organization of American States, and a non-party state to the International Criminal Court. From 2016-2017, Egypt served as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, chairing the Counter-Terrorism and Iraq Sanctions Committees.

Bilateral Representation

The U.S. Chargé d’Affaires to Egypt is Thomas Goldberger; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Egypt maintains an embassy in the United States at 3521 International Court NW, Washington, DC, 20008 (tel. 202-895-5400).

Information about Egypt is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Egypt Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Egypt Page
U.S. Embassy
USAID Egypt Page
History of U.S. Relations With Egypt
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel Information