Garden of Gethsemane Pilgrimage site
According to Luke, Jesus’ anguish at Gethsemane was so deep that
his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
According to the Eastern Orthodox Church tradition, Gethsemane is the garden where the Virgin Mary was buried and was assumed into heaven after her dormition on Mount Zion. The Garden of Gethsemane became a focal site for early Christian pilgrims.
It was visited in 333 by the anonymous “Pilgrim of Bordeaux”, whose Itinerarium Burdigalense is the earliest description left by a Christian traveler in the Holy Land.
In his Onomasticon, Eusebius of Caesarea notes the site of Gethsemane located “at the foot of the Mount of Olives”, and he adds that “the faithful were accustomed to go there to pray”. Ancient olive trees growing in the garden are said to be 900 years old.