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This may be reworded as...

When does a motor become a generator? Or, when does a load become a source?

When the current reverses – under the influence of a torque induced precession between the phases of current and voltage within an A/C cycle – resulting in a negative power factor.

Why does the power self-amplify? – https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/253114/how-does-negative-power-lead-to-amplification

Because what would have been the only significant load, instead, becomes its own predominant source.

So, power is not self-amplifying in this circumstance. It merely accumulates, because there is no significant load to spend its energy despite any minor losses due to the inherent imperfections of a physical device (ie, losses due to heat, etc).

How can power become negative without this process of reversal costing more than its gain?

Not resulting from the use of an op-amp (embodying the concept of a negative impedance converter), but from this circuit depicted, below...


A lossless sector occurs on the left side of the schematics posted, below. The rectification sector on the right side of the schematics, manages to partially rectify losslessness to energize the three starter coils since one more condition is also met on the left, namely: the congregation of voltage among coils VC1 & VC2 versus the congregation of current among coils CC1 & CC2 due to the step down transformational relationship existing between these voltage coils and current coils having vastly different self-inductions of 100H and 100nH, respectively, along with a 99% coupling coefficience through their armature.

This transformational relationship severely reduces cancellation of voltage against current due to their inverted wiring which also corrects their negative power factor without intrinsically eliminating it.


The schematic, preceded by the rotor's output, plus a close-up of rotor's output showing 180° displacement of current vs voltage sine waves. These sine waves are approximated as triangular waves since the simulator is attempting to "catch up" with their constantly increasing frequency...

rotor output, and a closeup of its phase relations, plus schematic

Arrangement of motor windings in and around its armature...

geometry of motor windings

Oscilloscope tracings of partially rectified starter coils...

partially rectified starter coils

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put on hold as unclear what you're asking by The Photon, Charles Cowie, Bruce Abbott, Sparky256, RoyC yesterday

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • \$\begingroup\$ "an excitation signal increases mutual inductance which causes a rise in frequency which probably accounts for a rise in the potential energy of the system..." In what system? Give us some context if you want us to understand what you're actually asking about. \$\endgroup\$ – The Photon yesterday
  • \$\begingroup\$ You should mention that at the start, before you ask your question. Not after a vast wall of text and 3 other charts. \$\endgroup\$ – The Photon yesterday
  • \$\begingroup\$ I'll get the hang of this, eventually. - workplace.stackexchange.com/questions/139254/… \$\endgroup\$ – Vinyasi yesterday